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J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 572-579, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350906


Abstract Hyperuricemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may be present in 50% of patients presenting for dialysis. Hyperuricemia can be secondary to impaired glomerular filtration rate (GFR) that occurs in CKD. However, hyperuricemia can also precede the development of kidney disease and predict incident CKD. Experimental studies of hyperuricemic models have found that both soluble and crystalline uric acid can cause significant kidney damage, characterized by ischemia, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and inflammation. However, most Mendelian randomization studies failed to demonstrate a causal relationship between uric acid and CKD, and clinical trials have had variable results. Here we suggest potential explanations for the negative clinical and genetic findings, including the role of crystalline uric acid, intracellular uric acid, and xanthine oxidase activity in uric acid-mediated kidney injury. We propose future clinical trials as well as an algorithm for treatment of hyperuricemia in patients with CKD.

Resumo A hiperuricemia é comum na doença renal crônica (DRC) e pode estar presente em até 50% dos pacientes que se apresentam para diálise. A hiperuricemia pode ser secundária ao comprometimento da taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) que ocorre na DRC. No entanto, ela também pode preceder o desenvolvimento da doença renal e mesmo prever uma DRC incidente. Estudos experimentais de modelos hiperuricêmicos descobriram que tanto o ácido úrico solúvel quanto o cristalino podem causar danos renais significativos, caracterizados por isquemia, fibrose tubulointersticial e inflamação. Entretanto, a maioria dos estudos de randomização Mendeliana falhou em demonstrar uma relação causal entre o ácido úrico e a DRC, e os ensaios clínicos têm apresentado resultados variáveis. Aqui sugerimos explicações potenciais para os achados clínicos e genéticos negativos, incluindo o papel do ácido úrico cristalino, do ácido úrico intracelular e da atividade da xantina oxidase na lesão renal mediada por ácido úrico. Propomos ensaios clínicos futuros, bem como um algoritmo para o tratamento de hiperuricemia em pacientes com DRC.

Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Uric Acid , Renal Dialysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(6): 828-832, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346904


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension. METHODS: This was a case-control study where individuals aged >18 years were included, who were divided into hypertensive and non-hypertensive groups, excluding those with incomplete information in medical records or with the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration <60 mL/min/1.73 m³. Systemic arterial hypertension was categorized as a dependent variable, while the independent variables were hyperuricemia (i.e., primary variable), sex, education, the practice of physical activity, alcoholism, smoking, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, a family history of systemic arterial hypertension, age, isolated hyperlipidemia, and mixed hyperlipidemia. Statistical analysis included the univariate and multivariate data analysis, performed by adjusting the logistic regression models using the software R (R Core Team [2018]). RESULTS: Out of 103 patients evaluated, 75 patients were included in this study. In hypertensive patients, hyperuricemia was more frequent (p=0.029), being present in 18.9% individuals. In the univariate analysis, a statistically significant association was found between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension (OR 10.9; 95%CI 1.29-1420.0; p=0.023); however, in the multivariate analysis, when adjustment was made for age, the only control variable that persisted in the model, this association ceased to be significant (OR 8.5; 95%CI 0.87-1157.0; p=0.070). CONCLUSIONS: There was no independent association between hyperuricemia and systemic arterial hypertension. The latter was associated with diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and age.

Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology , Uric Acid , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(6): 523-529, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094520


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Findings regarding the effects of hyperuricemia on renal function and mortality have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of hyperuricemia on incident renal replacement therapy and all-cause mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study conducted in a medical center in Taiwan. METHODS: Patients with CKD in stages 3-5, without histories of renal replacement therapy, were consecutively recruited from 2007 to 2013. Their medical history, laboratory and medication data were collected from hospital records. The mean uric acid level in the first year of follow-up was used for analyses. Hyperuricemia was defined as mean uric acid level ≥ 7.0 mg/dl in men or ≥ 6.0 mg/dl in women. The primary outcomes were incident renal replacement therapy and all-cause mortality, and these data were retrospectively collected from hospital records until the end of 2015. RESULTS: A total of 4,381 patients were analyzed (mean age 71.0 ± 14.8 years; males 62.7%), and the median follow-up period was 2.5 years. Patients with hyperuricemia were at increased risk of incident renal replacement therapy and all-cause mortality, especially those with CKD in stages 4 or 5. Compared with patients with CKD in stage 3 and normouricemia, patients with CKD in stages 4 or 5 presented significantly higher risk of all-cause mortality only if they had hyperuricemia. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CKD in stages 3-5, hyperuricemia was associated with higher risk of incident renal replacement therapy and all-cause mortality. Whether treatment with uric acid-lowering drugs in these patients would improve their outcomes merits further investigation.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Renal Replacement Therapy , Hyperuricemia/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Uric Acid/analysis , Severity of Illness Index , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperuricemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/physiopathology , Hyperuricemia/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Glomerular Filtration Rate
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(9): 1155-1160, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041075


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE In this study, we aimed to analyze the relationship between serum uric acid (UA) and microalbuminuria as a marker of renal injury in type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS A total of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were enrolled in the study. Participants were divided into two groups according to the urinary microalbumin/creatinine ratio: diabetic nephropathy and non-nephropathy group. UA and microalbuminuria were compared between the study groups. RESULTS Serum UA levels of diabetic nephropathy patients were significantly higher than those in the non-nephropathy group (UA in patients with diabetic nephropathy groups: 6.3 (1.82) mg/dl, UA in patients of the non-nephropathic group: 4.85 (1.92) mg/dl) (p<0.001). There was a correlation between microalbuminuria and UA (r=0.238). This correlation was statistically significant (p=0.017). CONCLUSION UA levels may be an important predictor of nephropathy in diabetic patients.

RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a relação entre o ácido úrico sérico e a microalbuminúria como marcador de lesão renal no diabetes mellitus tipo 2. MÉTODOS Um total de 100 pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 foram inscritos no estudo. Os grupos de estudo foram divididos em dois, de acordo com a relação microalbumina/creatinina na urina: nefropatia diabética e grupo não nefropático. UA e microalbuminúria foram comparados entre os grupos de estudo. RESULTADOS Os níveis séricos de AU de pacientes com nefropatia diabética foram significativamente maiores do que o grupo sem nefropatia (AU em pacientes com grupos de nefropatia diabética: 6,3 (1,82) mg/dl, AU em pacientes com grupos não nefropáticos: 4,85 (1,92) mg/dl ) (p<0,001). Houve correlação entre microalbuminúria e AU (r=0,238). Essa correlação foi estatisticamente significativa (p=0,017). CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de AU podem ser um importante preditor de nefropatia em pacientes diabéticos.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Uric Acid/blood , Hyperuricemia/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Biomarkers/blood , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Creatinine/urine , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Diabetic Nephropathies/blood , Albuminuria/urine , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Middle Aged
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(3): 236-242, may.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286498


Resumen Introducción: La hiperuricemia es un factor de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular, pero su impacto no ha sido bien documentado. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la hiperuricemia en los parámetros metabólicos y los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en mexicanos aparentemente sanos. Método: Estudio trasversal de 768 adultos jóvenes. Se buscó asociación de la hiperuricemia con alteraciones de los parámetros metabólicos y factores de riesgo cardiovascular (hipertensión, dislipidemia mixta y síndrome metabólico). Se aplicaron modelos loglineales y de regresión para determinar la influencia de la hiperuricemia. Se aplicó análisis multivariado de varianza para observar la interacción de la hiperuricemia y el sobrepeso u obesidad en los cambios de los parámetros metabólicos. Resultados: Los parámetros metabólicos fueron mayores en los individuos con hiperuricemia que con ácido úrico normal (< 0.05). La hiperuricemia se asoció significativamente con hipertensión (RM = 6.8, IC 95 % = 1.1-46), dislipidemia (RM = 2.5, IC 95 % = 1.3-4.7) y síndrome metabólico (RM = 2.3, IC 95 % = 1.1-4.6). La hiperuricemia y el sobrepeso u obesidad predicen significativamente los cambios en los parámetros metabólicos de riesgo cardiovascular (l de Wilks = 0.91, F [6.175] = 3.1, p = 0.007). Conclusiones: La hiperuricemia está asociada significativamente con las alteraciones metabólicas y los distintos factores de riesgo cardiovascular.

Abstract Introduction: Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but its impact has not been properly documented. Objective: To assess the impact of hyperuricemia on metabolic parameters and cardiovascular risk factors (CRF) in apparently healthy Mexicans. Method: Cross-sectional study of 768 young adults. Association of hyperuricemia with alterations in metabolic parameters and CRF (hypertension, mixed dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome) was sought. Log-linear and regression models were used to determine the influence of hyperuricemia. A multivariate analysis of variance was applied to observe the interaction of hyperuricemia and overweight or obesity with changes in metabolic parameters. Results: Metabolic parameters were higher in patients with hyperuricemia than with normal uric acid (all < 0.05). Hyperuricemia was significantly associated with hypertension (OR=6.8, 95 % CI: 1.1-46), dyslipidemia (OR=2.5, 95% CI: 1.3-4.7) and metabolic syndrome (OR=2.3, 95% CI: 1.1-4.6). Hyperuricemia and overweight or obesity significantly predict changes in cardiovascular risk metabolic parameters (Wilks’ l=0.91, F (6.175)=3.1, p=0.007). Conclusions: Hyperuricemia is significantly associated with metabolic alterations and different CRF.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Hyperuricemia/complications , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Overweight/complications , Mexico/epidemiology , Obesity/complications
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 833-840, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973814


Abstract Background: Observational studies have highlighted an association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Despite the growing body of evidences, several studies were conducted in older individuals or in carriers of diseases susceptible to affect SUA levels and cardiometabolic risk markers. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of SUA with body adiposity, metabolic profile, oxidative stress, inflammatory biomarkers, blood pressure and endothelial function in healthy young and middle-aged adults. Methods: 149 Brazilian adults aged 20-55 years, both sexes, underwent evaluation of body adiposity, SUA, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid profile, malondialdehyde (MDA), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), adiponectin, blood pressure and endothelial function. Endothelial function was assessed by the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) derived from peripheral arterial tonometry method. Participants were allocated in two groups according to SUA levels: control group (CG; n = 130; men ≤ 7 mg/dL, women ≤ 6 mg/dL) and hyperuricemia group (HG; n = 19; men > 7 mg/dL, women > 6 mg/dL). A P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: After adjustment for confounders, participants in HG compared with those in CG displayed higher body mass index (BMI): 34.15(33.36-37.19) vs.31.80 (26.26-34.42) kg/m2,p = 0.008, higher MDA: 4.67(4.03-5.30) vs. 3.53(3.10-4.07) ng/mL, p < 0.0001 and lower RHI: 1.68 ± 0.30 vs. 2.05 ± 0.46, p = 0.03). In correlation analysis adjusted for confounders, SUA was positively associated (p < 0.05) with BMI, waist circumference, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and MDA, and negatively associated (p < 0.05) with HDL-cholesterol, adiponectin and RHI. Conclusions: This study suggests that in healthy young and middle-aged adults higher SUA levels are associated with higher body adiposity, unfavorable lipid and inflammatory phenotype, higher oxidative stress and impaired endothelial function.

Resumo Fundamento: Estudos observacionais têm destacado uma associação entre níveis de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) e fatores de risco cardiovascular. Apesar do crescente conjunto de evidências, vários estudos foram realizados em indivíduos mais velhos ou em portadores de doenças passíveis de influenciar os níveis de AUS e marcadores de risco cardiometabólico. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do AUS com adiposidade corporal, perfil metabólico, estresse oxidativo, biomarcadores de inflamação, pressão arterial e função endotelial em adultos jovens e de meia-idade saudáveis. Métodos: 149 adultos, brasileiros, com idades entre 20 e 55 anos, de ambos os sexos, foram submetidos a avaliação de adiposidade corporal, AUS, glicose e insulina de jejum, perfil lipídico, malondialdeído (MDA), proteína C-reativa ultra-sensível (PCR-us), adiponectina, pressão arterial e função endotelial. A função endotelial foi avaliada pelo índice de hiperemia reativa (RHI) derivado do método de tonometria arterial periférica. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com os níveis de AUS: grupo de controle (GC; n = 130; homens ≤ 7 mg/dL, mulheres ≤ 6mg/dL) e grupo de hiperuricemia (GH; n = 19; homens > 7mg/dL, mulheres > 6mg/dL). Valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Após ajuste para fatores de confundimento, os participantes do GH comparados aos do GC apresentaram índice de massa corporal (IMC) mais alto: 34,15 (33,36-37,19) vs. 31,80 (26,26-34,42) kg/m2, p = 0,008, MDA mais alto: 4,67(4,03-5,30) vs. 3,53(3,10-4,07) ng/mL, p < 0,0001 e RHI mais baixo: 1,68 ± 0,30 vs. 2,05 ± 0,46, p = 0,03. Na análise de correlação ajustada para fatores de confundimento, o AUS se associou positivamente (p < 0,05) com IMC, circunferência da cintura, LDL colesterol, triglicérides e MDA, e se associou negativamente (p < 0,05) com HDL colesterol, adiponectina e RHI. Conclusões: Este estudo sugere que, em adultos jovens e de meia-idade saudáveis, níveis mais altos de AUS estão associados a maior adiposidade corporal, fenótipo inflamatório e de lipídios desfavorável, maior estresse oxidativo e função endotelial comprometida.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Uric Acid/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Hyperuricemia/blood , Blood Pressure , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Diet Surveys , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Oxidative Stress , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Hyperuricemia/complications , Adiposity , Hyperemia/blood , Inflammation/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(7): 600-605, July 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896377


Summary Objective: To characterize the maximum P-wave duration (Pmax) and P-wave dispersion (PWD) according to blood pressure (BP) and uric acid (UA) levels in geriatric patients. Method: An analytical study was performed in 83 patients aged over 60 years treated at the Family Medical Office 5 of the Aracelio Rodríguez Castellón Polyclinic, in Cienfuegos, Cuba between January and December 2015. The sample was divided into two groups (patients with hyperuricemia and patients with normal UA levels). Results: We found a linear and significant correlation between diastolic BP and Pmax in patients with hyperuricemia (r=0.695; p=0.026), but not in patients with normal UA (r=0.048; p=0.757). A linear and significant correlation was demonstrated between diastolic BP and PWD in patients with hyperuricemia (r=0.657; p=0.039), but not in patients with normal UA (r=0.054; p=0.730). Conclusion: There is correlation between diastolic BP and Pmax plus PWD in elderly patients with hyperuricemia.

Resumen Objetivo: Caracterizar la máxima duración de la onda P (Pmáx) y la dispersión de la onda P (DP) según las cifras de tensión arterial (TA) y los niveles de ácido úrico en pacientes geriátricos. Método: Se realizó un estudio analítico en 83 pacientes mayores de 60 años pertenecientes al Consultorio Médico de la Familia 5 del Policlínico Aracelio Rodríguez Castellón, Cienfuegos, Cuba entre enero y diciembre de 2015. La muestra se dividió en dos grupos (pacientes con hiperuricemia y pacientes con AU normal). Resultados: Existe correlación lineal y significativa entre la tensión arterial diastólica y la Pmáx en los pacientes con hiperuricemia (r=0,695; p=0,026), mas no en los pacientes con AU normal (r=0,048; p=0,757). Se demuestra correlación lineal y significativa entre la tensión diastólica y la DP en los pacientes con hiperuricemia (r=0,657; p=0,039), aunque no en los pacientes con AU normal (r=0,054; p=0,730), respectivamente. Conclusión: Existe correlación entre la Pmáx y la DP y las cifras de tensión arterial diastólica en pacientes geriátricos con hiperuricemia.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Blood Pressure , Hyperuricemia/complications , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Uric Acid , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Risk Factors , Electrocardiography , Middle Aged
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(9): e6048, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888988


Uric acid (UA) levels are increased in patients with kidney dysfunction. We analyzed the association between asymptomatic hyperuricemia and new-onset chronic kidney disease (CKD). A retrospective cohort study was designed to collect data from employees of an energy generation and distribution company in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who had undergone the company's annual medical checkup from 2008 to 2014. People with ≤2 years of follow-up, with baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1 or with incomplete data were excluded. The endpoint was defined as eGFR <60 mL·min-1·(1.73 m2)-1 estimated through the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration equation (CKD-EPI). The study included 1094 participants. The mean follow-up period was 5.05±1.05 years and 44 participants exhibited new-onset CKD. The prevalence of hyperuricemia was 4.2%. There was a significant inverse correlation between baseline serum levels of UA and baseline eGFR (R=-0.21, P<0.001). Female gender (OR=4.00; 95%CI=1.92-8.29, P<0.001) and age (OR=1.06; 95%CI=1.02-1.11, P=0.004) but not UA levels (OR=1.12; 95%CI=0.83-1.50; P=0.465) were associated with new-onset CKD. Diabetes mellitus and body mass index were independent factors for fast progression (OR=2.17; 95%CI=1.24-3.80, P=0.007 and OR=1.04; 95%CI=1.01-1.07; P=0.020). These results did not support UA as an independent predictor for CKD progression in the studied population.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Hyperuricemia/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/etiology , Uric Acid/blood , Brazil , Disease Progression , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hyperuricemia/blood , Hyperuricemia/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Gut and Liver ; : 244-249, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193422


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Diverticular bleeding can occasionally cause massive bleeding that requires urgent colonoscopy (CS) and treatment. The aim of this study was to identify significant risk factors for colonic diverticular hemorrhage. METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2012, 26,602 patients underwent CS at our institution. One hundred twenty-three patients underwent an urgent CS due to acute lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Seventy-two patients were diagnosed with colonic diverticular hemorrhage. One hundred forty-nine age- and sex-matched controls were selected from the patients with nonbleeding diverticula who underwent CS during the same period. The relationship of risk factors to diverticular bleeding was compared between the cases and controls. RESULTS: Uni- and multivariate conditional logistic regression analyses demonstrated that the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (odds ratio [OR], 14.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.89 to 55.80; p<0.0001), as well as the presence of cerebrovascular disease (OR, 8.66; 95% CI, 2.33 to 32.10; p=0.00126), and hyperuricemia (OR, 15.5; 95% CI, 1.74 to 138.00; p=0.014) remained statistically significant predictors of diverticular bleeding. CONCLUSIONS: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cerebrovascular disease and hyperuricemia were significant risks for colonic diverticular hemorrhage. The knowledge obtained from this study may provide some insight into the diagnostic process for patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Cerebrovascular Disorders/complications , Colonic Diseases/etiology , Colonoscopy , Diverticulum, Colon/complications , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Humans , Hyperuricemia/complications , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
Gut and Liver ; : 117-125, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111609


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an emerging problem in Asia, but little is known about the disease in the nonobese population. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of NAFLD and the factors associated with it in a nonobese Korean population and to compare the clinical characteristics of nonobese and obese subjects with NAFLD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from 2,058 subjects who participated in a medical checkup program. RESULTS: The prevalence of NAFLD was 12.4% (213/1,711) in the nonobese population. A higher body mass index (BMI), higher homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values, higher alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, triglyceride concentrations 150 mg/dL, and hyperuricemia were independently associated with the presence of NAFLD in the nonobese subjects. Compared with the obese subjects with NAFLD, the nonobese subjects with NAFLD were composed of a higher proportion of females and had lower BMIs, smaller waist circumferences, lower HOMA-IR values, and fewer metabolic irregularities. CONCLUSIONS: Higher BMIs, HOMA-IR values, ALT levels, hypertriglyceridemia, and hyperuricemia were associated with NAFLD in the nonobese subjects. Clinicians should be particularly aware of the possibility of NAFLD in nonobese Asian people.

Adult , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Anthropometry , Asians/statistics & numerical data , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Homeostasis , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/complications , Insulin Resistance , Male , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Obesity/complications , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Triglycerides/blood , Waist Circumference
Int. braz. j. urol ; 40(6): 772-780, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735987


Introduction This study describes the incidence and risk factors of de novo nephrolithiasis among patients with lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative diseases who have undergone chemotherapy. Materials and Methods From 2001 to 2011, patients with lymphoproliferative or myeloproliferative disorders treated with chemotherapy were retrospectively identified. The incidence of image proven nephrolithiasis after chemotherapy was determined. Demographic and clinical variables were recorded. Patients with a history of nephrolithiasis prior to chemotherapy were excluded. The primary outcome was incidence of nephrolithiasis, and secondary outcomes were risk factors predictive of de novo stone. Comparative statistics were used to compare demographic and disease specific variables for patients who developed de novo stones versus those who did not. Results A total of 1,316 patients were identified and the incidence of de novo nephrolithiasis was 5.5% (72/1316; symptomatic stones 1.8% 24/1316). Among patients with nephrolithiasis, 72.2% had lymphoproliferative disorders, 27.8% had myeloproliferative disorders, and 25% utilized allopurinol. The median urinary pH was 5.5, and the mean serum uric acid, calcium, potassium and phosphorus levels were 7.5, 9.6, 4.3, and 3.8 mg/dL, respectively. In univariate analysis, mean uric acid (p=0.013), calcium (p<0.001)), and potassium (p=0.039) levels were higher in stone formers. Diabetes mellitus (p<0.001), hypertension (p=0.003), and hyperlipidemia (p<0.001) were more common in stone formers. In multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia, and hypercalcemia predicted stone. Conclusions We report the incidence of de novo nephrolithiasis in patients who have undergone chemotherapy. Diabetes mellitus, hyperuricemia, and hypercalcemia are patient-specific risk factors that increase the odds of developing an upper tract stone following chemotherapy. .

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Kidney Calculi/etiology , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/drug therapy , Myeloproliferative Disorders/drug therapy , Allopurinol/therapeutic use , Calcium/analysis , Diabetes Complications , Hypercalcemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/complications , Multivariate Analysis , Potassium/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tumor Lysis Syndrome/complications , Tumor Lysis Syndrome/drug therapy
Clinics ; 68(1): 19-25, Jan. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-665913


OBJECTIVES: Hyperuricemia is a risk factor for contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with chronic kidney disease. This study evaluated the value of hyperuricemia for predicting the risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with relatively normal serum creatinine who were undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 788 patients with relatively normal baseline serum creatinine (<1.5 mg/dL) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were prospectively enrolled and divided into a hyperuricemic group (n = 211) and a normouricemic group (n = 577). Hyperuricemia is defined as a serum uric acid level>7 mg/ dL in males and >6 mg/dL in females. The incidence of contrast-induced acute kidney injury was significantly higher in the hyperuricemic group than in the normouricemic group (8.1% vs. 1.4%, p<0.001). In-hospital mortality and the need for renal replacement therapy were significantly higher in the hyperuricemic group. According to a multivariate analysis (adjusting for potential confounding factors) the odds ratio for contrast-induced acute kidney injury in the hyperuricemic group was 5.38 (95% confidence interval, 1.99-14.58; p = 0.001) compared with the normouricemic group. The other risk factors for contrast-induced acute kidney injury included age >75 years, emergent percutaneous coronary intervention, diuretic usage and the need for an intra-aortic balloon pump. CONCLUSION: Hyperuricemia was significantly associated with the risk of contrast-induced acute kidney injury in patients with relatively normal serum creatinine after percutaneous coronary interventions. This observation will help to generate hypotheses for further prospective trials examining the effect of uric acid-lowering therapies for preventing contrast-induced acute kidney injury.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Creatinine/blood , Hyperuricemia/complications , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Age Factors , Acute Kidney Injury/mortality , Coronary Angiography/adverse effects , Epidemiologic Methods , Hyperuricemia/mortality , Hyperuricemia/urine , Kidney/drug effects , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-538838


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A hiperuricemia é um transtorno metabólico caracterizado pelo excesso de urato no sangue. Apesar de alguns estudos mostrarem que o urato plasmático é um marcador prognóstico em pacientes com alto risco cardiovascular, não existem estudos controlados que analisem a relação dessa substância com lipoproteínas plasmáticas e triglicerídeos na população do Brasil. Os objetivos desse estudo foram determinar o perfil lipídico dos pacientes com hiperuricemia; avaliar a possível associação entre níveis de urato plasmático, triglicerídeos e lipoproteínas do colesterol. MÉTODO: Foram analisados os dados clínicos e laboratoriais de 90 indivíduos atendidos ambulatorialmente em hospital terciário. Destes, 77 pacientes apresentavam hiperuricemia e 13 indivíduos controles, com uricemia normal e similar média de idade, função renal e sexo. Os seguintes parâmetros bioquímicos foram avaliados: urato plasmático, colesterol total, LDL-colesterol, HDL-colesterol, VLDL-colesterol e triglicerídeos. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 77 pacientes com hiperuricemia (65,2 ± 14,3 anos, 65 homens), com uricemia entre 6 e 14,3 mg/dL e 13 controles (69,5 ± 11,6 anos, 9 homens) com ácido úrico sérico ≤ 5,9 mg/dL. Observaram-se maiores níveis de VLDL-colesterol e triglicerídeos séricos no grupo de pacientes quando comparado aos controles (p < 0,05). Encontrou-se, ainda, diferença significativa nos níveis de VLDL-colesterol e triglicerídeos entre os pacientes com hiperuricemia leve e acentuada (p < 0,05) e entre aqueles com hiperuricemia acentuada e os indivíduos controles (p < 0,01). Matriz de Pearson mostrou correlação positiva entre ácido úrico sérico e triglicerídeos e VLDL-colesterol séricos. CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo observou-se significativo aumento nos níveis de triglicerídeos plasmáticos e VLDL-colesterol em pacientes ambulatoriais com hiperuricemia e que, tal aumento tem uma marca da correlação linear com os níveis de urato plasmático.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Hyperlipidemias , Hyperuricemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/metabolism , Triglycerides
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. 2010; 22 (1): 19-23
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-125328


Carotid intima-media thickness [C-IMT] measured noninvasively by ultrasonography is widely used as a marker for increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Also hyperuricemia [HU] is a well recognized risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. The study was designed to assess the relation between hyperuricemia and carotid intima-media thickness C-IMT in patients with and without hypertension [HTN]. This study included 126 patients divided into four groups: [1] Group A, included 59 hypertensive patients with hyperuricemia. [2] Group B, included 29 hypertensive patients without hyperuricemia. [3] Group C, included 17 patients with hyperuricemia and normal blood pressure without history of hypertension. [4] Group D, included 21 control subjects. We measured carotid intima-media thickness by B-mode ultrasound in the common carotid and internal carotid artery. Routine echocardiography and uric acid level was assessed for all patients. We found that C-IMT was significantly higher in group A, B and C than group D; and it was significantly higher in group A than B. This means that C-IMT is significantly higher in all hypertensive groups than control group but it was significantly higher in hypertensive hyperuricemia [group A] than those hypertensives without hyperuricemia. We also observed a higher C-IMT in hyperuricemic non hypertensive patients than control group this means that hyperuricemia per se could be a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Uric acid levels among the whole number of patients included in the study and among the groups with hyperuricemia [group A and group C] were positively correlated with the intimal-media thickness [IMT] while there were no correlations in the other two groups without hyperuricemia. We found that left ventricular hypertrophy [LVH] was significantly higher in hypertensive patients [group A and B] than normotensives [group C and D] either with or without hyperuricemia and this was evident in the hypertensive hyperuricemic patients [group A]; but unexpectedly we observed the presence of LVH in the hyperuricemic non hypertensive patients [group C] which was significantly higher than the control group [group D]. This means that hyperuricemia is a risk factor for development of LVH hypertrophy independently of hypertension. Therefore, higher serum uric acid levels are associated with increased C-IMT and left ventricular hypertrophy in hypertensive and even non hypertensive patients. So, early screening for hyperuricemia and lowering serum uric acid levels might be beneficial in slowing progression of atherogenesis

Humans , Carotid Arteries/abnormalities , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Hyperuricemia/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Hypertension , Risk Factors
J. bras. nefrol ; 31(1): 32-38, jan.-mar. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-595084


Introdução: Os níveis séricos de ácido úrico aumentam na doença renal crônica (DRC), contudo o impacto desta observação clínica na história natural da doença ainda não está elucidado. Objetivo: Testar a hipóteses de que níveis elevados de ácido úrico em indivíduos com função renal preservada se associam com maior prevalência de DRC. Material e métodos: O estudo foi realizado a partir dos dados clínicos (sexo e idade) e laboratoriais (creatinina e ácido úrico) obtidos em um laboratório de análises clínicas em dois períodos distintos: basal (2000-2003) e de avaliação (2004-2005). A filtração glomerular estimada (FGe) foi calculada pela fórmula do estudo <60mL/min/1,73m², num período aproximado de 3 meses. O ácido úrico expresso em mg/dL foi analisado pela separação dos indivíduos em normouricêmicos e hiperuricêmicos e pela divisão da distribuição da amostra em quartis. Resultados: Do total de 4.991 indivíduos avaliados no período basal, 4.041 (90,0%) apresentavam FG>60mL/min/1,73m². Os indivíduos hiperuricêmicos (homens, mulheres, com menos de 60 anos e idosos) apresentaram maior risco relativo para DRC do que os normuricêmicos. Também foi observado que os grupos de indivíduos com ácido úrico mais elevado apresentaram maior prevalência de DRC no período basal (ácido úrico/FGe:<4,0/16,3%; 4,1-5,1/21,2%;5,2-6,7/28,6%;>6,7/34,0%;p<0,001). A prevalência de DRC no período de avaliação também foi maior nos grupos de indivíduos com níveis mais elevados de ácido úrico (ácido úrico/FG:<4,0/22,3%;4-5,1/26,9%; 5,2-6,7/28,5%;>6,7/22,3%;p<0,05). Conclusão: Em indivíduos não portadores de DRC níveis elevados de ácido úrico sérico se associam com maior prevalência da doença e parecem identificar um estado "pré-clínico" de disfunção renal.

Introduction: The serum uric acid increase in chronic kidney disease (CKD), however the impact of this clinical observation in the natural history of disease has not yet been elucidated. Objective: To test the hypothesis that high levels of uric acid in subjects with normal renal function are associated with higher prevalence of CKD. Methods: The study was conducted based on clinical data (age and sex) and laboratory (creatinine and uric acid) obtained in a clinical laboratory in two distinct periods: baseline (2000-2003) and evaluation (2004 - 2005). The estimated glomerular filtration (FGE) was calculated using the study <60mL/min/1, 73m ², within approximately three months. Uric acid in mg / dL was analyzed by the separation of individuals in normouricêmicos hyperuricemic and division and distribution of the sample into quartiles. Results: Of 4,991 subjects evaluated at baseline, 4,041 (90.0%) had FG> 60mL/min/1, 73m ². Hyperuricemic individuals (men, women, younger than 60 years and older) had higher relative risk for CKD than normuricêmicos. It was also observed that groups of individuals with higher uric acid had a higher prevalence of CKD at baseline (uric acid / FGE: <4.0 / 16.3%, from 4.1 to 5.1 / 21.2%; 5.2 to 6.7 / 28.6%> 6.7 / 34.0%, p <0.001). The prevalence of CKD in the evaluation period was also greater in individuals with higher levels of uric acid (uric acid / FG: <4.0 / 22.3%, from 4 to 5.1 / 26.9% 5 0.2 to 6, 7 / 28, 5%,> 6.7 / 22.3%, p <0.05). Conclusion: In non-CKD high levels of serum uric acid are associated with higher prevalence of the disease state and appear to identify a "preclinical" renal dysfunction.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Kidney Failure, Chronic/etiology , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hyperuricemia/complications , Hyperuricemia/diagnosis , Glomerular Filtration Rate/physiology
Rev. méd. Chile ; 137(2): 264-268, feb. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-516093


Prader- Willi syndrome is an uncommon multisystem genetic disorder caused by defects of chromosome 15 (15qll-ql3), often due to deletions or uniparental disomy The syndrome is characterized by neonatal hypotonia, dysmorphic facial features, short stature, motor and mental disabilities, behavioral changes, hyperphagia, precocious obesity and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. We present a 17 year-old woman, with a previous genetic diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome and BMI of 74 Kg/m², that was admitted in anasarca, with marked cyanosis, dyspnea and oliguria. She presented high levels ofblood urea, creatinine and aminotransferases, in addition to hyperkalemia and hyperuricemia. She had been in regular use of fluoxetine during the last six months, and evolved with severe high bloodpressure and respiratory failure, which needed intensive care support. Moreover, sequéis and clear signs of recent selfinjuries were observed in her trunk, forearms and hands. The findings of morbid obesity, anasarca, self-injury, hyperuricemia and hypoxemia in Prader- Willi syndrome are emphasized.

El síndrome de Prader-Willi es un desorden multisistémico infrecuente causado por defectos genéticos del cromosoma 15 (15qll-ql3), debido a deleciones o disomía uniparental. Se caracteriza por hipotonía neonatal, dismorfias faciales, baja estatura, incapacidades motoras y mentales, problemas conductuales, hiperfagia, obesidad precoz e hipogonadismo hipogonadotrófico. Presentamos una mujer de 17 años, con IMC de 74 Kg/m² con diagnóstico genético previo del síndrome que ingresó con anasarca, intensa cianosis, disnea y oliguria. Presentaba elevación plasmática de urea, creatinina y aminotransferasas, asociadas con hiperkalemia e hiperuricemia. Había utilizado regularmente ñuoxetina durante los seis meses precedentes y evolucionó con hipertensión arterial severa e insuficiencia respiratoria, que requirieron de cuidados intensivos. Además, se constataron cicatrices y claras señales de automutilación reciente en su tronco, antebrazos y manos. Se destacan los hallazgos de obesidad mórbida, anasarca, automutilación, hiperuricemia e hipoxemia en el síndrome de Prader-Willi.

Adolescent , Female , Humans , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Prader-Willi Syndrome/complications , Hypoxia/complications , Hyperuricemia/complications , Intellectual Disability/complications , Obesity, Morbid/therapy , Prader-Willi Syndrome/therapy , Self Mutilation/complications
Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2009; 38 (1): 53-59
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-91467


Although the issue of hyperuricemia as a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases [CVD] has been disputed, several studies have shown an association between hyperuricemia and several CVD risk factors. The aim of this study was to assess distribution of uric acid level in Yazd City, center of Iran, and its association with CVD risk factors. From autumn 2004 to summer 2005, 2000 urban population of Yazd City, aging 20-74 years via clustering random sampling were enrolled in this cross sectional study. Serum uric acid level, systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP] and waist/hip ratio were significantly higher in men than in women [P < 0.001],moreover, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and body mass index [BMI] were significantly higher in women [P < 0.001]. The prevalence of hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome in men and women was [17.9%, 11.25% P = 0.001] and [11.87%, 19.32% P= 0.01], respectively. Hyperuricemia was more prevalent in metabolic syndrome and ischemic heart disease independent of age and sex. Significant correlations were found between serum uric acid and several components of the metabolic syndrome. Weight, waist circumstance, triglyceride level and DBP, were the major determinants of the variations in serum uric acid levels. This could be attributed to the insulin resistance status

Humans , Male , Female , Hyperuricemia/complications , Uric Acid/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies