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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 464-467, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288615

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Immunity is closely related to health. When the body's immunity is strong, it is healthy. On the contrary, various diseases appear. Sports dance is an entertainment and fitness sports project that integrates sports, music, aesthetics, and dance, the body movement dance as the necessary content and two-person or collective exercises as the primary form of exercise. Studies have shown that long-term adherence to Tai Chi exercise can significantly increase the serum immunoglobulin IgA, IgG, and IgM levels. Objective: The paper explores the effect of physical dance exercise on serum immunoglobulin and T lymphocyte subsets of college students. Methods: The thesis randomly selected 16 male and female students in the first-grade physical dance optional course of public physical education as the experimental group. They performed physical dance exercises three times a week, 40 minutes each time, and the training intensity was controlled at a heart rate of 135-150 beats/min. Ten weeks; besides, 16 male and female students in the first grade were selected as the control group, and no physical dance exercise was performed; all the subjects were drawn from the elbow venous blood on an empty stomach at the same time before and after the experiment to measure serum immunoglobulin and T lymph Cell subpopulation content. Results: After ten weeks of sports dance training, the serum immunoglobulin IgG of both men and women in the experimental group increased significantly (P<0.01), and the CD4+% and CD4+/CD8+ ratio of T lymphocyte subgroups showed extremely significant and significant increases (P <0.01, P<0.05), serum IgM tended to increase, IgA, CD8+% tended to decrease, but there was no significant change. Conclusions: Long-term physical dance exercise can improve the body's immune function. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: la inmunidad está estrechamente relacionado con la salud. Cuando la inmunidad del cuerpo es fuerte éste está sano. En caso contrario, aparecen diversas enfermedades. La danza deportiva é um projeto de entretenimiento y fitness que integra el deporte, la música, la estética y la danza, el movimiento corporal como contenido necesario y los ejercicios de das personas ou colectivos como forma principal de ejercicio. Los estudios han demonstraram que a adesão a largo plazo al ejercicio de Tai Chi pode aumentar também os niveles séricos de imunoglobulina IgA, IgG e IgM. Objetivo: O artigo explora o efeito do exercício físico de danza em subconjuntos de imunoglobulina sérica e linfocitos T de estudiantes universitários. Métodos: Para que a tese seja selecionada aleatoriamente, 16 ex-alunos e ex-alunos do curso optativo de danza física de primer grado de educação física pública como grupo experimental. Realizaron ejercicios de danza física tres veces por semana, 40 minutes cada vez, y la intensidad del entrenamiento se controló a una frecuencia cardíaca de 135-150 latidos/min. durante as semanas; además, se selecionar 16 alumnos y alumnas de primer grado como group de control, el que no realizó ningún ejercicio físico de danza. A todos os sujetos se les extrajo sangre venosa del codo com o estómago vacío, durante, antes e depois do experimento para medir o conteúdo da subpoblación de células T y de imunoglobulina sérica. Resultados: Después de diez semanas de entrenamiento de danza deportiva, la imunoglobulina IgG sérica de hombres y mujeres en el grupo experimental aumentó complementar (P <0,01), y la proporción CD4 +% y CD4 +/CD8 + de los subgrupos de linfocitos T mostró incrementos extremadamente provados. (P <0,01,P <0,05), la IgM sérica tendió a aumentar, la IgA, CD8 +% tendió a disminuir, mas nenhum hubo cambio projetado. Conclusiones: El ejercicio de danza física a largo plazo puede mejorar la función inmunológica del cuerpo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los results del tratamiento.


RESUMEN Introducción: la inmunidad está estrechamente relacionada con la salud. Cuando la inmunidad del cuerpo es fuerte éste está sano. En caso contrario, aparecen diversas enfermedades. La danza deportiva es un proyecto de entretenimiento y fitness que integra el deporte, la música, la estética y la danza, el movimiento corporal como contenido necesario y los ejercicios de dos personas o colectivos como forma principal de ejercicio. Los estudios han demostrado que la adherencia a largo plazo al ejercicio de Tai Chi puede aumentar significativamente los niveles séricos de inmunoglobulina IgA, IgG e IgM. Objetivo: El artículo explora el efecto del ejercicio físico de danza en subconjuntos de inmunoglobulina sérica y linfocitos T de estudiantes universitarios. Métodos: Para la tesis se seleccionaron aleatoriamente a 16 alumnos y alumnas del curso optativo de danza física de primer grado de educación física pública como grupo experimental. Realizaron ejercicios de danza física tres veces por semana, 40 minutos cada vez, y la intensidad del entrenamiento se controló a una frecuencia cardíaca de 135-150 latidos/min. durante diez semanas; además, se seleccionaron 16 alumnos y alumnas de primer grado como grupo de control, el que no realizó ningún ejercicio físico de danza. A todos los sujetos se les extrajo sangre venosa del codo con el estómago vacío, durante, antes y después del experimento para medir el contenido de la subpoblación de células T y de inmunoglobulina sérica. Resultados: Después de diez semanas de entrenamiento de danza deportiva, la inmunoglobulina IgG sérica de hombres y mujeres en el grupo experimental aumentó significativamente (P <0.01), y la proporción CD4 +% y CD4 + / CD8 + de los subgrupos de linfocitos T mostró incrementos extremadamente significativos. (P <0.01, P <0.05), la IgM sérica tendió a aumentar, la IgA, CD8 +% tendió a disminuir, pero no hubo cambios significativos. Conclusiones: El ejercicio de danza física a largo plazo puede mejorar la función inmunológica del cuerpo. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Universities , Immunoglobulins/blood , Dancing/physiology , Immunity/physiology , Student Health Services , Time Factors , Lymphocyte Count
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(6): 2530-2539, nov.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1150035

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: aquellos países con alto grado de envejecimiento poblacional muestran asociaciones importantes con diferentes enfermedades, por ejemplo, la neumonía adquirida en la comunidad y la depresión en los ancianos. Objetivos: relacionar la depresión con la mortalidad y evaluar efectos de los antidepresivos, en los pacientes con neumonía adquirida en la comunidad, ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay". Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio analítico, longitudinal prospectivo, con todos los pacientes con neumonía adquirida en la comunidad, ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Emergentes, del Hospital Militar "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay". Periodo correspondiente a enero del 2018 hasta abril del 2019 que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. El universo lo constituyó 160 pacientes. Resultados: existieron 55 pacientes con síntomas de depresión previos al ingreso, (34 %). El 78 % de fallecidos presentaron depresión al ingreso. La edad media de los no deprimidos fue de 74, la más alta de los deprimidos fue de 80,80. No presentaron signos de depresión 93 pacientes vivos y 43 que la presentaron y fallecieron con una gran significación estadística p 0,000. RR 6,8. Se observó una marcada relación entre la mortalidad y el no recibir tratamiento para la depresión, (37) p 0,000. Conclusiones: la neumonía y la depresión son enfermedades que tienen una relación íntima. Esta asociación cuenta con una elevada mortalidad, así como el impacto del tratamiento antidepresivo en la evolución del paciente es definitorio en el ámbito de los cuidados intensivos (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: those countries with a high level of population ageing show important associations to different diseases, for example, community acquired pneumonia and depression in elder people. Objectives: to establish the relationship of depression with mortality and to evaluate the effect of antidepressants in patients with community-acquired pneumonia admitted in the Intensive Care Unit of the Central Military Hospital "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay". Materials and methods: a prospective, longitudinal, analytic study was carried out with all patients with community-acquired pneumonia, admitted in the Intensive Care Unit of the Central Military Hospital "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay" in the period from January 2018 until April 2019, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The universe were 160 patients. Results: there were 55 patients with depression symptoms before the admission. 78 % of the deceased showed depression at the admittance. The medium age of the non-depressed ones was 74 years; the highest age of the depressed ones was 80.80 years. 93 living patients did not present depression signs, and 43 presented them and died with a great statistical significance p: 0.000 RR: 6.8. A remarked relation was observed between mortality and not receiving treatment for depression (37) p 0,000. Conclusions: pneumonia and depression are diseases having a tight relationship. This association yields a high mortality, and the impact of the anti-depression treatment on the patient's evolution is defining in the intensive care settings (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Frail Elderly , Depression/diagnosis , Pneumonia/diagnosis , Pneumonia/mortality , Pneumonia/psychology , Critical Care/methods , Health Services for the Aged/trends , Immunity/physiology
3.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 50(3): 188-197, 2013. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-707763

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi o de avaliar o proteinograma sérico de bezerros alimentados com colostro oriundo de vacas sadias (n = 10 ), com mastite assintomática (n = 10 ) e mastite clínica (n =10 ). As vacas foram alocadas em seus respectivos grupos de acordo com o exame macroscópico da secreção colostral, contagem de células somáticas, CMT e isolamento microbiano. As amostras de sangue dos conceptos foram colhidas logo após o nascimento, 24 e 48 horas após a ingestão do colostro dos quartos infectados e dos sadios. Foi avaliada a concentração de proteína total pelo método do biureto e as concentrações de imunoglobulina A (IgA), imunoglobulina G (IgG), transferrina, albumina e haptoglobina por meio da eletrofoerese em gel de poliacrilamida contendo dodecil sulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE). Não foram observadas diferenças entre os grupos nas concentrações de albumina, proteína total e IgA. Os bezerros alimen- tados com colostro de vacas com mastite assintomática e clínica apresentaram teores de haptoglobina superiores aos animais sadios. As concentrações de IgG e transferrina foram significativamente inferiores nos bezerros tratados com colostro de vacas com mastite clínica. Concluiu-se que a ingestão de colostro de quartos sadios e infectados de vacas que pariram com mastite (GII e GIII) não resulta em falha de transferência da imunidade passiva.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum protein concentration in newborns fed with colostrum derived from healthy cows (n = 10), cows with subclinical mastitis (n = 10) and cows with clinical mastitis (n = 10). 30 Holstein cows were assigned to their respective groups according to macroscopic examination of colostral secretion, somatic cell count, CMT and presence of bacteria in colostrum samples. Blood samples of the calves were collected immediately after birth, at 24 and 48 hours after ingestion of colostrum. The total protein was measured by the biuret method and the concentrations of immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG), transferrin, albumin and haptoglobin was determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). No differences were observed amongst groups in the concentrations of albumin, total protein and IgA. In animals from cows with subclinical and clinical mastitis haptoglobin concentrations were higher than those of healthy animals. The concentrations of IgG and transferrin were significantly lower in calves from cows with mastitis. We concluded that the ingestion of colostrum from infected and uninfected glands from cows with mastitis (GII e GIII) is unlikely to be an important contributor to the high rate of failure of passive transfer of immunoglobulins in calves.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Colostrum , Immunity/physiology , Mastitis, Bovine/pathology , Cattle/classification , Immunoglobulins
4.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 28(2): 72-78, abr.-jun. 2012.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-648000

ABSTRACT

Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica acerca de la temática del envejecimiento del sistema inmunológico (inmunosenescencia) habitual en los ancianos, y la práctica regular de ejercicios físicos, para conocer la actualidad del tema, debido al envejecimiento progresivo de la población mundial. La inmunosenescencia se caracteriza por una serie de cambios inmunes, enfermedades crónicas, incremento de la susceptibilidad para la infección, enfermedades tumorales y de las enfermedades autoinmunes, lo que representa peligro para estos individuos, aunque se han identificado estrategias terapéuticas importantes para el tratamiento en estas edades, como es la práctica regular de ejercicio físico moderado. Desde el punto de vista inmunológico, el anciano que no realiza ningún tipo de ejercicio físico, tiene disminuidos la mayor parte de sus biomarcadores de función celular y humoral, con reducción de la calidad y cantidad linfocitaria, de la supervivencia de los linfocitos T y B, además tiene baja autoestima y en ocasiones, desnutrición y enfermedades crónicas con deformidades estructurales. Sin embargo, la aplicación de estilos de vida saludables, como la práctica regular de ejercicios físicos, puede atenuar las consecuencias de este proceso y constituir una alternativa terapéutica en muchos casos


We review literature on the topic of aging immune system (immunosenescence) common in the elderly and regular physical exercise, to know today's issue, due to the progressive aging of world population. Immunosenescence is characterized by a number of immune changes, chronic diseases, increased susceptibility to infections, tumor diseases and autoimmune diseases, which pose a threat to these individuals, although important therapeutic strategies for treatments have been identified in these ages, such as the regular practice of moderate physical exercise. From the immunological point of view, the elder subjects who do not physical exercise, have reduced most of their biomarkers of cellular and humoral functions with reduced lymphocyte quantity and quality of survival of T and B cells; also these subjects have low self-esteem at times, malnutrition and chronic diseases with structural deformities. However, we conclude that the implementation of healthy lifestyles, and the regular practice of physical exercise may attenuate the consequences of this process, and provide a therapeutic alternative in many cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Exercise/physiology , Aging/immunology , Immunity/physiology , Health of the Elderly
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(3): 199-205, Mar. 2011. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-582680

ABSTRACT

Aspectos relacionados à transferência de imunidade passiva (TIP) foram estudados em 290 cordeiros recém-nascidos, cruzas Texel, manejados extensivamente em contato permanente com as suas mães, e criados em clima tropical. Amostras de sangue foram colhidas dos cordeiros uma única vez entre 24 e 36 horas de vida para obtenção do soro sanguíneo. Foram determinadas a atividade da gama glutamiltransferase e as concentrações de proteínas totais por refratometria e colorimetria, de albumina, alfa, beta e gamaglobulinas por eletroforese e de IgG estimada pela turvação pelo sulfato de zinco. Os cordeiros foram agrupados de acordo com o sexo, o número de partos das ovelhas, o escore de condição corporal (ECC) da ovelha, o número de cordeiros nascidos, o peso e a vitalidade ao nascimento. Os fatores de risco para a ocorrência de falha na transferência de imunidade passiva (FTIP) foram identificados e a sua associação com a mortalidade de cordeiros foi testada. Foram estabelecidas correlações entre as variáveis estudadas. A TIP não foi influenciada pelo sexo, pelo número de partos ou pelo ECC das ovelhas. Houve diferenças entre os cordeiros únicos e gêmeos e entre os que nasceram com peso ≥3 kg e < 3 kg. A FTIP foi pouco frequente (12,4%), mais provável em gêmeos (p=0,026) e em cordeiros leves (p<0,001) e esteve fortemente associada com a mortalidade dos cordeiros até os 60 dias de vida (p<0,001). A taxa de mortalidade geral foi de 11,3%; e 30,5% dos cordeiros com FTIP morreram, quase todos no primeiro mês de vida. A concentração de proteína total determinada por refratometria se correlacionou (p<0,001) com as concentrações de gamaglobulinas (r=0,816) e de IgG (r=0,810) e o valor crítico ≤ 5,0g/dL para a proteína total pode ser admitido como indicador de FTIP...


Aspects related to passive transfer of immunity (PTI) were studied in 290 newborn lambs, crosses of Texel, kept with their mothers on extensive management intropical weather. Blood samples were taken between 24 and 36 hours of life. Serum gamma glutamyltransferase activity, total protein concentration, measured by refractometry and colorimetry, albumin, alfa, beta and gammaglobulins concentrations, measured by agarose gel electrophoresis, and IgG concentration estimated by the zinc sulphate turbidity test were determined. The lambs were grouped according to sex, ewe number of parturitions and body condition scoring, number of lambs born, birth weight and vitality. The risk factors for failure of passive transfer of immunity (FPT) were identified and the association with lamb mortality was tested. Correlations between variables were established. There was no effect of sex, number of parturitions of ewes and ewe body condition scoring on PTI of lambs. However there were differences between singles and twins and between lambs born with good or lightweight (<3 kg). The FPT was infrequent (12.4%), more likely in twins (p=0.026) and in lightweight lambs (p<0.001), and was strongly associated with lamb deaths up to 60 days of age (p<0.001). The global mortality rate was 11.3%; and 30.5% of the lambs with FPT died, almost all in their first month of life. The total protein concentration, measured by refractometry, was correlated (p<0.001) with gammaglobulins (r=0.816) and IgG (r=0.810); and values < 5.0g/dL can be accepted for the diagnosis of FPT. Under tropical weather conditions FTP must be considered infrequent in crossbred meat lambs. However the surveillance and care must be intensified with twins and lambs with low birth weight.


Subject(s)
Animals , Immunity/physiology , Sheep/classification , Animals, Newborn/classification , Tropical Climate/adverse effects , Mortality/trends
6.
Rev. GASTROHNUP ; 12(1): S10-S13, ene.15 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-645075

ABSTRACT

El zinc es un ejemplo de un micronutriente esencial, cuya deficiencia juega un papelimportante en la comprensión de las altas tasas de mortalidad y morbilidad infantil en países en desarrollo. Tanto la deficiencia intermedia de zinc como de vitamina A, pueden pasar inadvertidas clínicamente. Con respecto a la inmunidad, el zinc es fundamental para las funciones de tejidos de alto recambio, especialmente en el sistema inmunitario, y su deficiencia se asocia a alteraciones de la inmunidad innata, la inmunidad humoral y la inmunidad celular. Existe evidencia que avala la s u p l eme n t a c i o n d e z i n c d u r a n t e e inmediatamente después de un episodio de diarrea aguda, con lo que se disminuye su tiempo de duración y la gravedad, con reducción en la incidencia de diarrea en los dos o tres meses siguientes.Aun no se conoce exactamente cuál es el mecanismo que explique por qué se encuentra limitada la proliferación celular ante la deficiencia de zinc.


Zinc is an example of an essential micronutrient whose deficiency plays an important role in understanding the high rates of infant mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Both intermediate zinc deficiency and vitamin A, may go unnoticed clinically.With respect to immunity, zinc is essential for the functions of tissues of high turnover, especially in the immune system, and its deficiency is associated with alterations of innate immunity, humoral immunity and cellular immunity. There is evidence supporting zinc supplementation during and immediately after an episode of acute diarrhea, which shortens their duration and severity, with a reduction in the incidence of diarrhea in the two or three months. Still not known exactly what the mechanism that explains why it is limited to cell proliferation in zinc deficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Diarrhea, Infantile/classification , Diarrhea, Infantile/diagnosis , Zinc/administration & dosage , Zinc/analysis , Zinc/classification , Zinc , Zinc/pharmacology , Zinc/supply & distribution , Zinc , Zinc/therapeutic use , Diarrhea, Infantile/mortality , Diarrhea, Infantile/pathology , Diarrhea, Infantile/prevention & control , Growth and Development , Immunity , Immunity/physiology , Immunity/immunology , Micronutrients/administration & dosage , Micronutrients/classification , Micronutrients/deficiency , Micronutrients/pharmacology , Micronutrients
7.
Kasmera ; 37(2): 157-167, dic. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-630936

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades exantemáticas son un grupo de patologías causadas por agentes virales, que se presentan frecuentemente sobre todo durante los primeros años de vida y responden en su mayor proporción a infecciones causadas por virus como sarampión, varicela, rubéola y dengue, entre otros. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la inmunidad a los virus de sarampión y varicela en niños y adolescentes, residentes del municipio Páez del estado Zulia, Venezuela. Se estudiaron 174 muestras provenientes de escolares y adolescentes aparentemente sanos, sin distingo de sexo y en un rango de edad comprendido entre 8 a 17 años, las cuales fueron analizadas mediante la técnica de ELISA. Se detectó una frecuencia de 59,7 por ciento para el virus del sarampión y un 44,8 por ciento para varicela. La seroprevalencia para sarampión y varicela estuvo homogéneamente distribuida en todos los grupos etarios. En ambas enfermedades se observó una mayor frecuencia en el sexo masculino, no encontrándose diferencias significativas. Se evidencia una baja inmunidad a estos virus, se sugiere incrementar los programas de vacunación en este municipio para eliminar la circulación de estos agentes infecciosos en la población


Exanthematic diseases are a group of pathologies caused by viral agents, which appear frequently during the first years of life and respond in greater proportion to infections caused by viruses, such as measles, varicella (chickenpox), rubella (German measles) and dengue, among others. The objective of this study is to evaluate immunity to measles and chickenpox viruses in children and adolescents residing in the Páez municipality, state of Zulia, Venezuela. Without regard to sex, 174 samples from apparently healthy adolescents and children between 8 and 17 years old were studied and analyzed using the ELISA technique. A frequency of 59.7 percent was detected for the measles virus and 44.8 percent for varicella. Seroprevalence for measles and varicella was distributed homogeneously in all age groups. For both diseases, greater frequency was observed in males, without significant differences. The study demonstrated low immunity to these viruses and suggests increasing vaccination programs in this municipality to eliminate circulation of these infectious agents in the population


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , /pathogenicity , Immunity/physiology , Measles virus/pathogenicity
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-94097

ABSTRACT

AIM: Intradermal administration of Hepatitis B vaccine (HBV) achieves better seroconversion in patients on dialysis compared to intramuscular administration. The aim of the study was to determine whether twice weekly intradermal injections of the vaccine can further augment the vaccine response as compared to once weekly injections. Patients with end stage renal failure on haemodialysis were randomly allocated over a period of 22 months to receive 20 mu gms of recombinant HBV by intradermal injections once a week (group 1) or twice a week (group 2) for 6 weeks. The patients recruited during the first 12 months of the study did not receive recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo) as it was not available (phase 1). During the last 10 months of study all patients received Epo (phase 2) in addition to HBV. RESULTS: A total of 85 patients were enrolled of whom 77 completed the study. There were 41 patients in group 1 and 36 patients in group 2. Seroprotection (anti HBs > 10 mIU/ml in the absence of HBs Ag and anti HBc) was achieved in 56.1% patients of group I compared to 77.8% of group 2 (p < 0.05). The seroprotection rate was 78.1% among patients receiving Epo (phase 2) compared to 60% among 45 who did not receive Epo (phase 1). Anti HBs titre in responders was 308.5 +/- 148.7 mIU/ml in patients of phase 2 compared to 198 +/- 112.8 mIU/ml in patients of phase 1 (p < 0.05). The subgroup receiving both Epo and twice weekly vaccine (group 2 of phase 2) had the highest seroprotection rate of 86.7%. CONCLUSION: Twice weekly intradermal vaccination is more effective than once weekly regime in achieving rapid seroconversion. The vaccine response may be augmented by use of Epo probably due to reduction in transfusion requirement and concomitant immunosuppression.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Drug Administration Schedule , Drug Therapy, Combination , Erythropoietin/administration & dosage , Female , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Antibodies/analysis , Hepatitis B Antigens/analysis , Hepatitis B Vaccines/administration & dosage , Humans , Immunity/physiology , Injections, Intradermal , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Probability , Reference Values , Renal Dialysis , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-65322

ABSTRACT

AIM: To determine long-term persistence of antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) after vaccination against hepatitis B. METHODS: Thirty-four laboratory workers received hepatitis B vaccine in 1989 in a 0-1-6 month vaccination schedule. Group A (n = 16) received a booster at 3 years after vaccination whereas Group B (n = 18) did not. Anti-HBs was quantitated at 1 month and 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 8 years post-vaccination. RESULTS: At eight-year follow up, 10 of 15 subjects in Group A and 3 of 16 in Group B had protective levels of anti-HBs; in addition, two and four subjects, respectively, had detectable anti-HBs though below protective levels. At ten years, 9/15 and 3/16 were anti-HBs positive in Groups A and B, respectively. One subject in each group had rise in anti-HBs titer at 6-year follow up but both of them tested negative for IgG antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HBc). A booster dose at 10 years to anti-HBs negative subjects led to an anamestic response in 3/4 and 8/10 persons in Groups A and B, respectively. CONCLUSION: Immunological memory after vaccination against hepatitis B is maintained for at least 10 years.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cohort Studies , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B/immunology , Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood , Hepatitis B Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B Vaccines/administration & dosage , Humans , Immunity/physiology , Laboratory Personnel , Male , Middle Aged , Sensitivity and Specificity , Time Factors
15.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2000 Jan; 44(1): 105-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-108274

ABSTRACT

The effect of acute noise induced changes on the immune functions of albino rats was studied. Cell mediated immunity was assessed by Leukocyte migration inhibition index (LMI) and humoral immunity by estimating antibody titre. The organ weight of spleen, thymus, adrenal and lymph node was noted, the cell count of spleen and thymus was enumerated and plasma corticosterone level was estimated. A significant increase in the plasma corticosterone level, thymus weight and cell count along with significant decrease in the antibody titre, spleen weight and cell count was observed in noise stressed animals. No significant changes were observed in the LMI and organ weight of adrenal and lymph node in these animals. Our study shows acute noise to be a potent stressor causing definite alterations in the immune functions of the albino rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies/analysis , Corticosterone/blood , Immunity/physiology , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Noise/adverse effects , Organ Size/physiology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Spleen/cytology , Stress, Physiological/immunology , Thymus Gland/cytology
16.
Reumatología (Santiago de Chile) ; 15(3): 140-5, 1999. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-274552

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un breve revisión bibliográfica referente a distintos aspectos del proceso de inmunosenescencia, con sus efectos sobre diversos componentes del Sistema Inmune, incluyendo linfocitos, tanto T como B, y mecanismos de defensa inespecífica, como fagocitos. Finalmente, se presenta una breve reseña sobre las consecuencias clínicas de este proceso evolutivo


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aging/immunology , Immunity/physiology , Age Factors , Aging/physiology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Immunity , Phagocytes/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 73(supl. 2): 19-25, jul.-ago. 1998.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-222214

ABSTRACT

Os autores apresentam novos conceitos científicos dosneuropeptídeos, que atuam como neurotransmissores, neuro moduladores e neuro hormônios. Sua participaçäo na imunidade cutânea, nos processos de cicatrizaçäo e doenças crônicas da pele, säo evidentes. Os neuropeptídeos agem como mensageiros químicos, interligando o cérebro com os receptores da pele. Existem mais de cinqüenta neuropeptídeos envolvidos na transmissäo de sinais entre as células nervosas e o sistema auto-imune. Säo produzidos na pele neuropeptídeos opióides, que atuariam nas dores e emoçöes, promovendo a integraçäo do sistema neuroimunocutâneo. Uma das propostas do trabalho é uma visäo integrativa da Dermatologia na medicina geral.


Subject(s)
Immunity/physiology , Neuropeptides/biosynthesis , Neuropeptides/physiology , Neurotransmitter Agents/physiology , Receptors, Neuropeptide , Skin Diseases/immunology , Stress, Psychological/immunology , Neurosecretory Systems/physiology
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 31(1): 85-7, Jan. 1998. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-212542

ABSTRACT

The immune response to pathogens results in both host resistance and immunopathology. Cytokines and in particular those lymphokines produced by Th1 and Th2 cells play a key role in determining the balance between these two immunologic outcomes. Recent data suggest that interleukin-10, a product of both Th2 cells and macrophages, protects the host against excessive immunopathology. The cytokine environment generated by different pathogens may also influence the course and outcome of infections with unrelated organisms. This relationship may be particularly important in the case of HIV-1 where prior Th1 or Th2 biases established by helminth or intracellular infections may influence either initial viral susceptibility or drive progression to AIDS through immune activation.


Subject(s)
Cytokines/physiology , Disease , Immunity/physiology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/physiopathology , HIV , Th1 Cells , Th2 Cells
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 31(1): 117-21, Jan. 1998.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-212546

ABSTRACT

Reistance to Trypanosoma cruzi infections is critically dependent on cytokine-mediated activation of cell-mediated immune effector mechanisms. This review focuses on the role of IL-10, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma and IL-12 in controlling T. cruzi replication by the innate and specific immune systems of the vertebrate host. A study performed on mice with disrupted recombinase-activating genes (RAG/KO), which lack T and B lymphocytes, revealed the importance of IL-12, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha in the resistance against T. cruzi mediated by the innate immune system. In addition, data from experiments using IL-10 KO, RAG/KO and double RAG/IL-10 KO mice indicating an in vivo regulatory role of IL-10 in innate and T. cruzi-specific immunity are discussed.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Cytokines/physiology , Immunity, Innate/physiology , Immunity/physiology , Trypanosoma cruzi/pathogenicity , Trypanosomiasis/immunology , Trypanosomiasis/physiopathology , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-12 , Mice, Knockout , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
20.
In. Silveira, Jorge Omar Lopes da; Belträo, Gilson Correia. Exodontia. Porto Alegre, Médica Missau, 1998. p.347-60. (BR).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-211154
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