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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 323-326, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288586

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Hypertension is a common clinical disease, which is not uncommon in the aviation industry. Pilots suffering from high blood pressure need to control high blood pressure to ensure flight safety. Exercise therapy is an effective way to control high blood pressure. Objective To design the clinical effects of exercise intervention in the treatment of hypertension in pilots. Method The article randomly assigned 41 pilot volunteers with hypertension to two groups: the treatment and control groups. Except for the different exercise intervention therapy, the other treatment methods are the same. After the expiration of the experiment, the volunteers were tested for their physiological and biochemical indicators. Results After one year of strict diet and exercise intervention, the two groups of physiological and biochemical indicators were significantly different. Conclusion Intervention of moderate-intensity exercise can reduce the body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and blood pressure level of hypertensive patients, correct the disorder of blood lipid metabolism, and can help reduce the recurrence rate of hypertension. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A hipertensão é uma doença clínica comum, o que não é incomum na indústria de aviação. Os pilotos que sofrem de pressão alta precisam controlar a pressão alta para garantir a segurança do vôo. A terapia com exercícios é uma forma eficaz de controlar a hipertensão. Objetivo Desenhar os efeitos clínicos da intervenção com exercícios no tratamento da hipertensão em pilotos. Método O artigo distribuiu aleatoriamente 41 voluntários pilotos com hipertensão em dois grupos: os grupos de tratamento e controle. Exceto pela terapia de intervenção com exercícios diferentes, os outros métodos de tratamento são os mesmos. Após o término do experimento, os voluntários foram testados quanto aos seus indicadores fisiológicos e bioquímicos. Resultados Após um ano de dieta estrita e intervenção com exercícios, os dois grupos de indicadores fisiológicos e bioquímicos foram significativamente diferentes. Conclusão A intervenção de exercícios de intensidade moderada pode reduzir o índice de massa corporal, a relação cintura-quadril e o nível de pressão arterial de pacientes hipertensos, corrigir o distúrbio do metabolismo dos lipídios do sangue e pode ajudar a reduzir a taxa de recorrência da hipertensão. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La hipertensión es una enfermedad clínica común, que no es infrecuente en la industria de la aviación. Los pilotos que sufren de presión arterial alta necesitan controlar la presión arterial alta para garantizar la seguridad del vuelo. La terapia con ejercicios es una forma eficaz de controlar la presión arterial alta. Objetivo Diseñar los efectos clínicos de la intervención con ejercicios en el tratamiento de la hipertensión en pilotos. Método El artículo asignó al azar a 41 voluntarios piloto con hipertensión a dos grupos: el de tratamiento y el de control. Excepto por las diferentes terapias de intervención con ejercicios, los otros métodos de tratamiento son los mismos. Después de la terminación del experimento, se evaluó a los voluntarios en cuanto a sus indicadores fisiológicos y bioquímicos. Resultados Después de un año de estricta intervención de dieta y ejercicio, los dos grupos de indicadores fisiológicos y bioquímicos fueron significativamente diferentes. Conclusión La intervención del ejercicio de intensidad moderada puede reducir el índice de masa corporal, la relación cintura-cadera y el nivel de presión arterial de los pacientes hipertensos, corregir el trastorno del metabolismo de los lípidos en sangre y puede ayudar a reducir la tasa de recurrencia de la hipertensión. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Exercise Therapy , Pilots , Hypertension/prevention & control , Case-Control Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hypertension/blood
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(12): 848-854, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055204

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vitamin D is a pleiotropic steroid hormone that modulates the autonomic balance. Its deficiency has been described as an environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels of vitamin D, vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) and vitamin D receptors (VDR) and to evaluate cardiac dysautonomia in MS patients due to bidirectional interaction between vitamin D and the autonomic nervous system. Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 26 patients with relapsing-remitting MS and on 24 healthy controls. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure variability (BPV) was calculated and the participants were evaluated for orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension. Serum levels of vitamin D, VDBP and VDR were measured. Results: The mean serum vitamin D level was significantly lower in MS patients than in controls (p = 0.044); however there was no significant difference in terms of VDR and VDBP levels between the groups. Supine hypertension and orthostatic hypotension were significant and the 24-hour systolic BPV was significantly decreased in patients with MS (p < 0.05) compared to controls. No correlation was found between vitamin D, VDBP and VDR with supine hypertension, orthostatic hypotension and systolic BPV values (p > 0.05). Also, there was a negative correlation between VDBP and the EDSS (p = 0.039, r = −0.406). Conclusion: There was no correlation between orthostatic hypotension, supine hypertension and systolic BPV values and serum vitamin D, VDBP and VDR in MS patients. Future prospective studies with large number of patients may help us to better understand the relationship between vitamin D and the autonomic nervous system.


RESUMO A vitamina D é um hormônio esteroide pleiotrópico que modula o equilíbrio autonômico. Sua deficiência tem sido descrita como fator de risco ambiental para esclerose múltipla (EM). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os níveis séricos de vitamina D, proteína de ligação à vitamina D (VDBP) e receptor de vitamina D (VDR) e avaliar a disautonomia cardíaca em pacientes com EM devida à interação bidirecional entre vitamina D e sistema nervoso autônomo. Métodos: O presente estudo transversal foi realizado em 26 pacientes com EM remitente-recorrente e em 24 controles saudáveis. A variabilidade da pressão arterial ambulatorial (BPV) por 24 horas foi calculada e os participantes foram avaliados quanto à hipotensão ortostática e hipertensão supina. Os níveis séricos de vitamina D, VDBP e VDR foram medidos. Resultados: O nível sérico médio de vitamina D foi significativamente menor nos pacientes com EM do que nos controles (p = 0,044); no entanto, não houve diferença significativa em termos de níveis de VDR e VDBP entre os grupos. Hipertensão supina e hipotensão ortostática foram significativas e a BPV sistólica de 24 horas diminuiu significativamente em pacientes com EM (p < 0,05) em comparação aos controles. Não foi encontrada correlação entre vitamina D, VDBP e VDR com hipertensão supina, hipotensão ortostática e BPV sistólica (p > 0,05). Também houve correlação negativa entre VDBP e EDSS (p = 0,039, r = −0,406). Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre hipotensão ortostática, hipertensão supina e valores de BPV sistólica e vitamina D sérica, VDBP e VDR em pacientes com EM. Futuros estudos prospectivos com grande número de pacientes podem nos ajudar a entender melhor a relação entre vitamina D e sistema nervoso autônomo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/blood , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/blood , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/blood , Primary Dysautonomias/blood , Reference Values , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Blood Pressure/physiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Supine Position/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/physiopathology , Primary Dysautonomias/etiology , Primary Dysautonomias/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/blood , Hypotension, Orthostatic/physiopathology , Hypotension, Orthostatic/blood
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(7): 419-424, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020605

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To assess maternal and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies after kidney transplantation in a tertiary center in Brazil. Methods Retrospective cohort of pregnancies in women with kidney transplantation at the Universidade Estadual de Campinas, from January 1995 until December 2017. Medical charts were reviewed, andmaternal and perinatal outcomes were described as means and frequencies. Renal function and blood pressure were evaluated during pregnancy and postpartum. Results A total of 22 women had at least 1 pregnancy during the considered timeinterval, and 3 of them had > 1 pregnancy, totalizing 25 pregnancies. The mean age at transplantation was of 24.6 ± 4.2 years old, and the mean time interval until pregnancy was of 67.8 ± 46.3months. Themost frequent complication during pregnancywas hypertension, which affected 11 (64.7%)women. The gestational age at delivery was 34.7 ± 4weeks, and 47% of these pregnancies were preterm (< 37 weeks). A total of 88.2% of the women delivered by cesarean section. Renal function, measured by serum creatinine, remained stable during pregnancy, and the systolic blood pressure increased significantly, while the diastolic blood pressure did not differ during pregnancy. Conclusion Pregnancy after kidney transplantation is a rare event. Pre-eclampsia and prematurity were frequent complications, and cesarean section rates were very high. A specialized antenatal and postpartum care with a multiprofessional approach and continuous monitoring of graft function are essential for the early diagnosis of complications and improved outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados maternos e perinatais de gestações em mulheres transplantadas renais em um centro terciário no Brasil. Métodos Coorte retrospectiva de gestações entre mulheres transplantadas renais na Universidade Estadual de Campinas, de Janeiro de 1995 a Dezembro de 2017. Os prontuários médicos foram revisados, e os resultados maternos e perinatais foram descritos como médias e frequências. A função renal e a pressão arterial foram avaliadas durante a gravidez e o puerpério. Resultados Um total de 22 mulheres tiveram ao menos 1 gravidez durante o período avaliado, e 3 delas tiveram > 1 gestação, totalizado 25 gestações. A idade média no momento do transplante foi 24.6 ± 4.2 anos, e o tempo médio de intervalo até a gravidez foi de 67.8 ± 46.3 meses. A complicação mais frequente durante a gravidez foi a hipertensão, que acometeu 11 (64.7%) mulheres. A idade gestacional no parto foi de 34.7 ± 4 semanas, e 47% das gestações encerraram-se prematuramente (< 37 semanas). Umtotal de 88.2% das gestações terminou com uma cesárea. A função renal, avaliada pela creatinina sérica, permaneceu estável durante a gravidez, enquanto a pressão arterial sistólica aumentou significativamente. A pressão arterial diastólica não diferiu ao longo dos períodos avaliados. Conclusão Gestação após o transplante renal é um evento raro. Pré-eclâmpsia e prematuridade foram as complicações mais frequentes, e as taxas de cesárea foram muito altas. O cuidado multiprofissional no pré-natal e no puerpério e a constante monitoração da função do enxerto são fundamentais para diagnosticar precocemente complicações e melhorar os resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/epidemiology , Prenatal Care , Kidney Transplantation , Hypertension/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/etiology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/blood
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 383-389, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001276

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: There is evidence that subclinical systemic inflammation is present in resistant hypertension (RHTN). Objective: The aim of the study was to develop an integrated measure of circulating cytokines/adipokines involved in the pathophysiology of RHTN. Methods: RHTN (n = 112) and mild to moderate hypertensive (HTN) subjects (n=112) were studied in a cross-sectional design. Plasma cytokines/adipokines (TNF-alpha, interleukins [IL]-6, -8, -10, leptin and adiponectin) values were divided into tertiles, to which a score ranging from 1 (lowest tertile) to 3 (highest tertile) was assigned. The inflammatory score (IS) of each subject was the sum of each pro-inflammatory cytokine scores from which anti-inflammatory cytokines (adiponectin and IL-10) scores were subtracted. The level of significance accepted was alpha = 0.05. Results: IS was higher in RHTN subjects compared with HTN subjects [4 (2-6) vs. 3 (2-5); p = 0.02, respectively]. IS positively correlated with body fat parameters, such as body mass index (r = 0.40; p < 0.001), waist circumference (r = 0.30; p < 0.001) and fat mass assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis (r = 0.31; p < 0.001) in all hypertensive subjects. Logistic regression analyses revealed that IS was an independent predictor of RHTN (OR = 1.20; p = 0.02), independent of age, gender and race, although it did not remain significant after adjustment for body fat parameters. Conclusion: A state of subclinical inflammation defined by an IS including TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, leptin and adiponectin is associated with obese RHTN. In addition, this score correlates with obesity parameters, independently of hypertensive status. The IS may be used for the evaluation of conditions involving low-grade inflammation, such as obesity-related RHTN. Indeed, it also highlights the strong relationship between obesity and inflammatory process.


Resumo Fundamento: Evidências indicam que a inflamação sistêmica subclínica está presente na hipertensão arterial resistente (HAR). Objetivo: Desenvolver uma medida que integra citocinas envolvidas na fisiopatologia da HAR. Métodos: Indivíduos com HAR (n = 112) e indivíduos com hipertensão leve a moderada (HT) (n = 112) foram estudados em delineamento transversal. Valores de citocinas/adipocinas plasmáticas [TNF-alfa, interleucinas (IL)-6, -8, -10, leptina e adiponectina] foram divididos em tercis, e lhes atribuído um escore variando de 1 (tercil mais baixo) a 3 (tercil mais alto). O escore inflamatório (EI) de cada participante foi calculado como a soma do escore de cada citocina pró-inflamatória da qual subtraiu-se o escore de cada citocina anti-inflamatória (adiponectina e IL-10). O nível de significância aceito foi alfa = 0,05. Resultados: O EI foi mais alto nos indivíduos com HAR em comparação a indivíduos com HT [4 (2-6) vs. 3 (2-5); p = 0,02, respectivamente]. O EI correlacionou-se positivamente com parâmetros de gordura corporal, tais como índice de massa corporal (r = 0,40; p < 0,001), circunferência da cintura (r = 0,30; p < 0,001) e massa gorda avaliada por bioimpedância (r = 0,31; p < 0,001) em todos os indivíduos hipertensos. Análises de regressão logística mostraram que o EI foi um preditor independente de HAR (OR = 1,20; p = 0,02), independentemente de idade, sexo e raça; porém, o modelo perdeu significância estatística após ajuste para os parâmetros de gordura corporal. Conclusão: Um estado de inflamação subclínica definida pelo EI incluindo TNF-alfa, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, leptina e adiponectina está associado com indivíduos obesos com HAR. Além disso, o escore correlaciona-se com parâmetros de obesidade, independentemente do grau de hipertensão. O EI pode ser usado na avaliação de condições que envolvem inflamação subclínica, tal como HAR relacionada à obesidade. O estudo também destaca a forte relação entre obesidade e inflamação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cytokines/blood , Adipokines/blood , Hypertension/blood , Reference Standards , Severity of Illness Index , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Adipose Tissue , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/drug therapy , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Obesity/physiopathology , Obesity/blood
5.
Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab ; 56(1): 50-59, mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041759

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad cardiovascular ocupa uno de los primeros puestos como causa de muerte en el mundo. Durante el primer año del proyecto, nos propusimos hallar la prevalencia y su distribución por sexo de hipertensión, obesidad general y abdominal en donantes de sangre. Establecer la frecuencia y su distribución por sexo de Síndrome Metabólico y hallar la incidencia de diabetes mellitus tipo 2; en el segundo año nos centramos en re-evaluar y valorar el impacto de la intervención en cada individuo. En una población de dadores de sangre presuntamente sanos del Banco de Sangre, Tejidos y Biológicos de la Provincia de Misiones. Se obtuvieron datos antropométricos y presión arterial. Se realizó una extracción sanguínea con ayuno de 12 horas para las determinaciones bioquímicas, consulta médica y tratamiento para quienes lo necesitaron. Se realizó una encuesta abierta cualitativa. Se obtuvieron datos de 141 donantes voluntarios de sangre, 47 mujeres y 94 varones. El 38,1% tenía presión arterial elevada. El 29,5% presento obesidad. El 59 % obesidad abdominal. 41,7 % de los donantes presentaba SM. Se halló una incidencia de diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de 8,6 % (n=12). El 39,6 % (n=55) de los individuos presentó Glucemia Alterada en Ayunas. Todos los individuos que presentaron algún factor de riesgo, concurrieron a la consulta médica. Al año se los recito para su control. De los 30 individuos que estaban en tratamiento solo 9 continuaron haciendolo, impidiendo esto una correcta evaluación clínica global y medición del impacto de las intervenciones que se realizaron. De toda la poblacion de estudio, solo en 4 individuos se ha notado un cambio significativo transcurrido un año. Casi la totalidad de la población de donantes presentó al menos un factor de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular, todos ellos modificables, destacando de ello la corta edad de la población. Ninguno de los individuos del estudio tenía conocimiento de su estado.


ABSTRACT Cardiovascular disease occupies one of the first places as a cause of death in the world. During the first year of the project, we set out to find the prevalence and its distribution by sex of hypertension, general and abdominal obesity in blood donors. Establish the frequency and distribution by sex of Metabolic Syndrome (MS) and find the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus; while in the second year we focused on re-evaluating and assessing the impact of the intervention on each individual. In a population of presumably healthy blood donors of the Blood, Tissue and Biological Bank of the Province of Misiones. Volunteer donors between 20 and 50 years were evaluated, 2014-2015 period. Anthropometric data and blood pressure were obtained. A blood extraction with fasting of 12 hours was performed for biochemical determinations, medical consultation and treatment for those who needed it. Period 2015-2016, a qualitative open survey and biochemical-clinical evaluation of individuals was conducted. Data were obtained from 141 voluntary blood donors, 47 women and 94 men. 38.1% of the total population had high blood pressure, 29.5% obesity, 59% of the study population had abdominal obesity and 41.7% of donors had MS. An incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus of 8.6% (n = 12) and 39.6% (n = 55) of the individuals had altered fasting blood glucose. All the individuals who presented some risk factor attended the medical consultation. At the end of one year they are re-scheduled for re-evaluation. Although, the majority agreed on the importance of carrying out health checks, of the 30 individuals who were in treatment only 9 continued to do so, preventing this a correct global clinical evaluation and measuring the impact of the interventions that were performed. Of all the study population, only 4 individuals have noticed a significant change after one year, improving all their risk factors. The parameter that showed the greatest change, in a year, was the fasting blood glucose. Everyone was aware of the significance of cardiovascular risk factors and what their consequences were. Almost all of the donor population had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease, all of them modifiable, highlighting the short age of the population. None of the individuals in the study was aware of their condition. Only 9 individuals completed the treatment scheme indicated according to their pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Epidemiology/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Hypertension/blood , Obesity/blood
6.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(supl.3): 3-8, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1057720

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The present study evaluated the anthropometric and metabolic profiles of preterm infants (PT) born from mothers with urinary tract infections (UTI) and mothers with hypertensive disorders (HD). Method: This was a longitudinal prospective study conducted between May 2015 and August 2016. First, 59 mothers with premature birth were included; after excluding 29 mothers, two subgroups were created: UTI-mothers (n=12) and HD-mothers (n=18). The anthropometric and metabolic variables of mothers and their respective PT were analyzed at birth and at 6 months of corrected age (CA). Results: Plasma triglyceride levels were higher among HD-mothers and their respective PT in comparison with UTI-mothers and their PT at 6 m of CA. Conclusion: Plasma triglyceride level is an important metabolic biomarker in HD-mothers resulting in higher triglyceride levels among PT at the CA of 6 m, suggesting an early programming effect of maternal hypertension.


RESUMEN Objetivo: El estudio evaluó los perfiles antropométricos y metabólicos de prematuros (PT) nacidos de madres con infección del tracto urinario (ITU) y de madres con desórdenes hipertensivos (DH). Método: Estudio longitudinal-prospectivo, realizado entre mayo de 2015 y agosto de 2016. Inicialmente fueron incluidas 59 madres con partos prematuros; luego de 29 exclusiones, fueron separadas en dos grupos: madres-ITU (n=12) y madres-DH (n=18). Las variables antropométricas y metabólicas fueron analizadas en las madres y en sus PT al nacimiento y a los 6 meses de edad corregida (EC). Resultados: Los niveles de triglicéridos plasmáticos fueron mayores en madres-DH y en sus PT, en comparación con las madres-ITU y sus PT a los 6 meses de EC. Conclusión: Los niveles de triglicéridos plasmáticos constituyen un importante biomarcador metabólico en madres-DH, determinando valores elevados de triglicéridos en PT de 6 meses de EC, sugiriendo de modo precoz un efecto programador de hipertensión maternal.


RESUMO Objetivo: No presente estudo foram avaliados os perfis antropométricos e metabólicos de prematuros (PT) nascidos de mães com Infecção do trato Urinário (ITU) e mães com Desordens Hipertensivas (DH). Método: Este é um estudo longitudinal-prospectivo realizado entre Maio de 2015 a Agosto de 2016. Inicialmente, 59 mães com parto prematuro foram incluídas; após 29 exclusões as mães foram subdivididas em dois grupos: mães-ITU (n=12) e mães-DH (n=18). As variáveis antropométricas e metabólicas foram analisadas nas mães e nos seus respectivos PT ao nascimento e aos 6 meses de Idade Corrigida (IC). Resultados: Os níveis de triglicerídeos plasmáticos foram maiores em mães-DH, bem como, em seus respectivos PT, quando comparados às mães-ITU e seus PT aos 6 m IC. Conclusão: Os níveis dos triglicerídeos plasmáticos são um importante biomarcador metabólico in mães-DH resultando em elevados valores de triglicerídeos in PT aos 6 m de IC; sugerindo precoce efeito programador da hipertensão maternal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Infant, Premature/blood , Hypertension/complications , Triglycerides/blood , Urinary Tract Infections/blood , Brazil , Anthropometry , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Maternal-Child Health Services , Hypertension/blood
7.
Clinics ; 74: e890, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the effects of diet on the inflammatory response in middle-aged and elderly people with hypertension. METHODS: Thirty overweight or obese patients with stage one hypertension (age range, 45-75 years) were allocated to either the intervention or control group (n=15 per group; age- and sex-matched). Patients in the intervention group consumed a food powder supplement (100 g) instead of a regular meal. The control group maintained their normal dietary habits. This study lasted for six weeks. Blood pressure, inflammatory marker levels, and energy intake were measured before and after the study. RESULTS: After 6 weeks, the diet composition of the intervention group changed significantly (p<0.05). The intake of proteins, dietary fibre, monounsaturated fat, and polyunsaturated fat increased significantly (p<0.05), while the total energy intake trended towards an increase (p>0.05). In the control group, the total energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.05). The levels of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) decreased, and adiponectin increased significantly in the intervention group (p<0.05); however, no significant changes were observed in the inflammatory marker levels of the control group. In the intervention group, systolic blood pressure decreased significantly (p<0.05), and diastolic blood pressure also exhibited a decreasing trend. No significant change in blood pressure was observed in the control group. CONCLUSION: The consumption of a food powder supplement can improve diet composition, decrease blood pressure and reduce inflammation in middle-aged and elderly overweight or obese hypertensive patients. The food powder supplement may also have an anti-atherosclerotic effect in hypertensive patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Overweight/blood , Hypertension/blood , Inflammation/blood , Powders/therapeutic use , Rural Population , Energy Intake , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , China , Nutrition Surveys/statistics & numerical data , NF-kappa B/blood , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Adiponectin/blood
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(12): 1122-1128, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976819

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Sleep abnormalities are frequent in patients with endocrine metabolic disorders (EMD) such as arterial hypertension, diabetes and obesity. Adiponectin is a peptide largely secreted by adipocytes and has various properties e.g. anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiatherogenic, pro-angiogenic, vasoprotective and insulin-sensitizing. Adiponectin inversely relates to body weight and when its concentration decreases, the resistin concentration increases resulting in greater insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine factors influencing adiponectin levels in a population with EMD. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional evaluation of 332 patients (18 to 80y) presenting arterial hypertension, pre-diabetes, diabetes, and/or obesity. Investigation included clinical evaluation of comorbidities, general blood tests and adiponectin measures (ELISA). Chronic sleep deprivation was determined if habitual sleep was <6 hours >4 days/week. RESULTS: Arterial hypertension (78.5%), type-2 diabetes (82.3%), and overweight (45.0%)/obesity (38.8%) were frequent. Patients with type-2 diabetes tended to have more chronic sleep deprivation (p=0.05). Adiponectin levels increased with age and were inversely correlated with sagittal abdominal diameter (p=0.04) and fasting insulin (p=0.001). Chronic sleep deprivation was associated with higher adiponectin concentration [OR=1.34; CI=1.13-1.58; p<0.005] and this was maintained after adjustment for gender, age, body mass index, menopause, arterial hypertension, American Diabetes Association classification and physical exercise levels [OR=1.38; 0=1.14-1.66: p=0.001]. CONCLUSION: In patients with EMD, adiponectin is influenced not only by obesity but also by age and sleep deprivation. The latter finding may be explained by a compensatory effect or a counter regulation to minimize the harmful effects of sleep deprivation.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Problemas de sono são frequentes em pacientes com distúrbios endócrino-metabólicos (DEM), como hipertensão arterial, diabetes e obesidade. A adiponectina é um peptídeo segregado por adipócitos e apresenta diversas propriedades, como por exemplo, anti-inflamatória, antioxidante, antiaterogênica, pró-angiogênica e vasoprotetora. A adiponectina relaciona-se inversamente com o peso corporal. OBJETIVO: Examinar os fatores que influenciam os níveis de adiponectina em uma população com DEM. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de uma avaliação transversal com 332 pacientes (18 a 80 anos) apresentando hipertensão arterial, pré-diabetes, diabetes e/ou obesidade. A investigação incluiu avaliação clínica de comorbidades, exames de sangue e medidas de adiponectina (Elisa). A restrição crônica do sono foi determinada com o sono habitual <6 horas >4 dias/semana. RESULTADOS: Doenças como hipertensão arterial (78,5%), diabetes tipo 2 (82,3%) e sobrepeso (45,0%)/obesidade (38,8%) foram frequentes. Pacientes com diabetes tipo 2 apresentaram uma tendência na restrição crônica do sono (p=0,05). Os níveis de adiponectina aumentaram com a idade e foram inversamente correlacionados com o diâmetro abdominal sagital (p=0,04) e com a insulina em jejum (p=0,001). A restrição crônica do sono foi associada à maior concentração de adiponectina [OR=1,34; CI=1,13-1,58; p<0,005] e isso foi mantido após ajuste por gênero, idade, índice de massa corporal, menopausa, hipertensão arterial, classificação dos níveis da American Diabetes Association e exercício físico [OR=1,38; CI=1,14-1,66: p=0,001]. CONCLUSÕES: Em pacientes com DEM, a adiponectina é influenciada não apenas pela obesidade, mas também pela idade e pela restrição de sono. O último achado pode ser explicado por um efeito compensatório ou por um regulamento contrário para minimizar os efeitos nocivos da restrição do sono.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sleep Deprivation/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Adiponectin/metabolism , Hypertension/complications , Metabolic Diseases/etiology , Obesity/complications , Sleep Deprivation/blood , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Adiponectin/blood , Hypertension/blood , Metabolic Diseases/blood , Middle Aged
9.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 94(5): 532-538, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975995

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Total bilirubin is beneficial for protecting cardiovascular diseases in adults. The authors aimed to investigate the association of total bilirubin, red blood cell, and hemoglobin levels with the prevalence of high blood pressure in children and adolescents. Methods: A total of 3776 students (aged from 6 to 16 years old) were examined using cluster sampling. Pre-high blood pressure and high blood pressure were respectively defined as the point of 90th and 95th percentiles based on the Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents. Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure were standardized into z-scores. Results: Peripheral total bilirubin, red blood cell and hemoglobin levels were significantly correlated with age, and also varied with gender. Peripheral total bilirubin was negatively correlated with systolic blood pressure in 6- and 9-year-old boys, whilst positively correlated with diastolic blood pressure in the 12-year-old boys and 13- to 15-year-old girls (p < 0.05). Higher levels of red blood cell and hemoglobin were observed in pre-high blood pressure and high blood pressure students when compared with their normotensive peers (p < 0.01). The increases in red blood cell and hemoglobin were significantly associated with high blood pressure after adjusting for confounding factors. The ORs (95% CI) of each of the increases were 2.44 (1.52-3.92) and 1.04 (1.03-1.06), respectively. No statistical association between total bilirubin and high blood pressure was observed (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Total bilirubin could be weakly correlated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, as correlations varied with age and gender in children and adolescents; in turn, the increased levels of red blood cell and hemoglobin are proposed to be positively associated with the prevalence of high blood pressure.


Resumo Objetivo: A bilirrubina total é benéfica para proteger contra doenças cardiovasculares em adultos. Nosso objetivo foi investigar a associação dos níveis de bilirrubina total, glóbulos vermelhos e hemoglobina com a prevalência de pressão arterial elevada em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Um total de 3.776 estudantes (com idade entre 6-16 anos) foram examinados utilizando uma amostra em blocos. A pressão arterial elevada anterior e a pressão arterial elevada foram definidas como o 90° e 95° percentil, respectivamente, com base nos critérios do Quarto Relatório sobre Diagnóstico, Avaliação e Tratamento da Pressão Arterial elevada em Crianças e Adolescentes. A pressão arterial sistólica e pressão arterial diastólica foram padronizadas no escore z. Resultados: Os níveis periféricos de bilirrubina total, glóbulos vermelhos e hemoglobina foram significativamente correlacionados à idade, que também variou de acordo com o sexo. A bilirrubina total periférica apresentou uma correlação negativa com a pressão arterial sistólica em meninos com 6 e 9 anos, ao passo que apresentou uma correlação positiva com a pressão arterial diastólica em meninos de 12 anos e meninas de 13 a 15 anos (p < 0,05). Foram observados níveis mais elevados de glóbulos vermelhos e hemoglobina em estudantes com pressão arterial elevada anterior e pressão arterial elevada em comparação a indivíduos normotensos (p < 0,01). Os aumentos de glóbulos vermelhos e hemoglobina tiveram uma associação significativa com a pressão arterial elevada após ajuste dos fatores de confusão. As RC (IC de 95%) de cada um dos aumentos foram 2,44 (1,52-3,92) e 1,04 (1,03-1,06) respectivamente. Não foi observada nenhuma associação estatística entre o nível de bilirrubina total e a pressão arterial elevada (p > 0,05). Conclusão: A bilirrubina total pode ter correlações fracas com a pressão arterial sistólica e a pressão arterial diastólica, variando de acordo com a idade e o sexo em crianças e adolescentes, enquanto isso, propõe-se que o aumento dos níveis de glóbulos vermelhos e hemoglobina está positivamente associado à prevalência de pressão arterial elevada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Bilirubin/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Erythrocytes , Hypertension/blood , Blood Pressure Determination , Brazil/epidemiology , Biomarkers/blood , Prevalence , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/epidemiology
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(6): 554-559, June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956482

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Obesity, diabetes and hypertension are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) because they promote a state of hypercoagulability. It is known that platelets play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis. Recent studies have evaluated platelet volume indexes (PVIs) in individuals with risk factors for CVD to better understand the platelet mechanisms involved in their development. The IVPs indirectly estimate platelet function and are easily obtained from automated hematology analyzers, which provide platelet counts, mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW) and the platelet-large cell ratio (P-LCR). The present study aims to review literature studies that investigated the association between PVIs and obesity, diabetes, and arterial hypertension, in order to evaluate its use as a potential subclinical marker of CVD. Studies have shown promising results for MPV, an index that allows for early detection of platelet activation and may be useful in identifying patients before the onset of CVD development so that preventive strategies can be implemented. The PDW, although evaluated by a smaller number of studies, also showed promising results. However, there is still a long way to go in order for the MPV and PDW to be used in clinical practice, since there is still a need for more epidemiological evidence, establishing reference values, and standardizing the way results are presented.


RESUMO A obesidade, o diabetes e a hipertensão arterial são fatores de risco para as doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) por promoverem um estado de hipercoagulabilidade. É sabido que as plaquetas desempenham um importante papel no desenvolvimento da aterosclerose. Diante disso, estudos recentes têm avaliado os índices de volumes plaquetários (IVPs) em indivíduos com fatores de risco para DCV, para melhor se entenderem os mecanismos plaquetários envolvidos no seu desenvolvimento. Os IVPs estimam indiretamente a função plaquetária e são facilmente obtidos a partir de analisadores hematológicos automáticos, que fornecem contagens de plaquetas, volume médio de plaquetas (VPM), largura de distribuição de plaquetas (PDW) e a proporção de plaquetas grandes (P-LCR). O presente trabalho tem por objetivo revisar na literatura estudos que investigaram a associação entre os IVPs e obesidade, diabetes e hipertensão arterial, a fim de avaliar o seu uso como potencial marcador subclínico das DCV. Estudos demonstraram resultados promissores quanto ao VPM, um índice que permite uma detecção precoce da ativação de plaquetas e que pode ser útil na identificação de pacientes antes do início do desenvolvimento de DCV, de tal forma que estratégias preventivas possam ser implantadas. O PDW, embora tenha sido avaliado por um número menor de estudos, também demonstrou resultados promissores. Entretanto, ainda existe um longo caminho a se percorrer para que o VPM e o PDW sejam utilizados na prática clínica, pois ainda são necessárias mais evidências epidemiológicas, o estabelecimento de valores de referência e a padronização da forma de expressar os resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet Count/methods , Blood Platelets/physiology , Biomarkers/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Mean Platelet Volume/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Hypertension/blood , Obesity/blood
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(6): 514-521, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950172

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is widespread among hypertensive patients. Clinical features and potential biomarkers of MetS in the presence of hypertension and resistant hypertension (RHTN) represent a great area of interest for investigation. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MetS and the clinical features associated with it in resistant and mild to moderate hypertensives. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 236 patients, (i) 129 mild to moderate hypertensive patients and (ii) 107 patients with RHTN. We measured blood pressure (BP) and adipokines levels, and performed bioelectrical impedance analysis. Microalbuminuria (MA), cardiac hypertrophy and arterial stiffness were also assessed. The significance level of alpha = 0.05 was adopted. Results: We found a MetS prevalence of 73% in resistant and 60% in mild-to-moderate hypertensive patients. In a multiple regression analysis, MA (odds ratio = 8.51; p = 0.01), leptin/adiponectin ratio (LAR) (odds ratio = 4.13; p = 0.01) and RHTN (odds ratio = 3.75; p = 0.03) were independently associated with the presence of MetS apart from potential confounders. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that both resistant and controlled hypertensive subjects have a high prevalence of MetS. In addition, MetS-related metabolic derangements may cause early renal and hormonal changes. Finally, LAR may be useful as a reliable biomarker for identifying those hypertensive subjects who are at risk for developing MetS.


Resumo Fundamentos: A síndrome metabólica (SM) é comum em pacientes hipertensos. As características clínicas e os potenciais biomarcadores da SM na presença de hipertensão e hipertensão resistente (HR) representam uma ampla área de interesse a ser investigada. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de SM e as características clínicas associadas à síndrome em indivíduos com hipertensão resistente e leve a moderada. Métodos: Este estudo transversal incluiu 236 pacientes, (i) 129 pacientes com hipertensão leve a moderada e (ii) 107 pacientes com HR. Medimos a pressão arterial (PA), parâmetros bioquímicos e os níveis de adipocinas dos pacientes, além de microalbuminúria (MA), hipertrofia cardíaca e rigidez arterial. Foi adotado o nível de significância de alfa 0,05. Resultados: A SM esteve presente em 73% dos pacientes com HR e 60% daqueles com hipertensão leve a moderada. Na análise de regressão múltipla, a MA (odds ratio = 8,51; p = 0,01), a razão leptina/adiponectina (RLA) (odds ratio = 4,13; p = 0,01) e a HR (odds ratio = 3,75; p = 0,03) foram independentemente associadas com a presença de SM, excluindo-se potenciais fatores de confusão. Conclusões: Nossos resultados sugerem que tanto hipertensos resistentes como hipertensos controlados apresentam alta prevalência de SM. Além disso, distúrbios metabólicos relacionados à SM podem causar alterações precoces renais e hormonais, e a RLA parece ser útil como biomarcador confiável para identificar indivíduos hipertensos em risco de desenvolverem SM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Echocardiography , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Electric Impedance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Leptin/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Adiponectin/blood , Pulse Wave Analysis , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/blood , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(5): 428-432, May 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956463

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To analyze the effect of mecobalamin on the early-functional outcomes of patients with ischemic stroke and H-type hypertension. METHODS From October of 2014 to October of 2016, 224 cases of ischemic stroke and H-type hypertension were selected. The patients were randomly divided into treatment control groups, with 112 patients in each group. The control group was treated with the conventional therapy. The observation group was treated with 500 µg of mecobalamin three times a day in addition to the conventional therapy. We compared serum homocysteine (Hcy), hs-CRP levels, carotid plaques, and NIHSS scores between the two groups on the 2nd day and at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months. RESULTS After 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 3 months and 6 months, the difference of serum Hcy level between the two groups was statistically significant (t = 4.049, 3.896, 6.052, 6.159, respectively. All P <0.05). After the treatment, at 4 weeks, 8 weeks, 3 months and 6 months, the levels of hs-CRP in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group (t = 37.249, 28.376, 26.454, 20.522, respectively. All P <0.01). After 3 months and 6 months, the carotid artery plaques were significantly reduced in the treatment group compared to those in the control group (t = 2.309 and 2.434. All P <0.05). After 3 months and 6 months, the NIHSS score was significantly higher in the treatment group compared to those in the control group (t = 2.455 and 2.193. All P <0.05). CONCLUSION Mecobalamin can reduce the level of plasma homocysteine, then lead to reductions of levels of plasma inflammatory factors and volume of carotid artery plaques, resulting in more significant functional recovery.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar o efeito de mecobalamin sobre os primeiros resultados funcionais de pacientes com AVC isquêmico e hipertensão H-type. MÉTODOS De outubro de 2014 a outubro de 2016, 224 casos de AVC isquêmico e hipertensão H-type foram selecionadas. Os pacientes foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo de tratamento e grupo controle, com 112 doentes em cada grupo. O grupo controle foi tratado com a terapia de rotina. O grupo de observação foi tratado com 500 µg de mecobalamin três vezes por dia, além da rotina de tratamento. No segundo dia, 4 semanas, 8 semanas, 3 meses e 6 meses, comparamos níveis séricos da homocisteína (Hcy) e de hs-CRP, placas da carótida e pontuações NIHSS entre os dois grupos. RESULTADOS Após 4 semanas, 8 semanas, 3 meses e 6 meses, a diferença dos níveis séricos de Hcy entre os dois grupos foi estatisticamente significativa (t= 4,049, 3,896, 6,052, 6,159, respectivamente. Todos os P<0,05). Após o tratamento de 4 semanas, 8 semanas, 3 meses e 6 meses, os níveis de hs-CRP no grupo de tratamento foram significativamente inferiores aos do grupo controle (t=37,249, 28,376, 26,454, 20,522, respectivamente. Todos os P<0,01). Depois de 3 meses e 6 meses, as placas da artéria carótida foram significativamente reduzidas no tratamento, em comparação com os do grupo controle (t=2,309 e 2,434. Todos os P<0,05). Depois de 3 meses e 6 meses, as pontuações NIHSS foram significativamente mais elevadas no tratamento em comparação com as do grupo controle (t=2,455 e 2,193. Todos os P<0,05). CONCLUSÃO Mecobalamin pode reduzir o nível de homocisteína plasmática, o que conduz à redução dos níveis de plasma inflamatórios e do volume das placas na artéria carótida, resultando em maior recuperação funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin B 12/analogs & derivatives , Stroke/drug therapy , Homocysteine/blood , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/blood , Prognosis , Vitamin B 12/therapeutic use , Brain Ischemia/blood , Treatment Outcome , Stroke/blood , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(6): 734-740, June 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902538

ABSTRACT

Background: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a mediator of myocardial fibrosis involved in cardiac remodeling and a potential new prognosis marker in heart failure (HF). Aim: To measure Gal-3 at the moment of discharge in patients hospitalized for HF and its association with different variables. Material and Methods: Patients hospitalized for decompensated HF from four hospitals between August 2014 and March 2015, were included. Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were recorded at the time of admission. At discharge, a blood sample was withdrawn to measure Gal-3 and brain natriuretic propeptide (Pro-BNP). Patients were separated in two groups, according to the level of Gal-3 (using a cutoff value of 17.8 ng/mL), comparing clinical and laboratory values between groups. Results: We included 52 patients with HF aged 70 ± 17 years (42% females). Functional capacity was III-IV in 46% of patients and the ejection fraction was 34.9 ± 13.4%. Pro-BNP values at discharge were 5,323 ± 8,665 pg/mL. Gal-3 values were 23.8 ± 16.6 ng/mL. Sixty percent of patients had values over 17.8 ng/mL. Those with elevated Gal-3 levels were older (75 ±16 and 62 ± 15 years, respectively, p = 0.025) and were hypertensive in a higher proportion (90.5% and 57.1% respectively, p = 0.021). Conclusions: In patients hospitalized for HF, Gal-3 levels are higher in older and hypertensive subjects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Galectin 3/blood , Heart Failure/blood , Hospitalization , Patient Discharge , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Hypertension/blood
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(12): e6211, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888961

ABSTRACT

Recent evidence suggests that cell-derived circulating miRNAs may serve as biomarkers of cardiovascular diseases. However, a few studies have investigated the potential of circulating miRNAs as biomarkers for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). In this study, we aimed to characterize the miRNA profiles that could distinguish hypertensive patients with LHV, hypertensive patients without LVH and control subjects, and identify potential miRNAs as biomarkers of LVH. LVH was defined by left ventricular mass indexed to body surface area >125 g/m2 in men and >110 g/m2 in women and patients were classified as hypertensive when presenting a systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or more, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more. We employed miRNA PCR array to screen serum miRNAs profiles of patients with LVH, essential hypertension and healthy subjects. We identified 75 differentially expressed miRNAs, including 49 upregulated miRNAs and 26 downregulated miRNAs between LVH and control patients. We chose 2 miRNAs with significant differences for further testing in 59 patients. RT-PCR analysis of serum samples confirmed that miR-7-5p and miR-26b-5p were upregulated in the serum of LVH hypertensive patients compared with healthy subjects. Our findings suggest that these miRNAs may play a role in the pathogenesis of hypertensive LVH and may represent novel biomarkers for this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hypertension/blood , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/blood , MicroRNAs/blood , Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Profiling/methods , Hypertension/genetics , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/genetics , Predictive Value of Tests , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Up-Regulation
15.
Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2017; 39 (1): 6-15
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-188668

ABSTRACT

Background: According to uncommon adaptations in blood pressure observed in response to exercise, the standardized exercise prescriptions need to be reconsidered. Therefore, prediction of blood pressure adaptations in response to exercise and detraining is needed


Methods: In this study, 70 sedentary pre-hypertensive men randomized into experimental and control groups. Experimental subjects participated in aerobic training [24 sessions [3/wk] with 60 to 70% of MHR, 40 min/session] which followed by two weeks of detraining. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation, Kappa test, ANOVA and stepwise regression


Results: After 8 weeks of training and following to detraining some of experimental subjects experienced decline in Mean Atrial Pressure [MAP], some had no changes and some had even experienced its increasing condition [P<0.05]. All metabolic risk factors had significant changes after training and also detrainng, however; Zmets had significant changes just in those subjects with MAP decrease [P<0.05]


The metabolic risk count and also Zmets were higher in both GR [x[2]=52.73, P=0.001] and BR subjects [x[2]=80.1, P=0.001] at baseline. MAP, age, BMI and also plasma HDL and LDL values at baseline were recognized as the significant predictors of Observed changes in MAP after training [R[2]=0.76, P<0.05]


Conclusions: All the Metabolic risk factors are important in predicting the direction of MAP response to training, however; participation in aerobic exercise would not possibly lead to bad responding in those with high metabolic risk factors. However, more research remains to be done because of the lack of similar evidence in this area


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hypertension/blood , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , Metabolic Diseases/complications , Analysis of Variance
16.
J. bras. nefrol ; 38(4): 403-410, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829072

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Early detection diabetic nephropathy (DN) is important. Whether serum uric acid (SUA) has a role in the development of DN is not known. Objective: To study the relationship between SUA and hypertension, early nephropathy and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: The total number of the study was 986 participants, according to presence and duration of diabetes were classified into three groups. Group I; including 250 healthy participants. Group II; including 352 with onset of diabetes < 5 years. Group III; including 384, with the onset of diabetes > 5 years. All participants were submitted to complete clinical examination, anthropometric measurements, laboratory investigations, including glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1C), as well triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein ratios (TG/HDL-C), SUA, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Results: SUA, BP, HbA1c, TG/HDL-C ratio, and ACR levels were significantly higher in group III than group I, II and in II than I. eGFR significantly lower in group III than group I, II and in II than I (p < 0.001). Age, BMI, BP, HbA1c, TG/HDL-C, ACR, were positively correlated with SUA, while GFR negatively correlated. SUA at level of > 6.1 mg/dl, > 6.2 mg/dl and > 6.5 mg/dl had a greater sensitivity and specificity for identifying hypertension, early nephropathy and decline eGFR respectively. Conclusion: Even high normal SUA level, was associated with the risk of hypertension, early nephropathy and decline of eGFR. Moreover SUA level may identify the onset of hypertension, early nephropathy and progression of CKD in T2DM.


Resumo Introdução: A detecção precoce da nefropatia diabética (ND) é importante. O ácido úrico sérico (AUS) tem um papel ainda desconhecido no desenvolvimento de ND. Objetivo: Estudar a relação entre AUS e hipertensão, nefropatia precoce e progressão da doença renal crônica (DRC) no diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Métodos: O estudo contou com 986 participantes, de acordo com a presença e a duração do diabetes, os pacientes foram classificados em três grupos. O Grupo I incluiu 250 participantes saudáveis. O Grupo II incluiu 352 pacientes com início de diabetes < 5 anos. O Grupo III incluiu 384 pacientes com o aparecimento de diabetes > 5 anos. Todos os participantes foram submetidos a exame clínico completo, medidas antropométricas, exames laboratoriais - incluindo hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1C), bem como a razão entre triglicérides e lipoproteína de alta densidade (TG/HDL-C), AUS, razão creatinina/albumina (RCA) urinária, e taxa estimada de filtração glomerular (eTFG). Resultados: A razão AUS, PA, HbA1c, TG/HDL-C e RCA foi significativamente maior no grupo III do que no grupo I, II e em II do que I. A eTFG foi significativamente menor no grupo III do que nos grupos I, II e no II do que no I (p < 0,001). Idade, IMC, PA, HbA1c, razão TG/HDL-C, RCA, foram positivamente correlacionados com AUS, enquanto que a TFG esteve negativamente correlacionada. O AUS a níveis > 6,1 mg/dl, > 6,2 mg/dl e > 6,5 mg/dl apresentou maior sensibilidade e especificidade para identificar hipertensão, nefropatia precoce e declínio da eTFG, respectivamente. Conclusão: Mesmo elevados níveis de AUS, foi associado ao risco de hipertensão, nefropatia precoce e declínio da eTFG. Além disso, o nível de AUS pode identificar o início da hipertensão, nefropatia precoce e progressão da DRC em DM2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Diabetic Nephropathies/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/blood , Time Factors , Uric Acid/blood , Case-Control Studies , Disease Progression , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology
17.
Clinics ; 71(12): 709-714, Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the frequency of metabolic syndrome in young adult female dermatomyositis patients and its possible association with clinical and laboratory dermatomyositis-related features and serum adipocytokines. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 35 dermatomyositis patients and 48 healthy controls. Metabolic syndrome was defined according to the 2009 Joint Interim Statement. RESULTS: Patient age was comparable in the dermatomyositis and control groups, and the median disease duration was 1.0 year. An increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome was detected in the dermatomyositis group (34.3% vs. 6.3%; p=0.001). In addition, increased serum adiponectin and resistin levels were noted in contrast to lower leptin levels. In dermatomyositis patients, adipocytokine levels were correlated with the levels of total cholesterol, low-density cholesterol, triglycerides and muscle enzymes. A comparison of dermatomyositis patients with (n=12) and without (n=23) syndrome metabolic revealed that adipocytokine levels were also correlated with age, and that dermatomyositis patients with metabolic syndrome tended to have more disease activity despite similar adipocytokine levels. CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in young adult female dermatomyositis patients and is related to age and disease activity. Moreover, increased serum adiponectin and resistin levels were detected in dermatomyositis patients, but lower serum leptin levels were observed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Adipokines/blood , Dermatomyositis/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Age of Onset , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Hypertension/blood , Muscle, Skeletal/enzymology , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Triglycerides/blood
18.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(5): 436-442, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-798178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The goal of this study was evaluate the conicity index (C index) in women and its association with hypertension (SAH) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Subjects and methods This was a cross-sectional study, with 573 women between 20 and 59 years of age. After analysis of clinical and demographic characteristics, anthropometric variables were measured and used to calculate the C index. Plasma glucose and lipid profile were evaluated by standard methods. The analysis of the results was based on logistic regression and the odds ratio (OR) was calculated, which was used to assess the association of the variable outcome with the variable exposure using two logistic regression models that tested the possible influence of the C index in the chance of developing SAH or DM. A confidence interval of 95% was used. Results In the crude and adjusted models, the OR confirmed the association of the C index with DM and SAH. Compared with women that showed C index p < 75, the risk of women with C index (p ≥ 75) developing DM and SAH was 1.72 and 1.75, respectively. Results demonstrated that the negative impact of age on these associations significantly raised the odds of women having DM and SAH. The high C index was also linked to low HDL-C. Conclusion The C index is an important tool in estimating the risk of diabetes and hypertension in women. Besides, high C indexes are negatively associated with HDL-C, an important lipid marker related to cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Body Fat Distribution , Obesity, Abdominal/complications , Hypertension/etiology , Reference Values , Blood Glucose/analysis , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Logistic Models , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Hypertension/blood
19.
Clinics ; 71(7): 375-380, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787432

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have demonstrated that both low and high hemoglobin concentrations are predictive of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in various populations. However, an association of hemoglobin with the ankle-brachial index, which is widely used as a screening test for peripheral arterial disease, has not yet been identified. METHODS: We examined 786 subjects (236 women and 550 men) who received routine physical check-ups. The ankle-brachial index and several hematological parameters, including the hemoglobin level, hematocrit and red blood cell count and other demographic and biochemical characteristics were collected. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships between the ankle-brachial index and the independent determinants. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was conducted to calculate the cut-off level of hemoglobin for detecting a relatively low ankle-brachial index (less than 20% of all subjects, which was 1.02). RESULTS: The hemoglobin level, hematocrit and red blood cell count were correlated with the ankle-brachial index in the males (r=-0.274, r=-0.224 and r=-0.273, respectively, p<0.001 for all), but these associations were not significant in the females. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that the independent determinants of the ankle-brachial index included age, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the white blood cell count for the females and age, hypertension, total cholesterol and hemoglobin (β=-0.001, p<0.001) for the males after adjusting for confounding factors. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the cut-off level of hemoglobin for predicting a low ankle-brachial index was 156.5 g/L in the males. CONCLUSIONS: A high hemoglobin concentration was independently correlated with a low ankle-brachial index in the healthy males, indicating that an elevation in this level may be associated with an increased atherosclerosis risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Ankle Brachial Index/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Blood Cell Count , Body Mass Index , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension/blood , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Regression Analysis , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Sex Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Uric Acid/blood
20.
Clinics ; 71(5): 257-263, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between serum albumin levels and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (24-h ABPM) recordings in non-diabetic essential hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 354 patients (mean [SD] age: 55.5 [14.3] years, 50% females) with essential hypertension and 24-h ABPM recordings were included. Patient 24-h nighttime and daytime ABPM values, systolic and diastolic dipping status and average nocturnal dipping were recorded. The correlations between serum albumin levels and nocturnal systolic and diastolic dipping were evaluated, and correlates of average nocturnal systolic dipping were determined via a linear regression model. RESULTS: Overall, 73.2% of patients were determined to be non-dippers. The mean (SD) levels of serum albumin (4.2 [0.3] g/dL vs. 4.4 [0.4] g/dL, p<0.001) and the average nocturnal systolic (15.2 [4.8] mmHg vs. 0.3 [6.6] mmHg, p<0.001) and diastolic dipping (4.2 [8.6] mmHg vs. 18.9 [7.0] mmHg, p<0.001) were significantly lower in non-dippers than in dippers. A significant positive correlation was noted between serum albumin levels and both systolic (r=0.297, p<0.001) and diastolic dipping (r=0.265, p<0.001). The linear regression analysis revealed that for each one-unit increase in serum albumin, the average nocturnal dip in systolic BP increased by 0.17 mmHg (p=0.033). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate an association between serum albumin levels and the deterioration of circadian BP rhythm among essential hypertensive patients along with the identification of a non-dipper pattern in more than two-thirds of patients. Our findings emphasize the importance of serum albumin levels, rather than urinary albumin excretion, as an independent predictor of nocturnal systolic dipping, at least in non-diabetic essential hypertensive patients with moderate proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory/methods , Hypertension/physiopathology , Serum Albumin/analysis , Albuminuria/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Essential Hypertension , Hypertension/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Serum Albumin/physiology
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