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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888636

ABSTRACT

Thermal ablation surgery can effectively eliminate bone tumors in the spine and meanwhile reduce damage to the human body. To realize the computer modeling and simulation of spine thermal ablation surgery, it is necessary to ensure the accuracy of both spine modeling and simulation temperature. This review summarizes the research progress of this field and analyzes the prospects from two aspects: computer modeling based on spine segmentation from medical images and simulation calculation of temperature field in ablation surgery. The research on spine segmentation has made great progress, but there are still some problems that prevent it from being applied in clinical simulation. Related research has been trying to solve the problems. For the ablation surgery of the spine, some researchers have tried ablation simulation and obtained simulation results that are relatively consistent with the actual temperature value.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Computer Simulation , Computers , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Spine/surgery
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921836

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to construct an injectable gel with stable phototherapy and chemotherapy. Res-PTX@IR780 gel with phototherapy and chemotherapy property was prepared by introduction of photosensitizer IR780 and antioxidant resveratrol (Res) into the polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution of paclitaxel (PTX). The results showed that PTX, PTX@IR780 and Res-PTX@IR780 could form gels and the gels were injectable. ATR-FTIR results indicated not only components of the gels but also the formation of hydrogen bonding during the gelation. The results of UV showed instability of IR780 solution and stability improvement of Res-IR780 solution under infrared radiation (IR) irradiation. Photothermal tests showed that Res-PTX@IR780 displayed better photothermal conversion and photothermal stability under multiple irradiations than PTX@IR780. The results of


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Gels , Hyperthermia, Induced , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nanoparticles , Paclitaxel , Phototherapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888210

ABSTRACT

Cholangiocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor. It is not sensitive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy and has a poor prognosis. At present, there is no effective treatment. As a new method for treating cancer, magnetic fluid hyperthermia has been clinically applied to a variety of cancers in recent years. This article introduces it to the cholangiocarcinoma model and systematically studies the effect of magnetic fluid hyperthermia on cholangiocarcinoma. Starting from the theory of magnetic fluid heating, the electromagnetic and heat transfer models were constructed in the finite element simulation software COMSOL using the Pennes biological heat transfer equation. The Helmholtz coil was used as an alternating magnetic field generating device. The relationship between the magnetic fluid-related properties and the heating power was analyzed according to Rosensweig's theory. After the multiphysics coupling simulation was performed, the electromagnetic field and thermal field distribution in the hyperthermia region were obtained. The results showed that the magnetic field distribution in the treatment area was uniform, and the thermal field distribution met the requirements of hyperthermia. After the magnetic fluid injection, the cholangiocarcinoma tissue warmed up rapidly, and the temperature of tumor tissues could reach above 42 °C, but the surrounding healthy tissues did not heat up significantly. At the same time, it was verified that the large blood vessels around the bile duct, the overflow of the magnetic fluid, and the eddy current heat had little effect on thermotherapy. The results of this article can provide a reference for the clinical application of magnetic fluid hyperthermia for cholangiocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Cholangiocarcinoma , Humans , Hyperthermia , Hyperthermia, Induced , Magnetic Fields , Magnetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the pre-treatment preventive maintenance and quality control procedure of MRI system and transcranial MRI-guided focused ultrasound (TcMRgFUS) treatment system by monitoring quality control of these two systems.@*METHODS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system, as well as the quality assurance program of TcMRgFUS EXABLATE 4000 system were tested and recorded.@*RESULTS@#The general performance index and image quality control index of MRI system met requirements.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through system detection, the system performance could be monitored, ensuring the accuracy and safety of surgery.


Subject(s)
Hyperthermia, Induced , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Phantoms, Imaging , Quality Control
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880447

ABSTRACT

The methods of monitoring the thermal ablation of tumor are compared and analyzed in recent years. The principle method results and insufficient of ultrasound elastography and quantitative ultrasound imaging are discussed. The results show that ultrasonic tissue signature has great development space in the field of real-time monitoring of thermal ablation, but there are still some problems such as insufficient monitoring accuracy difficulty in whole-course monitoring and insufficient


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Liver/surgery , Neoplasms/surgery , Ultrasonography
7.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202534, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: to evaluate the effect of short-course (i.e.: 30 minutes) HIPEC on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in our feasibility study; NCT02249013. Methods: a prespecified secondary end-point of our open-label, multicenter, single-arm, phase 2 trial on safety and efficacy was assessed using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30, version 3.0). Patients were required to complete the HRQoL questionnaire at baseline, after HIPEC, and after the end of the treatment. Changes of HRQoL over time were assessed by median scores for each domain and analyzed by Friedman`s test at a significant two-sided level of 0.05. Results: fifteen patients with high tumor burden EOC were recruited from our public health system between February 2015 and July 2019. A baseline EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire and at least one follow-up questionnaire was received from all of the patients. No significant difference over time in the QLQC30 summary scores was observed (p>0.05). The transitory impairment on patients HRQoL immediately after the short-course HIPEC trended to return to baseline at the end of the multimodal treatment. Conclusions: we found no significant impairment of short-course HIPEC on patients HRQoL into the context of our comprehensive treatment protocol.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o impacto da quimioterapia intraperitoneal hipertérmica (HIPEC) de curta duração (i.e.: 30 minutos) na qualidade de vida (QoL) relacionada à saúde (HRQoL) no contexto de ensaio clínico terapêutico piloto; NCT02249013. Métodos: avaliou-se o desfecho secundário predeterminado de HRQoL em ensaio clínico de fase 2 de segurança e eficácia, aberto, multicêntrico, de braço único, utilizando-se o questionário European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (EORTC QLQ-C30, versão 3.0). As pacientes foram solicitadas a responder o questionário de HRQoL antes do tratamento, após a HIPEC, e ao fim do tratamento interdisciplinar. As variações da HRQoL ao longo do tempo foram avaliadas pelas medianas dos escores de cada domínio e analisadas pelo teste de Friedman, considerando-se nível de significância estatística bicaudal de 5%. Resultados: quinze pacientes com câncer de ovário de grande volume tumoral foram recrutadas do sistema de saúde pública (i.e.: SUS) entre fevereiro de 2015 e julho 2019. Um questionário basal e pelo menos um questionário de acompanhamento foram coletados de todas as pacientes. Não se observou diferença significativa ao longo do tempo na HRQoL em nenhum dos domínios ou sintomas estudados (p> 0,05). O comprometimento transitório da HRQoL imediatamente após a HIPEC de curta duração tendeu a retornar à linha de base ao final do tratamento multimodal. Conclusões: não se observou impacto significativo da HIPEC de curta duração sobre a HRQoL no contexto deste protocolo de tratamento interdisciplinar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/methods , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tumor Burden , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures/psychology , Hyperthermia, Induced/psychology , Middle Aged
8.
Repert. med. cir ; 29(1): 41-47, 2020. graf.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1116567

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la citorreducción más quimioterapia hipertérmica intraoperatoria (HIPEC) aborda la carcinomatosis peritoneal (CP) como una enfermedad locorregional, con respuesta adecuada en la supervivencia considerando la severidad de la patología. La agresividad del procedimiento se asocia con altos índices de morbimortalidad. Objetivo: evaluar la supervivencia global y libre de enfermedad a 1 año en pacientes con CP, en quienes se realizó tratamiento mediante citorreducción más HIPEC en el Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José entre enero 2016 y diciembre 2017. Metodología: estudio observacional de una cohorte con CP de diferentes etiologías que recibieron citorreducción más HIPEC, se obtuvo información a partir de las historias clínicas. Resultados: se incluyeron 10 casos con una mediana de edad de 49 años (RIC 43-54) y CP de origen primario en apéndice (60%, n=6), colon (20%, n=2) y ovario (20%, n=2). El índice de carcinomatosis peritoneal (ICP) presentó una mediana de 14.5 (RIC 6-24). Se observó recaída en 3 pacientes y 4 desenlaces fatales. Se estimó una supervivencia global de 54% y libre de enfermedad de 58% a un año. Conclusión: se encontraron mejores resultados en supervivencia global y libre de enfermedad a un año que los descritos en quimioterapia sistémica. Es importante la selección estricta de los pacientes, así como efectuar estudios con un mayor número para determinar con evidencia la relación entre el procedimiento y la supervivencia global y libre de enfermedad.


Introduction: cytorreductive surgery (CRS) paired with hyperthermic intraoperative chemotherapy (HIPEC), approach peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) as a localized regional disease with adequate survival response according to disease severity. CRS with HIPEC is regarded as a highly morbid procedure with high mortality rates. Objective: to review the 1-year overall survival and disease-free survival in patients with PC that had been treated with CRS with HIPEC at Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José between January 2016 and December 2017. Methodology: an observational study analyzing a cohort of patients with PC secondary to various primary tumors who received CRS with HIPEC. Data was collected from clinical records. Results: we included 10 cases with mean age of 49 years (IQR 43-54) and PC secondary to appendix (60%, n=6), colon (20%, n=2) and ovary (20%, n=2) primary tumors. The peritoneal carcinomatosis index (PCI) was 14.5 (IQR 6-24). PC recurred in 3 patients and 4 patients died. A 1-year overall survival rate of 54% was estimated and a 1-year disease-free survival of 58% was obtained. Conclusion: our results of 1-year overall and disease-free survival rates were better to those described for systemic chemotherapy. Strict patient selection, as well as, conducting larger studies is recommended to allow an evidence-based determination of overall and disease-free survival in patients treated with CRS with HIPEC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma , Peritoneum , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Hyperthermia, Induced
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4954, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056032

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the magnetic hyperthermia therapy in glioblastoma tumor-on-a-Chip model using a microfluidics device. Methods: The magnetic nanoparticles coated with aminosilane were used for the therapy of magnetic hyperthermia, being evaluated the specific absorption rate of the magnetic nanoparticles at 300 Gauss and 305kHz. A preculture of C6 cells was performed before the 3D cells culture on the chip. The process of magnetic hyperthermia on the Chip was performed after administration of 20μL of magnetic nanoparticles (10mgFe/mL) using the parameters that generated the specific absorption rate value. The efficacy of magnetic hyperthermia therapy was evaluated by using the cell viability test through the following fluorescence staining: calcein acetoxymethyl ester (492/513nm), for live cells, and ethidium homodimer-1 (526/619nm) for dead cells dyes. Results: Magnetic nanoparticles when submitted to the alternating magnetic field (300 Gauss and 305kHz) produced a mean value of the specific absorption rate of 115.4±6.0W/g. The 3D culture of C6 cells evaluated by light field microscopy imaging showed the proliferation and morphology of the cells prior to the application of magnetic hyperthermia therapy. Fluorescence images showed decreased viability of cultured cells in organ-on-a-Chip by 20% and 100% after 10 and 30 minutes of the magnetic hyperthermia therapy application respectively. Conclusion: The study showed that the therapeutic process of magnetic hyperthermia in the glioblastoma on-a-chip model was effective to produce the total cell lise after 30 minutes of therapy.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a terapia de magneto-hipertermia em modelo de tumor de glioblastoma on-a-Chip. Métodos: As nanopartículas magnéticas recobertas com aminosilana foram utilizadas para a terapia da magneto-hipertermia, sendo avaliada a taxa de absorção específica das nanopartículas magnéticas em 300 Gauss e 305kHz. Uma pré-cultura de células C6 foi realizada e, seguidamente, foi feito o cultivo das células 3D no chip. O processo de magneto-hipertermia no chip foi realizado após administração de 20μL de nanopartículas magnéticas (10mgFe/mL), utilizando os parâmetros que geraram o valor da taxa de absorção específica. A eficácia da terapia de magneto-hipertermia foi avaliada pela viabilidade celular por meio dos corantes fluorescentes acetoximetiléster de calceína (492/513nm), para células vivas, e etídio homodímero-1 (526/619nm), para células mortas. Resultados: As nanopartículas magnéticas, quando submetidas ao campo magnético alternado (300 Gauss e 305kHz), produziram um valor médio da taxa de absorção específica de 115,4±6,0W/g. A cultura 3D das células C6 avaliada por imagem de microscopia de campo claro mostrou a proliferação e a morfologia das células antes da aplicação da terapia de magneto-hipertermia. As imagens de fluorescência mostraram diminuição da viabilidade das células cultivadas no organ-on-a-Chip em 20% e 100% após 10 e 30 minutos, respectivamente, da aplicação da terapia de magneto-hipertermia. Conclusão: O processo terapêutico da magneto-hipertermia no modelo de tumor glioblastoma on-a-chip foi eficaz para produzir lise total das células após 30 minutos de terapia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Glioblastoma/therapy , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Lab-On-A-Chip Devices , Magnetite Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Temperature , Time Factors , Cell Survival , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Cell Line, Tumor , Magnetic Fields , Fluorescence
10.
Rev. ciênc. méd., (Campinas) ; 28(2): 69-76, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047890

ABSTRACT

Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar quantitativamente o efeito agudo de diferentes técnicas de termoterapia no ganho da amplitude de movimento. Participaram da pesquisa voluntários (n=34) de ambos os sexos e média de idade de 22,3 anos (±3,3 anos). Métodos Os participantes foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: em um grupo, os indivíduos foram submetidos a aplicação da lâmpada infravermelha (calor superfi cial), enquanto no outro grupo utilizou-se o aparelho de ondas curtas (calor profundo) como técnica de termoterapia. Resultados Como resultado, observou-se que o grupo submetido ao calor profundo obteve melhora significante em relação a amplitude de movimento, tanto em comparação dentro do mesmo grupo, confrontando-se a amplitude de movimento pré- e pós-intervenção (aumento médio de 10,9+3,1º), quanto quando comparado ao grupo submetido ao calor superficial, que não apresentou melhora significativa (aumento médio de 3,1+2,5º). Conclusão Concluiu-se que, embora o efeito agudo da termoterapia seja benéfico no ganho de amplitude de movimento, o calor profundo parece ter um efeito mais pronunciado quando comparado às técnicas de calor superficial.


Objective The objective of this study was to quantitatively compare the acute effect of different thermotherapy techniques on the gain of range of motion. Methods Research volunteers (n=34) of both genders and mean age of 22.3 years (±3.3 years) were randomly divided into two groups: one group in which subjects were treated with infrared lamp (surface heat) while the other group was treated with the selected thermotherapy technique with the shortwave apparatus (deep heat). Results The deep heat group obtained a significant improvement in terms of range of motion, both within the same group, comparing the pre and post intervention range of motion (mean increase of 10.9±3.1º) when compared to the superficial heat group, which in turn did not show significant improvement (mean increase of 3.1+2.5º). Conclusion Although the acute effect of thermotherapy is beneficial in gain of range of motion, deep heat seems to have a more pronounced effect when compared to surface heat techniques


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Range of Motion, Articular , Pliability , Hyperthermia, Induced
11.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(1): 13-19, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977430

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Hypothermia occurs in about 60% of patients under anesthesia and is generally not managed properly during short lasting surgical procedures. Hypothermia is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The current study is designed to assess the effects of crystalloid warming on maternal and fetal outcomes in patients undergoing elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia. Methods: In this prospective randomized controlled trial, sixty parturients scheduled for elective cesarean section with spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated to receive crystalloid at room temperature or warmed at 37 °C. Spinal anesthesia was performed at L3-L4 interspace with 10 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine without adding opioids. Core temperature, shivering, and hemodynamic parameters were measured every minute until 10th minute and 5-min intervals until the end of operation. The primary outcome was maternal core temperature at the end of cesarean section. Results: There was no difference for baseline tympanic temperature measurements but the difference was significant at the end of the operation (p = 0.004). Core temperature was 36.8 ± 0.5 °C at baseline and decreased to 36.3 ± 0.5 °C for isothermic warmed crystalloid group and baseline tympanic core temperature was 36.9 ± 0.4 °C and decreased to 35.8 ± 0.7 °C for room temperature group at the end of the operation. Shivering was observed in 43.3% in the control group. Hemodynamic parameter changes and demographic data were not significant between groups. Conclusions: Isothermic warming crystalloid prevents the decrease in core temperature during cesarean section with spinal anesthesia in full-term parturients. Fetal Apgar scores at first and fifth minute are higher with isothermic warming.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A hipotermia ocorre em cerca de 60% dos pacientes sob anestesia e geralmente não é tratada adequadamente durante procedimentos cirúrgicos de curta duração. A hipotermia está associada a desfechos clínicos adversos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os efeitos do aquecimento de cristaloides nas condições maternas e fetais em pacientes submetidas à cesariana eletiva com raquianestesia. Métodos: Neste estudo prospectivo, randômico e controlado, 60 parturientes agendadas para cesárea eletiva com raquianestesia foram distribuídas aleatoriamente para receber cristaloides à temperatura ambiente ou aquecidos a 37 °C. A raquianestesia foi realizada no interespaço L3-L4 com 10 mg de bupivacaína hiperbárica sem adição de opioides. Temperatura central, tremores e parâmetros hemodinâmicos foram medidos a cada minuto até o décimo minuto e em intervalos de 5 min até o fim da operação. O desfecho primário foi a temperatura central materna ao final da cesárea. Resultados: Não houve diferença nas mensurações basais da temperatura timpânica, mas a diferença foi significativa no fim da operação (p = 0,004). A temperatura central foi de 36,8 ± 0,5 °C na fase basal e diminuiu para 36,3 ± 0,5 °C no grupo com aquecimento isotérmico de cristaloides e a temperatura basal timpânica foi de 36,9 ± 0,4 °C e diminuiu para 35,8 ± 0,7 °C no grupo sem aquecimento das soluções no fim da operação. Tremores foram observados em 43,3% no grupo controle. Alterações nos parâmetros hemodinâmicos e dados demográficos não foram significantes entre os grupos. Conclusões: O aquecimento isotérmico de cristaloides previne a redução da temperatura central durante a cesariana com raquianestesia em parturientes a termo. Os escores de Apgar para os fetos no primeiro e quinto minutos são maiores com o aquecimento isotérmico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Body Temperature/drug effects , Cesarean Section , Double-Blind Method , Fetus/drug effects , Crystalloid Solutions/therapeutic use , Hypothermia/therapy , Anesthesia, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Crystalloid Solutions/pharmacology , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Middle Aged
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 922-927, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In the era of precision medicine, chemotherapy is still considered the cornerstone of treatment for lung cancer patients without gene mutations. How to reduce the toxicity and increase the efficiency of chemotherapy is worth exploring. This study aimed to investigate the curative effects and safety of hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy (HCT) for advanced patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially those with malignant pleural effusion.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively evaluated medical records of 93 patients with advanced NSCLC (stage IIIB-IV) from March 2011 to January 2014. The patients were divided into HCT and chemotherapy (CT) groups. The HCT group was treated with gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) regimen combined with regional radiofrequency deep hyperthermia, while the CT group was treated with GP regimen only. Those with malignant pleural effusion extra underwent thoracentesis and intrapleural injection chemotherapy combined with hyperthermic or not. Clinical treatment results and adverse reactions were compared and analyzed after treatment. SPSS 19.0 software (SPSS Inc., USA) was used for statistical data processing. P values less than 0.05 were accepted to be statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#Among the 93 patients, HCT group included 48 patients (16 patients with malignant pleural effusion), CT group included 45 patients (10 patients with malignant pleural effusion). There was no significant difference between the two groups in patient characteristics. The overall response rate (ORR) of pleural effusions was much better in HCT group than that in CT group (81.2% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.046). The patients in HCT group had lower incidence rate of weakness (12.5% vs. 46.7%, χ = 13.16, P < 0.001) and gastrointestinal (25.0% vs. 77.8%, χ = 25.88, P < 0.001) adverse reactions than that in CT group. The objective tumor response and survival showed no significant differences.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy might lead to the development of better therapeutic strategy for advanced NSCLC with malignant pleural effusion patients. Also, it could greatly reduce the chemotherapy toxic effects in the incidence of weakness and gastrointestinal adverse reactions in advanced NSCLC patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Cisplatin , Therapeutic Uses , Deoxycytidine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774219

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we established magnetic fluid hyperthermia (MFH) model for rat tumor using the finite element software COMSOL based on the linear response theory. By analyzing four kinds of magnetic medium within relaxation mechanism, such as Fe O 、FeCo、fccFePt and L1 FePt, we studied the influence of the change of magnetic medium radius on dissipation power and temperature field, respectively. At the same time, the optimization method for the parameters of several magnetic medium is proposed, and the applications of four kinds of magnetic medium are given as well. By increasing the dissipation power of the magnetic medium as much as possible, the dose of magnetic medium used in the treatment can be reduced, meanwhile, the adverse effects on health tissue surrounding the tumor will be minimized. The conclusions of this paper can provide reference for magnetic medium preparation applied to MFH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hot Temperature , Hyperthermia, Induced , Magnetics , Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Rats
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773516

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the inhibitory effects of PEG-APTES-MNP magnetic heating on liver cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The magnetic nanoparticle complex PEG-APTES-MNP was synthesized and its physiochemical properties and biocompatibility were characterized. HepG2 cells were incubated with the PEG-APTES-MNP nanoparticles for magnetic heating or nanoparticle therapy. Prussian blue staining was used to detect the uptake efficiency of the magnetic nanoparticles by HepG2 cells. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of the nanoparticles on HepG2 cells, and laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to detect the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cells. Fifteen nude mice bearing HepG2 cell xenografts were randomized equally into PEG-APTES-MNP injection group (with nanocomposite injection only), PEG-APTES-MNP magnetic heating group and control group (with PBS injection), and the tumor growth were observed in the mice after the treatments.@*RESULTS@#The synthesized PEG-APTES-MNP nanoparticles showed good physicochemical properties and biocompatibility. Incubation of HepG2 with the nanoparticles resulted in significantly increased ROS production, obvious inhibition of the cell growth through the synergetic effects of magnetic heating ( < 0.05), and significantly enhanced cell apoptosis. In the tumor-bearing nude mice, the nanoparticles strongly inhibited the tumor growth by magnetic heating ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The magnetic nanocomposite PEG-APTES-MNP has good physicochemical properties and bioavailability and can strongly inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells both and in nude mice through magnetic heating, demonstrating its potential as a candidate nanomedicine for liver cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Liver Neoplasms , Magnetics , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nanocomposites
15.
Ultrasonography ; : 135-142, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761974

ABSTRACT

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising ablation technique for benign thyroid nodules. Current evidence has found good short- to medium-term outcomes, similar to those of better-established ablation techniques such as radiofrequency and laser ablation. The fact that it does not require insertion of a needle into the target makes HIFU a truly non-invasive treatment. Although it is not without risks, its low risk profile makes it an attractive alternative to surgery. There is much room for future development, starting from expanding the current indications to enhancing energy delivery. Relapsed Graves disease and papillary microcarcinoma are diseases that can benefit from HIFU treatment. Its role in the mediation of immune responses and synergistic effects with immunotherapy are promising in the fight against metastatic cancers.


Subject(s)
Ablation Techniques , Goiter, Nodular , Graves Disease , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation , Hyperthermia, Induced , Immunotherapy , Laser Therapy , Needles , Negotiating , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741532

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of thermotherapy on gas pain, post-operative resilience, and body temperature discomfort among patients who received laparoscopic myomectomies. METHODS: The experimental group consisted of 62 patients with thermotherapy and the control group consisted of 60 patients. Thermotherapy was applied individually to the experimental group four hours after surgery. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-tests, χ²-tests, and repeated measures of analysis of variance, using IBM SPSS Statistics version 18. RESULTS: The results showed no significant interaction effect between the group and time of measurement in gas-related pain in the experimental group. For gas-related pain, there was significant difference in right shoulder pain at 24 hours (t=-4.222, p=.000), 48 hours (t=-3.688, p=.000), 72 hours (t=-2.250, p=.028), and left at 24 hours (t=-3.727, p=.000), 48 hours (t=-4.150, p=.000), and 72 hours (t=-2.482, p=.016) and both shoulders at 24 hours (t=-2.722, p=.009) and 48 hours (t=-2.525, p=.014). There was no significant difference in epigastric pain, excluding both epigastric pain at 48 hours (t=2.908, p=.005), 72 hours (t=3.010, p=.004), but there was a significant difference in objective body temperature discomfort (t=2.895, p=.008). CONCLUSION: Thermotherapy relieved shoulder gas-related pain and objective body temperature discomfort. It needs to be developed and applied to improve post-operative discomfort in patients with laparoscopic hysterectomies.


Subject(s)
Body Temperature , Humans , Hyperthermia, Induced , Hysterectomy , Shoulder , Shoulder Pain
17.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 86: e1222018, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1024575

ABSTRACT

The use of seeds with good sanitary and physiological potential ensures the establishment of the crop, with a uniform, vigorous and disease-free seedling stand, which will result in good productivity levels. Seen that, the objective was to evaluate the sanitary and physiological quality of purple corn seeds (Zea mays L.) submitted to thermotherapy. They were subjected to heat treatment with immersion in sterile distilled water (SDW) heated at 50, 60 and 70 °C for 1, 2, and 3 minutes. The control (0 min) correspondens only to immersing the seeds in SDW, which were submitted to sanitary and germination tests in a completely randomized experimental design, in a factorial arrangement 3 × 3 + 1 (exposure time × temperature + additional control). Data were subjected to analysis of variance, and the means were compared with the Scott-Knott test up to 5% of probability, with the aid of the statistical program SISVAR®. Immersing Zea mays seeds in hot water at 50, 60 and 70 °C for 1, 2, and 3 minutes is efficient to prevent the increased incidence of Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp., and Fusarium sp. The heat treatment at 60 °C for 1 and 2 minutes of immersion reduces the incidence of fungal mycoflora without impairing the physiological quality of seeds.(AU)


O uso de sementes com bom potencial sanitário e fisiológico garante o estabelecimento da cultura, com estande de plântulas uniformes, vigorosas e livres de doenças, que consequentemente resultará em bons níveis de produtividade. Diante do exposto, objetivou-se avaliar a qualidade sanitária e fisiológica de sementes de milho roxo (Zea mays L.) submetidas à termoterapia, por meio de tratamento térmico com imersão em água destilada esterilizada (ADE), aquecida à temperatura de 50, 60 e 70 °C por 1, 2 e 3 minutos. O controle (0 min) correspondeu apenas à imersão das sementes em ADE. As sementes foram submetidas aos testes de sanidade e germinação em delineamento experimental inteiramente randomizado em esquema fatorial 3 × 3 + 1 (tempo de exposição × temperatura + controle adicional). Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Scott-Knott até 5% de probabilidade, com o auxílio do programa estatístico SISVAR®. A imersão das sementes de Zea mays em água quente a 50, 60 e 70 °C durante 1, 2 e 3 minutos é eficiente para impedir o aumento da incidência de Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp. e Fusarium sp. O tratamento térmico a 60 °C por 1 e 2 minutos de imersão reduz a incidência da micoflora fúngica, sem prejudicar a qualidade fisiológica das sementes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Seeds , Zea mays , Penicillium , Aspergillus , Fusarium , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods
18.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(3): 292-299, 20190813. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1016117

ABSTRACT

El mesotelioma peritoneal es una neoplasia que se origina en las células mesoteliales del peritoneo. Histórica-mente, la supervivencia de los pacientes con mesotelioma peritoneal maligno sin tratamiento, es menor de 12 meses y se considera una neoplasia resistente a la quimioterapia. La citorreducción quirúrgica y la quimioterapia regional administrada como quimioterapia hipertérmica intraperitoneal (Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemothe-rapy, HIPEC) se asocia con mejor supervivencia a largo plazo.Se presenta el caso de un paciente con antecedentes de exposición al asbesto y con diagnóstico de mesotelioma peritoneal maligno de tipo epitelioide, que fue tratado con cirugía citorreductora más quimioterapia hipertérmica intraperitoneal en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología con una supervivencia de un año libre de enfermedad


Peritoneal mesothelioma is originated at the mesothelial cells of the peritoneum. Historically the survival of patients with this disease is less than 12 months without treatment and it is considered a neoplasm resistant to chemotherapy. Citorreductive surgery with hiperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is associated with an increased long-term survival. Here we present the case of a patient who had a past history of asbestos exposure and who was diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma of the epithelioid subtype. The patient was treated with cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología (Bogotá, Colombia) and has had a 12 month disease free survival


Subject(s)
Humans , Mesothelioma , Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion , Cytoreduction Surgical Procedures , Hyperthermia, Induced
19.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(4): eAO4786, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012010

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the potential of magnetic hyperthermia using aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in glioblastoma tumor model. Methods: The aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were analyzed as to their stability in aqueous medium and their heating potential through specific absorption rate, when submitted to magnetic hyperthermia with different frequencies and intensities of alternating magnetic field. In magnetic hyperthermia in vitro assays, the C6 cells cultured and transduced with luciferase were analyzed by bioluminescence in the absence/presence of alternating magnetic field, and also with and without aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles. In the in vivo study, the measurement of bioluminescence was performed 21 days after glioblastoma induction with C6 cells in rats. After 24 hours, the aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were implanted in animals, and magnetic hyperthermia was performed for 40 minutes, using the best conditions of frequency and intensity of alternating magnetic field tested in the in vitro study (the highest specific absorption rate value) and verified the difference of bioluminescence before and after magnetic hyperthermia. Results: The aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles were stable, and their heating capacity increased along with higher frequency and intensity of alternating magnetic field. The magnetic hyperthermia application with 874kHz and 200 Gauss of alternating magnetic field determined the best value of specific absorption rate (194.917W/g). When these magnetic hyperthermia parameters were used in in vitro and in vivo analysis, resulted in cell death of 52.0% and 32.8%, respectively, detected by bioluminescence. Conclusion: The magnetic hyperthermia was promissing for the therapeutical process of glioblastoma tumors in animal model, using aminosilane-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, which presented high specific absorption rate.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o potencial da técnica de magneto-hipertermia utilizando nanopartículas superparamagnéticas de óxido de ferro recobertas com aminosilana em modelo de tumores de glioblastoma. Métodos: As nanopartículas superparamagnéticas de óxido de ferro recobertas com aminosilana foram avaliadas quanto à sua estabilidade em meio aquoso e a seu potencial de aquecimento pela taxa de absorção específica, quando submetidas à magneto-hipertermia, com diferentes frequências e intensidades de campo magnético alternado. Nos ensaios de magneto-hipertermia in vitro, as células C6 cultivadas e transduzidas com luciferase foram avaliadas por bioluminescência na presença/ausência do campo magnético alternado, como também com e sem nanopartículas superparamagnéticas de óxido de ferro recobertas com aminosilana. No estudo in vivo, a medida de bioluminescência foi adquirida no 21º dia após indução do glioblastoma com células C6 nos ratos. Após 24 horas, as nanopartículas superparamagnéticas de óxido de ferro recobertas com aminosilana foram implantadas no animal, tendo sido realizada a magneto-hipertermia por 40 minutos, nas melhores condições de frequência e intensidade de campo magnético alternado testado no estudo in vitro (maior valor da taxa de absorção específica); foi verificada a diferença do bioluminescência antes e após a magneto-hipertermia. Resultados: As nanopartículas superparamagnéticas de óxido de ferro recobertas com aminosilana se mostraram estáveis, e sua capacidade de aquecimento aumentou com o incremento da frequência e da intensidade de campo magnético alternado. A aplicação da magneto-hipertermia, com 874kHz e 200 Gauss do campo magnético alternado, determinou o melhor valor da taxa de absorção específica (194,917W/g). Quando utilizados, estes parâmetros de magneto-hipertermia in vitro resultaram em morte celular de 52,0% e in vivo de 32,8% por bioluminescência. Conclusão: A técnica de magneto-hipertermia foi promissora para o processo terapêutico de tumores de glioblastoma no modelo animal utilizando as nanopartículas superparamagnéticas de óxido de ferro recobertas com aminosilana recobertas com aminosilana, que apresentaram alta taxa de absorção específica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , Ferric Compounds/therapeutic use , Glioblastoma/therapy , Magnetic Field Therapy/methods , Magnetite Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Hyperthermia, Induced/methods , Reference Values , Time Factors , Body Temperature , Ferric Compounds/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Cell Line, Tumor , Disease Models, Animal , Magnetite Nanoparticles/chemistry , Luminescent Measurements
20.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 38(supl.2): 8-12, ago. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-974000

ABSTRACT

Se estudió a una mujer de 19 años, con embarazo de cuatro meses, que presentaba cuatro úlceras cutáneas de tres meses de evolución, diagnosticadas por biopsia como leishmaniasis cutánea. El frotis directo y la leishmanina fueron negativos. Dado que todos los medicamentos usuales para la leishmaniasis cutánea están contraindicados en el embarazo, la paciente no recibió tratamiento, aunque curó espontáneamente durante el embarazo. Se cree que la leishmaniasis cutánea no tiene peligro para la mujer embarazada y que no hay transmisión de la madre al feto en el humano, aunque se ha detectado en animales en condiciones experimentales. La paciente tuvo un parto sin complicaciones y la condición de salud tanto de ella como de su hijo era normal a los dos años de seguimiento.


We studied a 19-year-old woman, with a 4-month pregnancy who presented with four cutaneous leg ulcers of three months of evolution diagnosed by biopsy as cutaneous leishmaniasis. Direct smear and the leishmanin skin test were negative. Since all the usual medications for cutaneous leishmaniasis are contraindicated in pregnancy, she did not receive any treatment but cured spontaneously of her lesions during pregnancy. It is believed that cutaneous leishmaniasis does not carry danger for pregnant women and that there is no maternal-fetal transmission in humans, though it occurs in experimental animals. The patient gave birth without complications and both she and her son remained normal after two years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/therapy , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Hyperthermia, Induced
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