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1.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e600, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a rare disease with multi-systemic involvement, predominantly neurological. Little evidence exists about the anesthetic management of patients with this disorder, particularly in pregnant women. This article discusses a case of a patient with TSC admitted to our hospital for the delivery of a twin gestation. Twenty-four hours after surgery, the patient presented left-side facial-brachial hypoesthesia and headache. A brain CT revealed a right frontal cortical bleeding tumor, which was diagnosed as glioblastoma multiforme. The patient was discharged 15 days after admission and a neurosurgical approach was suggested.


Resumen La esclerosis tuberosa es una enfermedad poco frecuente asociada con compromiso multisistémico, principalmente neurológico. Es poca la evidencia sobre el manejo anestésico de los pacientes con este trastorno, en particular las mujeres embarazadas. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente con esclerosis tuberosa ingresada en nuestro hospital para el parto de una gestación gemelar. Veinticuatro horas después de la cirugía, la paciente presentó hipoestesia facial y braquial izquierda y cefalea. La tomografía cerebral mostró un tumor cortical sangrante en el lóbulo frontal derecho, diagnosticado como glioblastoma multiforme. La paciente fue dada de alta 15 días después de su ingreso y, con recomendación de manejo por neurocirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Glioblastoma , Headache , Anesthesia, Epidural , Anesthetics , Neurosurgery , Tuberous Sclerosis , Brain , Rare Diseases , Parturition , Hemorrhage , Hospitals , Hypesthesia , Neoplasms , Nervous System Diseases
2.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020218, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142406

ABSTRACT

The Numb Chin Syndrome (NCS) is defined as facial and oral numbness restricted to the mental nerve's distribution involving the lower lip, skin of the chin, or gingiva of the lower anterior teeth. Hypoesthesia can occur unilaterally or bilaterally. Although this syndrome is rare, its importance is related to the fact that it represents the clinical manifestations of malignant diseases. Breast cancer and non-Hodgkin lymphoma are the most common cause of NCS. The patient, a 58-year-old woman, treated for a Burkitt Lymphoma (BL) nine years ago, described a two-week history of change in sensitivity and pain in the chin region, without relief with the use of analgesics. She had no headache, speech disturbance, dysphagia, visual disturbance, or other neurological symptoms. No surgical intervention has been performed recently. The intraoral examination revealed a healthy oral mucosa and a small area adjacent to the right mental nerve region that was uncomfortable to palpation. No changes were found in the bone trabeculae at cone-beam computed tomography. The contrasted magnetic resonance features made it possible to identify a change in the mandibular body extending to the entire right side, coinciding with the patient's complaint, indicating a probable mandibular medullary invasion. The patient was submitted to a biopsy to rule out a possible recurrence of BL. The microscopic findings were consistent with the diagnosis of BL. The present report described a very unusual presentation of late recurrent BL nine years after the first treatment, which manifested as an NCS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mandibular Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Recurrence , B-Lymphocytes , Hypesthesia
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 374-379, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to compare the oblique and vertical incisions in hamstring tendon harvesting in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction and in infrapatellar branch injury of the saphenous nerve. Methods The present study was conducted at a tertiary referral center for 12 months. Patients with an indication of reconstruction of ACL tear were included in the study, who were then randomized into two groups (vertical [VG] and oblique [OG] groups). After excluding a few cases, 92 patients were eligible for further analysis (VG: n= 44; OG: n = 48). They were followed-up for 9 months after the surgery, and loss of sensation over the knee and over the proximal aspect of the operated leg was recorded. Results The mean lengths of the incisions were 27 mm and 38 mm for the OG and VG groups, respectively. The total rate of hypoesthesia was 40% (27 patients). A total of 12 (25%) and 25 patients (56.8%) on the OG and VG groups, respectively, reported hypoesthesia symptoms. The presence of hypoesthesia in patients in the VG group was two times higher than in the OG group. No statistical correlation was observed between the nerve injury and age, gender, education, and delay from injury to reconstruction. Conclusion Oblique incision, which showed lower risk of nerve damage, might be more recommended for graft harvesting. Patients who underwent reconstruction of the ACL in the OG group had a lower incidence of peri-incisional hypoesthesia when compared to those in the VG group.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar as incisões oblíquas e verticais na coleta dos tendões dos isquiotibiais na reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) e na lesão do ramo infrapatelar do nervo safeno. Métodos O presente estudo foi realizado em um centro de referência terciário por 12 meses. Pacientes com indicação de reconstrução de uma ruptura do LCA foram incluídos no estudo, os quais foram randomizados em dois grupos (vertical [GV] e oblíquo [GO]). Após a exclusão de alguns casos, 92 pacientes foram elegíveis para análise posterior (GV: n= 44; GO: n = 48). Eles foram acompanhados por 9 meses após a cirurgia, e a perda de sensibilidade sobre o joelho e sobre o aspecto proximal da perna operada foi registrado. Resultados Os comprimentos médios da incisão foram de 27 mm e 38 mm para os grupos GO e GV, respectivamente. A taxa total de hipoestesia foi de 40% (27 pacientes). Um total de 12 (25%) e de 25 pacientes (56,8%) dos grupos GO e GV, respectivamente, relataram sintomas de hipoestesia. A presença de hipoestesia em pacientes no grupo GV foi duas vezes maior do que no grupo GO. Não foi observada correlação estatística entre a lesão do nervo e idade, gênero, escolaridade e demora entre a lesão e a reconstrução. Conclusão A incisão oblíqua, que apresentou menor risco de lesão nervosa, pode ser mais recomendada para a coleta do enxerto. Pacientes submetidos à reconstrução do LCA no grupo GO tiveram menor incidência de hipoestesia peri-incisional quando comparados aos pacientes do grupo GV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds and Injuries , Incidence , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Educational Status , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Surgical Wound , Procrastination , Gender Identity , Hypesthesia
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the pain levels during anesthesia and the efficacy of the QuickSleeper intraosseous (IO) injection system and conventional inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in impacted mandibular third molar surgery.METHODS: This prospective randomized clinical trial included 30 patients (16 women, 14 men) with bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibular third molars. Thirty subjects randomly received either the IO injection or conventional IANB at two successive appointments. A split-mouth design was used in which each patient underwent treatment of a tooth with one of the techniques and treatment of the homologous contralateral tooth with the other technique. The subjects received 1.8 mL of 2% articaine. Subjects' demographic data, pain levels during anesthesia induction, tooth extractions, and mouth opening on postoperative first, third, and seventh days were recorded. Pain assessment ratings were recorded using the 100-mm visual analog scale. The latency and duration of the anesthetic effect, complications, and operation duration were also analyzed in this study. The duration of anesthetic effect was considered using an electric pulp test and by probing the soft tissue with an explorer.RESULTS: Thirty patients aged between 18 and 47 years (mean age, 25 years) were included in this study. The IO injection was significantly less painful with lesser soft tissue numbness and quicker onset of anesthesia and lingual mucosa anesthesia with single needle penetration than conventional IANB. Moreover, 19 out of 30 patients (63%) preferred transcortical anesthesia. Mouth opening on postoperative first day was significantly better with intraosseous injection than with conventional IANB (P = 0.013).CONCLUSION: The IO anesthetic system is a good alternative to IANB for extraction of the third molar with less pain during anesthesia induction and sufficient depth of anesthesia for the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthetics , Appointments and Schedules , Carticaine , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Jupiter , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third , Mouth , Mucous Membrane , Needles , Pain Measurement , Prospective Studies , Tooth , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Visual Analog Scale
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature on the use of hip arthroscopy for pathologic conditions in skeletally immature patients. Thus, the indications and safety of the procedure are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and functional outcomes of hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorders. We further attempted to characterize arthroscopic findings in each disease.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 children and adolescents with hip disorders who underwent 34 hip arthroscopic procedures at a tertiary care children's hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. We evaluated functional limitations and improvement after operation by using the modified Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), subjective pain assessment with a visual analog scale (VAS), and range of hip motion as well as the complications of hip arthroscopy. Arthroscopic findings in each disease were recorded.RESULTS: Hip arthroscopy was performed for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (n = 6), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n = 6), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n = 5), idiopathic femoroacetabular impingement (n = 6), sequelae of septic arthritis of the hip (n = 3), hereditary multiple exostosis (n = 2), synovial giant cell tumor (n = 3), idiopathic chondrolysis (n = 2), and posttraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (n = 1). Overall, there was a significant improvement in the modified HHS, WOMAC, VAS, and range of hip motion. Symptom improvement was not observed for more than 18 months in four patients who had dysplastic acetabulum with a labral tear (n = 2) or a recurrent femoral head bump (n = 2). There were no complications except transient perineal numbness in five patients.CONCLUSIONS: Our short-term follow-up evaluation shows that hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorder is a less invasive and safe procedure. It appears to be effective in improving functional impairment caused by femoroacetabular impingement between the deformed femoral head and acetabulum or intra-articular focal problems in pediatric and adolescent hip disorders.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Adolescent , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , Child , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary , Femoracetabular Impingement , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Head , Hip , Humans , Hypesthesia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Osteonecrosis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Tears , Tertiary Healthcare , Visual Analog Scale
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(3): 49-52, set.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102228

ABSTRACT

Ocasionalmente, as unidades dentárias sofrem alterações em sua região de desenvolvimento natural, impossibilitando a erupção ou irrompimento em posições funcionais. Objetivo: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar o procedimento ambulatorial de exodontia de pré-molar impactado em íntimo contato com o nervo mentual, observando os riscos presentes. Relato de Caso: Paciente do gênero feminino, faioderma, 30 anos de idade, procurou o serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial da OSID/UFBA para exodontia da unidade 35 inclusa, com finalidade ortodôntica, após insucesso de tracionamento prévio. O plano de tratamento incluiu exodontia do elemento 35 sob anestesia local. No pós-operatório de sete dias, foi referida presença de hipoestesiaemregião de mento e lábioesquerdo, sendo esta sintomatologia ausente após o vigésimo primeiro dia de acompanhamento. No momento, em acompanhamento de 04 meses de pós-operatório, a paciente encontra-se sem sinais e sintomas de hipoestesia em hemiface afetada, bem como retorno ao tratamento ortodôntico. Conclusão: A técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva é imprescindível para obtenção de bons resultados com o mínimo de repercussão para o paciente, ainda que o trauma cirúrgico devido ao afastamento do nervo mentoniano possa provocar alteração de sensibilidade pós-operatória temporária. Este caso pode contribuir para a literatura mínima disponível sobre os segundos pré-molares impactados, oferecendo uma opção de abordagem em seu plano de tratamento, de forma a evitar lesões ao nervo mentoniano e persistência de hipoestesia no pós-operatório(AU)


Occasionally, dental units undergo changes in their region of natural development, making it impossible to erupt in functional positions. Objective: The present study aims to report the outpatient procedure of impacted premolar extraction in close contact with the mental nerve, observing the present risks. Case Report: Female patient, faioderm, 30 years old, sought the Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of OSID/UFBA for extraction of included unit 35, with orthodontic purpose, after failure of previous orthodontic traction. Conclusion: The minimally invasive surgical technique is essential to obtain good results with minimal repercussion for the patient, although the surgical trauma due to the separation of mental nerve may cause a change in the temporary postoperative sensitivity. This case may contribute to the minimal literature available about impacted second premolars, offering an option of approach in its treatment plan, in order to avoid lesions to the mental nerve and persistence of postoperative hypoesthesia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth, Unerupted/surgery , Bicuspid , Mental Foramen , Surgery, Oral , Hypesthesia
9.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(3): 94-97, sept. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048277

ABSTRACT

Las fístulas arteriovenosas durales medulares son malformaciones vasculares adquiridas que constituyen una causa muy infrecuente de mielopatía progresiva (5-10 casos por millón de habitantes por año). La resonancia magnética es el estudio por imágenes de elección para su diagnóstico. A continuación presentamos el caso de una paciente femenina de 89 años, que consultó a la guardia de nuestra institución por un cuadro de paraparesia moderada asociada a parestesias e incontinencia urinaria posterior a esfuerzo físico. Se le diagnosticó una fístula arteriovenosa dural medular como causante de su cuadro. (AU)


Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVF) are acquired spinal vascular malformations and a rare cause of progressive myelopathy (5-10 new cases per year and per 1 million inhabitants). Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnosis modality of choice. We present a case of a 89-year-old female patient who consulted the emergency department of our institution because of paraparesis and lower extremities paresthesias associated with urinary incontinence post physical effort. With the final diagnosis of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula, as a cause of the clinical symptoms. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteriovenous Fistula/diagnostic imaging , Dura Mater/abnormalities , Paresthesia , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Spinal Cord Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Urinary Incontinence , Arteriovenous Fistula/etiology , Arteriovenous Fistula/epidemiology , Low Back Pain/complications , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/complications , Paraparesis , Fecal Incontinence , Hypertension/complications , Hypesthesia , Erectile Dysfunction , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759793

ABSTRACT

Profound weight loss with painful symmetrical peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients was first described as diabetic neuropathic cachexia more than 4 decades ago. It is a distinct type of diabetic peripheral neuropathy that occurs in the absence of other microvascular and autonomic complications of diabetes. The mechanism and precipitating cause are unknown. It was reported to have good prognosis with spontaneous recovery within months to 2 years. However, it was frequently missed by clinicians because the profound weight loss is the most outstanding complaint, rather than the pain, numbness, or weakness. This often leads to extensive investigation to exclude more sinister causes of weight loss, particularly malignancy. We report a case of a young woman with well-controlled diabetes who presented with profound unintentional weight loss (26 kg), symmetrical debilitating thigh pain, and clinical signs of peripheral neuropathy. As the disease entity may mimic an inflammatory demyelinating cause of neuropathy, she was treated with a trial of intravenous immunoglobulin, which failed to give any significant benefit. However, she recovered after 6 months without any specific treatment, other than an antidepressant for the neuropathic pain and ongoing rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Cachexia , Diabetic Neuropathies , Female , Humans , Hypesthesia , Immunoglobulins , Neuralgia , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Prognosis , Rehabilitation , Thigh , Weight Loss
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719398

ABSTRACT

A 65-year-old male patient underwent C-arm fluoroscopy-guided bilateral celiac plexus neurolysis to relieve peritoneal seeding-related pain associated with pancreatic cancer. Following confirmation of spreading, and no intravascular injection of contrast media, 7.5 ml of 0.25% chirocaine was injected in each side. The pain subsided after the block, with no motor or sensory deficits. Subsequently, celiac plexus neurolysis with 99.8% alcohol was performed using a posterolateral approach under fluoroscopic guidance. The patient was instructed to maintain a prone position for 2 hours while the procedure was performed. Approximately 4 hours later, the patient experienced paralysis of both lower extremities and hypoesthesia. Emergent magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic and lumbar spine revealed gray matter signal change in the cord and conus medullaris at the T10-L1 level, and decreased perfusion at the T11-T12 vertebral bodies, suggesting spinal cord infarction. The patient remained paraplegic until his death 24 days later.


Subject(s)
Aged , Celiac Plexus , Contrast Media , Gray Matter , Humans , Hypesthesia , Infarction , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Paralysis , Paraplegia , Perfusion , Prone Position , Spinal Cord , Spine
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719387

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tafamidis functions to delay the loss of function in transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy (TTR-FAP), which is a rare inherited amyloidosis with progressive sensorimotor and autonomic polyneuropathy. This systematic literature review and meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of tafamidis in TTR-FAP patients, with the aim of improving the evidence-based medical evidence of this treatment option for TTP-FAP. METHODS: A systematic search of the English-language literature in five databases was performed through to May 31, 2018 by two reviewers who independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. We extracted efficacy and safety outcomes and performed a meta-analysis. Statistical tests were performed to check for heterogeneity and publication bias. RESULTS: The meta-analysis identified six relevant studies. The tafamidis group showed smaller changes from baseline in the Neuropathy Impairment Score–Lower Limbs [mean difference (MD)=−3.01, 95% confidence interval (CI)=−3.26 to −2.75, p < 0.001] and the Norfolk Quality of Life-Diabetic Neuropathy total quality of life score (MD=−6.67, 95% CI=−9.70 to −3.64, p < 0.001), and a higher modified body mass index (MD=72.45, 95% CI=69.41 to 75.49, p < 0.001), with no significant difference in total adverse events [odds ratio (OR)=0.69, 95% CI=0.35 to 1.35, p=0.27]. The incidence of adverse events did not differ between tafamidis and placebo treatment except for fatigue (OR=0.13, 95% CI=0.02 to 0.72, p=0.02) and hypesthesia (OR=0.16, 95% CI=0.03 to 0.92, p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis has demonstrated that tafamidis delays neurologic progression and preserves a better nutritional status and the quality of life. The rates of adverse events did not differ between the patients in the tafamidis and placebo groups. Tafamidis might be a safer noninvasive option for patients with TTR-FAP.


Subject(s)
Amyloid Neuropathies , Amyloid Neuropathies, Familial , Amyloidosis , Bias , Body Mass Index , Extremities , Fatigue , Humans , Hypesthesia , Incidence , Nutritional Status , Polyneuropathies , Population Characteristics , Prealbumin , Publication Bias , Quality of Life
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740004

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the pain perception and anesthetic efficacy of 2% lignocaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine, buffered lignocaine, and 4% articaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine for the inferior alveolar nerve block. METHODS: This was a double-blind crossover study involving 48 children aged 5–10 years, who received three inferior alveolar nerve block injections in three appointments scheduled one week apart from the next. Pain on injection was assessed using the Wong-Baker Faces pain scale and the sound eye motor scale (SEM). Efficacy of anesthesia was assessed by subjective (tingling or numbness of the lip, tongue, and corner of mouth) and objective signs (pain on probing). RESULTS: Pain perception on injection assessed with Wong-Baker scale was significantly different between buffered lignocaine and lignocaine (P < 0.001) and between buffered lignocaine and articaine (P = 0.041). The onset of anesthesia was lowest for buffered lignocaine, with a statistically significant difference between buffered lignocaine and lignocaine (P < 0.001). Moreover, the efficacy of local analgesia assessed using objective signs was significantly different between buffered lignocaine and lignocaine (P < 0.001) and between lignocaine and articaine. CONCLUSION: Buffered lignocaine was the least painful and the most efficacious anesthetic agent during the inferior alveolar nerve block injection in 5–10-year-old patients.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Anesthesia , Appointments and Schedules , Buffers , Carticaine , Child , Cross-Over Studies , Epinephrine , Humans , Hypesthesia , Lidocaine , Lip , Mandibular Nerve , Pain Perception , Tongue
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738996

ABSTRACT

Ganglion cyst is considered to be a usual cause of peripheral nerve compression. In this report, we present a rare case of ulnar nerve compression by a multi-septated ganglion cyst in the cubital tunnel. A 33-year-old left-handed male amateur tennis player developed progressive numbness and weakness in his right elbow, forearm, and hand for 1 year. Decrease of grip power was apparent in left hand. Clinical examination revealed a cystic mass at the posterior side of the elbow. Magnetic resonance imaging identified a ganglion cyst at the elbow. During surgery about 3 cm diameter epineural ganglion was observed compressing the ulnar nerve and was excised using microsurgery techniques. Three months postoperatively, the clinical recovery of the patient was very satisfactory and he restored his original performance in tennis match.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cubital Tunnel Syndrome , Elbow , Forearm , Ganglion Cysts , Hand , Hand Strength , Humans , Hypesthesia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Microsurgery , Peripheral Nerves , Tennis , Ulnar Nerve , Ulnar Nerve Compression Syndromes
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic prelacrimal medial maxillectomy (EPMM) was previously reported to treat maxillary inverted papilloma. This study aimed to compare prelacrimal recess approach with the conventional Caldwell-Luc approach (CLA) to remove benign maxillary sinus tumors and to evaluate the usefulness of this approach based on our experience. METHODS: Ten patients who underwent EPMM at our hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were reviewed. We also reviewed 30 patients who underwent benign maxillary sinus tumor resection via CLA during the same period. From medical records, postoperative pathological results, complications due to surgery, and recurrence rate were evaluated. RESULTS: There were eight inverted papilloma, one ameloblastoma, and one ossifying fibroma in the EPMM group. In the CLA group, all 30 cases were inverted papilloma. There were no cases of failure at gross total removal during surgery, and no recurrences were observed during follow-up in either groups. Mean follow-up period was 13.0 months in CLA group and 10.8 months in EPMM group. Regarding postoperative complications, 11 patients of the CLA group (37%) and three patients of the EPMM group (30%) had numbness around the cheek and upper lip area after surgery (P=0.715). In the CLA group, there were eight patients who had numbness lasting more than 3 months after surgery, and two patients had numbness for more than 1 year. However, facial numbness disappeared within 3 months in all patients in the EPMM group, in which epiphora was not observed. CONCLUSION: EPMM is the effective surgical approach for resecting benign maxillary sinus tumor compared with CLA. Although facial numbness was reported in EPMM, the duration of numbness was shorter than CLA.


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma , Cheek , Endoscopy , Fibroma, Ossifying , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypesthesia , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases , Lip , Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms , Maxillary Sinus , Medical Records , Papilloma, Inverted , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762804

ABSTRACT

Forearm fractures are common injuries in childhood. Median nerve entrapment is a rare complication of forearm fractures, but several cases have been reported in the literature. This case report discusses the diagnosis and management of median nerve entrapment in a 13-year-old male who presented acutely with a both-bone forearm fracture and numbness in the median nerve distribution. Following the delayed diagnosis, surgical exploration revealed complete nerve entrapment and a nerve graft was performed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bony Callus , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnosis , Forearm Injuries , Forearm , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Hypesthesia , Male , Median Nerve , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Transplants
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of family-engaged multidimensional team planning and management for patients with severe stroke and low functional status and to identify factors predictive of improved outcome at 1 month after admission. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 50 patients who underwent family-engaged multidimensional rehabilitation for recovery from severe stroke due to primary unilateral cerebral lesions. The rehabilitation consisted of three phases: comprehensive multidimensional assessment, intensive rehabilitation, and evaluation. Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores were calculated and used to predict the patients’ status at discharge. RESULTS: Although all FIM scores significantly improved after 1 month of rehabilitation, the motor FIM (mFIM) score improved the most (from 20.5±1.0 to 32.6±2.0). The total FIM (tFIM) and mFIM scores continued to improve from the first month to discharge (mean mFIM efficiency, 0.33). The high-efficiency patient group (mFIM efficiency ≥0.19) had a significantly higher discharge-to-home rate (44% vs. 13%), lower frequency of hemispatial neglect, and more severe finger numbness than the low-efficiency patient group (mFIM efficiency <0.19). The regression analyses revealed that besides lower mFIM and cognitive FIM scores at admission, unilateral spatial neglect, systemic comorbidities, and age were predictive of worse 1-month outcomes and tFIM scores (conformity, R²=0.78; predictive power, Akaike information criterion value=202). CONCLUSION: Family-engaged multidimensional team planning and management are useful for patients with severe stroke and low functional status. Furthermore, FIM scores at admission, age, unilateral spatial neglect, and systemic comorbidities should be considered by rehabilitation teams when advising caregivers on the probability of favorable outcomes after rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Caregivers , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Comorbidity , Fingers , Humans , Hypesthesia , Perceptual Disorders , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies , Stroke , Symptom Assessment
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762638

ABSTRACT

Anatomic variation of palmar digital nerve pathways were reported in several cases. Selective exploration of palmar digital nerves with a nerve conduction study has been challenging, because of technical issues. We report a patient who received bilateral carpal tunnel release operation, complaining of a tingling sensation, and hypoesthesia on the middle and ring fingers. An electrodiagnostic study revealed a sensory neuropathy of palmar digital nerve of the left median nerve, supplying the ulnar side of the middle finger, and radial side of the ring finger. She underwent re-operation of open left carpal tunnel release, and a branching site of common digital nerves of the median nerve was identified not at the palm, but at a far proximal site around the distal wrist crease. Usefulness of an orthodromic sensory conduction study was clarified to eliminate volume conducted response or co-activation of nearby nerves in the patient with selective involvement of palmar digital nerve.


Subject(s)
Anatomic Variation , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electrodiagnosis , Fingers , Humans , Hypesthesia , Median Nerve , Median Neuropathy , Neural Conduction , Sensation , Wrist
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758411

ABSTRACT

Dioscorea tokoro has long been used in Korean traditional medicine as a pain killer and anti-inflammatory agent. A 53-year-old male who consumed water that had been boiled with raw tubers of D. tokoro as tea presented with numbness and spasm of both hands and feet. Laboratory results showed hypocalcemia, hypoparathyroidism, and vitamin D insufficiency. During his hospital stay, colitis, acute kidney injury, and toxic encephalopathy developed. The patient received calcium gluconate intravenous infusion and oral calcium carbonate with alfacalcidol. His symptoms improved gradually, but hypocalcemia persisted despite the calcium supplementation. We suggest that ingestion of inappropriately prepared D. tokoro can cause symptomatic hypocalcemia in patients with unbalanced calcium homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Calcium , Calcium Carbonate , Calcium Gluconate , Colitis , Dioscorea , Eating , Foot , Hand , Homeostasis , Humans , Hypesthesia , Hypocalcemia , Hypoparathyroidism , Infusions, Intravenous , Length of Stay , Male , Medicine, Korean Traditional , Middle Aged , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Spasm , Tea , Vitamin D , Water
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761298

ABSTRACT

Arnold-Chiari malformation type 1 is a congenital disease characterized by herniation of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum. Most common clinical symptom is pain, including occipital headache and neck pain, upper limb pain exacerbated by physical activity or valsalva maneuvers. Various otoneurological manifestations also occur in patients with the disease, which has usually associated with dizziness, vomiting, dysphagia, poor hand coordination, unsteady gait, numbness. Patients with Arnold-Chiari malformation may develop vertigo after spending some time with their head inclined on their trunk. Positional and down-beating nystagmus are common forms of nystagmus in them. We experienced a 12-year-old female who presented complaining of vertigo related to changes in head position which was initially misdiagnosed as a benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.


Subject(s)
Arnold-Chiari Malformation , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Child , Deglutition Disorders , Dizziness , Female , Foramen Magnum , Gait Disorders, Neurologic , Hand , Head , Headache , Humans , Hypesthesia , Motor Activity , Neck Pain , Palatine Tonsil , Upper Extremity , Valsalva Maneuver , Vertigo , Vomiting
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