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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of hnRNPK/Beclin1 signaling on the drug resistance of imatinib in Ph+ leukemia.@*METHODS@#Expression level of hnRNPK was verified in the imatinib resistant and sensitive Ph+ leukemia cell lines by using Western blot. hnRNPK expression was down-regulated by using RNAi. Expression level of LC3I/II and Beclin1 were detected by Western blot and the sensitivity of imatinib was analyzed by CCK-8 assay before and after modulation of hnRNPK expression.@*RESULTS@#hnRNPK showed overexpressed in imatinib resistant leukemia cell line. After the expression level of hnRNPK was down-regulated by RNAi, the sensitivity of drug resistance lines to imatinib restored, while the expression level of LC3I/II and Beclin1 were consistant with the modulation of hnRNPK expression.@*CONCLUSION@#hnRNP K/Beclin1 signaling may be involved in the development of imatinib resistance in Ph+ leukemia through the regulation of autophagy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Beclin-1 , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Resistance , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein K , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , Leukemia
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928677

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the drug resistant related FOXO3/Bcl-6 signaling pathway in K562/G cell line and its related microRNA(miRNA) mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The drug resistance potency of imatinib on K562/G was detected by MTT assay. The expression of FOXO3 and Bcl-6 proteins in K562 and K562/G cells was detected by Western blot. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of FOXO3 and Bcl-6 mRNA. The miRNA expression profiling in K562 and K562/G cells was analyzed by microarray technique, and the miRNA targeted to FOXO/Bcl-6 signaling pathway was identified.@*RESULTS@#The expression of FOXO3 and Bcl-6 protein was significantly increased in K562/G cells as compared with that in K562 cells (P<0.01), the expression level of Bcl-6 mRNA showed no increase in K562/G cells. However, FOXO3 mRNA was up-regulated in K562/G cells (P<0.05). MiRNA microarray results showed that 109 miRNAs were expressed differentially in K562 and K562/G cells. The expression of 81 miRNAs were up-regulated while 28 miRNAs were down-regulated. Through reverse prediction by bioinformatics, miR-6718-5p, miR-5195-5p, miR-4711-3p, miR-4763-5p, miR-4664-5p and miR-3176 were related to FOXO/Bcl-6 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The FOXO3/Bcl-6 signaling pathway contributes to imatinib resistance in K562/G cell line, and the miRNA expression profiles showed significant differences between K562/G and K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Forkhead Box Protein O3/genetics , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , K562 Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1714-1718, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922323

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulation of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) imatinib resistant genes, in order to improve the therapeutic effect of CML imatinib resistant patients.@*METHODS@#The human CML cell line K562 and imatinib-resistant K562 cells (K562/G01) were collected, and transcriptome of the cells were achieved by RNA-seq. The sequencing data were analyzed by using standard procedures.@*RESULTS@#Compared with K562 cells, 464 genes were significantly changed in K562/G01 cells, including 163 up-regulated and 301 down-regulated genes. The GO function annotation analysis and KEGG pathway analysis results showed that the differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in biological processes such as oxidative phosphorylation, localization to protein organelle, ribonucleoprotein complex biogenesis and so on. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) plots showed that 5 gene-sets were up-regulated in K562/G01 significantly, including the pathway of TGF-beta, mTOR and CML.@*CONCLUSION@#CML imatinib resistance is associated with oxidative phosphorylation, during which the pathway of TGF-beta and mTOR are significantly up-regulated.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/genetics
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(6): e8399, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011582

ABSTRACT

Imatinib is the first line of therapy for patients with metastatic or gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). However, drug resistance limits the long-term effect of imatinib. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as key players in regulating drug resistance in cancer. In this study, we investigated the association between lncRNA CCDC26 and IGF-1R in GIST and their involvement in drug resistance. Considering the key role of lncRNAs in drug resistance in cancer, we hypothesized that IGF-1R is regulated by lncRNAs. The expression of a series of reported drug resistance-related lncRNAs, including CCDC26, ARF, H19, NBR2, NEAT1, and HOTAIR, in GIST cells treated with imatinib H19 was examined at various time-points by qRT-PCR. Based on our results and published literature, CCDC26, a strongly down-regulated lncRNA following imatinib treatment, was chosen as our research target. GIST cells with high expression of CCDC26 were sensitive to imatinib treatment while knockdown of CCDC26 significantly increased the resistance to imatinib. Furthermore, we found that CCDC26 interacted with c-KIT by RNA pull down, and that CCDC26 knockdown up-regulated the expression of IGF-1R. Moreover, IGF-1R inhibition reversed CCDC26 knockdown-mediated imatinib resistance in GIST. These results indicated that treatments targeting CCDC26-IGF-1R axis would be useful in increasing sensitivity to imatinib in GIST.


Subject(s)
Humans , Receptors, Somatomedin/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Down-Regulation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Receptors, Somatomedin/metabolism , Receptor, IGF Type 1 , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Flow Cytometry
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109562

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has achieved impressive success since the development of the Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor, imatinib mesylate. Nevertheless, resistance to imatinib has been observed, and a substantial number of patients need alternative treatment strategies. METHODS: We have evaluated the effects of deferasirox, an orally active iron chelator, and imatinib on K562 and KU812 human CML cell lines. Imatinib-resistant CML cell lines were created by exposing cells to gradually increasing concentrations of imatinib. RESULTS: Co-treatment of cells with deferasirox and imatinib induced a synergistic dose-dependent inhibition of proliferation of both CML cell lines. Cell cycle analysis showed an accumulation of cells in the subG1 phase. Western blot analysis of apoptotic proteins showed that co-treatment with deferasirox and imatinib induced an increased expression of apoptotic proteins. These tendencies were clearly identified in imatinib-resistant CML cell lines. The results also showed that co-treatment with deferasirox and imatinib reduced the expression of BcrAbl, phosphorylated Bcr-Abl, nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and beta-catenin. CONCLUSIONS: We observed synergistic effects of deferasirox and imatinib on both imatinib-resistant and imatinib-sensitive cell lines. These effects were due to induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by down-regulated expression of NF-kappaB and beta-catenin levels. Based on these results, we suggest that a combination treatment of deferasirox and imatinib could be considered as an alternative treatment option for imatinib-resistant CML.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/metabolism , Benzoates/pharmacology , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/pharmacology , Iron Chelating Agents/pharmacology , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Triazoles/pharmacology
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