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1.
Medisan ; 24(5) tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1135209

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercalciuria idiopática es un trastorno metabólico frecuente y poco reconocido, cuyo curso clínico depende en gran medida de cambios en los hábitos dietéticos desde la infancia. Objetivo: Caracterizar a niños y adolescentes con hipercalciuria idiopática según variables clínicas, epidemiológicas y terapéuticas. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional, longitudinal y prospectiva de 44 pacientes con hipercalciuria idiopática, atendidos en el Servicio de Miscelánea del Hospital Pediátrico Docente Sur Antonio María Béguez César de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero de 2014 hasta diciembre de 2015. Resultados: Las formas sintomáticas de la enfermedad resultaron ser las más frecuentes (68,2 %); asimismo, predominó el sexo masculino (72,7 %) y el promedio de edad fue de 7,2 ± 4 años. Existió asociación estadística entre las edades preescolar y escolar en cuanto al diagnóstico de hipercalciuria idiopática. La hematuria macroscópica recurrente fue el síntoma más usual en la mayoría de los casos (59,1 %); en tanto, 25,0 % de los pacientes presentó litiasis renal y el tratamiento no farmacológico a base de líquidos y dieta se relacionó con una evolución satisfactoria en 68,2 % de los afectados, a pesar de que el restante 31,8 % necesitó tratamiento medicamentoso. Conclusiones: Las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes con hipercalciuria idiopática de esta casuística no difirieron de las registradas a nivel mundial, considerando que este trastorno metabólico es relativamente frecuente en los servicios de pediatría.


Introduction: The idiopathic hypercalciuria is a frequent and not very recognized metabolic disorder which clinical course depends in great extent on changes in the dietary habits from the childhood. Objective: To characterize children and adolescents with idiopathic hypercalciuria according to the clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic variables. Methods: An observational, longitudinal and prospective investigation was carried out in 44 patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria, assisted in the Miscellaneous Service of Antonio María Béguez Cesar Southern Teaching Children Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from January, 2014 to December, 2015. Results: The symptomatic forms of the disease were the most frequent (68.2 %); also, the male sex prevailed (72.7 %) and the average age was 7.2 ± 4 years. Statistical association existed among the preschool and school ages as for the diagnosis of idiopathic hypercalciuria. The recurrent macroscopic hematuria was the most usual symptom in the majority of cases (59.1 %); as long as, the 25.0 % of patients presented renal lithiasis and the diet and liquids-based non pharmacological treatment was associated with a satisfactory evolution in 68.2 % of the affected patients, although the remaining 31.8 % needed drugs treatment. Conclusions: The clinical and epidemiological characteristics of patients with idiopathic hypercalciuria of this case material didn't differ from the ones registered worldwide, taking into account that this metabolic disorder is relatively frequent in pediatric services.


Subject(s)
Nephrolithiasis/therapy , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Hypercalciuria/epidemiology , Child , Adolescent , Hypercalciuria/therapy , Hospitals, Pediatric
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 15-25, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056363

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease characterized by epithelioid noncaseating granulomas associated with clinical and radiologic findings. The cause of this disease is still uncertain. Sarcoidosis affects mostly lungs and lymph nodes and is not usually considered a urological disease, therefore, this etiology may be overlooked in several urological disorders, such as hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria and nephrolithiasis. It affects all races and genders. This review aims to describe the urological manifestations of sarcoidosis and to elucidate how the disease may affect the management of numerous urological conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sarcoidosis/pathology , Kidney Diseases/pathology , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/therapy , Biopsy , Chronic Disease , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Hypercalciuria/pathology , Hypercalcemia/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia/pathology , Kidney Diseases/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/therapy
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(6): 477-482, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056756

ABSTRACT

La hipercalciuria idiopática se define como la excreció;n de calcio superior a 220 y 300 mg/día en mujeres y hombres respectivamente o bien mayor a 4 mg/kg peso. En mujeres con osteoporosis se observa en el 19% de los casos, mientras que en litiasis renal varía entre el 50 y 70%. Seleccionamos 206 pacientes hipercalció;ºricos, de nuestra base de datos, con y sin litiasis renal, a los que se les había indicado una dieta restringida. Luego los dividimos, de acuerdo a la respuesta, en dieta dependiente y dieta independiente. De estos solo consideramos 122 pacientes con diagnó;sticos de hipercalciuria dieta-dependiente (105 mujeres y 17 hombres), que fueron seguidos con control dietario (800 mg de calcio, alrededor de 1 g de proteínas animales y < 100 mEq de sodio diarios). No se consideró; la aparició;n de cálculos, o la recurrencia de los mismos, como tampoco el compromiso ó;seo. Luego de una media de 17 meses todos tenían controlada la calciuria e incluso hubo 16 (13%) que luego de 42 meses de seguimiento persistían normocalció;ºricos solo con dieta. Concluimos que es fundamental la divisió;n de las hipercalciurias, segó;ºn su respuesta a una dieta restringida, con el fin de evitar o postergar el uso de diuró;©ticos y sus efectos adversos, con una administració;n adecuada de la dieta.


Idiopathic hypercalciuria is defined as calcium excretion greater than 220 and 300 mg / day in women and men respectively, or greater than 4 mg / kg body weight. In women with osteoporosis it is observed in 19% of cases, while in kidney stones cases varies between 50 and 70%. We selected 206 hypercalciuric patients from our database, with and without renal lithiasis, to whom a restricted diet had been indicated. We divided them, according to the response, into a dependent diet and an independent diet. We considered 122 patients with diagnosis of hypercalciuria diet dependent (105 women and 17 men), which were followed with dietary control (800 mg of calcium, around 1 g of animal proteins and < 100 mEq sodium a day). The appearance of stones, or the recurrence of stones, was not considered, nor was bone involvement. After an average of 17 months, everyone had their calciuria controlled and there were even 16 (13%) who, after 42 months of follow-up, continued to be normocalciuric only on a diet. We conclude that the division of the hypercalciurias is fundamental, according to their response to a restricted diet, in order to avoid or postpone the use of diuretics and its adverse effects, with an adequate management of the diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diuretics/therapeutic use , Hypercalciuria/diet therapy , Phosphorus/urine , Phosphorus/blood , Reference Values , Time Factors , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Calcium/urine , Calcium/blood , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hypercalciuria/etiology
4.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(3): e812, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093715

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipercalciuria idiopática es una alteración metabólica relativamente frecuente y existen escasas publicaciones de su relación con la infección del tracto urinario. Objetivos: Precisar si existe asociación entre la infección urinaria e hipercalciuria idiopática para determinar si esta alteración metabólica constituye un factor de riesgo de infección urinaria. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo longitudinal prospectivo en pacientes de edad pediátrica con diagnóstico de infección urinaria atendidos en el Hospital Pediátrico Universitario William Soler entre 1ro. enero de 2016 y 31 de diciembre de 2017. Dos semanas después de controlada la infección se recogió muestra de orina de la primera micción del día para determinación de índice calcio/creatinina y precisar la excreción de calcio en 24 horas. Si esta prueba arroja resultados positivos, entre dos y cuatro semanas posteriores, se repite la muestra y si ambas son positivas y el calcio en sangre es normal se diagnostica hipercalciuria idiopática. Resultados: Se incluyeron en el estudio 130 pacientes. En 43,8 por ciento se encontró hipercalciuria idiopática. En su primer episodio infeccioso se estudiaron 52,3 por ciento y los restantes con antecedentes de infección o recurrencia. En 86,2 por ciento la infección fue catalogada como pielonefrítica. La distribución por sexo de la hipercalciuria no mostró diferencia y el síntoma hematuria con dolor abdominal recurrente resultó sugestivo de infección asociada a hipercalciuria (p < 0,05). El germen infectante no contribuye a pensar en hipercalciuria. Conclusión: La hipercalciuria idiopática constituye un factor predisponente de infección del tracto urinario(AU)


Introduction: Idiopathic hypercalciuria is a relatively frequent metabolic alteration and there are scarce publications on its relation with the urinary tract´s infection. Objective: To specify if there is a relation between urinary infection and idiopathic hypercalciuria, in order to determine if this last one constitutes a risk factor of urinary infection. Methods: Prospective, descriptive and longitudinal study in pediatric age's patients with a diagnosis of urinary infection that were attended in William Soler University Pediatric Hospital from January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2017. After two weeks of the infection being controlled, a urine sample from the first micturition of the day was collected to determine calcium/creatinine index and to specify calcium excretion in 24 hours. If this test shows positive results, after two to four weeks the sample is repeated, and if both are positive and calcium level in blood is normal, so idiopathic hypercalciuria is diagnosed. Results: 130 patients were included in the study. In 43.8 percent idiopathic hypercalciuria was found. 52.3 percent were studied during the first infectious episode, and there is presented a history of infection or recurrence. In 86.2 percent of the patients, the infection was catalogued as pyelonephritis. Hypercalciuria´s gender distribution didn't show any differences, and the symptom called hematuria with recurrent abdominal pain was suggestive to an infection related to hypercalciuria (p < 0.05). The infectious germ does not induce to think in hypercalciuria. Conclusions: Idiopathic hypercalciuria constitutes a predisposing factor of urinary tract's infection(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Urologic Diseases/complications , Hypercalciuria/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
5.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 39(2): 108-114, jun. 2019. tabl.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352745

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El riñón en esponja es una malformación renal, de los túbulos colectores, que se suele asociar a nefrocalcinosis o acidosis tubular distal. La asociación con la litiasis renal se observa entre un 4-20%. Objetivo: El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue describir factores de riesgo bioquímicos para litiasis renales, en pacientes con riñón en esponja. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, observacional de corte, entre los años 2000 y 2017 en donde se estudiaron 37 pacientes con riñón en esponja y litiasis renal (26 mujeres y 11 hombres) de 37.3 ± 13.2 años. El diagnóstico de riñón en esponja se hizo mediante urograma excretor. Resultados: Fue observada nefrocalcinosis en el 95%. El diagnóstico bioquímico más frecuente fue la hipercalciuria idiopática que como única y asociada alteración se observó en el 59.4%. La hiperuricosuria fue el segundo diagnóstico encontrado en el 32.4% (única y asociada) seguido por la, hipocitraturia, hipomagnesuria y el pHu persistentemente ácido. En los hombres llamó la atención que un 46.2% no presentaron alteración bioquímica. Conclusiones: En conclusión se destaca la asociación relativamente frecuente de riñón en esponja y litiasis renal. La hipercalciuria idiopática fue la alteración metabólica más frecuente como causa de litogénesis, seguida por la hiperuricosuria, similar a lo descripto en la literatura, aunque en menor proporción. Otras alteraciones, como la hipocitraturia, hipomagnesuria y pHu persistentemente ácido también deben ser consideradas en el estudio de estos pacientes.


Introduction: Sponge kidney is a renal malformation of the collecting tubules, which is usually associated with nephrocalcinosis or distal tubular acidosis. The association with renal lithiasis is observed between 4-20%. Objective: The aim of our work was to describe the biochemical risk factors of renal lithiasis in patients with sponge kidney. Methods: A retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study was conducted between 2000 and 2017, in which 37 patients with sponge kidney and renal lithiasis (26 women and 11 men), aged 37.3 ± 13.2 years, were studied. The diagnosis of sponge kidney was made by excretory urography. Results: Nephrocalcinosis was observed in 95% of patients. The most frequent biochemical diagnosis was idiopathic hypercalciuria, which was observed, as a single and associated alteration, in 59.4% of cases. Hyperuricosuria was the second diagnosis found in 32.4% (single and associated) followed by hypocitraturia, hypomagnesuria and persistently acid pHu. Surprisingly, 46.2% of men presented no biochemical alteration. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the relatively frequent association of sponge kidney and renal lithiasis. Idiopathic hypercalciuria was the most common metabolic alteration as the cause of lithogenesis, followed by hyperuricosuria, similar to that described in the literature, but to a lesser extent. Other alterations, such as hypocitraturia, hypomagnesuria and persistently acid pHu, should also be considered in the study of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nephrolithiasis/complications , Nephrolithiasis/etiology , Biochemical Phenomena , Calcium Metabolism Disorders , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Nephrocalcinosis/diagnosis
6.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 91(2): e809, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003959

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hematuria es el hallazgo clínico más frecuente entre las enfermedades genitourinarias, después de las infecciones del tracto urinario a cualquier edad. Objetivo: Identificar las características generales y etiología de la hematuria monosintomática en pacientes pediátricos. Métodos: Investigación descriptiva longitudinal y prospectiva con los pacientes atendidos con hematuria monosintomática en el Servicio de Nefrología del Hospital Pediátrico Docente William Soler entre el primero de enero de 2014 y 31 de diciembre de 2015. Resultados: Se reclutaron 45 pacientes. Predominó en escolares (40 por ciento) y adolescentes (40 por ciento), sexo masculino (55,5 por ciento). Se recogió el antecedente personal o familiar de hematuria en 44,5 por ciento y 55,5 por ciento, respectivamente. La urolitiasis familiar estuvo presente en 37,7 por ciento. El tipo de hematuria más frecuente fue la macroscópica (75,8 por ciento), no glomerular (71,2 por ciento), sin proteinuria (77,8 por ciento), y hematíes eumórficos (62,2 por ciento). La causa más frecuente fue la hipercalciuria idiopática (51,1 por ciento) y el 80 por ciento de todos los pacientes solo recibió tratamiento higieno-dietético. En 20 por ciento de los pacientes no se pudo precisar la causa etiológica. Conclusiones: La causa más frecuente de hematuria fue no glomerular (hipercalciuria idiopática) y en aquellos con hematuria cuya causa etiológica no se pudo precisar, es obligado mantener un seguimiento prolongado(AU)


Introduction: Hematuria is the most frequent clinical finding among genitourinary diseases afterwards urinary tract infection at any age. Objective: To identify general characteristics and etiology of monosymptomatic hematuria in in pediatrics patients. Methods: Descriptive, longitudinal and prospective research of the patients by monosymptomatic hematuria attended at the Nephrology service in William Soler Teaching Pediatric Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015. Results: 45 patients were recruited. Schoolchildren (40 percent) were predominant and adolescents (40 percent), and males (55.5 percent). It was collected personal or familial records of hematuria in 44.5 percent and 55.5 percent, respectively. Familial urolithiasis was present in 37.7 percent. The most common type of hematuria was the macroscopic (75.8 percent), non-glomerular (71.2 percent), without proteinuria (77.8 percent) and with eumorphic hematies (62.2 percent). The most frequent etiological cause was idiopathic hypercalciuria (51.1 percent), and 80 percent of all patients only received hygiene-dietetic treatment. In the 20 percent of the patients was not possible to determine the etiological cause. Conclusions: The most frequent cause of hematuria was non-glomerular (idiopathic hypercalciuria); and in those patients with hematuria of non-precised etiological cause, it is mandatory to keep long-term follow-up(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Hypercalciuria/complications , Hematuria/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
7.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 340-346, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002204

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Hypercalciuria is one of the risk factors for calcium kidney stone formation (the most common type of urinary stones). Although vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among urolithiasis patients, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on urine calcium in these patients is still unclear. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, medical and laboratory tests records of 26 patients with recurrent calcium kidney stones and vitamin D deficiency treated with 50000IU vitamin D per week for 8-12 weeks were analyzed. The changes in 24-hour urine calcium (24-h Ca), serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D), serum parathormone (PTH), other 24-hour urine metabolites and calculated relative supersaturations of calcium oxalate (CaOxSS), calcium phosphate (CaPSS) and uric acid (UASS) were assessed. Moreover, correlations between changes in 24-h Ca and other aforementioned variables were assessed. Results: Serum 25 (OH) D and 24-h Ca increased after vitamin D supplementation, while serum PTH decreased (p < 0.001, for all analyses). The levels of 24-hour urine sodium and urea increased significantly (p = 0.005 and p = 0.031, respectively). The levels of CaOxSS and CaPSS increased, but the changes were not significant (p = 0.177, and p = 0.218, respectively). There were no correlations between the changes in 24-h Ca and serum 25 (OH) D or PTH. Conclusions: The result of current study suggests that although urine Ca increased in vitamin D supplemented patients, this increase was not associated with the increase in serum vitamin D and may be due to other factors such as dietary factors. Further randomized clinical trials considering other factors associated with urine Ca are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy , Vitamins/therapeutic use , Calcium/urine , Urolithiasis/urine , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/blood , Retrospective Studies , Dietary Supplements , Hypercalciuria/complications , Middle Aged
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762594

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is well known that obesity is related to vitamin D deficiency (VDD). We investigated the response to vitamin D replacement in normal-weight and overweight children. METHODS: This was a prospective study including 62 Korean children with VDD. VDD was defined as a serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration <20 ng/mL. Overweight was defined as a body mass index (BMI)≥the 85th percentile (n=21), and normal weight as a BMI between the 5th and 84th percentiles (n=41). All participants received vitamin D3 supplementation (2,000 IU/day) for 8 weeks. The serum levels of 25(OH)D, PTH and biochemical parameters were measured before and after treatment. RESULTS: The mean age was 10.0±1.4 years in normal-weight children and 10.0±2.1 years in overweight children (P=0.93). After 8 weeks of treatment, 61.9% of normal-weight children and 47.6% of overweight children achieved vitamin D sufficiency (P =0.30). The mean serum 25(OH)D levels after vitamin D replacement were 33.8±7.6 ng/mL and 30.3±6.6 ng/mL in normal-weight and overweight children, respectively (P =0.10). The mean calcium/creatinine ratios after treatment were 0.09±0.07 and 0.08±0.06 in the normal-weight and overweight groups, respectively, and no hypercalciuria was found. In multiple regression analysis, the response to vitamin D replacement was influenced by the BMI (β=-1.0, P=0.03) and sex (β=-4.0, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Eight weeks of vitamin D replacement (2,000 IU/day) is sufficient to overcome vitamin D deficiency in normal-weight and overweight children without any complications.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Calcifediol , Child , Cholecalciferol , Humans , Hypercalciuria , Obesity , Overweight , Prospective Studies , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762592

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Urinary calcium creatinine ratio (UCaCrR) is a reliable indicator for monitoring hypercalciuria following vitamin D supplementation. However, the reference range varies from region to region. Previous studies did not take vitamin D and parathyroid hormone status into account while evaluating UCaCrR. Hence, we undertook this study to establish the 95th percentile of UCaCrR as an indicator of hypercalciuria in North Indian children and adolescents. METHODS: Four hundred seventy-three participants (boys 62.2%, girls 37.8%) with adequate dietary calcium intake, normal serum levels of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (>20 ng/mL), and without secondary hyperparathyroidism following supplementation were selected for evaluation of UCaCrR. RESULTS: The mean age and body mass index of subjects were 11.2±2.6 years and 18.0±3.6 kg/m2, respectively. The 95th percentile of UCaCrR in the study population was 0.126. The mean, median, and 95th percentile of UCaCrR was significantly higher in prepubertal children (age ≤10 years) (0.0586±0.0374, median=0.0548, 95th percentile=0.136) compared to those >10 years old (0.0503±0.0363, median=0.0407, 95th percentile=0.123, P=0.02). No significant difference in UCaCrR was observed between genders and different weight categories. CONCLUSIONS: UCaCrR of 0.13 defines the cutoff value for hypercalciuria in North Indian children and adolescents with adequate dietary intake of calcium and sufficient serum vitamin D levels.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Calcium , Calcium, Dietary , Child , Creatinine , Female , Humans , Hypercalciuria , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary , Parathyroid Hormone , Reference Values , Vitamin D
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762587

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia is characterized by hypercalcemia, dehydration, vomiting, and failure to thrive, and it is due to mutations in 24-hydroxylase (CYP24A1). Recently, mutations in sodium-phosphate cotransporter (SLC34A1) expressed in the kidney were discovered as an additional cause of idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia. This report describes a female infant admitted for evaluation of nephrocalcinosis. She presented with hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria, low intact parathyroid hormone level, and high 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 level. Exome sequencing identified novel compound heterozygous mutations in SLC34A1 (c.1337G>A, c.1483C>T). The patient was treated with fluids for hydration, furosemide, a corticosteroid, and restriction of calcium/vitamin D intake. At the age of 7 months, the patient's calcium level was within the normal range, and hypercalciuria waxed and waned. Renal echogenicity improved on the follow-up ultrasonogram, and developmental delay was not noted. In cases of hypercalcemia with subsequent hypercalciuria, DNA analysis for SLC34A1 gene mutations and CYP24A1 gene mutations should be performed. Further studies are required to obtain long-term data on hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis.


Subject(s)
Calcitriol , Calcium , Dehydration , DNA , Exome , Failure to Thrive , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Furosemide , Humans , Hypercalcemia , Hypercalciuria , Hypophosphatemia , Infant , Kidney , Nephrocalcinosis , Parathyroid Hormone , Reference Values , Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins , Ultrasonography , Vitamin D , Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase , Vomiting
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(1): 6-10, feb. 2018. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894539

ABSTRACT

Múltiples estudios muestran la importancia de mantener niveles suficientes de vitamina D para prevenir varias enfermedades crónicas. Sin embargo, la suplementación de vitamina D sobre la calciuria es controvertida. El objetivo de este trabajo prospectivo, intervencionista, fue evaluar la respuesta de la calciuria en mujeres con hipercalciuria y normocalciuria, luego de conseguir niveles adecuados de 25 OH D. Se estudiaron 63 mujeres con hipercalciuria idiopática (9 con litiasis renal) y 50 mujeres normocalciúricas. Ambos grupos presentaron déficit/insuficiencia de 25 OH D y fueron suplementadas con vitamina D2 o D3 semanales o vitamina D3 en dosis de 100 000 UI mensuales. A todas se les midió la calciuria basal y final al alcanzar el valor de 25 OH D deseado (> 30 ng/dl). No observamos cambios significativos en los valores de la calciuria inicial y final en las que recibieron vitamina D2 o D3 semanal ni en las que recibieron dosis mensuales. Sin embargo, un subgrupo de mujeres: 19% (n = 12) de las hipercalciúricas y 12% (n = 6) de las normocalciúricas (con vitamina D semanal) aumentaron la calciuria en forma significativa. Mientras que, con dosis mensuales, un 40% (n = 4/10) de las hipercalciúricas y 44% (n = 4/9) de las hipercalciúricas con litiasis renal aumentaron la calciuria. En conclusión, niveles adecuados de 25 OH D son seguros en la mayoría de las pacientes. En aquellas que requieren dosis de carga mensuales podrían observarse aumentos de la calciuria en forma significativa con riesgo de formar cálculos renales o perder masa ósea, cuando están genéticamente predispuestas.


Several studies show the importance of serum vitamin D sufficient levels to prevent multiple chronic diseases. However, vitamin D supplementation and its effects on urine calcium excretion remain controversial. The objective of this prospective and interventional study was to evaluate urine calcium excretion in women with normal calciuria or hypercalciuria, once serum vitamin D sufficiency was achieved. We studied 63 women with idiopathic hypercalciuria, (9 with renal lithiasis) and 50 normocalciuric women. Both groups had serum vitamin D levels low (deficiency or insufficiency). Baseline urine calcium excretion was measured before being supplemented with vitamin D2 or D3 weekly or vitamin D3 100.000 IU monthly. Once serum vitamin D levels were corrected achieving at least 30 ng/ml, a second urine calcium excretion was obtained. Although in the whole sample we did not observe significant changes in urine calcium excretion according to the way of supplementation, some of those with weekly supplementation had significant higher urine calcium excretion, 19% (n = 12) of hypercalciuric women and 12% (n = 6) of the normocalciuric group. Monthly doses, also showed higher urine calcium excretion in 40% of hypercalciuric women (n = 4/10) and in 44% (n = 4/9) of the renal lithiasis hypercalciuric patients. In conclusion, different ways of vitamin D supplementation and adequate serum levels are safe in most patients, although it should be taken into account a subgroup, mainly with monthly loading doses, that could increase the calciuria significantly eventually rising renal lithiasis risk or bone mass loss, if genetically predisposed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/diet therapy , Calcium, Dietary/administration & dosage , Dietary Supplements , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Calcium, Dietary/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Hypercalciuria/etiology
13.
Bol. méd. Hosp. Infant. Méx ; 75(1): 41-48, ene.-feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-951290

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La hipercalciuria suele revelarse durante el diagnóstico diferencial de la hematuria que acompaña a la litiasis renal. La exactitud diagnóstica de la excreción urinaria de calcio puede afectarse por las insuficiencias asociadas con la colección de orina de 24 horas. En este estudio se evaluó la utilidad diagnóstica del índice calcio/creatinina (ICaCre) en la estimación de la hipercalciuria asociada con hematuria y litiasis renal. Método: Se calculó el ICaCre de las concentraciones urinarias de calcio (mmol/l) y creatinina (µmol/l) en una alícuota de colección de 24 horas de orina en 169 niños y adolescentes atendidos por hematuria no glomerular (HNG) o litiasis renal (LR). La calciuria de 24 horas > 4.0 mg/kg en 24 horas se distribuyó según la presencia de HNG o LR. Resultados: El ICaCre promedio fue de 0.2 ± 0.1 mg/mg. La excreción urinaria de calcio estimada del ICaCre fue significativamente superior a la obtenida en colección de orina de 24 horas (p < 0.05). Los métodos de determinación de la calciuria concordaron en la frecuencia de hipercalciuria (ICaCre 39.5% vs. colección de 24 horas 32.1%; p > 0.05). Según la presencia de HNG o LR, la hipercalciuria se distribuyó de la siguiente manera: no HNG + no LR: 59%; no HNG + LR: 60% (diferencia: +1.0%); HNG + no LR: 68.2% (diferencia: +9.2%); HNG + LR: 73.3% (diferencia: +14.4%). Conclusiones: El ICaCre para estimar la excreción urinaria de calcio puede ser efectivo en el estudio de la hipercalciuria asociada con HNG y LR.


Abstract Background: Hypercalciuria might be revealed during the differential diagnosis of hematuria accompanying renal lithiasis (RL). In spite of this, diagnostic accuracy of calcium urinary excretion might be affected by incomplete 24-hour urine collections. In the present study, the diagnostic utility of calcium/creatinine (ICaCre) index for determining hypercalciuria associated with non-glomerular hematuria (NGH) and RL was assessed. Method: ICaCre (mg/mg) index was calculated from calcium (mmol/l) and creatinine (µmol/l) concentrations in an aliquot from a 24-hour urine collection in 169 children and adolescents with NGH or RL. Calciuria values > 4.0 mg/kg in 24 hours were distributed according to the presence of NGH or RL. Results: Mean ICaCre index was 0.2 ± 0.1 mg/mg. Calciuria values estimated from ICaCre were statistically higher to those from 24-hour urine collection (p < 0.05). The frequency of hypercalciuria was independent from the measurement method (estimated from ICaCre 39.5% vs. 24 h collection 32.1%; p > 0.05). Hypercalciuria distribution was as follows: no NGH + no RL: 59.0%; no NGH + RL: 60.0% (∆ = +1.0%); NGH + no RL: 68.2% (∆ = +9.2%); NGH + RL: 73.3% (∆ = +14.4%). Conclusions: The use of ICaCre index for determining calcium urine excretion might be effective in the study of hypercalciuria associated with NGH and RL.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Calcium/urine , Creatinine/urine , Nephrolithiasis/complications , Hypercalciuria/diagnosis , Hematuria/complications , Prospective Studies , Urinalysis , Hypercalciuria/etiology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714073

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The association between hypercalciuria and febrile convulsion is controversial. The present study aimed to investigate the statistical association between hypercalciuria and childhood febrile convulsions. METHODS: Overall, 160 children aged 6 months to 5 years, including 80 children with febrile convulsion and 80 febrile children without convulsion (comparison group), were recruited. All laboratory tests, including 24-hour urine calcium, were undertaken in an academic clinical laboratory. RESULTS: Forty-five children of the febrile convulsion group (60%) and 30 of the comparison group (40%) had hypercalciuria. There was a significant difference between the 2 groups (P=0.02). CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that there is a statistical association between convulsion and hypercalciuria in children. Since we found this association with a cross-sectional assessment, further studies, especially prospective and controlled designs, are needed.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Child , Humans , Hypercalciuria , Prospective Studies , Seizures , Seizures, Febrile
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719120

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence supports interplay between aldosterone and parathyroid hormone (PTH), which may aggravate cardiovascular complications in various heart diseases. Negative structural cardiovascular remodeling by primary aldosteronism (PA) is also suspected to be associated with changes in calcium levels. However, to date, few clinical studies have examined how changes in calcium and PTH levels influence cardiovascular outcomes in PA patients. Therefore, we investigated the impact of altered calcium homeostasis caused by excessive aldosterone on cardiovascular parameters in patients with PA. METHODS: Forty-two patients (mean age 48.8±10.9 years; 1:1, male:female) whose plasma aldosterone concentration/plasma renin activity ratio was more than 30 were selected among those who had visited Severance Hospital from 2010 to 2014. All patients underwent adrenal venous sampling with complete access to both adrenal veins. RESULTS: The prevalence of unilateral adrenal adenoma (54.8%) was similar to that of bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. Mean serum corrected calcium level was 8.9±0.3 mg/dL (range, 8.3 to 9.9). The corrected calcium level had a negative linear correlation with left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD, ρ=−0.424, P=0.031). Moreover, multivariable regression analysis showed that the corrected calcium level was marginally associated with the LVEDD and corrected QT (QTc) interval (β=−0.366, P=0.068 and β=−0.252, P=0.070, respectively). CONCLUSION: Aldosterone-mediated hypercalciuria and subsequent hypocalcemia may be partly involved in the development of cardiac remodeling as well as a prolonged QTc interval, in subjects with PA, thereby triggering deleterious effects on target organs additively.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Aldosterone , Calcium , Heart Diseases , Homeostasis , Humans , Hyperaldosteronism , Hypercalciuria , Hyperplasia , Hypocalcemia , Metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , Plasma , Prevalence , Renin , Veins
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714969

ABSTRACT

Autosomal-dominant hypocalcemia with hypercalciuria (ADHH) is a genetic disease characterized by hypoparathyroidism with hypercalciuria. Most patients with ADHH have calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene mutations. The CaSR gene controls parathyroid secretions, and mutations in this gene can be detected via changes in serum calcium level. The activating mutation of the CaSR gene results in familial or sporadic ADHH. Most activating mutations of the CaSR gene are reportedly de novo missense mutations. This is the first case report of a novel activating variant of the CaSR gene in a neonate with congenital hypoparathyroidism with hypomagnesemia and hypercalciuria. We also report the 3-month follow-up management of the patient.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypercalciuria , Hypocalcemia , Hypoparathyroidism , Infant, Newborn , Mutation, Missense , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing
17.
Actual. osteol ; 13(2): 125-133, Mayo - Ago. 2017. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118076

ABSTRACT

La osteoporosis es un trastorno común en las mujeres posmenopáusicas; sin embargo, también puede afectar a hombres y mujeres jóvenes premenopáusicas. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue evaluar la prevalencia de causas secundarias de baja masa ósea en un grupo de mujeres premenopáusicas que consultaron en una Institución especializada en Osteología. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, de corte transversal, descriptivo y observacional. Se analizaron las historias clínicas de 88 pacientes que consultaron por baja masa ósea durante un período de 19 meses, con la finalidad de encontrar posibles causas secundarias. A su vez, se definió como pacientes con diagnóstico de baja masa ósea idiopática aquellas en las cuales no se encontró ninguna causa secundaria de pérdida ósea. Resultados: de las 88 mujeres evaluadas, el 48,9% presentaba al menos una causa secundaria para baja masa ósea (amenorrea secundaria, hipercalciuria, tratamiento con glucorticoides, hipovitaminosis D y enfermedad celíaca) y el 51,1% fueron consideradas idiopáticas. Conclusiones: es esencial evaluar exhaustivamente a las mujeres premenopáusicas con baja masa ósea a fin de descartar posibles causas secundarias y tomar las medidas preventivas necesarias para mejorar esa condición. (AU)


Objective: osteoporosis is a common disorder in postmenopausal women, however it can also affect men and premenopausal young women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of secondary causes of low bone mass in premenopausal women that consulted physicians in an institution specialized in osteology for a period of 19 months. Material and methods: this is a retrospective, transversal, descriptive and observational study. The clinical history of 88 patients who consulted a physician due to low bone mass for a period of 19 months in an institution specialized in osteology. Were analyzed the patient's clinical history in order to find secondary causes. We define as suffering Low Bone Mass those patients who did not have secondary causes. Results: of the 88 women tested, 48,9% had one or more secondary causes or risks factors for low bone mass (secondary amenorrea, hypercalciuria, treatment with glucocorticoids, hypovitamiosis D and celiac disease) and 51,1% patients were considered idiopathic. Conclusions: we conclude that it is essential to exhaustively search for secondary causes of low bone mass in premenopausal women, due to the high prevalence of secondary osteoporosis in this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Osteoporosis/chemically induced , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/complications , Premenopause/metabolism , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Osteoporosis/prevention & control , Avitaminosis/complications , Bone and Bones/metabolism , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/etiology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/blood , Fractures, Stress/prevention & control , Celiac Disease/complications , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Densitometry , Hypercalciuria/complications , Osteoporotic Fractures/prevention & control , Amenorrhea/complications , Glucocorticoids/adverse effects
18.
An. venez. nutr ; 30(2): 84-91, 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1023554

ABSTRACT

La acidosis metabólica sub clínica resultante de una carga ácida de la dieta puede constituir un factor de riesgo para diversas patologías. El objetivo fue determinar la Carga Acida Potencial Renal (CAPR) de las dietas servidas a pacientes hospitalizados en el Centro Médico Docente La Trinidad. Se analizó el contenido en proteínas, grasas, carbohidratos, kilocalorías y CAPR de cuatro tipos de dietas: completa (C), de protección gástrica (PG), hiposódica (H) y para diabéticos (D). Se calculó la CAPR de los alimentos disponibles, de los ofrecidos en dos menús representativos y de las dietas seleccionadas por los pacientes. Adicionalmente se plantearon tres combinaciones para lograr dietas con baja carga ácida. La CAPR (X mEq/día) fue: 1) alimentos disponibles: C 100,51; PG 57,16; H 82,4; D 73,15. 2) para los menús 1 y 2: C 38,88 y 27,22; PG 48,3 y 24,45; H 21,54 y 8,24; D 36,53 y 46,22. 3) para las dietas elegidas por los pacientes: C 28,27; PG 25,77; H 7,19; D 15,63. 4) para las combinaciones propuestas: C -17,43; PG -24,17; H -15,83; D -16,29. La CAPR se correlacionó directamente con el contenido de proteínas de los cuatro tipos de dietas (p<0.001) e inversamente con el peso en gramos de frutas y hortalizas (p<0.01). La CAPR de las dietas elegidas por los pacientes fue positiva. Sin embargo, es posible lograr combinaciones que resulten en dietas con baja carga ácida. Se recomienda educar a los pacientes en relación a la importancia de evitar dietas de elevado contenido ácido(AU)


Subclinical metabolic acidosis as a result of an acid dietary load may represent a risk factor for multiple pathologies. The objective of this study was to determine the Potential Renal Acid Load (PRAL) of diets served to patients hospitalized at the Centro Médico Docente La Trinidad. Protein, fat, carbohydrate, energy and PRAL of four types of diets were analyzed. The four types of diets were the following: complete (C), gastric protection (GP), low sodium (LS) and for diabetic patients (D). PRAL was calculated for available foods, for foods in two types of menus (1 and 2) and for diets selected by patients. Additionally, food combinations for diets with low acid load were proposed. PRAL (X mEq/day) was: 1) for available foods: C 100,51; GP 57,16; LS 82,4; D 73,15. 2); for patients selection: C 28,27; GP 25,77; LS 7,19; D 15,6; 3) for menus 1 and 2: C 38,88 and 27,22; PG 48,3 and 24,45; H 21,54 and 8,24; D 36,53 and 46,22. 4) for proposed combinations: C -17,43; GP -24,17; LS -15,83; D -16,29. There was a direct and significant correlation between PRAL and protein content (p<0.001) and an inverse and significant correlation with fruits and vegetables (p<0.01). PRAL of patient selected diets was positive. However, it is possible to achieve food combinations for diets with a low acid load. Appropriate strategies should be designed in order to educate patients in relation to the importance of avoiding diets with elevated acid load(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carbohydrates , Urolithiasis/complications , Hypercalciuria/complications , Ketosis/complications , Kidney/physiopathology , Patients , Diet , Hospitalization
20.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 22(1): 30-33, ene.-jun. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786463

ABSTRACT

La presente investigación evaluó los estilos de vida de jóvenes universitarios,en este caso la relación entre el hábito y frecuencia del consumo de lácteosy nivel de calcio presente en la orina de jóvenes entre los 18 y 25 años de laciudad de Armenia. Se realizó un estudio exploratorio descriptivo, en 98jóvenes a los cuales se les aplico un instrumento de valoración donde seobtuvo información acerca de sus estilos de vida, consumo de lácteos, y seles práctico un examen de calcio en orina ocasional. Los resultados obtenidos arrojaron que toda la población objeto de estudio consumen productos lácteos, los hombres prefieren consumir más la leche con un 60% que las mujeres con un 51%. No se encontró correlación entre el consumo de lácteos y la cantidad de calcio presente en la Orina dado que los valores dieron muy cercanos a cero (-0,0288035 - 0,12558183). No se evidenció correlación entre el consumo, frecuencia y tipo de producto lácteo consumido vs. cantidad de calcio encontrada en la orina y la alteración de los niveles de calcio en orina que darían origen al padecimiento de hipercalciuria o hipocalciuria, por lo cual es necesario buscar y correlacionar otras fuentes de calcio que eviten los padecimientos anteriormente mencionados...


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Young Adult , Hypercalciuria , Osteoporosis , Vitamin D
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