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1.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 67-82, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1410692

ABSTRACT

Introducción:existe una sospecha sobre la relación bidireccional entre la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) y la hipertensión arterial (HTA). Ambas ejercen una acción sinérgica sobre desenlaces cardiovasculares porlo quees trascendente ponderar la prevalencia de riesgo para AOS en los hipertensos. En este último grupo también hemos investigado la tasa de adherencia a los fármacos prescritos. Metodología:mediante un estudio de casos y controles y con la aplicación del cuestionario STOP-BANG se han discriminado las categorías de riesgo para apnea de sueño en las dos cohortes. Para el análisis de la adherencia a fármacos antihipertensivos se utilizó el cuestionario abreviado de Morisky. Resultados:se incluyeron a 590 individuos (295 casos y 295 controles. Se observó alto riesgo para AOS en el grupo de hipertensos (36,6%) comparado con el 14,2% del grupo control. Por otro lado, el sexo masculino OR 7,77 (IC95% 4,33-13,84), la obesidad OR 5,03 (IC95% 3,11-8,13) y la HTA OR 4,31 (IC95% 2,64-7,03) se ponderan significativos en un modelo de ajuste logístico aquí estudiado. El 61,69% de los hipertensos refería adherencia al tratamiento farmacológico prescrito. Discusión:el tamizaje de AOS es factible con un cuestionario aplicable en la práctica clínica diaria. De la probabilidad clínica pre-test hay que partir hacia métodos diagnósticos específicos para el diagnóstico de AOS, enfatizando casos de HTA resistente, HTA nocturna y HTA enmascarada. Se deberían realizar estudios locales que nos ayuden a comprender las causas de la falta de adherencia a fármacos antihipertensivos en una fracción importante de los individuos con HTA


Introduction:there is a suspicion about the bidirectional relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and arterial hypertension (AHT). Both have a synergistic action on cardiovascular outcomes, so it is important to assess the prevalence of risk for OSA in hypertensive patients. In this last group we have also investigated the rate of adherence to prescribed drugs.Metodology:through a case-control study and with the application of the STOP-BANG questionnaire, the risk categories for sleep apnea in the two cohorts have been discriminated. For the analysis of adherence to antihypertensive drugs, the abbreviated Morisky questionnaire was used. Results:590 individuals were included (295 cases and 295 controls. A high risk for OSA was observed in the hypertensive group (36.6%) compared to 14.2% in the control group. On the other hand, the male sex OR 7.77 (95%CI 4.33-13.84), obesity OR 5.03 (95%CI 3.11-8.13) and hypertensionOR4.31(95%CI 2.64-7.03) they areweighted significant in a logistic adjustment model studied here.61.69% of hypertensive patients reported adherence to the prescribed pharmacological treatment.Discussion:OSA screening is feasible with a questionnaire applicable in daily clinical practice. From the pre-test clinical probability, specific diagnostic methods for the diagnosis of OSA must be started, emphasizing cases of resistant AHT, nocturnal AHT, andmasked AHT. Local studies should be carried out to help us understand the causes of non-adherence to antihypertensive drugs in a significant fraction of individuals with AHT


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Risk Assessment , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Obesity , Paraguay/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waist-Hip Ratio , Hypertension , Antihypertensive Agents
2.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 21(1): 80-91, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1397931

ABSTRACT

El siguiente estudio de caso se realizó en una persona con enfermedad renal crónica secundaria a diabetes mellitus tipo 1 en tratamiento de hemodiálisis desde hace 7 años, se realizó con el fin llevar acabo las acciones e intervenciones encaminadas a contribuir en los cuidados de rehabilitación, así como aminorar las complicaciones de esta enfermedad para que la persona logre su independencia. La metodología está basada en el modelo de Virginia Henderson donde se encontraron necesidades de nutrición e hidratación, eliminación, evitar peligros y aprendizaje alterados, posteriormente se realiza los diagnósticos de enfermería y la planificación del cuidado mediante la taxonomía Nanda, Noc y Nic. Para esto se requisita la NOM-012-SSA3. 2012, mediante el cual se obtiene el consentimiento informado de la persona para ejecutar el plan de cuidados con los criterios que establece la norma para ejecutar las intervenciones con el fin de investigación para la salud, se realizó visita domiciliaria para una evaluación del plan de cuidados donde se concluye que en relación con la implicación familiar se logró cierto grado de independencia en el paciente, observando cambios positivos, conocimiento de la enfermedad y un mejor apego a su alimentación.


The following case study was carried out in a person with chronic kidney disease secondary to type 1 diabetes mellitus on hemodialysis treatment for 7 years, it was carried out in order to carry out actions and interventions aimed at contributing to rehabilitation care, as well how to reduce the complications of this disease so that the person can achieve independence. The methodology is based on the Virginia Henderson Model where needs for nutrition and hydration, elimination, danger avoidance and altered learning were found, subsequently nursing diagnoses and care planning are carried out using the Nanda, Noc and Nic taxonomy. For this, the NOM-012-SSA3 is required. 2012, through which the informed consent of the person is obtained to execute the care plan with the criteria established by the norm to execute the interventions for the purpose of health research, a home visit is made with which a evaluation of the care plan where it is concluded that in relation to family involvement, a certain degree of independence was achieved in the patient, positive changes were observed, a better knowledge of the disease, better adherence to their diet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 350-366, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399116

ABSTRACT

Introdução: No final do ano de 2019 surgiu na China uma doença infectocontagiosa de característica respiratória e alto grau de disseminação até então desconhecida. No Brasil o primeiro caso de Covid-19 foi confirmado no final de fevereiro de 2020 e a primeira morte em meados de março. Segundo dados da plataforma Coronavírus Brasil, em 17 de março de 2021, houve registro de 11.603.535 casos confirmados e 282.127 óbitos. Objetivo: Descrever o perfil de pessoas que morreram tendo como causa básica do óbito a Covid-19, em um município do Sudoeste do Paraná, entre os anos de 2020 e 2021. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, descritivo, documental de caráter quantitativo que foi realizado na prefeitura municipal de Francisco Beltrão. Resultados: Houve prevalência de óbitos em pacientes do sexo masculino, idosos, com presença de alguma comorbidade associada, sendo hipertensão a mais citada (50,8%). Os sintomas mais prevalentes foram tosse (74,4%), dispneia (56,3%) e saturação < 95% (48,3%), necessitando ainda de hospitalização em algum período da doença (94,1%), sendo os leitos de Sistema Único de Saúde os mais procurados (74,4%). Quanto à taxa de ocupação 49,6% dos casos necessitou apenas de leitos de enfermaria e 42% unidades de terapia intensiva. Discussão: Diversas pesquisas apontam que o sexo masculino é o mais acometido por condições graves de saúde, devido à demora na busca de assistência médica. No que se refere à idade, neste estudo, a prevalência de óbitos se deu entre 71 e 75 anos (15,1%) o que justifica que o envelhecimento é um fator de risco elevado para complicações da doença. Durante a análise dos dados, notou- se que grande parte dos pacientes que tiveram como desfecho o óbito, possuíam algum fator associado, dentre os mais citados, verificou-se a Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica (50,8%) Diabetes Mellitus (24,8%), doenças cardiovasculares (23,9%) e obesidade (14,7%). No que diz respeito à hospitalização, nesse estudo notou-se que 74,4% da amostra foram hospitalizadas em leitos de SUS, 18,5% em hospitais particulares e 7,1% não possuíam essa informação. Conclusão: É possível observar a importância do estudo epidemiológico para identificar o perfil da população em risco, podendo auxiliar no planejamento do atendimento, rastreamento e controle da doença, além de conhecer a evolução da patologia, a fim de buscar ações adequadas para seu enfrentamento.


Introduction: At the end of 2019, a previously unknown infectious disease with respiratory characteristics and a high degree of dissemination emerged in China. In Brazil the first case of Covid-19 was confirmed in late February 2020 and the first death in mid-March. According to data from the Coronavirus Brazil platform, as of March 17, 2021, 11,603,535 confirmed cases and 282,127 deaths were recorded. Objective: To describe the profile of people who died with Covid-19 as the underlying cause of death in a city in southwestern Paraná between the years 2020 and 2021. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, documental, quantitative study carried out at the Francisco Beltrão City Hall. Results: There was a prevalence of deaths in male patients, elderly, with the presence of some associated comorbidity, hypertension being the most cited (50.8%). The most prevalent symptoms were cough (74.4%), dyspnea (56.3%) and saturation < 95% (48.3%), requiring hospitalization in some period of the disease (94.1%), and the Unified Health System beds were the most sought (74.4%). As for the occupancy rate, 49.6% of the cases required only ward beds and 42% intensive care units. Discussion: Several studies show that men are the most affected by serious health conditions, due to the delay in seeking medical assistance. Regarding age, in this study, the prevalence of deaths was between 71 and 75 years (15.1%), which justifies that aging is a high risk factor for disease complications. During data analysis, it was noted that most patients who died had some associated factor, among the most cited were systemic arterial hypertension (50.8%), diabetes mellitus (24.8%), cardiovascular diseases (23.9%) and obesity (14.7%). Regarding hospitalization, in this study it was noted that 74.4% of the sample were hospitalized in SUS beds, 18.5% in private hospitals, and 7.1% did not have this information. Conclusion: It is possible to observe the importance of the epidemiological study to identify the profile of the population at risk, which can help in planning care, tracking and control of the disease, besides knowing the evolution of the pathology in order to seek appropriate actions for its confrontation


Introducción: A finales del año 2019 apareció en China una enfermedad infecto- contagiosa de característica respiratoria y alto grado de diseminación desconocida hasta entonces. En Brasil se confirmó el primer caso de Covid-19 a finales de febrero de 2020 y la primera muerte a mediados de marzo. Según los datos de la plataforma Coronavirus Brasil, hasta el 17 de marzo de 2021, había 11.603.535 casos confirmados y 282.127 muertes. Objetivo: Describir el perfil de las personas fallecidas con Covid-19 como causa subyacente de muerte en una ciudad del sudoeste de Paraná entre los años 2020 y 2021. Metodología: Se trata de un estudio transversal, descriptivo, documental de carácter cuantitativo que se realizó en la prefectura municipal de Francisco Beltrão. Resultados: Hubo una prevalencia de muertes en pacientes masculinos, de edad avanzada, con presencia de alguna comorbilidad asociada, siendo la hipertensión la más citada (50,8%). Los síntomas más prevalentes fueron la tos (74,4%), la disnea (56,3%) y la saturación < 95% (48,3%), requiriendo hospitalización en algún periodo de la enfermedad (94,1%), siendo las camas del Sistema Único de Salud las más solicitadas (74,4%). En cuanto a la tasa de ocupación, el 49,6% de los casos sólo necesitaban camas de sala y el 42% unidades de cuidados intensivos. Discusión: Varias investigaciones señalan que el género masculino es el más afectado por las condiciones de salud graves, debido al retraso en la búsqueda de asistencia médica. En cuanto a la edad, en este estudio, la prevalencia de muertes se produjo entre los 71 y los 75 años (15,1%), lo que justifica que el envejecimiento sea un factor de riesgo elevado para las complicaciones de la enfermedad. Durante el análisis de los datos, se observó que la mayoría de los pacientes que fallecieron tenían algún factor asociado, entre los más citados estaban la Hipertensión Arterial Sistémica (50,8%), la Diabetes Mellitus (24,8%), las enfermedades cardiovasculares (23,9%) y la obesidad (14,7%). En lo que respecta a la hospitalización, en este estudio se observó que el 74,4% de la muestra estaba hospitalizada en camas del SUS, el 18,5% en hospitales privados y el 7,1% no tenía esta información. Conclusión: Es posible observar la importancia del estudio epidemiológico para identificar el perfil de la población en riesgo, pudiendo ayudar en la planificación de la atención, el rastreo y el control de la enfermedad, además de conocer la evolución de la patología, con el fin de buscar las acciones adecuadas para su enfrentamiento.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Health Profile , Epidemiologic Studies , Epidemiology/statistics & numerical data , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Coronavirus Infections/rehabilitation , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Death , Unified Health System , Aged , Aging/pathology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Global Health/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cough , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyspnea , Oxygen Saturation , Hospitalization , Hypertension , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Obesity
4.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 315-327, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399066

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os desfechos clínicos dos pacientes em suporte ventilatório invasivo por período curto e prolongado e correlacionar funcionalidade e tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM). Estudo documental retrospectivo, realizado na UTI neurocirúrgica de um hospital escola. Dos prontuários clínicos foram coletados: idade, sexo, hipótese diagnóstica de internação, tempo de internação e de VM em dias, o desfecho sucesso ou falha da extubação e o nível de funcionalidade. Os prontuários foram divididos em grupo um (GI): pacientes em VM por até três dias e grupo dois (GII): pacientes em VM por mais de três dias. Foram analisados 210 prontuários, 73% dos pacientes permaneceram menos de três dias em VM. A idade média de GI foi 51,8±15,5 anos e GII 48,7±16,3 anos (p=0,20), prevalência do sexo masculino em GI (59%) e GII (68%). O acidente vascular cerebral foi o diagnóstico mais prevalente no GI (18%) e o tumor cerebral no GII (21%) e hipertensão arterial, a comorbidade mais prevalente em GI (28%) e GII (25%). O GII permaneceu maior tempo (p<0,0001) em VM e internação na UTI que o GI e percentual de sucesso no desmame/extubação menor (p=0,01) que o GI. Não houve correlação significativa entre funcionalidade e tempo de VM em GI e GII (p>0,05). Os pacientes em suporte ventilatório invasivo por período prolongado evoluíram com maior permanência em VM, maior tempo de internação na UTI e menor taxa de sucesso no desmame/extubação. O tempo de permanência em suporte ventilatório invasivo não interferiu na funcionalidade desses pacientes.


The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of patients on short- and long-term invasive ventilatory support and to correlate functionality and duration of mechanical ventilation (MV). Retrospective documental study, carried out in the neurosurgical ICU of a teaching hospital. The following were collected from the clinical records: age, gender, diagnostic hypothesis of hospitalization, length of hospital stay and MV in days, the outcome of success or failure of extubation and the level of functionality. The medical records were divided into group one (GI): patients on MV for up to three days and group two (GII): patients on MV for more than three days. A total of 210 medical records were analyzed, 73% of the patients remained on MV for less than three days. The mean age of GI was 51.8±15.5 years and GII 48.7±16.3 years (p=0.20), male prevalence in GI (59%) and GII (68%). Stroke was the most prevalent diagnosis in GI (18%) and brain tumor in GII (21%) and hypertension was the most prevalent comorbidity in GI (28%) and GII (25%). GII remained longer (p<0.0001) in MV and ICU admission than GI and the percentage of success in weaning/extubation was lower (p=0.01) than GI. There was no significant correlation between functionality and time on MV in GI and GII (p>0.05). Patients on invasive ventilatory support for a long period evolved with longer MV stays, longer ICU stays and lower weaning/extubation success rates. The length of stay on invasive ventilatory support did not interfere with the functionality of these patients.


El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los resultados clínicos de los pacientes con soporte ventilatorio invasivo a corto y largo plazo y correlacionar la funcionalidad y el tiempo de ventilación mecánica (VM). Se trata de un estudio documental retrospectivo, realizado en la UCI neuroquirúrgica de un hospital universitario. Se recogieron los siguientes datos de las historias clínicas: edad, sexo, hipótesis diagnóstica, duración de la estancia y tiempo de VM en días, el resultado éxito o fracaso de la extubación y el nivel de funcionalidad. Las historias clínicas se dividieron en el grupo uno (GI): pacientes bajo VM hasta tres días y el grupo dos (GII): pacientes bajo VM durante más de tres días. Se analizaron 210 historias clínicas, el 73% de los pacientes permanecieron menos de tres días con VM. La edad media de GI fue de 51,8±15,5 años y la de GII de 48,7±16,3 años (p=0,20), con prevalencia masculina en GI (59%) y GII (68%). El ictus fue el diagnóstico más prevalente en GI (18%) y el tumor cerebral en GII (21%) y la hipertensión, la comorbilidad más prevalente en GI (28%) y GII (25%). El GII permaneció más tiempo (p<0,0001) en la VM y la estancia en la UCI que el GI y el porcentaje de éxito en el destete/extubación fue menor (p=0,01) que el GI. No hubo correlación significativa entre la funcionalidad y el tiempo de VM en GI y GII (p>0,05). Los pacientes con soporte ventilatorio invasivo a largo plazo evolucionaron con una mayor estancia en la VM, una mayor estancia en la UCI y una menor tasa de éxito de destete/extubación. La duración de la estancia con soporte ventilatorio invasivo no interfirió en la funcionalidad de estos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Respiration, Artificial/instrumentation , Residence Time , Interactive Ventilatory Support/nursing , Interactive Ventilatory Support/instrumentation , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Brain Neoplasms/complications , Ventilator Weaning/instrumentation , Comorbidity , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Physical Therapy Modalities/nursing , Stroke/complications , Airway Extubation/instrumentation , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Teaching , Hypertension/complications
5.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 301-314, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399064

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Pesquisar na literatura científica como profissionais e usuários compreendem as ações de educação em saúde e sua aplicabilidade ao portador de Hipertensão Arterial. Metodologia: Realizou- se uma revisão integrativa de literatura, com busca de material científico nas bases de dados: SciELO, MedLine e LILACS, com utilização dos Descritores em Ciências da Saúde: "Educação em Saúde" e "Hipertensão Arterial". Após a aplicação dos critérios seletivos, a amostra final foi composta por 10 artigos científicos. Resultados: Foram definidas quatro categorias temáticas para discussão: Percepção e saberes dos profissionais quanto às ações de educação em saúde; percepção do impacto da educação em saúde para usuários do sistema; educação alimentar e nutricional e; o uso das metodologias participativas como facilitadoras no processo de educação em saúde. Conclusão: As ações de educação em saúde são uma ótima forma de abordagem de assuntos de prevenção, promoção e recuperação da saúde, entretanto, percebeu-se que ainda é necessário que muitos profissionais planejem suas metodologias de ações educativas vislumbrando avaliação rotineira e impacto destas ações sobre o contexto trabalhado.


The goal of this study was to research the scientific literature on how the professionals and users understand actions of health education and their applicability to patients with arterial hypertension. It was performed an integrative literature review, and the scientific papers were searched in the databases: SciELO, MedLine and LILACS. The keywords used were "Health education" and "Hypertension". After the selective criteria was applied, 10 scientific papers composed the final sample. Four categories were defined for the discussion: Professionals perception and knowledge about the actions of health education; Health system patient's impact perception of the education health; Dietary and nutritional education and; Usage of participatory methodologies as facilitators in the health education process. The actions of health education are an excellent way to approach prevention, promotion and recovery topics. Nevertheless, it was perceived that several professionals have planned their methodologies of education health sighting the routine evaluation and the impact of these in the work context.


Objetivo: Investigar en la literatura científica cómo entienden los profesionales y los usuarios las acciones de educación sanitaria y su aplicabilidad a los pacientes con hipertensión. Metodología: Se realizó una revisión integradora de la literatura, con la búsqueda de material científico en las bases de datos: SciELO, MedLine y LILACS, con la utilización de los Descritores en Ciencias de la Salud: "Educação em Saúde" e "Hipertensão Arterial". Tras la aplicación de los criterios de selección, la muestra final quedó compuesta por 10 artículos científicos. Resultados: Se definieron cuatro categorías temáticas para la discusión: Percepción y conocimiento de los profesionales sobre las acciones de educación en salud; percepción del impacto de la educación en salud para los usuarios del sistema; educación alimentaria y nutricional y; el uso de metodologías participativas como facilitadoras en el proceso de educación en salud. Conclusión: Las acciones de educación en salud son una forma óptima de abordar los asuntos de prevención, promoción y recuperación de la salud, sin embargo, se percibe que aún es necesario que muchos profesionales planifiquen sus metodologías de acciones educativas teniendo en cuenta la evaluación rutinaria y el impacto de estas acciones sobre el contexto laboral.


Subject(s)
Health Education , Health Promotion , Hypertension , Food and Nutrition Education , Review Literature as Topic , Exercise , Disease Prevention
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 809-819, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399471

ABSTRACT

Considera-se gestação de alto risco quando a mulher apresenta comorbidade materna e/ou condição sociobiológica que levam as chances de ocorrer alguma intercorrência na evolução natural da gravidez, como hipertensão arterial, diabetes, anemia, alcoolismo e obesidade. É de grande importância o acompanhamento pré-natal com uma equipe de assistência capaz de identificar os problemas antes mesmo que possam ser agravados. O objetivo deste estudo foi rastrear o perfil clínico e nutricional de mulheres com gestação de alto risco na Estratégia de Saúde da Família de Santa Quitéria- CE. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, com abordagem quantitativa realizado com 33 gestantes. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado o cartão da gestante e prontuário, o estado nutricional foi avaliado através do peso pré- gestacional contido no cartão e peso atual através da balança. Para análise estatística, foram usados frequências, percentuais, médias e desvio padrão, verificadas por meio dos testes de Kolmogorov-Smirnov e Levene. Para a comparação de médias entre duas categorias, utilizou-se o teste t de Student para amostras independentes. Os resultados mostraram que a maioria tinha o ensino médio como nível de escolaridade, renda igual ou menor que um salário mínimo, multíparas com um ou mais abortos. Em relação às características do estado clínico patológico, as condições mais prevalentes nas gestantes do presente estudo foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica, pré-eclâmpsia, seguidos de DMG e eritoblastose. Excesso de peso antes e durante a gravidez com ganho ponderal de peso adequado. O que demonstra a necessidade de estratégias para a saúde da mulher. É apropriado acionar sinal de alerta no acompanhamento da saúde da mulher também antes da gestação e não somente no pré-natal para que transcorra bem durante e após o parto. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Estado nutricional; Gestação de alto risco; Assistência Pré-Natal.


High-risk pregnancy is considered when the woman presents maternal comorbidity and/or sociobiological condition that increase the chances of some complication occurring in the natural evolution of pregnancy, such as arterial hypertension, diabetes, anemia, alcoholism, and obesity; It is of great importance the prenatal follow-up with an assistance team capable of identifying the problems even before they can be aggravated; The objective of this study was to track the clinical and nutritional profile of women with high-risk pregnancy in the Family Health Strategy of Santa Quitéria-CE; This is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach carried out with 33 pregnant women; For data collection the pregnant woman's card and medical records were used, the nutritional status was evaluated through the pre-gestational weight contained in the card and current weight through the scale; For statistical analysis, frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviation were used, verified by means of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene tests;For comparison of means between two categories, Student's t test for independent samples was used; The results showed that most had high school education, income equal to or less than one minimum wage, multiparous women with one or more abortions; Regarding the characteristics of the pathological medical condition, the most prevalent conditions in the pregnant women of the present study were hypertension, pre- eclampsia, followed by GDM and erythoblastosis; Overweight before and during pregnancy with adequate weight gain; This demonstrates the need for women's health strategies; It is appropriate to trigger warning signals in the monitoring of women's health also before pregnancy and not only in the prenatal period so that it goes well during and after delivery;


Se considera embarazo de alto riesgo cuando la mujer presenta comorbilidad materna y/o condición socio-biológica que conlleva las posibilidades de aparición de alguna complicación en la evolución natural del embarazo, como son la hipertensión, la diabetes, la anemia, el alcoholismo y la obesidad. Es de gran importancia el seguimiento prenatal con un equipo de asistencia capaz de identificar los problemas incluso antes de que puedan agravarse. El objetivo de este estudio fue rastrear el perfil clínico y nutricional de las mujeres con embarazo de alto riesgo en la Estrategia de Salud Familiar de Santa Quitéria-CE. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con un enfoque cuantitativo realizado con 33 mujeres embarazadas. Para la recopilación de datos se utilizó el cartón de la gestante y el prontuario, el estado nutricional se evaluó a través del peso pregestacional contenido en el cartón y el peso actual a través de la balanza. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron frecuencias, porcentajes, medias y desviación estándar, verificados mediante las pruebas de Kolmogorov-Smirnov y Levene. Para la comparación de medias entre dos categorías, se utilizó la prueba t de Student para muestras independientes. Los resultados mostraron que la mayoría tenía estudios secundarios, ingresos iguales o inferiores a un salario mínimo, mujeres multíparas con uno o más abortos. En cuanto a las características del estado clínico patológico, las condiciones más prevalentes en las embarazadas del presente estudio fueron la hipertensión arterial sistémica, la preeclampsia, seguidas de la DMG y la eritoblastosis. Exceso de peso antes y durante el embarazo con un aumento de peso adecuado. Lo que demuestra la necesidad de estrategias de salud para las mujeres. Es conveniente activar la señal de alarma en el seguimiento de la salud de las mujeres también antes del embarazo y no sólo en la atención prenatal para que funcione bien durante y después del parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , National Health Strategies , Health Profile , Nutritional Status/physiology , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Women , Body Mass Index , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Women's Health , Pregnant Women , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Hypertension/complications , Obesity/complications
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 310-316, oct. 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1390872

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El compromiso renal (CR) en niñosinternados con enfermedad por coronavirus2019 (COVID-19, por su sigla en inglés) varía entre el 1,2 % y el 44 %. Dado que existe limitada información local, el objetivo primario de este estudio fue estimar la prevalencia de CR en nuestro medio. Población y métodos. Estudio transversalrealizado en 13 centros de Argentina entre marzo y diciembre de 2020. Se incluyeron pacientes internados con COVID-19, de 1 mes a 18 años y que tuvieran al menos una determinación de creatinina sérica y/o de orina completa.Se excluyeron aquellos con enfermedad renal conocida. Se consideró CR la presencia de lesión renal aguda (LRA), proteinuria, hematuria, leucocituria y/o hipertensión arterial (HTA). Resultados. De 528 historias clínicas elegibles, seincluyeron las de 423 pacientes (el 55,0 % de sexo masculino, mediana de edad 5,3 años). El cuadro clínico fue asintomático en el 31 %, leve en el 39,7 %, moderado en el 23,9 %, grave en el 1,2 %, crítico en el 0,7 %, y el 3,5 % presentó síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico pediátrico (SIMP). Dos pacientes (0,47 %) fallecieron. La prevalencia de CR fue del 10,8 % (intervalo de confianza 95% 8,2-14,2), expresada por leucocituria (16,9 %), proteinuria (16,0 %), hematuria (13,2 %), HTA (3,7 %) y LRA (2,3 %). Ninguno requirió diálisis. Presentar CR se asoció (p <0,0001) con formas graves de enfermedad. Conclusión. La prevalencia de CR en pacientes pediátricos internados con COVID-19 en 13 centros de nuestro país fue del 10,8 % y predominó en las formas clínicas graves.


Introduction. Renal involvement among pediatric patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) ranges between 1.2% and 44%. Given the limited information available locally, the primary objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of renal involvement in our setting. Population and methods. Cross-sectional study conducted in 13 Argentine sites between March and December 2020. Patients aged 1 month to 18 years hospitalized due to COVID-19 and with at least one measurement of serum creatinine and/or a urinalysis were included. Those with a known kidney disease were excluded. Renal involvement was defined as the presence of acute kidney injury (AKI), proteinuria, hematuria, leukocyturia and/or arterial hypertension (HTN). Results. Among 528 eligible medical records, 423 patients were included (55.0% were males; median age: 5.3 years). The clinical presentation was asymptomatic in 31%; mild, in 39.7%; moderate, in 23.9%; severe, in 1.2%; critical, in 0.7%; and 3.5% had multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Two patients (0.47%) died. The prevalence of renal involvement was 10.8% (95% confidence interval: 8.2­14.2); it was described as leukocyturia (16.9%), proteinuria (16.0%), hematuria (13.2%), HTN (3.7%), and AKI (2.3%). No patient required dialysis. Renal involvement was associated with severe forms of disease (p < 0.0001). Conclusion. The prevalence of renal involvement among pediatric patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 in 13 Argentine sites was 10.8%; severe forms of disease prevailed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Proteinuria/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome , Creatinine , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematuria/etiology , Hematuria/epidemiology
8.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 25(1): 28-33, sept. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399904

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: the aim of this study was to analyze the medication used by the patients with hypertensive crisis (blood pressure above 180/120mmHg) and its impact on the main risk factors for hypertensive emergency development. METHODS: a total of 233 patients (108 male, 125 female), 184 had hypertensive urgency/ 53 emergency (54.44% /50.95% in women) at the Emergency department during 11 months. Patients were divided in five age groups as decades starting from the age of 40 (mean 65.85 years) and a total ten groups depending on which type of hypertensive medication they were using (ACEi, ARB, BB, CCB, diuretics, moxonidine, and their combinations). RESULTS: by using antihypertensive monotherapy percentage of hypertensive emergencies were 100.00%, 50.00%, 41.66%, 33.33%, 21.05%. Using ACEi + CCB + diuretic significantly decreased the number of emergencies to 0%, 18.47%, 21.05%, 25.00%, 33.33%; but adding beta blocker additionally diminished the risk. Overall 53 patients had no medication (22.75%) and 68 of 233 patients were smokers (29.18%, 63.23% male) of which 36 patients had hypertensive emergency (52.94% of smokers). The biggest number of non-dippers was found in patients who took ARBs, diuretics and/or CCB but the smallest number was shown in patients who took ACEi in combination with moxonidine (-20.07%). 22.02% of smokers were non-dippers (-54.67% nonsmokers). Odds ratio for getting hypertensive emergency in case patient had a non-dipper profile was 4.18 (CI 1.02 ­ 18.89, p < 0.05). Patients taking different medication (or none) did not have increased chance for hypertensive emergency development (OR 1.21, p = NS). We didn't find any differences in the non-dipping profile incidence between genders (72.12% males, 72.83% females). CONCLUSION: combinations of all antihypertensive medication showed benefit over monotherapy. Higher 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure (non-dipping profile) was significantly associated with greater change for developing hypertensive emergency.


INTRODUCCIÓN: el objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la medicación utilizada por los pacientes con crisis hipertensiva (presión arterial superior a 180/120mmHg) y su impacto en los principales factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de la emergencia hipertensiva. MÉTODOS: un total de 233 pacientes (108 hombres, 125 mujeres), 184 tenían urgencia hipertensiva/ 53 emergencia (54,44% /50,95% en mujeres) en el servicio de Urgencias durante 11 meses. Los pacientes fueron divididos en cinco grupos de edad según décadas a partir de los 40 años (media de 65,85 años) y un total de diez grupos según el tipo de medicación hipertensiva que utilizaban (IECA, ARA, BB, BCC, diuréticos, moxonidina y sus combinaciones). RESULTADOS: utilizando monoterapia antihipertensiva el porcentaje de urgencias hipertensivas fue del 100,00%, 50,00%, 41,66%, 33,33%, 21,05%. El uso de IECA + BCC + diuréticos disminuyó significativamente el número de urgencias al 0%, 18,47%, 21,05%, 25,00%, 33,33%; pero la adición de betabloqueantes disminuyó el riesgo. En general, 53 pacientes no tenían medicación (22,75%) y 68 de 233 pacientes eran fumadores (29,18%, 63,23% hombres), de los cuales 36 pacientes tuvieron una urgencia hipertensiva (52,94% de los fumadores). El mayor número de hipertensos no inmersivos se encontró en los pacientes que tomaban ARA, diuréticos y/o BCC, pero el menor número se mostró en los pacientes que tomaban IECA en combinación con moxonidina (-20,07%). El 22,02% de los fumadores no eran hipertensos inmersivos (-54,67% de los no fumadores). El odds ratio para obtener una emergencia hipertensiva en caso de que el paciente tuviera un perfil no inmersivo fue de 4,18 (IC 1,02 - 18,89, p < 0,05). Los pacientes que tomaban una medicación diferente (o ninguna) no tenían mayor probabilidad de desarrollar una emergencia hipertensiva (OR 1,21, p = NS). No se encontraron diferencias en la incidencia de perfil no inmersivo entre géneros (72,12% varones, 72,83% mujeres). CONCLUSIÓN: las combinaciones de toda la medicación antihipertensiva mostraron beneficios sobre la monoterapia. Una mayor presión arterial de 24 horas y nocturna (perfil de hipertensión no inmersiva) se asoció significativamente con un mayor cambio para desarrollar una emergencia hipertensiva.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Aged , Diuretics , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension
9.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 444-456, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385277

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The neuropeptide Y (NPY) is one of the most abundant neurotransmitters in the nervous system. NPY acts as a potent stimulator of angiogenesis, inflammation, and adipogenesis, through the NPY 2 receptor (NPY2R). Changes in the NPY signaling pathway have been linked to Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Objectives The purpose of this study is to determine the association between variants in the NPY and NPY2R genes, as well as the severity of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods Approximately 221 ACS patients and 278 healthy controls were selected for this study. Four variants in NPY and two variants in NPY2R genes were genotyped using Taqman allelic discrimination and sequencing. The Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used to verify the genotype frequencies. The logistic regression analyses were used for the evaluation of the studied variables. Haplotype analysis was used to evaluate the linkage disequilibrium (LD) between the variants (p<0.05). Results An association of NPY c.20T>C variant was found with the ACS group when compared to the healthy group. In the analysis between variants and risk factors in the ACS group, NPY c.84G>A was associated with hypertension. The analysis between TIMI risk showed a significance for NPY c.20T>C between the low and intermediate/high TIMI risk groups. In the haplotype analysis, strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) was found between the variants NPY c.150G>A and NPY c.-485T>C. Conclusion The NPY c.20T>C variant appears to contribute to the development of ACS. The NPY2R c.-1116A>G variant may contribute to the early development of ACS and the NPY c.84G>A variant appears to contribute to the development of hypertension. In addition, the NPY c.20T>C is associated with a protective effect in ACS severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Neuropeptide Y , Acute Coronary Syndrome/etiology , Receptors, Neuropeptide Y , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 476-485, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385275

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Sarcopenia is a disease that involves skeletal muscle mass loss and is highly prevalent in the older adult population. Moreover, the incidence of sarcopenia is increased in patients with hypertension. Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate the association between the classes of the drugs used for arterial hypertension treatment and the presence or absence of sarcopenia. Methods: 129 older adults with hypertension were evaluated by the researchers who registered the participants medication for arterial hypertension treatment. Sarcopenia level was measured by anthropometric parameters, muscular strength, and functional capacity. The data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc test and Fisher's exact test; statistical significance was set at 0.05. Results: Age was not different between women with different levels of sarcopenia, but significant differences were observed between men with absent sarcopenia (66.8±4.2 years) and men with probable sarcopenia (77.0±10.2 years). Individuals with absent sarcopenia showed higher handgrip strength (men: 33.8±7.4, women: 23.2±4.6 Kgf) in comparison with those with sarcopenia (men with probable sarcopenia: 9.5±3.3 Kgf, women with probable, confirmed, and severe sarcopenia: 11.7±2.5, 12.2±3.0, 11.8±1.8 Kgf, respectively). The analysis showed an association between the type of medication and degree of sarcopenia; diuretics were significantly associated with probable sarcopenia, and angiotensin II receptor blockers (alone or in combination with diuretics) was associated with absence of sarcopenia. Conclusion: In conclusion, handgrip strength was a good method to diagnose sarcopenia, and diuretics were associated with increased risk of sarcopenia in older adults with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diuretics/therapeutic use , Sarcopenia/complications , Hypertension/complications , Aging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diuretics/adverse effects , Sarcopenia/etiology , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/adverse effects , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use
12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 434-443, July-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385265

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The 9p21 region is the most relevant locus associated with coronary heart disease in different populations. However, there are no studies that prove that this region is a risk factor in the Venezuelan population. Objectives: To analyze whether or not the 9p21 rs1333049 polymorphism is a risk factor for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Venezuelan patients, as well as to investigate its correlation with cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF), age of occurrence, type and severity of infarction, and the correlation of the rs10757274 polymorphism with severity of coronary artery disease. Methods: This was an association study, including 487 unrelated Venezuelan individuals, grouped in 354 patients with AMI and 133 controls. The rs1333049 and rs10757274 polymorphisms were determined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique with sequence-specific primers. The analysis of association was determined using the SNPStats tool. The continuous variable description and the correlations were performed using the SPSS statistical software. Significance was established at p<0.05. Results: A positive correlation was observed between the rs1333049 polymorphism and the presence of hypertension ( r: 0.145, p: 0.006), and between hypertension and heart infarction ( r: 0.318, p: <0.0001). A positive correlation was found between the rs10757274 polymorphism and the number of coronary vessels that presented obstructive lesions in patients aged ≤ 55 years ( r: 0.276, p: 0.0078). Conclusion: The rs1333049 polymorphism at the 9p21 locus is correlated with hypertension in Venezuelan patients, while the rs10757274 polymorphism is associated with the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, suggested by the correlation with the number of coronary vessels that presented significant obstructive lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Coronary Artery Disease/ethnology , Chromosomes/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Venezuela , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Hypertension/ethnology
14.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 7(1): 49-58, Jan-Apr 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382189

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e sua associação com parâmetros periodontais e do índice de dentes cariados, perdidos, obturados (CPOD) em indivíduos atendidos na clínica do Curso de Odontologia da Unigranrio. Materiais e métodos: Noventa e cinco indivíduos de ambos os sexos foram incluídos no estudo entre março e maio de 2021. Os participantes responderam a questionários anamnésicos, tiveram sua pressão arterial sistêmica aferida e foram examinados para obtenção do índice CPOD e de parâmetros periodontais. Resultados: A frequência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica na população estudada foi 23,15%. Em pacientes com periodontite, essa prevalência foi 27%, e, em pacientes com gengivite, 19%. Pacientes com periodontite tiveram médias superiores de pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) comparado ao grupo com gengivite (p<0,0001). Foram identificadas correlações significativas positivas entre PAS e bolsas periodontais moderadas (rho=0,356) e profundas (rho=0,342), perda de inserção avançada (rho=0,538), CPOD (rho=0,365) e quantidade de dentes ausentes (rho=0,477), p < 0,001. A PAD apresentou correlações significativas (p < 0,001) positivas com bolsas periodontais moderadas (rho=0,331) e profundas (rho=0,283), perda de inserção avançada (rho=0,465), CPOD (rho=0,361) e dentes ausentes (rho=0,348). Conclusões: A frequência de hipertensão arterial sistêmica autorrelatada é relativamente alta na população estudada e, em especialmente, dentre as pessoas com periodontite. Pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica são correlacionadas positivamente com parâmetros periodontais indicadores de severidade de doença, assim como piores escores do CPOD.


Aim: The study evaluated the prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension and its association with periodontal parameters and decayed-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index in individuals treated in a Dental School clinic. Material and methods: Ninety-five individuals of both genders were included in the study in the period between March and May 2021. All participants answered anamnestic questionaries, had their systemic blood pressure measured, and were examined to obtain the DMFT and periodontal parameters. Results: The prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension in the study population was 23.15%. In periodontitis individuals, that prevalence was 27%, and, in gingivitis patients, 19%. Patients with periodontitis have higher mean systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure compared with gingivitis individuals (p<0.0001). Significant positive correlations were found between SBP and moderate (rho=0.356) and deep (rho=0.342) periodontal pockets, severe attachment loss (rho=0.538), DMFT (rho=0.365), and amount of missing teeth (rho=0.477), p ? 0.001. The DBP showed significant (p?0.001) positive correlations with moderate (rho=0.331) and (rho=0.283) deep periodontal pockets, severe attachment loss (rho=0.465), DMFT (rho=0.361), and missing teeth (rho=0.348). Conclusions: The prevalence of systemic arterial hypertension is relatively high in the study population and, in particular, among individuals with periodontitis. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure are positively correlated with periodontal parameters that indicate the severity of disease, as well as with worse DMFT scores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontitis/complications , DMF Index , Gingivitis/complications , Hypertension/complications , Periodontitis/diagnosis , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Age and Sex Distribution , Gingivitis/diagnosis , Gingivitis/epidemiology
15.
San Salvador; INS; ago. 5, 2022. 24 p. graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400732

ABSTRACT

La presente guía de práctica clínica es un esfuerzo realizado por profesionales del Sistema Integrado de Salud (SNIS) coordinado por el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) ante la evidencia de alta prevalencia de hipertensión arterial en la población salvadoreña adulta y la carga social y económica que genera. En este documento se presenta el proceso que se realizó para la adaptación de la guía para el tratamiento farmacológico del paciente adulto con hipertensión de la OMS año 2021


This clinical practice guideline is an effort made by professionals from the Integrated Health System (SNIS) coordinated by the National Institute of Health (INS) given the evidence of high prevalence of arterial hypertension in the adult Salvadoran population and the social and economic burden that generates This document presents the process that was carried out for the adaptation of the guide for the pharmacological treatment of the adult patient with hypertension of the WHO year 2021


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Practice Guideline , Hypertension , Patients , Population , El Salvador
16.
San Salvador; INS; ago. 5, 2022. 64 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1400731

ABSTRACT

El Instituto Nacional de Salud ha desarrollado el proceso de adaptación de guías de práctica clínicas (GPC) a fin de proveer de un documento científico como herramienta útil para los profesionales de la salud y contribuir en la mejora de la salud del país. La presente guía de práctica clínica es un esfuerzo realizado por profesionales del Sistema Integrado de Salud (SNIS) coordinado por el Instituto Nacional de Salud (INS) ante la evidencia de alta prevalencia de hipertensión arterial en la población salvadoreña adulta y la carga social y económica que genera. En este documento se presenta el proceso que se realizó para la adaptación de la guía para el tratamiento farmacológico del paciente adulto con hipertensión de la OMS año 2021


The National Institute of Health has developed the process of adaptation of clinical practice guidelines (GPC) in order to provide a scientific document as a useful tool for health professionals and contribute to the improvement of the country's health. This clinical practice guideline is an effort made by professionals from the Integrated Health System (SNIS) coordinated by the National Institute of Health (INS) given the evidence of high prevalence of arterial hypertension in the adult Salvadoran population and the social and economic burden that generates This document presents the process that was carried out for the adaptation of the guide for the pharmacological treatment of the adult patient with hypertension of the WHO year 2021


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Hypertension , Patients , Population , El Salvador
17.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 55(2): 18-24, 20220801.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380292

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la primera causa de muerte. El accidente cerebrovascular isquémico es un problema de salud pública. Objetivos: Determinar las características clínicas de los pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular de tipo isquémico admitidos durante el periodo de ventana terapéutica en el Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital de Clínicas en el periodo 2018 - 2020. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, transversal. Los sujetos fueron los pacientes de sexo masculino y femenino, mayores de 18 años admitidos en la Unidad de Ictus del Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital de Clínicas en el periodo de ventana terapéutica comprendido entre junio del año 2018 y septiembre del año 2020. Resultados: Se incluyó en el estudio 512 pacientes. La media de edad fue 65 ± 12,1 años. El sexo más frecuente fue el masculino con (58,7%) y la mayoría proceden del Departamento Central (61,3%). Los factores de riesgo más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial (83,3%), el sobrepeso (34,7%) y la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (27,3%). Presentaron infarto moderado (41,8%) y la trombólisis fue realizada en el (16%) de los pacientes. Conclusión: Los pacientes que presentaron accidente cerebrovascular de tipo isquémico admitidos en el periodo de ventana terapéutica fueron en su mayoría del sexo masculino, edad media de 65 años, los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares más frecuentes fueron la hipertensión arterial, el sobrepeso y la diabetes mellitus tipo 2, el infarto moderado fue la más frecuente y escasa cantidad recibieron trombólisis.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death. Ischemic stroke is a public health problem. Objectives: To determine the clinical characteristics of patients with ischemic stroke admitted during the therapeutic window period in the Emergency Department of the Hospital de Clínicas in the period 2018 - 2020. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study. The subjects were male and female patients, over 18 years of age admitted to the Stroke Unit of the Emergency Service of the Hospital de Clínicas in the therapeutic window period between June 2018 and September 2020. Results: Included 512 patients in the study. The mean age was 65 ± 12,1 years. The most frequent sex was male with (58.7%), most of them come from the central department (61.3%). The most frequent risk factors were arterial hypertension (83.3%), overweight (34.7%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (27.3%). They presented moderate infarction (41,8%). Thrombolysis was performed in (16%) of the patients. Conclusion: The patients who presented ischemic stroke admitted in the therapeutic window period were mostly male, mean age 65 years, the most frequent cardiovascular risk factors were arterial hypertension, overweight and mellitus diabetes type 2, moderate infarction was the most frequent and few received thrombolysis.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Overweight , Ischemic Stroke , Hypertension , Cardiovascular Diseases , Public Health , Risk Factors , Cause of Death , Stroke
18.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(2): 52-60, Jul-Dec. 2022. tab, tab, graf, tab, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397170

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar las manifestaciones bucales en pacientes con medicación anti- hipertensiva que acuden al servicio estomatológico sur del municipio Morón, Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, en el período enero 2019 a enero 2020. Se trabajó con la totalidad del universo, constituido por 162 pacientes. La información se recopiló de las historias clínicas estomatológicas individuales y de una ficha de recolección de datos creada por los autores de la investigación. Se estudiaron las variables grupo de edad, sexo, grupo de medicamentos antihipertensivos, dosis del medicamento, signos y síntomas clínicos, así como enfermedades bucales. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva (frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales). Resultados: el 42,6 % representó el grupo de edad 35 a 59 años y el 53,7% al sexo femenino. Se observó que 88 pacientes (54,3 %) se encontraban medicados con inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina; de ellos, 38 en su dosis mínima. La xerostomía estuvo presente en el 59,9 % de los casos. El 63,6 % presentó caries dental como enfermedad estomatológica. Conclusiones: existió predominio de la xerostomía y la caries dental en la mayoría de los pacientes.


Objective: To characterize the oral manifestations in patients with antihypertensive medication who attend the southern dental service of the Moron municipality, Ciego de Avila, Cuba. Method: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in the period from January 2019 to January 2020. We worked with the entire universe which was made up of 162 patients. The information was collected from individual dental medical records and from a data collection form created by the authors of the research. The variables age group, sex, antihypertensive drug group, dose of antihypertensive drug, clinical signs and symptoms, and oral diseases were studied. Descriptive statistics were used (absolute and relative percentage frequencies). Results: 42,6 % represented the age group 35 to 59 years and 53,7 % the female sex. It was observed that 88 (54,3 %) patients were medicated with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, 38 of them at their minimum dose. Xerostomia was present in 59,9% of the cases. 63,6 % presented dental caries as a dental disease. Conclusions: There was a predominance of xerostomia and dental caries in most of the patients.


Subject(s)
Oral Manifestations , Antihypertensive Agents , Hypertension
19.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 48-52, may. - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396862

ABSTRACT

En las personas con diabetes mellitus (DM) e hipertensión arterial (HTA), los objetivos de presión arterial (PA) deben individualizarse considerando el riesgo cardiovascular, los potenciales efectos adversos de los fármacos antihipertensivos, y el costo y las preferencias de los pacientes. En personas con DM y elevado riesgo cardiovascular un objetivo de PA <130/80 mmHg sería apropiado si puede lograrse con seguridad. Si el riesgo cardiovascular es bajo, tratar la HTA con un objetivo <140/90 mmHg. En embarazadas con DM gestacional (DMG) e HTA preexistente, se sugiere un objetivo de PA de 110-135/85 mmHg con la finalidad de reducir el riesgo de eclampsia y minimizar el retraso de crecimiento intrauterino.


In patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension (HP), blood pressure (BP) goals should be individualized considering cardiovascular risk, potential adverse effects of antihypertensive medications, cost, and patient preferences. In people with DM and high cardiovascular risk, a BP target <130/80 mmHg would be appropriate if it can be achieved safely. If cardiovascular risk is low, treat hypertension with a target <140/90 mmHg. In pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preexisting hypertension, a BP target of 110-135/85 mmHg is suggested to reduce the risk of eclampsia and minimize intrauterine growth restriction.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(3): 318-326, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375642

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Uncontrolled blood pressure has been associated with poor adherence to drug treatment. Objectives: To assess blood pressure control in hypertensive patients attending primary health centers after implementation of a pharmaceutical follow-up program in a city of the north of Brazil. Methods: Observational, cross sectional, descriptive study with 163 hypertensive patients attending public primary health care centers - one located on the riverside and one in the urban area of the city of Santarem, western Pará, Brazil. Adherence to the anti-hypertensive treatment was assessed using the eight-item Morisky test. Pharmacotherapy follow-up (Dader method) of patients with uncontrolled hypertension and non-adherent to anti-hypertensive treatment was performed. Results of the normality test showed that the data did not follow a normal distribution. Continuous variables were then compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and categorical variables by the likelihood ratio and the McNemar tests. Statistical significance was set at 5%. Results: Of the total sample, 94.5% were not adherent to anti-hypertensive drug therapy and 77.2% had uncontrolled hypertension. Adherence rate was higher in men than women (p=0.006). Pharmacotherapy follow-up improved blood pressure levels, particularly systolic blood pressure (p<0.001). Conclusion: An individualized pharmacotherapeutic follow-up, considering regional and cultural specificities, can contribute to the treatment of hypertensin in the primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pharmacists , Pharmaceutical Services , Primary Health Care/methods , Medication Adherence , Hypertension/drug therapy , Personal Health Services/methods , Brazil , Health Centers , Urban Health , Drug Therapy/methods , Hypertension/prevention & control
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