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1.
Femina ; 49(4): 251-256, 20210430.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224096

ABSTRACT

O diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) é uma complicação que atinge o metabolismo da gestante, resultando em intolerância à glicose e consequente hiperglicemia, originada pela insuficiência de insulina materna. Este estudo tem como objetivo identificar os tratamentos disponíveis e mais utilizados para o DMG. Trata-se de um uma revisão de literatura, feita a partir de 22 referências, acerca dos tratamentos para o DMG. As bases de dados escolhidas foram Google Acadêmico, UpToDate, SciELO e o acervo da Universidade do Planalto Catarinense. Estudos apontam a insulina humana ­ NPH e regular ­ como a principal escolha, quando comparada aos seus análogos, apesar de ainda existirem muitas controvérsias quanto ao início do tratamento, o esquema terapêutico e os ajustes das doses. Pesquisas têm demonstrado bons resultados sobre a eficácia e a segurança dos hipoglicemiantes orais ­ gliburida e metformina ­ no tratamento de gestantes diabéticas, mas é evidente a necessidade de mais estudos para confirmar a efetividade deles e garantir um bom desenvolvimento do concepto. Concluiu-se que o controle dietético e o exercício físico são a primeira opção de tratamento para o DMG. Todavia, caso a euglicemia não seja atingida, opta-se pelo tratamento medicamentoso por meio da insulinoterapia ou hipoglicemiantes orais, o que possibilita a redução da incidência dos efeitos adversos ao binômio materno-fetal.(AU)


Gestational diabetes mellitus (DMG) is a complication that affects the pregnant woman's metabolism, resulting in glucose intolerance and consequent hyperglycemia, caused by insufficient maternal insulin. This study aims to identify the available and most used treatments for DMG. This is a literature review, based on 22 references, about treatments for Gestational Diabetes; the databases chosen were Google Scholar, UpToDate, SciELO and the collection of the Universidade do Planalto Catarinense. Studies point to human insulin ­ NPH and regular ­ as the main choice when compared to its analogues, although there are still many controversies about the beginning of treatment, therapeutic scheme and dose adjustments. Researches have shown good results on the efficacy and safety of oral hypoglycemic agents ­ glyburide and metformin ­ in the treatment of diabetic pregnant women, but it is evident the need for further studies to confirm their effectiveness and to guarantee a good development of the fetus. It was concluded that dietary control and physical exercise are the first treatment option for DGM. However, if euglycemia is not achieved, drug treatment is chosen through insulin therapy or oral hypoglycemic agents, which makes it possible to reduce the incidence of adverse effects to the maternal-fetal binomial.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Diabetes, Gestational/diet therapy , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Diabetes, Gestational/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Exercise , Databases, Bibliographic , Glyburide/adverse effects , Glyburide/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/administration & dosage , Insulin/therapeutic use , Metformin/adverse effects , Metformin/therapeutic use
2.
Femina ; 49(3): 177-182, 20210331.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224087

ABSTRACT

O diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG) é um distúrbio metabólico por déficit na produção e/ou ação insulínica. Tem relação direta com um constante estado catabólico associado com maior resistência à ação da insulina. Doença de difícil controle, implica risco materno-fetal elevado. O objetivo é estudar a eficácia das drogas antidiabéticas orais sobre o controle glicêmico no DMG e sua segurança quanto aos desfechos gestacionais e perinatais. Trata-se de revisão de literatura descritiva baseada em dados de artigos, livros-texto e guidelines emitidos nos últimos cinco anos. O antidiabético oral pode ser uma boa alternativa no controle do DMG em fase inicial da doença, na presença de distúrbio metabólico e como complemento da terapia com insulina. Entretanto, por causa de sua passagem placentária, há preocupações com seus efeitos fetais e perinatais. Estudos comparativos destacam a metformina no manejo do DMG, considerando principalmente a segurança materno-fetal.(AU)


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder caused by deficit in production and/or insulin action. It is directly related to a constant catabolic state associated with greater resistance to insulin action. Disease difficult to control, implies high maternal-fetal risk. To study the efficacy of oral antidiabetic drugs on glycemic control in GDM and its safety regarding gestational and perinatal outcomes. Descriptive literature review based on data from articles, textbooks and guidelines issued in the last five years. Oral antidiabetic can be a good alternative in the control of GDM in the initial phase of the disease, in the presence of metabolic disorder and as a complement to insulin therapy. However, there are concerns about its placental passage and perinatal effects. Comparative studies highlight metformin in the management of DMG considering mainly maternal-fetal safety.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Administration, Oral , Risk Factors , Glyburide/therapeutic use , Acarbose/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use
3.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 24(4): e002166, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1359440

ABSTRACT

En este artículo, la autora jerarquiza la relevancia de la eficacia documentada de los agonistas del péptido similar alglucagón-1 y los inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa tipo 2, que ha conducido a recientes modificaciones en el paradigma del cuidado en los pacientes con diabetes tipo 2. (AU)


In this article, the author highlights the relevance of the documented efficacy of glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists and type 2 sodium-glucose cotransporter inhibitors, which has led to recent changes in the paradigm of care in patients with type 2diabetes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1/therapeutic use , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1/agonists , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(4): 171-177, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348218

ABSTRACT

Los avances en el campo de la fibrosis quística han aumentado la esperanza de vida de estos pacientes, por lo que cada vez es más prevalente la Diabetes Relacionada con la Fibrosis Quística (DRFQ) y sus complicaciones. La DRFQ se asocia a mayor morbimortalidad, deterioro de la función pulmonar y del estado nutricional. Por lo mismo, el manejo óptimo de esta patología depende de un diagnóstico precoz, tratamiento individualizado y vigilancia de las complicaciones diabéticas. El screening de DRFQ debe realizarse anualmente a partir de los 10 años, mediante una Prueba de Tolerancia a la Glucosa Oral (PTGO), lo cual permite el diagnóstico. El manejo de esta patología tiene por objetivo estabilizar y mejorar la función pulmonar y el estado nutricional y metabólico de los pacientes. Actualmente, la insulina es el tratamiento farmacológico de elección para controlar la hiperglicemia y el esquema de uso debe ser individualizado para cada persona. En caso de enfermedades agudas pueden existir mayores requerimientos de insulina. Además, se deben tener consideraciones especiales en cuanto a la dieta y la insuficiencia pancreática exocrina que presentan estos pacientes. Para la vigilancia de complicaciones microvasculares se debe realizar una monitorización anual a partir de los 5 años desde el diagnóstico de DRFQ. Debido a la complejidad de estos pacientes, para alcanzar el mejor cuidado posible se necesita un enfoque multidisciplinario con distintos profesionales de la salud coordinados, incluyendo en la toma de decisiones al paciente y su familia.


Advances made in the field of cystic fibrosis have increased the life expectancy of these patients, which is why Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes (CFRD) and its complications are becoming more and more prevalent. CFRD is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, lower lung function and inadequate weight maintenance. Therefore, the optimal management of this pathology depends on an early diagnosis, individualized treatment and monitoring of diabetic complications. For CFRD, routine screening with an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) should be carried out yearly from the age of 10, which allows to diagnose it. The treatment goals in CFRD are to stabilize and improve lung function and obtain adequate weight gain. Currently, insulin is the pharmacological treatment of choice to control hyperglycemia and the insulin regimen must be personalized for each person. In acute illnesses, there may be higher insulin requirements. In addition, special considerations must be taken regarding diet and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency that these patients present. For the surveillance of microvascular complications, annual monitoring should be carried out 5 years after the diagnosis of CFRD. Due to the complexity of these patients, in order to achieve the best possible care, a multidisciplinary approach is needed with different coordinated health professionals, including the patients and their family in the decision-making process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Cystic Fibrosis/diagnosis , Cystic Fibrosis/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Patient Care Team , Mass Screening , Cystic Fibrosis/physiopathology , Nutrition Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Insulins/therapeutic use , Glucose Tolerance Test , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 31(3): e250, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los medicamentos inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa actúan inhibiéndose de forma selectiva y reversible a nivel renal. A través de este mecanismo, reducen la reabsorción de glucosa, la cual pasa a excretarse por la orina y de esta forma, contribuyen a normalizar la glucemia. Objetivo: Describir la función de los inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa tipo 2 en el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Se utilizó como buscador de información científica a Google Académico, Google, Pubmed y SciELO. Se evaluaron artículos de revisión, de investigación y páginas Web, que en general, tenían menos de 10 años de publicados, en idioma español, portugués o inglés. Fueron excluidos los artículos que no cumplieron con estos requisitos. Esto permitió el estudio de 98 artículos, de los cuales 75 fueron referenciados. Conclusiones: La administración de los inhibidores del cotransportador sodio-glucosa induce cambios favorables en la hemoglobina glucosilada, el peso corporal y la presión arterial, además de presentar un bajo riesgo de hipoglucemia. Aunque constituyen un grupo farmacológico que puede ser utilizado como monoterapia, con mayor frecuencia son usados como coadyuvantes en el tratamiento de los pacientes con diabetes mellitus, que reciben tratamiento farmacológico con otros medicamentos normo o hipoglucemiantes y que no han alcanzado las metas de control. Se debe estar alerta ante la aparición de posibles efectos secundarios o reacciones adversas, para descontinuar el tratamiento y tomar las medidas correspondientes(AU)


Introduction: Sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors´ drugs (SGLT) work by selectively and reversiblely inhibiting at the renal level. Through this mechanism, they reduce glucose reabsorption, which is excreted through urine and thus contribute to normalizing blood glucose. Objective: Describe the role of sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors 2 in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Methods: There were used as search engines for scientific information : Google Scholar, Google, Pubmed and SciELO. The keywords used were: Glyphozines, sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors, diabetes mellitus, treatment and weight loss. Review articles, research articles and web pages were assessed, which generally had less than 10 years of publication, and were in Spanish, Portuguese or English language. Items that did not meet these requirements were excluded. This allowed the study of 98 articles, of which 75 were referenced. Conclusions: Administration of sodium-glucose co-transporter inhibitors induces favorable changes in glycosylated haemoglobin, body weight and blood pressure, as well as a low risk of hypoglycaemia. Although they are a pharmacological group that can be used as monotherapy, they are mostly used as adjuvants in the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus who receive drug treatment with other normo or hypoglycemic medications and who have not met control goals. It is important to be alert to possible side effects or adverse reactions to discontinue treatment and take appropriate action(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Review Literature as Topic , Search Engine/methods
7.
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): [95]-[103], mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129692

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Diabetes is a chronic disease associated with important comorbidities. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with a three times increased risk of hip fracture but reports describing potential associations with vertebral fractures (VF) are contradictory. Our objective was to evaluate the factors involved in the prevalent VF in women with and without T2DM. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional design was used and the relationship between morphometric VF and T2DM in adult women was evaluated. The cases were adult women with morphometric VF and the controls were adult women without VF. Thoracic and spinal radiographs in lateral and antero-posterior projections were obtained. Bone mineral density (BMD) values of the lumbar spine (L-BMD) were measured by DXA. Results. A greater number of women with T2DM were found in the VF group (61% vs 31.5%). Non-T2DM women with VF were significantly older and with lower L-BMD than non-T2DM without VF. We observed a negative correlation between age and L-BMD (r=-0.463) in non-T2DM women, but not in the T2DM with FV group. T2DM was a risk factor for prevalent VF with OR of 3.540 (IC95% 1.750-7.160). Conclusion. Our study showed a higher prevalence of T2DM in the VF group. T2DM women with VF were younger and had higher L-BMD than non-T2DM women, L-BMD did not correlate with age and VF were not distributed according to BMD-L and age. (AU)


Introducción. La diabetes es una enfermedad crónica asociada con comorbilidades importantes. La diabetes tipo 2 (DM2) se asocia con un riesgo tres veces mayor de fractura de cadera pero la asociación con fracturas vertebrales (FV) es contradictoria. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar los factores involucrados en las FV prevalentes en mujeres adultas con y sin DM2. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un diseño transversal y se evaluó la relación entre FV morfométrica y DM2 en mujeres adultas. Los casos fueron mujeres adultas con FV morfométricas y los controles fueron mujeres adultas sin FV. Se obtuvieron radiografías torácicas y espinales en proyecciones lateral y anteroposterior. Los valores de densidad mineral ósea (DMO) de la columna lumbar (DMO-L) se midieron por DXA. Resultados. Se observó un mayor número de mujeres con DM2 en el grupo de FV (61% frente a 31.5%). Las mujeres sin DM2 con FV eran significativamente mayores y con una DMO-L más baja que las mujeres sin DM2 sin FV. Observamos una correlación negativa entre la edad y la DMO-L (r= -0.463) en mujeres sin DM2 y FV, pero no en DM2 con FV. La DM2 fue un factor de riesgo para FV prevalente con un OR 3.540 (IC95% 1.750-7.160). Conclusión. Nuestro estudio demostró una mayor prevalencia de DM2 en el grupo de FV. Las mujeres con DM2 y FV eran más jóvenes y tenían mayor DMO-L que las mujeres sin DM2, la DMO-L no correlacionó con la edad y las FV no se distribuyeron de acuerdo a la DMO-L y edad. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Spinal Fractures/microbiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Osteoporosis/complications , Vitamin D/blood , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/chemically induced , Spinal Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Age Factors , Thiazolidinediones/therapeutic use , PPAR gamma/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Rosiglitazone/therapeutic use , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/adverse effects , Pioglitazone/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 43: 41-47, Jan. 2020. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087517

ABSTRACT

Background: The harmful effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications have become a major global public health problem. In this study, the effects of Momordica charantia saponins (MCS) on lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, and insulin signaling pathway in type 2 diabetic rats were investigated. Results: MCS could attenuate the tendency of weight loss of the model rats. It could also improve glucose tolerance; reduce fasting blood glucose, nonesterified fatty acid, triglyceride, and total cholesterol; and increase the insulin content and insulin sensitivity index of the rats. The activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase increased, and the content of malondialdehyde decreased in the liver and pancreas tissues of rats in MCS-treated groups significantly. In addition, the expression of p-IRS-1 (Y612) and p-Akt (S473) increased, and the expression of p-IRS-1 (S307) decreased in the liver tissues and pancreas tissues of rats in MCS-treated groups significantly. Conclusion: MCS has an antidiabetic effect, which may be related to its improving the lipid metabolism disorder, reducing oxidative stress level, and regulating the insulin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Saponins/therapeutic use , Momordica charantia/chemistry , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Pancreas/drug effects , Saponins/pharmacology , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Body Weight , Insulin Resistance , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Lipids , Liver/drug effects
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202655, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: obesity has become a public health problem in Brazil and worldwide, due to its high prevalence. It is considered a risk factor for systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM. Although lifestyle changes can control and even achieve complete T2DM remission, most patients have difficulty controlling blood glucose. Recent studies show that the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is efficient for weight loss and control of T2DM and SAH in obese individuals. Objective: to analyze the effect of the RYGB technique on the control and treatment of comorbidities related to obesity. Method: this is a retrospective cohort study, with information obtained from the review of medical records, with data collection in the pre and postoperative period of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. We selected those with T2DM and SAH for the study. Results: 252 patients underwent RYGB in the service. Seventy-nine (31.3%) had T2DM and 64 had SAH associated with T2DM. Regarding T2DM and SAH, 37.9% and 43,7%, respectively, showed total remission of the disease after surgery. There was a reduction in the postoperative use of Metformin, insulin / Gliclazide, Propranolol, Losartan and Hydrochlorothiazide in 62%, 10.1%, 100%, 26.5% and 22.8% of patients, respectively. Conclusion: the RYGB technique is effective in the remission of T2DM and SAH. Even in cases where there was no total remission of the diseases, there was a significant drop in the use of medicines used for their treatment.


RESUMO Introdução: a obesidade tornou-se problema de saúde pública no Brasil e no mundo, devido à alta prevalência. É considerada fator de risco para doenças metabólicas, como hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) e diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 (DM2). Embora a modificação do estilo de vida possa controlar e até levar à remissão total do DM2, a maioria dos pacientes tem dificuldade em controlar a glicemia. Estudos recentes mostram que a derivação gástrica em Y de Roux (RYGB) é eficiente para a perda de peso e o controle de comorbidades em pacientes obesos. Objetivo: analisar o efeito da técnica RYGB no controle e tratamento de comorbidades relacionadas à obesidade. Método: trata-se de estudo de coorte retrospectivo, com informações obtidas pela revisão de prontuários, com coleta de dados no pré e pós-operatório de pacientes submetidos a cirurgia bariátrica. Selecionamos para o estudo aqueles com DM2 e HAS. Resultados: 252 pacientes foram submetidos à RYGB no serviço. Setenta e nove (31,3%) tinham DM2 e 64 tinham HAS associada a DM2. Com relação ao DM2 e à HAS, 37,9% e 43,7%, respectivamente, apresentaram remissão total da doença após a operação. Houve redução no pós-operatório do uso de Metformina, insulina/Gliclazida, Propranolol, Losartana e Hidroclorotiazida em 62%, 10,1%, 100%, 26,5% e 22,8% dos pacientes, respectivamente. Conclusão: a técnica da RYGB é efetiva na remissão do DM2 e HAS. Mesmo nos casos em que não houve a remissão total das doenças, houve queda significativa no uso de medicamentos usados para o tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Weight Loss , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(supl.1): s17-s24, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057108

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Type 2 diabetes mellitus is an important public health problem, with a significant impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and an important risk factor for chronic kidney disease. Various hypoglycemic therapies have proved to be beneficial to clinical outcomes, while others have failed to provide an improvement in cardiovascular and renal failure, only reducing blood glucose levels. Recently, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors, represented by the empagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and canagliflozin, have been showing satisfactory and strong results in several clinical trials, especially regarding the reduction of cardiovascular mortality, reduction of hospitalization due to heart failure, reduction of albuminuria, and long-term maintenance of the glomerular filtration rate. The benefit from SGLT2 inhibitors stems from its main mechanism of action, which occurs in the proximal tubule of the nephron, causing glycosuria, and a consequent increase in natriuresis. This leads to increased sodium intake by the juxtaglomerular apparatus, activating the tubule glomerular-feedback and, finally, reducing intraglomerular hypertension, a frequent physiopathological condition in kidney disease caused by diabetes. In addition, this class of medication presents an appropriate safety profile, and its most frequently reported complication is an increase in the incidence of genital infections. Thus, these hypoglycemic agents gained space in practical recommendations for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus and should be part of the initial therapeutic approach to provide, in addition to glycemic control, cardiovascular outcomes, and the renoprotection in the long term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2/pharmacology , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/pharmacology , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control , Benzhydryl Compounds/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Diabetic Nephropathies/metabolism , Diabetic Nephropathies/prevention & control , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2/therapeutic use , Canagliflozin/therapeutic use , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Glucose/metabolism , Glucosides/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/physiopathology , Kidney/metabolism , Kidney Diseases/etiology , Kidney Diseases/metabolism
12.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4723, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056049

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To identify interventions aimed to improve adherence to medical and non-medical antihypertensive and antidiabetic therapy. Methods Scientometric study conducted in February and March 2018, based on data collected on PubMed ® and SciELO databases, using the following search terms: "interventions to improve adherence to diabetes therapy", "interventions to improve adherence to hypertension therapy" and "interventions to improve adherence to therapy for hypertension and diabetes". Results A total of 95 articles were selected. Scientific production increased as of 2009, with a higher number of studies published between 2015 and 2017. Most interventions described in literature were aimed at diabetic patients (46.31%). Face-to-face interventions were more common (46.31%), followed by telephone-based (31.58%) and digital (26.31%) interventions. North America stood out as the continent with the highest number of publications (68.42%), followed by Europe (14.74%). Most studies (63.16%) were based on a single type of intervention. Conclusion Traditional intervention methods were more widely used to promote adherence to antihypertensive and antidiabetic therapy; digital technology emerged as a trend in interventions aimed to improve hypertension and diabetes-related health behaviors.


RESUMO Objetivo Identificar as intervenções utilizadas para melhorar a adesão de terapias medicamentosas e não medicamentosas de pacientes hipertensos e diabéticos. Métodos Estudo cienciométrico realizado nos meses de fevereiro e março de 2018, utilizando os termos "intervenções para melhorar a adesão à terapia do diabetes", "intervenções para melhorar a adesão à terapia de hipertensão" e "intervenções para melhorar a adesão à terapia da hipertensão e diabetes", nas bases de dados PubMed®e SciELO. Resultados Foram selecionados 95 artigos. A partir do ano 2009, observou-se crescimento da produção científica com maior volume entre os anos 2015 e 2017. O maior número de intervenções encontradas na literatura foi para pacientes com diabetes (46,31%). A intervenções mais utilizadas foram a face a face (46,31%), por chamada telefônica (31,58%) e a digital (26,31%). A América do Norte destacou-se no número de pesquisas, com 68,42% das publicações, seguida pela Europa, com 14,74%. Dentre os estudos, a maioria (63,16%) utilizou apenas um tipo de intervenção. Conclusão Métodos de intervenção tradicionais foram mais empregados para promover a adesão às terapias anti-hipertensão e antidiabetes, embora o uso de tecnologias digitais desponte como tendência para melhorar esses comportamentos de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bibliometrics , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension/therapy , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Salud colect ; 16: e2407, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139502

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo fue estimar la prevalencia de las prácticas autoreferidas para controlar la hipertensión y la diabetes, con y sin medicamentos, en adultos mayores de Campinas, Brasil, en tres períodos. Se analizaron los datos de las encuestas de salud realizadas en tres períodos: 2001-2002, 2008-2009 y 2014-2015. La prevalencia de hipertensión, de diabetes, del uso de medicación continua y las prácticas comportamentales aumentaron durante el período analizado, con una caída significativa en el uso no regular de medicamentos y las consultas médicas de rutina en individuos sin plan de salud privado. Los resultados evidenciaron avances en las prácticas relacionadas con la dieta en aquellas personas sin plan de salud y en quienes declararon contar con plan de salud, destacando mejoras en el tratamiento con medicamentos y la práctica de actividad física. La adherencia al uso de medicamentos y a prácticas comportamentales para controlar las morbilidades se mostró consistente en el período evaluado. Estos indicadores refuerzan la necesidad de mantener y ampliar las políticas dirigidas a la educación sanitaria y la asistencia farmacéutica en el país.


ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of self-care management practices - both with and without medication - in elderly hypertensive and diabetic patients in Campinas, Brazil, in three periods. Data from health surveys conducted in three periods 2001-2002, 2008-2009 and 2014-2015 were analyzed. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, the continuous use of medication, and all behavioral practices showed an overall increase in the period analyzed, with a significant drop in both the non-regular use of medications and routine doctor visits on the part of individuals without a private health plan. The results evidenced advances in diet-related practices among individuals without health plans as well as those who reported having healthcare coverage, highlighting improvements in drug treatment and physical activity. Adherence to medication and health behaviors for the management of morbidities was shown to be consistent in the period evaluated. These indicators reinforce the need to maintain and expand policies directed at health education and pharmaceutical assistance in the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Care/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/therapy , Hypertension/therapy , Self Care/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Exercise , Confidence Intervals , Prevalence , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Insurance Coverage/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Medication Adherence , Health Promotion , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(1): e20190148, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1039827

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify beliefs related to oral antidiabetic use among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. Method: This is a descriptive, quantitative and qualitative study conducted with 32 participants using oral antidiabetic drugs. Data was collected through an open question tool and analyzed by number of emissions and content. Results: Among the behavioral beliefs, the following stand out: (a) as an advantage, to keep diabetes controlled; and (b) as disadvantages, gastric pain and discomfort, nausea and diarrhea. In the normative beliefs, family stood out as a social referent (children, mother and siblings). As for the control beliefs, taking the tablets with water and the size of the tablets stood out as practicalities and difficulties, respectively, in relation to the oral therapy follow-up. Conclusion and implications for practice: It was possible to identify the beliefs regarding the behavior of taking oral antidiabetics that will contribute to foster educational strategies with the potential to strengthen the positive beliefs and to revert the negative ones, in favor of adherence to drug therapy, glycemic control and quality of life.


Resumen Objetivo: Identificar las creencias relacionadas con el uso de antidiabéticos orales en personas con diabetes mellitus tipo 2, con base en la Teoría de la Conducta Planificada. Método: Estudio descriptivo, con abordaje cuantitativo y cualitativo, realizado con 32 participantes en tratamiento con antidiabéticos orales. Los datos se recolectaron por medio de un formulario con preguntas abiertas y se los analizó por la cantidad de emisiones y el contenido. Resultados: Entre las creencias comportamentales se destacan las siguientes: (a) como ventaja, mantener controlada la diabetes; y (b) como desventajas, dolor y malestar gástrico, náusea y diarrea. En las creencias normativas sobresalió la familia como referente social (hijos, madre y hermanos). En cuanto a las creencias de control, tomar los comprimidos con agua y el tamaño de los comprimidos se destacaron como facilidades y dificultades, respectivamente, en relación con el seguimiento de la terapia oral. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica: Fue posible identificar las creencias con respecto a la conducta en el uso de antidiabéticos orales que ayudarán a fomentar estrategias educativas con el potencial de fortalecer las creencias positivas y revertir las negativas, en beneficio de la adhesión a la terapia medicamentosa, del control de la glicemia y de la calidad de vida.


Resumo Objetivo: Identificar as crenças relacionadas ao uso de antidiabético oral em pessoas com diabetes mellitus tipo 2, com base na Theory of Planned Behavior. Método: Estudo descritivo com abordagem quantiqualitativa, realizado com 32 participantes em uso de antidiabético oral. Os dados foram coletados por meio de formulário com perguntas abertas e analisados pelo número de emissões e conteúdo. Resultados: Entre as crenças comportamentais, destacam-se: como vantagem, manter o diabetes controlado; e, como desvantagens, dor e desconforto gástrico, enjoo e diarreia. Nas crenças normativas, sobressaiu como referente social a família (filhos, mãe e irmãos). Quanto às crenças de controle, tomar os comprimidos com água e o tamanho dos comprimidos como as facilidades e dificuldades, respectivamente, em relação ao seguimento da terapêutica oral. Conclusão e implicações para prática: Foi possível identificar as crenças frente ao comportamento da tomada do antidiabético oral que contribuirão para fomentar estratégias educativas com poder de fortalecer as positivas e reverter as negativas, em benefício da adesão à terapêutica medicamentosa, ao controle glicêmico e à qualidade de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Culture , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Tablets/therapeutic use , Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Administration, Oral , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data
16.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(12): 697-702, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057885

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the factors associated with the need for insulin as a complementary treatment to metformin in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods A case-control study was performed from April 2011 to February 2016 with pregnant women with GDM who needed complementary treatments besides diet and physical exercise. Those treated with metformin were compared with those who, in addition to metformin, also needed the combination with insulin. Maternal characteristics and glycemic control were evaluated. Multinomial logistic regression models were developed to evaluate the influence of different therapies on neonatal outcomes. Results A total of 475 pregnant women who needed pharmacological therapy were evaluated. Of these, 366 (77.05%) were submitted to single therapy with metformin, and 109 (22.94%) needed insulin as a complementary treatment. In the analysis of the odds ratio (OR), fasting glucose (FG)<90 mg/dL reduced the odds of needing the combination (OR: 0.438 [0.235-0.815]; p=0.009], as well as primiparity (OR: 0.280 [0.111-0.704]; p=0.007]. In obese pregnant women, an increased chance of needing the combination was observed (OR: 2,072 [1,063-4,039]; p=0,032). Conclusion Obesity resulted in an increased chance of the mother needing insulin as a complementary treatment to metformin, while FG<90 mg/dL and primiparity were protective factors.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados à necessidade de insulina como tratamento complementar à metformina em gestantes com diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG). Métodos Um estudo caso-controle foi realizado de abril de 2011 a fevereiro de 2016 comgestantes portadoras de DMG que necessitaram de tratamentos complementares além de dieta e exercícios físicos. Aquelas tratadas commetformina foram comparadas com aquelas que, além da metformina, também precisaram de combinação com insulina. Foram avaliadas as características maternas e de controle glicêmico. Modelos de regressão logística multinomial foram construídos para avaliar a influência das diferentes terapias nos desfechos neonatais. Resultados Foram avaliadas 475 gestantes que necessitaram de terapia farmacológica. Destas, 366 (77,05%) utilizaram terapia única com metformina, e 109 (22,95%) necessitaram de insulina como tratamento complementar. Na análise da razão de possibilidades (RP), a glicemia de jejum (GJ)<90mg/dL reduziu as chances de necessidade da combinação (RP: 0,438 [0,235-0,815]; p=0,009), bem como a primiparidade (RP: 0,280 [0,111-0,704]; p=0,007). Em gestantes obesas, foi observada uma chance maior de necessidade da combinação (RP: 2.072 [1.063-4.039]; p=0,032). Conclusão A obesidade resultou em um aumento na chance de a mãe precisar de insulina como tratamento complementar à metformina, enquanto a GJ<90 mg/dL e a primiparidade foram fatores de proteção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Parity , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Diabetes, Gestational/diet therapy , Diabetes, Gestational/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination , Exercise Therapy , Obesity, Maternal/complications , Obesity, Maternal/diet therapy , Obesity, Maternal/blood
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(10): 1254-1264, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041026

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Real-world effectiveness of basal insulin therapy is affected by poor treatment persistence, often occurring soon after initiation. This analysis is part of an international cross-sectional study conducted in T2DM patients and is intended to describe the reasons behind non-persistence to insulin therapy in Brasil. METHODS Responders to an online survey in seven countries were classified as continuers (no gap of ≥7 days), interrupters (interrupted therapy for ≥7 days within first 6 months, then restarted), and discontinuers (terminated therapy for ≥7 days within first 6 months, and did not start it again before the survey). We present the results from the Brazilian cohort. RESULTS Of 942 global respondents, 156 were from Brasil, with a mean age of 34 years and a mean of 5.8 years since T2DM diagnosis. Reasons contributing to insulin continuation (n=50) were improved glycemic control (82%) and improved physical feeling (50%). Common reasons for interruption (n=51) or discontinuation (n=55) were, respectively, weight gain (47.1%, 43.6%), hypoglycemia (45.1%, 38.2%), and pain from injections (39.2%, 49.1%). However, not all patients who reported weight gain and hypoglycemia as a reason for interruption or discontinuation experienced these: 16/24 (66.7%) and 22/24 (91.7%) participants had weight gain, and 13/23 (56.5%) and 15/21 (71.4%) had hypoglycemia, respectively. The most important reason for possible re-initiation for interrupters and discontinuers, respectively, was persuasion by the physician/HCP (80.4%, 72.7%). CONCLUSION The benefits of basal insulin therapy motivated continuers to persist with the treatment; experienced or anticipated side effects contributed to interruption and discontinuation. Physician and patient training is key in the treatment of diabetes.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Dados de vida real sobre como a eficácia da terapia com insulina é afetada pela baixa persistência ao tratamento que ocorre logo após o início da terapia. Esta análise é a parte brasileira de um estudo transversal internacional conduzido em pacientes com DM2 que teve como objetivo descrever as razões relacionadas à não persistência ao tratamento com insulina. METODOLOGIA O estudo realizado em sete países por meio de questionários on-line classificou como pacientes continuadores (aqueles que não apresentaram intervalo ≥7 dias sem uso da insulina), interrompedores (interromperam a terapia por ≥7 dias nos primeiros seis meses de uso, depois recomeçaram) e descontinuadores (interromperam a terapia por ≥7 dias nos primeiros seis meses de uso e não retornaram). Nesta análise descrevemos os dados da coorte brasileira. RESULTADOS Dos 942 pacientes incluídos, 156 eram do Brasil, com idade média de 34 anos e média de seis anos desde o diagnóstico de DM2. Razões que contribuíram para o uso contínuo da insulina (n=50) foram a melhora do controle glicêmico (82%) e a melhora no estado geral (50%). Razões para a interrupção (n=51) ou para a descontinuação (n=55) foram, respectivamente, ganho de peso (41,7%, 43,6%), hipoglicemia (45,1%, 38,2%) e dor à aplicação (39,2%, 49,1%). Entretanto, nem todos os pacientes que reportaram ganho de peso e hipoglicemia como possível razão para interrupção ou descontinuação realmente apresentaram esses eventos: 16/24 (66,7%) e 22/24 (91,4%) dos participantes apresentaram ganho de peso e 13/23 (56,6%) e 15/21 (71,4%) apresentaram hipoglicemia, respectivamente. A razão mais importante para o possível recomeço entre os interrompedores e descontinuadores foi a persuasão de médicos/profissionais de saúde (80,4% e 72,7%, respectivamente). CONCLUSÕES Os benefícios do tratamento com insulina basal motivaram continuadores a persistir com a terapia; a experiência ou a antecipação de eventos adversos contribuíram para a interrupção e descontinuação. O treinamento de médicos e pacientes é um dos pilares fundamentais do tratamento do diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Medication Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Insulin/therapeutic use , Physician-Patient Relations , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Brazil , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hyperglycemia/drug therapy
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(9): 1093-1098, set. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058650

ABSTRACT

Background: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are a new pharmacological alternative for the treatment of diabetes. Aim: To report our experience with the use of this type of drugs in type 2 diabetics treated in an outpatient clinic. Material and Methods: We selected 77 type 2 diabetic patients aged 59 ± 11 years (45 men) who started SGLT2i, based on the advice of their treating physician. We registered their demographic characteristics and changes in metabolic parameters, weight, blood pressure, albuminuria and adverse effects, during a follow-up of at least three months. Results: We observed a decrease of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c of 0.8 ± 1.14% (p < 0.01) and a weight decrease of 2.5 ± 2.24 kg (p < 0.01). The proportion of patients with a glycosylated hemoglobin A1c of less than 7% increased from 7.2% to 30.9% (p = 0.002). In addition, a relative decrease in albuminuria of 39.9% was observed (p = 0.07). The treatment was well tolerated with a rate of adverse effects of 21%, all of them being categorized as mild. Of these, most of them corresponded to genital mycotic infections. Conclusions: The effects observed in this study are comparable and of similar magnitude to randomized studies of SGLT2i reported in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Sodium , Glucose , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(9): 1144-1150, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041074

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE In view of the high incidence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the unsatisfactory therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide or clomifene citrate alone, our study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate in the treatment of PCOS. METHODS A total of 79 patients with POCS and 35 healthy females were included, and endometrial biopsies were obtained. The sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP1) expression in endometrial tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. POC patients were randomly divided into group A (n=40) and group B (n=39). Patients in group A were treated with dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate, while patients in group B were treated with clomifene citrate alone. The number of mature follicles and cervical mucus score, follicular development rate and single follicle ovulation rate, cycle pregnancy rate, early miscarriage rate, ovulation rate, endometrial thickness, positive rate of three lines sign, follicle stimulating hormone level and luteinizing hormone level were compared between the two groups. RESULTS The expression level of SREBP1 was higher in PCOS patients than that in the healthy control. SREBP1 expression was inhibited after treatment, while the inhibitory effects of combined treatment were stronger than those of clomifene citrate alone. Compared with clomifene citrate alone, the combined treatment improved cervical mucus score, follicle development rate, single follicle ovulation rate, endometrial thickness, positive rate of three lines sign, and follicle-stimulating hormone level. CONCLUSION The therapeutic effect of combined treatment is better than clomifene citrate alone in the treatment of PCOS.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Tendo em vista a alta incidência de síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP) e os efeitos terapêuticos insatisfatórios da dimetildiguanida ou do citrato de clomifeno isoladamente, nosso estudo teve como objetivo investigar os efeitos terapêuticos da dimetildiguanida associada ao citrato de clomifeno no tratamento da SOP. MÉTODOS Um total de 79 pacientes com POCS e 35 mulheres saudáveis foram incluídos, e biópsias endometriais foram obtidas. A expressão da proteína de ligação do elemento regulador de esterol-1 (SREBP1) nos tecidos endometriais foi detectada por qRT-PCR. Pacientes POC foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo A (n=40) e grupo B (n=39). Os pacientes do grupo A foram tratados com dimetildiguanida combinada com citrato de clomifeno, enquanto os pacientes do grupo B foram tratados apenas com citrato de clomifeno. O número de folículos maduros e muco cervical, taxa de desenvolvimento folicular e taxa de ovulação, taxa de gravidez, abortamento precoce, taxa de ovulação, espessura endometrial, taxa positiva de três linhas, nível de hormônio folículo estimulante e nível de hormônio luteinizante foram comparados entre os dois grupos. RESULTADOS O nível de expressão do SREBP1 foi maior nos pacientes com SOP do que no controle normal. A expressão de SREBP1 foi inibida após o tratamento, enquanto os efeitos inibidores do tratamento combinado foram mais fortes do que os do citrato de clomifeno isoladamente. Comparado com o citrato de clomifeno sozinho, o tratamento combinado melhorou significativamente a pontuação do muco cervical, a taxa de desenvolvimento folicular, a taxa de ovulação do folículo único, a espessura endometrial, a taxa positiva de três linhas de sinal e o nível de hormônio folículo estimulante. CONCLUSÃO O efeito terapêutico do tratamento combinado é melhor do que o citrato de clomifeno isolado no tratamento da SOP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/drug therapy , Clomiphene/therapeutic use , Fertility Agents, Female/therapeutic use , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Ovulation Induction , Cervix Mucus/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Clomiphene/pharmacology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Endometrium/physiopathology , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/adverse effects , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/genetics , Fertility Agents, Female/pharmacology , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Metformin/pharmacology
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