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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1097242

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: iinvestigar a potencial associação entre a hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) e a gravidade da COVID-19. Métodos: realizou-se uma pesquisa eletrônica no Medline, Scopus e Web of Science acerca da relação entre HAS e COVID-19. Resultados: as primeiras hipóteses levantadas revelaram que a associação entre as doenças estava no tratamento com inibidores da enzima de conversão da angiotensina e bloqueadores dos receptores da angiotensina. Contudo, em um estudo experimental, observou-se que os pacientes hipertensos tratados com esses medicamentos apresentaram menor taxa de gravidade da doença. Conclusão: até o momento, a relação de HAS e COVID-19 é conflitante.(AU)


Objective: to investigate the potential association between systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and the severity of COVID-19. Methods: An electronic research on Medline, Scopus and Web of Science was conducted about the relationship between SAH and COVID-19. Results: The first hypotheses raised revealed that the association between the diseases was in the treatment with angiotensin conversion enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers. However, in an experimental study it was observed that hypertensive patients treated with these drugs had a lower rate of disease severity. Conclusion: So far, the relationship between SAH and COVID-19 is conflicting.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Prognosis
2.
s.l; s.n; 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1096507

ABSTRACT

A presente nota técnica tem a finalidade de orientar profissionais de saúde, gerentes de unidade e gestores sobre os cuidados de pessoas com doenças crônicas na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS) perante a situação de pandemia de COVID-19 (coronavírus). A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) reconhece que pacientes com condições crônicas pré-existentes, como diabetes e hipertensão, tiveram infecções mais graves pela COVID-19. No mesmo sentido, o Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), órgão de vigilância do governo dos Estados Unidos, listou os grupos de maior risco e os cuidados a serem tomados no contexto da COVID-19, que são referência para esta Nota Técnica¹. Apesar de se tratar de uma doença recente, há evidências a respeito dessa infecção de que, nos casos graves, ela se desenvolve rapidamente para a síndrome do desconforto respiratório agudo, insuficiência respiratória aguda e outras complicações1­6. Ainda que a maioria dos infectados apresente sintomas leves e bom prognóstico, é possível, por meio da evidência existente, identificar fatores de risco que estão relacionados aos casos mais graves e à elevação da taxa de mortalidade. Os fatores de risco apresentados são principalmente relacionados à idade elevada, baixa imunidade e doenças crônicas preexistentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Brazil , Public Health Surveillance/methods
3.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 21: 42272, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1053529

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a associação dos fatores de risco com os níveis pressóricos elevados em universitários. Métodos: estudo descritivo, transversal, desenvolvido com 203 universitários, por meio de questionário autoaplicável, construído com base no instrumento para Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção Para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico do Ministério da Saúde. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo teste Tau de Kendall. Resultados: dos participantes do estudo, 164 (80,8%) possuíam níveis pressóricos referentes à pressão arterial normal, nove (4,4%) pré-hipertensão, 30 (14,8%) hipertensão. Quanto ao estilo de vida, 16 (7,9%) eram fumantes, 12 (5,9%) faziam uso abusivo de álcool, 137 (67,5%) eram ativos, 64 (31,5%) possuíam adiposidade abdominal, 29 (14,3%) estavam com sobrepeso ou obesidade e 32 (15,8%) faziam uso excessivo de sal. Conclusão: os fatores de risco relacionados aos níveis pressóricos elevados foram: ter 35 anos ou mais de idade, adiposidade abdominal, sobrepeso ou obesidade. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students , Hypertension/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Overweight/complications , Life Style
4.
s.l; IETSI; 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BRISA | ID: biblio-1096660

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Aproximadamente cuatro meses han transcurrido desde que se reportaron los primeros casos de enfermedad por Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-2019) y al día de hoy (22 de abril) la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) reporta 2 471 136 casos confirmados y 169 006 muertes a nivel global. En el Perú, la sala situacional del Ministerio de Salud (22 de abril) reporta 19 250 casos confirmados, 62.3% de los cuales son del sexo masculino y un total de 530 fallecidos. Lamentablemente, se espera que estas cifras sigan creciendo en todo el mundo. La información publicada hasta el momento, en su mayoría proveniente de China, revela que los casos más severos y con mayor tasa de letalidad se reportan en personas del sexo masculino, adultos mayores y personas con presencia de comorbilidades. Esta situación es similar a lo reportado en otras infecciones virales respiratorias como la causada por el virus H1N1, en la que las personas con obesidad y con enfermedades crónicas pre-existentes mostraron mayor probabilidad de desarrollar síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo que conllevaba a falla orgánica múltiple y muerte. La evidencia de que el sexo masculino y la presencia de comorbilidades son factores de riesgo para mortalidad por COVID-19 está aún aumento. Los reportes de COVID-19 se actualizan constantemente y la información revelada sirve para entender mejor el comportamiento de la enfermedad y en base a ello plantear estrategias de prevención y contención. Por ello, el objetivo de esta revisión rápida es evaluar y presentar la evidencia disponible sobre el sexo y la presencia de comorbilidades en los casos fatales por COVID-19. MÉTODOS: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de estudios publicados hasta el 02 de abril y disponibles en PubMed y MedRxiv. Se incluyó artículos que reportaban información clínica y la prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles en casos letales por COVID-19. Se incluyó reportes de casos, estudios de caso-control, cohortes y revisiones sistemáticas, se limitó la búsqueda solo a publicaciones en inglés. Se excluyó noticias, editoriales, cartas al editor, comentarios, modelamientos matemáticos y casos que reportaban letalidad en menores de 18 años. RESULTADOS: Luego de verificar los criterios de elegibilidad, se incluyeron 17 artículos de los cuales 13 se consideraron para meta-análisis. El total de participantes incluidos en los estudios suman 27 264, los casos letales suman en total 1037 que representa una prevalencia agrupada [Pr(a)] = 12 % (95% IC: 8% - 16%), la edad promedio de los casos fatales es de 69.2 años. La mayoría de los estudios corresponden a reporte de China, 2 provienen de Corea y 1 de ellos de Italia. Los estudios reportan tener diseños principalmente de reportes de casos retrospectivos y cohortes retrospectivas, se identificó, además un estudio transversal y dos revisiones sistemáticas en la base de datos MedRxiv. Para la evaluación de la calidad, los reportes de casos y cohortes retrospectivas se trataron como "Estudios de Serie de Casos", en ninguno de los estudios se puede determinar si el tiempo de seguimiento fue el adecuado y los estudios reportados en Corea e Italia no cumplen con al menos un criterio de evaluación La calidad del estudio transversal y las revisiones sistemáticas es pobre. CONCLUSIÓN: La caracterización de los casos letales por COVID-19 es importante porque puede permitir mejorar las intervenciones y resultados en los pacientes infectados, sobretodo, en los que en mayor riesgo se encuentran como la población del sexo masculino y aquellos con hipertensión, enfermedades cardiovasculares y diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Hypertension/etiology , Technology Assessment, Biomedical
5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 564-569, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056599

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Takayasu arteritis (TA) is a chronic granulomatous inflammatory condition of unknown cause that involves large vessels - particularly the aorta and its branches - such as the carotid, coronary, pulmonary, and renal arteries. The left subclavian artery is the most frequently involved vessel. Stenosis of the renal artery has been reported in 23-31% of the cases and may result in malignant hypertension, ischemic renal disease, decompensated heart failure, and premature death. Involvement of both renal arteries is uncommon. Early onset anuria and acute kidney injury are rare and have been reported only in a few cases in the literature. This report describes the case of a 15-year-old female with constitutional symptoms evolving for a year, combined with headache, nausea, and vomiting, in addition to frequent visits to emergency services and insufficient clinical examination. The patient worsened significantly six months after the onset of symptoms and developed acute pulmonary edema, oliguria, acute kidney injury, and difficult-to-control hypertension, at which point she was admitted for intensive care and hemodialysis. Initial ultrasound examination showed she had normal kidneys and stenosis-free renal arteries. The patient was still anuric after 30 days of hospitalization. A biopsy was performed and revealed her kidneys were normal. Computed tomography angiography scans of the abdominal aorta presented evidence of occlusion of both renal arteries. The patient met the diagnostic criteria for Takayasu arteritis and had a severe complication rarely described in the literature: stenosis of the two renal arteries during the acute stage of ischemic renal disease.


RESUMO A Arterite de Takayasu (AT) é uma doença inflamatória crônica, granulomatosa, de causa desconhecida, que afeta grandes vasos, principalmente a aorta e seus ramos, incluindo artérias carótidas, coronárias, pulmonares e renais, sendo a artéria subclávia esquerda o vaso mais acometido. A estenose da artéria renal é relatada em 23-31% dos casos e pode resultar em hipertensão maligna, insuficiência renal por isquemia, descompensação cardíaca e morte prematura. O acometimento bilateral de artérias renais é incomum, sendo rara a presença de anúria súbita e lesão renal aguda como sintoma inicial da doença, com poucos relatos na literatura. O caso reporta uma adolescente de 15 anos com sintomas constitucionais durante um ano de evolução, associados a problemas como cefaleia, náuseas e vômitos, com idas frequentes a serviços de emergência, sem adequada investigação clínica. Após 6 meses do início dos sintomas, a paciente evoluiu de forma grave, com quadro de edema agudo de pulmão, oligúria, lesão renal aguda e hipertensão arterial de difícil controle, sendo necessário suporte em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e hemodiálise. A ultrassonografia inicial mostrava rins normais e artérias renais sem sinais de estenose. Após 30 dias de internamento, paciente permanecia anúrica, sendo realizada biópsia renal que se mostrou dentro dos padrões da normalidade. Angiotomografia de aorta abdominal evidenciou oclusão bilateral de artérias renais. A paciente descrita fechou critérios diagnósticos para arterite de Takayasu e manifestou uma complicação grave pouco descrita na literatura: estenose bilateral de artérias renais, ainda na fase aguda da nefropatia isquêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Renal Artery Obstruction/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Oliguria/diagnosis , Oliguria/etiology , Pulmonary Edema/diagnosis , Pulmonary Edema/etiology , Acute Disease , Renal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Transplantation/methods , Treatment Outcome , Takayasu Arteritis/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 850-861, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1094093

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la Organización Mundial de la Salud, estima que la enfermedad renal crónica estará incluida dentro de las principales causas de discapacidad para el 2020. La prevalencia en países desarrollados es aproximadamente de 500 a 1400 pacientes por millón de habitantes y la incidencia anual se encuentra alrededor de 350 pacientes por millón de población. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de la enfermedad renal oculta e identificar algunos factores de riesgos predisponentes en adultos mayores con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 pertenecientes al Policlínico Universitario "Jimmy Hirzel", Bayamo, Granma, en el período comprendido entre junio 2016 - junio 2017. Materiales y métodos: se realizó estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal en el que se incluyeron 180 gerontes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Resultados: se estableció el diagnóstico de enfermedad renal oculta en 167 individuos de 180 sujetos estudiados, el grupo de 70 - 79 años de edad fue el más afectado por la nefropatía crónica, mientras que el sexo femenino y la raza blanca fueron los de mayor prevalencia. Los principales factores de riesgo predisponentes de enfermedad renal oculta fueron: cardiopatía isquémica crónica, dislipemias e hipertensión arterial. Conclusiones: existe una alta morbilidad de enfermedad renal oculta en los senescentes estudiados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that chronic hidden renal disease (ERC) will be included within the principal causes of disability by 2020. The prevalence in developed countries is around 500 to 1400 patients per million inhabitants, and the yearly incidence is around 350 patients per million people. Objective: to determine the prevalence of the hidden renal disease and to identify some predisposing risk factors in elder people with type II diabetes mellitus belonging to the University Policlinic "Jimmy Hirzel", Bayamo, Gramma, in the period between June 2016 and June 2017. Material and methods: an observational descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 180 elder people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results: the chronic hidden renal disease was diagnosed in 167 individuals from the 180 studied subjects; the 70-79 years-old-group was the most affected one by chronic renal disease, while the female sex and white race showed the highest prevalence. The main risk factors predisposing to chronic hidden renal disease were: chronic ischemic heart disease, dyslipidemia and arterial hypertension. Conclusions: there is a high morbidity due to hidden renal disease in the studied senescent people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Myocardial Ischemia/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/prevention & control , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Observational Study , Kidney Diseases/etiology
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 862-878, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1094094

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la principal causa de muerte en la mayoría de los países. Se describen los factores de riesgo para enfermedad coronaria como no modificables: edad, sexo y antecedentes familiares; y modificables relacionados al estilo de vida: tabaquismo, dislipidemia, obesidad, sedentarismo, diabetes, uso abusivo de alcohol y la enfermedad hipertensiva. Objetivo: caracterizar los factores de riesgo asociados a la cardiopatía isquémica en Atención Secundaria de Salud. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo transversal en pacientes ingresados en el Hospital "Mártires del 9 de Abril" de Sagua la Grande, en el periodo comprendido entre los años 2016 y 2017. Integraron la muestra 96 pacientes que ingresaron con diagnóstico de cardiopatía isquémica. Se describieron las características demográficas de los mismos; fueron identificados los factores de riesgo y se determinó la frecuencia de asociación de otras formas clínicas de ateromatosis. Resultados: los pacientes fueron mayores de 60 años de edad; la mayoría tenían color de la piel blanca; presentaban antecedentes patológicos familiares de cardiopatía isquémica; las principales formas de cardiopatía isquémica fueron: angina e insuficiencia cardiaca; todos los pacientes presentaron uno o más factores de riesgo cardiovascular, los más significativos fueron, hipertensión arterial, tabaquismo aumento de la circunferencia abdominal y personalidad tipo "A". Conclusiones: la mayoría de los pacientes exhibieron alteraciones en el electrocardiograma: descenso del segmento ST, bloqueo de rama izquierda del haz de His y fibrilación auricular; se observó hipertrigliceridemia y se apreció asociación entre enfermedad renal crónica y angina.


ABSTRACT Introduction: cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in most of the countries. The risk factors for coronary disease are described as unmodifiable: age, sex and family history; and modifiable related to lifestyle: smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, abusive use of alcohol and hypertensive disease. Objective: to characterize the risk factors associated to ischemic heart disease in secondary health care. Material and methods: observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study in patients admitted in "Mártires del 9 de Abril" Hospital, Sagua la Grande, between 2016 and 2017. The sample consisted of 96 patients admitted with a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease. Their demographic characteristics were described; the risk factors were identified and the frequency of association of other clinical forms of atheromatosis was determined. Results: the patients were aged more than 60 years; most of them were white people and had family pathological antecedents of ischemic heart disease; the main forms of ischemic heart disease were angina and heart failure; all patients showed one or more cardiovascular risk factors being arterial hypertension, smoking, increase of abdominal circumference and type A personality the most significant ones. Conclusions: the majority of patients showed alterations in the electrocardiogram: ST segment decrease, His bundle left branch blockage and atrial fibrillation; hypertriglyceridemia was observed and there was an association between chronic kidney disease and angina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder/etiology , Risk Factors , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Inpatients , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Abdominal Circumference , Observational Study , Heart Failure/etiology , Angina Pectoris/etiology , Life Style
8.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 681-697, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1094076

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las glomerulopatías agrupan varias nefropatías con lesiones fundamentalmente del corpúsculo renal y que se expresan principalmente por proteinuria, hematuria, edemas e hipertensión arterial. La presentación clínica varía en dependencia del tipo de enfermedad de que se trate. Constituye la causa más frecuente de enfermedad renal crónica en adultos jóvenes, por lo que su estudio resulta imprescindible sobre todo para el nivel primario de salud. El propósito fue actualizar consideraciones pertinentes sobre la conducta diagnóstica y terapéutica integral ante una glomerulopatía y valorar emisión de recomendaciones al respecto. Se realizó una búsqueda, análisis y síntesis de información a través de Bases de datos ScieLO Cuba, ScieLO regional, Pubmed, Cumed, Clinical Key en el período 2012-2017 con las palabras clave: síndrome nefrótico, glomerulonefritis, diagnóstico, terapéutica, atención integral. El abordaje en las glomerulopatías es integral, multidisciplinario e individualizado. En Cuba constituyen la cuarta causa de enfermedad renal crónica y predomina el síndrome nefrítico agudo postinfeccioso. El método clínico juega en ello un papel trascendental a la hora de reconocer y registrar sus aspectos clínicos, su etiología, su fisiopatología, y los exámenes complementarios que confirman su presencia o sus complicaciones, así como un tratamiento oportuno que garanticen el perfeccionamiento asistencial. El arma más poderosa ante el reto de los trastornos glomerulares es la visión integradora y con enfoque individual y social protagonizado por el médico ante este grupo de nefropatías en adultos.


ABSTRACT Glomerulopathies encompass a group of several renal disorders with lesions, mainly in the renal corpuscle, expressed in proteinuria, hematuria, edemas and arterial hypertension. Their clinical manifestations change in dependence of the kind of disease. They are the most frequent cause of chronic renal disease in young adults; therefore their study is very important above all in the health care primary level. The aim was updating pertinent considerations on the diagnostic behavior and comprehensive therapy in the case of glomerulopathy, and evaluating the emission of recommendations regarding to them. A search, analysis and synthesis of information was carried out in the databases ScieLO Cuba, ScieLO regional, Pubmed, Cumed, and Clinical Key in the period 2012-2017, using the key words nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, diagnosis, therapeutics, comprehensive care. The approach to glomerulopathies is comprehensive, multidisciplinary and individualized. They are the fourth cause of chronic renal disease; the acute post-infectious nephritic syndrome predominates. The clinical method plays a transcendental role at the moment of recognizing and registering their clinical characteristics, etiology and physiopathology, while complementary tests confirm their presence or complications, and therefore an opportune treatment guarantying the healthcare improvement. The most powerful weapon against the challenge of the glomerular disorders is the integrated vision with an individual and social approach led by the physician in the case of these nephropathies in adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Urination Disorders , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Glomerulonephritis/complications , Glomerulonephritis/diagnosis , Glomerulonephritis/etiology , Glomerulonephritis/pathology , Glomerulonephritis/blood , Glomerulonephritis/therapy , Glomerulonephritis/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Kidney/physiology , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney/pathology , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Kidney Glomerulus/physiopathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/diagnosis , Nephrotic Syndrome/etiology , Nephrotic Syndrome/pathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/blood , Nephrotic Syndrome/therapy , Nephrotic Syndrome/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Nephrosis, Lipoid
9.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 698-707, mayo.-jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1094077

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El debate alrededor de las cifras de tensión arterial, y sobre todo las cifras a obtener mediante el tratamiento es en la actualidad un grave problema de salud. Se realizó una revisión sistemática en inglés y español de los principales artículos publicados en PubMed, Scielo y MEDLINE durante el periodo comprendido desde el año 2012 hasta 2018, acerca de la definición, evaluación y manejó de la tensión arterial. Todas las guías están de acuerdo en la toma de múltiples medidas de la tensión arterial para el diagnóstico, pero no para definir el control de la tensión, definir el control de la tensión arterial debe incluir una dimensión en el tiempo en un año por lo menos, y una proporción mínima de medidas donde debe pensar en la mitad de todas las medidas por lo menos, con medidas de tensión arterial tomadas por lo menos cada tres meses, por lo que sugerimos que un perfil anual de las cifras de tensión arterial debe ser considerado como un requisito mínimo para evaluar el control de la hipertensión arterial, este trabajo ha perfilado dos de los factores menos reconocidos: la necesidad de la intensificación del tratamiento después de la primera toma de tensión arterial por encima de las cifras deseadas, y el incremento de una nueva droga en vez de incrementar las dosis de las ya indicadas.


ABSTRACT The debate on the maintained arterial tension measure, and on the measure to obtain through the long term treatment, is currently a problem for the medical practitioner, due to the variation of arterial tension during the day at different hours because of the patients circadian cycle, and due to variations in different days according to the proper patient's situations or the environment around it, and the different seasons of the year. They make it difficult to know when arterial tension is within the parameters accepted as "controlled". The authors carried out a systematic review of documents published in PubMed, Scielo and MEDLINE in the period 2012-2018, both in English and Spanish, on the arterial tension definition, evaluation and management. The guidelines agree in taking arterial tension measures in different moments for the diagnosis, but not in defining tension control. Defining tension control should include a time dimension of at least a year, and a minimal proportion of measures within the parameters recognized as non-pathological or optimal on the basis of measures taken at least every three months. Therefore, the authors suggest that an annual profile of the arterial tension parameters should be considered as a minimal requirement to evaluate arterial hypertension control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Symptom Assessment , Time-to-Treatment/organization & administration , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Health Records, Personal
10.
J. Health NPEPS ; 3(2): 457-475, Julho-Dezembro. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-980871

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar a relação entre o estilo de vida, presença de hipertensão, diabetes e dislipidemia com a taxa de internação hospitalar (IH) por doenças do aparelho circulatório (DC) nos estados brasileiros. Método: foi realizado um estudo de caráter ecológico utilizando a base de dados DATASUS referente ao estilo de vida e comorbidades nos estados brasileiros. Os dados foram analisados por meio de regressão linear bivariada e multivariada, tendo como desfecho a IH por DC. Resultados: a prevalência de IH média mensal no Brasil foi de 43,9/100.000 habitantes, com maior índice no Paraná com 67,4/100.000 habitantes enquanto a menor foi no Amazonas, apresentando 17,6/100.000 habitantes. Na análise por correlação bivariada com à IH por DC foram os observados os seguintes valores: % Insuficientemente ativos (r=0,224, p=0,252), % Consumo regular doces...(AU)


Objective: to determine the relationship between lifestyle, presence of high blood pressure, diabetes and dyslipidemia with hospital admission rate (HA) due to diseases of the circulatory system (CD) in brazilian states. Method: an ecological study was conducted using the DATASUS database on lifestyle and comorbidities in the brazilian states. The data were analyzed by bivariate and multivariate linear regression, with HA by CD Results: the prevalence of monthly HA in Brazil was 43.9/100,000 inhabitants, with a higher index in Paraná with 67.4/100,000 inhabitants while the lowest was in Amazonas, presenting 17.6/100,000 inhabitants. In the analysis by bivariate correlation with HA by CD, the following values were observed% insufficiently active (r = 0.224, p = 0.252), % sweet regular consumption…(AU)


Objetivo: determinar la relación entre el estilo de vida, presencia de hipertensión, diabetes y dislipidemia con la tasa de internación hospitalaria (IH) por enfermedades del aparato circulatorio (DC) en los estados brasileños . Método: se realizó un estudio de carácter ecológico utilizando la base de datos DATASUS referente al estilo de vida y comorbilidades en los estados brasileños. Los datos fueron analizados por medio de regresión lineal bivariada y multivariada, teniendo como resultado la IH por DC. Resultados: la prevalencia de IH media mensual en Brasil fue de 43,9/100.000 habitantes, con mayor índice en Paraná con 67,4/100.000 habitantes mientras que la menor fue en el Amazonas, presentando 17,6/100.000 habitantes. En el análisis por correlación bivariada con la IH por DC se observaron los siguientes valores: % insuficientemente activos (IA) (r=0,224, p=0,252), % consumo regular dulces…(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vascular Diseases/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Dyslipidemias/etiology , Hospitalization , Hypertension/etiology , Life Style , Brazil/epidemiology , Data Collection , Hospital Information Systems
11.
Rev. salud pública ; 20(6): 742-747, nov.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1020853

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a prevalência de Síndrome Metabólica entre os usuários do programa hipertensão e diabetes de um Centro de Saúde da cidade de Jequié, Bahia, Brasil. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo descritivo de corte transversal, realizado na cidade de Jequié Bahia. Os participantes da pesquisa foram usuários do programa HIPERDIA do Centro de Saúde inserida na atenção primária. Resultados A prevalência de Síndrome Metabólica nesses usuários foi de 43%. Quanto ao gênero, a prevalência foi de 35% entre homens e 47% em mulheres, considerando que em 23% dos prontuários não havia dados suficientes para a classificação. Conclusão Evidenciou-se que a síndrome metabólica atinge proporcionalmente mais as mulheres do que os homens, ao passo que em relação à idade foi verificado maior prevalência da doença em indivíduos maiores de 60 anos.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To identify the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in users of the hypertension and diabetes mellitus program at a Health Center in Jequié City, Bahia, Brazil. Materials and methods This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 100 patients enrolled in HIPERDIA. This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the State University of Southwest of Bahia (Minutes no. 013/2011). Results The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in these users was 43%. Regarding sex, the prevalence was 35% among men and 47% among women, considering that in 23% of the medical records there were insufficient data for classification. Conclusions It was evidenced that the metabolic syndrome reaches proportionately more women than men, whereas, in relation to age, a higher prevalence of the disease was verified in individuals older than 60 years.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar la prevalencia de síndrome metabólico entre los usuarios del programa hipertensión y diabetes de un Centro de Salud de la ciudad de Jequié, Bahia, Brasil. Método Se trata de un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. La muestra fue constituida por 100 pacientes registrados en HIPERDIA. Este estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación de la Universidad Estadual del Sudoeste de Bahía (Dictamen n ° 013/2011). Resultados La prevalencia de síndrome metabólico en estos usuarios fue del 43%. En cuanto al género, la prevalen-cia fue del 35% entre hombres y el 47% en mujeres, considerando que en el 23% de los prontuarios no había datos suficientes para la clasificación. Conclusión Se evidenció que el síndrome metabólico alcanza proporcionalmente más a las mujeres que los hombres, mientras que en relación a la edad se verificó mayor prevalencia de la enfermedad en individuos mayores de 60 años.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Obesity/etiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(5): 675-678, oct. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-973672

ABSTRACT

La estenosis de la arteria renal es una causa rara de hipertensión arterial neonatal de origen renovascular. Hay muy pocos casos descritos en la literatura en esta etapa. La mayor parte de los pacientes con esta afectación permanecen asintomáticos, y la hipertensión se detecta en las revisiones pediátricas rutinarias. El diagnóstico puede realizarse mediante la combinación de hallazgos bioquímicos y radiológicos. El manejo inicial del paciente se basa en terapia farmacológica hasta alcanzar un crecimiento adecuado para evaluar la reparación definitiva de la lesión vascular o la nefrectomía en caso de supresión funcional del riñón afecto. Se presenta a una paciente femenina recién nacida a término, con hipertensión arterial e importante falla cardíaca congestiva, originada por una estenosis unilateral de la arteria renal, con supresión funcional y atrofia del riñón afecto, que precisó importante soporte inotrópico y antihipertensivo durante los primeros días de vida, con importante mejoría clínica posterior.


Renal artery stenosis represents a rare cause of neonatal arterial hypertension of renovascular origin, having been described few cases in the literature at this stage of life. Most patients with this disease remain asymptomatic; hypertension can be detected in routine pediatric revisions. Diagnosis can be performed by combining biochemical and radiological findings. The initial management consists of pharmacological therapy in order to achieve adequate growth. Subsequently, it is necessary to assess definitive repair of the vascular lesion or nephrectomy in the case of functional abolition of the affected kidney. We present a term newborn female, with arterial hypertension and an important congestive heart failure, caused by a unilateral renal artery stenosis, with functional abolition and atrophy of the affected kidney, which required an important inotropic and antihypertensive support during her first days of life, with significant clinical improvement subsequently.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnosis , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Renal Artery Obstruction/complications , Heart Failure/etiology , Hypertension/etiology
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(3)jul.-ago. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-908907

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) representa o agravo de maior relevância, sendo um dos principais fatores de risco para doenças cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Analisar tendências da taxa de mortalidade associada a doenças hipertensivas no Brasil, de 2010 a 2014, tanto para os estados quanto para as regiões. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico a partir de dados agregados, obtidos em estratos populacionais. Dados cartográficos em "shapefile" do território brasileiro foram fornecidos pelo IBGE. Registros de mortalidade associada à hipertensão arterial obtidos no DATASUS, mediante notificações filtradas por categoria I.10 do Código Internacional das Doenças (CID-10). Adotou-se como critério de significância estatística o valor de p bicaudal < 0,05. Resultado: O aumento da idade se associou de maneira progressiva à elevação da média de óbitos relacionada a doenças hipertensivas entre os anos de 2010 e 2014. Nas faixas etárias entre 50-59 anos, 60-69 anos, 70-79 anos e 80 ou mais anos, a média e desvio da taxa de mortalidade padrão foram, respectivamente: 15,11% (35,35); 24,14% (55,34); 35,07% (81,03) e 57,87% (139,08). A taxa global de mortalidade nas regiões brasileiras, por 10.000 habitantes, variou entre as regiões: norte (1,25); nordeste (2,69); centro-oeste (2,06); sudeste (2,48) e sul (2,04). Conclusão: A taxa de mortalidade associada a doenças hipertensivas foi superior nos estados do sudeste e nordeste do Brasil, e permaneceu estável entre 2010 e 2014. Incremento de idade e cor parda foram preditores de maior mortalidade


Background: Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH) represents the most relevant worsening factor and one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Objectives: To analyze trends in the mortality rate associated with hypertensive diseases in Brazil from 2010 to 2014, for states as well as regions. Methods: An epidemiological study was performed from aggregate data obtained in populational strata. Cartographic data of the Brazilian territory in "shapefile" were provided by IBGE. Records of mortality associated with arterial hypertension were obtained in DATASUS, through notifications filtered by category I.10 of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). The criterion of statistical significance was a two-tailed p-value < 0.05. Results: The increase in age was progressively associated with an increase in the mean number of deaths related to hypertensive diseases between the years 2010 and 2014. In the age groups between 50-59 years, 60-69 years, 70-79 years and 80 or more years, the mean and standard deviation for the mortality rate were, respectively: 15.11% (35.35); 24.14% (55.34); 35.07% (81.03) and 57.87% (139.08). The overall mortality rate per 10,000 inhabitants varied between the regions: north (1.25); northeast (2.69); center-west (2.06); southeast (2.48) and south (2.04). Conclusion: The mortality rate associated with hypertensive diseases was higher in the southeastern and northeastern states of Brazil, and remained stable between 2010 and 2014. Increased age and brown color were predictors of higher mortality


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Epidemiologic Studies , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Mortality/trends , Spatial Analysis , Age Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Ethnicity and Health , International Classification of Diseases , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Statistical Analysis
14.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(2): 237-243, abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-959327

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A hiperatividade simpática paroxística representa uma complicação incomum, com potencial risco à vida, de lesões cerebrais graves, mais comumente de origem traumática. Seu diagnóstico clínico se baseia na manifestação recorrente de taquicardia, hipertensão, diaforese, taquipneia e, às vezes, febre, além de posturas distônicas. Os episódios podem ser induzidos por estímulos ou ocorrer de forma espontânea. É comum que ocorra subdiagnóstico desta síndrome, e o retardamento de seu reconhecimento pode aumentar a morbidade e a incapacidade em longo prazo. Evitar os desencadeantes e a farmacoterapia podem ter muito sucesso no controle desta complicação. A síndrome da embolia gordurosa é uma complicação rara, mas grave, das fraturas de ossos longos. Sinais neurológicos, petéquias hemorrágicas e insuficiência respiratória aguda são as características que constituem seu quadro clínico. O termo "embolia gordurosa cerebral" é estabelecido quando predomina o envolvimento neurológico. O diagnóstico é clínico, porém achados específicos de neuroimagem podem confirmá-lo. As manifestações neurológicas incluem diferentes graus de alteração da consciência, défices focais ou convulsões. Seu tratamento é de suporte, porém são possíveis desfechos favoráveis, mesmo nos casos com apresentação grave. Relatamos dois casos de hiperatividade simpática paroxística após embolia gordurosa cerebral, uma associação muito incomum.


ABSTRACT Paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity represents an uncommon and potentially life-threatening complication of severe brain injuries, which are most commonly traumatic. This syndrome is a clinical diagnosis based on the recurrent occurrence of tachycardia, hypertension, diaphoresis, tachypnea, and occasionally high fever and dystonic postures. The episodes may be induced by stimulation or may occur spontaneously. Underdiagnosis is common, and delayed recognition may increase morbidity and long-term disability. Trigger avoidance and pharmacological therapy can be very successful in controlling this complication. Fat embolism syndrome is a rare but serious complication of long bone fractures. Neurologic signs, petechial hemorrhages and acute respiratory failure constitute the characteristic presenting triad. The term cerebral fat embolism is used when the neurological involvement predominates. The diagnosis is clinical, but specific neuroimaging findings can be supportive. The neurologic manifestations include different degrees of alteration of consciousness, focal deficits or seizures. Management is supportive, but good outcomes are possible even in cases with very severe presentation. We report two cases of paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity after cerebral fat embolism, which is a very uncommon association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/etiology , Brain Injuries/complications , Embolism, Fat/complications , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Syndrome , Tachycardia/etiology , Embolism, Fat/mortality , Tachypnea/etiology , Hypertension/etiology
15.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 44(2)abr.-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1042979

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de una capacitación para el conocimiento de pacientes hipertensos. Métodos: Es un estudio de intervención cuasi-experimental de antes y después sin grupo control, donde se evalúa con un test el conocimiento de los pacientes antes y después de una capacitación. El test comprende 9 preguntas sobre la definición, causas, síntomas, controles y tratamiento farmacológico de la hipertensión. Se realizaron dos tipos de análisis, uno por pregunta y otro por paciente. Para el primero se calculó la diferencia de la proporción de acierto antes y después de la capacitación (prueba de McNemar para muestras dependientes). Para el segundo se estableció el nivel general de conocimiento en función del número de respuestas correctas. La mejoría en las respuestas de cada paciente se asoció con variables demográficas, empleando el software Stata versión 10. Resultados: La capacitación se llevó a cabo con 45 individuos que mejoraron su conocimiento en el 16 por ciento (p< 0,05). Las preguntas relacionadas con la medicación fueron las que tuvieron el mayor impacto positivo, mientras que las relacionadas con las causas de la hipertensión y la frecuencia de control, presentaron un impacto negativo. Conclusiones: Con este trabajo se logra determinar que en términos globales la capacitación resulta efectiva, aunque en algunos aspectos falla, lo que permite identificar oportunidades de mejora para futuras charlas(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a training program of knowledge for hypertensive patients. Method: This was a quasi-experimental and interventional study of before and after without control group, in which was evaluated with a test the patient's knowledge before and after the training. The test comprises nine questions on the definition, causes, symptoms, controls and drug treatment of hypertension. Two types of analysis were performed: one per question and one per patient. For the first, difference in the proportion of correct answers before and after training was calculated using McNemar test for dependent samples. For the second, the general level of knowledge was established by the number of correct answers. The improvement in the responses of each patient was associated with demographic variables. For these was used Stata software version 10. Results: The training was conducted with 45 individuals that improved their knowledge by 16 percent (p <0.05). Questions regarding medication were those with the greatest positive impact, while related to the causes of hypertension and control's frequency had a negative impact. Associations among improvement of knowledge and demographic variables were not statistically significant. Conclusions: This work is able to determine that training is effective in general terms, although in some aspects it has failed. This allows identifying opportunities of improvement for future talks(AU)


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Patient Education as Topic , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Colombia
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 156-159, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-910855

ABSTRACT

A dissecção espontânea da artéria renal é uma patologia rara que, na maioria dos casos, ocorre de forma idiopática. Em alguns casos, pode estar associada à presença de alterações arteriais prévias. Os sintomas geralmente são discretos e inespecíficos, dificultando o diagnóstico. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 40 anos, com quadro de hipertensão arterial não controlada de início recente. Na investigação da etiologia da hipertensão arterial, o eco-Doppler de artérias renais revelou a presença de estenose (> 80%) no terço médio da artéria renal esquerda, e a angiografia evidenciou uma dissecção com dupla luz e redução do calibre do vaso. O paciente foi submetido a tratamento com implante de stent com evolução satisfatória.


Spontaneous renal artery dissection is rare and most cases are considered idiopathic. Previous renal arterial disease may be present in some cases and clinical presentation is often non-specific. Here, the authors present a case of spontaneous renal artery dissection in a 40-year-old male patient with uncontrolled hypertension discovered during investigation of secondary hypertension. Duplex ultrasound initially showed 80% left renal artery stenosis which was shown to be a renal artery dissection during angiography. The patient was successfully managed by percutaneous placement of a renal artery stent.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Hypertension/etiology , Kidney/diagnostic imaging , Renal Artery Obstruction/complications , Renal Artery Obstruction/pathology , Angioplasty , Dissection , Stents , Ultrasonography, Doppler
17.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 10(1): 190-195, jan.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-908420

ABSTRACT

Objective: this study aims to identify and analyze the predictor factors of the occurrence of High Blood Pressure (HBP) in children aged from 7 to 10 years old from a rural municipality in Espírito Santo State. Methods: The subjects were divided into two groups, as follows: cases (SBP or DBP ≥ P95) and controls (BP < P90). The subjects were paired by sex and age. The sampling has been built from subject random selection, where were evaluated 395 children, 79 cases and 316 controls. Results: The prevalence of overweight in the cases was 8.9% and 11.1% in controls; the sedentary lifestyle was present in 88.1% of the cases and 87.9% of the controls; the average screen time was 97.7 minutes and106.6 minutes per day in cases and controls, respectively. Conclusion: It has been observed the need to create public policies aimed at health promotion in order to vulnerable groups can be receiving assistance since childhood.


Objetivo: identificar e analisar os fatores preditores da ocorrência da pressão arterial elevada em crianças de 7 a 10 anos de um município rural no Espírito Santo. Métodos: Foram constituídos dois grupos de estudo: os casos (PAS ou PAD ≥ P95) e os controles (PA

Objetivo: identificar y analizar los factores predictivos de la aparición de la hipertensión arterial en niños de 7 a 10 años de un municipio rural en el Espírito Santo. Métodos: Se construyeron dos grupos: los casos (PAS o PAD ≥ 95) y controles (PA

Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Brazil , Causality
18.
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2018; 24 (01): 18-24
in English | IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) | ID: emr-190317

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension is the most important cardiovascular risk factor in the World Health Organization [WHO] Eastern Mediterranean Region. Excessive salt and sodium intake is directly related to hypertension, and its reduction is a priority of WHO. Bread is the leading staple food in the Region; therefore, reducing the amount of salt added to bread could be an effective measure for reducing salt intake. Aim: The study sought to determine the levels of sodium and salt in locally produced staple bread from 8 countries in the Region. Methods: Bread samples were collected randomly from bakeries located in the capital cities of the selected countries. The samples were analysed for sodium content using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Results: The mean salt content of breads varied from 4.28 g/kg in Jordan to 12.41 g/kg in Tunisia. The mean salt and sodium content in bread for all countries was 7.63 [SD 3.12] and 3.0 [SD 1.23] g/kg, respectively. The contribution of bread to daily salt intake varied considerably between countries, ranging from 1.3 g [12.5%] in Jordan to 3.7 g [33.5%] in Tunisia. Conclusion: Interventions to reduce population salt intake should target reduction of salt in bread in all countries. The amount of salt added to bread should be standardized and relevant legislation developed to guide bakers. Setting an upper limit for salt content in flat bread [pita or Arabic bread] at 0.5% is strongly recommended. However, salt levels at

Subject(s)
Humans , Bread , Sodium , Hypertension/etiology
19.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 53(4): 12-16, out.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-876884

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Acidente Vascular Cerebral é um problema de saúde pública em que estudos epidemiológicos evidenciam a importância da prevenção, promoção e tratamento da doença no Brasil. Objetivo: descrever a distribuição de pacientes com Acidente Vascular Cerebral nos diferentes setores de internação de um hospital da rede pública credenciado pelo Ministério da Saúde na linha de cuidados. Métodos: Estudo transversal em que foram avaliados pacientes com Acidente Vascular Cerebral admitidos no Hospital Risoleta Tolentino Neves de Belo Horizonte no período de janeiro a junho de 2015. Dados sócio-demográficos e clínicos foram extraídos dos prontuários e/ ou por meio de entrevistas, sendo analisadas as informações: sexo; idade; mecanismo fisiopatológico; tempo de ictus; fatores de risco para o AVC; setor de internação; tempo de internação e complicações clínicas. Resultados: Dos 223 pacientes internados, 55% eram sexo masculino e idade média de 64,3 anos. Em relação aos setores hospitalares, 169 foram alocados para a Unidade de Acidente Vascular Cerebral (82% isquêmico), 24 no Centro de Tratamento Intensivo (79% hemorrágico), 23 no Pronto Atendimento (74% Ataque Isquêmico Transitório) e sete na Enfermaria Geral. A média do tempo de ictus foi de 13,2 horas. O tempo médio de internação foi de 12,4 ± 9,8 dias, entretanto a Enfermaria Geral e o Centro de Tratamento Intensivo apresentaram maiores tempos de internação e número de complicações clínicas. Conclusão: A linha de cuidado em Acidente Vascular Cerebral nos hospitais pode reduzir complicações clínicas, mortalidade e tempo de internação, contribuindo para organização de setores de internação e utilização de recursos hospitalares.(AU)


Background: Stroke is a public health problem in which epidemiological studies evidence the importance of the prevention, promotion and treatment of the disease in Brazil. Purpose: To describe the distribution of patients with Stroke in different hospital sectors of a public hospital accredited by the Ministry of Health in care line. Methods: Cross-sectional study which evaluated patients with Stroke admitted to the Hospital Risoleta Tolentino Neves Belo Horizonte in the period January-June 2015. socio-demographic and clinical data were extracted from medical records and / or through interviews, and analyzed information: gender; age; Pathophysiological mechanism; Stroke time; Risk factors for stroke; Hospitalization; Length of hospital stay and clinical complications. Results: Of the 223 hospitalized patients, 55% were male and mean age was 64.3 years. In the hospital sectors, 169 were allocated to the Stroke Unit (82% ischemic), 24 in the Intensive Care Center (79% hemorrhagic), 23 in the Emergency Care Unit (74% Transient Ischemic Attack) and 7 in the General Nursing. The mean stroke time was 13.2 hours. The mean length of hospital stay was 12.4 ± 9.8 days, although the General Nursing and Intensive Care had longer hospitalization times and number of clinical complications. Conclusion: The line of care in stroke in hospitals can reduce clinical complications, mortality and length of stay, contributing to the organization of hospitalization sectors and use of hospital resources. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stroke/complications , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Public Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/etiology , Length of Stay
20.
Rev. salud pública ; 19(6): 749-753, nov.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-962066

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos Determinar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en una población caficultora del Departamento de Caldas. Materiales y Métodos Estudio transversal realizado en 2015 a 964 caficultores afiliados a la Cooperativa de Caficultores de Manizales en 6 sedes ubicadas en la zona centro y oriente del departamento. Posterior a la encuesta, se realizaron medidas antropométricas y pruebas bioquímicas. Los resultados fueron analizados en el Paquete Estadístico para las Ciencias Sociales (SPSS); versión No.18. Resultados Las Prevalencias del estudio fueron: Género masculino, 78 %; tabaquismo, 27,2 %; antecedentes de familiares fallecidos antes de los 55 años por etiología coronaria, 24 %; hipertensión arterial, 14 %; hipercolesterolemia, 56,6 %; circunferencia de la cintura para hombres 90,7 cm y para mujeres 88,1; el índice de masa corporal promedio para la población fue de 24,7 kg/m2. Conclusiones La hipercolesterolemia fue el factor de riesgo cardiovascular común y más predisponente para el desarrollo de la enfermedad cardiovascular en esta población; la detección temprana de factores de riesgo permite desarrollar estrategias de promoción y prevención con el fin de disminuir su morbilidad, mortalidad, discapacidad y costos asociados con la enfermedad cardiovascular.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objectives To determine the cardiovascular risk factors in a coffee population of the department of Caldas. Materials and Methods A Cross-sectional study was carried out in 2015 to 964 coffee growers affiliated to la Cooperativa de Caficultores de Manizales in six sites located in the center and east of the department. After the survey, anthropometric measures and biochemical tests were performed. The results were analyzed in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Results The incidences in the study were: Male gender 78 %, smoking prevalence 27.2 %, background information of family members deceased before 55 years old by coronary etiology 24 %, arterial hypertension 14 %, hypercholesterolemia 56.58 %; the circumference of the waist for men 90.7 cm and for women 88.1; the body mass index average for the population was 24.7 kg/m2. Conclusions Hypercholesterolemia was the common and most predisposing cardiovascular risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease in this population; the early detection of risk factors allows developing promotion and preventing strategies in order to reduce their morbidity, mortality, disability and costs associated with cardiovascular disease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Overweight/etiology , Health Promotion/methods , Hypertension/etiology , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Risk Factors , Colombia/epidemiology
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