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1.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2403, jul-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1348228

ABSTRACT

O procedimento cirúrgico eletivo realizado com maior frequência na rotina veterinária é a ovário-histerectomia (OVH), com isso há uma alta casuística de complicações pós-operatórias. Entre elas, pode-se citar piometra de coto, ligadura acidental de ureter, síndrome do ovário remanescente, formação de granulomas inflamatórios e aderências a órgãos. Os granulomas de coto ovariano são formados, geralmente por um fio de sutura utilizado inadequadamente, ou a um sítio de infecção. Tais granulomas podem levar à aderências, inclusive a órgãos próximos ao sítio cirúrgico. O presente relato refere-se a uma cadela, que apresentou granulomas ovarianos com aderências no pâncreas e em diversos órgãos após a ovário-histerectomia. Para a solução do caso, foi realizado uma celiotomia exploratória para avaliação da cavidade abdominal, retirada das aderências das estruturas e das formações granulomatosas, sendo necessária a realização de uma pancreatectomia parcial para a retirada completa do granuloma. Após a cirurgia, o paciente desenvolveu quadro de pancreatite, uma complicação muito comum em cirurgias pancreáticas. Ainda assim, o resultado foi considerado satisfatório, pois a pancreatite foi solucionada e os granulomas removidos, e até a última revisão pós-operatória, o paciente encontrava-se bem clinicamente. A OVH é uma das cirurgias mais realizadas na rotina médico veterinária, ainda assim é negligenciada em diversos quesitos. Portanto, há a necessidade dessa técnica cirúrgica e suas possíveis complicações serem realizadas de maneira correta e efetiva.(AU)


The most frequently elective surgical procedure performed in the veterinary routine is the ovary hysterectomy (OVH). As such, there is a high number of post-operative complications, which include stump pyometra, accidental ligation of the ureter, remnant ovary syndrome, formation of inflammatory granulomas, and organ adhesions. Ovarian stump granulomas are usually formed by suture which has been improperly used, or to infection. Such granulomas can lead to adhesions, also affecting organs close to the surgical site. This report refers to a female dog that presented ovarian granulomas with adhesions to the pancreas and to several organs after ovary-hysterectomy. In order to solve the case, an exploratory celiotomy was performed to assess the abdominal cavity, removing the adhesions of the structures and granulomatous formations, which required the performance of a partial pancreatectomy for the thorough removal of the granuloma. After surgery, the patient developed pancreatitis, a very common complication in pancreatic surgery. Even so, the result was considered satisfactory, as the pancreatitis was resolved and the granulomas removed and until the last post-operative review, the patient was clinically well. OVH is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the veterinary medical routine, yet it is neglected in several aspects. Therefore, there is a need for the surgical technique and its possible complications to be performed correctly and effectively.(AU)


El procedimiento quirúrgico electivo que se realiza con mayor frecuencia en la rutina veterinaria es la ovario-histerectomía (OVH), con que existe un elevado número de complicaciones postoperatorias. Estos incluyen piometra del muñón, ligadura accidental del uréter, síndrome de ovario remanente, formación de granulomas inflamatorios y adherencias a órganos. Los granulomas del muñón ovárico se forman por lo general por una sutura mal utilizada o en un sitio de infección. Dichos granulomas pueden provocar adherencias, incluso a órganos cercanos al sitio quirúrgico. El presente informe se refiere a una perra, quien presentó granulomas ováricos con adherencias en el páncreas y en varios órganos tras ovario histerectomía. Para la solución del caso se realizó una celiotomía exploratoria para acceder la cavidad abdominal, removiendo las adherencias de las estructuras y formaciones granulomatosas, requiriendo la realización de una pancreatectomía parcial para la extirpación completa del granuloma. Después de la cirugía, la paciente desarrolló pancreatitis, una complicación muy común en la cirugía pancreática. Aun así, el resultado se consideró satisfactorio, ya que se resolvió la pancreatitis y se retiraron los granulomas, y hasta la última revisión postoperatoria la paciente se encontraba clínicamente bien. La OVH es una de las cirugías que se realizan con mayor frecuencia en la rutina médica veterinaria, pero se descuida en varios aspectos. Por tanto, existe la necesidad de que esta técnica quirúrgica y sus posibles complicaciones se realicen de forma correcta y eficaz.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Ovary , Pancreatectomy , Postoperative Complications , Elective Surgical Procedures , Dogs/surgery , Granuloma , Hysterectomy
2.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e734, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289352

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El perioperatorio en la cirugía electiva evoluciona para reducir el estrés inmunológico y metabólico causado por el trauma quirúrgico y lograr una recuperación temprana. Las enfermedades ginecológicas constituyen un problema de salud mundial, en la que la rehabilitación y reincorporación precoz a la cotidianeidad es fundamental en la disminución de la morbilidad. No existen guías y manuales en Cuba que brinden pautas metodológicas para la implementación de estos protocolos. Objetivo: Determinar la efectividad de la implementación de los protocolos de recuperación acelerada en pacientes sometidas a histerectomía abdominal. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de casos-control, en pacientes sometidas a histerectomía abdominal en el Hospital General Docente Julio M. Aristegui Villamil en el año 2017. Se utilizaron las variables: grupos etáreos, tiempo de apertura de la vía oral, tiempo de inicio de la deambulación, tiempo de aparición del dolor, variación de la glicemia, presencia de náuseas, vómitos y complicaciones, estadía hospitalaria. Resultados: Predominó la edad entre 41 y 60 años en ambos grupos. En el grupo casos prevaleció la apertura de la vía oral en las primeras 4 h y la deambulación precoz según el esquema en las primeras 3 h. Se reportó mayor incidencia de dolor en el grupo control al igual que la variación de la glicemia, también reportándose náuseas, vómitos y complicaciones como fiebre e íleo paralítico. Se logró una estadía hospitalaria promedio de 24 h en el grupo de casos mientras que en el tradicional fue superior. Conclusiones: El protocolo de trabajo diseñado contribuyó a la recuperación precoz(AU)


Introduction: The perioperative period in elective surgery evolves up to reducing immune and metabolic stress caused by surgical trauma and achieving early recovery. Gynecological diseases are a global health concern in which rehabilitation and early return to daily life is essential in reducing morbidity. There are no guides and manuals in Cuba that provide methodological guidelines for the implementation of these protocols. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of implementing accelerated recovery protocols in patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy. Methods: An analytical and observational case-control study was carried out in patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy at Julio M. Aristegui Villamil General Teaching Hospital in 2017. The following variables were used: age groups, oral intake time, ambulation onset time, pain onset time, glycemic variation, presence of nausea, vomiting and complications, hospital stay. Results: Age between 41 and 60 years predominated in both groups. In the case group, there was a prevalence of oral intake time at four hours and of early ambulation, according to the scheme, within the first three hours. A higher incidence of pain was reported in the control group, together with glycemic variability, apart from reports of nausea, vomiting and complications such as fever and paralytic ileus. An average hospital stay of 24 hours was achieved in the case group, while it was longer in the traditional group. Conclusions: The designed work protocol contributed to early recovery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hysterectomy
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 327-334, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1248930

ABSTRACT

Ovariohysterectomy (OHE) is the most performed elective surgery in veterinary medicine. Although this procedure brings benefits both to the animal and public health, acquired urinary incontinence is a possible complication resultant from it. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence and evaluate size, breed, and time of surgery as risk factors in a population of spayed female dogs in the Hospital de Clínicas Veterinárias da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, in the year of 2013, through the use of a multiple-choice screening instrument. Identified estimated prevalence was 11.27% and main risk factors were as follows: large size (OR = 7.12 IC95% = 1.42 - 35.67), Rottweiler breed (OR = 8.92; IC95% = 5.25 - 15.15), Pit-bull breed (OR = 4.14; IC95% = 2.19 - 7.83), and Labrador breed (OR = 2.73; IC95% = 1.53 - 4.87). Time of surgery was not considered a risk factor for urinary incontinence in this population (OR = 1.45; IC95% = 0.86 - 2.40). Even though most owners reported a small impact on their relationship with the animal, urinary incontinence hazard should be addressed before spaying.(AU)


A ovário-histerectomia (OHE) é a cirurgia eletiva mais realizada em medicina veterinária. Embora seja um procedimento que beneficie a saúde pública e do animal, a incontinência urinária adquirida é uma complicação possível resultante desse procedimento. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a prevalência de incontinência urinária e avaliar porte, raça e momento da castração como fatores de risco em uma população de cadelas castradas no HCV/UFRGS, no ano de 2013, através do uso de um instrumento de triagem de múltipla escolha. A prevalência estimada foi de 11,27% e os principais fatores de risco foram: grande porte (OR = 7,12 IC95% = 1,42 - 35,67), raça Rottweiler (OR = 8,92; IC95% = 5,25 - 15,15), raça Pitbull (OR = 4,14; IC95% = 2,19 - 7,83) e raça Labrador (OR = 2,73; IC95% = 1,53 - 4,87). O tempo da cirurgia não foi considerado fator de risco para incontinência urinária nessa população (OR = 1,45; IC95% = 0,86 - 2,40). Embora a maioria dos proprietários tenha relatado um pequeno impacto no relacionamento com o animal, a possibilidade de incontinência urinária deve ser devidamente discutida antes da castração.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Urethra/pathology , Urinary Incontinence/etiology , Urinary Incontinence/veterinary , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Castration/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
4.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 72(1): 24-32, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251610

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir la seguridad del alta en las primeras 12 horas del posoperatorio en mujeres cometidas histerectomía por laparoscopia por patología benigna de útero. Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte histórica descriptiva. Se incluyeron todas las mujeres llevadas a histerectomía laparoscópica por patología benigna, quienes fueron dadas de alta después de 12 horas del procedimiento en un hospital de alta complejidad en Bogotá, Colombia, entre enero del 2013 y abril del 2019. Se excluyeron pacientes con comorbilidades (diabetes, enfermedad cardiovascular y pulmonar obstructiva crónica), limitaciones para la movilización y aquellas que presentaron complicaciones intraoperatorias. Se realizó un muestreo consecutivo. Se evaluaron variables demográficas, y como variables de seguridad, el reingreso por urgencias y complicaciones clasificadas según la escala de Dindo a los 15 días del postoperatorio. Se hace análisis descriptivo. Resultados: durante el período de estudio se realizaron 860 histerectomías por laparoscopia, de estas, 67 (7,8%) cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Once pacientes (16,4%) reingresaron por el servicio de urgencias, de las cuales, siete (63,6%) acudieron por dolor, una (9%) por sangrado activo, una (9%) por fiebre, y dos (18%) por síntomas urinarios. Se presentaron seis (8,9%) complicaciones postoperatorias de las cuales dos pacientes (2,9%) tuvieron hematoma de cúpula vaginal, dos (2,9%) hemoperitoneo, una (1,4%) infección urinaria y una (1,4%) lesión ureteral; cuatro pacientes (5,9%) requirieron hospitalización, estas últimas se clasificaron en el estadio IIIb de Dindo. Conclusiones: el alta temprana surge como alternativa al cuidado hospitalario para este tipo de población. Se requieren estudios con grupo control y asignación aleatoria para aportar mejor evidencia respecto a este manejo.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the safety of early discharge in the first 12 hours of the postoperative period in women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign uterine disease. Materials and methods: Descriptive historical cohort study. The study included all women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy due to benign disease and discharged after 12 hours of the procedure in a high complexity hospital in Bogota Colombia, between January 2013 and April 2019. Patients with comorbidities (diabetes, cardiovascular disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) mobility limitations and intraoperative complications were excluded. Consecutive sampling was used. The variables assessed included demographics and safety variables such as readmission through the emergency service and complications classified according to the Dindo scale on the fifteenth postoperative day. A descriptive analysis is made. Results: Of 860 laparoscopic hysterectomies performed during the study period, 67 (7.8%) met the selection criteria. Eleven patients (16.4%) were readmitted through the emergency service, one (9%) due to active bleeding, and two (18%) because of urinary symptoms. There were six (8.9%) postoperative complications, including vaginal vault hematoma in two patients (2.9%), hemoperitoneum in two cases (2,9%), one (1.4%) urinary infection and one (1.4%) ureteral injury; four patients (5.9%) required hospitalization and were classified as stage IIIb on the Dindo scale. Conclusions: Early discharge emerges as an alternative to in-hospital care for this type of population. Randomized controlled studies are needed to produce additional evidence regarding this management approach


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Laparoscopy , Hysterectomy , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
5.
Rev inf cient ; 100(5): 1-7, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348802

ABSTRACT

Se presentó un caso de enfermedad trofoblástica tipo mola invasiva. El diagnóstico se sospechó con la ecografía del primer marcador genético, se realizaron dos legrados terapéuticos, el segundo de ellos, sugirió el diagnóstico de mola invasiva. Se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico (histerectomía total) con previa administración de quimioterapia con metotrexato sistémico. La biopsia confirmó el diagnóstico de mola invasiva. La mola invasiva es una de las formas de presentación de la enfermedad trofoblástica gestacional, es una condición infrecuente, en que la proliferación de células del trofoblasto y sincitiotrofoblasto penetran o incluso perforan la pared uterina, producen destrucción local pudiendo invadir el tejido parametrial y los vasos sanguíneos viajando dentro de estos, aunque no se han reportado verdaderas siembras metastásicas en otros órganos. La evolución clínica se realizó en consulta externa. Transcurrido dos años la evolución es satisfactoria, el tratamiento efectivo y bien tolerado por la paciente.


A case of trophoblastic disease, of the invasive mole type was presented. The diagnosis was first suspected with the ultrasound of the first genetic marker. Two therapeutic curettages were performed, the second of which suggested the diagnosis of invasive mole. Surgical treatment (total hysterectomy) was performed with prior administration of chemotherapy with systemic methotrexate. The biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of invasive mole. Invasive mole is one of the forms of presentation of gestational trophoblastic disease. It is a rare condition in which the proliferation of trophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast cells penetrate or even perforate the uterine wall, produce local damage and can invade the parametrial tissue and blood vessels, traveling within these. True metastatic seeding in other organs has not been reported. The clinical evolution was carried out in an outpatient clinic. After two years the evolution is satisfactory, the treatment effective and well tolerated by the patient.


Foi apresentado um caso de doença trofoblástica invasiva por mola. O diagnóstico foi suspeitado com a ultrassonografia do primeiro marcador genético, foram realizadas duas curetagens terapêuticas, sendo que a segunda sugeriu o diagnóstico de mola invasiva. O tratamento cirúrgico (histerectomia total) foi realizado com administração prévia de quimioterapia com metotrexato sistêmico. A biópsia confirmou o diagnóstico de mola invasiva. A mola invasiva é uma das formas de apresentação da doença trofoblástica gestacional, é uma condição infrequente, em que a proliferação de células trofoblásticas e sincitiotrofoblásticas penetram ou mesmo perfuram a parede uterina, produzem destruição local e podem invadir o tecido parametrial e vasos sanguíneos dos vasos. viajando dentro deles, embora verdadeira semeadura metastática em outros órgãos não tenha sido relatada. A evolução clínica foi realizada em ambulatório. Depois de dois anos, o a evolução é satisfatória, o tratamento é eficaz e bem tolerado pelo paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Hydatidiform Mole/surgery , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnosis , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/pathology , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Hysterectomy
6.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 32(3): 258-268, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353226

ABSTRACT

Hysterectomy is the most common gynecological surgery in non-pregnant women. There are different surgical approaches for total hysterectomy, abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic and robotic routes. The choice is determined by different factors such as uterine size, malformations, surgical risks, skill of the surgeon, expected postoperative quality of life, and monetary costs. The surgical technique is well described in the literature, however, there are certain anatomical and functional considerations that must be known before performing the hysterectomy to avoid complications. The most frequent complications are hemorrhage, infections, thromboembolism, urinary and gastrointestinal tract injuries. Majority can be avoided with an adequate procedure and management of pre-existing comorbidities. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Hysterectomy/methods , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Hysterectomy/trends
7.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: E0031, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291376

ABSTRACT

O acretismo placentário consiste na aderência anormal da placenta na parede uterina. Ao aderir-se diretamente ao miométrio, denomina-se placenta acreta; ao estender-se mais profundamente, placenta increta, e ao invadir a serosa uterina ou órgãos adjacentes, percreta. O fator de risco mais frequente constitui cesarianas anteriores. Paciente 27 anos, G3P1CA1 (cesariana há 8 anos/ parto prematuro 25 sem há 4 anos), IG: 25sem3d; com alteração da vitalidade fetal e placenta prévia com sinais de acretismo (sugerindo placenta percreta). Foi indicada a interrupção da gestação com 27 semanas e 1 dia. No período intraoperatório foi evidenciada, por meio de ultrassom, presença de acretismo placentário com invasão miometrial e invasão de serosa vesical sendo posteriormente realizado a histerectomia subtotal e rafia das lacerações da mucosa vesical. A placenta percreta é mais frequente em grávidas com placenta prévia no local da cicatriz de cesariana e o órgão mais frequentemente acometido é a bexiga; estando associada a maior morbimortalidade materna. O diagnóstico definitivo é anatomopatológico, porém é presumível durante a cirurgia abdominal com a visualização da invasão placentária, devendo ser confirmado por Histopatologia.


Placental accretism consists of abnormal placental adherence to the uterine wall. When adhering directly to the myometrium it is called placenta accreta; when extending more deeply, placenta increta; and when invading the uterine serosa or adjacent organs, percrete. The most frequent risk factor is previous cesarean sections. The patient is 27 years old with altered fetal vitality and placenta previa with signs of accreation (suggesting percretal placenta). Pregnancy termination at 27 weeks and one day was indicated. In the intraoperative period, the presence of placental accretion with myometrial invasion and bladder serous invasion was evidenced by ultrasound, with subtotal hysterectomy and raffia of lacerations of the bladder afterwards. The percretal placenta is more frequent in pregnant women with placenta previa at the site of the scar of a cesarean section and the organ most frequently affected is the bladder; being associated with higher maternal morbidity and mortality. The definitive diagnosis is anatomopathological, but it is presumed during abdominal surgery with the visualization of the placental invasion and must be confirmed by Histopathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Adult , Placenta Accreta , Urinary Bladder , Placenta Diseases , Placenta Previa , Pregnancy Complications , Serous Membrane , Cesarean Section , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Risk Factors , Cicatrix , Hysterectomy , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Myometrium
8.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31401, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291279

ABSTRACT

A Hemorragia Pós-parto é a maior causa mundial de histerectomia periparto. Sua abordagem terapêutica deve ser efetuada por uma sucessão de procedimentos farmacológicos e cirúrgicos antes de se recorrer à histerectomia. O acretismo placentário se apresenta como a etiologia de hemorragia pós-parto que mais dificulta a preservação uterina. Sua incidência se relaciona estritamente com a elevação contemporânea das taxas de cesárea, com os demais procedimentos cirúrgicos no útero e com a implantação segmentar da placenta. Com isso, objetiva-se relatar um caso de placenta prévia central e increta tratado por meio de excisão miometrial segmentar com reconstrução da parede uterina durante cesariana. A abordagem cirúrgica foi instituída seguindo os passos de localização per-operatória da placenta, realização de histerotomia corporal alta transversa, extração fetal, confirmação clínica do incretismo placentário, manutenção da placenta in situ, ligadura bilateral dos ramos ascendentes das artérias uterinas, ressecção de todo o segmento uterino anterior invadido por cotilédones placentários, reconstrução da parede uterina, histerorrafia, salpingotripsia bilateral, revisão da cavidade abdominal e laparorrafia. A técnica cirúrgica adotada foi eficiente na obtenção do controle hemorrágico durante a cesariana e não foi associada a complicações per ou pós-operatórias.


Postpartum Hemorrhage is the largest worldwide cause of peripartum hysterectomy. Its therapeutic approach must be performed by a succession of pharmacological and surgical procedures prior to hysterectomy. Placental accreta presents as the etiology of postpartum haemorrhage that makes uterine preservation more difficult. Its incidence is strictly related to the contemporary elevation of cesarean rates, other surgical procedures in the uterus and segmentar implantation of the placenta. We aim to report a case of central and increta placenta treated through segmental myometrial excision with reconstruction of the uterine wall during cesarean section. The surgical approach was instituted following the perioperative localization of the placenta, transverse corporal hysterotomy, fetal extraction, clinical confirmation of placental invasive aspects, maintenance of the placenta in situ, bilateral ligation of the uterine artery ascending branches, resection of the all anterior uterine segment invaded by placental cotyledons, reconstruction of the uterine wall, hysterorrhaphy, bilateral salpingotripsy, revision of the abdominal cavity and laparorrhaphy. The surgical technique adopted was efficient in obtaining hemorrhagic control during cesarean section and was not associated with per or postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Placenta Accreta , Placenta Previa , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Hysterectomy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Uterus , Cesarean Section , Uterine Artery , Peripartum Period , Ligation
9.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 28-33, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344611

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate initial results of a ambulatory major surgery program in Gynecology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective, descriptive study of the period March 2018 to June 2019. The interventions included were: surgical sterilizations via vaginal, minilap and laparoscopic, diagnostic laparoscopy, laparoscopic cyst or anexectomy, hysteroscopy, TOT, vaginal plasty, biopsy curettage, polypectomy, extraction of IUD under anesthesia, labiaplasty, and removal of transobsturatrix tape. Quality indicators such as suspension, readmissions and systemic and surgical complications have been analyzed. RESULTS: 136 patients were operated by CMA of which 43 were laparoscopic (31.6%), 55 patients vaginally (40.4%), 34 histeroscopy (25%) and 4 patients by minilap (3%)There were 4 minor and late complications (2.9%) that corresponded to operative wound infection in vaginal plasty and nymphoplasty, a dysfunctional TOT tape that had to be removed in a mediated manner and a PIP post surgical sterilization via vaginal route. CONCLUSIONS: Gynecological ambulatory major surgery is feasible to perform in a hospital of medium complexity with a low percentage of minor complications in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Laparoscopy/methods , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/methods , Hysterectomy, Vaginal/methods , Outpatients , Patient Readmission , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Clinical Record , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Treatment Outcome , Hysterectomy/methods
11.
Femina ; 48(12): 747-752, 20201231. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141185

ABSTRACT

A qualidade de vida sexual é frequentemente afetada após tratamento oncológico em ginecologia. Reportamos a qualidade de vida sexual de pacientes em seguimento no serviço de Oncologia Ginecológica da Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, por meio da aplicação do questionário validado FSFI (Female Sexual Function Index), comparando pacientes diagnosticadas com câncer de colo uterino que receberam tratamento radioterápico com aquelas que foram submetidas a tratamento para câncer de colo uterino no qual não foi necessária a realização de radioterapia. Foi realizada análise estatística utilizando os testes D'Agostino-Pearson e o teste não paramétrico Mann-Whitney. Concluiu-se que a diminuição do desejo e da excitação foi mais frequente nas mulheres tratadas com radioterapia e que não houve diferença significativa entre as pacientes a respeito de lubrificação, orgasmo, satisfação e dispareunia.(AU)


Quality of sexual life is often affected after oncological treatment in gynecology. We report the quality of sexual life of patients in a follow-up at the Gynecological Oncology service of the Federal University of Triângulo Mineiro, through the application of a questionnaire validated in the Portuguese language. The purpose of this study was to compare cervical cancer patients diagnosed who received radiotherapy with those who have been submitted to treatment for cervical cancer in which it was not necessary to perform radiotherapy. Decreased desire and arousal were more frequent in women treated with radiotherapy. Statistical analysis was performed using the D'Agostino-Pearson tests and the non-parametric Mann-Whitney test. It was concluded that decreased desire and arousal were more frequent in women treated with radiotherapy, and that there was no significant difference between patients regarding lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and dyspareunia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/physiopathology , Sexuality , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Statistics, Nonparametric
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(5): 414-421, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139713

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication from general anesthesia that impacts on postoperative recovery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prophylactic rewarming following general anesthesia, so as to decrease the incidence of PONV among patients undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective randomized clinical study at a hospital in China. METHODS: Sixty-two patients were randomly assigned into two groups. The forced air warming (FAW) group received pre-warmed Ringer's solution with FAW until the end of surgery. The control group received Ringer's solution without FAW. The pre-warmed Ringer's solution was stored in a cabinet set at 40 °C. The FAW tube was placed beside the patient's shoulder with a temperature of 43 °C. RESULTS: Sixty patients completed the study. The FAW group showed significant differences versus the controls regarding temperature. At 6, 24 and 48 hours postoperatively, the incidences of PONV were 53.3%, 6.7% and 3.3% in the FAW group versus 63.3%, 30% and 3.3% in the controls. VAS scores were significantly lower in the FAW group than in the controls at 24 hours (P= 0.035). Forty-item questionnaire total scores in the FAW group were significantly higher than in the controls. The physical independence and pain scores at 24 hours and emotional support and pain scores at 48 hours in the FAW group were higher than in the controls (P < 0.05). There was no difference in hemodynamics or demographics between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Prophylactic rewarming relieved PONV and improved the quality of postoperative recovery. CHINESE CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTER (ChiCTR): ChiCTR-IOR-17012901.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Rewarming , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Hysterectomy/methods , China , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 71(3): 257-264, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144388

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: describir las complicaciones intra y posoperatorias de la histerectomía total por laparoscopia (HTL) para patología benigna del útero y hacer una comparación con otros hospitales que tienen altos volúmenes de HTL. Materiales y métodos: estudio de cohorte retrospectivo en mujeres que se sometieron a HTL por patología ginecológica benigna entre 2007 y 2017 en una institución privada de alta complejidad, que atiende población perteneciente al régimen contributivo y subsidiado por el Estado en el Sistema General de Seguridad Social, en Pereira, Colombia, por el grupo de cirujanos del centro de entrenamiento ALGIA. Muestreo consecutivo. Se describen la características sociodemográficas y clínicas basales, los hallazgos intraoperatorios y las complicaciones intra y posoperatorias. Se usó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: en el periodo de estudio se incluyeron 1.350 pacientes. El tiempo quirúrgico fue de 95 min (DE ± 31), el sangrado quirúrgico 88 cc (DE ± 66), el peso promedio del útero fue de 236 g (DE ± 133). El 96,5 % de las pacientes fueron evaluadas entre los 30 y 45 días. El 3,48 % de las pacientes tuvieron complicaciones menores y el 2,5 % complicaciones mayores. Tres pacientes requirieron conversión a laparotomía (0,23%). No hubo mortalidad en la muestra estudiada. Conclusión: la HTL es un procedimiento seguro y la tasa de complicaciones es similar a la de los mejores estándares internacionales. Es importante que se sigan haciendo estudios prospectivos con criterios objetivos de evaluación para comparar el desempeño de los diferentes grupos e instituciones que ofrecen procedimientos quirúrgicos y entrenamiento.


ABSTRACT Objective: To describe intra and postoperative complications of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) for benign uterine pathology and to compare with other hospitals with large volumes of laparoscopic hysterectomies. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study of women who underwent TLH for benign gynecological pathology between 2007 and 2017 in a private high complexity institution that serves populations covered by contributive and state-subsidized insurance in Pereira, Colombia. The procedures were performed by the group of surgeons of the ALGIA training center. Consecutive sampling was used. Sociodemographic and baseline clinical characteristics, intra-operative findings and intra- and post-operative complications are described. Descriptive statistics were used. Results: A total of 1.350 patients were included during the study period. Surgical time was 95 minutes (SD ± 31), blood loss 88 cc (SD ± 66), and average uterine weight was 236 g (SD ± 133); 96.5% of the patients were assessed within the next 30 to 45 days; 3.48% had minor complications and 2.5% had major complications; 3 patients were converted to laparotomy. There were no deaths in the study sample. Conclusion: TLH is a safe procedure and the rate of complications is similar to the best international standards. Further prospective studies using objective criteria are important in order to compare the performance of different groups and institutions offering surgical procedures and training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy , Hysterectomy , Cohort Studies , Hospitals
14.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(supl.1): S97-S100, set. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138653

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En diciembre de 2019 se reporta un brote de neumonía atípica causada por un nuevo coronavirus: SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2), cuya enfermedad se denomina COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019). Desde entonces su distribución se ha ampliado mundialmente causando una emergencia en los sistemas de salud. MÉTODO: Corresponde al reporte de caso clínico. Este estudio es descriptivo y se basa en el manejo realizado a paciente embarazada con COVID-19 confirmado. Esta publicación cuenta con la autorización del comité de ética local para la revisión de ficha clínica. CASO: Mujer de 40 años con un embarazo de 31 semanas, se le diagnostica COVID-19 tras contacto estrecho con caso confirmado. Evoluciona con disnea y por posibilidad de interrupción del embarazo se traslada a centro de mayor complejidad. Allí se pesquisa compromiso de función pulmonar, uso de musculatura accesoria y alteración sensorial, requiriendo oxigenoterapia. Se evalúa interdisciplinariamente decidiendo intubar y realizando manejo en unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI). Se realiza cesárea de urgencia a las 31+4 semanas debiendo realizarse histerectomía total por inercia uterina. Tras el procedimiento evoluciona tórpidamente con deterioro de función pulmonar, describiéndose un pronóstico catastrófico con probabilidad de fallecer por insuficiencia respiratoria. Un mes después despierta con una mejoría en su función pulmonar, sin otra falla orgánica. Actualmente se encuentra en buenas condiciones y es tratada multidisciplinariamente para lograr una rehabilitación integral. DISCUSIÓN: En epidemias pasadas, las embarazadas mostraron altas tasas de letalidad y riesgo de ingreso a UCI. Basados en una revisión de reportes de casos, parece ser que COVID-19 durante el embarazo se asocia a morbilidad materna severa, riesgo que aumenta en mujeres con comorbilidades, lo cual hace cuestionarnos si la infección por COVID-19 intensifica el riesgo materno o estos casos ya eran embarazos de riesgo. Se necesitan futuras investigaciones al respecto.


INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, was first reported in december 2019 in China as an atypipical pneumonia. Since then its distribution has globally expanded causing a public health emergency. METHOD: Corresponds to a case report. A descriptive study about the management of a pregnant woman whith COVID-19. CASE: A 40 year old pregnant woman, 31 weeks gestational age, was admitted with a diagnosis of COVID-19. She developed dyspnea and preterm birth risk that needed a more complex hospital level. Thereafter, the patient developed respiratory distress, use of accessory breathing muscles and neurological alteration, requiring oxygen therapy. An interdisciplinary medical team evaluation decided to manage her condition at intensive care unit (ICU). Cesarean delivery was performed at 31+4 weeks. After the procedure, the pulmonary function declined to a life threatening condition. A month later, the patient woke up with improved pulmonary function, without any organ failure. Currently the patient is in a good general condition with a multidisciplinary rehabilitation treatment ongoing. DISCUSSION: In previous epidemic outbrakes, pregnant women presented high fatality rates and intensive care tratment risk. Based on a case report review, COVID-19 in pregnancy is associated with severe maternal morbidity, specially in women with associated comorbidities. This situation raises the question whether the COVID-19 infection intensifies the maternal risk or whether these cases were already a high risk pregnancies. Additional studies are needed to answer this issue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Patient Care Team , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Uterine Inertia , Cesarean Section , Critical Care , Emergencies , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Hysterectomy
15.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e925, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144431

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La histerectomía constituye la segunda causa más frecuente de cirugía mayor en la mujer. Tres tipos de histerectomías son usadas en la actualidad: la histerectomía vaginal, la histerectomía abdominal y la histerectomía mínimamente invasiva. Esta última variedad se comenzó a realizar en Matanzas a finales de la pasada década. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas epidemiológicas de las pacientes histerectomizadas por cirugía video laparoscópica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y prospectivo. El universo lo conformaron todas las pacientes en las que se implementó esta técnica quirúrgica y se tomó como muestra al propio universo, 96 pacientes. Resultados: Predominó la edad comprendida entre 40 y 49 años con 44 pacientes; la raza negra con 51 pacientes; diagnóstico de miomatosis uterina con 87 casos; tiempo quirúrgico de 61-90 min con 57 pacientes y estadía hospitalaria de hasta 24 h en 93 de las pacientes. Se presentaron 3 complicaciones en total y el número de casos convertidos fue 0. Conclusiones: La histerectomía videolaparoscópica es implementada de forma segura y eficaz. Se realizó predominantemente en mujeres mayores de 40 años, con diagnóstico de miomatosis uterina. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio es mayor que el reportado en la literatura. La estadía hospitalaria es de 24 horas como promedio y se reincorporaron a sus actividades habituales rápidamente(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Hysterectomy is the second most frequent type of major surgery among women. Three types of hysterectomy are currently used: vaginal hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy, and minimally invasive hysterectomy. This last variety began to be performed in Matanzas at the end of the last decade. Objective: To evaluate the clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients hysterectomized. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out. The population was made up of all the patients operated on by this surgical technique. The whole population itself was taken as a sample (96 patients). Results: There was predominance of the age group 40-49 years (44 patients), the black race (51 patients), diagnosis of uterine myomatosis (87 cases), surgical time of 61-90 min (57 patients), and hospital stay of up to 24 hours (93 patients). There were three complications and the number of converted cases was 0. Conclusions: Videolaparoscopic hysterectomy is implemented safely and effectively. It was performed predominantly in women over 40 years of age and diagnosed with uterine myomatosis. Average surgical time is greater than that reported in the scientific literature. Hospital stay is 24 hours as an average. The patients returned to their usual activities quickly(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Hysterectomy/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
16.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(2): e162109, mai. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1122173

ABSTRACT

This survey evaluated mombin leaves (Spondias mombin L.) decoction efficiency as an antiseptic during post-surgery period on cats submitted to orchiectomy and ovariosalpingohisterectomy. For this purpose, 45 castrated mongrels cats were divided into three groups, the first group as a positive control using 0.5% chlorhexidine-alcohol solution, the second a negative control group using sterile distilled water and, finally, the test group using mombin leaves decocted with a concentration of 100 mg/mL. All animals, independent of age and sex, had visibly healed in most cases in a similar time. Animals treated with mombin leaves decoction presented a significant reduction of bacterial growth. In addition, the animals treated in the test group had better surgical wound healing. All isolated bacterial strains presented inhibition halo for chlorhexidine and for Spondias mombin L. Thus, the decoction of Spondias mombin L. leaves proved antiseptic efficacy in the surgical wounds of cats submitted to orchiectomy and ovariosalpingohisterectomy.(AU)


Foi avaliada a eficiência do decocto das folhas de cajá (Spondias mombin L.) como antisséptico no pós-cirúrgico de gatos submetidos à orquiectomia e ovariosalpingohisterectomia. Para tal, foram submetidos à castração 45 gatos sem raça definida, divididos em três grupos. O primeiro grupo como controle positivo com Solução Alcoólica de Clorexidine a 0,5%; segundo grupo controle negativo com água destilada estéril; e o grupo teste com o decocto de cajá à concentração de 100 mg/mL. Todos os animais, independentemente da idade e sexo, tiveram cicatrização visível em tempo similar. Animais tratados com o decocto apresentaram uma redução significativa do crescimento bacteriano. Além disso, observou-se uma melhor cicatrização das feridas cirúrgicas dos animais tratados no grupo teste. Todas as estirpes bacterianas isoladas apresentaram halo de inibição para clorexidine e para Spondias mombin L. Portanto, o decocto das folhas da Spondias mombin L. apresentou eficácia antisséptica nas feridas cirúrgicas de gatos submetidos à orquiectomia e ovariosalpingohisterectomia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Castration/veterinary , Anacardiaceae , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Plants, Medicinal , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Orchiectomy/veterinary , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(1): 3-13, feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092770

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El cáncer cervical es una patología común en países en vías de desarrollo. La histerectomía radical es el estándar de manejo en estadios tempranos sin deseo de fertilidad. La linfadenectomía paraaórtica como parte del tratamiento quirúrgico es controversial. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la frecuencia de compromiso ganglionar paraaórtico en una serie retrospectiva de pacientes con carcinoma cervical estadio IB1 (clasificación FIGO 2009) llevadas a histerectomía radical mas linfadenectomía pélvica y paraaórtica en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología durante el periodo de enero 1 de 2009 a marzo 31 de 2017. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. Se describieron variables clínicas, operatorias e histopatológicas. Se determinó la frecuencia de compromiso ganglionar a nivel paraaórtico o pélvico, y concurrente. Se realizó análisis univariado en el software estadístico R Project versión 3.6.0. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 88 casos. El promedio de edad fue 44,24 ± 9,99 años. La mediana del número de ganglios pélvicos y paraaórticos resecados fue de 23 (6-68) y 4 (1-25), respectivamente. En el 12,5% de las pacientes se observó compromiso tumoral ganglionar pélvico. No se detectó compromiso metastásico de ganglios paraórticos en ningún caso. Dos pacientes presentaron recaída ganglionar paraaórtica durante el seguimiento, recibiendo tratamiento con quimioterapia y quimiorradioterapia de campo extendido, respectivamente. CONCLUSIÓN: En este estudio no se detectó compromiso paraaórtico en pacientes con cáncer cervical IB1 sometidas a histerectomía radical. Este resultado se debe considerar al ofrecer linfadenectomía paraaórtica en pacientes con ganglios pélvicos aparentemente normales en el acto operatorio y/o en los estudios de imágenes prequirúrgicas.


INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer is a common pathology in developing countries. Radical hysterectomy is the standard of management in early stages without desire for fertility. Paraaortic lymphadenectomy as part of surgical treatment is controversial. The objective of this study is to determine the frequency of paraaortic lymph node involvement in a retrospective series of patients with stage IB1 cervical carcinoma (FIGO 2009 classification) underwent to radical hysterectomy plus pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia during the period of January 1 2009 to March 31 2017. METHODS: Descriptive, retrospective study. Clinical, operative, and histopathological variables were described. The frequency of paraaortic, pelvic, concurrent lymph node involvement and adjuvant treatment was determined. A univariate analysis of the variables was performed in the R project statistical software version 3.6.0. RESULTS: 88 cases were included. The mean age was 44,24 ± 9,99 years. The median number of resected pelvic and para-aortic nodes was 23 (6-68) and 4 (1-25), respectively. In 12,5 % of the patients, involvement of the pelvic lymph nodes was present. No patient had paraaortic lymph node involvement. Two patients presented para-aortic lymph node relapse during follow-up, receiving treatment with chemotherapy and extended field chemoradiotherapy, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this study, the frequency of paraaortic involvement in patients with cervical cancer IB1 was 0%. This result should be considered when offering paraaortic lymphadenectomy in patients with apparently normal pelvic nodes in presurgical imaging studies and during the procedure.


Subject(s)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/surgery , Hysterectomy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Aorta, Abdominal , Pelvis/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Colombia , Hysterectomy/statistics & numerical data , Lymph Node Excision/statistics & numerical data , Mesentery/surgery
18.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 24: e-1292, fev.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1053381

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a qualidade de vida e sexualidade de mulheres histerectomizadas que se submeteram à cirurgia no Hospital da Mulher - HMML de Macapá-Amapá. Método: estudo do tipo descritivo exploratório, com delineamento transversal e abordagem quantitativa, realizado com mulheres de uma maternidade de Macapá, estado do Amapá, que se submeteram à histerectomia total nos anos de 2006 a 2016. Utilizaram-se como instrumentos para avaliar a qualidade de vida e a sexualidade de mulheres submetidas à histerectomia total a entrevista individual e os testes WHOQOL-bref e QS-F. Resultados: a amostra incluiu 41 mulheres histerectomizadas com idades entre 24 e 60 anos. A maioria delas considera que a sua QV é boa (53,7%). Quanto à satisfação com a saúde, pouco mais da metade referiu estar satisfeita (36,5%). No tocante à caracterização do desempenho sexual, 13 (31,7%) relataram desempenho sexual desfavorável a regular. Conclusão: a análise das médias dos escores de cada dimensão mostra melhor qualidade de vida no domínio psicológico. No entanto, as correlações do quociente sexual com os domínios da qualidade de vida são todas positivas e significativas.(AU)


Objective: to describe the quality of life and sexuality of hysterectomized women who underwent surgery at the Hospital da Mulher - HMML in Macapá-Amapá. Method: exploratory descriptive study, with a cross-sectional design and quantitative approach, carried out with women from a maternity hospital in Macapá, state of Amapá, who underwent total hysterectomy in the years 2006 to 2016. They were used as instruments to assess quality of life and sexuality of women undergoing total hysterectomy at individual interview and WHOQOL-bref and QS-F tests. Results: the sample included 41 hysterectomized women aged between 24 and 60 years. Most of them consider their QOL to be good (53.7%). As for satisfaction with health, just over half said they were satisfied (36.5%). Regarding the characterization of sexual performance, 13 (31.7%) reported unfavorable to regular sexual performance. Conclusion: the analysis of the mean scores of each dimension shows a better quality of life in the psychological domain. However, the correlations between the sexual quotient and the quality of life domains are all positive and significant. (AU)


Objetivo: describir la calidad de vida y la sexualidad de mujeres histerectomizadas sometidas a cirugía en el Hospital da Mulher - HMML de Macapá-Amapá. Método: estudio descriptivo exploratorio, de diseño transversal y enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en una maternidad de Macapá, estado de Amapá, con mujeres sometidas a histerectomía total entre 2006 y 2016. Los instrumentos utilizados para evaluar la calidad. de vida y la sexualidad de dichas mujeres fueron entrevistas individuales y pruebas de WHOQOL-bref y QS-F. Resultados: la muestra incluyó a 41 mujeres histerectomizadas de entre 24 y 60 años. La mayoría de ellas consideraba que su CV era buena (53.7%). En cuanto a la satisfacción con la salud, poco más de la mitad decía estar satisfecha (36,5%). Con respecto a la caracterización del desempeño sexual, 13 (31,7%) informaron que era entre desfavorable y regular. Conclusión: el análisis de las puntuaciones medias de cada dimensión muestra mejor calidad de vida en el dominio psicológico. Las correlaciones entre el cociente sexual y los dominios de la calidad de vida son todas positivas y significativas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Women's Health , Sexuality , Hysterectomy , Women's Health Services
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(2): 134-140, Feb. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1098442

ABSTRACT

Inadequate exposure of the female reproductive system to steroids in uterine developmental periods can partially inhibit the development of endometrial glands in dogs. However, the effects of steroids on the formed glands functionality remain unknown, as well as the possible occurrence of endometrial fibrosis. This study aimed to evaluate the secretory activity of endometrial glands in prebubertal female dogs submitted to a protocol of partial ablation of the uterine adenogenesis. Sixteen females of non-specific breed were distributed into two groups; MPA (n=8), females that received applications of medroxyprogesterone acetate every 3 weeks; and C (n=8) untreated control females. Ovariohysterectomy was performed in all animals at the age of 6 months and evaluated the uterine horns by histological and histochemistry exams. The secretion intensity (degrees 1-4) was evaluated using periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) and alcian blue (AB) pH 2.5. Histological evaluation was performed using Masson's trichrome and toluidine blue. Only degree 1 and 2 marks for PAS were observed in both groups, with no difference of uterine secretion intensity between the groups regarding the degrees found. However, the MPA group revealed higher intensity of uterine secretion compared to group C (p<0.05). Staining with AB pH 2.5 also revealed only degree 1 and 2 marks in both groups, with no statistically significance between them. Masson's trichrome staining revealed no marks in the periglandular region in both groups. A higher among of mast cells was observed in the myometrial region of the uterus in both groups. Prepubertal female dogs with partial ablation of the uterine adenogenesis present minimal uterine secretory activity, absence of periglandular fibrosis and increased presence of mast cells in the myometrium compared to endometrium.(AU)


A exposição inadequada do sistema reprodutor feminino a esteróides em períodos do desenvolvimento uterino pode inibir parcialmente o desenvolvimento das glândulas endometriais em cães. Entretanto, não se conhece os efeitos dos esteróides sobre a funcionalidade das glândulas formadas, bem como a possível ocorrência de fibrose endometrial. Objetivou-se avaliar a atividade secretória das glândulas endometriais de cadelas pré-púberes submetidas a protocolo de ablação parcial da adenogênese uterina. Foram utilizadas 16 fêmeas, sem-raça-definida, distribuídas nos grupos MPA (n=8), fêmeas que receberam aplicações de acetato de medroxiprogesterona a cada 3 semanas, e C (n=8), fêmeas controle não tratadas. Aos seis meses de idade, foi realizada ovariohisterectomia em todos os animais, e avaliados os cornos uterinos pelo exame histológico e de histoquímica. Para avaliar a intensidade de secreção (graus 1-4), foram utilizadas periodic acid-Schiff e alcian blue (AB) pH 2,5. Para a avaliação histológica foram utilizados tricrômico de Masson e azul de toluidina. Apenas marcações graus 1 e 2 foram observadas para PAS em ambos os grupos, sem diferença na intensidade de secreção uterina entre grupos com relação aos graus encontrados. Entretanto, o grupo MPA apresentou maior intensidade de secreção uterina em relação ao grupo C (p<0,05). Com relação ao AB pH 2,5, em ambos os grupos também foram encontradas apenas marcações de graus 1 e 2, sem diferença estatística entre grupos. Não foram observadas marcações para a coloração de tricrômico de Masson na região periglandular, em ambos os grupos. Foi observada maior quantidade de mastócitos presentes no útero na região do miométrio, em ambos os grupos. Conclui-se que cadelas pré-púberes com ablação parcial da adenogênese uterina apresentam mínima atividade secretória uterina, ausência de fibrose periglandular e maior presença de mastócitos no miométrio em relação ao endométrio.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Sterilization, Reproductive/veterinary , Uterus/anatomy & histology , Uterus/physiology , Cervix Mucus , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate , Dogs/physiology , Endometrial Ablation Techniques/veterinary , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Models, Animal , Hysterectomy/veterinary
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(1): 161-168, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1088917

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos analgésicos transoperatórios da infusão contínua de morfina e cetamina, associada ou não à lidocaína, em gatas submetidas à OSH eletiva. Foram utilizadas 16 fêmeas adultas, hígidas, pré-medicadas com acepromazina (0,1mg/kg) e morfina (0,5mg/kg), ambas pela via intramuscular, induzidas com cetamina (1mg/kg) e propofol (4mg/kg), pela via intravenosa, e mantidas sob anestesia geral inalatória com isoflurano a 1,4 V%. Os animais foram alocados aleatoriamente em dois grupos: grupo morfina, lidocaína e cetamina (MLK, n=8), que recebeu bolus de lidocaína (1mg/kg), pela via IV, seguido de infusão de morfina, lidocaína e cetamina (0,26mg/kg/h, 3mg/kg/h e 0,6mg/kg/h, respectivamente); e grupo morfina e cetamina (MK, n=8), que recebeu bolus de solução salina, seguido de infusão de morfina e cetamina, nas mesmas doses do MLK. Os momentos avaliados foram: M0, basal, cinco minutos após a indução; M1, imediatamente após a aplicação do bolus de lidocaína ou solução salina; M2, M3, M4 e M5, a cada cinco minutos, até completar 20 minutos do início da infusão; M6, após a incisão da musculatura; M7, após pinçamento do primeiro pedículo ovariano; M8, após pinçamento do segundo pedículo ovariano; M9, após pinçamento da cérvix; M10, após sutura da musculatura; M11, ao final da cirurgia; e M12, M13 e M14, intervalos de cinco minutos, até completar uma hora de infusão. A FP no M0 foi maior no MLK quando comparado ao MK. Em ambos os grupos, a PAS foi maior no M7 e no M8 em relação ao M0, porém no MK, além da PAS, a FP foi maior do M7 ao M13, assim como a f. Os animais do MK necessitaram de um número maior de resgates transoperatorios, total de 23, do que o MLK, total de sete. Conclui-se que a adição de lidocaína incrementou a analgesia oferecida, reduzindo o número de resgates analgésicos transoperatórios, a dose total de fentanil, bem como a probabilidade de os animais necessitarem dese tipo de resgate.(AU)


The aim of this study was to evaluate the trans-operative analgesics, continuous infusion of morphine and ketamine, with or without lidocaine in cats undergoing elective OSH. Sixteen adult cats were used, otherwise healthy, pre-medicated with acepromazine (0.1mg/kg) and morphine (0.5mg/kg), both intramuscularly, induced with ketamine (1mg/kg) and propofol (4mg/kg), intravenous, maintained under general inhalation anesthesia with isoflurane 1.4 V%. The animals were randomly allocated into two groups: morphine, lidocaine and ketamine (MLK, n= 8), which received intravenous bolus of lidocaine (1mg/kg) followed by infusion of morphine, lidocaine and ketamine (0.26mg / kg/h, 3mg / kg/h and 0.6mg / kg/h, respectively); Morphine and ketamine (MK, n= 8), who received bolus of saline followed by infusion of morphine and ketamine at the same doses of MLK. The evaluated moments were: M0, basal, 5 minutes after induction; M1 immediately after the application of lidocaine bolus injection or saline; M2, M3, M4 and M5, every 5 minutes to complete 20 minutes after the start of infusion; M6, after the incision of the musculature; M7, after clamping of the first ovarian pedicle; M8, after clamping of the second ovarian pedicle; M9, after clamping of the cervix; M10, after suturing of the musculature; M11, at the end of surgery; And M12, M13 and M14, 5 minute intervals until completing one hour of infusion. The time to extubating and full recovery of animals, and the need for rescue analgesic fentanyl intraoperatively were also evaluated. HR in M0 was higher in MLK when compared to MK. In both groups the SBP was higher in M7 and M8 compared to M0, but the MK, addition of SAP, HR was greater M7 to M13, as well as f. MK animals required a greater number of trans-operative rescues than the MLK. It was concluded that the addition of lidocaine to the protocol using morphine and ketamine increased its analgesia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cats , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Lidocaine/administration & dosage , Morphine/administration & dosage , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Anesthetics, Combined , Salpingectomy/veterinary , Hysterectomy/veterinary
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