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3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 45-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927333

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on postoperative ileus after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with postoperative ileus after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer were randomized into an EA group and a conventional treatment group, 45 cases in each one. In the conventional treatment group, the postoperative fast track surgical regimen was accepted. In the EA group, on the base of the treatment as the conventional treatment group, acupuncture was applied to Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Yinlingquan (SP 9) and Taichong (LR 3) and electric stimulation was attached on Zusanli (ST 36) and Yinlingquan (SP 9), with continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency and 3-5 mA in intensity. Acupuncture was provided once daily till the onset of postoperative exhaust and defecation. The first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative defecation time, the postoperative hospital stay and the wound pain under standing on the next morning after entering group were compared in the patients between the two groups. The impact of the EA expectation was analyzed on the first postoperative exhaust time, the first postoperative defecation time and the postoperative hospital stay separately.@*RESULTS@#The first postoperative exhaust time and the first postoperative defecation time in the EA group were earlier than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05), the postoperative hospital stay was shorter than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05), and the rate of wound pain in the postoperative standing was lower than the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). EA expectation had no obvious correlation with the clinical therapeutic effect (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA can relieve postoperative ileus symptoms, alleviate pain and shorten hospital stay in the patients after laparotomy for gastrointestinal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Ileus/therapy , Laparotomy/adverse effects
5.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 519-524, oct.-dic. 2021. graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360978

ABSTRACT

Resumen La enfermedad de Crohn se considera una enfermedad crónica inmunomediada, la cual fisiopatológicamente se caracteriza por ser una enfermedad multifactorial en la que intervienen factores ambientales y genéticos, entre otros. Los pacientes tienen riesgo de desarrollar complicaciones no solamente por la enfermedad sino también por los medicamentos utilizados para tratarla. En la actualidad, esto toma un papel relevante dada la enfermedad por el coronavirus de 2019 (COVID-19), infección que ha demostrado ser más grave en sujetos con comorbilidades, lo que aumenta la morbimortalidad. En este reporte de caso se presenta un hombre joven con antecedente de enfermedad de Crohn con síntomas y signos de obstrucción intestinal y respuesta inflamatoria sistémica, quien cursa por primera vez con un brote grave en el íleon terminal, compatible con perforación asociada a colección local e íleo adinámico secundario, y presenta una coinfección por el coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave de tipo 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Se realiza la presentación del caso, discusión y revisión de la literatura del diagnóstico de brote grave de enfermedad de Crohn y coinfección de SARS-CoV-2, enfoque clínico y tratamiento.


Abstract Crohn's disease is considered a chronic immune-mediated disease, which physiopathologically is characterized by being a multifactorial disease in which environmental and genetic factors intervene, among others. Patients have a risk to develop complications not only related to the disease, but also because of the medication used to treat it. This risk plays a relevant role today due to the 2019 coronavirus disease, an infection that has been shown more serious in patients with comorbidities, which increases morbidity and mortality. In this study is analyzed a young man case with underlying Crohn's disease with symptoms and signs of intestinal obstruction and systemic inflammatory response. He was admitted for the first time with a severe flare-up in the terminal ileum, compatible with perforation associated with local collection and secondary adynamic ileus and presents a co-infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome type 2 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The case presentation, discussion, and review of the literature on the diagnosis of a severe flare-up of Crohn's disease and SARS-CoV-2 coinfection, clinical approach and treatment are carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Crohn Disease , Chronic Disease , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Ileus , Intestinal Obstruction
6.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 32(4): 5653-5655, dic. 2021. imag
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1428286

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar es una causa infrecuente de obstrucción intestinal mecánica que afecta a los adultos mayores, predominantemente a las mujeres. En la mayoría de los casos es causada por la impactación de un cálculo biliar en el intestino a través de una fístula bilioentérica y clínicamente se caracteriza por dolor abdominal y emesis aguda o subaguda. Se requiere una evaluación con imágenes abdominales para confirmar el diagnóstico, determinar la ubicación del cálculo ectópico y el tamaño del mismo. Entre las modalidades de imagen disponibles, la tomografía de abdomen es el estándar de oro; sin embargo, cuando no está disponible se puede utilizar una radiografía de abdomen simple. Su manejo es principalmente quirúrgico. Este caso es de importancia por la rareza de su presentación al ser en un hombre, con un cálculo relativamente pequeño; adicionalmente, por la relevancia que tienen las imágenes de abdomen en el diagnóstico de esta patología.


Gallstone ileus is an infrequent cause of mechanical intestinal obstruction that affects older adults, predominantly women. In most cases it is caused by the impaction of a gallstone into the bowel through a bilioenteric fistula and is clinically characterized by abdominal pain and acute or subacute emesis. Evaluation with abdominal imaging is required to confirm the diagnosis, determine the location of the ectopic stone and its size. Among the imaging modalities available, abdominal tomography is the gold standard; however, when it is not available, a simple abdominal radiograph can be used. Management is mainly surgical. This case is of importance given the rarity of its presentation being in a man, with a relatively small calculus; additionally, because of the relevance of abdominal imaging in the diagnosis of this pathology.


Subject(s)
Gallbladder , Gallstones , Ileus
7.
Metro cienc ; 28(2): 25-31, 01/04/2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128597

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La Enfermedad Meconial (EM) es una forma de oclusión intestinal en la etapa neonatal, en la cual el contenido meconial se vuelve más espeso; provocando una oclusión intraluminal. Representa, hasta en un 20% de los casos la primera manifestación de la Fibrosis Quística (FQ). Puede ser también síntoma de otras patologías como el hipotiroidismo. El diagnóstico se basa en los antecedentes familiares, los hallazgos de la ecografía prenatal y en síntomas típicos de oclusión intestinal al nacimiento. El objetivo del tratamiento consiste en aliviar la oclusión intestinal mediante medidas de soporte, que en su mayoría revuelven el cuadro clínico. La intervención quirúrgica presenta in-dicaciones puntuales como lo son la falla en el manejo médico o el íleo meconial complicado. Se presenta el caso de un prematuro de 29 semanas, con diagnóstico de enfermedad meconial por hipotiroidismo, en el que se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico con buena evolución.Palabras claves: Íleo meconial, oclusión intestinal, hipotiroidismo


ABSTRACT Meconial Disease (MS) is a form of intestinal occlusion in the neonatal stage, in which the meconial content becomes thicker causing intraluminal occlusion. It represents, in up to 20% of cases, the first manifestation of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). It can also be a symptom of other pathologies such as hypothyroidism. The diagnosis is based on family history, findings of prenatal ultrasound and typical symptoms of intestinal occlusion at birth. The goal of treatment is to relieve intestinal occlusion through supportive measures, which mostly upset the clinical symptoms. The surgical intervention presents specific indications such as the failure in medical management or complicated me-conial ileus. The case of a 29-week premature patient is presented, with a diagnosis of meconial disease due to hypothyroidism, in which surgical treatment was performed with good evolution.Keywords: Meconium ileus, intestinal pseudoclusion, hypothyroidism


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Meconium Ileus , Hypothyroidism , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cystic Fibrosis , Ileus
8.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 96-101, ene.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094585

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El íleo biliar se define como una obstrucción intestinal por impactación de un cálculo biliar a cualquier nivel, sucede por presencia de una fistula bilio-digestiva y es usual en personas mayores de 60 años, principalmente en mujeres. Objetivo: Describir un caso de íleo biliar en un paciente masculino adulto medio, tratado con enterolitotomia más colecistectomía. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 41 años, sin antecedentes patológicos conocidos, con diagnóstico de íleo biliar, quién recibió manejo quirúrgico con enterolitotomia más colecistectomía en el mismo tiempo quirúrgico, con posteriores reintervenciones y manejo en unidad de cuidado intensivo, teniendo evolución favorable y egreso hospitalario. Conclusión: Este caso de obstrucción intestinal en paciente sin antecedentes quirúrgicos abdominales y con edad de presentación atípica para íleo biliar, representa un reto para el diagnóstico clínico y su correspondiente manejo quirúrgico.


Introduction: Biliary ileus is defined as an intestinal obstruction caused by gallstones. It is due to the presence of a bile-digestive fistula and is common in people older than 60 years of age, mainly in women. Objective: To describe a case of biliary ileus in an average adult male patient treated with enterolithotomy and cholecystectomy. Presentation of the case: A 41-year-old male patient, with a diagnosis of biliary ileus and no known pathological history, who underwent surgical management with enterolithotomy and cholecystectomy at the same surgical time. He had subsequent surgical interventions and management in an intensive care unit, having a favorable outcome and hospital discharge. Conclusion: This case of intestinal obstruction in a patient with no abdominal surgical history and an atypical age presentation represents a challenge for clinical diagnosis of biliary ileus and its corresponding surgical management.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Cholelithiasis , Biliary Fistula , Ileus , Intestinal Obstruction
9.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 422-431, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788791

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In an aging society, the number of patients with symptomatic degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is increasing and there is an emerging need for fusion surgery. However, few studies have compared transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for the treatment of patients with DS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes between TLIF and LLIF in DS.METHODS: We enrolled patients with symptomatic DS at L4–5 who underwent TLIF with open pedicle screw fixation (TLIF group, n=41) or minimally invasive LLIF with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (LLIF group, n=39) and were followed-up for more than one year. Clinical (visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index) and radiological outcomes (spondylolisthesis rate, segmental sagittal angle [SSA], mean disc height [MDH], intervertebral foramen height [FH], cage subsidence, and fusion rate) were assessed. And we assessed the changes in radiological parameters between the postoperative and the last follow-up periods.RESULTS: Preoperative radiological parameters were not significantly different between the two groups. LLIF was significantly superior to TLIF in immediate postoperative radiological results, including reduction of spondylolisthesis rate (3.8% and 7.2%), increase in MDH (13.9 mm and 10.3 mm) and FH (21.9 mm and 19.4 mm), and correction of SSA (18.9° and 15.6°) (p<0.01), and the changes were more stable from the postoperative period to the last follow-up (p<0.01). Cage subsidence was observed significantly less in LLIF (n=6) than TLIF (n=21). Fusion rate was not different between the two groups. The clinical outcomes did not differ significantly at any time point between the two groups. Complications were not statistically significant. However, TLIF showed chronic mechanical problems with screw loosening in four patients and LLIF showed temporary symptoms associated with the surgical approach, such as psoas and ileus muscle symptoms in three and two cases, respectively.CONCLUSION: LLIF was more effective than TLIF for spondylolisthesis reduction, likely due to the higher profile cage and ligamentotactic effect. In addition, LLIF showed mechanical stability of the reduction level by using a cage with a larger footprint. Therefore, LLIF should be considered a surgical option before TLIF for patients with unstable DS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging , Follow-Up Studies , Ileus , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Postoperative Period , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis
10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e222-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Improvements in perinatal intensive care have improved survival of extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) neonates, although the risk of acute abdomen has increased. The differential diagnosis resulting in abdominal surgery can be categorized into necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP), meconium-related ileus (MRI), and meconium non-related ileus (MNRI). The purpose of this study was to review our experience with abdominal surgery for ELBW neonates, and to evaluate characteristics and prognosis according to the differential diagnosis. METHODS: Medical records of ELBW neonates treated between 2003 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Of 805 ELBW neonates, 65 (8.1%) received abdominal surgery. The numbers of cases by disease category were 29 for NEC, 18 for SIP, 13 for MRI, and 5 for MNRI. Ostoma formation was performed in 61 (93.8%) patients; primary anastomosis without ostoma was performed in 4 (6.2%). All patients without ostoma formation experienced re-perforation of the anastomosis site. Seven patients had 30-day postoperative mortality (6 had NEC). Long-term survival of the surgical and non-surgical groups was not statistically different. NEC was a poor prognostic factor for survival outcome (P = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Abdominal surgery for ELBW neonates is feasible. Ostoma formation can lead to reduced complications compared to primary anastomosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Abdomen, Acute , Critical Care , Diagnosis, Differential , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing , Ileus , Intestinal Perforation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meconium , Medical Records , Mortality , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
11.
Clinical Nutrition Research ; : 247-253, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763487

ABSTRACT

For patients with short bowel syndrome who undergo ileostomy, nutritional management is essential to prevent complications associated with a high-output stoma (HOS). We report a practical example of ostomic, medical nutrition therapy provided by an intensive nutritional support team (NST). A 42-year-old male with a history of Crohn's disease visited Seoul National University Hospital for treatment of mechanical ileus. He underwent loop ileostomy after extensive small bowel resection. As his remaining small bowel was only 160 cm in length, the stomal output was about 3,000 mL/day and his body weight fell from 52.4 to 40.3 kg. Given his clinical condition, continuous tube feeding for 24 h was used to promote adaptation of the remnant bowel. Thereafter, an oral diet was initiated and multiple, nutritional educational sessions were offered by dietitians. Constant infusion therapy was prescribed and included in the discharge plan. Two months after discharge, his body weight had increased to 46.6 kg and his hydration status was appropriately maintained. This case suggests that the critical features of medical nutritional therapy for ostomy management are frequent assessments of fluid balance, weight history, and laboratory data and after nutritional interventions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Body Weight , Crohn Disease , Diet , Diet Therapy , Enteral Nutrition , Ileostomy , Ileus , Nutrition Therapy , Nutritional Support , Nutritionists , Ostomy , Seoul , Short Bowel Syndrome , Water-Electrolyte Balance
12.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 123-130, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739574

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the feasibility of transanal total mesorectal excision in difficult cases including obese patients or patients with bulky tumors or threatened mesorectal fascias. METHODS: We performed laparoscopy-assisted transanal total mesorectal excision in patients with biopsy-proven rectal adenocarcinoma located 3–12 cm from the anal verge as part of a prospective, single arm, pilot trial. The primary endpoint was resection quality and circumferential resection margin involvement. Secondary endpoints included the number of harvested lymph nodes and 30-day postoperative complications. RESULTS: A total of 12 patients (9 men and 3 women) were enrolled: one obese patient, 7 with large tumors and 8 with threatened mesorectal fascias (4 patients had multiple indications). Tumors were located a median of 5.5 cm from the anal verge, and all patients received preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Median operating time was 191 minutes, and there were no intraoperative complications. One patient needed conversion to open surgery for ureterocystostomy after en bloc resection. Complete or near-complete excision and negative circumferential resection margins were achieved in all cases. The median number of harvested lymph nodes was 15.5. There was no postoperative mortality and 3 cases of postoperative morbidity (1 postoperative ileus, 1 wound problem near the stoma site, and 1 anastomotic dehiscence). CONCLUSION: This pilot study showed that transanal total mesorectal excision is also feasible in difficult laparoscopic cases such as in obese patients or those with bulky tumors or tumors threatening the mesorectal fascia. Additional larger studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Arm , Chemoradiotherapy , Conversion to Open Surgery , Fascia , Ileus , Intraoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Lymph Nodes , Mortality , Pilot Projects , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition ; : 518-526, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760890

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Limited means exist to assess gastrointestinal activity in pediatric patients postoperatively. Recently, myoelectric gastrointestinal activity recorded by cutaneous patches has been shown in adult patients to be predictive of clinical return of gastrointestinal function postoperatively. The aim of this case series is to demonstrate the feasibility of this system in pediatric patients and to correlate myoelectric signals with return of bowel function clinically. METHODS: Pediatric patients undergoing abdominal surgery were recruited to have wireless patches placed on the abdomen within two hours postoperatively. Myoelectric data were transmitted wirelessly to a mobile device with a user-interface and forwarded to a cloud server where processing algorithms identified episodes of motor activity, quantified their parameters and nominally assigned them to specific gastrointestinal organs based on their frequencies. RESULTS: Three patients (ages 5 months, 4 year, 16 year) were recruited for this study. Multiple patches were placed on the older subjects, while the youngest had a single patch due to space limitations. Rhythmic signals of the stomach, small intestine, and colon could be identified in all three subjects. Patients showed gradual increase in myoelectric intestinal and colonic activity leading up to the first recorded bowel movement. CONCLUSION: Measuring myoelectric intestinal activity continuously using a wireless patch system is feasible in a wide age range of pediatric patients. The increase in activity over time correlated well with the patients' return of bowel function. More studies are planned to determine if this technology can predict return of bowel function or differentiate between physiologic ileus and pathologic conditions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Abdomen , Colon , Electrophysiological Phenomena , Gastrointestinal Tract , Ileus , Intestinal Diseases , Intestine, Small , Motor Activity , Myoelectric Complex, Migrating , Stomach
14.
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition ; : 487-492, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760867

ABSTRACT

Waardenburg syndrome (WS) type IV is characterized by pigmentary abnormalities, deafness and Hirschsprung's disease. This syndrome can be triggered by dysregulation of the SOX10 gene, which belongs to the SOX (SRY-related high-mobility group-box) family of genes. We discuss the first known case of a SOX10 frameshift mutation variant defined as c.895delC causing WS type IV without Hirschsprung's disease. This female patient of unrelated Kuwaiti parents, who tested negative for cystic fibrosis and Hirschsprung's disease, was born with meconium ileus and malrotation and had multiple surgical complications likely due to chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. These complications included small intestinal necrosis requiring resection, development of a spontaneous fistula between the duodenum and jejunum after being left in discontinuity, and short gut syndrome. This case and previously reported cases demonstrate that SOX10 gene sequencing is a consideration in WS patients without aganglionosis but with intestinal dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cystic Fibrosis , Deafness , Duodenum , Fistula , Frameshift Mutation , Hirschsprung Disease , Ileus , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Jejunum , Meconium , Necrosis , Parents , Waardenburg Syndrome
15.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 286-299, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765930

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Postoperative ileus increases healthcare costs and reduces the postoperative quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study is to investigate effects and mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and PC6 on gastrointestinal motility in rat model of postoperative ileus. METHODS: Laparotomy was performed in 24 rats (control [n = 8], sham-EA [n = 8], and EA [n = 8]) for the implantation of electrodes in the stomach and mid-jejunum for recording of gastric and small intestinal slow waves. Electrodes were placed in the chest skin for electrocardiogram (ECG). Intestinal manipulation (IM) was performed in Sham-EA and EA rats after surgical procedures. Small intestinal transit (SIT), gastric emptying (GE), postoperative pain, and plasma TNF-α were evaluated in all rats. RESULTS: (1) Compared with sham-EA, EA accelerated both SIT (P < 0.05) and GE (P < 0.05) and improved regularity of small intestinal slow waves. (2) Compared with the control rats (no IM), IM suppressed vagal activity and increased sympathovagal ratio assessed by the spectral analysis of heart rate variability from ECG, which were significantly prevented by EA. (3) EA significantly reduced pain score at 120 minutes (P < 0.05, vs 15 minutes) after the surgery, which was not seen with sham-EA. (4) Plasma TNF-α was increased by IM (P = 0.02) but suppressed by EA (P = 0.04) but not sham-EA. CONCLUSION: The postoperative ileus induced by IM, EA at ST36 and PC6 exerts a prokinetic effect on SIT and GE, a regulatory effect on small intestinal slow waves and an analgesic effect on postoperative pain possibly mediated via the autonomic-cytokine mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Electroacupuncture , Electrocardiography , Electrodes , Gastric Emptying , Gastrointestinal Motility , Health Care Costs , Heart Rate , Ileus , Inflammation , Laparotomy , Models, Animal , Pain, Postoperative , Plasma , Quality of Life , Skin , Stomach , Thorax
16.
Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery ; : 63-67, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765626

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of Ogilvie's syndrome following posterior decompression surgery in a spinal stenosis patient who presented with acute abdominal distension, nausea, and vomiting. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Ogilvie's syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal disease that can easily be mistaken for postoperative ileus, and is also known as acute colonic pseudo-obstruction. Early recognition and diagnosis enable treatment prior to bowel perforation and requisite abdominal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An 82-year-old woman presented with 6 months of worsening back pain with walking intolerance due to weakness in both legs. She had hypertension, asthma, and Cushing syndrome without bowel or bladder symptoms. Further workup demonstrated the presence of central spinal stenosis on magnetic resonance imaging. The patient underwent an L2-3 laminectomy and posterior decompression. Surgery was uneventful. RESULTS: The patient presented with acute abdominal distension, nausea, and vomiting on postoperative day 1. The patient was initially diagnosed with adynamic ileus and treated conservatively with bowel rest, reduction in narcotic dosage, and a regimen of stool softeners, laxatives, and enemas. Despite this treatment, her clinical course failed to improve, and she demonstrated significant colonic distension radiographically. Intravenous neostigmine was administered as a bolus with a rapid and dramatic response. CONCLUSION: Ogilvie's syndrome should be included in the differential diagnosis of postoperative ileus in patients developing prolonged unexplained abdominal distension and pain after lumbar spinal surgery. Early diagnosis and initiation of conservative management can prevent major morbidity and mortality due to bowel ischemia and perforation.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Asthma , Back Pain , Colon , Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction , Cushing Syndrome , Decompression , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Early Diagnosis , Enema , Hypertension , Ileus , Ischemia , Laminectomy , Laxatives , Leg , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mortality , Nausea , Neostigmine , Spinal Stenosis , Urinary Bladder , Vomiting , Walking
17.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 422-431, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: In an aging society, the number of patients with symptomatic degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) is increasing and there is an emerging need for fusion surgery. However, few studies have compared transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for the treatment of patients with DS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical and radiological outcomes between TLIF and LLIF in DS. METHODS: We enrolled patients with symptomatic DS at L4–5 who underwent TLIF with open pedicle screw fixation (TLIF group, n=41) or minimally invasive LLIF with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (LLIF group, n=39) and were followed-up for more than one year. Clinical (visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index) and radiological outcomes (spondylolisthesis rate, segmental sagittal angle [SSA], mean disc height [MDH], intervertebral foramen height [FH], cage subsidence, and fusion rate) were assessed. And we assessed the changes in radiological parameters between the postoperative and the last follow-up periods. RESULTS: Preoperative radiological parameters were not significantly different between the two groups. LLIF was significantly superior to TLIF in immediate postoperative radiological results, including reduction of spondylolisthesis rate (3.8% and 7.2%), increase in MDH (13.9 mm and 10.3 mm) and FH (21.9 mm and 19.4 mm), and correction of SSA (18.9° and 15.6°) (p<0.01), and the changes were more stable from the postoperative period to the last follow-up (p<0.01). Cage subsidence was observed significantly less in LLIF (n=6) than TLIF (n=21). Fusion rate was not different between the two groups. The clinical outcomes did not differ significantly at any time point between the two groups. Complications were not statistically significant. However, TLIF showed chronic mechanical problems with screw loosening in four patients and LLIF showed temporary symptoms associated with the surgical approach, such as psoas and ileus muscle symptoms in three and two cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: LLIF was more effective than TLIF for spondylolisthesis reduction, likely due to the higher profile cage and ligamentotactic effect. In addition, LLIF showed mechanical stability of the reduction level by using a cage with a larger footprint. Therefore, LLIF should be considered a surgical option before TLIF for patients with unstable DS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging , Follow-Up Studies , Ileus , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Postoperative Period , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis
18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 21-26, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762681

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Improvements in surgical techniques and a better understanding of the unique anesthetic requirements in neonates undergoing laparoscopy have suggested that laparoscopic surgery may be effective in newborns. This study therefore evaluated the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic excision of the cyst (LEC) in neonates. METHODS: This retrospective study included 43 neonates who underwent excision of choledochal cysts between November, 2001, and January, 2018, including 21 who underwent open excision and 22 who underwent LEC. Their perioperative and surgical outcomes were reviewed. The patients were followed up for a median 37 months (range, 3–141 months). RESULTS: Baseline characteristics did not differ significantly in the open and LEC groups. Mean intraoperative peak partial pressure of arterial CO2 (PaCO2) (45.5 mmHg vs. 48.0 mmHg) and total operation time (208.3 ± 71.0 minutes vs. 235.0 ± 47.2 minutes) were similar in both groups. Parents of the patients in the LEC group provided a more positive evaluation of scar scale and greater satisfaction with wound. No patient in either group experienced any critical complications. Three patients in the open excision group required readmission for cholangitis and 2 patients had ileus. No patient in the laparoscopic excision group experienced any postoperative complications during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Despite difficulties performing laparoscopic surgery in neonates, LEC was safe and feasible when intraperitoneal peak pressure was maintained under 10 mmHg and PaCO₂ was closely monitored by a pediatric anesthesiologist. Compared with open excision, LEC provided improved cosmetic outcomes without severe complications. Prospective randomized studies with large numbers of patients are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Cholangitis , Choledochal Cyst , Cicatrix , Follow-Up Studies , Ileus , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Parents , Partial Pressure , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Wounds and Injuries
19.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 56-64, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of robotic single-site myomectomy (RSSM). METHODS: Medical records of 355 consecutive women who underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic myomectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical characteristics were compared between multi-site and single-site systems. After 1:1 propensity score matching for the total myoma number, largest myoma size, and total tumor weight (105 women in each group), surgical outcomes were also compared between the 2 systems. RESULTS: A total of 105 (29.6%) and 250 (70.4%) women underwent RSSM and robotic multi-site myomectomy (RMSM), respectively. RSSM was more commonly performed in women with lower body mass index (21.6 vs. 22.5 kg/m2, P=0.014), without peritoneal adhesions (7.6% vs. 24.8%, P < 0.001), and less (2.6 vs. 4.6, P < 0.001) and smaller (6.3 vs. 7.7 cm, P < 0.001) myomas compared to RMSM. After propensity score matching, the largest myoma size (P=0.143), total myoma number (P=0.671), and tumor weight (P=0.510) were not significantly different between the 2 groups. Although the docking time was significantly longer in the RSSM group (5.1 vs. 3.8 minutes, P=0.005), total operation time was similar between RSSM and RMSM groups (145.9 vs. 147.3 minutes, P=0.856). Additionally, hemoglobin decrement was lower in the RSSM group than in the RMSM group (1.4 vs. 1.8 g/dL, P=0.009). No surgical complication was observed after RSSM, while 1 ileus and 2 febrile complications occurred in women that underwent RMSM (0% vs. 2.9%, P=0.246). CONCLUSION: Although RMSM is preferred for women with multiple large myomas in real clinical practice, RSSM seems to be a feasible surgical method for less complicated cases, and is associated with minimal surgical morbidity.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Body Mass Index , Feasibility Studies , Ileus , Medical Records , Methods , Myoma , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Tumor Burden
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e21-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719575

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fentanyl for sedation therapy in mechanically ventilated children. METHODS: This was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of mechanically ventilated patients between 2 months and 18 years of age. Patients were randomly divided into two groups; the control group with midazolam alone, and the combination group with both fentanyl and midazolam. The sedation level was evaluated using the Comfort Behavior Scale (CBS), and the infusion rates were adjusted according to the difference between the measured and the target CBS score. RESULTS: Forty-four patients were recruited and randomly allocated, with 22 patients in both groups. The time ratio of cumulative hours with a difference in CBS score (measured CBS–target CBS) of ≥ 4 points (i.e., under-sedation) was lower in the combination group (median, 0.06; interquartile range [IQR], 0–0.2) than in the control group (median, 0.15; IQR, 0.04–0.29) (P < 0.001). The time ratio of cumulative hours with a difference in CBS score of ≥ 8 points (serious under-sedation) was also lower in the combination group (P < 0.001). The cumulative amount of midazolam used in the control group (0.11 mg/kg/hr; 0.07–0.14 mg/kg/hr) was greater than in the combination group (0.07 mg/kg/hr; 0.06–0.11 mg/kg/hr) (P < 0.001). Two cases of hypotension in each group were detected but coma and ileus, the major known adverse reactions to fentanyl, did not occur. CONCLUSION: Fentanyl combined with midazolam is safe and more effective than midazolam alone for sedation therapy in mechanically ventilated children. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02172014


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Coma , Fentanyl , Hypotension , Ileus , Midazolam , Respiration, Artificial
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