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1.
MedUNAB ; 24(3): 347-352, 202112.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353591

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia is a rare inherited calcium metabolism disorder in which an alteration of the parathyroid hormone secretion set-point causes hypercalcemia with relative hypocalciuria. Some data suggest that its prevalence is around 74.1 per 100,000 inhabitants. Often, patients are asymptomatic. However, they can develop mild symptoms and an overactive parathyroid adenoma, its main differential diagnosis. The objective was to describe a patient's case and highlight the importance of clinical suspicion and diagnosis to avoid unnecessary surgical neck explorations for parathyroid adenomas. Case report. This is the case of a 40-year-old man with a biochemical profile compatible with primary hyperparathyroidism with anatomical and functional images negative for adenoma and a calcium/creatinine clearance ratio below 0.001, considering familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. Genetic studies evidence a mutation in the calcium sensor receptor gene and confirm the diagnosis. Discussion. Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia's main differential diagnosis is an overactive parathyroid adenoma. For both, mild or no symptoms may be present; serum calcium exceeds the upper limit, and parathormone is more than 25pg/ml. The calcium/creatinine clearance ratio should be used to differentiate one from the other and avoid unnecessary surgical neck explorations. Besides the lack of information on this topic, evidence supports the use of calcimimetics to treat symptomatic hypercalcemia. Conclusions. Patients with mild hypercalcemia with parathyroid hormone readings above 25pg/ml and a calcium/creatinine clearance ratio below 0.001, or patients with primary hyperparathyroidism with negative imaging, should not undergo surgical neck explorations. In these cases, familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia is a reliable diagnosis; Cinacalcet may be administered in cases of symptomatic hypercalcemia.


Introducción. La hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar es un trastorno hereditario poco común del metabolismo del calcio en donde una alteración del punto de ajuste de la secreción de hormona paratiroidea ocasiona hipercalcemia con hipocalciuria relativa. Algunos datos sugieren que su prevalencia es de alrededor de 74.1 por 100,000 habitantes. Los pacientes muchas veces son asintomáticos. Sin embargo, pueden desarrollar síntomas leves y un adenoma paratiroideo hiperactivo, que representa su principal diagnóstico diferencial. El objetivo fue describir el caso de un paciente y resaltar la importancia de la sospecha y el diagnóstico clínico para evitar exploraciones quirúrgicas cervicales innecesarias en búsqueda de adenomas paratiroideos. Reporte de caso. Este es el caso de un hombre de 40 años con un perfil bioquímico compatible con hiperparatiroidismo primario, con imágenes anatómicas y funcionales negativas para adenoma, además de una relación de depuración de calcio/creatinina menor a 0.001, con consideración de hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar. Los estudios genéticos evidencian una mutación en el gen del receptor sensor del calcio y confirman el diagnóstico. Discusión. El principal diagnóstico diferencial de la hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar es un adenoma paratiroideo hiperactivo. En ambos casos, es posible que no haya síntomas o que estos sean leves; el calcio sérico excede al límite superior, y la paratohormona es mayor de 25pg/ml. Se debe usar la relación de depuración de calcio/creatinina para diferenciar entre estas patologías y evitar exploraciones quirúrgicas cervicales innecesarias. Aparte de la falta de información sobre este tema, la evidencia apoya el uso de calciomiméticos para tratar la hipercalcemia sintomática. Conclusiones. Los pacientes con hipercalcemia leve, con valores de hormona paratiroidea mayores de 25pg/ml y con una relación de depuración de calcio/creatinina menor de 0.001, o los pacientes con hiperparatiroidismo primario con imágenes negativas, no deben ser sometidos a exploraciones quirúrgicas cervicales. En estos casos, la hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar representa un diagnóstico confiable; se puede administrar Cinacalcet en casos de hipercalcemia sintomática.


Introdução. A hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar é um distúrbio hereditário raro do metabolismo do cálcio, no qual uma alteração no ponto de ajuste da secreção do hormônio da paratireóide causa hipercalcemia com hipocalciúria relativa. Alguns dados sugerem que sua prevalência gira em torno de 74.1 por 100,000 habitantes. Os pacientes geralmente são assintomáticos. No entanto, eles podem desenvolver sintomas leves e um adenoma de paratireoide hiperativo, que representa seu principal diagnóstico diferencial. O objetivo foi descrever o caso de um paciente e destacar a importância da suspeita clínica e do diagnóstico para evitar exploração cirúrgica cervical desnecessária em busca de adenomas de paratireoide. Relato de caso. É o caso de um homem de 40 anos com perfil bioquímico compatível com hiperparatireoidismo primário, com imagens anatômicas e funcionais negativas para adenoma, além de relação depuração de cálcio/creatinina menor que 0.001, considerando hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar. Estudos genéticos revelam uma mutação no gene receptor da sensibilidade ao cálcio e confirmam o diagnóstico. Discussão. O principal diagnóstico diferencial da hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar é um adenoma de paratireoide hiperativo. Em ambos os casos, os sintomas podem estar ausentes ou leves; o cálcio sérico excede o limite superior e o hormônio da paratireóide é superior a 25pg/ml. A relação depuração de cálcio/creatinina deve ser usada para diferenciar entre essas patologias e evitar exploração cirúrgica cervical desnecessária. Além da falta de informações sobre esta questão, as evidências apoiam o uso de calcimiméticos para tratar a hipercalcemia sintomática. Conclusões. Pacientes com hipercalcemia leve, com valores de hormônio da paratireóide maiores que 25pg/ml e uma relação de depuração de cálcio/creatinina menor que 0.001, ou pacientes com hiperparatireoidismo primário com imagens negativas, não devem ser submetidos a exploração cirúrgica cervical. Nesses casos, a hipercalcemia hipocalciúrica familiar representa um diagnóstico confiável; Cinacalcet pode ser administrado em casos de hipercalcemia sintomática.


Subject(s)
Hypercalcemia , Case Reports , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Cinacalcet , Genetics
2.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(1): e702, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1180966

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: el hiperparatiroidismo primario por un adenoma gigante de paratiroides es infrecuente. Los adenomas de mayor tamaño reportados ocurrieron sobre paratiroides ectópicas (mediastinales). Comparte con el carcinoma su gran tamaño y elevadas cifras de calcemia y de hormona paratiroidea, hecho que dificulta el diagnóstico. Su tratamiento quirúrgico es la paratiroidectomía mediante una cervicotomía transversa centrada en la región infrahioidea. Objetivo: presentar un caso clínico de hiperparatiroidismo primario por un adenoma gigante de paratiroides tratado quirúrgicamente mediante un abordaje selectivo. Caso clínico: paciente de 53 años, sexo femenino, con antecedentes de litiasis ureteral, dolores óseos y tumoración infrahiodea de 4 cm de diámetro que imagenológicamente presentó las características de un adenoma paratiroideo inferior izquierdo. La valoración funcional confirmó hiperparatiroidismo. Con diagnóstico de hiperparatiroidismo primario por adenoma gigante se trató quirúrgicamente a través de una incisión pequeña y centrada en la tumoración, realizándose la paratiroidectomía inferior izquierda con la cual remitió la sintomatología y normalizó la funcionalidad paratiroidea. Discusión: el hiperparatiroidismo primario por adenoma gigante de paratiroides tiene indicación quirúrgica y es curativo. El caso presentado demuestra la factibilidad y seguridad de un abordaje selectivo a lo que suma una menor afectación cosmética, dejando indemne la logia tiroidea contralateral ante futuras cirugías sobre ésta.


Summary: Introduction: primary hyperparathyroidism caused by giant parathyroid adenoma is a rather unusual condition. Reported large adenomas occurred in ectopic parathyroid glands (mediastinal). Just like carcinomas, they are large, present high calcemia and parathyroid hormone values, what complicates diagnosis. Surgical treatment consists in parathyroidectomy by means of transversal cervicotomy around the infrahyoid region. Objective: the study presents the clinical case of primary hyperparathyroidism caused by giant parathyroid adenoma that was treated by selective surgery approach. Clinical case: 53 year-old female patient with a history of uretheral lithiasis, bone pain and 4-cm-diameter infrahyoid tumor. Imagenology studies revealed the characteristics of lower left parathyroid adenoma. Functional assessment confirmed hyperparathyroidism. Upon the diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism caused by giant parathyroid adenoma it was surgically addressed by means of a small cut around the tumour and performing a lower left parathyroidectomy, what resulted in the remission of symptoms and normalized parathyroid functionality. Discussion: primary hyperparathyroidism caused by giant parathyroid adenoma has an indication for surgery and is therapeutic. The case presented shows the feasibility and safety of a selective approach, as well as its smaller cosmetic harm, managing to keep the contralateral thyroid loggia intact, in view of future surgeries involving it.


Resumo: Introdução: o hiperparatireoidismo primário devido a adenoma de paratireoide gigante é raro. Os maiores adenomas relatados ocorreram em paratireoides ectópicas (mediastinais). Compartilha com o carcinoma seu grande tamanho e altos níveis de cálcio e hormônio da paratireoide, o que torna o diagnóstico difícil. Seu tratamento cirúrgico é a paratireoidectomia por meio de cervicotomia transversa com foco na região infra-hióidea. Objetivo: apresentar um caso clínico de hiperparatireoidismo primário por adenoma gigante da paratireoide tratado cirurgicamente por abordagem seletiva. Caso clínico: paciente do sexo feminino, 53 anos, com história de litíase ureteral, dor óssea e tumor infra-hióideo de 4 cm de diâmetro que apresentava características de imagem de adenoma de paratireoide inferior esquerdo. A avaliação funcional confirmou hiperparatireoidismo. Com diagnóstico de hiperparatireoidismo primário por adenoma gigante, foi tratada cirurgicamente por meio de pequena incisão focada no tumor, realizando paratireoidectomia inferior esquerda com remissão dos sintomas e normalização da funcionalidade da paratireoide. Discussão: o hiperparatireoidismo primário devido ao adenoma gigante da paratireoide tem indicação cirúrgica e é curativo. O caso apresentado demonstra a viabilidade e segurança de uma abordagem seletiva que apresenta um menor envolvimento estético, deixando o espaço contralateral da tireoide sem danos para futuras cirurgias.


Subject(s)
Parathyroid Neoplasms , Adenoma , Parathyroidectomy , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 110-119, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150525

ABSTRACT

Durante las últimas décadas, la incidencia del hiperparatiroidismo primario ha venido en aumento, muy probablemente relacionado con la mayor accesibilidad a los estudios diagnósticos; sin embargo, la forma más común de presentación clínica del hiperparatiroidismo primario es asintomática, en más del 80 % de los pacientes. En la actualidad, es menos frecuente el diagnóstico por las complicaciones renales (urolitiasis) u óseas (osteítis fibrosa quística) asociadas. Un tumor benigno de la glándula paratiroides (adenoma único), es la principal causa de esta enfermedad. Por tanto, su tratamiento usualmente es quirúrgico. A pesar de ello, no es frecuente el manejo de esta patología por el cirujano general. En este artículo se revisan conceptos claves para el diagnóstico y manejo de esta enfermedad para el médico residente y especialista en Cirugía general


During the last decades, the incidence of primary hyperparathyroidism has been increasing, most probably related to the greater accessibility to diagnostic studies; however, the most common form of clinical presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism is asymptomatic in more than 80% of patients. Diagnosis is less frequent due to associated renal (urolithiasis) or bone (osteitis fibrosa cystica) complications. A benign tumor of the parathyroid gland (single adenoma) is the main cause of this disease. Therefore, its treatment is usually surgical. Despite this, the management of this pathology by the general surgeon is not frequent. This article reviews key concepts for the diagnosis and management of this disease for the resident physician and specialist in General Surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Parathyroidectomy , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880668

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The prevalence of asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in China is lower than that in European and American countries and the study about the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT was rare in China. This study aims to explore the characteristics of asymptomatic PHPT.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 150 patients with PHPT confirmed by operation and pathological examination were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were assigned into a symptomatic PHPT group (@*RESULTS@#The proportion of adenomas was higher than that of adenocarcinoma in the asymptomatic PHPT group. The proportion of the first diagnosis due to hypercalcemia found via biochemical examination in the asymptomatic PHPT group was higher than that in the symptomatic PHPT group (76.92% vs 25.81%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Only a minority of PHPT patients are asymptomatic. Compared with the symptomatic PHPT patients, the primary cause of diagnosis is hypercalcemia, the duration of diagnosis and the diameter of parathyroid gland are shorter, the levels of serum calcium, and PTH are lower, the proportion of adenomas, vitamin D, and the BMD of L


Subject(s)
Calcium , China/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/epidemiology , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Retrospective Studies
5.
Actual. osteol ; 17(2): 92-103, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1370258

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma paratiroideo (CP) es una neoplasia maligna con una incidencia de 0,015 cada 100.000 habitantes por año. Representa el 1% de los diagnósticos de hiperparatiroidismo primario y se manifiesta entre la 4.a y 5.a década de la vida, con una incidencia similar entre hombres y mujeres. La etiología del CP es incierta, ha sido asociada a formas esporádicas o familiares. Está caracterizado por altos niveles séricos de calcio y PTH y el desafío clínico-quirúrgico es el diagnóstico diferencial con otras entidades benignas como el adenoma o la hiperplasia de paratiroides. Aunque el diagnóstico de certeza es anatomopatológico, la sospecha clínica y el uso de métodos de baja complejidad (ecografía) con operadores avezados permite una correcta localización y abordaje pertinente del paciente para dirigir el tratamiento quirúrgico adecuado (resección en bloque) evitando persistencias y recurrencias de enfermedad. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente masculino que ingresa por síndrome de impregnación asociado a hipercalcemia, su abordaje diagnóstico, tratamiento y manejo interdisciplinario con discusión y revisión bibliográfica. (AU)


Parathyroid carcinoma (CP) is a malignant disease with an incidence of 0.015 per 100,000 inhabitants per year. It accounts for 1% of primary hyperparathyroidism diagnoses and occurs between the 4th and 5th decade of life, with a similar incidence between men and women. The etiology of CP is uncertain and has been associated with sporadic or family forms. CP is characterized by high serum calcium and PTH levels and the clinical-surgical challenge is the differential diagnosis with other benign entities such as parathyroid adenoma or hyperplasia. Although the diagnosis of certainty is achieved by pathological anatomy examination, the clinical suspicion and the use of low complexity methods (ultrasound) by experienced operators allows a correct localization and a patient-specific approach to direct the appropriate surgical treatment (block resection), avoiding persistence and recurrences of disease. The clinical case of a male patient admitted for severe hypercalcemia with multiple organ disfunction, the diagnostic approaches, treatment, and interdisciplinary management, together with review and discussion of the current literature are presented. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/etiology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Calcitriol/administration & dosage , Calcium Gluconate/administration & dosage , Radiography , Tomography , Calcium/administration & dosage , Ultrasonography , Diagnosis, Differential , Hypercalcemia/blood
6.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(5): 669-673, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345190

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Severe hypercalcemia is a medical emergency that requires immediate and aggressive management. Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) often causes severe hypercalcemia. Volume resuscitation, parenteral salmon calcitonin, and administration of intravenous bisphosphonates are common measures used to stabilize patients. However, the use of these measures is inadequate in several patients and may even be contraindicated in individuals with renal insufficiency or severe systemic illness. This study demonstrated the efficacy and safety of denosumab in patients with severe hypercalcemia due to PHPT, when immediate surgery was not feasible. We present four patients with severe hypercalcemia due to PHPT. Immediate surgery was not feasible because the patients had severe systemic illness, such as seizures and altered sensorium (case 1); acute severe pancreatitis (cases 2 and 3); or coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia (case 4). Intravenous normal saline and parenteral salmon calcitonin were inadequate for controlling hypercalcemia. Intravenous bisphosphonates were avoided because of severe systemic illness in all cases and impaired renal function in three cases. Denosumab was administered to control hypercalcemia and allow the stabilization of patients for definitive surgical management. Following denosumab administration, serum calcium levels normalized, and general condition improved in all patients. Three patients underwent parathyroidectomy after two weeks and another patient after eight weeks. The use of denosumab for the management of severe hypercalcemia due to PHPT is efficacious and safe in patients when immediate surgical management is not feasible due to severe systemic illness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/drug therapy , Denosumab/therapeutic use , Hypercalcemia/etiology , Hypercalcemia/drug therapy , Calcium , COVID-19
7.
Actual. osteol ; 17(1): 45-56, 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1292122

ABSTRACT

El hiperparatiroidismo primario (HPTP) es poco frecuente en niños y adolescentes. Hay escasos datos para el manejo de estos pacientes en pediatría. Las glándulas paratiroideas son glándulas endocrinas que secretan hormona paratiroidea (PTH) y regulan el metabolismo del calcio y del fósforo. La sobreexpresión de PTH se llama hiperparatiroidismo, que se clasifica en primario, secundario y terciario. En los adolescentes, 80 a 92% de los hiperparatiroidismos primarios se deben a adenoma paratiroideo. Presentamos el caso clínico de una adolescente con una primera manifestación atípica de HPTP, la presencia de un tumor pardo del paladar, presentación rara de adenoma paratiroideo, acompañado de hipercalcemia, marcada elevación de PTH y varias lesiones óseas. (AU)


Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in children and adolescents is uncommon. Guidelines for management in pediatric patients are limited. Parathyroid glands are endocrine glands that secrete parathyroid hormone (PTH) and regulate calciumphosphate metabolism. The overexpression of PTH is called hyperparathyroidism, and is classified as primary, secondary, and tertiary. In adolescents, 80 to 92% of PHPT cases are due to a parathyroid adenoma. We present here a case report of an adolescent with a brown tumor of the palate as the first manifestation of the disease, atypical and rare presentation of parathyroid adenoma in an adolescent. She had hypercalcemia, marked elevation of PTH and bone lesions. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Palatal Neoplasms/etiology , Adenoma/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Palatal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Adenoma/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 841-844, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156070

ABSTRACT

Abstract Primary hyperparathyroidism is an endocrine disorder characterized by hypercalcemia and elevated or inappropriately normal levels of parathyroid hormone. The diagnosis is based on a biochemical evaluation, and a neck ultrasound is the first choice during pregnancy to access the parathyroid glands. Manifestations during pregnancy are rare and can be present with life-threatening complications, so the diagnosis is challenging. The conservative treatment is limited, and there is not enough data about its safety and efficacy during pregnancy. Surgery is the only curative treatment, and a parathyroidectomy performed during the second or third trimesters is considered safe. Recently, some authors suggested an association between primary hyperparathyroidism and preeclampsia. We describe a case of preeclampsia with severe features at 27 weeks of gestational age. The severity of the preeclampsiamotivated an early termination of the pregnancy by cesarean section. During the postpartum period, the patient presented life-threatening complications, such as severe hypercalcemia and acute pancreatitis. An ultrasound exam found two parathyroid nodules, suggestive of parathyroid adenomas. The patient recovered after the pharmacological correction of the calcemia levels.


Resumo O hiperparatiroidismo primário é umdistúrbio endócrino caraterizado pela elevação do cálcio sérico associada a níveis de paratormona elevados ou inapropriadamente normais. O diagnóstico é baseado em análises bioquímicas, e, na gravidez, o exame de imagem de primeira linha é a ecografia cervical. É uma doença rara na gravidez, e pode se apresentar com complicações ameaçadoras de vida, pelo que o seu diagnóstico é desafiante. O tratamento médico disponível é limitado, havendo poucos dados relativos à sua eficácia e segurança na gravidez. A cirurgia é o único tratamento curativo, e pode ser realizada no segundo ou terceiro trimestres. Tem sido descrita uma relação entre hiperparatiroidismo primário e pré-eclâmpsia. Apresenta-se um caso de uma grávida de 27 semanas com pré-eclâmpsia com critérios de gravidade, o que obrigou ao término da gravidez por cesariana. Verificou-se agravamento clínico no período pós-parto, com aparecimento de complicações graves, tais como hipercalcemia grave e pancreatite aguda. Ecograficamente, constataram-se duas massas paratiróideias sugestivas de adenomas da paratiroide. A doente recebeu tratamento médico, e teve melhora apenas após a correção dos níveis de cálcio sérico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Prenatal Diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/complications , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic/diagnosis , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Adenoma/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e1008, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144435

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El tratamiento quirúrgico ha evolucionado desde la exploración abierta bilateral del cuello hasta la cirugía de invasión mínima. En este momento, la paratiroidectomía mínimamente invasiva en pacientes con hiperparatiroidismo primario es la técnica de elección. Objetivo: Describir los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico del hiperparatiroidismo primario con el uso de la sonda gamma transoperatoria. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y longitudinal, de tipo serie de casos. La muestra estuvo constituida por 29 pacientes con tratamiento quirúrgico radioguiada para el hiperparatiroidismo primario en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras entre marzo de 2007 a diciembre de 2014. Resultados: De los 29 pacientes, 21 no presentaban enfermedad tiroidea asociada, tenían una mediana de edad de 52 años, con predominio femenino (80,9 por ciento), la enfermedad renal resultó ser el síntoma más frecuente (52,4 por ciento), el adenoma paratiroideo fue el diagnóstico anatomopatológico con mayor por ciento (85,7 por ciento). Presentaron complicaciones posoperatorias el 38,1 por ciento y la hipocalcemia transitoria estuvo en un 28,6 por ciento. La media de la estadía posoperatoria fue de 3,37 días y la curación de 90,5 por ciento. En los ocho pacientes con enfermedad tiroidea asociada tenían una mediana de edad de 58 años y predominio femenino (62,5 por ciento). Prevaleció el dolor articular y la fatiga (50 por ciento) como síntomas previos y como diagnóstico anatomopatológico el adenoma paratiroideo (62,5 por ciento). Las complicaciones presentes en un 37,5 por ciento y la más frecuente la hipocalcemia transitoria (25,0 por ciento). La curación estuvo en 62,5 por ciento y la media de la estadía posoperatoria en 2,47 días. Conclusiones: Los resultados alcanzados evidencian la utilidad de la cirugía radioguiada en el tratamiento del hiperparatiroidismo primario(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Surgical treatment has evolved from bilateral open neck exploration to minimally invasive surgery. Currently, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism is the technique of choice. Objective: To describe the outcomes of surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism with the use of the intraoperative gamma probe. Methods: A descriptive and longitudinal study of case series was carried out. The sample consisted of 29 patients who received radioguided surgical treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism at Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical-Surgical Hospital between March 2007 and December 2014. Results: Of the 29 patients, 21 did not present associated thyroid disease. Their median age was 52 years. They were predominantly female (80.9%). Kidney disease was the most frequent symptom (52.4 percent). Parathyroid adenoma was the anatomopathological diagnosis with the highest percentage value (85.7 percent). 38.1 percent presented postoperative complications and transient hypocalcemia accounted for 28.6 percent. The mean for postoperative stay was 3.37 days and for healing was 90.5 percent. In the eight patients with associated thyroid disease, the mean age was 58 years, and there was predominance of the female sex (62.5 percent). Joint pain and fatigue, accounting for 50 percent, prevailed as previous symptoms; while parathyroid adenoma, accounting for 62.5 percent, prevailed as anatomopathological diagnosis. Complications were present in 37.5 percent and the most frequent was transient hypocalcemia (25.0 percent). Healing accounted for 62.5 percent and the mean postoperative stay was 2.47 days. Conclusions: The results obtained show the usefulness of radioguided surgery in the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Parathyroidectomy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
10.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e1324, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139061

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El hiperparatiroidismo es una de las causas más frecuente de hipercalcemia. El 85 por ciento de los pacientes son mayores de treinta años, su frecuencia más alta se encuentra por encima de 60 años, a largo plazo puede producir una serie de complicaciones. Objetivo: Describir el caso clínico de hiperparatiroidismo primario que resultó negativa al estudio de gammagrafía con localización ectópica del adenoma. Caso Clínico: Paciente femenina de 20 años con antecedentes de litiasis renal y uretral de 7 años de evolución, la cual se sometió a 13 sesiones de litotricia y dos cirugías renales con recidivas, hace 6 meses se detectó cifras elevadas de calcio. Se realiza protocolo de estudio de hipercalcemia determinándose hiperparatiroidismo primario, ultrasonido y tomografía de cuello reportan lesión que podría corresponder a un adenoma paratiroideo paratraqueal; sin embargo, la gammagrafía con metoxi-isobutilisonitrilo y tecnecio 99 fue negativa. Se realizó cirugía de cuello convencional ya que la cirugía radioguiada no fue útil para la localización del adenoma paratiroideo intraoperatorio. Estudio histopatológico reportó adenoma paratiroideo. Conclusiones: En adenomas paratiroideo con gammagrafía negativa se puede hacer el diagnostico con estudios de imagen convencional. La localización ectópica del adenoma paratiroideo constituye una causa de gammagrafía negativa. La cirugía radioguiada no es útil en los adenomas paratiroides ectópicos con gammagrafía negativa(AU)


Introduction: Hyperparathyroidism is one of the most frequent causes of hypercalcemia. 85 percent of patients are older than thirty years, its highest frequency is over 60 years, in the long term it can produce a series of complications. Objective: To describe a clinical case of primary hyperparathyroidism that was negative in the scintigraphy study with ectopic location of the adenoma. Clinical case report: A 20-year-old female patient with a 7-year history of renal and urethral lithiasis, who had undergone 13 lithotripsy sessions and two recurrent kidney surgeries. Six months ago, elevated calcium levels were detected. A study protocol for hypercalcemia was carried out, determining primary hyperparathyroidism. Ultrasound and neck tomography report a lesion that could correspond to a paratracheal parathyroid adenoma; however, methoxy-isobutylisonitrile and technetium-99 scintigraphy was negative. Conventional neck surgery was performed since radioguided surgery was not useful for locating the intraoperative parathyroid adenoma. Histopathological study reported parathyroid adenoma. Conclusions: In parathyroid adenomas with negative scintigraphy, the diagnosis can be reached with conventional imaging studies. The ectopic location of the parathyroid adenoma is a cause of negative scintigraphy. Radioguided surgery is not helpful in scan-negative ectopic parathyroid adenomas(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Hypercalcemia/complications
11.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(2): 105-110, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131071

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT While the developed world is focusing on laying guidelines for selecting out cases of Asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) for surgical intervention and promoting minimal access surgery, the developing world is observing a change in disease spectrum from advanced symptomatic to lesser degree of symptomatic disease and not many with associated Vitamin D deficiency. Few studies from the developing countries of the world have focused on the changing clinical spectrum of PHPT. Objective of this study is to review the changing profile of PHPT in developing world. A systematic literature search was done in December 2017 focussing on publications from the developing world. All studies pertaining to the epidemiology of PHPT published after 1st January 2000 and published in English language were included for analysis. Most of the studies published from developing countries report a predominance of symptomatic disease (79.6% of all included patients) with musculoskeletal disease present in the majority of patients (52.9%). The combined mean serum total calcium (11.9 ± 1.4 mg/dL), serum PTH (668.6 ± 539 pg/mL), serum alkaline phoshpatase (619 ± 826.9 IU/L) and weight of excised parathyroid glands (4.4 ± 3.8 grams) are much higher than those reported from the western studies. Despite this, we found that there is a distinct trend towards a milder form of disease presentation and biochemical profile noticeable in more recent times. Although there is a striking difference in all aspects of PHPT disease epidemiology, clinical presentation and biochemical profile of developing and developed countries, there is a distinct trend towards a milder form of disease presentation and biochemical profile in more recent times.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/blood , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Developing Countries
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876112

ABSTRACT

@#Primary hyperparathyroidism in children and adolescents is rare and often symptomatic at presentation. A 15-year-old boy presented with bilateral genu valgum for two years. Biochemical results were consistent with primary hyperparathyroidism. Calcium levels normalized two months after removal of a left inferior parathyroid adenoma.


Subject(s)
Parathyroid Neoplasms , Genu Valgum , Adolescent , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary
14.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 31(2): 5354-5359, jun. 2020. imag, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1343461

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de paratiroides es una causa excepcional de hiperparatiroidismo primario. Los tumores pardos se desarrollan como manifestaciones esqueléticas de hiperparatiroidismo primario en el contexto de una enfermedad avanzada. Son lesiones óseas líticas, altamente vasculares con un proceso celular reparador en lugar de un proceso neoplásico. Pueden identificarse en las formas secundarias de la enfermedad; sin embargo, son más frecuentes en el hiperparatiroidismo primario. Se presenta el caso de múltiples tumores pardos secundarios a un carcinoma de paratiroides. La manifestación inicial del hiperparatiroidismo primario fue una fractura patológica secundaria a tumor pardo asociado con hipercalcemia y niveles elevados de hormona paratiroidea (PTH), lo cual es infrecuente debido a que en las últimas décadas la incorporación del calcio sérico en las pruebas de rutina de laboratorio detecta esta enfermedad en estadios asintomáticos o mínimamente sintomáticos. Por ultrasonido se detectó lesión sólida vascularizada en sitio anatómico de paratiroides inferior izquierda y nefrocalcinosis. Se sometió a resección quirúrgica de la lesión en hemicuello izquierdo y la biopsia reportó carcinoma de paratiroides. Los tumores pardos son lesiones no neoplásicas que no tienen potencial maligno por lo que se consideran granulomas reparadores.


Parathyroid carcinoma is an exceptional cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. Brown tumors develop as skeletal manifestations of primary hyperparathyroidism in the context of advanced disease. They are highly vascular, lytic bone lesions with a reparative cellular process instead of a neoplastic process. They can be identified in the secondary forms of the disease, however, they are more frequent in primary hyperparathyroidism. We present a case of multiple brown tumors secondary to parathyroid carcinoma. The initial manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism was a pathological fracture secondary to brown tumor associated with hypercalcemia and elevated levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which is rare due to the fact that in recent decades the incorporation of serum calcium in routine laboratory tests detects this disease in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic stages. Ultrasound detected a vascularized solid lesion in the anatomical site of the left lower parathyroid and nephrocalcinosis. The lesion was surgically resected in the left hemicolumn and the biopsy reported parathyroid carcinoma. Brown tumors are non-neoplastic lesions that do not have malignant potential and are therefore considered repairing granulomas.


Subject(s)
Osteitis Fibrosa Cystica , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Radiography , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary
16.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 87(2): 76-70, abr.-dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1097735

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El hiperparatiroidismo primario, tercer trastorno metabólico más común a nivel mundial, provoca un aumento del calcio sérico y de la hormona paratiroidea, causado por una hiperactividad de las glándulas paratiroideas. En el 85% de los casos, se debe a un adenoma paratiroideo. Es predominantemente asintomático (>80%), pero sus manifestaciones pueden ser musculo-esqueléticas, neurológicas, psiquiátricas, renales, cardiovasculares, y gastrointestinales. Descripción del Caso Clínico: Paciente femenina de 53 años de edad, con antecedente de hipercolesterolemia familiar heterocigoto e hipertensión arterial; presenta insomnio, náuseas, pérdida de peso, mialgias, astenia, relujo gastroesofágico e irritabilidad. Ante indicación de exámenes de labo-ratorio muestra hipercalcemia leve. Se comprueba un adenoma paratiroideo derecho y nódulos tiroideos coloides benignos en lóbulo izquierdo mediante gammagrafía Tc99m MIBI, siendo sometida a su resección con posterior evolución satisfactoria. Conclusiones: Considerando la predilección asintomática del hiperparatiroidismo primario y su preferencia de presentación como adenoma, resulta indispensable su sospecha ante toda hipercalcemia. Requiere entonces una concientización amplia no solo en el ámbito médico sino también en la comunidad, ampliando esfuerzos entre el clínico, cirujano, y patólogo. Se recomienda medir el calcio y fósforo sérico de forma rutinaria en la evaluación clínica cotidiana de cada paciente para su detección...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parathyroid Neoplasms/complications , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia
17.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(8): 431-435, sept 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1023142

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La monitorización con hormona tiroidea intraoperatoria (IOPTH) es utilizada en la práctica médica para predecir la cura bioquímica durante la paratiroidectomía del hiperparatiroidismo primario. Sin embargo, existen diversos criterios utilizados para predecir la normocalcémica luego de una paratiroidectomía. El propósito de este estudio es determinar cuál criterio es aquel que se corresponde con el menor riesgo de presentar un hiperparatiroidismo persistente luego de una paratiroidectomía por hiperparatiroidismo primario. Material y métodos: Se han analizado publicaciones realizadas en los últimos 10 años tomando como fuente de recopilación la base de datos de Pub-Med, trabajos publicados en Journal of the American Medical Associatiion y World Journal of Surgery. Conclusión: El criterio de IOPTH final en valores por debajo de los 65 pg/mL, y en especial, por debajo de los 40 pg/mL parece comportarse como mejor predictor de bajo riesgo de enfermedad persistente en comparación con el criterio de disminución de IOPTH por debajo del 50% del valor basal (AU)


Introduction: Monitoring with intraoperative thyroid hormone (IOPTH) is used in medical practice to predict the biochemical cure during the parathyroidectomy of primary hyperparathyroidism. However, there are several criteria used to predict normocalcemia after a parathyroidectomy. The purpose of this study is to determine which criterion is the one that correspons to the lowest risk of presenting a persistent hyperparathyroidism after a parathyroidectomy due to primary hyperparathyroidism. Materials and methods: Publications made in the last 10 years have been analyzed taking as a source of compilations the PubMed database, works published in Journal of the American Medical Association and World Journal of Surgery. Conclusiion: The final IOPTH criterion in values below 65 pg/mL, and especially below 40 pg/mL, seems to be the best predictor of low risk of persistent disease compared to the IOPTH decrease criterior Below 50% of the basal value (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Risk Assessment , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Feasibility Studies
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 266-270, set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012420

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Se presenta el caso de un paciente sexo femenino 31 años, insuficienciente renal crónica en hemodiálisis, hipertensa secundaria, consulta por aumento de volumen oral en relación a encía marginal vestibular izquierda, 6 meses de evolución. Al examen se observa aumento de volumen de 15 mm en relación a piezas. 3.6 y 3.7. Radiografía muestra compromiso periodontal pieza 3.7. Se realiza biopsia excisional y exodoncia pieza 3.7. Histopatología informa granuloma periférico de células gigantes. Se solicitan exámenes de laboratorio para estudio de hiperparatiroidismo (PTH elevada, calcemia fosfatemia normales). Evoluciona favorablemente. Sin signos de recidiva a los 3 meses. El diagnóstico histopatológico de lesión de células gigantes debe ser complementado con la clínica, exámenes de laboratorio e imagenología, el objetivo final es definir si tal diagnóstico corresponde a un tumor pardo, a un granuloma central de células gigantes o a un granuloma periférico de células gigantes. En la literatura los reportes de asociación entre granuloma periférico de células gigantes e hiperparatiroidismo son escasos. Este caso corresponde a granuloma periférico células gigantes, asociado a hipersecreción de paratohormona.


ABSTRACT: A 31-year-old female patient with chronic renal insufficiency in hemodialysis and secondary hypertension consulted due to an enlarging intraoral lesion in relation to the left marginal vestibular gingival, with 6 months of evolution. A 15mm mass in relation to mandibular left molars was noted. Radiograph showed periodontal involvement of mandibular left second molar. Excisional biopsy and tooth 3.7 extraction were performed. Histopathology reported a peripheral giant cell granuloma. Laboratory tests were requested for suspected hyperparathyroidism (aiding in the diagnosis) (high PTH, normal phosphatemia and calcemia). Evolution was favorable, without signs of reappearance after 3 months. The histopathological diagnosis of giant cell lesions should be complemented with clinical, laboratory and imaging tests. The final objective is to make the differential diagnosis between brown tumor, central giant cell granuloma and peripheral giant cell granuloma because the treatment varies considerably. There are few reports in the literature about the association between peripheral giant cell granuloma and hyperparathyroidism. This case corresponds to peripheral giant cell granuloma, possibly associated with parathormone hypersecretion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Parathyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Granuloma, Giant Cell/diagnosis , Granuloma, Giant Cell/pathology , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Gingival Diseases/etiology , Gingival Diseases/pathology , Radiography, Panoramic , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Gingival Diseases/surgery
19.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 394-401, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019358

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To measure type 1 serum amino-terminal propeptide procollagen (P1NP) and type 1 cross-linked C-terminal telopeptide collagen (CTX) before parathyroidectomy (PTX) in PHPT patients, correlating these measurements with bone mineral density (BMD) changes. Subjects and methods 31 primary hyperparathyroidism (HPTP) were followed from diagnosis up to 12-18 months after surgery. Serum levels of calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH) vitamin D, CTX, P1NP, and BMD were measured before and 1 year after surgery. Results One year after PTX, the mean BMD increased by 8.6%, 5.5%, 5.5%, and 2.2% in the lumbar spine, femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH), and distal third of the nondominant radius (R33%), respectively. There was a significant correlation between BMD change 1 year after the PTX and CTX (L1-L4: r = 0.614, p < 0.0003; FN: r = 0.497, p < 0.0051; TH: r = 0.595, p < 0.0005; R33%: r = 0.364, p < 0.043) and P1NP (L1-L4: r = 0,687, p < 0,0001; FN: r = 0,533, p < 0,0024; TH: r = 0,642, p < 0,0001; R33%: r = 0,467, p < 0,0079) preoperative levels. The increase in 25(OH)D levels has no correlation with BMD increase (r = -0.135; p = 0.4816). On linear regression, a minimum preoperative CTX value of 0.331 ng/mL or P1NP of 37.9 ng/mL was associated with a minimum 4% increase in L1-L4 BMD. In TH, minimum preoperative values of 0.684 ng/mL for CTX and 76.0 ng/mL for P1NP were associated with a ≥ 4% increase in BMD. Conclusion PHPT patients presented a significant correlation between preoperative levels of turnover markers and BMD improvement 1 year after PTX.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Peptide Fragments/metabolism , Peptides/metabolism , Bone Density , Parathyroidectomy/rehabilitation , Procollagen/metabolism , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Peptide Fragments/blood , Postoperative Period , Vitamin D/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Calcium/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Procollagen/blood , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery
20.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 19(2): 146-150, jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041692

ABSTRACT

Las calcificaciones pulmonares son depósitos de calcio asociados a una gran variedad de enfermedades y situaciones clínicas y bioquímicas. Pueden presentarse de dos formas, distróficas y metastásicas, según el tejido pulmonar subyacente sea, respectivamente, patológico o no. Las calcificaciones metastásicas se encuentran principalmente en el sistema vascular periférico, tejidos blandos, pulmones, riñones, estómago y corazón. Todos estos órganos se caracterizan por su ambiente alcalino, medio que predispone a la precipitación de las sales de calcio. El pulmón es el órgano donde mayor frecuencia se asientan las calcificaciones. La calcificación metastásica pulmonar es una complicación frecuente en pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica, como consecuencia de la hemodiálisis. Si bien las calcificaciones anormales cardiacas y pulmonares se han comunicado en un 20 a 80% de las autopsias de pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC), tales calcificaciones son raramente identificadas en la radiografía de tórax. También las calcificaciones pulmonares metastásicas se asocian a hiperparatiroidismo secundario, hipervitaminosis D, trasplante renal, tumores (leucemias, linfomas, mieloma múltiple). A continuación, se describe el caso de un hombre con calcinosis pulmonar secundaria a hiperparatiroidismo primario


Subject(s)
Calcinosis , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary
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