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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 117-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935588


Aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) refers to the stenosis and occlusion of the distal abdominal aorta and(or) bifurcation of the aortoiliac artery,which is mainly caused by atherosclerosis,leading to pelvic and lower limb ischemia.Open surgery has always been the main treatment for complex AIOD.However,in recent years,with the development of endovascular surgery technologies and medical instruments,its treatment concept has been greatly changed.More and more clinical evidence has proved that the long-term efficacy of endovascular therapy is not inferior to that of traditional open surgery,so minimally invasive endovascular therapy has become the preferred treatment for AIOD.

Aortic Diseases/surgery , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery , Atherosclerosis , Endovascular Procedures , Humans , Iliac Artery/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921560


Objective To explore the cause and the treatment strategies of iliac limb occlusion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair(EVAR). Methods The patients receiving EVAR in PUMC Hospital from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Sixteen(2.7%)cases of iliac limb occlusion were identified,among which 6,9,and 1 cases underwent surgical bypass,endovascular or hybrid procedure,and conservative treatment,respectively. Results Fifteen cases were successfully treated.During the 10.6-month follow-up,2 cases receiving hybrid treatment underwent femoral-femoral bypass due to re-occlusion of the iliac limb. Conclusions Iliac limb occlusion mostly occurs in the acute phase after EVAR,and endovascular or hybrid treatment can be the first choice for iliac limb occlusion.It is suggested to focus on the risk factors for prevention.

Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endovascular Procedures , Humans , Iliac Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Treatment Outcome
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20210033, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340175


Abstract Background Retroperitoneal open iliac conduits (ROIC) are used in patients with hostile iliac anatomy undergoing endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). Objectives We hereby report our experience of ROIC in patients subjected to EVAR. Methods This was a retrospective evaluation of 8 patients out of a total of 75 patients (11%) who underwent EVAR in the last 10 years. Pre-procedure computed tomography angiography was used to assess the dimensions of iliac and femoral arteries. Patients who had small arterial dimensions (i.e. smaller than the recommended access size for the aortic endograft device) were subjected to ROIC. Results The mean age of the 3 males and 5 females studied was 45.7 ± 15.2 years. The indication for ROIC was the small caliber ilio-femoral access site in 7 patients and atherosclerotic disease in 1 patient. All external grafts were anastomosed to the right common iliac artery except one which was anastomosed to the aortic bifurcation site because of a small common iliac artery. The procedural success rate was 100%. Local access site complications included infection (n=1), retroperitoneal hematoma (n=1), and need for blood transfusion (n=3). The median post-intervention hospital stay was 10 days. All patients had favorable long-term outcomes at a median follow-up of 18 months. Conclusions Female patients require ROIC during EVAR more frequently. Adjunctive use of iliac conduit for EVAR was associated with favorable perioperative and short-term outcomes.

Resumo Contexto Os condutos ilíacos abertos retroperitoneais são utilizados em pacientes submetidos a reparo endovascular de aneurisma (REVA) com anatomia ilíaca hostil. Objetivos Relatamos a nossa experiência com os condutos ilíacos em pacientes submetidos a REVA. Métodos Trata-se de uma avaliação retrospectiva de oito pacientes, de um total de 75 (11%), os quais foram submetidos a REVA nos últimos 10 anos. Foi realizada angiotomografia computadorizada antes do procedimento para avaliar as dimensões das artérias ilíaca e femoral. Os pacientes com dimensões arteriais menores, abaixo do tamanho de acesso recomendado para o dispositivo de endoprótese aórtica, foram submetidos a condutos ilíacos. Resultados A média de idade dos participantes foi de 45,7±15,2 anos, sendo três do sexo masculino e cinco do sexo feminino. As indicações para condutos ilíacos foram local de acesso ilíaco femoral de pequeno calibre, para sete pacientes, e doença aterosclerótica, para um paciente. Todas as próteses externas foram anastomosadas na artéria ilíaca comum direita, com exceção de uma, que foi anastomosada no local da bifurcação aórtica por apresentar artéria ilíaca comum menor. A taxa de sucesso do procedimento foi de 100%. As complicações no local de acesso incluíram infecção (n = 1), hematoma retroperitoneal (n = 1) e necessidade de transfusão de sangue (n = 3). O tempo mediano de internação hospitalar pós-intervenção foi de 10 dias. Todos os pacientes apresentaram desfechos de longo prazo favoráveis no seguimento mediano de 18 meses. Conclusões As pacientes do sexo feminino necessitaram de condutos ilíacos durante REVA com maior frequência. O uso adjuvante de condutos ilíacos com REVA foi associado a desfechos perioperatórios e de curto prazo favoráveis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/surgery , Femoral Artery/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Iliac Artery/surgery , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Retroperitoneal Space , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Perioperative Care , Vascular Access Devices
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 913-919, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877989


BACKGROUND@#Although endovascular therapy has been widely used for focal aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD), its performance for extensive AIOD (EAIOD) is not fully evaluated. We aimed to demonstrate the long-term results of EAIOD treated by endovascular therapy and to identify the potential risk factors for the loss of primary patency.@*METHODS@#Between January 2008 and June 2018, patients with a clinical diagnosis of the 2007 TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC II) C and D AIOD lesions who underwent endovascular treatment in our institution were enrolled. Demographic, diagnosis, procedure characteristics, and follow-up information were reviewed. Univariate analysis was used to identify the correlation between the variables and the primary patency. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the independent risk factors associated with primary patency. Five- and 10-year primary and secondary patency, as well as survival rates, were calculated by Kaplan-Meier analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 148 patients underwent endovascular treatment in our center. Of these, 39.2% were classified as having TASC II C lesions and 60.8% as having TASC II D lesions. The technical success rate was 88.5%. The mean follow-up time was 79.2 ± 29.2 months. Primary and secondary patency was 82.1% and 89.4% at 5 years, and 74.8% and 83.1% at 10 years, respectively. The 5-year survival rate was 84.2%. Compared with patients without loss of primary patency, patients with this condition showed significant differences in age, TASC II classification, infrainguinal lesions, critical limb ischemia (CLI), and smoking. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed age <61 years (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 6.47; 95% CI: 1.47-28.36; P = 0.01), CLI (aOR: 7.81; 95% CI: 1.92-31.89; P = 0.04), and smoking (aOR: 10.15; 95% CI: 2.79-36.90; P < 0.01) were independent risk factors for the loss of primary patency.@*CONCLUSION@#Endovascular therapy was an effective treatment for EAIOD with encouraging patency and survival rate. Age <61 years, CLI, and smoking were independent risk factors for the loss of primary patency.

Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Iliac Artery/surgery , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Patency
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(6): 553-559, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896625


ABSTRACT Objective: to report the prevalence of arterial corona mortis and to describe its surgical and clinical applicabilities. Methods: We dissected 60 hemipelvises (50 men and 10 women) fixed in a 10% formalin solution for the purpose of gathering information on corona mortis. We measured the caliber and length of the obturator artery and its anastomotic branch with the aid of a digital caliper and submitted the data to statistical analyzes and comparisons with the GraphPad Prism 6 software. Results: arterial corona mortis was present in 45% of the studied sample. The most common origin of the obturator artery was the internal iliac artery; however, there was one exceptional case in which it originated from the femoral artery. The caliber of the anastomotic branch was on average 2.7mm, whereas the caliber of the obturator artery was 2.6mm. Conclusion: the vascular connections between the obturator, internal iliac, external iliac and inferior epigastric arterial systems are relatively common over the upper pubic branch. The diameter and a trajectory of the anastomotic artery may vary. Thus, iatrogenic lesions and pelvic and acetabular fractures can result in severe bleeding that puts the patient's life at risk.

RESUMO Objetivo: relatar a prevalência da corona mortis arterial e descrever suas aplicabilidades cirúrgicas e clínicas. Métodos: sessenta hemipelvises (50 homens e 10 mulheres) fixadas em uma solução de formalina a 10% foram dissecadas com o propósito de obter informações sobre a corona mortis. Medidas do calibre e comprimento da artéria obturatória e seu ramo anastomótico foram mensuradas com o auxílio de um paquímetro digital e submetidas a análises e comparações estatísticas no programa GraphPad Prism 6. Resultados: a corona mortis arterial esteve presente em 45% da amostra estudada. A origem mais comum da artéria obturatória foi da artéria ilíaca interna, porém, houve um caso excepcional no qual a artéria obturatória se originou da artéria femoral. O calibre do ramo anastomótico foi em média 2.7mm, enquanto que o calibre da artéria obturatória foi 2.6mm. Conclusão: as conexões vasculares entre os sistemas obturatório, ilíacos interno e externo e epigástrico inferior são relativamente comuns sobre o ramo superior da pube. O diâmetro e a trajetória dessa artéria anastomótica podem variar. Assim, lesões iatrogênicas, fraturas pélvicas e acetabulares podem resultar em hemorragias graves que colocam a vida do paciente em risco.

Humans , Male , Female , Epigastric Arteries/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Variation , Iliac Artery/anatomy & histology , Pelvis , Cadaver , Epigastric Arteries/surgery , Iliac Artery/surgery
Clinics ; 72(3): 178-182, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840055


OBJECTIVE: This study reports the first four cases of a uterine transplant procedure conducted in sheep in Latin America. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success of uterine transplantation in sheep. METHOD: The study was conducted at Laboratory of Medical Investigation 37 (LIM 37) at the University of São Paulo School of Medicine. Four healthy mature ewes weighing 40-60 kg were used as both the donor and recipient for a transplant within the same animal (auto-transplant). Institutional guidelines for the care of experimental animals were followed. RESULTS: The first two cases of auto-transplant were performed to standardize the technique. After complete uterine mobilization and isolation of the blood supply, the unilateral vascular pedicle was sectioned and anastomosed on the external iliac vessels. After standardization, the protocol was implemented. Procurement surgery was performed without complications or bleeding. After isolation of uterine arteries and veins as well as full mobilization of the uterus, ligation of the distal portion of the internal iliac vessels was performed with subsequent division and end-to-side anastomosis of the external iliac vessels. After vaginal anastomosis, the final case presented with arterial thrombosis in the left uterine artery. The left uterine artery anastomosis was re-opened and flushed with saline solution to remove the clot from the artery lumen. Anastomosis was repeated with restoration of blood flow for a few minutes before another uterine artery thrombosis appeared on the same side. All four animals were alive after the surgical procedure and were euthanized after the experimental period. CONCLUSION: We describe the success of four uterine auto-transplants in sheep models.

Animals , Female , Models, Animal , Sheep/surgery , Uterus/transplantation , Anastomosis, Surgical , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Iliac Artery/surgery , Infertility, Female/surgery , Reperfusion , Reproducibility of Results , Transplantation, Autologous , Uterus/blood supply
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(6): 428-433, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843447


Abstract Introduction: Oxidative stress seems to be a role in the atherosclerosis process, but research in human beings is scarce. Objective: To evaluate the role of oxidative stress on human aortas of patients submitted to surgical treatment for advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease. Methods: Twenty-six patients were divided into three groups: control group (n=10) formed by cadaveric organ donors; severe aortoiliac stenosis group (patients with severe aortoiliac stenosis; n=9); and total aortoiliac occlusion group (patients with chronic total aortoiliac occlusion; n=7). We evaluated the reactive oxygen species concentration, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase activities as well as nitrite levels in samples of aortas harvested during aortofemoral bypass for treatment of advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease. Results: We observed a higher level of reactive oxygen species in total aortoiliac occlusion group (48.3±9.56 pmol/mg protein) when compared to severe aortoiliac stenosis (33.5±7.4 pmol/mg protein) and control (4.91±0.8 pmol/mg protein) groups (P<0.05). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity was also higher in total aortoiliac occlusion group when compared to the control group (3.81±1.7 versus 1.05±0.31 µmol/ protein; P<0.05). Furthermore, superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were significantly higher in the severe aortoiliac stenosis and total aortoiliac occlusion groups when compared to the control cases (P<0.05). Nitrite concentration was smaller in the severe aortoiliac stenosis group in comparing to the other groups. Conclusion: Our results indicated an increase of reactive oxygen species levels and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase activity in human aortic samples of patients with advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease. The increase of antioxidant enzymes activities may be due to a compensative phenomenon to reactive oxygen species production mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase. This preliminary study offers us a more comprehensive knowledge about the role of oxidative stress in advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease in human beings.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery , Oxidative Stress , Iliac Artery/surgery , Aortic Diseases/enzymology , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/enzymology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Severity of Illness Index , Catalase/analysis , Case-Control Studies , NADP/analysis
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(2): 178-185, 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557


INTRODUÇÃO: A abdominoplastia é o terceiro procedimento mais realizado em cirurgia plástica. Na intenção de evitar complicações cirúrgicas, foi feito o estudo da artéria ilíaca circunflexa superficial do abdome (AICS), investigando a importância da sua preservação nestas cirurgias, como um dos fatores de alta importância na prevenção das necroses. MÉTODOS: O presente estudo anatômico prospectivo foi realizado no Serviço de Cirurgia Plástica do Hospital Agamenon Magalhães. Trinta e três pacientes foram submetidos à dermolipectomia abdominal à Pitanguy, com os retalhos cirúrgicos ressecados sendo submetidos a estudos hemodinâmicos para análise do território anatômico irrigado pela AICS. RESULTADOS: Foram operados 82 pacientes, sendo selecionados 33 que preencheram os critérios de inclusão para este estudo, seis (18,9%) foram excluídos por motivos técnicos. O grupo de pacientes em estudo apresentou faixa etária entre 23 e 49 anos (36,6 ± 7,5). O Índice de Massa Corporal variou de 22,0 a 30,5 (24,9 ± 2,1). O peso das peças cirúrgicas ressecadas variou de 450 a 1010 gramas (623,1 ± 141,5), o teste de Pearson entre IMC e peso das peças demonstrou importante correlação r = 0,91 e r2 = 0,83. Trinta e dois eram femininos (97%) e um masculino (3%). Uma paciente era portadora de hipertensão arterial sistêmica (3%). Vinte e sete eram pardos (81,8%), dois brancos (6,1%), três negros (9,1%) e um da raça indígena (3,0%). Nos estudos hemodinâmicos, as imagens e filmes obtidos demonstraram que a injeção do contraste iodado na AICS foi considerada adequada, compatível com o objetivo do trabalho em 25 (92%) pacientes e inadequada em dois (8%) pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados hemodinâmicos deste estudo levam à conclusão que a preservação da AICS do abdome nas miniabdominoplastias tem relevante importância na prevenção das necroses da parede abdominal.

complications, a study of the superficial circumflex iliac artery of the abdomen (SCIA) was carried out to investigate the importance of this artery preservation in abdominoplasties as one of the high importance factors to prevent necrosis. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out at the Plastic Surgery Service of the Agamenon Magalhaes Hospital. We included 33 patients who underwent abdominoplasty using Pitanguy's technique where the resected surgical flaps underwent hemodynamic studies to analyze the anatomical area irrigated by SCIA. RESULTS: A total of 82 patients underwent surgery, of them 33 met the study inclusion criteria, and 6 (18.9%) were excluded for technical reasons. Patients' age ranged from 23 and 49 years (36.6±7.5), their body mass index (BMI) ranged from 22.0 to 30.5 (24.9 ± 2.1), and weight of resected surgical specimens ranged from 450 to 1010 grams (623.1 ± 141.5). Pearson's test between BMI and weight of surgical specimens showed significant correlation r = 0.91 and r2 = 0,83. We included in the study 32 women (97%) and 1 man (3%). One patient had hypertension (3%). Of the sample, 27 patients were pardo (81.8%), 2 white (6.1%), 3 black (9.1%) and 1 native south American (3.0%). In hemodynamic studies, images and videos obtained showed that injection of iodinated contrast in SCIA were considered adequate, and consistent with the objective of this study in 25 (92%) patients and inadequate for 2 (8%) patients. CONCLUSION: Hemodynamic results of our study indicated that preservation of SCIA of the abdomen in mini-abdominoplasties is important to prevent necrosis of abdominal wall.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Surgery, Plastic , Surgical Flaps , Prospective Studies , Evaluation Study , Abdominal Wall , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Hemodynamics , Iliac Artery , Anatomy , Necrosis , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Abdominal Wall/anatomy & histology , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdomen/anatomy & histology , Abdomen/surgery , Iliac Artery/anatomy & histology , Iliac Artery/surgery , Iliac Artery/pathology , Anatomy/methods , Necrosis/pathology , Necrosis/prevention & control
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(6): 1209-1219, Nov.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-769754


Objective: Extended pelvic lymph nodes dissection (EPLND) allows the removal of a higher number of lymph nodes than limited PLND. The aims of this study were to describe our robot-assisted EPLND (RAEPLND) technique with related complications, and to report the number of lymph nodes removed and the rate of lymph nodal metastasis. Materials and Methods: 153 patients underwent RAEPLND prior to robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Indications were defined according to Briganti nomogram, to predict risk of lymph-nodal metastasis. Lymphatic packages covering the distal tract of the common iliac artery, the medial portion of the external iliac artery, the external iliac vein and the internal iliac vessels, together with the obturator and the presacral lymphatic packages were removed on both sides. Results: Median preoperative PSA was 7.5 ng/mL (IQR 5.5–11.5). Median operative time was 150 min (135–170). Median RAEPLND alone operative time was 38 min (32.75–41.25); for right and left side, 18 (15–29) and 20 min (15.75–30) (p=0.567). Median number of lymph nodes retrieved per patient was 25 (19.25–30); 13 (11–16) and 11 (8–15) for right and left side. In 19 patients (12.41%) metastasis was found at the level of pelvic lymph nodes. Median number of positive lymph nodes was 1 (1–4.6) per patient. Complications occurred in 11 patients (7.3%). Conclusions: the number of lymph nodes removed was comparable to published data about open series, allowing the increase of detection rate of lymph nodal metastasis for minimally invasive approach without compromising complications' rate if performing the procedure following reported technique.

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Iliac Artery/surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymph Node Excision/adverse effects , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Medical Illustration , Operative Time , Pelvis , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatectomy/adverse effects , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
Clinics ; 70(10): 675-679, Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762960


OBJECTIVES:Compare the use of carbon dioxide contrast medium with iodine contrast medium for the endovascular treatment of ilio-femoral occlusive disease in patients without contraindications to iodine.MATERIALS AND METHODS:From August 2012 to August 2014, 21 consecutive patients with ilio-femoral occlusive disease who were eligible for endovascular treatment and lacked contraindications to either iodine contrast or carbon dioxide were randomized into the carbon dioxide or iodine groups and subjected to ilio-femoral angioplasty.We analyzed the feasibility of the procedures, the surgical and clinical outcomes, the procedure lengths, the endovascular material costs, the contrast costs and the quality of the angiographic images in each group.RESULTS:No conversions to open surgery and no contrast media related complications were noted in either group. A post-operative femoral pulse was present in 88.9% of the iodine group and 80% of the carbon dioxide group. No differences in procedure length, endovascular material cost or renal function variation were noted between the groups. Four patients in the carbon dioxide group required iodine supplementation to complete the procedure. Contrast media expenses were reduced in the carbon dioxide group. Regarding angiographic image quality, 82% of the carbon dioxide images were graded as either good or fair by observers.CONCLUSIONS:The use of carbon dioxide contrast medium is a good option for ilio-femoral angioplasty in patients without contraindications to iodine and is not characterized by differences in endovascular material costs, procedure duration and surgical outcomes. In addition, carbon dioxide has lower contrast expenses compared with iodine.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Angioplasty/methods , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery , Carbon Dioxide , Contrast Media , Femoral Artery/surgery , Iodine Compounds , Iliac Artery/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Feasibility Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-162151


We describe a technique for reanalyzing total chronic long occlusion of the iliac arteries (TASC/D) through the radio-brachial approach. After having obtained the arterial approach, a 6F 90cm long Shuttle sheath (Cook Group, Bloomington, IN, USA) or a 4F 100cm Fortress sheath (Biotronik AG, Bulack, Switzerland) has been inserted into the left radial or brachial artery reaching the distal aorta, where an injection through the catheter has been made to assess the proximal occlusion cap. A 125 long MPA 4 or 5F catheter has been advanced over a coronary. 014” CTO guide-wire. The coronary guide-wire has been replaced with a Terumo guide-wire leaving the catheter into the first 4-5cm to the occlusion and a subintimal recanalization of the distal portion of the occlusion has been accomplished. Balloon dilation and implantation of long or multiple self-expandable stent have been accomplished to obtain patency of the vessels. The described technique appeared to be simple and safe allowing for recanalization of long iliac segments independently from the access, femoral or radial/brachial used. Large studies with long follow up are warranted to assess long-term effectiveness.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty/instrumentation , Angioplasty/methods , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Coronary Occlusion/surgery , Humans , Iliac Artery/surgery , Middle Aged , Stents
J. vasc. bras ; 13(1): 34-38, Jan-Mar/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709788


A 34-year-old female patient with severe heart failure and pulmonary hypertension was diagnosed late with a high-output acquired arteriovenous fistula between the right common iliac vein and artery. The most probable cause was an iatrogenic vascular injury inflicted during a prior laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Treatment was conducted by placement of an endoprosthesis in the common iliac artery, achieving total exclusion of the fistula and complete remission of symptoms. Considering the options available for treating this type of lesion, endovascular techniques are becoming ever more effective and are now the option of first-choice for management of this pathology.

Paciente de 34 anos com quadro de insuficiência cardíaca e hipertensão pulmonar severas, com diagnóstico tardio de fístula arteriovenosa adquirida de alto débito entre a veia e a artéria ilíaca comum direita. A provável causa foi relacionada à lesão vascular iatrogênica em colecistectomia laparoscópica realizada previamente. O tratamento foi realizado com endoprótese em artéria ilíaca comum, resultando em exclusão total da fístula e remissão completa dos sintomas. Considerando-se as opções de tratamento para esse tipo de lesão, a técnica endovascular tem se mostrado cada vez mais eficaz e tem se tornado a primeira opção no manejo dessa patologia.

Humans , Adult , Iliac Artery/surgery , Arteriovenous Fistula , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Hypertension, Pulmonary/complications , Heart Failure/complications , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Stents
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110662


Endovascular salvage of the hypogastric artery using iliac branch device (IBD) during endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), offers less invasive alternative solution to surgery to prevent pelvic ischemia. We have performed the first Korean surgeon custom-made IBD for this purpose to overcome the limitation of unavailability of the devices in Korea. Four patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm with bilateral common iliac artery aneurysm (CIAA) were treated using custom-made IBDs from October 2013 to December 2013. IBD was created in back table before EVAR operation using TFLE Zenith iliac limb stent graft (Cook Inc.). Three V12 (Atrium, Inc.) one Viabahn (Gore, Inc.) were used for bridging between IBD and target hypogastric artery. With this modification of IBD procedure, exteriorize the guide wire without snare device is possible which offers another benefit in terms of reducing medical costs comparing to commercial IBD. All operations were successful without any device related complications or postoperative endoleaks. During the mean follow up of 3 months, all IBD were patent without clinical complications. Surgeon custom made IBD is feasible and useful to preserve pelvic perfusion especially in the situation of limited commercial IBD availability in many countries. Long-term follow-up is needed to evaluate stent graft patency and IBD-related complications.

Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Endovascular Procedures/instrumentation , Equipment Design , Equipment Failure Analysis , Female , Humans , Iliac Aneurysm/surgery , Iliac Artery/surgery , Male , Salvage Therapy/instrumentation , Stents
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95303


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of detachable interlock microcoils for an embolization of the internal iliac artery during an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on 40 patients with aortic aneurysms, who had undergone an EVAR between January 2010 and March 2012. Among them, 16 patients were referred for embolization of the internal iliac artery for the prevention of type II endoleaks. Among 16 patients, 13 patients underwent embolization using detachable interlock microcoils during an EVAR. Computed tomographic angiographies and clinical examinations were performed during the follow-up period. Technical success, clinical outcome, and complications were reviewed. RESULTS: Internal iliac artery embolizations using detachable interlock microcoils were technically successful in all 13 patients, with no occurrence of procedure-related complications. Follow-up imaging was accomplished in the 13 cases. In all cases, type II endoleak was not observed with computed tomographic angiography during the median follow-up of 3 months (range, 1-27 months) and the median clinical follow-up of 12 months (range, 1-27 months). Two of 13 (15%) patients had symptoms of buttock pain, and one patient died due to underlying stomach cancer. No significant clinical symptoms such as bowel ischemia were observed. CONCLUSION: Internal iliac artery embolization during an EVAR using detachable interlock microcoils to prevent type II endoleaks appears safe and effective, although this should be further proven in a larger population.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Embolization, Therapeutic , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Iliac Artery/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(5): 747-751, Sep-Oct/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-695152


Fistula between arteries and the gastrointestinal tract are a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding, but potentially fatal. The recognition and early treatment can modify the patient prognosis. We report a case of a patient with previous surgery for seminoma of cryptorchidic testicle, with massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding. We performed the diagnosis and surgical treatment of the fistula between left external iliac artery and sigmoid colon. The patient was successfully treated by external iliac artery ligation and left colectomy.

Adult , Humans , Male , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Iliac Artery , Intestinal Fistula/complications , Sigmoid Diseases/complications , Testicular Neoplasms/complications , Vascular Fistula/complications , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/surgery , Iliac Artery/surgery , Sigmoid Diseases/surgery , Treatment Outcome
JABHS-Journal of the Arab Board of Health Specializations. 2013; 14 (3): 18-21
in English, Arabic | IMEMR | ID: emr-139588


To verify what is the best technique, we performed a comparison between two techniques of renal artery anastomosis in kidney transplant patients, including end-to-end and end-to-side anastomosis. A cohort study has been performed including 76 patients suffering from end-stage renal disease, who have been undergone kidney transplantation from living donors in our kidney transplantation unit. We divided the patients randomizely into two groups, the first one contained the patients with end-to-end anastomosis to internal iliac artery, the second contained end-to-side anastomosis to external or common iliac artery. Clinical and surgical complications in addition to graft and patient survival have been evaluated. No differences in clinical and surgical complications were noted between the two groups in the primary hospitalization period [p=0.42, p=0.65], creatinine clearance was similar also [p=0.88]. One-year postoperative analysis showed similar results regarding graft and patient survival [p=0.25, p=0.82], and creatinine clearance [p=0.75]. Erectile dysfunction rate was higher in end-to-end anastomosis. The follow up demonstrated similar results in the two groups with one exception regarding erectile dysfunction [ED] rate which was higher in end-to-end anastomosis group. We think that a larger double blinded prospective study is more capable, if it is done in the future, to answer the main question in this study [what is the best technique?], in the meantime we recommend doing end-to-side renal artery anastomosis

Humans , Male , Kidney Failure, Chronic/surgery , Iliac Artery/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Renal Artery , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Cohort Studies , Anastomosis, Surgical
Rev. bras. ecocardiogr. imagem cardiovasc ; 25(2): 122-125, abr.-jun. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-619143


A síndrome de May-Thurner consiste na compressão extrínseca da veia ilíaca comum esquerda pela artéria ilíaca comum direita, podendo ocasionar trombose venosa profunda e graus variados de insuficiência venosa crônica. O objetivo deste relato de caso é demonstrar os diversos aspectos relacionados ao diagnóstico e conduta em uma pacientes portadora da sindrome de May-Thurner, com diagnóstico inicial pela ultrassonografia abdominal com Doppler e submetida à angioplastia com implante de stent, com resultados satisfatórios.

Humans , Female , Adult , Iliac Artery/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/complications , Peripheral Vascular Diseases/diagnosis , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Lower Extremity , Ultrasonography/methods , Ultrasonography
J. vasc. bras ; 11(1): 73-76, -mar. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-623434


A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%). O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente.

Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%). The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Humans , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Iliac Artery/surgery , Factor XI Deficiency/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation
Acta cir. bras ; 26(6): 490-495, Nov.-Dec. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-604199


PURPOSE: To describe a method for the assessment of gait dynamics in rats submitted to limb ischemia. METHODS: Twenty-four male Wistar rats (150-160g) were used. Twelve animals were submitted to limb ischemia by ligation of the common left iliac artery (ischemic group: n = 12); and a sham-operated group was used as control (n=12). After a recovery period of 6 weeks, gait dynamics was assessed by counting the complete footprints and the number of hindlimb-floor contacts during a treadmill test for five minutes at a speed of 12 m.min-1 and angulation of 15°. The number of contacts of the left hindlimb was divided by the right hindlimb values (LRR) for group comparisons. Ischemic disability was quantified by comparing the area under curve (AUC) created by plotting each contact versus time for each hindlimb. The left hindlimb ischemic disability index (LHDI), which was compared between groups, was defined by the formula: LHDI = (1- AUC left / AUC right) x 100. RESULTS: Surgery was well tolerated by all animals. Rats did not suffer tissue loss or ulcerations. Complete footprint LRR was 0.3 ± 0.08 for the ischemic group and 1.3 ± 0.9 for controls (p=0.0043). Number of contacts LLR was 0.5 ± 0.2 for the ischemic group and 1.0 ± 0.1 for the control group (p=0.0051). LHDI was 56.83 ± 10.67 for the ischemic group and 2.50 ± 13.10 for the control group (P = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Assessment of gait dynamics in rats submitted to limb ischemia could be done by footprint analysis and hindlimb contact recording during a treadmill test.

OBJETIVO: Descrever um método para avaliar a dinâmica da marcha em ratos submetidos à isquemia de membro pélvico. MÉTODOS: Vinte e quatro ratos Wistar machos (150-160g) foram utilizados neste estudo experimental. Doze animais foram submetidos à isquemia de membro pélvico por meio da ligadura da artéria ilíaca comum esquerda (grupo isquêmico: n=12); e doze animais foram submetidos à cirurgia simulada e usados como controle (grupo controle: n=12). Após seis semanas de recuperação, foi realizada avaliação da dinâmica da marcha por meio da contagem de impressões plantares e da contagem de contatos pata-solo durante teste com esteira durante cinco minutos, velocidade 12 m.min-1 e angulação de 15°. Os valores do número de contatos do membro pélvico esquerdo foram divididos pelos do membro pélvico direito (razão esquerda-direita - LRR) para comparação entre os grupos. A quantificação da incapacitação isquêmica foi feita comparando a área sob a curva (AUC) da representação gráfica dos contatos versus tempo para cada membro pélvico. O índice de incapacitação isquêmica do membro pélvico esquerdo (LHDI), que foi comparado entre os grupos, foi definido pela fórmula: LHDI = (1- AUC esquerda / AUC direito) x 100. RESULTADOS: A cirurgia foi bem tolerada por todos os animais. Nenhum rato apresentou necrose tecidual ou ulceração. A LRR das impressões plantares completas foi 0,3 ± 0,08 no grupo isquêmico e 1,3 ± 0,9 no grupo controle (p=0,0043). A LRR do número de contatos foi 0,5 ± 0,2 no grupo isquêmico e 1,0 ± 0,1 no grupo controle (p=0,0051). O LHDI foi 56,83 ± 10,67 no grupo isquêmico e 2,50 ± 13,10 no grupo controle (p=0,031). CONCLUSÃO: Avaliação da dinâmica da marcha em ratos submetidos à isquemia de membro pélvico pôde ser feita por meio da contagem de impressões plantares e da contagem de contatos pata-solo durante teste com esteira.

Animals , Male , Rats , Gait/physiology , Hindlimb/blood supply , Iliac Artery/physiopathology , Ischemia/physiopathology , Hindlimb/physiopathology , Iliac Artery/surgery , Rats, Wistar
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 26(2): 291-293, abr.-jun. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-597751


An emergency operation for access related acute critical limb ischemia with signs of infection is described. Inguinal femoral reconstruction was performed with a bifurcated graft constructed from the ipsilateral saphenous vein.

Uma operação de emergência relacionada à isquemia aguda com sinais de infecção é descrita. Reconstrução femoral inguinal foi realizada com um enxerto bifurcado feito a partir da veia safena ipsilateral.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Femoral Artery/surgery , Ischemia/surgery , Leg/blood supply , Popliteal Artery/surgery , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Acute Disease , Emergencies , Femoral Artery , Iliac Artery/surgery , Medical Illustration