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Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(4): e202202835, ago. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1443060


La hipertensión arterial (HTA) grave en pediatría responde fundamentalmente a causas secundarias. Presentamos una paciente adolescente de 14 años con HTA grave, alcalosis metabólica e hipopotasemia, secundaria a un tumor de células yuxtaglomerulares productor de renina, diagnosticado luego de dos años de evolución de HTA.

Severe arterial hypertension (HTN) in pediatrics is mainly due to secondary causes. Here we describe the case of a 14-year-old female adolescent with severe HTN, metabolic alkalosis, and hypokalemia, secondary to a renin-secreting juxtaglomerular cell tumor diagnosed after 2 years of HTN progression.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Hypertension/etiology , Hypokalemia/complications , Kidney Neoplasms/complications , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis , Renin/metabolism , Juxtaglomerular Apparatus/metabolism , Juxtaglomerular Apparatus/pathology
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 11-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971201


BACKGROUND@#Sex- and age-specific impacts of cardiovascular risk factors on the development of dementia have not been well evaluated. We investigated these impacts of smoking, overweight/obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus on the risk of disabling dementia.@*METHODS@#The study participants were 25,029 (10,134 men and 14,895 women) Japanese aged 40-74 years without disabling dementia at baseline (2008-2013). They were assessed on smoking status (non-current or current), overweight/obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 and ≥30 kg/m2, respectively), hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg or any antihypertensive medication use), and diabetes mellitus (a fasting serum glucose ≥126 mg/dL, non-fasting glucose ≥200 mg/dL, hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% by the National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program or glucose-lowering medication use) at baseline. Disabling dementia was identified as the level of care required ≥1 and cognitive disability grade ≥IIa according to the National Long-term Care Insurance Database. We used a Cox proportional regression model to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of disabling dementia according to the cardiovascular risk factors and calculated the population attributable fractions (PAFs).@*RESULTS@#During a median follow-up of 9.1 years, 1,322 (606 men and 716 women) developed disabling dementia. Current smoking and hypertension were associated with a higher risk of disabling dementia in both sexes, whereas overweight or obesity was not associated with the risk in either sex. Diabetes mellitus was associated with a higher risk only in women (p for sex interaction = 0.04). The significant PAFs were 13% for smoking and 14% for hypertension in men and 3% for smoking, 12% for hypertension, and 5% for diabetes mellitus in women. The total PAFs of the significant risk factors were 28% in men and 20% in women. When stratified by age, hypertension in midlife (40-64 years) was associated with the increased risk in men, while diabetes mellitus in later-life (65-74 years) was so in women.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A substantial burden of disabling dementia was attributable to smoking, and hypertension in both sexes and diabetes mellitus in women, which may require the management of these cardiovascular risk factors to prevent dementia.

Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Overweight/complications , East Asian People , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Obesity/etiology , Smoking/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Dementia/etiology
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 129-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970457


Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) has complicated clinical manifestations and is often accompanied by hypertension.AIP may cause hypertension through adrenergic effect,heme deficiency,inflammation,inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone,toxicity of delta-aminolevulinic acid(ALA,aporphyrin precursor),and elevated serum glucose level.The prevention and treatment strategies for AIP accompanied with hypertension mainly include the controlling of porphyria attacks,application of antihypertensive drugs,lifestyle intervention,and management of latent AIP patients.

Humans , Porphyria, Acute Intermittent , Blood Glucose , Hypertension/etiology , Inflammation , Life Style
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 38-49, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970289


OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the association of ambient PM2.5 exposure with blood pressure (BP) at the population level in China.@*METHODS@#A total of 14,080 participants who had at least two valid blood pressure records were selected from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey during 2011-2015. Their long-term PM2.5 exposure was assessed at the geographical level, on the basis of a regular 0.1° × 0.1° grid over China. A mixed-effects regression model was used to assess associations.@*RESULTS@#Each decrease of 10 μg/m3 in the 1 year-mean PM2.5 concentration (FPM1Y) was associated with a decrease of 1.24 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.84-1.64] mmHg systolic BP (SBP) and 0.50 (95% CI: 0.25-0.75) mmHg diastolic BP (DBP), respectively. A robust association was observed between the long-term decrease in PM2.5 and decreased BP in the middle-aged and older population. Using a generalized additive mixed model, we further found that SBP increased nonlinearly overall with FPM1Y but in an approximately linear range when the FPM1Y concentration was < 70 µg/m3; In contrast, DBP increased approximately linearly without a clear threshold.@*CONCLUSION@#Efficient control of PM2.5 air pollution may promote vascular health in China. Our study provides robust scientific support for making the related air pollution control policies.

Middle Aged , Humans , Aged , Particulate Matter/analysis , Blood Pressure , Air Pollutants/analysis , Follow-Up Studies , Hypertension/etiology , East Asian People , Environmental Exposure/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , China/epidemiology
Más Vita ; 4(2): 93-102, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392126


En el mundo las enfermedades cardiovasculares son responsables de casi un tercio del total de las muertes por año. Cada vez son más las personas que padecen hipertensión arterial (HTA), desconociendo muchos su condición. Objetivo: Diseñar una estrategia educativa para elevar el conocimiento sobre hipertensión arterial en la población de 20 años y más en el consultorio 2 de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria; Centro de Salud Luchadores del Norte, año 2021.Materiales métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, observacional, prospectiva y transversal con la población de adultos del Centro de Salud Luchadores Norte, para elaborar el diseño de una estrategia educativa que eleve el conocimiento sobre esta enfermedad; se midieron variables sociodemográficas, de estilos de vida y de conocimiento. Resultados: El grupo de edad más frecuente de 50 a 59 años 26,2%; sexo masculino 66,4%; escolaridad nivel básico 41,1%; estado civil unión libre 52,3%; etnia mestizo 58,9% y ocupación empleado privado 29,0%; no realizan actividad física 65,4%; consumo excesivo de sal 67,3%; grasa 58,9%; gaseosas y energizantes 52,8%; no conocen de la enfermedad 62,6%; técnica charla 39,3%; frecuencia una vez cada 15 días 43,9%; horario de mañana 57,0%; duración 30 minutos 52,3%; lugar centro de salud 50,5% y tamaño del grupo de 6 a 10 (42,1%). Conclusión: La bibliografía concuerda mayoritariamente con los resultados de la investigación, en consumo de sal elevado, grasas, gaseosas y bebidas energizantes; el conocimiento sobre la enfermedad es escaso en los hipertensos, concordando con las citas de referencia; concluyendo, que coexisten estilos de vida no saludables con desconocimiento; favoreciendo las complicaciones de la enfermedad, una intervención educativa elevaría conocimiento y cambia actitudes evitando consecuencias y daños irreversibles(AU)

In the world, cardiovascular diseases are responsible for almost a third of all deaths per year. More and more people suffer from high blood pressure (HBP), many unaware of their condition. Objective: To design an educational strategy to raise awareness about arterial hypertension in the population aged 20 and over in Family and Community Medicine office 2; Luchadores del Norte Health Center, year 2021. Materials and methods: A descriptive, observational, prospective and cross-sectional investigation was carried out with the adult population of the Luchadores Norte Health Center, to develop the design of an educational strategy that raises knowledge about this illness; sociodemographic, lifestyle and knowledge variables were measured. Results: The most frequent age group was 50 to 59 years old, 26.2%; male sex 66.4%; basic level schooling 41.1%; marital status free union 52.3%; mestizo ethnic group 58.9% and occupation private employee 29.0%; do not perform physical activity 65.4%; excessive consumption of salt 67.3%; fat 58.9%; soft drinks and energy drinks 52.8%; 62.6% do not know about the disease; talk technique 39.3%; frequency once every 15 days 43.9%; morning hours 57.0%; duration 30 minutes 52.3%; health center location 50.5% and group size from 6 to 10 (42.1%). Conclusion: The bibliography mostly agrees with the results of the investigation, in consumption of high salt, fat, soft drinks and energy drinks; knowledge about the disease is scarce in hypertensive patients, in agreement with the reference citations; concluding that unhealthy lifestyles coexist with ignorance; favoring the complications of the disease, an educational intervention would increase knowledge and change attitudes, avoiding consequences and irreversible damage(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Health Education , Health Strategies , Hypertension/etiology , Health Centers , Educational Status , Noncommunicable Diseases , Life Style
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): e8-e16, feb 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353524


La hipertensión arterial (HTA) es un factor de riesgo modificable de enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) y debe incluirse dentro del estudio de los orígenes del desarrollo de la salud y enfermedad (DOHaD). Durante el desarrollo intrauterino y perinatal, diferentes factores ambientales impactan en la programación temprana de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles (ECNT). En esta revisión se resume la evidencia que vincula los cambios adaptativos y la plasticidad del feto a factores ambientales desfavorables alterando el fenotipo adulto en el desarrollo de HTA. Estos cambios adaptativos responden a cambios epigenéticos que favorecen el desarrollo de HTA y ECV en la edad adulta con implicancias intergeneracionales. Por último, se mencionan estrategias preventivas para limitar o revertir algunas de las variables que pueden producir alteraciones en la programación del desarrollo que conducen a HTA en etapas más tardías de la vida.

Hypertension (HTN) is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and should be included in the study of developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD). During intrauterine and perinatal development, different environmental factors have an impact on the early programming of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). This review provides a summary of the evidence that connects the fetus' plasticity and adaptive changes to unfavorable environmental factors that alter the adult phenotype in the development of HTN. Such adaptive changes result from epigenetic changes that favor the development of HTN and CVD in adulthood with intergenerational implications. Lastly, we mention preventive strategies to limit or reverse any variable that may alter developmental programming leading to HTN later in life.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Noncommunicable Diseases , Hypertension/etiology , Risk Factors , Epigenesis, Genetic
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 1-9, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377238


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of hearing loss among adults stratified by the occurrence of hypertension, and to investigate the association between hypertension and hearing loss. METHODS Longitudinal observational study, part of the Estudo Longitudinal da Saúde do Adulto (ELSA-Brasil, Longitudinal Study on Adult's Health). Data from the first and second waves were analyzed, including information from audiological assessment and general health of the subjects. As outcome, we considered the presence of hearing loss (hearing thresholds above 25 dBHL at frequencies from 500 Hz to 8 kHz) and, as exposure variable, hypertension (report of medical diagnosis of hypertension; and/or use of drugs to treat hypertension; and/or pressure systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg; or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg). As covariables for adjustment were considered: sex, age, education, race / ethnicity, income, smoking, diabetes, and occupational exposure to noise. Poisson regression analysis was conducted, estimating the crude and adjusted relative risks, with 95% confidence intervals, in order to assess the factors associated with hearing loss. RESULTS In crude analyses, the incidence of hearing loss was higher for subjects with hypertension (9.7% versus 5.4%). The crude relative risks for hearing loss was almost double (1.93; 95%CI: 1.10-3.39) for subjects with hypertension in the right ear. In the adjusted analyses, the relative risks was not significant for the hypertension variable (1.42; 95%CI: 0.75-2.67). Being 60 years or older (RR: 5.41; 95%CI: 2.79-10.50) showed a statistically significant association with hearing loss, indicating that older adults have higher relative risks for hearing loss. CONCLUSION In the adjusted analyses controlled for multiple risk factors there was no association between hypertension and hearing loss. The dichotomous variable age (being 60 years or older), on the other hand, has shown a significant association with hearing loss.

Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Hearing Loss/etiology , Hearing Loss/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.728-736, tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353103
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0020, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365724


RESUMO O lúpus eritematoso sistêmico é uma doença que pode apresentar comprometimento oftalmológico geralmente benigno, sendo as alterações mais encontradas a síndrome do olho seco e a catarata. Nos pacientes com a doença estável, o dano oftalmológico parece estar relacionado ao tratamento sistêmico a longo prazo, o que enfatiza a importância do exame oftalmológico completo de rotina. Porém, quando a doença está em franca atividade e, em especial, quando há o envolvimento renal, deve-se iniciar o tratamento precoce com corticoterapia sistêmica e com medidas de suporte, para se evitarem repercussões mais complexas, como as crises hipertensivas que podem levar ao óbito.

ABSTRACT Systemic lupus erythematosus may present ophthalmological involvement, usually benign, and the most common changes are dry eye syndrome and cataract. In patients with stable disease, ophthalmologic damage appears to be related to long-term systemic treatment, emphasizing the importance of routine complete ophthalmologic examination. However, in full-blown disease, especially when there is renal involvement, early treatment should start with systemic steroid therapy and supportive measures, to avoid major repercussions, such as hypertensive crises that may lead to death.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Hypertensive Retinopathy/etiology , Hypertension, Malignant/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Ophthalmoscopy , Retina/diagnostic imaging , Prednisone/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Pulse Therapy, Drug , Hypertensive Retinopathy/diagnosis , Hypertensive Retinopathy/drug therapy , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Fundus Oculi , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension, Malignant/etiology
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 19-19, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928837


BACKGROUND@#Research on the relationship between residential altitude and hypertension incidence has been inconclusive. Evidence at low altitudes (i.e., <1,500 m) is scarce, let alone in older adults, a population segment with the highest hypertension prevalence. Thus, the objective of this study is to determine whether hypertension risk may be affected by altitude in older adults living at low altitudes.@*METHODS@#This prospective cohort study collected data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). We selected 6,548 older adults (≥65 years) without hypertension at baseline (2008) and assessed events by the follow-up surveys done in 2011, 2014, and 2018 waves. The mean altitude of 613 residential units (county or district) in which the participants resided was extracted from the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and was accurate to within 30 m. The Cox regression model with penalized splines examined the linear or nonlinear link between altitude and hypertension. A random-effects Cox regression model was used to explore the linear association between altitude and hypertension.@*RESULTS@#The overall rate of incident hypertension was 8.6 per 100-person years. The median altitude was 130.0 m (interquartile range [IQR] = 315.5 m). We observed that the exposure-response association between altitude and hypertension incidence was not linear. The shape of the exposure-response curve showed that three change points existed. Hypertension risk increased from the lowest to the first change point (247.1 m) and slightly fluctuated until the last change point (633.9 m). The risk decreased above the last change point. According to the categories stratified by the change points, altitude was only significantly associated with hypertension risk (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.003; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.002-1.005) under the first change point (247.1 m) after adjusting for related covariates.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study found that the association between altitude and hypertension risk might not be linear. We hope the further study can be conducted to confirm the generality of our findings.

Aged , Humans , Altitude , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Prevalence , Prospective Studies
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 22-34, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927629


OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to examine the associations of daytime napping with incident risks of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and hypertension (HTN).@*METHODS@#Data for napping and CVD outcomes in 25 provinces were collected from baseline (2010) and three waves of follow-up (2012-2017) investigations of the China Family Panel Studies. Cox frailty models with random intercepts for the surveyed provinces were used to assess the longitudinal effects of daytime napping on CVD and HTN.@*RESULTS@#Compared with non-nappers, 30+ min nappers had higher risks of CVD and HTN, while no significant associations were observed among < 30 min nappers. Incident risks among 30- to < 60-min nappers increased by 22% [hazard ratio (HR) 1.22, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.08-1.39] for CVD and 21% (1.21, 1.04-1.41) for HTN, respectively, with corresponding HRs of CVD and HTN of 1.27 (1.09-1.47) and 1.38 (1.16-1.65) among ≥ 60 min nappers. Nap-associated CVD risks varied by subgroups, with stronger associations in participants with lower body mass index (< 24 kg/m 2), physically inactive persons, smokers, and participants with longer nighttime sleep (≥ 7 h/night). Significant effects of daytime napping were observed on rural and northern residents only, highlighting great regional variations in CVD risks associated with napping habits.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This cohort study revealed strong evidence that long daytime napping (≥ 30 min) is associated with an increased incidence of cardiovascular events.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Hypertension/etiology , Incidence , Longitudinal Studies , Risk Factors , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 80-88, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368378


INTRODUCCIÓN. Los feocromocitomas son tumores que provienen de las células neuroendócrinas de la médula adrenal y producen alta secreción de catecolaminas. Generan complicaciones cardiovasculares graves que suelen asociarse con crisis hipertensivas. Es importante valorar el impacto cardiovascular de esta entidad. OBJETIVO. Realizar una revisión exhaustiva de las diversas manifestaciones de los feocromocitomas como causa de hipertensión arterial, su impacto cardiovascular, conducta diagnóstica y terapéutica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Revisión bibliográfica y análisis de 141 artículos científicos que incluyeron temas sobre el impacto cardiovascular, conducta diagnóstica y terapéutica del feocromocitoma como causa de hipertensión arterial. Se usó bases de datos: Medline, Embase, Scopus, Pubmed, Google Académico. Criterios de búsqueda en DECS, MeSH: "pheochromocytoma OR hypertension arterial AND cardiomyopathy", en inglés- español. Fueron seleccionados: 13 publicaciones de texto completo, 10 artículos retrospectivos, 2 guías de práctica clínica y 1 revisión. Se excluyeron 128 artículos científicos. RESULTADOS. Se realizó una revisión de las manifestaciones clínicas de los feocromocitomas como causa de hipertensión arterial y el impacto cardiovascular se relacionó con la producción de catecolaminas. Para el diagnóstico, la sensibilidad de la resonancia magnética es del 93-100%; la especificidad de resonancia magnética o tomografía computarizada en combinación con gammagrafía con metayodobencilguanidina con 123I es cercana al 100%. La resección del feocromocitoma tiene potencial curativo. CONCLUSIÓN. Los feocromocitomas presentan variabilidad clínica, se asocian a complicaciones cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares graves por producción de catecolaminas. El diagnóstico oportuno y eficaz debe realizarse mediante resonancia magnética y gammagrafía en caso de alta sospecha clínica. El tratamiento quirúrgico es de elección.

INTRODUCTION. Pheochromocytomas are tumors arising from the neuroendocrine cells of the adrenal medulla and produce high secretion of catecholamines. They generate severe cardiovascular complications that are often associated with hypertensive crises. It is important to assess the cardiovascular impact of this entity. OBJECTIVE. To perform an exhaustive review of the various manifestations of pheochromocytomas as a cause of arterial hypertension, their cardiovascular impact, diagnostic and therapeutic conduct. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Bibliographic review and analysis of 141 scientific articles that included topics on the cardiovascular impact, diagnostic and therapeutic behavior of pheochromocytoma as a cause of arterial hypertension. The following databases were used: Medline, Embase, Scopus, Pubmed, Google Scholar. Search criteria in DECS, MeSH: "pheochromocytoma OR hypertension arterial AND cardiomyopathy", in English-Spanish. The following were selected: 13 full-text publications, 10 retrospective articles, 2 clinical practice guidelines, and 1 review. A total of 128 scientific articles were excluded. RESULTS. A review of the clinical manifestations of pheochromocytoma as a cause of arterial hypertension was performed and the cardiovascular impact was related to catecholamine production. For diagnosis, the sensitivity of MRI is 93-100%; the specificity of MRI or computed tomography in combination with 123I-methiodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy is close to 100%. Resection of pheochromocytoma has curative potential. CONCLUSION. Pheochromocytomas present clinical variability, are associated with severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular complications due to catecholamine production. Timely and effective diagnosis should be made by MRI and scintigraphy in case of high clinical suspicion. Surgical treatment is the treatment of choice.

Humans , Pheochromocytoma/complications , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/complications , Hypertension/etiology , Pheochromocytoma/surgery , Pheochromocytoma/diagnosis , Catecholamines/metabolism , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/surgery , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Heart/physiopathology , Heart Diseases/etiology
Más Vita ; 3(2): 23-29, jun 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1253890


La Hipertensión Arterial es una enfermedad de etiología múltiple, caracterizada por la elevación persistente de la tensión arterial sistólica, diastólica o ambas cifras. Objetivo: Determinar los estilos de vida de los adultos mayores hipertensos del Centro del Adulto Mayor "Renta Luque" 2019. Siendo las variables del estudio estilos de vida el cual consta de tres dimensiones, nutrición, actividad física y hábitos nocivos. Materiales y métodos: La investigación se llevó a cabo mediante el método descriptivo de tipo cuantitativo. La muestra de este estudio se constituyó por 100 adultos mayores de ambos sexos con edades comprendidas entre los 60 y 80 años, con patología de base hipertensión arterial. Para conocer los estilos de vida se aplicó el cuestionario validado por expertos en metodología de investigación y especialistas médicos que consiste en 21 ítems de distintos criterios relacionados con el estilo de vida. Resultados: Con la información de los cuestionario se realizó un análisis, presentándose una síntesis gráfica de los resultados más relevantes de esta información. Los resultados de este estudio servirán como base para fomentar, con fundamentos reales, la práctica de actividad física, nutrición y los hábitos nocivos en la adquisición de hábitos saludables de la población nacional, generando el aporte para estudios posteriores sobre la relación de estas mismas variables en diversas poblaciones. Conclusión: Mantener un estilo de vida saludables es vital para garantizar la calidad de vida de este grupo etario. Es importante que cuenten con apoyo psicológico permanente, además de un estricto control nutricional, realización de ejercicios pasivos como yoga para evitar el alto nivel de stress que suelen presentar los adultos mayores en especial con comorbilidades como la hipertensión arterial(AU)

Arterial Hypertension is a disease of multiple etiology, characterized by persistent elevation of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure or both figures. Objective: To determine the lifestyles of hypertensive older adults at the "Renta Luque" Senior Center 2019. Being the variables of the study lifestyles that consists of three dimensions, nutrition, physical activity and harmful habits. Materials and methods: The research was carried out using the quantitative descriptive method. The sample of this study consisted of 100 older adults of both sexes aged between 60 and 80 years, with arterial hypertension. The questionnaire validated by experts in research methodology and medical specialists, consisting of 21 items of different criteria related to lifestyle, was applied to learn about lifestyles. Results: With the information from the results of the questionnaire, an analysis was made, presenting a graphic synthesis of the most relevant results of this information. The results of this study will serve as a basis to promote, with real foundations, the practice of physical activity, nutrition and harmful habits in the acquisition of healthy habits in the national population, generating the contribution for subsequent studies on the relationship of these same variables in different populations. Conclusion: Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is vital to ensure the quality of life of this age group. It is important that they have permanent psychological support, in addition to strict nutritional control and passive exercises such as yoga to avoid the high level of stress that older adults usually present, especially with comorbidities such as arterial hypertension(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hypertension/etiology , Life Style , Exercise , Elderly Nutrition , Habits
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 952-962, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921353


Objective@#To our knowledge, no definitive conclusion has been reached regarding the relationship between glucocorticoids and hypertension. Here, we aimed to explore the characteristics of glucocorticoids in participants with dysglycemia and hypertension, and to analyze their association with blood pressure indicators.@*Methods@#The participants of this study were from the Henan Rural Cohort study. A total of 1,688 patients 18-79 years of age were included in the matched case control study after application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Statistical methods were used to analyze the association between glucocorticoids and various indices of blood pressure, through approaches such as logistic regression analysis, trend tests, linear regression, and restricted cubic regression.@*Results@#The study population consisted of 552 patients with dysglycemia and hypertension (32.7%). The patients with co-morbidities had higher levels of serum cortisol ( @*Conclusions@#Serum deoxycortisol was positively correlated with systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, mean arterial pressure, mean blood pressure, and mean proportional arterial pressure. Glucocorticoids (deoxycortisol and cortisol) increase the risk of hypertension in people with dysglycemia, particularly in those with T2DM.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Pressure , Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Glucocorticoids/blood , Glycemic Load , Hydrocortisone/blood , Hypertension/etiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 555-557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888295


Occupational noise is one of the most common occupational hazards in the workplace. Long-term exposure to occupational noise could not only lead to the damage of the hearing system, but also may cause a certain impact on the cardiovascular system. Studies have shown that occupational noise exposure was positively associated with cardiovascular diseases, including hypertension, coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction. However, the results of studies on occupational noise exposure and stroke are still controversial. This paper reviews the relationship between occupational noise exposure and hypertension, coronary heart disease, stroke, myocardial infarction by summarizing the epidemiological data of domestic and foreign population in recent years. Our study could provide evidence for the design and implementation of well-designed epidemiological and mechanism studies, and the recognition of the role of occupational noise exposure in the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases, so as to better protect workers' health.

Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Hypertension/etiology , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 61-67, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344688


30 to 40% of the adult population worldwide has been diagnosed with hypertension, among these patients 5 to 10% of them could have a possibly curable condition. In order to recognize this special population, the clinician must perform a complete work up and be aware of the main underlying causes of secondary hypertension. Often this could be a goal difficult to accomplish. The purpose of this article is to discuss the most frequent causes of secondary hypertension and offer a diagnostic approach for these patients. Clinicians should never forget that drug-related hypertension is a common cause that is discovered only with the help of a good medical history.

Humans , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension, Renovascular/etiology , Pheochromocytoma , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hyperaldosteronism , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension, Renovascular/diagnosis , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(6): S153-S163, dic 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146230


La tensión arterial normal en los recién nacidos depende de la edad gestacional, el peso al nacer, la edad posmenstrual, y la salud materna durante el embarazo. La hipertensión arterial (HTA) neonatal es más frecuente en recién nacidos con displasia broncopulmonar, enfermedades renales o está relacionada con la cateterización de los vasos umbilicales.El diagnóstico etiológico deberá tener presente causas condicionantes, como el uso de medicación potencialmente productora de HTA (inotrópicos, cafeína) o el inadecuado manejo de líquidos. El tratamiento estará determinado por la gravedad y la forma de presentación, y podrá realizarse en forma parenteral u oral.La mayoría de los casos de HTA neonatal se resolverán sin dejar secuelas ni requerir medicación a largo plazo. Sin embargo, el seguimiento es muy importante porque los recién nacidos que continúan hipertensos luego del alta de la terapia neonatal y los prematuros normotensos podrían estar en riesgo de desarrollar HTA en el futuro

Multiple factors contribute to the blood pressure of a neonate: gestational age, birth weight, postmenstrual age and maternal factors are the most significant contributors. Common causes of neonatal hypertension are bronchopulmonary dysplasia, renal disease and history of umbilical arterial catheter placement. Other important factors that contribute to neonatal hypertension are medications (inotropic drugs, caffeine) and fluid management. Depending on the clinical situation and the severity of the hypertension, treatment can be given with intravenous or oral medications. Available data suggest that long-term outcomes are usually good, with resolution of hypertension in most infants. However, hypertensive neonates as well as normotensive premature neonates may be at increased risk for the development of hypertension in the future.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Hypertension/diagnosis , Infant, Premature , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension/drug therapy
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(4): e951, oct.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156579


La presión intraocular es considerada el único factor causal potencialmente modificable con el propósito de prevenir la ceguera por glaucoma. Esta es una enfermedad multifactorial y, aunque es el factor de riesgo más importante en su desarrollo, la reducción de sus valores no garantiza el cese de la progresión del daño glaucomatoso. El glaucoma primario de ángulo abierto y el glaucoma de presión normal comparten factores de riesgo similares en la patogénesis y se pueden clasificar en categorías mecánicas y vasculares. La evidencia científica actual ha logrado demostrar que existe una importante asociación entre las enfermedades sistémicas con compromiso vascular, como la migraña, la apnea obstructiva del sueño, la hipotensión arterial de diferentes causas, la hipertensión arterial, la enfermedad cerebrovascular, la cardiopatía isquémica y la diabetes mellitus con los hallazgos a nivel ocular en pacientes con neuropatía óptica glaucomatosa. Esta correlación orienta a considerar estas enfermedades en conjunto para que cada profesional dedicado a la salud visual considere siempre imprescindible la evaluación de los aspectos que vinculan estas enfermedades para actuar en consecuencia. Se realiza una búsqueda sobre el glaucoma y las enfermedades sistémicas con compromiso vascular(AU)

Intraocular pressure is considered to be the only potentially modifiable causative factor to prevent glaucoma blindness. However, glaucoma is a multifactorial disease, and true as it is that its main risk factor is intraocular pressure, its reduction does not ensure cessation of the progress of glaucomatous damage. Primary open angle glaucoma and normal pressure glaucoma share similar pathogenetic risk factors, and may be classified as mechanical or vascular. According to current scientific evidence, an important association exists between systemic diseases with vascular involvement, such as migraine, obstructive sleep apnea, arterial hypotension of various causes, arterial hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, ischemic heart disease and diabetes mellitus, and ocular findings in patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy. In view of this correlation, these diseases should be considered jointly, so that visual health professionals always bear in mind the evaluation of their common characteristics and act in consequence. A search was carried out on glaucoma and systemic diseases with vascular compromise(AU)

Humans , Glaucoma/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Intraocular Pressure , Review Literature as Topic , Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Hypertension/etiology
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 767-772, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144277


INTRODUCCIÓN: La forma clínica de presentación más común del neuroblastoma es el de una masa abdominal, pero puede presentarse con sintomatología menos habitual, como es la crisis adrenérgica por liberación de catecolaminas. OBJETIVO: Describir una forma de presentación inusual de neuroblastoma y el amplio diagnóstico diferencial que existe en un lactante con síntomas adrenérgicos. CASO CLÍNICO: Lactante femenina de 7 semanas de vida, consultó por historia de tres semanas de sudoración e irritabilidad a lo que se asoció fiebre de 24 h de evolución y dificultad respiratoria. Al ingreso presentaba mal esta do general, irritabilidad, sudoración, enrojecimiento facial, taquipnea y palidez cutánea, taquicardia sinusal extrema e hipertensión arterial (HTA), interpretadas como sintomatología adrenérgica. Se completó el estudio con una ecografía abdominal y resonancia magnética que mostraron una gran masa retroperitoneal compatible con neuroblastoma. Las catecolaminas en sangre y en orina mostraron altos niveles de dopamina, adrenalina y noradrenalina, probablemente de origen tumoral. Se inició tratamiento antihipertensivo con fármacos alfa bloqueantes con buen control de la tensión arterial. Se resecó quirúrgicamente el tumor sin incidencias y con una adecuada recuperación posterior. La paciente presentó evolución favorable a tres años de seguimiento. CONCLUSIONES: en un lactante con sintomatología adrenérgica como irritabilidad, enrojecimiento, sudoración asociada a HTA, se debe descartar patología cardiaca, metabólica (hipoglucemia), intoxicaciones y/o patología suprarrenal. Dentro de esta última, el neuroblastoma es la primera posibilidad diagnóstica, por ser uno de los principales tumores en la infancia y aunque esta presentación no es habitual puede producir estos síntomas.

INTRODUCTION: The most common clinical presentation of neuroblastoma is an abdominal mass, but it can present with uncommon symptoms, such as adrenergic storm due to catecholamine release. OBJECTIVE: To describe an unusual presentation of neuroblastoma and the wide differential diagnosis that exists in an infant with adrenergic symptoms. CLINICAL CASE: A 7-week old female infant was evaluated due to a 3-week history of sweating and irritability associated with a 24-hour fever and respiratory distress. At admission, she presented poor general condition, irritability, sweating, facial redness, tachypnea and skin paleness, extreme sinus tachycardia, and high blood pressure (HBP), interpreted as adrenergic symptoms. The study was completed with abdominal ultrasound and magnetic reso nance imaging that showed a large retroperitoneal mass compatible with neuroblastoma. Plasma and urinary catecholamines tests showed high levels of dopamine, adrenaline, and noradrenaline, probably of tumor origin. We started antihypertensive treatment with alpha-blocker drugs, showing a good blood pressure control. The tumor was surgically resected without incidents and adequate subsequent recovery. The patient presented a favorable evolution after three years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In an infant with adrenergic symptoms such as irritability, redness, sweating associated with HBP, it should be ruled out pathology heart or metabolic (hypoglycemia) pathology, intoxications, and/or adrenal pathology. Within this last one, neuroblastoma is the first diagnostic possibility, since it is one of the main tumors in childhood and, although this presentation is not usual, it can produce these symptoms.

Humans , Female , Infant , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sweating , Tachycardia/etiology , Catecholamines/urine , Flushing/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Neuroblastoma/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/complications , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/urine , Tachycardia/diagnosis , Irritable Mood , Biomarkers, Tumor/urine , Diagnosis, Differential , Hypertension/diagnosis , Neuroblastoma/complications , Neuroblastoma/urine
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(4): 349-356, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134376


Abstract Background: Arterial stiffness (AS) is recognized as an important and independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Objective: This study was aimed at identifying the main determinants of AS in the elderly. Design and Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional study of elderly participants. Blood pressure (BP) and parameters of arterial function were measured using a validated device. Clinical and demographic data, global cardiovascular risk, health-related quality of life, dietary profile and cognition data were evaluated. Blood samples were collected for biochemical profiling of the participants. Handgrip strength test was performed. Student's t-test and the χ2 or Fisher exact tests were used for between-group comparisons as adequate. Correlational analysis was performed with the Pearson correlation coefficients and linear regression analysis. A two-tailed p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Fifty-four participants (81.8 ± 8.8 years; 65-94 years) were included in the study. Central BP was 132.7 ± 23.7 mmHg and 51.5 ± 15.7 mmHg, respectively, for aortic systolic and pulse pressures. Mean pulse wave velocity (PWV) was 12.9 ± 2.1 m/s and augmentation index 30.1 ± 12.9%. The proportion of participants with abnormal AS (increased PWV) was 27.8%. Participants with abnormal AS had higher brachial and central BP, higher BMI and higher abdominal fat. Functionality and nutritional status were worse in participants with abnormal AS. Regression analysis indicated age, brachial and central BP and vascular resistance as main determinants of AS. Conclusions: Abnormal AS is a common finding in the elderly and is highly associated with hypertension, functional decline and impairment of kidney function.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pulse Wave Analysis , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hypertension/etiology