Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 747
Filter
1.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 4-10, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341354

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most prevalent and severe complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), requiring reliable urine and serum biomarkers to evaluate it. Anti-nucleosome and anti-C1q antibodies are associated with LN in several geographic regions. Also, southwest Colombia has a heterogeneous ethnicity, which motivated the evaluation of the frequency and relationship of such markers with LN in this region. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a health centre in south-west Colombia in 84 patients diagnosed with SLE (57 without LN; 27 with LN) between 2016 and 2018. Demographic and clinical and laboratory features, including anti-dsDNA, complement, and anti-C1q and anti-nucleosome antibodies were compared in these patients. ELISA immunoassays were performed to measure the antibodies of interest in blood samples. Statistical analysis was carried out using STATA14 software (StataCorp, College Station, Texas, USA). Quantitative variables were summarised as means or medians and compared with Mann-Whitney or Two-sample t test. Categorical variables were shown as proportions, and compared with Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test. Correlation analysis between quantitative variables was calculated using Spearman's correlation. Results: Of all 84 patients, 27 patients had LN, of which 16 (59.2%) had a positive test for anti-nucleosome antibodies and 10 (37%) for anti-C1q antibodies. An association was found between anti-C1q and proliferative forms of LN and newly diagnosed LN. A correlation was found between anti-nucleosome and anti-C1q antibodies, and anti-dsDNA and low serum complement concentrations. Conclusion: Although both markers were found in variable percentages in SLE patients and seem not to be specific markers of LN in our population, anti-C1q was associated with proliferative forms of LN and de novo LN.


RESUMEN Introducción: La nefritis lúpica (NL), una de las complicaciones más frecuentes y graves del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), requiere biomarcadores confiables de orina y suero para su evaluación. Los anticuerpos anti-nucleosoma y anti-C1q se asocian con la NL en varias regiones geográficas. En el suroccidente colombiano se asienta una etnia heterogénea, lo que motivó la evaluación de la frecuencia y la relación de dichos marcadores con NL en dicha región. Métodos: Realizamos un estudio transversal en un centro de salud en el suroccidente de Colombia, con 84 pacientes diagnosticados con LES (57 sin NL; 27 con NL) entre los anos 2016 y 2018. Se compararon las características demográficas, clínicas y de laboratorio, incluidos los anticuerpos anti-dsDNA, complemento, anti-C1q y anti-nucleosomas entre estos pacientes. Se realizaron inmunoensayos ELISA para medir los anticuerpos de interés en muestras de sangre. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo con el software Stata v.14 (Stata-Corp, College Station, Texas, EE. UU.). Las variables cuantitativas se resumieron como medias o medianas y se compararon con la prueba t de Mann-Whitney o Two-sample t test; las variables categóricas se mostraron como proporciones y se compararon con Chi-cuadrado o con la prueba exacta de Fisher. Para el análisis de correlaciones entre variables cuantitativas se calculó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: Entre los 84 pacientes, 27 presentaban LN, de los cuales 16 (59,2%) tuvieron una prueba positiva para anticuerpos anti-nucleosoma y 10 (37%) para anticuerpos anti-C1q. Se encontró una asociación entre anti-C1q y formas proliferativas de NL, así como formas recientemente diagnosticadas de NL. Hubo una correlación entre los anticuerpos anti-nucleosoma y anti-C1q y el anti-dsDNA y las bajas concentraciones de complemento sérico. Conclusión: Aunque los 2 marcadores se encontraron en porcentajes variables de pacientes con LES y no parecen ser marcadores específicos de NL en nuestra población, la presencia de anti-C1q se asoció con formas proliferativas de NL y NL de novo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Nephritis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Antibodies , Weights and Measures , Immunoassay , Ethnic Groups , Laboratories
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4406-4414, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921516

ABSTRACT

To develop a magnetic nanoparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) for the determination of type Ⅰ procollagen N-terminal peptide (PINP) in human serum, we expressed a recombinant PINP-α1 protein in Corynebacterium glutamicum and used it as an immunogen to immunize BALB/c mice. We obtained three hybridoma cell lines that stably secret antibody against PINP-α1 protein. After further pairing and screening, we chose a monoclonal antibody 8C12 coupled with biotin as the capture antibody, and a monoclonal antibody 1F11 labeled horseradish peroxidase as the detection antibody. The antibodies combined with the serum samples, forming a sandwich complex which was used to detect the concentration of PINP in serum. After optimizing the conditions, we determined that the best working concentration of the capture antibody and the detection antibody were 3 μg/mL, and the incubation time was 30 minutes. The quantitative assay had a detection range of 5-1 100 ng/mL, with recovery rates between 93%-107% and the minimum detection limit of 1.22 ng/mL achieved. The intra-and inter-assay precisions were lower than 10%. The correlation coefficient of PINP results between this CLIA method and the Roche electrochemiluminescence immunoassay system was 0.906 2. Therefore, this CLIA method is specific and can be used to quantitatively detect the content of PINP in serum, which has the potential to become an auxiliary approach for bone disease examination.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Immunoassay , Luminescence , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Peptide Fragments/isolation & purification , Procollagen/isolation & purification
3.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 1-6, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089330

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Febrile illnesses in developing countries are often misdiagnosed as malaria or typhoid fever. Although arboviral infections have similar clinical symptoms, they are usually not screened because of limited resources and the fact that there are several viruses in this group. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has been isolated in parts of Nigeria, but there is no documented evidence of the infection in Kogi State. This study determined seroprevalence of active and past CHIKV infection among febrile patients who tested negative for malaria and typhoid fever. Sera from 243 febrile patients were screened for CHIKV IgG and IgM using an immunochromatographic test kit. Clinical and socio-demographic variables were collected using a structured questionnaire. Recent CHIKV infection was observed in 5.8% of the study participants while 25.1% had IgG antibodies demonstrating previous infection. Significant associations were observed between seropositivity and age of participants (p < 0.001), sex (p = 0.044), marital status (p = 0.002), and occupation (p < 0.001). Clinical symptoms such as fever, joint pain, and headache were significantly associated with seropositivity. This study identified recent CHIKV infection in Anyigba. Therefore, there is need for routine screening of febrile patients and molecular characterization to determine the nature of circulating strains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Immunoassay , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Chikungunya virus/immunology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Fever/epidemiology , Chikungunya Fever/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Nigeria/epidemiology
4.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200201, 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135281

ABSTRACT

Angiostrongylus costaricensis is the causative agent of abdominal angiostrongyliasis, a zoonotic infection that may produce severe eosinophilic enterocolitis or hepatitis in humans. Parasites are usually not released in stools and serology has an important role in diagnosis. Since cross-reactivity is demonstrated between A. costaricensis and another metastrongylid worm, A. cantonensis, we tested heterologous recombinant galectin as a probe in an immunochromatographic rapid diagnostic test (ICT-RDT) for detection of anti-A. costaricensis antibodies. Almost all (11/12) positive control sera from A. costaricensis infected patients were positive at ICT RDT. These are preliminary indications that r-galectin ICT-RDT is useful for diagnosing A. costaricensis infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Strongylida Infections/diagnosis , Angiostrongylus cantonensis , Angiostrongylus , Immunologic Tests , Immunoassay
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200214, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135280

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Chagas disease, resulting from Trypanosoma cruzi infections, continues to be a health concern mainly in Latin American countries where the parasite is endemic. The laboratory diagnosis of a chronic infection is determined through serological assays for antibodies against T. cruzi and several tests are available that differ in key components, formats and methodologies. To date, no single test meets the criteria of a gold standard. The situation is further complicated by the difficulties associated with performance comparisons between different immunoassays or methodologies executed at different times and geographical areas. OBJECTIVE To improve the diagnosis of Chagas disease, the WHO coordinated the development of two International Biological Reference Standards for antibodies against anti-T. cruzi: NIBSC 09/186 and NIBSC 09/188 that respectively represent geographical regions with the highest prevalence of TcII and TcI lineages of the parasite. METHODS The principle goal of this study was to verify the behavior of these standards when assayed by several commercially available serological tests that employ different methods to capture and detect human anti-T. cruzi antibodies. FINDINGS AND MAIN CONCLUSIONS The results reinforce the recommendation that these standards be considered for performance evaluations of commercialised immunoassays and should be an integral step in the development of new test components or assay paradigms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypanosoma cruzi/isolation & purification , Serologic Tests/standards , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Reference Standards , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , World Health Organization , Immunoassay/methods , Serologic Tests/methods , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Chagas Disease/parasitology
10.
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1121320

ABSTRACT

Difficulties in confirming and discriminating human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 infections by serological Western blot (WB) assays (HTLV Blot 2.4; MP Biomedicals) have been reported in Brazil, mainly in HIV/AIDS patients, with a large number of WB-indeterminate and WB-positive but HTLV-untypeable results. Nonetheless, a line immunoassay (LIA) (INNO-LIA HTLV-I/II; Fujirebio) provided enhanced specificity and sensitivity for confirming HTLV-1/2 infections. To add information concerning the improved ability of the LIA in relation to WB when applied to samples of individuals from different risk groups from Brazil, we performed the present study. Three groups were analyzed group 1 (G1), with 62 samples from HIV/AIDS patients from São Paulo, SP (48 WB indeterminate and 14 HTLV untypeable); group 2 (G2), with 24 samples from patients with hepatitis B or hepatitis C from São Paulo (21 WB indeterminate and 3 HTLV untypeable; 17 HIV seropositive); and group 3 (G3), with 25 samples from an HTLV outpatient clinic in Salvador, Bahia (16 WB indeterminate and 9 HTLV untypeable; all HIV seronegative). Overall, the LIA confirmed HTLV-1/2 infection (HTLV-1, HTLV-2, or HTLV) in 66.1% (G1), 83.3% (G2), and 76.0% (G3) of samples. Interestingly, the majority of WB-indeterminate results were confirmed by the LIA as being HTLV-2 positive in G1 and G2 but not in G3, in which the samples were defined as being HTLV-1 or HTLV positive. These results agree with the virus types that circulate in such patients of different regions in Brazil and emphasize that the LIA is the bes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , HTLV-I Infections/diagnosis , HTLV-II Infections/diagnosis , Hepatitis C , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/diagnosis , Hepatitis B , Immunoassay , Blotting, Western , Sensitivity and Specificity , Coinfection
11.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 54(1): 3-14, ene-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103494

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la diabetes mellitus autoinmune (DMA) y la enfermedad celíaca (EC) son enfermedades crónicas, poligénicas y multifactoriales vinculadas con la disfunción del sistema inmune. Dado que es frecuente que un mismo paciente presente ambas patologías, la detección simultánea de los marcadores de autoinmunidad de DMA y EC sería una estrategia racional para mejorar el diagnóstico. Objetivos: desarrollar un inmunoensayo basado en citometría de flujo (FloCMIA multiplex) para la detección simultánea y discriminativa de marcadores de DMA (GADA e IA-2A) y de EC (tTgA). Materiales y métodos: las muestras analizadas consistieron en sueros provenientes de 35 individuos controles normales y 21 pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1). Se empleó un modelo de "doble paratope" incubando los sueros con una mezcla de microesferas de diferente fluorescencia interna, cada una adsorbida con un autoantígeno: TrxGAD, TrxIA-2 o H6-tTg, y una mezcla de dichos autoantígenos biotinilados. Los inmunocomplejos se detectaron con estreptavidina-ficoeritrina y se adquirió en un citómetro de flujo. Resultados: FloCMIA multiplex detectó GADA en el 76,2% de los pacientes e IA-2A en el 52,38% (sensibilidad analítica: 88,24 y 56,25% respectivamente,y especificidad: 85,71%) y tTgA en el 42,86% (sensibilidad analítica: 50,0%, y especificidad: 80,0%). Estos resultados se contrastaron con el ensayo de unión de radioligando para GADA e IA-2A y se detectaron 80,95 y 76,19% de los sueros respectivamente (especificidad: 100%), y con un ELISA para tTgA se detectó un 38,1% (especificidad: 97,1%). Conclusiones: FloCMIA multiplex permitió detectar y discriminar GADA, IA-2A y/o tTgA, -en un único acto analítico- en sueros de pacientes con DMA y/o EC. El novedoso inmunoensayo desarrollado simplifica el screening de la población a gran escala


Introduction: autoimmune diabetes mellitus (ADM) and celiac disease (CD) are chronic, polygenic and multifactorial diseases associated with immune system dysfunction. As it is frequent that a patient presents both pathologies, the simultaneous detection of autoimmunity markers of ADM and CD would be a rational strategy to improve the diagnosis. Objectives: to develop an immunoassay based on Flow Cytometry (FloCMIA multiplex) for the simultaneous and discriminative detection of markers for ADM (GADA and IA-2A) and CD (tTgA). Materials and methods: thirty five serum samples of control individuals and 21 type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients were assayed. A "double bridge" model was used for the assay, incubating the serum samples with a mixture of microspheres containing different amount of internal fluorescence, each one adsorbed with an autoantigen: TrxGAD, TrxIA-2 or H6-tTg, and a mixture of the same biotinilated autoantigens. The immunocomplexes were detected using streptavidinphycoerytrin and then acquired in a flow cytometer. Results: FloCMIA multiplex detected GADA in 76.2% of the patients; IA-2A in 52.38% (analytical sensitivity: 88.24% and 56.25% respectively, and specificity: 85.71%) and tTgA in 42.86% (analytical sensitivity: 50.0%, and specificity: 80.0%). These results were compared with the radioligand binding assay for GADA and IA-2A, detecting 80.95% and 76.19% of the serum samples respectively (100% specificity), and with an ELISA for tTgA detecting 38.1% (97.1% specificity). Conclusions: FloCMIA multiplex allowed detecting and discriminating GADA, IA-2A and/or tTgA, -in a single assay- in serum samples of ADM and/or CD. The novel developed immunoassay simplifies the screening of the large scale population


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Immunoassay , Celiac Disease , Diabetes Mellitus
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762184

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Various immune cells, including eosinophils and neutrophils, are known to contribute to the development of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). However, the current understanding of the role of neutrophils in the development of CRSwNP still remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated risk factors for refractoriness of CRSwNP in an Asian population. METHODS: Protein levels of 17 neutrophil-related mediators in nasal polyps (NPs) were determined by multiplex immunoassay, and exploratory factor analysis using principal component analysis was performed. Immunofluorescence analysis was conducted to detect human neutrophil elastase (HNE) or myeloperoxidase (MPO)-positive cells. Tissue eosinophilic nasal polyp (ENP) and tissue neutrophilia (Neu(high)) were defined as greater than 70 eosinophils and 20 HNE-positive cells, otherwise was classified into non-eosinophilic nasal polyp (NENP) and absence of tissue neutrophilia (Neu(low)). RESULTS: In terms of disease control status, NENP-Neu(low) patients showed the higher rate of disease control than NENP-Neu(high) and ENP-Neu(high) patients. Linear by linear association demonstrated the trend in refractoriness from NENP-Neu(low) to NENP-Neu(high) or ENP-Neu(low) to ENP-Neu(high). When multiple logistic regression was performed, tissue neutrophilia (hazard ratio, 4.38; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-10.85) was found as the strongest risk factor for CRSwNP refractoriness. Additionally, exploratory factor analysis revealed that interleukin (IL)-18, interferon-γ, IL-1Ra, tumor necrosis factor-α, oncostatin M, and MPO were associated with good disease control status, whereas IL-36α and IL-1α were associated with refractory disease control status. In subgroup analysis, HNE-positive cells and IL-36α were significantly upregulated in the refractory group (P = 0.0132 and P = 0.0395, respectively), whereas MPO and IL-18 showed higher expression in the controlled group (P = 0.0002 and P = 0.0009, respectively). Moreover, immunofluorescence analysis revealed that IL-36R⁺HNE⁺-double positive cells were significantly increased in the refractory group compared to the control group. We also found that the ratio of HNE-positive cells to α1 anti-trypsin was increased in the refractory group. CONCLUSIONS: Tissue neutrophilia had an influence on treatment outcomes in the Asian CRSwNP patients. HNE-positive cells and IL-36α may be biomarkers for predicting refractoriness in Asians with CRSwNP. Additionally, imbalances in HNE and α1 anti-trypsin may be associated with pathophysiology of neutrophilic chronic rhinosinusitis.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Immunoassay , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein , Interleukin-18 , Interleukins , Leukocyte Elastase , Logistic Models , Nasal Polyps , Necrosis , Neutrophils , Oncostatin M , Peroxidase , Principal Component Analysis , Rhinitis , Risk Factors , Sinusitis
13.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(3): 518-521, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042525

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to report an outbreak of human toxoplasmosis at a research institution in Londrina, Paraná, from December 2015 to February 2016. Blood samples from 26 symptomatic individuals were collected and the microparticle chemiluminescence immunoassay was performed to detect IgM, IgG and specific IgG avidity test in the official laboratory. A total of 20 people with symptoms and serology compatible with acute toxoplasmosis (IgM positive and IgG with low avidity) were selected as cases, while 45 asymptomatic employees working in the same teams and during the same shifts were selected as controls. All the participants of the investigation answered an epidemiological questionnaire. Three samples of water and one sludge from the institution's supply cisterns, 10 soil samples, 11 plant samples, three cat fecal samples and one domestic feline cadaver were collected for analysis of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for T. gondii. After analyzing the epidemiological data, the consumption of vegetables in the restaurant of the institution was the only variable associated with the occurrence of the disease. In laboratory results, all the samples showed negative results to PCR. The rapid recognition of the outbreak, early notification and investigation could have broken the chain of transmission early, thus preventing the emergence of new cases. In addition, the adoption of good food handling practices could have prevented the occurrence of the outbreak.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um surto de toxoplasmose humana em uma instituição de pesquisa em Londrina, Paraná, no período de dezembro de 2015 a fevereiro de 2016. Amostras de sangue de 26 indivíduos sintomáticos foram coletadas e o imunoensaio de quimioluminescência de micropartículas foi realizado para detectar IgM, IgG e teste de avidez de IgG específica em laboratório oficial. Um total de 20 pessoas com sintomas e sorologia compatíveis com toxoplasmose aguda (IgM positiva e IgG com baixa avidez) foi selecionado como casos, enquanto 45 funcionários assintomáticos que trabalhavam nas mesmas equipes e durante os mesmos turnos foram utilizados como controles. Todos os participantes da investigação responderam a um questionário epidemiológico. Foram coletadas três amostras de água e uma de lodo das cisternas de abastecimento da instituição, 10 de solo, 11 de vegetais, três amostras de fezes de gato e um cadáver de filhote felino doméstico para detecção de T. gondii pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Após análise dos dados epidemiológicos, o consumo de hortaliças no restaurante da instituição foi a única variável associada à ocorrência da doença. Em resultados laboratoriais, todas as amostras apresentaram resultados negativos a PCR. O rápido reconhecimento do surto, notificação e investigação prematura poderia ter quebrado a cadeia de transmissão, evitando assim o surgimento de novos casos. Além disso, a adoção de boas práticas de manipulação de alimentos poderia ter impedido a ocorrência do surto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Cats , Toxoplasma/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Antibodies, Protozoan/blood , Toxoplasmosis/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Brazil/epidemiology , Immunoassay , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Luminescence , Middle Aged
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786354

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The seropositivity rate of hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) antibodies is known to be ≥95% after hepatitis B virus vaccination during infancy. However, a low level or absence of anti-HBs in healthy children is discovered in many cases. Recent studies in adults reported that a reduced anti-HBs production rate is related to obesity.PURPOSE: To investigate whether body mass index (BMI) affects anti-HBs levels in healthy children following 3 serial dose vaccinations in infancy.METHODS: We recruited 1,200 healthy volunteers aged 3, 5, 7, or 10 years from 4-day care centers and 4 elementary schools. All subjects completed a questionnaire including body weight, height, and vaccine type received. Levels of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and anti-HBs in all subjects were analyzed using electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The standardized scores (z score) for each sex and age were obtained using the lambda-mu-sigma method in the 2017 Korean National Growth Charts for children and adolescents.RESULTS: Our subjects (n=1,200) comprised 750 males (62.5%) and 450 females (37.5%). The overall anti-HBs seropositivity rate was 57.9% (695 of 1,200). We identified significant differences in mean BMI values between seronegative and seropositive groups (17.45 vs. 16.62, respectively; P<0.001). The anti-HBs titer was significantly decreased as the BMI z score increased adjusting for age and sex (B=-15.725; standard error=5.494; P=0.004). The probability of anti-HBs seropositivity based on BMI z score was decreased to an OR of 0.820 after the control for confounding variables (95% confidence interval, 0.728–0.923; P=0.001).CONCLUSION: There was a significant association between anti-HBs titer and BMI z score after adjustment for age and sex. Our results indicate that BMI is a potential factor affecting anti-HBs titer in healthy children.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Child , Female , Growth Charts , Healthy Volunteers , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , Humans , Immunoassay , Male , Methods , Obesity , Vaccination
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786135

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of conventional sandblasted, large-grit, acid-etched (SLA) surface coated with a pH buffering solution based on surface wettability, blood protein adhesion, osteoblast affinity, and platelet adhesion and activation.METHODS: Titanium discs and implants with conventional SLA surface (SA), SLA surface in an aqueous calcium chloride solution (CA), and SLA surface with a pH buffering agent (SOI) were prepared. The wetting velocity was measured by the number of threads wetted by blood over an interval of time. Serum albumin adsorption was tested using the bicinchoninic acid assay and by measuring fluorescence intensity. Osteoblast activity assays (osteoblast adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, mineralization, and migration) were also performed, and platelet adhesion and activation assays were conducted.RESULTS: In both the wetting velocity test and the serum albumin adsorption assay, the SOI surface displayed a significantly higher wetting velocity than the SA surface (P=0.000 and P=0.000, respectively). In the osteoblast adhesion, proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization tests, the mean values for SOI were all higher than those for SA and CA. On the osteoblast migration, platelet adhesion, and activation tests, SOI also showed significantly higher values than SA (P=0.040, P=0.000, and P=0.000, respectively).CONCLUSIONS: SOI exhibited higher hydrophilicity and affinity for proteins, cells, and platelets than SA. Within the limits of this study, it may be concluded that coating an implant with a pH buffering agent can induce the attachment of platelets, proteins, and cells to the implant surface. Further studies should be conducted to directly compare SOI with other conventional surfaces with regard to its safety and effectiveness in clinical settings.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Blood Platelets , Calcium Chloride , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Dental Implants , Fluorescence , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Immunoassay , In Vitro Techniques , Miners , Osteoblasts , Serum Albumin , Surface Properties , Titanium , Wettability
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719648

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Automated Fluorescent Immunoassay System (AFIAS) rotavirus assay (Boditech Med Inc., Chuncheon, Korea) is a new rapid antigen test for rotavirus detection. We evaluated the performance of this assay for detecting rotaviruses and their specific genotypes in clinical stool samples. METHODS: AFIAS rotavirus assay was performed in 103 rotavirus-positive and 103 rotavirus-negative stool samples (confirmed by both PCR and ELISA), and its results were compared with those of PCR, ELISA, and immunochromatographic assay (ICA). We evaluated diagnostic sensitivity/specificity, the detectability of rotavirus subtypes, lower limit of detection (LLOD), reproducibility, cross-reactivity, and interference of AFIAS rotavirus assay. RESULTS: Based on PCR and ELISA results, diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of the AFIAS rotavirus assay were both 99.0%. LLOD results showed that the AFIAS assay had sensitivity similar to or greater than ICA and ELISA. High reproducibility was confirmed, and no cross-reactivity or interference was detected. This assay could detect genotypes G1P[8], G2P[4], G3P[8], G4P[6], G4P[8], G8P[4], G8P[8], G9P[4], and G9P[8]. CONCLUSIONS: The AFIAS rotavirus assay showed high reproducibility, sensitivity, and specificity as well as excellent agreement with ELISA, PCR, and ICA. It detected the most common as well as unusual genotypes of rotavirus prevalent in Korea. It could be a useful on-site assay for rapid, convenient, and cost-effective detection of rotavirus infection.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Genotype , Immunoassay , Chromatography, Affinity , Korea , Limit of Detection , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rotavirus Infections , Rotavirus , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763378

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: An estimated 80 million people worldwide are infected with viremic hepatitis C virus (HCV). Even after eradication of HCV with direct acting antivirals (DAAs), hepatic fibrosis remains a risk factor for hepatocarcinogenesis. Recently, we confirmed the applicability of microfibrillar-associated protein 4 (MFAP4) as a serum biomarker for the assessment of hepatic fibrosis. The aim of the present study was to assess the usefulness of MFAP4 as a biomarker of liver fibrosis after HCV eliminating therapy with DAAs. METHODS: MFAP4 was measured using an immunoassay in 50 hepatitis C patients at baseline (BL), the end-of-therapy (EoT), and the 12-week follow-up (FU) visit. Changes in MFAP4 from BL to FU and their association with laboratory parameters including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), platelets, the AST to platelet ratio index (APRI), fibrosis-4 score (FIB-4), and albumin were analyzed. RESULTS: MFAP4 serum levels were representative of the severity of hepatic fibrosis at BL and correlated well with laboratory parameters, especially APRI (Spearman correlation, R²=0.80). Laboratory parameters decreased significantly from BL to EoT. MFAP4 serum levels were found to decrease from BL and EoT to FU with high statistical significance (Wilcoxon p<0.001 for both). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that viral eradication resulted in reduced MFAP4 serum levels, presumably representing a decrease in hepatic fibrogenesis or fibrosis. Hence, MFAP4 may be a useful tool for risk assessment in hepatitis C patients with advanced fibrosis after eradication of the virus.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Antiviral Agents , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biomarkers , Blood Platelets , Extracellular Matrix Proteins , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis , Humans , Immunoassay , Liver Cirrhosis , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e180478, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990192

ABSTRACT

The population of Brazil is currently characterised by many individuals harbouring low-intensity Schistosoma mansoni infections. The Kato-Katz technique is the diagnostic method recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assess these infections, but this method is not sensitive enough in the context of low egg excretion. In this regard, potential alternatives are being employed to overcome the limits of the Kato-Katz technique. In the present review, we evaluated the performance of parasitological and immunological approaches adopted in Brazilian areas. Currently, the diagnostic choices involve a combination of strategies, including the utilisation of antibody methods to screen individuals and then subsequent confirmation of positive cases by intensive parasitological investigations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schistosoma mansoni , Immunoassay
20.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190047, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND DNA- and proteomics-based techniques are currently used to identify a triatomine human blood meal. These methods are time consuming, require access to laboratories with sophisticated equipment, and trained personnel. OBJECTIVES We tested a rapid and specific immunochromatographic assay (that detects human blood in forensic samples) to determine if human blood was present in triatomines and their fecal excreta. METHODS We fed Triatoma rubida human blood (positive control) or mouse blood (negative control) and performed the assay on the abdominal contents and fecal excreta. Triatomine field specimens collected in and around human habitations and excreta were also tested. FINDINGS The assay was positive in triatomines fed human blood (N = 5/5) and fecal excreta from bugs known to have ingested human blood (N = 5/5). Bugs feeding on mice (N = 15/15) and their fecal excreta (N = 8/8) were negative for human blood. Human blood was detected in 47% (N = 23/49) triatomines, representing six different species, collected in the field. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The pilot study shows that this rapid and specific test may have applications in triatomine research. Further study is needed to determine the sensitivity of this assay compared to other well-established techniques, such as DNA- and proteomics-based methodologies and the assay's application in the field.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoassay , Chromatography, Affinity/methods , Triatominae , Pilot Projects
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL