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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 530-534, July 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347245

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound in the diagnosis of intrauterine lesions, using hysteroscopy as the gold standard. Methods This was a prospective observational study with 307 patients. All patients underwent hysteroscopy after a previous transvaginal ultrasound to compare the results. The hysteroscopy was performed by experienced examiners, and transvaginal ultrasounds were performed in various public and private services, which is reflective of routine healthcare practices in obstetrics and gynecology. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the transvaginal ultrasound were calculated using hysteroscopy as the gold standard. The level of agreement between the two exams was calculated using the Kappa test. Results Themean age was 56.55±12.3 years. For endometrial polyps, we observed a sensitivity of 39.8%, specificity of 72.7%, accuracy of 52.8%, and Kappa index of 0.11 (p=0.025). For fibroids, the sensitivity was 46.7%, specificity was 95.0%, accuracy was 87.9%, and Kappa index was 0.46 (p<0.001). For endometrial thickening, the sensitivity was 68.7%, specificity was 41.7%, accuracy was 47.6%, and Kappa index was 0.06 (p=0.126). For endometrial atrophy, we found a sensitivity of 6.7%, specificity of 99.3%, accuracy of 90.2%, and Kappa index of 0.10 (p=0.006). For the other findings, the sensitivity was 15.6%, specificity was 99.6%, accuracy was 87.3%, and Kappa index was 0.23 (P<0.001). Conclusion Our study demonstrated a low level of accuracy of transvaginal ultrasound for the diagnosis of endometrial lesions, when performed by a non-experienced professional. Thus, it is important to consider the use of hysteroscopy to avoid unnecessary and inappropriate treatments.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a acurácia do ultrassom transvaginal para o diagnóstico de lesões intrauterinas, tendo a histeroscopia como padrão de referência. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo observacional prospectivo em 307 pacientes, submetidas à histeroscopia após ultrassonografia prévia para comparação dos resultados. A histeroscopia foi realizada por duas médicas com experiência, e os exames de ultrassom foram realizados em diversas fontes, públicas ou privadas, como ocorre no cotidiano da assistência à saúde em nosso meio. Foram avaliados sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia, tendo a histeroscopia como padrão-ouro. O nível de concordância foi avaliado pelo teste de Kappa. Resultados A idade média foi de 56,55±12,3 anos. Os resultados para pólipo endometrial foram: sensibilidade 39.8%, especificidade 72,7%, acurácia de 52,8%, e índice Kappa 0,11 (p=0,025). Para mioma, sensibilidade 46,7%, especificidade 95,0%, acurácia 87,9%, e índice Kappa 0,46 (p<0,001). Para espessamento endometrial, sensibilidade 68,7%, especificidade 41,7%, acurácia 47,6%, e índice Kappa de 0,06 (p=0,126). Para atrofia, sensibilidade 6,7%, especificidade 99,3%, acurácia 90,2%, e índice Kappa 0,10 (p=0,006). Para outros achados, sensibilidade 15,6%, especificidade 99,6%, acurácia 87,3%, e índice Kappa 0,23 (p<0,001). Conclusão Nosso estudo demonstrou baixo nível de acurácia da ultrassonografia transvaginal para o diagnóstico de lesões endometriais, quando realizada por profissional não experiente. Assim, é importante considerar o uso da histeroscopia para evitar tratamentos desnecessários e inadequados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Aged , Polyps , Uterine Diseases/pathology , Uterine Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Hysteroscopy , Ultrasonography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Endometrium/pathology , Middle Aged
3.
Femina ; 49(2): 109-114, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224067

ABSTRACT

A endometrite crônica (EC) é uma doença que, apesar de ainda pouco investigada, tem sido associada a resultados reprodutivos desfavoráveis. Estudos têm mostrado que a EC pode prejudicar a receptividade endometrial, levando a falhas de implantação e perdas gestacionais recorrentes. Os métodos padronizados para diagnóstico incluem histeroscopia, histologia para pesquisa de plasmócitos e cultura endometrial para identificação de agentes bacterianos. O tratamento com antibióticos para EC parece melhorar as taxas de gestação e nascidos vivos em pacientes com falhas de implantação e perdas gestacionais recorrentes sem causa conhecida. Esta publicação tem por objetivo fazer uma revisão da etiologia, fisiopatologia, diagnóstico e tratamento da EC, seu impacto no microambiente endometrial e sua associação com infertilidade. Esta revisão narrativa da literatura atualizada sintetiza os achados encontrados em bases de dados computadorizadas.(AU)


Chronic endometritis (CE) is a poorly investigated disease, which has been related to adverse reproductive outcomes. Published studies have shown that CE can impair endometrial receptivity, which is associated with implantation failure and recurrent pregnancy loss. The standard tools for diagnosis include hysteroscopy, histology to identification of plasma cells and endometrial culture for identification of bacterial pathogens. Effective antibiotic treatment for CE seems to improve the pregnancy and live birth rates in patients with implantation failure and unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss. This paper intends to provide an overview of etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of CE, its impact on endometrial microenvironment and its association with infertility. This narrative review of the current literature synthesizes the findings retrieved from searches in computerized databases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometritis/diagnosis , Endometritis/etiology , Endometritis/physiopathology , Endometritis/drug therapy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Hysteroscopy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Infertility, Female/complications , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 35-40, Jan. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156073

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the presence of residual disease in the uterine specimen after hysteroscopic polypectomy or polyp biopsy in patients with endometrioid endometrial cancer (EC). Methods We analyzed a series of 104 patients (92 cases from the Hospital AC Camargo and 12 from the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo) with polyps that were diagnosed by hysteroscopy, showing endometrioid EC associated with the polyp or in the final pathological specimen. Patients underwent a surgical approach for endometrial cancer from January 2002 to January 2017. Their clinical and pathological data were retrospectively retrieved from the medical records. Results In78cases (75%), thepolyphad EC, and in 40(38.5%), itwas restricted tothe polyp, without endometrial involvement. The pathologic stage was IA in 96 cases (92.3%) and 90 (86.5%) had histologic grade 1 or 2. In 18 cases (17.3%), there was no residual disease in the final uterine specimen, but only in 9 of them the hysteroscopy suggested that the tumor was restricted to the polyp. In 5 cases (4.8%) from the group without outside of the polyp during hysteroscopy, myometrial invasion was noted in the final uterine specimen. This finding suggests the possibility of disease extrapolation through the base of the polyp. Conclusion Patients with endometrioid EC associated with polyps may have the tumor completely removed during hysteroscopy, but the variables shown in the present study could not safely predict which patient would have no residual disease.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a presença de doença residual no exame anatomopatológico definitivo de pacientes com câncer de endométrio endometrioide após polipectomia ou biópsia de pólipo histeroscópica. Métodos Analisamos 104 pacientes (92 casos do Hospital AC Camargo e 12 casos do Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo) com pólipos diagnosticados durante histeroscopia e cuja biópsia histeroscópica ou exame patológico final do útero acusaram câncer de endométrio endometrioide. As pacientes foram submetidas a cirurgia para câncer de endométrio de janeiro de 2002 a janeiro de 2017. Os dados clínicos e anatomopatológicos de cada paciente foram retirados dos prontuários médicos Resultados Em 78 casos (75%), o pólipo continha a neoplasia, e em 40 (38.5%), ela estava restrita ao tecido do pólipo, sem envolvimento endometrial adjacente. O estadio final foi IA em 96 casos (92.3%) e em 90 (86.5%) tratava-se de grau 1 ou 2. Em 18 casos (17.3%), não havia doença residual no espécime uterino, mas emapenas 9 deles a histeroscopia sugeriu doença restrita ao pólipo. Em 5 casos (4.8%), não havia doença aparente extrapólipo na histeroscopia, mas havia invasão miometrial, sugerindo extravasamento do tumor pela base do pólipo. Conclusão Pacientes com câncer de endométrio associado a pólipos podem ter o tumor completamente removido durante a histeroscopia, mas, com as variáveis avaliadas, é difícil predizer com segurança qual paciente ficará sem tumor residual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polyps/surgery , Endometrial Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Polyps/pathology , Hysteroscopy , Endometrial Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Endometrioid/pathology , Neoplasm, Residual/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology
6.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 46-51, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282398

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar lesões endometriais de pacientes com câncer de mama em tratamento com Tamoxifeno® presentes nas histeroscopias e relacioná-las com a dose de medicamento utilizada, tempo de terapêutica, presença de lesões endometriais prévias e estado de pré ou pós menopausa. Método: estudo retrospectivo, transversal e analítico. Dados analisados pelo teste qui quadrado, p<0,05. Resultados: dentre as 75 histeroscopias analisadas, 12 eram normais (16%) e 63 apresentaram alteração endometrial (84%). Dentre os achados das histeroscopias, 49 foram pólipos endometriais (67.12%), 7 foram pólipos endocervicais (9.58%), 11 foram hiperplasia simples sem atipias (15.06%), 1 foi hiperplasia complexa sem atipias (1.36%), 1 foi hiperplasia complexa com atipias (1.36%), 2 foram leiomiomas (2.73%) e 2 foram adenocarcinoma endometrioide (2.73%). Conclusão: O Tamoxifeno® predispõe o aparecimento de lesões endometriais, que podem ser malignas. Nesse estudo, a incidência dessas lesões foi expressivamente maior do que os valores encontrados na literatura


Objective: To analyze the endometrial lesions in hysteroscopies of patients with breast cancer undergoing treatment with Tamoxifeno® and to relate them to the dose of medication used, time of therapy, presence of previous endometrial lesions and pre or postmenopausal status. Method: retrospective, cross-sectional and analytical study. Data were statistically analyzed using the chi-square test, p <0.05. Results: Among the 75 hysteroscopies analyzed, 12 were normal (16%) and 63 presented endometrial alteration (84%). Among the hysteroscopic findings, 49 were endometrial polyps (67.12%), 7 were endocervical polyps (9.58%), 11 were simple hyperplasia without atypias (15.06%), 1 was complex hyperplasia without atypias (1.36%), 1 was complex hyperplasia with atypia (1.36%), 2 were leiomyomas (2.73%) and 2 were endometrioid adenocarcinoma (2.73%). Conclusion: Tamoxifen predisposes the appearance of endometrial lesions, which may be malignant. In this study, the incidence of these lesions was significantly higher than the values found in the literature


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Tamoxifen , Therapeutics , Breast Neoplasms , Hysteroscopy , Carcinoma, Endometrioid
7.
In. Castillo Pino, Edgardo A. Manual de ginecología y obstetricia para pregrados y médicos generales. Montevideo, Oficina del Libro-FEFMUR, 2 ed; 2021. p.193-202, ilus.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1372531
8.
Clinics ; 76: e1987, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). METHODS: The study included a total of 70 patients with moderate-to-severe IUAs who underwent TCRA. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group (n=35) and control group n=35). In the treatment group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received intrauterine perfusion of Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine. In the control group, patients underwent balloon uterine stent placement and artificial cycle as well as received hyaluronic acid sodium and intrauterine device (IUD). Follow-up was performed after treatment of uterine cavity, menstruation and pregnancy. RESULTS: After 3 months of treatment, we observed a significantly lower rate of intrauterine re-adhesion (45.71% versus 77.14%, p=0.044) and significantly higher clinical efficiency (82.86% versus 77.14%, p=0.025) in the treatment group than those in the control group. After 6 months of treatment, we observed a significantly higher clinical efficiency in the treatment group than that in the control group (88.57% versus 68.57%, p=0.039). During the follow-up period, the pregnancy rate was 45.71% and 37.14% in the treatment group and control group, respectively, although the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.628). CONCLUSIONS: After surgical management of IUA, the integrated treatment combining a uterus stent placement and artificial cycle with Danshen injection and oral Chinese medicine can improve the condition of menstruation, and prevent and treat recurrence of IUA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Intrauterine Devices , Hysteroscopy , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1633-1637, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143665

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Anxiety is almost always present before medical interventions and may play a role in pain perception. We aim to evaluate factors associated with pain intensity reported by patients submitted to Office Hysteroscopy (OH). METHODS: Cross-sectional observational study, with data from April to November 2015. It included patients attended at the Assis Chateaubriand Maternity School (MEAC/UFC) with an indication of office hysteroscopy. Before the examination, the patients answered a validated questionnaire about anxiety (STAI). After the examination, women answered the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0, with Spearman correlation, Mann-Whitney U-test, and analyses of variance. RESULTS: 252 patients were included, with a mean age of 45.7 years, of whom 29% were postmenopausal (mean pain 5.5) and 71% were in menacme (mean pain 5.1) (p = 0.258). The anxiety trait and state showed a significant influence on the pain scale (p <0.001 and p=0.001), but age or endometrial sample did not. 27% of the patients were nulliparous. Less pain was associated with the number (p=0.01) and vaginal (p=0.005) of deliveries. The main indication for the procedure was abnormal uterine bleeding (54.4%). CONCLUSION: OH may be associated with moderate but tolerable discomfort. There was a significant correlation between higher scores on the pain scale and anxiety. There was evidence of reduced pain with parity and type of delivery, but not with reproductive age or endometrial biopsy.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A ansiedade está quase sempre presente antes de intervenções médicas e pode desempenhar um papel importante na percepção da dor. Buscou-se avaliar os fatores associados à intensidade da dor relatados pelos pacientes submetidos a histeroscopia ambulatorial (HA). MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional transversal, com dados de abril a novembro de 2015. Foram incluídas pacientes atendidas na Maternidade Escola Assis Chateaubriand (Meac/UFC) com indicação de HA. Antes do exame, as pacientes responderam a um questionário validado sobre ansiedade (IAM). Após o exame, as mulheres responderam à Escala Visual Analógica (EVA). Os dados foram analisados no Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0, com correlação de Spearman, teste U de Mann-Whitney e Anova. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas 252 pacientes, com idade média de 45,7 anos, das quais 29% estavam na pós-menopausa (dor média 5,5) e 71% eram menacme (dor média 5,1) (p = 0,258). O traço e o estado de ansiedade mostraram influência significativa na escala de dor (p<0,001 e p=0,001). Vinte e sete por cento das pacientes eram nulíparas. Menor dor foi associada ao número (p=0,01) e tipo vaginal (p=0,005) de partos. A principal indicação para o procedimento foi sangramento uterino anormal (54,4%); 66,1% necessitaram de amostra endometrial. CONCLUSÕES: A HA pode estar associada a um desconforto moderado, mas tolerável. Houve correlação significativa entre escores mais altos na escala de dor e ansiedade, menor paridade, mas não com idade reprodutiva ou procedimento de biópsia endometrial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pain/etiology , Hysteroscopy , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pain Perception , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(10): 649-658, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144157

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRH-a) have been used preoperatively before hysteroscopic myomectomy to decrease the size and vascularization of the myomas, but evidence to support this practice is weak. Our objective was to analyze the use of GnRH-a in the reduction of submucous fibroid as a facilitator for surgical hysteroscopy from published clinical trials. Data sources Studies from electronic databases (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), published between 1980 and December 2018. The keywords used were fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection and their correspondents in Portuguese. Study selection The inclusion criteria were controlled trials that evaluated the GnRH-a treatment before hysteroscopic resection of submucous myomas. Four clinical trials were included in the meta-analysis. Data collection Two review authors extracted the data without modification of the original data, using the agreed form. We resolved discrepancies through discussion or, if required, we consulted a third person. Data synthesis The present meta-analysis included a total of 213 women and showed no statistically significant differences in the use of GnRH-a compared with the control group for complete resection of submucous myoma (relative risk [RR]: 0.94; 95%; confidence interval [CI]: 0.80-1.11); operative time (mean difference [MD]: - 3.81; 95%;CI : - 3.81-2.13); fluid absorption (MD: - 65.90; 95%;CI: - 9.75-2.13); or complications (RR 0.92; 95%;CI: 0.18-4.82). Conclusion The present review did not support the routine preoperative use of GnRH-a prior to hysteroscopic myomectomy. However, it is not possible to determine its inferiority when compared with the other methods due to the heterogeneity of existing studies and the small sample size.


Resumo Objetivo Análogos de hormônio liberador de gonadotrofina (GnRH-a) têm sido usados no pré-operatório de miomectomia histeroscópica para reduzir o tamanho e vascularização dos miomas, mas a evidência que suporta essa prática é fraca. Nosso objetivo foi analisar o uso de GnRH-a na redução do mioma submucoso como um facilitador de histeroscopia cirúrgica em ensaios clínicos publicados. Fonte de dados Estudos de bases de dados eletrônicas (Pubmed, Scielo, EMBASE, Scopus, PROSPERO), publicados entre 1980 e dezembro de 2018. As palavras-chave usadas foram fibroid, GnRH analogue, submucous, histeroscopy, histeroscopic resection e seus correspondentes em português. Seleção dos estudos Os critérios de inclusão foram ensaios clínicos controlados que avaliaram o tratamento com GnRH-a antes da ressecção histeroscópica de miomas submucosos. Quatro ensaios clínicos foram incluídos na meta-análise Coleta de dados Dois autores revisores extraíram os dados, sem modificarem os dados originais, usando a forma acordada. Nós resolvemos as discrepâncias através de discussão ou, se necessário, consultando um terceiro autor. Síntese dos dados A meta-análise incluiu um total de 213 mulheres e não demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significativa no uso de GnRH-a comparado com o grupo controle para ressecção completa de mioma submucoso (risco relativo [RR]: 0.94. índice de confiança [IC] 95%;: 0.80-1.11); tempo cirúrgico (diferença de média [MD]: - 3.81; IC95%;: -3.81-2.13); absorção de fluidos (MD: - 65.90; IC95%;: - 9.75-2.13); ou complicações (RR 0.92; IC95%;: 0.18-4.82). Conclusão A presente revisão sistemática não suporta o uso pré-operatório rotineiro de GnRH-a antes de miomectomia histeroscópica. No entanto, não é possível determinar sua inferioridade quando comparado aos outros métodos devido à heterogeneidade dos estudos existentes e ao pequeno tamanho da amostra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/analogs & derivatives , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Leiomyoma/blood , Hysteroscopy , Operative Time
11.
Femina ; 48(9): 574-576, 20200930.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122590

ABSTRACT

Os dispositivos intrauterinos (DIUs) são os métodos contraceptivos reversíveis de longa duração mais utilizados no mundo, apresentando altas taxas de eficácia e segurança. Na presença de gestação, o DIU pode ser retirado com uma leve tração dos fios, quando visíveis. Na impossibilidade de visualização dos fios, há a opção de retirada por histeroscopia, que tem se mostrado segura e eficaz para a retirada de DIU retido na cavidade. Foram pesquisados os termos: "intrauterine device", "pregnancy" e "hysteroscopy". Dos 378 artigos encontrados, foram selecionados 18 artigos que cumpriam os objetivos desta revisão. A presença de DIU durante a gestação se mostra um fator de risco independente para desfechos desfavoráveis como abortamento, corioamnionite, parto prematuro e maior taxa de admissão em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. A histeroscopia ambulatorial se mostra uma alternativa segura e eficaz na retirada do DIU no primeiro trimestre.(AU)


Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are the most widely used reversible contraceptive methods in the world, with high rates of efficacy and safety. In the presence of pregnancy, the IUD can be removed by gently traction of the threads, when visible. If the wires cannot be visualized, we have the option of hysteroscopy removal, which has been shown to be safe and effective for the removal of an IUD retained in the cavity. The terms "intrauterine device", "pregnancy" and "hysteroscopy" were searched. Of the 378 articles found, 18 articles were selected that met the objectives of this review. The presence of IUDs during pregnancy is an independent risk factor for unfavorable outcomes such as abortion, chorioamnionitis, premature birth and a higher rate of admission to a neonatal intensive care unit. Ambulatory hysteroscopy is a safe and effective alternative for IUD removal in the first trimester.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/prevention & control , Hysteroscopy , Intrauterine Devices , Intrauterine Devices, Copper , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic , Copper/therapeutic use , Contraceptive Effectiveness
12.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 71(3): 237-246, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144386

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la exactitud diagnóstica del sistema de puntaje histeroscópico de cáncer endometrial. Materiales y métodos: estudio de exactitud diagnóstica ensamblado en estudio transversal, que incluyó pacientes con sangrado posmenopáusico y engrosamiento endometrial mayor o igual a 5 mm, a quienes se practicó histeroscopia, cuyo resultado se comparó con la biopsia endometrial como patrón de oro diagnóstico, en dos hospitales de alta complejidad. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas, puntaje de evaluación histeroscópica y resultado histopatológico de tejido endometrial. En el análisis se estimó sensibilidad, especificidad, razones de probabilidades y área bajo la curva con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza. Resultados: con una prevalencia del cáncer endometrial del 9 %, el sistema de evaluación por histeroscopia mostró una sensibilidad de 75 % (IC 95 %: 30,1-95,43), especificidad de 95,1 % (IC 95 %: 83,9- 98,7), una razón de probabilidades positiva de 15,38 (IC 95 %: 3,55-66,56), una razón de probabilidades negativa de 0,26 y un área bajo la curva del 85 %. Conclusión: el sistema de evaluación endometrial histeroscópico estandarizado mostró una sensibilidad aceptable para hacer la tamización en pacientes con sangrado posmenopáusico y engrosamiento endometrial (≥ 5 mm). Se requiere la realización de estudios con un mayor tamaño muestral que permitan hacer una estimación más precisa de las características operativas de este sistema de evaluación histeroscópico para la detección de cáncer endometrial.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of hysteroscopic scores in endometrial cancer. Materials and methods: Diagnostic accuracy study assembled within a cross-sectional study that included patients with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrial thickening greater than 5 mm in whom hysteroscopy was performed and then compared with endometrial biopsy as the diagnostic gold standard, in two high complexity hospitals. Clinical, sociodemographic variables, as well as hysteroscopic scores and the results of endometrial tissue histopathology were measured. Sensitivity and specificity, likelihood ratios and area under the curve with their respective confidence intervals were estimated in the analysis. Results: With a 9 % prevalence of endometrial cancer, the hysteroscopic assessment system was shown to have 75 % sensitivity (95 % CI; 30.1- 95.43), 95,1 % specificity (95 % CI; 83.9-98.7), a positive likelihood ratio of 15.38 (95 %; CI 3.55- 66.56), a negative likelihood ratio of 0.26 and area under the curve of 85 %. Conclusion: The standardized hysteroscopic assessment system was found to have an acceptable sensitivity for screening in patients with postmenopausal bleeding and endometrial thickening (≥ 5 mm). Further studies with larger sample sizes are required in order to arrive at a more precise estimation of the operational characteristics of the hysteroscopic assessment system for the detection of endometrial cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Endometrial Neoplasms , Uterine Hemorrhage , Hysteroscopy , Postmenopause
13.
Femina ; 48(7): 427-431, 20200731. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117444

ABSTRACT

Estima-se que cerca de 28 milhões de cirurgias sejam postergadas ou canceladas no mundo em decorrência desta pandemia, causando atraso no diagnóstico e tratamento de mais de 2 milhões de casos oncológicos. No Brasil, tanto a ANS (Agência Nacional de Saúde) como a Anvisa (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária) orientaram o adiamento das cirurgias eletivas e não essenciais, tendo um impacto considerável no número de procedimentos cirúrgicos, com diminuição de 33,4% neste período no Brasil. No entanto, algumas mulheres necessitam de tratamento para várias doenças ginecológicas, algumas das quais não podem ser adiadas. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar recomendações sobre o tratamento cirúrgico durante a pandemia de COVID-19.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/standards , National Health Strategies , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Hysteroscopy/standards , Laparoscopy/standards
14.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 325-332, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137844

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the insertion of the hysteroscopic intratubal sterilization device for female sterilization concerning the technique and the feasibility. Methods Retrospective study with data collection of medical records of 904 patients who underwent device insertion between January and September 2016 in a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) with data analysis and descriptive statistics. Results In 85.8% of the cases, the uterine cavity was normal, and themost commonlydescribed findings upon hysteroscopy were synechiae (9.5%). The procedure lasted an average of 3.56minutes (range: 1 to 10minutes), and the pain was considered inexistent or mild in 58,6% of the cases, mild or moderate in 32,8%, and severe or agonizing in less than 1% (0.8%) of the cases, based on a verbal scale ranging from 0 to 10. The rate of successful insertions was of 85.0%, and successful tubal placement was achieved in 99.5% of the cases. There were no severe complications related to the procedure, but transient vasovagal reactions occurred in 5 women (0.6%). Conclusion Female sterilization performed by hysteroscopy is a safe, feasible, fast, and well-tolerated procedure. The rates of successful insertions and tubal placements were high. There were few and mild adverse effects during the procedure, and there were no severe complications on the short term.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a inserção de dispositivo intratubário de esterilização histeroscópica com relação à viabilidade e à técnica. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo com coleta de dados de prontuários das pacientes submetidas à inserção do dispositivo entre janeiro e setembro de 2016 emumhospital público do Rio de Janeiro, comanálise dos dados e realização de estatísticas descritivas. Resultados Foram incluídos 904 casos no estudo. Em 85,8% dos casos, a cavidade uterina estava normal, e os achados mais comumente descritos à histeroscopia foram as sinequias (9,5%). O tempomédio do procedimento foi de 3,56minutos (gama: de 1 a 10 minutos); a dor foi considerada de ausente a leve em 58,6% dos casos, de leve a moderada em32,8% dos casos, e de forte à pior dor possível emmenos de 1% dos casos (0,8%). A taxa de inserções bem-sucedidas foi de 85,0%, e a colocação tubária foi bemsucedida em 99,5% dos casos. Não foram identificadas complicações graves, mas reações vasovagais transitórias ocorreram em 5 mulheres (0,6%). Conclusão A esterilização feminina por histeroscopia é um procedimento seguro, viável, rápido, e bem tolerado. As taxas de inserção bem-sucedida e de colocação tubária foram altas. Houve poucos e leves efeitos colaterais durante o procedimento, e não foram observadas complicações graves no curto prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sterilization, Tubal/statistics & numerical data , Hysteroscopy/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Hysteroscopy/instrumentation , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, Public , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(3): 236-244, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126158

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir y analizar la experiencia clínica, resultados y complicaciones según Clavien-Dindo de las histeroscopías quirúrgicas realizadas en pabellón. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de las histeroscopías quirúrgicas realizadas entre el 1 de enero de 2012 y 1 de enero de 2018 en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile. RESULTADOS: Hubo 613 histeroscopías quirúrgicas en el período analizado, de las cuales 593 cumplieron con los requisitos para incluirse en este estudio. Las indicaciones para realizar el procedimiento fueron: pólipo endometrial (56,3%), miomas uterinos (22,1%), sangrado uterino anormal (4,3%) y otras (17,7%). Hubo un 89,2% de concordancia entre el diagnóstico intraoperatorio y el estudio histopatológico. Se pesquisaron 11 hiperplasias endometriales sin atipías, 3 con atipías y 10 neoplasias malignas. Cabe destacar que, del total de pólipos resecados, hubo 8 casos (2,5%) con potencial malignidad (atipías o neoplasia maligna). Según la clasificación Clavien Dindo, hubo 22 complicaciones intraoperatorias (3,7%) grado I o II, cuyo diagnóstico fue realizado en el acto quirúrgico. No hubo complicaciones grado III o más (severas, con reintervención). CONCLUSIÓN: La tasa de éxito, correlación histeroscópica - anatomopatológica final y complicaciones fue similar a lo publicado en la literatura disponible. El diagnóstico intraoperatorio de la lesión y su reparación en el mismo acto quirúrgico, disminuye el riesgo de morbimortalidad de las pacientes, haciéndolo similar al de una paciente sin complicación. Utilizar la clasificación Clavien Dindo para evaluar las complicaciones nos permitirá en adelante, objetivar, mejorar aspectos del procedimiento quirúrgico y plantear estrategias de prevención y manejo de dichos eventos adversos.


OBJECTIVE: To describe and analyze the clinical experience, results and complications according to Clavien-Dindo of surgical hysteroscopies performed in the ward. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study of surgical hysteroscopies performed between January 1, 2012 and January 1, 2018 at the Hospital Clinico of the University of Chile. RESULTS: There were 613 surgical hysteroscopies in the analyzed period of which 593 fulfilled the requirements to be included in this study. The indications to perform the procedure were: endometrial polyp (56.3%), uterine fibroids (22.1%), abnormal uterine bleeding (4.3%) and others (17.7%). There was an 89.2% agreement between the intraoperative diagnosis and the histopathological study. Eleven endometrial hyperplasias without atypia, 3 with atypia and 10 malignant neoplasms were investigated. It should be noted that, of the total of resected polyps, there were 8 cases (2.5%) with potential malignancy (atypia or malignant neoplasm). According to the Clavien Dindo classification, there were 22 intraoperative complications (3.7%) grade I or II, the diagnosis of which was made during surgery. There were no grade III or more complications (severe, with reoperation). CONCLUSION: The success rate, final hysteroscopic-pathological correlation and complications was similar to that published in the available literature. The intraoperative diagnosis of the lesion and its repair in the same surgical act, reduces the risk of morbidity and mortality of the patients, making it similar to that of a patient without complication. Using the Clavien Dindo classification to assess complications will henceforth allow us to objectify, improve aspects of the surgical procedure and propose strategies for the prevention and management of such adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Hysteroscopy/statistics & numerical data , Genital Diseases, Female/surgery , Postoperative Complications/classification , Severity of Illness Index , Hysteroscopy/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Selection , Genital Diseases, Female/pathology , Length of Stay
17.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4916, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056055

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the prevalence and intensity of pain perception during diagnostic hysteroscopy in women and potential related factors. Methods A total of 489 women were investigated at an infertility clinic. Fluid diagnostic hysteroscopy was performed without analgesia or anesthesia by gynecologists with different levels of experience in operative hysteroscopy, using a 2.9mm rigid scope. The Visual Analog Scale was used to score pain intensity after vaginal speculum insertion and after hysteroscopy. Data collected included age, ethnicity, body mass index, history of infertility and endometrial surgery (curettage and/or hysteroscopy), smoking habits, and hysteroscopy diagnosis. Only the state of anxiety was assessed by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory given to each patient before the procedure. Results Hysteroscopy median (25th to 75th) Visual Analog Scale scored 3.3 (3 to 5), and 41.7% of the women referred Visual Analog Scale score ≥4. Median (25th to 75th) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score was 42 (38 to 45), and 58.3% of the women referred State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score >40. Hysteroscopy Visual Analog Scale score was significantly correlated to surgeon experience and to vaginal speculum insertion but not to State-Trait Anxiety Inventory score, ethnicity or abnormal hysteroscopic findings. Conclusion Diagnostic hysteroscopy was mostly perceived as a mild discomfort procedure by most women. Nevertheless, in a considerable number of cases, women perceived hysteroscopy as painful. Pain perception was linked to individual pain threshold and surgeon experience, but not to pre-procedural anxiety state levels, ethnicity or abnormal hysteroscopic findings.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar a prevalência e a intensidade da percepção da dor durante a histeroscopia diagnóstica, bem como os possíveis fatores relacionados. Métodos Foram incluídas 489 mulheres submetidas à propedêutica de infertilidade. A histeroscopia diagnóstica foi realizada sem analgesia ou anestesia, por ginecologistas com níveis de experiência diferentes em histeroscopia, usando histeroscópio rígido de 2,9mm. A Escala Visual Analógica foi utilizada para avaliar a intensidade da dor após a inserção do espéculo vaginal e após a histeroscopia. Os dados coletados incluíram idade, etnia, índice de massa corporal, história de infertilidade e cirurgia endometrial (curetagem e/ou histeroscopia), tabagismo e histeroscopia diagnóstica. Avaliou-se apenas o estado de ansiedade pelo Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado de cada paciente antes do procedimento. Resultados A mediana (25ºa 75º) de histeroscopia pela Escala Visual Analógica foi 3,3 (3 a 5), e 41,7% das mulheres obtiveram pontuação ≥4. A mediana (25ºa 75º) do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado foi 42 (38 a 45), e 58,3% das mulheres referiram pontuação >40. A pontuação da Escala Visual Analógica da histeroscopia apresentou correlação estatisticamente significante com a experiência do cirurgião e a inserção do espéculo vaginal, mas não a pontuação do Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado, etnia ou achados histeroscópicos anormais. Conclusão A histeroscopia diagnóstica foi percebida pela maioria das mulheres como desconforto leve, mas um número considerável de pacientes classificou o procedimento como doloroso. A percepção da dor esteve ligada ao limiar individual e à experiência do cirurgião, mas não aos níveis de ansiedade pré-procedimento, à etnia e nem aos achados histeroscópicos anormais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pain Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Pain Perception , Pain, Procedural/etiology , Pain, Procedural/epidemiology , Fertility Clinics , Anxiety/psychology , Polyps/surgery , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Uterine Diseases/surgery , Pain Measurement/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Hysteroscopy/adverse effects , Hysteroscopy/psychology , Prevalence , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Pain, Procedural/psychology , Middle Aged
18.
Med. UIS ; 32(3): 11-17, Sep.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114972

ABSTRACT

Resumen La cicatriz uterina es un defecto en la pared anterior del miometrio secundario a la cesárea. Su prevalencia es muy variable, llegando hasta el 84% en algunos estudios, y aumenta según el número de cesáreas previas. La mayoría de las pacientes pueden ser asintomáticas, pero cuando se manifiesta es principalmente con hemorragia uterina anormal. El manejo de esta patología se ha descrito mediante técnicas farmacológicas y quirúrgicas, siendo más estudiadas las técnicas quirúrgicas, dentro de las que se encuentran la histeroscopía, laparoscopia, laparoscopia asistida con histeroscopía, laparotomía y el abordaje vaginal. Se realizó una revisión en PubMed-MEDLINE y LILACS respecto al manejo de este defecto, tomándose artículos publicados en los últimos cinco años, en la cual se encontraron 37 artículos. El manejo depende principalmente de factores como la sintomatología de la paciente, si tiene paridad satisfecha o no, la profundidad del defecto y las preferencias de la paciente. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(3):11-7


Abstract The postcesarean scar defect is a defect in the anterior wall of the myometrium secondary to the cesarean section. Its prevalence is variable, reaching up to 84% in some studies, increasing with the number of previous cesarean sections. Most of the patients can be asymptomatic, but when it manifests, is mostly with abnormal uterine bleeding. Its management has been described with pharmacological and surgical techniques, the latter being the most researched. They include the hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, laparotomy, and the vaginal approach. A revision in PubMed-MEDLINE and LILACS about the management of this defect was done, including articles published in the last five years, resulting in 37 articles. The selection of the treatment depends on different factors such as the patient's symptoms, if she has satisfied parity or not, the depth of the defect and the patient's preferences. MÉD.UIS.2019;32(3):11-7


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cesarean Section , Cicatrix , Parity , Pathology , Patients , Therapeutics , Uterine Hemorrhage , Hysteroscopy , Laparoscopy , Gynecology , Laparotomy , Myometrium
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 41(6): 409-411, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013623

ABSTRACT

Abstract Endometrial tuberculosis is a rare diagnosis in the postmenopausal period, and it can mimic a carcinoma. The present article describes the case of a 54-year-old female patient with weight loss, abdominal pain, and ascites. An ultrasonography showed endometrial thickening, and a video hysteroscopy revealed a uterine cavity with formations with cotton aspect covering the entire endometrial surface and the tubal ostia. An anatomopathological evaluation diagnosed endometrial tuberculosis. The treatment was with a standardized therapeutic scheme (ethambutol, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and rifampicin), and the patient evolved with clinical improvement and normal uterine cavity at hysteroscopy. Considering the lack of pathognomonic hysteroscopic findings of the disorder, it is important to disclose the images of the case.


Resumo A tuberculose endometrial é um diagnóstico raro na pós-menopausa e podemimetizar um carcinoma. O presente artigo descreve o caso de uma paciente de 54 anos com perda de peso, dor abdominal e ascite. A ultrassonografia mostrou espessamento endometrial, e a histeroscopia por vídeo revelou uma cavidade uterina com formações que apresentavam aspecto de algodão cobrindo toda a superfície endometrial e os óstios tubários. Uma avaliação anatomopatológica diagnosticou tuberculose endometrial. O tratamento foi com esquema terapêutico padronizado (etambutol, isoniazida, pirazinamida e rifampicina), e a paciente evoluiu com melhora clínica e cavidade uterina normal na histeroscopia. Considerando a falta de achados histeroscópicos patognomônicos do distúrbio, é importante divulgar as imagens do caso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/drug therapy , Endometrium/pathology , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolation & purification , Antitubercular Agents/therapeutic use , Ascites/microbiology , Tuberculosis, Female Genital/diagnosis , Uterus/abnormalities , Uterus/diagnostic imaging , Weight Loss , Abdominal Pain/microbiology , Hysteroscopy , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome , Endometrium/microbiology , Endometrium/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
20.
Femina ; 47(6): 375-380, 20190630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046528

ABSTRACT

As anomalias congênitas do trato genital feminino são condições relativamente comuns que podem levar com frequência a problemas reprodutivos. Atualmente, a abordagem cirúrgica da maioria das malformações uterinas tem sido realizada por via endoscópica, tendo a histeroscopia, com sua segurança e baixa invasividade, substituído a correção cirúrgica por via abdominal, praticamente em desuso. Com o advento da cirurgia histeroscópica, a realização de metroplastia se tornou um procedimento simples, com ótimos resultados reprodutivos. O caso clínico apresentado relata o resultado de uma correção cirúrgica endoscópica de uma malformação uterina pouco comum: útero septado completo. A dificuldade cirúrgica na abordagem da doença está na presença de dupla vagina e, sobretudo, na presença de dois colos uterinos que implicam a utilização de estratégias endoscópicas especiais para superar os obstáculos. Os autores detalham sua experiência com esse tipo de metroplastia. Uma boa prática endoscópica aliada a modernas técnicas de imagem permitem, também nesses casos, uma completa restituição da integridade da cavidade uterina, melhorando o potencial reprodutivo dessas pacientes.(AU)


Congenital malformations of the female genital tract are relatively common conditions that can often lead to reproductive problems. Currently, the surgical approach to most uterine malformations has been performed endoscopically, and hysteroscopy, with its safety and low invasiveness, has been replacing abdominal surgical correction, practically in disuse. With the advent of hysteroscopic surgery, the realization of metroplasty became a simple procedure, with excellent reproductive results. The clinical case presented, reports the result of an endoscopic surgical correction of an uncommon uterine malformation: complete septate uterus. The surgical difficulty in approaching the disease is in the presence of double vagina, and, especially, in the presence of two uterine cervix that imply the use of special endoscopic strategies to overcome obstacles. The authors detail their experience with this type of metroplasty. A good endoscopic experience combined with modern imaging techniques also allows in these cases a complete restoration of the integrity of the uterine cavity, improving the reproductive potential of these patients.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urogenital Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Uterus/abnormalities , Hysteroscopy
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