Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 382
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 747-752, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985467

ABSTRACT

From January 2019 to December 2021, overweight and obese children who visited in health outpatient Center of Hunan Children's Hospital were studied to explore and analyze the rate, related factors and patterns of multimorbidity of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children in Hunan Province. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the multimorbidity-related factors of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children. Association rules (apriori algorithm) were used to explore the multimorbidity patterns of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children. A total of 725 overweight and obese children were included in this study. The multimorbidity rate of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children was 46.07% (334/725). Age, waist circumference, the frequency of food consumption such as hamburgers and fries and adding meals before bedtime were multimorbidity-related factors of overweight and obesity-related diseases in children. The multimorbidity associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was relatively common. The patterns with the top three support degrees were "NAFLD+dyslipidemia","NAFLD+hypertension" and "NAFLD+hyperuricemia". The patterns with the top three confidence and elevation degrees were "Hypertension+dyslipidemia => NAFLD","Hyperuricemia => NAFLD" and "NAFLD+hypertension => dyslipidemia".


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Overweight/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Pediatric Obesity/epidemiology , Hyperuricemia , Multimorbidity , Hypertension/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 634-640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985455

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: The elderly over 65 years old with complete information on plasma vitamin B12 and plasma uric acid from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (2017 to 2018) were recruited in this study. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, life styles, diet intake, and health status were collected by questionnaire and physical examination; and fasting venous blood was collected to detect the levels of plasma vitamin B12, uric acid and other indicators. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level per interquartile range increase with plasma uric acid level. The association trend of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level was described by restrictive cubic splines fitting multiple linear regression model. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level stratified by quartiles with hyperuricemia. Results: A total of 2 471 participants were finally included in the study, the age was (84.88±19.76) years old, of which 1 291 (52.25%) were female. The M (Q1, Q3) level of plasma vitamin B12 was 294 (203, 440) pg/ml and the plasma uric acid level was (341.01±90.46) μmol/L. A total of 422 participants (17.08%) were defined with hyperuricemia. The results of multiple linear regression model showed that there was a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level after adjustment for covariates (P<0.05). An IQR increase in plasma vitamin B12 (237 pg/ml) was associated with a 6.36 (95%CI: 2.00-10.72) μmol/L increase in the plasma uric acid level. The restrictive cubic splines curve showed a positive linear association of log-transformed plasma vitamin B12 with uric acid level (P<0.001). Conclusion: There is a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Vitamin B 12 , Uric Acid , Cohort Studies , Hyperuricemia , Vitamins , Folic Acid
3.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 516-521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984766

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between hemoglobin and serum uric acid in adults with various glucose metabolism status. Methods: The demographic data and biochemical indicators of the adult population who had received physical examination in the Second Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021 were collected. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the level of serum uric acid: the normal uric acid group and the hyperuricemia group. The relationship between hemoglobin (stratified into four levels of Q1 to Q4 by the quartile) and serum uric acid was quantified by using Pearson correlation and logistic regression analysis. The effects of age and glucose metabolism status on the relationship between hemoglobin and serum uric acid were analyzed. Results: A total of 33 183 adults were enrolled with age (50.6±10.0) years. The level of hemoglobin in the normal uric acid group (142.61±14.24) g/L was significantly lower than that in the hyperuricemia group [(151.79±11.24) g/L, P<0.001]. Univariate Pearson correlation analysis showed that hemoglobin was positively associated with serum uric acid (r=0.444, P<0.001). After adjusting for related confounding factors, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hemoglobin was associated with serum uric acid, and the OR values (95%CI) of hemoglobin Q2 to Q4 group were 1.29 (1.13-1.48), 1.42 (1.24-1.62) and 1.51 (1.32-1.72), respectively (Ptrend<0.001) when compared with hemoglobin Q1 group. Subgroup analysis and hierarchical interaction analysis suggested that with the increase of hemoglobin, the serum uric acid in the age<60 years subgroup, normal glucose subgroup and prediabetes subgroup increased gradually (Ptrend<0.05 and Pinteraction<0.001). Conclusion: The association between hemoglobin and serum uric acid in adults is affected by age and glucose metabolism status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Uric Acid , Hyperuricemia/epidemiology , Hemoglobins , Prediabetic State , Glucose , Risk Factors
4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 508-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985671

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the difference in blood uric acid levels between patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and healthy women of childbearing age, and to investigate the correlation between body composition and blood uric acid levels. Methods: A total of 153 eligible childbearing age patients with PCOS treated at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from January 2018 to March 2022 were selected, and 153 healthy women with normal menstruation were selected as the control group. Fasting blood uric acid levels were measured by venous blood test, and body composition was measured by a body composition analyzer. Group comparisons were made to analyze the correlation between body composition and blood uric acid levels. Results: The incidence of hyperuricemia was higher in patients with PCOS than that in the control group [30.1% (46/153) vs 2.0% (3/153)], with a statistically significant difference (χ2=44.429, P<0.001). Blood uric acid level was also significantly higher in patients with PCOS than that in the control group [(371±98) vs (265±67) μmol/L; t=11.170, P<0.001]. Among PCOS patients, there were statistically significant differences in weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, percent body fat, lean body weight, fat mass/lean body weight, percent skeletal muscle, and visceral fat level between the hyperuricemia group and the normal blood uric acid group (all P<0.001), but no significant difference was observed in waist-hip ratio (P=0.348). The following body composition indicators: weight, BMI, waist-hip ratio, body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, percent body fat, visceral fat level, lean body weight, and fat mass/lean body weight in all subjects, the PCOS patients and the control group, were positively correlated with blood uric acid levels (all P<0.01). The blood uric acid level in PCOS obese patients was higher than that in non-obese PCOS patients, and the difference was statistically significant [(425±83) vs (336±91) μmol/L; t=6.133, P<0.001]. The blood uric acid level in central obesity PCOS patients was also higher than that in non-central obesity PCOS patients [(385±95) vs (299±79) μmol/L], the difference was statistically significant (t=4.261, P<0.001). The blood uric acid level in normal-weight obese PCOS patients was higher than that in normal-weight non-obese PCOS patients [(333±73) vs (277±54) μmol/L], and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.848, P=0.006). Blood uric acid levels in normal-weight [(315±74) vs (255±67) μmol/L], overweight [(362±102) vs (276±57) μmol/L], and obese PCOS patients [(425±83) vs (303±74) μmol/L] were all higher than those in the corresponding control groups, with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). Conclusions: PCOS patients have a higher incidence of hyperuricemia than healthy women of childbearing age. Blood uric acid levels are closely correlated with body composition indicators, such as weight, BMI, waist-hip ratio, body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, percent body fat, and visceral fat level. Body composition analysis of women with PCOS could help identify potentially obese people more accurately and carry out individualized treatment, thereby reducing the risk of metabolic abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Uric Acid , Hyperuricemia/complications , Insulin , Body Composition/physiology , Obesity/complications , Body Mass Index
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-6, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468873

ABSTRACT

Plinia cauliflora (Mart.) Kausel, popularly known as jabuticaba, is rich in polyphenols. Phenolic compounds exhibit several biological properties, which reflect on biomarkers such as biochemical parameters. In the present study, we evaluated the plasmatic levels of glucose, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, and uric acid of Chinese hamsters fed for 45 days with a regular diet or cholesterol-enriched diet supplemented with a liquid extract obtained from P. cauliflora fruits residues standardized in ellagic acid and total phenolic compounds. The results showed that the concentrated extract obtained from jabuticaba residues increased the glycemia of animals fed with a regular diet and reduced the plasmatic uric acid levels of animals fed with a cholesterol-enriched diet. Since hyperuricemia is considered to be a significant risk factor of metabolic disorders and the principal pathological basis of gout, the liquid extract from P. cauliflora fruits residues would be a promising candidate as a novel hypouricaemic agent for further investigation.


Plinia cauliflora (Mart.) Kausel, popularmente conhecida como jabuticaba, é rica em polifenois. Os compostos fenólicos apresentam diversas propriedades biológicas, que refletem em biomarcadores, como os parâmetros bioquímicos. No presente estudo, avaliamos os níveis plasmáticos de glicose, colesterol total, HDL-colesterol, triglicerídeos e ácido úrico em hamsters chineses alimentados por 45 dias com dieta regular ou dieta enriquecida com colesterol suplementada com extrato líquido obtido de resíduos de frutos de P. cauliflora padronizado em ácido elágico e compostos fenólicos totais. Os resultados mostraram que o extrato concentrado obtido dos resíduos de jabuticaba aumentou a glicemia dos animais alimentados com dieta regular e reduziu os níveis plasmáticos de ácido úrico dos animais alimentados com dieta rica em colesterol. Uma vez que a hiperuricemia é considerada um fator de risco significativo de distúrbios metabólicos e a principal base patológica da gota, o extrato líquido dos resíduos de frutas de P. cauliflora seria um candidato promissor como um novo agente hipouricêmico para investigação posterior.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Cricetulus/blood , Hyperuricemia/prevention & control , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 390-398, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981281

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between insulin resistance (IR) indexes and hyperuricemia (HUA) among the people with hypertension. Methods From July to August in 2018,hypertension screening was carried out in Wuyuan county,Jiangxi province,and the data were collected through questionnaire survey,physical measurement,and biochemical test.Logistic regression was performed to analyze the relationship between HUA and IR indexes including metabolic score for IR (METS-IR),triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index,TyG-body mass index (BMI),TyG-waist circumference (WC),visceral adiposity index (VAI),triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),and lipid accumulation product (LAP).The penalty spline method was used for the curve fitting between IR indexes and HUA.The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was employed to reveal the correlation between each index and HUA. Results The 14 220 hypertension patients included 6 713 males and 7 507 females,with the average age of (63.8±9.4) years old,the average uric acid level of (418.9±120.6) mmol/L,and the HUA detection rate of 44.4%.The HUA group had higher proportions of males,current drinking,current smoking,diabetes,and using antihypertensive drugs,older age,higher diastolic blood pressure,WC,BMI,homocysteine,total cholesterol,TG,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol,blood urea nitrogen,creatinine,aspartate aminotransferase,alanine aminotransferase,total protein,albumin,total bilirubin,direct bilirubin, METS-IR, TyG, TyG-BMI, TyG-WC, VAI, TG/HDL-C, and LAP, and lower systolic blood pressure and HDL-C than the normal uric acid group (all P<0.05).Multivariate Logistic regression showed that METS-IR (OR=1.049,95%CI=1.038-1.060, P<0.001), TyG (OR=1.639,95%CI=1.496-1.797, P<0.001), TyG-BMI (OR=1.008,95%CI=1.006-1.010, P<0.001), TyG-WC (OR=1.003,95%CI=1.002-1.004, P<0.001), lnVAI (OR=1.850, 95%CI=1.735-1.973, P<0.001), ln(TG/HDL-C) (OR=1.862,95%CI=1.692-2.048, P<0.001),and lnLAP (OR=1.503,95%CI=1.401-1.613,P<0.001) were associated with the risk of HUA.Curve fitting indicated that METS-IR,TyG,TYG-BMI,TYG-WC,lnVAI,ln(TG/HDL-C),and lnLAP were positively correlated with HUA (all P<0.001),and the AUC of TyG index was higher than that of other IR indexes (all P<0.05). Conclusion Increased IR indexes,especially TyG,were associated with the risk of HUA among people with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Insulin Resistance , Hyperuricemia , Uric Acid , Hypertension/complications , Glucose , Obesity, Abdominal/epidemiology , Triglycerides , Bilirubin , Cholesterol , Blood Glucose/metabolism
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 148-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970510

ABSTRACT

A hyperuricemic rat model induced by adenine and ethambutol was established to investigate the anti-hyperuricemia activity and its mechanism of the flavonoid extract from saffron floral bio-residues. Sixty-seven SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive control group, and flavonoid extract groups(with 3 doses), respectively, and each group contained 11 or 12 rats. The hyperuricemic model was established by continuous oral administration of adenine(100 mg·kg~(-1)) and ethambutol(250 mg·kg~(-1)) for 7 days. At the same time, the positive control group was given allopurinol(20 mg·kg~(-1) per day) and the flavonoid extract groups were given the flavonoid extract at doses of 340, 170 and 85 mg·kg~(-1) per day, respectively. On day 8, rat serum, liver, kidney, and intestinal tissues were collected, and the levels of uric acid in serum and tissue, the xanthine oxidase activities and antioxi-dant activities in serum and liver were evaluated, and the kidney histopathology was explored. In addition, an untargeted serum metabolomics study was performed. According to the results, the flavonoid extract effectively reduced the uric acid levels in serum, kidney and ileum and inhibited the xanthine oxidase activities and elevated the antioxidant activities of serum and liver in hyperuricemic rat. At the same time, it reduced the levels of inflammation factors in kidney and protected renal function. Moreover, 68 differential metabolites of hyperuricemic rats were screened and most of which were lipids and amino acids. The flavonoid extract significantly retrieved the levels of differential metabolites in hyperuricemic rats, such as SM(d18:1/20:0), PC[18:0/18:2(92,12Z)], palmitic acid and citrulline, possibly through the following three pathways, i.e., arginine biosynthesis, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, and histidine metabolism. To sum up, the flavonoid extract of saffron floral bio-residues lowered the uric acid level, increased the antioxidant activity, and alleviated inflammatory symptoms of hyperuricemic rats, which may be related to its inhibition of xanthine oxidase activity and regulation of serum lipids and amino acids metabolism.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Uric Acid , Crocus , Xanthine Oxidase , Ethambutol/adverse effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Kidney , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/adverse effects , Amino Acids , Adenine/adverse effects , Lipids
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 44-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970445

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the level of serum uric acid in patients with diabetes insipidus (DI),summarize the clinical characteristics of central diabetes insipidus (CDI) patients with hyperuricemia (HUA),and analyze the factors affecting the level of serum uric acid in the patients with CDI. Methods The clinical data of DI patients admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2018 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed.The patients were assigned into a child and adolescent group (≤ 18 years old) and an adult group (>18 years old) according to their ages.The demographic and biochemical data between two groups of patients with and without HUA were compared.Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to analyze the correlations between serum uric acid level and other factors. Results Among the 420 DI patients,411 patients had CDI (97.9%),including 189 patients with HUA (46.0%).Thirteen (6.9%) out of the 189 CDI patients with HUA presented the disappearance of thirst.The prevalence of HUA in children and adolescents was higher than that in adults (χ2=4.193,P=0.041).The level of serum uric acid in the CDI patients with HUA and disappearance of thirst was higher than those without disappearance of thirst (U=2.593,P=0.010).The multiple linear regression predicted serum creatinine (β=0.472,95%CI=2.451-4.381,P<0.001) and body mass index (β=0.387,95%CI=6.18-12.874,P<0.001) as the independent risk factors of serum uric acid level increment in children and adolescents,while serum creatinine (β=0.361,95%CI=1.016-1.785,P<0.001),body mass index (β=0.208,95%CI=2.321-6.702,P<0.001),triglyceride (β=0.268,95%CI=12.936-28.840,P<0.001),and total cholesterol (β=0.129,95%CI=2.708-22.250,P=0.013) were the independent risk factors in adults. Conclusions The patients with CDI were more likely to have HUA,and the prevalence of HUA in children and adolescents was higher than that in adults.Body mass index,serum creatinine,triglyceride,total cholesterol,and disappearance of thirst were the risk factors for the increased level of serum uric acid in CDI patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Humans , Uric Acid , Creatinine , Retrospective Studies , Diabetes Insipidus , Hyperuricemia , Triglycerides , Cholesterol , Diabetes Mellitus
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 587-601, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982402

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that targeting xanthine oxidase (XO) can be a feasible treatment for fructose-induced hyperuricemia and hyperglycemia. This study aimed to evaluate the dual regulatory effects and molecular mechanisms of diacylated anthocyanins from purple sweet potato (diacylated AF-PSPs) on hyperglycemia and hyperuricemia induced by a high-fructose/high-fat diet. The body weight, organ index, serum biochemical indexes, and liver antioxidant indexes of mice were measured, and the kidneys were observed in pathological sections. The relative expression levels of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) of fructose metabolism pathway enzymes in kidney were detected by fluorescent real-time quantitative polymerase chain (qPCR) reaction technique, and the expression of renal transporter protein and inflammatory factor pathway protein was determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) technique. Results showed that diacylated AF-PSPs alleviated hyperuricemia in mice, and that this effect might be related to the regulation of liver XO activity, lipid accumulation, and relevant renal transporters. Diacylated AF-PSPs reduced body weight and relieved lipid metabolism disorder, liver lipid accumulation, and liver oxidative stress, thereby enhancing insulin utilization and sensitivity, lowering blood sugar, and reducing hyperglycemia in mice. Also, diacylated AF-PSPs restored mRNA levels related to renal fructose metabolism, and reduced kidney injury and inflammation. This study provided experimental evidence for the mechanisms of dual regulation of blood glucose and uric acid (UA) by diacylated AF-PSPs and their utilization as functional foods in the management of metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Anthocyanins/chemistry , Ipomoea batatas/chemistry , Fructose/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy , Lipids
10.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 308-315, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors related to renal impairment in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) from the perspective of integrated Chinese and Western medicine.@*METHODS@#Totally 492 patients with DKD in 8 Chinese hospitals from October 2017 to July 2019 were included. According to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) staging guidelines, patients were divided into a chronic kidney disease (CKD) 1-3 group and a CKD 4-5 group. Clinical data were collected, and logistic regression was used to analyze the factors related to different CKD stages in DKD patients.@*RESULTS@#Demographically, male was a factor related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD (OR=3.100, P=0.002). In clinical characteristics, course of diabetes >60 months (OR=3.562, P=0.010), anemia (OR=4.176, P<0.001), hyperuricemia (OR=3.352, P<0.001), massive albuminuria (OR=4.058, P=0.002), atherosclerosis (OR=2.153, P=0.007) and blood deficiency syndrome (OR=1.945, P=0.020) were factors related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male, course of diabetes >60 months, anemia, hyperuricemia, massive proteinuria, atherosclerosis, and blood deficiency syndrome might indicate more severe degree of renal function damage in patients with DKD. (Registration No. NCT03865914).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Hyperuricemia , Kidney , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
11.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 207-213, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the correlation of intestinal dominant flora with hyperuricemia, and to explore influencing factors of hyperuricemia.@*METHODS@#Data of gut dominant microbiota were collected from subjects who underwent health check-up in Shulan (Hangzhou) Hospital from January 2018 to April 2020. Subjects with high uric acid and normal uric acid were matched by propensity score matching method according to age, gender and body mass index (BMI). This resulted in 178 pairs as hyperuricemia group and control group. The gut dominant microbiota between hyperuricemia and normal control group were compared. Pearson or Spearman correlation coefficient method was used to analyze the correlation between blood uric acid and intestinal dominant flora. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of hyperuricemia.@*RESULTS@#The abundance of Atopobium, Lactobacillus, Bacteroides, Enterococcus, Clostridium leptum, Fusobacterium prausnitzii, Bifidobacterium, Clostridium butyricum and the ratio of Bifidobacterium to Enterobacter (B/E) in the hyperuricemia group were significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.01). The correlation analysis showed that serum uric acid were negatively correlated with the abundance of Atopobium (r=-0.224, P<0.01), Bacteroides (r=-0.116, P<0.05), Clostridium leptum (r=-0.196, P<0.01), Fusobacterium prausnitzii (r=-0.244, P<0.01), Bifidobacterium (r=-0.237, P<0.01), Eubacterium rectale (r=-0.125, P<0.05), Clostridium butyricum (r=-0.176, P<0.01) and B/E value (r=-0.127, P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that glutamyl transpeptidase was an independent risk factor for hyperuricemia (OR=1.007, 95%CI: 1.002-1.012, P<0.05), and the Atopobium was an independent protective factor for hyperuricemia (OR=0.714, 95%CI: 0.605-0.842, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are alterations in abundance of gut dominant microbiota in patients with hyperuricemia, and Atopobium abundance appears as a protective factor for hyperuricemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Uric Acid , Hyperuricemia , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Microbiota
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 30-37, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935905

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the changes of serum uric acid levels and clinical characteristic in patients with chronic hepatitis C combined with hyperuricemia after direct antiviral agents (DAA) therapy. Methods: A prospective cohort study was used to investigate the risk of hyperuricemia in patients with chronic hepatitis C who received DAA treatment to obtain sustained virological response. The changes and factors influencing serum uric acid levels after 12 weeks of DAA treatment were observed. Comparisons between groups were performed using χ (2) test or Fisher's exact test, analysis of variance, Student's t test, or the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test. Serum uric acid (SUA) changes, liver and kidney function indexes before and after treatment were compared by repeated measurement and paired t-test. Uric acid reduction was defined as a decrease in SUA from baseline at 12 weeks after treatment. Rates of change in eGFR, aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio, alanine aminotransferase and controlled attenuation parameter were defined from baseline (baseline to 12 weeks after treatment). Binary logistic regression analysis was used to compare the risk factors and factors influencing high and low uric acid level. Results: 161 cases with chronic hepatitis C who received DAA treatment were included, of which 19.3% patients were hyperuricemic. eGFR < 60 ml/(min·1.73 m(2)) and body mass index were independent risk factors for hyperuricemia in patients with chronic hepatitis C (eGFR: OR = 0.123, P = 0.002; body mass index: OR = 1.220, P = 0.002). SUA levels was changed significantly before treatment, at the end of treatment and at 12 weeks after treatment (327.96 vs. 320.76 vs. 314.92, F = 3.272, P = 0.042). At 12 weeks after treatment, SUA, liver stiffness, alanine aminotransferase and control attenuation parameters were all significantly lower than baseline (P < 0.05). The rate of increase in eGFR from baseline and the rate of decrease in controlled attenuation parameter during treatment were the factors influencing SUA reduction (eGFR: OR = 5124, P = 0.000; controlled attenuation index: OR = 0.010, P = 0.039). Conclusion: In chronic hepatitis C, reduced eGFR and body mass index are the risk factors for the development of hyperuricemia and a significant reduction in serum uric acid levels after DAA treatment can eradicate the virus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Uric Acid
13.
Journal of Medicine University of Santo Tomas ; (2): 85-89, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974209

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Double contour sign (DCS) is considered part of the new gout classification. This study aims to determine the agreement of blinded musculoskeletal sonologists in identifying the double contour sign among asymptomatic hyperuricemic patients. @*Methods@#Participants with asymptomatic hyperuricemia (n=65) underwent a gray-scale ultrasound assessment of both of their 1st metatarsophalangeal joints (MTPJs) done on 3 positions (dorsal, medial, plantar) in longitudinal view. The static images were read by 2 independent blinded sonologists for presence of double contour sign. @*Results@#Among the 130 1st MTPJs, the sonologists were able to positively identify DCS on 48R and 52L, negative in 10R and 10L, with discordant readings in 7R, 3L. The overall kappa agreement was statistically significant at 0.674 (substantial agreement) and 0.842 (almost perfect agreement) on the right and left respectively, (both p<0.001). @*Conclusion and Recommendation@#There is a high proportion of positive double contour sign seen among persistently asymptomatic hyperuricemic patients. It might be prudent to perform musculoskeletal ultrasound early on to detect monosodium urate crystal deposits in similar patients. A close follow up to monitor clinical gouty arthritis maybe necessary or consider utility of urate lowering drugs in crystal dissolution in prospective studies.


Subject(s)
Hyperuricemia , Gout
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 547-556, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927999

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the methodological and reporting quality of diagnosis and treatment guidelines for hyperuricemia as well as the expert consensuses and promote the understanding and application of the diagnosis and treatment guidelines for hyperuricemia. With "hyperuricemia" "guidelines" "consensus" "recommendations" as the key words in titles, the authors searched for the published clinical guidelines on hyperuricemia in Chinese against CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Medlive and the official website of the industry association. The retrieval time limit was until May 31, 2021. The appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation Ⅱ(AGREEⅡ) and the reporting items for practice guidelines in health care(RIGHT) were employed to evaluate the methodological quality and reporting quality of 14 guidelines/consensuses included. The average scores of the guidelines/consensuses were 80.85%(48.61%-98.61%) for the domain of scope and purpose, 34.52%(0-69.44%) for the domain of stakeholder involvement, 35.53%(6.25%-92.19%) for the domain of rigor of development, 55.85%(23.61%-86.11%) for the domain of clarity of presentation, 26.19%(0-76.04%) for the domain of applicability, and 21.42%(0-50.00%) for the domain of editorial independence. Nine guidelines/consensuses were of medium overall quality with grade B recommendation, and five guidelines/consensuses were of poor quality with grade C recommendation. The RIGHT classified the fourteen guidelines/consensuses into one of high reporting quality, three of medium reporting quality, and ten of low reporting quality. The results of this study indicate that the standardization and rigor of the methodological quality and the reporting quality of the clinical guidelines/consensuses for hyperuricemia in China remain to be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Publications , Reference Standards
15.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 335 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416468

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) represents one of the first holistic approaches in the world to treat and prevent disease. Herbal medicine is one of the major therapeutic remedy in TCM. It often involves multi-herb therapies instead of single herb preparations. Parallel to western medicine, hundreds of herbal formulas have been made available as finished products. Currently, the use of herbal products is popular as treatment option or to complement western medicine. Indications of the herbal formulas were established by TCM terms such as heat-clearing and/or detoxifying which lack modern pharmacological meanings. It is difficult for people without relevant background to understand such terms and their implications for treatments. Furthermore, due to the quality control issues of herbal medicines which contain multiple constituents, consumers may be confronted with the risk of using unstandardized products. Hence, in this thesis, the modernization of TCM is discussed through employing scientific pharmaceutical approaches to a traditional formula, called Erding formula (EF). The aim was to investigate if a new indication, hyperuricemia, can be assigned to a heat-clearing and detoxifying formula. Our hypothesis was: Can Erding formula be used for hyperuricemia treatment and is esculetin a bioactive marker for this new indication? Methods: A hypoxanthine and potassium oxonateinduced hyperuricemic mouse model, a xyleneinduced inflammatory mouse model, and an acetic acidinduced pain model were used to investigate EF and its constituent herbs. The quantity of esculetin was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. The therapeutic effect of esculetin was assessed using potassium oxonate induced hyperuricemic mouse model, and esculetin and its metabolites were characterized in serum via ultra-performance liquid chromatographyquadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. To develop a modern dosage form, a laboratory-scale wet bead milling approach was employed to prepare esculetin nanocrystals. The formulation was further optimized by design of experiment, and an optimized formulation was then characterized for its saturation solubility and short-term stability. Results: The study showed that EF and Viola yedoensis Makino (Viola) lowered uric acid (UA) levels, while EF and all four individual herbs had antiinflammatory and analgesic activities. These findings revealed that EF was able to treat hyperuricemia and suggested that Viola was the main herb in EF on reducing UA levels. The study showed that esculetin significantly reduced UA levels and six metabolites of esculetin were identified in serum. This confirms that esculetin was absorbed and is a suitable bioactive and quality control marker for EF in hyperuricemia treatment. An esculetin-Povacoat nanocrystal formulation with a 200 nm particle size was successfully prepared. The formulation presented up to a 1.5-fold increase in saturation solubility compared to the bulk esculetin and it was stable for 180 days. Conclusion: The studies proved that Erding formula can be used for hyperuricemia treatment with esculetin as bioactive quality control marker. As well, a new nano-sized formulation of the bioactive marker, esculetin, was created. This presented the possibility to develop an innovative nanotechnological product of the active substances derived from herbal medicine. The findings facilitated a better understanding of TCM terms and concept through mechanistic scientific experiments. This study revealed a potential pathway and an idea to modernize TCM without setting aside its unique concepts. This might increase the global acceptance of TCM products. Furthermore, the TCM concept might be useful in the development of multi-component drug products


Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (MTC) representa uma das primeiras abordagens holísticas em âmbito global para tratar e prevenir doenças. A fitoterapia consiste na principal terapia na MTC. Frequentemente, envolve terapias com múltiplas ervas em vez de preparações individuais. Paralelamente à medicina ocidental, centenas de fórmulas herbais foram disponibilizadas como produtos acabados. Atualmente, o uso de produtos fitoterápicos é popular como opção de tratamento ou para complementar a medicina ocidental. As indicações das fórmulas fitoterápicas foram estabelecidas pelos termos da MTC, tais como "limpeza pelo calor e / ou desintoxicante", que não têm significados farmacológicos modernos. É difícil para a população em geral e mesmo para profissionais sem histórico relevante na área entender tais termos e suas implicações para os tratamentos. Além disso, devido às questões de controle de qualidade dos medicamentos fitoterápicos que contêm múltiplos constituintes, os pacientes podem ser confrontados com o risco de usar produtos não padronizados. Assim, nessa tese, a modernização da MTC é discutida por meio da utilização de abordagens farmacêuticas científicas para uma fórmula tradicional, denominada fórmula de Erding (FE). O objetivo foi o de investigar se uma nova indicação, a hiperuricemia, pode ser atribuída a uma fórmula desintoxicante e de compensação de calor. Nossa hipótese foi: a fórmula de Erding pode ser usada para tratamento de hiperuricemia e a esculetina é um marcador bioativo para essa nova indicação? Foi empregado modelo de camundongo hiperuricêmico induzido por hipoxantina e oxonato de potássio, outro modelo de camundongo inflamatório induzido por xileno e, adicionalmente, modelo de dor induzida por ácido acético. Esses modelos foram usados para investigar a FE e suas ervas constituintes. A quantidade de esculetina foi determinada por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. O efeito terapêutico da esculetina foi avaliado utilizando modelo de camundongo hiperuricêmico induzido por oxonato de potássio, e a esculetina e seus metabólitos foram caracterizados no soro por cromatografia líquida de alto desempenho - espectrometria de massa. Para desenvolver forma farmacêutica moderna, uma abordagem de moagem em escala úmida reduzida foi empregada tendo em vista a preparação de nanocristais de esculetina. A formulação foi ainda otimizada empregado planejamento experimental. Essa fórmula foi caracterizada quanto à sua solubilidade de saturação e estabilidade a curto prazo. O estudo mostrou que a FE e a Viola yedoensis Makino (Viola) reduziram os níveis de ácido úrico (AU), enquanto a FE e as quatro plantas individuais apresentaram atividades antiinflamatória e analgésica. Esses resultados revelaram que a FE foi capaz de tratar a hiperuricemia e sugeriu que a viola foi a principal erva da FE na redução dos níveis de AU. O estudo mostrou também que a esculetina reduziu significativamente os níveis de AU e os seis metabólitos da esculetina foram identificados no soro. Tal resultado confirma que a esculetina foi absorvida e pode ser usada como marcador de controle bioativo e de qualidade para FE, no tratamento da hiperuricemia. A formulação de nanocristais de esculetin-povacoat® apresentou tamanho de partícula de 200 nm. A formulação apresentou aumento de 1,5 vezes na solubilidade de saturação em comparação com a esculetina em escala micrométrica e manteve-se estável durante 180 dias. Os estudos comprovaram que a fórmula de Erding pode ser utilizada no tratamento da hiperuricemia empregando a esculetina como marcador bioativo de controle de qualidade. Além disso, foi desenvolvida formulação inovadora, em escala nanométrica, do marcador bioativo, a esculetina. Esse resultado permitiu desenvolver produto com base nanotecnológica das substâncias ativas derivadas do fitoterápico, assim comol permitiram melhor compreensão dos termos e dos conceitos da MTC por meio de experimentos científicos mecanicistas. Esse estudo revelou potencial para a modernização da MTC sem excluir seus conceitos únicos. Isso pode aumentar a aceitação global dos produtos MTC. Além disso, o conceito de MTC pode ser útil no desenvolvimento de medicamentos de múltiplos componentes


Subject(s)
Hyperuricemia , Phytotherapeutic Drugs , Drug Development/instrumentation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/instrumentation , Quality Control , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Biopharmaceutics/classification , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Analgesics/administration & dosage
16.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 572-579, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350906

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyperuricemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may be present in 50% of patients presenting for dialysis. Hyperuricemia can be secondary to impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that occurs in CKD. However, hyperuricemia can also precede the development of kidney disease and predict incident CKD. Experimental studies of hyperuricemic models have found that both soluble and crystalline uric acid can cause significant kidney damage, characterized by ischemia, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and inflammation. However, most Mendelian randomization studies failed to demonstrate a causal relationship between uric acid and CKD, and clinical trials have had variable results. Here we suggest potential explanations for the negative clinical and genetic findings, including the role of crystalline uric acid, intracellular uric acid, and xanthine oxidase activity in uric acid-mediated kidney injury. We propose future clinical trials as well as an algorithm for treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with CKD.


Resumo A hiperuricemia é comum na doença renal crônica (DRC) e pode estar presente em até 50% dos pacientes que se apresentam para diálise. A hiperuricemia pode ser secundária ao comprometimento da taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) que ocorre na DRC. No entanto, ela também pode preceder o desenvolvimento da doença renal e mesmo prever uma DRC incidente. Estudos experimentais de modelos hiperuricêmicos descobriram que tanto o ácido úrico solúvel quanto o cristalino podem causar danos renais significativos, caracterizados por isquemia, fibrose tubulointersticial e inflamação. Entretanto, a maioria dos estudos de randomização Mendeliana falhou em demonstrar uma relação causal entre o ácido úrico e a DRC, e os ensaios clínicos têm apresentado resultados variáveis. Aqui sugerimos explicações potenciais para os achados clínicos e genéticos negativos, incluindo o papel do ácido úrico cristalino, do ácido úrico intracelular e da atividade da xantina oxidase na lesão renal mediada por ácido úrico. Propomos ensaios clínicos futuros, bem como um algoritmo para o tratamento de hiperuricemia em pacientes com DRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Uric Acid , Renal Dialysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(2): 378-384, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339152

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: A hiperuricemia é um achado frequente em pacientes com hipertensão arterial e há evidências cada vez maiores de que essa entidade seja também um fator de risco para doença cardiovascular. Objetivos: No contexto da população em processo de envelhecimento, este estudo tem o objetivo de avaliar níveis de ácido úrico sérico e a prevalência e o controle da hipertensão arterial em um subgrupo da população de adultos romenos (>65 anos), em relação à influência da idade nesses parâmetros. Métodos: A amostra do estudo consiste em 1920 adultos incluídos na pesquisa SEPHAR III, dos quais 447 eram pacientes idosos (>65 anos de idade). Durante as duas visitas do estudo, três aferições de pressão arterial (PA) foram realizadas em intervalos de 1 minuto, e foram realizadas medições de níveis de ácido úrico sérico, função renal por taxa de filtração glomerular, pressão arterial e espessura íntima-média. A hipertensão e os controles foram definidos de acordo com as diretrizes atuais. A avaliação da espessura íntima-média foi determinada pela avaliação por ultrassom Doppler modo B. Um nível de significância p < 0,05 foi adotado para a análise estatística. Resultados: Pacientes adultos tinham níveis de ácido úrico sérico significativamente mais baixos, se comparados a pacientes idosos, independentemente dos níveis de taxa de filtração glomerular. Pacientes adultos tinham níveis de espessura íntima-média, comparados a pacientes idosos. Conclusão: De forma semelhante às pesquisas anteriores, neste estudo, a idade representou um dos fatores contribuintes ao nível aumentado de ácido úrico sérico. Também foi obtido um aumento da prevalência da hipertensão arterial com a idade, com um mau controle da pressão arterial.


Abstract Background: Hyperuricemia is a frequent finding in patients with arterial hypertension, and there is increasing evidence that this entity is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Objective: In the context of an aging population, this study aims to evaluate serum uric acid levels and arterial hypertension prevalence and control in a subgroup of Romanian adults (>65 years), concerning the influence of age on these parameters. Method: The study sample consists of 1,920 adults included in SEPHAR III survey, of whom 447 were elderly patients (>65 years of age). During the two study visits, three blood pressure (BP) measurements were performed at 1-min intervals and serum uric acid levels, kidney function by estimated glomerular filtration rate, blood pressure, and intima media thickness measurements were conducted. Hypertension and controls were defined according to the current guidelines. Intima-media thickness evaluation was assessed by B-mode Doppler ultrasound evaluation. A significance level p < 0.05 was adopted for the statistical analysis. Results: Adult patients had a significant lower serum uric acid levels, compared to elderly patients, regardless of glomerular filtration rate levels. Adult patients showed a significantly lower intima-media thickness levels, when compared to elderly patients. Conclusion: Similar to previous studies, in the present study, age represented one of the factors contributing to the increased level of serum uric acid. An increasing prevalence of arterial hypertension with age, together with a poor control of blood pressure, was also obtained.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Hyperuricemia/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 828-832, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346904

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension. METHODS: This was a case-control study where individuals aged >18 years were included, who were divided into hypertensive and non-hypertensive groups, excluding those with incomplete information in medical records or with the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration <60 mL/min/1.73 m³. Systemic arterial hypertension was categorized as a dependent variable, while the independent variables were hyperuricemia (i.e., primary variable), sex, education, the practice of physical activity, alcoholism, smoking, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, a family history of systemic arterial hypertension, age, isolated hyperlipidemia, and mixed hyperlipidemia. Statistical analysis included the univariate and multivariate data analysis, performed by adjusting the logistic regression models using the software R (R Core Team [2018]). RESULTS: Out of 103 patients evaluated, 75 patients were included in this study. In hypertensive patients, hyperuricemia was more frequent (p=0.029), being present in 18.9% individuals. In the univariate analysis, a statistically significant association was found between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension (OR 10.9; 95%CI 1.29-1420.0; p=0.023); however, in the multivariate analysis, when adjustment was made for age, the only control variable that persisted in the model, this association ceased to be significant (OR 8.5; 95%CI 0.87-1157.0; p=0.070). CONCLUSIONS: There was no independent association between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension. The latter was associated with diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6387-6394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921797

ABSTRACT

Chronical hyperuricemia, a severe metabolic disease characterized by increased serum uric acid, urea nitrogen, and creatinine, has a positive correlation with the risks of gouty arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, and kidney damage. Abnormal purine metabolism and reduced uric acid excretion are the major causes of hyperuricemia, which, thus, points to a potential strategy of preventing from or delaying the progress of hyperuricemia-related diseases and its complications by effectively controlling the serum uric acid level. Increasing evidence has revealed that Chinese medicines alleviate hyperuricemia through regulating intestinal flora, which plays a pivotal role in regulating metabolites, including uric acid level. The disease treatment with traditional Chinese medicine is based on syndrome differentiation, and Chinese medicines often have multiple effects and a wide range of targets. In this review, we summarized the anti-hyperuricemia effects and mechanisms of active compounds in Chinese medicines, single Chinese medicinal herbs, and Chinese medicinal prescriptions in regulating the uric acid level via intestinal flora and metabolites, which will be helpful for further study and application of Chinese medicines in hyperuricemia treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Gouty , China , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Hyperuricemia/drug therapy , Uric Acid
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL