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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e382023, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439112

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the role of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and angiogenetic factor endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression in regulating hypoxia and placental development by routine histopathological methods. Methods: Twenty preeclamptic and normal placentas were used. Placenta tissue pieces were examined histopathologically after routine paraffin follow-ups. HIF-1α and ET-1 proteins were examined immunohistochemically, and placental tissues were examined ultrastructurally. Results: Increase in syncytial proliferation, endothelial damage in vessels, and increase in collagen were observed in preeclamptic placentas. As a result of preeclampsia, an increase was observed in HIF-1α and ET-1 protein levels in the placenta. Dilatation of endoplasmic reticulum and loss of cristae in mitochondria were observed in trophoblast cells in preeclamptic placental sections. Conclusion: High regulation of oxygen resulting from preeclampsia has been shown to be a critical determinant of placentagenesis and plays an important role in placental differentiation, changes in maternal and fetal blood circulation, trophoblastic invasion, and syncytial node increase. It has been thought that preeclampsia affects secretion by disrupting the endoplasmic reticulum structure and induces mitochondrial damage, and that ET-1 may potentially help in the induction of stress pathways as a result of hypoxia in preeclampsia.


Subject(s)
Placenta/physiopathology , Placenta Diseases , Pre-Eclampsia , Endothelins , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Immunohistochemistry
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 727-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007787

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), as a hypoxia inducible factor, affects women's reproductive function by regulating the development and excretion of follicles. HIF-1α induces glycolysis and autophagy in the granule cells by promoting oocyte development, regulating the secretion of related angiogenic factors, and improving follicle maturity. In addition, HIF-1α promotes the process of luteinization of follicular vesicles, maintains luteal function, and finally completes physiological luteal atrophy through cumulative oxidative stress. Dysfunction of HIF-1α will cause a series of pathological consequences, such as angiogenesis defect, energy metabolism abnormality, excessive oxidative stress and dysregulated autophagy and apoptosis, resulting in ovulation problem and infertility. This article summarizes the previous studies on the regulation of follicle development and excretion and maintenance of luteal function and structural atrophy by HIF-1α. We also describe the effective intervention mechanism of related drugs or bioactive ingredients on follicular dysplasia and ovulation disorders through HIF-1α, in order to provide a systematic and in-depth insights for solving ovulation disorder infertility.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Atrophy/metabolism , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Infertility/metabolism , Ovarian Follicle , Ovulation
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1230-1236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012398

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the potential pathogenesis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) based on the HIF-1α/ACLY signaling pathway, as well as to provide new ideas for the treatment of ccRCC. Methods: Seventy-eight ccRCC cases diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China were collected. The VHL mutation was examined using exon sequencing. The expression of HIF-1α/ACLY in VHL-mutated ccRCC was evaluated using immunohistochemical staining and further validated in VHL-mutated ccRCC cell lines (786-O, A498, UM-RC-2, SNU-333, and Caki-2) using Western blot. The mRNA and protein levels of ACLY were detected using real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot after overexpression or interference with HIF-1α in ccRCC cell lines. HeLa cells were treated with CoCl2 and hypoxia (1%O2) to activate HIF-1α and then subject to the detection of the ACLY mRNA and protein levels. The potential molecular mechanism of HIF-1α-induced ACLY activation was explored through JASPAR database combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP) and luciferase reporter gene assay. The effect of HIF-1α/ACLY regulation axis on lipid accumulation was detected using BODIPY staining and other cell biological techniques. The expression of ACLY was compared between patients with ccRCC and those with benign lesions, and the feasibility of ACLY as a prognostic indicator for ccRCC was explored through survival analysis. Results: Exon sequencing revealed that 55 (70.5%) of the 78 ccRCC patients harbored a VHL inactivation mutation, and HIF-1α expression was associated with ACLY protein levels. The protein levels of ACLY and HIF-1α in ccRCC cell lines carrying VHL mutation were also correlated to various degrees. Overexpression of HIF-1α in A498 cells increased the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY, and knockdown of HIF-1α in Caki-2 cells inhibited the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY (P<0.001 for all). CoCl2 and hypoxia treatment significantly increased the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY by activating HIF-1α (P<0.001 for all). The quantification of transcriptional activity of luciferase reporter gene and ChIP-qPCR results suggested that HIF-1α could directly bind to ACLY promoter region to transcriptionally activate ACLY expression and increase ACLY protein level (P<0.001 for all). The results of BODIPY staining suggested that the content of free fatty acids in cell lines was associated with the levels of HIF-1α and ACLY. The depletion of HIF-1α could effectively reduce the accumulation of lipid in cells, while the overexpression of ACLY could reverse this process. At the same time, cell function experiments showed that the proliferation rate of ccRCC cells with HIF-1α knockdown was significantly decreased, and overexpression of ACLY could restore proliferation of these tumor cells (P<0.001). Survival analysis further showed that compared with the ccRCC patients with low ACLY expression, the ccRCC patients with high ACLY expression had a poorer prognosis and a shorter median survival (P<0.001). Conclusions: VHL mutation-mediated HIF-1α overexpression in ccRCC promotes lipid synthesis and tumor progression by activating ACLY. Targeting the HIF-1α/ACLY signaling axis may provide a theoretical basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , HeLa Cells , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/genetics , Mutation , Signal Transduction , Luciferases/therapeutic use , Hypoxia/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Lipids/therapeutic use , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 221-231, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971482

ABSTRACT

Metabolic reprogramming is a common phenomenon in cancer, with aerobic glycolysis being one of its important characteristics. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1Α) is thought to play an important role in aerobic glycolysis. Meanwhile, naringin is a natural flavanone glycoside derived from grapefruits and many other citrus fruits. In this work, we identified glycolytic genes related to HIF1Α by analyzing the colon cancer database. The analysis of extracellular acidification rate and cell function verified the regulatory effects of HIF1Α overexpression on glycolysis, and the proliferation and migration of colon cancer cells. Moreover, naringin was used as an inhibitor of colon cancer cells to illustrate its effect on HIF1Α function. The results showed that the HIF1Α and enolase 2 (ENO2) levels in colon cancer tissues were highly correlated, and their high expression indicated a poor prognosis for colon cancer patients. Mechanistically, HIF1Α directly binds to the DNA promoter region and upregulates the transcription of ENO2; ectopic expression of ENO2 increased aerobic glycolysis in colon cancer cells. Most importantly, we found that the appropriate concentration of naringin inhibited the transcriptional activity of HIF1Α, which in turn decreased aerobic glycolysis in colon cancer cells. Generally, naringin reduces glycolysis in colon cancer cells by reducing the transcriptional activity of HIF1Α and the proliferation and invasion of colon cancer cells. This study helps to elucidate the relationship between colon cancer progression and glucose metabolism, and demonstrates the efficacy of naringin in the treatment of colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glycolysis , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase/metabolism , Flavanones/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Databases, Genetic , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Transfection , Warburg Effect, Oncologic
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 50-63, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971468

ABSTRACT

Accumulating evidence has confirmed the links between transfer RNA (tRNA) modifications and tumor progression. The present study is the first to explore the role of tRNA methyltransferase 5 (TRMT5), which catalyzes the m1G37 modification of mitochondrial tRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. Here, based on bioinformatics and clinical analyses, we identified that TRMT5 expression was upregulated in HCC, which correlated with poor prognosis. Silencing TRMT5 attenuated HCC proliferation and metastasis both in vivo and in vitro, which may be partially explained by declined extracellular acidification rate (ECAR) and oxygen consumption rate (OCR). Mechanistically, we discovered that knockdown of TRMT5 inactivated the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) signaling pathway by preventing HIF-1α stability through the enhancement of cellular oxygen content. Moreover, our data indicated that inhibition of TRMT5 sensitized HCC to doxorubicin by adjusting HIF-‍1α. In conclusion, our study revealed that targeting TRMT5 could inhibit HCC progression and increase the susceptibility of tumor cells to chemotherapy drugs. Thus, TRMT5 might be a carcinogenesis candidate gene that could serve as a potential target for HCC therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Signal Transduction/genetics , tRNA Methyltransferases/metabolism
6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 32-49, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971467

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia, as an important hallmark of the tumor microenvironment, is a major cause of oxidative stress and plays a central role in various malignant tumors, including glioblastoma. Elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a hypoxic microenvironment promote glioblastoma progression; however, the underlying mechanism has not been clarified. Herein, we found that hypoxia promoted ROS production, and the proliferation, migration, and invasion of glioblastoma cells, while this promotion was restrained by ROS scavengers N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) and diphenyleneiodonium chloride (DPI). Hypoxia-induced ROS activated hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) signaling, which enhanced cell migration and invasion by epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Furthermore, the induction of serine protease inhibitor family E member 1 (SERPINE1) was ROS-dependent under hypoxia, and HIF-1α mediated SERPINE1 increase induced by ROS via binding to the SERPINE1 promoter region, thereby facilitating glioblastoma migration and invasion. Taken together, our data revealed that hypoxia-induced ROS reinforce the hypoxic adaptation of glioblastoma by driving the HIF-1α-SERPINE1 signaling pathway, and that targeting ROS may be a promising therapeutic strategy for glioblastoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Line, Tumor , Glioblastoma/pathology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Microenvironment , Brain Neoplasms/pathology
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 221-226, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and its relative mechanism of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) in bone marrow(BM) of mice during G-CSF mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) .@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the proportion of Lin-Sca-1+ c-kit+ (LSK) cells in peripheral blood of C57BL/6J mice before and after G-CSF mobilization. And the expression of HIF-1α and osteocalcin (OCN) mRNA and protein were detected by RQ-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The number of osteoblasts in bone marrow specimens of mice was counted under the microscope.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of LSK cells in peripheral blood began to increase at day 4 of G-CSF mobilization, and reached the peak at day 5, which was significantly higher than that of control group (P<0.05). There was no distinct difference in the expression of HIF-1α mRNA between bone marrow nucleated cells and osteoblasts of steady-state mice (P=0.073), while OCN mRNA was mainly expressed in osteoblasts, which was higher than that in bone marrow nucleated cells (P=0.034). After mobilization, the expression level of HIF-1α increased, but OCN decreased, and the number of endosteum osteoblasts decreased. The change of HIF-1α expression was later than that of OCN and was consistent with the proportion of LSK cells in peripheral blood.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of HIF-1α in bone marrow was increased during the mobilization of HSC mediated by G-CSF, and one of the mechanisms may be related to the peripheral migration of HSC induced by osteoblasts inhibition.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Osteocalcin/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 152-157, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971026

ABSTRACT

Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 1 (CHD1) deletion is among the most common mutations in prostate cancer (PCa), but its role remains unclear. In this study, RNA sequencing was conducted in PCa cells after clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-based CHD1 knockout. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated upregulation of hypoxia-related pathways. A subsequent study confirmed that CHD1 deletion significantly upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. Mechanistic investigation revealed that CHD1 deletion upregulated HIF1α by transcriptionally downregulating prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2), a prolyl hydroxylase catalyzing the hydroxylation of HIF1α and thus promoting its degradation by the E3 ligase von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL). Functional analysis showed that CHD1 deletion promoted angiogenesis and glycolysis, possibly through HIF1α target genes. Taken together, these findings indicate that CHD1 deletion enhances HIF1α expression through PHD2 downregulation and therefore promotes angiogenesis and metabolic reprogramming in PCa.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Hypoxia , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Glycolysis , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Helicases/metabolism
9.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248911, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339362

ABSTRACT

Abstract The telencephalon refers to the most highly developed and anterior part of the forebrain, consisting mainly of the cerebral hemispheres. The study determined Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-1α) expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle, and compare the expression and distribution pattern of Ngb and HIF-1α in the two animals. Immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) were employed to investigate Ngb and Hif-1α expression in the telencephalon of yak and cattle. mRNA and protein expressions of Ngb and HIF-1α showed positive in different tissues of the yak and cattle telencephalon. Ngb expression in tissues of the yak recorded higher as compare to cattle while HIF-1α expression was found higher in cattle than yak. The HIF-1α expression in some tissues of yak telencephalon was consistent with the cattle. The results documented that HIF-1α may have a direct or indirect synergistic effect on Ngb expression in the yak telencephalon to improve hypoxia adaptation. It is suggested that yak may need more Ngb expression for adaptation, but the expression of HIF-1α seems to be down-regulated during long-term adaptation, and the specific causes of this phenomenon needs to be further verified.


Resumo O telencéfalo refere-se à parte anterior e mais desenvolvida do prosencéfalo, consistindo principalmente dos hemisférios cerebrais. O estudo determinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator indutível por hipóxia (HIF-1α) no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos e comparou a expressão e o padrão de distribuição de Ngb e HIF-1α nos dois animais. Imuno-histoquímica (IHC), reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e Western blot (WB) foram empregados para investigar a expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α no telencéfalo de iaques e bovinos. As expressões de mRNA e proteínas de Ngb e HIF-1α mostraram-se positivas em diferentes tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque e bovino. A expressão de Ngb nos tecidos do iaque foi registrada mais alta em comparação com o gado, enquanto a expressão do HIF-1α foi encontrada mais alta no gado do que no iaque. A expressão de HIF-1α em alguns tecidos do telencéfalo de iaque foi consistente com o gado. Os resultados documentaram que o HIF-1α pode ter um efeito sinérgico direto ou indireto na expressão de Ngb no telencéfalo de iaque para melhorar a adaptação à hipóxia. É sugerido que o iaque pode precisar de mais expressão de Ngb para adaptação, mas a expressão de HIF-1α parece ser regulada para baixo durante a adaptação de longo prazo, e as causas específicas desse fenômeno precisam ser verificadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Telencephalon , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Cattle , Adaptation, Physiological , Neuroglobin
10.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245330, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339394

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. Aim The study examined the expression of Neuroglobin (Ngb) and Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (Hif-1α) in adult and young yak brain tissues, and provided researchers with meaningful insight into the anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of this mammal. Method The study employed immunohistochemistry (IHC), quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and Western blot (WB) to obtain the results. Results Ngb and Hif-1α were significantly (P<0.05) expressed in the cerebellar cortex, piriform lobe, medulla, and corpus callosum of the adult yak while in the young yak brain tissues, the protein expressions were significantly found in the white matter of the cerebellum, pineal gland, corpus callosum, and cerebellar cortex. The Ngb and Hif-1α expression showed similarities and differences. This may have resulted from similar animal species, source of nutrition, age factors, brain size, emotional activities, and communication. The findings documented that Ngb and Hif-1α are commonly expressed in various adult and young yak brain tissues. Multiple roles in the brain tissues of the adult and young yaks are involved in the expression and distribution and are proposed to play a significant role in the adaptation of the yak to the high altitude environment. Conclusion This study provides meaningful data to understand the adaptive mechanism to hypoxia and recommended researchers to expand on the adaptive mechanism and brain tissues that are not recorded.


Resumo Contexto O cérebro é um órgão que funciona como o centro do sistema nervoso em todos os animais vertebrados e na maioria dos invertebrados. Objetivo O estudo examinou a expressão de neuroglobina (Ngb) e fator-1α indutível por hipóxia (Hif-1α) em tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens e forneceu aos pesquisadores uma visão significativa da anatomia, fisiologia e bioquímica desse mamífero. Método O estudo utilizou imuno-histoquímica (IHC), PCR quantitativo em tempo real (qRT-PCR) e western blot (WB) para a obtenção dos resultados. Resultados Ngb e Hif-1α foram significativamente (P < 0,05) expressos no córtex cerebelar, lobo piriforme, medula e corpo caloso do iaque adulto, enquanto nos tecidos cerebrais do iaque jovem as expressões proteicas foram encontradas significativamente na substância branca do cerebelo, glândula pineal, corpo caloso e córtex cerebelar. A expressão de Ngb e Hif-1α apresentou semelhanças e diferenças. Isso pode ter resultado de espécies animais semelhantes, fonte de nutrição, fatores de idade, tamanho do cérebro, atividades emocionais e comunicação. Os resultados documentaram que o Ngb e o Hif-1α são comumente expressos em vários tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens. Múltiplos papéis nos tecidos cerebrais de iaques adultos e jovens estão envolvidos na expressão e distribuição e são propostos para desempenhar um papel significativo na adaptação do iaque ao ambiente de alta altitude. Conclusão Este estudo fornece dados significativos para compreender o mecanismo adaptativo à hipóxia e recomendou que os pesquisadores expandissem o mecanismo adaptativo e os tecidos cerebrais que não foram registrados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Hypoxia , Brain , RNA, Messenger , Cattle , Neuroglobin
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 217-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify and characterize read-through RNAs and read-through circular RNAs (rt-circ-HS) derived from transcriptional read-through hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and small nuclear RNA activating complex polypeptide 1 (SNAPC1) the two adjacent genes located on chromosome 14q23, in renal carcinoma cells and renal carcinoma tissues, and to study the effects of rt-circ-HS on biological behavior of renal carcinoma cells and on regulation of HIF1α.@*METHODS@#Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were used to examine expression of read-through RNAs HIF1α-SNAPC1 and rt-circ-HS in different tumor cells. Tissue microarrays of 437 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were constructed, and chromogenic in situ hybridization (ISH) was used to investigate expression of rt-circ-HS in different RCC types. Small interference RNA (siRNA) and artificial overexpression plasmids were designed to examine the effects of rt-circ-HS on 786-O and A498 renal carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8), EdU incorporation and Transwell cell migration and invasion assays. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to exa-mine expression of HIF1α and SNAPC1 RNA and proteins after interference of rt-circ-HS with siRNA, respectively. The binding of rt-circ-HS with microRNA 539 (miR-539), and miR-539 with HIF1α 3' untranslated region (3' UTR), and the effects of these interactions were investigated by dual luciferase reporter gene assays.@*RESULTS@#We discovered a novel 1 144 nt rt-circ-HS, which was derived from read-through RNA HIF1α-SNAPC1 and consisted of HIF1α exon 2-6 and SNAPC1 exon 2-4. Expression of rt-circ-HS was significantly upregulated in 786-O renal carcinoma cells. ISH showed that the overall positive expression rate of rt-circ-HS in RCC tissue samples was 67.5% (295/437), and the expression was different in different types of RCCs. Mechanistically, rt-circ-HS promoted renal carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness by functioning as a competitive endogenous inhibitor of miR-539, which we found to be a potent post-transcriptional suppressor of HIF1α, thus promoting expression of HIF1α.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel rt-circ-HS is highly expressed in different types of RCCs and acts as a competitive endogenous inhibitor of miR-539 to promote expression of its parental gene HIF1α and thus the proliferation, migration and invasion of renal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia , Kidney Neoplasms , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1150-1155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009862

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression and significance of jumonji domain-containing protein 2B (JMJD2B) and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) tissues in children.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of JMJD2B and HIF-1α in lymph node tissue specimens from 46 children with NHL (observation group) and 24 children with reactive hyperplasia (control group). The relationship between JMJD2B and HIF-1α expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in children with NHL, as well as the correlation between JMJD2B and HIF-1α expression in NHL tissues, were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression rates of JMJD2B (87% vs 21%) and HIF-1α (83% vs 42%) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The expression of JMJD2B and HIF-1α was correlated with serum lactate dehydrogenase levels and the risk of international prognostic index in children with NHL (P<0.05). The expression of JMJD2B was positively correlated with the HIF-1α expression in children with NHL (rs=0.333, P=0.024).@*CONCLUSIONS@#JMJD2B and HIF-1α are upregulated in children with NHL, and they may play a synergistic role in the development of pediatric NHL. JMJD2B can serve as a novel indicator for auxiliary diagnosis, evaluation of the severity, treatment guidance, and prognosis assessment in pediatric NHL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Prognosis , Hypoxia , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
13.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 509-517, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939770

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect whether Danlou Tablet (DLT) regulates the hypoxia-induced factor (HIF)-1α-angiopoietin-like 4 (Angptl4) mRNA signaling pathway and explore the role of DLT in treating chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH)-induced dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis.@*METHODS@#The mature adipocytes were obtained from 3T3-L1 cell culturation and allocated into 8 groups including control groups (Groups 1 and 5, 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DLT groups (Groups 2 and 6, 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution); dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) groups (Groups 3 and 7, DMOG and 0.1 mL of cell culture grade water); DMOG plus DLT groups (Groups 4 and 8, DMOG and 0.1 mL of 1,000 µg/mL DLT submicron powder solution). Groups 1-4 used mature adipocytes and groups 5-8 used HIF-1 α-siRNA lentivirus-transfected mature adipocytes. After 24-h treatment, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot were employed to determine the mRNA and protein expression levels of HIF-1 α and Angptl4. In animal experiments, the CIH model in ApoE-/- mice was established. Sixteen mice were complete randomly divided into 4 groups including sham group, CIH model group [intermittent hypoxia and normal saline (2 mL/time) gavage once a day]; Angptl4 Ab group [intermittent hypoxia and Angptl4 antibody (30 mg/kg) intraperitoneally injected every week]; DLT group [intermittent hypoxia and DLT (250 mg/kg) once a day], 4 mice in each group. After 4-week treatment, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the expression levels of serum total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG). Hematoxylin-eosin and CD68 staining were used to observe the morphological properties of arterial plaques.@*RESULTS@#Angptl4 expression was dependent on HIF-1 α, with a reduction in mRNA expression and no response in protein level to DMOG or DLT treatment in relation to siHIF-1 α -transfected cells. DLT inhibited HIF-1 α and Angptl4 mRNA expression (P<0.05 or P<0.01) and reduced HIF-1 α and Angptl4 protein expressions with DMOG in mature adipocytes (all P<0.01), as the effect on HIF-1 α protein also existed in the presence of siHIF-1 α (P<0.01). ApoE-/- mice treated with CIH had increased TG and TC levels (all P<0.01) and atherosclerotic plaque. Angptl4 antibody and DLT both reduce TG and TC levels (all P<0.01), as well as reducing atherosclerotic plaque areas, narrowing arterial wall thickness and alleviating atherosclerotic lesion symptoms to some extent.@*CONCLUSION@#DLT had positive effects in improving dyslipidemia and arteriosclerosis by inhibiting Angptl4 protein level through HIF-1 α-Angptl4 mRNA signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Angiopoietin-Like Protein 4/genetics , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Hypoxia/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Powders , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Signal Transduction , Triglycerides , Water
14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1629-1636, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971345

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Fluorouracil chemotherapeutic drugs are the classic treatment drugs of gastric cancer. But the problem of drug resistance severely limits their clinical application. This study aims to investigate whether hypoxia microenvironment affects gastric cancer resistance to 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and discuss the changes of gene and proteins directly related to drug resistance under hypoxia condition.@*METHODS@#Gastric cancer cells were treated with 5-FU in hypoxia/normoxic environment, and were divided into a Normoxic+5-FU group and a Hypoxia+5-FU group. The apoptosis assay was conducted by flow cytometry Annexin V/PI double staining. The real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the expression level of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) which were related to 5-FU drug-resistance. We analyzed the effect of hypoxia on the treatment of gastric cancer with 5-FU.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Normoxic+5-FU group, the apoptosis of gastric cancer cells treated with 5-FU in the Hypoxia+5-FU group was significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the expression of apoptosis promoter protein caspase 8 was also decreased. Compared with the the Normoxic+5-FU group, HIF-1α mRNA expression in the Hypoxia+5-FU group was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of MDR1, P-gp and VEGF were also significantly increased (all P<0.05). The increased expression of MDR1, P-gp and VEGF had the same trend with the expression of HIF-1α.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hypoxia is a direct influencing factor in gastric cancer resistance to 5-FU chemotherapy. Improvement of the local hypoxia microenvironment of gastric cancer may be a new idea for overcoming the resistance to 5-FU in gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism , Hypoxia , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B/genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Hypoxia , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
15.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 204-217, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929052

ABSTRACT

It has been revealed that hypoxia is dynamic in hypertrophic scars; therefore, we considered that it may have different effects on hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and p53 expression. Herein, we aimed to confirm the presence of a teeterboard-like conversion between HIF-1α and p53, which is correlated with scar formation and regression. Thus, we obtained samples of normal skin and hypertrophic scars to identify the differences in HIF-1α and autophagy using immunohistochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. In addition, we used moderate hypoxia in vitro to simulate the proliferative scar, and silenced HIF-1α or p53 gene expression or triggered overexpression to investigate the changes of HIF-1α and p53 expression, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell proliferation under this condition. HIF-1α, p53, and autophagy-related proteins were assayed using western blotting and immunofluorescence, whereas apoptosis was detected using flow cytometry analysis, and cell proliferation was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) staining. Furthermore, immunoprecipitation was performed to verify the binding of HIF-1α and p53 to transcription cofactor p300. Our results demonstrated that, in scar tissue, HIF-1α expression increased in parallel with autophagosome formation. Under hypoxia, HIF-1α expression and autophagy were upregulated, whereas p53 expression and apoptosis were downregulated in vitro. HIF-1α knockdown downregulated autophagy, proliferation, and p300-bound HIF-1α, and upregulated p53 expression, apoptosis, and p300-bound p53. Meanwhile, p53 knockdown induced the opposite effects and enhanced HIF-1α, whereas p53 overexpression resulted in the same effects and reduced HIF-1α. Our results suggest a teeterboard-like conversion between HIF-1α and p53, which is linked with scar hyperplasia and regression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Cell Hypoxia , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 386-392, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928725

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hypoxia on the chemosensitivity of B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells to Vincristine (VCR) and the mechanisms.@*METHODS@#B-ALL cells SUP-B15, Nalm-6 and RS4;11 were selected as the research objects. The cells were divided into the control group and the hypoxia mimic group (CoCl2 pretreatment). The two groups were treated with VCR at different concentrations for 24 hours, CCK-8 was used to detect cell viability, flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis, and Western bolt method was used to detect hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α), BAX, Bcl-2 and β-actin protein expression. Quantitative real-time fluorescent PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect BAX and β-actin mRNA levels.@*RESULTS@#CoCl2 could simulate hypoxic environment to induce the expression of HIF-1α. The cells SUP-B15 and RS4;11 of the hypoxia mimic group were lower sensitivity to VCR as compared with the control group; the apoptosis rate of the hypoxia mimic group was lower than that of the control group after 80 nmol/L VCR treatment. The expression levels of BAX protein and mRNA in the hypoxia mimic group were lower than those of the control group, and there was no significant difference in the expression levels of Bcl-2 protein between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Under hypoxic conditions, HIF-1α may mediate VCR resistance in B-ALL cells by downregulating the pro-apoptotic protein BAX.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actins/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , RNA, Messenger , Vincristine/pharmacology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/pharmacology
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 68-74, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927900

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the mechanism that hypoxia promotes the migration of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells. Methods: A549 cells were cultured and cells that knockdown of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1) were obtained by transfection with lentivirus, and cells that knockdown of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins-1 (SREBP-1) were obtained by treated with si-RNA. A549 cells were treated with hypoxia combined with hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) inhibitor PX-478 (25 μmol); Hypoxia combined with linoleic acid (LA) (20 μmol) treated A549 cells with ACC1 knockdown, and A549 cells with SREBP-1 knockdown were treated by hypoxia. Transwell migration assay was used to detect cell migration. Western blot was conducted to detect HIF-1α, ACC1 and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) related proteins, Vimentin, E-Cadherin and SREBP-1; Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was performed to detect the changes of ACC1 and SREBP-1 mRNA in A549 cells after hypoxia and HIF-1α inhibitor PX-478 (25 μmol) treatment. Each experiment was repeated three times. Results: Compared with the normoxic control group, hypoxia promoted the migration of A549 cells (P<0.01), and up-regulated the expressions of ACC1, HIF-1α (all P<0.01) and SREBP-1 (P<0.05). PX-478 (25 μmol) inhibited the migration of A549 cells induced by hypoxia and down-regulated the expression of SREBP-1 (all P<0.05). ACC1 mRNA and SREBP-1 mRNA levels were increased after hypoxia treatment of A549 cells (all P<0.05). The levels of ACC1 mRNA and SREBP-1 mRNA were decreased after A549 cells treated with hypoxia combined with PX-478 (25 μmol) for 24 h (P<0.05, P<0.01). Knockdown of SREBP-1 in A549 cells was obtained by transfection with si-RNA. Transwell migration assay showed the number of cell migration in si-SREBP-1 group was less than that in normoxia control group (P<0.01). The si-SREBP-1 group and the si-NC group were treated with hypoxia. Compared with the control group, the number of cell migration in the si-SREBP-1 group was decreased (P<0.01), however, the difference was not statistically significant compared with the normoxia si-SREBP-1 group (P>0.05). Western blot showed that the expression of ACC1 in the si-SREBP-1 group was lower than that in the control group (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the expression of ACC1 was decreased after si-SREBP-1 group treated with hypoxia (P<0.01). Knockdown of ACC1 inhibited the migration of A549 cells (P<0.05). After knockdown of ACC1, the migration number of A549 cells under normoxia and 5% O2 conditions had no significant difference (P>0.05). Application of LA under hypoxia condition rescued ACC1-knockdown induced inhibitory effect on hypoxia-promoted A549 cell migration (P<0.05). Conclusion: Hypoxia promotes migration of lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells by regulating fatty acid metabolism through HIF-1α/SREBP-1/ACC1 pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , A549 Cells , Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase , Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Cell Hypoxia/physiology , Cell Line, Tumor , Hypoxia , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Lung Neoplasms , RNA/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1/metabolism
18.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 295-305, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154442

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer (CC) is chemoradiotherapy. Once the bladder receives part of the radiation, a typical inflammatory condition that configures radiation-induced cystitis may develop. Chronic radiation-induced cystitis is commonly characterized by the bladder new submucosal vascularization, which is typically fragile and favors hematuria. The current study aims to investigate if Hypoxia-Induced Factor (HIF-1α) and its transcriptional target Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A (VEGF-A) could be a primary pathway leading to increased submucosal vascularization. HIF-1α and VEGF-A mRNA levels in bladder core biopsies from CC patients treated with radiotherapy versus untreated (non-irradiated) patients were analyzed using a droplet digital polymerase chain reaction technology. Gene expression results showed that HIF-1α and VEGF-A had no significant differences between bladder samples from patients previously irradiated and untreated patient samples. However, a direct relationship between the degree of late morbidity and the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF-A has been demonstrated. Despite the lack of statistical significance precludes a definitive conclusion, the data presented herein suggests that further studies investigating the role of HIF-1α in bladder neovascularization in radiation-induced cystitis are highly recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Cystitis/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Neovascularization, Pathologic
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1424-1428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF1α) and Wilms' tumor 1associating protein (WTAP) expression level in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia cells.@*METHODS@#The t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia cell lines, including SKNO-1 and Kasumi-1 were treated by Echinomycin for 24 h, RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of WTAP mRNA and the protein. The CoCl @*RESULTS@#The expression level of WTAP mRNA and the protein in the echinomycin treated group was significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The expression level of WTAP protein in the CoCl@*CONCLUSION@#The inhibition of HIF1-α could down-regulates the expression of WTAP, while the up-regulation of HIF1α could up-regulates the expression of WTAP, which shows that there is a positive correlation of HIF1α and WTAP expression. This result suggesting that HIF1α may be involves in the expression regulation of WTAP gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , RNA Splicing Factors , RNA, Messenger
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