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1.
repert. med. cir ; 31(1): 89-93, 2022. ilus.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367104

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en el presente reporte de caso se presenta una urgencia endocrinológica, el coma mixedematoso. Se considera una descompensación del hipotiroidismo y su mortalidad es alta alcanzando hasta 52% en algunas series de casos. Puede desencadenarse por múltiples factores y su presentación clínica es muy variada ya que comprende la afección de diversos sistemas. Presentación del caso: se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 42 años de edad que consultó al servicio de urgencias del Hospital de San José de Bogotá con sospecha inicial de una de falla cardiaca descompensada, sin embargo, cursó con pobre mejoría ante el manejo instaurado, por lo cual se realizaron estudios de extensión en donde se encontró una función tiroidea deprimida. Discusión y conclusiones: en este momento se consideró que la paciente padecía un coma mixedematoso, se instauró manejo con dosis altas de levotiroxina oral con lo cual evolucionó de manera favorable y se logró dar de alta a los pocos días.


Introduction: herein we present an endocrine emergency, myxedema coma, which is a form of decompensated hypothyroidism, whose mortality may be as high as 52% as evidenced in some case series. It may be triggered by multiplefactors and has varied clinical presentations for it affects diverse organ systems. Case presentation:we present the case of a 42-year-old female who presented to the emergency department of Hospital de San José in Bogotá with clinical suspicion of decompensated heart failure upon admission, however, her response was poor to the treatment she received. Extension studies were performed which showed low thyroid function. Discussion and conclusions: at this point the patient was diagnosed with myxedema coma, and was started on high doses of oral levothyroxine, with which she evolved favorably and was discharged a few days later.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thyroid Gland , Hypothyroidism , Myxedema , Thyroxine , Emergencies
2.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(1): e2087, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1367592

ABSTRACT

Un estudio mostró que el aumento de valores de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides se asoció a un aumento de mortalidad por todas las causas, estimando que las enfermedades cardiovasculares mediaban dicha asociación en aproximada-mente el 14 % de los casos. Asimismo se observó que el reemplazo con levotiroxina disminuiría los niveles de colesterol, lo cual podría tener un efecto en la reducción de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Partiendo de una viñeta clínica la autora intenta, a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica y análisis de la evidencia, determinar si el tratamiento del hipotiroidismo subclínico en adultos mayores reduciría la morbimortalidad por eventos cardiovasculares. (AU)


A study showed that increased thyroid-stimulating hormone levels were associated with increased all-cause mortality, with cardiovascular disease estimated to mediate this association in approximately 14 % of cases. Additionally, levothyroxine replacement was found to lower cholesterol levels, which could have an effect in reducing cardiovascular diseases. Basedon a clinical vignette, the author attempts, through a literature search and an analysis of the evidence, to determine whether treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in older adults would reduce morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Age Factors , Hypothyroidism/blood
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-7, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354491

ABSTRACT

Objective: Recent investigations have suggested a correlation between thyroid diseases, particularly hypothyroidism (HT), and oral lichen planus (OLP). Objective: This study aimed to assess the frequency of OLP in HT patients. Material and Methods: This analytical descriptive study evaluated 100 HT patients including 94 females and 6 males, who were selected by convenience sampling. The subjects were clinically examined for OLP. The mean age of patients was 42.49±1.29 years. Also, 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were examined. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and Fisher's exact test via SPSS. Results: Of all, 14 (14%) HT patients (12 females and 2 males) had OLP while only one case of OLP was found in the control group. The difference between the two groups in the frequency of OLP was significant (P=0.001). The odds ratio (OR) of developing OLP was calculated to be 16.11 in HT patients. Reticular form was the most common type of OLP in patients (50%). The buccal mucosa was the most common site of involvement (92.85%). The mean age of patients with OLP was 42.93±1.29 years with a median of 46±1.29 years in HT group. Conclusion: The frequency of OLP was significantly higher in HT patients such that HT patients had higher odds of developing OLP by 16 folds. (AU)


Objetivo: Investigações recentes sugeriram uma correlação entre doenças da tireoide, particularmente hipotireoidismo (HT), e líquen plano oral (LPO). Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a frequência de LPO em pacientes com HT. Material e Métodos: Este estudo descritivo analítico avaliou 100 pacientes com HT, incluindo 94 mulheres e 6 homens, selecionados por amostragem por conveniência. Os indivíduos foram examinados clinicamente para LPO. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 42,49 ± 1,29 anos. Além disso, foram examinados 100 controles saudáveis pareados por idade e gênero. Os dados foram analisados usando o teste do qui-quadrado e o teste exato de Fisher via SPSS. Resultados: De todos, 14 (14%) pacientes com HT (12 mulheres e 2 homens) tiveram LPO, enquanto apenas um caso de LPO foi encontrado no grupo controle. A diferença entre os dois grupos na frequência de LPO foi significativa (P = 0,001). A razão de probabilidade de desenvolvimento de LPO foi calculado em 16,11 em pacientes com HT. A forma reticular foi o tipo mais comum de LPO nos pacientes (50%). A mucosa bucal foi o local de acometimento mais comum (92,85%). A média de idade dos pacientes com LPO foi de 42,93 ± 1,29 anos, com mediana de 46 ± 1,29 anos no grupo HT. Conclusão: A frequência de LPO foi significativamente maior em pacientes com HT, de modo que os pacientes com HT tinham maior chance de desenvolver LPO em 16 vezes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroid Diseases , Lichen Planus, Oral , Hypothyroidism
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 736-742, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357064

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Thyroid diseases are the second most common endocrine disorders in the reproductive period of women. They can be associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), preterm delivery, low Apgar score, low birthweight (LBW) or fetal death. The aim of the present study is to explore thyroid dysfunction and its relationship with some poor perinatal outcomes (Apgar Score, low birthweight, and preterm delivery). Methods Dried blood spot samples from 358 healthy pregnant women were analyzed for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroxine (TT4), and thyroglobulin (Tg). Neonatal data were collected upon delivery. Four groups were formed based on thyroid function tests (TFTs). Results Of the 358 tested women, 218 (60.72%) were euthyroid. Isolated hypo thyroxinemia was present in 132 women (36.76%), subclinical hyperthyroidism in 7 women (1.94%), and overt hypothyroidism in 1 (0.28%). The perinatal outcomes IUGR (p = 0.028) and Apgar score 1 minute (p = 0.015) were significantly different between thyroid function test [TFT]-distinct groups. In the multiple regression analysis, TT4 showed a statistically significant inverse predictive impact on LBW (p < 0.0001), but a positive impact of Tg on LBW (p = 0.0351). Conclusion Thyroid hormones alone do not have a direct impact on neonatal outcomes, but the percentage of their participation in the total process cannot be neglected. Based on the regression analysis, we can conclude that TT4 and Tg can be used as predictors of neonatal outcome, expressed through birthweight and Apgar score. The present study aims to contribute to determine whether a test for thyroid status should become routine screening during pregnancy.


Resumo Objetivo As doenças da tireoide são as segundas doenças endócrinas mais comuns no período reprodutivo das mulheres. Elas podem estar associadas à restrição de crescimento intrauterino (RCIU), parto prematuro, baixo índice de Apgar, baixo peso ao nascer (BPN) ou morte fetal. O objetivo do presente estudo é explorar a disfunção tireoidiana e sua relação com alguns resultados perinatais insatisfatórios (índice de Apgar, baixo peso ao nascer e parto prematuro). Métodos Amostras secas de sangue em 358 gestantes saudáveis foram analisadas para hormônio estimulador da tireoide (TSH), tiroxina total (TT4) e tireoglobulina (Tg). Os dados neonatais foram coletados no momento do parto. Quatro grupos foram formados com base em testes de função tireoidiana (TFT). Resultados Das 358 mulheres testadas, 218 (60,72%) eram eutireoidianas. Hipotiroxinemia isolada estava presente em 132 mulheres (36,76%), hipertireoidismo subclínico em 7 mulheres (1,94%) e hipotireoidismo evidente em 1 (0,28%). Os resultados perinatais RCIU (p = 0,028) e índice de Apgar de 1 minuto (p = 0,015) foram significativamente diferentes entre os grupos distintos de TFT. Na análise de regressão múltipla, TT4 mostrou impacto preditivo inverso estatisticamente significativo no BPN (p < 0,0001), mas impacto positivo da Tg no BPN (p = 0,0351). Conclusão Isoladamente, os hormônios tireoidianos não têm impacto direto no desfecho neonatal, mas o percentual de sua participação no processo total não pode ser desprezado. Com base na análise de regressão, podemos concluir que TT4 e Tg podem ser usados como preditores do resultado neonatal, expressos por meio do peso ao nascer e do índice de Apgar. O presente estudo tem como objetivo contribuir para que um teste para verificar o estado da tireoide deva se tornar um rastreamento de rotina durante a gravidez.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Complications , Hypothyroidism , Republic of North Macedonia/epidemiology , Pregnant Women
5.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353156

ABSTRACT

2021.174934ABSTRACTIntroduction: The mechanisms by which hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) have been studied, and it was suggested that inflammatory cytokines during HCV infection would change the thy-roperoxidase (TPO) signaling cascade and thyroglobulin (Tg) determining autoimmune thyroid disease.Objective: To show the signaling pathway, of TPO and Tg, and their potential targets mediated HCV in individuals with hepatitis C.Methods: The mapping of the signaling pathway was based on a review study approach and performed using the automatic annotation server of the Kyoto and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG). PathVisio is free software for analysis and design of open source routes, and was used for the graphic representation of the signaling pathway.Results: The contigs were extracted from the KEGG database and their mapped transcription represents the signa-ling pathway of the main biomolecules that triggers the AIT. The action of HCV, or its treatment can trigger AIT that is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies against TPO and Tg. In AIT, autoreactive CD4 + T lymphocytes recruit B cells and CD8 + T cells in the thyroid. The progression of the disease leads to the death of thyroid cells and hypothyroidism. Conclusion: HCV or its treatment activates several signaling pathways with thyroid cells damage resulting in AIT and secondary hypothyroidism to cellular apoptosis. (AU)


RESUMOIntrodução: Os mecanismos pelos quais a infecção com o vírus da hepatite C (HCV) induz à tireoidite autoimune (TAI) têm sido alvo de estudos. Tem sido sugerido que citocinas inflamatórias, como a elevação das interleucinas na inflamação causadas pelo HCV, alterariam a cascata de sinalização da tireoperoxidase (TPO) e tireoglobulina (Tg) determinando um quadro de doença autoimune da tireóide.Objetivo: Demonstrar a via de sinalização da TPO e da Tg e seus potenciais alvos para a TAI mediados pelo HCV em indivíduos com hepatite C.Método: O mapeamento da via de sinalização foi realizado usando o servidor de anotação automática da Enciclopé-dia Quioto de Genes e Genomas (KEGG). O PathVisio, um software gratuito de análise e desenho de vias de código aberto, foi utilizado para a representação gráfica da via de sinalização.Resultado: As sequências foram retiradas do banco de dados KEGG e sua transcrição mapeada representa a via de . sinalização das principais biomoléculas que desencadeia a TAI. A ação do HCV, ou seu tratamento pode desen-cadear a TAI que é caracterizada pela presença de autoanticorpos contra a TPO e Tg. Na TAI os linfócitos T CD4+ auto-reativos recrutam células B e células T CD8+ na tireóide. A progressão da doença leva à morte de células da tireóide e hipotireoidismo.Conclusão: O HCV ou o seu tratamento ativa várias vias de sinalização com dano na célula tireoidiana, tendo como resultado TAI e hipotireoidismo secundário a apoptose celular. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune , CD4 Antigens , CD8 Antigens , Hepacivirus , Disease Progression , Hypothyroidism
6.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(2): e277, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347402

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aplicación de actividades fijas en el tratamiento del hipertiroidismo con I131 (yoduro de sodio, conocido también como radioyodo), es el método más usado en nuestro país, a pesar de la individualidad morfo-funcional que caracteriza esta afección. Sin embargo, no existe aún, un consenso internacional sobre la dosis más conveniente para cada caso, y por ende, los resultados no siempre son los deseados. Objetivo: Evaluar la aplicabilidad de varios métodos de cálculo de dosis paciente-específica para el tratamiento de hipertiroidismo con yoduro de sodio. Métodos: Se realizó un análisis de los resultados de varios métodos de cálculo de dosis recomendados internacionalmente a partir de la actividad fija prescrita en 10 pacientes, con el empleo de tecnologías y herramientas ya desarrolladas y disponibles en el país. Se evaluó la variabilidad inter-especialista y su impacto en la dosis planificada para el tratamiento. Resultados: El uso de la información incompleta de la biodistribución y farmacocinética del paciente produjo diferencias entre -42 por ciento y 37 por ciento de las dosis para el mismo paciente. El resultado de la comparación del método de cálculo recomendado por la Sociedad Europea de Medicina Nuclear, manejando la masa por gammagrafía-2D / 3D y por ultrasonido, arrojó diferencias no significativas entre sí. La variabilidad inter-especialista de las actividades prescrita mostró diferencias significativas, que arrojan sobre el mismo paciente, discrepancias entre 44Gy y 243Gy de las dosis terapéuticas a recibir, situación que puede comprometer el éxito del tratamiento y producir efectos secundarios no deseados. Conclusiones: Las técnicas dosimétricas paciente-específicas se pueden implementar satisfactoriamente en nuestro país. Las diferencias numéricas encontradas, especialmente la variabilidad inter-especialista, demuestran la no estandarización terapéutica, lo que apoya el uso de la farmacocinética paciente-específica pre terapéutica y la masa por gammagrafía-3D para planificar el tratamiento siempre que sean posible(AU)


Introduction: Despite of its typical morpho-functional individuality, fixed activities remain as the most used method in Cuba for hyperthyroidism treatment with I (sodium iodide, also known as radioiodine). However, there is not yet an international consensus on the most convenient doses for each case, so, the results are not always the desired ones. Objective: To evaluate the applicability of various patient-specific dose calculation methods for the treatment of hyperthyroidism with sodium iodide. Methods: It was carried out an analysis in 10 patients of the results of some methods for dose calculation from the prescribed fixed activity recommended internationally, with the use of technologies and tools already developed and available in the country. The inter-specialist variability and its impact in the planned dose for the treatment were assessed. Results: The use of uncompleted biodistribution and pharmacokinetics information of the patient showed differences between -42 percent and 37 percent in the doses for the same patient. The outcome of the comparison of the calculation method recommended by the European Society of Nuclear Medicine managing the mass by 3D/2D gammagraphy and ultrasound, presented no significant discrepancies among them. The inter-specialist variability of prescribed activity was statistically significant, and it can produce in the same patient differences between 44Gy and 243Gy of the therapeutic doses, which could affect the treatment success and lead to unnecessary side effects. Conclusions: The patient´s personalized calculation methods can be satisfactorily applied in Cuba. The numeric differences found, especially inter-specialist variability, show the lack of therapeutic standardization, which supports the use of pre-therapeutic patient-specific pharmacokinetics and the mass by 3D-gammagraphy to plan the treatment when possible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Sodium Iodide/therapeutic use , Pharmacokinetics , Hypothyroidism/therapy , Nuclear Medicine/methods , Reference Standards
7.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-18, jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284462

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare fibro-inflammatory disease of varied etiology which usually originates around aorta and spreads caudally along Iliac vessels into adjacent retroperitoneum causing ureteral obstruction as the most frequent complication.A 53-year-old male patient presented with complaint of mild pain in both the legs off and on. On investigating further, we found that he had been struggling with intermittent relapses every 3-4 years for last 20 years since he was first diagnosed with Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Fibrosis. He was 33-year-old when he first developed the symptoms of anuria for 48 hours and was diagnosed with Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis. This was followed by atrophy of left kidney and hypertension 6 years later, then hypothyroidism after another 3years and finally involvement of Inferior Vena Cava and acute Deep Vein Thrombosis of lower limbs after another 3-4 years. His deep vein thrombosis was well managed in time. He was put on glucocorticoids everytime he had a relapse and a complication.We did a review of literature to understand recent advances about its pathogenesis, diagnosis, investigations and management. We searched in PubMed using terms like retroperitoneal fibrosis alone and in combination with related terms such as Inferior Vena Cava thrombosis, Deep Vein Thrombosis, Tamoxifen, Methotrexate. This case is unique as it is very rare to find acute Deep Vein Thrombosis in Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis without development of any collaterals when Inferior Vena Cava lumen is compromised to almost complete obstruction.After a follow up of 20 years patient is doing well in terms of physical activity and psychological wellbeing with anti-hypertensives, thyroxine and anti-coagulants. Is the disease-free interval actually free of the disease or it just subsided with immunosuppressants to become active after some time?


La fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática es una enfermedad fibroinflamatoria rara, de etiología variada que generalmente se origina alrededor de la aorta y se propaga caudalmente a lo largo de los vasos ilíacos en retroperitoneo adyacente causando obstrucción ureteral como la complicación más frecuente.Reportamos el caso de un paciente varón de 53 años que se presentó con un dolor leve en ambas piernas. Al investigar más a fondo, descubrimos que había estado luchando con recaídas intermitentes cada 3-4 años durante los últimos 20 años desde que se le diagnosticó por primera vez fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática. Tenía 33 años cuando desarrolló por primera vez los síntomas de anuria durante 48 horas y se le diagnosticó fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática. Esto fue seguido por atrofia del riñón izquierdo e hipertensión 6 años después, luego hipotiroidismo después de otros 3 años y finalmente afectación de la vena cava inferior y trombosis venosa profunda aguda de las extremidades inferiores después de otros 3-4 años. Su trombosis venosa profunda se controló bien a tiempo. Le recetaron glucocorticoides cada vez que tenía una recaída y una complicación.Hicimos una revisión de la literatura para comprender los avances recientes sobre su patogenia, diagnóstico, investigaciones y manejo. Se realizaron búsquedas en PubMed utilizando términos como fibrosis retroperitoneal sola y en combinación con términos relacionados como trombosis de la vena cava inferior, trombosis venosa profunda, tamoxifeno, metotrexato. Este caso es único, ya que es muy raro encontrar trombosis venosa profunda aguda en fibrosis retroperitoneal idiopática sin desarrollo de colaterales cuando la luz de la vena cava inferior está comprometida hasta una obstrucción casi completa.Después de un seguimiento de 20 años, el paciente se encuentra bien en términos de actividad física y bienestar psicológico con antihipertensivos, tiroxina y anticoagulantes. ¿El intervalo libre de enfermedad está realmente libre de la enfermedad o simplemente disminuyó con inmunosupresores para activarse después de algún tiempo?


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/complications , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/diagnosis , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis/therapy , Recurrence , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Hypothyroidism , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Cuad. Hosp. Clín ; 62(1): 63-71, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284353

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Addison es una patología endocrinológica ocasionada por la disminución en la secreción de hormonas esteroideas por parte de la corteza adrenal; debida a múltiples etiologías (más comúnmente la tuberculosis en países en vías de desarrollo); con una evolución lenta, insidiosa y progresiva. Pudiendo llegar a una insuficiencia adrenal aguda, misma que puede llegar a ser de extrema gravedad; y en caso de no ser diagnosticada y tratada adecuadamente puede llevar a la muerte. El tratamiento primordial lo constituye la terapia hormonal sustitutiva con fármacos corticoesteroideos.


Addison's disease is an endocrinological pathology caused by the decrease in the secretion of steroid hormones by the adrenal cortex, due to multiple etiologies (most commonly tuberculosis in developing countries); with a slow, insidious and progressive evolution. Being able to reach an acute adrenal insufficiency, which can become extremely serious, and if it is not diagnosed and treated properly, it can lead to death. The primary treatment is hormone replacement therapy with corticosteroid drugs


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Addison Disease , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adrenal Insufficiency , Tuberculosis , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Hormones , Hypothyroidism
9.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 33-39, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147475

ABSTRACT

La hemiagenesia tiroidea representa un trastorno congénito caracterizado por la ausencia de desarrollo de uno de los lóbulos tiroideos, asociado o no a ausencia del istmo. Es más frecuente en las mujeres y por lo general se presenta como falta del lóbulo izquierdo, con hipertrofia compensatoria del lóbulo contralateral. Su diagnóstico es generalmente incidental o por manifestaciones del lóbulo tiroideo presente. Se hizo una revisión bibliografía, en donde no se encontraron casos reportados en Venezuela de hemiagenesia o agenesia tiroidea, describiéndose el siguiente. Presentamos a una paciente de 50 años de edad, conocida con hipotiroidismo desde los 31 años, negando cualquier cirugía en el área de cabeza y cuello. Desde febrero 2019 presentó aumento progresivo de volumen en región anterior de cuello. Al examen físico se observó aumento de volumen en región anterior derecha del cuello, palpándose lóbulo tiroideo derecho aumentado de tamaño, de aspecto nodular, no doloroso. En ecosonograma tiroideo se concluyó como bocio tiroideo derecho de aspecto multinodular, con ausencia del lóbulo izquierdo. Perfil tiroideo dentro de límites normales. Se lleva a mesa operatoria corroborándose ausencia del lóbulo izquierdo y presentado en la biopsia definitiva hiperplasia nodular en el lóbulo derecho. Se discute su frecuencia, la forma de presentación y se hace revisión de la literatura(AU)


Thyroid hemiagenesis represents a congenital disorder characterized by the absence of development of one of thyroid lobes, associated or not with absence of isthmus. It is more frequent in women and generally presents as absence of the left lobe, with compensatory hypertrophy of the contralateral lobe. Its diagnosis is generally incidental or by manifestations of the present thyroid lobe. A bibliography review was made, where no cases reported in Venezuela of hemiagenesis or thyroid agenesis were found, describing the following. We present a 50-year-old patient, known with hypothyroidism since she was 31, denying any surgery in the head and neck area. Since February 2019, presented a progressive increase in volume in the anterior neck region. On physical examination, an increase in volume was observed in right anterior region of the neck, palpating an enlarged right thyroid lobe, with a nodular appearance and not painful. In a thyroid echo-sonogram, it was concluded as a right thyroid goiter with a multinodular appearance, with the absence of the left lobe. Thyroid profile within normal limits. It is taken to the operating table, confirming the absence of the left lobe and presented in the definitive biopsy nodular hyperplasia in the right lobe. Its frequency, form of presentation, and literature review are discussed(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Gland/physiopathology , Goiter , Hypothyroidism/surgery , Thyroid Diseases , Triiodothyronine , Ultrasonography
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(1): S8-S16, feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147356

ABSTRACT

El hipotiroidismo es la disfunción tiroidea más frecuente, resultante de una disminución de la actividad biológica de las hormonas tiroideas en los tejidos. El objetivo es realizar una revisión y actualización del hipotiroidismo adquirido en la infancia y adolescencia con énfasis en el hipotiroidismo primario. La causa más común es la tiroiditis de Hashimoto o tiroiditis linfocitaria crónica. La característica distintiva es el impacto profundo en el crecimiento esquelético, maduración y desarrollo puberal, con potencial repercusión en la talla adulta. Los signos y síntomas del hipotiroidismo adquirido son similares a los adultos y, en general, no se asocia con compromiso del desarrollo neuromadurativo.La presunción clínica se confirma con niveles elevados de tirotrofina y disminuidos de tiroxina libre. Las metas del tratamiento incluyen lograr adecuado crecimiento, maduración sexual, desarrollo neuromadurativo y cognitivo óptimo. En la mayoría de los pacientes, el tratamiento de reemplazo revierte los signos y síntomas.


Hypothyroidism is the most frequent thyroid dysfunction. It is the consequence of a decrease in the biological activity of thyroid hormones in target tissues. The aim of this paper is to review and update acquired hypothyroidism in childhood and adolescence with emphasis on primary hypothyroidism due to its greater frequency. Hashimoto's thyroiditis, also known as chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is the most common cause of primary acquired hypothyroidism. The distinctive feature is the profound impact on skeletal growth, maturation, and pubertal development, with potential implications on adult height. Signs and symptoms of acquired hypothyroidism are similar to those reported in adults and are generally not associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. Biochemi confirmation of primary hypothyroidism requires the finding of elevated thyrophine and decreased free thyroxine levels. Treatment goals are to achieve normal growth and maturation as well as cognitive development. In most of the patients, replacement treatment reverses symptoms and signs of hypothyroidism and may decrease goiter size.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Hypothyroidism/diagnosis , Hypothyroidism/therapy , Hashimoto Disease , Goiter , Hypothyroidism/etiology
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(1): 52-57, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287780

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis in a sample of psoriasis patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study of 120 individuals (60 with psoriasis and 60 control subjects) paired by gender and age for thyroid function (thyroid stimulating hormone, free T4), antithyroperoxidase and antithyroglobulin tests and physical examination. Psoriasis Area and Severity Index and Nail Psoriasis Severity Index were evaluated simultaneously. Epidemiological, clinical and treatment data was collected from medical records. Patients with documented hypothyroidism and/or goiter associated with positive antithyroperoxidase antibody were considered to have Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. RESULTS: The prevalence of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis in the group with psoriasis was 21.6%; in the control group, it was 4/60 (6.6%) with p=0.03 (OR=3.8; 95%CI 1.18-12.6). In the group of patients with psoriasis, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis was more common in women (p=0.002) and less common in those who had polyarticular arthropathic psoriasis (p=0.05) and plaque psoriasis (p=0.005). A logistic regression showed that the only independent variable associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis was plaque psoriasis. CONCLUSIONS: There is a high prevalence of Hashimoto's Thyroiditis in psoriatic patients, especially in women. Hashimoto's Thyroiditis is less common in patients with the plaque form of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Psoriasis/complications , Psoriasis/epidemiology , Hashimoto Disease/complications , Hashimoto Disease/epidemiology , Hypothyroidism , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887764

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is a common endocrine disease with reduced systemic metabolism, but the initial diagnosis is rare in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Due to the nonspecific symptoms, it is easy to be misdiagnosed and missed diagnosis which results in serious consequences. This paper presents a case of severe hypothyroidism which was characterized by airway obstruction, facial swelling, unexplained anaemia and bipedal edema after orthognathic surgery. With review of relevant literatures, this article discusses the risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis and therapy of hypothyroidism.


Subject(s)
Edema , Facial Bones , Humans , Hypothyroidism/etiology , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures
13.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 101-107, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880948

ABSTRACT

Primary hypothyroidism commonly occurs after radiotherapy (RT), and coincides with increased circulating thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels.We tested therefore the protective effect of suppressing TSH with L-thyroxine during RT for medulloblastoma/PNET and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in a prospective cohort study. From1998 to 2001, a total of 37 euthyroid children with medulloblastoma/PNET plus 14 with HL, scheduled for craniospinal irradiation and mediastinum/neck radiotherapy, respectively, underwent thyroid ultrasound and free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), and TSH evaluation at the beginning and end of craniospinal iiradiation. From 14 days before and up to the end of radiotherapy, patients were administered L-thyroxine checking every 3 days TSH to ensure a value < 0.3 μIU/mL. During follow-up, blood tests and ultrasound were repeated; primary hypothyroidism was considered an increased TSH level greater than normal range. Twenty-two/37 patients with medulloblastoma/PNET and all the 14 patients with HL were alive after a median 231 months from radiotherapy with 7/22 and 8/14 having correctly reached TSH levels < 0.3 μIU/mL and well matched for other variables. Twenty years on, hypothyroidism-free survival rates differed significantly, being 60% ± 15% and 15.6% ± 8.2% in TSH-suppressed vs. not-TSH suppressed patients, respectively (P = 0.001). These findings suggest that hypothyroidism could be durably prevented in two populations at risk of late RT sequelae, but it should be confirmed in a larger cohort.


Subject(s)
Cerebellar Neoplasms , Child , Hodgkin Disease/radiotherapy , Humans , Hypothyroidism/prevention & control , Medulloblastoma/radiotherapy , Prospective Studies , Thyrotropin
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1881-1886, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) and its risk factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 86 children with β-TM treated and followed up in the Department of Pediatrics of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai Municipal Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from August 2018 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical data of the children were analyzed to investigate the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) and its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-TM in Zhuhai area was 17.4%. The level of serum ferritin(SF) (4948.27±1225.33 μg/L) in hypothyroidism children was significantly increased(t=10.273,P<0.05). The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism was significantly higher in β-TM children(age ≥10 years old, SF ≥2 500 μg/L and irregular iron removal) (P<0.05). Logistic regression result showed that age ≥10 years old was the independent risk factor affecting the increasing of hypothyroidism rate in the children. The levels of SF(3880.60±1269.17 μg/L), TSH(4.43±1.52 mIU/L) and the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism(37.14%)(P<0.05) were higher for the children in irregular iron removal group.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-TM in Zhuhai area is high, and it is related to the age ≥10 years old, SF ≥2 500 μg/L and irregular iron removal of the children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Iron Overload , Prevalence , Risk Factors , beta-Thalassemia/epidemiology
15.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-5, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362911

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de glaucoma entre os portadores de patologias tireoidianas, acompanhados na Clínica Escola de Saúde (CES) do núcleo de Medicina do Centro Universitário Christus (UNICHRISTUS), Fortaleza ­ Ceará ­ Brazil. Métodos: estudo transversal e descritivo de prontuários de pacientes diagnosticados com hipotireoidismo ou hipertiroidismo pelo Código Internacional de Doenças (CID-10) no sistema eletrônico da CES, entre 2013 e 2018. Pacientes triados foram convidados a realizar um exame oftalmológico na Fundação Leiria de Andrade (FLA). Resultados: dos 499 prontuários triados, 22,8% (114) possuíam diagnóstico confirmado para tireoidopatias, sendo 85,9% (98) com hipotireoidismo, e 14,0% (16) com hipertireoidismo. Desses, 72,0% (101) eram mulheres e 28,0% (13) homens. A faixa etária mais prevalente foi entre 41 a 60 anos de idade, correspondendo a 46,4% (53), sendo 65,7% (75) de Fortaleza ­ Ceará ­ Brasil. As principais comorbidades associadas às tireoidopatias foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica, representando 43,8% (50), seguida de dislipidemia, 26,3% (30) e diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em 13,1% dos pacientes (15). Do total, 25 pacientes foram encaminhados à FLA, 84,0% (21) relataram doenças oculares prévias, 4,0% (1) diagnosticado com escavação aumentada constitucional e 12,0% (3) com diagnóstico de glaucoma primário de ângulo aberto. Conclusão: apesar da hipótese de associação entre o glaucoma e as tireoidopatias, o tamanho amostral não possibilitou inferências sobre o risco aumentado de sua correlação, assim como em outros estudos preexistentes na literatura, sendo necessários mais estudos para elucidar com maior precisão essa associação relevante. Palavras-chave: Glaucoma; Tireoide; Hipotireoidismo; Hipertireoidismo; Pressão Intraocular. Resumo Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of ophthalmological pathologies, between thyroidopathies, for early diagnosis of glaucoma in patients seen at the Clínica Escola de Saúde (CES) of the Medicine Center of the Centro Universitário Christus (UNICHRISTUS), Fortaleza ­ Ceará ­ Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study and descriptive analysis of medical records of patients diagnosed with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism by the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) on the CES electronic system, between 2013 and 2018. Screened patients were invited to perform an eye examination at Fundação Leiria de Andrade (FLA). Results: Of the 499 medical records screened, 22.8% (114) had a confirmed diagnosis for thyroid disorders, 85.9% (98) with hypothyroidism, and 14.0% (16) with hyperthyroidism. Of these, 72.0% (101) were women and 28.0% (13) men. The most prevalent age group was between 41 and 60 years old, corresponding to 46.4% (53), being 65.7% (75) from Fortaleza - Ceará. The main comorbidities associated with thyroid diseases were systemic arterial hypertension, 43.8% (50), followed by dyslipidemia, 26.3% (30), and type 2 diabetes mellitus in 13.1% of patients (15). Of the total, 25 patients were referred to the FLA, 84.0% (21) reported previous eye diseases, 4.0% (1) diagnosticated with increased constitutional excavation, and 12.0% (3) with a diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma. Conclusion: Despite the hypothesis of an association between glaucoma and thyroidopathy, the sample size didn't allow inferences about the increased risk of its correlation, as well as in other pre-existing studies in the literature, requiring further studies to elucidate this relevant association.


Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência de glaucoma entre os portadores de patologias tireoidianas, acompanhados na Clínica Escola de Saúde (CES) do núcleo de Medicina do Centro Universitário Christus (UNICHRISTUS), Fortaleza ­ Ceará ­ Brazil. Métodos: estudo transversal e descritivo de prontuários de pacientes diagnosticados com hipotireoidismo ou hipertiroidismo pelo Código Internacional de Doenças (CID-10) no sistema eletrônico da CES, entre 2013 e 2018. Pacientes triados foram convidados a realizar um exame oftalmológico na Fundação Leiria de Andrade (FLA). Resultados: dos 499 prontuários triados, 22,8% (114) possuíam diagnóstico confirmado para tireoidopatias, sendo 85,9% (98) com hipotireoidismo, e 14,0% (16) com hipertireoidismo. Desses, 72,0% (101) eram mulheres e 28,0% (13) homens. A faixa etária mais prevalente foi entre 41 a 60 anos de idade, correspondendo a 46,4% (53), sendo 65,7% (75) de Fortaleza ­ Ceará ­ Brasil. As principais comorbidades associadas às tireoidopatias foram hipertensão arterial sistêmica, representando 43,8% (50), seguida de dislipidemia, 26,3% (30) e diabetes mellitus tipo 2 em 13,1% dos pacientes (15). Do total, 25 pacientes foram encaminhados à FLA, 84,0% (21) relataram doenças oculares prévias, 4,0% (1) diagnosticado com escavação aumentada constitucional e 12,0% (3) com diagnóstico de glaucoma primário de ângulo aberto. Conclusão: apesar da hipótese de associação entre o glaucoma e as tireoidopatias, o tamanho amostral não possibilitou inferências sobre o risco aumentado de sua correlação, assim como em outros estudos preexistentes na literatura, sendo necessários mais estudos para elucidar com maior precisão essa associação relevante


Subject(s)
Glaucoma , Patients , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Women , Comorbidity , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Early Diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Eye Diseases , Hypothyroidism , Intraocular Pressure , Men
16.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(2): 59-64, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283550

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El hipotiroidismo subclínico (HSC) se define bioquímicamente por una elevación en la concentración sérica de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides (TSH), con niveles normales de tiroxina libre (T4L). La asociación entre el HSC y el daño cardiovascular ha sido un tema controversial. OBJETIVO: determinar la asociación entre el HSC y el desarrollo de la enfermedad cardiovascular mediante la cuantificación de la proteína C reactiva ultrasensible PCR-us y la determinación de lípidos circulantes asociados a la enfermedad cardiovascular y la ateroesclerosis. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, correlacional de corte transversal realizado en el Hospital IESS de Riobamba, Ecuador en el periodo comprendido desde enero a diciembre de 2019. Se estudiaron 70 individuos (40 pacientes con HSC y 30 controles) con edades entre 18 y 75 años. Se realizaron las historias clínicas y el examen físico a cada paciente y la toma de las muestras sanguíneas para determinar la concentración sérica de los siguientes parámetros bioquímicos y hormonales: colesterol total, triglicéridos, HDL colesterol y LDL colesterol, TSH, T4L y PCR-us. RESULTADOS: Se encontró un incremento significativo en la concentración de colesterol total (p<0.0001), LDL colesterol (p<0.01) y PCR-us (p<0.0001) en los pacientes con HSC vs los controles. Se observó una correlación positiva (p<0.0001; r=0.9148) entre la TSH y la PCR-us en los pacientes con HSC. CONCLUSIÓN: los pacientes con HSC experimentan una elevación en los niveles séricos de PCR-us la cual está correlacionada con un incremento en la concentración sérica de TSH. Estos parámetros asociados a un aumento del colesterol total y de la LDL colesterol sugieren un estado inflamatorio de bajo grado que podría estar asociado con el desarrollo de aterosclerosis y daño cardiovascular.


INTRODUCTION: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is defined biochemically by an elevation in serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) concentration, with normal levels of free thyroxine (T4L). The association between SH and cardiovascular damage has been a controversial issue. OBJECTIVE: to determine the association between SH and the development of cardiovascular disease through the quantification of the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-PCR) and the determination of circulating lipids associated to cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. METHODS: Observational, correlational cross-sectional study with patients captured in the internal medicine office as well as those attending screening activities at the IESS Hospital in Riobamba- Ecuador, in the period from January to December 2019. Seventy individuals (40 patients with SH and 30 controls) between the ages of 18 and 75 years were studied. Each patient's medical history and physical examination were performed, and blood samples were taken to determine the serum concentration of the following biochemical and hormonal parameters: total cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, TSH, T4L and hs-PCR. RESULTS: A significant increase in the concentration of total cholesterol (p<0.0001), LDL cholesterol (p<0.01) and hs-PCR (p<0.0001) was found in patients with SH vs. controls. A positive correlation (p<0.0001; r=0.9148) was observed between TSH and hs-PCR in patients with SH. CONCLUSION: patients with SH experience an elevation in serum hs-PCR levels which is correlated with an increase in serum TSH concentration. These parameters associated with an increase in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol suggest a low-grade inflammatory state that may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Hypothyroidism/blood , Thyrotropin/blood , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador , Atherosclerosis , Hypothyroidism/complications , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
17.
Clinics ; 76: e2096, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES To determine the role of the RBP4/PiC/SIRT3 signaling pathway in the opening of the mitochondria permeability transition pore (mPTP) in offspring rats with hypothyroidism during pregnancy. METHODS Sixty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were employed in this study. Pregnancy was deemed successful when a sperm was found in the uterus. After one week of pregnancy, offspring rats were divided into the following groups: overall hypothyroidism group (OH group), subclinical hypothyroidism group (SCH group), and normal control group (CON group). The establishment of the hypothyroidism model was confirmed when the serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were higher than normal value and TT4 level was within the normal range. The renal mitochondria of offspring rats were extracted on the 14th postnatal day (P14) and 35th postnatal day (P35). RESULTS At P14, no significant differences in the degree of mPTP opening and expression of phosphoric acid carrier vector (PiC) were detected between the rats in the OH group and the SCH group. However, the expression level of silent mating-type information regulation 3 homolog (SIRT3) was markedly reduced. Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) expression increased in the rats from the OH group, relative to that in those from the SCH group. At P35, the degree of mPTP opening and the expression levels of PiC and RBP4 in the OH group were higher than those in the SCH group. However, SIRT3 expression in the OH group was lower than that observed in the SCH group. CONCLUSION RBP4 plays an important role in early renal mitochondrial damage and renal impairment in rats suffering from hypothyroidism during pregnancy. The RBP4/PiC/SIRT3 pathway is thus involved in the opening of the renal mPTP in offspring rats with hyperthyroidism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Pregnancy Complications , Hypothyroidism/complications , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Kidney/metabolism , Kidney/pathology , Mitochondria , Permeability , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Plasma
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(6): 721-723, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142123

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thyroid hormone has effects on the skin. Patients with hypothyroidism have changes such as dry, scaly and rough skin. Increase carotene in the dermis becomes a yellowish tone to the skin of the patient with hypothyroidism. There is an increase in capillary cycle (anagen phase) and nail growth and a reduction in eccrine gland secretion. It is a case of primary hypothyroidism with nail manifestations associated with dermatologic disorders and successful treatment with levothyroxine. Receptors for thyroid hormone have already been found in keratinocytes, fibroblasts, hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Genes responsive to thyroid hormones and elements of the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid axis were identified on the skin. This report highlights the importance of cutaneous manifestations as markers of thyroid disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Skin , Thyroid Hormones , Thyroxine , Hair Follicle
19.
Belo Horizonte; Faculdade de Medicina da UFMG; 20200000. 45 p.
Monography in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, BDENF, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1129036

ABSTRACT

A XVII Jornada Acadêmica de Saúde mental é um evento que busca aproximar os estudantes de cursos variados do campo de estudo da Saúde Mental. Além de aulas ministradas na forma de palestras, os acadêmicos são convidados a produzirem trabalhos para serem apresentados aos demais participantes, ampliando o leque de assuntos abordados. Além de proporcionar aos estudantes interessados maior contato com temas específicos da área, a produção de resumos para apresentação é uma ferramenta para aprimoramento das técnicas de escrita e produção de conteúdo. Elaborar os trabalhos amplia os conhecimentos dos alunos sobre escrita científica e os aproxima do meio acadêmico científico. Ademais, o contato com professores e pesquisadores da área, que orientam os participantes durante o processo, cria canais de comunicação e abre novas oportunidades para os estudantes. Para esta edição do evento, os trabalhos foram selecionados pela Comissão Científica da Jornada, que verificou um alto nível nas submissões. Aqueles mais originais, relevantes e bem produzidos foram aprovados e compõem esse livro, mostrando à comunidade a qualidade dos estudantes e do conteúdo apresentado na XVII JASME. Os assuntos discutidos nos próximos capítulos, desenvolvidos por estudantes de cursos da área da saúde, abrangem a saúde mental por variados ângulos e sob diversas abordagens. Escolher alguns trabalhos significa, necessariamente, prescindir de outros. Cientes do desafio de estabelecer uma coletânea que tivesse o padrão de qualidade e a feição da UFMG sem nos obnubilar pela subjetividade, estabelecemos critérios objetivos e submetemos cada resumo à apreciação independente de pelo menos três integrantes da junta científica para apreciação. Por fim, aferimos que não houve divergência de rigor entre os subgrupos e selecionamos os trinta melhores, ou seja, os mais inovadores, bem escritos, objetivos e bem fundamentados. Procuramos, diante dos diversos recortes da pandemia da COVID-19, incluir aqueles que, em vez de vagos de tão abrangentes, descreviam impactos tangíveis, mensuráveis e inusitados, isto é, Relacionados a grupos que não têm sido abordados pela grande mídia e tampouco pelo profissional de saúde médio. Assim, cremos que os resumos a seguir são os que mais bem abordam tanto questões atemporais em saúde mental quanto aquelas que emergiram nos últimos meses e ainda não sabemos por quanto tempo perdurarão. Os trabalhos tratam desde questões relacionadas aos fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de transtornos psiquiátricos aos aspectos do tratamento farmacológico. Com uma perspectiva atual e relevante para as condições de saúde vigente, as temáticas se relacionam com diversas áreas da saúde mental, como as consequências da pandemia da SARS-COV2, aspectos da saúde mental em jovens e idosos, condutas da saúde mental na saúde primária, psicofarmacologia, transtornos psiquiátricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Schizophrenia , Social Isolation/psychology , Suicide , Bipolar Disorder , Aged , Cannabis/toxicity , Fatty Acids, Omega-3/therapeutic use , Mental Health , Adolescent , Health Personnel/psychology , Coronavirus Infections , Depression, Postpartum , Depression , Alcoholism , Pandemics , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Hypothyroidism/psychology
20.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 829-833, Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156060

ABSTRACT

Abstract Thyroid diseases are relatively common in women in the reproductive period. It is currently understood that clinically-evident thyroid disorders may impair ovulation and, consequently, fertility. However, to date it has not been proven that high serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone and/or positivity for antithyroid antibodies are associated to a reduction in fertility, mainly in the absence of altered thyroxine levels. The present comprehensive review aims to present current data on the association between subclinical hypothyroidism and/or thyroid autoimmunity and reproductive outcomes.


Resumo As doenças da tireoide são relativamente comuns em mulheres no período reprodutivo. Atualmente, entende-se que distúrbios da tireoide clinicamente evidentes podem prejudicar a ovulação e, consequentemente, a fertilidade. No entanto, não se provou até o presente que níveis séricos altos do hormônio estimulador da tireoide e/ou positividade para anticorpos antitireoidianos estão associados a uma redução na fertilidade, sobretudo na ausência de níveis alterados de tiroxina. Esta revisão narrativa tem como objetivo apresentar dados atuais sobre a associação entre hipotireoidismo subclínico e/ou autoimunidade tireoidiana e resultados reprodutivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/blood , Hypothyroidism/blood , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy Outcome , Abortion, Spontaneous , Asymptomatic Diseases
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