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Biol. Res ; 48: 1-10, 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950780


BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro antioxidant and free radical scavenging capacity of bioactive metabolites present in Newbouldia laevis leaf extract. RESULTS: Chromatographic and spectrophotometric methods were used in the study and modified where necessary in the study. Bioactivity of the extract was determined at 10 µg/ml, 50 µg/ml, 100 µg/ml, 200 µg/ml and 400 µg/ml concentrations expressed in % inhibition. The yield of the ethanolic leaf extract of N.laevis was 30.3 g (9.93%). Evaluation of bioactive metabolic constituents gave high levels of ascorbic acid (515.53 ± 12 IU/100 g [25.7 mg/100 g]), vitamin E (26.46 ± 1.08 IU/100 g), saponins (6.2 ± 0.10), alkaloids (2.20 ± 0.03), cardiac glycosides(1.48 ± 0.22), amino acids and steroids (8.01 ± 0.04) measured in mg/100 g dry weight; moderate levels of vitamin A (188.28 ± 6.19 IU/100 g), tannins (0.09 ± 0.30), terpenoids (3.42 ± 0.67); low level of flavonoids (1.01 ± 0.34 mg/100 g) and absence of cyanogenic glycosides, carboxylic acids and aldehydes/ketones. The extracts percentage inhibition of DPPH, hydroxyl radical (OH.), superoxide anion (O2 .-), iron chelating, nitric oxide radical (NO), peroxynitrite (ONOO-), singlet oxygen (1O2), hypochlorous acid (HOCl), lipid peroxidation (LPO) and FRAP showed a concentration-dependent antioxidant activity with no significant difference with the controls. Though, IC50 of the extract showed significant difference only in singlet oxygen (1O2) and iron chelating activity when compared with the controls. CONCLUSIONS: The extract is a potential source of antioxidants/free radical scavengers having important metabolites which maybe linked to its ethno-medicinal use.

Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Free Radical Scavengers/isolation & purification , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Bignoniaceae/chemistry , Metabolome/physiology , Antioxidants/isolation & purification , Phenols/analysis , Vitamins/isolation & purification , Vitamins/metabolism , Flavonoids/analysis , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Iron Chelating Agents/isolation & purification , Reactive Oxygen Species/isolation & purification , Hydroxyl Radical/analysis , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Secondary Metabolism/physiology , Nigeria , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
Biol. Res ; 42(3): 351-356, 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-531968


Schisandra propinqua (Wall.) Baill.(Schisandraceae) is widely used as a Chinese folk medicine. In this study, activity-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract from the stem of Schisandra propinqua led to the isolation of four extracts. Subsequently, a neolignan 4,4-di(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenly)-2,3-dimethylbutanol was isolated from the EtOAc part of the stem of Schisandra propinqua, the free radical scavenging activities of which were researched in vitro. The present work demonstrated that extracts and pure compound possessed scavenging activities to DPPH, superoxide anions and hydroxy radical, and could depress lipid peroxidation reaction induced by oxygen radical produced by the Fe2+/cysteine system in vitro. This suggests that the traditional application of Schisandra propinqua in China may be related to its antioxidant activities, and the EtOAc part of the stems of Schisandra propinqua can be utilized as an effective source of antioxidants.

Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Lignans/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Schisandra/chemistry , Antioxidants/chemistry , Antioxidants/isolation & purification , Biphenyl Compounds , Hydroxyl Radical/analysis , Lignans/chemistry , Lignans/isolation & purification , Picrates , Peroxides/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Rats, Wistar , Superoxides/analysis