Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 637
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3116, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347438

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El liquen plano pigmentoso es una lesión autoinmune de etiología desconocida, aunque tiene mayor incidencia en mujeres de mediana edad, a las que afecta principalmente la cara y el cuello y, en menor medida, la cavidad oral. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas e histopatológicas de un caso de liquen plano pigmentoso en la cavidad oral. Presentación del caso: Mujer de 21 años, negra, que acudió al servicio quejándose de una mancha en la cavidad oral. Las lesiones presentaban un mes de evolución, crecimiento radial y sin síntomas dolorosos. Consistían en placas ennegrecidas de contorno regular con estrías blanquecinas en su periferia, forma redondeada, bordes afilados, en mucosa yugal bilateral, que medían aproximadamente 25 mm en el derecho y 13 mm en el lado izquierdo. Después de la biopsia incisional y el análisis histopatológico, se confirmó la sospecha de liquen plano pigmentoso oral. El tratamiento propuesto para las lesiones fue conservador mediante un estricto seguimiento clínico. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico del liquen plano pigmentoso, debido a su baja ocurrencia en la cavidad oral y sus características clínicas atípicas y semejantes a otras lesiones orales, es complejo. En este contexto, se ratifica la relevancia del examen histopatológico y se destaca la necesidad de otros estudios para aclarar los factores etiológicos involucrados en esta lesión(AU)


Introduction: Pigment lichen planus is an autoimmune lesion of unknown etiology, with preference for middle-aged women, which mainly affects the face and neck, being rare in the oral cavity. Objective: To report a case of pigment lichen planus in the oral cavity, with emphasis on its clinical and histopathological characteristics. Case report: 21 years old woman, black, who came to the service complaining about a spot in the oral cavity. The lesions presented a month of evolution, radial growth and no painful symptoms. They consisted of blackened plates of regular contour with whitish stretch marks on their periphery, rounded shape, sharp edges, on bilateral jugular mucosa, which measured approximately 13 mm on the left side and 25 mm on the right. After the incisional biopsy and histopathological analysis, the suspicion of oral pigment lichen planus was confirmed. The proposed treatment for the lesions was conservative through strict clinical follow-up. Conclusion: The importance and difficulty of the diagnosis of pigment lichen planus is emphasized, especially due to its low occurrence in the oral cavity and its atypical clinical characteristics and similar to other oral lesions. In this context, the relevance of the histopathological examination is ratified and the need for further studies to clarify the etiological factors involved in this pathology is highlighted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Hyperpigmentation/etiology , Lichen Planus/diagnosis , Mouth/injuries , Research Report , Lichen Planus/pathology
2.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(3): e3718, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280433

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers se caracteriza por hiperpigmentación mucocutánea y hamartomas gastrointestinales que pueden aparecer desde el estómago hasta el ano. Tiene un patrón de herencia autosómico dominante y expresividad variable. El diagnóstico se basa en los hallazgos clínicos y la apariencia histológica de los pólipos. No ha sido reportado hasta ahora asociación de esta entidad a telangiectasias y prolapso de la válvula mitral. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos que permitieron establecer el diagnóstico de Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers en un paciente y brindar asesoramiento genético. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 36 años de edad con antecedentes de prolapso de la válvula mitral que acude a consulta de genética clínica con su esposa para solicitar asesoramiento genético, debido a que tienen una hija con diagnóstico de Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers y desean conocer el riesgo de tener otro hijo afectado. Al examen físico se observa mácula hiperpigmentada en labio inferior y varias de estas en encías. Con tales hallazgos y el antecedente de tener la hija Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers se emite el mismo diagnóstico en el padre. Como dato de interés se constatan en este individuo múltiples telangiectasias en tórax, cuello y espalda. Los estudios realizados en busca de la causa de estas fueron negativos. Conclusiones: Los antecedentes y los hallazgos encontrados en el paciente permitieron realizar el diagnóstico de Peutz-Jeghers y brindar asesoramiento genético. Se presenta el primer reporte de esta enfermedad asociada a telangiectasias y prolapso de la válvula mitral en la literatura científica(AU)


Introduction: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is characterized by mucocutaneous hyperpigmentation and gastrointestinal hamartomas that can appear from the stomach to the anus. It has an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern and variable expressiveness. The diagnosis is based on clinical findings and histological appearance of the polyps. No association between this entity and telangiectasias and mitral valve prolapse has been reported so far. Objective: To describe the findings that made it possible to establish the diagnosis of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome in a patient and to provide genetic counseling. Case presentation: Thirty-six-year-old male patient with a history of mitral valve prolapse who attends a clinical genetics consultation with his wife to request genetic counseling due to the fact that their daughter was diagnosed with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome and they want to know about the risk of having another affected child. On physical examination, a hyperpigmented macule on the lower lip and several of these on the gums were observed. With such findings and the antecedent of having a daughter with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, the same diagnosis is made in the father. As data of interest, multiple telangiectasias on the thorax, neck and back were found in this individual. The studies carried out to identify the same cause were negative. Conclusions: The history and findings in this patient allowed us to make the diagnosis of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome as well as to provide genetic counselling. The first report of this disease associated with telangiectasias and mitral valve prolapse is presented in the scientific literature(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Telangiectasis/diagnosis , Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome/genetics , Mitral Valve Prolapse , Hyperpigmentation , Genetic Counseling/ethics , Genetics , Inheritance Patterns/physiology
4.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 11-20, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092405

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Presentamos un caso típico de Dermatosis Terra Firma-Forme en un adolescente sano de 13 años de edad, visto recientemente en el Servicio de Dermatología de nuestro hospital. Con este caso queremos mostrar las características clínicas de esta dermatosis que con frecuencia no es correctamente diagnosticada o bien pasa desapercibida durante años lo que origina preocupación y ansiedad en el paciente además de pruebas diagnósticas innecesarias. Su diagnóstico es clínico apoyado en la dermatoscopía y el tratamiento sencillo, presentando escasas recidivas.


SUMMARY We report a typical case of a Terra Firma-Forme Dermatosis in a 13-year-old healthy male recently seen in the Dermatology Department of our hospital. The aim of the authors is to show clinical features of this frequently misdiagnosed and underreported dermatosis causing concern and anxiety in the patient as well as unnecessary diagnostic tests. Its diagnosis is clinical supported by dermoscopy and its simple treatment presents few recurrences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Hyperpigmentation/diagnosis , Keratinocytes/pathology , Hyperpigmentation/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 32-39, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088737

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Macular lymphocytic arteritis most commonly presents as hyperpigmented macules on the lower limbs. The pathogenesis of this disease is still unclear and there is an ongoing debate regarding whether it represents a new form of cutaneous vasculitis or an indolent form of cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa. Objective: To describe clinical, histopathological, and laboratory findings of patients with the diagnosis of macular lymphocytic arteritis. Methods: A retrospective search was conducted by reviewing cases followed at the Vasculitis Clinic of the Dermatology Department, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, between 2005 and 2017. Seven patients were included. Results: All cases were female, aged 9-46 years, and had hyperpigmented macules mainly on the legs. Three patients reported symptoms. Skin biopsies evidencing a predominantly lymphocytic infiltrate affecting arterioles at the dermal subcutaneous junction were found, as well as a typical luminal fibrin ring. None of the patients developed necrotic ulcers, neurological damage, or systemic manifestations. The follow-up ranged from 18 to 151 months, with a mean duration of 79 months. Study limitations: This study is subject to a number of limitations: small sample of patients, besides having a retrospective and uncontrolled study design. Conclusions: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this series presents the longest duration of follow-up reported to date. During this period, none of the patients showed resolution of the lesions despite treatment, nor did any progress to systemic vasculitis. Similarities between clinical and skin biopsy findings support the hypothesis that macular lymphocytic arteritis is a benign, incomplete, and less aggressive form of cutaneous polyarteritis nodosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Arteritis/pathology , Skin Diseases, Vascular/pathology , Polyarteritis Nodosa/pathology , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphocytes/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperpigmentation/pathology , Middle Aged
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(1): 119-121, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088709
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): e63-e66, 2020-02-00. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1096080

ABSTRACT

La hiperpigmentación cutánea es una manifestación clínica poco frecuente del déficit de vitamina B12 (cobalamina). Su causa no se conoce con exactitud, y existen varias teorías en su etiopatogenia.Se presenta a una niña de 8 meses de edad, con antecedentes de retraso neuromadurativo, hipotonía, anemia y neutrope-nia, derivada a nuestro Servicio por hiperpigmentación cutá-nea del dorso de las manos y los pies de 3 meses de evolución. Ante la sospecha clínica de déficit de vitamina B12, se realizó un análisis de laboratorio, en el que se constató una marcada disminución de los niveles séricos de cobalamina, por lo que se indicó tratamiento sustitutivo con esta.Se destaca la importancia de la presunción diagnóstica de déficit de vitamina B12 como causa de hiperpigmentación cutánea y su resolución luego de la instauración del tratamiento adecuado.


Cutaneous hyperpigmentation is a rare clinical feature of vi-tamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency. The cause is unknown and there are different hypothesis about the pathogenesis of the hyperpigmentation.We report the case of an 8-month-old girl, with history of neu-romadurative delay, hypotonia, anemia and neutropenia, who was referred to our Service by brownishhyperpigmentation on her hands and feet of 3 months of evolution. Based on the clinical suspicion of vitamin B12 deficiency, we performed a laboratory dosage that showed decreased levels of cobalamin, reason for which replacement therapy was indicated.It highlights the importance of the presumption of vitamin B12 deficiency as a cause of cutaneous hyperpigmentation and its rapid resolution after the establishment of the appro-priate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Vitamin B 12 Deficiency , Hyperpigmentation , Vitamin B 12/therapeutic use
8.
Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 41: [11], 01/01/2020. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128579

ABSTRACT

The skin is the largest and most exposed organ of the human body, therefore subject to diseases and alteration of its appearance. Among these alterations, the cutaneous hyperchromia may be cited. Currently, the market offers numerous products with depigmenting action to the treatment of such disorders. The aim of this work was to analyze depigmenting products commercialized in establishments in the city of Bento Gonçalves (RS, Brazil) and websites of cosmetic companies. It was found 45 products with depigmenting action and, from these, 59 different active agents were identified. The main active compounds found were kojic acid, arbutin, ascorbic acid, hydroquinone and glycolic acid. Another observed data was that in 78% of the studied products the active substances were being used in combination. The most used vehicles were also studied as a reference to the use of sunscreen in the treatment of cutaneous hyperchromia. The present work had identified in the market a variety of products with depigmentation action and, because of this, it aims to serve as a reference to the healthcare professionals, especially at the prescribing moment, looking for the best results, with regards to treatment efficiency and safety.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Pigmentation/drug effects , Hyperpigmentation/drug therapy , Cosmetics , Dermatologic Agents/analysis , Arbutin , Ascorbic Acid , Pyrones , Brazil , Drug Combinations , Glycolates , Hydroquinones
9.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 101-108, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a chronic acquired focal hypermelanosis which pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Classical pathophysiologic studies have analysed the affected and perilesional areas, but little is known about the status of sun-protected skin, which is subjected to the same endogenous and genetic factors.OBJECTIVE: To assess the histological characteristics of melasma compared to adjacent and retroauricular skin.METHODS: Skin samples were collected from 10 female from: melasma, perilesional area and retroauricular. The samples were stained (haematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, Fontana-Masson, picrosirius red, toluidine blue and Verhoeff), immunolabelled for CD34 and Wnt1. The data from the skin sites were analysed simultaneously by a multivariate model.RESULTS: Melasma skin exhibited noteworthy stratum corneum compaction, greater collagen heterogeneity, solar elastosis, higher number of mast cells, basement membrane zone (BMZ) damage, Wnt1 expression, pendulum melanocytes, higher cellularity and vascular proliferation at the superficial dermis. Stratum corneum compaction, collagen heterogeneity and BMZ abnormalities were variables associated to melasma that not follow a continuum through retroauricular to adjacent skin. Mast cell count was the variable that disclosed correlation with the most other abnormalities as well as had the greater contribution in the multivariate model.CONCLUSION: In addition to melanocyte hyperactivity, melasma skin exhibits alterations in the epidermal barrier, upper dermis and BMZ, which differ from the adjacent sun-exposed skin and retroauricular skin, indicating a distinct phenotype, rather than a mere extension of photoageing or intrinsic ageing. Mast cells appear to play a central role in the physiopathology of melasma.


Subject(s)
Basement Membrane , Collagen , Dermis , Epidermis , Female , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Mast Cells , Melanocytes , Melanosis , Phenotype , Population Characteristics , Skin , Tolonium Chloride , Wnt Signaling Pathway
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5432, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133775

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the morphology of the supra- and infraumbilical linea nigra in puerperal women. Methods: The study was conducted from September 2017 to April 2018, and included 157 puerperal women admitted for childbirth care at the Obstetrics Department of a public maternity hospital of the city of São Paulo (SP), Brazil. The abdomen of subjects was photographed on the first or second day postpartum, with the patient lying symmetrically in dorsal decubitus at a standardized distance. Contrast was slightly adjusted and the morphological pattern of supra and infraumbilical linea nigra in the proximity of the umbilical scar was characterized. The images were independently analyzed by two researchers and only the matching results from both observers were used. Results: Of the 157 observed cases, 139 (88.5%) images provided concordant results between the two researchers. Excluding 41 cases of absence or poor definition of the linea nigra, 98 images were analyzed. Supra- and infraumbilical linea nigra were analyzed separately and classified according to three directions (left, center and right of the umbilical scar). The combination of the supra- and infraumbilical images resulted in the formation of nine distinct patterns, being the most prevalent, in primiparous (72.2%) and multiparous women (50.0%), and the authors named as "anticlockwise spiralization of the linea nigra". Conclusion: The analysis of supra- and infraumbilical linea nigra in puerperal women showed a predominance of what the authors named "anti-clockwise spiralization of the linea nigra sign".


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a morfologia da linea nigra supra e infraumbilical em puérperas. Métodos: O estudo foi realizado no período de setembro de 2017 a abril de 2018 e incluiu 157 puérperas admitidas para o parto no Serviço de Obstetrícia de uma maternidade pública da cidade de São Paulo (SP). O abdome das pacientes foi fotografado no primeiro ou segundo dia pós-parto, com a paciente deitada simetricamente em decúbito dorsal a uma distância padronizada. O contraste foi ligeiramente ajustado, e o padrão morfológico da linea nigra supra e infraumbilical na proximidade da cicatriz umbilical foi caracterizado. As imagens foram analisadas independentemente por dois pesquisadores, e apenas os resultados concordantes dos dois observadores foram utilizados. Resultados: Dos 157 casos observados, 139 (88,5%) imagens apresentaram resultados concordantes entre os dois pesquisadores. Excluindo 41 casos de ausência ou má definição da linea nigra, 98 imagens foram analisadas. As linea nigra supra e infraumbilicais foram analisadas separadamente e classificadas de acordo com três direções (esquerda, centro e direita da cicatriz umbilical). A combinação das imagens supra e infraumbilicais resultou na formação de nove padrões distintos, sendo os mais prevalentes nas primíparas (72,2%) e multíparas (50,0%), o que os autores denominaram "espiralamento anti-horário da linea nigra". Conclusão: A análise das linea nigra supra e infraumbilical em puérperas mostrou predominância do que os autores denominaram "sinal do espiralamento anti-horário da linea nigra".


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Skin/pathology , Umbilicus , Pregnancy/physiology , Skin Pigmentation , Hyperpigmentation/diagnosis , Brazil
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 446-451, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056483

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las papilas fungiformes pigmentadas de la lengua, cuyas siglas son PFPT, del inglés Pigmented fungiform papillae of the tongue, es una condición asintomática, no progresiva que se presenta en personas de piel oscura, en las cuales las papilas fungiformes cambian de su color rosado natural, a una gama de café a negro. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es reportar y describir las caractetísticas clínicas, dermatoscópicas e histológicas de la PFPT por primera vez en una serie de pacientes ecuatorianos. Estudio prospectivo simple en el Centro de Especialidades Dermatológicas Garzón, período de dos años. El criterio de inclusión fue cambio de coloración a nivel lingual, se recolectaron datos demográficos, clínicos; fotografías, dermatoscopía, y biopsia, para tinción con hematoxilina-eosina y Fontana-Mason. Examinamos 8.640 pacientres, 15 (12 mujeres, 3 varones) fueron diagnosticados de PFPT. La edad promedio fue 31 años, todos fueron mestizos, con fototipo de piel predominante III y IV. El tiempo de evolución promedio en años fue 5,8. Ninguno tuvo antescedentes familiares o personales relacionados a la patología. La evaluación clínica demostró que el patrón de distribución de acuerdo a la clasificación de Holzwanger en la gran mayoría fue tipo II (13/15). En todos los casos la dermatoscopía y la histología fueron específicas demostrando hallazgos típicos y comprobatorios de PFPT.


ABSTRACT: The pigmented fungiform papillae of the tongue, whose acronyms are PFPT, of the English Pigmented fungiform papillae of the tongue, is an asymptomatic, nonprogressive condition that occurs in dark-skinned people, in which the fungiform papillae change their color natural pink, to a range of brown to black. The aim of our study is to report and describe the clinical, dermatoscopic and histological characteristics of the PFPT for the first time in a series of Ecuadorian patients. A simple prospective study at the Garzón Dermatological Specialty Center, a two-year period. The inclusion criteria was lingual change of color, demographic, clinical data were collected; photographs, dermatoscopy, and biopsy, for staining with hematoxylin-eosin and FontanaMason. We examined 8,640 patients, 15 (12 women, 3 men) were diagnosed with PFTP. The range of age was 31 years, all were mestizos, with skin phototype predominant III and IV. The range of evolution time in years was 5.8. None had family or personal precedents related to the pathology. The clinical evaluation showed that the pattern of distribution according to the Holzwanger classification in the great majority was type II (13/15). In all cases, the dermatoscopy and histology were specific, demonstrating typical and evidential findings of PFPT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms , Taste Buds/pathology , Tongue Diseases/pathology , Hyperpigmentation/pathology , Melanins/analysis , Tongue Diseases/etiology , Biopsy , Prospective Studies , Demographic Data , Mycosis Fungoides/complications , Hyperpigmentation/etiology , Dermoscopy/methods , Coloring Agents , Ecuador
13.
ABCS health sci ; 44(2): 147-150, 11 out 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022408

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O processo de hiperpigmentação cutânea envolve mecanismos bioquímicos e imunológicos que estimulam a melanogênese e apesar da nefrotoxicidade consistir na reação adversa mais relevante da polimixina B, o antimicrobiano também está associado a esta alteração. RELATO DE CASO: Caso 1: paciente masculino diagnosticado com Linfoma de Hodgkin, que desenvolveu hiperpigmentação cutânea após iniciar tratamento com meropenem, anidulafungina e polimixina B devido a um quadro de choque séptico. Caso 2: paciente masculino admitido na UTI por rebaixamento do nível de consciência e suspeita de IAMCSST, diagnosticado com endocardite e pericardite, que também apresentou hiperpigmentação cutânea durante terapia com anfotericina B e polimixina B. CONCLUSÃO: Após criteriosa avaliação da ordem cronológica e medicamentos utilizados pelos pacientes, concluímos que a polimixina B desencadeou a hiperpigmentação em ambos. Por fim, baseado ao mecanismo desta reação e aos achados científicos, estudos clínicos que possam evidenciar um provável efeito farmacológico com o uso de antagonistas H2 são necessários.


INTRODUCTION: The skin hyperpigmentation process involves biochemical and immunological mechanisms that stimulate melanogenesis and although nephrotoxicity consists of the most relevant adverse reaction of polymyxin B, it is also associated with this changes. CASE REPORT: Case 1: male patient, diagnosed with Hodgkin's Lymphoma, who developed skin hyperpigmentation after starting treatment with meropenem, anidulafungin and polymyxin B due to a septic shock. Case 2: male patient, admitted to the ICU for decreased level of consciousness and suspected STEMI, diagnosed with endocarditis and pericarditis, who also presented skin hyperpigmentation during therapy with amphotericin B and polymyxin B. CONCLUSION: After careful evaluation of chronological order and drugs used by patients, we conclude that polymyxin B caused hyperpigmentation in both patients. Finally, based on the mechanism of this reaction and the scientific findings, clinical studies that may evidence a probable pharmacological effect with the use of H2 antagonists are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Polymyxin B/administration & dosage , Polymyxin B/adverse effects , Polymyxin B/therapeutic use , Hyperpigmentation/pathology , Hyperpigmentation/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 361-362, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011102

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Perinevic dermatosis neglecta is an underestimated skin condition usually affecting children and adolescents, characterized by the appearance of dirt-like brownish pigmentation around a preexisting nevus and often a matter of concern for parents. We describe the clinical and dermoscopic findings in a case of perinaevic dermatosis neglecta and discuss the possible etiology of this phenomenon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Melanoma/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/etiology , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Hyperpigmentation/complications , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential , Ethanol/therapeutic use , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Nevus, Pigmented/complications
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766583

ABSTRACT

Skin disease can be caused by high temperature, and it is related to the temperature regulation mechanism of human body, adaptation reaction to temperature change, and health problems due to the recent problematic climate change. In hyperthermia, hot and dry skin is typical manifestation, and sometimes the skin color turns red. On the other hand, the skin color can become pale in severe febrile convulsion. Burn is a skin damage caused by heat, and not only the skin but also the underlying tissues can be destroyed in severe case. It is important to determine the degree and extent of the burn to treat adequately. In the case of severe burns, systemic treatment and prevention of infection or shock should be needed. Miliaria, also called “sweat rash,” occurs when the sweat is accumulated as the sweat gland is closed and sweat cannot be secreted to the surface of the skin. The basis of treating miliaria is to keep the patient in a cool environment. Erythema ab igne is defined as a network of hyperpigmentation that occurs after prolonged exposure to heat that is not enough to cause burn. It may disappear when exposure to heat is interrupted, but it may remain permanently. The extent and mechanism of heat-induced skin disease very diverse and it should be carefully assessed for the severity of each disease, the treatment method and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Burns , Climate Change , Erythema , Fever , Hand , Hot Temperature , Human Body , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Methods , Miliaria , Prognosis , Seizures, Febrile , Shock , Skin Diseases , Skin Pigmentation , Skin , Sweat , Sweat Glands
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759788

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Many researchers have sought to identify safe, natural herbal extracts that exert an anti-melanogenesis effect. Cinnamomi cortex has been widely used as a herbal medicine in Asia and Europe. OBJECTIVE: To confirm the inhibitory effects of Cinnamomi cortex extract against melanogenesis and inflammation and to elucidate the underlying mechanism of these actions. METHODS: Effects of Cinnamomi cortex extract on melanin synthesis and tyrosinase activity in B16F10 melanoma cells were evaluated using an ELISA reader. Tyrosinase and MITF protein expression was determined using western blotting. Nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 cells was measured using Griess reaction. PGE₂ was assayed with an ELISA kit. RESULTS: Cinnamomi cortex extracts inhibited melanin synthesis, tyrosinase activity, and MITF and tyrosinase expression through regulation of the ERK and CREB genes in α-MSH-induced B16 melanoma cells. In addition, Cinnamomi cortex extracts inhibited the expression of NO, PGE₂, and pro-inflammatory cytokines in lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 cells. CONCLUSION: We suggest that Cinnamomi cortex may be a potentially useful agent for treating inflammatory skin diseases such as hyperpigmentation based on its inhibitory effects against melanin synthesis and inflammation response in vitro.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Asia , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Europe , Herbal Medicine , Hyperpigmentation , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammation , Melanins , Melanoma , Melanoma, Experimental , Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor , Monophenol Monooxygenase , Nitric Oxide , Skin Diseases
18.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 265-271, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762926

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: To report the prevalence of patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR) tubercular spondylodiscitis and their outcomes. Additionally, to assess the role of Xpert MTB/RIF assay in early detection of MDR tuberculosis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: MDR tuberculosis is increasing globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) has strongly recommended Xpert MTB/RIF assay for early detection of tuberculosis. METHODS: From 2006 to 2015, a retrospective study was conducted on patients treated for MDR tuberculosis of the spine. Only patients whose diagnosis was confirmed using either culture and/or the Xpert MTB/RIF assay were included. Diagnostic method, treatment regimen, time taken to initiate second-line antituberculosis treatment (ATT), drug-related complications, and cost of medications were analyzed. All patients with MDR were treated according to the WHO recommendations for 2 years. The outcome parameters analyzed included clinical, biochemical, and radiological criteria to assess healing status. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2015, a total of 730 patients were treated for tubercular spondylodiscitis. Of those, 36 had MDR tubercular spondylitis (prevalence, 4.9%), and three had extremely drug resistant tubercular spondylitis (prevalence, 0.4%). In this study, 30 patients, with a mean age of 29 years and a mean post-treatment follow-up of 24 months, were enrolled. The majority (77%) had secondary MDR, 17 (56%) underwent surgery, and 26 (87%) completed treatment for 2 years and were healed. Drug-related complications (33%) included ototoxicity, hypothyroidism, and hyperpigmentation of the skin. The average time taken for initiation of second line ATT for MDR patients with Xpert MTB/RIF assay as the diagnostic tool was 18 days, when compared to patients for whom the assay was not available which was 243 days. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of MDR tubercular spondylodiscitis was 4.9%. In total, 87% of patients were healed with adequate treatment. The sensitivity and specificity of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay to detect MDR was 100% and 92.3%, respectively.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Discitis , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Hypothyroidism , Methods , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin , Spine , Spondylitis , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant , World Health Organization
19.
Rev. méd. hered ; 29(4): 238-242, oct.-dic 2018. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1014329

ABSTRACT

La colistina o polimixina E es un antibiótico cuyo uso fue descontinuado por la toxicidad renal y neurológica relacionadas al uso de colistina sulfato. Estos efectos adversos han disminuido con el uso del profármaco colistimetato sódico. Actualmente el uso de colistina es más frecuente debido al incremento de infecciones ocasionadas por bacilos Gram negativos multirresistentes, sobre todo en las unidades de cuidados intensivos. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 50 años de edad con antecedente de consumo de anti-inflamatorios no esteroideos y corticoides, pos- operada de perforación gástrica que evolucionó con colecciones abdominales por Acinetobacter sp. multirresistente. Recibió 34 días de colistina endovenosa y desarrolló hiperpigmentación cutánea, ataxia (neurotoxicidad) y falla renal (nefrotoxicidad) de forma secuencial secundaria a la administración de colistina, los efectos adversos desaparecieron con la suspensión del antibiótico. (AU)


Colistin or polymycin E is an antibiotic that was discontinued due to its renal and neurologic toxicity related to its colistin sulfate content. These adverse effects have been reduced with the use of sodium colistemathe. There is currently a more frequent use of colistin due to an increase of multi-resistant Gram negative infections, particularly in intensive care units. We present the case of a 50-year-old woman with history of surgery due to gastric perforation, use of steroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, that developed intra-abdominal abscesses due to multidrug resistant Acinetobacter spp. She received 34 days of intravenous colistin and developed skin hyperpigmentation, ataxia and renal failure. These adverse effects disappeared with discontinuation of the drug. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hyperpigmentation , Colistin/toxicity , Colistin/therapeutic use , Neurotoxicity Syndromes
20.
Dermatol. pediátr. latinoam. (En línea) ; 13(2): 66-76, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-982665

ABSTRACT

La hipermelanosis nevoide lineal o espiralada es un trastorno esporádico poco frecuente que es caracterizado por máculas hiperpigmentadas, reticuladas o lineales que siguen las líneas de Blaschko.En este artículo se presenta el caso de una infante de 1 año 6 meses con hipermelanosis nevoide. No hubo antecedentes familiares.Esta entidad no ha sido reportada en Ecuador. Se expone un caso clásico en relación a la literatura y sustentado en el examen histopatológico.


Linear or spiral nevus hypermelanosis is a rare sporadic disorder that is characterized by hyperpigmented, reticulated or linear macules that follow the Blaschko lines.This article presents the case of a 1 year old infant 6 months with nevoid hypermelanosis. There was no family history. This entity has not been reported in Ecuador. A classic case is presented in relation to the literature and supported by histopathological examination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome , Hyperpigmentation , Ecuador , Pigmentation Disorders , Skin Pigmentation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL