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1.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346540

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mastoplastia de reducción mediante la técnica de pedículo inferior es una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas estéticas más empleadas para corregir la hipertrofia mamaria. Objetivo: Caracterizar a las pacientes con hipertrofia mamaria, a quienes se les practicó mastoplastia de reducción con la técnica de pedículo inferior. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y retrospectivo de 185 pacientes entre 10 y 59 años de edad, con diagnóstico de hipertrofia mamaria, atendidas en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Caumatología del Hospital General Docente Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja del municipio de Baracoa, a las cuales se les practicó mastoplastia de reducción por técnica de pedículo inferior, desde enero de 2004 hasta diciembre 2020. Resultados: En la serie predominaron las féminas entre 30-39 años de edad (42,8 %), los resultados estéticos evaluados de buenos (90,3 %), las complicaciones escasas (20,0 %), con primacía de la necrosis de la piel en el punto inferior de unión de los colgajos (7,0 %) y las pacientes satisfechas con el proceder (93,5 %). El tejido glandular resecado varió entre menos de 300 g y más de 1 200, según el grado de hipertrofia. Conclusiones: La técnica de reducción mamaria a pedículo inferior es versátil, segura y aplicable a todo tipo de hipertrofia, con una tasa de complicaciones baja; asimismo ofrece resultados estéticos favorables y alto grado de satisfacción.


Introduction: The reduction mastoplasty by means of the inferior pedicle technique is one of the most used cosmetic surgical interventions to correct mammary hypertrophy. Objective: To characterize the patients with mammary hypertrophy to whom reduction mastoplasty was practiced with the inferior pedicle technique. Methods: A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study of 185 patients between 10 and 59 years, with diagnosis of mammary hypertrophy was carried out. They were assisted in the Plastic Surgery and Caumatology Service of Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja Teaching General Hospital from the municipality of Baracoa, to whom reduction mastoplasty by inferior pedicle technique was practiced, from January, 2004 to December, 2020. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of the females between 30-39 years (42.8 %), the cosmetic results with good evaluation (90.3 %), few complications (20.0 %), with primacy of the skin necrosis in the inferior space of the flap union (7.0 %) and the patients satisfied with the procedure (93.5 %). The dried up glandular tissue varied in less than 300 grams and more than 1 200, according to the degree of hypertrophy. Conclusions: The mammary reduction technique to inferior pedicle is versatile, safe and applicable to all types of hypertrophy, with a low rate of complications; also it offers favorable cosmetic results and high degree of satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Breast , Mammaplasty/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hypertrophy
2.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1102,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280378

ABSTRACT

La estenosis hipertrófica del píloro es una enfermedad que se presenta fundamentalmente en lactantes, ocurre por un estrechamiento del canal pilórico debido a la hipertrofia gradual de la capa muscular de su esfínter, lo que origina un síndrome pilórico. El objetivo de esta publicación es presentar una actualización sobre el tema. La etiología de la enfermedad es desconocida, la tendencia actual es que se trata de una enfermedad que no es congénita y se sugiere un origen multifactorial, donde influyen factores genéticos y ambientales. Su síntoma fundamental son los vómitos no biliosos y el diagnostico se complementa con el ultrasonido abdominal. El tratamiento de elección es quirúrgico y sus resultados generalmente satisfactorios. La aprobación de esta guía por los servicios de cirugía pediátrica del país la convierten en un útil instrumento asistencial y docente(AU)


Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis is a disease that occurs mainly in infants, caused by a narrowing of the pyloric channel due to the gradual hypertrophy of the muscle layer of the sphincter, which originates a pyloric syndrome. The aim of this publication is to present an update on the topic. The etiology of the disease is unknown, the current trend is that it is a disease that is not congenital and a multifactorial origin is suggested, where genetic and environmental factors influence. Its main symptom is non-bilious vomiting and diagnosis is supplemented with abdominal ultrasound. The treatment of choice is the surgical one and its results are generally satisfactory. The approval of this guidelines by the country's pediatric surgery services makes it a useful care and teaching tool(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Signs and Symptoms , Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic/surgery , Pyloric Stenosis, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Hypertrophy
3.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(1): 21-24, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223520

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La hipertrofia de los labios menores se define como tejido labial que sobresale más allá de los labios mayores, puede afectar de manera uni- o bilateral y resultar en dispareunia, interferencia con los deportes, dificultades con la limpieza, irritación e infecciones crónicas del tracto urinario, incomodidad para el uso de prendas ajustadas, además de trastornos psicológicos. Todos estos motivos llevan a las mujeres a la consulta. La reducción de labios menores es el procedimiento estético genital femenino más común. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar técnicas de baja complejidad para resolver diferentes grados de hipertrofia de labios menores. Materiales y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo, observacional que comprendió 3 pacientes entre el periodo de marzo del 2019 a febrero 2020 que Incluyó a pacientes con hipertrofias leves y moderadas. Resultados. En 2 pacientes se realizó escisión directa y en 1, técnica del desepitelizado más lipotransferencia de labios mayores, sin evidenciar complicaciones mayores. Discusión. Si bien en la literatura se han reportado un gran número de técnicas quirúrgicas, cada una de ellas debe adecuarse al tipo de hipertrofia labial. La técnica del desepitelizado permite conservar un borde natural, con conservación de la coloración y textura original de la paciente, aporte neurovascular, pero no es conveniente utilizarla en pacientes de grados mayores de hipertrofia. La escisión directa proporciona una técnica simple para la escisión del exceso de tejido en pacientes con mayor tamaño de sus labios menores, pero elimina el contorno, la coloración y la textura naturales del borde libre, aun así, las pacientes resultan conformes con su nuevo aspecto. Conclusión. La reconstrucción de los labios menores, utilizando las técnicas de desepitelización y escisión directa, es confiable y da un resultado cosmético y funcional exitoso. Estas técnicas son de baja complejidad, tiempo operatorio breve, técnicamente reproducibles, dando gran conformidad y resultando un método seguro


Introduction. Hypertrophy of the labia minora is defined as lip tissue that protrudes beyond the labia majora, can affect unilaterally or bilaterally and result in dyspareunia, interference with sports, difficulties with cleaning, irritation and chronic infections of the urinal tract, discomfort for wearing tight clothes, in addition to psychological disorders. All these reasons lead women to the consultation. Labia minora reduction is the most common female genital cosmetic procedure. This work aims to present low complexity techniques to resolve different degrees of hypertrophy of the labia minora. Materials and methods: retrospective, observational study that comprised 3 patients between the period of March 2019 to February 2020 that included patients with mild and moderate hypertrophy. Results: Direct excision was performed in 2 patients and in 1, de-epithelialization technique plus lipotransference of the labia majora. Without showing major complications. Discussion: Although a large number of surgical techniques have been reported in the literature, each of them must be adapted to the type of lip hypertrophy. The de-epithelialization technique allows a natural border to be preserved, with preservation of the patient's original color and texture, neurovascular supply, but it is not convenient to use it in patients with higher degrees of hypertrophy. Direct excision provides a simple technique for excision of excess tissue in patients with larger labia minora, but removes the natural contour, coloration and texture of the free edge, yet patients are still satisfied with their new appearance. Conclusion. The reconstruction of the labia minora, using de-epithelialization and direct excision techniques is reliable and gives a successful cosmetic and functional result. These are low complexity techniques, short operating time, technically reproducible, giving great conformity and resulting in a safe method


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Vulva/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Hypertrophy/pathology
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06725, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279528

ABSTRACT

The morphology of the male reproductive tract of Tomodon dorsatus was described in the austral seasons of the year considering macroscopic and microscopic variables. For this purpose, 56 specimens from the herpetological collection of the "Instituto Butantan" were used. Fragments of the testes, kidneys and ductus deferens were collected and submitted to histological routine. The peak of the testicular volume was observed in the summer and the epithelium of the seminiferous tubules had higher height in the summer (p=0.001). The testes were active throughout the year, however, the spermiogenesis peaked in the summer. There were spermatozoa in the lumen of the ductus deferens in all seasons of the year. Renal length was higher in autumn (p=0.027), and renal width did not show a significant increase (p=0.237). The diameter and epithelial height of the sexual segment of the kidney (SSK) showed hypertrophy in winter and spring, coinciding with the mating period. Based on findings of this study, we can suggest that, at the population level, the reproductive cycle of T. dorsatus can be considered seasonal semi-synchronous, due to the peak of spermiogenic activity in the hot season, and discontinuous at the individual level.(AU)


A morfologia do trato reprodutivo do macho de Tomodon dorsatus foi descrita nas estações climáticas do ano com base em variáveis macroscópicas e microscópicas. Para isto, foram usados 56 espécimes oriundos da coleção herpetológica do Instituto Butantan. Fragmentos dos testículos, rins e ductos deferentes foram coletados e submetidos à rotina histológica. O volume testicular foi maior no verão e o epitélio dos túbulos seminíferos mostrou uma maior altura no verão (p=0.001). Os testículos estavam ativos durante todo o ano, contudo, a espermiogênese foi maior no verão. Espermatozoides foram encontrados no lúmen do ducto deferente em todas as estações do ano. O comprimento renal foi maior no outono (p=0.027), e a largura renal não mostrou um aumento significativo (p=0.237). O diâmetro e a altura epitelial do segmento sexual do rim (SSR) mostrou hipertrofia nas estações inverno e primavera, coincidindo com o período reprodutivo. Com base nestes resultados, pode-se sugerir que, em nível populacional, o ciclo reprodutivo de T. dorsatus possa ser considerado semi-sincrônico sazonal, devido à atividade espermiogênica na estação quente, e descontínuo em nível individual.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Seasons , Testis , Vas Deferens , Hypertrophy , Spermatogenesis , Bothrops , Reference Parameters
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1544-1548, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134475

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this research was to analyze the morphology of the nasal septum and inferior nasal concha bone in class III facial deformities prior to orthodontic treatment in orthognathic surgery candidates. 40 subjects were included in this research. The inclusion criteria were an Angle class III, negative overjet and SNA angle less than 80º. Patients with facial asymmetry, facial trauma or who had undergone maxillofacial or ENT procedures were excluded. CBCT images were obtained for all the patients and the nasal septum deviation, morphology of inferior nasal concha bone and ostium of the maxillary sinus were analyzed and related to the complexity of the facial deformity expressed by the ANB angle and dental relations. The measurement was standardized by ICC and the data was analyzed using a chi square test and Spearman's coefficient with a p value < 0.005 for statistical significance. Nasal septal deviation was observed in 77.5 %. The deviation angle was 13.28º (±4.68º) and the distance from the midline to the most deviated septum was 5.56 mm (±1.8 mm) with no statistical relation to the complexity of the facial deformity. The deviated nasal septum showed inferior nasal concha bone hypertrophy on the concave side of the nasal septum deviation (p=0.049). The open or closed condition of the maxillary sinus ostium was not related to any conditions in the septum or complexity of the facial deformity. Inferior nasal concha bone hypertrophy could be related to nasal septal deviation. The nasal condition in a class III facial deformity could not differ from the general population; careful in orthognathic surgery as to be assume in the Le Fort I Osteotomy and nasal approach related to nasal septum deviation and inferior nasal concha bone.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la morfología del septum y la concha nasal inferior en sujetos con deformidad facial clase III previo al tratamiento de ortodoncia preparatorio para cirugía ortognática. Fueron incluidos 40 sujetos en esta investigación. Los criterios de inclusión fueron la de presentar una clase III de Angle, overjet negativo y ángulo SNA menor que 80º. Sujetos con asimetría facial, trauma facial o quienes presentaron algún tipo de procedimiento maxilofacial o de otorrinolaringología fueron excluidos. Tomografía computadorizada cone beam (CBCT) fueron obtenidas para todos los sujetos donde le morfología del septum nasal, morfología de la concha nasal inferior y el ostium del seno maxilar fueron analizados y relacionados con la complejidad de la deformidad facial expresada como ángulo ANB y relaciones dentales. Las medidas fueron estandarizadas por el ICC y los datos fueron analizados utilizando la prueba chi cuadrado y coeficiente de Spearman con un valor de p<0,05 para obtener relaciones significativas. La desviación del septum nasal se observó en el 77,5 %; el ángulo de desvío fue de 13,28º (±4,68º) y la distancia de desvío del septum desde la línea media fue de 5,56 mm (±1,8 mm) sin diferencias estadísticas en relación a la complejidad de la deformidad. El desvío de septum nasal demostró hipertrofia de la concha nsal inferior en el lado cóncavo del septum desviado (p=0,049). La condición de ostium abierto o cerrado no fue relacionado con ninguna condición del septum nasal o complejidad de la deformidad facial. La hipertrofia de la concha nasal inferior se relacionó con el desvío de septum nasal. La condición nasal en deformidad facial de clase III no es diferente de la observada en la población general; cuidados deben ser realizados en cirugía ortognática para el desarrollo de la osteotomía de Le Fort I y aproximación nasal en relación al desvío de septum y probable alteración de la concha nasal inferior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Malocclusion, Angle Class III , Nasal Bone/abnormalities , Nasal Septum/abnormalities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertrophy
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1842-1848, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134518

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El síndrome de Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber (SKTW) es una enfermedad congénita poco frecuente caracterizada por hipertrofia de un miembro que afecta a los huesos y a las partes blandas, con extensos angiomas planos, várices y otras anomalías vasculares, como fístulas arteriovenosas. Su incidencia es de 1:100.000 personas. El objetivo fue describir un caso raro de SKTW bilateral, confirmado con hallazgos clínicos e imagenológicos en un niño de 9 años de edad, de sexo masculino, con antecedentes de sangrado digestivo bajo, herniorrafía inguinal izquierda y orquidopexia ipsilateral. En ambos miembros inferiores se identificaron lesiones hemangiomatosas e hipertrofia muscular y edema en miembro inferior izquierdo con ausencia de segundo y tercer dedos del pie izquierdo por antecedente quirúrgico de amputación. Adicionalmente, presentaba adenopatías cervicales e inguinales. Dentro de los hallazgos radiográficos importantes, se observó una cortical ósea delgada en el fémur del miembro inferior izquierdo. El SKTW afecta típicamente a los miembros inferiores de forma unilateral; este es un caso infrecuente de afección bilateral (con predominio izquierdo). Algunos pacientes, registran compromiso visceral con hemorragia digestiva baja, además de alteraciones genitourinarias, presentes en el 30% de los casos. La presentación de adenopatías es inusual.


SUMMARY: Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome (KTWS) is a rare congenital disease characterized by limb hypertrophy affecting bones and soft tissues, with extensive flat angiomas, varicose veins, and other vascular abnormalities, such as arteriovenous fistulas. Its incidence is 1: 100,000 people. The aim of this work was to describe a rare case of bilateral KTWS, confirmed with clinical and imaging findings in a 9-year-old male, with a history of lower gastrointestinal bleeding, left inguinal herniorrhaphy and ipsilateral orchidopexy. In both lower limbs, hemangiomatous lesions and muscle hypertrophy were identified, and in the left lower limb edema was identified with absence of the second and third toes due to a surgical history of amputation. Additionally, the patient presented cervical and inguinal lymphadenopathy. Among the important radiographic findings, in the left lower limb femur a thin bony cortex was observed. KTWS typically affects the lower limbs unilaterally; this is an infrequent case of bilateral affection (predominantly left). Some patients have visceral involvement with lower gastrointestinal bleeding, as well as genitourinary alterations, present in 30 % of cases. The presentation of lymphadenopathy is unusual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Ultrasonography , Vascular Malformations/diagnostic imaging , Hypertrophy/diagnostic imaging , Musculoskeletal Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e234, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156598

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La espondiloartrosis cervical es una enfermedad articular crónica degenerativa, es la afección articular más frecuentemente observada en la población madura y una de las principales causas de discapacidad en todo el mundo, por lo que es importante el diagnóstico y tratamiento en las fases tempranas. Objetivo: Informar un caso clínico representativo de espondiloartrosis cervical e hipertrofia del ligamento amarillo. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 49 años que seis años atrás sufrió una caída, y se golpeó el occipucio contra la pared, lo que le provocó pérdida transitoria del conocimiento y dolor en la región cervical; tres años después comenzó con limitación a los movimientos laterales del cuello, malestar y dolor sordo, referido a la nuca y al cuello. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico de espondiloartrosis cervical e hipertrofia del ligamento amarillo representa un desafío clínico, por lo poco común de la enfermedad a esta edad. El caso presentado es una paciente con alteraciones estructuradas en el esqueleto axial y gran repercusión anatómica y funcional debido a un relativo diagnóstico tardío, con evolución insatisfactoria. Por tanto, conviene conocer la enfermedad para realizar una detección precoz y ofrecer mejor atención terapéutica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Cervical spondyloarthrosis is a chronic degenerative joint disease, it is the most frequent joint condition in the mature population and one of the main causes of disability throughout the world, so diagnosis and treatment in the early stages are important. Objective: To report a representative clinical case of cervical spondyloarthrosis and hypertrophy of the yellow ligament. Case presentation: A 49-year-old female patient suffered a fall six years ago, hitting her occiput against the wall, causing her temporary loss of consciousness and pain in the cervical region. Three years later, she began with limitation of lateral neck movements, discomfort and dull pain, referred to the nape and neck. Conclusion: The diagnosis of cervical spondyloarthrosis and hypertrophy of the yellow ligament represents a clinical challenge, due to the rare nature of the disease at this age. The case reported is a patient with structured alterations in the axial skeleton and great anatomical and functional repercussions due to a relatively late diagnosis, with unsatisfactory evolution. Therefore, it is convenient to know the disease in order to early detect it and to offer better therapeutic care(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/injuries , Ligamentum Flavum/injuries , Spondylarthritis/diagnosis , Spondylarthritis/therapy , Hypertrophy
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(12): 797-804, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142378

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Importance: Hypertrophic pachymeningitis (HP) is a non-usual manifestation of rheumatologic, infectious, and neoplastic diseases. Etiological diagnosis is a challenge, but when made promptly it creates a window of opportunity for treatment, with the possibility of a total reversal of symptoms. Observations: HP is an inflammatory process of the dura mater that can occur as a manifestation of sarcoidosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and IgG4-related disease. The HP case evaluation is extensive and includes central nervous system imaging, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, serology, rheumatologic tests, and systemic survey for other manifestations sites. After systemic investigation, meningeal biopsy might be necessary. Etiology guides HP treatment, and autoimmune disorders are treated with corticosteroids alone or associated with an immunosuppressor. Conclusion: HP is a manifestation of several diseases, and a precise etiological diagnosis is crucial because of the difference among treatments. An extensive investigation of patients with HP helps early diagnosis and correct treatment.


RESUMO Importância: Paquimeningite hipertrófica (PH) é uma manifestação não usual de doenças reumatológicas, infecciosas e neoplásicas. O diagnóstico etiológico por vezes é um desafio, entretanto quando realizado em tempo cria uma janela de tratamento com a possibilidade de reversão total dos sintomas. Observações: A PH é um processo inflamatório da dura-máter que pode ocorrer como manifestação da sarcoidose, granulomatose com poliangeíte e doença relacionada à IgG4. A avaliação dos casos de PH é extensa e inclui imagem do sistema nervoso central, análise de líquor, sorologias, provas reumatológicas e rastreio sistêmico para doença em outros sítios. Por vezes, após toda a investigação sistêmica, a biópsia de meninge é necessária. A etiologia orienta o tratamento da HP, sendo que em doenças autoimunes adota-se o uso de corticosteroides isolados ou associados a um imunossupressor. Conclusão e Relevância: A PH é uma manifestação de várias doenças, e seu diagnóstico etiológico preciso é fundamental, visto a diferença entre os possíveis tratamentos. Uma investigação ampla nos casos de PH ajuda no diagnóstico precoce e tratamento adequado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Meningitis/diagnosis , Meningitis/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Dura Mater/diagnostic imaging , Hypertrophy
9.
J. Health NPEPS ; 5(2): 98-102, set. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1141202

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes pediátricos de 2 a 7 anos, portadores de hipertrofia de adenoide, com outras patologias obstrutivas do trato respiratório. Método: estudo observacional, retrospectivo, descritivo e quantitativo. A coleta de dados ocorreu no ano de 2019, diretamente nos prontuários dos pacientes atendidos no ambulatório de pediatria nas clínicas integradas de uma Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, no período de janeiro de 2014 a dezembro de 2018. Analisou-se idade, sexo, comorbidades respiratórias e possíveis complicações causadas pela hipertrofia de adenoide. Resultados: verificou-se 958 prontuários e, dentre eles, 209 apresentaram hipertrofia de adenoide (21,81%), com média de idade de 4,31 anos e predominância de sexo masculino (56,5%). A principal comorbidade encontrada foi rinite alérgica (60,8%), seguida de sinusite (17,7%), respiração bucal (12,9%) e otite média (10,0%). Dentre as complicações, prevaleceram infecções de vias aéreas superiores e obesidade. Conclusão: os achados demonstraram associação significativa entre hipertrofia de adenoide patológica e respiração bucal com obstrução nasal e com roncos noturnos.


Objective: to describe the epidemiological profile of pediatric patients aged 2 to 7 years, with adenoid hypertrophy, with other obstructive pathologies of the respiratory tract. Method: observational, retrospective, descriptive and quantitative study. Data collection took place in 2019, directly from the medical records of patients seen at the pediatric outpatient clinic in integrated clinics at a University in the South of Santa Catarina, from January 2014 to December 2018. Age, sex, respiratory comorbidities and possible complications caused by adenoid hypertrophy were analyzed. Results: there were 958 medical records and, among them, 209 presented adenoid hypertrophy (21.81%), with a mean age of 4.31 years and a predominance of males (56.5%). The main comorbidity found was allergic rhinitis (60.8%), followed by sinusitis (17.7%), mouth breathing (12.9%) and otitis media (10.0%). Among the complications, infections of the upper airways and obesity prevailed. Conclusion: the findings demonstrated a significant association between pathological adenoid hypertrophy and mouth breathing with nasal obstruction and night snoring.


Objetivo: describir el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes pediátricos de 2 a 7 años, con hipertrofia adenoidea, con otras patologías obstructivas del tracto respiratorio. Método: estudio observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo y cuantitativo. La recopilación de datos tuvo lugar en 2019, directamente de los registros médicos de pacientes atendidos en la clínica ambulatoria pediátrica en clínicas integradas en una universidad en el sur de Santa Catarina, desde enero de 2014 hasta diciembre de 2018. Edad, sexo, comorbilidades respiratorias y posibles complicaciones causadas por hipertrofia adenoidea. Resultados: hubo 958 registros médicos y, entre ellos, 209 tenían hipertrofia adenoidea (21.81%), con una edad media de 4.31 años y un predominio de varones (56.5%). La principal comorbilidad encontrada fue rinitis alérgica (60,8%), seguida de sinusitis (17,7%), respiración bucal (12,9%) y otitis media (10,0%). Entre las complicaciones, prevalecieron las infecciones de las vías aéreas superiores y la obesidad. Conclusión: los hallazgos demostraron una asociación significativa entre la hipertrofia patológica adenoidea y la respiración bucal con obstrucción nasal y ronquidos nocturnos.


Subject(s)
Child , Prevalence , Hypertrophy , Comorbidity
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(4): 450-455, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132625

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Mucosal contact headache is a referred pain that arises from contact between the nasal septum and the lateral nasal wall. Evidence supports the role of substance P in a contact headache such that release of substance P from sensory nerve endings causes inflammation and allergy. Objectives This study aimed to determine possible differences in substance P levels in inferior turbinate hypertrophy creating a contact headache. Methods 28 patients who had contact headaches (study group) and 16 volunteers with no complaints were included in the study. Substance P levels in the inferior turbinate tissue samples were quantified using a commercially available substance P EIA kit. Results In the study group average substance P levels were 2.65 ± 0.27 pg/mg tissue (range: 0.61-5.44) and in the control group it was 1.77 ± 0.27 pg/mg tissue (range: 0.11-4.35). The difference was statistically significant between the two groups (p = 0.0215). Average preoperative headache group visual analog scale scores was 5.93 ± 0.38 (2-9) and the turbinate volume was 6.56 ± 0.35 cm3 (3.50-10.30). The control group turbinate volume was 4.71 ± 0.39 cm3 (2.50-7.70). We found a correlation between the visual analog scale scores and substance P levels such that substance P levels were higher in visual analog scale scores above 5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion This study demonstrates the relationship between intranasal contact headaches and increased mucosal substance P levels. We also found that there is no correlation with substance P levels and volume of the inferior turbinate.


Resumo Introdução A cefaleia por ponto de contato da mucosa é uma dor direcionada que surge do contato entre o septo nasal e a parede nasal lateral. Evidências corroboram o papel da substância P na cefaleia de contato, de tal forma que a liberação da mesma a partir de terminações nervosas sensoriais possa causar inflamação e alergia. Objetivo Determinar possíveis diferenças nos níveis da substância P na hipertrofia de conchas inferiores em relação à cefaleia de contato. Método Foram incluídos no estudo 28 pacientes que apresentaram cefaleia por ponto de contato (Grupo Estudo) e 16 voluntários sem queixas. Os níveis de substância P nas amostras de tecido da concha inferior foram quantificados com um kit substância P EIA, comercialmente disponível. Resultados No grupo do estudo, os níveis médios de substância P foram 2,65 ± 0,27 pg/mg de tecido (variação: 0,61-5,44) e no grupo controle foram de 1,77 ± 0,27 pg/mg de tecido (variação: 0,11-4,35) e a diferença foi estatisticamente significante entre os dois grupos (p = 0,0215). O escore médio da escala visual analógica do grupo de cefaleia pré-operatória foi de 5,93 ± 0,38 (2-9) e o volume das conchas foi de 6,56 ± 0,35 cm3 (3,50-10,30). O volume da concha do grupo controle foi de 4,71 ± 0,39 cm3 (2,50 ± 7,70). Encontramos uma correlação entre o escore da escala visual analógica e os níveis de substância P, de modo que os níveis de substância P foram maiores nos escores da escala visual analógica acima de 5 (p = 0,001). Conclusão Este estudo demonstra a relação entre cefaleias por contato intranasais e níveis aumentados de substância P nas mucosas. Também observamos que não há correlação com os níveis de substância P e o volume da concha inferior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Headache , Turbinates , Substance P , Nasal Obstruction , Hypertrophy , Nasal Septum
11.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 218-225, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115838

ABSTRACT

La obstrucción nasal es un motivo de consulta habitual en otorrinolaringología, siendo una de las causas más frecuentes la hipertrofia de cornete inferior, la que se puede manejar con cirugía cuando falla el tratamiento médico. En las últimas décadas se han desarrollado múltiples técnicas quirúrgicas y tecnología asociada, sin embargo, no hay un consenso establecido sobre cuál es la mejor opción para el manejo de esta patología. Se realizó revisión bibliográfica, se enuncian los métodos quirúrgicos disponibles, teniendo en cuenta beneficios, complicaciones probables y resultados de cada uno. La cirugía de cornete inferior tiene resultados favorables en pacientes con cornetes hipertróficos que no responden a manejo médico. Hasta la fecha la turbinoplastía con microdebridador ha mostrado superioridad en cuanto a resultados a largo plazo y menor tasa de complicaciones. La evidencia disponible hasta la fecha carece de homogeneidad en cuanto a métodos de selección de pacientes, medición de resultados y tiempo de seguimiento, por lo que se necesitan a futuro estudios prospectivos controlados para reevaluar los métodos descritos.


Nasal obstruction is a common complaint, one of the most frequent causes being inferior turbinate hypertrophy, which can be managed with surgery when medical treatment fails. In the last decades, multiple surgical techniques and associated technology have been developed, however, there is no established consensus on what is the best option for the management of this pathology. Literature review, the available surgical methods are stated, taking into account benefits, probable complications and results of each technique. The surgery of inferior turbinate has favorable results in patients with hypertrophic turbinates that do not respond to medical management. To date, microdebrider turbinoplasty has shown superiority in terms of long-term results and lower complication rates. The evidence available to date lacks homogeneity in terms of patient selection methods, measurement of results and follow-up time, so prospective controlled studies are needed in the future to reassess the described methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Turbinates/surgery , Turbinates/pathology , Hypertrophy/surgery
12.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 398-404, jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126178

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las masas congénitas de cabeza y cuello se asocian a asfixia perinatal e injuria cerebral con elevada mortalidad. La técnica EXIT (Ex Útero Intrapartum Treatment) consiste en asegurar la vía aérea del neonato, sin interrumpir la oxigenación y perfusión materno-fetal a través del soporte placentario. Esta técnica no ha sido estandarizada en países de medianos ingresos. Objetivo: Describir el caso clínico de 2 neonatos manejados mediante la técnica EXIT. Caso Clínico: Se reportan dos casos, uno con malformación linfática diagnosticada a la semana 20 gestación y el segundo con tiromegalia y polihidramnios diagnosticados a la semana 35 de gestación. En ambos casos, duran te la cesárea se realizó la técnica EXIT con un equipo conformado por neonatólogo, ginecólogo, anestesiólogo, cirujano pediatra, otorrinolaringólogo, enfermero y terapeuta respiratorio. En los dos pacientes se logró asegurar la vía aérea mediante intubación orotraqueal al primer intento. En el caso 1 se confirmó la malformación linfática y recibió escleroterapia, y en el caso 2 se diagnosticó hipotiroidismo congénito asociado a bocio, que fue manejado con levotiroxina. Los pacientes se mantuvieron 7 y 9 días con ventilación mecánica invasiva respectivamente y egresaron sin complicaciones respiratorias. Conclusiones: La técnica EXIT en estos casos fue un procedimiento seguro, llevado a cabo sin inconvenientes. Se necesita un equipo multidisciplinario y la disponibilidad de una unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales, con el objetivo de reducir potenciales complica ciones y garantizar el manejo postnatal. Para lograr su ejecución, es indispensable el diagnóstico prenatal oportuno.


Abstract: Introduction: Congenital head and neck masses are associated with perinatal asphyxia and brain injury, increasing the risk of death. The EXIT (Ex Utero Intrapartum Treatment) technique con sists of ensuring the newborn's airway while is still receiving placental support. This technique has not been standardized in developing countries. Objective: To describe the clinical outcomes of two infants who underwent the EXIT technique. Clinical Case: We present two cases, one with lymphatic malformation diagnosed at 20 weeks of gestational age (WGE) and the second one, a preterm newborn with thyromegaly and polyhydramnios, diagnosed at 35 WGE. In both cases, during the C-section, the EXIT technique was performed with a team of a neonatologist, a gyne cologist, an anesthesiologist, a pediatric surgeon, an otolaryngologist, a nurse, and a respiratory therapist. In both patients, the neonatologist achieved to secure the airway through orotracheal intubation at the first attempt. In the first case, lymphatic malformation was confirmed and re ceived sclerotherapy, and the second one was diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism which was managed with levothyroxine. The patients needed invasive mechanical ventilation for 7 and 9 days, respectively, and were discharged without respiratory complications. Conclusions: In these patients, the EXIT technique was a safe procedure, carried out without inconvenience. A multi disciplinary approach and the availability of a neonatal intensive care unit are needed to reduce potential complications and ensure postnatal management. Timely prenatal diagnosis is essential to perform this technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Cesarean Section , Perinatal Care/methods , Congenital Hypothyroidism/therapy , Lymphatic Abnormalities/therapy , Airway Management/methods , Prenatal Diagnosis , Colombia , Congenital Hypothyroidism/diagnosis , Congenital Hypothyroidism/pathology , Lymphatic Abnormalities/diagnosis , Tertiary Care Centers , Hypertrophy/diagnosis , Hypertrophy/therapy , Neck
13.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 24(2): 92-95, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144326

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hipertrofia lipomatosa del septum interauricular (HLSI) es una entidad cardiaca rara y benigna, que se caracteriza por la acumulación de tejido adiposo dentro de algunos segmentos del septum interatrial. Generalmente, los pacientes son asintomáticos y estas lesiones se descubren de manera incidental mediante estudios de imagen realizados por otras razones, o en el contexto de una autopsia. Se han descrito casos de muerte súbita por alteración del ritmo cardiaco en estos pacientes. El diagnóstico diferencial de la HLSI incluye principalmente tumores cardiacos. Se expone el caso de un paciente de 61 años que, después de un estudio de resonancia magnética cardiaca, realizado por una alteración del ritmo cardiaco, presenta una masa en el septum auricular. El paciente es llevado a cirugía y el estudio histopatológico de la lesión confirma el diagnóstico. Se realiza una revisión de las características clínicas y patológicas de la HLSI.


Abstract Lipomatous Hypertrophy of the Interatrial Septum (LHIS) is a rare and benign cardiac entity that is characterized by the accumulation of adipose tissue within some segments of the interatrial septum. Patients are generally asymptomatic, and these lesions are discovered incidentally by imaging studies performed for other reasons, or in the context of an autopsy. In these patients, there have been described cases of sudden death due to disturbance of the heart rhythm. The differential diagnosis of LHIS mainly includes cardiac tumors. Here we present a case of a 61-year-old patient in whom, after a cardiac magnetic resonance study performed for an abnormal heart rhythm, it was documented a mass in the atrial septum. The patient was taken to surgery, and the histopathological study of the lesion confirmed the diagnosis. We conduct a review of the clinical and pathological characteristics of LHIS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Septum/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lipoma/diagnosis , Hypertrophy
14.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 157-162, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128104

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: comparar os efeitos do treino com restrição de flux o sanguíneo com o treino resistido de alta intensidade no ganho de força e hipertrofia. Material e métodos: n este ensaio clínico randomizado e controlado, 24 homens sedentários foram randomizados em do is grupo s: treino com restrição de fluxo sanguíneo ou treino resistido de alta intensidade. Ambos os grupos realizaram 10 sessões de exercício de preensão manual até com 3 séries de exercícios até a falha, sendo que o grupo com treino de restrição de fluxo sanguíneo realizou com 30% da carga máxima obtida no teste de 1 repetição máxima, enquanto que o grupo de alta intensidade realizou com 80% da carga. T odo s o s voluntários foram avaliados e reavaliados a dinamometriade preensão manual e a perimetria de antebraço. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados no statistical package for the social sciences, utilizando o teste t-student, e o não paramétrico u de mann whitney, adotando a significância de 5% (α = 0,05). Resultados: para o desfecho força, identificou-se que tanto o grupo que treino com restrição do fluxo, quanto o grupo que treinou com alta intensidade tiveram aumentos significativos (p= 0,005 e 0,026, respectivamente). Já em relação ao aumento da circunferência, notou-se que somente o treino de restrição do flux o se mostrou estatisticamente quando comparado o aumento entre os grupos (p= 0,00 1). Conclusão: foi possível concluir que o treinamento com restrição do fluxo sanguíneo mostrou eficaz tanto para o ganho de força, quanto para o aumento de circunferência, apresentando vantagens quando comparado ao grupo de treinamento resistido com alta intensidade...(AU)


Objectives: to compare the effects of blood flow restriction trainin g wit h h igh in tensity resistance training on strength gain and hypertrophy. Material and methods: in this randomized controlled trial, 24 sedentary men were randomized into two groups: restricted blood flow training or high inten sity resistance training. Both groups performed 10 handgrip exercise sessions up to 3 sets of exercises un t il failure, and the group with blood flow restriction training performed with 3 0 % o f t he m ax imum lo ad obtained in the 1-repetition maximum test, while the high intensity group performed with 80% of the load. All volunteers were assessed and reassessed by handgrip dynamometry and forearm perimetry. Data were tabulated and analyzed in the statistical package for the social sciences, using the t-studen t test an d t he non-parametric mann whitney u test, adopting the significance of 5% (α = 0.05). Results: for the stren gth outcome, it was found that both the flow restriction training group and the high intensity train in g gro up had significant increases (p = 0.005 and 0.026, respectively). Regarding the increase in circumference, it was noted that only the flow restriction training was statistically when compared to the increase bet ween the groups (p = 0.001). Conclusion: it was concluded that training with blood flow restriction was effective for both strength gain and circumference increase, presenting advantages when compared to the high intensity resistance training group...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Circulation , Exercise , Muscle Strength , Resistance Training , Sedentary Behavior , High-Intensity Interval Training , Hypertrophy , Men , Physical Education and Training , Blood , Forearm
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 242-246, March-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132568

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic upper airway obstruction due to marked nasal septal deviation may cause chronic hypoxia. It may change the balance of the sympathetic-parasympathetic system and may affect blood flow in the choroid. Objective: To assess choroidal thickness measurements of patients with marked nasal septal deviation. Methods: The patients who had nasal obstruction symptoms diagnosed with marked nasal septal deviation by anterior rhinoscopy and nasal endoscopy and scheduled for septoplasty were included in the study. The control group consisted of age, sex and body mass index-matched healthy individuals. The choroidal measurements at the central fovea and 1000 µm away from the fovea in the nasal and temporal regions were performed using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography. Results: In the study group, 52 eyes of 26 patients with a mean age of 26.34 ± 8.14 years were examined. In the control group, 52 eyes of 28 healthy individuals with a mean age of 26.69 ± 7.84 years were examined. There was no statistically significant difference in terms of choroidal thickness measurements between the groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Our results suggest that marked nasal septal deviation may not lead to significant hypoxia and sympathetic activation, resulting in deterioration of the choroidal blood flow and consequent choroidal thickening.


Resumo Introdução: A obstrução crônica das vias aéreas superiores devido a acentuado desvio do septo nasal pode causar hipóxia crônica. Pode alterar o equilíbrio do sistema simpático-parassimpático e afetar o fluxo sanguíneo na coroide. Objetivo: Avaliar as medidas da espessura da coroide em pacientes com acentuado desvio de septo nasal. Método: Foram incluídos no estudo pacientes que apresentavam sintomas de obstrução nasal, com diagnóstico de acentuado desvio de septo realizado por rinoscopia anterior e endoscopia nasal, e com septoplastia programada. O grupo controle consistiu de indivíduos saudáveis pareados por idade, sexo e índice de massa corporal. As medidas da coroide na fóvea central e a 1.000 µm da fóvea nas regiões nasal e temporal foram feitas com tomografia de coerência óptica com imagem de profundidade melhorada. Resultados: No grupo de pacientes, 52 olhos de 26 pacientes com média de 26,34 ± 8,14 anos foram examinados. No grupo controle, 52 olhos de 28 indivíduos saudáveis com média de 26,69 ± 7,84 anos foram examinados. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante em termos de medidas da espessura da coroide entre os grupos (p > 0,05). Conclusão: Nossos resultados sugerem que desvios do septo nasal acentuados podem não levar à hipóxia significativa e ativação simpática, resultar na deterioração do fluxo sanguíneo coroidal e consequente espessamento da coroide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Choroid/pathology , Nasal Septum/abnormalities , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Choroid/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Hypertrophy/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Septum/diagnostic imaging
16.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4784, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039736

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the effect of three types of muscular resistance training on adiposity, inflammation levels and insulin activity in Swiss mice with fat-rich diet-induced obesity. Methods Lean and obese male Swiss mice were selected and allocated to one of eight groups comprising eight mice each, as follows: standard diet + no training; standard diet + muscular resistance training; standard diet + hypertrophy training; standard diet + strength training; high-fat diet + no training; high-fat diet + muscular resistance training; high-fat diet + hypertrophy training; high-fat diet + strength training. The training protocol consisted of stair climbing for a 10-week period. Blood samples were collected for lactate analysis, glucose level measurement and insulin tolerance test. After euthanasia, adipose tissues were removed and weighed for adiposity index determination. Fragments of epididymal adipose tissue were then embedded for histological analysis or homogenized for tumor necrosis factor alpha level determination using the ELISA method. Results Ausency of differences in total training volume and blood lactate levels overall emphasize the similarity between the different resistance training protocols. Body weight loss, reduced adipocyte area and lower adiposity index were observed in trained obese mice, regardless of training modality. Different training protocols also improved insulin sensitivity and reduced inflammation levels. Conclusion Resistance training protocols were equally effective in reducing body fat, inflammation levels and insulin resistance in obese mice.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos de três tipos de treinamentos de resistência na adiposidade, na inflamação e na ação da insulina em camundongos Swiss obesos por dieta hiperlipídica. Métodos Camundongos Swiss machos magros e obesos foram selecionados e posteriormente separados em oito grupos com oito animais em cada: dieta padrão + não treinado; dieta padrão + treinamento de resistência muscular; dieta padrão + treinamento de hipertrofia; dieta padrão + treinamento de força; dieta hiperlipídica + não treinado; dieta hiperlipídica + treinamento de resistência muscular; dieta hiperlipídica + treinamento de hipertrofia; e dieta hiperlipídica + treinamento de força. O protocolo de treinamento consistiu em escaladas, por um período de 10 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para análises de lactato, glicemia e teste de tolerância à insulina. Após eutanásia, os tecidos adiposos foram retirados e pesados para determinar o índice de adiposidade. Em seguida, parte do tecido adiposo epididimal foi emblocado para análises histológicas, e outra parte foi homogeneizada para análises de fator de necrose tumoral alfa por ELISA. Resultados O volume total de treinamento e a concentração sanguínea de lactato não diferiram entre os três treinos resistidos, sugerindo similaridade entre eles. Nos animais obesos, as três modalidades de treinamento reduziram o peso corporal, a área adipocitária e o índice de adiposidade. Os três tipos de treinamentos ainda melhoraram a tolerância à insulina e reduziram a inflamação. Conclusão Os protocolos de treinamento resistido foram igualmente efetivos em reduzir a adiposidade, a inflamação e a resistência à ação da insulina em camundongos obesos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Adiposity/physiology , Muscle Stretching Exercises/methods , Hypertrophy/physiopathology , Inflammation/physiopathology , Obesity/physiopathology , Time Factors , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Weight/physiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Adipose Tissue, White/physiopathology , Resistance Training/methods , Diet, High-Fat , Mice , Mice, Obese
17.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 31: e3166, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134718

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este artigo trata do dilema enfrentado por estudantes-fisiculturistas de Educação Física que se dedicam a aprender, por conta própria, sobre o uso de anabolizantes para fins não terapêuticos em um curso de graduação vinculado à área da saúde. A noção de dilema ético-sanitário é desenvolvida a partir da articulação entre os conceitos de expertise, de Nikolas Rose, e o de risco em saúde, de Deborah Lupton. Entrevistas episódicas com seis alunos da graduação dos cursos de licenciatura e bacharelado em Educação Física de uma universidade brasileira foi a opção metodológica adotada. Como resultado, identificamos dois perfis de estudantes praticantes de fisiculturismo: um composto pelos que ingressaram no curso com o objetivo de aprender a usar anabolizantes; e outro que julgava já saber sobre e tinha por objetivo buscar uma certificação profissional universitária. Concluímos que o dilema ético-sanitário observado em ambos os perfis deveria ser tratado em aula nos cursos de graduação em Educação Física, pois o "silêncio curricular" sobre o processo de hipertrofia muscular pela via medicamentosa, associado à atmosfera de clandestinidade, pode favorecer a circulação de mais desinformação e ainda mais riscos ao público alvo deste estudo.


ABSTRACT This article deals with the dilemma faced by physical education student-bodybuilders who are dedicated to learning on their own about the uses of anabolic steroids for non-therapeutic purposes. The concept of the ethical-sanitary dilemma is developed from the articulation between Nikolas Rose's concept of expertise and Deborah Lupton's concept of risk. Episodic interviews with six undergraduate students of Physical Education from a Brazilian university were applied in this study as the principal method. As a result, we identified two profiles of student-bodybuilders: one composed of those who joined the program in order to learn how to use anabolic steroids, and another one composed of those who presumed to know about the uses and whose purpose was to earn an undergraduate diploma. We conclude that the ethical-sanitary dilemma observed in both profiles should be addressed in the Physical Education undergraduate courses since the "curricular silence" on the process of muscular hypertrophy via steroid anabolics, associated with the clandestine atmosphere, may add more misinformation and even more risks to the target audience of this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physical Education and Training , Students , Anabolic Agents , Professional Competence , Sports/physiology , Steroids , Therapeutics , Fitness Centers , Scientific Domains , Resistance Training , Hormones , Hypertrophy , Learning
18.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 48(2): 173-178, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1103906

ABSTRACT

Actualmente no es sólito tener pacientes con síntomas causados por la implicación de las amígdalas linguales y que pasemos por alto su sospecha. Los signos y síntomas que pueden presentar los pacientes son variados, desde el síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño (síntoma más común) y disfagia hasta tos crónica mal abordada y, por lo mismo, tratada inadecuadamente. Presentamos los casos clínicos de dos pacientes con hipertrofia de amígdalas linguales y una revisión narrativa del tema.


Currently, it is not unusual to have patients with symptoms due to the involvement of lingual tonsils and let us go unnoticed their suspicion. The signs and symptoms that patients may present are varied, from giving obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (the most common symptom) dysphagia to poorly treated and poorly treated chronic cough. We present the clinical cases of two patients with hypertrophy of the lingual tonsils and a narrative review of the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Diagnosis , Hypertrophy
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811139

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is required for renal fibrosis, which is a characteristic of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Our previous study demonstrated that fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) prevented DN associated with the suppressing renal connective tissue growth factor expression, a key marker of renal fibrosis. Therefore, the effects of FGF21 on renal fibrosis in a DN mouse model and the underlying mechanisms were investigated in this study.METHODS: Type 1 diabetes mellitus was induced in C57BL/6J mice by intraperitoneal injections of multiple low doses of streptozotocin. Then, diabetic and non-diabetic mice were treated with or without FGF21 in the presence of pifithrin-α (p53 inhibitor) or 10-[4′-(N,N-Diethylamino)butyl]-2-chlorophenoxazine hydrochloride (10-DEBC) hydrochloride (Akt inhibitor) for 4 months.RESULTS: DN was diagnosed by renal dysfunction, hypertrophy, tubulointerstitial lesions, and glomerulosclerosis associated with severe fibrosis, all of which were prevented by FGF21. FGF21 also suppressed the diabetes-induced renal EMT in DN mice by negatively regulating transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)-induced nuclear translocation of Smad2/3, which is required for the transcription of multiple fibrotic genes. The mechanistic studies showed that FGF21 attenuated nuclear translocation of Smad2/3 by inhibiting renal activity of its conjugated protein p53, which carries Smad2/3 into the nucleus. Moreover pifithrin-α inhibited the FGF21-induced preventive effects on the renal EMT and subsequent renal fibrosis in DN mice. In addition, 10-DEBC also blocked FGF21-induced inhibition of renal p53 activity by phosphorylation of mouse double minute-2 homolog (MDM2).CONCLUSION: FGF21 prevents renal fibrosis via negative regulation of the TGF-β/Smad2/3-mediated EMT process by activation of the Akt/MDM2/p53 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Connective Tissue Growth Factor , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Fibroblasts , Fibrosis , Hypertrophy , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Kidney , Mice , Phosphorylation , Streptozocin , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of serum and urine uric acid with severity or activity in knee osteoarthritis (OA).METHODS: A total of 42 patients with knee OA was enrolled, together with 58 healthy controls. Serum uric acid and spot urine uric acid levels were assessed for all patients. The severity and activity of knee OA were assessed by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) and plain radiography of the knee joint. Ultrasonographic abnormalities in knee OA includedsynovial hypertrophy, suprapatellar effusion, cartilage degradation, and osteophyte formation. Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade was used to evaluate radiological progression of knee OA.RESULTS: Patients with K-L grade III had a higher urine uric acid/creatinine ratio compared to those with K-L grade I (p=0.043). Patients with synovial hypertrophy had higher serum uric acid level compared to those without synovial hypertrophy (p=0.016). The urine uric acid/creatinine ratio was higher in patients with cartilage degradation compared to those without cartilage degradation (p=0.022). Serum uric acid was significantly associated with synovial hypertrophy thickness (r=0.375, p=0.018) but not with cartilage thickness after adjusting for age and body mass index. Lower urine uric acid was related with knee OA compared to healthy controls (odds ratio=0.974, 95% confidence interval 0.954~0.994, p=0.013).CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that serum and urine uric acid reflects synovial inflammation based on MSUS and radiographic progression and then is associated with the pathogenesis of knee OA.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Cartilage , Humans , Hypertrophy , Inflammation , Knee Joint , Knee , Osteoarthritis , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Osteophyte , Radiography , Ultrasonography , Uric Acid
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