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Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 56-62, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364891


Abstract Introduction Lipoprotein apheresis (LA) is an extracorporeal therapy which removes apolipoprotein B-containing particles from the circulation. We evaluated techniques and efficiency of lipoprotein apheresis procedures applied to patients with familial and non-familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) at our center. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 250 LA procedures applied to 27 patients with dyslipidemia between March 2011 and August 2019. Results A total of 27 patients, of whom 19 (70.4%) were male and 8 (29.6%), female, were included. Eighteen (66.7%), 6 (22.2%) and 3 (11.1%) patients were diagnosed with non-FH, homozygous FH (HoFH) and heterozygous FH (HeFH), respectively. Two different apheresis techniques, direct adsorption of lipoproteins (DALI) (48.8%) and double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) (51.2%), were used. The change in the serum total cholesterol (TC) level was the median 302 mg/dl (171-604 mg/dl) (60.4%) in HoFH patients, 305 mg/dl (194-393 mg/dl) (60.8%) in HeFH patients and 227 mg/dl (75-749 mg/dl) (65.3%) in non-FH patients. The change in the serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level was the median 275 mg/dl (109-519 mg/dl) (64.2%), 232 mg/dl (207-291 mg/dl) (64.5%) and 325 mg/dl (22-735 mg/dl) (70.9%) in patients with HoFH, HeFH and non-FH, respectively. A significantly effective reduction in serum lipid levels, including TC, LDL and triglycerides, was achieved in all patients, regardless of the technique, p< .001. The decrease in the serum TC and LDL levels was significantly higher in the DFPP, compared to the DALI, being 220 mg/dl (-300 to 771) vs 184 mg/dl (64-415), p< .001 and 196 mg/dl (11-712) vs 157 mg/dl (54-340), p< .001, respectively. Conclusions Our results showed that LA is a highly effective treatment in reducing serum lipid levels and safe, without any major adverse event.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Blood Component Removal , Lipoproteins , Hyperlipidemias
Mediterr J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2(1): 83-90, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1363908


Diabetes is a global issue, the diabetes epidemic is expected to continue, and the burden of diabetes causes catastrophic expenditure for healthcare system. The current study aimed to determine the presentation, the clinical feature and cardio-vascular risk factors in patients with diabetes. A retrospective observational study had been conducted in out-patients department at Almustaqpal Almosherq Centre during September, 2013 till September, 2020, the total number of attended out-patients department were 1 024, 820 patients who were selected for this study. A special perform was completed for every patient, which included details about patient's demographics, points in clinical history, relevant investigations and clinical examinations were recorded. The study reported that out of 820 patients, 66% (n = 538) was female and their age range was between 14 - 87 years with a mean age of 56.53 ± 13.49 years, 96% (n = 791) were clinically diagnosed as type II diabetes, 07% of the patients were diagnosed as pre-diabetes, the duration of diabetes ranged from newly diagnosed to more than 10 years, with 46% (n = 379) of the studied population were more than 10 years diabetes duration, 70% (581) were presented with classical symptoms of diabetes. Initial treatment for diabetes also different in the studied sample, were absent of anti-diabetic medications in 30% (n = 248) of the patients, they refused to start glucose lowering drugs, 34.6% (n = 284) of them have morbid obesity (body mass index is more than 40), 80% (n = 662) have high HBA1c (more than 8 g%), 40.3% (n = 240/596) were uncontrolled hypertension on anti-hypertension drugs, 95.6% (n = 682/713) were controlled on treatment of lipid lowering drugs. This study showing the presentation of diabetes were the common, type II diabetes, at age group between 41 - 66 years about 65%, female sex, with high body mass index, high glycated hemglobulin and uncontrolled hypertension. There is concern that diabetic patients were occurring at a high frequency in younger adults, where longer duration of illness could increase the risk of developing more complications in later life. The rate of coexist cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidaemia and obesity) in Libyan patients with diabetes is highlighted.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Obesity , Hyperlipidemias
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18672, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360164


The use of plants in disease treatment is cost effective and relatively safe. This study was designed to investigate anti-hyperlipidemic and anti-diabetic activity of ethanolic leaf extract of Catharanthus roseus alone and in combination therapy in hyperlipidemic & diabetic mice. Eight groups comprising five mice each were used. Group A was hyperlipidemic control, group B, C, D received atorvastatin (20 mg/kg), leaf extract (200 mg/kg) and leaf extract in combination with atorvastatin (200 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg) orally for 15 days. Group E was diabetic control. Group F, G, H received sitagliptin (40 mg/kg), leaf extract (200 mg/kg) and extract in combination with sitagliptin (200 mg/kg and 40 mg/kg) orally for 7 days. Blood cholesterol levels were measured at 1st, 5th, 10th and 15th day and fasting blood sugar levels were measured at 2, 12, 24, 72 and 168 hours during treatment. One-way ANOVA with tukey- kramer multiple comparison test was used. The chemical characterization of ethanolic extract of Catharanthus roseus leaves showed presence of alkaloids, saponins, tannins and flavonoids. Ethanolic extract of Catharanthus roseus has significant anti-hyperlipidemic & anti-diabetic effects (p<0.05, p<0.01) when compared with control but had not cause significantly increase in anti-hyperlipidemic effects of atorvastatin. While significantly increased the antidiabetic effect of sitagliptin (p<0.05)

Plant Leaves/classification , Catharanthus/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents , Blood Glucose , Cholesterol/blood , Disease/classification , Alkaloids/blood , Hyperlipidemias/blood
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e18901, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350236


The plant, Malva neglecta wallr., is widely consumed for medicinal and nutritional purposes. The current study was carried out to assess the hypoglycemic and antihyperlipidemic potential of aqueous methanolic extract of M. neglecta. Chemical evaluation of the extract was performed by high pressure liquid chromatography. Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was done in diabetic rats pre-exposed to 250, 500 and 750 mg/kg plant extract via the oral route. For hypoglycemic and biochemical study, the same therapy was administered to alloxan induced diabetic rats for 14 days. The standard control group received Glibenclamide (5 mg/kg). Ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid and other phenolic acids were detected and estimated in the extract. Administration of the plant extract significantly reduced blood glucose level in diabetic rats subjected to OGTT. The plant extract lowered the fasting blood glucose and alpha amylase, and prevented the damage to pancreas. It also corrected dyslipidemia in diabetic animals following 14 days therapy. Hence, this experimental study establishes the fact that M. neglecta exhibited significant antidiabetic and antihyperlipidemic activities in alloxan induced diabetic rats.

Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Plant Extracts/analysis , Malvaceae/classification , Malva/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy , Hyperlipidemias/drug therapy , Hypolipidemic Agents/administration & dosage , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1342403


The burden of hyperlipidemia is on the rise globally especially in many low-income countries like Uganda. Management of this metabolic disorder mainly involves dietary and behavioral therapies, which are often met with poor results as they require time and discipline from the patients. The chemotherapeutic options available are expensive, have many side effects and are rarely available to the average citizen. Thus, an alternative effective remedy which is readily available and cheap is needed to combat the problem of hyperlipidemia. This study sought to establish the effect of the mixture of Allium cepa extract and Camellia sinensis extract on the serum lipid profile of the male Wistar rats. Allium cepa and Camellia sinensis mixture in a ratio of 3:7 had the highest antioxidant activity. It reduced body weight, total cholesterol, triacylglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and increased HDL, and in addition it had no toxicity to the liver of the animal models used. It has thus been recommended as a potential therapy for hyperlipidemia and its associated complication of liver toxicity. A pharmaco-kinetic study regarding the interaction of antioxidants for combinations of Allium cepa and Camellia sinensis extracts in different ratios should be conducted to understand the cause of synergism and antagonism.

Humans , Onions , Hyperlipidemias , Camellia sinensis , Diet, High-Fat , Lipids , Antioxidants
Rev. patol. trop ; 50(1)2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223706


A single dose of simvastatin and of artesunate monotherapy cause damage to the reproductive system of schistosomes as well as severe tegumental damage in male worms recovered from mice fed high-fat chow. This study aims to investigate whether treatment with multipledose regimes may offer more antischistosomal activity advantages than single daily dosing in mice fed high-fat chow. For this purpose, nine weeks post-infection, Swiss Webster mice were gavaged with simvastatin (200 mg/kg) or artesunate (300 mg/kg) for five consecutive days and euthanized two weeks post-treatment. Adult worms were analyzed using brightfield microscopy, confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, presenting damages caused by simvastatin and artesunate to the reproductive system of males and females as well as tegument alterations, including peeling, sloughing areas, loss of tubercles, tegumental bubbles and tegument rupture exposing subtegumental tissue. The overall findings in this study revealed the potential antischistosomal activity of simvastatin and artesunate against Schistosoma mansoni adult worms, in addition to showing that multiple doses of either monotherapy caused severe damage to the tegument.

Una sola dosis de simvastatina y de artesunato en monoterapia causa daño al sistema reproductivo de los esquistosomas, así como daño tegumental severo en gusanos machos recuperados de ratones alimentados con comida rica en grasas. Este estudio tiene como objetivo investigar si el tratamiento con regímenes de dosis múltiples puede ofrecer más ventajas de actividad antiesquistosomal que la dosis única diaria en ratones alimentados con comida rica en grasas. Para este propósito, nueve semanas después de la infección, los ratones Swiss Webster se alimentaron por sonda con simvastatina (200 mg / kg) o artesunato (300 mg / kg) durante cinco días consecutivos y se sacrificaron dos semanas después del tratamiento. Los gusanos adultos se analizaron utilizando campo claro microscopía, microscopía confocal y microscopía electrónica de barrido, presentando daños causados ​​por simvastatina y artesunato en el sistema reproductivo de machos y hembras, así como alteraciones del tegumento, incluyendo descamación, desprendimiento, pérdida de tubérculos, burbujas tegumentales y rotura del tegumento exponiendo tejido subtegumental. Los hallazgos generales de este estudio revelaron la posible actividad antiesquistosomal de la simvastatina y el artesunato contra los gusanos adultos de Schistosoma mansoni, además de mostrar que dosis múltiples de cualquiera de las dos monoterapia causaron daños graves al tegumento.

Uma única dose de sinvastatina e de monoterapia com artesunato causa danos ao sistema reprodutivo dos esquistossomos, bem como danos graves ao tegumento em vermes machos recuperados de camundongos alimentados com ração rica em gordura. Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar se o tratamento com regimes de múltiplas doses pode oferecer mais vantagens da atividade anti-esquistossomótica do que uma única dose diária em ratos alimentados com ração rica em gordura. Para tanto, nove semanas após a infecção, camundongos Swiss Webster foram inoculados com sinvastatina (200 mg / kg) ou artesunato (300 mg / kg) por cinco dias consecutivos e sacrificados duas semanas após o tratamento. Vermes adultos foram analisados ​​usando campo claro microscopia, microscopia confocal e microscopia eletrônica de varredura, apresentando danos causados ​​pela sinvastatina e artesunato ao sistema reprodutivo de homens e mulheres, bem como alterações do tegumento, incluindo descamação, áreas de descamação, perda de tubérculos, bolhas tegumentais e ruptura do tegumento com exposição de tecido subtegumentar. Os achados gerais deste estudo revelaram a potencial atividade anti-esquistossomótica da sinvastatina e do artesunato contra vermes adultos do Schistosoma mansoni, além de mostrar que doses múltiplas de ambas as monoterapias causaram danos graves ao tegumento.

Animals , Mice , Schistosoma mansoni , Simvastatin , Hyperlipidemias , Mice , Microscopy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888489


OBJECTIVES@#To study the expression of adipokines in children with primary nephrotic syndrome (PNS) before and after treatment and its correlation with blood lipids, as well as the role of adipokines in PNS children with hyperlipidemia.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 children who were diagnosed with incipient PNS or recurrence of PNS after corticosteroid withdrawal for more than 6 months were enrolled as subjects. Thirty children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the control group. Venous blood samples were collected from the children in the control group and the children with PNS before corticosteroid therapy (active stage) and after urinary protein clearance following 4 weeks of corticosteroid therapy (remission stage). ELISA was used to measure the levels of adipokines. An automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure blood lipid levels.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the children with PNS had a significantly lower level of omentin-1 in both active and remission stages, and their level of omentin-1 in the active stage was significantly lower than that in the remission stage (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Omentin-1 may be associated with disease activity, dyslipidemia, and proteinuria in children with PNS. Blood lipid ratios may be more effective than traditional blood lipid parameters in monitoring early cardiovascular risk in children with PNS.

Adipokines , Chemokines , Child , Cytokines/metabolism , GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Lectins/metabolism , Lipids , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Proteinuria
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879094


This article aims to investigate the ameliorative effect of Linderae Radix ethanol extract on hyperlipidemia rats induced by high-fat diet and to explore its possible mechanism from the perspective of reverse cholesterol transport(RCT). SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, atorvastatin group, Linderae Radix ethanol extract(LREE) of high, medium, low dose groups. Except for the normal group, the other groups were fed with a high-fat diet to establish hyperlipidemia rat models; the normal group and the model group were given pure water, while each administration group was given corresponding drugs by gavage once a day for five weeks. Serum total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-c), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-c), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) levels were measured by automatic blood biochemistry analyzer; the contents of TC, TG, total bile acid(TBA) in liver and TC and TBA in feces of rats were detected by enzyme colorimetry. HE staining was used to observe the liver tissue lesions; immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ATP-binding cassette G8(ABCG8) in small intestine; Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/aerfa(PPARγ/α), liver X receptor-α(LXRα), ATP-binding cassette A1(ABCA1) pathway protein and scavenger receptor class B type Ⅰ(SR-BⅠ) in liver. The results showed that LREE could effectively reduce serum and liver TC, TG levels, serum LDL-c levels and AST activity, and increase HDL-c levels, but did not significant improve ALT activity and liver index; HE staining results showed that LREE could reduce liver lipid deposition and inflammatory cell infiltration. In addition, LREE also increased the contents of fecal TC and TBA, and up-regulated the protein expressions of ABCG8 in small intestine and PPARγ/α, SR-BⅠ, LXRα, and ABCA1 in liver. LREE served as a positive role on hyperlipidemia model rats induced by high-fat diet, which might be related to the regulation of RCT, the promotion of the conversion of cholesterol to the liver and bile acids, and the intestinal excretion of cholesterol and bile acids. RCT regulation might be a potential mechanism of LREE against hyperlipidemia.

Animals , Biological Transport , Cholesterol/metabolism , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides/metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878929


The aim of this paper was to study the improvement effect of ethanol extract from Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium(CRP) on triglyceride of hyperlipidemia model rats, and to explore the possible mechanism. SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive control group, and high, medium and low-dose CRP ethanol extract groups, with 10 rats in each group. During the experiment, except for the normal group that was fed with distilled water and ordinary feed, rats in the other groups were given different concentrations of alcohol and fed with high-sugar and fat diets. All rats were given free diets. While being modeled, each group was administered with 0.01 mL·g~(-1) by gavage once a day for six weeks. Blood samples were collected after two weeks, four weeks and six weeks of drug treatment. After the completion of the experiment, blood, liver and adipose tissue were collected. Triglyceride(TG), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), alkaline phosphatase(ALP) in serum, TG in liver tissue and TG in fecal were detected. Free fatty acid(FFA) and triglyceride-related hydrolase, such as adipose tiglyceride lipase(ATGL), lipoprotein lipase(LPL), hepatic lipase(HL), hormone-sensitive triglyceride lipase(HSL) were detected by ELISA. The mRNA expressions of peroxisome proliferators-activated receptors(PPARγ), sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 c(SREBP-1 c) and farnesoid X receptor(FXR) were determined by RT-PCR. Compared with the model group, each administration group could reduce TG levels in serum and liver to varying degrees, reduce serum ALT, AST, ALP activities, significantly reduce free fatty acid content in serum, significantly increase triglyceride metabolism-related enzymes, including fat ATGL, LPL and liver HL content, and significantly reduced the content of fat HSL. According to the study of transcriptional regulation genes relating to triglyceride metabolism, extract from CRP could significantly increase the mRNA expressions of PPARγ and FXR. In conclusion, ethanol extract from CRP could ob-viously reduce the TG level of hyperlipidemia model rats, and might reduce plasma TG content by increasing PPARγ-LPL/ATGL and FXR-HL triglyceride hydrolysis pathways.

Animals , Ethanol , Hyperlipidemias/genetics , Liver , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305


Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887997


High fat diet induced hyperlipidemia hamster model was used to explore the anti-hyperlipidemia effect of water extract of Moringa oleifera leaves( WEMOL). On this basis,the possible action mechanism was predicted by network pharmacology. Golden hamsters were randomly divided into normal diet group( NFD),high-fat diet group( HFD),simvastatin group,high dose group of WEMOL( HIWEMOL) and low dose group of WEMOL( LOWEMOL). The model was administered simultaneously for 66 days,during which the body weight changes of hamsters were recorded. At the end of the experiment,serum lipid level and serum transaminase level of golden hamsters in each group were detected,and the pathological changes of liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin( HE) staining. The results showed that WEMOL could significantly decrease the serum total cholesterol( TC),total triglyceride( TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol( LDL-c) levels,and reduce the lipid deposition in liver tissue,thus improving the hyperlipidemia of golden hamsters. According to the prediction of network pharmacology,219 targets of potential active components of M.oleifera leaves and 185 targets of water-soluble potential active components of M. oleifera leaves for the treatment of hyperlipidemia were obtained separately. The MCODE analysis was performed on the PPI network of 219 targets and 185 targets obtained above and got five and four clusters respectively. The signaling pathway analysis of clusters showed that among the common pathways,nonalcoholic fatty liver,insulin resistance,MAPK signaling pathway,estrogen signaling pathway,cell apoptosis and HIF-1 signaling pathway were associated with hyperlipidemia. In addition,the potential active components of M. oleifera leaves could also inhibit the metabolic inflammation of hyperlipidemia by modulating complement and coagulation cascades signaling pathway,and GSK3 B,F2,AKT1,RELA,SERPINE1 might be the key targets. The water-soluble potential active components of M. oliefera leaves could modulate lipid metabolism by modulating AMPK signaling pathway and JAK-STAT signaling pathway,with PIK3 CB,PIK3 CA,CASP3,AKT1 and BCL2 as the key targets. These results suggested that WEMOL had anti hyperlipidemia effect,and its mechanism might be related to the protein expression regulation of lipid metabolism,nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis related signaling pathways.

Animals , Cricetinae , Diet, High-Fat , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Hyperlipidemias/drug therapy , Liver , Moringa oleifera , Plant Leaves
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 46(4): e1827, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156620


Introducción: Durante el ciclo de vida de los individuos son imprescindibles intervenciones para detectar y reducir el riesgo y las complicaciones de las enfermedades crónicas. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de valores de riesgo vascular de los principales indicadores del metabolismo glucídico y lipídico en adolescentes y ancianos de La Habana. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en una muestra conformada por adolescentes (469 de 12-16 años) aparentemente sanos y ancianos (395 de 65-100 años) sin diagnóstico de enfermedades asociadas a la alteración marcada del estado nutricional y metabólico. Ambas poblaciones fueron evaluadas para glucosa, triglicéridos, colesterol total, colesterol de lipoproteinas de alta densidad y colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja densidad, séricos, mediante métodos enzimáticos convencionales. Se usaron rangos de riesgo referentes. Los resultados se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: En los adolescentes evaluados, los triglicéridos (35,6 por ciento) y el colesterol total (23,9 por ciento) mostraron las mayores frecuencias de valores de riesgo. En las hembras ambos marcadores se mantuvieron como los más elevados en ese orden, mientras que, en los varones, la glucosa (25,5 por ciento) secundó a los triglicéridos como indicadores más alterados. En ancianos, al colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja densidad (58,2 por ciento) y al colesterol total (48,6 por ciento) correspondieron las mayores frecuencias de cifras de riesgo, patrón que se repitió en cada sexo. Los valores promedio de los indicadores fueron marcadamente superiores en ancianos que, en adolescentes, excepto para glucosa y colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad. Conclusiones: Los resultados obtenidos muestran una elevada prevalencia de valores de riesgo vascular de varios indicadores metabólicos evaluados en adolescentes y ancianos, lo que sugiere la necesidad de monitorear los indicadores analizados e implementar intervenciones modificadoras de sus valores hacia la reducción del riesgo asociado, desde etapas tempranas, como las previas a la adolescencia(AU)

Introduction: During the life cycle of individuals, interventions are essential to detect and reduce the risk and complications of chronic diseases. Objective: To determine the prevalence of vascular risk values of the main indicators of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in adolescents and elderlies in Havana. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out with a sample made up of apparently healthy adolescents (469; aged 12-16 years) and elderlies (395 aged 65-100 years) without a diagnosis of diseases associated with marked alteration of nutritional and metabolic status. Both populations were evaluated regarding serum glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol using conventional enzymatic methods. Reference risk ranges were used. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: In the evaluated adolescents, triglycerides (35.6 percent) and total cholesterol (23.9 percent) showed the highest frequencies of risk values. In females, both markers remained the highest in that aspect; while in males, glucose (25.5 percent) accounted second after triglycerides as the most altered indicators. In the elderlies, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (58.2 percent) and total cholesterol (48.6 percent) corresponded to the highest frequencies of risk values, a pattern that was repeated in each sex. The average values of the indicators were markedly higher in the elderlies than in adolescents, except for glucose and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Conclusions: The results obtained show high prevalence of vascular risk values of several metabolic indicators evaluated in adolescents and elderlies, which suggests the need to monitor the analyzed indicators and implement interventions to modify such values, in view of reducing the associated risk, from stages early, such as the pre-adolescence stage(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Glycemic Index , Hyperlipidemias/drug therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 267-277, set. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130601


Diversos estudios evidencian la asociación entre los niveles elevados del colesterol de LDL (cLDL) y el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica. Con el objetivo de comparar los valores de cLDL obtenidos mediante la medición directa y los valores estimados por las ecuaciones de Friedewald tradicional, modificada y de regresión, se valoró el cLDL de 4.621 pacientes mediante el ensayo directo en el autoanalizador ADVIA 1800. Dichos resultados se agruparon en los estados de normolipemia, hipercolesterolemia, hiperlipemia mixta e hipertrigliceridemia y se establecieron diferencias de estimación con las mencionadas fórmulas en el total de la muestra y en los niveles de decisión clínica para el cLDL. Las tres fórmulas presentaron correlación significativa con el método directo en la totalidad de la muestra; sin embargo, cuando los niveles de triglicéridos de las muestras superaron los 200 mg/dL, la diferencia entre la fórmula de Friedewald y el método directo resultó -11,94%, y llegó a -19,13% para el nivel de triglicéridos mayor de 400 mg/dL. Por otro lado, las ecuaciones de Friedewald modificada y de regresión se vieron afectadas en menor cuantía por el nivel de triglicéridos. Las fórmulas de regresión y de Friedewald modificada se constituyen como alternativas razonables para estimar el cLDL y presentan buena concordancia con el método directo, incluso en niveles altos de colesterol y triglicéridos.

Several studies show the association between high LDL cholesterol (LDLc) levels and the risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. In order to compare the LDLc values obtained by direct measurement and the values estimated by the traditional, modified and regression Friedewald equations, the LDLc of 4,621 patients was assessed by means of the direct test in the ADVIA 1800 autoanalyzer.These results were grouped into the states of normolipemia, hypercholesterolemia, mixed hyperlipemia and hypertriglyceridemia, establishing differences in estimation with the aforementioned formulas in the total sample and in clinical decision levels for LDLc. The three formulas showed a significant correlation with the direct method in the entire sample; however, when the triglyceride levels of the samples exceeded 200 mg/dL, the difference between Friedewald's formula and the direct method was -11.94% reaching -19,13% for the triglyceride level greater than 400 mg/dL, while the modified Friedewald and regression equations were affected to a lesser extent by the triglyceride level. Regression and modified Friedewald formulas are constituted as reasonable alternatives to estimate LDLc and have good agreement with the direct method, even at high cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Varios estudos evidenciam a associacao entre niveis elevados do colesterol LDL (cLDL) e o risco de desenvolver doenca cardiovascular aterosclerotica. Visando comparar os valores de cLDL obtidos atraves da medicao direta e os valores estimados pelas equacoes de Friedewald tradicional, modificada e de regressao, o cLDL de 4.621 pacientes foi avaliado por meio do teste direto no analisador automatico ADVIA 1800. Tais resultados foram agrupados nos estados de normolipemia, hipercolesterolemia, hiperlipemia mista e hipertrigliceridemia, estabelecendo-se diferencas na estimativa com as formulas mencionadas no total da amostra e nos niveis de decisao clinica para cLDL. As tres formulas apresentaram correlacao significativa com o metodo direto em toda a amostra, no entanto, quando os niveis de triglicerideos das amostras excederam 200 mg/dL, a diferenca entre a formula de Friedewald e o metodo direto foi de -11,94% atingindo -19,13% para o nivel de triglicerideos superior a 400 mg/dL. Por outra parte, as equacoes de Friedewald modificada e de regressao foram afetadas em menor grau pelo nivel de triglicerideos. As formulas de regressao e de Friedewald modificada se constituem como alternativas razoaveis para estimar o cLDL, e apresentam boa concordancia com o metodo direto, mesmo em niveis elevados de colesterol e triglicerideos.

Triglycerides , Hypertriglyceridemia , Cholesterol , Hypercholesterolemia , Hyperlipidemias , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type V , Cholesterol, LDL , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Patients , Association , Cardiovascular Diseases , Disease , Risk , Minors , Methods
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 24-33, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115446


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los ratones SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h que son alimentados con una dieta rica en grasas saturadas, desarrollan enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica severa, complicaciones isquémicas e insuficiencia cardíaca, con alta mortalidad. Los estudios con este modelo se han enfocado fundamentalmente en la enfermedad coronaria y menos en el remodelado cardíaco. El OBJETIVO del trabajo ha sido caracterizar el remodelado miocárdico, evaluar la evolución temporal de la función ventricular izquierda y la sobrevida asociada a enfermedad cardíaca por ateromatosis. MÉTODO: Ratones homocigotos SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h fueron alimentados por 8 semanas con dieta aterogénica o dieta normal y se comparó la sobrevida en ambos grupos. A las 4 semanas se realizó un ecocardiograma bidimensional. En los ratones eutanasiados se evaluó en la pared cardíaca fibrosis miocárdica y tamaño de los cardiomiocitos por morfometría, apoptosis con técnica de TUNEL e infiltración por células inflamatorias mononucleares (ED1) por inmunohistoquímica. RESULTADOS: En el grupo que recibió dieta aterogénica la sobrevida se redujo en 46,7% (p < 0.001), debido a muerte súbita y a falla cardíaca progresiva. En este grupo, a las 4 semanas se observó dilatación de cavidades izquierdas y disminución de la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo en comparación con el grupo control (79,3 ± 1,3% vs 66 ± 3,7%, p<0,01). También se observó aumento de la masa cardíaca relativa de 2.1 veces (p<0,001) y del peso pulmonar relativo en 80% (p<0,001), sin cambios en las dimensiones de los cardiomiocitos. En el miocardio de los ratones que recibieron dieta aterogénica hubo un aumento de la fibrosis cardíaca de 7.9 veces (p < 0.01) y del número de cardiomiocitos apoptóticos en 55.9 veces (p < 0.01), junto a un aumento del número de células inflamatorias mononucleares ED1. CONCLUSIONES: En el modelo de falla cardíaca severa de etiología isquémica con alta mortalidad en el ratón homocigoto SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h sometido a una dieta aterogénica, con falla cardíaca izquierda por disfunción sistólica, el remodelado patológico del miocardio está dado fundamentalmente por apoptosis y fibrosis. También se observa un aumento discreto de macrófagos en la pared cardíaca. Es posible que el edema parietal también pueda ser un mecanismo de remodelado relevante en este modelo.

Abstract: SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h mice fed a high saturated fat diet develop severe coronary atheromatosis, and cardiac failure with a high mortality rate. Cardiac remodeling under these conditions has not been well studied. AIM: To evaluate the time course of left ventricular function, cardiac remodeling and survival associated to the administration of an atherogenic diet. METHOD: Homozygote SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h mice received an atherogenic diet for 8 weeks. Mice receiving a normal diet served as controls. Survival rate, myocardial fibrosis, cardiomyocyte size, apoptosis and infiltration by inflammatory or mononuclear cells were compared between groups. A TUNEL technique was used to evaluate apoptosis. RESULTS: A 46.7% survival reduction compared to controls was observed in the experimental group (p<0.01), due to left ventricular and atrial dilatation associated to a decrease in ejection fraction (79,3 ± 1,3% vs 66 ± 3,7%, p<0,01, respectively). Also, an increased cardiac weight, 2.6 times greater was observed in the experimental group, compared to controls. Mice receiving the atherogenic diet showed an 80% increased lung weight. There was no evident change in cardiomyocytes, but there was more (7.9 times) cardiac fibrosis (p<0.01) and 55.9 times more apoptotic cells. (p<0.01), along with a greater number of inflammatory cells and ED1 mononuclear cells. CONCLUSION: Mice receiving an atherogenic diet develop heart failure and reduced survival rate. This is associated with cardiac remodeling with underlying apoptosis an ventricular wall fibrosis. It is posible that wall edema might contribute to the observed cardiac remodeling.

Animals , Mice , Ventricular Remodeling , Diet, Atherogenic , Heart Failure/etiology , Hyperlipidemias/pathology , Ischemia/etiology , Fibrosis , Survival Analysis , Ventricular Function, Left , Apoptosis , Mice, Knockout , Ventricular Dysfunction , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/mortality , Heart Failure/pathology , Ischemia/physiopathology , Ischemia/mortality , Ischemia/pathology
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): 48609, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363097


Objetivo: Este artigo investiga a prevalência de cintura hipertrigliceridêmica em bancários e sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, laborais, comportamentais, antropométricos e de condições de saúde. Método: trata-se de um estudo transversal com 525 bancários. Para avaliação do fenótipo cintura hipertrigliceridêmica foi considerada a associação de circunferência da cintura e hipertrigliceridemia. Resultados: A investigação resultou em uma prevalência de fenótipo de 19,4%, sendo maior em homens, pessoas em idades avançadas, que vivem maritalmente e que trabalham na agência há mais de cinco anos. O fenótipo também se associou ao excesso de peso, HDL-c (high density lipoprotein) baixo, hiperlipidemia mista, elevada relação triglicerídeos/HDL-c e hipertensão arterial. Ter mais de 50 anos e estar acima do peso aumentava as chances de os bancários apresentarem o fenótipo. Ser do sexo feminino e ter níveis adequados de HDL-c mostraram-se fatores de proteção contra o fenótipo. Conclusão: A prevalência de cintura hipertrigliceridêmica entre bancários é alta e associa-se principalmente ao excesso de peso e perfil lipídico desfavorável desta população. (AU)

Objective: This paper investigates the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist in bank workers and its association with socioeconomic, labor, behavioral, anthropometric and health condition factors. Method: This is a cross-sectional study based on information from 525 bank workers. To investigate the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype, it was necessary to consider the association between waist circumference and high levels of serum triglycerides. Results: The investigation resulted in a phenotype prevalence of 19.4%, being higher in men, elderly, married and working in the bank for more than five years. The phenotype was also associated with overweight, low HDL-c (high-density lipoprotein), mixed hyperlipidemia, high triglyceride/HDL-c ratio and arterial hypertension. Being over 50 years of age and being overweight increased the chances of the bankers presenting the phenotype. Being female and having adequate levels of HDL-c were shown to be protective factors against the phenotype. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist is high and is associated mainly with the excess weight and unfavorable lipid profile of this population. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Waist Circumference , Hypertriglyceridemic Waist , Socioeconomic Factors , Hypertriglyceridemia , Health Status , Overweight , Hyperlipidemias , Cholesterol, HDL , Occupational Groups
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e9201, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089347


Methylophiopogonanone A (MO-A), a homoisoflavonoid extracted from Ophiopogon japonicus, has been shown to attenuate myocardial apoptosis and improve cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the hypolipidemic effects remain unknown. This study was performed to investigate a potential hypolipidemic effect of MO-A in hyperlipidemia rats, as well as its underlying mechanism of action. A rat model of hyperlipidemia was induced by a high-fat diet (HFD). Animals were randomly divided into three groups (n=8/group): normal control group (NC), HFD group, and HFD+MO-A (10 mg·kg-1·d-1) treatment group. The effects of MO-A on serum lipids, body weight, activity of lipoprotein metabolism enzyme, and gene expression of lipid metabolism were evaluated in HFD-induced rats. In HFD-induced rats, pretreatment with MO-A decreased the body weight gain and reduced serum and hepatic lipid levels. In addition, pretreatment with MO-A improved the activities of lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase in serum and liver, down-regulated mRNA expression of acetyl CoA carboxylase and sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c, and up-regulated mRNA expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α in the liver. Our results indicated that MO-A showed strong ability to ameliorate the hyperlipidemia in HFD-induced rats. MO-A might be a potential candidate for prevention of overweight and dyslipidemia induced by HFD.

Animals , Male , Rats , Ophiopogon/chemistry , Benzodioxoles/pharmacology , Lipid Metabolism , Diet, High-Fat , Hyperlipidemias/prevention & control , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Benzodioxoles/isolation & purification , Feces/chemistry , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hyperlipidemias/metabolism , Isoflavones/isolation & purification , Lipids/analysis
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(3): 112-115, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177827


OBJETIVO Presentación de un inusual caso de xantomatosis cerebrotendinosa en un paciente de edad cuya primera manifestación fueron xantomas bilaterales del tendón de Aquiles. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS Mujer de 62 años, que presenta tumoraciones, que presenta tumoraciones sólidas y polilobuladas, en la cara posterior de ambos tendones de Aquiles de 8 años de evolución. El diagnóstico se realizó mediante el hallazgo de hiperlipidemia y estudio genético. Se realió la exóresis quirúrgica parcial de las tumoraciones. RESULTADOS A los 5 años de la cirugía del pie izquierdo y 4 años del pie derecho la paciente estaba asintomática. Presentaba una fuerza para la flexión plantar bilateral de 5/5, pudiendo caminar y subir escaleras sin molestias. Presentaba una escala AOFAS de 85 y 90 puntos en el pie izquierdo y derecho, respectivamente. No hubo recidivas. DISCUSIÓN Los xantomas son depósitos de colesterol en el tejido conectivo de la piel, tendones o fascia, como resultado de una hiperlipoproteinemia. La importancia del caso radica en su sospecha diagnóstica, ya que la xantomatosis cerebrotendinosa suele manifestarse en pacientes de menos de 30 años de edad y en los que se ha recomendado la resección radical de las tumoraciones, e incluso del tendón, debido a las frecuentes recidivas. CONCLUSIÓN En pacientes de mayor edad con lesiones que infiltran el tendón, se puede optar por un tratamiento menos agresivo con un buen resultado clínico.

OBJETIVE Presentation of an unusual case of cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis in an elderly patient whose first manifestation was bilateral Achilles tendon xanthomas. MATERIAL AND METHODS 62-year-old woman presenting solid and polylobed tumors on the posterior aspect of both Achilles tendons for eight years. The diagnosis was made by means of hyperlipidemia and a genetic study. Surgical partial excision of the tumors was performed. RESULTS Five years after surgery on the left foot and four years after the right foot, the patient was asymptomatic. Bilateral plantar flexion force was 5/5, The patient was able to walk and climb stairs without discomfort. AOFAS score was 85 and 90 on the left and right feet, respectively. There were no recurrences. DISCUSSION Xanthomatosis is a genetic alteration with deposits of cholesterol in connective tissue of the skin, tendons or fascia, because of hyperlipoproteinemia. The importance of the present case lies in its diagnostic suspicion, since cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis manifests usually in patients under 30 years of age and in whom radical resection of tumors, and even of the tendon, has been recommended due to frequent recurrences . CONCLUSION In older patients with tumors that infiltrate the tendon, a less aggressive treatment can be chosen with a good clinical result.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon , Xanthomatosis/surgery , Xanthomatosis/diagnosis , Xanthomatosis, Cerebrotendinous/complications , Tendinopathy/surgery , Tendinopathy/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Xanthomatosis/etiology , Xanthomatosis/diagnostic imaging , Tendinopathy/etiology , Tendinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Hyperlipidemias
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828086


Gegen Qinlian Decoction can be used to treat intestinal dampness and heat. In addition to diarrhea diseases, it is also commonly used in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity and other chronic metabolic diseases. It can not only alleviate symptoms, but also reduce blood sugar, blood pressure, lipid and weight. Neck stiffness, blush, red lips, red tongue, dry mouth, sweating, palpitation, insomnia and feces are the key indications of Gegen Qinlian Decoction. It can be used alone to reduce blood sugar for diabetes mellitus. In the treatment of hypertension, it can reduce blood pressure when being used alone or combined with Tianma Gouteng Yin or Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Decoction. Large dose(30-120 g) of Pueraria lobata is the key to the effect of Gegen Qinlian Decoction.

Diabetes Mellitus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Metabolic Diseases , Obesity
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827997


The animal model of hyperlipidemia in rats was established to investigate the lipid-lowering effect and mechanism of Danhong Injection on hyperlipidemic rats. SD rats were selected as the research object. The rats in normal group were fed with basic diet, and the rats in other groups were fed with high-fat diet to establish hyperlipidemia model. The successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into model group, Danhong Injection low, medium, high dose(1.0, 2.0, 4.0 mL·kg~(-1)) groups, and simvastatin(2.0 mg·kg~(-1)) group. Danhong Injection groups received intraperitoneal administration, and simvastatin group received intragastrical administration, once a day for 4 weeks. At the first, second, third, and fourth weekends after administration, blood was collected from the orbital vein to detect the levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), and then the atherosclerosis index(AI) was calculated. After 4 weeks of administration, the animals were sacrificed, and their heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney and adipose tissue were extracted and weighed respectively to calculate the organ index of each group. The expressions of acyl-coaoxidase 1(Acox1), adenosine 5'-monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase alpha(AMPK-α), bile salt export pump(BSEP), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma(PPAR-γ), catalase(CAT) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) mRNA in liver tissues were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR; the content of cholesteryl ester transfer protein(CETP) and lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase(LCAT) in serum was detected by ELISA. The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the levels of serum TC, TG and LDL-C in the model group were significantly increased, and the level of HDL-C was significantly decreased, indicating that the hyperlipidemia rat model was successfully constructed. As compared with the model group, Danhong Injection could decrease the contents of TC, TG, LDL-C and increase the content of HDL-C in hyperlipidemia rats; reduce the body weight of hyperlipidemia rats, and reduce the liver weight, liver index, fat weight and fat index; it had no significant effect on the main organ indexes such as heart, spleen, lung and kidney; but it could increase the expressions of Acox1, AMPK-α, BSEP, PPAR-γ, CAT and SOD mRNA in liver tissues of rats; it could also reduce the level of CETP and increase the level of LCAT in serum; and the regulatory effect of Danhong Injection groups all showed a dose-dependent effect. It can be concluded that Danhong Injection can regulate the blood lipid contents, reduce the blood lipid levels and alleviate the accumulation of body fat in rats with hyperlipidemia. The mechanism may be related to inhibiting lipid metabolism disorder and oxidative stress induced by high-fat diet feeding, and improving the imbalance of lipid transport system.

Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hyperlipidemias , Lipid Metabolism , Lipids , Liver , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Triglycerides