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1.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(1): 67-72, março 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361755

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi evidenciar e discutir as principais alterações hidroeletrolíticas em pessoas com cirrose. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, de natureza qualitativa. Os artigos foram selecionados por meio da plataforma Medical Literature Analysis and Retrievel System Online. Os principais achados identificados a partir dos artigos selecionados foram a ocorrência de hiponatremia, o mau prognóstico diante da presença de distúrbios hidroeletrolíticos em relação à sobrevida em pessoas com cirrose e a importância da albumina. Indivíduos com cirrose são suscetíveis ao desenvolvimento de distúrbios hidroeletrolíticos devido às mudanças fisiopatológicas da doença e às condições clínicas apresentadas. A hiponatremia e a hipocalemia são os mais recorrentes, destacando, porém, a necessidade de atenção aos demais distúrbios. (AU)


The objective of this study was to show and discuss the main hydroelectrolytic alterations in cirrhotic patients. This is an integrative review, a qualitative study, in which articles were selected at the Medical literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online. The main findings identified in the articles selected were the occurrence of hyponatremia, the poor prognostic, due to the presence of hydroelectrolytic disorders, regarding cirrhotic individuals survival and the importance of albumin. Individuals with cirrhosis are susceptible to the development of hydroelectrolytic disorders due to the pathophysiological alterations of the disease and because of the clinical status presented. Hyponatremia and hypokalemia are the most recurrent, but attention shall be given to the other disorders too. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Peritonitis/etiology , Prognosis , Acid-Base Imbalance/complications , Acid-Base Imbalance/etiology , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/complications , Hepatorenal Syndrome/etiology , Hepatic Encephalopathy/etiology , Liver Transplantation , Myelinolysis, Central Pontine/etiology , Hypophosphatemia/complications , Hypophosphatemia/etiology , Hypoalbuminemia/complications , Hypoalbuminemia/etiology , Qualitative Research , Albumins/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/mortality , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy , Magnesium Deficiency/complications , Magnesium Deficiency/etiology
3.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(supl.1): e853, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280391

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico es el modelo clásico de enfermedad autoinmune. En el desarrollo de la enfermedad intervienen varios tipos de inmunoglobulinas, con predominio de la IgG, IgM e IgA. Objetivo: Describir la utilidad del cociente albúmina/globulina como un indicador de actividad en el lupus eritematoso sistémico. Desarrollo: Se estima que el 50 por ciento de los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico muestran una hipoalbuminemia con una hipergammaglobulinemia. La hipoalbuminemia en mayor medida está relacionada con la presencia de nefritis lúpica. La mitad de los pacientes con nefritis lúpica presentan proteinuria en el orden del síndrome nefrótico. Esta proteinuria iguala o invierte parcialmente el valor del cociente albúmina/globulina. El cociente albúmina/globulina invertido por sí solo es insuficiente para afirmar la presencia de actividad en el lupus eritematoso sistémico. Se deben excluir otras entidades clínicas causantes de hipergammaglobulinemia policlonal. Los criterios de actividad del lupus eritematoso sistémico incrementan la sensibilidad del cociente albúmina/globulina invertido. Conclusiones: La interpretación del cociente albúmina/globulina debe ir aparejada a la estimación de actividad por los criterios clínicos de mayor uso (SLICC, SLEDAI, BILAG). No en todos los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico puede interpretarse como criterio de actividad, por lo que es necesario excluir otras entidades clínicas(AU)


Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus is the model of autoimmune disease. Several types of immunoglobulins are involved in the development of the disease, mainly IgG, IgM and IgA. Objective: To describe the potential use of the albumin/globulin ratio as an indicator of activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Development: fifty percent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus exhibit hypoalbuminemia with hypergammaglobulinemia. Hypoalbuminemia is mainly related to the presence of lupus nephritis. The half of patients with lupus nephritis develops proteinuria with values of nephrotic syndrome. The proteinuria equals or partially reverses the albumin/globulin ratio. The inverted albumin/globulin ratio is insufficient to establish the presence of lupus activity. Other clinical entities producing polyclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia should be excluded. The systemic lupus erythematosus activity criteria increase the sensitivity of the inverted albumin/globulin ratio. Conclusions: The interpretation of the albumin/globulin ratio requires the activity estimation by different clinical criteria (SLICC, SLEDAI, BILAG). The inverted albumin/globulin ratio cannot be interpreted as a stand-alone indicator of disease activity in every systemic lupus erythematosus patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Proteinuria , Autoimmune Diseases , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Immunoglobulin M/analysis , Hypoalbuminemia , Hypergammaglobulinemia/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Nephrotic Syndrome , Odds Ratio , Albumins/analysis
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 565-571, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most important complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedure. Serum albumin, which is an acute phase reactant, is suggested to be associated with AKI development subsequent to various surgical procedures. In this study, we research the relation between preoperative serum albumin levels and postoperative AKI development in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients undergoing isolated CABG. Methods: We included a total of 634 diabetic patients undergoing CABG (60.5±9.1 years, 65.1% male) into this study, which was performed between September 2009 and January 2014 in a single center. The relation between preoperative serum albumin levels and postoperative AKI development was observed. AKI was evaluated and diagnosed using the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) classification. Results: AKI was diagnosed in 230 (36.3%) patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the independent predictors of AKI development. Proteinuria (odds ratio [OR] and 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.066 [1.002-1.135]; P=0.043) and low preoperative serum albumin levels (OR and 95% CI, 0.453 [0.216-0.947]; P=0.035) were found to be independent predictors of AKI. According to the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, albumin level <3mg/dL (area under the curve: 0.621 [0.572-0.669], P<0.001) had 83% sensitivity and 10% specificity on predicting the development of AKI. Conclusion: We observed that a preoperative low serum albumin level was associated with postoperative AKI development in patients with DM who underwent isolated CABG procedure. We emphasize that this adjustable albumin level should be considered before the operation since it is an easy and clinically implementable management for the prevention of AKI development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Hypoalbuminemia/blood , Diabetes Complications/blood , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/blood , Postoperative Complications/blood , Proteinuria , Reference Values , Time Factors , Blood Glucose/analysis , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Creatinine/blood , Preoperative Period , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis
5.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 18(2): 357-370, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1014175

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Enfermedad Renal Crónica es un problema de salud mundial. Objetivo: Determinar el comportamiento de la mortalidad en pacientes con enfermedad renal en el Instituto de Nefrología durante 2016 y 2017. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo transversal de pacientes fallecidos con necropsia realizada. Se registraron variables demográficas, de laboratorio, las relacionadas con la terapia de reemplazo de la función renal y con el diagnóstico anatomo-patológico. Para cada una de las variables se calcularon frecuencias absolutas y relativas. En el caso de la variable presencia de sepsis en las defunciones, fue empleada la prueba de chi-cuadrado para la bondad del ajuste, para probar la hipótesis nula H0: de igualdad de la distribución de las tres categorías de la variable. Resultados: Se estudiaron 48 fallecidos con necropsia, 48,9 por ciento del total de fallecidos en el periodo. La correspondencia clínico patológica fue 80,1 por ciento. Predominó el sexo masculino, el grupo de edad superior a 60 años y la hipertensión arterial como antecedente. El método de terapia de reemplazo renal más documentado fue la hemodiálisis, mediante catéter venoso central un 87,8 por ciento. El 61,8 por ciento de los fallecidos recibieron tratamiento hemodialítico por 3 meses o menos. La sepsis fue la segunda causa de muerte precedida por eventos cardio y cerebrovasculares; no obstante, en el análisis de la totalidad de necropsias, la infección asociada directa o indirecta a la muerte tuvo una frecuencia mayor. Conclusiones: La infección directa o indirectamente asociada a la muerte, la hipoalbuminemia y el acceso vascular mediante catéter se relacionan con la mortalidad en el periodo(AU)


Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is a health problem worldwide. Objective: To determine the behavior of mortality in patients with kidney damage in the Nephrology Institute during the years between 2016 and 2017. Material and Method: A cross-sectional descriptive observational study was conducted in 48 deceased patients who underwent necropsy. Demographic and laboratory variables were recorded, as well as those related to the type of renal function replacement therapy and the anatomopathological diagnosis. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated for each of the variables. In the case of the variable presence of sepsis in deaths, the Chi-Square Goodness-of-Fit Test was used to test the Null Hypothesis HO: uniformity of the distribution of the three categories of the variable. Results: A total of 48 deceased were studied at necropsy, representing 48.9 percent of the total number of deaths within the period. The clinical- pathological correlation was 80.1percent. The male sex, the group over the age of 60 years, and arterial hypertension as antecedent of the disease predominated in the study. The most documented method of renal function replacement therapy was hemodialysis which was performed through central venous catheter, 87.8 percent. The 61.8 percent of deceased patients received hemodialysis treatment for 3 months or less. Sepsis represented the second cause of death preceded by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. However, during the analysis of all the necropsies, the direct or indirect infection associated with the death had a greater frequency. Conclusions: Direct or indirect infections associated with death, hypoalbuminemia, and the vascular access with venous catheter was related to mortality during the observed period(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hypoalbuminemia/complications , Hypoalbuminemia/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Infections/mortality , Kidney Diseases/mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/methods , Observational Study
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765053

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prognostic role of the categorized hemodynamic stage (HS) based on the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) in patients with portal hypertension. METHODS: Of 1,025 cirrhotic patients who underwent HVPG measurement, data on 572 non-critically-ill patients were collected retrospectively between 2008 and 2013. The following two HS categorizations were used: HS-1 (6–9, 10–12, 13–16, 17–20, and > 20 mmHg; designated as groups 1–5, respectively) and HS-2 (6–12, 13–20, and > 20 mmHg). Clinical characteristics, mortality rates, and prognostic predictors were analyzed according to the categorized HS. RESULTS: During the mean follow-up period of 25 months, 86 (15.0%) patients died. The numbers of deaths in HS-1 groups were 7 (6.3%), 7 (6.9%), 30 (18.0%), 20 (15.6%), and 22 (34.4%), respectively (P 20 mmHg; HR, 5.45) and intermediate model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score (HVPG, 13–20 mmHg; HR, 3.86 and HVPG > 20 mmHg; HR, 8.77; P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Categorizing HVPG values according to HS-2 is a useful prognostic modality in patients with portal hypertension and can play an independent role in predicting the prognosis in patients with hypoalbuminemia and an intermediate MELD score.


Subject(s)
Discrimination, Psychological , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension, Portal , Hypoalbuminemia , Liver Diseases , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Venous Pressure
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764633

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal was to use electronic health records to identify factors and outcomes associated with falls among patients admitted to hematology units. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study included data from a tertiary university hospital. Analysis was done of records from 117 patients with a history of falls and 201 patients with no history of falls who were admitted to the hematology unit from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014. Risk factors were analyzed using hierarchical logistic regression; patient outcomes were analyzed using multiple logistic regression, Cox proportional hazards regression, and multiple linear regression. RESULTS: Clinical factors such as self-care nursing (OR=4.47, CI=1.64~12.11), leukopenia (OR=6.03; CI=2.51~14.50), and hypoalbuminemia (OR=2.79, CI=1.31~5.96); treatment factors such as use of narcotics (OR=2.06, CI=1.01~4.19), antipsychotics (OR=3.05, CI=1.20~7.75), and steroids (OR=4.51, CI=1.92~10.58); and patient factors such as low education (OR=3.16, CI=1.44~6.94) were significant risk factors. Falls were also associated with increased length of hospital stay to 21.58 days (p < .001), and healthcare costs of 17,052,784 Won (p < .001). CONCLUSION: These findings can be a resource for fall prevention education and to help develop fall risk assessment tools for adults admitted to hematology units.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Adult , Antipsychotic Agents , Case-Control Studies , Education , Electronic Health Records , Health Care Costs , Hematology , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Length of Stay , Leukopenia , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Narcotics , Nursing , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Self Care , Steroids
8.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 278-289, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764501

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phase angle obtained using bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) provides a relatively precise assessment of the nutritional status of elderly patients. This study aimed to evaluate the significance of phase angle as a risk factor for complications after gastrectomy in elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 210 elderly patients (aged ≥65 years) who had undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer between August 2016 and August 2017. The phase angle cutoff value was calculated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis according to sex. A retrospective analysis regarding the correlation between early postoperative complications and well-known risk factors, including the phase angle, was performed. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of two or more comorbidities (odds ratio [OR], 3.675) and hypoalbuminemia (OR, 4.059) were independent risk factors for overall complications, and female sex (OR, 2.993) was independent risk factor for severe complications. A low phase angle (OR, 2.901 and 4.348, respectively) and total gastrectomy (OR, 4.718 and 3.473, respectively) were independent risk factors for both overall and severe complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that preoperative low phase angle predicts the risk of overall and severe complications. Our findings suggest that BIA should be performed to assess the risk of postoperative complications in elderly patients with gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Aged , Comorbidity , Electric Impedance , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Multivariate Analysis , Nutritional Status , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763396

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cellulitis is a common infection in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to compare risk factors, microbial aspects, and outcomes of cellulitis in compensated and decompensated hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis. METHODS: Six hundred twenty consecutive HCV-related cirrhotic patients were evaluated for cellulitis. Demographic and clinical data were evaluated, along with blood and skin cultures. Severity of cirrhosis was assessed using Child-Pugh score. In-hospital mortality was assessed. RESULTS: Seventy-seven (12.4%) cirrhotic patients had cellulitis (25 with compensated and 52 with decompensated disease). Smoking and venous insufficiency were risk factors of cellulitis in compensated cirrhosis. Leg edema, ascites, hyperbilrubinemia and hypoalbuminemia were risk factors in decompensated cirrhosis. Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus spp. and Streptococcus pyogenes) were the infective organisms in compensated patients, while gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were the predominant organisms in decompensated cirrhosis. Fungi (Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger) were detected in 3 decompensated cases. In-hospital mortality in patients with cellulitis was 27.3%, approaching 100% in decompensated patients with gram-negative cellulitis. Prolonged hospitalization, higher model for end-stage liver disease (MELD)-Na score, septic shock, local complication, and recurrent cellulitis were predictors of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Cellulitis in compensated cirrhosis is different from that of decompensated patients regarding microorganisms, pathogenesis, and prognosis. Cellulitis has a poor prognosis, with mortality rates approaching 100% in decompensated patients with gram-negative cellulitis. Stratifying patients according to severity of cirrhosis is important to identify the proper empirical antibiotic and to decide the proper means of care.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Aspergillus , Cellulitis , Edema , Fibrosis , Fungi , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis , Hospital Mortality , Hospitalization , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Leg , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Mortality , Prognosis , Pseudomonas , Risk Factors , Shock, Septic , Skin , Smoke , Smoking , Streptococcus , Venous Insufficiency
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763268

ABSTRACT

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a common chronic glomerular disease in children characterized by significant proteinuria with resulting hypoalbuminemia, edema, and hyperlipidemia. Renal biopsy findings of diffuse foot processes effacement on electron microscopy and minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS), or diffuse mesangial proliferation on light microscopy. It has been speculated that circulating permeability factors would be implicated in the pathogenesis of NS because they have been reportedly detected in the sera of patients and in experimental models of induced proteinuria. Moreover, a substantial portion of the patients with primary FSGS recurrence shortly after transplantation. This report reviews the current knowledge regarding the role of circulating permeability factors in the pathogenesis of proteinuria in NS and suggests future targeted therapeutic approaches for NS.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Child , Edema , Foot , Glomerulosclerosis, Focal Segmental , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hypoalbuminemia , Microscopy , Microscopy, Electron , Models, Theoretical , Nephrosis, Lipoid , Nephrotic Syndrome , Permeability , Proteinuria , Recurrence
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776043

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the prognosis of disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacteria(NTM)diseases in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)negative patients. Methods Cases of disseminated NTM disease were retrospectively collected in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to October 2018.Clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,treatment,and prognosis of these cases were retrieved from the electronic medical record system. Results Among the 23 HIV negative patients with disseminated NTM disease,21 had underlying diseases,with rheumatoid immune disease(n=7)as the most common one.The main clinical manifestation was fever(n=23).Laboratory tests showed anemia [hemoglobin(85.78±25.47)g/L],hypoalbuminemia [albumin 29(27-32)g/L],elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(85.73±43.78)mm/h] and hypersensitive C-reactive protein [(112.00±70.90)mg/L],and reduction of lymphocyte count [0.69(0.29-2.10)×10 /L].Lymphocyte subset analysis indicated reduction in CD4 T cells [213(113-775)/μl],CD8 T cells [267(99-457)/μl],B cells [39(4-165)/μl],and NK cells [88(32-279)/μl] and elevation of human leukocyte antigen-D related(HLA-DR),and CD38 expression in CD8 T cells [HLA-DR CD8 /CD8 ,60(40-68)%;CD38 CD8 /CD8 ,81(65-90)%].The most common species of NTM was Mycobacterium intracellular(n=6).Lymphocyte,CD8 T cell,B cell,and NK cell counts were significantly lower in dead patients than surviving patients(P =0.045,P=0.045,P=0.032,and P=0.010,respectively). Conclusions Disseminated NTM disease in HIV negative patients is mainly manifested as fever,anemia,hypoalbuminemia,and elevated inflammatory indicators.It is more likely to occur in immunocompromised patients.Patients with decreased lymphocytes,CD8 T cells,B cells and NK cells tend to have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Anemia , B-Lymphocytes , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Fever , HIV Seronegativity , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Killer Cells, Natural , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758972

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Compared to the general population, patients with end-stage renal disease have more gastrointestinal symptoms and a higher prevalence of peptic ulcer. Risk factors for peptic ulcer disease in patients with end-stage renal disease, however, remain poorly defined. This study aims to better identify those risk factors. METHODS: We analyzed 577 patients with end-stage renal disease from 2004 to 2016. We excluded patients with life-threatening conditions. All patients underwent upper endoscopy. We analyzed patient medical records, medication history, and endoscopic findings. Independent sample t test, chi-square test, Fisher’s exact test, and multiple logistic regression analysis were used in statistical analyses. RESULTS: Of the 577 patients with end-stage renal disease, 174 had peptic ulcer disease (gastric or duodenal ulcer). Patients on hemodialysis had a higher prevalence of peptic ulcer disease than those on peritoneal dialysis. Patients with peptic ulcer disease had lower serum albumin level and higher blood urea nitrogen level than those without peptic ulcer disease. Positive scores on two or more nutritional indices (albumin, serum cholesterol, uric acid, and creatinine levels) were associated with peptic ulcer disease in end-stage renal disease. CONCLUSION: Hemodialysis, hypoalbuminemia, and multiple malnutrition indices were associated with the prevalence of peptic ulcer disease in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis.


Subject(s)
Blood Urea Nitrogen , Cholesterol , Creatinine , Dialysis , Endoscopy , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Logistic Models , Malnutrition , Medical Records , Nutrition Assessment , Peptic Ulcer , Peritoneal Dialysis , Prevalence , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors , Serum Albumin , Uric Acid
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764335

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis is the most common type of autoimmune encephalitis. This study aimed to explore the possible factors affecting the response to first-line treatments in patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. METHODS: We enrolled 29 patients who were diagnosed as anti-NMDAR encephalitis between January 1, 2015, and June 30, 2018. They were divided into the remission and nonremission groups according to their response to first-line treatments. The demographics, clinical manifestations, main ancillary examinations, follow-up treatments, and prognosis of patients were recorded. The symptoms reported on in this study occurred before treatments or during the course of first-line treatments. RESULTS: There were 18 patients (62.07%) in the remission group and 11 patients (37.93%) in the nonremission group. Compared to the remission group, a higher proportion of the patients in the nonremission group exhibited involuntary movements, decreased consciousness, central hypoventilation, lung infection, and hypoalbuminemia. The nonremission group had a high incidence of increased intracranial pressure and significant elevations of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in peripheral blood (NLR), aspartate aminotransferase, and fibrinogen. Six patients (54.55%) in the nonremission group received second-line immunotherapy. Only one patient (3.45%) died, which was due to multiple-organ failure. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-NMDAR-encephalitis patients with more symptoms—especially involuntary movements, disturbance of consciousness, central hypoventilation, and accompanying hypoalbuminemia and pulmonary infection—may respond poorly to first-line treatments. Positive second-line immunotherapy therefore needs to be considered. Admission to an intensive-care unit, increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure, and increased NLR might be the significant factors affecting the response to first-line treatments.


Subject(s)
Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure , Consciousness , Demography , Dyskinesias , Encephalitis , Fibrinogen , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Hypoventilation , Immunotherapy , Incidence , Intracranial Pressure , Lung , Prognosis
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 700-703, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762089

ABSTRACT

Congenital analbuminemia (CAA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by extremely low serum levels of albumin. CAA is caused by various homozygous or heterozygous mutations of the ALB gene. Patients often exhibit no clinical symptoms, aside from rare accompanying conditions, such as fatigue, ankle edema, and hypotension. This case report describes the case of a 28-year-old asymptomatic Korean male referred to our center with hypocalcemia, vitamin D deficiency, and hypoalbuminemia who was diagnosed with CAA. To determine the cause of hypoalbuminemia in the patient, laboratory tests, radiological examination, and DNA sequencing were performed. The patient was confirmed to not exhibit any other clinical conditions that can induce hypoalbuminemia and was diagnosed with CAA using DNA sequencing. The present case of CAA is the first to be reported in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle , Edema , Fatigue , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Hypocalcemia , Hypotension , Korea , Male , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Vitamin D Deficiency
15.
Acta pediátr. hondu ; 9(2): 948-952, oct. 2018-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046699

ABSTRACT

El síndrome nefrótico se define por proteinuria de rango nefrótico (40 mg/m2/hora o relación proteína/creatinina de orina 200 mg/ml o 3+ proteína en tira reactiva de orina), hipoalbuminemia (25 g/L) y edema. El presente caso clínico se centra en la clasificación, epidemiología, fisiopatología, estrategia de manejo y pronóstico del síndrome nefrótico exclusivo del lactante, como etiología los más frecuentes asociados son mutaciones en genes que codifican las proteínas reguladoras y estructurales de la barrera de filtración glomerular. Estas mutaciones han sido identificadas en: NPHS1, NHPS2, WTI, LAMB2, mediante Biopsia Renal la lesión histológica más frecuente es la Glomerulonefritis mesangial difusa proliferativa con esclerosis, suele ser de mal pronóstico y con tendencia a fallo de tratamiento o cortico-resistencia terminando en falla renal y diálisis. Se presenta paciente femenina lactante mayor de 17 meses de edad, sin antecedentes durante el periodo perinatal, con síntomas característicos de síndrome nefrótico, a su corta edad, sin antecedentes infecciosos, presentando relación proteína/creatinina en orina positiva, llamando la atención los resultados de biopsia renal de la misma, ya que se sale de las lesiones histológicas más frecuentes a esta edad...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Proteinuria/complications , Nephrotic Syndrome/diagnosis , Hypoalbuminemia , Glomerular Filtration Rate
16.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 33(3): 312-317, jul.-set. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978288

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presentan 2 casos de enfermedad de Ménétrier (EM) remitidos a nuestra institución por síndrome edematoso. Esta enfermedad de poca prevalencia es una gastropatía hipertrófica perdedora de proteínas que en la mayoría de los casos es de causa desconocida, aunque se ha asociado con procesos infecciosos. Se caracteriza por edema, hipoproteinemia, hipoalbuminemia y, en la infancia, es de carácter benigno y autolimitado.


Abstract We present two cases of Menétrier's Disease (MS) referred to our institution due to edema. The prevalence of this disease is low. It is a hypertrophic gastropathy which causes loss of proteins and which has unknown causes in the majority of cases although it has been associated with infectious processes. It is characterized by edema, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia. In childhood it is benign and self-limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Disease , Hypoalbuminemia , Gastritis, Hypertrophic , Hypoproteinemia , Syndrome
17.
Rev. méd. hered ; 29(3): 158-167, jul. 2018. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1014314

ABSTRACT

El número de pacientes con desnutrición que demanda servicios de emergencia en hospitales de Lima-MINSA, es considerable y podría relacionarse con alteraciones del medio interno. Tener una idea objetiva cómo esta característica puede ser relevante en esta demanda es importante. Objetivos: Estudiar la magnitud e importancia de las alteraciones electrolíticas en pacientes internados en la emergencia de un hospital nivel III (MINSA Lima-Perú). Material y métodos: Estudio trasversal descriptivo y analítico de los electrolitos en pacientes que acudieron al servicio de emergencia de adultos del Hospital Cayetano Heredia (Lima-Perú) en setiembre del 2016, seleccionado al azar y admitidos para observación mayor de 48 horas. Se consideró el nivel de albúmina sérica, la azoemia y gasometría coexistente al momento del control de los electrolitos. Resultados: La alteración electrolítica más frecuente observada en 206 pacientes fue hipocalcemia (46,7%); seguida de hiperfosfatemia (32,3%), hiponatremia (24,7%) e hipermagnesemia (18,9%). La hipoalbuminemia <3,0 g/dl estuvo presente en 50,56% y <2,6 g/dl en el 31,4% de los casos. La albuminemia solo mostró correlación significativa con la calcemia (r=0,47; p=0,002) y la natremia (r=0,233; p=0,028). La hiperfosfatemia estuvo relacionada a un modelo dependiente de la creatinina sérica, alcalosis respiratoria y cáncer. La hipomagnesemia e hipermagnesemia se relacionaron con bajos y altos valores de creatinina y urea, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La frecuencia de pacientes con hipoalbuminemia que demandaron servicios de emergencia fue notablemente alta, y su relación más relevante estuvo relacionada con disturbios de la calcemia y la natremia. Otros disturbios relevantes fueron los relativos al magnesio, situación que requiere estudio más exhaustivo. (AU)


Patients with malnutrition who demand emergency services in Lima-MINSA hospitals, is considerable and could be related to alterations of the internal medium. Having an objective idea how this feature can be relevant in this patients demand is important. Objectives: To study the magnitude and importance of electrolyte alterations in hospitalized patients in the emergency of a level III hospital (MINSA Lima-Perú). Methods: Descriptive and analytical cross- sectional study of electrolytes in patients who attended the emergency service of adults of the Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia (Lima-Perú) in September 2016, selected by chance and admitted for observation> 48 hours. The level of serum albumin, azotemia and coexisting gasometry at the time of electrolyte control was considered. Results: The highest frequency of electrolyte alteration observed in 206 patients was hypocalcemia (46.7%); followed by hyperphosphatemia (32.3%), hyponatremia (24.7%) and hypermagnesemia (18.9%). Hypoalbuminemia <3.0 g/ dl was present in 50.56% and <2.6g/dl in 31.4%. Albuminemia only had a significant correlation with calcemia (r=0.47; p=0.002) and natremia (r=0.233; p=0.028). Hyperphosphatemia was related to a model dependent on serum creatinine, respiratory alkalosis and cancer. Both, hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia were related with low and high creatinine and urea values respectively. Conclusions: The frequency of patients with hypoalbuminemia who demanded emergency services was remarkably high, and their most relevant relationship was related to calcemia and natremia disturbances. Other relevant disturbances were related to magnesium, a situation that requires more exhaustive study. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Adult , Hypoalbuminemia , Electrolytes , Ambulatory Care , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(2): 331-335, abr. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887481

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Goldbloom es una rara entidad clínica de etiología desconocida que ocurre casi exclusivamente en pediatría. Consiste en un síndrome febril prolongado con hiperostosis perióstica y disproteinemia, que, con frecuencia, simula una patología hematooncológica o linfoproliferativa. El diagnóstico se hace por exclusión de las diferentes causas de dolor de los huesos y se asocia a hipergammaglobulinemia, hipoalbuminemia, eritrosedimentación acelerada e imágenes radiológicas de periostitis. La sintomatología, la radiología y los parámetros de laboratorio remiten en un tiempo variable, que va, habitualmente, de los 3 a los 12 meses. Se presenta a un paciente de 6 años con dolores óseos difusos, hiperostosis perióstica, síndrome febril prolongado de 8 meses de evolución, pérdida de peso y reactantes de fase aguda elevados con disproteinemia (hipergammaglobulinemia e hipoalbuminemia). Debe considerarse el síndrome de Goldbloom en un paciente con las manifestaciones descritas luego de la exclusión de la patología infecciosa, hematooncológica e inflamatoria de otra causa.


Goldbloom syndrome is a rare clinical entity, of unknown etiology that happens almost exclusively in pediatric population. It is a prolonged febrile syndrome with periosteal hyperostosis and dysproteinemia, and often simulates an hematooncology or lymphoproliferative disease. The diagnosis is to rule out the different causes of bone pain associated with hypergammaglobulinemia, hypoalbuminemia, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate and periostitis at the radiographies. Symptomatology, radiology and laboratory parameters refer in a variable time, usually from 3 to 12 months. We report the case of a six-year-old boy with diffuse bone pain, prolonged febrile syndrome (of 8 months of evolution), weight loss and elevated acute phase reactants with dysproteinemia (hypergammaglobulinemia and hypoalbuminemia). Goldbloom syndrome should be considered in patients with prolonged febrile syndrome and cortical hyperostosis after the exclusion of infectious, lymphoproliferative or inflammatory disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Hyperostosis/diagnosis , Fever/diagnosis , Hypergammaglobulinemia/diagnosis , Syndrome , Hypoalbuminemia/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(2): 118-124, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893904

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify factors predictive of mortality in patients admitted to the ICU with tuberculosis (TB)/HIV coinfection in the Manaus, Amazon Region. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of TB/HIV coinfected patients over 18 years of age who were admitted to an ICU in the city of Manaus, Brazil, between January of 2011 and December of 2014. Sociodemographic, clinical, and laboratory variables were assessed. To identify factors predictive of mortality, we employed a Cox proportional hazards model. Results: During the study period, 120 patients with TB/HIV coinfection were admitted to the ICU. The mean age was 37.0 ± 11.7 years. Of the 120 patients evaluated, 94 (78.3%) died and 62 (66.0%) of those deaths having occurred within the first week after admission. Data on invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) and ARDS were available for 86 and 67 patients, respectively Of those 86, 75 (87.2%) underwent IMV, and, of those 67, 48 (71.6%) presented with ARDS. The factors found to be independently associated with mortality were IMV (p = 0.002), hypoalbuminemia (p = 0.013), and CD4 count < 200 cells/mm3 (p = 0.002). Conclusions: A high early mortality rate was observed among TB/HIV coinfected ICU patients. The factors predictive of mortality in this population were IMV, hypoalbuminemia, and severe immunosuppression.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar fatores preditores de mortalidade em pacientes da UTI coinfectados por tuberculose (TB)/HIV em Manaus (AM). Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de coorte com pacientes coinfectados por TB/HIV, com mais de 18 anos de idade e admitidos na UTI entre janeiro de 2011 e dezembro de 2014. Foram avaliadas variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e laboratoriais. Para identificar fatores preditores de mortalidade, foi empregado um modelo de riscos proporcionais de Cox. Resultados: Durante o período estudado, 120 pacientes com coinfecção por TB/HIV foram admitidos na UTI. A média de idade foi de 37,0 ± 11,7 anos. Dos 120 pacientes avaliados, 94 (78,3%) morreram; dos 94 óbitos, 62 (66,0%) ocorreram na primeira semana após a admissão. Havia dados sobre ventilação mecânica invasiva (VMI) e SARA referentes a 86 e 67 pacientes, respectivamente. Dos 86, 75 (87,2%) foram submetidos a VMI, e, dos 67, 48 (71,6%) apresentaram SARA. Os fatores que se relacionaram independentemente com a mortalidade foram VMI (p = 0,002), hipoalbuminemia (p = 0,013) e contagem de CD4 < 200 células/mm3 (p = 0,002). Conclusões: Elevada mortalidade precoce foi observada em pacientes com coinfecção por TB/HIV admitidos na UTI. Os fatores preditores de mortalidade nessa população foram VMI, hipoalbuminemia e imunodepressão grave.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Tuberculosis/mortality , HIV Infections/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Coinfection/mortality , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Respiration, Artificial/mortality , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Substance-Related Disorders/mortality , Hypoalbuminemia/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Immunocompetence
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(2): 203-206, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041451

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Hypoalbuminemia may predict progression of disease and mortality in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). This study was conducted to investigate the risk factors associated with hypoalbuminemia in outpatients with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 196 outpatients with HIV/AIDS. RESULTS: The prevalence of hypoalbuminemia was 11.7%. The only risk factor associated with hypoalbuminemia was current antiretroviral therapy (no exposure: odds ratio=3.46, 95% confidence interval=1.20-10.02). CONCLUSIONS: The monitoring of plasma albumin is key to determine when antiretroviral therapy should be initiated in individuals not exposed to antiretroviral medicines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Hypoalbuminemia/etiology , Anti-Retroviral Agents/administration & dosage , Outpatients , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/blood , Disease Progression , Hypoalbuminemia/blood , Hypoalbuminemia/epidemiology , Anti-Retroviral Agents/adverse effects , Middle Aged
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