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2.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.788-792, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353341
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3052, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347436

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal es un padecimiento inflamatorio, infeccioso y multifactorial crónico, caracterizado por la inflamación de los tejidos blandos periodontales. En estadios avanzados (periodontitis), produce la destrucción progresiva de los tejidos duros periodontales, lo que conduce a la posterior pérdida de dientes, si esta no es tratada. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad clínica y radiográfica de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura hasta abril del 2019, en las bases de datos biomé dicas: PubMed, Embase, SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, Sistema de información sobre literatura gris en Europa, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Google Académico y el Registro Central de Ensayos Clínicos Cochrane. Se definieron como criterios de selección de los estudios que fueran ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, con una antigüedad máxima de cinco años y que reportaran los efectos clínicos y radiográficos (profundidad al sondaje, nivel de inserción clínica, índice de placa, índice de sangrado, índice gingival, defecto intraóseo y profundidad del defecto) de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Se analizó el riesgo de sesgo de los estudios por el Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones. Resultados: La estrategia de búsqueda arrojó 19 artículos, de los cuales el 100 por ciento reportó que había diferencia en la profundidad al sondaje, nivel de inserción clínica, índice de placa, índice de sangrado, índice gingival, defecto intraóseo y profundidad del defecto de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Conclusiones: La literatura revisada sugiere que el uso de estatinas es efectivo, clínica y radiográficamente, en el tratamiento de la periodontitis(AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease is a chronic multifactorial infectious inflammatory condition characterized by inflammation of soft periodontal tissue. In advanced stages (periodontitis) it causes progressive destruction of hard periodontal tissue, leading to eventual tooth loss if not treated. Objective: Determine the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Methods: A search was carried out in the literature published until April 2019 in the biomedical databases PubMed, Embase, SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, System for Information on Gray Literature in Europe, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials. The following selection criteria were defined for the studies: randomized clinical trials published in the last five years and reporting on clinical and radiographic effects (probing depth, clinical insertion level, plaque index, bleeding index, gingival index, intraosseous defect and defect depth) of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Bias risk analysis was based on the Cochrane manual of systematic reviews of interventions. Results: A total 19 papers were retrieved, of which 100 percent reported differences in the probing depth, clinical insertion level, plaque index, bleeding index, gingival index, intraosseous defect and defect depth of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Conclusions: The literature review conducted suggests that the use of statins is clinically and radiographically effective in the treatment of periodontitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Information Systems , Treatment Outcome , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(2): 270-278, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339144

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O uso de estatinas destaca-se como a terapia mais frequentemente utilizada para o tratamento de dislipidemias e pode ser considerado a intervenção farmacológica mais eficiente para a redução da lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL). Por outro lado, o treinamento físico pode ser considerado uma estratégia não farmacológica eficiente e segura para promover melhorias no perfil lipídico. No entanto, não se sabe qual seria a influência das estatinas nas adaptações lipídicas decorrentes do treinamento aquático em populações com dislipidemia. Objetivos: Analisar a influência do uso de sinvastatina nas adaptações lipídicas decorrentes do treinamento aeróbico em meio aquático e de resistência em mulheres idosas com dislipidemia. Métodos: Sessenta e nove mulheres idosas (66,13 ± 5,13 anos), sedentárias e dislipidêmicas, tanto não usuárias quanto usuárias de sinvastatina (20 mg e 40 mg), foram randomizadas nos 3 grupos seguintes: treinamento aeróbico em meio aquático (WA), treinamento de força em meio aquático (WR) e grupo controle (GC). A duração total das intervenções, para todos os grupos experimentais, foi de 10 semanas, com 2 sessões semanais. As análises bioquímicas foram realizadas antes do início das intervenções e repetidas após o final do ensaio. Foram utilizadas equações de estimativa generalizada para comparar esses dados, estabelecendo α = 0,05. Resultados: Na análise por intenção de tratar, as participantes medicadas demonstraram uma redução de magnitude maior do colesterol total (CT) (−3,41 a −25,89 mg.dl−1; p = 0,038), LDL (−5,58 a −25,18 mg.dl−1; p = 0,007) e da relação CT/HDL (−0,37 a −0,61; p = 0,022) quando comparadas às participantes não medicadas, essa redução sendo estatisticamente significativa apenas no grupo WR. Conclusões: O uso de estatina incrementa as adaptações promovidas pelo treinamento físico aquático no CT, nos níveis de LDL e na relação CT/HDL, sendo mais pronunciado após WR.


Abstract Background: Statin use is highlighted as the most commonly utilized therapy for the treatment of dyslipidemias and can be considered as the most efficient pharmacological intervention for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) reduction. On the other hand, physical training can be considered an efficient and safe non-pharmacological strategy to promote improvements in lipid profile. However, the influence of statins on lipid adaptations arising from water-based training in populations with dyslipidemia is not known. Objectives: To analyze the influence of simvastatin use on lipid adaptations arising from water-based aerobics and resistance training in elderly women with dyslipidemia. Methods: Sixty-nine elderly (66.13 ± 5.13 years), sedentary, and dyslipidemic women, both non-users and users of simvastatin (20 mg and 40 mg), were randomized into the following 3 groups: water-based aerobic training (WA), water-based resistance training (WR), and control group (CG). Total duration of interventions, for all experimental groups consisted of 10 weeks, with 2 weekly sessions. Biochemical analyses were performed before the beginning of the interventions and repeated after the end of the trial. Generalized estimating equations were used to compare these data, setting α = 0.05. Results: In intention-to-treat analysis, the medicated participants obtained a greater magnitude of decrease in total cholesterol (TC) (−3.41 to −25.89 mg.dl−1; p = 0.038), LDL (−5.58 to −25.18 mg.dl−1; p = 0.007) and TC/HDL ratio (−0.37 to −0.61; p = 0.022) when compared to the non-medicated participants, and this decrease was statistically significant only in the WR group. Conclusions: Statin use enhances the adaptations promoted by water-based physical training in CT, LDL levels, and CT/HDL ratio, and it is more pronounced after WR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 736-741, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285203

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O surgimento de nova classe de medicamentos com elevada capacidade de reduzir o LDL-colesterol (LDL-c) renovou o interesse na caracterização da hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF). Pouco se conhece do perfil lipídico de pacientes em atendimento terciário em nosso meio para caracterizar a real ocorrência de HF, que começa a ser suspeitada com níveis de LDL-c acima de 190mg/dL. Objetivos: O estudo avaliou o perfil lipídico (colesterol total [CT] e LDL-c) de pacientes de hospital público terciário. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de avaliação de prescrições de estatinas e resultados dos lipídios. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: Em 1 ano, 9.594 indivíduos receberam prescrição ambulatorial de estatinas, 51,5% do gênero feminino, idade média de 63,7±12,9 anos (18 a 100 anos). Trinta e duas especialidades prescreveram estatinas, sendo a cardiologia responsável por 43%. Cerca de 15% das prescrições não tinham dosagem recente de CT, e 1.746 (18,0%) não apresentavam resultado recente de LDL-c. A ocorrência de LDL-c > 130mg/dL e < 190mg/dL ocorreu em 1.643 (17,1%) casos, e 228 (2,4%) apresentaram LDL-c ≥ 190mg/dL dentre os que utilizavam estatinas nas diversas doses. Apenas duas estatinas foram utilizadas: sinvastatina e atorvastatina, e a primeira foi prescrita em 77,6% das receitas. Conclusão: Nesta coorte transversal de hospital terciário, foi possível verificar que a prescrição de estatinas é disseminada, mas que a obtenção de metas adequadas de CT e LDL-c não é atingida em grande percentual, e que há, possivelmente, significativo contingente de portadores de HF que necessitariam ser investigados por suas implicações prognósticas.


Abstract Background: The development of a new class of medications that are highly capable of reducing LDL-cholesterol renewed the interest in the characterization of familial hypercholesterolemia patients. Nevertheless, little is known about the lipid profile of patients in tertiary healthcare centers in Brazil in order to better estimate the real occurrence of familial hypercholesterolemia, with initial suspect of LDL-cholesterol levels above 190 mg/d/L. Objectives: This study evaluated the lipid profile (total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol) in ambulatory patients from a general tertiary public hospital. Methods: Retrospective study comparing prescriptions of statins and lipid profile results. The significance level was established in 5%. Results: In one year, 9,594 individuals received statin prescriptions, of whom 51.5% were females and the mean age was 63.7±12.9 years-old (18 to 100 years-old). Thirty-two medical specialties prescribed statins. Cardiology was responsible for 43% of the total. Nearly 15% of those patients with a prescription did not have a recent total cholesterol result and 1,746 (18%) did not have a recent LDL-cholesterol measurement. The occurrence of the latter between 130 and 190 mg/dL was present in 1,643 (17.1%) individuals, and 228 (2.4%) patients had an LDL-cholesterol ≥190mg/dL among those using statins at distinct doses. Only two statins were used: simvastatin and atorvastatin. The first was prescribed in 77.6% of the prescriptions. Conclusion: In this cross-sectional cohort at a tertiary general hospital, statins have been widely prescribed but with little success in achieving recognized levels of control. There is probably a significant number of FH individuals in this cohort that need to be properly diagnosed in order to receive adequate treatment due to its prognostic implications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Prescriptions , Hospitals, Public , Lipids , Middle Aged
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(4): 1221-1231, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285914

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estudo visa comparar a proporção de indivíduos classificados como portadores de alto risco cardiovascular (RCV) na população adulta brasileira, segundo seis diferentes calculadoras de risco, visando analisar a concordância entre as medidas. Estudo transversal, no qual foram utilizados dados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS). As prevalências do RCV em 10 anos para a população entre 45 e 64 anos foram: Escore de risco global (ERG) da Sociedade Geral de Cardiologia (SBC):38,1%, "American College of Cardiology" e "American Heart Association" ACC/AHA, 44,1%, "Framingham Heart Study"/ERG 19,4%, SCORE da "European Society of Cardiology", 14,6, Organização Mundial da Saúde/Sociedade Internacional de hipertensão (OMS/ISH) e Lim et al. As calculadoras de RCV apresentaram baixa concordância para identificar os indivíduos de alto risco e alta concordância dos de risco baixo/moderado, exceto pela ACC/AHA. O emprego de diferentes calculadoras resultou em diferentes populações elegíveis para iniciar a terapia farmacológica para prevenção cardiovascular, o que pode implicar em percepções de risco inadequadas, baixo custo efetividade desse tratamento e dificuldade de implementação de políticas públicas.


Abstract This study compares the proportion of the Brazilian adult population classified as being at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) based on six different CVD risk calculators in order to assess the agreement across different tools. A cross-sectional study was conducted using laboratory data from the National Health Survey (NHS). The prevalence rates of high 10-year risk of CVD among individuals aged between 45 and 64 years were as follows: Brazilian Society of Cardiology (BSC) global risk score (GRS) - 38.1%; American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) score - 44.1%; Framingham Heart Study/GRS - 19.4%; European Society of Cardiology SCORE - 14.6%; World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension (WHO/ISH) score - 3.1%; and Lim et al. - 2.5%. The CVD calculators showed poor agreement for the identification of high-risk individuals and a high level of agreement for the identification of low/moderate risk individuals, except for the ACC/AHA risk score. The findings show that the proportion of individuals classified as eligible for preventive drug therapy varies from tool to tool, which could lead to the misinterpretation of risk, poor cost-effectiveness of therapy and difficulty implementing public policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , United States , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment
10.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(1): 14-17, ene.-feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341254

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Among the main causes of death in Colombia, Latin America, and the general population are pathologies of cardiovascular origin, which have an important relationship with dyslipidemias. Objective: The objective of the study was to establish the prevalence of the use of lipid-lowering drugs in a Colombian population during 2016. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a population database of the Colombian Health System between January and June 2016. Site: outpatients of Colombia. Participants. Researchers considered all patients who had received this class of drug to establish the prevalence of the use of lipid-lowering drugs. Main measurements. Prevalence of use of lipid-lowering drugs. Results: From a population of 4,328,688 patients, a total of 282,002 were prescribed a lipid-lowering drug; the mean age was 64.2 ± 13.3 years and women comprised 50.4% of the users. The estimated prevalence of lipid-lowering drug use was 6.5%. Statins (86.3%) were the most commonly used lipid-lowering drugs (atorvastatin: 81.0%, lovastatina: 14.4%) followed by fibrates (13.1%) and ezetimibe (0.6%). Conclusions: A low proportion of people are being treated with lipid-lowering drugs, according to the estimated prevalence of dyslipidemia.


Resumen Introducción: Las patologías de origen cardiovascular son la primera causa de muerte en Colombia y América Latina, y la dislipidemia tiene una importante relación. Objetivo: El objetivo fue establecer la prevalencia o proporción de uso de hipolipemiantes en una población colombiana durante el año 2016. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal a partir de una base de datos poblacional de pacientes afiliados al Sistema de Salud de Colombia entre enero y junio de 2016. Sitio. Pacientes ambulatorios de Colombia. Participantes. Se consideraron todos los pacientes que recibieron algún hipolipemiante, de cualquier sexo y mayores de 18 años. Mediciones principales: prevalencia de uso de hipolipemiantes. Resultados: A partir de una población de 4328688 pacientes, se prescribieron hipolipemiantes a 282002, con una edad media de 64,2 13,3 años y el 50,4% eran mujeres. La prevalencia estimada de uso fue de 6,5%. Las estatinas (86,3%) fueron los hipolipemiantes más comúnmente utilizados (atorvastatina: 81,0%, locastatina: 14,4%) seguido de los fibratos (13,1%) y ezetimibe (0,6%). Conclusiones: Una baja proporción de personas están siendo tratados con hipolipemiantes de acuerdo a la prevalencia estimada de dislipidemia para la población del país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Epidemiology , Hypercholesterolemia
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(2): 285-294, fev. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153009

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O maior risco de se desenvolver diabetes com o uso de estatinas é um desafio para a segurança do uso dessa classe de medicamentos em longo prazo. No entanto, poucos estudos analisaram essa questão durante síndromes coronarianas agudas (SCA). Objetivos Investigar a associação entre início precoce da terapia com estatina e níveis de glicemia em pacientes admitidos com SCA. Métodos Este foi um estudo retrospectivo de pacientes hospitalizados por SCA. Pacientes que nunca haviam usado estatinas foram incluídos e divididos segundo uso ou não de estatina nas primeiras 24 horas de internação. O desfecho primário foi a incidência de hiperglicemia na internação (definida como pico de glicemia > 200mg/dL). Modelos de regressão logística e modelos lineares multivariados foram usados para ajuste quanto a fatores de confusão e um modelo de pareamento por escore de propensão foi desenvolvido para comparações entre os dois grupos de interesses. Um valor de p menor que 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados Um total de 2357 pacientes foram incluídos, 1704 deles alocados no grupo que receberam estatinas e 653 no grupo que não receberam estatinas nas primeiras 24 horas de internação. Após os ajustes, uso de estatina nas primeiras 24 horas foi associado com uma menor incidência de hiperglicemia durante a internação (OR ajustado = 0,61, IC95% 0,46-0,80; p < 0,001) e menor necessidade de uso de insulina (OR ajustado = 0,56, IC 95% 0,41-0,76; p < 0,001). Essas associações mantiveram-se similares nos modelos de pareamento por escore de propensão, bem como após análises de sensibilidade, como exclusão de pacientes que desenvolveram choque cardiogênico, infecção grave ou pacientes que foram a óbito durante a internação hospitalar. Conclusões Entre os pacientes internados com SCA que não receberam estatinas previamente, a terapia precoce com estatina associou-se independentemente com menor incidência de hiperglicemia durante a internação. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(2):285-294)


Abstract Background Increased risk of new-onset diabetes with statins challenges the long-term safety of this drug class. However, few reports have analyzed this issue during acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Objective To explore the association between early initiation of statin therapy and blood glucose levels in patients admitted with ACS. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of patients hospitalized with ACS. Statin-naïve patients were included and divided according to their use or not of statins within the first 24 hours of hospitalization. The primary endpoint was incidence of in-hospital hyperglycemia (defined as peak blood glucose > 200 mg/dL). Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to adjust for confounders, and a propensity-score matching model was developed to further compare both groups of interest. A p-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results A total of 2,357 patients were included, 1,704 of them allocated in the statin group and 653 in the non-statin group. After adjustments, statin use in the first 24 hours was associated with a lower incidence of in-hospital hyperglycemia (adjusted OR=0.61, 95% CI 0.46-0.80; p < 0.001) and lower need for insulin therapy (adjusted OR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.41-0.76; p < 0.001). These associations remained similar in the propensity-score matching models, as well as after several sensitivity analyses, such as after excluding patients who developed cardiogenic shock, severe infection or who died during index-hospitalization. Conclusions Among statin-naïve patients admitted with ACS, early statin therapy was independently associated with lower incidence of in-hospital hyperglycemia. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(2):285-294)


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Acute Coronary Syndrome/prevention & control , Acute Coronary Syndrome/epidemiology , Hyperglycemia/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887515

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The apolipoprotein E (@*METHODS@#We classified the @*RESULTS@#The baseline serum levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly lower in carriers of @*CONCLUSION@#Polymorphism in the


Subject(s)
Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Cardiovascular Diseases , Genotype , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Lipids
15.
Clinics ; 76: e2518, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153969

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) showed increased morbidity and mortality rates and worse prognosis in individuals with underlying chronic diseases, especially cardiovascular disease and its risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, and obesity. There is also evidence of possible links among COVID-19, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Emerging evidence suggests a pro-inflammatory milieu and hypercoagulable state in patients with this infection. Despite anticoagulation, a large proportion of patients requiring intensive care may develop life-threatening thrombotic complications. Indeed, the levels of some markers of hemostatic activation, such as D-dimer, are commonly elevated in COVID-19, indicating potential risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism. In this review, we critically examine and discuss aspects of hypercoagulability and inflammation in COVID-19 and the possible benefits of statins in this scenario, with emphasis on their underlying molecular mechanisms. Moreover, we present recommendations on the use of antiviral drugs in combination with statins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombosis , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Betacoronavirus , Inflammation/drug therapy , Anticoagulants/adverse effects
16.
Clinics ; 76: e1876, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153953

ABSTRACT

Although previous studies have indicated that statin therapy can effectively prevent the development of CIN, this observation remains controversial, especially in high-risk patients. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of statin pretreatment for preventing the development of CIN in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to determine its effectiveness in various subgroups. We searched the online databases PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. RCTs that involved the comparison of the short-term moderate or high-dose statin pretreatment with placebo for CIN prevention in CKD patients undergoing angiography were included. The primary outcome was CIN prevalence. Seven RCTs comprising 4256 participants were investigated in this analysis. The risk of developing CIN in patients pretreated with statins was significantly lower than that in patients pretreated with placebo (RR=0.57, 95%CI=0.43-0.76, p=0.000). The SCr values of the statin group, when analyzed 48h after angiography were lower than those of the placebo group ((SMD=-0.15, 95% CI=-0.27 to -0.04, p=0.011). In the subgroup analysis, statin pretreatment could decrease the risk of CIN in CKD patients with DM (RR=0.54, 95% CI=0.39-0.76, p=0.000), but not in CKD patients without DM (RR=0.84, 95% CI=0.44-1.60, p=0.606). The efficacy of atorvastatin for preventing CIN was consistent with that observed with the use of rosuvastatin. The risk ratios (RR) were 0.51 (95% CI=0.32-0.81, p=0.004) and 0.60 (95% CI=0.41-0.88, p=0.009), respectively. Our study demonstrated that statin pretreatment could prevent the development of CIN in CKD patients. However, subgroup analysis demonstrated that statin pretreatment, despite being effective in preventing CIN in patients with CKD and DM, was not helpful for CKD patients without DM. Rosuvastatin and atorvastatin exhibited similar preventive effects with respect to CIN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Coronary Angiography , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 511-516, nov.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289266

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los pacientes con enfermedad aterosclerótica establecida requieren tratamiento con estatinas para reducir la probabilidad de nuevos eventos. Objetivo: Identificar el porcentaje de pacientes con enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica establecida que logran niveles de cLDL (colesterol LDL) inferiores a 70mg/dl y describir su distribución en tres grupos terapéuticos: estatinas, otros hipolipemiantes y sin tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal, en el que se seleccionaron pacientes de tres hospitales de alta complejidad, mayores de 18 años, con enfermedad aterosclerótica diagnosticada a partir del año 2017. El registro del perfil lipídico corresponde al realizado al menos tres meses después del diagnóstico. Resultados: Se incluyeron en total 746 pacientes con enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica, con un promedio de edad de 65,3±10,9 años y predominio del sexo masculino (75,5%). Del total de los pacientes evaluados se prescribieron un 97,8% de terapia con al menos una estatina, 0,7% de otros hipolipemiantes y 1,5% no presentaron tratamiento. Los pacientes con niveles de cLDL inferior a 70mg/dl corresponden al 56%. Conclusiones: La extensa divulgación de guías de práctica clínica para dislipidemias en adultos en Colombia, y la incorporación de estatinas de alta intensidad, demuestran una mejoría en la proporción del cumplimiento en metas de cLDL para pacientes con enfermedad aterosclerótica establecida. Sin embargo, una alta proporción aún persiste fuera de metas, lo cual constituye una oportunidad de optimización del uso de terapias disponibles y recientemente desarrolladas.


Abstract Introduction: Patients with established atherosclerotic disease require treatment with statins in order to reduce the probability of new events. Objective: To identify the percentage of patients with established atherosclerotic coronary disease that achieve cLDL (LDL - cholesterol) levels less than 70mg/dL, and to describe its distribution in three treatment groups: statins, other lipid lowering drugs, and without treatment. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive observational study was conducted on patients diagnosed with atherosclerotic disease from 2017 and over 18-years-old from 3 tertiary hospitals. A record was made of the lipid profile that was performed at least three months after the diagnosis. Results: A total of 746 patients with atherosclerotic coronary disease were included. The mean age was 65.3±10.9 years and the majority (75.5%) were males. Of the total number of patients evaluated, 97.8% were prescribed a therapy with at least one statin, 0.7% with other lipid-lowering drugs, and 1.5% had no treatment. Just over half (56%) of the patients had cLDL levels of less than 70mg/dL. Conclusions: The widespread use of clinical practice guidelines for dyslipidaemias in adults in Colombia, and the incorporation of high-intensity statins, has led to an improvement in the proportion of patients with established atherosclerotic disease achieving cLDL targets. However, a high percentage still does not reach the targets, which suggests a need for an improving of the use of available and recently developed therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Cholesterol, LDL , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Lipids
18.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 389-397, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152812

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Explorar la asociación entre consumo de estatinas (CE) y desarrollo de síndrome postrombótico (SPT). Método: Cohorte retrospectiva con pacientes con primer episodio de trombosis venosa profunda (TVP) entre el 06/2006 y el 12/2017, incluidos en el Registro Institucional de Enfermedad TromboEmbólica (RIET) del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. Se consideró exposición al CE entre los 30 días previos y hasta 180 días posterior al diagnóstico de TVP. Se definió SPT según constaba este dato en la base de seguimiento del RIET. Se evaluó el desarrollo de SPT con un modelo de riesgos proporcionales de Cox, reportando hazard ratios (HR) crudas y ajustadas. Se consideró la confusión por indicación del CE y se utilizó un propensity score (PS) para el ajuste del riesgo estimado, reportando los HR con sus intervalos de confianza del 95% (IC 95%). Resultados: Se incluyeron 905 pacientes, de los cuales 273 fueron CE y 632 no consumidor de estatinas (NCE). Al seguimiento, la incidencia de SPT fue: 6.59% (18) en el grupo CE y 8.07% (51) en el grupo NCE, con p = 0.412. La razón de riesgo para el desarrollo de SPT de CE resultó no significativa (HR cruda: 0.78; IC 95%: 0.43-1.41; p = 0.414). La HR de CE ajustada por edad, sexo, antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, corticosteroides, inmovilidad, anticoagulante, hipertensión arterial, diabetes, dislipidemia, insuficiencia renal crónica, enfermedad coronaria, accidente cerebrovascular, insuficiencia cardiaca y enfermedad oncológica fue 0.45 (IC 95%: 0.13-1.5; p = 0.196). La HR del CE ajustado por edad, sexo, antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, corticosteroides, inmovilidad, tratamiento anticoagulante, enfermedad oncológica y PS fue de 0.52 (IC 95%: 0.17-1.66; p = 0.272). Conclusiones: El CE no se asoció con menor SPT, aunque hubo escaso número de eventos detectados.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the association between statin consumption and development of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Methods: Retrospective cohort study which included patients with a first episode of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) between 06/2006 and 12/2017, included in the Institutional Registry of ThromboEmbolic Disease of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Exposure to statin use (SU) was considered between the 30 days before and up to 180 days after the diagnosis of DVT. PTS was defined as recorded dataset on registry. The development of PTS was evaluated with Cox proportional hazards model, raw and adjusted hazard ratios (HR) were reported. Confusion was considered by indication of SU and a propensity score (PS) was used for adjustment. We reported HR with their 95% confidence interval (CI); p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of 1393 patients, 905 were included for the analysis, of which 273 were SU and 632 non-statin users (NSU). At follow-up, incidence of PTS was: 6.59% (18) in the SU group and 8.07% (51) in the NSU group, with p = 0.412. Crude HR for PTS for SU was not significant (0.78; 95% CI: 0.43-1.41; p = 0.414). Adjusted HR of SU by age, sex, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, immobility, anticoagulant, high blood pressure, diabetes, dyslipidemia, chronic renal failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and cancer disease was 0.45 (95% CI: 0.13-1.5; p = 0.196) for PTS. While HR for the development of PTS adjusted by age, sex, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, immobility, anticoagulant treatment, cancer disease and PS of the SU was 0.52 (95% CI: 0.17-1.66; p = 0.272). Conclusion: No statistically significant association was found between CE and the development of SPT, although there were a small number of events detected in both groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Postthrombotic Syndrome/prevention & control , Argentina , Registries , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Postthrombotic Syndrome/epidemiology
20.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 440-449, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131305

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Diferenças entre as versões atualizadas da Diretriz Brasileira de Dislipidemias e da Diretriz de Colesterol da American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) quanto à estratificação de risco cardiovascular e à elegibilidade para a terapia com estatina não são conhecidas. Objetivos Comparar a categorização de risco cardiovascular e a elegibilidade à terapia com estatina estabelecidas segundo a diretriz brasileira ou a diretriz da AHA/ACC em pacientes em prevenção primária. Métodos Nós avaliamos retrospectivamente indivíduos com idade entre 40 e 74 anos sem condições de alto risco, com LDL-c 70 -< 190 mg/dL, sem tratamento com agentes hipolipemiantes, e que passaram por avaliação clínica de rotina. O risco cardiovascular foi estratificado de acordo com a diretriz brasileira e a da AHA/ACC. Os indivíduos foram considerados elegíveis para estatina se os níveis de LDL-c estivessem no mínimo 30 mg/dL acima da meta para o risco cardiovascular (diretriz brasileira) ou se o risco em 10 anos para doença cardiovascular aterosclerótica fosse ≥ 7,5% (diretriz da AHA/ACC). Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados A amostra do estudo consistiu 18525 indivíduos (69% homens, idade 48 ± 6 anos). Entre os indivíduos considerados de risco intermediário ou alto segundo a diretriz brasileira, mais de 80% seriam classificados em uma categoria de risco mais baixo segundo a diretriz da AHA/ACC. Entre os homens, 45% e 16% seriam considerados elegíveis para a terapia com estatina segundo as diretrizes brasileira e da AHA/ACC, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Entre as mulheres, as respectivas proporções seriam 16% e 1% (p < 0,001). Oitenta e dois porcento das mulheres e 57% dos homens elegíveis para estatina com base no critério da diretriz brasileira não seriam considerados elegíveis para estatina segundo o critério da AHA/ACC. Conclusões Em comparação à diretriz da AHA/ACC, a diretriz brasileira classifica uma maior proporção dos pacientes em prevenção primária em categorias de risco mais alto e aumenta substancialmente a elegibilidade para estatina. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(3):440-449)


Abstract Background Differences between the updated versions of the Brazilian Guideline on Dyslipidemias and the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) Cholesterol Guideline regarding cardiovascular risk stratification and statin eligibility are unknown. Objectives To compare cardiovascular risk categorization and statin eligibility based on the Brazilian guideline with those based on the AHA/ACC guideline in primary prevention patients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed individuals aged 40-74 years without high-risk conditions, with LDL-c 70 to < 190 mg/dL, not on lipid-lowering drugs, who underwent routine clinical assessment. Cardiovascular risk was stratified according to the Brazilian and the AHA/ACC guidelines. Subjects were considered eligible for statin therapy if LDL-c was at least 30 mg/dL above the target for the cardiovascular risk (Brazilian guideline) or the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk was ≥7.5% (AHA/ACC guideline). A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The study sample consisted of 18,525 subjects (69% male, age 48 ± 6 years). Among subjects considered at intermediate or high risk by the Brazilian guideline, over 80% would be in a lower risk category by the AHA/ACC guideline. Among men, 45% and 16% would be statin eligible by the Brazilian and the AHA/ACC guidelines criteria, respectively (p < 0.001). Among women, the respective proportions would be 16% and 1% (p < 0.001). Eighty-two percent of women and 57% of men eligible for statins based on the Brazilian guideline criterion would not be eligible according to the AHA/ACC guideline criterion. Conclusions Compared with the AHA/ACC guideline, the Brazilian guideline classifies a larger proportion of primary prevention patients into higher-risk categories and substantially increases statin eligibility. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(3):440-449)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Primary Prevention , United States , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , American Heart Association , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Middle Aged
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