Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 129
Filter
1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210203, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356215

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar as características individuais, clínicas e os fatores associados à mortalidade de pacientes com COVID-19, em hospital público do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Métodos estudo seccional, retrospectivo, documental (n= 86), com pacientes adultos internados, de março a junho de 2020. Resultados a mortalidade foi de 12,8%, o grupo de maior risco foi de idosos com comorbidades, especialmente, cardiovasculares. A chance de óbito foi 58 vezes maior em idosos, comparada aos adultos, e oito vezes maior naqueles com comorbidades, comparadas aos hígidos. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou sintomatologia respiratória, febre e mialgia. Tratamento à base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes e antivirais, associado ao suporte ventilatório. As principais complicações foram hipóxia, insuficiência renal aguda e infecção secundária. Conclusão e implicações para a prática idosos com comorbidades cardiovasculares que necessitaram de cuidados intensivos apresentaram maior chance de óbito. Os resultados de um dos centros de referência na pandemia possibilitam discutir medidas epidemiológicas adotadas, com ênfase em conceitos restritivos nos primeiros meses.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar las características individuales, clínicas y los factores asociados a la mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19 en un hospital público del estado de Paraná. Métodos estudio transversal, retrospectivo, documental (n = 86), con pacientes adultos hospitalizados, de marzo a junio de 2020. Resultados la mortalidad fue del 12,8%, grupo de mayor riesgo para los ancianos con comorbilidades, especialmente enfermedades cardiovasculares. La probabilidad de muerte fue 58 veces mayor en los ancianos en comparación con los adultos y ocho veces mayor en aquellos con comorbilidades en comparación con los sanos. La mayoría de los pacientes presentaban síntomas respiratorios, fiebre y mialgia. Tratamiento a base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes y antivirales, asociado al soporte ventilatorio. Las principales complicaciones fueron hipoxia, insuficiencia renal aguda e infección secundaria. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los ancianos con comorbilidades cardiovasculares que requirieron cuidados intensivos tenían una mayor probabilidad de muerte. Los resultados de uno de los centros de referencia pandémica permiten discutir las medidas epidemiológicas adoptadas, con énfasis en conceptos restrictivos en los primeros meses.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the individual and clinical characteristics and the factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19, in a public hospital in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods a cross-sectional, retrospective, documentary study (n= 86), with adult inpatients, from March to June 2020. Results mortality was 12.8%, the highest risk group was the elderly with comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones. The chance of death was 58 times higher in the elderly compared to adults, and eight times higher in those with comorbidities compared to the healthy ones. Most patients presented with respiratory symptoms, fever, and myalgia. Treatment was based on antibiotics, anticoagulants and antivirals, associated with ventilatory support. The main complications were hypoxia, acute renal failure, and secondary infection. Conclusion and implications for practice elderly people with cardiovascular comorbidities who required intensive care had a higher chance of death. The results from one of the reference centers in the pandemic make it possible to discuss epidemiological measures adopted, with emphasis on restrictive concepts in the first months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , COVID-19/mortality , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Patients' Rooms , Brazil , Comorbidity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Cough , Dyspnea , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Fever , Interactive Ventilatory Support , Myalgia , COVID-19/therapy , Inpatients/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Hypoxia/complications , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1397-1411, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922649

ABSTRACT

Exposure to chronic hypoxia is considered to be a risk factor for deficits in brain function in adults, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Since active myelinogenesis persists in the adult central nervous system, here we aimed to investigate the impact of chronic hypoxia on myelination and the related functional consequences in adult mice. Using a transgenic approach to label newly-generated myelin sheaths (NG2-CreER


Subject(s)
Animals , Clemastine , Hypoxia/complications , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Myelin Sheath , Oligodendroglia
3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 867-877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921290

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel on the permeability of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) in rats with chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (CHPH), so as to clarify the mechanism of vascular endothelial dysfunction during the occurrence of pulmonary hypertension (PH). CHPH rat model was established by exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH) for 21 days. Primary PMVECs were cultured by adherent tissue blocks at the edge of the lung. The permeability coefficient of primary cultured PMVECs was detected by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran. The structure of tight junction (TJ) was observed by transmission electron microscope. The expression of TRPV4 and TJ-related proteins, such as, Occludin, Claudin-5, ZO-1 were examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Cells , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypoxia/complications , Lung , Permeability , Rats , TRPV Cation Channels/genetics
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 908-911, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012374

ABSTRACT

Periodos extensos de hipoxia provocan cambios adaptativos que permiten responder a las demandas impuestas por el ambiente. Sin embargo, existen casos donde esta exposición es intermitente, como es el caso de los trabajadores en zonas andinas. El objetivo de esta comunicación fue comprobar los efectos morfológicos y mecánicos en diafragma y pulmones de ratas sometidas a la hipoxia intermitente. Se utilizaron 4 ratas Sprague Dawley de 6 meses de edad. Dos ratas fueron sometidas a 10 ciclos de hipoxia hipobárica intermitente (HHI) de 96 h (~428 torr; PO2 90 mm Hg), seguidos de 96 h de normoxia normobárica, durante 80 días. Se realizaron pruebas tracción uniaxial y de tinción con HematoxilinaEosina y Picrosirius red de Junqueira. Al comparar las curvas de los diafragmas, los sometidos a hipoxia reducen levemente su esfuerzo respecto a la condición de normoxia, en el tejido pulmonar la hipoxia afecta negativamente su resistencia, estas muestran una pendiente menor respecto a las normóxicas. En el análisis histológico, el parénquima pulmonar presentó menor cantidad de vasos sanguíneos y celularidad, como una mayor fracción de área de los espacios alveolares y cantidad de colágeno total en el grupo HHI. En el diafragma, el grupo HHI presentó menor cantidad de miocitos distribuidos irregularmente y de colágeno total. En conclusión, los principales hallazgos indican que el diafragma y el tejido pulmonar sometido a HHI sufren cambios estructurales, que se traducen en una disminución en su capacidad de resistencia tensil.


Extensive periods of hypoxic cause adaptive changes that make it possible to respond to the demands imposed by the environment. However, there are cases where this exposure is intermittent, as is the case of workers in andean areas. The objective of this communication was to verify the morphological and mechanical effects on diaphragm and lungs of rats subjected to intermittent hypoxic. Four 6-monthold Sprague Dawley rats were used. Two rats were subjected to 10 cycles of intermittent hypobaric hypoxic (IHH) of 96 h (~428 torr, PO2 90 mm Hg), followed by 96 h of normobaric normoxia, for 80 days. Uniaxial traction and staining tests were performed with Hematoxylin-Eosin and Picrosirius red de Junqueira. When comparing the curves of the diaphragms, those subjected to hypoxic slightly reduce their effort with respect to the condition of normoxia, in the lung tissue the hypoxic negatively affects its resistance, these show a lower slope with respect to the normoxics. In the histological analysis, the pulmonary parenchyma had a lower number of blood vessels and cellularity, such as a greater area fraction of alveolar spaces and amount of total collagen in IHH group. In the diaphragm, IHH group had a lower number of irregularly distributed myocytes and a lower amount of total collagen. In conclusion, the main findings indicate that the diaphragm and lung tissue subjected to IHH undergo structural changes, which result in a decrease in tensile strength.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diaphragm/pathology , Lung/pathology , Hypoxia/complications , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Hypoxia/pathology
5.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(4): 284-286, ago. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040523

ABSTRACT

La endomiocardiofibrosis es una causa de miocardiopatía restrictiva frecuente en la región de África subsahariana, aunque poco frecuente en nuestra población. Posee estrecha relación con la presencia de hipereosinofilia en sangre y tiene alta morbimortalidad. La hepatitis hipóxica es una afección clínica con un patrón enzimático característico, muy prevalente en unidades de cuidados intensivos y elevada mortalidad. Se reconocen múltiples mecanismos fisiopatológicos, como la isquemia, la congestión venosa y la alteración en la utilización de oxígeno del hepatocito. Describimos el caso de u na paciente de 35 años, consumidora de cocaína, con diagnóstico de endomiocardiofibrosis secundario a síndrome hipereosinofílico idiopático que presentó shock cardiogénico y hepatitis hipóxica asociada. Evolucionó favorablemente con el tratamiento de sostén adecuado.


Endomyocardial fibrosis is a restrictive cardiomyopathy with high morbidity and mortality rates, prevalent in the sub-Saharan Africa region but infrequent in our population. It has a close relation with blood hypereosinophilia. Hypoxic hepatitis is frequently observed in intensive care units and its diagnosis is clinical. It shows a typical enzyme pattern with high mortality too. There are multiple mechanisms responsible for this condition, such as ischemia, passive congestion and dysoxia. We described the case of a 35 year-old cocaine addict woman diagnosed with endomyocardial fibrosis and hypereosinophilic syndrome who developed cardiogenic shock with hypoxic hepatitis. The patient evolved favorably with the appropriate treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Shock, Cardiogenic/complications , Hypereosinophilic Syndrome/complications , Cocaine-Related Disorders/complications , Endomyocardial Fibrosis/etiology , Hepatitis/complications , Endomyocardial Fibrosis/diagnosis , Hypoxia/complications
6.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 106-110, jan.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003625

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Relatamos o caso de um paciente que evoluiu com suspeita de morte encefálica associada à atelectasia e à hipoxemia moderada a grave, apesar de instituídos ventilação protetora, sistema de aspiração traqueal fechado, pressão positiva ao final da expiração moderada e manobra de recrutamento. Diante da não obtenção de pressão parcial de oxigênio adequada para o teste de apneia, optamos por pronar o paciente, utilizar pressão positiva expiratória final mais elevada, realizar nova manobra de recrutamento e ventilar com volume corrente mais elevado (8mL/kg), sem ultrapassar pressão de platô de 30cmH2O. O teste de apneia foi realizado em posição prona, com válvula de pressão positiva contínua nas vias aéreas acoplada em tubo T. O atraso no diagnóstico foi de 10 horas; a doação de órgãos não foi possível devido à parada circulatória. Este relato demonstra as dificuldades para obtenção de níveis de pressão parcial de oxigênio mais altos para a realização do teste de apneia. Os atrasos que isso pode acarretar ao diagnóstico de morte encefálica e ao processo de doação de órgãos são discutidos, além de potenciais estratégias de otimização da pressão parcial de oxigênio para realização do teste, conforme as recomendações atuais.


ABSTRACT We report the case of a patient in whom brain death was suspected and associated with atelectasis and moderate to severe hypoxemia even though the patient was subjected to protective ventilation, a closed tracheal suction system, positive end-expiratory pressure, and recruitment maneuvers. Faced with the failure to obtain an adequate partial pressure of oxygen for the apnea test, we elected to place the patient in a prone position, use higher positive end-expiratory pressure, perform a new recruitment maneuver, and ventilate with a higher tidal volume (8mL/kg) without exceeding the plateau pressure of 30cmH2O. The apnea test was performed with the patient in a prone position, with continuous positive airway pressure coupled with a T-piece. The delay in diagnosis was 10 hours, and organ donation was not possible due to circulatory arrest. This report demonstrates the difficulties in obtaining higher levels of the partial pressure of oxygen for the apnea test. The delays in the diagnosis of brain death and in the organ donation process are discussed, as well as potential strategies to optimize the partial pressure of oxygen to perform the apnea test according to the current recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Apnea/diagnosis , Pulmonary Atelectasis/complications , Brain Death/diagnosis , Hypoxia/complications , Oxygen/blood , Partial Pressure , Tidal Volume , Prone Position , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Delayed Diagnosis , Middle Aged
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e7994, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984040

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common presentation for ischemic heart disease, which is a leading cause of death. Emodin is a Chinese herbal anthraquinone used in several diseases. However, the effect of emodin in hypoxia-induced injury in cardiomyocytes has not been clearly elucidated. Our study aimed to clarify the functions of emodin in hypoxia-induced injury in rat cardiomyocytes H9c2 and explore the underlying mechanism. The effects of emodin on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by the Cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively. The cell proliferation- and cell apoptosis-related proteins were detected by western blot. qRT-PCR was used to determine the relative expression of miR-138. Cell transfection was performed to alter miR-138 and MLK3 expression. miR-138 target was performed by dual luciferase activity assay. Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways-related factors phosphorylation were analyzed by western blot. Emodin inhibited hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells by promoting cell viability and reducing cell apoptosis. miR-138 was down-regulated by hypoxia treatment but up-regulated by emodin. Up-regulation of miR-138 alleviated hypoxia-induced cell injury. Down-regulation of miR-138 attenuated the growth-promoting effect of emodin on hypoxia-induced injury, whereas up-regulation of miR-138 enhanced the growth-promoting effects of emodin. The underlying mechanism might be by inactivating Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways. MLK3 was negatively regulated by miR-138 expression and inactivated Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways. Emodin alleviated hypoxia-induced injury in H9c2 cells via up-regulation of miR-138 modulated by MLK3, as well as by activating Sirt1/AKT and Wnt/β-catenin pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Hypoxia/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Emodin/therapeutic use , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Hypoxia/complications , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Cell Line , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , MicroRNAs
8.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 40(4): 376-381, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959259

ABSTRACT

Objective: Sleep apnea has been associated with anxiety, but the mechanisms of the sleep apnea-anxiety relationship are unresolved. Sleep apnea causes oxidative stress, which might enhance anxiety-like behavior in rodents. To clarify the apnea-anxiety connection, we tested the effect of intermittent hypoxia, a model of sleep apnea, on the anxiety behavior of mice. Methods: The rodents were exposed daily to 480 one-minute cycles of intermittent hypoxia to a nadir of 7±1% inspiratory oxygen fraction or to a sham procedure with room air. After 7 days, the mice from both groups were placed in an elevated plus maze and were video recorded for 10 min to allow analysis of latency, frequency, and duration in open and closed arms. Glyoxalase-1 (Glo1) and glutathione reductase-1 (GR1) were measured in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, and striatum by Western blotting. Results: Compared to controls, the intermittent hypoxia group displayed less anxiety-like behavior, perceived by a statistically significant increase in the number of entries and total time spent in open arms. A higher expression of GR1 in the cortex was also observed. Conclusion: The lack of a clear anxiety response as an outcome of intermittent hypoxia exposure suggests the existence of additional layers in the anxiety mechanism in sleep apnea, possibly represented by sleepiness and irreversible neuronal damage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anxiety/etiology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/complications , Glutathione Reductase/analysis , Lactoylglutathione Lyase/analysis , Hypoxia/complications , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/enzymology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/physiopathology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes/psychology , Cerebral Cortex/enzymology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Corpus Striatum/enzymology , Disease Models, Animal , Glutathione Reductase/metabolism , Lactoylglutathione Lyase/metabolism , Hypoxia/enzymology , Hypoxia/psychology , Mice, Inbred BALB C
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-916069

ABSTRACT

A aviação civil vem apresentando aumento progressivo do número de voos regulares nos últimos 10 anos e, em função disso, mais passageiros estão sendo transportados em viagens aéreas (VAs). Associado a isso, há um aumento das doenças relacionadas às VAs, especialmente naquelas de longa duração. Uma das complicações mais temidas dos voos é o tromboembolismo venoso (TEV), mas a sua real incidência é de difícil mensuração devido à falta de consenso sobre, por exemplo, quanto tempo após o pouso podemos considerar que o TEV possa estar relacionado à VA realizada ou mesmo quanto tempo de voo pode ser considerado como de longa duração. Muito tem se discutido sobre os mecanismos fisiopatológicos do TEV relacionado às VAs, quais passageiros são os de maior risco e quais medidas profiláticas podemos adotar com segurança e eficácia. O objetivo desta revisão é esclarecer esses pontos e as condutas consensuais atuais


Civil aviation has seen a steady increase in the number of scheduled flights over the last ten years and, as a result, more passengers are traveling by air. This has been associated with an increase in flight-related diseases, especially on long-haul flights. One of the most feared complications during flights is venous thromboembolism (VTE), but its true incidence is difficult to measure because of a lack of consensus on elements such as the definition of how long after landing a VTE can be considered to be related to a flight and even how long a flight must last to be considered of long duration. There has been much discussion of the pathophysiological mechanisms of flight-related VTE, of which passengers are at greatest risk, and of what prophylactic measures can be adopted safely and effectively. The purpose of this review is to clarify these points and describe current consensual conduct


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Air Travel/trends , Disease Prevention , Venous Thromboembolism/therapy , Venous Thrombosis/therapy , Aerospace Medicine/methods , Anticoagulants , Heparin , Hypoxia/complications , Incidence , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Prevalence , Pulmonary Embolism/complications , Review , Risk Factors
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(4): 217-219, ago. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887349

ABSTRACT

Es posible detectar normoblastos en los frotis de sangre periférica de los recién nacidos. En general, la cantidad de normoblastos por cada 100 leucocitos está en el intervalo de 0 a 10. Se observan con más frecuencia de lo usual ante una situación de hipoxia porque la hipoxia intrauterina aumenta la producción de eritrocitos. Sin embargo, no se había informado antes un caso de normoblastos multinucleados en un recién nacido a causa de la hipoxia. Presentamos el caso de un recién nacido con normoblastos multinucleados secundarios a hipoxia intrauterina. Este caso es importante porque es la primera vez que se han detectado normoblastos multinucleados en el frotis de sangre periférica de un recién nacido hipóxico.


Normoblasts may be seen in peripheral blood smear of newborns. The number of normoblasts per 100 white blood cells is generally in the range of 0-10.They can be seen more common than usual in hypoxic condition, because intrauterine hypoxia increases the production of red blood cells. However, multinucleated normoblasts in a newborn caused by hypoxia haven't been reported before. We present a newborn with multinucleated normoblasts secondary to intrauterine hypoxia. This case is important; because it is the first time multinucleated normoblasts in peripheral blood smear of a hypoxic newborn has been detected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Erythroblasts , Hematologic Diseases/etiology , Hypoxia/complications , Hematologic Diseases/blood , Hypoxia/blood
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 30(3): f:251-l:261, mai.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-836717

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A hipóxia é uma condição fisiológica que pode influenciar a modulação autonômica cardíaca, qualpode ser avaliada pelas flutuações espontâneas da frequência cardíaca, chamada de variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC). Estudos têm reportado reduções ou manutenção da VFC em situação de hipóxia apresentando efeitos controversos. Há uma lacuna no conhecimento em relação às modificações da VFC durante a hipóxia. Objetivo: Revisar sistematicamente estudos que investigaram os efeitos da hipóxia na VFC em adultos saudáveis e não aclimatados durante o repouso. Métodos: A presente revisão sistemática foi realizada a partir da diretriz PRISMA. Os termos utilizados para a busca nas bases MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILACS e EUROPE PMC foram: "heart rate variability" OR "cardiac autonomic modulation" OR "cardiac autonomic regulation" AND (hypoxia OR altitude) NOT intermitente NOT sleep. Os registros foram filtrados por espécie, idade e idiomas. Resultados: Ao final da triagem e elegibilidade restaram 13 artigos para a síntese qualitativa. Discussão: Os estudos utilizam protocolos experimentais variados que envolvem diferença na pressão barométrica, no nível de oxigênio, no tempo de exposição à hipóxia e no controle da frequência respiratória. Possivelmente a influência desses fatores e também a variação interindividual à hipóxia podem justificar diferentes respostas na VFC. Conclusão: A partir dos estudos investigados, a hipóxia foi capaz de gerar uma queda na VFC, seja por retirada ou manutenção da modulação vagal, ou por predomínio simpático ou mesmo pela combinação dessas respostas em adultos saudáveis não aclimatados a hipóxia. Este efeito parece ser dependente do nível de altitude e da pressão barométrica


Background: Hypoxia is a physiological condition that may affect the cardiac autonomic modulation, which can be assessed by spontaneous fluctuations in heart rate, know as heart rate variability (HRV). Studies have reported reductions or maintenance of HRV in hypoxic situation presenting controversial effects. There is a knowledge gap in relation to changes in HRV during hypoxia. Objective: The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of hypoxia on HRV in unacclimatized healthy adults at rest. Methods: This systematic review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines. Search terms used in MEDLINE, SCOPUS, LILACS and EUROPE PMC database were: "heart rate variability" OR "cardiac autonomic modulation" OR "cardiac autonomic regulation" AND NOT intermittent NOT sleep (hypoxia OR altitude). Records were filtered by species, age group and language. Results: At the end of the screening and eligibility, 13 manuscripts remained for qualitative synthesis. Discussion: The studies used different experimental protocols involving difference in barometric pressure, oxygen level, time of exposure to hypoxia and control of respiratory rate. Possibly the influence of these factors and also the interindividual variation to hypoxia may justify different responses in HRV. Conclusion: Based on the investigated studies, hypoxia has been capable of generating a decrease in HRV, either by reduction or maintenance of vagal modulation, or by sympathetic predominance or even the combination of these responses in healthy adults unacclimatized to hypoxia. This effect appears to be dependent on altitude level and barometric pressure


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Adult , Autonomic Nervous System , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypoxia/complications , Altitude , Atmospheric Pressure , Cardiovascular System , Review Literature as Topic , Selection Bias
12.
CoDAS ; 28(2): 93-98, mar.-abr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-782141

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução Atualmente, somente a hipóxia neonatal grave (evidenciada pelo valor do Apgar) é considerada risco para a deficiência auditiva. A hipóxia é uma das causas mais comuns de lesão e morte celular. Nos casos de hipóxia leve ou moderada, embora menor, a privação da oxigenação está presente e, dessa forma, algum dano ao sistema auditivo pode ocorrer. Objetivo Investigar as amplitudes das emissões otoacústicas em recém-nascidos a termo sem risco para deficiência auditiva que apresentaram hipóxia leve ou moderada. Métodos Foram selecionados 37 recém-nascidos de ambos os sexos, divididos em dois grupos: 25 do grupo controle, formado por recém-nascidos sem hipóxia, e 12 do grupo estudo, formado por recém-nascidos com hipóxia leve ou moderada. Resultados Foram pesquisadas as EOAT e EOAPD em ambos os grupos e comparados os seus resultados. Nas EOAPD foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas entre as amplitudes nas frequências 1.000, 2.800, 4.000 e 6.000 Hz. Nas EOAT foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas nas bandas de frequência de 1.000, 1.400, 2.000, 2.800 e 4.000 Hz, sendo as EOA do grupo estudo menores que as do grupo controle. Conclusão Embora a ocorrência de hipóxia neonatal leve e moderada não seja considerada risco para perda auditiva, a mínima privação do oxigênio durante o momento de hipóxia neonatal parece interferir no funcionamento das células ciliadas externas e, consequentemente, no nível de respostas das emissões otoacústicas. Dessa forma, faz-se necessário o acompanhamento longitudinal desses lactentes, a fim de identificar o possível impacto desses resultados na aquisição de linguagem e, futuramente, no desempenho escolar.


ABSTRACT Introduction Severe neonatal hypoxia (as evidenced by the Apgar value) is currently considered the only risk for hearing loss. Hypoxia is one of the most common causes of injury and cell death. The deprivation of oxygen in mild or moderate cases of hypoxia, although smaller, occurs and could cause damage to the auditory system. Objective To investigate the amplitude of otoacoustic emissions in neonates at term with mild to moderate hypoxia and no risk for hearing loss. Methods We evaluated 37 newborns, divided into two groups: a control group of 25 newborns without hypoxia and a study group of 12 newborns with mild to moderate hypoxia. TEOAE and DPOAE were investigated in both groups. Results The differences between groups were statistically significant in the amplitude of DPOAE at the frequencies of 1000, 2800, 4000 and 6000 Hz. In TEOAE, statistically significant differences were found in all tested frequency bands. OAE of the study group were lower than those in the control group. Conclusion Although the occurrence of mild and moderate neonatal hypoxia is not considered a risk factor for hearing loss, deprivation of minimum oxygen during neonatal hypoxia seems to interfere in the functioning of the outer hair cells and, consequently, alter the response level of otoacoustic emissions. Thus, hese children need longitudinal follow-up in order to identify the possible impact of these results on language acquisition and future academic performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous/physiology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/etiology , Hypoxia/complications , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Apgar Score , Reference Values , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Hair Cells, Auditory/physiology
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(10): e5526, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792523

ABSTRACT

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the common colonizing bacteria of the human body and is an opportunistic pathogen frequently associated with respiratory infections. Inactivated P. aeruginosa (IPA) have a variety of biological effects against inflammation and allergy. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling plays a critical role in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, and development in a wide range of biological systems. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of IPA on TGF-β/Smad signaling in vivo, using a hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (PH) rat model. Sprague Dawley rats (n=40) were exposed to 10% oxygen for 21 days to induce PH. At the same time, IPA was administered intravenously from day 1 to day 14. Mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) and the right ventricle (RV) to left ventricle plus the interventricular septum (LV+S) mass ratio were used to evaluate the development of PH. Vessel thickness and density were measured using immunohistochemistry. Primary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) were isolated and the proliferation of PASMCs was assayed by flow cytometry. The production of TGF-β1 in cultured supernatant of PASMCs was assayed by ELISA. The expression levels of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), TGF-β1 and phospho-Smad 2/3 in PASMCs were assayed by western blot. Our data indicated that IPA attenuated PH, RV hypertrophy and pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats, which was probably mediated by restraining the hypoxia-induced overactive TGF-β1/Smad signaling. In conclusion, IPA is a promising protective treatment in PH due to the inhibiting effects on TGF-β1/Smad 2/3 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hypertension, Pulmonary/metabolism , Hypertension, Pulmonary/prevention & control , Hypoxia/metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/physiology , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/physiology , Smad Proteins/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Actins/analysis , Actins/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Hypoxia/complications , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Signal Transduction/physiology , Smad Proteins/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(10): e5431, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792525

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with inflammation and oxidative stress in lung tissues and can lead to metabolic abnormalities. We investigated the effects of angiotensin1–7 [Ang-(1–7)] on lung injury in rats induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). We randomly assigned 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats (180–200 g) to normoxia control (NC), CIH-untreated (uCIH), Ang-(1–7)-treated normoxia control (N-A), and Ang-(1–7)-treated CIH (CIH-A) groups. Oxidative stress biomarkers were measured in lung tissues, and expression of NADPH oxidase 4 (Nox4) and Nox subunits (p22phox, and p47phox) was determined by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Pulmonary pathological changes were more evident in the uCIH group than in the other groups. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and immunohistochemical staining showed that inflammatory factor concentrations in serum and lung tissues in the uCIH group were significantly higher than those in the NC and N-A groups. Expression of inflammatory factors was significantly higher in the CIH-A group than in the NC and N-A groups, but was lower than in the uCIH group (P<0.01). Oxidative stress was markedly higher in the uCIH group than in the NC and N-A groups. Expression of Nox4 and its subunits was also increased in the uCIH group. These changes were attenuated upon Ang-(1–7) treatment. In summary, treatment with Ang-(1-7) reversed signs of CIH-induced lung injury via inhibition of inflammation and oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Angiotensin I/pharmacology , Hypoxia/complications , Inflammation/drug therapy , Lung Injury/drug therapy , Lung Injury/etiology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Peptide Fragments/pharmacology , Vasodilator Agents/pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Cytokines/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation/pathology , Lung Injury/metabolism , Lung/drug effects , Lung/pathology , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications
15.
Hosp. Aeronáut. Cent ; 11(2): 130-9, 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-910830

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipoxia se define como un estado de deficiencia de oxígeno en el organismo. La reducción de la presión parcial de oxigeno como consecuencia de la reducción de la presión atmosférica con la altitud, establece la hipoxia hipobárica, cuyos síntomas pueden ser estudiados durante el entrenamiento fisiológico de altura. Dicha prueba es una herramienta fundamental, para entrenar a los pilotos mediante equipos en tierra que simulan fielmente las condiciones de un vuelo real, con el propósito de que aprendan a reconocer los síntomas y entrenen la forma de manejarlos cuando estén en vuelo. Ejemplo de este tipo de entrenamiento es el realizado en la cámara de altitud o hipobárica. Objetivos: Analizar los efectos de la hipoxia hipobárica en 236 pilotos de avión. Material y Método: Se tomaron los datos estadísticos de los archivos del departamento de investigación del INMAE de pilotos militares sometidos a la prueba de hipoxia en la cámara hipobárica. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, el criterio de inclusión fue de pilotos militares activos sometidos a prueba de hipoxia en cámara hipobárica a una altura de 27.500 que presentaron al menos un síntoma durante la prueba, la muestra final incluyó a 236 casos. Resultados: Se analizaron los datos de 236 pilotos de avión, todos ellos fueron hombres, las edades oscilaron entre 20 y 55 años, la edad media fue de 32 (31,76) años +/-6.8. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron: calor en general (41.5%), describieron calor en todo el cuerpo y en zonas específicas de las cuales la más frecuente fue la cara (55% del total de calor)le siguieron las manos y las plantas de los pies, parestesias (11.8%), vértigo (9.7%), definida como la dificultad respiratoria con sensación de falta de aires la disnea se presentó en cuarto lugar (8.9%) y también se describieron alteraciones de la visión (7.2%) tales como visión nublada, visión en túnel y visión negra. En cuanto al TUC osciló entre 43 y 226 segundos, el promedio fue de 119 segundos. Conclusiones: Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron Calor sobre todo en la cara, manos y pies, parestesias, vértigo, disnea, alteraciones de la visión, palpitaciones, sudoración, temblor, cianosis, dolor de cabeza, alteraciones cognitivas. El TUC osciló entre 43 y 226 segundos, el promedio fue de 119 segundos. Al comparar el TUC con los grupos de edades establecidos (mayores y menores de 40 años), existe diferencia entre el promedio de los menores de 40 años (121 segundos) y mayores de esa edad (110 segundos) que habla a favor de una relación inversa entre ambas variables, es decir, a mayor edad menor TUC, estadísticamente obtuvimos, con una probabilidad entre 98 y 99 %, que después de los 40 años el tuc disminuye aproximadamente 10%.


Introduction: Hypoxia is defined as a state of oxygen deficiency in the body. The reduction of the oxygen partial pressure as a consequence of the reduction of the atmospheric pressure with the altitude, establishes the hypobaric hypoxia, whose symptoms can be studied during the physiological training of height. This test is a fundamental tool to train pilots using ground equipment that faithfully simulate the conditions of a real flight, so that they learn to recognize the symptoms and train how to handle them when they are in flight. An example of this type of training is that performed in the altitude or hypobaric chamber. Objectives: To analyze the effects of hypobaric hypoxia on 236 aircraft pilots. Material and method: Statistical data were taken from the files of the INMAE research department of military pilots subjected to hypoxia testing in the hypobaric chamber. A retrospective, descriptive study was performed. The inclusion criterion was that of active military pilots who underwent a hypoxia test in a hypobaric chamber at a height of 27,500 who presented at least one symptom during the test. The final sample included 236 cases. Results: We analyzed the data of 236 airplane pilots, all of them men, the ages ranged from 20 to 55 years, the average age was 32 years. The most frequent symptoms were: heat in general, described heat throughout the body and in specific areas of which the most frequent was the face followed by the hands and soles of the feet, paresthesias, vertigo, defined as respiratory difficulty with Sensation of shortness of breath, dyspnea presented in fourth place and also described alterations of vision such as cloudy vision, tunnel vision and black visión Useful time of consciousness (UTC) ranged from 43 to 226 seconds, averaging 119 seconds. Conclusions: The most frequent symptoms were: heat, the most frequent was the face followed by the hands and soles of the feet, paresthesias, vertigo, dyspnea, sweat, palpitations, tremors, cyanosis, headache, cognitive alterations. Useful time of consciousness (UTC) ranged from 43 to 226 seconds, averaging 119 seconds. When comparing UTC with established age groups (older and younger than 40 years), we obtained, with a probability of 98-99%, that after 40 years UTC decreased by approximately 10%.


Subject(s)
Male , Atmosphere Exposure Chambers/adverse effects , Pilots , Hypoxia/complications , Sweating , Visual Perception , Humans , Dyspnea , Hot Temperature
16.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 106(5): 510-513, 2016.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1271097

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Transport of the critically ill patient poses the risk of numerous complications. Hypoxaemia is one such serious adverse event and is associated with potential morbidity and mortality. It is; however; potentially preventable.OBJECTIVE:To determine the incidence of hypoxaemia on arrival in a tertiary multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) and to identify risk factors for this complication.METHOD:A retrospective observational study was conducted at King Edward VIII Hospital; Durban; South Africa; from May 2013 to February 2014.RESULTS:Hypoxaemia occurred in 15.5% of admissions sampled. Statistically significant risk factors for hypoxaemia on univariate analysis (petlt;0.05) included lack of peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) monitoring; transfer by an intern as opposed to other medical/paramedical staff; and transfer from internal medicine. Use of neuromuscular blockers and transfer from theatre were protective. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed lack of SpO2 monitoring to be the only significant independent predictor of hypoxaemia (odds ratio 6.1; 95% confidence interval 1.5 - 24.5; p=0.02).CONCLUSION: Hypoxaemia is common on admission to the ICU and may be prevented by simple interventions such as appropriate transport monitoring


Subject(s)
Critical Illness , Hypoxia/complications , Intensive Care Units
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1115-1121, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762912

ABSTRACT

The levels of serum inflammatory cytokines and the activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in heart tissues in response to different frequencies of intermittent hypoxia (IH) and the antioxidant tempol were evaluated. Wistar rats (64 males, 200-220 g) were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups and 2 control groups. Four groups were exposed to IH 10, 20, 30, or 40 times/h. The other 2 experimental groups were challenged with IH (30 times/h) plus tempol, either beginning on day 0 (IH30T0) or on day 29 (IH30T29). After 6 weeks of challenge, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, and interleukin-10 were measured, and western blot analysis was used to detect NF-κB p65 and HIF-1α in myocardial tissues. Serum levels of TNF-α and ICAM-1 and myocardial expression of NF-κB p65 and HIF-1α were all significantly higher in IH rats than in controls (P<0.001). Increased IH frequency resulted in more significant changes. Administration of tempol in IH rats significantly reduced levels of TNF-α, ICAM-1, NF-κB and HIF-1α compared with the non-tempol-treated group (F=16.936, P<0.001). IH induced an inflammatory response in a frequency-dependent manner. Additionally, HIF-1α and NF-κB were increased following IH administration. Importantly, tempol treatment attenuated this effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hypoxia/complications , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Cyclic N-Oxides/administration & dosage , Inflammation/prevention & control , Hypoxia/blood , Blood Gas Analysis , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/analysis , Inflammation/metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , /blood , Myocardium/metabolism , Myocardium/pathology , NF-kappa B/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Spin Labels , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
18.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 187-196, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60935

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Clinical studies have reported a correlation between pelvic ischemia and voiding dysfunction in elderly men. The aim of this study was to identify and compare prostate structural modifications in cultured cells and in a rabbit model after exposure to hypoxia, oxidative stress, and chronic ischemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cultured human prostate smooth muscle cells (SMCs), epithelial cells (ECs), and stromal cells (SCs) were incubated under normoxia, hypoxia, and oxidative stress conditions by use of a computerized oxycycler system. We developed a rabbit model of chronic prostate ischemia by creating aorto-iliac arterial atherosclerosis. Markers of oxidative stress were examined by using fluorometric analysis and enzyme immunoassay. Prostate structure was examined by using Masson's trichrome staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: Lipid peroxidation was found in SMCs exposed to hypoxia and in all cell types exposed to oxidative stress. We identified protein oxidation in ECs exposed to hypoxia and in all cell types exposed to oxidative stress. Markers indicating oxidative damage were present in chronically ischemic rabbit prostate tissue. These reactions were associated with DNA damage. Prostate ischemia resulted in epithelial atrophy, loss of smooth muscle, and diffuse fibrosis. TEM showed swollen mitochondria with degraded cristae, loss of membrane, loss of Golgi bodies, degenerated nerves, and disrupted cell-to-cell junctions. CONCLUSIONS: Human prostate cells exhibited differential reactions to hypoxia and oxidative stress with widespread DNA damage. Structural modifications in ischemic prostate tissue were similar to those in cells exposed to oxidative stress. Structural changes due to ischemia and oxidative stress may contribute to prostatic noncompliance in aging men.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia/complications , Atherosclerosis/complications , Biomarkers , Cells, Cultured , DNA Damage , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells/ultrastructure , Fibrosis , Humans , Ischemia/complications , Lipid Peroxidation , Male , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/ultrastructure , Nerve Degeneration , Oxidative Stress , Prostate/anatomy & histology , Rabbits , Stromal Cells/ultrastructure , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/complications
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(4): 369-373, abr. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712727

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate alterations to the physiological profile of cortisol in pro-metamorphose phase tadpoles of Lithobates catesbeianus exposed to hypoxia stressor in a capture experiment and in a crowding experiment. The capture study was performed by the treatments: stress due to individual capture with a hand net, stress due to batch capture with a hand net and stress due to capture by emptying. Three simultaneous replicates was done witch 12 animals were sampled (6 normoxia - immediately blood collection) and 6 hypoxia - blood collection after 15 min of air exposition) in two collection times with 5 days by intervals. The crowding study was performed by the treatments 1 tadpole L-1, 5 tadpoles L-1 and 10 tadpoles L-1. Three simultaneous replicates was done witch 8 animals (4 normoxia and 4 hypoxia) were sampled in the zero moment (ZM) - blood collection before the experiment, 6 animals/treatment (3 normoxia and 3 hypoxia) to 4 and 8 days and 18 animals/treatment (9 normoxia and 9 hypoxia) to 12 days. The average values to plasmatic cortisol varying from 1.7 to 5.1ng mL-1 (capture study) and 1.0 to 4.2ng mL-1 (crowding study). It concludes that the biomarker tested (cortisol) showed no alterations front of the stressor used. Alternatively, a larger response pattern to these stimuli may have been expressed in another level of an unmeasured hormone (corticosterone). And the bullfrog has great ability to adapt to different management compared to other aquatic organisms, which demonstrates the plasticity of these animals.


Avaliou-se o cortisol em girinos de rã-touro (Lithobates catesbeianus), no estágio de pró-metamorfose ao mecanismo estressor de hipóxia juntamente com captura (1º experimento) e adensamento (2º experimento). O experimento de captura foi composto pelos tratamentos: Captura individual com puçá, Captura em massa com puçá e Captura por escoamento, com 3 réplicas simultâneas onde 12 organismos foram amostrados (6 normoxia - coleta imediata de sangue e 6 hipoxia - coleta de sangue após 15 min de exposição ao ar) em 2 tempos de coleta com intervalo de 5 dias. O experimento de densidade foi composto pelos tratamentos: 1 girino L-1, 5 girinos L-1 e 10 girinos L-1, com 3 réplicas simultâneas onde 8 animais (4 normoxia e 4 hipoxia) foram amostrados no momento zero (MZ) - coleta de sangue anterior ao experimento, 6 animais/tratamento (3 normoxia e 3 hipoxia) para 4 e 8 dias e 18 animais/tratamento (9 normoxia e 9 hipoxia) para 12 dias. Os valores médios para o cortisol plasmático foram de 1,7 a 5,1ng mL-1 (Experimento de Captura); e 1,0 a 4,2ng mL-1 (Experimento de Densidade). Conclui-se que o marcador biologico de estresse utilizado (cortisol) não foi alterado pelo agente extressor. Alternativamente a resposta a este estímulo pode ser expressa em outro nível hormonal (corticosterona). E a rã-touro apresenta ótima capacidade de se adaptar aos diferentes manejos se comparados a outros organismos aquáticos, o que demonstra a plasticidade destes animais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia/veterinary , Stress, Physiological/physiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Larva/growth & development , Rana catesbeiana/physiology , Hypoxia/complications , Corticosterone , Population Density
20.
Rev. bras. cardiol. (Impr.) ; 27(1): 539-548, jan.-fev. 2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-718883

ABSTRACT

Fundamentos: A hipoxemia é a complicação mais comum no pós-operatório (PO) de cirurgia cardíaca, sendo consequência principalmente da formação de atelectasias, edema intersticial alveolar e acúmulo de secreção pulmonar. Essas alterações aumentam a incidência de infecções pulmonares, tempo de internação na UTI e custos hospitalares. Objetivo: Avaliar as trocas gasosas e alterações hemodinâmicas de pacientes hipoxêmicos submetidos à ventilação não invasiva (VNI) no PO imediato de cirurgia cardiovascular. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado conduzido na UTI cirúrgica de um hospital cardiológico. Foram incluídos pacientes com hipoxemia (300>PaO2/FiO2>150) uma hora após extubação orotraqueal, no PO imediato de cirurgia cardiovascular eletiva e que foram submetidos à cateterização da artéria pulmonar no bloco cirúrgico (BC). O grupo-controle recebeu oxigenoterapia e o grupo-intervenção, VNI e oxigênio durante três horas consecutivas. Na análise estatística foram utilizados os testes t de Student, Mann-Whitney, exato de Fisher, ANOVA e generalized estimating equation (GEE). Resultados: Estudados 42 pacientes. Os pacientes do grupo-intervenção (n=21) apresentaram melhora significativa da relação PaO2/FiO2 (p=0,007). Houve discreta diferença entre os grupos na pressão capilar pulmonar (p=0,012), no índice cardíaco (p=0,006) e na pressão venosa central (p=0,022).


Background: Hypoxemia is the most common complication during the post-operative stage of cardiovascular surgery, due mainly to atelectasis, alveolar interstitial edema and accumulations of pulmonary secretions. These changes may increase the incidence of lung infections with longer ICU stays and consequently higher hospital costs. Objective: To evaluate gas exchanges and hemodynamic alterations in hypoxemic patients under non-invasive ventilation (NIV) during the immediate post-operative period subsequent to cardiovascular surgery. Methods: A randomized clinical trial conducted in the surgical ICU of a cardiology hospital of patients with hypoxemia (300>PaO2/FiO2>150) one hour after orotracheal extubation during the post-operative period immediately after elective cardiovascular surgery who underwent pulmonary artery catheterization in the surgical ward. The control group received oxygen therapy, while the intervention group received NIV plus oxygen for three consecutive hours. For the statistical analysis, we used the Student t, Mann-Whitney, Fisher’s exact tests, as well as ANOVA and generalized estimating equations (GEE). Results: Among the 42 patients studied, the intervention group (n=21) presented significant improvements in the PaO2/FiO2 ratio (p=0.007), with little difference between the groups for pulmonary capillary pressure (p=0.012), cardiac index (p=0.006) and central venous pressure (p=0.022).


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Hypoxia/complications , Thoracic Surgery/classification , Respiratory Insufficiency/therapy , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/nursing , Pulmonary Gas Exchange/physiology , Postoperative Care/nursing , Hemodynamics , Noninvasive Ventilation/methods
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL