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1.
REVISA (Online) ; 13(1): 197-206, 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532075

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:descrever a o impacto da histerectomia e a participação dos profissionais de saúde durante o processo cirúrgico. O problema de pesquisa parte do seguinte questionamento: que impacto tem a histerectomia na vida da mulher em idade reprodutiva? Que participação tem os profissionais de saúde no processo cirúrgico? Método: Estudo de natureza descritiva com abordagem qualitativa conforme os pressupostos de Minayo (2009) com método de pesquisa exploratória. Resultados:Foram entrevistadas 7 mulheres que foram submetidas a histerectomia, com idade acima de 18 anos, que responderam perguntas referentes ao impacto do diagnóstico, conhecimento sobre a cirugia e experiências sobre o acolhimento dos profissionais da saúde no processo cirúrgico. A entrevista foi realizada em ambiente virtual na plataforma Google Forms. Conclusão: As entrevistadas revelaram sentimentos de angústia e medo ao se depararem com o diagnóstico cirúrgico por ausência de conhecimento inicialmente, evidenciando insatisfação e ausência dos profissionais da saúde quanto à cirurgia. O estudo reforça a importância das equipes multidisciplinares em hospitais e/ou locais de cuidados de saúde, uma vez que o foco principal no trabalho com pessoas acometidas por uma enfermidade não é a doença em si, mas elas mesmas.


Objective: to describe the impact of hysterectomy and the involvement of healthcare professionals during the surgical process. The research problem originates from the following questions: What impact does hysterectomy have on the life of a woman of reproductive age?What role do healthcare professionals play in the surgical process? Method:A descriptive study with a qualitative approach according to Minayo's (2009) assumptions using an exploratory research method. Results:Seven women who underwent hysterectomy, aged over 18 years, were interviewed. They answered questions regarding the impact of the diagnosis, knowledge about the surgery, and experiences of healthcare professionals' support during the surgical process. The interviews were conducted in a virtual environment using the Google Forms platform. Conclusion:The interviewees revealed feelings of anguish and fear when faced with the surgical diagnosis due to initial lack of knowledge, showing dissatisfaction and absence of healthcare professionals regarding the surgery. The study reinforces the importance of multidisciplinary teams in hospitals and/or healthcare facilities, as the main focus in working with people affected by an illness is not the disease itself, but the individuals themselves


Objetivo: describir el impacto de la histerectomía y la participación de los profesionales de la salud durante el proceso quirúrgico. El problema de investigación se basa en la siguiente pregunta: ¿qué impacto tiene la histerectomía en la vida de las mujeres en edadreproductiva? ¿Qué papel juegan los profesionales de la salud en el proceso quirúrgico? Método:Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo según los supuestos de Minayo (2009) con un método de investigación exploratorio. Resultados:Se entrevistó a 7 mujeres mayores de 18 años sometidas a histerectomía, quienes respondieron preguntassobre el impacto del diagnóstico, conocimientos sobre cirugía y experiencias sobre la recepción de profesionales de la salud en el proceso quirúrgico. La entrevista se realizó en un entorno virtual en la plataforma Google Forms. Conclusión:Los entrevistados revelaron sentimientos de angustia y miedo frente al diagnóstico quirúrgico debido a la falta de conocimiento inicial, evidenciando insatisfacción y ausencia de profesionales de la salud con respecto a la cirugía. El estudio refuerza la importancia de los equipos multidisciplinarios en los hospitales y/o en los entornos sanitarios, ya que el foco principal en el trabajo con personas afectadas por una enfermedad no es la enfermedad en sí, sino ellos mismos.


Subject(s)
Hysterectomy , Women's Health , Health Personnel
2.
Femina ; 51(3): 182-189, 20230331. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428734

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar o impacto da histerectomia para patologias benignas sobre a sexualidade feminina. Métodos: Revisão de literatura com busca na plataforma PubMed, sendo selecionados 23 artigos em português e inglês publicados entre 2016 e 2021. Resultados: Foi descrita, majoritariamente, melhora na função sexual após histerectomia, semelhante às abordagens totais ou supracervicais e independentemente da via de acesso cirúrgico, apesar de impacto ligeiramente menor com a via laparoscópica. Na laparoscopia, houve melhor desfecho sexual no fechamento da cúpula vaginal, quando comparado ao fechamento via vaginal. Ademais, a ooforectomia concomitante apresentou resultados conflitantes e inconclusivos. Conclusão: A histerectomia afeta positivamente a saúde sexual feminina e aspectos técnicos podem interferir na função sexual, porém os dados são limitados. Devido à importância do tema, necessitam-se de mais estudos com metodologias padronizadas para possibilitar análises mais detalhadas.


Objective: To identify the impact of hysterectomy for benign pathologies on female sexuality. Methods: Literature review with search on PubMed platform, being selected 23 articles in Portuguese and English published between 2016 and 2021. Results: Improvement in sexual function after hysterectomy was mostly described, being similar in total or supracervical approaches and independent of the surgical access route, although it had slightly lower impact when laparoscopic. In the laparoscopic approach, there was better sexual outcome in the vaginal dome closure when compared to vaginal closure. In addition, concomitant oophorectomy showed conflicting and inconclusive results. Conclusion: Hysterectomy positively affects female sexual health and technical aspects may interfere with sexual function, but data are limited. Due to the importance of the theme, more studies with standardized methodologies are needed to enable more detailed analyses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Pelvis/innervation , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Uterus/physiopathology , Women's Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Laparoscopy/methods , Sexuality , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/methods
3.
Rev. Anesth.-Réanim. Med. Urg. Toxicol. ; 15(1): 10-13, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1437318

ABSTRACT

Une analgésie multimodale est incontournable pour la prise en charge de la douleur post opératoire. L'objectif de notre étude était de montrer l'intérêt de l'utilisation de la kétamine, avec son effet analgésique, parmi les différentes molécules disponibles. Méthodes : Il s'agit d'une étude prospective monocentrique en simple aveugle de 31 cas d'hystérectomie programmée sur une période de 6 mois (mai­octobre 2016) divisée en deux groupes soumis au même protocole anesthésique : un groupe recevant de la kétamine en bolus suivi d'une perfusion continue peropératoire et sur les premières 24 heures et un groupe contrôle sans kétamine. En période post opératoire les deux groupes bénéficient d'une analgésie multimodale. L'analyse statistique a été faite par le test de Student. Résultats : Les scores de douleur diffèrent peu en moyenne sur les 24 heures de surveillance, tandis qu'une épargne morphinique importante est notée dans le groupe kétamine de l'ordre de 50% avec une valeur de p<0,001 fortement significative. A côté nous n'avons constaté aucun effet indésirable notable. Conclusion : L'adjonction de kétamine même de brève durée dans la prise en charge de la douleur post opératoire a permis de baisser considérablement la consommation morphinique


Subject(s)
Pain, Postoperative , Hysterectomy , Disease Prevention , Hyperalgesia , Ketamine , Morphine
4.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 418-425, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447610

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Robotic-Assisted Hysterectomies (RAH) require Trendelenburg positioning and pneumoperitoneum, which further accentuate alteration in respiratory mechanics induced by general anesthesia. The role of Recruitment Maneuver (RM) as a lung-protective strategy during intraoperative surgical settings has not been much studied. We planned this study to evaluate the effect of RM on perioperative oxygenation and postoperative spirometry using PaO2/FiO2 and FEV1/FVC, respectively in patients undergoing RAH. Methods Sixty-six ASA I‒II female patients scheduled for elective RAH were randomized into group R (recruitment maneuver, n = 33) or group C (control, n = 33). Portable spirometry was done one day before surgery. Patients were induced with general anesthesia, and mechanical ventilation started with volume control mode, with Tidal Volume (TV) of 6-8 mL.kg−1, Respiratory Rate (RR) of 12 min, inspiratory-expiratory ratio (I: E ratio) of 1:2, FiO2 of 0.4, and Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) of 5 cmH2O. Patients in group R received recruitment maneuvers of 30 cmH2O every 30 minutes following tracheal intubation. The primary objectives were comparison of oxygenation and ventilation between two groups intraoperatively and portable spirometry postoperatively. Postoperative pulmonary complications, like desaturation, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, were monitored. Results Patients who received RM had significantly higher PaO2 (mmHg) (203.2+-24.3 vs. 167.8+-27.3, p < 0.001) at T2 (30 min after the pneumoperitoneum). However, there was no significant difference in portable spirometry between the groups in the postoperative period (FVC, 1.40 ± 0.5 L vs. 1.32 ± 0.46 L, p= 0.55). Conclusion This study concluded that intraoperative recruitment did not prevent deterioration of postoperative spirometry values; however, it led to improved oxygenation intraoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pneumoperitoneum/complications , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Period , Single-Blind Method , Tidal Volume , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Lung
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 309-313, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981943

ABSTRACT

Transmasculine individuals, considering whether to undergo total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy, have the option to have a concomitant oophorectomy. While studies have evaluated hormone changes following testosterone therapy initiation, most of those patients have not undergone oophorectomy. Data are currently limited to support health outcomes regarding the decision to retain or remove the ovaries. We performed a retrospective chart review of transmasculine patients maintained on high-dose testosterone therapy at a single endocrine clinic in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Twelve transmasculine individuals who underwent bilateral oophorectomy and had presurgical and postsurgical serum data were included. We identified 12 transmasculine subjects as controls, who were on testosterone therapy and did not undergo oophorectomy, but additionally matched to the first group by age, testosterone dosing regimen, and body mass index. There was a statistically significant decrease in the estradiol levels of case subjects postoophorectomy, when compared to presurgical estradiol levels (P = 0.02). There was no significant difference between baseline estradiol levels between control and case subjects; however, the difference in estradiol levels at follow-up measurements was significant (P = 0.03). Total testosterone levels did not differ between control and case subjects at baseline and follow-up (both P > 0.05). Our results demonstrate that oophorectomy further attenuates estradiol levels below what is achieved by high-dose exogenous testosterone alone. Correlated clinical outcomes, such as impacts on bone health, were not available. The clinical implications of oophorectomy versus ovarian retention on endocrinological and overall health outcomes are currently limited.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Ovariectomy , Hysterectomy/methods , Estradiol
6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 489-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985668

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the maternal and fetal outcomes of expectant treatment and early termination of pregnancy in pregnant women with suspected invasive placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS) in the second trimester. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 51 pregnant women with suspected invasive PAS (ultrasound score ≥10) evaluated by ultrasound with gestational age <26 weeks and confirmed as invasive PAS by intraoperative findings or postoperative pathology in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to January 2022. According to the informed choice of pregnant women and their families, they were divided into expectant treatment group (37 cases) and mid-term termination group (14 cases). The general clinical data and outcome indexes of the two groups were analyzed by χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U rank sum test, logistic regression and linear regression. Results: (1) General clinical data: among 51 pregnant women who were assessed as suspected invasive PAS by ultrasonography in the second trimester, invasive PAS was finally diagnosed by intraoperative findings and postoperative pathology, among which 46 cases (90%) were placenta percreta and 5 cases (10%) were placenta increta. (2) Outcome indicators: univariate analysis showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the intraoperative blood loss (median: 2 200 vs 2 150 ml), the proportion of blood loss >1 500 ml [73% (27/37) vs 9/14], the hysterectomy rate [62% (23/37) vs 8/14], the rate of intensive care unit (ICU) admission [78% (29/37) vs 9/14] between the expectant treatment group and the mid-term termination group (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the rate of intraoperative blood loss >1 500 ml (aOR=0.481, 95%CI: 0.017-13.958; P=0.670), hysterectomy (aOR=0.264, 95%CI: 0.011-6.569, P=0.417) and ICU admission (aOR=1.327, 95%CI: 0.048-36.882, P=0.867) between the two groups showed no statistical differences. (3) Outcome analysis: all 37 cases in the expectant treatment group had live births and no early neonatal death. Five pregnant women (14%, 5/37) in the expectant treatment group underwent emergency cesarean section in the course of expectant treatment. In the mid-term termination group, all pregnancies were terminated by operation, including 9 cases of hysterectomy and 5 cases of placental hysterectomy. There was 1 fetal survival (gestational age of termination: 27+4 weeks) and 13 fetal death in the mid-term termination group. Conclusions: Pregnant women who are diagnosed as suspected invasive PAS, especially those with placenta percreta, have the risk of uterine rupture and emergency surgery in the course of expectant treatment. However, early termination of pregnancy does not reduce the risk of intraoperative blood loss and hysterectomy.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Infant , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Placenta , Abortion, Induced , Hysterectomy
7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 442-450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985665

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis and perioperative situation of patients with stage Ⅱ endometrial cancer (EC) between radical hysterectomy/modified radical hysterectomy (RH/mRH) and simple hysterectomy (SH). Methods: A total of 47 patients diagnosed EC with stage Ⅱ [International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009] by postoperative pathology, from January 2006 to January 2021 in Peking University People's Hospital, were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were (54.4±10.7) years old, and the median follow-up time was 65 months (ranged 9-138 months). They were divided into RH/mRH group (n=14) and SH group (n=33) according to the scope of operation. Then the prognosis of patients between the groups were compared, and the independent prognostic factors of stage Ⅱ EC were explored. Results: (1) The proportions of patients with hypertension in RH/mRH group and SH group were 2/14 and 45% (15/33), the amounts of intraoperative blood loss were (702±392) and (438±298) ml, and the incidence of postoperative complications were 7/14 and 15% (5/33), respectively. There were significant differences (all P<0.05). (2) The median follow-up time of RH/mRH group and SH group were 72 vs 62 months, respectively (P=0.515). According to Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank method, the results showed that there were no significant difference in 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate (94.3% vs 84.0%; P=0.501), and 5-year overall survival rate (92.3% vs 92.9%; P=0.957) between the two groups. Cox survival analysis indicated that age, pathological type, serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125), and estrogen receptor (ER) status were associated with 5-year PFS rate (all P<0.05). But the scope of hysterectomy (RH/mRH and SH) did not affect the 5-year PFS rate of stage Ⅱ EC patients (P=0.508). And level of serum CA125 and ER status were independent prognostic factors for 5-year PFS rate (all P<0.05). Conclusions: This study could not find any survival benefit from RH/mRH for stage Ⅱ EC, but increases the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, the necessity of extending the scope of hysterectomy is questionable.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Hysterectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology
8.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(6): 396-403, dic. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423750

ABSTRACT

La histerectomía es uno de los principales procedimientos quirúrgicos en ginecología. Se calcula que en EE.UU. se realizan unas 500,000 anualmente y que una de cada nueve mujeres a lo largo de su vida se realizará dicha intervención. Los distintos abordajes (abdominal, vaginal, laparoscópico y robótico) presentan diferencias respecto al tiempo quirúrgico, complicaciones, dolor postoperatorio, estancia hospitalaria y gasto sanitario. Factores como el tamaño uterino, la accesibilidad vaginal, la historia de cirugías pélvicas previas, la existencia de patología extrauterina o la experiencia del cirujano influyen a la hora de decidir la vía de abordaje. Revisar la evidencia disponible respecto a la vía de elección de la histerectomía por patología benigna y cómo decidir el abordaje más adecuado para cada paciente. Búsqueda bibliográfica de literatura en las bases de datos PubMed, Medline, Embase, BioMed Central y SciELO. La vía vaginal es el abordaje de elección para realizar una histerectomía dada su menor invasividad, menor tiempo de recuperación y menor tasa de complicaciones. La generalización del uso de algoritmos para la elección de la vía de abordaje incrementaría la tasa de acceso vaginal y asociaría con ello una disminución del gasto sanitario.


Hysterectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in gynecology. It is calculated that over 500,000 hysterectomies are performed in the USA per year and that 1 out of 9 women will undergo this surgery in their lifetime. Diverse surgical approaches are possible (abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic and robotic) with differences in operative time, complication rates, postoperative pain, hospital stay, and health care cost. Factors such as uterus size, vaginal access, prior pelvic surgery, extrauterine pathology and surgeon experience may influence the route selection. To collect the current evidence regarding the preferred route in hysterectomy for benign pathology and how to select the adequate approach for every patient. Bibliographic literature search through the PubMed, Medline, Embase, BioMed Central and SciELO databases. Vaginal hysterectomy is the preferred approach in benign indications. It is less invasive, and it shows shorter operative time, shorter recovery time and less complications. The use of decision algorithms to select the hysterectomy route may increase the vaginal approach and decrease health care costs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hysterectomy/methods , Algorithms , Laparoscopy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Hysterectomy, Vaginal
9.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 720-728, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420615

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Hydroxyethyl starches are colloids used in fluid therapy that may reduce volume infusion compared with crystalloids, but they can affect renal function in critical care patients. This study aims to assess renal effects of starches using renal biomarkers in the perioperative setting. Methods This prospective, controlled, randomized study compared Hydroxyethyl starch 6% (HES) with Ringer's lactate (RL) in hysterectomy. Each episode of mean arterial pressure (MAP) below 60 mmHg guided the fluid replacement protocol. The RL group received 300 mL bolus of RL solution while the HES group received 150 mL of HES solution. All patients received RL (2 mL.kg−1.h−1) intraoperatively to replace insensible losses. Blood and urine samples were collected at three time points (preoperatively, 24 hours, and 40 days postoperatively) to assess urinary NGAL and KIM-1, as primary outcome, and other markers of renal function. Results Seventy patients were randomized and 60 completed the study. The RL group received a higher crystalloid volume (1,277 ± 812.7 mL vs. 630.4 ± 310.2 mL; p= 0.0002) with a higher fluid balance (780 ± 720 mL vs. 430 ± 440 mL; p= 0.03) and fluid overload (11.7% ± 10.4% vs. 7.0% ± 6.3%; p= 0.04) compared to the HES group. NGAL and KIM-1 did not differ between groups at each time point, however both biomarkers increased 24 hours postoperatively and returned to preoperative levels after 40 days in both groups. Conclusion HES did not increase renal biomarkers following open hysterectomy compared to RL. Moreover, HES provided better hemodynamic parameters using less volume, and reduced postoperative fluid balance and fluid overload.


Subject(s)
Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives , Fluid Therapy/methods , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Plasma Substitutes , Colloids , Lipocalin-2 , Crystalloid Solutions , Ringer's Lactate , Hysterectomy , Isotonic Solutions , Kidney/physiology
10.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(5): 593-598, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420595

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Acute postoperative pain is associated with poor quality of recovery after surgery. Perioperative use of intravenous lignocaine or dexmedetomidine have demonstrated better pain control, early return of bowel function, and effects on quality of recovery. Methods: Ninety-six women planned for elective robotic abdominal hysterectomy were randomized into four groups. Groups received lignocaine infusion (1.5 mg.kg−1 loading, 2 mg.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group I), dexmedetomidine infusion (1 µg.kg−1 loading, 0.6 µg.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 2), lidocaine (1.5 mg.kg−1 loading, 2 mg.kg−1.h−1 infusion), and dexmedetomidine infusions (1 µg.kg−1 loading, 0.5 µg.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 3), and normal saline 10 mL loading, 1 mL.kg−1.h−1 infusion) (Group 4). Primary outcome was visual analogue pain scores at 1, 2, 4, 12, and 24 hours after surgery. Secondary outcomes included postoperative fentanyl requirement, time of return of bowel sounds and flatus, QoR15 score on day 1, 2, and discharge. Results The VAS was significantly lower in Groups 2 and 3 compared to Groups 1 and 4. Total postoperative fentanyl consumption in the first 24 hours was 256.25 ± 16.36 mcg (Group 1), 177.71 ± 16.81 mcg (Group 2), 114.17 ± 16.19 mcg (Group 3), and 304.42 ± 31.26 mcg (Group 4), respectively. Time to return of bowel sounds and passage of flatus was significantly shorter in Groups 2 and 3 (p < 0.01). QoR15 scores after surgery were higher in Group 3 compared to Groups 1, 2, and 4, (p < 0.01) respectively. Conclusion: Combined infusion of lignocaine and dexmedetomidine significantly decreased postoperative pain, fentanyl consumption, and improved quality of recovery score after surgery in patients undergoing Robotic abdominal hysterectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Infusions, Intravenous , Fentanyl , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Flatulence , Hysterectomy , Lidocaine/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(8): 790-796, Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407572

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This systematic review aims at describing the prevalence of urinary and sexual symptoms among women who underwent a hysterectomy for cervical cancer. Methods A systematic search in six electronic databases was performed, in September 2019, by two researchers. The text search was limited to the investigation of prevalence or occurrence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and sexual dysfunctions in women who underwent a hysterectomy for cervical cancer. For search strategies, specific combinations of terms were used. Results A total of 8 studies, published between 2010 and 2018, were included in the sample. The average age of the participants ranged from 40 to 56 years, and the dysfunctions predominantly investigated in the articles were urinary symptoms (n= 8). The rates of urinary incontinence due to radical abdominal hysterectomy ranged from 7 to 31%. The same dysfunction related to laparoscopic radical hysterectomy varied from 25 to 35% and to laparoscopic nerve sparing radical hysterectomy varied from 25 to 47%. Nocturia ranged from 13%, before treatment, to 30%, after radical hysterectomy. The prevalence rates of dyspareunia related to laparoscopic radical hysterectomy and laparoscopic nerve sparing radical hysterectomy ranged from 5 to 16% and 7 to 19% respectively. The difficulty in having orgasm was related to laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (10 to 14%) and laparoscopic nerve sparing radical hysterectomy (9 to 19%). Conclusion Urinary and sexual dysfunctions after radical hysterectomy to treat cervical cancer are frequent events. The main reported disorders were urinary incontinence and dyspareunia.


Resumo Objetivo Essa revisão sistemática visa descrever a prevalência de sintomas urinários e sexuais entre mulheres submetidas à histerectomia por câncer cervical. Métodos Uma pesquisa sistemática foi realizada em seis bases de dados eletrônicas, em setembro de 2019, por dois pesquisadores. A busca foi limitada à investigação da prevalência e ocorrência de sintomas do trato urinário baixo e disfunções sexuais em mulheres após histerectomia por câncer cervical. Como estratégia de busca foi utilizada uma combinação específica de termos apenas em inglês. Resultados Um total de 8 estudos, publicados entre 2010 e 2018, foram incluídos na amostra. A idade média dos participantes foi de 40 a 56 anos, e as principais disfunções investigadas pelos artigos foram sintomas urinários (n= 8). Na literatura analisada, as taxas de incontinência urinária ligadas à histerectomia abdominal radical variaram de 7 a 31%. A mesma disfunção, para histerectomia radical laparoscópica, variou de 25 a 35%, e de 25 a 47% para histerectomia radical laparoscópica poupadora de nervo. A taxa de noctúria variou de 13%, antes do tratamento, a 30%, após histerectomia radical. A prevalência de dispareunia associada à histerectomia radical laparoscópica foi de 5 a 16%. Já a taxa de dispareunia relatada pós-histerectomia radical laparoscópica poupadora situou-se entre 7 e 19%. A dificuldade de alcançar o orgasmo foi relatada após histerectomia radical laparoscópica, variando de 10 a 14%, e também na histerectomia radical laparoscópica poupadora de nervo, variando de 9 a 19%. Conclusão Disfunções urinárias e sexuais após histerectomia para tratamento do câncer cervical são eventos frequentes. As principais desordens relatadas foram incontinência urinária e dispareunia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms , Hysterectomy
12.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(1): 81-86, feb. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388714

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Aproximadamente un 4% de mujeres embarazadas presentan tumoraciones anexiales en el primer trimestre de gestación, siendo la mayoría quistes anexiales simples. Solo el 1,5% persisten tras el primer trimestre y en torno al 0,9% son malignos. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 31 años que consultó en urgencias por sangrado y amenorrea de 5 semanas. La ecografía transvaginal evidenció un saco gestacional intraútero y una tumoración anexial izquierda compleja de 68 mm, multilocular, sólida, de ecogenicidad mixta, con septos gruesos y un área sólida vascularizada de 40 mm, sospechosa de neoplasia de ovario. Se realizó manejo quirúrgico conservador mediante anexectomía bilateral laparoscópica en la octava semana de gestación. El diagnóstico fue de adenocarcinoma mucinoso infiltrante bien diferenciado en ovario derecho, coexistente con tumor mucinoso borderline en ovario izquierdo (etapa IC FIGO). El embarazo cursó con normalidad, a excepción de feto pequeño para la edad gestacional en la semana 39. Se finalizó la gestación en la semana 40 mediante parto vaginal. Debido al deseo de la paciente, la cirugía se realizó en el primer trimestre de embarazo en lugar de en el segundo como se recomienda. La cirugía se completó meses después del parto, con histerectomía y apendicectomía laparoscópica. DISCUSIÓN: El cáncer de ovario es el segundo tumor ginecológico más diagnosticado durante el embarazo. Suele diagnosticarse en el primer trimestre debido al cribado ecográfico gestacional. Ocurre en mujeres con baja paridad y en sus últimos años de edad reproductiva. Esto podría verse reflejado en un aumento de su incidencia debido al retraso de la edad materna al primer embarazo. Normalmente se diagnostica en etapa I, siendo entonces la supervivencia superior al 90% a los 5 años. En etapas iniciales en mujeres embarazadas, la laparoscopia es tan válida como la laparotomía.


INTRODUCTION: Approximately 4% of pregnant women present adnexal tumors in the first trimester of gestation, the majority being simple adnexal cysts. Only 1.5% persist after the first trimester and around 0.9% are malignant. CASE REPORT: 31-year-old patient who came to the emergency room because of spotting and 5-week amenorrhea. A transvaginal ultrasound revealed an intrauterine gestational sac and a 69 mm complex multiocular-solid left adnexal tumor, with thick septa and a solid vascularized area of 40 mm, with suspicion of ovarian neoplasia. Conservative surgical management was performed through laparoscopic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy in eighth week of gestation. The diagnosis was a well-differentiated infiltrating mucinous adenocarcinoma in the right ovary, and a coexisting borderline mucinous tumor in the left ovary (FIGO stage IC). The pregnancy proceeded normally except for a small for gestational age fetus at week 39 and pregnancy was completed at week 40 by vaginal delivery. Due to the patients wishes, the surgery was performed in the 1st trimester of pregnancy instead in the 2nd as is recommended. Final surgery was completed after giving birth, with laparoscopic hysterectomy and appendectomy. DISCUSSION: Ovarian cancer is the second most diagnosed gynecological tumor during pregnancy. It is usually diagnosed during the first trimester with gestational ultrasound screening. It occurs in women with low parity and in their later years of reproductive age. This could be reflected in an increase in its incidence due to the delay in the age of first pregnancy. Normally it is diagnosed in stage I, when the survival rate is superior to 90% after 5 years. In early stages, laparoscopic surgery in pregnant women is as valid as laparotomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/surgery , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Laparoscopy , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Hysterectomy/methods , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
13.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 55-66, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365664

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To summarize the available evidence of TAP Block in efficacy in laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy. Data Sources We searched databases and gray literature for randomized controlled trials in which transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block was compared with placebo or with no treatment in patients who underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted hysterectomy. Method of Study Selection Two researchers independently evaluated the eligibility of the selected articles. Tabulation, Integration, and Results Seven studies were selected, involving 518 patients. Early postoperative pain showed a difference in the mean mean difference (MD): - 1.17 (95% confidence interval [CI]: - 1.87-0.46) in pain scale scores (I2=68%), which was statistically significant in favor of using TAP block, but without clinical relevance; late postoperative pain: DM 0.001 (95%CI: - 0.43-0.44; I2=69%); opioid requirement: DM 0.36 (95%CI: - 0.94-1.68; I2=80%); and incidence of nausea and vomiting with a difference of 95%CI=- 0.11 (- 0.215-0.006) in favor of TAP. Conclusion With moderate strength of evidence, due to the high heterogeneity and imbalance in baseline characteristics among studies, the results indicate that TAP block should not be considered as a clinically relevant analgesic technique to improve postoperative pain in laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy, despite statistical significance in early postoperative pain scale scores. Clinical Trial Number and Registry: PROSPERO ID - CRD42018103573.


Resumo Objetivo Resumir as evidências disponíveis sobre a eficácia do bloqueio TAP em histerectomia laparoscópica ou robótica. Fontes de Dados Pesquisamos bancos de dados e literatura cinza por ensaios clínicos randomizados nos quais o bloqueio do plano transverso do abdome (TAP na sigla em inglês) foi comparado com placebo ou com nenhum tratamento em pacientes que foram submetidos a histerectomia laparoscópica ou assistida por robô. Métodos de Seleção de Estudos Dois pesquisadores avaliaram independentemente a elegibilidade dos artigos selecionados. Tabulação, Integração e Resultados Sete estudos foram selecionados envolvendo 518 pacientes. A dor pós-operatória precoce apresentou diferença nasmédias (DM) de: -1 17 (intervalo de confiança [IC] de 95%: - 1 87-0 46) nos escores da escala de dor (I2=68%) o que foi estatisticamente significativo a favor do uso do bloqueio TAP mas sem relevância clínica; dor pós-operatória tardia: DM 0001 (IC95%: - 043-044; I2=69%); necessidade de opioides: DM0 36 (95%CI: - 0 94-168; I2=80%); e incidência de náuseas e vômitos com diferença de 95% CI=- 011 (- 0215-0006) a favor do TAP. Conclusão Com moderada força de evidência devido à alta heterogeneidade e ao desequilíbrio nas características basais entre os estudos os resultados indicam que o bloqueio do TAP não deve ser considerado como uma técnica analgésica clinicamente relevante para melhorar a dor pós-operatória em histerectomia laparoscópica ou robótica apesar da significância estatística nas pontuações da escala de dor pósoperatória inicial. Número e Registro do Ensaio Clínico: PROSPERO ID - CRD42018103573.


Subject(s)
Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Laparoscopy/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Robotics , Abdominal Muscles , Hysterectomy/methods
14.
Femina ; 50(4): 254-256, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380703

ABSTRACT

Acretismo é um termo genérico que significa uma invasão trofoblástica anormal da placenta em parte ou, mais raramente, na totalidade do miométrio, podendo inclusive chegar à serosa. Esse evento ocorre mais comumente em uma região de cicatriz uterina prévia, onde há um defeito na decidualização. A principal consequência disso é a necessidade frequente de histerectomia puerperal, acarretando grande morbidade materna. Este artigo apresenta o caso de uma gestante com placenta percreta, com acometimento vesical e de colo uterino que necessitou de histerectomia total. Além disso, no pós-operatório, apresentou fístula vesicoabdominal. O objetivo deste artigo é demonstrar as complicações do acretismo placentário e as maneiras de tentar reduzi-lo. O aumento nas proporções de nascimentos via parto cesariana, sem que haja evidências claras de que isso interfira na queda da mortalidade e/ou morbidade materna e neonatal, sugere que estejam sendo indicadas muito mais cesarianas que o necessário. Para redução nas taxas de cesariana e, consequentemente, das complicações dela, como nos casos de acretismo, é necessário repensar a cultura do cuidado da prática clínica em obstetrícia.(AU)


Accretism is a generic term that means an abnormal trophoblastic invasion of the placenta in part or, more rarely, in the entire myometrium, which may even reach the serosa. This event most commonly occurs in a region of previous uterine scar, where there is a decidualization defect. The main consequence of this is the frequent need for puerperal hysterectomy, causing great maternal morbidity. This article presents the case of a pregnant woman with placenta percreta, with bladder and uterine cervix involvement, who required hysterectomy. In addition, postoperatively, presented a vesico-abdominal fistula. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the complications of placental accretism and ways to try it. The increase in the proportion of births via cesarean delivery, without clear evidences that this interferes with the decrease in maternal and neonatal mortality and/or morbidity, suggests that much more cesarean sections are being indicated than necessary. To reduce cesarean rates and consequently, its complications, as in cases of accretism, it is necessary to rethink the culture of care in clinical practice in obstetrics.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta Accreta/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications , Placenta Previa/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Hysterectomy
15.
Femina ; 50(1): 35-50, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358220

ABSTRACT

As neoplasias intraepiteliais cervicais correspondem a alterações identificadas por rastreamento citológico cervical e estudo histológico, pós-biópsia incisional guiada por colposcopia ou procedimento diagnóstico excisional. Podem ser tratadas com abordagens conservadoras e procedimentos excisionais. A vacinação anti-HPV e o tratamento excisional oportuno constituem, respectivamente, prevenção primária e secundária contra o câncer do colo uterino.(AU)


Cervical intraephitelial neoplasms correspond to changes identified by cervical citological screening and histological study, post-incisional biopsy guided by colposcopy or excisional diagnostic procedure. They can be treated with conservative approaches and excision procedures. Anti-HPV vaccination and timely excional treatment are primary and secondary prevention against cervical cancer, respectively.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cervix Uteri/cytology , /surgery , /diagnosis , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/surgery , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/diagnosis , Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions/diagnostic imaging , /diagnostic imaging , Colposcopy , Conization/instrumentation , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation , Hysterectomy
16.
Femina ; 50(1): 61-64, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358222

ABSTRACT

O infarto agudo do miocárdio no período gravídico-puerperal é uma condição rara em que a principal causa é a dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária. É um evento comumente subdiagnosticado, com pouca literatura disponível e elevado índice de morbimortalidade. Esse relato descreve o caso de uma gestante de 36 semanas de gravidez gemelar, monocoriônica-diamniótica, com infarto agudo do miocárdio secundário à dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária. As equipes de cirurgia cardíaca e obstetrícia optaram pela realização de parto cesariano e histerectomia subtotal, seguido da revascularização da artéria mamária descendente anterior. Discutem-se as orientações adotadas na dissecção espontânea da artéria coronária, bem como a abordagem terapêutica e a conduta obstétrica, quando essa condição ocorre durante a gravidez.(AU)


Acute myocardial infarction in the pregnancy-puerperal period is a rare condition the main cause of which is the spontaneous coronary artery dissection. A commonly underdiagnosed event with little available literature and a high rate of morbidity and mortality. This case reports a 36-week pregnant woman of mono-chorionic-diamniotic pregnancy who had a myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous coronary artery dissection. In a joint discussion between the team of cardiac surgery and obstetrics, it was decided to perform a cesarean delivery and subtotal hysterectomy followed by revascularization of the mammary anterior descendant. It discusses the conducts to be adopted in a case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection as well as therapeutic approaches and obstetric conducts to be taken in a case of dissection during pregnancy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/surgery , Coronary Vessels/pathology , Dissection/adverse effects , Acute Coronary Syndrome/pathology , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Cesarean Section , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pregnancy, Twin , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Hysterectomy , Myocardial Infarction/etiology
17.
Femina ; 50(7): 444-448, 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397873

ABSTRACT

Mundialmente, o câncer de colo uterino ocupa o quarto lugar das neoplasias em mulheres, porém, nos países em desenvolvimento, as taxas de incidência superam de forma impactante os casos de países desenvolvidos. Apesar de ser um evento incomum durante a gestação, é cada vez mais observado, o que talvez possa ser atribuído às gestações programadas em idades mais avançadas. O caso descrito refere-se a uma paciente de 32 anos de idade, diagnosticada no terceiro trimestre da gestação com adenocarcinoma de origem endocervical com estadiamento anatomopatológico final (FIGO 2018) 1B2. Ela foi submetida à abordagem cirúrgica como tratamento inicial. Foi adotada como conduta a resolução da gestação, com boa vitalidade fetal, ao final da 34ª semana, após corticoterapia para maturação pulmonar fetal. Foi realizado parto cesariano seguido de histerectomia radical tipo C1 na classificação de Querleu e Morrow associado a linfadenectomia pélvica, no mesmo ato operatório.(AU)


Worldwide, cervical cancer ranks fourth in female cancers, but when assessing data from developing countries, incidence rates are significantly higher than in developed countries. Although it is an uncommon event during pregnancy, it is increasingly observed, which may perhaps be justified due to pregnancies postponed at older ages. The case described relates to a 32-year-old woman diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy with endocervical adenocarcinoma, whose final anatomopathological staging (FIGO 2018) was IB2. The same was submitted to the surgical approach as an initial treatment. It was adopted as a conduct, the resolution of pregnancy, with good fetal viability, at the end of the 34th week, after corticosteroid therapy for fetal lung maturation. The patient underwent cesarean section followed by radical type C1 hysterectomy in the classification of Querleu and Morrow associated with pelvic lymphadenectomy in the same surgery.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/surgery , /surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Brazil , Cesarean Section , Health Status Indicators , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Colposcopy , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Fetal Viability , Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests , Hysterectomy/methods
18.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 305-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936317

ABSTRACT

We report a case of giant hysteromyoma and complex pelvic adhesion treated by robotic assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy. The patient was diagnosed with uterine fibroids after physical examination in 1998 but did not receive any treatment, and regular examinations reported progressive growth of the fibroids. Ultrasound suggested multiple uterine fibroids, and pelvic MRI indicated large uterine fibroids with bleeding. Robot-assisted laparoscopic total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingectomy were performed after relevant examinations, and the operation was completed smoothly. The patient was discharged 4 days after surgery with good appearance of the abdominal wall and good recovery during the follow-up. With its unique advantages, robot-assisted laparoscopy provides a minimally invasive surgical approach for giant hysterectomy with complex pelvic adhesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Laparoscopy , Leiomyoma/surgery , Robotics , Uterus
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 441-446, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927526

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Massive bleeding is the main concern for the management of placenta percreta (PP). Intra-abdominal aortic balloon occlusion (IABO) is one method for pelvic devascularization, but the efficacy of IABO is uncertain. This study aims to investigate the outcomes of IABO in PP patients.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of PP cases from six tertiary centers in China between January 2011 and December 2015. PP cases with/without the use of IABO were analyzed. Propensity score matching analysis was performed to reduce the effect of selection bias. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and the rate of hysterectomy, as well as neonatal outcomes, were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#One hundred and thirty-two matched pairs of patients were included in the final analysis. Compared with the control group, maternal outcomes, including PPH (68.9% vs. 87.9%, χ2 = 13.984, P < 0.001), hysterectomy (8.3% vs. 65.2%, χ2 = 91.672, P < 0.001), and repeated surgery (1.5% vs. 12.1%, χ2 = 11.686, P = 0.001) were significantly reduced in the IABO group. For neonatal outcomes, Apgar scores at 1 minute (8.67 ± 1.79 vs. 8.53 ± 1.68, t = -0.638, P = 0.947) and 5 minutes (9.43 ± 1.55 vs. 9.53 ± 1.26, t = 0.566, P = 0.293) were not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IABO can significantly reduce blood loss, hysterectomies, and repeated surgeries. This procedure has not shown harmful effects on neonatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Aorta , Balloon Occlusion/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical , Hysterectomy , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Placenta Previa/surgery , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies
20.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 106-114, 20211217. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357582

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo de este artículo fue dar a conocer el protocolo institucional del manejo de la placenta percreta como un procedimiento varias horas después de la cesárea, con embolización de arterias placentarias de forma selectivas, previo a la práctica de la histerectomía, y presentar los resultados. Métodos. Estudio de serie de casos, donde se evaluaron las pacientes con placenta percreta, manejadas durante un año en un hospital de cuarto nivel de complejidad en la ciudad de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia. Se efectuó cesárea fúndica y se dejó la placenta in situ, 48 a 72 horas después se realizó embolización ultra selectiva y luego de 2 a 3 días se procedió a practicar la histerectomía vía abdominal. Resultados. Se evaluaron 5 pacientes, con paridad de 3,8 embarazos promedio, con diagnóstico de placenta percreta. El tiempo promedio de espera entre la embolización y la histerectomía fue de 1,6 días. No se presentaron complicaciones asociadas a la embolización, ni morbimortalidad materno fetal. Los volúmenes de sangrado en promedio durante la histerectomía de cada paciente fueron de 1160 ml. Conclusión. Existen datos limitados sobre el tratamiento óptimo del acretismo placentario. La sospecha diagnóstica permite planificar de forma favorable el manejo intraparto y, es por ello, que el surgimiento de nuevas técnicas, como la embolización de arterias placentarias, constituyen alternativas para un manejo más seguro de las pacientes.


Introduction. The objective of this article was to present the institutional protocol for the management of percrete placenta as a procedure several hours after cesarean section, with selective embolization of placental arteries, prior to the practice of hysterectomy, and to present the results. Methods. Case series study, where patients with percrete placenta were evaluated, managed for 1 year in a hospital of fourth level of complexity in the city of Bogotá, Colombia. A fundic cesarean section was performed and the placenta was left in situ, 48 to 72 hours later an ultra-selective embolization was performed, followed by an abdominal hysterectomy after 2 to 3 days.Results. Five patients with a diagnosis of placenta percreta were evaluated; mean wait time between embolization and hysterectomy was 1.6 days. There were no complications associated with embolization, or maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Average bleeding volumes during hysterectomy for each patient were 1160 ml. Conclusion. There are limited data on the optimal treatment of percrete placenta. Diagnostic suspicion allows for a favorable planning of intrapartum management and, for this reason, the emergence of new techniques, such as placental artery embolization, constitute alternatives for a safer management of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Placenta Accreta , Placenta, Retained , Placenta Previa , Cesarean Section , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hysterectomy
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