Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 388
Filter
1.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 878, 30 Diciembre 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415283

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una patología inflamatoria benigna de mama con clínica y hallazgos imagenológicos no específicos; usualmente confundida con cáncer de mama. El síntoma más frecuente es una masa mamaria palpable. El diagnóstico es histopatológico. OBJETIVO. Describir el perfil demográfico, presentación clínica y hallazgos radiográficos de pacientes con diagnóstico histopatológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Población de 1130 y muestra de 49 datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática con el código CIE10 N61x Trastornos Inflamatorios de la mama, atendidas en la Unidad Técnica de Imagenología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en la ciudad de Quito entre enero 2019 hasta diciembre 2021. El criterio de inclusión fue la confirmación histopatológica de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. Los criterios de exclusión: antecedentes de neoplasia maligna de mama, antecedentes de HIV, patología inflamatoria sistémica como granulomatosis de Wegener, sarcoidosis, infecciones granulomatosas crónicas como tuberculosis, brucelosis, histoplasmosis, sífilis y reacciones a cuerpos extraños como material de implantes mamarios. Se analizaron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, hallazgos mamográficos, ecográficos y la categorización BIRADS. Se efectuó un análisis univarial; para las variables cualitativas se realizó frecuencias y porcentajes; para las variables cuantitativas se realizó medidas de tendencia central. La información recolectada fue analizada en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS La mediana de la edad fue 36 años. El 94,00% de pacientes tenían por lo menos un hijo; 77,50% presentaron con una masa palpable; 55,10% se acompañaron de signos inflamatorios; 16,00% asociaron fístulas y 24,40% presentaron secreción. Solo 1 caso presentó afectación bilateral. CONCLUSIÓN En este estudio, la mastitis granulomatosa idiopática afecta a mujeres en edad reproductiva sin antecedentes de malignidad quienes presentan una masa mamaria palpable que puede estar acompañada de signos inflamatorios, colecciones y fístulas. La realización de una biopsia core eco guiada, para confirmar su diagnóstico.


INTRODUCTION. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a benign inflammatory breast pathology with nonspecific clinical and imaging findings; usually mistaken for breast cancer. The most frequent symptom is a palpable breast mass. The diagnosis is histopathologic. OBJECTIVE. To describe the demographic profile, clinical presentation and radiographic findings of patients with histopathologic diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Population of 1130 and sample of 49 data from electronic medical records of patients with histological diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with ICD10 code N61x Inflammatory disorders of the breast, attended at the Technical Imaging Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the city of Quito between January 2019 and December 2021. The inclusion criterion was histopathological confirmation of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Exclusion criteria: history of malignant breast neoplasia, history of HIV, systemic inflammatory pathology such as Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, chronic granulomatous infections such as tuberculosis, brucellosis, histoplasmosis, syphilis and reactions to foreign bodies such as breast implant material. Demographic data, clinical presentation, mammographic and ultrasound findings and BIRADS categorization were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed; frequencies and percentages were used for qualitative variables; measures of central tendency were used for quantitative variables. RESULTS. The median age was 36 years. 94,00% of patients had at least one child; 77,50% presented with a palpable mass; 55,10% were accompanied by inflammatory signs; 16,00% were associated with fistulas and 24,40% presented with discharge. Only 1 case presented bilateral involvement. CONCLUSION. In this study, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis affects women of reproductive age with no history of malignancy who present with a palpable breast mass that may be accompanied by inflammatory signs, collections and fistulas. The performance of an echo-guided core biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Diseases , Mammography , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Granulomatous Mastitis , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Mastitis , Pathology , Hyperprolactinemia , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Breast Implantation , Ecuador , Edema , Erythema , Image-Guided Biopsy , Fistula , Hyperemia , Nipples
2.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 54(1): 8-15, 20220330.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395376

ABSTRACT

Os adenomas hipofisários são, geralmente, tumores benignos com características de hipersecreção ou hipersecreção hormonal, diagnosticados conforme o crescimento tumoral, síndromes de hiperprodução, deficiência da secreção dos hormônios, alterações visuais e cefaleias. A hiperprolactinemia é a produção excessiva de prolactina (PRL), apresentando níveis elevados de prolactina sérica, o que resulta no aparecimento de adenomas lactotróficos (prolactinomas), predominante em mulheres com idade fértil. O prolactinoma é um adenoma hipofisário secretor de prolactina, classificado como adenoma hipofisário microadenoma, em mulheres, e macroadenoma, em homens. Nas mulheres, o prolactinoma apresenta indícios como galactorreia, amenorreia, disfunção sexual e infertilidade. Em homens, a sintomatologia pauta-se em ganho de peso, disfunção erétil e infertilidade. Os exames laboratoriais, como dosagem de prolactina sérica, e os exames de imagem, principalmente a ressonância magnética (RM), são importantes para confirmar o diagnóstico e a escolha da terapêutica ideal. O tratamento medicamentoso inicial dá-se por drogas agonistas dopaminérgicos (AD), sendo padrão-ouro a cabergolina (CAB), em razão da eficácia e dos efeitos colaterais reduzidos. Quando agonistas dopaminérgicos não surtem efeitos, indica-se submissão a tratamento cirúrgico. Em casos de tumores agressivos ou prolactinomas malignos, indica-se radioterapia. Sendo assim, este artigo corresponde a uma revisão bibliográfica que visa relacionar o adenoma hipofisário (prolactinoma) com a produção excessiva de prolactina (PRL).


Pituitary adenomas are generally benign tumors with characteristics of hypersecretion or hormonal hypersecretion, diagnosed according to tumor growth, hyperproduction syndromes, deficiency in hormone secretion, visual changes and headaches. Hyperprolactinemia is the excessive production of prolactin (PRL), with high levels of serum prolactin, resulting in the appearance of lactotrophic adenomas (prolactinomas), predominant in women of childbearing age. Prolactinoma is a prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma, classified as pituitary adenoma microadenoma in women and macroadenoma in men. In women, prolactinoma shows signs such as galactorrhea, amenorrhea, sexual dysfunction and infertility. In men, the symptoms are based on weight gain, erectile dysfunction and infertility. Laboratory tests, such as serum prolactin levels, and imaging tests, especially magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are important to confirm the diagnosis and choose the ideal therapy. The initial drug treatment is done by dopaminergic agonist drugs (AD), with cabergoline (CAB) being the gold standard, due to the reduced efficacy and side effects. When dopaminergic agonists have no effect, submission to surgical treatment is indicated. In cases of aggressive tumors or malignant prolactinomas, radiotherapy is indicated. Thus, this article corresponds to a bibliographic review that aims to relate pituitary adenoma (prolactinoma) with excessive prolactin production (PRL).


Subject(s)
Pituitary Gland, Anterior , Prolactinoma , Hyperprolactinemia , Galactorrhea
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1694-1699, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928100

ABSTRACT

This paper discussed the guiding significance of "disease-syndrome-symptom" mode in FU Qing-zhu's Obstetrics and Gynecology(FU Qing-zhu Nyu Ke) for dealing with ovulation disorder infertility caused by hyperprolactinemia(HPRL). FU Qing-zhu's Obstetrics and Gynecology(FU Qing-zhu Nyu Ke) concentrates on the disease entities, main symptoms, pathogenesis, and syndrome differentiation, based on which the prescriptions are prescribed. This reflects the "disease-syndrome-symptom" mode, with the core lying in the "combination of disease with syndrome". The contained Discussion on Menstruation Regulation(Tiao Jing Pian) and Discussion on Getting Pregnant(Zhong Zi Pian) have important reference significance for later doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of inferti-lity, and many prescriptions are still in use due to good effects. It is believed in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) that HPRL results from kidney deficiency and liver depression, among which kidney deficiency is the main cause. Liver depression accelerates the onset of HPRL, so the kidney-tonifying and liver-soothing herbs were mainly selected. The "disease-syndrome-symptom" mode in FU Qing-zhu's Obstetrics and Gynecology(FU Qing-zhu Nyu Ke) sheds enlightenment on the diagnosis and treatment of ovulation infertility caused by HPRL, in that it is not confined to disease entity and syndrome type. The integration of "disease-syndrome-symptom" highlights the main complaint of patients and emphasizes the main pathogenesis, thus giving full play to the overall advantage of syndrome differentiation. For multiple diseases in FU Qing-zhu's Obstetrics and Gynecology(FU Qing-zhu Nyu Ke) such as infertility due to liver depression, infertility due to obesity, delayed menstruation, and irregular menstruation, although the typical lactation symptom of HPRL is not mentioned, the medication can still be determined according to the chief complaint, syndrome type, and symptoms and signs, making up for the defects of excessive reliance on serum biochemical indicators in modern Chinese medicine. We should learn its diagnosis and treatment thoughts of paying attention to liver, spleen, kidney, and heart, holism, and strengthening body resistance to eliminate pathogenic factors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Gynecology , Hyperprolactinemia/drug therapy , Infertility , Obstetrics , Ovulation
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18912, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364430

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to establish and compare models of mammary gland hyperplasia (MGH) with hyperprolactinemia (HPRL) using two different methods. The models provide information on the relationship between mammary gland hyperplasia and associated hormones. Model A was constructed using intramuscular injections of estradiol benzoate injection (EBI), followed by progesterone (P), and then metoclopramide dihydrochloride (MDI). Model B was designed by administering MDI, follow by EBI, and then P intramuscularly. Model B showed higher MGH progression compared with model A. Notably, increase in estradiol (E2) was negatively correlated with prolactin (PRL) secretion. However, PRL levels in model B were significantly higher compared with the levels in model A. Estrogen (ER), prolactin receptor (PRLR), and progesterone receptor (PR) mRNA and protein expression levels in model B rats were positively correlated with changes in the corresponding hormone levels. However, E2, P, and PRL levels in model A showed no direct relationship with levels of the mRNAs of related hormones and protein expression levels. Our results suggest that model B is an appropriate model of MGH with HPRL that can be used to perform further studies about the interactions of the E2, P, and PRL hormones in this disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Hyperprolactinemia , Hyperplasia/pathology , Progesterone , Prolactin , Receptors, Prolactin , Receptors, Progesterone , Blotting, Western/methods , Bodily Secretions , Mammary Glands, Human/anatomy & histology , Injections, Intramuscular/adverse effects , Injections, Intramuscular/instrumentation , Methods
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2629-2633, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887931

ABSTRACT

Hyperprolactinemia(HPRL) is one of the diseases leading to anovulatory infertility, which is a refractory gynecological disease and seriously affects female reproductive function. Professor MA Kun has summarized his experience in clinical and scientific studies for many years. And believes that kidney deficiency is the pathogenesis of HPRL and blood stasis is the dominant pathological manifestation of HPRL and can promote the progress of the disease. In view of this, Professor MA Kun took the therapy of kidney-tonifying and blood-activating as the principle for treating anovulatory infertility caused by HPRL, with soothing the liver and promoting Qi as adjuvant therapies. She has also summarized and refined the prescriptions for tonifying kidney and inducing ovulation, which have a remarkable clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Hyperprolactinemia/drug therapy , Infertility, Female/etiology , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Rev. colomb. menopaus ; 27(1): 8-23, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1283530

ABSTRACT

La prolactina es una hormona hipofisiaria implicada en diversas funciones tales como reproductivas, lactancia y metabólicas. El hallazgo de hiperprolactinemia es frecuente en mujeres que consultan por infertilidad, oscilando entre el 15 y el 20%. Sus manifestaciones clínicas incluyen trastornos del ciclo, galactorrea, infertilidad y osteoporosis. Cuando hay tumores que superan 1 cm de diámetro pueden asociarse a alteraciones visuales. Aunque la hiperprolactinemia puede ser producida por el embarazo, el consumo de algunos fármacos, los trastornos tiroideos, las alteraciones hepáticas y renales, su causa más frecuente es la presencia de adenomas hipofisiarios productores de prolactina. Pueden ser microadenomas cuando su tamaño es menor de 10 mm y que representan el 90% o macroadenomas cuando son de mayor tamaño. La prolactina se encuentra bajo un estrecho control de su secreción a través de un sistema de retroalimentación de asa corta que hace que se libere dopamina que frena su producción. También se han descrito péptidos liberados de prolactina entre los que se encuentra la TRH. El exceso en su producción inhibe directamente la pulsatilidad de la GnRH y disminución en los pulsos de LH. Este cambio conduce a ciclos anovulatorios. Para su manejo se encuentran aprobados en Colombia fármacos agonistas de la dopamina como bromocriptina y cabergolina, siendo este último más efectivo. El manejo con cirugía transesfenoidal se reserva para aquellos casos en los que el tratamiento farmacológico ha fallado.


Prolactin is an hypophyseal hormone implicated in various functions such as reproductive, lactation and metabolic. Finding hyperprolactinemia is frequent in women consulting for infertility, ranging between 15 and 20%. Its clinical manifestations include menstrual cycle irregularities, galactorrhea, infertility and osteoporosis. When tumors greater than 1 cm in diameter are present visual disturbances may appear. Although hyperprolactinemia may be produced by pregnancy, certain medications, thyroid disfunction, hepatic or renal disfunction, the most frequent cause is the presence of prolactin secreting adenomas. They can be micro adenomas when their diameter is less than 10 mm, representing 90% or macro adenomas when their size is greater. Prolactin secretion is under a close control through a short loop feedback system, that makes dopamine to be secreted which lowers its production. Releasing peptides have been described, including TRH. Excess in its production directly inhibits GnRH pulsatility lowering LH pulses. This change conducts to anovulatory cicles, For its treatment in Colombia dopamine agonists have been approved, including bromocriptine and cabergoline, the last one being mor effective. Surgical management with transesphenoidal approach is reserved for those cases in which pharmacological treatment has failed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Prolactin , Hyperprolactinemia , Prolactinoma , Infertility
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e18104, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350241

ABSTRACT

Malt is the mature fruit of Hordeum vulgare L. after germination and drying and has been applied for treatment female abnormal galactorrhea. Previous studies have showed total alkaloids in malt have anti-HPRL effect. However, total alkaloids of malt change with the growth cycle, and the specified levels of total alkaloids in different bud length of malt have not been decided. To determine the definitive level of total alkaloids in different buds of malt and the most suitable bud length for clinical application by comparing effects on hyperprolactinemia rat. During the budding of malt, the content of total alkaloids first increased and then decreased, and it peaked at a bud length of 0.75 cm. Treated the HPRL model rats with different buds of malt, the PRL level was decreased, the number of PRLpositive cells and the mRNA expression level in the pituitary were significantly declined, and the number of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the hypothalamus was increased. The above changes were most significant in 0.75 cm bud. These results suggest that in terms of the content of effective substance and the effects on HPRL model rats, a malt bud length of 0.75 cm is optimal for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Hordeum/classification , Benchmarking/methods , Seedlings/adverse effects , Hyperprolactinemia/classification , Dopamine , Germination , Alkaloids/adverse effects , Endocrine System/abnormalities , Fruit
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(6): 670-680, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250290

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperprolactinemia may be associated with psychiatric disorders in the context of two scenarios: antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia and psychiatric disorders arising from the medical treatment of hyperprolactinemia. Both situations are particularly common in psychiatric and endocrine clinical practice, albeit generally underestimated or unrecognized. The aim of this article is to provide tools for the diagnosis and treatment of hyperprolactinemia associated with psychiatric disorders to raise awareness, especially among psychiatrists and endocrinologists, so that these professionals can jointly focus on the appropriate management of this clinical entity.


Resumen La hiperprolactinemia puede asociarse con trastornos psiquiátricos en el contexto de dos escenarios: la hiperprolactinemia inducida por antipsicóticos y trastornos psiquiátricos surgidos por el tratamiento médico de la hiperprolactinemia. Ambas situaciones son particularmente comunes en la práctica clínica psiquiátrica y endocrinológica, aunque generalmente subestimadas o inadvertidas. El objetivo de este artículo es proporcionar herramientas de diagnóstico y tratamiento de la hiperprolactinemia asociada a trastornos psiquiátricos, para concientizar particularmente a psiquiatras y endocrinólogos a enfocar en conjunto el manejo apropiado de esta entidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents/adverse effects , Hyperprolactinemia/diagnosis , Hyperprolactinemia/chemically induced , Hyperprolactinemia/drug therapy , Mental Disorders/etiology , Mental Disorders/drug therapy , Prolactin/metabolism
9.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(1): e128, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126453

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La ginecomastia define el aumento benigno del tamaño de la glándula mamaria en el hombre. Objetivo: Determinar las características clínicas, etiológicas y bioquímicas de los pacientes con diagnóstico de ginecomastia atendidos en el servicio de Cirugía General. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en una muestra de 108 pacientes, mayores de 18 años, atendidos en el servicio de Cirugía General con diagnóstico de ginecomastia. El estudio se llevó a cabo en los Hospitales Mariano Pérez Balí y Celia Sánchez Manduley, entre septiembre 2015 y marzo 2017. Se determinó edad, características clínicas, etiología y perfil bioquímico de estos pacientes. Resultados: La edad media fue de 27,63 años siendo la afectación estética el principal motivo de consulta. Predominó la ginecomastia bilateral, el sobrepeso/obesidad, el grado IIa de la enfermedad, la etiología idiopática y el antecedente de ginecomastia puberal. La presencia de galactorrea, hiperprolactinemia, hipoandrogenismo e hiperestrogenemia fue mínima. Conclusiones: La ginecomastia bilateral de causa idiopática, en pacientes con sobrepeso/obesidad y niveles normales de hormonas hipofisarias y gonadales es la forma de presentación más frecuente de esta afección(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Gynecomastia defines the benign increase of the mammary gland size in men. Objective: To determine the clinical, etiological and biochemical characteristics of patients diagnosed with gynecomastia attended at the General Surgery service. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 108 patients over the age of 18 years, attended at the service of General Surgery with a diagnosis of gynecomastia. The study was carried out in ´´Mariano Perez Bali´´ and ´´Celia Sánchez Manduley´´ Hospitals from September 2015 to March 2017. The age, clinical characteristics, etiology, and biochemical profile of these patients were determined. Results: The mean age was 27.63 years and the aesthetic affectations were the main reason for consultation. There was a predominance of bilateral gynecomastia, overweight/obesity, grade IIa of the disease, idiopathic etiology and the history of pubertal gynecomastia. The presence of hyperprolactinemia, galactorrhea, hypoandrogenism and hyperstrogenism was minimal. Conclusions: Bilateral gynecomastia of idiopathic cause, in patients with overweight/obesity and normal levels of gonadal and pituitary hormones is the most common presentation of this condition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Esthetics , Overweight/epidemiology , Gynecomastia/diagnosis , Obesity/etiology , Hyperprolactinemia/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 33-39, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055365

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image in women with prolactinoma. Methods: Body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image were evaluated in 80 women with prolactinoma. All patients were in menacme, 34% had normal body mass index (BMI), and 66% were overweight. Most patients (56.2%) had normal prolactin (PRL) levels and no hyperprolactinemia symptoms (52.5%). The Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was used to assess the patients' dissatisfaction with and concern about their physical form, and the Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) was used to assess body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image. The patients were divided according to PRL level (normal vs. elevated) and the presence or absence of prolactinoma symptoms. Results: The normal and elevated PRL groups had similar incidences of body dissatisfaction and distorted body self-image. However, symptomatic patients reported a higher incidence of dissatisfaction than asymptomatic patients. Distorted body self-image was less common among symptomatic patients. Conclusion: Symptomatic patients showed higher body dissatisfaction, but lower body self-image distortion. The presence of symptoms may have been responsible for increased body awareness. The perception of body shape could have triggered feelings of dissatisfaction compared to an ideal lean body. Therefore, a distorted body self-image might not necessarily result in body dissatisfaction in women with prolactinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pituitary Neoplasms/psychology , Hyperprolactinemia/psychology , Prolactinoma/psychology , Body Dysmorphic Disorders/psychology , Pituitary Neoplasms/blood , Prolactin/blood , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Body Image/psychology , Hyperprolactinemia/drug therapy , Hyperprolactinemia/blood , Prolactinoma/blood , Body Mass Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dopamine Agonists/therapeutic use , Middle Aged
11.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 28-33, Jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088982

ABSTRACT

Abstract Prolactin (PRL) secreting adenomas are associated with high incidence of headache. The role of hyperprolactinemia in the headache context is not clear, nor is the effect of its treatment on headache. Methods: The present longitudinal study evaluated hyperprolactinemic patients (69), in terms of presence and characteristics of headache before and after hyperprolactinemia treatment. Results: Headache was reported by 45 (65.2%) patients, independent of the etiology of hyperprolactinemia. The migraine phenotype was the most prevalent (66.6%). Medications used in the treatment of headache not changed during the study. The first line of treatment of hyperprolactinemia was dopaminergic agonists. In the last reevaluation, PRL level under treatment was within the reference range in 54.7% of the cases, and it was observed complete or partial resolution of the headache in 75% of the cases. The median PRL at this time in patients with complete headache resolution was 17 ng/mL, in those who reported partial recovery was 21 ng/mL, and in those in whom the headache did not change was 66 ng/mL, with a significant difference between the group with complete headache resolution vs. the group with unchanged headache (p=0.022). In the cases with complete headache resolution, the median fall on PRL levels was 89% and in those cases with partial headache resolution 86%, both significantly different (p<0.001) from the fall in the cases with an unchanged headache. Conclusion: Data allow us to conclude that, in this series, in the majority of cases the reduction in the level of PRL was followe3d by cessation or relief of the pain.


Resumo Os adenomas secretores de prolactina (PRL) estão associados à alta incidência de cefaleia. O papel da hiperprolactinemia no contexto da dor de cabeça não está claro, nem o efeito da redução dos níveis da PRL na cefaleia. Métodos: O presente estudo longitudinal avaliou pacientes hiperprolactinêmicos (69), quanto à presença e às características da cefaleia antes e após o tratamento da hiperprolactinemia. Resultados: Cefaleia foi relatada por 45 (65,2%) pacientes, independente da etiologia da hiperprolactinemia. O fenótipo de enxaqueca foi mais prevalente (66,6%). Os medicamentos usados ​​no tratamento da cefaleia não foram alterados durante o estudo. A primeira linha de tratamento da hiperprolactinemia foram os agonistas dopaminérgicos. Na última reavaliação, o nível de PRL sob tratamento estava dentro da faixa de referência em 54,7% dos casos, observando-se resolução completa ou parcial da cefaleia em 75% dos casos. A mediana de PRL neste momento em pacientes com resolução completa da cefaleia foi de 17 ng/mL, nos que relataram recuperação parcial foi de 21 ng/mL, e naqueles em que a cefaleia não se alterou foi de 66 ng/mL, com uma diferença significativa entre o grupo com resolução completa da cefaleia versus o grupo com cefaleia inalterada (p=0,022). Nos casos com resolução completa da cefaleia, a queda mediana nos níveis de PRL foi de 89% e nos casos com resolução parcial de cefaleia de 86%, ambos significativamente diferentes (p<0,001) da queda nos casos com cefaleia inalterada. Conclusão: Os dados permitem concluir que, nesta série, na maioria dos casos, a redução do nível de PRL foi seguida pela cessação ou alívio da dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Prolactin/blood , Hyperprolactinemia/therapy , Headache/prevention & control , Headache/blood , Pituitary Neoplasms/complications , Pituitary Neoplasms/therapy , Reference Values , Hyperprolactinemia/complications , Adenoma/complications , Adenoma/therapy , Analysis of Variance , Longitudinal Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dopamine Agonists/therapeutic use , Headache/etiology
12.
Mali méd. (En ligne) ; 35(35): 26-31, 2020. tab
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1265760

ABSTRACT

Introduction:L'hyperprolactinémie, qui est une sécrétion supra physiologique de prolactine est en clinique le désordre hypophysaire antérieur le plus fréquemment rencontré. Son incidence et sa prévalence sont peu définies, en Afrique et dans le reste du Monde.Les objectifs étaient d'étudier les aspects cliniques, paracliniques, étiologiques et thérapeutiques de l'hyperprolactinémie à l'hôpital du Mali.Méthodologie :Il s'agissait d'une étude transversale de 5 ans. La collecte des données a été rétrospective (juillet 2011 à octobre 2015) et prospective (décembre 2015 à juillet 2016).Résultats:Nous avons colligés 37 cas d'hyperprolactinémie. Le sex ratio était de 0,85. L'âge moyen était 37,32ans avec des extrêmes allant de 15 à 74 ans. Le tableau clinique était dominé chez les femmes par l'aménorrhée (80%), la galactorrhée (70%), les céphalées (55%), l'hypofertilité (50%), les troubles visuels (25%) et chez les hommes par la baisse de la libido (64,7%), la gynécomastie (47,1%), lescéphalées (47,1%), les troubles visuels (41,2%) et les troubles de l'érection (29,4%). La prolactinémie basale était supérieure à 100ng/mlchez 45,9% des patients. La tomodensitométrie cérébrale avait objectivé : 11 cas de macroadénomes et 5 cas demicroadénomes hypophysaires. Les principals causes de l'hyperprolactinémie étaient : l'adénome hypophysaire à prolactine (43,24%) ;l'hypothyroïdie(5,40%) et la prise d'oestroprogestatifs chez 5,40%. Pour le traitement, 64,9% des patients étaient mis sous cabergoline ; 27% sous bromocriptine et8,10% sous simple surveillance clinique et biologique.Conclusion:L'hyperprolactinémie est une pathologie qui existe dans nos structures de santé. Les cliniciens doivent y penser devant une aménorrhée galactorrhée ou une baisse de la libido. Il est aussi nécessaire d'améliorer le plateau technique pour une meilleure prise en charge


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Hyperprolactinemia
13.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 13(2): 61-63, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095286

ABSTRACT

El quiste de la bolsa de Rathke es una lesión epitelial benigna de la región selar, formada a partir de remanentes embrionarios. La mayoría de los casos son asintomáticos, aunque pudiera presentarse con cefalea, disfunción hipofisaria y trastornos visuales, muy infrecuentemente como apoplejía hipofisaria. Se presenta el caso de una paciente que, habiendo presentado amenorrea primaria, se le realiza el diagnóstico de quiste de la bolsa de Rathke con hiperprolactinemia, logrando menarquia luego del tratamiento con cabergolina.


Rathke's cyst is a benign epithelial lesion of the sellar region, formed from embryonic remnants. Most cases are asymptomatic although it could present with headache, pituitary dysfunction and visual disorders, very infrequently as pituitary stroke. We present the case of a patient who, having presented primary amenorrhea, is diagnosed with Rathke's cyst with hyperprolactinemia, achieving menarche after treatment with cabergoline.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Hyperprolactinemia/complications , Central Nervous System Cysts/complications , Amenorrhea/etiology , Prolactin/therapeutic use , Hyperprolactinemia/diagnosis , Hyperprolactinemia/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Central Nervous System Cysts/diagnosis , Central Nervous System Cysts/drug therapy , Cabergoline/therapeutic use
14.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 30(2): e182, mayo.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126425

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las personas con disforia de género sienten incongruencia entre el sexo con el que nacen y aquel al que sienten pertenecer, por lo que necesitan adaptar su cuerpo a este último, y uno de los pilares en el logro de ese propósito es el empleo del tratamiento hormonal cruzado. Objetivo: Identificar los esquemas terapéuticos más empleados en la automedicación y en el manejo especializado, y sus complicaciones en pacientes con disforia de género. Métodos: Se revisaron 78 historias, de las cuales 76 correspondían a transexuales hombre-mujer, atendidos en el periodo 2012-2017 en la Consulta Nacional de Atención Integral a Personas Transgénero. Se recuperó información relacionada con los esquemas terapéuticos utilizados, tanto durante la automedicación como durante el manejo por el endocrinólogo, y las complicaciones. Para el análisis de los datos se obtuvieron distribuciones de frecuencia de las variables cualitativas, media y desviación estándar de las cuantitativas. Resultados: La frecuencia de pacientes que se autoadministraron hormonas antes de comenzar la atención especializada fue de 82,9 por ciento. El medicamento más utilizado en la automedicación fue la cipresta (acetato de ciproterona 2 mg/etinilestradiol 50 µg) en el 90,5 por ciento de los casos. De los tratamientos indicados por el endocrinólogo al inicio de la atención; al 50,0 por ciento se les administró cipresta más androcur (acetato de ciproterona 50 mg) de 1 a 2 tabletas de cada uno, mientras que al 39,5 por ciento estrógenos conjugados asociado a androcur, igualmente de 1 a 2 tabletas de cada uno de estos medicamentos. En cuanto a la frecuencia de complicaciones como consecuencia del tratamiento hormonal, el 40,7 por ciento de los casos tuvo en algún momento niveles elevados de prolactina, al 26,3 por ciento los niveles de triglicéridos se le elevaron luego de iniciada la terapia. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes acuden por primera vez automedicados. Los medicamentos más utilizados son la cipresta y el androcur. La complicación más frecuente como consecuencia del tratamiento es la hiperprolactinemia(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Persons with gender dysphoria feel incongruity between the sex they are born with and the one they feel they belong to, therefore they need to adapt their body to the latter, and one of the pillars in achieving that purpose is the use of cross hormonal treatment. Objective: To identify the therapeutic schemes most used in self-medication and specialized management, and their complications in patients with gender dysphoria. Methods: Seventy eight medical records were reviewed. Seventy six of them corresponded to male-female transsexuals, assisted in the 2012-2017 period at the National Consultation of Comprehensive Care to Transgender Persons. The study team recovered information related to the therapeutic schemes used, both during self-medication and during the endocrinological management, as well as complications. Frequency distributions of the qualitative variables, mean and standard deviation of the quantitative variables were obtained for data analysis. Results: The frequency of patients who self-administered hormones before beginning specialized care was 82.9 percent. The most commonly medication used in self-medication was cypress (cyproterone acetate 2 mg / ethinylestradiol 50 µg) in 90.5 percent of cases. Out of the treatments indicated by the endocrinologist at the beginning of the care; 50.0 percent were given cypress plus androcur (50 mg cyproterone acetate) of 1 to 2 tablets each, while 39.5 percent conjugated estrogens associated with androcur, also 1 to 2 tablets of each of these medications. Regarding the frequency of complications as a result of hormonal treatment, 40.7 percent of the cases had elevated prolactin levels at some time, and triglyceride levels increased to 26.3 percent after the start of therapy. Conclusions: Most patients who come for the first time, are self-medicated. The most used medications are cipresta and androcur. The most frequent complication is hyperprolactinemia as a consequence of treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Hyperprolactinemia/complications , Cyproterone Acetate/therapeutic use , Hormone Replacement Therapy/adverse effects , Gender Dysphoria/etiology , Self Medication/adverse effects , Data Analysis
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1087-1093, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774586

ABSTRACT

The clinical efficacy of Bushen Huoxue traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia were systematically evaluated,which provided evidence-based medical evidence for the treatment of hyperprolactinemia with Bushen Huoxue traditional Chinese medicine. The randomized controlled trials on the treatment of hyperprolactinemia with Bushen Huoxue traditional Chinese medicine were comprehensively searched by computer in PubMed,EMbase,Cochrane Library,CNKI,Wan Fang,VIP,CBM and Meta-analysis was performed. The search time is from the time of self-built database to September 28,2018. A total of 816 patients with hyperprolactinemia met the inclusion criteria in 13 clinical studies. The results of Meta-analysis showed that compared with Western medicines,traditional Chinese medicine for tonifying kidney and activating blood circulation had a comparable effect in reducing prolactin and treating infertility,and had obvious advantages in improving of TCM syndromes,disease recurrence and reducing of side effects.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Herbal Medicine , Hyperprolactinemia , Drug Therapy , Phytotherapy
16.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 333-342, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763559

ABSTRACT

The relationship between serum prolactin and bone mineral density (BMD) in schizophrenia is unclear. We conducted a literature review of databases from inception until December 2018 for cross-sectional, case-control, prospective and retrospective studies analyzing correlations between serum prolactin and BMD measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry or quantitative ultrasound at any skeletal site in people with schizophrenia. Data was summarized with a best evidence synthesis. This review identified 15 studies (1 longitudinal study, 10 cross-sectional and 4 case-control studies; 1,360 individuals with a psychotic disorder; mean age 45.1 ± 9.4 [standard deviation] years, female 742 [54.6%], mean illness duration 17.7 ± 11.3 years) assessing the relationship between serum prolactin and BMD in schizophrenia. There was a statistically significant inverse correlation between serum prolactin and BMD identified in eight of the studies (53% of all studies), suggesting mixed evidence for an association between serum prolactin and BMD. Of those studies which identified a significant inverse correlation between serum prolactin and BMD (n = 5), 152 (52.1%) of patients were treated with prolactin raising antipsychotics, compared to 197 (48.1%) of patients in those studies which did not identify a significant correlation between prolactin and BMD. Available studies cannot resolve the link between excess prolactin and reduced BMD in schizophrenia. Future studies should be longitudinal in design and combine measures of serum prolactin along with other risk factors for reduced BMD such as smoking and vitamin D and sex hormone levels in assessing the relationship between prolactin and BMD in schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Absorptiometry, Photon , Antipsychotic Agents , Bone Density , Case-Control Studies , Hyperprolactinemia , Longitudinal Studies , Prolactin , Prospective Studies , Psychotic Disorders , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Schizophrenia , Smoke , Smoking , Ultrasonography , Vitamin D
17.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 423-431, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763550

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of blonanserin in schizophrenic patients who were previously treated with other antipsychotics but, due to insufficient response, were switched to blonanserin. METHODS: A total of 52 patients with schizophrenia who were unresponsive to treatment with antipsychotic monotherapy or combination therapy were recruited into this 12-week, open-label, prospective, multicenter study. Patients were switched to blonanserin from their existing antipsychotics over a maximum 2-week tapering-off period. Efficacy was primarily evaluated using the 18-item Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). Assessments were performed at baseline, and at weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12. RESULTS: Switching to blonanserin resulted in a significant decrease in the mean total score on the BPRS from baseline (56.8 ± 9.4) to week 12 (42.1 ± 13.8, p < 0.001). The most common adverse events were extrapyramidal symptoms (n = 12, 23.1%), insomnia (n = 10, 19.2%), and emotional arousal (n = 6, 11.5%). Overweight or obese patients (body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m2, n = 33) who switched to blonanserin exhibited significant weight loss from 75.2 ± 9.3 kg at baseline to 73.5 ± 9.2 kg at week 12 (p = 0.006). The total cholesterol (baseline, 236.1 ± 47.6 mg/dl; endpoint [week 12], 209.9 ± 28.0 mg/dl; p = 0.005) and prolactin levels (baseline, 80.0 ± 85.2 ng/ml; endpoint [week 12], 63.2 ± 88.9 ng/ml; p = 0.003) were also significantly improved in patients with hypercholesterolemia or hyperprolactinemia. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study suggest that switching to blonanserin may be an effective strategy for schizophrenic patients unresponsive to other antipsychotic treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Arousal , Body Weight , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale , Cholesterol , Hypercholesterolemia , Hyperprolactinemia , Overweight , Prolactin , Prospective Studies , Schizophrenia , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Treatment Outcome , Weight Loss
18.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 202-205, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785638

ABSTRACT

Hyperprolactinemia due to a pituitary adenoma is a rare cause of erectile dysfunction (ED). The prevalence of clinically apparent prolactinomas is reported to be from 6–10 to 50 per 100,000. A few reports have been published of prolactinoma presenting with ED. Here, we report a rare case of a young man who presented with ED as a chief complaint and who was diagnosed with a huge prolactinoma, and we discuss a related fertility issue.


Subject(s)
Male , Erectile Dysfunction , Fertility , Hyperprolactinemia , Pituitary Neoplasms , Prevalence , Prolactinoma
19.
Rev. salud bosque ; 9(1): 26-32, 2019. Graf, Tab
Article in Spanish | COLNAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1102979

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Conocer las reacciones adversas tipo endocrino asociado al uso de medicamentos y reportado al Programa Distrital de Farmacovigilancia de Bogotá durante el periodo 2012 a 2016. Materiales y métodos. Los reportes analizados corresponden al periodo del 1º de enero de 2012 al 31 de diciembre de 2016 del Programa Distrital de Farmacovigilancia. Su análisis se hizo mediante algoritmos de causalidad y por tipo de evento. Resultados. Se analizaron 85 reportes. Uno de ellos relacionado con una sospecha de problema de calidad del medicamento, los otros 84 relaciona-dos con reacciones adversas sobre los cuales se centró la investigación. De los 84 reportes, 36 (42,9 %) corresponden a reacciones adversas a medicamento tipo A y 26 (31 %) a reportes de reacciones adversas a medicamentos de tipo fallo terapéutico. Los principales efectos secundarios a los medicamentos fueron el aumento de los niveles de hormona paratiroidea por uso de cinacalcet en 27 (34,1 %) reportes, seguidas por el síndrome de Cushing relacionado con la administración de prednisolona en 12 (14,1 %), bocio por uso de adalimumab en 12 (14,1 %), hiperprolactinemia por el uso de risperidona en 10 (11,8 %) e hipotiroidismo inducido por amiodarona en 3 (3,4 %). Conclusiones. El desarrollo de estos estudios permite conocer las principales reacciones adversas que se presentan durante el uso habitual de los medicamentos, así como su perfil de seguridad.


Objective. Becoming familiar with medication-use related endocrine disruption reported to the local pharmacovigilance program in Bogotá during 2012-2016.Tools and methods. Analyzed reports are dated between January 1st, 2012 and December 31st, 2016 and were gathered from the Pharmacovigilance Program in Bogotá. The analysis of the said reports was conducted through causality algorithms and event type.Results. Out of 87 analyzed reports, two were not included in the study due to lack of information for its classification in one case and, medication-related problems in another case. 36 reports (42.9 %) were found to have adverse reaction to type A medications, while 26 reports (34.1%) were found to have medication related problem type therapeutic failure. The main medication related problems were associated to the use of Cinacalcet with increased levels of parathormone in 27 out of 87 analyzed reports in this study. Other medication related problems found were: Cushing Syndrome, associated with the use of prednisolone in 12 reports; Goiter associated to the use of adalimumab in 12 reports; Hyperprolactinemia associated to the use of Risperidone in 10 reports and, Hypothyroidism associated to the use of Amiodarone in 3 reports. Conclusions: Carrying out such studies allows for the understanding of the main medication-use problems that are shown during common use of medications, as well as their safety profile.


Objetivo. O objetivo do artigo é conhecer as alterações endócrinas associadas ao uso de medicamentos reportadas pelo Programa Distrital de Vigilância farmacológica em Bogotá. Materiais e métodos. Os reportes analisados correspondem ao período de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro 2016 e a analise foi realizada com algoritmos de causalidade e por tipo de evento. Resultados. Foram analisados 87 reportes, embora no final dois deles foram desconsiderados, um por corresponder a um problema relacionado com o medicamento e o outro por falta de informações para classifica-lo. Encontraram-se 36 (42%) de reportes associados a reações adversas perante os medicamentos tipo A e 26 (31%) de reportes de RAM tipo falho terapêutico. As principais RAM foram por uso de cinacalcet com aumento dos níveis de parathormona em 27 reportes (34%), seguidas de Síndrome de Cushing relacionado com prednisolona em 12 reportes (14,1%), bócio por uso de adalimumab em outros 12 re-portes, hiperprolactinemia por uso de risperidona em 10 casos (11,8%) e hipotiroidismo induzido por amiodarona em 3 casos. Conclusoes. O desenvolvimento destes estudos, permite conhecer as principais reações adversas causadas pelo uso habitual dos medicamentos mesmo como seu perfil de segurança.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Endocrinology , Hyperprolactinemia , Prednisolone , Colombia , Risperidone , Cushing Syndrome , Hypothyroidism
20.
Rev. colomb. menopaus ; 25(1): 7-21, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1290481

ABSTRACT

La hiperprolactinemia es la enfermedad endocrina más frecuente del sistema hipotálamohipófisis-ovario; es una entidad de mucho interés por sus manifestaciones clínicas y diversidad de ellas principalmente los trastornos del ciclo e infertilidad secundaria, como por sus efectos a largo plazo. Es necesario que estas pacientes tengan una evaluación sistemática basada en una historia clínica dirigida y complementada con exámenes de laboratorio, en donde la determinación de PRL sea un requisito indispensable. Es importante descartar causas secundarias como el uso de medicamentos, adicciones, estados de estrés y principalmente tumores funcionantes de hipófisis. Se debe evaluar la historia clínica y complementarla con exámenes de laboratorio para tomar una decisión adecuada de tratamiento.


Hyperprolactinemia is the most frequent endocrine disease of the hypothalamus pituitary ovary system, is an entity of great interest for its clinical diversity of manifestations, mainly menstrual cycle disorders and secondary infertility. It is necessary that these patients have a systematic evaluation based on a guided clinical history and supplemented with laboratory tests, where the determination of PRL is an indispensable requirement. It is important to rule out secondary causes such as the use of medications, stress and mainly functioning tumors of the pituitary gland. The clinical history should be evaluated, complemented with laboratory tests to make an adequate decision on their treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Hyperprolactinemia , Prolactin , Uterine Hemorrhage , Dopamine
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL