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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880073

ABSTRACT

In recent years, it is found that the classical IKKα and IKKβ pathway were closely relates with hematological tumors, except the classical pathogenesis, moreover the classical IKKβ pathway is deeply studied. The studies indicated that the IKKβis activated to phosphorylate the NF-κB through multiple cascades under the effect of extracellular IL-6, TNF-α and other stimulating factors. At the cellular level, the classical IKKβcan promote the tumor cell survival and proliferation, reduce the cell apoptosis, and promote the angiogenesis and cell transfer. Although the classical IKKα plays a role in regulating IKKβ activity, but its role in non-classical pathway is more prominent. This review briefly summarizes the latest advance of researches on the pathogenesis of hematological malignancies in term of IKKα and IKKβpathway, so as to provide the theoretic basis for deeply understanding and studying the pathogenesis of hematologic tumors. At present, blocking the classical IKKα and IKKβ pathway has become a new target for treatment of hematological tumors, moreover, some specific inhibitor for IKKα and IKKβpathway have been developed, for example, LY2409881, BMS 345541 and so on. Most of these drugs are in clinical trials and display some good anti-tumor effects.


Subject(s)
Cell Survival , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the application value of whole exome sequencing (WES) in critically ill neonates with inherited diseases.@*METHODS@#A total of 66 critically ill neonates with suspected inherited diseases or unclear clinical diagnosis who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit were enrolled as subjects. The clinical data of the neonates were collected, and venous blood samples were collected from the neonates and their parents for WES. The clinical manifestations of the neonates were observed to search for related pathogenic gene mutations.@*RESULTS@#Among the 66 critically ill neonates with suspected inherited diseases or unclear clinical diagnosis (34 boys and 32 girls), 14 (21%) were found to have gene mutations by WES. One neonate had no gene mutation detected by WES but was highly suspected of pigment incontinence based on clinical manifestations, and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification detected a heterozygous deletion mutation in exons 4-10 of the IKBKG gene. Among the 15 neonates with gene mutations, 10 (67%) had pathogenic gene mutation, 1 (7%) was suspected of pathogenic gene mutation, and 4 (27%) had gene mutations with unknown significance. Among the 15 neonates, 13 underwent chromosome examination, and only 1 neonate was found to have chromosome abnormality.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Chromosome examination cannot be used as a diagnostic method for inherited diseases, and WES detection technology is an important tool to find inherited diseases in critically ill neonates with suspected inherited diseases or unclear clinical diagnosis; however WES technology has some limitation and it is thus necessary to combine with other sequencing methods to achieve an early diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Critical Illness , Exons , Female , Genetic Diseases, Inborn/genetics , Heterozygote , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase/genetics , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
3.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 113 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015182

ABSTRACT

O câncer de pulmão é o tipo de câncer que apresenta o maior índice de mortalidade em todo o mundo. As alterações genéticas mais frequentes em câncer de pulmão são as mutações pontuais no oncogene que codifica a GTPase KRAS. Apesar destas mutações estarem diretamente ligadas à oncogênese, terapias que visam inibir diretamente a proteína Ras falharam em ensaios clínicos. Uma das propriedades mais importantes na oncogênese é a aquisição de capacidade metastática tumoral. Desta forma, o objetivo deste projeto é identificar alvos terapêuticos que inibam as metástases tumorais induzidas pelo oncogene KRAS no pulmão. Com base em relatos recentes mostrando que a forma oncogênica de KRAS promove, não só a iniciação tumoral, mas também promove a aquisição de um fenótipo metastático, a hipótese deste projeto é que (1) a capacidade mestastática tumoral induzida por KRAS no pulmão é potencializada pela quinase IKKß; e (2) que a inibição desta quinase reduzirá a capacidade invasiva celular e metastática tumoral. Esta hipótese foi formulada com base em estudos anteriores, os quais demonstraram que o principal substrato da IKKß, o fator de transcrição NF-κB, é ativado por KRAS em tumores pulmonares in situ de forma dependente da IKKß, que o NF-κB é capaz de promover metástase em diferentes modelos tumorais, e que a inibição da atividade da IKKß com um inibidor farmacológico em um modelo animal de câncer de pulmão induzido por KRAS, diminui o crescimento tumoral e a progressão tumoral para graus histológicos mais avançados. Nosso objetivo era avaliar se a inibição de IKKß é capaz de afetar a migração e invasão de células portadoras de mutação em KRAS in vitro e se a inibição de IKKß é capaz de afetar a capacidade metatática dessas células in vivo. Primeiramente, avaliamos a expressão de enzimas relacionadas ao fenótipo metastático, as metaloproteinases de matriz 2 e 9 (MMP-2 e MMP-9) e, também uma molécula intimamente relacionada ao processo de adesão mediado por integrinas, FAK (quinase de adesão focal), frente a inibição de IKKß através de um inibidor farmacológico altamente especifico (Composto A) e frente a inibição genética de IKKß por interferência de RNA (siRNA) em células A549 e H358. Avaliamos também a atividade das MMPs frente inibição genética de KRAS (siKRAS) e IKKß (siIKKß) e vimos que IKKß parece modular a expressão ou atividade de MMP-9 e reduz a expressão de FAK. Já a expressão de MMP-2 não apresentou alteração. Posteriormente avaliamos migração na célula A549 e invasão nas células A549 e H358 com inibição de IKKß, por ensaios Transwell, e observamos uma redução da migração e invasão celular in vitro. Em seguida, fomos gerar linhagens celulares paraa expressar luciferase, as linhagens A549 pLUC e H358 pLUC. Os clones A549 pLUC B4 e H358 pLUC F1 com inibição de KRAS e IKKß por interferência de RNA, foram injetados pela veia da cauda nesses camundongos e as metástases foram monitoradas por imageamento in vivo. Houve metástases em 20% dos animais com siIKKß na região anatômica da boca. Os animais que receberam siControle e siKRAS não apresentaram nenhuma metástase visível no equipamento, mas foi observado micrometástases nas análises histológicas dos pulmões. O resultado do experimento de metástase in vivo é inesperado, não só pelo fato de ocorrer no grupo experimental siIKKß, mas também pelo local anatômico do tumor, sendo necessária uma maior investigação do papel de IKKß nesse processo, podendo ser um resultado aleatório. Quando avaliamos em conjunto, nossos resultados sugerem que a quinase IKKß desempenha um papel importante no fenótipo migratório e invasivo de células pulmonares portadoras de KRAS oncogênica, contribuindo para a capacidade metastática


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The most frequent genetic changes found in lung cancer are driver mutations in the KRAS proto-oncogene. Even though KRAS mutations have been causally linked to the oncogenic process, therapies targeted to oncogenic RAS have failed in clinical trials. One of the main characteristics in oncogenesis is the ability of tumors to acquire metastatic capability. The objective of this project is to identify therapeutic targets that reduce KRASinduced lung cancer metastasis. Based on previous reports that oncogenic KRAS, drives not only tumor initiation, but also promotes a metastatic phenotype, the hypothesis of this project is that (1) the acquisition of metastatic ability induced by KRAS in the lung is potentiated by the IKK kinase; and (2) that IKKß inhibition will reduce KRAS-induced cell invasive properties and KRAS-induced tumor metastasis. This hypothesis has been formulated on the basis of previous studies showing that the main IKKß substrate, the transcription factor NF-κB, is activated by KRAS in lung tumors in situ in an IKKß-dependent manner, that NF-κB is known to promote metastasis in different tumor models, and that pharmacological IKKß inhibition in a KRAS-induced lung cancer mouse model reduces tumor growth and progression to higher histological tumor grades. Our goal was evaluate how inhibition of IKKß affects migration and invasion of KRAS-positive lung cells in vitro and whether inhibition of IKKß is capable of affecting the metatactic capacity of these cells in vivo. First, we evaluated the expression of enzymes involved in the metastatic phenotype, matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9) and also a molecule involved in the integrinmediated adhesion, FAK (focal adhesion kinase), we targeted IKKß by a highly specific IKK inhibitor (Compound A) or with RNA interference in A549 and H358 cells. We also used colorimetric Matrix Biotrak Activity Assay System to measure the activity of MMPs with RNA interference for KRAS (siKRAS) and IKKß (IKKß) and we have seen that IKKß appears to modulate the expression or activity of MMP-9 and decreases the expression of FAK. The expression of MMP-2 did not change. Then we evaluated migration in A549 cell and invasion in A549 and H358 cells with inhibition of IKK by RNA interference or with Compound A treatment in Transwell assays, and observed a significantly reduced cell migration and invasion in vitro. We then generated cell lines to express luciferase, the A549 pLUC and H358 pLUC lines. A549 pLUC B4 and H358 pLUC F1 cells with RNA interference for KRAS and IKKß were injected in the tail vein in nude (balb/c) mice and metastases were monitored by in vivo imaging. There were metastases in 20% of IKKß animals in the anatomical region of the mouth. Animals that received siControl and siKRAS had no visible metastasis in the live imaging, but micrometastases were observed in the histological analyzes of the lungs. The result of this experiment is unexpected, not only due to the fact that it occurs in the IKKß experimental group, but also due to the anatomical site of the tumor, and a further investigation of the role of IKKß in this process, can be a random result. When evaluated together, our results suggest that the IKKß kinase plays an important role in the migratory and invasive phenotype of in KRAS positive lung cancer cells, contributing to metastatic capacity


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , I-kappa B Kinase/analysis , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , In Vitro Techniques , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , ras Proteins/classification , Protein Kinase Inhibitors
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1086-1092, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects and its potential mechanism of IKK2 inhibitor LY2409881 on proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cell lines.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CCK8 assay was used to detect the effect of LY2409881 on proliferation of DLBCL cell lines; Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle; Western blot was used to analyze apoptosis and its potential mechanism.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LY2409881 inhibited the proliferation of multiple DLBCL cell lines obviously, and caused G cell arrest. Furtherly, LY2409881 inhibited the expression of c-FLIP, induced the activation of DR4 and caspase 8. Meanwhile, LY2409881 induced the expression of pro-apoptotic protein BAX and inhibited the expression of anti-apoptotic protein MCL-1 and BCL-2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LY2409881 inhibits the proliferation of DLBCL cell lines, causes G cell arrest and induces apoptosis via the endogenous and exogenous apoptotic pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Pyrimidines , Thiophenes
5.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 133 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-999085

ABSTRACT

As alterações genéticas mais frequentes em câncer de pulmão são mutações pontuais que ativam o oncogene KRAS. Embora estas mutações estejam causalmente relacionadas à oncogênese, até hoje diferentes abordagens para inibir as proteínas RAS diretamente não obtiveram sucesso. Portanto, para que melhores alvos terapêuticos para o câncer de pulmão se tornem disponíveis é necessário identificar os mecanismos moleculares ativados por KRAS que estão diretamente envolvidos com a aquisição de propriedades malignas importantes, como o desenvolvimento e a manutenção de um fenótipo tronco-tumoral pelas células iniciadoras de tumor (CITs). CITs, também conhecidas como células tronco-tumorais, são definidas como uma subpopulação de células tumorais capazes de se autorrenovar, iniciar a formação de tumores e sustentar o crescimento tumoral. O desenvolvimento de estratégias terapêuticas dirigidas a estas células é imprescindível para melhorar a eficácia da terapia antitumoral. Uma vez que KRAS está associada a manutenção de um fenótipo tronco-tumoral e ativa o fator de transcrição NF-kB através da quinase IKKß para promover a tumorigênese pulmonar, nós hipotetizamos que a quinase IKKß contribui para o fenótipo tronco-tumoral induzido por KRAS em câncer de pulmão. Nós utilizamos ensaios de formação de tumoresferas para enriquecer e avaliar a função de CITs das linhagens pulmonares positivas para KRAS A549 e H358. As células A549 e H358 formaram tumoresferas em cultura de baixa aderência e, quando comparadas às células derivadas da cultura aderente, as células oriundas da cultura de tumoresferas apresentaram maior crescimento clonogênico, maior expressão de genes associados ao fenótipo tronco por qPCR e maior atividade da quinase IKKß. A inibição da atividade de IKKß através de um inibidor farmacológico altamente específico (Composto A) diminuiu levemente a proliferação de células A549 e H358, sem resultar em morte celular significativa. Entretanto, a inibição da atividade ou da expressão de IKKß por interferência de RNA reduziu a expressão de genes associados ao fenótipo tronco e diminuiu a formação de tumoresferas. A inibição da expressão de IKKß em células A549 reduziu também a capacidade de autorrenovação de CITs. Estes resultados sugerem que IKKß desempenha um papel importante na manutenção do fenótipo tronco-tumoral de CITs pulmonares induzidas por KRAS. Em seguida, nós demonstramos que a inibição da atividade de IKKß afetou preferencialmente a proliferação celular e o crescimento clonogênico de células oriundas da cultura de tumoresfera, sugerindo que IKKß desempenha um papel mais importante em CITs do que em células derivadas da cultura aderente. A análise por citometria de fluxo identificou que células derivadas da cultura de tumoresfera apresentam um enriquecimento para células CD24+ na linhagem A549 e células CD44+ na linhagem H358, sugerindo que estes possam ser marcadores promissores para purificação de CITs nestas linhagens. Adicionalmente, demonstramos, por ensaios de wound-healing de células A549 e H358, que a inibição da atividade de IKKß reduziu a migração celular, uma outra uma propriedade aumentada em CITs. Além disso, mostramos que a atividade da quinase IKKß em células A549 e H358 não depende das vias da MAPK ou PI3K/Akt. Interessantemente, a inibição combinada de IKK (um efetor downstream de KRAS) e de EGFR/ERRB2 (reguladores upstream de KRAS que ativam as vias MAPK e PI3K/Akt) reduziu de forma aditiva a formação de tumoresferas, proliferação e migração celular. Quando avaliados em conjunto, nossos resultados sugerem que a quinase IKKß desempenha um papel importante na biologia de CITs pulmonares portadoras de KRAS oncogênica e que a inibição desta quinase sozinha ou em combinação com a inibição de outras vias pode representar uma estratégia terapêutica promissora a ser explorada para reduzir a recidiva e metástase no câncer de pulmão induzido por KRAS


The most frequent genetic alterations in lung cancer are point mutations that activate the KRAS oncogene. Although these mutations are causally related to oncogenesis, different approaches to inhibit RAS proteins directly have not been successful to date. Therefore, for better therapeutic targets for lung cancer to become available, it is necessary to identify the molecular mechanisms activated by KRAS that are directly involved with important malignant features, such as the development and maintenance of a cancer stem-like phenotype by the tumour-initiating cells (TICs). TICs, also known as cancer stem cells, are defined as a subpopulation of tumour cells able to self-renew, promote tumour initiation, and sustain tumour growth. The development of therapeutic strategies to target these cells is imperative to improve the efficacy of antitumor therapy. Since KRAS is associated with the maintenance of a cancer stem-like phenotype and activates the transcription factor NF-kB through the IKKß kinase to promote lung tumourigenesis, we hypothesised that IKKß kinase contributes to the cancer stem-like phenotype induced by KRAS in lung cancer. We used tumoursphere formation assays to enrich and evaluate the function of TICs of KRAS-mutant cell lines A549 and H358. A549 and H358 cells formed tumourspheres in low adhesion culture and, when compared to cells grown in adherent culture, sphere-derived cells displayed increased clonogenic growth, higher expression of stemness genes by qPCR, and increased IKKß kinase activity . Inhibition of IKKß activity through a highly specific pharmacological inhibitor (Compound A) slightly decreased proliferation of A549 and H358 cells without inducing significant cell death. On the other hand, inhibition of IKKß activity or expression by RNA interference reduced the expression of stemness genes and decreased tumoursphere formation. Inhibition of IKKß expression in A549 cells also reduced TICs self-renewal . These results suggest that IKKß plays an important role in maintaining the cancer stem-like phenotype of KRAS-driven lung TICs. Next, we demonstrated that IKKß inhibition preferentially reduced cell proliferation and clonogenic growth of sphere-derived cells, suggesting that IKKß plays a more important role in TICs than in adherent culture-derived cells. Flow cytometry analysis identified that sphere-derived cells display an enrichment for the surface marker CD24 in A549 cells and CD44 in H358 cells, indicating that these could be promising markers for the purification of TICs in these cell lines. Furthermore, we have shown by wound-healing assays of A549 and H358 cells that IKKß inhibition reduced cell migration , another feature increased in TICs. In addition, we have shown that IKKß activity in A549 and H358 cells does not depend on the MAPK or PI3K/Akt pathways. Interestingly, combined inhibition of IKKß (a downstream effector of KRAS) and EGFR/ERBB2 (upstream regulators of KRAS that activate the MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathways) additively reduced tumoursphere formation, cell proliferation and migration. Taken together, our results suggest that IKKß kinase plays an important role in the biology of KRAS-driven lung TICs, and that inhibition of this kinase alone or in combination with inhibition of other signalling pathways may represent a promising therapeutic strategy to be explored in order to reduce tumour recurrence and metastasis in KRAS-driven lung cancer


Subject(s)
Genes, ras , I-kappa B Kinase/analysis , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the interaction between polymorphism of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) gene G11367C in 3' untranslated region (UTR) and inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB (IκB)-α 
Hae III in acute pancreatitis (AP) and the degree of severity.
@*METHODS@#A total of 450 patients with confirmed AP (AP group), who came from the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical College from May 2013 to June 2015, were divided into a mild AP subgroup (MAP subgroup), a moderately severe AP (MSAP subgroup), and a severe acute AP (SAP subgroup) (n=150 in each group). One hundred fifty healthy persons were served as a control group. There was no significant difference in age, gender, ethnicity and birthplace among all groups. The genetic polymorphisms of TLR4 gene G11367C in 3' untranslated region and IκB-α Hae III were analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Eligible participants were personally interviewed by a questionnaire. Unconditional logistic regression model and single factor analysis were performed to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) of G11367C and IκB-α Hae III polymorphisms, respectively. The interaction of nucleotide polymorphisms was analyzed.
@*RESULTS@#The frequencies of G11367C (GC), IκB-α Hae III (AG) and IκB-α Hae III (GG) were 69.56%, 33.78% and 36.22% in the AP group; 49.33%, 24.67% and 26.00% in the MAP subgroup; 70.67%, 34.67% and 36.67% in the MSAP subgroup; 88.67%, 42.00% and 46.00% in the SAP subgroup and 26.67%, 14.00% and 14.67% in the control group, respectively. There was significant difference in the frequencies betweenc the AP group and the control group, or among each AP subgroup (all P1). Similarly, there were also positive interactions in the pathogenesis of AP between G11367C (GC) and IκB-α Hae III (AG) (All γ>1). 
@*CONCLUSION@#These carriers of G11367C(GC), IκB-α Hae III(AG) and IκB-α Hae III (GG) genotypes may have a high risk of AP occurency, and there are significant interactions between genetic polymorphisms of G11367C and IκB-α Hae III, which increaes the risk of the occurrence and development of AP.


Subject(s)
3' Untranslated Regions , Acute Disease , Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific , Ethnicity , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Logistic Models , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , Odds Ratio , Pancreatitis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Toll-Like Receptor 4
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 338-350, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757141

ABSTRACT

Using forward and reverse genetics and global gene expression analyses, we explored the crosstalk between the IκB kinase β (IKKβ) and the transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signaling pathways. We show that in vitro ablation of Ikkβ in fibroblasts led to progressive ROS accumulation and TGFβ activation, and ultimately accelerated cell migration, fibroblast-myofibroblast transformation and senescence. Mechanistically, the basal IKKβ activity was required for anti-oxidant gene expression and redox homeostasis. Lacking this activity, IKKβ-null cells showed ROS accumulation and activation of stress-sensitive transcription factor AP-1/c-Jun. AP-1/c-Jun activation led to up-regulation of the Tgfβ2 promoter, which in turn further potentiated intracellular ROS through the induction of NADPH oxidase (NOX). These data suggest that by blocking the autocrine amplification of a ROS-TGFβ loop IKKβ plays a crucial role in the prevention of fibroblast-myofibroblast transformation and senescence.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Genetics , Animals , Autocrine Communication , Physiology , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Cellular Senescence , Genetic Vectors , Genetics , Metabolism , I-kappa B Kinase , Genetics , Metabolism , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Mice , Myofibroblasts , Cell Biology , Metabolism , NADPH Oxidases , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Superoxide Dismutase , Genetics , Metabolism , Transcription Factor AP-1 , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285310

ABSTRACT

Berberine (BBR) is an isoquinoline alkaloid extracted from Rhizoma coptidis and has been used for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. The development of T2DM is often associated with insulin resistance and impaired glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. In this study, we examined whether BBR attenuated glucose uptake dysfunction through the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway in HepG2 cells. Cellular glucose uptake, quantified by the 2-[N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)-amino]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-NBDG), was inhibited by 21% after HepG2 cells were incubated with insulin (10(-6) mol/L) for 36 h. Meanwhile, the expression of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) protein was reduced without the change of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. The level of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the culture supernatant, the ratio of phosphorylated I-kappa-B kinase-β (IKκβ) Ser181/IKKβ and the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65 protein were also increased. However, the treatment with BBR enhanced the glucose uptake, increased the expression of α7nAChR protein and inhibited AChE activity. These changes were also accompanied with the decrease of the ratio of pIKKβ Ser181/IKKβ, NF-κB p65 expression and IL-6 level. Taken together, these results suggest that BBR could enhance glucose uptake, and relieve insulin resistance and inflammation in HepG2 cells. The mechanism may be related to the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway and the inhibition of AChE activity.


Subject(s)
Berberine , Pharmacology , Glucose , Metabolism , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , I-kappa B Proteins , Metabolism , Insulin , Metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2703-2707, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230897

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer of woman in the world, and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection plays an important role in the development of most of the cases. IκB kinase β (IKKβ) is a kinase-mediating nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activation by phosphorylating the inhibitor of NF-κB (IκB) and is related by some diseases caused by virus infection. However, there is little known about the correlation between IKKβ and HPV infection in cervical cancer. This study aimed to investigate the expression of IKKβ protein in cervical cancer tissues and effects of inflammation on HPV positive or negative cervical cancer cells through detecting the expression of IKKβ, IκBα, p53, and p21 proteins after treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to mimic bacterial infection. We also examined the effects of LPS on cervical cancer cells after blocking IKKβ with pharmacological inhibitor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six matched specimens of cervical cancer and adjacent normal tissues were collected and analyzed in the study. The expression of IKKβ in the tissue specimens was determined by immunohistochemical staining. In addition, Western blot was used to detect the expression level changes of IKKβ, IκBα, p53, and p21 after LPS stimulated in the HPV16+ (SiHa) and HPV16- (C33A) cervical cancer cell lines. Furthermore, the effects of IKKβ inhibitor SC-514 on LPS-induced expression change of these proteins were investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of IKKβ was higher in cervical cancer than adjacent normal tissues, and there was no significant difference between tumor differentiation, size, and invasive depth with IKKβ expression. The LPS, which increased the expression level of IKKβ protein but decreased in the IκBα, p53 and p21 proteins, was illustrated in HPV16+ (SiHa) but not in HPV16- (C33A) cells. Moreover, IKKβ inhibitor SC-514 totally reversed the upregulation of IKKβ and downregulation of p53 and p21 by LPS in SiHa cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IKKβ may mediate the downregulation of p53 and p21 by LPS in HPV16+ cervical cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Female , Human papillomavirus 16 , Virulence , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) , Metabolism , Thiophenes , Pharmacology , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Metabolism , Virology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96084

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is widely used as a vasopressor agent. Some recent studies have suggested that AVP may exert an immunomodulatory effect. However, the mechanism about the anti-inflammatory effect of AVP is not well known. We investigated the effect of AVP on the ihibitor of kappa B (IkappaBalpha)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) pathway in RAW 264.7 cells. METHODS: Cultured RAW 264.7 cells were pretreated with AVP and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). To evaluate the effect of AVP on inflammatory cytokines, the concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. The expression of IkappaBalpha and nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB p65 were measured by Western blotting, and IkappaB kinase (IKK) activity was analyzed by an in vitro immune complex kinase assay. To confirm the AVP effect on IkappaBalpha/NF-kappaB cascade and via V2 receptor, we added tolvaptan (V2 receptor antagonist) after AVP pretreatment. RESULTS: The increase of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells was suppressed by a treatment with AVP. Pretreatment of AVP inhibited increasing of IKK activity and IkappaBalpha degradation induced by LPS in RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, LPS induced and NF-kappaB transcription was inhibited by AVP pretreatment. The observed changes in IKK activity, IkappaBalpha degradation and NF-kappaB transcription by AVP was abolished by tolvaptan treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that AVP showed anti-inflammatory effect on LPS-induced IkappaBalpha/NF-kappaB cascade in mouse macrophages via V2 receptors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Arginine Vasopressin , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , I-kappa B Kinase , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Mice , NF-kappa B , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Vasopressin , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770888

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is widely used as a vasopressor agent. Some recent studies have suggested that AVP may exert an immunomodulatory effect. However, the mechanism about the anti-inflammatory effect of AVP is not well known. We investigated the effect of AVP on the ihibitor of kappa B (IkappaBalpha)/nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) pathway in RAW 264.7 cells. METHODS: Cultured RAW 264.7 cells were pretreated with AVP and stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). To evaluate the effect of AVP on inflammatory cytokines, the concentration of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were assessed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. The expression of IkappaBalpha and nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB p65 were measured by Western blotting, and IkappaB kinase (IKK) activity was analyzed by an in vitro immune complex kinase assay. To confirm the AVP effect on IkappaBalpha/NF-kappaB cascade and via V2 receptor, we added tolvaptan (V2 receptor antagonist) after AVP pretreatment. RESULTS: The increase of IL-6 and TNF-alpha in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells was suppressed by a treatment with AVP. Pretreatment of AVP inhibited increasing of IKK activity and IkappaBalpha degradation induced by LPS in RAW 264.7 cells. Furthermore, LPS induced and NF-kappaB transcription was inhibited by AVP pretreatment. The observed changes in IKK activity, IkappaBalpha degradation and NF-kappaB transcription by AVP was abolished by tolvaptan treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that AVP showed anti-inflammatory effect on LPS-induced IkappaBalpha/NF-kappaB cascade in mouse macrophages via V2 receptors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Arginine Vasopressin , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , I-kappa B Kinase , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Mice , NF-kappa B , Phosphotransferases , Receptors, Vasopressin , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149086

ABSTRACT

Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) was identified as a marker of the inflammatory response and overexpressed in various tissues and cells related to cardiovascular disease. Honokiol, an active component isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Magnolia officinalis, was shown to have a variety of pharmacological activities. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of honokiol on palmitic acid (PA)-induced dysfunction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and to elucidate potential regulatory mechanisms in this atherosclerotic cell model. Our results showed that PA significantly accelerated the expression of PTX3 in HUVECs through the IkappaB kinase (IKK)/IkappaB/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway, reduced cell viability, induced cell apoptosis and triggered the inflammatory response. Knockdown of PTX3 supported cell growth and prevented apoptosis by blocking PA-inducted nitric oxide (NO) overproduction. Honokiol significantly suppressed the overexpression of PTX3 in PA-inducted HUVECs by inhibiting IkappaB phosphorylation and the expression of two NF-kappaB subunits (p50 and p65) in the IKK/IkappaB/NF-kappaB signaling pathway. Furthermore, honokiol reduced endothelial cell injury and apoptosis by regulating the expression of inducible NO synthase and endothelial NO synthase, as well as the generation of NO. Honokiol showed an anti-inflammatory effect in PA-inducted HUVECs by significantly inhibiting the generation of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. In summary, honokiol repaired endothelial dysfunction by suppressing PTX3 overexpression in an atherosclerotic cell model. PTX3 may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/drug effects , Atherosclerosis/chemically induced , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase/immunology , Lignans/chemistry , Magnolia/chemistry , Palmitic Acid , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/immunology , Serum Amyloid P-Component/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232554

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Kiss-1 gene suppression on the metastatic capacity of HCT116 human colorectal carcinoma cells in vitro and the involvement of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A recombinant lentiviral vector of Kiss-1 gene pGC-LV-Kiss-1-EGFP or the empty vector was transfected in HCT116 cells. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) and Transwell chamber assay were used to detect the changes in cell proliferation, invasion and migration ability after the transfection. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of I-κB, the inhibitive protein of NF-κB signal pathway, and the expression of the downstream effector MMP-9 before and after transfection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In cells over-expressing Kiss-1, I-κB expression increased and MMP-9 expression decreased significantly compared to those in the blank control and vector-transfected cells (P<0.05). Kiss-1 gene over-expression resulted in significant inhibition of HCT116 cell proliferation, invasion, and migration as compared to the control cells (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lentivirus-mediated Kiss-1 gene over-expression can inhibit the proliferation, invasion, and migration of HCT116 cells via the NF-B signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Genetic Vectors , HCT116 Cells , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , Kisspeptins , Genetics , Lentivirus , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Signal Transduction , Transfection
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 702-707, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257080

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of kaempferol on inflammatory response of lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-stimulated HMC-1 mast cells. The cytotoxicity of kaempferol to HMC-1 mast cells were analyzed by using MTT assay and then the administration concentrations of kaempferol were established. Histamine, IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α were measured using ELISA assay in activated HMC-1 mast cells after incubation with various concentrations of kaempferol (10, 20 and 40 µmol.L-1). Western blot was used to test the protein expression of p-IKKβ, IκBα, p-IκBα and nucleus NF-κB of LPS-induced HMC-1 mast cells after incubation with different concentrations of kaempferol. The optimal concentrations of kaempferol were defined as the range from 5 µmol.L-1 to 40 µmol.L-1. Kaempferol significantly decreased the release of histamine, IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β and TNF-α of activated HMC-1 mast cells (P<0.01). After incubation with kaempferol, the protein expression of p-IKKβ, p-IKBa and nucleus NF-κB (p65) markedly reduced in LPS-stimulated HMC-1 mast cells (P<0.01). Taken together, we concluded that kaempferol markedly inhibit mast cell-mediated inflammatory response. At the same time, kaempferol can inhibit the activation of IKKβ, block the phosphorylation of IκBα, prevent NF-KB entering into the nucleus, and then decrease the release of inflammatory mediators.


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Histamine , Metabolism , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , I-kappa B Proteins , Metabolism , Inflammation , Metabolism , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Kaempferols , Pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Mast Cells , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(11): 696-702, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728643

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To explore the mechanism of resistance to IKKβ inhibitor in multiple myeloma (MM) cells and uncover novel therapeutic targets for MM. METHODS: We downloaded the microarray data (GSE8476) from GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus) database. The data were derived from the human MM cells lines (L363 cells) treated with IKKβ inhibitor MLN120b (MLN) for eight, 12 and 24 hours. Furthermore, we applied the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes (STRING) and Expression Analysis Systematic Explorer (EASE) database to construct protein-protein interaction networks and identified over-represented pathway among DEGs (differentially expressed genes). RESULTS: We obtained 108 DGEs in 8h vs. 12h group and 101 ones in 8h vs. 24h group. Most of DGEs were found to be involved in biological regulation. The significant pathways were Ig A pathway and the CAMs pathways. In addition, 24 common DGEs were found in the networks of the two groups such as ICAM 3 and SELL. CONCLUSION: Intercellular adhesion molecule 3 and SELL may be potential targets in multiple myeloma treatment in the future. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Targeting/methods , I-kappa B Kinase/antagonists & inhibitors , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line, Tumor , Cluster Analysis , I-kappa B Kinase/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors
18.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 369-381, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757508

ABSTRACT

SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) develops an antagonistic mechanism by which to evade the antiviral activities of interferon (IFN). Previous studies suggested that SARS-CoV papain-like protease (PLpro) inhibits activation of the IRF3 pathway, which would normally elicit a robust IFN response, but the mechanism(s) used by SARS PLpro to inhibit activation of the IRF3 pathway is not fully known. In this study, we uncovered a novel mechanism that may explain how SARS PLpro efficiently inhibits activation of the IRF3 pathway. We found that expression of the membrane-anchored PLpro domain (PLpro-TM) from SARS-CoV inhibits STING/TBK1/IKKε-mediated activation of type I IFNs and disrupts the phosphorylation and dimerization of IRF3, which are activated by STING and TBK1. Meanwhile, we showed that PLpro-TM physically interacts with TRAF3, TBK1, IKKε, STING, and IRF3, the key components that assemble the STING-TRAF3-TBK1 complex for activation of IFN expression. However, the interaction between the components in STING-TRAF3-TBK1 complex is disrupted by PLpro-TM. Furthermore, SARS PLpro-TM reduces the levels of ubiquitinated forms of RIG-I, STING, TRAF3, TBK1, and IRF3 in the STING-TRAF3-TBK1 complex. These results collectively point to a new mechanism used by SARS-CoV through which PLpro negatively regulates IRF3 activation by interaction with STING-TRAF3-TBK1 complex, yielding a SARS-CoV countermeasure against host innate immunity.


Subject(s)
Dimerization , HEK293 Cells , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Metabolism , Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 , Metabolism , Interferon Type I , Metabolism , Membrane Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Papain , Metabolism , Peptide Hydrolases , Chemistry , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , SARS Virus , Signal Transduction , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 3 , Metabolism , Ubiquitination
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358126

ABSTRACT

Bacterial biofilms have emerged as potential critical triggers in the pathogenesis of bisphosphonate (BP)-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) or BRONJ. BRONJ lesions have shown to be heavily colonized by oral bacteria, most of these difficult to cultivate and presents many clinical challenges. The purpose of this study was to characterize the bacterial diversity in BRONJ lesions and to determine host immune response. We examined tissue specimens from three cohorts (n=30); patients with periodontal disease without a history of BP therapy (Control, n=10), patients with periodontal disease having history of BP therapy but without ONJ (BP, n=5) and patients with BRONJ (BRONJ, n=15). Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments revealed less bacterial diversity in BRONJ than BP and Control cohorts. Sequence analysis detected six phyla with predominant affiliation to Firmicutes in BRONJ (71.6%), BP (70.3%) and Control (59.1%). Significant differences (P<0.05) in genera were observed, between Control/BP, Control/BRONJ and BP/BRONJ cohorts. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) results indicated that the levels of myeloperoxidase were significantly lower, whereas interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels were moderately elevated in BRONJ patients as compared to Controls. PCR array showed significant changes in BRONJ patients with downregulation of host genes, such as nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain containing protein 2, and cathepsin G, the key modulators for antibacterial response and upregulation of secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor, proteinase 3 and conserved helix-loop-helix ubiquitous kinase. The results suggest that colonization of unique bacterial communities coupled with deficient innate immune response is likely to impact the pathogenesis of ONJ.


Subject(s)
Actinobacteria , Classification , Bacteria , Classification , Bacteroidetes , Classification , Biofilms , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Cathepsin G , Cohort Studies , Down-Regulation , Female , Fusobacteria , Classification , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Classification , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase , Immunity, Innate , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-6 , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Myeloblastin , Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein , Periodontal Diseases , Microbiology , Peroxidase , Proteobacteria , Classification , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 596-601, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245041

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the protective effect of mangiferin on NF-kappaB (P65) and IkappaBalpha expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) in rats with cigarette smoke induced chronic bronchitis. The rat model with chronic bronchitis was established by cigarette smoke. Real-time fluorescence RT-PCR was executed for evaluating the NF-kappaB (P65) and IKkappaBalpha gene expression in mononuclear cell, and flow cytometry for their protein expression. The serum hs-CRP (high-sensitivity C-reactive proteins) and TNF-alpha (tumor necrosis factor-alpha) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The histopathological score was obtained from lung tissue HE staining slides of lung tissue. The results showed that mangiferin could markedly suppress the NF-kappaB (P65) mRNA and protein expression in mononuclear cell, while promote the IkappaBalpha mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, mangiferin could lower serum hs-CRP and TNF-alpha level, and reduce the chronic inflammatory damage of bronchiole. These results suggested that mangiferin could notably ameliorate chronic bronchiole inflammation induced by cigarette smoke, and this protective effect might be linked to the regulation of NF-kappaB (P65) and IkappaBalpha expression in mononuclear cell.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bronchi , Pathology , Bronchitis, Chronic , Blood , Metabolism , Pathology , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , I-kappa B Kinase , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mangifera , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Transcription Factor RelA , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , Xanthones , Pharmacology
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