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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3914, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441980

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar el perfil de enfermeras(os) acerca de las prácticas integradoras y complementarias en salud y comprender cómo son utilizadas en el cuidado a personas con hipertensión arterial. Método: explicativo, secuencial y mixto. La etapa cuantitativa transversal contó con 386 enfermeras(os), a través de cuestionario virtual, abordando el perfil sociodemográfico y profesional y la formación y actuación, con análisis descriptivo e inferencial. La etapa cualitativa se realizó mediante 18 entrevistas virtuales con profesionales que poseían formación en las prácticas y las utilizaban en el cuidado a personas con hipertensión, fundamentadas en el análisis participativo. La integración se realizó por conexión. Resultados: el 36,8% tuvo formación en las prácticas con predominio de mujeres, blancas, casadas, funcionarias públicas, con media de edad de 37 años (+ 9,4). El 14,2% utilizaba las prácticas en el cuidado en personas con hipertensión, predominando la auriculoterapia (28,2%) y la sangría en la crisis hipertensiva. Se evidenció el abordaje integral del paciente, no limitado a signos vitales alterados, con intervención en la ansiedad, estrés, sueño y reposo. Como potencialidad, tenemos el auxilio en la adhesión al tratamiento. Conclusión: se presentó el perfil de enfermeras(os) con formación en prácticas integradoras y complementarias. Se comprende que esas prácticas tienen implicación en la disminución de la presión arterial y que son utilizadas en el cuidado a personas con hipertensión, sin embargo de manera incipiente, considerando el potencial en el cuidado de enfermería.


Objective: to analyze the profile of nurses regarding integrative and complementary practices in health (ICPH) and understand how they are used in the care of people with arterial hypertension. Method: mixed-methods sequential explanatory design. The cross-sectional quantitative stage included 386 nurses who completed an online questionnaire addressing sociodemographic and professional information, training, and practice, with a descriptive and inferential analysis. The qualitative stage was performed via 18 online interviews with professionals who had ICPH training and implemented it in the care provided to individuals with hypertension, with a participatory analysis. Integration occurred through a connecting approach. Results: 36.8% had ICPH training; most were women, Caucasian, married, public servants, aged 37 (+ 9.4) on average; 14.2% incorporated ICPH into the care provided to people with hypertension; predominantly auriculotherapy (28.2%) and bloodletting in hypertensive crises. The results show that nurses integrally approached patients, and their approach was not limited to the vital sign altered at the time, but they also intervened in anxiety, stress, sleep, and rest. A potentiality observed concerns support treatment adherence. Conclusion: the profile of nurses with ICPH training is presented, and such practice has implications for lowering blood pressure. ICPH has been incorporated into the care of people with hypertension, but its use is still incipient, considering its potential in nursing care.


Objetivo: analisar o perfil de enfermeiras(os) acerca das práticas integrativas e complementares em saúde e compreender como são utilizadas no cuidado às pessoas com hipertensão arterial. Método: explanatório sequencial misto. A etapa quantitativa transversal contou com 386 enfermeiras(os), via questionário virtual, abordando perfil sociodemográfico e profissional, formação e atuação, com análise descritiva e inferencial. A etapa qualitativa ocorreu mediante 18 entrevistas virtuais com profissionais que possuem formação nas práticas e as utilizam no cuidado às pessoas com hipertensão, fundamentada na análise participativa. A integração se deu por conexão. Resultados: 36,8% tinham formação nas práticas, predominando mulheres, brancas, casadas, servidoras públicas, com média de idade de 37 anos (+ 9,4). 14,2% utilizam as práticas no cuidado às pessoas com hipertensão, predominando a auriculoterapia (28,2%) e a sangria na crise hipertensiva. Evidenciou-se a abordagem integral do paciente, não limitada ao sinal vital alterado, com intervenção na ansiedade, estresse, sono e repouso. Como potencialidade, tem-se o auxílio na adesão ao tratamento. Conclusão: apresentou-se o perfil de enfermeiras(os) com formação em práticas integrativas e complementares. Compreende-se que tais práticas têm implicação na diminuição da pressão arterial, e são utilizadas no cuidado às pessoas com hipertensão, porém de forma incipiente, considerando o potencial no cuidado de enfermagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hypertension/therapy
2.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 30(1): 11-15, jan. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517532

ABSTRACT

A hipertensão arterial (HA) é uma condição clínica caracterizada por elevação sustentada dos níveis pressóricos maior ou igual a 140 e/ou 90 mmHg. As diretrizes atuais têm apontado cada vez mais estudos que verificam a influência dos diferentes padrões alimentares e seus efeitos benéficos no controle da HA, como: Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) que preconiza o consumo de frutas, hortaliças, fibras, minerais e laticínios com baixos teores de gordura; DASH-Sodium a qual combina três níveis diferentes de ingestão de sódio; Dieta Mediterrânea (MedDiet) caracterizada pela ingestão reduzida de carne vermelha e processada, ovos, doces e bebidas açucaradas, somada ao consumo moderado de peixes, vinho tinto e laticínios com baixo teor de gordura e alta ingestão de azeite de oliva; Plant based cujo escopo é consumir principalmente proteínas de origem vegetal, com um padrão alimentar rico em fibras, que inclua cereais integrais, frutas, legumes, leguminosas e nozes, com uma ingestão regular de peixes e frutos do mar, laticínios com baixo teor de gordura. Todas essas intervenções mostraram benefícios nos níveis pressóricos, porém a DASH é o padrão alimentar mais frequentemente recomendado e com maior nível de evidência para a prevenção primária e o controle da HA (AU).


Arterial hypertension (AH) is a clinical condition characterized by a sustained increase in blood pressure levels higher than or equal to 140 and or 90 mmHg. Present guidelines have increasingly pointed to studies that show the influence of different dietary patterns and their beneficial effects on the control of AH, just as: Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH), which advocates the consumption of fruits, vegetables, fiber, minerals and dairy products low in fat; DASH-Sodium which associate three different levels of sodium intake; Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) characterized by reduced intake of red and processed meat, eggs, sweets, and sugary drinks, besides, moderate consumption of fish, red wine and low-fat dairy products and high intake of olive oil; Plant-based whose scope is to consume mainly plant-based proteins, with a dietary pattern rich in fiber, which includes whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, and nuts, with a regular intake of fish and seafood, low-fat dairy products. All these interventions showed benefits in blood pressure levels, however DASH is the most frequently recommended dietary pattern with the highest level of evidence for primary prevention and AH control (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension/therapy
3.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 517-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Current clinical evidence on the effects of home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) on improving blood pressure control comes entirely from developed countries. Thus, we performed this randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether HBPT plus support (patient education and clinician remote hypertension management) improves blood pressure control more than usual care (UC) in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#This single-center, randomized controlled study was conducted in Beijing, China. Patients aged 30-75 years were eligible for enrolment if they had blood pressure [systolic (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg; or SBP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 80 mmHg with diabetes]. We recruited 190 patients randomized to either the HBPT or the UC groups for 12 weeks. The primary endpoints were blood pressure reduction and the proportion of patients achieving the target blood pressure.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 172 patients completed the study, the HBPT plus support group ( n = 84), and the UC group ( n = 88). Patients in the plus support group showed a greater reduction in mean ambulatory blood pressure than those in the UC group. The plus support group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved the target blood pressure and maintained a dipper blood pressure pattern at the 12th week of follow-up. Additionally, the patients in the plus support group showed lower blood pressure variability and higher drug adherence than those in the UC group.@*CONCLUSION@#HBPT plus additional support results in greater blood pressure reduction, better blood pressure control, a higher proportion of dipper blood pressure patterns, lower blood pressure variability, and higher drug adherence than UC. The development of telemedicine may be the cornerstone of hypertension management in primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Hypotension
4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 748-774, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981054

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health problem that is usually progressive. Hypertension is a risk factor for the progression of CKD, and cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in patients with CKD. In Chinese patients with CKD, there is a high prevalence of hypertension and a poor rate of control. Several studies have demonstrated that effective blood pressure control can delay the progression of kidney disease and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. Based on previously published high-quality evidence, guidelines and consensus reports, the Zhongguancun Nephropathy and Blood Purification Innovation Alliance formulated a new consensus. This consensus includes blood pressure measurement; the blood pressure management of non-dialysis patients, dialysis patients and kidney transplantation patients, and the interaction between commonly used drugs and antihypertensive drugs. The consensus aims to further strengthen the standardization and safety of blood pressure management in CKD patients, delay disease progression, reduce disease burden, and comprehensively improve the quality-of-life and prognosis of patients with CKD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Consensus , East Asian People , Hypertension/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Renal Dialysis
5.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 162-169, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neiguan (PC 6) on myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), and to explore the contribution of interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and transforming growth factor β 1 (TGF- β 1) to the effects.@*METHODS@#Nine 12-weeks-old Wistar Kyoto (WKY) male rats were employed as the normal group. Twenty-seven SHRs were equally randomized into SHR, SHR+EA, and SHR + sham groups. EA was applied at bilateral PC 6 once a day 30 min per day in 8 consecutive weeks. After 8-weeks EA treatment at PC 6, histopathologic changes of collagen type I (Col I), collagen type 1 (Col 1) and the levels of IGF-1, 1L-1 β, TGF- β 1, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 were examined in myocardial tissure respectively.@*RESULTS@#After 8-weeks EA treatment at PC 6, the enhanced myocardial fibrosis in SHRs were characterized by the increased mean fluorescence intensity of Col I and Col 1 in myocardium tissue (P<0.01). All these abnormal alterations above in SHR + EA group was significantly lower compared with the SHR group (P<0.01). Meanwhile, the increased levels of IL-1 β, IGF-1, TGF-β 1 in serum or myocardial tissue of SHRs, diminished MMP 9 mRNA expression in SHRs were also markedly inhibited after 8 weeks of EA treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Furthermore, the contents of IL-1 β, IGF-1, TGF-β 1 in myocardial tissue were positively correlated with the systolic blood pressure and hydroxyproline respectively (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at bilateral PC 6 could ameliorate cardiac fibrosis in SHRs, which might be mediated by regulation of 1L-1 β/IGF-1-TGF- β 1-MMP9 pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Male , Rats, Inbred WKY , Electroacupuncture , Hypertension/therapy , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Interleukin-1beta , Rats, Inbred SHR , Essential Hypertension , Myocardium/pathology , Collagen Type I , Fibrosis
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 48-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970945

ABSTRACT

The population of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with hypertension in China is characterized by complex etiology, high incidence rate, low awareness and control rate. How to diagnose and treat hypertension in CKD patients properly and improve their prognosis is particularly urgent. Several clinical guidelines or expert consensus on the diagnosis, treatment and management of hypertension have been issued. Some of them involve the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in CKD patients, but they still can not meet the demand for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in CKD patients. Based on the situation of hypertension in CKD patients in China, the Chinese Society of Nephrology organized an expert group to formulate this guideline. This guideline systematically introduces the diagnostic criteria, epidemiology, risk factors, poor prognosis of hypertension, the purpose, timing and control goals of antihypertensive therapy in CKD patients, as well as blood pressure control goals for special populations, non drug treatment and drug treatment of hypertension. This guideline aims to further strengthen the management of hypertension in CKD patients, standardize the diagnosis and treatment standards, formulate reasonable treatment plans, effectively control hypertension, reduce complications, so as to delay the progress of kidney diseases and improve the long-term prognosis of hypertension in Chinese CKD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Hypertension/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology
7.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 30(1): 16-21, jan. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517535

ABSTRACT

A hipertensão arterial (HA) e a obesidade são doenças crônicas que se interrelacionam por meio de um quadro complexo de comunicação hormonal e uma série de cascatas enzimáticas. Isso faz com que o manejo dessas comorbidades seja complexo e multifatorial, muitas vezes levando a abandono ou falha terapêutica por parte de pacientes e profissionais de saúde, levando, então, às complicações dessas patologias. Há diversas formas de manejo e a gastroplastia, também conhecida como cirurgia bariátrica, é uma técnica cirúrgica que vem apresentando como alternativa satisfatória para o manejo terapêutico (AU).


Arterial hypertension (AH) and obesity are chronic diseases that are interrelated through a complex framework of hormonal communication and a series of enzymatic cascades. This makes the management of these comorbidities complex and multifactorial, often leading to treatment abandonment or failure by patients and health professionals, thus leading to complications of these pathologies. There are several forms of management and gastroplasty, also known as bariatric surgery, is a surgery that has been presented as a satisfactory alternative for therapeutic management (AU),


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Disease , Hypertension/therapy , Obesity/surgery
9.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402115

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a satisfação de pessoas com hipertensão acerca da coordenação do cuidado na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: trata-se de um estudo transversal, realizado com 417 pessoas em um município de médio porte, locali-zado na região sul do Brasil. Os dados foram coletados no primeiro semestre de 2016, utilizando instrumento de avaliação adaptado e validado sobre domínios estruturais da Atenção Primária à Saúde e utilizado questões referentes à coordena-ção do cuidado. Realizou-se análise descritiva e inferencial para tratamento das variáveis. Resultados: evidenciou-se que os entrevistados avaliaram satisfatoriamente a utilização dos prontuários durante a consulta por parte dos profissionais de saúde e discussão dos resultados oriundos da consulta no serviço especializado. Pessoas com controle pressórico inade-quado avaliaram insatisfatoriamente a anotação das queixas e necessidades em saúde, verbalizadas durante as consultas, agendamento para retorno e encaminhamento por escrito de competência das Unidades Básicas de Saúde, como também, atendimento garantido e informações esclarecedoras sobre os resultados da consulta no serviço referenciado. Conclusão:As pessoas com hipertensão apresentaram satisfação com a coordenação do cuidado na Atenção Primária à Saúde (AU)


Objective: to analyze the satisfaction of people with hypertension about the coordination of care in Primary Health Care. Method: this is a cross-sectional study conducted with 417 people in a medium-sized municipality located in the southern region of Brazil. Data were collected in the first half of 2016, using an evaluation instrument adap-ted and validated on structural domains of Primary Health Care and used questions regarding the coordination of care. Descriptive and inferential analysis was performed to treat the variables. Results: it was evidenced that the interviewees satisfactorily evaluated the use of medical records during consultation by health professionals and discussion of results from the consultation in the specialized service. People with inadequate blood pressure control unsatisfactorily evaluated the recording of complaints and health needs verbalized during consultations, scheduling of return visits, and written referrals from the Basic Health Units, as well as guaranteed care and clarifying infor-mation about the results of the consultation in the referral service. Conclusion: People with hypertension showed satisfaction with the coordination of care in Primary Health Care (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Primary Health Care , Health Evaluation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension/therapy
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 253-264, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364973

ABSTRACT

Abstract The regular practice of physical exercise as a non-pharmacological treatment of arterial hypertension (AH) has been encouraged due to causing a series of physiological responses in the cardiovascular system, such as the production of vasoactive substances, including nitric oxide (NO). NO is a relaxation factor released by the endothelium, and the decrease in its bioavailability is related to coronary and arterial diseases, such as AH. This study aimed to perform an integrative literature review to elucidate the effect of physical training on NO levels in patients with AH and to establish a relationship between these levels and blood pressure (BP) control. A literature review was was performed by searching PubMed / MEDLINE, Lilacs, Scielo, Cinahl and Embase databases. The search string used was ("arterial hypertension" OR hypertension) AND (exercise OR "physical exercise" OR "aerobic exercise" OR "exercise training" or "physical activity") AND ("nitric oxide"). We included fully available controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials published in English and Portuguese languages in the last 10 years. The review consisted of 16 articles, of which 13 reported an increase in NO production after the physical training intervention, and three studies found no change. In addition, 15 studies observed a reduction in BP after the intervention. In conclusion, regular practice of physical exercises, advocating moderate intensity, can improve NO bioavailability in pre-hypertensive and hypertensive individuals, which seems to be one of the mechanisms responsible for BP reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Exercise/physiology , Hypertension/therapy , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors/metabolism , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Human/physiology , Hypertension/metabolism
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 647-653, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939509

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Neiguan" (PC 6) on cardiac function of ventriculus sinister in rats with spontaneously hypertensive (SHR), and to explore the mediation effect of endothelin-1 (ET-1)/endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS).@*METHODS@#Six 12-week-old male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were taken as the normal group. Eighteen 12-week-old SHR were randomly divided into a model group, an EA group and a sham EA group, 6 rats in each group. The rats in the EA group were treated with EA (disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency, 1 mA in current intensity) at "Neiguan" (PC 6), 30 min each time, once a day for 8 weeks. The rats in the sham EA group were treated with superficial needling at "Neiguan" (PC 6) with no electrical stimulation applied. After treatment, the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) were tested by echocardiographic analysis. The left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), heart rate (HR), the maximum rate of increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure (±dp/dtmax) were detected. The serum content of ET-1 was detected by ELISA. Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of ETAR, eNOS in myocardial tissue of left ventricular.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), while LVSP, LVEDP, +dp/dtmax and -dp/dtmax were increased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, LVEF, LVFS, +dp/dtmax/LVSP and -dp/dtmax/LVSP were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and LVSP and LVEDP were decreased (P<0.01) in the EA group. Compared with the normal group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were increased (P<0.01), whereas expression of eNOS was decreased (P<0.01) in the model group. Compared with the model group, the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR in myocardial tissue were decreased (P<0.05), whereas expression of eNOS was increased (P<0.05) in the EA group.@*CONCLUSION@#EA intervention may alleviate hypertensive cardiac function damage by up-regulating the expression of eNOS protein in myocardial tissue, down-regulating the serum content of ET-1 and the expression of ETAR protein in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Electroacupuncture , Endothelin-1/genetics , Heart Diseases , Hypertension/therapy , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/genetics , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 126-130, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of Tiaoshen Qianyang acupuncture on morning blood pressure, sleep quality and post-stroke nerve function recovery in patients with stroke-related sleep disorders (SSD) complicated with hypertension.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients were randomized into an observation group (60 cases) and a control group (60 cases, 1 case dropped off). Both groups were treated with Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture (Neiguan [PC 6], Shuigou [GV 26], Sanyinjiao [SP 6], Jiquan [HT 1], Chize [LU 5] and Weizhong [BL 40]). In addition, Tiaoshen Qianyang acupuncture was applied in the observation group, deep needling at Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1) for 5 h. Once a day, 5 times a week, 30 times in total. The morning blood pressure was measured during treatment in the two groups, the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) scores before and after treatment were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the morning systolic blood pressure (SBP) after treatment were decreased in the two groups (P<0.05), and the morning diastolic blood pressure (DBP) after treatment was decreased in the observation group (P<0.05). The levels of SBP and DBP after treatment in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the total score of PSQI and NIHSS score after treatment in the observation group were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), which were lower than the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05), the decreasing rate of NIHSS score in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture, Tiaoshen Qianyang acupuncture could improve morning blood pressure and sleep quality for patients with SSD complicated with hypertension, promote the recovery of nerve function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Blood Pressure , Hypertension/therapy , Sleep Quality , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 12: e30, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379658

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a capacidade institucional de cuidado ao paciente hipertenso nos serviços de saúde destinados aos idosos, a partir da percepção das equipes de saúde. Método: estudo transversal, com 53 profissionais de saúde das instituições ambulatoriais especializadas no cuidado ao idoso na cidade de Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. Aplicou-se a Avaliação da Capacidade Institucional para Atenção às Condições Crônicas (ACIC). Os dados são apresentados em valores de média. Resultados: as potencialidades foram nas dimensões: autocuidado apoiado (6,1 ± 2,7), organização da atenção à saúde (5,5 ± 2,1) e desenho do sistema de prestação de serviços (5,1 ± 2,6). As fragilidades foram: sistema de informação clínica (3,9 ± 2,7), recursos da comunidade (4,0 ± 2,9), integração dos componentes do modelo de atenção (4,1 ± 2,7) e suporte às decisões (4,4 ± 2,9). Conclusão: de acordo com o ACIC, as instituições apresentaram capacidade básica na prestação de cuidado ao paciente hipertenso.


Objective: To evaluate the institutional capacity to care for hypertensive patients in health services for older adults, based on the perception of health teams. Method: A cross-sectional study with 53 health professionals from outpatient institutions specializing in the care of older adults in the city of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. The Institutional Capacity Assessment for Attention to Chronic Conditions (ACIC) was applied. Data are presented in mean values. Results: The strengths were in the dimensions: supported self-care (6.1 ± 2.7), organization of health care (5.5 ± 2.1), and design of the service delivery system (5.1 ± 2.6). The weaknesses were: clinical information system (3.9 ± 2.7), community resources (4.0 ± 2.9), integration of the components of the care model (4.1 ± 2.7), and support for decisions (4.4 ± 2.9). Conclusion: According to the ACIC, the institutions presented a basic capacity to provide care to hypertensive patients.


Objetivo: evaluar la capacidad institucional para la atención de hipertensos en los servicios de salud del anciano, a partir de la percepción de los equipos de salud. Método: estudio transversal, con 53 profesionales de la salud de instituciones ambulatorias especializadas en el cuidado de ancianos en la ciudad de Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil. Se aplicó la Evaluación de la Capacidad Institucional para la Atención de Condiciones Crónicas (ACIC). Los datos se presentan como valores medios. Resultados: las potencialidades estuvieron en las dimensiones: autocuidado apoyado (6,1 ± 2,7), organización de la atención en salud (5,5 ± 2,1) y diseño del sistema de prestación de servicios (5,1 ± 2,6). Las debilidades fueron: sistema de información clínica (3,9 ± 2,7), recursos comunitarios (4,0 ± 2,9), integración de los componentes del modelo de atención (4,1 ± 2,7) y apoyo a las decisiones (4,4 ± 2,9). Conclusión: según la ACIC, las instituciones tenían una capacidad básica para brindar atención a los pacientes hipertensos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Care Team , Health Services for the Aged , Health Services Research , Hypertension/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.788-792, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353341
16.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 31(2): e2021916, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384894

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a adequação do cuidado recebido por adultos e idosos com hipertensão arterial (HA) e sua associação com macrorregião nacional, características demográficas, socioeconômicas e do sistema de saúde, Brasil, 2013 e 2019. Métodos: Estudo transversal, com dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Foram incluídas pessoas na idade de 18 anos ou mais, com diagnóstico de HA e consulta médica por esse motivo nos últimos três anos. Analisou-se a adequação do cuidado, construída a partir de 11 indicadores, por regressão de Poisson. Resultados: Em 2013, 11.129 pessoas com HA (25,3%; IC95% 24,5;26,1) receberam cuidado adequado, e em 2019, 19.107 (18,8%; IC95% 18,2;19,3). Indivíduos do quintil de melhor nível socioeconômico apresentaram prevalência de cuidado adequado 2,54 vezes maior (IC95% 2,03;3,17) em 2013, e 3,53 vezes maior (IC95% 2,94;4,23) em 2019, em relação aos de menor nível socioeconômico. Conclusão: O cuidado adequado diminuiu e as desigualdades econômicas intensificaram-se no período 2013-2019.


Objetivo: Analizar la adecuación de la atención recibida por adultos y ancianos con hipertensión arterial (HA), y su asociación con características regionales, demográficas, socioeconómicas y del sistema de salud, Brasil, 2013 y 2019. Métodos: Estudio transversal con datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud. Se incluyeron personas mayores de 18 años con diagnóstico de HA y consulta médica por este motivo en los últimos tres años. Se analizó la adecuación de la atención, construida a partir de 11 indicadores, por la regresión de Poisson. Resultados: En 2013, 11.129 personas con HA (25,3%; IC95% 24,5; 26,1) recibieron atención adecuada y, en 2019, 19.107 (18,8%; IC95% 18,2;19,3). Individuos del quintil con mejor nivel socioeconómico tuvieron una prevalencia de cuidado adecuado de 2,54 (IC95% 2,03;3,17) (2013) y 3,53 (IC95% 2,94;4,23) (2019) veces superior a los del menor nivel socioeconómico. Conclusión: Se identificó que la atención adecuada disminuyó y las desigualdades económicas se intensificaron en el período 2013-2019.


Objective: To analyze adequacy of care received by adults and elderly people with arterial hypertension, and its association with region of the country, demographic, socioeconomic and health system characteristics in Brazil in 2013 and 2019. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using National Health Survey data. People aged ≥18 years with diagnosis of hypertension and medical consultation for this reason in the last three years were included. Adequacy of care was analyzed based on 11 indicators and using Poisson regression. Results: Adequate care was provided to 11,129 people with hypertension (25.3%; 95%CI 24.5;26.1) in 2013 and to 19,107 (18.8%; 95%CI 18.2;19.3) in 2019. Adequate care prevalence was 2.54 (95%CI 2.03;3.17) times higher in 2013, and 3.53 (95%CI 2.94;4.23) times higher in 2019 among individuals belonging to the highest socioeconomic quintile compared to those belonging to the poorest. Conclusion: We identified that care decreased, and economic inequalities intensified in the period 2013-2019.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Health Services Research , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/epidemiology , Quality of Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension/therapy
17.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 31(spe1): e2021369, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384919

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a prevalência de hipertensão arterial (HA), segundo características sociodemográficas, no Brasil, e analisar os indicadores relacionados ao acesso aos serviços de saúde e orientações para controle do agravo no país. Métodos: Estudo transversal descritivo utilizando a Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) de 2019. Estimou-se a prevalência de HA com intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%), além das proporções dos indicadores da HA. Resultados: Foram 88.531 os entrevistados, dos quais 23,9% autorreferiram HA, mais prevalente entre o sexo feminino (26,4%) e idosos (55,0%). Entre aqueles que autorrelataram HA, 57,8% referiram atenção médica nos últimos seis meses; a maioria recebeu orientações sobre autocuidado; 66,1% foram atendidos em serviço público de saúde; e 45,8%, em unidade básica de saúde (UBS). Conclusão: A prevalência de HA na população brasileira foi alta, com a maioria das pessoas que autorreferiram o agravo sendo atendidas em serviços do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), onde receberam orientações sobre promoção da saúde


Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de hipertensión arterial (HA) según características sociodemográficas en Brasil y analizar los indicadores relacionados con el acceso a los servicios de salud y orientaciones para su control. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal utilizando la Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2019. Se estimó la prevalencia de HA con intervalo de confianza del 95% (IC95%) y proporciones de los indicadores de la HA. Resultados: Hubo 88.531 entrevistados, de los cuales 23,9% declararon haber HA, con mayor prevalencia entre el sexo femenino (26,4%) y ancianos (55,0%). Entre los autodeclarados con HA, 57,8% recibió atención médica en los últimos seis meses; la mayoría recibió orientación sobre el autocuidado; 66,1% fue atendido en un servicio público de salud y 45,8% en unidad básica de salud. Conclusión: La prevalencia de la HA en la población brasileña fue alta, con la mayoría de las personas que autorreferían al agravio siendo atendidas en los servicios del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), donde han recibido orientación sobre el autocuidado.


Objective: To describe the prevalence of arterial hypertension according to sociodemographic characteristics in Brazil and to analyze the indicators related to access to health services and guidelines for controlling the disease in the country. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study using the National Health Survey (PNS) conducted in 2019. The prevalence of hypertension was estimated with a 95% confidence interval, in addition to the proportions of hypertension indicators. Results: There were 88,531 respondents, of which 23.9% self-reported hypertension, more prevalent among females (26.4%) and the elderly (55.0%). Among those who self-reported hypertension, 57.8% reported medical attention in the last six months; most received guidance on self-care; 66.1% were seen in public health services; and 45.8%, in primary health care units. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension in the Brazilian population was high, with most people who self-reported the condition being seen in services of the Brazilian National Health System (SUS), where they received guidance on health promotion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Access to Primary Care , Health Services Accessibility , Hypertension/therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Surveys , Health Research Agenda
18.
Rev. bras. hipertens ; 29(3): 69-73, set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1517576

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) pode levar a consequências cardiovasculares graves quando não tratadas adequadamente. No entanto, alguns indivíduos, mesmo realizando tratamento recomendado, a pressão arterial (PA) se mantém elevada, passando a ser chamada de hipertensão arterial refratária (HAR). A denervação simpática renal (DSR) é uma terapia amplamente estuda e com resultados promissores que surgiu como alternativa para controlar a PA em pacientes resistentes ao tratamento convencional. Relato de caso: Participante da pesquisa, sexo masculino, 67 anos, com queixa de cefaleia e elevação dos níveis pressóricos. Avaliação cardíaca com alteração apenas da PA (182x113 mmHg), demais sistemas sem variações. Diagnosticado com HAS estágio 3, realizou todas as etapas do tratamento medicamentoso, porém resistente as terapias propostas. Diante do caso, foi diagnosticado com HAR. Sendo realizado DSR que mostrou resultados satisfatórios de redução progressiva da pressão arterial central e periférica. Conclusão: A DSR mostrou-se eficaz no controle gradual e sustentado da PA do participante da pesquisa. Contudo, somente através de estudos clínicos mais amplos e rigorosos será capaz de comprovar a eficácia da DSR no tratamento da PA alta persistente (AU).


Introduction: Systemic arterial hypertension (SHT) can lead to severe cardiovascular outcomes when not properly treated. However, in some individuals, even with recommended treatment, blood pressure (BP) remains high, and is now referred to as Resistant hypertension (RHTN). Renal sympathetic denervation (RDn) is a widely studied and promising therapy that has emerged as an alternative to control BP in patients resistant to conventional treatment. Case report: Research participant, male, 67 years old, complaining of headache and elevated blood pressure. Cardiac assessment with only BP alteration (182x113 mmHg), other systems without variations. Diagnosed with stage 3 hypertension, performed all stages of drug treatment, but resistant to the proposed therapies. Given the case, was diagnosed with RHTN. Being performed RDn that showed satisfactory results of progressive reduction of central and peripheral blood pressure. Discussion: Sympathetic hyperactivity of the renal nervous system releases catecholamines that raise BP. Based on this, the RDn uses a catheter connected to the radiofrequency device that through the femoral artery goes to the two renal arteries and emits energy in the sympathetic fibers attached to the walls of these arteries, destroying them. RDn has been the target of several clinical studies, the best-known being Simplicity HTN-1, 2 and 3 which brought significant and questionable results regarding the efficacy of the procedure. Conclusion: RDn proved to be effective in gradually and sustained BP control of the research participant. However, only through broader and more rigorous clinical studies will it be able to prove the efficacy of RDn in combating persistent high BP (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Renal Artery/surgery , Vascular Resistance , Hypertension/therapy
19.
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; 16 nov. 2021. 39 p. tab.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, PIE | ID: biblio-1361686

ABSTRACT

Contexto: As práticas de atividade física são fortes aliadas na redução dos riscos à saúde, bem como no tratamento de doenças. Destaca-se sua relevância no cuidado a pessoas com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, para as quais é importante investir na qualidade de vida. Esta revisão rápida aborda os efeitos não-clínicos das intervenções de atividade física em pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2, hipertensão arterial sistêmica e sobrepeso/obesidade. Pergunta: Quais são os efeitos não-clínicos de diferentes modalidades de atividade física no tratamento de pessoas com diabetes, hipertensão ou obesidade? Métodos: Seguindo protocolo prévio, foram realizadas buscas por revisões sistemáticas (RS) em oito bases eletrônicas da literatura, em setembro de 2021. Nesta revisão rápida foram incluídas RS publicadas nos últimos 10 anos, com algumas especificações quanto a contexto e população. Apenas o processo de seleção foi realizado em duplicata e de forma independente. A avaliação da qualidade das RS foi feita por um revisor e checada por outro, por meio da ferramenta AMSTAR 2. Os resultados foram reunidos em síntese narrativa conforme similaridade do tipo de atividade física e população. Resultados: De 4.421 relatos encontrados nas bases de dados, 23 RS foram incluídas após processo de seleção e elegibilidade. Na avaliação da qualidade metodológica, uma RS foi considerada de confiança moderada, uma de confiança baixa e as demais de confiança criticamente baixa. As revisões apresentaram resultados de exercícios aeróbicos, anaeróbicos, combinados e de tipo não informado, envolvendo pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2, hipertensão arterial sistêmica e sobrepeso/obesidade. O tipo de atividade mais presente foi de exercícios aeróbicos e a condição mais estudada foi diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Apenas uma RS apresentou informação a respeito da segurança da prática de atividade física, sem ocorrência de eventos adversos. Diversas modalidades de atividade física mostraram promover benefícios não-clínicos no tratamento de pessoas com diabetes, hipertensão e obesidade. Considerações finais: As evidências indicam que pessoas com diabetes ou hipertensão podem ter sua qualidade de vida melhorada com a prática de exercícios, em especial os aeróbicos. Para pessoas com obesidade ou comorbidades, as evidências são menos robustas. É importante levar em consideração algumas incertezas apontadas pelas RS, bem como as falhas metodológicas da maioria dessas RS.


Context: Physical activity practices are strong allies in reducing health risks, as well as in the treatment of diseases. Its relevance in the care of people with non-communicable chronic diseases is highlighted, for whom it is important to invest in quality of life. This rapid review addresses the non-clinical effects of physical activity interventions in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension, and overweight/obesity. Question: What are the non-clinical effects of different physical activity modalities in the treatment of people with diabetes, hypertension or obesity? Methods: Following a previous protocol, searches for systematic reviews (SR) were carried out in eight electronic databases of the literature, in September 2021. This rapid review included SRs published in the last 10 years, with some specifications regarding context and population. Only the selection process was carried out in duplicate and independently. The evaluation of the quality of the SRs was carried out by one reviewer and checked by another, using the AMSTAR 2 tool. The results were gathered in a narrative synthesis according to the similarity of the type of physical activity and population. Results: Of the 4,421 reports found in the databases, 23 SRs were included after the selection and eligibility process. In the evaluation of methodological quality, one SR was considered moderately reliable, one of low confidence and the others of critically low confidence. The reviews presented results of aerobic, anaerobic, combined and unreported exercises involving people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, systemic arterial hypertension and overweight/obesity. The most common type of activity was aerobic exercises and the most studied condition was type 2 diabetes mellitus. Only one SR presented information about the safety of physical activity, without the occurrence of adverse events. Several modalities of physical activity have been shown to promote non-clinical benefits in the treatment of people with diabetes, hypertension and obesity. Final considerations: The evidence indicates that people with diabetes or hypertension can have their quality of life improved with the practice of exercises, especially aerobic ones. For people with obesity or comorbidities, the evidence is less robust. It is important to take into account some uncertainties pointed out by the SRs, as well as the methodological flaws of most of these SRs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Exercise , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Hypertension/therapy , Obesity/therapy , Quality of Life
20.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 81-91, dic. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378586

ABSTRACT

Arterial Hypertension (HT) is one of the most widely spread chronic diseases in the world, with a suspicion in the Chilean population of 27.6%, according to the results of the 2017 National Health Survey. Reponsible for high morbidity and mortality, being, in Chile, the main risk factor related to years of life lost due to disability and premature death (DALYs). This fact has motivaded a constant publication of clinical practices guidelines and recomendations from many scientific societies in whole wide world. Hypertension represents a significant proportion of medical consultations for the primary care doctors. In fact, may be a huge challenge to get acceptable percentages of compensation in blood pressure, and mainly, to reduce morbidity and mortality in their patients. Because of this, we propose a set of questions and answers to guide the management of hypertension un primary care, based on the recommendation of the main guidelines of clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Primary Health Care/standards , Hypertension/drug therapy , Chronic Disease/therapy , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Combined Modality Therapy , Hypertension/therapy
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