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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 315-323, may. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343489

ABSTRACT

To investigate effectsof Yangyinyiqi Mixture on pulmonary fibrosis caused by bleomycin. SD ratswere divided randomly into: model group(distilled water,1 mL·0.1 kg-1), dexamethasone acetate group (dexamethasone acetate, the dosage was reduced gradually), low-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 11 g·kg-1), moderate-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 22 g·kg-1), high-dose group (Yangyinyiqi Mixture, 44 g·kg-1) and control group (distilled water, 1 mL·0.1 kg-1). Yangyinyiqi Mixture and dexamethasone acetate were intragastrically administrated. Lung tissue was collected for histopathological examination. Compared with control group, collagen markedly increased and HYP content significantly increased on 7th day in model group (p<0.01). On 28th day, collagen was diffusely deposited, alveolar was destroyed, and HYP content significantly increased (p<0.01). Compared with model group, bleomycin-induced suffering injury caused MMP-9 expression levels to rapidly increase (7and 14 days, p<0.01). TIMP-1 markedly increased (7and 14 days, p<0.01) and stayed at a high level to28th day. Yangyinyiqi Mixture exerted an effect against pulmonary fibrosis, which could involved prevention of collagen deposition through inhibitingMMP-9 and TIMP-1 expression.


El trabajo investiga los efectos de la mezcla Yangyinyiqi sobre la fibrosis pulmonary causada por bleomicina. Ratas SD se dividieron aleatoriamente en: grupo modelo (agua destilada, 1 mL·0.1 kg-1), grupo acetate de dexametasona (acetate de dexametasona, la dosis se redujo gradualmente), grupo de dosis baja (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 11 g·kg-1), grupo de dosis moderada (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 22 g·kg-1), grupo de dosis alta (mezcla Yangyinyiqi, 44 g·kg-1) y grupo control (agua destilada, 1 Ml·0.1 kg-1). La mezcla de Yangyinyiqi y el acetate de dexametasona se administraron por vía intragástrica. Se recolectó tejido pulmonary para examen histopatológico. En comparación con el grupo control, el colágeno aumentó notablemente y el contenido de HYP aumentó significativamente el séptimo día en el grupo modelo (p<0.01). El día 28, el colágeno se depositó difusamente, se produjo destrucción alveolar y el contenido de HYP aumento significativamente (p<0.01). En comparación con el grupo modelo, la lesión inducida por bleomicina causó que los niveles de expression de MMP-9 aumentaron rápidamente (7 y 14 días, p<0.01). TIMP-1 aumentó notablemente (7 y 14 días, p<0.01) y se mantuvo en un nivel alto hasta el día 28. La mezcla Yangyinyiqi ejerció un efecto contra la fibrosis pulmonary, lo que podría implicar la prevención del deposito de colágenio mediante la inhibición de la expression de MMP-9 y TIMP-1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/administration & dosage , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Bleomycin , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxyproline/analysis
2.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 565-576, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the possible effects of argan oil on the healing of colorectal anastomoses. Methods: I n Group 1 (sham), laparotomy was performed and the colon was mobilized. In the control (Group 2) and argan oil (Group 3) groups, colonic resection and anastomosis were applied. To the control and sham groups, 2 mL of 0.9% NaCl was administred rectally, and in the argan oil group, 2 mL/day argan oil was applied rectally for 7 days. Results: The mean bursting pressures of the argan oil and sham groups were significantly higher than the values in the control group. A significant difference was determined between the tissue hydroxyproline and prolidase levels of control group and other groups. Histopathologically, argan oil showed significant beneficial effects on colonic wound healing. In the argan oil and sham groups, the tissue malondialdehyde and fluorescent oxidation product levels were found to be lower and total sulfhydryl levels were higher than the control group. Conclusions: The rectally administered argan oil was observed to have significantly ameliorated wound healing parameters and exerted a significant antioxidant effect. This is the first study in the literature about the beneficial effects of argan oil on colorectal anastomoses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rectum/surgery , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Colon/surgery , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Oxidoreductases/analysis , Rectum/pathology , Spectrophotometry , Anastomosis, Surgical , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/pathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Dipeptidases/analysis , Surgical Wound/pathology , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 333-340, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886278

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare platelet rich plasma (PRP) and fibrin glue about the effect of anastomotic healing. Methods: Thirty six Wistar-Albino male rats diveded into 3 groups according to control(Group1), PRP (Group 2) and fibrin glue(Tisseel VH) (Group 3). The colon was transected with scissor and subsequently an end to end anastomosis was performed using continuous one layer 6/0 vicryl sutures. Postoperative 7th day effect of anastomotic healing measuring with tissue hydroxyproline(TH) level and anastomotic bursting pressure(ABP); moreover comparison of cytokine (IL-6 and IL-10) and procalcitonin levels on 1st,3rd and 7th days. Results: There was no statistically significant difference of the ABP and hydroxyproline levels between PRP and fibrin glue on the 7th day. There was no statistically significant difference between levels of proinflammatory cytokine (IL-6) (P=0.41), anti-inflammatory cytokine (IL-10) (P=0.35), and procalcitonin levels (P=0.63) on 1, 3 and 7 days. Conclusion: Fibrin glue and platelet rich plasma are shown to be effective in healing intestinal anastomoses without superior to each other.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Wound Healing/drug effects , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/pharmacology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Time Factors , Calcitonin/analysis , Anastomosis, Surgical , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Colon/surgery , Colon/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(12): e5837, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888960

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to assess the efficacy of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) on skull exposure wounds in rabbits and to investigate the underlying mechanism of the process. Full-thickness excisional circular wounds 2×2 cm with or without periosteum involvement were created in 88 New Zealand white rabbits (mean body weight: 3.0±0.65 kg). Animals were randomly divided into 4 groups: periosteum-intact wounds treated with traditional dressing (p+control), periosteum-intact wounds treated with VSD (p+VSD), periosteum-lacking wounds treated with traditional dressing (p-control) and periosteum-lacking wounds treated with VSD (p-VSD). The wounds treated with traditional dressing were covered with Vaseline gauze, while VSD treatment was accompanied with continuous -120 mmHg pressure. Finally, wound tissues were harvested for analysis of hydroxyproline content and histologic detection. VSD hastened the wound healing process significantly (P<0.05) compared to the corresponding control groups. VSD alleviated the inflammation reaction, accelerated re-epithelialization and facilitated the organization of collagen fibers into neat rows. During the wound healing process, the hydroxyproline content increased overtime [i.e., postoperative days (POD) 7, POD 10 and POD 15] in all four groups, and it peaked in the p+VSD group. VSD also promoted angiogenesis via increasing number and quality of collagen. We concluded that VSD can promote healing in bone-exposed wounds via increasing hydroxyproline content and vessel density, reducing inflammatory responses and generating ordered collagen arrangement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Skull/injuries , Bandages , Drainage/methods , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy/methods , Skull/pathology , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Disease Models, Animal , Microvessels , Hydroxyproline/analysis
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 314-319, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of fascia wherein peritonitis has been created. METHODS: Twenty eight Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups. Only a primary fascial repair following laparotomy was performed on Group 1, a primary fascial repair performed and PRP treatment applied following laparotomy on Group 2, and a fecal peritonitis created following laparotomy and a primary fascial repair carried out on Group 3. A fecal peritonitis was created following laparotomy and primary fascial repair and PRP treatment on the fascia was carried out on Group 4. RESULTS: TNF-α was found to be significantly lower in the control group (Group 1). It was detected at the highest level in the group in which fecal peritonitis was created and PRP applied (Group 4). TGF-β was determined as being significantly higher only in Group 4. Histopathologically, the differences between the groups in terms of cell infiltration and collagen deposition were not found to be significant. CONCLUSION: When platelet rich plasma was given histologically and biochemicaly as wound healing parameters cellular infiltration, collagen accumulation, and tissue hydroxyiproline levels were not increased but neovascularization, fibroblast activation and TNF Alfa levels were increased and PRP accelerated wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritonitis/complications , Wound Healing , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Fascia/physiology , Peritonitis/metabolism , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Random Allocation , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Collagen/drug effects , Collagen/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Gelatinases/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Models, Animal , Fascia/blood supply , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Hydroxyproline/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(6): 545-552, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748222

ABSTRACT

Abnormal high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) activation is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary rehabilitation mixture (PRM), which combines extracts from eight traditional Chinese medicines, has very good lung protection in clinical use. However, it is not known if PRM has anti-fibrotic activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of PRM on transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-mediated and bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. The effects of PRM on TGF-β1-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in A549 cells, on the proliferation of human lung fibroblasts (HLF-1) in vitro, and on BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in vivo were investigated. PRM treatment resulted in a reduction of EMT in A549 cells that was associated with attenuating an increase of vimentin and a decrease of E-cadherin. PRM inhibited the proliferation of HLF-1 at an IC50 of 0.51 µg/mL. PRM ameliorated BLM-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats, with reduction of histopathological scores and collagen deposition, and a decrease in α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and HMGB1 expression. An increase in receptor for advanced glycation end-product (RAGE) expression was found in BLM-instilled lungs. PRM significantly decreased EMT and prevented pulmonary fibrosis through decreasing HMGB1 and regulating RAGE in vitro and in vivo. PRM inhibited TGF-β1-induced EMT via decreased HMGB1 and vimentin and increased RAGE and E-cadherin levels. In summary, PRM prevented experimental pulmonary fibrosis by modulating the HMGB1/RAGE pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Pulmonary Fibrosis/prevention & control , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Bleomycin , Blotting, Western , Cells, Cultured , Collagen/drug effects , Complex Mixtures/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , HMGB1 Protein/drug effects , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Lung/drug effects , Lung/pathology , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/drug effects , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/drug effects
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(7): 567-575, 07/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712970

ABSTRACT

Limitations on tissue proliferation capacity determined by telomerase/apoptosis balance have been implicated in pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. In addition, collagen V shows promise as an inductor of apoptosis. We evaluated the quantitative relationship between the telomerase/apoptosis index, collagen V synthesis, and epithelial/fibroblast replication in mice exposed to butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) at high oxygen concentration. Two groups of mice were analyzed: 20 mice received BHT, and 10 control mice received corn oil. Telomerase expression, apoptosis, collagen I, III, and V fibers, and hydroxyproline were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, in situ detection of apoptosis, electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, and histomorphometry. Electron microscopy confirmed the presence of increased alveolar epithelial cells type 1 (AEC1) in apoptosis. Immunostaining showed increased nuclear expression of telomerase in AEC type 2 (AEC2) between normal and chronic scarring areas of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Control lungs and normal areas from UIP lungs showed weak green birefringence of type I and III collagens in the alveolar wall and type V collagen in the basement membrane of alveolar capillaries. The increase in collagen V was greater than collagens I and III in scarring areas of UIP. A significant direct association was found between collagen V and AEC2 apoptosis. We concluded that telomerase, collagen V fiber density, and apoptosis evaluation in experimental UIP offers the potential to control reepithelization of alveolar septa and fibroblast proliferation. Strategies aimed at preventing high rates of collagen V synthesis, or local responses to high rates of cell apoptosis, may have a significant impact in pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Apoptosis/physiology , Collagen Type V/biosynthesis , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Telomerase/metabolism , Butylated Hydroxytoluene , Cell Proliferation , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type II/analysis , Collagen Type V/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Fibroblasts/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microscopy, Electron , Pulmonary Alveoli/pathology , Pulmonary Alveoli/ultrastructure , Staining and Labeling , Telomerase/isolation & purification
8.
Clinics ; 69(4): 259-264, 4/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705782

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Fibrin glues have not been consistently successful in preventing the dehiscence of high-risk colonic anastomoses. Fibrinogen and thrombin concentrations in glues determine their ability to function as sealants, healers, and/or adhesives. The objective of the current study was to compare the effects of different concentrations of fibrinogen and thrombin on bursting pressure, leaks, dehiscence, and morphology of high-risk ischemic colonic anastomoses using fibrin glue in rats. METHODS: Colonic anastomoses in adult female Sprague-Dawley rats (weight, 250-350 g) treated with fibrin glue containing different concentrations of fibrinogen and thrombin were evaluated at post-operative day 5. The interventions were low-risk (normal) or high-risk (ischemic) end-to-end colonic anastomoses using polypropylene sutures and topical application of fibrinogen at high (120 mg/mL) or low (40 mg/mL) concentrations and thrombin at high (1000 IU/mL) or low (500 IU/mL) concentrations. RESULTS: Ischemia alone, anastomosis alone, or both together reduced the bursting pressure. Glues containing a low fibrinogen concentration improved this parameter in all cases. High thrombin in combination with low fibrinogen also improved adherence exclusively in low-risk anastomoses. No differences were detected with respect to macroscopic parameters, histopathology, or hydroxyproline content at 5 days post-anastomosis. CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin glue with a low fibrinogen content normalizes the bursting pressure of high-risk ischemic left-colon anastomoses in rats at day 5 after surgery. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Colon/surgery , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Fibrinogen/administration & dosage , Ischemia/prevention & control , Thrombin/administration & dosage , Tissue Adhesives/therapeutic use , Anastomosis, Surgical , Collagen/analysis , Colon/blood supply , Colon/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Ischemia/etiology , Pressure , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing
9.
Clinics ; 68(10): 1344-1349, out. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: After acute myocardial infarction, during the cardiac repair phase, periostin is released into the infarct and activates signaling pathways that are essential for the reparative process. However, the role of periostin in chronic cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction remains to be elucidated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between tissue periostin and cardiac variables in the chronic cardiac remodeling induced by myocardial infarction. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were assigned to 2 groups: a simulated surgery group (SHAM; n = 8) and a myocardial infarction group (myocardial infarction; n = 13). After 3 months, morphological, functional and biochemical analyses were performed. The data are expressed as means±SD or medians (including the lower and upper quartiles). RESULTS: Myocardial infarctions induced increased left ventricular diastolic and systolic areas associated with a decreased fractional area change and a posterior wall shortening velocity. With regard to the extracellular matrix variables, the myocardial infarction group presented with higher values of periostin and types I and III collagen and higher interstitial collagen volume fractions and myocardial hydroxyproline concentrations. In addition, periostin was positively correlated with type III collagen levels (r = 0.673, p = 0.029) and diastolic (r = 0.678, p = 0.036) and systolic (r = 0.795, p = 0.006) left ventricular areas. Considering the relationship between periostin and the cardiac function variables, periostin was inversely correlated with both the fractional area change (r = -0.783, p = 0.008) and the posterior wall shortening velocity (r = -0.767, p = 0.012). CONCLUSIONS: Periostin might be a modulator of deleterious cardiac remodeling in the chronic phase after myocardial infarction in rats. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Blotting, Western , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type III/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Diastole/physiology , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction , Rats, Wistar , Systole/physiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(6): 370-375, June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626254

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of bromopride on the healing of left colonic anastomoses in rats with induced abdominal sepsis. METHODS: Forty rats were divided into two groups to receive either bromopride (experimental group- E) or saline (control group- C). Each group was divided into subgroups of ten animals each to be euthanized on third (E3 and C3) or seventh day (E7 and C7) after surgery. Sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture. The rats underwent segmental left colon resection and end-to-end anastomosis. Adhesion formation, tensile strength and hydroxyproline concentration were assessed. Histomorphometry of collagen and histopathological analysis were also performed. RESULTS: On postoperative third day, anastomoses in bromopride-treated animals showed lower tensile strength (p=0.02) and greater reduction in hydroxyproline concentration (p=0.04) than in control animals. There was no statistical difference in these parameters on seventh day, and the remaining parameters were similar across subgroups. Collagen content was also similar across subgroups. CONCLUSION: In the presence of abdominal sepsis, the administration of bromopride was associated with decreased tensile strength and hydroxyproline concentration in left colonic anastomoses in rats three days after surgery.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da bromoprida sobre a cicatrização de anastomoses de cólon esquerdo de ratos na presença de sepse abdominal. MÉTODOS: Quarenta ratos distribuídos em grupos contendo 20 animais para administração de bromoprida ou salina. Cada grupo foi dividido em subgrupos contendo dez animais, para eutanásia no terceiro ou no sétimo dia de pós-operatório. A indução da sepse foi realizada pelo método de ligadura e punção do ceco. Foi realizada ressecção de um segmento do cólon esquerdo e anastomose término-terminal. À re-laparotomia, foi avaliada a quantidade total de aderências e removido um segmento colônico contendo a anastomose para análise histopatológica, força de ruptura, concentração de hidroxiprolina e histomorfometria do colágeno. RESULTADOS: No 3° DPO, as anastomoses dos animais tratados com bromoprida apresentaram menor força de ruptura (p=0,02) e maior redução da concentração de hidroxiprolina (p=0,04) que os animais controle. Não houve diferença estatística quanto a estes parâmetros no 7° DPO. O conteúdo de colágeno foi semelhante entre os subgrupos. CONCLUSÃO: Na presença de sepse abdominal, o uso da bromoprida esteve associado à diminuição da força de ruptura e da concentração de hidroxiprolina das anastomoses do cólon esquerdo de ratos no 3° DPO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antiemetics/pharmacology , Colon/surgery , Metoclopramide/analogs & derivatives , Sepsis/physiopathology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Anastomosis, Surgical , Collagen/analysis , Colon/drug effects , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Ligation , Metoclopramide/pharmacology , Postoperative Period , Punctures , Rats, Wistar , Sepsis/etiology , Tensile Strength
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(3): 251-255, Mar. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-617965

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare sutures with polypropylene and poliglecaprone 25 after partial cecotomy in rats. METHODS: Thirty six rats divided into two groups, A and B, of 18 animals; each group was also divided into three subgroups of six animals sacrificed at 4th, 7th and 14th days after surgery. Were studied the mortality, morbidity, complications attributable to sutures, macroscopy, optical microscopy and measurement of hydroxyproline at the level of the suture. RESULTS: There were no deaths or wound complications such as hematoma, seroma, abscess, evisceration or eventration. On microscopic evaluation reepithelization, coaptation and inflammation in both groups did not differ significantly. The average rate of tissue hydroxyproline found in the samples on the 4th day after surgery, was 21.38 mg/g tissue for group A and 16.68 mg/g for group B; on day 7 after surgery, the average was 15.64 mg/g tissue for group A and 26.53 mg/g for group B; on day 14, the average was 8.09 mg/g tissue for group A and 25.07 mg/g for group B. CONCLUSION: There were no differences on clinical evolution, macroscopic aspect, microscopic data and hydroxyproline concentration on both sutures.


OBJETIVO: Comparar a sutura com fio de polipropileno e poliglecaprone 25 após cecotomia parcial em ratos. MÉTODOS: Trinta e seis ratos foram distribuídos em dois grupos A e B de 18 animais, e cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos de seis, sacrificados no 4º, 7º e 14º dias do pós-operatório. Estudou-se a mortalidade, morbidade, complicações atribuíveis às suturas, macroscopia, microscopia ótica e dosagem de hidroxiprolina no nível da sutura. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortalidade ou complicações da ferida operatória como hematoma, seroma, abscesso, evisceração ou eventração. Na avaliação microscópica os critérios de re-epitelização, coaptação e processo inflamatório ambos os grupos não apresentaram diferença significativa. A taxa tecidual média da hidroxiprolina encontrada nas amostras no 4º dia de pós-operatório foi de 21,38 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 16,68 mg/g para o grupo B; no 7º dia a média foi de 15,64 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 26,53 mg/g para o grupo B; no 14º dia ela foi de 8,09 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 25,07 mg/g para o grupo B. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatística entre a evolução clínica, avaliação macroscópica, microscopia e dosagem de hidroxiprolina entre as suturas realizadas com os fios estudados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cecum/surgery , Dioxanes/adverse effects , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Polypropylenes , Polyesters/adverse effects , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Cecum/ultrastructure , Models, Animal , Postoperative Period , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Sutures/adverse effects
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 26(6): 415-420, Nov.-Dec. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604187

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of cirrhosis on colonic anastomosis healing in rats. METHODS: Fifty five Wistar male rats were used (23 in the control group and 32 in the cirrhosis group). On the first day of the procedure, the rats in the cirrhosis group underwent double ligation and folding of the common bile duct to induce liver cirrhosis, and the control rats underwent a laparotomy and intestinal manipulation. On the fourteenth and thirty-fifth days, all of the animals were biochemically assessed for serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin, total protein, and albumin and for liver histopathology. On the thirty-fifth day, cirrhosis was confirmed. On the twenty-eighth day, all of the animals were subjected to left colon transection and anastomosis. On the seventh day after the colonic anastomosis, the rats were sacrificed and macroscopically evaluated for dehiscence. The region of the colonic anastomosis was removed and subjected to hydroxyproline content measurement, conventional histology, and the immunohistochemical determination of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase type 1 (MMP 1). RESULTS: The biochemical and histopathological examinations confirmed cirrhosis in all of the animals in the cirrhosis group. More deaths occurred after anastomosis in the cirrhosis group (5/25) than in the control group (0/21), and anastomotic dehiscence was more frequent in the cirrhosis group (8/25) than in the control group (0/21). The average hydroxyproline concentration was lower in the cirrhosis group than in the control group. The immunohistochemical studies showed that the average VEGF expression in the cirrhosis group was lower than in the control group, and the average MMP1 expression was higher in the cirrhosis group. CONCLUSION: Hepatic cirrhosis leads to increased mortality and colonic anastomotic dehiscence, an increased distance between the mucosal edges of the anastomosis area, and a lower hydroxyproline concentration in the colonic anastomosis; therefore, these conditions are deleterious to healing.


OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos da cirrose hepática na cicatrização de anastomose intestinal em ratos. MÉTODOS: Este estudo avaliou o efeito da cirrose hepática na cicatrização de anastomoses em ratos. 55 ratos Wistar machos foram utilizados (23 controles e 32 no grupo cirrose). No primeiro dia os ratos do grupo cirrose for submetidos à dupla ligadura e enovelamento do ducto hepático comum para indução de cirrose e os ratos controles foram submetidos à laparotomia e manipulação das alças intestinais. No dia 14 e 35, todos os animais foram avaliados bioquimicamente para dosagem sérica da alanina aminotransferase (AST), alanina aminotransferase (ALT), fosfatase alcalina, bilurrubinas, proteínas totais, albumina e histologia do fígado. No dia 35 a cirrose foi confirmada. No dia 28 todos os animais foram submetidos à colectomia esquerda e anastomose. 70 dias após anastomose os ratos foram submetidos à eutanásia e foram avaliados macroscopicamente a procura de deiscência. A região da anastomose colônica foi removida para dosagem de hidroxiprolina, histologia convencional e imunohistoquímica para determinação do fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) e metaloproteinase tipo 1 (MMP 1). RESULTADOS: A análise bioquímica e histológica confirmou a cirrose em todos os animais do grupo cirrose. Óbito ocorreu em maior freqüência após a anastomose no grupo cirrose (5/25) se comparado com grupo controle (0/21), e a deiscência da anastomose foi mais freqüente no grupo cirrose (8/25) se comparado com controle (0/21). A concentração média de hidroxiprolina foi menor no grupo cirrose se comparado com grupo controle. A análise imonuhistoquímica mostrou que a expressão VEGF no grupo cirrose foi menor que no grupo controle e a expressão média da MMP1 foi maior no grupo cirrose. CONCLUSÃO: A cirrose hepática leva a aumento de mortalidade e aumento na deiscência de anastomose, aumento na distância entre as pontes mucosas na area da anastomose, menor nível de hidroxiprolina na anastomose colônica e assim pior condição de cicatrização.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colon/surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/etiology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Wound Healing/physiology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Biomarkers/analysis , Common Bile Duct/pathology , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Ligation , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Rats, Wistar , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/mortality , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/pathology
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 26(4): 297-302, July-Aug. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-594350

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of metoclopramide on the formation of adhesion and the healing of left colonic anastomoses in rats. METHODS: Forty rats underwent sectioning of the left colon and end-to-end anastomosis and were divided into two groups of 20 animals for the administration of metoclopramide (experimental group - E) or saline solution (control group - C). Each group was divided into subgroups of 10 animals each to be killed on the third (E3 and C3) or seventh postoperative day (E7 and C7). Adhesion was assessed, and a colonic segment containing the anastomosis was removed for analysis of breaking strength and hydroxyproline concentration. RESULTS: There were no deaths or dehiscence on the 3rd postoperative day. There was one death and one blocked anastomotic dehiscence in the E7 group. No significant differences between groups were found in the analysis of clinical outcome, intra-cavity adhesion, adhesion to the anastomosis or breaking strength on the 3rd and 7th postoperative day. Hydroxyproline concentration was higher in the control group on the 3rd (p=0.006) but not on the 7th postoperative day (p=0.241). CONCLUSION: Metoclopramide did not have harmful effects on the healing of intestinal anastomoses in rats.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da metoclopramida sobre a formação de aderências e a cicatrização de anastomoses de cólon esquerdo de ratos. MÉTODOS: 40 ratos distribuídos em dois grupos contendo 20 animais, para administração de metoclopramida (grupo experimental - E) ou solução de NaCl 0,9 por cento (grupo controle - C). Cada grupo foi dividido em subgrupos contendo 10 animais, para eutanásia no terceiro (E3 e C3) ou sétimo dia (E7 e C7) de pós-operatório. Os ratos foram submetidos à secção do cólon esquerdo e anastomose término-terminal. No dia da re-laparotomia foi avaliada a quantidade total de aderências e removido um segmento colônico contendo a anastomose para análise da força de ruptura e concentração de hidroxiprolina. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortes ou deiscências no 3º dia de pós-operatório. No grupo E7 ocorreram uma morte e uma deiscência de anastomose bloqueada. Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos em relação à evolução clínica, quantidade de aderências intra-cavitárias ou à anastomose e resistência tênsil no 3º ou 7º pós-operatório. A concentração de hidroxiprolina foi maior no grupo metoclopramida no 3º (p=0,006) mas não no 7º dia de pós-operatório (p=0,241) CONCLUSÃO: A metoclopramida não apresenta efeito deletério sobre a cicatrização de anastomoses intestinais em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colon/surgery , Dopamine Antagonists/adverse effects , Metoclopramide/adverse effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Anastomosis, Surgical , Gastrointestinal Motility/drug effects , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Postoperative Period , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Tissue Adhesions
14.
Fisioter. Bras ; 9(5): 327-332, set.-out. 2008.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-546587

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos da neuroestimulação elétrica transcutânea (TENS) e cinesiologia aplicada, assim como esta isolada, na excreção urinária em indivíduos com a síndrome do impacto do ombro (SIO). Métodos: Participaram do estudo dois grupos de 35 indivíduos cada, sendo 30 mulheres e 40 homens, com idade entre 45 e 60 anos. O grupo controle realizou a cinesiologia aplicada e o grupo experimental realizou o tratamento TENS associado à cinesiologia aplicada. Para a mensuração da hidroxiprolina na urina foi utilizado o protocolo de colorimetria. A coleta urinária foi feita na 1ª, 5ª e 10ª sessão. O tratamento foi realizado em 10 sessões de 55 minutos. O tratamento estatístico utilizado foi feito através da análise de variância One Way (ANOVA). Resultado: Não houve melhora significativa como indicado por F = 0,662, p > 0,05. Conclusão: Os resultados mostraram não haver interação significativa entre os tipos de tratamento com a excreção urinária de hidroxiprolina. Contudo, os resultados obtidos das variáveis mostraram uma forte tendência à melhora, apresentando um resultado mais efetivo no grupo que utilizou somente a cinesiologia aplicada até a quinta sessão e, posteriormente, com uma tendência mais efetiva no grupo que utilizou a cinesiologia aplicada + TENS. O estudo mostrou, também, um resultado mais eficiente do grupo que utilizou apenas a cinesiologia aplicada como tratamento.


Objective: To compare the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator (TENS) effects associated to the kinesiology applied, and only the kinesiology applied on the hydroxiproline (HP) excretion on individuals with shoulder pain, during 10 physical therapy sessions with duration of 55 minutes each session for both treatments. Methods: The individuals were divided into two groups of 35 people each, being 30 women and 40 men; aged between 40 and 65 years old. The control group underwent only applied kinesiology and the experimental group applied kinesiology associated to TENS. It was used the colorimetric protocol to measure urinary excretion of HP. Three samples of each variable were carried out on the first, fifth and tenth sessions. The ANOVA test with repeated measures to analyze the HP was used for the statistics. Results: There were no significance as indicated by F = 0.662, p > 0.05. Conclusion: We concluded that the study showed a strong benefit tendency for both groups due to HP decrease levels. As a better result before the 5th session for the group applied kinesiology and after the 5th - 10th session of treatment, for the applied kinesiology + TENS group, although there was no significance based on the statistics. And, also, it showed a better result for the group who practiced only applied kinesiology


Subject(s)
Colorimetry , Kinesiology, Applied/instrumentation , Kinesiology, Applied/methods , Kinesiology, Applied , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Hydroxyproline/adverse effects , Hydroxyproline/urine
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 23(5): 435-440, Sept.-Oct. 2008. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-491909

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To study the effect of protein malnutrition on the intestinal wall of rats by evaluating alterations in the rupture force and dosing tissue collagen in the ileum and distal colon. METHODS: One hundred and twenty rats, that had an average weight of 100g, were used. They received water and a standard diet with 20 percent protein during 7 days for adaptation to the diet itself and to environmental conditions. After that period, the animals were randomly distributed in two groups of 60 rats each: Group 1 - the animals received a control diet with 20 percent casein for 21 days; Group 2 - hypoprotein diet with 2 percent casein for 21 days. After the adaptation period, 12 animals of each group were sacrificed at 5 moments: the beginning of experimental period (M0), 4° day (M1), 7° day (M2), 14° day (M3) and 21° day (M4). The diet to the other rats was maintained until the last sacrifice. The following variables were evaluated: body weight, blood albumin rate, tissue's hydroxyproline, hydroxyproline/total protein ratio and rupture strength in the intestinal wall of the ileum and the distal colon. RESULTS: It was observed that the rupture strength in the ileum segment and distal colon was lower in malnourished animals (Group 2); the loss of mechanical resistance was higher in the distal colon segment than in the ileum probably due to the smaller concentration of tissue collagen in the distal colon. CONCLUSION: Protein malnutrition induces the loss of mechanical resistance of the ileum and distal colon and may be associated with a smaller percentage of collagenous tissue formation in the intestinal wall.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da desnutrição protéica na parede intestinal do rato através da medida de força de ruptura e dosagem do colágeno tecidual no íleo e cólon distal. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 120 ratos, pesando em média 100g, que receberam durante 07 dias uma dieta padrão, contendo 20 por cento de caseína para adaptação dos animais as condições do biotério. Após esse período os animais foram divididos em dois grupos de 60, o controle denominado grupo um que recebeu a dieta padrão, e o grupo teste denominado grupo dois, que recebeu dieta hipoprotéica contendo 2 por cento de caseína. Os dois grupos receberam suas respectivas dietas por um período de 21 dias. Após esse período iniciou-se o sacrifício seqüencial dos animais em ambos os grupos, em número de 12 animais em cada momento, correspondendo ao dia Zero (MO), 4º dia (M1), 7º dia (M2), 14º dia (M3), e 21º dia (M4) sendo mantida a mesma dieta até o final do sacrifício. Em cada momento foram avaliados o peso corpóreo, albumina sanguínea, hidroxiprolina tecidual, relação hidroxiprolina/proteína tecidual e a força de ruptura no segmento ileal e cólico dos animais. RESULTADOS: Observou-se que a força de ruptura do segmento ileal e do cólon distal foi menor nos animais desnutridos (Grupo 2). A perda da resistência mecânica foi maior no segmento do cólon distal do que no segmento ileal, provavelmente pela menor concentração do colágeno tecidual no cólon distal. CONCLUSÃO: A desnutrição protéica induz a diminuição da resistência mecânica no íleo e no cólon distal associado a diminuição do colágeno tecidual na parede intestinal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Collagen/analysis , Colon/metabolism , Ileum/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/metabolism , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/metabolism , Tensile Strength/physiology , Body Weight , Colon/injuries , Colon/physiopathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Ileum/injuries , Ileum/physiopathology , Intestinal Mucosa/chemistry , Intestinal Mucosa/physiopathology , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/physiopathology , Proteins/analysis , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Rupture/physiopathology , Serum Albumin/analysis , Time Factors
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 23(supl.1): 17-23, 2008. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-483118

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Thalidomide, because of its anti-inflammatory properties, as re-emerged as an option for the treatment of Crohn's disease refractory to standard therapy. We studied the effect of thalidomide on the healing of colonic anastomosis. METHODS: Sixty male rats (Rattus norvegicus), were divided into 3 groups of 20 animals each, respectively receiving 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg thalidomide by the oral route for 7 days, or saline solution (control). All animals were submitted to continuous end-to-end anastomosis with 6-0 Prolene sutures. After sacrifice the anastomoses were analyzed macroscopically and submitted to determination of hydroxyproline, to histology and to immunohistochemistry for metalloproteinase 1, metalloproteinase 1 inhibitor and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). RESULTS: Statistical analysis of the data showed no significant difference in macroscopic aspect or hydroxyproline determination (p= 0.5403). In the immunohistochemical analysis, the following p values were obtained: p = 0.5817 for VEGF, p = 0.1854 for metalloproteinase 1, and p = 0.0023 for metalloproteinase 1 inhibitor, with this last value being considered statistically significant. CONCLUSION: We conclude that thalidomide influenced collagen maturation. There was a stronger action of metalloproteinases, possibly indicating a negative tendency for the healing process.


OBJETIVO: Sabe-se que agentes farmacológicos podem influenciar no processo de cicatrização. A talidomida, devido às suas propriedades antiinflamatórias, tem ressurgido como uma opção no tratamento da doença de Crõhn refratária à terapêutica convencional. Neste trabalho, estudamos o efeito da talidomida na cicatrização de anastomoses colônicas no rato. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados 60 animais Rattus norvegius, com peso médio de 300g. Organizou-se 3 grupos de 20 animais, sendo um grupo controle (AC), um grupo (BD), com administração de talidomida 0,5 mg/kg por 7 dias e um grupo (AD) com administração de talidomida 1,0 mg/kg por 7 dias. Foi realizada anastomose término-terminal contínua de prolene 6-0. O sacrifício foi no 7º. dia pós operatório e as anastomoses foram analisadas quanto a aspecto macroscópico, dosagem de hidroxiprolina, histologia em hematoxilina-eosina e imuno-histoquímica para metaloproteinase 1, inibidor de metaloproteinase 1 e VEGF. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante para a observação macroscópica e para dosagem de hidroxiprolina (p=0,5403). Na análise imunohistoquímica, para VEGF houve p=0,5817, para metaloproteinase 1, p=0,1854 e para inibidor de metaloproteinase, p=0,0023, considerado estatisticamente significante. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que a talidomida influenciou na maturação do colágeno. Notou-se maior ação das metaloproteinases, que pode significar uma tendência negativa para o processo cicatricial.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Colon/surgery , Thalidomide/pharmacology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Anastomosis, Surgical , Biomarkers/analysis , Collagen/biosynthesis , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Surgical Wound Dehiscence , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 23(supl.1): 24-30, 2008. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-483119

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Colorectal anastomosis is a constant worry-issue among surgeons because of high rates of complications, specially the dehiscence. The preoperative irradiation on cancer surgeries might interfere in the healing process, leading to an unfavorable outcome. METHODS: In the present study, two groups of rats were irradiated previously to a colorectal anastomosis surgery, with intervals of 4 and 8 weeks between the procedures. Seven days after the surgery, healing process was evaluated for dehiscence presence and histologic inflammatory characteristics. Also, levels of hydroxyproline, metalloproteinases and vascular endothelial growth factor were measured. RESULTS: Our results showed a higher incidence of dehiscences on the animals submitted to irradiation, compared to controls, with a reduced inflammatory activity in the healing tissue. DISCUSSION: Comparing both irradiated groups, those irradiated 8 weeks before surgery showed higher levels of hydroxyproline and metalloproteinases, indicating higher efficiency of the healing process. In conclusion, preoperative irradiation interferes with intestinal anastomosis healing and a larger time interval between both procedures is safer in terms of the healing quality.


INTRODUÇÃO: As anastomoses colorretais são motivos constante de preocupação por parte dos cirurgiões, em virtude do alto índice de complicações, principalmente as deiscências. O uso da radioterapia previamente à cirurgia, nos casos de doença neoplásica, pode interferir no processo cicatricial das anastomoses, e levar a uma evolução desfavorável. MÉTODOS: Os autores estudaram dois grupos de ratos, submetidos a radioterapia e à confecção de uma anastomose no cólon, com intervalo de 04 e de 08 semanas entre os dois procedimentos, comparando com um grupo controle. Após 07 dias da cirurgia, estudaram-se vários aspectos do processo cicatricial: presença de deiscência, características inflamatórias do tecido, dosagem de hidroxiprolina, de mateloproteinase e de VEGF. RESULTADOS: Os autores detectaram maior índice de deiscência nos animais submetidos à radioterapia, com prejuízo da atividade inflamatória característica de um tecido em cicatrização. DISCUSSÃO: Dentre os dois grupos irradiados, aquele com intervalo de oito semanas entre a radioterapia e a confecção da anastomose teve dosagem mais alta de hidroxiprolina e metaloproteinase, demonstrando maior eficiência do processo cicatricial. CONCLUSÃO: A radioterapia prévia interfere no processo de cicatrização das anastomoses intestinais, e que um maior intervalo de tempo entre os dois procedimentos é melhor para garantia de uma cicatrização satisfatória.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Colon/surgery , Preoperative Care/methods , Rectum/surgery , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/etiology , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Anastomosis, Surgical , Collagen/radiation effects , Disease Models, Animal , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Hydroxyproline/radiation effects , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/radiation effects , Pelvis , Radiotherapy Dosage , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/analysis , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/radiation effects , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/analysis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/radiation effects
18.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 101(8): 895-898, Dec. 2006. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-440578

ABSTRACT

Capillaria hepatica causes two main lesions in the liver of rats: multifocal chronic inflammation, directly related to the presence of disintegrating parasites and their eggs, and a process of systematized septal fibrosis. The comparative behavior of these two lesions was investigated in rats experimentally infected with 600 embryonated eggs, following either corticosteroid treatment or specific antigenic stimulation, in an attempt to understand the relationship between these two lesions, and the pathogenesis of septal fibrosis. The two treatments differently modified the morphological aspects of the focal parasitic-related lesions, but did not interfere with the presentation of diffuse septal fibrosis, although a mild decrease in the degree of fibrosis occurred in corticoid-treated animals. These findings indicate that although the two lesions are C. hepatica induced, they are under different pathogenetic control, the induction of septal fibrosis being triggered during early infection to follow an independent pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Antibodies, Helminth/blood , Antigens, Helminth/administration & dosage , Capillaria/immunology , Enoplida Infections/parasitology , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/parasitology , Chronic Disease , Disease Models, Animal , Enoplida Infections/drug therapy , Enoplida Infections/immunology , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/drug therapy , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/immunology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Rats, Wistar , Severity of Illness Index
19.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 50(5): 926-929, out. 2006. tab
Article in Portuguese, English | LILACS | ID: lil-439076

ABSTRACT

O objetivo foi verificar a influência da deficiência dos hormônios tireoideanos induzida por propiltiouracil (PTU) na mucosa gengival do rato, analisando bioquimicamente as proteínas totais, colágeno (hidroxiprolina) e população celular (DNA). Foram utilizados 50 ratos machos da cepa Sprague-Dawley, separados em 2 grupos: propiltiouracil (PTU) (10 mg/d i.p.), e controle (C), durante 10 semanas. As proteínas totais foram determinadas pelo método de Lowry, a hidroxiprolina pelo método de Newman e DNA pelo método de Burton. Observou-se diminuição das proteínas totais no grupo PTU (PTU= 41,23 ± 24,05; C= 63,36 ± 18,05); não houve diferença na hidroxiprolina e DNA (PTU= 2,18 ± 1,48; C= 2,29 ± 1,51) e (PTU= 0,33 ± 0,19; C= 0,46 ± 0,31). Conclui-se que o tratamento com PTU diminui o conteúdo de proteínas totais na mucosa gengival do rato, provavelmente pela diminuição da síntese protéica, sem alteração do colágeno e da população celular.


This work aimed at verifying the influence of propilthiouracil (PTU)-induced thyroid hormone deficiency on gingival mucosa of young male rats, measuring total protein concentration, collagen content and DNA concentration as indices of cellular population. Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were used. The animals were grouped in: PTU-treated (i.p. 10 mg/d) and control rats (C). The experience was maintained for a period of 10 weeks. Total protein content of gingival mucosa tissue was determined by the Lowry method; hydroxyprolin rate, as prototype aminoacid of collagen, was determined using the Newman method, and DNA concentration was measured by Burton's methodology. The results showed decreased amounts of PTU-treated rats gingival total protein content (PTU= 41.23 ± 24.05 vs. C= 63.36 ± 18.05); no alterations were seen in hydroxyprolin concentration neither in DNA content of PTU treated rats, respectively (PTU= 2.18 ± 1.48 vs. C= 2.29 ± 1.51) and (PTU= 0.33 ± 0.19 vs. C= 0.46 ± 0.41). Thus, PTU treatment promotes a decrease in total protein content of rat gingival mucosa that may be interpreted as a decrease in protein synthesis induced by the hypothyroid condition, but with no alteration either in collagen or nucleic acid rates.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antithyroid Agents/pharmacology , Collagen/analysis , Gingiva/chemistry , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Propylthiouracil/pharmacology , Proteins/analysis , Antithyroid Agents/metabolism , Colorimetry , Collagen/drug effects , Collagen/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , DNA , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Propylthiouracil/metabolism , Proteins/drug effects , Proteins/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spectrophotometry , Thyroxine/biosynthesis , Thyroxine/blood , Triiodothyronine/biosynthesis , Triiodothyronine/blood
20.
Rev. invest. clín ; 58(3): 198-203, June-May- 2006. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-632351

ABSTRACT

Background. The safety of an intestinal anastomosis is usually measured by its complication rate, especially the incidence of anastomotic leakage. A wide variety of methods have been described to reestablish intestinal continuity including single-layer continuous or two-layer interrupted anastomosis. Objectives. To evaluate if the single-layer continuous anastomosis using polygluconate is safer and reliable than two-layer interrupted anastomosis with chromic catgut and silk. Material and methods. A prospective, experimental, randomized and comparative analysis was conducted in 20 dogs. They were divided in two groups; group 1 underwent two-layer interrupted anastomosis and group 2 underwent sigle-layer continuous technique. Anastomoses were timed. Both groups were under observation. Anastomotic leakage, and other complications were evaluated. The animals were sacrified and the anastomosis was taken out together with 10 cm of colon on both sides of the anastomosis. Breaking strength, histologic evaluation and hydroxyproline determination were performed. Results. Ten two-layer anastomosis and ten single-layer anastomosis were performed. A median of 25 minutes (range: 20-30 minutes) was required to construct the anastomoses in group 1 versus 20 minutes (range: 12-25 minutes) in group 2. All animals survived and no leakage was observed. Wound infection ocurred in four dogs (20%). Median breaking strength was 230 mm Hg in group 1 and 210 mm Hg in group 2. Hydroxyproline concentration was 8.94 mg/g in group 1 (range: 5.33-16.71) and 9.94 mg/g in group 2 (range: 2.96-21.87). There was no difference among groups about the inflammatory response evaluated by pathology. There was no statistical significance in any variable evaluated. Conclusions. This study demonstrates that a single-layer continuous is similar in terms of safety to the two-layer technique, but because of its facility to perform, the single-layer technique could be superior.


Antecedentes. Una de las preocupaciones más importantes en cirugía colorrectal es la presencia de dehiscencia o fístula de la anastomosis. Múltiples técnicas han sido descritas para realizar anastomosis, entre las que se incluyen las anastomosis en una sola capa o en dos capas. Objetivos. Evaluar si la anastomosis colonica en una capa con poligliconato es más segura y efectiva que la anastomosis colonica en dos capas con catgut crómico y seda. Material y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio prospectivo, experimental, aleatorio y comparativo en 20 perros. Se dividieron a los animales en dos grupos; grupo 1: anastomosis en dos capas y grupo 2: anastomosis en una sola capa. Se evaluó el tiempo de duración de la anastomosis. Todos los animales se mantuvieron en observación evaluando datos de complicaciones como fístulas colocutáneas o dehiscencia de la anastomosis. En el día diez del postoperatorio se sacrificaron. Se resecó el segmento de la anastomosis abarcando 10 cm proximales y 10 cm distales. Se midió la presión de ruptura, se realizó análisis histopatológico y se determinó la cantidad de hidroxiprolina de la línea de la anastomosis. Resultados. Se incluyeron diez perros en el grupo 1 y diez perros en el grupo 2. La mediana del tiempo de duración de la anastomosis en el grupo 1 fue de 25 minutos (rango: 20-30 minutos) y en el grupo 2 de 20 minutos (rango: 12-25 minutos) (p = NS). No se presentaron datos de fístula, dehiscencia o estenosis de la anastomosis. Cuatro perros presentaron infección en la herida. La presión de ruptura del grupo 1 fue de 230 mm Hg (115-360) y del grupo 2 fue de 210 mm Hg (100-300). La concentración de hidroxiprolina en el grupo 1 fue de 8.94 mg/gramo (rango: 5.33-16.71), y en el grupo 2 fue de 9.94 mg/gramo (rango: 2.96-21.87). No se encontró diferencia significativa en las variables analizadas. Se comparó el grado de reacción inflamatoria en ambos grupos, no hubo diferencia estadística. Conclusiones. Los dos procedimientos son seguros y confiables de realizar, aunque por su mayor facilidad, estos datos apoyan la utilización del método de una sola capa.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Male , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colon/surgery , Suture Techniques , Catgut , Colon/chemistry , Colon/pathology , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Polymers , Pressure , Silk , Surgical Wound Dehiscence , Sutures , Wound Healing
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