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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220128, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535006

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effects of cobalt chloride (CoCl2) as a hypoxia mimicking agent on human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) expression of HIF-1α and mTOR for use in regenerative dentistry. Material and Methods: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were isolated and then cultured. The characteristics of stemness were screened and confirmed by flow cytometry. The experiment was conducted on hypoxia (H) and normoxia (N) groups. Each group was divided and incubated into 24-, 48-, and 72-hours observations. Hypoxic treatment was performed using 100 µM CoCl2 on 5th passage cells in a conventional incubator (37°C; 5CO2). Then, immunofluorescence of HIF-1α and mTOR was done. Data was analyzed statistically using One-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD. Results: Significant differences were found between normoxic and hypoxic groups on HIF-1α (p=0.015) and mTOR (p=0.000) expressions. The highest HIF-1α expression was found at 48 hours in the hypoxia group, while for mTOR at 24 hours in the hypoxia group. Conclusion: Hypoxia using cobalt chloride was able to increase human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells expression of HIF-1α and mTOR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Umbilical Cord/cytology , Chlorides/chemistry , Cobalt/chemistry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Hypoxia/pathology , Analysis of Variance , Flow Cytometry
2.
Femina ; 51(7): 423-435, 20230730. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512450

ABSTRACT

PONTOS-CHAVE Quando utilizados na técnica correta, fórcipes e vácuo-extratores apresentam baixos índices de complicações. Para o feto com sinais de hipóxia no período expulsivo, o parto vaginal operatório tem potencial para reduzir a exposição aos fatores intraparto que promovem a encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica. Fórcipes médios e/ou rotacionais são opções apropriadas em circunstâncias selecionadas e exigem habilidade e experiência. Os fórcipes são mais resolutivos do que os vácuo-extratores para o parto vaginal operatório, porém são mais associados a lacerações perineais graves. Céfalo-hematoma é mais provável de ocorrer com o aumento na duração da vácuo-extração. Os vácuo-extratores de campânulas flexíveis apresentam taxas maiores de falha, porém apresentam menores incidências de trauma no couro cabeludo do neonato. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Labor, Obstetric , Extraction, Obstetrical/methods , Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Infant, Newborn/cerebrospinal fluid , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Ischemia , Hypoxia , Obstetrical Forceps/adverse effects
3.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(2): [128-133], jun2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437565

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la mayoría de los pacientes que se someten a cirugía torácica pueden ser clasificados en el grupo de alto riesgo para hipoxia, especialmente cuando se decide por una ventilación unipulmonar, debido al desequilibrio V/Q; por lo tanto, se han desa-rrollado nuevas estrategias ventilatorias y maniobras de rescate para hipoxia. Curso clínico: presentamos una paciente de 85 años de edad sin comorbilidades programada para toracotomía abierta y manejada con ventilación unipulmonar. Durante el mane-jo anestésico, se presenta hipoxia secundaria a desequilibrio V/Q y choque hipovolémi-co hemorrágico, con respuesta positiva a las maniobras de rescate para hipoxia. Con-clusión: es importante prevenir en la medida de lo posible la hipoxia en la ventilación unipulmonar, siguiendo las nuevas estrategias ventilatorias. Sin embargo, cuando se presenta una crisis, no debemos retrasar las maniobras de rescate de forma moderna. (AU)


Introduction: most of the patients undergoing thoracic surgery fit in the high risk group for hypoxia, especially when deciding to use one-lung ventilation due to the V/Q mis-match; therefore, new ventilation strategies and hypoxia rescue manoeuvres have been developed. Clinical course: we present an 85-year old female with no major co-morbidities scheduled for open thoracotomy and managed with one-lung ventilation. During the course of the anaesthetic management, hypoxia presents secondary to V/Q mismatch and haemorrhagic hypovolemic shock, with a positive response to hypoxia rescue manoeuvres. Conclusion: it is important to prevent as much as we can the hy-poxia in a one-lung ventilation following the new ventilation strategies. Although when facing a crisis, proper hypoxia management with a modern approach should not be de-layed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Abscess/surgery , One-Lung Ventilation/instrumentation , Mediastinitis/pathology , Hypoxia/surgery , Thoracotomy , Oxygenation , Anesthesia
4.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(2): 186-197, March-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439585

ABSTRACT

Abstract Anemia is associated with increased risk of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), stroke and mortality in perioperative patients. We sought to understand the mechanism(s) by assessing the integrative physiological responses to anemia (kidney, brain), the degrees of anemia-induced tissue hypoxia, and associated biomarkers and physiological parameters. Experimental measurements demonstrate a linear relationship between blood Oxygen Content (CaO2) and renal microvascular PO2 (y = 0.30x + 6.9, r2= 0.75), demonstrating that renal hypoxia is proportional to the degree of anemia. This defines the kidney as a potential oxygen sensor during anemia. Further evidence of renal oxygen sensing is demonstrated by proportional increase in serum Erythropoietin (EPO) during anemia (y = 93.806*10−0.02, r2= 0.82). This data implicates systemic EPO levels as a biomarker of anemia-induced renal tissue hypoxia. By contrast, cerebral Oxygen Delivery (DO2) is defended by a profound proportional increase in Cerebral Blood Flow (CBF), minimizing tissue hypoxia in the brain, until more severe levels of anemia occur. We hypothesize that the kidney experiences profound early anemia-induced tissue hypoxia which contributes to adaptive mechanisms to preserve cerebral perfusion. At severe levels of anemia, renal hypoxia intensifies, and cerebral hypoxia occurs, possibly contributing to the mechanism(s) of AKI and stroke when adaptive mechanisms to preserve organ perfusion are overwhelmed. Clinical methods to detect renal tissue hypoxia (an early warning signal) and cerebral hypoxia (a later consequence of severe anemia) may inform clinical practice and support the assessment of clinical biomarkers (i.e., EPO) and physiological parameters (i.e., urinary PO2) of anemia-induced tissue hypoxia. This information may direct targeted treatment strategies to prevent adverse outcomes associated with anemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia, Brain/complications , Stroke , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Anemia/complications , Oxygen , Biomarkers , Kidney , Hypoxia/complications
5.
Rev. am. med. respir ; 23(1): 16-24, mar. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1514916

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El decúbito prono fue la estrategia más utilizada en pacientes con CO VID-19 e hipoxemia refractaria. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las características clínicas y evolución de los pacientes con COVID-19 grave que requirieron este procedimiento. Evaluar la relación entre factores de riesgo y mortalidad. Material y métodos: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo observacional. Se incluyeron los pacientes mayores de 18 años con COVID-19 bajo asistencia respiratoria mecánica que requirieron decúbito prono. Se efectuó seguimiento durante 28 días. Se registraron las complicaciones asociadas al decúbito prono. Se analizaron factores asociados a la mortalidad utilizando regresión de Cox. Resultados: Se realizó decúbito prono en 28 pacientes. La edad promedio fue de 52,43 años y una mediana de índice de Charlson de 1 [0,00, 2,00]. La mediana de días de asistencia respiratoria mecánica fue de 17,00 [RIQ 13,00, 23,00] y un 28,6% logró ser extubado. La mediana de días en UTI fue de 19,50 [RIQ 14.00, 23.50] con una mortalidad del 53,6%. El 35,7% necesitó dos ciclos de decúbito prono con una duración predominante de 24-36 h. El 89,4% tuvo lesiones de úlceras por presión. Los que fallecieron tuvieron menos días de UTI (16 vs. 28; p = 0,006) y solo uno de ellos había logrado ser extubado (1 vs. 7, p = 0,011). No se encontraron factores asociados a la mortalidad en la regresión de Cox. Conclusión: La población estudiada resultó predominantemente masculina y de edad promedio cercana a la quinta década de vida, con una mortalidad aproximada al 50%. No se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa entre factores de riesgo y mortalidad.


Introduction: Prone positioning (PP) was the most used strategy in patients with CO VID-19 and refractory hypoxemia. Our objective was to describe the clinical character istics and evolution of patients with severe Covid-19 who required this procedure. Also to evaluate the relationship between risk factors and mortality. Materials and method: Observational retrospective descriptive study. Patients older than 18 years old with COVID-19 under mechanical ventilation (AVM) who required PP were included. Follow-up was carried out for 28 days. Complications associated with PP were recorded. Factors associated with mortality were analyzed using Cox regression. Results: Prone position was performed in 28 patients. The average age was 52.43 years and a median Charlson Score of 1 [0.00, 2.00]. The median number of days of AVM was 17.00 [IQR 13.00, 23.00] and 28.6% managed to be extubated. The median number of days in the ICU was 19.50 [IQR 14.00, 23.50] with a mortality of 53.6%. 35.7% needed 2 PD cycles with a predominant duration of 24-36 hours. 89.4% had pressure ulcers. Those who died spent fewer days in ICU (16 vs 28; p=0.006) and only one of them had managed to be extubated (1 vs 7, p = 0.011). No factors associated with mortality were found in the Cox regression. Conclusion: The study population consisted predominantly of males in an average age close to the fifth decade, with an approximate mortality of 50%. No statistically significant relationship was found between risk factors and mortality.


Subject(s)
Critical Care , Hypoxia
6.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(1): 9-15, mar2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435395

ABSTRACT

Hay poca información sobre el rol de la hipoxemia como factor de riesgo de hipertensión arterial (HTA) en pacientes con apnea obstructiva del sueño. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la hipoxemia como factor de riesgo independiente de HTA en un modelo de trabajo basado en pacientes reales examinados en una unidad de sueño. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo. Modelo predictivo mediante regresión logística múltiple para establecer la relación entre HTA y edad, sexo, índice de masa corporal (IMC), índice de apneas e hipopneas por hora de registro (IAH) y tiempo de saturación de oxígeno debajo de 90% (T90 > 3%). Resultados: incluimos 3854 pacientes (edad mediana 55 años), predominio varones (61.5%). Según el modelo, las variables asociadas con HTA fueron: edad (OR 3.27 ­ 3.29, IC95% 2.83 ­ 3.80, p < 0.0001), sexo masculino (OR 1.35, IC95% 1.17 ­ 1.56, p < 0.001), obesidad (OR 1.83, IC95% 1.59 ­ 2.11, p < 0.0001), IAH ≥ 15 eventos por hora (OR 1.22, IC95% 1.05 ­ 1.43, p < 0.01) y T90 ≥ 3% (OR 1.56 ­ 1.57, IC95% 1.32 ­ 1.84, p < 0.0001). Conclusiones: en una población clínica con sospecha de apnea obstructiva del sueño, la hipoxemia (T90 ≥ 3%) se asoció con hipertensión arterial. (AU);


There is limited information about the role of hypoxemia degree as a risk factor for hypertension (HTN) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The objective of this study is to assess hypoxemia as an independent risk factor for HTN in a work model based on real-life patients examined at sleep unit. Methods: this retrospective study consisted of a predictive model using multiple logistic regression to establish the relationship between HTN and age, sex, body mass index (BMI), apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) and time below SO2 ≤ 90% (T90 ≥ 3%). Results: we included 3.854 patients (median age: 55 years), mostly men (61.5%). According to the model, the variables that were significantly associated with HTN were: age (OR: 3.27 ­ 3.29, CI95% 2.83 ­ 3.80, p < 0.0001), male sex (OR 1.35, CI95% 1.17 ­ 1.56, p < 0.001), Obesity (OR 1.83, CI95% 1.59 ­ 2.11, p < 0.0001), AHI > 15 events per hour (OR 1.22, CI95% 1.05 ­ 1.43, p < 0.01) and T90 ≥ 3% (OR 1.56 ­ 1.57, CI95% 1.32 ­ 1.84, p < 0.0001). Conclusion: in a clinical population of subjects suspected of OSA, nocturnal hypoxemia measure as T90 ≥ 3% was associated with HTN. (AU);


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Hypertension , Hypoxia , Obesity , Argentina , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 59-64, feb. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430527

ABSTRACT

El periodo postnatal temprano se caracteriza por rápido crecimiento cerebral, posiblemente relacionado con variaciones del oxígeno tisular. Esto ha motivado el estudio de protocolos que suministran diferentes concentraciones de oxígeno intermitentes, para observar sus efectos morfológicos y cerebrales. Se utilizaron 52 crías de ratas Sprague Dawley, distribuidas en igual número a cuatro grupos experimentales, Control (C, 21 %O2), Hipoxia Intermitente (HI, 11 %O2), Hiperoxia Intermitente (HOI, 30 %O2) e Hipoxia Hiperoxia Intermitente (HHI, 11 % -30 %O2). Los protocolos consideraron 5 ciclos de 5 minutos de dosificación, durante 50 minutos diarios. Se realizó en una cámara semihermética entre los días 5 al 11 postnatales. Las evaluaciones de crecimiento corporal y cuantificación neuronal, se realizaron en las crías macho, en el día 28 postnatal. El peso corporal en el grupo hipoxia intermitente mostró diferencias significativas respecto al grupo hiperoxia intermitente (HI vs HOI, p<0,01) y al grupo hipoxia-hiperoxia Intermitente (HI vs HHI, p< 0,001). La talla corporal disminuyó en el grupo hipoxia-hiperoxia intermitente con diferencias significativas respecto del grupo control (C vs HHI, p<0,05) y respecto del grupo hipoxia intermitente (HHI vs HI, p< 0,01). El conteo neuronal en el área CA1 del hipocampo aumentó en el grupo hipoxia intermitente con diferencias significativas respecto a los grupos control (C vs HI; p<0,05), al grupo hiperoxia intermitente (HI vs HOI; p<0,001) y al grupo hipoxia-hiperoxia intermitente (HI vs HHI; p<0,001). Finalmente, el grupo hipoxia- hiperoxia Intermitente disminuyó significativamente en la cantidad de neuronas en comparación al grupo hiperoxia intermitente (HHI vs HOI; p<0,001). La hipoxia intermitente mostró resultados beneficiosos en el crecimiento corporal y cantidad de neuronas en el área CA1 del hipocampo, en contraste, la hipoxia hiperoxia intermitente experimentó resultados adversos con disminución de estas variables, en el periodo postnatal temprano de la rata.


SUMMARY: The early postnatal period is characterized by rapid brain growth, possibly related to variations in tissue oxygen. This has motivated the study of protocols that supply different intermittent oxygen concentrations, to observe their morphological and cerebral effects. Fifty-two pups Sprague-Dawley rats were distributed in equal numbers into four experimental groups, Control (C, 21 %O), Intermittent Hypoxia (HI, 11 %O), Intermittent Hyperoxia (HOI, 30 %O2) and Intermittent Hypoxia Hyperoxia (HHI, 11 % - 30 %O2). The protocols considered 5 cycles of 5 min of dosing, for 50 min diary. It was performed in a semi- hermetic chamber between 5 to 11postnatal days. The evaluations of body growth and neuronal quantification were analyzed in male pups, on postnatal day 28. Body weight in the intermittent hypoxia group showed significant differences compared to the intermittent hyperoxia group (HI vs HOI, p<0.01) and the intermittent hypoxia- hyperoxia group (HI vs HHI, p<0.001). Body size decreased in the Intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia group with significant differences compared to the control group (C vs HHI, p<0.05) and with respect to the intermittent hypoxia group (HHI vs HI, p<0.01). The neuronal count in the area CA1 of the hippocampus increased in the intermittent hypoxia group with significant differences compared to the control groups (C vs HI; p<0.05), to the intermittent hyperoxia group (HI vs HOI; p< 0.001) and the intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia group (HI vs HHI; p<0.001). Finally, the intermittent hypoxia- hyperoxia group decreased significantly in the number of neurons compared with the intermittent hyperoxia group (HHI vs HOI; p<0.001). Intermittent hypoxia showed beneficial results in body growth and the number of neurons in the CA1 area of the hippocampus, in contrast, intermittent hypoxia-hyperoxia experienced adverse results with a decrease in these variables, in the early postnatal period of the rat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Oxygen/administration & dosage , CA1 Region, Hippocampal/growth & development , Hypoxia , Time Factors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Hyperoxia
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-11, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468977

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia is a prominent feature of head and neck cancer. However, the oxygen element characteristics of proteins and how they adapt to hypoxia microenvironments of head and neck cancer are still unknown. Human genome sequences and proteins expressed data of head and neck cancer were retrieved from pathology atlas of Human Protein Atlas project. Then compared the oxygen and carbon element contents between proteomes of head and neck cancer and normal oral mucosa-squamous epithelial cells, genome locations, pathways, and functional dissection associated with head and neck cancer were also studied. A total of 902 differentially expressed proteins were observed where the average oxygen content is higher than that of the lowly expressed proteins in head and neck cancer proteins. Further, the average oxygen content of the up regulated proteins was 2.54% higher than other. None of their coding genes were distributed on the Y chromosome. The up regulated proteins were enriched in endocytosis, apoptosis and regulation of actin cytoskeleton. The increased oxygen contents of the highly expressed and the up regulated proteins might be caused by frequent activity of cytoskeleton and adapted to the rapid growth and fast division of the head and neck cancer cells. The oxygen usage bias and key proteins may help us to understand the mechanisms behind head and neck cancer in targeted therapy, which lays a foundation for the application of stoichioproteomics in targeted therapy and provides promise for potential treatments for head and neck cancer.


A hipóxia é uma característica proeminente do câncer de cabeça e pescoço. No entanto, as características do elemento oxigênio das proteínas e como elas se adaptam aos microambientes de hipóxia do câncer de cabeça e pescoço ainda são desconhecidas. Sequências do genoma humano e dados expressos de proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço foram recuperados do atlas de patologia do projeto Human Protein Atlas. Em seguida, comparou o conteúdo do elemento de oxigênio e carbono entre proteomas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço, e células epiteliais escamosas da mucosa oral normal, localizações do genoma, vias e dissecção funcional associada ao câncer de cabeça e pescoço também foram estudadas. Um total de 902 proteínas expressas diferencialmente foi observado onde o conteúdo médio de oxigênio é maior do que as proteínas expressas de forma humilde em proteínas de câncer de cabeça e pescoço. Além disso, o conteúdo médio de oxigênio das proteínas reguladas positivamente foi 2,54% maior do que das outras. Nenhum de seus genes codificadores foi distribuído no cromossomo Y. As proteínas reguladas positivamente foram enriquecidas em endocitose, apoptose e regulação do citoesqueleto de actina. O conteúdo aumentado de oxigênio das proteínas altamente expressas e reguladas pode ser causado pela atividade frequente do citoesqueleto e adaptado ao rápido crescimento e divisão das células cancerosas de cabeça e pescoço. O viés do uso de oxigênio e as proteínas-chave podem nos ajudar a entender os mecanismos por trás do câncer de cabeça e pescoço na terapia direcionada, o que estabelece uma base para a aplicação da estequioproteômica na terapia direcionada e oferece uma promessa para potenciais tratamentos para o câncer de cabeça e pescoço.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245330, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339394

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Resumo Contexto O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Hypoxia , Brain , RNA, Messenger , Cattle , Neuroglobin
10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1172-1178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and localization of metabotropic glutamate receptors 7 and 8 (mGluR7/8) in rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) and their changes in response to chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH).@*METHODS@#We detected the expressions of mGluR7 and mGluR8 in the SCG of 8-week-old male SD rats using immunohistochemistry and characterized their distribution with immunofluorescence staining. The expression of mGluR7 and mGluR8 in the cytoplasm and nucleus was detected using Western blotting. A 6-week CIH rat model was established by exposure to intermittent hypoxia (6% oxygen for 30 s followed by normoxia for 4 min) for 8 h daily, and the changes in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure were measured. The effect of CIH on expression levels of mGluR7 and mGluR8 in the SCG was analyzed using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Positive expressions of mGluR7 and mGluR8 were detected in rat SCG. mGluR7 was distributed in the neurons and small fluorescent (SIF) cells with positive staining in both the cytoplasm and nuclei, but not expressed in satellite glial cells (SGCs), nerve fibers or blood vessels; mGluR8 was localized in the cytoplasm of neurons and SIF cells, but not expressed in SGCs, nerve fibers, or blood vessels. Western blotting of the nuclear and cytoplasmic fractions of rat SCG further confirmed that mGluR7 was expressed in both the cytoplasm and the nucleus, while mGluR8 exists only in the cytoplasm. Exposure to CIH significantly increased systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure of the rats (all P < 0.001) and augmented the protein expressions of mGluR7 and mGluR8 in the SCG (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#mGluR7 and mGluR8 are present in rat SCG but with different localization patterns. CIH increases blood pressure of rats and enhanced protein expressions of mGluR7 and mGluR8 in rat SCG.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superior Cervical Ganglion , Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate , Hypoxia
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 217-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify and characterize read-through RNAs and read-through circular RNAs (rt-circ-HS) derived from transcriptional read-through hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and small nuclear RNA activating complex polypeptide 1 (SNAPC1) the two adjacent genes located on chromosome 14q23, in renal carcinoma cells and renal carcinoma tissues, and to study the effects of rt-circ-HS on biological behavior of renal carcinoma cells and on regulation of HIF1α.@*METHODS@#Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were used to examine expression of read-through RNAs HIF1α-SNAPC1 and rt-circ-HS in different tumor cells. Tissue microarrays of 437 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were constructed, and chromogenic in situ hybridization (ISH) was used to investigate expression of rt-circ-HS in different RCC types. Small interference RNA (siRNA) and artificial overexpression plasmids were designed to examine the effects of rt-circ-HS on 786-O and A498 renal carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8), EdU incorporation and Transwell cell migration and invasion assays. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to exa-mine expression of HIF1α and SNAPC1 RNA and proteins after interference of rt-circ-HS with siRNA, respectively. The binding of rt-circ-HS with microRNA 539 (miR-539), and miR-539 with HIF1α 3' untranslated region (3' UTR), and the effects of these interactions were investigated by dual luciferase reporter gene assays.@*RESULTS@#We discovered a novel 1 144 nt rt-circ-HS, which was derived from read-through RNA HIF1α-SNAPC1 and consisted of HIF1α exon 2-6 and SNAPC1 exon 2-4. Expression of rt-circ-HS was significantly upregulated in 786-O renal carcinoma cells. ISH showed that the overall positive expression rate of rt-circ-HS in RCC tissue samples was 67.5% (295/437), and the expression was different in different types of RCCs. Mechanistically, rt-circ-HS promoted renal carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness by functioning as a competitive endogenous inhibitor of miR-539, which we found to be a potent post-transcriptional suppressor of HIF1α, thus promoting expression of HIF1α.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel rt-circ-HS is highly expressed in different types of RCCs and acts as a competitive endogenous inhibitor of miR-539 to promote expression of its parental gene HIF1α and thus the proliferation, migration and invasion of renal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia , Kidney Neoplasms , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 351-359, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981011

ABSTRACT

To explore the changes of cold sensitivity after exposure to acute hypoxia and its mechanisms, Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into normoxia control group (21% O2, 25 °C), 10% O2 hypoxia group (10% O2, 25 °C), 7% O2 hypoxia group (7% O2, 25 °C), normoxia cold group (21% O2, 10 °C) and hypoxia cold group (7% O2, 10 °C). Cold foot withdrawal latency and preference temperature of each group were measured, skin temperatures were estimated using an infrared thermographic imaging camera, body core temperature was recorded by wireless telemetry system, immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of c-Fos in the lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPB). The results showed that acute hypoxia significantly prolonged the latency of cold foot withdrawal and significantly enhanced the intensity of cold stimulation for foot withdrawal, and the rats under hypoxia preferred cold temperature. Cold exposure (10 °C) for 1 h significantly enhanced the expression of c-Fos in LPB of rats in normoxia, while hypoxia inhibited cold-induced c-Fos expression. Acute hypoxia significantly increased the skin temperature of feet and tails, decreased the skin temperature of interscapular region, and decreased the body core temperature of rats. These results indicate that acute hypoxia can significantly blunt cold sensitivity through the inhibition of LPB, suggesting actively keeping warm measures should be taken at the early stage after ascent to high altitude to prevent the upper respiratory infection and acute mountain sickness.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Parabrachial Nucleus/physiology , Temperature , Cold Temperature , Hypoxia , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980992

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of hypoxia on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced CXC-chemokine ligand-10 (CXCL10) expression and the underlying mechanism. C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control, hypoxia, LPS, and hypoxia combined with LPS groups. The LPS group was intraperitoneally injected with 0.5 mg/kg LPS, and the hypoxia group was placed in a hypobaric hypoxia chamber (simulated altitude of 6 000 m). The serum and hippocampal tissue samples were collected after 6 h of the treatment. The levels of CXCL10 in the serum and hippocampal tissue of mice were detected by ELISA. The microglia cell line BV2 and primary microglia were stimulated with hypoxia (1% O2) and/or LPS (100 ng/mL) for 6 h. The mRNA expression level of CXCL10 and its content in culture supernatant were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and ELISA, respectively. The phosphorylation levels of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway-related proteins, p65 and IκBα, were detected by Western blot. Moreover, after NF-κB signaling pathway being blocked with a small molecular compound, PDTC, CXCL10 mRNA expression level was detected in the BV2 cells. The results showed that in the LPS-induced mouse inflammatory model, hypoxia treatment could promote LPS-induced up-regulation of CXCL10 in both serum and hippocampus. Compared with the cells treated with LPS alone, the expression of CXCL10 mRNA and the content of CXCL10 in the culture supernatant of BV2 cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS were significantly increased. The CXCL10 mRNA level of primary microglial cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS was significantly up-regulated. Compared with the cells treated with hypoxia or LPS alone, the phosphorylation levels of p65 and IκBα in the BV2 cells treated with hypoxia combined with LPS were significantly increased. PDTC blocked the induction of CXCL10 gene expression by LPS in the BV2 cells. These results suggest that hypoxia promotes LPS-induced expression of CXCL10 in both animal and cell models, and NF-κB signaling pathway plays an important role in this process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chemokines, CXC/pharmacology , Hypoxia , Ligands , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Microglia/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1719-1731, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980961

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Angiogenesis is described as a complex process in which new microvessels sprout from endothelial cells of existing vasculature. This study aimed to determine whether long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 induced the angiogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) and its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Gene expression level was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Cell counting kit-8, transwell, 5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), colony formation assay, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) angiogenesis assay as well as Matrigel plug assay were conducted to study the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of GC in vitro and in vivo . The binding protein of H19 was found by RNA pull-down and RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP). High-throughput sequencing was performed and next Gene Ontology (GO) as well as Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis was conducted to analyze the genes that are under H19 regulation. Methylated RIP (me-RIP) assay was used to investigate the sites and abundance among target mRNA. The transcription factor acted as upstream of H19 was determined through chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and luciferase assay.@*RESULTS@#In this study, we found that hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α could bind to the promoter region of H19, leading to H19 overexpression. High expression of H19 was correlated with angiogenesis in GC, and H19 knocking down could inhibit cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. Mechanistically, the oncogenic role of H19 was achieved by binding with the N 6 -methyladenosine (m 6 A) reader YTH domain-containing family protein 1 (YTHDF1), which could recognize the m 6 A site on the 3'-untransated regions (3'-UTR) of scavenger receptor class B member 1 (SCARB1) mRNA, resulting in over-translation of SCARB1 and thus promoting the proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis of GC cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HIF-1α induced overexpression of H19 via binding with the promoter of H19, and H19 promoted GC cells proliferation, migration and angiogenesis through YTHDF1/SCARB1, which might be a beneficial target for antiangiogenic therapy for GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Hypoxia , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Scavenger Receptors, Class B/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
15.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 184-193, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Physical exercise, a common non-drug intervention, is an important strategy in cancer treatment, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the mechanism remains largely unknown. Due to the importance of hypoxia and cancer stemness in the development of HCC, the present study investigated whether the anti-HCC effect of physical exercise is related to its suppression on hypoxia and cancer stemness.@*METHODS@#A physical exercise intervention of swimming (30 min/d, 5 d/week, for 4 weeks) was administered to BALB/c nude mice bearing subcutaneous human HCC tumor. The anti-HCC effect of swimming was assessed in vivo by tumor weight monitoring, hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) detection of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki67. The expression of stemness transcription factors, including Nanog homeobox (NANOG), octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT-4), v-Myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (C-MYC) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), was detected using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. A hypoxia probe was used to explore the intratumoral hypoxia status. Western blot was used to detect the expression of HIF-1α and proteins related to protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β)/β-catenin signaling pathway. The IHC analysis of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31), and the immunofluorescence co-location of CD31 and desmin were used to analyze tumor blood perfusion. SMMC-7721 cells were treated with nude mice serum. The inhibition effect on cancer stemness in vitro was detected using suspension sphere experiments and the expression of stemness transcription factors. The hypoxia status was inferred by measuring the protein and mRNA levels of HIF-1α. Further, the expression of proteins related to Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway was detected.@*RESULTS@#Swimming significantly reduced the body weight and tumor weight in nude mice bearing HCC tumor. HE staining and IHC results showed a lower necrotic area ratio as well as fewer PCNA or Ki67 positive cells in mice receiving the swimming intervention. Swimming potently alleviated the intratumoral hypoxia, attenuated the cancer stemness, and inhibited the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway. Additionally, the desmin+/CD31+ ratio, rather than the number of CD31+ vessels, was significantly increased in swimming-treated mice. In vitro experiments showed that treating cells with the serum from the swimming intervention mice significantly reduced the formation of SMMC-7721 cell suspension sphere, as well as the mRNA expression level of stemness transcription factors. Consistent with the in vivo results, HIF-1α and Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway were also inhibited in cells treated with serum from swimming group.@*CONCLUSION@#Swimming alleviated hypoxia and attenuated cancer stemness in HCC, through suppression of the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway. The alleviation of intratumoral hypoxia was related to the increase in blood perfusion in the tumor. Please cite this article as: Xiao CL, Zhong ZP, Lü C, Guo BJ, Chen JJ, Zhao T, Yin ZF, Li B. Physical exercise suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma progression by alleviating hypoxia and attenuating cancer stemness through the Akt/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(2): 184-193.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/therapeutic use , Mice, Nude , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/genetics , beta Catenin/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Desmin/therapeutic use , Ki-67 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation
16.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 170-178, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the protective effect and possible mechanisms of bloodletting acupuncture at Jing-well points (BAJP) pre-treatment on acute hypobaric hypoxia (AHH)-induced myocardium injury rat.@*METHODS@#Seventy-five rats were randomly divided into 5 groups by a random number table: a control group (n=15), a model group (n=15), a BAJP group (n=15), a BAJP+3-methyladenine (3-MA) group (n=15), and a BANA (bloodletting at nonacupoint; tail bleeding, n=15) group. Except for the control group, the AHH rat model was established in the other groups, and the corresponding treatment methods were adopted. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) and cardiac troponins I (CTnI) levels in serum and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in myocardial tissue. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe myocardial injury, and terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining was used to observe cell apoptosis. Transmission electron microscopy detection was used to observe mitochondrial damage and autophagosomes in the myocardium. The mitochondrial membrane potential of the myocardium was analyzed with the fluorescent dye JC-1. Mitochondrial respiratory chain complex (complex I, III, and IV) activities and ATPase in the myocardium were detected by mitochondrial respiratory chain complex assay kits. Western blot analysis was used to detect the autophagy index and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/Bcl-2 and adenovirus E1B 19k Da-interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) signaling.@*RESULTS@#BAJP reduced myocardial injury and inhibited myocardial cell apoptosis in AHH rats. BAJP pretreatment decreased MDA levels and increased SOD levels in AHH rats (all P<0.01). Moreover, BAJP pretreatment increased the mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.01), mitochondrial respiratory chain complex (complexes I, III, and IV) activities (P<0.01), and mitochondrial ATPase activity in AHH rats (P<0.05). The results from electron microscopy demonstrated that BAJP pretreatment improved mitochondrial swelling and increased the autophagosome number in the myocardium of AHH rats. In addition, BAJP pretreatment activated the HIF-1α/BNIP3 pathway and autophagy. Finally, the results of using 3-MA to inhibit autophagy in BAJP-treated AHH rats showed that suppression of autophagy attenuated the treatment effects of BAJP in AHH rats, further proving that autophagy constitutes a potential target for BAJP treatment of AHH.@*CONCLUSION@#BAJP is an effective treatment for AHH-induced myocardial injury, and the mechanism might involve increasing HIF-1α/BNIP3 signaling-mediated autophagy and decreasing oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acupuncture Therapy , Altitude , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bloodletting , Hypoxia/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/pharmacology , Mitochondrial Proteins/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 122-131, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971161

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway on the migration ability of HaCaT cells and full-thickness skin defects in mice. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. According to the random number table (the same below), HaCaT cells were divided into the normal oxygen group and the hypoxia group cultured under hypoxia (with oxygen volume fraction of 1%, the same below) condition. After 24 hours of culture, the significantly differentially expressed genes between the 2 groups were screened using the microarray confidence analysis software SAM4.01. The significance of the number of each gene in the signaling pathway was analyzed through the Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes to screen the significantly differentially signaling pathways (n=3). HaCaT cells were cultured for 0 (immediately), 3, 6, 12, and 24 h under hypoxia condition. The secretion level of TNF-α was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the number of samples was 5. HaCaT cells were divided into normal oxygen group, hypoxia alone group, and hypoxia+inhibitor group cultured with FR180204 (an ERK inhibitor) and under hypoxia condition. The cells were cultured for 3, 6, 12, and 24 h. The migration ability of the cells was detected by scratch test (n=12). The expressions of phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa B (p-NF-κB), phosphorylated p38 (p-p38), phosphorylated ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2), N-cadherin, and E-cadherin in HaCaT cells were detected by Western blotting under hypoxic condition for 0, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h (n=3). Sixty-four BALB/c male mice aged 6 to 8 weeks were used to make a full-thickness skin defect wound model on the dorsum of the mice. The mice were divided into the blank control group and the inhibitor group treated with FR180204, with 32 mice in each group being treated accordingly. On post injury day (PID) 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15, the wound conditions of mice were observed and the healing rate was calculated (n=8). On PID 1, 3, 6, and 15, hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe neovascularization, inflammatory cell infiltration, and epidermal regeneration on wound, Masson staining was used to observe collagen deposition on wound, the expressions of p-NF-κB, p-p38, p-ERK12, N-cadherin, and E-cadherin in wound tissue were detected by Western blotting (n=6), the number of Ki67 positive cells and the absorbance value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were detected by immunohistochemistry (n=5), the protein expressions of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-10, IL-1β, and CCL20 in wound tissue were detected by ELISA (n=6). Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, factorial design analysis of variance, Tukey test, least significant difference test, and independent sample t test. Results: After 24 hours of culture, compared with normal oxygen group, 7 667 genes were up-regulated and 7 174 genes were down-regulated in cells in hypoxic group. Among the above differentially expressed genes, the TNF-α signaling pathway had significant change (P<0.05) with large number of genes. Under hypoxia condition, the expression of TNF-α at 24 h of cell culture was (11.1±2.1) pg/mL, which was significantly higher than (1.9±0.3) pg/mL at 0 h (P<0.05). Compared with normal oxygen group, the migration ability of cells in hypoxia alone group was significantly enhanced at 6, 12, and 24 h of cell culture (with t values of 2.27, 4.65, and 4.67, respectively, P<0.05). Compared with hypoxia alone group, the migration ability of cells in hypoxia+inhibitor group was significantly decreased at 3, 6, 12, and 24 h of cell culture (with t values of 2.43, 3.06, 4.62, and 8.14, respectively, P<0.05). Under hypoxia condition, the expressions of p-NF-κB, p-ERK1/2, and N-cadherin were increased significantly at 12 and 24 h of cell culture compared with 0 h of culture (P<0.05), the expression of p-p38 was significantly increased at 3, 6, 12, and 24 h of cell culture (P<0.05), the expression of E-cadherin was significantly decreased at 6, 12, and 24 h of cell culture (P<0.05), the expression of p-ERK1/2, p-NF-κB, and E-cadherin was time-dependent. Compared with blank control group, on PID 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15, the wound healing rate of mice in inhibitor group was significantly decreased (P<0.05); there were more inflammatory cell infiltration around the wound edge of mice in inhibitor group on PID 3, 6, and 15, especially on PID 15, a large number of tissue necrosis and discontinuous new epidermal layer were observed on the wound surface, and collagen synthesis and new blood vessels were reduced; the expression of p-NF-κB in the wound of mice in inhibitor group was significantly decreased on PID 3 and 6 (with t values of 3.26 and 4.26, respectively, P<0.05) but significantly increased on PID 15 (t=3.25, P<0.05), the expressions of p-p38 and N-cadherin were significantly decreased on PID 1, 3, and 6 (with t values of 4.89, 2.98, 3.98, 9.51, 11.69, and 4.10, respectively, P<0.05), the expression of p-ERK1/2 was significantly decreased on PID 1, 3, 6, and 15 (with t values of 26.69, 3.63, 5.12, and 5.14, respectively, P<0.05), the expression of E-cadherin was significantly decreased on PID 1 (t=20.67, P<0.05) but significantly increased on PID 6 (t=2.90, P<0.05); the number of Ki67 positive cells and absorbance value of VEGF of wound in inhibitor group were significantly decreased on PID 3, 6, and 15 (with t values of 4.20, 7.35, 3.34, 4.14, 3.20, and 3.73, respectively, P<0.05); the expression of IL-10 in the wound tissue of the inhibitor group was significantly decreased on PID 6 (t=2.92, P<0.05), the expression of IL-6 was significantly increased on PID 6 (t=2.73, P<0.05), the expression of IL-1β was significantly increased on PID 15 (t=3.46, P<0.05), and CCL20 expression levels were significantly decreased on PID 1 and 6 (with t values of 3.96 and 2.63, respectively, P<0.05) but significantly increased on PID 15 (t=3.68, P<0.05). Conclusions: The TNF-α/ERK pathway can promote the migration of HaCaT cells, and regulate the healing of full-thickness skin defect wounds in mice by affecting the expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Humans , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Interleukin-10 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , HaCaT Cells , Interleukin-6 , Ki-67 Antigen , NF-kappa B , Hypoxia , Oxygen
18.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 35-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971147

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of reactive oxygen species (ROS) responsive self-assembled nanomicelle loaded with pyroptosis inhibitor on full-thickness skin defects in diabetic rats. Methods: Experimental research methods were employed. A nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD) 1/2 inhibitor (NOD-IN-1) was encapsulated with nanomicelle polyethylene glycol-block-polypropylene sulfide (PEG-b-PPS), and the resulting product was called PEPS@NOD-IN-1. The morphology and hydration particle size of PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were observed by transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer, respectively, and the encapsulation rate and drug loading rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 and the cumulative release rate of NOD-IN-1 by PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone and hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 40 h were measured and calculated by microplate reader, and the sample number was 3. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats aged 6-7 weeks were injected with streptozotocin to induce type 1 diabetes mellitus. Six full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of each rat. The injured rats were divided into PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, PEG-b-PPS group, and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group with corresponding treatment according to the random number table, with 6 rats in each group. The wound healing was observed on post injury day (PID) 3, 7, and 12, and the wound healing rate was calculated. The ROS levels in wound tissue were detected by immunofluorescence method on PID 3. On PID 7, the granulation tissue thickness in wound was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals were detected by Western blotting. Six wounds from different rats in each group were taken for detection of the above indicators. Wound tissue (3 samples per group) was taken from rats in PBS group and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group on PID 7, and transcriptome sequencing was performed using high-throughput sequencing technology platform. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were screened, and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) was performed. The DEG heatmap of the NOD-like receptor pathway, a pyroptosis-related pathway, was made. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis of DEGs in heatmap was performed through the STRING database to screen key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and Tukey test. Results: PEG-b-PPS and PEPS@NOD-IN-1 were in spherical structures of uniform size, with hydration particle sizes of (134.2±3.3) and (143.1±2.3) nm, respectively. The encapsulation rate of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 to NOD-IN-1 was (60±5)%, and the drug loading rate was (15±3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in PBS alone was slow, and the cumulative release rate at 40 h was only (12.4±2.3)%. The release of NOD-IN-1 from PEPS@NOD-IN-1 in hydrogen peroxide-containing PBS within 10 h was very rapid, and the cumulative release rate at 10 h reached (90.1±3.6)%. On PID 3 and 7, the wounds of rats in the four groups were gradually healed, and the healing in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was better than that in the other three groups. On PID 12, the wound scab area in PBS group was large, the wound epithelialization in NOD-IN-1 group and PEG-b-PPS group was obvious, and the wound in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group was close to complete epithelialization. Compared with those in PBS group, NOD-IN-1 group, and PEG-b-PPS group, the wound healing rates on PID 7 and 12 in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the level of ROS in wound tissue on PID 3 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), the thickness of granulation tissue in wound on PID 7 was significantly thickened (P<0.05), and the mRNA expressions of NOD1 and NOD2 and the protein expressions of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals in wound tissue on PID 7 were significantly decreased (P<0.05). KEGG pathway analysis showed that DEGs significantly down-regulated in PEPS@NOD-IN-1 group as compared with PBS group were significantly enriched in NOD-like receptors, hypoxia-inducible factors, mitogen-activated protein kinases, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathways. In the DEG heatmap of NOD-like receptor pathway, the genes regulating pyroptosis mainly involved NOD1, NOD2, NOD-like receptor thermoprotein domain-related protein 3, Jun, signal transduction and transcriptional activator 1 (STAT1), TNF-α-induced protein 3. The PPI results showed that NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1 were the key genes of PEPS@NOD-IN-1 regulating the NOD-like receptor pathway. Conclusions: PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can down-regulate the level of local ROS in wounds and the expression of NOD1, NOD2, and GSDMD-N terminals, the key regulators of pyroptosis, thereby promoting the repair of full-thickness skin defect wounds in diabetic rats. PEPS@NOD-IN-1 can also significantly down-regulate the pyroptosis, inflammation, and hypoxia-related pathways of wounds, and regulate NOD-like receptor pathways by down-regulating key genes NOD1, NOD2, and STAT1.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reactive Oxygen Species , Wound Healing , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Hydrogen Peroxide , Pyroptosis , Skin Abnormalities , Soft Tissue Injuries , NLR Proteins , Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 227-232, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hypoxia-supported umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) on the expansion of cord blood mononuclear cell (MNC) in vitro.@*METHODS@#The isolated cord blood mononuclear cells were inoculated on the preestablished umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell layer and cultured under hypoxic conditions (3% O2) and the experimental groups were normoxia (MNCs were cultured under normoxic conditions), hypoxia (MNCs were cultured under hypoxic conditions), UC-MSC (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under normoxic conditions), and UC-MSC+hypoxia (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions). To further investigate the combinational effect of 3 factors of SCF+FL+TPO (SFT) on expansion of cord blood MNCs in vitro in hypoxia-supported UC-MSC culture system, the experiments were further divided into group A (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under normoxic conditions), group B (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC under hypoxic conditions), group C (MNCs were cultured with UC-MSC and SFT under hypoxic conditions). The number of nucleated cells (TNC), CD34+ cell, CFU and CD34+CXCR4+, CD34+CD49d+, CD34+CD62L+ cells of each groups were detected at 0, 7, 10 and 14 days, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group hypoxia and UC-MSC, group UC-MSC+hypoxia effectively promoted the expansion of TNC, CD34+ cell and CFU, and upregulated the expression level of adhesion molecule and CxCR4 of the cord blood CD34+ cell(P<0.05). After culturing for 14 days, compared with group A and group B, group C effectively promoted the expansion of cord blood MNC at different time points(P<0.05), and the effect of group A was better than that of group B at 7 and 10 days(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia-supported UC-MSC efficiently promoted the expansion and expression of adhesion molecule and CXCR4 of cord blood CD34+ cell, and the effect of expansion could be enhanced when SFT 3 factors were added.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cells, Cultured , Fetal Blood , Cell Proliferation , Umbilical Cord/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Antigens, CD34/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism
20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 750-757, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971092

ABSTRACT

Phenotypic transformation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is a key factor in pulmonary vascular remodeling. Inhibiting or reversing phenotypic transformation can inhibit pulmonary vascular remodeling and control the progression of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. Recent studies have shown that hypoxia causes intracellular peroxide metabolism to induce oxidative stress, induces multi-pathway signal transduction, including those related to autophagy, endoplasmic reticulum stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, and also induces non-coding RNA regulation of cell marker protein expression, resulting in PASMCs phenotypic transformation. This article reviews recent research progress on mechanisms of hypoxia-induced phenotypic transformation of PASMCs, which may be helpful for finding targets to inhibit phenotypic transformation and to improve pulmonary vascular remodeling diseases such as hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Artery , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Vascular Remodeling/genetics , Hypoxia/genetics , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Cell Hypoxia/genetics
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