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1.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 357-361, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986861

ABSTRACT

Placental transmogrification of the lung (PTL) is a very rare benign lung lesion. There are only about 40 cases reported in the literature. The imaging and histological features of PTL cases in the publication are various, most of which are cystic and a few of which are solid. Being extremely rare, the solid PTL is unknown to major pathologists and surgeons. We reported a case of solid PTL in the anterior mediastinum. The patient was a 52-year-old male with no history of smoking and without symptoms. During physical examination, chest CT revealed a circular low-density lesion with a maximum diameter of 2.9 cm beside the spine in the posterior basal segment of the left lower lobe of the lung. The wedge resection was performed by video-assisted thoracoscopy. Grossly, a round nodule was located underneath the visceral pleura. It was about 3.0 cm×3.0 cm×1.6 cm and the cut surface was grey-red, soft and spongy. Microscopically, the nodule was constituted of papillare, which resembled placental villi at low magnification. The axis of papillae was edema, in which some mild round cells with clear cytoplasm and CD10 positive staining aggregated and transitioned to immature adipocytes and amorphous pink materials deposited with a few of inflammatory cells infiltration. The surface of papillae was covered with disconti-nuous alveolar epithelium. Combined with the typical morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics of CD10 positive, the diagnosis was PTL. The patient was followed up for 1 year without recurrence and discomfort. So far, the pathogenesis of PTL is unclear. The major hypotheses include hamartoma, variant of emphysema and clonal hyperplasia of stromal cells. Based on the study of our case and publication, we speculate that the hyperplasia of stromal cells located in the alveolar septa might be the first step to form the solid PTL. With the progression of the disease, a typical unilateral cystic nodule develops as a result of secondary cystic degeneration due to the occlusive valve effect. Surgery is the only option for diagnosis and treatment of PTL. The clinician should make an individualized operation plan according to the clinical manifestations, location and scope of the lesion, and preserve the surrounding normal lung tissue as much as possible while completely removing the lesion. There is a favorable prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Middle Aged , Hyperplasia/pathology , Placenta/pathology , Lung/pathology , Pulmonary Emphysema/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(5): 682-687, mayo 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409849

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We report a 27 -year-old male referred because of hypergonadotropic hypogonadism with low testosterone and azoospermia. At 23 years of age, he underwent an excision of a hypoechoic 0.7 cm nodule of the left testicle. The pathological diagnosis was a Leydig cell tumor. In the right testicle, there were three nodules at ultrasound, the biggest measuring 0.6 cm. Four years later, the nodules in the right testicle were still present and the larger nodule was excised. The biopsy showed tubules with only Sertoli cells in the perinodular zone. Diffuse and nodular hyperplasia of the Leydig cells was found in the interstitium. The pathological diagnosis was Sertoli syndrome with severe hyperplasia of the Leydig cells. With testosterone therapy, LH decreased, and the nodules disappeared. Thereafter, upon interrupting therapy, LH increased, and the nodules reappeared in two occasions. Resuming testosterone treatment, the nodules disappeared again, suggesting a Leydig cell hyperplasia dependent on chronic LH stimulation.


Presentamos un varón de 27 años referido por hipogonadismo hipergonadotrófico con testosterona baja y azoospermia. El paciente tenía el antecedente de un nódulo sólido hipoecogénico de 0,7 cm en el testículo izquierdo, extirpado los 23 años de edad en el año 2002 y diagnosticado patológicamente como tumor de células de Leydig. En ese año se encontraron tres nódulos en el testículo derecho por ultrasonografía, el mayor de 0,6 cm. Cuatro años después, en 2007, los micronódulos del testículo derecho seguían presentes. El mayor de ellos fue extirpado. En la biopsia, había túbulos con solo células de Sertoli en la zona perinodular. En el intersticio había hiperplasia difusa y nodular de las células de Leydig. El diagnóstico patológico fue un síndrome de Sertoli con severa hiperplasia de células de Leydig. La terapia con testosterona disminuyó la LH y los nódulos inesperadamente desaparecieron. En dos ocasiones, al interrumpir esta terapia, la LH aumentó y los nódulos reaparecieron. Este proceso revirtió nuevamente con el uso de testosterona, sugiriendo una hiperplasia de células de Leydig dependiente del estímulo crónico de LH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Testosterone/pharmacology , Hypogonadism/pathology , Hypogonadism/drug therapy , Sertoli Cells/pathology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Leydig Cells/pathology
3.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(1): 25-28, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392239

ABSTRACT

La hiperplasia pseudoangiomatosa estromal de la mama es una patología benigna de rara aparición en mujeres, que hoy en día sigue generando incertidumbre en cuanto a su manifestación y al tratamiento definitivo. Nuestro objetivo será detallar el manejo y los resultados obtenidos luego de tratar a una paciente con esta patología atendida en hospital público durante la pandemia, que presentó gigantomastia bilateral a expensas de crecimiento y simetrización de mama contralateral afectada por HEP durante su estado gravídico.


Pseudoangimatous stromal hyperplasia of the breast, is a pathology of rare appearance, in women, which today continues to generate uncertainty regarding its manifestation and definitive treatment. Our objective will be to detail the management and results obtained after treating a patient with this pathology in a public hospital during a pandemic. who presented bilateral gigantomastia at the expense of growth and symmetrization of the contralateral breast affected by HEP during her pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Breast Diseases/therapy , Pregnancy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Stillbirth , Fetal Death , Hyperplasia/pathology , Angiomatosis/pathology
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18912, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364430

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to establish and compare models of mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) with hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) using two different methods. The models provide information on the relationship between mammary gland hyperplasia and associated hormones. Model A was constructed using intramuscular injections of estradiol benzoate injection (EBI), followed by progesterone (P), and then metoclopramide dihydrochloride (MDI). Model B was designed by administering MDI, follow by EBI, and then P intramuscularly. Model B showed higher MGH progression compared with model A. Notably, increase in estradiol (E2) was negatively correlated with prolactin (PRL) secretion. However, PRL levels in model B were significantly higher compared with the levels in model A. Estrogen (ER), prolactin receptor (PRLR), and progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA and protein expression levels in model B rats were positively correlated with changes in the corresponding hormone levels. However, E2, P, and PRL levels in model A showed no direct relationship with levels of the mRNAs of related hormones and protein expression levels. Our results suggest that model B is an appropriate model of MGH with HPRL that can be used to perform further studies about the interactions of the E2, P, and PRL hormones in this disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Hyperprolactinemia , Hyperplasia/pathology , Progesterone , Prolactin , Receptors, Prolactin , Receptors, Progesterone , Blotting, Western/methods , Bodily Secretions , Mammary Glands, Human/anatomy & histology , Injections, Intramuscular/adverse effects , Injections, Intramuscular/instrumentation , Methods
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 476-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze radiological characteristics of Muller-Weiss disease, evaluate the clinical value of the imaging examination in diagnosis of Muller-Weiss disease.@*METHODS@#The imaging data of 26 patients with Muller-Weiss disease were collected from September 2015 to August 2020, including 7 males and 19 females, aged 43 to 68 years old with an average of (52.7±4.6) years old. In the X-ray examination observed the shape and position of the navicular bone. The talar-first metatarsal angle(TFM) was measured on the weight-bearing anteroposterior radiograph. The arch angle and angle between mid-axis of talus and mid-axis of the first metatarsal(Meary angle) were measured on the weight-bearing lateral radiographs. The morphology, density, adjacent joint space and position of the navicular bone were evaluated by computed tomography(CT), and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) was used to observe the shape, signal, cartilage and surrounding soft tissue changes of the navicular bone.@*RESULTS@#Among 26 patients, 21 cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral;X-ray examination showed that the lateral part of navicular bone of foot was compressed and flattened, showing"comma like"or"drop like", navicular moved to the medial side, partial fragmentation of bone, peripheral articular hyperplasia, uneven density and narrowing of relationship gap. According to Meary angle and deformity degree of the affected foot on the lateral X-ray of the load-bearing foot, Maceira staging was performed. There were 0 cases in stageⅠ, 2 cases in stage Ⅱ, 11 cases in stage Ⅲ, 9 cases in stage Ⅳand 4 cases in stage Ⅴ. CT examination showed bone fragmentation, medial displacement of navicular bone and formation of the talocalcaneal joint. MRI examination showed the irregular shape and uneven signal of navicular bone, narrowing of joint space, talocalcaneal joint surface hyperplasia and cartilage destruction, tarsal joint effusion and swelling of surrounding soft tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Muller-Weiss disease has specific imaging manifestation, and an accurate diagnosis can be made based on the patient's age, gender, and clinincal history. Preoperative imaging examination can stage the disease, help clinicians to formulate better surgical plans, and postoperative imaging examination can better evaluate the surgical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cartilage Diseases , Foot Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hyperplasia/pathology , Talus/pathology , Tarsal Bones/surgery , Tarsal Joints
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 908-912, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Review and analyze the characteristics of bone marrow cell morphology in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and explore the diagnostic value of bone marrow cell morphology for the early identification of EBV infection.@*METHODS@#A total of 33 patients with EBV-DNA positive detection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 2018 to May 2021 were collected as the research objects. Bone marrow cell morphology and peripheral blood cell analysis were performed, and the significance in disease diagnosis was analyzed by statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#The sampling satisfaction of 33 patients with EBV infection was 100%. In the clinical diagnosis of all cases, 7 cases were IM, 17 cases were EBV-HLH, 3 cases were lymphoma, 2 cases were EBV-associated lymphoid hyperplasia, and 4 cases were not diagnosed. Among them, 31 patients had active bone marrow hyperplasia or above, 26 patients had active granulocytic hyperplasia or above, 21 patients had active erythroid hyperplasia or above, and 17 cases of megakaryocyte production platelet function decreased. The abnormal components of bone marrow mainly indude atypical lymphocyte cells (33 cases), hemophagocytic cells (22 cases), abnormal histiocyte (10 cases).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the proliferation of granulocytes, erythrocytes and megakaryocytes in the bone marrow, and the emergence of abnormal components such as atypical lymphocytes, hemophagocyte, abnormal histiocyte. Bone marrow cell morphological examination can indicate the possibility of EBV infection, which is certain diagnostic value for early identification of EBV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Diseases/pathology , China , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Hyperplasia/pathology
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 607-611, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936264

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of neonatal adenoid development and to study the relationship between neonatal adenoid development and disease. Methods: A retrospective analysis of neonates who received an electronic rhinopharyngolaryngoscope at Shenzhen Children's Hospital from January 2019 to December 2020 was conducted to track the children's medical history and to analyze the adenoid development status. All 131 neonates successfully completed the electronic laryngoscopy. According to the presence or absence of visible adenoid hyperplasia, they were divided into a hyperplasia group (81 cases, 61.83%) and an un-hyperplasia group (50 cases, 38.17%). Results: Compared with the un-hyperplasia group, the age and birth weight of the adenoid hyperplasia group were larger, and the difference was statistically significant (Z age=-4.634,Z weight=-2.273,all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in gender and gestational age between the two groups. The number of neonates with rhinitis/sinusitis in the hyperplasia group were significantly more than those in the un-hyperplasia group (62.96% vs 48%). Conclusion: The development of neonatal adenoids is related to daily age, birth weight, but not significantly related to gender and gestational age.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Adenoids/pathology , Birth Weight , Hyperplasia/pathology , Nasopharyngeal Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis/pathology
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 602-606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936263

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and short-term effect of tensor tympani muscle Tenotomy in the treatment of Meniere's disease under otoscope. The possible pathogenesis was discussed and our views were put forward. Methods: The clinical data of 9 cases of Meniere's disease treated by otoscopic Tenotomy were analyzed retrospectively, including 2 males, 7 females, 5 right ones, 2 left ones and 2 bilateral ones. The average age was (56.33± 10.56) years, ranging from 38 to 75 years. We evaluated intraoperative findings and short-term postoperative efficacy, respectively evaluated postoperative aural fullness, tinnitus and hearing recovery, and evaluated postoperative vertigo attack in a short time. Results: Nine patients were completed the operation under general anaesthesia and otoscopy, and no serious complications occurred. We found new pathological changes in tympanic cavity in some cases during operation. There were rupture of round window membrane in 1 case, severe fibrous hyperplasia near the round window membrane and vestibular window and adhesion with ossicular chain in 1 case, fibrous cord and membranous hyperplasia near vestibular window and round window membrane in 1 case, fibrous hyperplasia and adhesion near the round window membrane in 2 cases, membranous hyperplasia and adhesion around vestibular window in 1 case. No fibrous hyperplasia was found in 3 cases in the tympanic cavity. The round window membrane can be exposed in 4 cases and failed in 5 cases. After 3 months of follow-up, we found that we found that 5/5 cases of aural fullness disappeared, 2/2 cases of earache disappeared, 3/8 cases of tinnitus improved, 5/8 cases presented with improvement and no aggravation, 3/3 cases of hearing allergy improved, 4/9 cases of hearing improved, and 5/9 cases showed no improvement or decrease. 9 patients were followed up for 3 months, of whom 8 patients had no vertigo, one patient suffered from vertigo twice within 3 months after operation, and the patient suffered from rupture of round window membrane. Conclusions: Endoscopic Tenotomy for Meniere's disease has obvious curative effect and quick recovery after operation. During the operation, we find that most of Meniere's patients have fibrous cord hyperplasia near the inner ear window membrane, which may be the pathological manifestation after repeated rupture and repair of the inner ear window membrane. The vertigo of Meniere's disease may be related to the destruction and repair of inner ear membrane structure caused by improper contraction or spasm of tympanic tensor muscle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hyperplasia/pathology , Meniere Disease/surgery , Otoscopes/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tenotomy/adverse effects , Tensor Tympani/surgery , Tinnitus/complications , Vertigo/etiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 96-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935483

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of very well-differentiated adenocarcinoma (VWDA) of the stomach. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 12 cases of VWDA of the stomach were collected retrospectively at the People's Liberation Army Joint Logistics Support Force 989 Hospital (formerly 152 Hospital), Pingdingshan, China, from January 2013 to May 2021. The histological characteristics and immunophenotypes were observed and analyzed with review of current literature. Results: There were 8 males and 4 females with a median age of 63 years (range 47 to 80 years). The tumor involved in the upper part of the stomach in 6 cases, the middle part in 2 cases, and the lower part in 4 cases. The median diameter of the tumors was 17 mm (range 5-65 mm). The tumor cells were similar to absorbent cells, Paneth cells, foveolar epithelial cells, and goblet cells. The cells were arranged in a single layer, and the nuclei were slightly enlarged and located at the base. The nuclei were fusiform to slightly irregular, with loss of nuclear polarity. Early tubular VWDA was found in 9 cases, and the tumor glands were similar to intestinal metaplasia. In two cases the tumors infiltrated into the submucosa. The lesions in the mucosa and submucosa showed the glands with cystic expansion, bending, branching, spiky and abortive growth pattern. One case of early papillary tubular VWDA was confined to the mucosal layer and composed of foveolar-type epithelial cells. There were two cases of advanced papillary tubular VWDA, which consisted of foveolar-type epithelial, pyloric glands, or mucinous neck cells and were associated with intra-lymphatic cancer embolus and lymph node metastases. Background mucosal atrophy and intestinal metaplasia were observed in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining showed intestinal type VWDA in 1 case, mixed gastrointestinal type VWDA in 9 cases, and gastric type VWDA in 2 cases. The Ki-67 proliferation index of 8 cases limited to the mucosa was 40%-70%, 2 cases of infiltration into the submucosa and 2 cases of advanced carcinoma was 10%-25%. All the tumors showed a wild type of p53 protein expression pattern and negative HER2. Adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia was diagnosed on preoperative biopsy in 5 cases, and chronic atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia in 7 cases. The median follow-up time was 28 months (range 12-72 months). No recurrence was found in the 10 patients with early cancer. Of the two patients with advanced carcinoma, one patient had lung metastases and the other died. Conclusions: Gastric VWDA is a rare low-grade malignancy with structural features of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma and extremely low cytological atypia. The diagnostic value of structural abnormality is significantly greater than cytological atypia. The invasive growth of irregular glands in the deep mucosa and submucosa is reliable evidence for diagnosis. The diagnosis of intramucosal VWDA is challenging and very difficult in some biopsy specimens.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 399-407, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Reactive hyperplastic lesions develop in response to a chronic injury simulating an exuberant tissue repair response. They represent some of the most common oral lesions including inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, oral pyogenic granuloma, giant cell fibroma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, and peripheral giant cell lesions. Objective The incidence of those lesions was investigated in an oral pathology service, and the clinical characteristics, associated etiological factors, concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was determined. Methods A total of 2400 patient records were screened from 2006 to 2016. Clinical features were recorded from biopsy reports and patients' files. Results A total of 534 cases of reactive hyperplastic lesions were retrieved and retrospectively studied, representing 22.25% of all diagnoses. The most frequent lesion was inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (72.09%), followed by oral pyogenic granuloma (11.79%), giant cell fibroma (7.30%), peripheral ossifying fibroma (5.24%), and peripheral giant cell lesions (3.55%). Females were predominantly affected (74.19%), the gingiva and alveolar ridge were the predominant anatomical site (32.89%), and chronic traumatism was presented as the main etiological factor. The age widely ranges from the 1st decade of life to the 7th. Clinically, the reactive hyperplastic lesions consisted of small lesions (0.5-2 cm) and shared a strong likeness in color to the oral mucosa. The concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was high (82.5%). Conclusion Reactive hyperplastic lesions had a high incidence among oral pathologies. The understanding of their clinical features helps to achieve a clearer clinical and etiological diagnosis, and the knowledge of factors related to their development. This may contribute to adequate treatment and positive prognosis.


Resumo Introdução As lesões hiperplásicas reativas se desenvolvem em resposta a uma lesão crônica que estimula uma resposta acentuada de reparo tecidual. Elas representam uma das lesões orais mais comuns, inclusive hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória, granuloma piogênico oral, fibroma de células gigantes, fibroma periférico ossificante e lesão periférica de células gigantes. Objetivo A incidência dessas lesões foi investigada em um serviço de patologia bucal e as características clínicas, os fatores etiológicos associados e a concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico foram determinados. Método Foram selecionados 2.400 registros de pacientes entre 2006 e 2016. As características clínicas foram registradas a partir de laudos de biópsia e dos prontuários dos pacientes. Resultados Um total de 534 casos de lesões hiperplásicas reativas foram recuperados e retrospectivamente estudados, representando 22,25% de todos os diagnósticos. A lesão mais frequente foi hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (72,09%), seguida por granuloma piogênico oral (11,79%), fibroma de células gigantes, (7,30%), fibroma periférico ossificante (5,24%) e lesão periférica de células gigantes (3,55%). O sexo feminino foi predominante (74,19%), a gengiva e a crista alveolar foram o local anatômico predominante (32,89%) e o traumatismo crônico foi demonstrado como o principal fator etiológico. A idade variou desde a 1ª década de vida até a 7ª. Clinicamente, as LHR consistiram em pequenas lesões (0,5 a 2 cm) que apresentaram uma forte semelhança de cor com a mucosa oral. A concordância entre o diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico foi alta (82,5%). Conclusão As lesões hiperplásicas reativas apresentaram alta incidência entre as patologias bucais. A compreensão das características clínicas ajuda na realização de um diagnóstico clínico e etiológico mais claro, bem como determinar os fatores relacionados ao seu desenvolvimento. Dessa forma contribui para um tratamento adequado e um prognóstico positivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hyperplasia/pathology , Mouth/pathology , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Giant Cells/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Granuloma, Pyogenic/congenital , Granuloma, Pyogenic/pathology , Fibroma, Ossifying/etiology , Fibroma, Ossifying/pathology , Fibroma/etiology , Fibroma/pathology , Hyperplasia/classification , Hyperplasia/etiology , Mouth Diseases/classification , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4635, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012003

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the anti-hyperglycemic effects of Plathymenia reticulata hydroalcoholic extract and related changes in body weight, lipid profile and the pancreas. Methods: Diabetes was induced in 75 adult male Wistar rats via oral gavage of 65mg/Kg of streptozotocin. Rats were allocated to one of 8 groups, as follows: diabetic and control rats treated with water, diabetic and control rats treated with 100mg/kg or 200mg/kg of plant extract, and diabetic and control rats treated with glyburide. Treatment consisted of oral gavage for 30 days. Blood glucose levels and body weight were measured weekly. Animals were sacrificed and lipid profile and pancreatic tissue samples analyzed. Statistical analysis consisted of ANOVA, post-hoc Tukey-Kramer, paired Student's t and χ2 tests; the level of significance was set at 5%. Results: Extract gavage at 100mg/kg led to a decrease in blood glucose levels in diabetic rats in the second, third (198.71±65.27 versus 428.00±15.25) and fourth weeks (253.29±47.37 versus 443.22±42.72), body weight loss (13.22±5.70 versus 109.60±9.95) and lower cholesterol levels (58.75±3.13 versus 80.11±4.01) in control rats. Extract gavage at 200mg/Kg led to a decrease in glucose levels on the fourth week in diabetic rats, body weight loss in the second, third and fourth weeks in control rats, and lower cholesterol levels in diabetic and control rats. Islet hyperplasia (p=0.005) and pancreatic duct dilation (p=0.047) were observed in diabetic and control rats. Conclusion: Plathymenia extract reduced blood glucose levels in diabetic rats, and body weight in control rats, and promoted pancreatic islet hyperplasia in diabetic and control rats.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito anti-hiperglicêmico do extrato hidroalcoólico de Plathymenia reticulata, alterações no peso, lipídeos e efeito sobre o pâncreas. Métodos: O diabetes foi induzido pela administração de estreptozotocina 65mg/kg, em 75 ratos Wistar adultos machos, divididos em 8 grupos diferentes: ratos diabéticos e controle + água, ratos diabéticos e controle + 100mg/kg ou 200mg/kg de extrato, ratos diabéticos e controle + gliburida. O tratamento foi realizado por gavagem (oral) por 30 dias. Níveis de glicose e peso foram verificados semanalmente. Os animais foram sacrificados, e amostras de lipídeos e do pâncreas foram analisadas. A análise estatística incluiu ANOVA, post-hoc Tukey-Kramer, teste t de Student pareado e teste do χ2, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: O extrato 100mg/kg promoveu redução nos níveis de glicose sanguínea em ratos diabéticos na segunda, terceira (198,71±65,27 versus 428,00±15,25) e quarta semanas (253,29±47,37 versus 443,22±42,72), perda de peso (13,22±5,70 versus 109,60±9,95) e diminuição do colesterol (58,75±3,13 versus 80,11±4,01) em ratos controle. Com extrato de 200mg/kg, houve redução dos níveis de glicose na quarta semana, nos ratos diabéticos; de peso na segunda, terceira e quarta semanas, nos ratos controle; e de colesterol nos animais diabéticos e controle. Ocorreram hiperplasia de ilhotas (p=0,005) e dilatação dos ductos pancreáticos (p=0,047) em ratos diabéticos e controles. Conclusão: O extrato de Plathymenia reduziu os níveis de glicose em ratos diabéticos e de peso em ratos controle, além de ter promovido hiperplasia de ilhotas pancreáticas em diabéticos e controles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Fabaceae , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight/drug effects , Cholesterol , Rats, Wistar , Streptozocin , Plant Leaves , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Hyperplasia/pathology , Phytotherapy
13.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 37(4): 301-304, oct.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991271

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar si la localización y el tamaño de los adenomas de colon se asocian con la presencia de displasia de alto grado en los pacientes de un hospital peruano. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio trasversal mediante la revisión de informes de colonoscopías de los años 2014-2015 del Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrión, incluyéndose los pólipos de pacientes mayores de 18 años; y excluyéndose los de pacientes con cáncer de colon, antecedente de cirugía oncológica, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal y poliposis (6 o más). Se extrajeron los datos de localización (colon proximal y distal, división a partir del ángulo esplénico), tamaño (menos de 10 mm y 10 mm o más), forma (pediculados y sésiles) y grado de displasia (bajo y alto grado). Se calculó la fuerza de asociación mediante OR, se determinó si existía asociación a través de la prueba Chi cuadrado, con nivel de significancia menor a 0,05. Resultados: De un total de 1710 informes de colonoscopías revisadas, 378 personas tuvieron pólipos, calculando una tasa de detección de adenomas de 22,1%. De los 458 pólipos encontrados 254 fueron adenomas. Se demostró una asociación significativa entre la localización en colon distal y displasia de alto grado (OR 2,68 IC 1,12-6,42, p<0.05); asimismo, los adenomas mayores o iguales a 10 mm tuvieron más riesgo de displasia de alto grado (OR 7,75 IC 3,05-19,69, p<0.05). No se encontró asociación entre la forma de los adenomas y grado de displasia. Conclusión: Se concluye que el tamaño de 10 mm o más y la localización en colon distal se asocian a displasia de alto grado en los adenomas.


Objective: To determine whether localization and size are related to the presence of high-grade dysplasia of colon adenomas in patients of a Peruvian hospital. Materials and methods: This is a descriptive transversal study. We checked colonoscopy reports of 2014-2015 years of Hospital Daniel Alcides Carrion, we included the polyps found in patients older than 18 years old, and excluded reports from patients with colorectal cancer, an antecedent of oncological surgery, inflammatory bowel disease and polyposis (6 or more). We used data based on localization (proximal and distal colon, based on the splenic angle), size (less than 10 mm and 10 mm or more), shape (pediculate and sessile) and grade of dysplasia (low and high-grade). We calculated the strength of association by OR, and we determined whether there was association by Chi-square test with a significance value less than 0.05. Results: We reviewed a total of 1710 of colonoscopy reports, 378 patients had polyps, so the adenoma detection rate was 22.1%. There were 458 polyps, from which 254 were adenomas. From these adenomas, we found an association between distal colon localization and high-grade dysplasia (OR 2.68 IC 1.12-6.42, p<0.05); likewise, there was an association between the size of the adenomas and high-grade dysplasia (OR 7.75 IC 3.05-19.69, p<0.05). We did not find any association between the shape and grade of dysplasia. Conclusion: This study concludes that there is an association between the size of 10 mm or more and localization in the distal colon with high-grade dysplasia of adenomas.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenoma/pathology , Colonic Polyps/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Organ Specificity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colonoscopy , Intestinal Polyposis/pathology , Tumor Burden , Hyperplasia/pathology , Inflammation
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(8): 1021-1027, ago. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902580

ABSTRACT

Background: 99mTc-sestamibi parathyroid SPECT scintigraphy is a useful tool in the pre-operative study of hyperparathyroidism. False negatives (FN) have been reported in 5.7-14% of the examinations. Aim: To characterize 99mTc-sestamibi FN in cases referred for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) to a university hospital. Material and Methods: Descriptive retrospective analysis. We included patients with PHP, studied with SPECT scintigraphy, operated at our center between 2008 and 2015. Clinical and surgical data were recorded; biopsies of the FN were blindly reviewed by one pathologist. Results: One hundred twenty one scintigraphies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Seven (5.8%) were negative and 114 positive. There was no difference in age, sex and PTH levels between FN and true positive scintigraphies. At surgery, one FN case had two hyperplasic glands and two cases had ectopic glands. Pathology reported adenoma in three cases, hyperplasia in three and carcinoma in one. The largest diameter of the lesion was lower in FN (1.3 and 2.1 cm respectively, p = 0.02) and the proportion of adenomas was higher in true positive cases (29% and 75% respectively; p < 0.01). The interval between scintigraphy and parathyroidectomy was greater in FN with a median of 92 days (range 20 days-3.2 years, p < 0.01). The percentage of oxyphilic cells observed was similar in both groups. Conclusions: FN parathyroid SPECT scintigraphies in PHP are uncommon. They corresponded to lesions under the equipment's resolution limit and resulted in longer time lags between scintigraphy and surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Parathyroid Glands/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Radiopharmaceuticals , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Parathyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Parathyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Parathyroid Glands/pathology , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Adenoma/pathology , Adenoma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/pathology , False Negative Reactions , Hyperplasia/pathology , Hyperplasia/diagnostic imaging
15.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 32(2): 295-298, 2017. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-847450

ABSTRACT

A Hiperplasia Estromal Pseudoangiomatosa (PASH) é uma doença benigna caracterizada pela proliferação excessiva de fibroblastos e miofibroblastos, podendo levar a um crescimento mamário importante. A apresentação é rara, em especial ocasionando necessidade de mastectomia em pacientes jovens. O estudo apresentou o relato de caso raro de uma paciente de 11 anos de idade, com hipertrofia mamária de rápida progressão, com necessidade de mastectomia e posteriormente mamoplastia de aumento para completa reinserção social.


Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia is a benign disease characterized by excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts, which can lead to significant breast growth. The presentation is rare, especially among young women and cases requiring mastectomy. This report describes a rare case of an 11-year-old female patient with rapidly progressing mammary hypertrophy, who needed mastectomy and then mammoplasty for complete social integration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , History, 21st Century , Breast , Child , Mammaplasty , Myofibroblasts , Fibroblasts , Hyperplasia , Mastectomy , Breast/abnormalities , Breast/surgery , Breast/growth & development , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Myofibroblasts/cytology , Fibroblasts/cytology , Hyperplasia/surgery , Hyperplasia/pathology , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Mastectomy/methods
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 255-258, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126248

ABSTRACT

We describe herein histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular findings and clinical manifestations of a rare case of an extremely well differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma (EWD-PTC). Similarly, it is also difficult to diagnose follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), whose diagnosis is still met with controversy. A recently reported entity of well-differentiated tumor of uncertain malignant potential (WDT-UMP) is added to the diagnostic spectrum harboring EWD-PTC and FVPTC. We report this case, because EWD-PTC is different from FVPTC in its papillary architecture, and also from WDT-UMP in its recurrence and metastatic pattern. These morphologically deceptive entities harbored diagnostic difficulties in the past because the diagnosis depended solely on histology. However, they are now diagnosed with more certainty by virtue of immunohistochemical and molecular studies. We experienced a case of EWD-PTC, which had been diagnosed as adenomatous hyperplasia 20 years ago and manifested recurrence with lymph node (LN) metastasis 7 years later. After another 7 years of follow-up, a new thyroid lesion had developed, diagnosed as FVPTC, with LN metastasis of EWD-PTC. One year later, the patient developed metastatic FVPTC in the skull. Immunohistochemically, the EWD-PTC was focally positive for CK19, negative for galectin-3, and focally negative for CD56. Molecular studies revealed BRAF-positivity and K-RAS negativity. The FVPTC in the left thyroid showed both BRAF and K-RAS negativity. In conclusion, EWD-PTC and FVPTC share similar histologic features, but they are different tumors with different molecular biologic and clinical manifestations. A large cohort of EWD-PTC should be included in further study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary, Follicular/pathology , Galectin 3/analysis , Hyperplasia/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Skull Neoplasms/secondary , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(4): 359-365, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-792590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aimed to evaluate apoptosis by assessing cleaved caspase-3 immunoexpression in hyperplastic, potentially malignant disorder (PMD), and malignant tumors in intraoral and lower lip sites. Material and Methods A retrospective study using paraffin blocks with tissues from patients with inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (IFH), actinic cheilitis, oral leukoplakia, lower lip and intraoral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) was performed. The tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemical analysis with anti-cleaved caspase-3 antibody. Apoptotic area index was then correlated with lesion type. Results From 120 lesions assessed, 55 (46%) were cleaved caspase-3-positive. The SCC samples (n=40) had the highest apoptotic area indices (n=35; 87.5%). Significant differences were detected between SCCs and PMDs (p=0.0003), as well as SCCs and IFHs (p=0.001), regarding caspase-3 immunopositivity. Carcinomas of the lower lip had lower apoptotic area indices than intraoral cancer (p=0.0015). Conclusions Cleaved caspase-3 immunoexpression showed differences in oral SCCs and PMDs and demonstrated a distinct role of apoptosis in carcinogenesis of intraoral and lower lip cancer. In future, the expression of cleaved caspase-3 with other target molecules in oral cancer may be helpful in delineating the prognosis and treatment of these tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/analysis , Prognosis , Leukoplakia, Oral/enzymology , Lip Neoplasms/enzymology , Mouth Neoplasms/enzymology , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/enzymology , Cheilitis/enzymology , Cheilitis/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Paraffin Embedding , Statistics, Nonparametric , Carcinogenesis/pathology , Hyperplasia/enzymology , Hyperplasia/pathology
18.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(5): 466-469, Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-764117

ABSTRACT

Hyperinsulinemia, diagnosed by laboratory tests, should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible to prevent fatal complications such as neurological damage. Patients who are resistant to medical therapy should be treated surgically. Minimally invasive surgery, a newly developed approach, is a good choice among surgical procedures to avoid unnecessary extensive pancreatectomy. Here, a 12-year-old boy is presented with diagnosis of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia who had recurrent attacks of hypoglycemia and seizures from infancy. Because of his unresponsiveness to medical therapy and his family’s preference, he underwent laparoscopic pancreatectomy to reduce morbidity and hospital stay. Two years postsurgical follow-up revealed a normo-glycemic state.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Congenital Hyperinsulinism/surgery , Pancreas/pathology , Congenital Hyperinsulinism/pathology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Laparoscopy/methods , Overweight , Pancreatectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(2): 759-763, jun. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755540

ABSTRACT

The different aspects of unilateral condylar hyperplasia have been studied and continue to be controversial; nevertheless, treatment based on condylectomy has been established as part of the working protocol. The aim of this investigation was to identify the bone repair observed in surgically treated condyles after 1 year using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Nine subjects were included in this study (6 female and 3 male) with an average age of 18.5 years. They had been diagnosed with active unilateral condylar hyperplasia using SPECT, clinical follow-up of progressive facial asymmetry and CBCT. Patients underwent exclusive condylectomy surgery with a piezoelectric system without disc replacement, orthognatic surgery or any other type of adjunct surgical procedure. Later, they were treated orthodontically for dental compensation or as preparation for orthognatic surgery. A CBCT was performed in the first postoperative month and after 1 year from the surgery to analyze variables. The CBCT at 1 month showed a clear and distinct slice of the condyle without defects or irregularities; the distance from the condylar remnant to the articular fossa reached 8.5 mm in the most extreme case. After 1 year, condylar bone remodeling was observed, with areas of lateral and superior curvature and characteristics of normal condyles, with cortical bone present and a maximum distance of 4.5 mm from the condylar fossa. In conclusion, condylar repair and remodeling can be obtained in these types of surgeries and the morphology of resected condyles after 1 year is quite close to normal macroscopic anatomy.


La hiperplasia condilar unilateral ha sido estudiada en diferentes aspectos y continua siendo controversial; aun así, el tratamiento en base a condilectomía se establece como parte del protocolo de trabajo. El objetivo de esta investigación es reconocer la reparación ósea observada en cóndilos operados después de 1 año mediante tomografía computadorizada cone beam (TCCB). Nueve sujetos fueron incluidos en este estudio (6 sexo femenino y 3 sexo masculino) con una edad promedio de 18,5 años; en ellos se realizó el diagnóstico de hiperplasia condilar unilateral activa mediante estudio de SPECT, seguimiento clínico de la asimetría facial progresiva y TCCB. Se realizó la cirugía de condilectomía exclusiva con sistema piezoeléctrico sin reposición de disco, cirugía ortognática u otro tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico adjunto; posteriormente, los pacientes fueron tratados ortodoncicamente para compensación dentaria o para preparación previa a cirugía ortognática. Se realizó TCCB dentro del primer mes postquirúrgico y después de 1 año de realizada la cirugía para análisis de variables. Se observó en la TCCB de 1 mes un corte nítido y neto del cóndilo, sin defectos o irregularidades; la distancia desde el remanente condilar hasta la fosa articular llegó hasta 8,5 mm en el caso máximo. Después de 1 año, se observo remodelación ósea condilar, con áreas de curvatura lateral y superior características de cóndilos normales, con presencia de hueso cortical y con una distancia máxima de 4,5 mm desde la fosa condilar. Se puede concluir que la reparación y remodelación condilar es viable de obtenerse en este tipo de cirugías y que la morfología de cóndilos resecados después de 1 año es bastante próxima de la anatomía macroscópica normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Mandibular Condyle/pathology , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Hyperplasia/pathology , Hyperplasia/surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 75(1): 27-34, abr. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-745616

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hiperplasia condilar (HC) se define como un crecimiento patológico no neoplásico que afecta tanto al tamaño como a la morfología del cóndilo mandibular. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia y riesgos del tratamiento quirúrgico de la HC. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo, serie de casos. Se incluyó a todos los pacientes con diagnóstico de HC tratados en el Hospital Clínico de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile entre enero de 2010 y febrero de 2014. Resultados: Doce pacientes fueron operados en nuestra institución por HC. El promedio de edad fue 19,3 ± 3,4 años. La forma de presentación más frecuente fue presencia de asimetría facial. Todos los pacientes fueron estudiados con SPECT que evidenció diferencia de captación mayor a 50% ± 3,1% entre ambos cóndilos. Todos los pacientes fueron tratados con condilectomía mandibular alta del lado afectado y en 3 casos, se realizó además cirugía ortognática en el mismo tiempo para corrección de maloclusión dental. La mediana de seguimiento fue de meses 16 (5 a 54 meses). En todos los pacientes se evidenció una mejora en la oclusión dental y simetría facial, con desaparición de la disfunción articular previa. Conclusiones: La HC es una entidad de poca frecuencia. La cirugía es eficaz y segura para el tratamiento de la HC.


Introduction: Condylar hiperplasia is defined as a pathological non neoplastic growth which compromises both size and shape of the mandibular condyle and is characterized by progressive facial asymmetry. Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and risks of surgical treatment of HC. Material and method: Descriptive study, cohort of cases. All patients between 2010 and February 2014 with diagnosis of condylar hyperplasia at Hospital Clínico P. Universidad Católica de Chile were included. Results: Twelve patients were operated at our institution because of condylar hyperplasia. Age average was 19.3 ± 3.4 years. The most frequent presentation was facial asymmetry. All patients were studied with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with differential intake more than 50 ± 3.1% between both condyles. All patients were treated with mandibular condylectomy of the affected site and in 3 cases orthognatic surgery was performed at the same time of the condylectomy to correct dental malocclusion. Average follow up was 16 months (5 to 54 months). All patients recovered facial symmetry and occlusion with absence of the previous joint dysfunction. Conclusions: Condylar hyperplasia is an unfrequent condition and surgery is efficient and safe for the treatment of the deformity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Mandibular Condyle/surgery , Mandibular Condyle/pathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Facial Asymmetry , Hyperplasia/surgery , Hyperplasia/pathology
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