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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.788-792, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353341
2.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3052, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347436

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal es un padecimiento inflamatorio, infeccioso y multifactorial crónico, caracterizado por la inflamación de los tejidos blandos periodontales. En estadios avanzados (periodontitis), produce la destrucción progresiva de los tejidos duros periodontales, lo que conduce a la posterior pérdida de dientes, si esta no es tratada. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad clínica y radiográfica de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura hasta abril del 2019, en las bases de datos biomé dicas: PubMed, Embase, SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, Sistema de información sobre literatura gris en Europa, Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Google Académico y el Registro Central de Ensayos Clínicos Cochrane. Se definieron como criterios de selección de los estudios que fueran ensayos clínicos aleatorizados, con una antigüedad máxima de cinco años y que reportaran los efectos clínicos y radiográficos (profundidad al sondaje, nivel de inserción clínica, índice de placa, índice de sangrado, índice gingival, defecto intraóseo y profundidad del defecto) de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Se analizó el riesgo de sesgo de los estudios por el Manual Cochrane de revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones. Resultados: La estrategia de búsqueda arrojó 19 artículos, de los cuales el 100 por ciento reportó que había diferencia en la profundidad al sondaje, nivel de inserción clínica, índice de placa, índice de sangrado, índice gingival, defecto intraóseo y profundidad del defecto de las estatinas en el tratamiento de la periodontitis. Conclusiones: La literatura revisada sugiere que el uso de estatinas es efectivo, clínica y radiográficamente, en el tratamiento de la periodontitis(AU)


Introduction: Periodontal disease is a chronic multifactorial infectious inflammatory condition characterized by inflammation of soft periodontal tissue. In advanced stages (periodontitis) it causes progressive destruction of hard periodontal tissue, leading to eventual tooth loss if not treated. Objective: Determine the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Methods: A search was carried out in the literature published until April 2019 in the biomedical databases PubMed, Embase, SciELO, Science Direct, Scopus, System for Information on Gray Literature in Europe, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials. The following selection criteria were defined for the studies: randomized clinical trials published in the last five years and reporting on clinical and radiographic effects (probing depth, clinical insertion level, plaque index, bleeding index, gingival index, intraosseous defect and defect depth) of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Bias risk analysis was based on the Cochrane manual of systematic reviews of interventions. Results: A total 19 papers were retrieved, of which 100 percent reported differences in the probing depth, clinical insertion level, plaque index, bleeding index, gingival index, intraosseous defect and defect depth of statins in the treatment of periodontitis. Conclusions: The literature review conducted suggests that the use of statins is clinically and radiographically effective in the treatment of periodontitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Periodontitis/diagnostic imaging , Information Systems , Treatment Outcome , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(2): 270-278, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339144

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O uso de estatinas destaca-se como a terapia mais frequentemente utilizada para o tratamento de dislipidemias e pode ser considerado a intervenção farmacológica mais eficiente para a redução da lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL). Por outro lado, o treinamento físico pode ser considerado uma estratégia não farmacológica eficiente e segura para promover melhorias no perfil lipídico. No entanto, não se sabe qual seria a influência das estatinas nas adaptações lipídicas decorrentes do treinamento aquático em populações com dislipidemia. Objetivos: Analisar a influência do uso de sinvastatina nas adaptações lipídicas decorrentes do treinamento aeróbico em meio aquático e de resistência em mulheres idosas com dislipidemia. Métodos: Sessenta e nove mulheres idosas (66,13 ± 5,13 anos), sedentárias e dislipidêmicas, tanto não usuárias quanto usuárias de sinvastatina (20 mg e 40 mg), foram randomizadas nos 3 grupos seguintes: treinamento aeróbico em meio aquático (WA), treinamento de força em meio aquático (WR) e grupo controle (GC). A duração total das intervenções, para todos os grupos experimentais, foi de 10 semanas, com 2 sessões semanais. As análises bioquímicas foram realizadas antes do início das intervenções e repetidas após o final do ensaio. Foram utilizadas equações de estimativa generalizada para comparar esses dados, estabelecendo α = 0,05. Resultados: Na análise por intenção de tratar, as participantes medicadas demonstraram uma redução de magnitude maior do colesterol total (CT) (−3,41 a −25,89 mg.dl−1; p = 0,038), LDL (−5,58 a −25,18 mg.dl−1; p = 0,007) e da relação CT/HDL (−0,37 a −0,61; p = 0,022) quando comparadas às participantes não medicadas, essa redução sendo estatisticamente significativa apenas no grupo WR. Conclusões: O uso de estatina incrementa as adaptações promovidas pelo treinamento físico aquático no CT, nos níveis de LDL e na relação CT/HDL, sendo mais pronunciado após WR.


Abstract Background: Statin use is highlighted as the most commonly utilized therapy for the treatment of dyslipidemias and can be considered as the most efficient pharmacological intervention for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) reduction. On the other hand, physical training can be considered an efficient and safe non-pharmacological strategy to promote improvements in lipid profile. However, the influence of statins on lipid adaptations arising from water-based training in populations with dyslipidemia is not known. Objectives: To analyze the influence of simvastatin use on lipid adaptations arising from water-based aerobics and resistance training in elderly women with dyslipidemia. Methods: Sixty-nine elderly (66.13 ± 5.13 years), sedentary, and dyslipidemic women, both non-users and users of simvastatin (20 mg and 40 mg), were randomized into the following 3 groups: water-based aerobic training (WA), water-based resistance training (WR), and control group (CG). Total duration of interventions, for all experimental groups consisted of 10 weeks, with 2 weekly sessions. Biochemical analyses were performed before the beginning of the interventions and repeated after the end of the trial. Generalized estimating equations were used to compare these data, setting α = 0.05. Results: In intention-to-treat analysis, the medicated participants obtained a greater magnitude of decrease in total cholesterol (TC) (−3.41 to −25.89 mg.dl−1; p = 0.038), LDL (−5.58 to −25.18 mg.dl−1; p = 0.007) and TC/HDL ratio (−0.37 to −0.61; p = 0.022) when compared to the non-medicated participants, and this decrease was statistically significant only in the WR group. Conclusions: Statin use enhances the adaptations promoted by water-based physical training in CT, LDL levels, and CT/HDL ratio, and it is more pronounced after WR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 736-741, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285203

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: O surgimento de nova classe de medicamentos com elevada capacidade de reduzir o LDL-colesterol (LDL-c) renovou o interesse na caracterização da hipercolesterolemia familiar (HF). Pouco se conhece do perfil lipídico de pacientes em atendimento terciário em nosso meio para caracterizar a real ocorrência de HF, que começa a ser suspeitada com níveis de LDL-c acima de 190mg/dL. Objetivos: O estudo avaliou o perfil lipídico (colesterol total [CT] e LDL-c) de pacientes de hospital público terciário. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de avaliação de prescrições de estatinas e resultados dos lipídios. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em 5%. Resultados: Em 1 ano, 9.594 indivíduos receberam prescrição ambulatorial de estatinas, 51,5% do gênero feminino, idade média de 63,7±12,9 anos (18 a 100 anos). Trinta e duas especialidades prescreveram estatinas, sendo a cardiologia responsável por 43%. Cerca de 15% das prescrições não tinham dosagem recente de CT, e 1.746 (18,0%) não apresentavam resultado recente de LDL-c. A ocorrência de LDL-c > 130mg/dL e < 190mg/dL ocorreu em 1.643 (17,1%) casos, e 228 (2,4%) apresentaram LDL-c ≥ 190mg/dL dentre os que utilizavam estatinas nas diversas doses. Apenas duas estatinas foram utilizadas: sinvastatina e atorvastatina, e a primeira foi prescrita em 77,6% das receitas. Conclusão: Nesta coorte transversal de hospital terciário, foi possível verificar que a prescrição de estatinas é disseminada, mas que a obtenção de metas adequadas de CT e LDL-c não é atingida em grande percentual, e que há, possivelmente, significativo contingente de portadores de HF que necessitariam ser investigados por suas implicações prognósticas.


Abstract Background: The development of a new class of medications that are highly capable of reducing LDL-cholesterol renewed the interest in the characterization of familial hypercholesterolemia patients. Nevertheless, little is known about the lipid profile of patients in tertiary healthcare centers in Brazil in order to better estimate the real occurrence of familial hypercholesterolemia, with initial suspect of LDL-cholesterol levels above 190 mg/d/L. Objectives: This study evaluated the lipid profile (total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol) in ambulatory patients from a general tertiary public hospital. Methods: Retrospective study comparing prescriptions of statins and lipid profile results. The significance level was established in 5%. Results: In one year, 9,594 individuals received statin prescriptions, of whom 51.5% were females and the mean age was 63.7±12.9 years-old (18 to 100 years-old). Thirty-two medical specialties prescribed statins. Cardiology was responsible for 43% of the total. Nearly 15% of those patients with a prescription did not have a recent total cholesterol result and 1,746 (18%) did not have a recent LDL-cholesterol measurement. The occurrence of the latter between 130 and 190 mg/dL was present in 1,643 (17.1%) individuals, and 228 (2.4%) patients had an LDL-cholesterol ≥190mg/dL among those using statins at distinct doses. Only two statins were used: simvastatin and atorvastatin. The first was prescribed in 77.6% of the prescriptions. Conclusion: In this cross-sectional cohort at a tertiary general hospital, statins have been widely prescribed but with little success in achieving recognized levels of control. There is probably a significant number of FH individuals in this cohort that need to be properly diagnosed in order to receive adequate treatment due to its prognostic implications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Prescriptions , Hospitals, Public , Lipids , Middle Aged
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887515

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The apolipoprotein E (@*METHODS@#We classified the @*RESULTS@#The baseline serum levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were significantly lower in carriers of @*CONCLUSION@#Polymorphism in the


Subject(s)
Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Cardiovascular Diseases , Genotype , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Lipids
6.
Clinics ; 76: e1876, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153953

ABSTRACT

Although previous studies have indicated that statin therapy can effectively prevent the development of CIN, this observation remains controversial, especially in high-risk patients. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy of statin pretreatment for preventing the development of CIN in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to determine its effectiveness in various subgroups. We searched the online databases PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. RCTs that involved the comparison of the short-term moderate or high-dose statin pretreatment with placebo for CIN prevention in CKD patients undergoing angiography were included. The primary outcome was CIN prevalence. Seven RCTs comprising 4256 participants were investigated in this analysis. The risk of developing CIN in patients pretreated with statins was significantly lower than that in patients pretreated with placebo (RR=0.57, 95%CI=0.43-0.76, p=0.000). The SCr values of the statin group, when analyzed 48h after angiography were lower than those of the placebo group ((SMD=-0.15, 95% CI=-0.27 to -0.04, p=0.011). In the subgroup analysis, statin pretreatment could decrease the risk of CIN in CKD patients with DM (RR=0.54, 95% CI=0.39-0.76, p=0.000), but not in CKD patients without DM (RR=0.84, 95% CI=0.44-1.60, p=0.606). The efficacy of atorvastatin for preventing CIN was consistent with that observed with the use of rosuvastatin. The risk ratios (RR) were 0.51 (95% CI=0.32-0.81, p=0.004) and 0.60 (95% CI=0.41-0.88, p=0.009), respectively. Our study demonstrated that statin pretreatment could prevent the development of CIN in CKD patients. However, subgroup analysis demonstrated that statin pretreatment, despite being effective in preventing CIN in patients with CKD and DM, was not helpful for CKD patients without DM. Rosuvastatin and atorvastatin exhibited similar preventive effects with respect to CIN.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Coronary Angiography , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 440-449, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131305

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Diferenças entre as versões atualizadas da Diretriz Brasileira de Dislipidemias e da Diretriz de Colesterol da American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) quanto à estratificação de risco cardiovascular e à elegibilidade para a terapia com estatina não são conhecidas. Objetivos Comparar a categorização de risco cardiovascular e a elegibilidade à terapia com estatina estabelecidas segundo a diretriz brasileira ou a diretriz da AHA/ACC em pacientes em prevenção primária. Métodos Nós avaliamos retrospectivamente indivíduos com idade entre 40 e 74 anos sem condições de alto risco, com LDL-c 70 -< 190 mg/dL, sem tratamento com agentes hipolipemiantes, e que passaram por avaliação clínica de rotina. O risco cardiovascular foi estratificado de acordo com a diretriz brasileira e a da AHA/ACC. Os indivíduos foram considerados elegíveis para estatina se os níveis de LDL-c estivessem no mínimo 30 mg/dL acima da meta para o risco cardiovascular (diretriz brasileira) ou se o risco em 10 anos para doença cardiovascular aterosclerótica fosse ≥ 7,5% (diretriz da AHA/ACC). Um valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados A amostra do estudo consistiu 18525 indivíduos (69% homens, idade 48 ± 6 anos). Entre os indivíduos considerados de risco intermediário ou alto segundo a diretriz brasileira, mais de 80% seriam classificados em uma categoria de risco mais baixo segundo a diretriz da AHA/ACC. Entre os homens, 45% e 16% seriam considerados elegíveis para a terapia com estatina segundo as diretrizes brasileira e da AHA/ACC, respectivamente (p < 0,001). Entre as mulheres, as respectivas proporções seriam 16% e 1% (p < 0,001). Oitenta e dois porcento das mulheres e 57% dos homens elegíveis para estatina com base no critério da diretriz brasileira não seriam considerados elegíveis para estatina segundo o critério da AHA/ACC. Conclusões Em comparação à diretriz da AHA/ACC, a diretriz brasileira classifica uma maior proporção dos pacientes em prevenção primária em categorias de risco mais alto e aumenta substancialmente a elegibilidade para estatina. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(3):440-449)


Abstract Background Differences between the updated versions of the Brazilian Guideline on Dyslipidemias and the American Heart Association (AHA)/American College of Cardiology (ACC) Cholesterol Guideline regarding cardiovascular risk stratification and statin eligibility are unknown. Objectives To compare cardiovascular risk categorization and statin eligibility based on the Brazilian guideline with those based on the AHA/ACC guideline in primary prevention patients. Methods We retrospectively analyzed individuals aged 40-74 years without high-risk conditions, with LDL-c 70 to < 190 mg/dL, not on lipid-lowering drugs, who underwent routine clinical assessment. Cardiovascular risk was stratified according to the Brazilian and the AHA/ACC guidelines. Subjects were considered eligible for statin therapy if LDL-c was at least 30 mg/dL above the target for the cardiovascular risk (Brazilian guideline) or the 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk was ≥7.5% (AHA/ACC guideline). A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The study sample consisted of 18,525 subjects (69% male, age 48 ± 6 years). Among subjects considered at intermediate or high risk by the Brazilian guideline, over 80% would be in a lower risk category by the AHA/ACC guideline. Among men, 45% and 16% would be statin eligible by the Brazilian and the AHA/ACC guidelines criteria, respectively (p < 0.001). Among women, the respective proportions would be 16% and 1% (p < 0.001). Eighty-two percent of women and 57% of men eligible for statins based on the Brazilian guideline criterion would not be eligible according to the AHA/ACC guideline criterion. Conclusions Compared with the AHA/ACC guideline, the Brazilian guideline classifies a larger proportion of primary prevention patients into higher-risk categories and substantially increases statin eligibility. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(3):440-449)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Primary Prevention , United States , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Risk Assessment , American Heart Association , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(2): e192, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138900

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Cualquiera de las formas de retinopatía diabética se puede acompañar de la presencia de edema macular diabético. El uso de las estatinas en personas con diabetes mellitus y edema macular diabético se ha sugerido como una medida terapéutica. Objetivo: Describir de manera general el tratamiento del edema macular diabético y en particular algunos resultados obtenidos con el uso de las estatinas. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda de literatura relevante sobre el tema en el primer semestre de 2019. Fueron evaluados artículos de revisión y de investigación provenientes de diferentes bases de datos: PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO y páginas web que, en general, tenían menos de 10 años de publicados, en idioma español, portugués o inglés. Se utilizó como buscador de información científica a Pubmed, Google y Google Académico. Se emplearon como palabras clave: diabetes mellitus, tratamiento, estatinas y edema macular diabético. Fueron excluidos los artículos que no cumplían con los objetivos del presente trabajo. Fueron estudiados 87 artículos, de los cuales 57 fueron referenciados. Conclusiones: Un estricto control glucémico y combatir los factores de riesgo modificables, en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, representa la medida más importante para evitar y disminuir la aparición y progresión del edema macular diabético. Cuando se encuentra establecido, se debe hacer uso del tratamiento apropiado o específico. El uso de las estatinas pudiera ser un complemento importante en la prevención y tratamiento del edema macular diabético(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Any form of diabetic retinopathy can be accompanied by the presence of diabetic macular edema. The use of statins in patients with diabetes mellitus and diabetic macular edema has been suggested as a therapeutic measure. Objectives: To describe, in a general way, the treatment of diabetic macular edema and, particularly, some outcomes obtained with the use of statins. Methods: A relevant literature search on the subject was carried out in the first half of 2019. Review and research articles published in the last ten years were assessed, taken from different databases, such as PubMed, Cochrane, SciELO, as well as from web pages, written in Spanish, Portuguese or English. Pubmed, Google and Google Scholar were used as engines for searching scientific information. The following keywords were used: diabetes mellitus, tratamiento [treatment], estatinas [statins], and edema macular diabetic [diabetic macular edema]. Articles that did not meet the objectives of the present work were excluded, which allowed the study of 87 articles, of which 57 were referenced. Conclusions: Strict glycemic control and confronting modifiable risk factors in patients with diabetes mellitus represents the most important measure to avoid and reduce the appearance and progression of diabetic macular edema. When established, appropriate or specific treatment should be used. The use of statins could be an important complement for the prevention and treatment of diabetic macular edema(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Macular Edema/therapy , Risk Factors , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
9.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(8): 461-467, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131748

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Statin therapy has become one of the most important advances in stroke secondary prevention. Objective: To provide evidence from real-world data for evaluating detailed associations between secondary prevention of stroke and statin use in Brazil. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study including consecutive patients diagnosed with an ischemic stroke. Subjects were classified into non-statin, simvastatin 20 mg, simvastatin 40 mg, and high-potency statin groups. We also registered the onset of statin therapy, previous use of statins, the adherence to medication, and if there was discontinuation of the therapy. After two years, the functional outcome, stroke recurrence, major cardiovascular events, and mortality were assessed. Results: Among the 513 patients included in our cohort, there were 96 (18.7%) patients without statins, 169 (32.9%) with simvastatin 20 mg, 202 (39.3%) with simvastatin 40 mg, and 46 (9.0%) with high-potency statins. Patients without statins were at increased risk of stroke recurrence and worse functional outcomes. Concerning etiology, evidence of beneficial use of statins was observed in cases of large-artery atherosclerosis, small-vessel occlusion, and stroke of undetermined cause. Those who presented poor adherence to statins or discontinuation of the treatment had worse prognosis after stroke whereas the early onset of statins use was associated with better outcomes. Patients with simvastatin 40 mg and high-potency statins presented the best functional recovery throughout the follow-up. Conclusions: Statins play an important role in the treatment of ischemic stroke, preventing stroke recurrence and cardiovascular events, and improving functional performance.


RESUMO Introdução: A terapia com estatinas tornou-se um dos avanços mais importantes na prevenção secundária do acidente vascular cerebral (AVC). Objetivo: Fornecer evidências de dados do mundo real para avaliar associações detalhadas entre a prevenção secundária do AVC e o uso de estatinas no Brasil. Métodos: Realizamos um estudo de coorte prospectivo, incluindo pacientes consecutivos com diagnóstico de AVC isquêmico. Os indivíduos foram classificados em grupos sem estatinas, sinvastatina 20 mg, sinvastatina 40 mg e estatina de alta potência. Também registramos o início da terapêutica com estatinas, o uso prévio de estatinas, a adesão à medicação e se houve descontinuação da terapia. Após dois anos, foram avaliados o resultado funcional, a recorrência do AVC, os principais eventos cardiovasculares e a mortalidade. Resultados: Entre os 513 pacientes incluídos em nossa coorte, havia 96 (18,7%) pacientes sem estatinas, 169 (32,9%) com sinvastatina 20 mg, 202 (39,3%) com sinvastatina 40 mg e 46 (9,0%) com estatinas de alta potência. Pacientes sem estatinas apresentaram maior risco de recorrência de AVC e piores resultados funcionais. Em relação à etiologia, foram observadas evidências do benefício das estatinas nos casos de aterosclerose de grandes artérias, oclusão de pequenos vasos e AVC de causa indeterminada. Aqueles com baixa adesão às estatinas ou que interromperam o uso tiveram pior prognóstico após o AVC, enquanto o início precoce do uso de estatinas foi associado a melhores resultados. Pacientes com sinvastatina 40 mg e estatinas de alta potência apresentaram melhor recuperação funcional ao longo do período de acompanhamento. Conclusões: As estatinas desempenham um importante papel no tratamento do AVC isquêmico, prevenindo sua recorrência e eventos cardiovasculares e melhorando o desempenho funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia/prevention & control , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Stroke/prevention & control , Stroke/drug therapy , Brazil , Prospective Studies
10.
Brasília; s.n; 28 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117726

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 18 artigos e 3 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Ascorbic Acid/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Rho(D) Immune Globulin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Alemtuzumab/therapeutic use , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
11.
Brasília; S.N; 23 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117682

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 21 artigos e 8 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Steroids/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Almitrine/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ipilimumab/therapeutic use , Fondaparinux/therapeutic use , Nivolumab/therapeutic use , Histamine Antagonists/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
12.
Brasília; s.n; 30 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, Inca, PIE | ID: biblio-1117603

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 31 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , BCG Vaccine/therapeutic use , Influenza Vaccines/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Janus Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Hydroxyurea/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(3): 158-162, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098072

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ischemic stroke is a common cause of death. The role of statins in the secondary prevention of the chronic ischemic stroke phase has been established. However, evidence regarding their efficacy in this phase is limited and contradictory. Objective: To evaluate the association between statin use and mortality risk during the acute phase of ischemic stroke in patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Methods: This was an observational and prospective study of ischemic stroke patients aged ≥18, admitted to an intensive care unit. Medications used during the first 7 days after the ictus, as well as medications used previously, were recorded. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality during the first 7 days. Results: We screened 212 patients and included 97 patients with ischemic stroke in the study period. The mortality rate among patients who used statins during the acute IS phase [14% (9/63)] was significantly lower than that among patients who did not use statins [41% (14/34); p=0.007]. This was confirmed in logistical regression with an 0.19 Odds Ratio - OR [p=0.018; 95% confidence interval - 95%CI 0.05-0.75]. Patients who died were older, had a higher incidence of acute myocardial infarction, higher scores on the NIHSS and lower systolic blood pressure. Statins and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors were used more frequently among survivors. These associations persisted even after adjustment for confounding variables. Conclusion: Statins and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors use during hospitalization were independently associated to a lower rate of all-cause mortality in the first 7 days of intensive care unit admission.


Resumo O acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) isquêmico é uma causa comum de morte. O papel das estatinas na prevenção secundária da fase crônica do AVC isquêmico foi estabelecido. No entanto, as evidências sobre a sua eficácia na fase aguda do AVC isquêmico são limitadas e contraditórias. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre o uso de estatinas e o risco de mortalidade durante a fase aguda do AVC isquêmico em pacientes internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Estudo observacional e prospectivo de pacientes com AVC isquêmico com idade ≥18 anos, internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva. Os medicamentos utilizados durante os primeiros 7 dias após o ictus, bem como os medicamentos utilizados anteriormente, foram registrados. O desfecho primário foi mortalidade por todas as causas durante os primeiros 7 dias. Resultados: Foram selecionados 212 pacientes e incluídos 97 pacientes com AVC isquêmico no período do estudo. A taxa de mortalidade entre os pacientes que usaram estatinas durante a fase aguda do AVC [14% (9/63)] foi significativamente menor do que a dos pacientes que não usaram estatinas [41% (14/34); p=0,007]. Isso foi confirmado na regressão logística com Odds Ratio - OR 0,19 [p=0,018; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 0,05-0,75]. Os pacientes que morreram eram mais velhos, apresentavam maior incidência de infarto agudo do miocárdio, escores mais altos na National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) e menor pressão arterial sistólica. Estatinas e inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina foram utilizados com maior frequência entre os sobreviventes. Essas associações persistiram mesmo após o ajuste para variáveis de confundimento. Conclusão: O uso de estatinas e inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina durante a hospitalização foram associados de forma independente à uma menor taxa de mortalidade por todas as causas nos primeiros 7 dias de internação na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prospective Studies , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Stroke/mortality , Stroke/drug therapy , Brain Ischemia/mortality , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200472, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136838

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: In the genesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), there is a process of endotheliitis associated with thrombotic changes, no studies have reported the use of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) as a possible therapeutic approach. Statins could potentiate the ASA therapy. METHODS: This is a series of 14 cases with a laboratory-confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. All patients underwent the ASA therapy. Those who had risk factors for vascular disease also underwent the high-potency statin therapy. When symptoms were totally or practically resolved, patients were discharged and advised to continue medications for a complementary time, according to the clinical evolution of each patient. RESULTS: The mean age of monitored patients was 48.6 years. A total of 78.6% patients presented with at least one comorbidity, which could have contributed as a risk factor for a poor prognosis in the evolution of COVID-19. Four patients had secondary bacterial infections; three patients needed hospitalization. None of the cases progress to stage III, and all patients had remission of symptoms, with 100% survival. CONCLUSIONS: the process of endothelial dysfunction in COVID-19 involves disseminated thrombosis, initially microvascular and later expansion into larger vessels. ASA could act as a secondary prophylaxis and prevent thrombosis from developing and reaching stage III of the disease. As this was a case series, we cannot provide definitive conclusions; however, this study allows us to formulate hypotheses and support clinical trials to evaluate benefits of the ASA therapy in the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Inflammation/drug therapy , Ischemia/drug therapy , Comorbidity , Coronavirus Infections , Endothelium/drug effects , Endothelium/pathology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Middle Aged
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2415-2421, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute coronary syndromes mainly result from abrupt thrombotic occlusion caused by atherosclerotic vulnerable plaques (VPs) that suddenly rupture or erosion. Fibrous cap thickness (FCT) is a major determinant of the propensity of a VP to rupture and is recognized as a key factor. The intensive use of statins is known to have the ability to increase FCT; however, there is a risk of additional adverse effects. However, lower dose statin with ezetimibe is known to be tolerable by patients. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of intensive statin vs. low-dose stain + ezetimibe therapy on FCT, as evaluated using optical coherence tomography.@*METHOD@#Patients who had VPs (minimum FCT 90°) and deferred from intervention in our single center from January 2014 to December 2018 were included in the trial. They were divided into the following two groups: intensive statin group (rosuvastatin 15-20 mg or atorvastatin 30-40 mg) and combination therapy group (rosuvastatin 5-10 mg or atorvastatin 10-20 mg + ezetimibe 10 mg). At the 12-month follow-up, we compared the change in the FCT (ΔFCT%) between the two groups and analyzed the association of ΔFCT% with risk factors. Fisher exact test was used for all categorical variables. Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U-test was used for analyzing the continuous data. The relationship between ΔFCT% and risk factors was analyzed using linear regression analysis.@*RESULT@#Total 53 patients were finally enrolled, including 26 patients who were in the intensive statin group and 27 who were in the combination therapy group. At the 12-month follow-up, the serum levels of total cholesterol (TC), total triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) levels were reduced in both the groups. The ΔTC%, ΔLDL-C%, and ΔLp-PLA2% were decreased further in the combination therapy group. FCT was increased in both the groups (combination treatment group vs. intensive statin group: 128.89 ± 7.64 vs. 110.19 ± 7.00 μm, t = -9.282, P < 0.001) at the 12-month follow-up. The increase in ΔFCT% was more in the combination therapy group (123.46% ± 14.05% vs. 91.14% ± 11.68%, t = -9.085, P < 0.001). Based on the multivariate linear regression analysis, only the serum Lp-PLA2 at the 12-month follow-up (B = -0.203, t = -2.701, P = 0.010), ΔTC% (B = -0.573, t = -2.048, P = 0.046), and Δhs-CRP% (B = -0.302, t = -2.963, P = 0.005) showed an independent association with ΔFCT%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose statin combined with ezetimibe therapy maybe provide a profound and significant increase in FCT as compared to intensive statin monotherapy. The reductions in Lp-PLA2, ΔTC%, and Δhs-CRP% are independently associated with an increase in FCT.


Subject(s)
Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ezetimibe/therapeutic use , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/drug therapy , Rosuvastatin Calcium/therapeutic use , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 691-697, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054897

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Different strategies have been proposed for the cardiovascular risk management of patients with psoriasis. Objective: To estimate the cardiovascular risk and evaluate two cardiovascular prevention strategies in patients with psoriasis, analyzing which proportion of patients would be candidates to receive statin therapy. Methods: A retrospective cohort was selected from a secondary database. All patients >18 years with psoriasis without cardiovascular disease or lipid-lowering treatment were included. The atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease calculator (2018 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines) and the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation risk calculator (2016 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Atherosclerosis guidelines) were calculated. The SCORE risk value was adjusted by a multiplication factor of 1.5. The recommendations for the indication of statins suggested by both guidelines were analyzed. Results: A total of 892 patients (mean age 59.9 ± 16.5 years, 54.5% women) were included. The median atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease calculator and Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation values were 13.4% (IQR 6.1-27.0%) and 1.9% (IQR 0.4-5.2), respectively. According to the atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease calculator, 20.1%, 11.0%, 32.9%, and 36.4% of the population was classified at low, borderline, moderate, or high risk. Applying the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation, 26.5%, 42.9%, 20.8%, and 9.8% of patients were stratified as having low, moderate, high, or very high risk, respectively. The proportion of subjects with statin indication was similar using both strategies: 60.1% and 60.9% for the 2018 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and 2016 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Atherosclerosis guidelines, respectively. Study limitations: This was a secondary database study. Data on the severity of psoriasis and pharmacological treatments were not included in the analysis. Conclusion: This population with psoriasis was mostly classified at moderate-high risk and the statin therapy indication was similar when applying the two strategies evaluated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Psoriasis/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Psoriasis/complications , Triglycerides/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Sex Factors , Cholesterol/blood , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Risk Assessment , Diabetes Complications
17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(2): 104-110, abr. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002615

ABSTRACT

La reducción del colesterol-LDL (C-LDL) es un objetivo primordial en prevención cardiovascular. Estudios recientes demostraron beneficio clínico al administrar inhibidores de la proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-9 (iPCSK9) a pacientes que no habían logrado la meta de C-LDL con estatinas de alta intensidad y ezetimibe, sin embargo el uso de estos fármacos está limitado por su costo. El American College of Cardiology, la Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología y la European Society of Cardiology recomiendan una meta de C-LDL menor a 70 mg/dl en prevención secundaria, determinando umbrales de C-LDL de 70, 100 o 140 mg/dl respectivamente, para iniciar el tratamiento con iPCSK9. Con el objetivo de evaluar el esquema hipolipemiante prescripto en internados por síndrome coronario agudo o revascularización coronaria y analizar la proporción de elegibles para ser tratados con iPCSK9 en un escenario real y simulado, realizamos un estudio que incluyó 351 pacientes con enfermedad coronaria, tomados de una base de datos electrónica de un hospital universitario. El 48.4% recibió estatinas de elevada intensidad, 11.4% ezetimibe y 54.7% no logró la meta de C-LDL menor a 70 mg/dl. Utilizando un modelo de simulación en el que todos serían medicados con estatinas de elevada intensidad y ezetimibe, la elegibilidad para prescribir iPCSK9 fue de 31.1%, 12.8% y 9.1% según los umbrales de C-LDL determinados por las tres sociedades científicas. Nuestro estudio demostró una brecha entre las recomendaciones de los consensos para reducir el colesterol y la práctica habitual que debería ser minimizada para optimizar la relación costo/efectividad en prevención secundaria.


LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering is a primary objective in cardiovascular prevention. Recent studies demonstrated clinical benefit when proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin-9 inhibitors (PCSK9i) were added to the treatment in patients who had not achieved the LDL-C goal despite being treated with high intensity statins and ezetimibe, however the use of these drugs is limited by their cost. The American College of Cardiology, the Argentine Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Cardiology recommend an LDL-C goal less than 70 mg/dl in secondary prevention, determining thresholds of LDL-C to start treatment with PCSK9i of 70, 100 or 140 mg/dl respectively. In order to evaluate the lipid-lowering regimen prescribed in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome or coronary revascularization and analyze the proportion of eligible to be treated with PCSK9i in a real and simulated scenario, we conducted a study that included 351 patients with coronary disease collected from an electronic database of a university hospital. The 48.4% received high intensity statins, 11.4% ezetimibe and 54.7% did not achieve the LDL-C goal of less than 70 mg/dL. Using a simulation model in which all would be treated with high intensity statins and ezetimibe, the eligibility to prescribe PCSK9i was 31.1%, 12.8% and 9.1% according to the C- LDL thresholds determined by the three scientific societies. Our study demonstrated a gap between the consensus recommendations for LDL-C lowering and the current practice that should be minimized to optimize the cost/effectiveness ratio in secondary prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Proprotein Convertase 9/antagonists & inhibitors , Hypercholesterolemia/drug therapy , Anticholesteremic Agents/therapeutic use , Argentina , Societies, Scientific , Time Factors , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Ezetimibe/therapeutic use
18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 142-144, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002417

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Atheroembolic renal disease (AERD) is a kidney manifestation of atherosclerosis as a systemic disease. AERD is defined as a renal impairment secondary to embolization of cholesterol crystals with consequent occlusion of renal vascularization. The current case report describes one patient with multiple risk factors but without any inciting event history who presents a very atypical clinical course of a severe and massive atheroembolic disease that developed spontaneously and silently.


RESUMO A doença renal ateroembólica (DRAE) é uma manifestação renal da aterosclerose enquanto patologia sistêmica. A DRAE é definida como uma disfunção renal secundária à embolização de cristais de colesterol seguida da oclusão da vascularização renal. O presente relato descreve o caso de um paciente com vários fatores de risco, porém sem um evento precipitante, que se apresentou com um curso clínico bastante atípico de doença ateroembólica grave de evolução espontânea e silenciosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Renal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Atherosclerosis/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications , Hypertension/complications , Biopsy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypertriglyceridemia , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Creatinine/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , /therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia , Kidney/pathology , Microscopy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4399, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011997

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether pre-hospital statin use is associated with lower renal replacement therapy requirement and/or death during intensive care unit stay. Methods: Prospective cohort analysis. We analyzed 670 patients consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit of an academic tertiary-care hospital. Patients with ages ranging from 18 to 80 years admitted to the intensive care unit within the last 48 hours were included in the study. Results: Mean age was 66±16.1 years old, mean body mass index 26.6±4/9kg/m2 and mean abdominal circumference was of 97±22cm. The statin group comprised 18.2% of patients and had lower renal replacement therapy requirement and/or mortality (OR: 0.41; 95%CI: 0.18-0.93; p=0.03). The statin group also had lower risk of developing sepsis during intensive care unit stay (OR: 0.42; 95%CI: 0.22-0.77; p=0.006) and had a reduction in hospital length-of-stay (14.7±17.5 days versus 22.3±48 days; p=0.006). Statin therapy was associated with a protective role in critical care setting independently of confounding variables, such as gender, age, C-reactive protein, need of mechanical ventilation, use of pressor agents and presence of diabetes and/or coronary disease. Conclusion: Statin therapy prior to hospital admission was associated with lower mortality, lower renal replacement therapy requirement and sepsis rates.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar se o uso pré-admissão hospitalar de estatina está associado com menor necessidade de diálise e/ou óbito durante internação em unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Análise de coorte prospectiva. Foram incluídos consecutivamente 670 pacientes admitidos na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital acadêmico de cuidados terciários. Os pacientes incluídos deveriam ter entre 18 e 80 anos e ter sido admitidos na unidade de terapia intensiva nas últimas 48 horas. Resultados: A média da idade dos pacientes foi de 66±16,1 anos. O índice de massa corporal foi de 26,6±4/9kg/m2 e a circunferência abdominal média foi de 97±22cm. O grupo que fez uso de estatina pré-admissão hospitalar (18,2% dos pacientes) necessitou menos de terapia de substituição renal e/ou evoluiu para óbito (OR: 0,41; IC95%: 0,18-0,93; p=0,03). O grupo que fez uso de estatina também apresentou menor risco de evoluir com sepse durante a internação na unidade de terapia intensiva (OR: 0,42; IC95%: 0,22-0,77; p=0,006) e teve menor duração da hospitalização (14,7±17,5 dias versus 22,3±48 dias; p=0,006). A terapia pré-admissão hospitalar com estatina foi associada a papel protetor no cenário da terapia intensiva independentemente de variáveis confundidoras, como sexo, idade, proteína C-reativa, necessidade de ventilação mecânica, uso de vasopressores e diagnóstico de diabetes e/ou coronariopatia. Conclusão: A terapia com estatina antes da admissão hospitalar foi associada a menor mortalidade, menor necessidade de terapia de substituição renal e taxa de ocorrência de sepse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Triglycerides/blood , Cholesterol/blood , Renal Replacement Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Cholesterol, HDL/drug effects , Cholesterol, LDL/drug effects , Reference Values , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Treatment Outcome , Renal Replacement Therapy/mortality , APACHE , Creatinine/blood , Critical Care/methods , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
20.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 30(3): 238-251, 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051224

ABSTRACT

Prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia should therefore be considered as an integral part of individual cardiovascular prevention interventions, which should be addressed primarily to those at higher risk who will benefit most. Statins are the most commonly used options for the pharmacologic treatment of dyslipidemia. In recent decades, numerous clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of these drugs to reduce cardiovascular mortality and major non-fatal atherothrombotic events in heterogeneous populations through both primary and secondary prevention. This group of drugs is part of the recommendations of both US and European guidelines, and should be prescribed to all patients who have already had a cardiovascular event and have no specific contraindication. However, a large percentage of patients that would benefit from a statin treatment do not receive them, have been prescribed a low dose or for a limited time. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
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