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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936153


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the feasibility and key technology of microscopic resection of lumbar intraspinal tumor through microchannel keyhole approach.@*METHODS@#The clinical features, imaging characteristics and surgical methods of 54 cases of lumbar intraspinal tumor which were microscopically operated by microchannel from February 2017 to September 2019 were reviewed and analyzed. There were 8 cases of extradural tumor, 3 cases of extra-and intradural tumor and 43 cases of subdural extramedullary tumor (including 3 cases of ventral spinal tumor). The tumors were 0.5-3.0 cm in diameter. The clinical symptoms included 49 cases of pain in the corresponding innervation area, 5 cases of sensory disturbance (numbness) at or below the tumor segment, 7 cases of limb weakness and 2 cases of urination and defecation dysfunction.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 37 tumors were resected through hemilaminectomy, 14 tumors were resected through interlaminar fenestration, 3 tumors were resected through hemilaminectomy or interlaminar fenestration combined with facetectomy of medial 1/4 facet. All of the 54 tumors were totally resected. The operation time was 75-135 min, with an average of 93.3 min. The postoperative hospital stay was 4-7 days, with an average of 5.7 days. Postoperative pathology included 34 cases of schwannoma, 4 cases of meningioma, 9 cases of ependymoma, 1 case of enterogenous cyst, 5 cases of teratoma/epidermoid/dermoid cyst, and 1 case of paraganglioma. No infection or cerebrospinal fluid leakage was found after operation. No neurological dysfunction occurred except 1 case of urination dysfunction and 4 cases of limb numbness. The follow-up period ranged from 3 to 33 months with an average of 14.4 months. Five patients with new onset symptoms returned to normal. The pain symptoms of 49 patients were completely relieved; 4 of 5 patients with hypoesthesia recovered completely, the other 1 patient had residual mild hypoesthesia; 7 patients with limb weakness, and 2 patients with urination and defecation dysfunction recovered to normal. No spinal instability or deformity was found, and no recurrence or residual tumors were found. According to McCormick classification, they were of all grade Ⅰ.@*CONCLUSION@#The lumbar intraspinal extramedullary tumors within two segments (including the ventral spinal tumors) can be totally resected at stage Ⅰ through microchannel keyhole approach with appropriate selection of the cases. Microchannel technique is beneficial to preserve the normal structure and muscle attachment of lumbar spine, and to maintain the integrity and stability of lumbar spine.

Humans , Hypesthesia , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Meningeal Neoplasms , Pain , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Neoplasms/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280183


Abstract Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a rare disease with multi-systemic involvement, predominantly neurological. Little evidence exists about the anesthetic management of patients with this disorder, particularly in pregnant women. This article discusses a case of a patient with TSC admitted to our hospital for the delivery of a twin gestation. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the patient presented left-side facial-brachial hypoesthesia and headache. A brain CT revealed a right frontal cortical bleeding tumor, which was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was discharged 15 days after admission and a neurosurgical approach was suggested.

Resumen La esclerosis tuberosa es una enfermedad poco frecuente asociada con compromiso multisistémico, principalmente neurológico. Es poca la evidencia sobre el manejo anestésico de los pacientes con este trastorno, en particular las mujeres embarazadas. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente con esclerosis tuberosa ingresada en nuestro hospital para el parto de una gestación gemelar. Veinticuatro horas después de la cirugía, la paciente presentó hipoestesia facial y braquial izquierda y cefalea. La tomografía cerebral mostró un tumor cortical sangrante en el lóbulo frontal derecho, diagnosticado como glioblastoma multiforme. La paciente fue dada de alta 15 días después de su ingreso y, con recomendación de manejo por neurocirugía.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Glioblastoma , Headache , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthetics , Neurosurgery , Tuberous Sclerosis , Brain , Rare Diseases , Parturition , Hemorrhage , Hospitals , Hypesthesia , Neoplasms , Nervous System Diseases
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020218, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142406


The Numb Chin Syndrome (NCS) is defined as facial and oral numbness restricted to the mental nerve's distribution involving the lower lip, skin of the chin, or gingiva of the lower anterior teeth. Hypoesthesia can occur unilaterally or bilaterally. Although this syndrome is rare, its importance is related to the fact that it represents the clinical manifestations of malignant diseases. Breast cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are the most common cause of NCS. The patient, a 58-year-old woman, treated for a Burkitt Lymphoma (BL) nine years ago, described a two-week history of change in sensitivity and pain in the chin region, without relief with the use of analgesics. She had no headache, speech disturbance, dysphagia, visual disturbance, or other neurological symptoms. No surgical intervention has been performed recently. The intraoral examination revealed a healthy oral mucosa and a small area adjacent to the right mental nerve region that was uncomfortable to palpation. No changes were found in the bone trabeculae at cone-beam computed tomography. The contrasted magnetic resonance features made it possible to identify a change in the mandibular body extending to the entire right side, coinciding with the patient's complaint, indicating a probable mandibular medullary invasion. The patient was submitted to a biopsy to rule out a possible recurrence of BL. The microscopic findings were consistent with the diagnosis of BL. The present report described a very unusual presentation of late recurrent BL nine years after the first treatment, which manifested as an NCS.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mandibular Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Recurrence , B-Lymphocytes , Hypesthesia
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(6): e3355, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149970


RESUMEN Introducción: El uso de plantas medicinales se asocia a la creencia de ausencia de efectos adversos. Objetivo: Reportar una posible asociación entre el uso de Plantago major e hipocalemia Presentación de caso: Paciente mujer de 38 años que acudió con entumecimiento y debilidad en extremidades debido a hipocalemia (2.94 meq/l) asociada al uso de Plantago major (Llantén), una planta medicinal de uso generalizado en Perú y de distribución global. El potasio se normalizó y los síntomas disminuyeron después de descontinuar el Llantén. Conclusión: El empleo de plantas medicinales de uso común debe tener en cuenta siempre posibles efectos adversos (AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: The use of medicinal plants is associated with the belief of the absence of adverse effects. Objective: To report a possible association between the use of Plantago major and hypokalemia Case presentation: Thirty-eight-year-old female patient with numbness and weakness in her limbs due to hypokalemia (2.94 meq/l) associated with the use of Llantén (Plantago major), a medicinal plant of widespread use and global distribution. Potassium was normalized and symptoms subsided after discontinuation of Llantén. Conclusion: Possible adverse effects of the use of commonly used medicinal plants must always be considered(AU)

Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Plantago major/adverse effects , Hypesthesia , Signs and Symptoms , Research Report
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 374-379, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138031


Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the oblique and vertical incisions in hamstring tendon harvesting in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and in infrapatellar branch injury of the saphenous nerve. Methods The present study was conducted at a tertiary referral center for 12 months. Patients with an indication of reconstruction of ACL tear were included in the study, who were then randomized into two groups (vertical [VG] and oblique [OG] groups). After excluding a few cases, 92 patients were eligible for further analysis (VG: n= 44; OG: n = 48). They were followed-up for 9 months after the surgery, and loss of sensation over the knee and over the proximal aspect of the operated leg was recorded. Results The mean lengths of the incisions were 27 mm and 38 mm for the OG and VG groups, respectively. The total rate of hypoesthesia was 40% (27 patients). A total of 12 (25%) and 25 patients (56.8%) on the OG and VG groups, respectively, reported hypoesthesia symptoms. The presence of hypoesthesia in patients in the VG group was two times higher than in the OG group. No statistical correlation was observed between the nerve injury and age, gender, education, and delay from injury to reconstruction. Conclusion Oblique incision, which showed lower risk of nerve damage, might be more recommended for graft harvesting. Patients who underwent reconstruction of the ACL in the OG group had a lower incidence of peri-incisional hypoesthesia when compared to those in the VG group.

Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar as incisões oblíquas e verticais na coleta dos tendões dos isquiotibiais na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) e na lesão do ramo infrapatelar do nervo safeno. Métodos O presente estudo foi realizado em um centro de referência terciário por 12 meses. Pacientes com indicação de reconstrução de uma ruptura do LCA foram incluídos no estudo, os quais foram randomizados em dois grupos (vertical [GV] e oblíquo [GO]). Após a exclusão de alguns casos, 92 pacientes foram elegíveis para análise posterior (GV: n= 44; GO: n = 48). Eles foram acompanhados por 9 meses após a cirurgia, e a perda de sensibilidade sobre o joelho e sobre o aspecto proximal da perna operada foi registrado. Resultados Os comprimentos médios da incisão foram de 27 mm e 38 mm para os grupos GO e GV, respectivamente. A taxa total de hipoestesia foi de 40% (27 pacientes). Um total de 12 (25%) e de 25 pacientes (56,8%) dos grupos GO e GV, respectivamente, relataram sintomas de hipoestesia. A presença de hipoestesia em pacientes no grupo GV foi duas vezes maior do que no grupo GO. Não foi observada correlação estatística entre a lesão do nervo e idade, gênero, escolaridade e demora entre a lesão e a reconstrução. Conclusão A incisão oblíqua, que apresentou menor risco de lesão nervosa, pode ser mais recomendada para a coleta do enxerto. Pacientes submetidos à reconstrução do LCA no grupo GO tiveram menor incidência de hipoestesia peri-incisional quando comparados aos pacientes do grupo GV.

Humans , Male , Female , Wounds and Injuries , Incidence , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Educational Status , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Surgical Wound , Procrastination , Gender Identity , Hypesthesia
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811207


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the pain levels during anesthesia and the efficacy of the QuickSleeper intraosseous (IO) injection system and conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in impacted mandibular third molar surgery.METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial included 30 patients (16 women, 14 men) with bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibular third molars. Thirty subjects randomly received either the IO injection or conventional IANB at two successive appointments. A split-mouth design was used in which each patient underwent treatment of a tooth with one of the techniques and treatment of the homologous contralateral tooth with the other technique. The subjects received 1.8 mL of 2% articaine. Subjects' demographic data, pain levels during anesthesia induction, tooth extractions, and mouth opening on postoperative first, third, and seventh days were recorded. Pain assessment ratings were recorded using the 100-mm visual analog scale. The latency and duration of the anesthetic effect, complications, and operation duration were also analyzed in this study. The duration of anesthetic effect was considered using an electric pulp test and by probing the soft tissue with an explorer.RESULTS: Thirty patients aged between 18 and 47 years (mean age, 25 years) were included in this study. The IO injection was significantly less painful with lesser soft tissue numbness and quicker onset of anesthesia and lingual mucosa anesthesia with single needle penetration than conventional IANB. Moreover, 19 out of 30 patients (63%) preferred transcortical anesthesia. Mouth opening on postoperative first day was significantly better with intraosseous injection than with conventional IANB (P = 0.013).CONCLUSION: The IO anesthetic system is a good alternative to IANB for extraction of the third molar with less pain during anesthesia induction and sufficient depth of anesthesia for the surgical procedure.

Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Appointments and Schedules , Carticaine , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Jupiter , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third , Mouth , Mucous Membrane , Needles , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Tooth , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Visual Analog Scale
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811117


BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature on the use of hip arthroscopy for pathologic conditions in skeletally immature patients. Thus, the indications and safety of the procedure are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and functional outcomes of hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorders. We further attempted to characterize arthroscopic findings in each disease.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 children and adolescents with hip disorders who underwent 34 hip arthroscopic procedures at a tertiary care children's hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. We evaluated functional limitations and improvement after operation by using the modified Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), subjective pain assessment with a visual analog scale (VAS), and range of hip motion as well as the complications of hip arthroscopy. Arthroscopic findings in each disease were recorded.RESULTS: Hip arthroscopy was performed for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (n = 6), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n = 6), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n = 5), idiopathic femoroacetabular impingement (n = 6), sequelae of septic arthritis of the hip (n = 3), hereditary multiple exostosis (n = 2), synovial giant cell tumor (n = 3), idiopathic chondrolysis (n = 2), and posttraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (n = 1). Overall, there was a significant improvement in the modified HHS, WOMAC, VAS, and range of hip motion. Symptom improvement was not observed for more than 18 months in four patients who had dysplastic acetabulum with a labral tear (n = 2) or a recurrent femoral head bump (n = 2). There were no complications except transient perineal numbness in five patients.CONCLUSIONS: Our short-term follow-up evaluation shows that hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorder is a less invasive and safe procedure. It appears to be effective in improving functional impairment caused by femoroacetabular impingement between the deformed femoral head and acetabulum or intra-articular focal problems in pediatric and adolescent hip disorders.

Acetabulum , Adolescent , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , Child , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary , Femoracetabular Impingement , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Head , Hip , Humans , Hypesthesia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Osteonecrosis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Tears , Tertiary Healthcare , Visual Analog Scale
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(3): 49-52, set.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102228


Ocasionalmente, as unidades dentárias sofrem alterações em sua região de desenvolvimento natural, impossibilitando a erupção ou irrompimento em posições funcionais. Objetivo: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar o procedimento ambulatorial de exodontia de pré-molar impactado em íntimo contato com o nervo mentual, observando os riscos presentes. Relato de Caso: Paciente do gênero feminino, faioderma, 30 anos de idade, procurou o serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial da OSID/UFBA para exodontia da unidade 35 inclusa, com finalidade ortodôntica, após insucesso de tracionamento prévio. O plano de tratamento incluiu exodontia do elemento 35 sob anestesia local. No pós-operatório de sete dias, foi referida presença de hipoestesiaemregião de mento e lábioesquerdo, sendo esta sintomatologia ausente após o vigésimo primeiro dia de acompanhamento. No momento, em acompanhamento de 04 meses de pós-operatório, a paciente encontra-se sem sinais e sintomas de hipoestesia em hemiface afetada, bem como retorno ao tratamento ortodôntico. Conclusão: A técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva é imprescindível para obtenção de bons resultados com o mínimo de repercussão para o paciente, ainda que o trauma cirúrgico devido ao afastamento do nervo mentoniano possa provocar alteração de sensibilidade pós-operatória temporária. Este caso pode contribuir para a literatura mínima disponível sobre os segundos pré-molares impactados, oferecendo uma opção de abordagem em seu plano de tratamento, de forma a evitar lesões ao nervo mentoniano e persistência de hipoestesia no pós-operatório(AU)

Occasionally, dental units undergo changes in their region of natural development, making it impossible to erupt in functional positions. Objective: The present study aims to report the outpatient procedure of impacted premolar extraction in close contact with the mental nerve, observing the present risks. Case Report: Female patient, faioderm, 30 years old, sought the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of OSID/UFBA for extraction of included unit 35, with orthodontic purpose, after failure of previous orthodontic traction. Conclusion: The minimally invasive surgical technique is essential to obtain good results with minimal repercussion for the patient, although the surgical trauma due to the separation of mental nerve may cause a change in the temporary postoperative sensitivity. This case may contribute to the minimal literature available about impacted second premolars, offering an option of approach in its treatment plan, in order to avoid lesions to the mental nerve and persistence of postoperative hypoesthesia(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth, Unerupted/surgery , Bicuspid , Mental Foramen , Surgery, Oral , Hypesthesia
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048277


Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)

Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Dura Mater/abnormalities , Paresthesia , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Urinary Incontinence , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Paraparesis , Fecal Incontinence , Hypertension/complications , Hypesthesia , Erectile Dysfunction , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(3): 192-194, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013665


ABSTRACT This study aims to describe a challenging clinical case of a patient with a neurotrophic and exposure corneal ulcer. A 75-year-old male patient, with history of right eye (RE) limbic stem-cell insuficiency due to complications of recurrent herpetic keratitis, underwent successful limbic stem-cell transplantation in 2008. In 2010, an uneventful penetrating keratoplasty was performed. After a cataract phacoemulsification surgery with intraocular lens implantation done in 2011, best corrected visual acuity was 20/20, and remained stable until 2015. In July 2015, the patient developed right facial nerve palsy and two months later, presented with an extensive central corneal ulcer, with a significant thinning of central stroma, without infection signs, but with an imminent risk of perforation. Treatment with topical ofloxacin and intensive ocular lubrification was started in association with permanent ocular oclusion. Due to lack of any clinical improvement, treatment with RGTA [Poli (carboximetilglucose) sulfate, dextrano T40] (Cacicol®, Thea) was started. After two weeks of treatment, a complete reepithelization and partial stromal filling was observed. Continued monitoring and treatment with artificial tears was maintained, with no recurrence observed. There is an unmet need for a medical therapy that could help corneal neurotrophic ulcers to heal. The presented clinical case shows that the approach of targeting extracellular matrix can be effective in the reepithelialization of neurotrophic and exposure corneal ulcer that do not respond to conventional treatments.

RESUMO Este trabalho relata um caso clínico desafiante de doente com uma úlcera de córnea neurotrófica e de exposição. Doente do sexo masculino, de 75 anos, com antecedentes de queratites herpéticas de repetição no olho direito (OD), complicadas com o desenvolvimento de uma insuficiência límbica, foi submetido com sucesso a transplante de células límbicas em 2008. Em 2010 foi submetido a queratoplastia penetrante e em 2011, após realização de cirurgia de catarata, apresentava uma melhor acuidade visual corrigida (MAVC) de 20/20. A MAVC manteve-se estável até Julho de 2015, altura em que desenvolveu paresia facial periférica à direita. Dois meses depois, o doente desenvolveu uma úlcera de córnea central extensa, com adelgaçamento significativo do estroma central, sem sinais de infeção, mas com risco iminente de perfuração. Foi iniciado tratamento tópico com ofloxacina, lubrificação intensiva e oclusão ocular contínua. Por ausência de melhoria clínica, foi iniciado tratamento tópico com um RGTA [Poli (carboximetilglucose) sulfato, dextrano T40] (Cacicol®, Thea). Após duas semanas de tratamento, observou-se uma reepitelização completa e regeneração parcial do estroma. Foi mantida monitorização regular e tratamento com lágrimas artificiais, sem recidiva do quadro clínico. Há uma grande necessidade de tratamentos médicos que possam ajudar na regeneração de úlceras de córnea neurotróficas e de exposição. O caso clínico apresentado sugere que os fármacos que têm por alvo a matrix extracelular poderão ser eficazes na reepitelização de úlceras de córnea neurotróficas e de exposição que não respondem ao tratamento convencional.

Humans , Male , Aged , Regeneration/drug effects , Corneal Ulcer/drug therapy , Glycosaminoglycans/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions/administration & dosage , Stimulation, Chemical , Wound Healing , Administration, Topical , Dextrans/administration & dosage , Hypesthesia , Anti-Infective Agents/administration & dosage
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 38(1): 7-11, 15/03/2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362609


Objective To analyze 78 cases of brachial plexus injury submitted to the Oberlin technique between 2003 and 2012. The potential complications of this technique were analyzed, especially motor damage or hypoesthesia of the hand. Method Medical records from patients with brachial plexus injuries at the levels of the C5-C6 and C5-C6-C7 vertebrae were retrospectively analyzed. Cases submitted to the Oberlin procedure with or without concomitant brachial plexus procedures between 2003 and 2012 were evaluated. The minimum follow-up period was of 1 year. In addition to the clinical examination, electromyography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brachial plexus were used to diagnose and locate the nerve damage. Results A total of 78 surgical patients met the inclusion criteria. Postoperative neurological changes, mostly transient, were observed in 18 patients. Hypoesthesia in the ulnar side of the handwas observed in seven cases; neuropathic pain in five cases; allodynia in four cases, and hand motor loss in two cases. Conclusion Based on the results of the present case series, we conclude that there are few sequelae in the donor nerve territory compared with the benefit of the Oberlin technique on the recovery of elbow flexion after brachial plexus injuries.

Postoperative Complications , Brachial Plexus/surgery , Brachial Plexus/injuries , Musculocutaneous Nerve/surgery , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Nerve Transfer/methods , Hypesthesia/complications
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787511


BACKGROUND: Exposure to mercury is known to affect the nervous system and cardiovascular system, but effects of chronic exposure to mercury remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high blood mercury concentrations on the health of patients living in the Yeong-dong region.METHODS: We analyzed the relationship between blood mercury concentration and cardiovascular risk and neuropathic symptoms for 555 patients whose blood mercury concentration was tested from 1999 to 2017. We analyzed the association of each lipid component and blood mercury concentration through a partial correlation method. We performed an analysis to determine the odds ratios (ORs) of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity to high blood mercury levels through a logistic regression model. We analyzed the association between mercury levels and neuropathic symptoms using a χ² test and calculated the OR.RESULTS: The average blood mercury concentration was 8.1±7.5 µg/L and 5.5±5.2 µg/L for males and females, respectively. There was a positive correlation of mercury concentration with high density lipoprotein cholesterol (r, 0.268, 0.219; P-value, <0.001). Among other cardiovascular disease risk factors, no significant correlation was found with high blood mercury level. A tingling sensation in females was related to a high blood mercury level (OR, 2.080; 95% confidence interval, 1.119–3.866).CONCLUSION: It was found that higher mercury concentrations could affect high-density lipoprotein cholesterol regardless of sex and can cause a tingling sensation in women.

Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiovascular System , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, HDL , Diabetes Mellitus , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Hypesthesia , Lipoproteins , Logistic Models , Male , Methods , Nervous System , Obesity , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors , Sensation
Clinical Pain ; (2): 36-39, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785682


Chronic postoperative inguinal pain (CPIP) is a major complication after inguinal herniorrhaphy. We report the treatment of CPIP using ultrasonography-combined with nerve stimulator for injection of the genitofemoral nerve (GFN). A 59-year-old man underwent laparoscopic herniorrhaphy and presented with numbness from the inguinal region to the scrotum after operation. In the pain clinic, ultrasonography-guided GFN block and pharmacological treatments had little effect. Six month after operation, patient was referred to the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, and ultrasonography-combined with nerve stimulator for GFN injection underwent to enhance the accuracy of neural approach. The induction of scrotal contraction and paresthesia on the GFN distribution was monitored by nerve stimulator and local anesthetic was injected. After the block, pain relief lasted for 6 months without analgesic use. Ultrasonography-combined with nerve stimulator is an effective approach to treat CPIP as it enhances precise localization and injection of small peripheral nerve like GFN.

Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Hypesthesia , Middle Aged , Pain Clinics , Paresthesia , Peripheral Nerves , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Scrotum
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719398


A 65-year-old male patient underwent C-arm fluoroscopy-guided bilateral celiac plexus neurolysis to relieve peritoneal seeding-related pain associated with pancreatic cancer. Following confirmation of spreading, and no intravascular injection of contrast media, 7.5 ml of 0.25% chirocaine was injected in each side. The pain subsided after the block, with no motor or sensory deficits. Subsequently, celiac plexus neurolysis with 99.8% alcohol was performed using a posterolateral approach under fluoroscopic guidance. The patient was instructed to maintain a prone position for 2 hours while the procedure was performed. Approximately 4 hours later, the patient experienced paralysis of both lower extremities and hypoesthesia. Emergent magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic and lumbar spine revealed gray matter signal change in the cord and conus medullaris at the T10-L1 level, and decreased perfusion at the T11-T12 vertebral bodies, suggesting spinal cord infarction. The patient remained paraplegic until his death 24 days later.

Aged , Celiac Plexus , Contrast Media , Gray Matter , Humans , Hypesthesia , Infarction , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Paralysis , Paraplegia , Perfusion , Prone Position , Spinal Cord , Spine
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719387


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tafamidis functions to delay the loss of function in transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP), which is a rare inherited amyloidosis with progressive sensorimotor and autonomic polyneuropathy. This systematic literature review and meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of tafamidis in TTR-FAP patients, with the aim of improving the evidence-based medical evidence of this treatment option for TTP-FAP. METHODS: A systematic search of the English-language literature in five databases was performed through to May 31, 2018 by two reviewers who independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. We extracted efficacy and safety outcomes and performed a meta-analysis. Statistical tests were performed to check for heterogeneity and publication bias. RESULTS: The meta-analysis identified six relevant studies. The tafamidis group showed smaller changes from baseline in the Neuropathy Impairment Score–Lower Limbs [mean difference (MD)=−3.01, 95% confidence interval (CI)=−3.26 to −2.75, p < 0.001] and the Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy total quality of life score (MD=−6.67, 95% CI=−9.70 to −3.64, p < 0.001), and a higher modified body mass index (MD=72.45, 95% CI=69.41 to 75.49, p < 0.001), with no significant difference in total adverse events [odds ratio (OR)=0.69, 95% CI=0.35 to 1.35, p=0.27]. The incidence of adverse events did not differ between tafamidis and placebo treatment except for fatigue (OR=0.13, 95% CI=0.02 to 0.72, p=0.02) and hypesthesia (OR=0.16, 95% CI=0.03 to 0.92, p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis has demonstrated that tafamidis delays neurologic progression and preserves a better nutritional status and the quality of life. The rates of adverse events did not differ between the patients in the tafamidis and placebo groups. Tafamidis might be a safer noninvasive option for patients with TTR-FAP.

Amyloid Neuropathies , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial , Amyloidosis , Bias , Body Mass Index , Extremities , Fatigue , Humans , Hypesthesia , Incidence , Nutritional Status , Polyneuropathies , Population Characteristics , Prealbumin , Publication Bias , Quality of Life
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759793


Profound weight loss with painful symmetrical peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients was first described as diabetic neuropathic cachexia more than 4 decades ago. It is a distinct type of diabetic peripheral neuropathy that occurs in the absence of other microvascular and autonomic complications of diabetes. The mechanism and precipitating cause are unknown. It was reported to have good prognosis with spontaneous recovery within months to 2 years. However, it was frequently missed by clinicians because the profound weight loss is the most outstanding complaint, rather than the pain, numbness, or weakness. This often leads to extensive investigation to exclude more sinister causes of weight loss, particularly malignancy. We report a case of a young woman with well-controlled diabetes who presented with profound unintentional weight loss (26 kg), symmetrical debilitating thigh pain, and clinical signs of peripheral neuropathy. As the disease entity may mimic an inflammatory demyelinating cause of neuropathy, she was treated with a trial of intravenous immunoglobulin, which failed to give any significant benefit. However, she recovered after 6 months without any specific treatment, other than an antidepressant for the neuropathic pain and ongoing rehabilitation.

Cachexia , Diabetic Neuropathies , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Immunoglobulins , Neuralgia , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Prognosis , Rehabilitation , Thigh , Weight Loss
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758411


Dioscorea tokoro has long been used in Korean traditional medicine as a pain killer and anti-inflammatory agent. A 53-year-old male who consumed water that had been boiled with raw tubers of D. tokoro as tea presented with numbness and spasm of both hands and feet. Laboratory results showed hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, and vitamin D insufficiency. During his hospital stay, colitis, acute kidney injury, and toxic encephalopathy developed. The patient received calcium gluconate intravenous infusion and oral calcium carbonate with alfacalcidol. His symptoms improved gradually, but hypocalcemia persisted despite the calcium supplementation. We suggest that ingestion of inappropriately prepared D. tokoro can cause symptomatic hypocalcemia in patients with unbalanced calcium homeostasis.

Acute Kidney Injury , Calcium , Calcium Carbonate , Calcium Gluconate , Colitis , Dioscorea , Eating , Foot , Hand , Homeostasis , Humans , Hypesthesia , Hypocalcemia , Hypoparathyroidism , Infusions, Intravenous , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Korean Traditional , Middle Aged , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Spasm , Tea , Vitamin D , Water
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763315


OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic prelacrimal medial maxillectomy (EPMM) was previously reported to treat maxillary inverted papilloma. This study aimed to compare prelacrimal recess approach with the conventional Caldwell-Luc approach (CLA) to remove benign maxillary sinus tumors and to evaluate the usefulness of this approach based on our experience. METHODS: Ten patients who underwent EPMM at our hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were reviewed. We also reviewed 30 patients who underwent benign maxillary sinus tumor resection via CLA during the same period. From medical records, postoperative pathological results, complications due to surgery, and recurrence rate were evaluated. RESULTS: There were eight inverted papilloma, one ameloblastoma, and one ossifying fibroma in the EPMM group. In the CLA group, all 30 cases were inverted papilloma. There were no cases of failure at gross total removal during surgery, and no recurrences were observed during follow-up in either groups. Mean follow-up period was 13.0 months in CLA group and 10.8 months in EPMM group. Regarding postoperative complications, 11 patients of the CLA group (37%) and three patients of the EPMM group (30%) had numbness around the cheek and upper lip area after surgery (P=0.715). In the CLA group, there were eight patients who had numbness lasting more than 3 months after surgery, and two patients had numbness for more than 1 year. However, facial numbness disappeared within 3 months in all patients in the EPMM group, in which epiphora was not observed. CONCLUSION: EPMM is the effective surgical approach for resecting benign maxillary sinus tumor compared with CLA. Although facial numbness was reported in EPMM, the duration of numbness was shorter than CLA.

Ameloblastoma , Cheek , Endoscopy , Fibroma, Ossifying , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypesthesia , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases , Lip , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Maxillary Sinus , Medical Records , Papilloma, Inverted , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence