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2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 37(1): e402, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1390040

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la hipertensión pulmonar asociada a cardiopatías congénitas del adulto implica un amplio espectro de situaciones clínicas complejas de difícil manejo para el cardiólogo clínico. Revisión: se repasarán los principales aspectos fisiopatológicos relacionados con el desarrollo de hipertensión pulmonar en los diferentes grupos de cardiopatías congénitas, así como los criterios para establecer el diagnóstico. Se discutirá el tratamiento guiado por perfil de riesgo y los grupos farmacológicos disponibles en nuestro medio. Por último, se discutirán grupos especiales, como el síndrome de Eisenmenger y la embarazada con cardiopatía e hipertensión pulmonar. Conclusión: es importante tener presente de todas formas que la hipertensión pulmonar en este escenario puede tener un mal pronóstico (como en el síndrome de Eisenmenger), por lo cual se deben realizar los mayores esfuerzos para hacer un diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento oportuno de estos pacientes.


Introduction: pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart disease in adults involves a wide spectrum of complex clinical situations that are difficult to manage for the clinical cardiologist. Review: the main pathophysiological aspects related to the development of pulmonary hypertension in the different groups of congenital heart disease will be reviewed, as well as the criteria to establish the diagnosis. Treatment guided by risk profile and the pharmacological groups available in our setting will be discussed. Finally, special groups such as Eisenmenger syndrome and pregnant women with heart disease and pulmonary hypertension will be discussed. Conclusion: it is important to keep in mind, however, that pulmonary hypertension in this scenario could have a poor prognosis (for example in Eisenmenger syndrome), which is why every effort should be made to make an early diagnosis and timely treatment of these patients.


Introdução: a hipertensão pulmonar associada à cardiopatia congênita em adultos envolve um amplo espectro de situações clínicas complexas e de difícil manejo para o cardiologista clínico. Revisão: serão revistos os principais aspectos fisiopatológicos relacionados ao desenvolvimento da hipertensão pulmonar nos diferentes grupos de cardiopatias congênitas, bem como os critérios para estabelecer o diagnóstico. Serão discutidos o tratamento guiado pelo perfil de risco e os grupos farmacológicos disponíveis em nosso meio. Por fim, serão discutidos grupos especiais como síndrome de Eisenmenger e gestantes com cardiopatia e hipertensão pulmonar. Conclusão: de qualquer forma, é importante ter em mente que a hipertensão pulmonar nesse cenário pode ter um prognóstico ruim (como na síndrome de Eisenmenger), razão pela qual todo esforço deve ser feito para o diagnóstico precoce e tratamento oportuno desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/physiopathology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 505-508, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377380

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a contraindication for heart transplantation (HT). It has been correlated with increased early and late mortality, mainly associated with right ventricular failure. Ventricular assistance devices (VADs) can promote reduction of intracardiac pressures and consequent reduction of PAH over the medium and long terms, thus enabling future candidature for HT. The diminution of early pulmonary pressure within this scenario remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reduction of PAH and correlate data from right catheterization with the earliness of this reduction. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a general hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis on the medical records of patients undergoing VAD implantation in a single hospital. Patients for whom VAD had been indicated as a bridge to candidature for HT due to their condition of constant PAH were selected. RESULTS: Four patients with VADs had constantly severe PAH. Their mean pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) before VAD implantation was 66 mmHg. Over the 30-day period after the procedure, all the patients evolved with a drop in PASP to below 60 mmHg. Their new average was 36 mmHg, which was a drop of close to 50% from baseline values. The one-year survival of this sample was 100%. CONCLUSION: VAD implantation can reduce PAH levels. Early reduction occurred in all patients. Thus, use of VAD is an important bridge tool for enabling candidature for HT among patients with constantly severe PAH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary/surgery , Pulmonary Artery , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408973

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica es uno de los padecimientos pulmonares más frecuente a nivel mundial. Tiene repercusión sobre la mortalidad, causa importante discapacidad y afecta un número considerable de sujetos en edad productiva. La hipertensión pulmonar es una complicación usual de las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas y en particular de la pulmonar obstructiva crónica. Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica y sospecha de hipertensión pulmonar. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo en 50 pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico desde noviembre 2016 a enero 2018. Se analizaron variables tales como la edad, el sexo, la prueba de función ventilatoria, la radiografía de tórax, el electrocardiograma y el ecocardiograma. Resultados: De 700 pacientes portadores de enfermedad pulmonar crónica, se sospechó hipertensión pulmonar en 7 por ciento y fue confirmada en 34. Las frecuencias por sexo fueron similares y primaron los mayores de 60 años. El 41,6 por ciento de los pacientes tuvo afectación respiratoria severa, 70,6 por ciento presentó hipertensión pulmonar ligera y 64,7 por ciento tenía disnea grado 3. Los índices kappa entre las técnicas utilizadas para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión pulmonar superaron la cifra de 0,74. Conclusiones: La frecuencia de hipertensión pulmonar en pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica fue elevada. Primaron pacientes con afectación severa de la función respiratoria e hipertensión pulmonar ligera. El grado de enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica no determinó la severidad de hipertensión pulmonar. Los mayores valores de concordancia entre las técnicas diagnósticas se obtuvieron para la radiografía y el ecocardiograma(AU)


Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the most frequent, worldwide. It has impact on mortality, causing significant disability and affecting a considerable number of subjects of productive age. Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication of chronic respiratory diseases, particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Objective: To describe patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and suspected pulmonary hypertension. Methods: A descriptive, prospective study was carried out in 50 patients treated at Benéfico Jurídico Pneumological Hospital from November 2016 to January 2018. Variables such as age, sex, ventilatory function test, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram and the echocardiogram were analyzed. Results: Out of 700 patients with chronic lung disease, pulmonary hypertension was suspected in 7 por ciento and confirmed in 34. The frequencies by sex were similar and those older than 60 years prevailed. 41.6 por ciento of the patients had severe respiratory involvement, 70.6 por ciento had mild pulmonary hypertension and 64.7 por ciento had grade 3 dyspnea. The kappa indices between the techniques used for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension exceeded the figure of 0.74. Conclusions: The frequency of pulmonary hypertension in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was high. Patients with severe impairment of respiratory function and mild pulmonary hypertension predominated. The degree of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease did not determine the severity of pulmonary hypertension. The highest concordance values between diagnostic techniques were obtained for radiography and echocardiography(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Spirometry/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
5.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(1)mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408982

ABSTRACT

Desde las perspectivas actuales, la hipertensión pulmonar es considerada un importante problema sanitario. El objetivo del artículo fue identificar las características epidemiológicas e historia natural de la hipertensión pulmonar en el contexto internacional y principalmente en la región americana. El conocimiento de la epidemiología de la hipertensión pulmonar ha experimentado un notable desarrollo con los resultados de los registros americanos, franceses, suizos, entre otros. Reportes iniciales consideraban que la enfermedad afectaba a pacientes jóvenes (edad promedio 36 años), siendo casi dos veces más frecuente en mujeres que en varones (1,7:1) y con una incidencia de 1-2 casos/1 000 000 habitantes/año y afecta a todos los grupos etarios. Las estimaciones actuales sugieren una prevalencia alrededor del 1 por ciento de la población mundial y aumenta hasta el 10 por ciento en los mayores de 65 años. La enfermedad auricular o ventricular izquierda y las enfermedades pulmonares son la causa más frecuente de hipertensión pulmonar. En Cuba no hay datos epidemiológicos disponibles sobre esta entidad. Los programas que ayuden a su conocimiento por la población médica se deben reforzar e impulsar un registro único de datos(AU)


From current perspectives, pulmonary hypertension is considered a major health problem. The present work was carried out to identify the epidemiological characteristics and natural history of pulmonary hypertension in the international context and mainly in the Americas. Knowledge of the epidemiology of pulmonary hypertension has undergone a remarkable development with the results of the American, French, and Swiss registries, among others. Initial reports considered that the disease affected young patients (average age 36 years), being almost twice more frequent in women than in men (1.7:1) and with an incidence of 1-2 cases/1,000,000 inhabitants/ year and affects all age groups. Current estimates suggest a prevalence around 1 percent of the world population and increases to 10 percent in those over 65 years of age. Left atrial or left ventricular disease and pulmonary diseases are the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. In Cuba there are no epidemiological data available on this entity. The programs that help their knowledge by the medical population must be reinforced and promote a single data registry(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Records , Hypertension, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Cuba
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e17-e20, feb 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353739

ABSTRACT

La hipertensión portopulmonar (HTPP) es una complicación infrecuente de la hipertensión portal, que sigue un curso progresivo con un pronóstico sombrío. Los reportes en pacientes pediátricos son escasos y con períodos de seguimiento cortos. Se describe una paciente con cirrosis descompensada que desarrolló HTPP resuelta mediante trasplante hepático, que permanece asintomática tras diez años de seguimiento.


Portopulmonary hypertension is an uncommon complication of portal hypertension, running a progressive course with a negative prognosis. Reports in pediatric patients are scarce with short follow up. We describe the case of decompensated cirrhosis who developed PoPH and resolved with liver transplantation, remaining asymptomatic after ten years of follow up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Liver Transplantation , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/complications , Hypertension, Portal/complications , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 74-82, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365665

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the perinatal outcomes of fetuses with isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia after fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) and antenatal expectant management. Data sources In this rapid review, searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, PMC, EMBASE and CENTRAL databases between August 10th and September 4th, 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs), quasi-RCTs or cluster-RCTs published in English in the past ten years were included. Study selection We retrieved 203 publications; 180 studies were screened by abstract. Full-text selection was performed for eight studies, and 1 single center RCTmet the inclusion criteria (41 randomized women; 20 in the FETO group, and 21 in the control group). Data collection Data collection was performed independently, by both authors, in two steps (title and abstract and full-text reading). Data synthesis There were no cases of maternal mortality. The mean gestational age at delivery was of 35.6±2.4 weeks in the intervention group, and of 37.4±1.9 weeks among the controls (p<0.01). Survival until 6 months of age was reported in 50% of the intervention group, and in 5.8% of the controls (p<0.01; relative risk: 10.5; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 1.5-74.7). Severe postnatal pulmonary hypertension was found in 50% of the infants in the intervention group, and in 85.7% of controls (p=0.02; relative risk: 0.6; 95%CI: 0.4-0.9). An analysis of the study indicated some concerns of risk of bias. The quality of evidence was considered moderate to low. Conclusion Current evidence is limited but suggests that FETO may be an effective intervention to improve perinatal outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados perinatais de fetos com hérnia diafragmática congênita após oclusão traqueal endoscópica fetal (OTEF) e conduta expectante pré-natal. Fontes dos dados Nesta revisão rápida, pesquisas foram conduzidas nas bases de dados MEDLINE, PMC, EMBASE e CENTRAL entre 10 de agosto de 2020 e 4 de setembro de 2020. Ensaios clínicos randomizados (ECRs), quase-ECRs e ECRs em cluster publicados em inglês nos últimos dez anos foram incluídos. Seleção dos estudos Foram recuperadas 203 publicações; 180 destas foram triadas pelo resumo. Fez-se a leitura do texto completo de 8 estudos, e 1 ECR cumpriu os critérios de inclusão (41 mulheres aleatorizadas; 20 no grupo OTEF e 21 no grupo de controle). Coleta de dados A coleta de dados realizada independentemente pelos dois autores, em duas etapas (título e resumo, e leitura do texto completo). Síntese dos dados Não houve casos de mortematerna. A idade gestacionalmédia no parto foi de 35,6±2,4 semanas no grupo de intervenção, e de 37,4±1,9 semanas entre os controles (p<0,01). A sobrevida até 6 meses de idade foi relatada em 50% do grupo de intervenção, e em 5,8% dos controles (p<0,01; risco relativo: 10,5; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 1,5-74,7). Hipertensão pulmonar grave ocorreu em 50% dos lactentes do grupo de intervenção, e em 85,7% dos controles (p = 0.02; risco relativo: 0,6; IC95%: 0,4-0,9). Uma análise do estudo indicou algumas preocupações quanto ao risco de viés. A qualidade da evidência foi considerada de moderada a baixa. Conclusão As evidências atuais são limitadas,mas sugeremque a OTEF pode ser uma intervenção eficaz para melhorar resultados perinatais.


Subject(s)
Fetal Diseases/surgery , Fetoscopy/methods , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/surgery , Hernias, Diaphragmatic, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Prognosis , Survival , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods , Fetal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension, Pulmonary/prevention & control , Lung/abnormalities , Lung Diseases/prevention & control
8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1363165

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Riociguate e outros medicamentos de controle da hipertensão pulmonar. Indicação: Tratamento de Hipertensão Pulmonar Tomboembólica Crônica (HPTEC). Pergunta: Há superioridade em eficácia e segurança do riociguate, comparado a medicamentos disponíveis no SUS, no tratamento de HPTEC inoperável ou operada com hipertensão pulmonar residual? Métodos: Revisão rápida de evidências (overview) de revisões sistemáticas, com levantamento bibliográfico realizado na base de dados PUBMED, utilizando estratégia estruturada de busca. A qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas foi avaliada com AMSTAR-2 (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Resultados: Foram selecionadas 4 e incluídas 2 revisões sistemáticas. Conclusão: Comparado ao placebo, em tratamento de curto prazo de HPTEC, riociguate melhora a tolerância ao exercício, aumenta a chance de melhora da classificação funcional e tem similar risco de eventos adversos sérios, porém não reduz a mortalidade. Treprostinil tem efeitos similares a riociguate. Entretanto, ambrisentana, bosentana, macitentana ou sildenafila não diferem do placebo no tratamento de HPTEC


Technology: Riociguat and other drugs to control pulmonary hypertension. Indication: Treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Question: Is riociguat more effective and safe than other drugs available in the Brazilian Public Health System for the treatment of inoperable or recurrent CTEPH? Methods: Rapid review of evidence (overview) from systematic reviews, with a bibliographic search in the PUBMED database, using a structured strategy. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed with AMSTAR-2 (Methodological Quality Assessment of Systematic Reviews). Results: Four systematic reviews were selected and two included in this study. Conclusion: Compared to placebo, in the short-term treatment of CTEPH, riociguat improves exercise tolerance, increases the chance of improving functional classification, and has a similar risk of serious adverse events, but does not reduce mortality. Treprostinil has similar effects to riociguat. However, ambrisentan, bosentan, macitentan or sildenafil do not differ from placebo in the treatment of CTEPH


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Guanylate Cyclase/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Placebos , Evidence-Informed Policy
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 577-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the gene expression characteristics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with high altitude pulmonary hypertension (HAPH) in Naxi residents living in Lijiang, Yunnan, and to explore the underlying pathogenesis and value for potential drug selection. Methods: This is a case-control study. Six patients with HPAH (HPAH group) and 4 normal subjects (control group) were selected from the Naxi residents who originally lived in Lijiang, Yunnan Province. The general clinical data of the two groups were collected, and the related indexes of pulmonary artery pressure were collected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of the subjects were collected for RNA sequencing. The differences on gene expression, regulatory network of transcription factors and drug similarity between the two groups were compared. The results were compared with the public data of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Biological processes and signal pathways were analyzed and compared between HPAH and IPAH patients. Results: The age of 6 patients with HAPH was (68.1±8.3) years old, and there were 2 males (2/6). The age of 4 subjects in the control group was (62.3±10.9) years old, and there were 2 males (2/4). Tricuspid regurgitation velocity, tricuspid pressure gradient and pulmonary systolic pressure in HAPH group were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). The results of RNA sequencing showed that compared with the control group, 174 genes were significantly upregulated and 169 genes were downregulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of HAPH group. These differentially expressed genes were associated with 220 biological processes, 52 molecular functions and 23 cell components. A total of 21 biological processes and 2 signal pathways differed between HPAH and IPAH groups, most of which were related to inflammation and immune response. ZNF384, SP1 and STAT3 were selected as highly correlated transcription factors by transcription factor prediction analysis. Trichostatin A and vorinostat were screened out as potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH by drug similarity analysis. Conclusions: There are significant differences in gene expression in peripheral blood monocytes between HAPH patients and normal population, and inflammation and immune dysfunction are the main pathogenic factors. Trichostatin A and Vorinostat are potential drugs for the treatment of HAPH.


Subject(s)
Aged , Altitude , Altitude Sickness/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension/genetics , Humans , Hydroxamic Acids/therapeutic use , Hypertension, Pulmonary/genetics , Inflammation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Transcription Factors , Transcriptome/genetics , Vorinostat/therapeutic use
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical value of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 11 neonates with PPHN who were treated with ECMO in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Zhongshan People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2021, involving the neonates' general information, clinical diagnosis, laboratory results, duration of ECMO treatment, complications during ECMO treatment, length of hospital stay, and outcome.@*RESULTS@#Of the 11 neonates, 10 (91%) had successful weaning from ECMO, and 8 (73%) survived. For the 11 neonates, the mean duration of ECMO treatment was (81±50) hours (range: 26 to 185 hours), the mean duration of ventilator use was (198±105) hours (range: 57 to 392 hours), and the mean length of hospital stay was (22±15) days (range: 2 to 49 days). The oxygenation index and blood lactate level were significantly improved after 24 hours of ECMO treatment among the 11 neonates (P<0.05). Ten neonates had significantly reduced pulmonary artery pressure after 24 hours of ECMO treatment (P<0.05). One neonate had a progressive increase in the pulmonary artery pressure during EMCO treatment, succumbing to death. This neonate was diagnosed with alveolar capillary dysplasia based on the histopathological findings of the lung tissue and whole-exome sequencing results. Among the 11 children, 5 had intracranial hemorrhage, 1 had disseminated intravascular coagulation, 1 had gastric hemorrhage, 2 had pulmonary hemorrhage, 1 had renal insufficiency, and 3 had bleeding at the puncture site during ECMO treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ECMO is effective for the treatment of PPHN, however, the high incidence of complications of ECMO treatment suggests that it is important to carefully assess the indications and timing of ECMO treatment and improve the management of ECMO, which can improve the weaning rate and survival rate.


Subject(s)
Child , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy , Infant, Newborn , Lung Diseases , Persistent Fetal Circulation Syndrome/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 282-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935141

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the impact of composite clinical worsening (cCW) events and its components on the prognosis of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease (CHD-PAH). Methods: This is a retrospective study. Patients who were diagnosed with CHD-PAH in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between January 2007 and July 2018, were included, and their baseline clinical data including demographic, clinical manifestations and New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification were collected retrospectively. All-cause deaths and clinical worsening events were recorded, which included syncope, PAH related hospitalization, NYHA classification deterioration and ≥ 2 PAH related clinical symptoms (dyspnea, hemoptysis, edema, chest pain, palpitations, cyanosis) appearance/progress. Three kinds of cCW events were defined: cCW1 (included PAH related hospitalization, NYHA classification deterioration), cCW2 (increased syncope on the basis of cCW1) and cCW3 (increased ≥ 2 PAH related clinical symptoms appearance/progress on the basis of cCW2). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to analyze the long-term survival of the included patients. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the impact of cCW events and their components on the risk of all-cause mortality. Results: A total of 525 patients with CHD-PAH were included in this study. The median age at diagnosis was 20.7 (11.2, 30.3) years. There were 43.8% children (<18 years), and 68.8% female patients. There were 431 patients (82.1%) with NYHA classification II. A total of 180 patients had PAH symptoms at diagnosis. The median follow-up time was 4.5 (2.6, 6.7) years. Forty-seven patients (9.0%) died during the follow-up period. Survival rates at 1, 5 and 10 years after diagnosis of PAH were 98.0%, 89.9% and 84.4%, respectively. Cox multivariate analysis showed that NYHA classification deterioration (HR=3.901, 95%CI 1.863-8.169, P<0.001), ≥2 PAH symptoms appearance/progress (HR=4.458, 95%CI 1.870-10.625, P<0.001), PAH-related hospitalization (HR=4.058, 95%CI 1.851-8.896, P<0.001) and syncope (HR=11.313, 95%CI 4.860-26.332, P<0.001) were independent predictors of increased risk of death. All 3 kinds of cCW events were significantly associated with the significantly increased risk of death, and cCW2 was highly predictive to increased risk of death (HR=15.476, 95%CI 4.346-37.576, P<0.001). Conclusions: The overall long-term prognosis of CHD-PAH patients in this study is relatively good. cCW events and its components (NYHA classification deterioration, ≥2 PAH symptoms occurrence/worsening, PAH-related hospitalization and syncope) have adverse influence on all-cause death in this patient cohort.


Subject(s)
Child , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension/complications , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/complications , Male , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 166-171, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935122

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the short-term efficacy of fenestrated atrial septal defect (ASD) occulders in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Methods: Thirty-six healthy dogs were divided into the balloon atrial septostomy (BAS)+fenestrated ASD occulders group (n=12), BAS group (n=12) and non-septostomy group (n=12). PAH was induced by intra-atrial injection of dehydrogenized monocrotaline (1.5 mg/kg) in all dogs. Animals in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group underwent atrial septal puncture and fenestrated ASD occulders implantation. Animals in the BAS group underwent balloon atrial septostomy. The non-septostomy group received no surgical intervention. The hemodynamic indexes and blood N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) of dogs were measured before modeling, 2 months after modeling, 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. Echocardiography was performed to observe the patency of the shunt and atrial septostomy of the dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group and BAS group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Three dogs were sacrificed in each group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. Atrial septal tissue and fenestrated ASD occulders were removed to observe the patency and endothelialization of the device. Lung tissues were obtained for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the inflammatory cells infiltration and the thickening and narrowing of the pulmonary arterials. Results: Among 36 dogs, 2 dogs died within 24 hours after modeling, and 34 dogs were assigned to BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group (n=12), BAS group (n=11), and non-septostomy group (n=11). Compared with BAS group, the average right atrial pressure (mRAP) and NT-proBNP of dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group were significantly reduced at 3 months after surgery (P<0.05), and the cardiac output (CO) was significantly increased at 6 months after surgery, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) was also significantly reduced (P<0.05). Compared with non-septostomy group, dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group had significantly lower mRAP and NT-proBNP at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery (P<0.05), and higher CO and lower SaO2 at 6 months after surgery (P<0.05). Compared with the non-septostomy group, the dogs in the BAS group had significantly lower mRAP and NT-proBNP at 1 month after surgery (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference on mRAP and NT-proBNP at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P>0.05). Echocardiography showed that there was a minimal right-to-left shunt in the atrial septum in the BAS group at 1 month after the surgery, and the ostomy was closed in all the dogs in the BAS group at 3 months after the surgery. There was still a clear right-to-left shunt in the dogs of BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group. The shunt was well formed and satisfactory endothelialization was observed at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery. The results of HE staining showed that the pulmonary arterials were significantly thickened, stenosis and collapse occurred in the non-septostomy group. Pulmonary microvascular stenosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in the pulmonary arterials were observed in the non-septostomy group. Pulmonary arterial histological results were comparable between BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group and non-septostomy group at 6 months after surgery . Conclusions: The fenestrated ASD occulder has the advantage of maintaining the open fistula hole for a longer time compared with simple balloon dilation. The fenestrated ASD occulder can improve cardiac function, and it is safe and feasible to treat PAH in this animal model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrial Septum/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Dogs , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 49-54, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935102

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of percutaneous transluminal pulmonary angioplasty (PTPA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: This prospective single arm study included 19 CTEPH patients (7 male, age(56.3±12.5)years) admitted to Wuhan Asia Heart Hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 and received PTPA interventional therapy. Baseline data, including age, sex, WHO functional class, 6-minute walk distance (6MWD), NT-proBNP, right heart catheterization values, were collected. Patients received single or repeated PTPA. Number of dilated vessels from each patient was analyzed, patients were followed up for 24 weeks and right heart catheterization was repeated at 24 weeks post initial PTPA. All-cause death, perioperative complications, and reperfusion pulmonary edema were reported. WHO functional class, 6MWD, NT-proBNP, right heart catheterization values were compared between baseline and at 24 weeks follow up. Results: Nineteen CTEPH patients received a total of 56 PTPA treatments. The pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) decreased from (40.11±7.55) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (27.53±4.75) mmHg (P<0.001), and the total pulmonary resistance (TPR) decreased from (13.00±3.56) Wood U to (5.48±1.56) Wood U (P<0.001), cardiac output increased from (3.19±0.63) L/min to (5.23±0.94) L/minutes (P<0.01) at 24 weeks post PTPA. The WHO functional class improved significantly (P<0.001), 6MWD increased from (307.08±129.51) m to (428.00±112.64) m (P=0.002), the NT-proBNP decreased at 24 weeks post PTPA (P=0.002). During the follow-up period, there was no death; hemoptysis occurred in 4 patients during the operation, none of which resulted in serious adverse clinical consequences. One patient developed reperfusion pulmonary edema and recovered after treatment. Conclusion: PTPA treatment is safe and can significantly improve the hemodynamics and WHO functional class of patients with CTEPH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angioplasty , Angioplasty, Balloon , Chronic Disease , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 43-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935101

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the risk factors related to perinatal complications in patients with pulmonary hypertension underwent cesarean section. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension hospitalized in 4 different hospitals in Shandong province and underwent cesarean section between May 2010 and May 2020. Patients were divided into perinatal complication group and control group according to the presence or absence of perinatal complications. Perinatal complications included aggravated heart function, new onset arrythmias, sudden cardiac arrest, all-cause death within 42 days post cesarean section, postpartum bleeding and thrombotic events. Risk factors of perinatal complications were analyzed. Results: A total of 167 patients (47 cases in the perinatal complication group and 120 cases in the control group) were included in this study. The average age of this cohort was 28(24, 32) years, and 75(44.9%) patients suffered newly diagnosed pulmonary hypertension during pregnancy. The main cause of pulmonary hypertension was congenital heart disease (137(82.0%)). Age, pregnant weeks, percent of primipara, intra-cardiac shunt, and receiving targeted medication therapy, cardiac dimensions were similar between the two groups. A total of 62 complications were recorded in the complication group including 28 cases of aggravated heart function, 4 cases of new onset arrythmias, 2 cases of cardiac arrest, 11 cases of bleeding or thrombotic events and 17 patients were dead. Prevalence of idiopathic pulmonary hypertension and general anesthesia was significantly higher, functional capacity was significantly lower in perinatal complication group than in control group (all P<0.05). The estimated systolic pulmonary artery pressure, serum N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide and total bilirubin (TBIL) levels were significantly higher in perinatal complication group than in control group (all P<0.05). Logistic analysis demonstrated WHO Function Class(FC) Ⅲ/Ⅳ (OR=2.416,95%CI 1.016-5.743, P=0.046) and TBIL level (OR=6.874,95%CI 1.643-28.757, P=0.008) were the independent risk factors of perinatal complications. Conclusion: TBIL and WHO FC are independent risk factors of perinatal complications in pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension underwent cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section/adverse effects , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/epidemiology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the early risk factors for death in neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) treated with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 105 infants with PPHN (gestational age ≥34 weeks and age <7 days on admission) who received iNO treatment in the Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, from July 2017 to March 2021. Related general information and clinical data were collected. According to the clinical outcome at discharge, the infants were divided into a survival group with 79 infants and a death group with 26 infants. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the risk factors for death in infants with PPHN treated with iNO. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to calculate the cut-off values of the factors in predicting the death risk.@*RESULTS@#A total of 105 infants with PPHN treated with iNO were included, among whom 26 died (26/105, 24.8%). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that no early response to iNO (HR=8.500, 95%CI: 3.024-23.887, P<0.001), 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 points (HR=10.094, 95%CI: 2.577-39.534, P=0.001), a low value of minimum PaO2/FiO2 within 12 hours after admission (HR=0.067, 95%CI: 0.009-0.481, P=0.007), and a low value of minimum pH within 12 hours after admission (HR=0.049, 95%CI: 0.004-0.545, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for death. The ROC curve analysis showed that the lowest PaO2/FiO2 value within 12 hours after admission had an area under the ROC curve of 0.783 in predicting death risk, with a sensitivity of 84.6% and a specificity of 73.4% at the cut-off value of 50, and the lowest pH value within 12 hours after admission had an area under the ROC curve of 0.746, with a sensitivity of 76.9% and a specificity of 65.8% at the cut-off value of 7.2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Infants with PPHN requiring iNO treatment tend to have a high mortality rate. No early response to iNO, 1-minute Apgar score ≤3 points, the lowest PaO2/FiO2 value <50 within 12 hours after admission, and the lowest pH value <7.2 within 12 hours after admission are the early risk factors for death in such infants. Monitoring and evaluation of the above indicators will help to identify high-risk infants in the early stage.


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Child , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Nitric Oxide , Persistent Fetal Circulation Syndrome/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of bosentan in the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).@*METHODS@#Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Weipu Database, Wanfang Data, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for literature on bosentan in the treatment of PPHN published up to August 31, 2021.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8 randomized controlled trials were included for Meta analysis. The results of the Meta analysis showed that compared with the control group, the bosentan treatment group had a significantly lower treatment failure rate (RR=0.23, P<0.001), a significantly greater reduction in pulmonary artery pressure [mean difference (MD)=-11.79, P<0.001)], significantly greater increases in oxygen partial pressure (MD=10.21, P=0.006) and blood oxygen saturation (MD=8.30, P<0.001), and a significantly shorter length of hospital stay (MD=-1.35, P<0.001). The descriptive analysis showed that the bosentan treatment group had a lower degree of tricuspid regurgitation than the control group after treatment. The main adverse reactions of bosentan treatment included abnormal liver function, anemia and edema. The results of subgroup analysis based on treatment regimen, research area, and drug dose were consistent with those before stratification.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bosentan is effective in the treatment of PPHN. However, when using bosentan, attention should be paid to adverse reactions such as abnormal liver function.


Subject(s)
Bosentan/therapeutic use , China , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Infant, Newborn , Treatment Failure
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the change in asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in the circulation system of full-term infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and its association with treatment response, as well as the possibility of ADMA as a therapeutic target and a marker for treatment response.@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed. A total of 30 full-term neonates who were diagnosed with PPHN within 3 days after birth were enrolled as the PPHN group, and the neonates without PPHN, matched for gestational age and age, who were treated or observed in the department of neonatology were enrolled as the control group. Serum samples were collected on days 1, 7, and 14 of treatment. The high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the serum concentrations of L-arginine, ADMA, and its isomer symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA).@*RESULTS@#For the neonates in the control group, the serum concentrations of ADMA and L-arginine continuously increased and the serum concentration of SDMA continuously decreased within the first 14 days of treatment. On days 1 and 14, there was no significant difference in the serum concentration of ADMA between the control and PPHN groups (P>0.05). On day 7, the PPHN group had a significantly higher serum concentration of ADMA than the control group (P<0.05), while there were no significant differences in serum concentrations of SDMA or L-arginine (P>0.05). Moreover, after 7 days of treatment, the PPHN neonates with a systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (sPAP) of >35 mmHg had a significantly higher serum concentration of ADMA than those with an sPAP of ≤35 mm Hg.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are continuous increases in the ADMA concentration and the ADMA/SDMA ratio in the circulation system of full-term infants within the first 2 weeks after birth, and this process is accelerated by the pathological process of PPHN, suggesting that ADMA may be involved in the pathologic process of PPHN. A high level of ADMA is associated with the resistance to PPHN treatment, suggesting that inhibition of ADMA might be a potential target of drug intervention to improve the treatment response of PPHN.


Subject(s)
Arginine/analogs & derivatives , Biomarkers , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Infant, Newborn , Prospective Studies
18.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 60(1): 67-74, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361391

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un modelo departamental para la atención integral de pacientes con hipertensión pulmonar. Se resume el conocimiento actual de la hipertensión pulmonar, su mortalidad, pronóstico y la estratificación de su severidad que justifican la propuesta de la estructura y la función departamental.


A departmental model for the comprehensive care of patients with pulmonary hypertension is presented. The current knowledge of pulmonary hypertension, its mortality, prognosis and the stratification of its severity that justify the proposal of the departmental structure and function are summarized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Comprehensive Health Care/organization & administration , Hospital Departments/organization & administration , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy , Prognosis , Severity of Illness Index , Risk Assessment , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/diagnosis , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/mortality , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension/therapy , Hypertension, Pulmonary/epidemiology
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