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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 23(1): 62-72, Fev 11, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358407

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo tem como objetivo principal estimar a incidência de alterações postural em indivíduos participantes da ação social UNIG Portas Abertas, ocorrida no campus da Universidade Iguaçu, novembro de 2018 e maio de 2019. É um estudo transversal e descritivo. Foram avaliados 75 indivíduos. A avaliação postural foi realizada através do posturógrafo, com os participantes em posição ortostática, com os pés descalços e cabelos presos. As análises foram feitas na vista anterior, posterior e lateral. Os resultados mostraram que 89,5% da amostra apresentou algum tipo de alteração postural. As principais alterações posturais encontradas foram: desvio na altura das mãos (52,6%), hiperlordose lombar (47,3%), desvio na altura da crista ilíaca, gibosidade torácica, ombro retraído e joelho recurvatum (36,8%). (AU)


Subject(s)
Standing Position , Posture , Adult , Ilium
2.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e317, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357335

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura de un hueso se define como la solución de continuidad de cierta porción ósea. Las fracturas diafisarias representan un bajo porcentaje de todas las fracturas, y el hueso tibial es el más afectado, debido a su escasa vascularidad, poca protección y existencia de diversos factores que hacen más propensos algunos problemas como pseudoartrosis y osteomielitis, que complican el tratamiento. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia de los resultados clínicos funcionales con la cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 42 años que ingresa con diagnóstico de fractura expuesta II postraumática. Se realiza fijación externa en 2 ocasiones, con un intervalo de 6 días para corrección de valgo. El paciente se ausenta de sus controles clínicos y reingresa después de 10 meses aproximadamente por diagnóstico de pseudoartrosis atrófica infectada de tibia izquierda, según clasificación anatómica de Cierny-Mader IV. Se hospitaliza para cura quirúrgica y reconstrucción con aloinjerto óseo y autoinjerto de cresta iliaca, lo que da lugar a la consolidación y controles favorables. Actualmente el paciente ha recuperado la funcionalidad de su pierna izquierda, y queda como secuela una fístula con exposición de aloinjerto. Conclusiones: La cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca presenta buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales, lo que constituye un método eficaz(AU)


Introduction: The fracture of a bone is defined as the solution of continuity of a certain bone portion. Diaphyseal fractures represent a low percentage of all fractures, and the tibial bone is the most affected, due to its scarce vascularity, little protection and the existence of various factors that make them more prone to some problems such as pseudoarthrosis and osteomyelitis, which complicate treatment. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy of functional clinical results with the surgical cure of infected pseudoarthrosis of the tibial shaft with the contribution of heterologous cadaveric bone graft, and cortical cancellous autograft of the iliac crest. Case report: The case of a 42-year-old male patient admitted with a diagnosis of post-traumatic exposed fracture II is reported here. External fixation was performed on 2 occasions, with an interval of 6 days for valgus correction. The patient was absent from his clinical check-ups and was readmitted after approximately 10 months due to a diagnosis of infected atrophic nonunion of the left tibia, according to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader IV. He was hospitalized for surgical cure and reconstruction with bone allograft and iliac crest autograft, resulting in consolidation and favorable controls. Currently, the patient has recovered the functionality of his left leg, and a fistula with allograft exposure remains. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of infected tibial shaft pseudoarthrosis with provision of heterologous cadaveric bone graft and cortical cancellous autograft of iliac crest presents good clinical and functional results, which constitutes an effective method(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fracture Healing , Allografts/surgery , Autografts/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Infections , Ilium
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-7, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292580

ABSTRACT

Hip femoral head fractures are extremely uncommon, but likely associated with traumatic hip dislocations. Both lesions require emergent treatment to avoid further complications.19-year-old male patient was received after a high-energy motor vehicle accident with severe brain and thoraco-abdominal trauma and a displaced femoral head fracture with posterior hip dislocation with no acetabular fracture. An emergent open reduction and internal fixation with 2 headless screws was performed, as well as posterior capsule repair. After 1 month as an inpatient in Intensive Care Unit, he sustained a new episode of posterior hip dislocation. Consequently, a second successful surgical reduction was obtained, and hip stability was achieved by posterior reconstruction with iliac crest autograft fixed with cannulated screw and posterior structure repair. Two years later, he was able to walk independently and he does not present any signs of degenerative joint disease nor avascular necrosis.


Las fracturas de la cabeza femoral son extremadamente raras y están asociadas comúnmente con una luxación de cadera traumática. Ambas lesiones requieren tratamiento urgente con el objetivo de evitar complicaciones posteriores. Un paciente varón de 19 años fue trasladado tras un accidente de tráfico de alta energía en el que sufrió un traumatismo craneoencefálico y toracoabdominal grave, además de una fractura de cabeza femoral desplazada junto a una luxación posterior de cadera sin afectación acetabular. De manera urgente, fue intervenido mediante una reducción abierta y fijación interna de la fractura con dos tornillos canulados sin cabeza y reparación de la cápsula articular posterior. Tras un mes de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, sufrió un nuevo episodio de luxación posterior de cadera. Debido a ello, se realiza una segunda intervención quirúrgica con reducción abierta y en la que se obtiene una adecuada estabilidad de la cadera mediante reconstrucción posterior con la adición de autoinjerto tricortical de cresta ilíaca y reparación capsular posterior. Después de dos años de seguimiento, el paciente deambula de manera independiente, sin dolor y sin signos degenerativos ni de necrosis avascular en las pruebas de imagen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur Head/injuries , Joint Dislocations/complications , Ilium/surgery
4.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 88-92, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372537

ABSTRACT

Os defeitos ósseos nos maxilares podem ser causados por patologias como ameloblastoma, carcinoma de células escamosas e sarcomas, bem como, por traumatismos faciais que vão desde acidentes de trânsito a agressões por arma de fogo. As reconstruções de tais defeitos ósseos não deverão apenas devolver a anatomia e contorno da região, mas também, restabelecer a estética e função. A escolha do melhor tipo de enxerto para reconstrução mandibular deverá ser feita de acordo com a característica do defeito e, principalmente, a observação do seu tamanho. O presente trabalho relata o caso clínico de um paciente que procurou o serviço de CTBMF do Hospital da Restauração, queixando-se de deformidade em terço inferior de face após agressão por projétil de arma de fogo (PAF) há, aproximadamente, 2 anos. Ao exame físico apresentava perda de continuidade óssea em região de parassínfise mandibular direita, oclusão pouco funcional e com prometimento funcional. Para o caso foi proposta cirurgia para reconstrução do defeito mandibular com enxerto livre de crista ilíaca. Diante disso, um diagnóstico preciso, planejamento minucioso e boa execução da técnica de reconstrução mandibular com enxerto livre de crista ilíaca proporcionam resultados estéticos satisfatórios, contorno e volume ósseos adequados possibilitando um restabelecimento funcional da área receptora... (AU)


Bone defects in the jaws can be caused by pathologies such as ameloblastoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and sarcomas, as well as facial trauma ranging from traffic accidents to gunshot wounds. Reconstructions of such bone defects should not only restore the anatomy and contour of the region, but also restore aesthetics and function. The choice of the best graft type for mandibular reconstruction should be made according to the characteristic of the defect and, especially, the observation of its size. The present study reports the clinical case of a patient who sought the CTBMF service of the Hospital da Restauração, complaining of deformity in the lower third of the face after aggression by FAP for approximately 2 years. Physical examination showed loss of bone segment in a region of right mandibular paresis, malocclusion and functional impairment. For the case, surgery was proposed to reconstruct the mandibular defect with free iliac crest graft. Therefore, a precise diagnosis, careful planning and good execution of the mandibular reconstruction technique with free iliac crest graft provide satisfactory aesthetic results, adequate bone contour and volume allowing a functional reestablishment of the receiver area... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bone Transplantation , Facial Injuries , Mandibular Reconstruction , Ilium , Jaw , Malocclusion , Physical Examination , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Bone and Bones
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213029, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287883

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lumbar and para-iliac hernias are rare and occur after removal of an iliac bone graft, nephrectomies, retroperitoneal aortic surgery, or after blunt trauma to the abdomen. The incidence of hernia after the removal of these grafts ranges from 0.5 to 10%. These hernias are a problem that surgeons will face, since bone grafts from the iliac crest are being used more routinely. The goal of this article was to report the technique to correct these complex hernias, using the technique of fixing the propylene mesh to the iliac bone and the result of this approach. In the period of 5 years, 165 patients were treated at the complex hernia service, 10 (6%) with hernia in the supra-iliac and lumbar region, managed with the technique of fixing the mesh to the iliac bone with correction of the failure. During the mean follow-up of 33 months (minimum of 2 and maximum of 48 months), there was no recurrence of the hernias.


RESUMO Hérnias lombares e para-ilíacas são raras e ocorrem após a retirada de enxerto ósseo ilíaco, nefrectomias, cirurgia aórtica retroperitoneal, ou ainda, após traumas contusos sobre o abdômen. A incidência de hérnia após a retirada destes enxertos varia de 0,5 a 10%. Essas hérnias constituem um problema com o qual os cirurgiões irão se defrontar, uma vez que os enxertos ósseos da crista ilíaca estão sendo usados mais rotineiramente. O objetivo desse artigo foi relatar a técnica para correção dessas hérnias, consideradas complexas, utilizando-se a técnica de fixação de tela de propileno ao osso ilíaco e o resultado dessa abordagem. No período de 5 anos, 165 pacientes foram atendidos no serviço de hérnias complexas, 10 (6%) com hérnia da região suprailíaca e lombar, manejados com a técnica de fixação de tela ao osso ilíaco corrigindo a falha. Durante o seguimento médio de 33 meses (mínimo de 2 e máximo de 48 meses), não houve recidiva das hérnias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ilium , Lumbosacral Region , Surgical Mesh , Herniorrhaphy , Hernia
6.
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(1): 10-12, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1283697

ABSTRACT

El mucocele apendicular es la dilatación quística del apéndice con acumulación de material mucinoso. Su forma de presentación más frecuente es dolor en fosa ilíaca derecha, sin embargo, la mitad de los casos son asintomáticos. En el presente trabajo se presenta caso de un paciente con diagnóstico incidental de mucocele apendicular, al cual se le realizó apendicectomía laparoscópica como tratamiento definitivo. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 44 años sin antecedentes patológicos conocidos, quien se realiza ultrasonido abdominal que informa tumor quístico en fosa ilíaca derecha. Se decide resolución quirúrgica laparoscópica. Informe histológico: mucocele apendicular sin evidencia de malignidad y recuperación satisfactoria del paciente. Conclusión: La neoplasia mucinosa del apéndice es una patología poco frecuente, puede presentarse con una variedad de manifestaciones clínicas hasta un hallazgo incidental. El tratamiento es fundamentalmente quirúrgico y el abordaje laparoscópico es de elección en pacientes sin evidencia de ruptura y diseminación de la enfermedad(AU)


The appendicular mucocele is a cystic dilation of the appendix with accumulation of mucinous material. The most frequent form of presentation is pain in the right iliac fossa; however, half of the cases are asymptomatic patients. In the present work we present a case of a patient with an incidentally diagnosis of appendicular mucocele who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy as definitive treatment. Clinical case: A 44-year-old male patient with no known pathological history, who underwent an abdominal ultrasound that reported a cystic tumor in the right iliac fossa. Laparoscopic surgical resolution was decided, the histological examination revealed appendicular mucocele without evidence of malignancy and satisfactory recovery of the patient. Conclusion: Mucinous neoplasia of the appendix is an uncommon pathology, patients are often asymptomatic or have nonspecific symptoms, and the diagnosis is made incidentally in the course of other examination. Treatment is primarily surgical and the laparoscopic approach is the choice in patients without evidence of rupture and dissemination of the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Appendiceal Neoplasms/surgery , Ilium/pathology , Mucocele/pathology , Appendectomy , Drug Therapy , Mucocele
7.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): 89-94, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378581

ABSTRACT

Se trata de un paciente masculino de 31 años con diagnóstico de fibroma condromixoide del ilíaco derecho manejado en el Hospital Universitario San Ignacio en febrero del 2018. El paciente fue llevado inicialmente a biopsia abierta para confirmación histológica, posteriormente fue llevado a embolización preoperatoria, manejo intralesional con curetaje, fresado extendido, manejo adyuvante local y aplicación de cemento óseo. Se realiza seguimiento postoperatorio por 18 meses sin evidencia clínica ni radiográfica de recidiva tumoral. El objetivo de este trabajo es hacer una revisión de la literatura sobre el fibroma condromixoide con énfasis en su localización pélvica y su tratamiento.


We report a case of a 31-year-old male patient with diagnosis of chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) of the iliac bone diagnosed at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in february 2018; an open biopsy allowed recognizement and description of cytologic features, forward diagnosis and treatment with combination of pre-operative embolization, local and extended curettage, local adyuvance and bone cement as described. At 18 months follow-up have found the patient remains without clinical or radiologic recurrence of CMF. We made a review of literature on chondromixoid fibroma emphasizing on pelvic bones compromise regarding diagnosis and management options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fibroma , Pelvis , Ilium
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2252-2258, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142281

ABSTRACT

Twelve dogs with traumatic hip luxation were selected for surgical intervention with a modified iliofemoral suture technique using an anchor screw to substitute the passage of suture material through a perforated tunnel in the ilium. Six procedures were performed with non-absorbable suture and other six with absorbable suture materials. These cases were evaluated at 15, 30, 60, and 90 days after surgery by performing an ambulation analysis and palpation of the joint. In all cases, there was a return of partial and total limb support in an average of 3 and 19 postoperative, respectively. The fixation strategy of the suture material in the ilium using an anchor screw proved to be efficient with a smaller surgical approach and lesser surgical difficulty, maintaining joint congruence in acute as chronic luxation cases. The use of absorbable and non-absorbable sutures had excellent clinical results, but there was a subjective superiority of the first ones, once 4 dogs of the non-absorbable group presented some discomfort during the postoperative palpation of the joint, 90 days after surgery.(AU)


Doze cães com luxação coxofemoral traumática foram submetidos à intervenção cirúrgica de sutura iliofemoral modificada com uso de parafuso âncora substituindo a passagem de fio através de túnel perfurado no ílio. Seis procedimentos foram realizados com fio não absorvível, e outros seis com fio absorvível. Os casos foram avaliados aos 15, 30, 60 e 90 dias após a cirurgia, por meio de análise de deambulação e palpação articular. Em todos os casos, houve retorno de suporte parcial e total do peso no membro operado, em média, aos três e 19 dias de pós-operatório, respectivamente. A estratégia de fixação do fio de sutura no ílio com parafuso âncora se mostrou eficaz, permitindo uma abordagem cirúrgica menos invasiva, com menor dificuldade na execução, garantindo manutenção da congruência articular tanto em quadros de luxação aguda como crônica. O uso de fio absorvível e não absorvível teve bons resultados clínicos, porém houve uma superioridade subjetiva do primeiro, uma vez que quatro pacientes do grupo fio inabsorvível mostraram desconforto à palpação da articulação aos 90 dias após a cirurgia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Femoral Fractures/veterinary , Femur/injuries , Fracture Dislocation/veterinary , Ilium/injuries , Suture Techniques/veterinary
9.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(1): 31-38, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125535

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El injerto óseo autólogo tomado de la cresta ilíaca posterior para artrodesis de columna presenta ventajas: es osteogénico, osteoinductor y osteoconductor, y sus desventajas son ofrecer una cantidad limitada y las complicaciones del sitio dador (8-39%), como dolor de la zona dadora, lesión neurovascular y fracturas de pelvis. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron comparar la toma de injerto cortico-esponjoso de cresta ilíaca posterior mediante técnica con escoplo gubia frente a la toma con cureta; evaluar las complicaciones intraoperatorias y posoperatorias; cuantificar la cantidad recolectada y graduar el dolor en la zona dadora. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio prospectivo aleatorizado de 34 pacientes consecutivos para artrodesis posterolateral de columna torácica y lumbosacra (26 mujeres y 8 hombres, de entre 15 y 79 años de edad). Se los dividió en dos grupos: grupo 1, cureta y grupo 2, escoplo gubia. Se evaluaron el peso obtenido, el tiempo requerido y las complicaciones. Resultados: Grupo 1: 19 pacientes (14 mujeres y 5 hombres). Se requirieron, en promedio, 9.94 min para obtener 9,26 g. En el primer control, 13 pacientes presentaron un valor 1; 5, un valor 2 y uno, un valor 3. En el tercer control, 15 tuvieron un puntaje 1; 2, un puntaje 2 y 2, un puntaje 3. Grupo 2: 15 pacientes (12 mujeres y 3 hombres). Se tomaron 11,26 g en 8,6 min. En puntaje de dolor en el primer control fue: 10 pacientes con un valor 1; 2, con un valor 2 y 3, con un valor 3, todos tuvieron un puntaje 1 en el tercer control. Conclusiones: La toma de injerto de cresta ilíaca posterior utilizando escoplo gubia es más rápida, recolecta más injerto y provoca menos dolor a los 60 días. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Introduction: The autologous bone graft harvested from the posterior iliac crest for spinal fusion presents osteogenic, osteoinductive and osteoconductive advantages; however, its disadvantages include a limited amount of available material and an incidence of donor site complications ranging from 8% to 39%, including donor site pain, neurovascular injury and pelvic fractures. Objectives: To compare the posterior iliac crest corticoancellous harvest using a chisel-gouge approach versus a curette approach; to evaluate intra-operative and post-operative complications; to quantify the harvested bone; to grade donor site pain. Materials and Methods: Prospective randomized study in 34 consecutive patients for posterolateral fusion of the thoracic and lumbosacral spine; 26 women and 8 men, between 15 and 79 years of age. Subjects were divided into two groups. Group 1: curette approach; and Group 2: chiselgouge approach. The evaluation included: the amount of bone harvested, the time required and complications. Results: Group 1: 19 patients, 14 women and 5 men. The procedure lasted an average of 9.94 min, and the harvested material averaged 9.26 g. Denis Pain Scale scores at the first follow-up survey: 13 patients scored 1; 5 scored 2; 1 scored 3. Denis Pain Scale scores at the third follow-up survey: 15 patients scored 1; 2 scored 2; 1 scored 3. Group 2: 15 patients, 12 women and 3 men. The procedure lasted an average of 8.6 min, and the harvested material averaged 9.26 g. Denis Pain Scale scores at their first follow-up: 10 patients scored 1; 2 scored 2; 3 scored 3. At the third follow-up, all patients scored 1. Conclusions: We observed that the posterior iliac crest graft harvested using the chisel-gouge approach is faster, provides more graft and results in less pain at 60 days. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Spinal Fusion , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation , Ilium/transplantation , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 30(59): 23-28, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224121

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: mostrar el tratamiento que realizamos en comunicaciones a nivel del reborde alveolar en los FLAP, tanto para pacientes con fisura unilateral como bilateral, realizados con cresta ilíaca tomada del paciente y basados en nuestra experiencia de más de 40 años. Casos clínicos: nuestro protocolo está dentro de lo que es el tratamiento que proponemos para FLAP, ortopédico y quirúrgico, teniendo en cuenta el crecimiento y desarrollo del maxilar superior, realizando dentro de éste lo que son las periostioplastías y los injertos óseos, con el correspondiente seguimiento de pacientes en el tiempo. Conclusión: se realiza un protocolo adecuado para cada paciente, para realizar el cierre de la comunicación bucosinusal, teniendo siempre en cuenta el crecimiento y desarrollo de cada paciente y no un tiempo fijo en general para todos ellos. Nos diferenciamos de otras personas que lo hacen en forma sistemática en tiempos quirúrgicos preestablecidos, igual para todos los pacientes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Bone Transplantation/instrumentation , Ilium/transplantation , Periosteum/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Oroantral Fistula/surgery , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Orthopedic Procedures , Growth and Development
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1150-1163, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012411

ABSTRACT

The iliacus muscle, arising from iliac fossa is innervated chiefly by nerves to iliacus and femoral nerve. The tendon of iliacus muscle in the caudal part fuses with the tendon of psoas major muscle to form iliopsoas tendon As the iliacus/iliopsoas is responsible for flexing of the thigh and the forward tilting of the pelvis, body posture, Olympic lifts, daily activities like walking and running, so impairment of above functions, due to spinal cord injury or injury to nerves to iliacus, remained a grey area to explore manifestation of nerve lesions at fascicular level. Therefore an experimental study was designed to map the complex fascicular pathways suffering from splits, fusions and multiplexing coupled with measurement of distances of closely sampled histological slides. Tracking, correlation and interpretation of fascicles, in these slides of a cropped femoral nerve in iliacus region from a 70 year old female cadaver were analyzed. The study resulted in three schematic models of fascicular pathways in 3 nerves to iliacus and 2 tabular models of 2 remaining nerves to iliacus revealing complete picture of fascicles interrupted by dynamic transformational processes. These results would facilitate MRI neurographic interpretation at fascicular level and neurosurgical treatment through identification. The fascicular identification and setup would also discover anatomical complications and location of injury. Besides the huge data volume evolved off this experiment, the study would not only open up grey area for neuroanatomical research but also would revolutionize the neurosurgical repair and grafting of nerves to iliacus at fascicular level.


El músculo ilíaco, que se inserta en la fosa ilíaca, está inervado principalmente por los nervios ilíaco y femoral. El tendón del músculo ilíaco en la parte caudal se fusiona con el tendón del músculo psoas mayor para formar el tendón del músculo iliopsoas. Los músculos ilíaco e iliopsoas son responsables de la flexión del muslo y la inclinación hacia delante de la pelvis, la postura del cuerpo, los levantamientos olímpicos, las actividades diarias como caminar y correr, por lo que el deterioro de las funciones anteriores, debido a lesiones de la médula espinal o de los nervios ilíacos, constituyen una dificultad para explorar la manifestación de lesiones nerviosas a nivel fascicular. Por lo tanto, se diseñó un estudio experimental para mapear las complejas vías fasciculares que presentan divisiones, fusiones y multiplexación, junto con medición en muestras histológicas. Se analizó el seguimiento, correlación y la interpretación de los fascículos en muestras de secciones del nervio femoral en la región ilíaca de un cadáver femenino de 70 años. Se obtuvieron tres modelos esquemáticos de vías fasciculares en 3 ramos del nervio ilíaco y dos modelos tabulares de los 2 ramos nerviosos restantes del nervio ilíaco, que muestran una imagen completa de los fascículos interrumpidos por procesos de transformación dinámica. Estos resultados facilitarían la interpretación neurográfica de la resonancia nuclear magnética a nivel fascicular y el tratamiento neuroquirúrgico a través de su identificación. La identificación y configuración del fascículo también permitirían descubrir complicaciones anatómicas y la localización de la lesión. Además del enorme volumen de datos que se desprendió de este estudio, éste no solo contribuiría a la investigación neuroanatómica, sino también puede aportar a la reparación neuroquirúrgica y al injerto de nervios al músculo ilíaco a nivel fascicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Femoral Nerve/anatomy & histology , Ilium
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 917-928, May-June 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1011332

ABSTRACT

In veterinary medicine, the cell therapy is still unexplored and there are many unanswered questions that researchers tend to extrapolate to humans in an attempt to treat certain injuries. Investigating this subject in nonhuman primates turns out to be an unparalleled opportunity to better understand the dynamics of stem cells against some diseases. Thus, we aimed to compare the efficiency of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from adipose tissue of Chlorocebus aethiops in induced bone injury. Ten animals were used, male adults subjected, to bone injury the iliac crests. The MSCs were isolated by and cultured. In an autologous manner, the BMMCs were infused in the right iliac crest, and MSCs from adipose tissue in the left iliac crest. After 4.8 months, the right iliac crests fully reconstructed, while left iliac crest continued to have obvious bone defects for up to 5.8 months after cell infusion. The best option for treatment of injuries with bone tissue loss in old world primates is to use autologous MSCs from adipose tissue, suggesting we can extrapolate the results to humans, since there is phylogenetic proximity between species.(AU)


Na medicina veterinária, a terapia celular ainda é inexplorada e há muitas perguntas não respondidas, o que leva os pesquisadores a uma tendência a estender a terapia para os seres humanos, na tentativa de tratar certas lesões. Investigar esse assunto em primatas não humanos revela-se uma oportunidade sem precedentes para compreender melhor a dinâmica das células-tronco contra algumas doenças. Assim, objetivou-se comparar a eficiência das células mononucleares de medula óssea (BMMCs) e das células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) do tecido adiposo de Chlorocebus aetiops na lesão óssea induzida. Foram utilizados 10 animais, adultos do sexo masculino, submetidos à lesão óssea nas cristas ilíacas. As MSCs foram isoladas e cultivadas; de forma autóloga, as BMMCs foram infundidas na crista ilíaca direita e as MSCs de tecido adiposo na crista ilíaca esquerda. Após 4,8 meses, a crista ilíaca direita foi totalmente reconstruída, enquanto a crista ilíaca esquerda continuou apresentando defeito ósseo evidente por até 5,8 meses após a infusão. A melhor opção para o tratamento de lesões com perda de tecido ósseo em primatas do Velho Mundo é a utilização de MSCs autólogas de tecido adiposo, sugerindo que se podem estender os resultados para seres humanos, uma vez que há proximidade filogenética entre as espécies.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Bone Marrow Cells , Stem Cell Transplantation/veterinary , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/veterinary , Chlorocebus aethiops , Models, Animal , Ilium/injuries
13.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(2): 62-67, apr 2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1025660

ABSTRACT

Appendicitis is the inflammation of the vermiform appendix. Acute appendictis is the most common surgical emergency, and the most frequent cause of abdominal pain. It is considered that between 7 to 12% of the world population will develop the disease in some ciurcumstances of their lifes, being more frequent during the second and third decades. The aim of this study was to evaluate the comlications derivated from the delay in the anagement of the patients with this complaint. Usually, the signs and symptoms are frequently typical and the diagnosis quickly made. However, the classic syndrome may not be evident and the correct diagnosis may be obscure, in whom a delay in diagnosis can result in a lifebreatening situation. Inflammation of the appendix usually results from the obstruction of the appendiceal lumen. The diagnosis of appendicitis depends primarily on the history and physical findings, but confirmation of the diagnosis usually requires appropriate laboratory, radiographic or endoscopic studies. Pain is usually the first simptom. vomiting usually develops. Acute appendicitis should always be included in the differential diagnosis of abdominal pain. Low-grade fewer is usual. The most characteristic sign is point tenderness at Mc-Burney's pint, which is located one third of the distance from the anterior-superior iliac spine to the umbilicus.We present a retrospective analysis, descriptive and observational. In our study the Alvarado score was empliye. The complications observed are detailed, and the results obtained are commented


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/complications , Appendicitis/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Delayed Diagnosis/adverse effects , Ilium/surgery
14.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 35(1): 27-35, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-981538

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el dolor en la fosa ilíaca derecha (FID) es un motivo de consulta habitual en los servicios de urgencias. El principal desafío es diferenciar si es un cuadro quirúrgico o no. Objetivo: conocer qué rol ocupa la laparoscopía diagnóstica (LD), la ecografía de abdomen y la tomografía computada (TC) en el algoritmo de estudio de los pacientes con dolor en FID con diagnóstico incierto en Uruguay. Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo, prospectivo, multicéntrico, sobre pacientes que consultaron por dolor en FID desde el 1º de junio al 31 de agosto de 2017 en centros asistenciales de Uruguay. Se recolectaron los siguientes datos en una planilla electrónica: sexo, edad, sintomatología, hallazgos físicos, exámenes solicitados, conducta tomada, hallazgos intraoperatorios, complicaciones. Resultados: se completaron 159 planillas. Luego de una valoración primaria se planteó duda diagnóstica en 69 (43,4%) pacientes. La TC se solicitó en 29 (42%) pacientes. Se realizó TC al 78% de los mayores de 50 años versus 18% entre los de 15 y 29 años. Del total, 13 (44,8%) se informaron como normales, confirmando en el intraoperatorio cuatro (30,7%) apendicitis agudas. Se realizaron 29 LD en los casos con duda diagnóstica, dos tercios fueron en pacientes de 15 a 29 años. En 22 (76%) casos se arribó a un diagnóstico. No hubo complicaciones. Conclusiones: la LD permitió realizar diagnóstico y tratamiento en la mayoría de los casos. La sensibilidad de la TC fue baja en comparación con datos internacionales. El algoritmo diagnóstico debe ser individualizado, basado en protocolos adaptados a los recursos de cada institución. (AU)


Introduction: right iliac fossa (RIF) pain is a frequent reason for consultation at the Emergency Units. The main challenge lies in defining whether it is a surgical condition or not. Objective: to learn about the role of diagnostic laparoscopy, abdominal ultrasound and CT scan in the studies algorithm of patients with RIF pain of unknown etiology in Uruguay. Method: observational, descriptive, prospective, multi-center study of patients who consulted for RIF from June 1st to August 31, 2017 in Health Institutions in Uruguay. The following data were gathered in an excel sheet: sex, age, symptoms, physical findings, tests requested, conduct adopted, intraoperative findings and complications. Results: 159 sheets were completed. Upon a primary assessment a diagnostic doubt was arose in 69 patients (43.4%). A CT scan was requested to 29 patients, and a CT was performed to 78% of patients older than 50 years old vs 18% of those between 15 and 29 years. Conclusions: the diagnostic laparoscopy allowed for diagnosis in most cases. Sensitivity of the CT scan was low when compared to international data. The diagnostic algorithm needs to me individualized, based on protocols adapted to the resources of every institution.


Introdução: a dor na fossa ilíaca direita (FID) é um motivo habitual de consulta habitual nos Serviços de Urgências. O principal desafio é diferenciar entre um quadro cirúrgico e um não cirúrgico. Objetivo: conhecer o papel da laparoscopia diagnóstica (LD), do ultrassom de abdômen e da tomografia computada (TC) no algoritmo de estudo dos pacientes com dor na FID com diagnóstico incerto no Uruguai. Método: estudo observacional, descritivo, prospectivo, multicêntrico sobre pacientes que consultaram por dor na FID no período 1º de junho - 31 de agosto del 2017 em Centros Assistenciais no Uruguai. Em una planilha electrónica foram incluídos os seguintes dados: sexo, idade, sintomatologia, achados físicos, exames solicitados, conduta tomada, achados intra-operatórios e complicações. Resultados: foram preenchidas 159 planilhas. Depois de uma avaliação primaria foram definidas dúvidas diagnósticas em 69 (43,4%) pacientes. Foram solicitadas TC a 29 (42%) pacientes; 78% dos pacientes com mais de 50 anos vs 18% dos pacientes com idades entre 15 e 29 anos. 13 (44,8% do total) tiveram laudo "normal", confirmando apendicite aguda em 4 (30,7%) durante cirurgia. Foram realizadas 29 LD nos casos com dúvida diagnóstica sem dos terços em pacientes de 15 a 29 anos. Em 22 (76%) casos foi possível definir um diagnóstico. Não se registraram complicações. Conclusões: a LD permitiu realizar diagnóstico e tratamento na maioria dos casos. A sensibilidade da TC foi baixa em comparação com dados internacionais. O algoritmo diagnóstico deve ser individualizado, baseado em protocolos adaptados aos recursos de cada instituição.


Subject(s)
Pain , Appendicitis/diagnostic imaging , Acute Disease , Laparoscopy , Ilium
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 173-179, ene.-feb. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991335

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El divertículo de Meckel es una evaginación en dedo de guante del borde antimesentérico del íleon, constituido por sus capas, debido a una persistencia embriológica del extremo proximal del conducto onfalomesentérico. Forma una bolsa a manera de tubo y que puede extenderse hasta la región umbilical, su inflamación (diverticulitis) produce un cuadro clínico semejante al de la apendicitis aguda, por lo que su diagnóstico preoperatorio es raro. Por lo infrecuente, los médicos no piensan seriamente en esta patología y su diagnóstico definitivo se realiza durante el transoperatorio. Se presentó un caso por lo infrecuente que resulta lo cual aporta conocimiento a la comunidad médica sobre el tema. Paciente de 68 años, acude al centro con dolor tipo cólico, taquicardia y fiebre de 38.5C°, con 24 h de evolución. Refiere que el dolor se le hizo fijo hacia fosa iliaca derecha, el cual se fue intensificando. Se decidió su ingreso para tratamiento quirúrgico. Se realizó apendicectomia y resección y anastomosis en la zona del divertículo. Se recibió biopsia informando diverticulitis de Meckel.


ABSTRACT Meckel's diverticulum is an evagination resembling a glove finger of the ileum anti-mesenteric edge, formed by layers due to an embryologic persistence of the proximal end of omphalo-mesenteric duct. It forms a sac like a tube that may extend up to the umbilical region; its inflammation (diverticulitis) has clinical characteristics similar to the acute appendicitis ones, making its pre-surgery diagnosis very unusual. Due to its frequency, doctors often do not take this disease into account, and it is definitely diagnosed during the trans-operative. The case was presented due to its infrequency, bringing knowledge on the theme to medical community. A patient aged 68 years assisted the hospital with a colic-like pain, tachycardia and fiver of 38.5oC after 24 hours of evolution. He refers that the pain became fixed in the right iliac fosse and got more intensity. The decision was entering him for surgical treatment. Appendectomy, resection and anastomosis were carried out in the area of the diverticulum. The received biopsy informed Meckel's diverticulum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Hemostasis , Meckel Diverticulum/surgery , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnosis , Meckel Diverticulum/blood , Meckel Diverticulum/diagnostic imaging , Pain/diagnosis , Colic/diagnosis , Ilium/physiopathology
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e2225, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041129

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A remoção de enxerto da crista ilíaca anterior é uma boa opção para a reconstrução de defeitos mandibulares após ressecções por trauma ou outras doenças. Para obtenção de resultados clínicos de excelência em cirurgias reconstrutivas com enxertos ósseos, um planejamento pré-operatório preciso e uma refinada técnica cirúrgica são essenciais. Portanto, este artigo descreve o uso de um template customizável, que é indicado para obter bloco de osso ilíaco livre para reconstruções mandibulares imediatas ou tardias após defeitos marginais ou segmentares. O template é baseado em um fragmento de metal maleável obtido de uma lata de bebida de alumínio. Ele é utilizado no transoperatório para demarcar o sítio doador do enxerto ósseo e é especialmente útil devido ao acesso limitado à cortical interna da crista ilíaca. O template customizável tem se mostrado uma ferramenta de fácil aplicação para determinar o tamanho do bloco de enxerto a ser coletado da região ilíaca, otimizando o tempo cirúrgico e evitando a remoção insuficiente de enxerto ósseo.


ABSTRACT Bone graft harvesting from the anterior iliac crest is a good option for reconstructing mandibular defects after trauma or other diseases. In order to achieve optimal clinical results in reconstructive surgeries with bone grafts, accurate preoperative planning and prestigious surgical technique are paramount. Therefore, this paper describes the use of a customizable template that is indicated for obtaining free iliac bone block for immediate or late mandibular reconstructions following marginal or segmental defects. The template is based on a piece of malleable metal obtained from an aluminum beverage can. It is used transoperatively to demarcate the bone graft donor site, being especially useful because of the limited access to the inner table of the anterior ilium. The described customizable template has been shown as a useful tool to easily determine the size of the bone block to be harvested from the iliac region, improving surgical time and preventing removal of insufficient bone graft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Bone Transplantation/methods , Mandibular Reconstruction/methods , Mandible/surgery , Stereolithography , Ilium/transplantation , Models, Anatomic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781671

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical results of locking compression plate combined with autologous iliac bone graft in the treatment of aseptic ulnar nonunion.@*METHODS@#From March 2009 to July 2017, 22 patients with aseptic ulnar diaphyseal nonunion with complete follow-up data were treated with surgery, including 12 males and 10 females, aged from 16 to 58 (39.7±9.9) years old and ranging in course of disease from 10 to 192 (39.4±55.7) months. There were 15 atrophic nonunions, 5 hypertrophic nonunions and 2 synovial pseudo-articular nonunions. After debridement of the nonunion, locking compression plate was used to fix the nonunion and autogenous iliac bone graft was given. Bone healing rate, surgical complications and clinical results were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 13 to 42 months, with a mean of (22.5±8.2) months, and 1 patient did not heal. Visual analogue pain scores ranged from 0 to 3 (0.9±0.9). Pronation of forearm was 47 to 86 (69.0±14.7) degrees, supination was 35 to 85 (63.0±9.4) degrees, wrist flexion was 20 to 80 (51.0±10.2) degrees, wrist flexion was 32 to 88 (71.0±11.7) degrees, elbow flexion contracture was 0 to 25 (9.0±5.6) degrees, further flexion was 105 to 150 (134.0±13.9) degrees, and grip strength was 87% on the opposite side. According to the Anderson scoring system, 8 cases were excellent, 11 were satisfied, 2 were not satisfied, and 1 was failed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LCP combined with autologous iliac bone graft can effectively treat aseptic ulna diaphyseal nonunion.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Diaphyses , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Ununited , General Surgery , Humans , Ilium , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ulna , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773903

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the methods and clinical effects of autologous iliac bone transplantation, platelet-enriched plasma(PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave(ESW) in the treatment of nonunion.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2016, 60 patients with nonunion were treated, including 41 males and 19 females, aged 18 to 42 years old with an average age of 29 years old. Patients with nonunion were divided into autologous bone transplantation treatment group(control group), autologous bone transplantation and platelet-rich plasma(PRP) combined with extracorporeal shock wave(ESW) treatment group(experimental group). The callus formation, local complications, final growth of fracture and Johner-Wruhs functional classification of operative limbs of the two groups were compared 3 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-five patients were followed up, 27 in the control group and 28 in the experimental group, 5 patients were lost. The follow-up period ranged from 8 to 24 months. The callus score in the control group was significantly lower than that in the experimental group at 3 months after operation(<0.05). There was no swelling and infection in the skin of the iliac bone acquisition site and non-union operation site in both groups. The clinical and bone healing time of the control group was significantly longer than that of the experimental group(<0.05). In the experimental group, 28 patients achieved bone union; in the control group, 24 patients achieved bone union, and 3 patients had bone nonunion again. The excellent and good rate of Johner-Wruhs functional classification of affected limbs in the control group was significantly lower than that in the experimental group(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Autologous iliac bone transplantation combined with platelet-enriched plasma(PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave(ESW) has a certain effect in the treatment of bone nonunion after fracture surgery. It can significantly improve the formation of new bone. It is a comprehensive and useful way to treat bone nonunion after fracture surgery in clinical work.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Transplantation , Female , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited , Humans , Ilium , Male , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Transplantation, Autologous , Young Adult
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771643

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP) and iliac crest autograft in the fusion treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis.@*METHODS@#The studies using randomized controlled trials to compare the rhBMP with iliac crest autograft in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis were retrieved from Embase, Pubmed, ProQuest dissertations & theses (PQDT), China national knowledge infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Database, Wanfang Data, Cochrane Library (from March 1998 to March 2018). Postoperative fusion rate, clinical success rate, postoperative intervertebral height, complications, operation time, blood loss and duration of hospitalization were chosen as the outcome indicators. Methodological quality of the trials was critically assessed, and relevant data were extracted. Statistical software Revman 5.3 was used for data-analysis.@*RESULTS@#Eleven articles were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that, comparing the efficacy of rhBMP with iliac crest autograft, statistical significance was found in the 24-month fusion rate post operation [95% CI (1.38, 24.70), p = 0.02] and operation time [95% CI (-14.22, -2.08), p = 0.008]. There is not sufficient evidence for statistical differences in the remaining indicators.@*CONCLUSION@#The current literature shows rhBMP is a safe and effective grafting material in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Further evidence is dependent on the emergence of more randomized controlled trials with higher quality and larger sample sizes in the future.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Databases, Bibliographic , Humans , Ilium , Transplantation , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Recombinant Proteins , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Spondylolisthesis , General Surgery , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766420

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The transversely oriented fracture lines are very difficult to reduce during operations, even after clear exposure of the fracture site, in acetabular fractures. The purpose of this study is to verify the quality of reduction between the different subtypes (transtectal, juxtatectal, and infratectal) of transverse fractures. This study also determined the proper type of clamps to use and the proper zone for achieving accurate reductions in Sawbones models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six fractures in 3 different subtypes of transverse fractures were artificially created. Ten different reduction clamps were applied for reduction of the fractures. Twelve holes around the fracture were drilled for the maintenance of the clamps. The fracture displacements were measured at the extra-articular area and the intra-articular joint portion. The pictures of the intra-articular fracture displacements were taken by a camera and these were uploaded and analyzed by the TraumaCad® computer program (Brainlab). RESULTS: The reduction quality was poor in order of transtectal, juxtatectal and infratectal. The intraarticular opening was more prominent in the transtectal subtype. The safe zone, when giving consideration of the neurovascular bundles, was a quadrilateral surface of the ilium. Drill holes are useful for maintenance of the reduction clamps. Reduction clamps with points (Weber clamp) were the best for maintenance and accurate reduction. Regarding the concerns of placement of clamps, the middle to posterior combination was the best. The upper hole among the posterior holes in the ilium was the most likely to well reduce the intra-articular opening. CONCLUSION: Transtectal was the more complicated subtype in the aspect of reduction quality. The Weber type reduction clamp was the best for reduction by centrally located holes in the quadrilateral surface and posteriorly located iliac holes in transverse acetabular fractures. The upper hole, among the posterior holes in the ilium, was the best for reduction of the fracture displacements in the intraarticular portion of acetabulum.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Ilium , Intra-Articular Fractures , Joints
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