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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 381-385, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288606

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Objective: The study of sports biomechanics in sports medicine usually requires a special image analysis system (software) to obtain 3D kinematics data. Taking the swimming project in sports medicine as an example, 3D water images in water have always been relatively complicated and difficult. As light travels in different media, it will refract and reflect. When testing underwater movements, if only a land camera or an underwater camera is used for testing, the error caused by light refraction will be larger, which will affect the accuracy of the test data even more. Methods: Taking breaststroke movement as an example, a three-dimensional measurement method based on the Kwon3D movement analysis system is introduced. This method is different from the simple underwater camera test. It is a three-dimensional test method combining a land camera and an underwater camera. Two underwater cameras and two land cameras were used to simultaneously calibrate the water and underwater space with the same calibration frame in the experiment after analyzing and verifying the accuracy of 3D reconstruction. Results: The comprehensive reconstruction error is small, and the average relative error is less than 1%. Conclusions: The application of three-dimensional image analysis technology of vision systems in sports medicine is reasonable and worth promoting. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Antecedente: Objetivo: O estudo da biomecânica do esporte na medicina esportiva geralmente requer o uso de um sistema especial de análise de imagens (software) para a obtenção de dados cinemáticos 3D. Tomando o projeto de natação na medicina esportiva como exemplo, a análise de imagens 3D da água na água sempre foi um teste relativamente complicado e difícil. À medida que a luz viaja em diferentes meios, ela refratará e refletirá. Ao testar movimentos subaquáticos, se apenas uma câmera terrestre ou subaquática for usada para o teste, o erro causado pela refração da luz será maior, o que afetará a precisão dos dados de teste ainda mais. Métodos: Tomando o movimento de nado peito como exemplo, um método de medição tridimensional baseado no sistema de análise de movimento Kwon3D é introduzido. Este método é diferente do teste simples de câmera subaquática. É um método de teste tridimensional que combina uma câmera terrestre e uma câmera subaquática. No experimento, duas câmeras subaquáticas e duas câmeras terrestres foram usadas para calibrar simultaneamente a água e o espaço subaquático com o mesmo quadro de calibração. Depois de analisar e verificar a precisão da reconstrução 3D. Resultados: O erro de reconstrução abrangente é pequeno e o erro relativo médio é inferior a 1% Conclusões: A aplicação da tecnologia de análise de imagem tridimensional do sistema de visão na medicina esportiva é razoável e vale a pena promover. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Antecedente: Objetivo: El estudio de la biomecánica del deporte en la medicina deportiva generalmente requiere el uso de un sistema de análisis de imágenes especial (software) para obtener datos de cinemática 3D. Tomando como ejemplo el proyecto de natación en medicina deportiva, el análisis de imágenes de agua en 3D en el agua siempre ha sido una prueba relativamente complicada y difícil. A medida que la luz viaja en diferentes medios, se refractará y reflejará. Al probar los movimientos bajo el agua, si solo se utiliza una cámara terrestre o una cámara submarina para realizar la prueba, el error causado por la refracción de la luz será mayor, lo que afectará aún más la precisión de los datos de la prueba. Métodos: tomando como ejemplo el movimiento de la brazada, se introduce un método de medición tridimensional basado en el sistema de análisis de movimiento Kwon3D. Este método es diferente de la simple prueba de cámara subacuática. Es un método de prueba tridimensional que combina una cámara terrestre y una cámara submarina. En el experimento, se utilizaron dos cámaras submarinas y dos cámaras terrestres para calibrar simultáneamente el agua y el espacio submarino con el mismo marco de calibración. Después de analizar y verificar la precisión de la reconstrucción 3D. Resultados: el error de reconstrucción integral es pequeño y el error relativo promedio es inferior al 1%. Conclusiones: La aplicación de la tecnología de análisis de imágenes tridimensionales del sistema de visión en la medicina deportiva es razonable y vale la pena promoverla. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Swimming/physiology , Video Recording/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Algorithms , Calibration , Water
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 390-394, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Basketball sports will effect on the morphology and structure of the hand bones and joints. Objective: The article selected nine professional basketball players (basketball group) and 11 non-basketball players (control group) in the provincial youth team. A 64-row spiral computed tomography scan was used to scan the wrist and three-dimensional reconstruction. The volume of each carpal bone and the computed tomography value (bone density) were measured. Methods: To explore the influence of basketball sports on the hand bones and joints' morphological structure, the paper analyzes the structural characteristics of the computed tomography images of young male basketball players' wrist bones. Results: Compared with the carpal bones in the control group, the volume of the right navicular bone and the small polygonal bone, the left-hand navicular bone, the large triangular bone, and the small polygonal bone in the basketball group increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions: Basketball can increase the volume of the part of the wrist bones of adolescent male athletes and reduce the bone density; the morphological structure of the non-smashing wrist bones of basketball players has similar changes to that of the spikers. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: O basquetebol afetará a morfologia e a estrutura dos ossos e articulações da mão. Objetivo: o artigo selecionou nove jogadores profissionais de basquete (grupo de basquete) e 11 não jogadores de basquete (grupo de controle) da equipe juvenil da província. Uma tomografia computadorizada espiral de 64 linhas foi usada para digitalizar o punho e a reconstrução tridimensional. O volume de cada osso do carpo e o valor da tomografia computadorizada (densidade óssea) foram medidos. Métodos: Para explorar a influência dos esportes de basquete sobre os ossos da mão e a estrutura morfológica das articulações, o artigo analisa as características estruturais das imagens de tomografia computadorizada de ossos do punho de jovens jogadores de basquete do sexo masculino. Resultados: Em comparação com os ossos do carpo no grupo de controle, o volume do osso navicular direito e o osso poligonal pequeno, o osso navicular esquerdo, o osso triangular grande e o osso poligonal pequeno no grupo de basquete aumentaram significativamente (P <0,05). Conclusões: O basquete pode aumentar o volume dos ossos do punho de atletas adolescentes do sexo masculino e reduzir a densidade óssea; a estrutura morfológica dos ossos do pulso que não se quebram em jogadores de basquete tem mudanças semelhantes às dos espigões. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: el baloncesto afectará la morfología y la estructura de los huesos y articulaciones de la mano. Objetivo: El artículo seleccionó nueve jugadores de baloncesto profesionales (grupo de baloncesto) y 11 jugadores no baloncesto (grupo de control) en el equipo juvenil provincial. Se utilizó una tomografía computarizada en espiral de 64 filas para escanear la muñeca y la reconstrucción tridimensional. Se midieron el volumen de cada hueso del carpo y el valor de la tomografía computarizada (densidad ósea). Métodos: Para explorar la influencia de los deportes de baloncesto en la estructura morfológica de los huesos de la mano y las articulaciones, el artículo analiza las características estructurales de las imágenes de tomografía computarizada de los huesos de la muñeca de los jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto. Resultados: En comparación con los huesos del carpo en el grupo de control, el volumen del hueso navicular derecho y el hueso poligonal pequeño, el hueso navicular izquierdo, el hueso triangular grande y el hueso poligonal pequeño en el grupo de baloncesto aumentaron significativamente (P <0,05). Conclusiones: El baloncesto puede aumentar el volumen de los huesos de la muñeca de los deportistas varones adolescentes y reducir la densidad ósea; la estructura morfológica de los huesos de las muñecas que no se rompen de los jugadores de baloncesto tiene cambios similares a los de los atacantes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Basketball , Carpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Bone Density/physiology , Athletes , Wrist Joint/growth & development , Algorithms , Adaptation, Physiological , Carpal Bones/growth & development , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
4.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 165-167, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138530

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Right ventricular restrictive physiology (RVRP) occurs in diverse clinical scenarios, most frequently after repair of Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can comprehensively evaluate RVRP using 4D flow along with anatomical and fibrosis characterization. Also, RVRP is associated with less pulmonary regurgitation and fewer right ventricle enlargement; its long term protective role is debated. RVRP is a challenging and relevant diagnosis, which hallmark is the presence of antegrade pulmonary arterial Flow in late diastole throughout the respiratory cycle. Also, other hemodynamic findings could aid such us flow in; caval veins, suprahepatic, coronary sinus and tricuspid valve. Obtaining all these flow curves is virtually impossible by echocardiography. CMR with 4DF is a unique and powerful technique enabling this comprehensive hemodynamic evaluation as depicted in this case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Pulmonary Artery/pathology , Regional Blood Flow , Tetralogy of Fallot/complications , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/etiology , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/physiopathology , Hemodynamics
5.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 81-88, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056505

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Aging is a dynamic process that includes various alterations in the oral cavity, with tooth loss being the most frequent. Rehabilitative treatment may include removable or fixed prostheses and implants. The aim of this study was to describe the geometric (trajectory, ranges, areas) and kinematic (speed) characteristics of the mandibular and masticatory movements threedimensionally in participants with dental prostheses. A sample of 10 participants with removable prosthetic rehabilitation was divided into three groups (complete, atypical and overdenture) the characteristics of mandibular movements bordering and chewing with 3D Electromagnetic Articulography were measured. The Posselt polygonin was obtained, the frontal and sagittal plans, its areas, trajectories and ranges are analyzed. The masticatory movements were analyzed in the area of each cycle, the frequency, the speed and the reason between the masticatory cycle and the bordering movements, no significant differences between the groups. Subjects with dental prostheses, regardless of the type, they showed low of motion (border and functional) compared to dentate subjects with no functional alterations whose values have been reported in the literature. The subjects with overdenture have values closer to what is described for young dentate subjects.


RESUMEN: El envejecimiento es un proceso dinámico que incluye varias alteraciones en la cavidad oral, siendo la pérdida de dientes la más frecuente. El tratamiento de rehabilitación puede incluir prótesis fijas o removibles y/o implantes. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características geométricas (trayectoria, rangos, áreas) y cinemáticas (velocidad) de los movimientos mandibulares y masticatorios en participantes con prótesis dentales realizando un análisis en tres dimensiones. Se consideró una muestra de 10 participantes con rehabilitación protésica y se dividió en tres grupos (prótesis total, atípica e implantosoportada), se midieron las características de los movimientos mandibulares bordeantes y masticatorios con articulografía electromagnética 3D. Se obtuvo el polígono Posselt en los planos frontal y sagital, se analizaron sus áreas, trayectorias y rangos. Se analizaron los movimientos masticatorios en cuanto al área de cada ciclo, la frecuencia, la velocidad y la razón entre el área el ciclo masticatorio y los movimientos bordeantes, sin diferencias significativas entre los grupos. Los sujetos con prótesis dentales, independientemente del tipo, mostraron disminución de movimiento (bordeante y funcional) en comparación con los sujetos dentados sin alteraciones funcionales cuyos valores se han informado en la literatura. Los sujetos con prótesis implantosoportada tienen valores más cercanos a lo que se describe para sujetos jóvenes dentados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Denture, Partial, Removable , Mandible , Temporomandibular Joint , Biomechanical Phenomena , Chile , Statistical Analysis , Computer-Aided Design , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Condyle , Mastication , Movement
6.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 36-42, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092888

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El uso del sistema de visión 3D en cirugía laparoscópica puede significar una mejor performance de los procedimientos quirúrgicos de mayor complejidad. Objetivo Reportar las indicaciones, los resultados y la valoración de un grupo de cirujanos de diferentes especialidades en el uso de visión 3D. Materiales y Método: Se analizan las indicaciones quirúrgicas y los resultados subjetivos y objetivos del uso del sistema óptico 3D (n = 155 pacientes) en cirugía laparoscópica compleja. Para evaluación subjetiva se aplicó a una encuesta de percepción cualitativa a los cirujanos participantes tipo Likert. Para la evaluación objetiva, se registran los tiempos quirúrgicos empleados en los diferentes procedimientos efectuados y las complicaciones postoperatorias y se comparan con los pacientes operados con sistema 2D (n = 783 pacientes) en el mismo periodo. Resultados el 70,6% concuerda tener mejor imagen con la técnica 3D, el 64,7% de los cirujanos refieren que se puede reducir el tiempo operatorio, el 58,8% considera que se puede reducir el error quirúrgico, el 92% y 100% respectivamente afirman que el confort del cirujano es mejor con el uso de óptica 3D y que esta técnica es recomendable para los procedimientos complejos. El tiempo operatorio se redujo en algunos procedimientos, especialmente urológicos. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a complicaciones postoperatorias. En la 3D no se encontró mortalidad postoperatoria, probablemente por el menor número de pacientes de ese grupo. Conclusión La laparoscopia 3D posee una buena valoración por los cirujanos que la emplearon, principalmente en calidad de imagen, reducción del tiempo operatorio y confort del cirujano en comparación con la laparoscopía 2D convencional. No se encontró diferencias sustanciales al comparar los resultados con el uso de sistema 3D versus 2D en cuanto a tiempo operatorio ni complicaciones postoperatorias.


Introduction The use of the 3D vision system in laparoscopic surgery can mean better performance in more complex surgical procedures. Aim Report the indications, results and assessment of a group of surgeons of different specialties in the use of 3D vision. Materials and Method Surgical indications and subjective and objective results of the use of 3D optical system in patients (n = 155) submitted to complex laparoscopic surgery are analyzed. Subjective evaluation based on a survey of qualitative perception (Likert) was applied to the participating surgeons. For objective evaluation, the operatory times and postoperative complications were recorded and compared with the results observed with the use of the 2D system (783 patients) in the same period. Results 70.6% agree to have a better image with the 3D technique, 64.7% of surgeons report that the operative time can be reduced, 58.8% consider that it can be reduced the surgical error, 92% and 100% respectively considered that the comfort of the surgeon is better with the use of 3D optics and that this technique is recommended for complex procedures. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system by the same surgical teams in terms of operative times and postoperative complications. In 3D, postoperative mortality was probably not found due to the lower number of patients in this group. Conclusion 3D laparoscopy has a good evaluation by the surgeons who used it, mainly in image quality, reduction of operative time and comfort of the surgeon compared to conventional 2D laparoscopy. No substantial differences were found when comparing the results with the use of 3D versus 2D system in terms of operative times or postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires , Laparoscopy/statistics & numerical data , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Operative Time
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eMD5223, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056059

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Computed tomography with multiple detectors and the advancement of processors improved rendered images and three-dimensional reconstructions in clinical practice. Traditional axial slices form non-intuitive images because they are seen in only one plane. The three-dimensional reconstructions can show structures details and diseases with complex anatomy in different perspectives. Cinematic rendering is a newly three-dimensional reconstruction technique, already approved for clinical use, which can produce realistic images from traditional computed tomography data. The algorithm used is based on light trajectory methods and the global lighting model, which simulate thousands of images from all possible directions. Thus, the technique shapes the physical propagation of light and generates a realistic three-dimensional image with depth, shadows and more anatomic details. It is a multidimensional rendering acquired through complex lighting effects. The aim of this article was to show the advance of three-dimensional technology with the cinematic rendering in images exams of the thoracic wall.


RESUMO A tomografia computadorizada com os múltiplos detectores e o avanço dos processadores melhoraram as imagens renderizadas e as reconstruções tridimensionais na prática clínica. Os cortes axiais tradicionais formam imagens não intuitivas, pois são vistas em apenas um plano. Já as reconstruções tridimensionais podem exibir detalhes anatômicos em diferentes perspectivas das estruturas e de doenças com anatomia complexa. A renderização cinematográfica é uma técnica de reconstrução tridimensional recentemente introduzida, já aprovada para uso clínico, que pode produzir imagens realistas a partir de dados tradicionais da tomografia computadorizada. O algoritmo usado é baseado em métodos de trajetória da luz e no modelo de iluminação global, os quais simulam milhares de imagens de todas as direções possíveis. Assim, a técnica molda a propagação física da luz e gera uma imagem tridimensional realista, com profundidade, sombras e mais detalhes da alteração anatômica. É uma renderização multidimensional adquirida por efeitos de iluminação complexos. O objetivo deste artigo foi mostrar o avanço da tecnologia tridimensional com a renderização cinematográfica nos dos exames de imagens da parede torácica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Thoracic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Thoracic Wall/diagnostic imaging , Algorithms , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Sarcoma, Synovial/secondary , Middle Aged
8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190042, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056592

ABSTRACT

Abstract Gap formation of composite resin restorations is a serious shortcoming in clinical practice. Polymerization shrinkage stress exceeds the tooth-restoration bond strength, and it causes bacterial infiltration within gaps between cavity walls and the restorative material. Thus, an intermediate liner application with a low elastic modulus has been advised to minimize polymerization shrinkage as well as gap formation. Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess gap formation volume in premolars restored with different bulk-fill composites, with and without a resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) liner, using x-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). Methodology: Sixty extracted human maxillary premolars were divided into six groups according to bucco-palatal dimensions (n=10). Standardized Class II mesio-occluso-distal cavities were prepared. G-Premio Bond (GC Corp., Japan) was applied in the selective-etch mode. Teeth were restored with high-viscosity (Filtek Bulk Fill, 3M ESPE, USA)-FB, sonic-activated (SonicFill 2, Kerr, USA)-SF and low viscosity (Estelite Bulk Fill Flow, Tokuyama, Japan)-EB bulk-fill composites, with and without a liner (Ionoseal, Voco GmbH, Germany)-L. The specimens were subjected to 10,000 thermocycles (5-55°C) and 50,000 simulated chewing cycles (100 N). Gap formation based on the volume of black spaces at the tooth-restoration interface was quantified in mm3 using micro-computed tomography (SkyScan, Belgium), and analyses were performed. Data were analyzed using repeated-measures ANOVA and the Bonferroni correction test (p < 0.05). Results: The gap volume of all tested bulk-fill composites demonstrated that Group SF (1.581±0.773) had significantly higher values than Group EB (0.717±0.679). Regarding the use of a liner, a significant reduction in gap formation volume was observed only in Group SFL (0.927±0.630) compared with Group SF (1.581±0.773). Conclusion: It can be concluded that different types of bulk-fill composite resins affected gap formation volume. Low-viscosity bulk-fill composites exhibited better adaptation to cavity walls and less gap formation than did sonic-activated bulk-fill composites. The use of an RMGIC liner produced a significant reduction in gap formation volume for sonic-activated bulk-fill composites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Composite Resins/chemistry , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Cavity Preparation/methods , Dental Materials/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Polymerization , In Vitro Techniques , Materials Testing , Resin Cements , Dental Stress Analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1129-1135, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056327

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To report our initial experience using a patient-specific 3D-printed renal tumor model for the surgical planning of a complex heminephrectomy in a horseshoe kidney. Materials and Methods: We selected a clinical case for a complex laparoscopic surgery consisting in a 53 year-old male presenting a local recurrence of a renal tumor in a horseshoe kidney with aberrant vascularisation previously treated with a laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. He is now proposed for a laparoscopic left heminephrectomy. Along with conventional imaging, a real-size 3D-printed renal model was used to plan de surgical approach. The perioperative experience of the surgical team was recorded. Results: The surgical team found the patient-specific 3D printed model useful for a better understanding of the anatomy and an easier surgical planning. Conclusion: The use of patient-specific 3D-printed renal models seem to be helpful for the surgical planning in complex renal tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Fused Kidney/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Models, Anatomic , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Computed Tomography Angiography , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Nephrectomy/methods
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901103, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054680

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate liver regeneration after selective ligation of portal vein and hepatic artery by 3D Computed Tomography in an experimental model. Methods: Sixteen Wistar rats were randomized into four equal groups: Group I- control (sham), Group II- isolated selective ligation of the hepatic artery, Group III- isolated selective ligation of the portal vein and Group IV- combined ligation of portal vein and hepatic artery. Before procedure and five days after a 3D CT Scan was performed to analyze the hypertrophy, weight and function of the remnant liver. Results: The largest regeneration rate and increase of weight in the hypertrophied lobe was detected in group IV, the first with an average of 3.99 (p=0.006) and the last varying from 6.10g to 9.64g (p=0.01). However, total liver weight and the R1 ratio (Hypertrophied Lobe Weight/Total Liver Weight) was higher in group III (P<0.001) when compared with groups I, II and IV and showed no difference between them. The immunohistochemical examination with PCNA also found higher percentages with statistical significance differences in rats of groups III and IV. It was possible to confirm a strong correlation between hypertrophied lobe weight and its imaging volumetric study. Liver function tests only showed a significant difference in serum gamma-glutamyltransferase and phosphorous. Conclusion: There is a largest liver regeneration after combined ligation of portal vein and hepatic artery and this evidence may improve the knowledge of surgical treatment of liver injuries, with a translational impact in anima nobile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Portal Vein/surgery , Hepatic Artery/surgery , Liver/diagnostic imaging , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Organ Size/physiology , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Hepatomegaly/physiopathology , Hepatomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Ligation , Liver/blood supply , Liver/pathology
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 5(1): 113-123, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1007364

ABSTRACT

Introdução:lentes de contato dentais podem ser uma excelente opção para correção de cor, forma, tamanho e posicionamento dental. Entretanto é umtratamentoque requer várias etapas laboratoriais com riscos de distorções nas etapas de moldagem e vazamento do modelo. Desta forma, desadaptações dos laminados em boca podem ser frequentes.Objetivo:relatar um caso clínico de nove laminados cerâmicos em que foi empregado o escaneamento digital, troquelização virtual e prototipagem do modelo em 3D.Método:paciente do gênero feminino, 59 anos, buscou atendimento odontológico queixando-se de desproporcionalidade dentária ao sorrir. Ao exame clínico foi observada uma inclinação maxilar que causava aquela desarmonia. Foi proposta a confecção de laminados cerâmicos para compensar a discrepância óssea bem como melhorar forma, contorno e cromia dentária. Após planejamento digital, confecção do enceramento diagnóstico, mock up, e aceita do planejamento por parte da paciente, iniciaram-se os preparos dentários. Finalizada esta etapa, os dentes foram escaneados (Trios 3Shape), troquelizados e prototipados em impressora 3D. O modelo foi encaminhado ao laboratório que confeccionou as peças protéticas em dissilicato de lítio de forma injetada e maquiada. Por fim, foram realizadas as provas secas, úmidas, ajustes necessários e cimentação dos laminados com cimento resinoso fotopolimerizável.Conclusão:a tecnologia empregada se mostrou eficiente na resolução do caso, sendo uma técnica rápida, que causou pouco desconforto à paciente e oportunizou uma boa adaptação dos laminados cerâmicos (AU).


Introduction:laminates veneers can be an excellent choice for color correction, shape, size and dental positioning. However, it is a technique that requires several laboratory steps with risks of distortion in the molding and casting steps of the model. Thus, maladjustments of laminatesin the mouth may be frequent.Objective:to report a clinical case of nine ceramic laminates through the digital scanning, virtual punching and 3D prototyping of the model.Methods:A 59 years old woman showed up to dental clinic searched dental care complaining of dental disproportionality when smiling. At the clinical examination, a maxillary inclination was observed that caused disharmony. It was proposed the making of ceramic laminates to compensate the bone discrepancy as well as improve shape, contour and dental color. After the digital planning, preparation diagnostic wax-up, mock up, and acceptance of patient planning, the dental preparations were started. After this step, the teeth were scanned (Trios 3Shape), punched and prototyped in a 3D printer. The model was sent to the laboratory to do the prosthetic parts in lithium disilicate in an injected and makeup manner. At last, it were made the tests dry, wet, required adjustments finally cementation of the ceramic laminates with photopolymerizable resin cement. Conclusions:the technology employed was efficient in solving this case, being a fast technique, which caused little discomfort to the patient and provided a good adaptation of the ceramic laminates (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Technology, Dental/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Esthetics, Dental , Brazil
12.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 113-117, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1009378

ABSTRACT

La terapia láser de baja frecuencia (TLBF) o fotobioestimulación es aquella que cuya luz provoca la regeneración y remodelación ósea, la restauración de la función neural, la disminución del dolor y la modulación del sistema inmune; esta terapia es un coadyuvante junto a la terapia conservadora y/o quirúrgica. Se considera un estándar de oro para el manejo del dolor en la osteonecrosis en aquellos pacientes que consumen o han consumido bifosfonatos como terapia para inhibir la resorción ósea. La Sociedad Americana de Investigación de Hueso y Minerales (SAIHM) definió la osteonecrosis mandibular como «un área de hueso expuesto en la región maxilofacial que no cicatriza dentro de las ocho semanas posteriores a la identificación, en un paciente que está recibiendo o ha estado expuesto a bifosfonatos y que no ha recibido radioterapia en la región craneofacial¼. En este reporte presentamos dos casos de pacientes con osteonecrosis mandibular relacionada a bifosfonatos tratados con TLBF. Se evaluó el dolor antes y después de la terapia con la escala visual análoga (EVA). Ambos casos tuvieron disminución del dolor al 100%. Se presentan los métodos de diagnóstico clínico y radiográfico, el tratamiento elegido y los resultados obtenidos (AU)


Low level laser therapy (LLLT) or photobiostimulation is one whose light causes bone regeneration and remodeling, restoration of neural function, reduction of pain, and modulation of the immune system; this therapy is an adjuvant together with conservative and / or surgical therapy. It is considered a gold standard for pain management in osteonecrosis in those patients who consume or have used bisphosphonates as antiresorptive therapy. The American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) defined osteonecrosis of the jaw as «an area of exposed bone in the maxillofacial region that does not heal within eight weeks after identification by a health care provider, in a patient who was receiving or had been exposed to a BP and who has not received radiation therapy to the craniofacial region¼. In this report we present two cases of patients with mandibular osteonecrosis related to bisphosphonates treated with LLLT. Pain before and after visual analogue scale (VAS) was evaluated. Both cases had pain reduction at 100%. The methods of clinical and radiographic diagnosis, the treatment chosen and the results obtained are presented (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoradionecrosis/radiotherapy , Facial Pain , Low-Level Light Therapy , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Schools, Dental , Wound Healing/radiation effects , Pain Measurement , Mandibular Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Clinical Protocols , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Mexico
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 165-172, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990563

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Quantitative flow ratio (QFR) is a novel method enabling efficient computation of FFR from three-dimensional quantitative coronary angiography (3D QCA) and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame counting. We decided to perform a systematic review and quantitative meta-analysis of the literature to determine the correlation between the diagnosis of functionally significant stenosis obtained by QFR versus FFR and to determine the diagnostic accuracy of QFR for intermediate coronary artery stenosis. Methods: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science for studies concerning the diagnostic performance of QFR. Our meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian and Laird random effects model to determine sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (LR+), negative likelihood ratio (LR-), and diagnostic odds ratio (DOR). The sROC was used to determine diagnostic test accuracy. Results: Nine studies consisting of 1175 vessels in 1047 patients were included in our study. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, LR+, LR-, and DOR for QFR were 0.89 (95% CI: 0.86-0.92), 0.88 (95% CI: 0.86-0.91), 6.86 (95% CI,: 5.22-9.02), 0.14 (95% CI: 0.10-0.21), and 53.05 (95% CI: 29.75-94.58), respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) curve for QFR was 0.94. Conclusion: QFR is a simple, useful, and noninvasive modality for diagnosis of functional significance of intermediate coronary artery stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Angiography/methods , Coronary Stenosis/physiopathology , Coronary Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial/physiology , Regression Analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 213-221, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001558

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Imaging studies have hystorically been used to support the clinical otorhinolaryngological evaluation of the upper respiratory tract for the diagnosis of obstructive causes of oral breathing. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare 3D volumetric measurements of nasal cavity, nasopharynx and oropharynx of obstructed mouth-breathing children with measurements of non-obstructed mouth-breathing children. Methods: This retrospective study included 25 mouth-breathing children aged 5-9 years evaluated by otorhinolaryngological clinical examination, flexible nasoendoscopy and full-head multi-slice computed tomography. Tomographic volumetric measurements and dichotomic otorhinolaryngological diagnosis (obstructed vs. non-obstructed) in three anatomical regions (the nasal cavity, nasopharynx and oropharynx) were compared and correlated. An independent sample t-test was used to assess the association between the 3D measurements of the upper airways and the otorhinolaryngological diagnosis of obstruction in the three anatomical regions. Inter- and intra-observer intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate the reliability of the 3D measurements. Results: The intra-class correlation coefficients ranged from 0.97 to 0.99. An association was found between turbinate hypertrophy and nasal cavity volume reduction (p < 0.05) and between adenoid hyperplasia and nasopharynx volume reduction (p < 0.001). No association was found between palatine tonsil hyperplasia and oropharynx volume reduction. Conclusions: (1) The nasal cavity volume was reduced when hypertrophic turbinates were diagnosed; (2) the nasopharynx was reduced when adenoid hyperplasia was diagnosed; and (3) the oropharynx volume of mouth-breathing children with tonsil hyperplasia was similar to that of non-obstructed mouth-breathing children. The adoption of the actual anatomy of the various compartments of the upper airway is an improvement to the evaluation method.


Resumo Introdução: O exame clínico otorrinolaringológico da via aérea superior tem sido historicamente feito com a ajuda de imagens radiográficas para diagnosticar causas obstrutivas da respiração bucal. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as medidas volumétricas em 3D da cavidade nasal, nasofaringe e orofaringe entre crianças com respiração bucal e obstrução respiratória e crianças respiradoras bucais sem obstrução respiratória. Método: Estudo retrospectivo que inclui 25 crianças respiradoras bucais de 5 a 9 anos. As crianças foram avaliadas por exame clínico otorrinolaringológico, nasofibroscopia flexível e tomografia computadorizada multi-slice. Medidas volumétricas obtidas tomograficamente de três regiões anatômicas (cavidade nasal, nasofaringe e orofaringe) foram correlacionadas e comparadas com diagnóstico dicotômico otorrinolaringológico (obstruído vs. não obstruído). Um teste t de amostra independente foi usado para avaliar a associação entre as medidas em 3D das vias aéreas superiores e o diagnóstico otorrinolaringológico de obstrução nas três regiões anatômicas. Os coeficientes de correlação intraclasse inter e intraobservador foram usados para avaliar a confiabilidade das medidas em 3D. Resultados: O coeficiente de correlação intraclasse variou de 0,97 a 0,99. Uma associação foi encontrada entre a hipertrofia de conchas e a redução do volume da cavidade nasal (p < 0,05) e entre a hiperplasia de tonsila faríngea e a redução do volume da nasofaringe (p < 0,001). Não foi encontrada associação entre a hiperplasia da tonsila palatina e a redução do volume da orofaringe. Conclusões: 1) O volume da cavidade nasal estava reduzido nas crianças com diagnóstico de hipertrofia de conchas; 2) O volume da nasofaringe estava reduzido nas crianças com diagnóstico de hiperplasia de tonsila faríngea; e 3) O volume da orofaringe de crianças com respiração bucal e hiperplasia de tonsila palatina foi semelhante ao de crianças respiradoras bucais sem aumento da tonsila palatina. A adoção da mensuração anatômica dos vários compartimentos da via aérea superior complementa o método de avaliação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Oropharynx/diagnostic imaging , Nasopharynx/diagnostic imaging , Airway Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods , Mouth Breathing/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Oropharynx/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Nasopharynx/anatomy & histology , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Anatomic Landmarks , Nasal Cavity/anatomy & histology
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 157-161, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001545

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Endoscopic orbital surgery is a nascent field and new tools are required to assist with surgical planning and to ascertain the limits of the tumor resectability. Objective: We purpose to utilize three-dimensional radiographic reconstruction to define the theoretical lateral limit of endoscopic resectability of primary orbital tumors and to apply these boundary conditions to surgical cases. Methods: A three-dimensional orbital model was rendered in 4 representative patients presenting with primary orbital tumors using OsiriX open source imaging software. A 2-Dimensional plane was propagated between the contralateral nare and a line tangential to the long axis of the optic nerve reflecting the trajectory of a trans-septal approach. Any tumor volume falling medial to the optic nerve and/or within the space inferior to this plane of resectability was considered theoretically resectable regardless of how far it extended lateral to the optic nerve as nerve retraction would be unnecessary. Actual tumor volumes were then superimposed over this plan and correlated with surgical outcomes. Results: Among the 4 lesions analyzed, two were fully medial to the optic nerve, one extended lateral to the optic nerve but remained inferior to the plane of resectability, and one extended both lateral to the optic nerve and superior to the plane of resectability. As predicted by the three-dimensional modeling, a complete resection was achieved in all lesions except one that transgressed the plane of resectability. No new diplopia or vision loss was observed in any patient. Conclusion: Three-dimensional reconstruction enhances preoperative planning for endoscopic orbital surgery. Tumors that extend lateral to the optic nerve may still be candidates for a purely endoscopic resection as long as they do not extend above the plane of resectability described herein.


Resumo Introdução: A cirurgia orbital endoscópica é um campo emergente e são necessárias novas ferramentas para auxiliar no planejamento cirúrgico e determinar os limites da ressecabilidade tumoral. Objetivo: Usar a reconstrução radiográfica tridimensional para definir o limite lateral teórico de ressecabilidade endoscópica de tumores orbitais primários e aplicar essas condições de limites a casos cirúrgicos. Método: Um modelo orbital tridimensional foi aplicado a quatro pacientes representativos com tumores orbitais primários utilizando o software de imagem de fonte aberta OsiriX. Um plano bidimensional foi propagado entre a narina contralateral e uma linha tangencial ao eixo longo do nervo óptico que reflete a trajetória de uma abordagem transeptal. Qualquer volume de tumor situado medialmente ao nervo óptico e/ou dentro do espaço inferior a esse plano de ressecabilidade foi teoricamente considerado ressecável, independentemente de quão longe ele se estendia até o nervo óptico, pois a retração do nervo seria desnecessária. Os volumes reais do tumor foram então sobrepostos sobre esse plano e correlacionados com os resultados cirúrgicos. Resultados: Entre as quatro lesões analisadas, duas eram totalmente mediais ao nervo óptico, uma se estendia lateralmente ao nervo óptico, mas permaneceu inferior ao plano de ressecabilidade, e uma se estendia lateralmente ao nervo óptico e superior ao plano de ressecabilidade. Conforme previsto pelo modelo tridimensional, uma ressecção completa foi obtida em todas as lesões, exceto uma, que transgrediu o plano de ressecabilidade. Nenhuma nova diplopia ou perda de visão foi observada em qualquer paciente. Conclusão: A reconstrução tridimensional melhora o planejamento pré-operatório para a cirurgia orbital endoscópica. Os tumores que se estendem lateralmente ao nervo óptico podem ainda ser candidatos à ressecção puramente endoscópica, desde que não se estendam além do plano de ressecabilidade aqui descrito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Orbital Neoplasms/surgery , Orbital Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Optic Nerve/surgery , Software , Orbital Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Burden , Preoperative Period
16.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(1): 3-11, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989432

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study discusses a method to determine the root canal anatomic dimension by using e-Vol DX software. The methodology consists in initially establishes the correct positions which will be measured, define the point on the edge of the anatomical structure, and next adjust the intermediate position in the grayscale of CBCT image. Afterward, thin sections (0.10 mm) are obtained from 3D reconstructed slices in the filter for the measurements, in order to determine the edge of the anatomical surface in the axial plane. A replication of positions in 3D mode is done in multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) of CBCT images, where the correct position is established with the aid of a positioning guide. The 3D density is adjusted so that it is in the same dimension as the 2D image, and a dimension calibration occurs to the point where there is a coincidence between 3D and 2D. This calibration is done only at the beginning of the measurement. Next, the intermediate position of the division between the grayscale is verified in the CBCT scan. Once one side has been completed, it is moved to the other side and follows the same guidelines described above. When setting the position of the courses in the other margin, being that 2D mode is used as reference. Thus, one obtains the required measure, being checked in the two points. The creation of this filter in the e-Vol DX software for measurement, and its appropriate management, allows more effective applications when it is desired to obtain diameters of anatomical structures.


Resumo Este estudo discute um método para determinar a dimensão anatômica do canal radicular usando o software e-Vol DX. A metodologia consiste em inicialmente estabelecer as posições corretas que serão medidas, definir o ponto na borda da estrutura anatômica e ajustar a posição intermediária na escala de cinza na imagem em tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). A seguir, slices finos (0,10mm) são obtidos a partir de cortes 3D reconstruídos no filtro para as medidas, a fim de determinar a borda da superfície anatômica no plano axial. Uma replicação de posições no modo 3D é feita em reconstrução multiplanar (MPR) em imagens de TCFC, onde a posição correta é estabelecida com o auxílio de um guia de posicionamento. A densidade 3D é ajustada de modo a ficar na mesma dimensão da imagem 2D, e então realiza-se uma calibração de dimensão até o ponto em que há uma coincidência entre o modo 3D e 2D. Essa calibração é feita apenas no início da medição. Posteriormente, a posição intermediária da divisão entre a escala de cinza é verificada na TCFC. Uma vez que um lado tenha sido concluído, o guia é movido para o outro lado, e segue-se as mesmas diretrizes descritas. Define-se a posição do marcador na outra margem, sendo que o modo 2D usado como referência. Assim, obtém-se a medida necessária, sendo verificado nas duas margens do canal radicular. A criação deste filtro no software e-Vol DX para medição e seu uso apropriado permite aplicações eficazes quando se deseja obter diâmetros de estruturas anatômicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Software Design , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods
17.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 38e1-37e7, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of the study was to verify and compare the accuracy of full-arch digital impressions obtained using two intraoral scanners and three scanning methodologies. Methods: A resin model created with dental 3-D printing was scanned by a reference scanner (Zfx Evolution - Zimmer Biomet, Palm Beach Gardens, FL) in order to obtain a 3D reference; the same resin model was then scanned with two different intraoral scanners (Zfx IntraScan and Carestream 3600 - CS 3600®, Carestream, Rochester, NY, USA) using: Technique A (from tooth #27 up to tooth #17); Technique B (from tooth #11 up to tooth #17 and then from tooth #21 up to tooth #27) and Technique C (from tooth #22 up to tooth #17, and then from tooth #12 up to tooth #27 - the MeshLab software v. 1.3.3 was then used to match the two scans). The scans obtained were superimposed over the reference scan by means of a software, and the volumetric discrepancies were calculated. Results: The mean results for the Zfx Intrascan scanner were: Technique A = 302.47 ± 37.42 µm; Technique B = 180.45 ± 29.86 µm; Technique C = 147.34 ± 28.23 µm. The mean results for the Carestream 3600 scanner were: Technique A = 303.59 ± 40.20 µm; Technique B = 181.53 ± 29.61 µm; Technique C = 142.28 ± 35.33 µm. Technique C, used by both scanners, produced less volumetric discrepancies compared to the other techniques. Conclusions: The scanning technique had a statistically significant effect on the quality of the scan (p< 0.0001), whereas the scanner did not present any significant influence (p= 0.91).


RESUMO Objetivo: o objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar e comparar a precisão de modelos digitais de uma arcada dentária completa obtidos utilizando-se dois tipos de scanners e três metodologias de digitalização. Métodos: um modelo de resina feito com impressão 3D foi digitalizado em um scanner de referência (Zfx Evolution - Zimmer Biomet, Palm Beach Gardens, FL) para se obter uma referência em 3D; o mesmo modelo de resina foi, então, digitalizado com dois scanners intrabucais diferentes (Zfx IntraScan e Carestream 3600 - CS 3600®, Carestream, Rochester, NY, EUA) utilizando: Técnica A (do dente #27 ao dente #17); Técnica B (do dente #11 ao dente #17 e, em seguida, do dente #21 ao dente #27); e Técnica C (do dente #22 ao dente #17 e, em seguida, do dente #12 ao dente #27 - osoftware MeshLab v. 1.3.3 foi, então, usado para mesclar as duas leituras). Em seguida, as imagens digitalizadas foram sobrepostas à imagem de referência, utilizando-se um software, e as discrepâncias volumétricas foram calculadas. Resultados: a média dos resultados para o scanner Zfx Intrascan foram: Técnica A = 302,47 ± 37,42 µm; Técnica B = 180,45 ± 29,86 µm; Técnica C = 147,34 ± 28,23 µm. A média dos resultados para o scanner Carestream 3600 foram: Técnica A= 303,59 ± 40,20 µm; Técnica B = 181,53 ± 29,61 µm; Técnica C = 142,28 ± 35,33 µm. A Técnica C, utilizada em ambos os scanners, produziu as menores discrepâncias volumétricas, quando comparada às outras técnicas. Conclusões: a técnica de digitalização teve um efeito estatisticamente significativo sobre a qualidade do modelo digital (p< 0,0001), enquanto o tipo de scanner usado não apresentou qualquer influência significativa (p= 0,91).


Subject(s)
Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Arch , Dental Models , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Software , Dental Impression Technique , Computer-Aided Design
18.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4550, 01 Fevereiro 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997907

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the facial morphology of Caucasian obese adults in relation to normal weight peers, and to study the association between three-dimensional soft-tissue facial measurements and cardiometabolic risk factors. Material and Methods: Nineteen Caucasian obese subjects aged 25 to 73 years underwent anthropometric measurements, blood samples and a stereophotogrammetric facial scan. Soft-tissue facial linear distances, angles, and volumes were obtained and compared to those collected on normal weight subjects by computing z-scores. Spearman correlation was used to assess the associations between facial measurements and metabolic parameters. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for sex and age was used to assess the risk of metabolic syndrome associated to the facial measurements. Results: Overall, when compared to normal weight persons, obese adults had a wider face in the horizontal dimension, with a middle face (maxilla) that was larger both in absolute value and relatively to the lower face (mandible), and a larger right side gonial angle (Wilcoxon test, p < 0.01). Only the mean (left and right) gonial angle was positively associated to serum triglycerides level, while the other facial measurements were associated with none of the cardiometabolic parameters. Moreover, none of the facial measurements was associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: Despite larger facial dimensions and altered mandible/maxilla volume ratio, three-dimensional soft-tissue facial morphometry in Caucasian obese adults is not related to cardiometabolic risk factors. The actual association between morphological facial characteristics and clinical information on the health conditions of patients is still to be investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Risk Factors , Adult , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Metabolic Syndrome , Face/anatomy & histology , Obesity/etiology , Photogrammetry/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Regression Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Italy
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180380, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012516

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Three-dimensional (3D) angular measurements between craniofacial planes pose challenges to quantify maxillary and mandibular skeletal discrepancies in surgical treatment planning. This study aims to compare the reproducibility and reliability of two modules to measure angles between planes or lines in 3D virtual surface models. Methodology: Twenty oriented 3D virtual surface models de-identified and constructed from CBCT scans were randomly selected. Three observers placed landmarks and oriented planes to determine angular measurements of pitch, roll and yaw using (1) 3D pre-existing planes, (2) 3D planes created from landmarks and (3) lines created from landmarks. Inter- and intra-observer reproducibility and repeatability were examined using the Intra-Class Correlation (ICC) test. One observer repeated the measurements with an interval of 15 days. ANOVA was applied to compare the 3 methods. Results: The three methods tested provided statistically similar, reproducible and reliable angular measurements of the facial structures. A strong ICC varying from 0.92 to 1.00 was found for the intra-observer agreement. The inter-observer ICC varied from 0.84 to 1.00. Conclusion: Measurements of 3D angles between facial planes in a common coordinate system are reproducible and repeatable either using 3D pre-existing planes, created based on landmarks or angles between lines created from landmarks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skull/anatomy & histology , Cephalometry/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Face/anatomy & histology , Anatomic Landmarks , Models, Anatomic , Reference Standards , Observer Variation , Cephalometry/instrumentation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180434, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012505

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to compare the linear dimensions of the dental arches of adult patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) after orthodontic and prosthetic treatment with fixed partial dentures (FPD) to patients without clefts, using 3D technology. This retrospective longitudinal study sample consisted of 35 subjects divided into two groups. Included in this sample were 15 complete UCLP individuals who had received orthodontic treatment before rehabilitation with a fixed partial denture (FG), as well as 20 patients without cleft as control group (CG). All patients were aged between 18 and 30 years. Digital dental casts were obtained in two stages: (T1) end of orthodontic treatment and (T2) one year after prosthetic rehabilitation (FG); and (T1) end of orthodontic treatment and (T2) one year after removal of the orthodontic appliance (CG). Intercanine, interfirst premolar and intermolar distances, and incisor-molar length were obtained. A precalibrated and trained examiner performed the assessments. Intergroup differences between T2 and T1 were compared between the groups using the t test or Mann-Whitney test with a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). The intercanine distance variation (T2-T1) showed statistical difference (p=0.005) increasing in the FG group and decreasing in the CG group. In the interfirst premolar distance variation, FG decreased, while CG increased with statistically significant difference (p=0.008). The intercanine distance of individuals with cleft showed stability, while that of the CG had no stability. The CG showed stability in the interfirst premolar distance, while FG had no stability. These findings showed that the FPD is capable of restricting orthodontic results, leading to a stabilization of the dental arches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Cleft Lip/rehabilitation , Cleft Palate/rehabilitation , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Arch/pathology , Orthodontic Appliances , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Cleft Lip/pathology , Cleft Palate/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Anatomic Landmarks , Maxilla/pathology
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