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1.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(4): 280-285, Oct.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528947

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: Some studies have reported the coexistence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and celiac disease (CD). However, the prevalence of anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA and IgG) and their screening value in patients with IBD is not yet clear. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of IgA anti-tTG and its potential correlation with disease status in patients with IBD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 patients with confirmed IBD diagnosis at Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. For each patient, all demographic and clinical data including age, extra intestinal manifestations, underlying diseases, types of diseases, and surgical history were collected. IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase titers were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: None of the patients with IBD were positive for IgA anti-tTG antibodies, with a mean titer of 3.31 ± 1.3 AU/mL. Also, the mean titers were not associated with age, gender and various disease clinical features including the disease history, underlying disease, diagnosis type, extraintestinal manifestations, and surgery history. Conclusion: No significant prevalence pattern of IgA anti-tTG antibody was observed in patients with IBD. Accordingly, serological screening for CeD is not recommended in IBD patients, unless in a relevant clinical CeD suspicion. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Immunoglobulin A , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Celiac Disease , Cohort Studies , Antibodies
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 177-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969968

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of moxibustion on the stem cell factor (SCF)/tyrosine kinase receptor (c-kit) signaling pathway and immune function in rats with diarrhea irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for IBS-D.@*METHODS@#Among 52 young rats born from 6 healthy pregnant SPF rats, 12 rats were randomly selected into the normal group, and the remaining 40 rats were treated with the three-factor combination method of maternal separation, acetic acid enema and chronic restraint stress to establish the IBS-D rat model. Thirty-six rats with successful IBS-D model were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, and a medication group, 12 rats in each group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with suspension moxibustion at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Shangjuxu" (ST 37); the rats in the medication group were treated with intragastric administration of rifaximin suspension (150 mg/kg). All the treatments were given once a day for 7 consecutive days. The body mass, loose stool rate (LSR), the minimum volume threshold when abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) scored 3 were measured before acetic acid enema (35 days old), after modeling (45 days old), and after intervention (53 days old). After intervention (53 days old), HE staining was used to observe the morphology of colon tissue, and spleen and thymus coefficients were measured; ELISA method was used to detect serum inflammatory factors (tumor necrosis factor a [TNF-a], interleukin [IL]-10, IL-8), T-lymphocyte subsets (CD+4, CD+8, CD+45), value of CD+4/CD+8 and immune globulin (IgA, IgG, IgM); real-time PCR method and Western blot method was used to detect the expression of SCF, c-kit mRNA and protein in colon tissue; immunofluorescence staining method were used to detect positive expression of SCF and c-kit.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, in the model group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were decreased (P<0.01), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were increased (P<0.01), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were decreased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, in the moxibustion group and the medication group, the body mass and the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), LSR, spleen and thymus coefficients, serum levels of TNF-α, IL-8, CD+4, CD+8, CD+45, CD+4/CD+8, IgA, IgG, IgM were decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05), serum IL-10 level and protein and mRNA expression of SCF and c-kit in colon tissue were increased (P<0.01), and the positive expression of SCF and c-kit was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the medication group, in the moxibustion group, the level of serum CD+4 was decreased (P<0.05), the value of CD+4/CD+8 was increased (P<0.01), and there was no significant difference in other indexes (P>0.05). The expression of SCF and c-kit mRNA was positively correlated with the minimum volume threshold when AWR scored 3 and IL-10 (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with remaining indexes (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion could reduce visceral hypersensitivity, improve symptoms of abdominal pain and diarrhea in IBS-D rats, and its mechanism may be related to up-regulation of the expression of SCF/c-kit signaling pathway and improvement of IBS-D immune function.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Moxibustion/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-8 , Maternal Deprivation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Diarrhea , Signal Transduction , Homeostasis , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 278-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971073

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of breastfeeding on immune function in infants with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 135 infants with HCMV infection who were admitted to Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2021 to May 2022, and all these infants received breastfeeding. According to the results of breast milk HCMV-DNA testing, the infants were divided into two groups: breast milk HCMV positive (n=78) and breast milk HCMV negative (n=57). According to the median breast milk HCMV-DNA load, the infants in the breast milk HCMV positive group were further divided into two subgroups: high viral load and low viral load (n=39 each). Related indicators were compared between the breast milk positive and negative HCMV groups and between the breast milk high viral load and low viral load subgroups, including the percentages of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD3+CD8+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells), CD4+/CD8+ ratio, IgG, IgM, IgA, and urine HCMV-DNA load.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the percentages of CD3+ T cells, CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD3+CD8+ T cells, and CD19+ B cells, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, IgG, IgM, IgA, and urine HCMV-DNA load between the breast milk HCMV positive and HCMV negative groups, as well as between the breast milk high viral load and low viral load subgroups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Breastfeeding with HCMV does not affect the immune function of infants with HCMV infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Child , Humans , Infant , Breast Feeding , Cytomegalovirus Infections , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Milk, Human , Cytomegalovirus , Immunity , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408427

ABSTRACT

Hace aproximadamente 20 años un grupo de médicos investigadores de Cuba reportaron el empleo de las mediciones del timo por ultrasonografía, como un arma valedera en la evaluación inmunológica de los niños menores de 7 años con cuadros de infecciones frecuentes, fundamentalmente respiratorias. El rango de normalidad propuesto del área de la silueta tímica, es entre 1010,6 - 1425,4 mm2, o sea, 1 218 ± 207,4 mm2. Por debajo y por encima de estos valores se hablaría de hipoplasia e hiperplasia, respectivamente. Se considera hipoplasia grave cuando el área tímica es menor de 500 mm2; moderada cuando se encuentra entre 500 y 799 mm2 y leve cuando se halla entre 800 y 999 mm2. Se propone un algoritmo de diagnóstico y tratamiento que engloba la experiencia clínica de 12 años de trabajo en inmunología clínica pediátrica en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología. Este puede constituir una herramienta útil en las manos de los inmunólogos clínicos pediátricos que adecuarían el tratamiento idóneo para llevar el órgano a su tamaño estándar con la consecuente disminución de los procesos infecciosos y la elevación de los niveles de inmunoglobulina A en los pacientes(AU)


About 20 years ago, a group of Cuban medical researchers reported to the literature the use of measurements of the thymus by ultrasonography, as a valid weapon in the immunological evaluation of children under 7 years of age with frequent infections, mainly respiratory. The range of normality proposed for the area of the thymic silhouette is between 1010.6 - 1425.4 mm2, that is, 1 218 ± 207.4 mm2. Below and above these values, we would speak of hypoplasia and hyperplasia, respectively. Severe hypoplasia is considered when the thymic area is less than 500 mm2; moderate when it is between 500 and 799 mm2 and mild when it is between 800 and 999 mm2. A diagnosis and treatment algorithm is proposed that encompasses the clinical experience of 12 years of work in pediatric clinical immunology at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology. It can be a useful tool in the hands of pediatric clinical immunologists who would adapt the ideal treatment to bring the organ to its standard size with the consequent decrease in infectious processes and the elevation of immunoglobulin A levels in patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Algorithms , Immunoglobulin A , Ultrasonography , Allergy and Immunology , Hematology
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 283-288, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 585 nm Q-switched laser in the treatment of acne inflammatory lesions and postinflammatory erythema.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 patients with moderate facial acne, symmetrical distribution of inflammatory lesions and postinflammatory erythema on both sides of the face, were enrolled. Among the 25 patients, 22 patients completed all the treatment and evaluation, and 3 patients were lost to follow-up. 585 nm Q-switched laser was used on a randomly selected side of the face for three times of treatment at a 2 week interval. The evaluations were made before each treatment, 2 and 4 weeks after the last treatment, therefore the evaluation time points were before the treatment, weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8, respectively, for a total of 5 times. Acne severity was assessed using the investigator' s global assessment (IGA) score, and erythema severity was assessed using the investigator' s subjective erythema score and narrow-spectrum reflectance spectrophotometer at each follow-up.@*RESULTS@#After 3 times of treatment, there was statistically significant difference between the IGA score in week 8 and before treatment on both sides(Z=2.64, P < 0.01; Z=2.67, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in IGA score between the treatment side and the control side before treatment and in week 8 (P=0.59, P=0.26). There was statistically significant difference between the investiga-tor' s subjective erythema score in week 8 and before treatment on the treatment side(Z=4.24, P < 0.01), while no significant difference was showed on the control side(Z=1.73, P=0.08). In week 8, the investigator's subjective erythema score of the treatment side was lower than that of the control side (Z=3.61, P < 0.01). The erythema index of the treatment side was significantly decreased at 5 time points (P < 0.01), and the index decreased significantly in week 8 compared with the index before treatment (P < 0.01), while the erythema index of the control side was not significantly different at 5 time points. The treatment related adverse events included erythema and edema after treatment and pain during treatment, the severity was mild to moderate, which resolved spontaneously within 1 to 3 days. Nine patients were very satisfied with the treatment, 7 patients were satisfied, and 6 patients considered average.@*CONCLUSION@#585 nm Q-switched laser has some effect in the treatment of postinflammatory erythema, and it ensures good tolerance and safety. There was no statistically significant difference between the treatment side and the control side on the improvement of acne inflammatory lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acne Vulgaris/therapy , Erythema/etiology , Face , Immunoglobulin A , Treatment Outcome
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 461-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of miR-424 and miR-765 in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The eighty-one MM patients admitted to Sanya Central Hospital from January 2017 to July 2020 were divided into phase Ⅰ (n=16), phase Ⅱ (n=25) and phase Ⅲ (n=40) according to the international staging system, while they were divided into IgG type (n=46), IgA type (n=19), light chain type (n=10) and non secretory type (n=6) according to the results of immunotyping. Another 50 healthy normal persons in the same period were selected as the control group. The levels of serum miR-424, miR-765 and Cystatin C (Cys-C) were measured in each group. The diagnostic value of serum miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C in MM was estimated by ROC curve. Pearson correlation was used to analyze the correlation between serum levels of miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C in MM patients.@*RESULTS@#The serum levels of miR-424 (2.74±1.30 vs 0.85±0.26), miR-765 (2.05±0.82 vs 0.63±0.17) and Cys-C [(2.18±0.86 vs 0.72±0.15) mg/L] in MM group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.001). The serum levels of miR-424 (5.08±2.36 vs 1.12±0.34, 2.24±0.93), miR-765 (3.50±1.52 vs 0.74±0.20, 1.78±0.65) and Cys-C [(3.81±1.30 vs 0.92±0.24, 1.68±0.55) mg/L] in MM patients at stage Ⅲ were significantly higher than those in patients at stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ (P<0.001). Also the serum levels of the three molecules in phase II were significantly higher than those in phase I (P<0.001). The serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 in MM patients at IgG type were significantly higher than those at IgA, light chain and non secretory types (P<0.001). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (0.952,95%CI: 0.890-0.993) was greatest for the combination of miR-424, miR-765 and Cys-C for diagnosis of MM, and its sensitivity and specificity were 95.0% and 87.2%. The results of correlation analysis showed that the serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 were positively correlated with Cys-C (r=0.795,r=0.760).@*CONCLUSION@#The serum levels of miR-424 and miR-765 in MM patients are significantly increased in the pattern increasing with the progression of MM stage. Combined with Cys-C, miR-424 and miR-765 have high value in the diagnosis of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , MicroRNAs , Multiple Myeloma , ROC Curve
7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 329-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935696

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize changes of serum immunoglobulin levels before and after chemotherapy in children with Burkitt lymphoma (BL), so as to investigate the effects of chemotherapy and rituximab on serum immunoglobulin levels in children with BL. Methods: Clinical data of 223 children with newly diagnosed Burkitt lymphoma at Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2009 to April 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. They were treated according to the modified LMB 89 regimen and some of them received combined rituximab therapy during the chemotherapy. The serum immunoglobulin (IgA, IgM, IgG) before chemotherapy, at the time of discontinuing chemotherapy, as well as 6, 12, 24, 36 months after chemotherapy were collected. Changes of serum IgA, IgM and IgG with time among different treatment groups were compared using repeated measures ANOVA. Results: According to risk group, 223 children were devided into group B(n=53)and group C(n=170). Before chemotherapy, 109 cases (48.9%) were combined with hypogammaglobulinemia. The serum IgA, IgM, and IgG levels of all the patients were (0.9±0.7), 1.2 (0.5, 1.3) and (7.2±2.9) g/L before chemotherapy, (0.5±0.4), 0.2 (0.1, 0.3) and (6.3±2.3) g/L at the time of discontinuing chemotherapy (t=13.63, Z=-11.99, t=4.57, all P<0.05). There were statistical difference in IgA, IgM levels of group B and IgA, IgM, IgG levels of group C before chemotherapy and at the time of discontinuing chemotherapy (t=8.86, Z=-6.28, t=11.19, Z=-10.15, t=4.50, all P<0.05). The differences of serum IgA and IgG levels at the time after chemotherapy among patients treated with chemotherapy alone and those treated with chemotherapy combined rituximab in group B and C were significant (F=5.38, P=0.002 and F=4.22, P=0.007). Conclusions: Approximately half of children with BL have already existed hypogammaglobulinemia at initial diagnosis prior to the start of treatment. The modified LMB 89 regimen have significant effect on humoral immunity of children with BL. In the process of immune reconstruction after chemotherapy, rituximab has more significant effect on serum IgA and IgG levels in BL patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Agammaglobulinemia , Burkitt Lymphoma/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin A/blood , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use
8.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 5(4): 426-432, out.dez.2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399808

ABSTRACT

Relatamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, que iniciou quadro de úlceras em trato gastrointestinal, associado a febre recorrente e diarreia com muco e sangue aos 10 meses de vida, suspeitado inicialmente de doença inflamatória intestinal, no entanto, não apresentou melhora do quadro com terapia imunossupressora, sendo realizada investigação para erro inato da imunidade. Nos exames laboratoriais, apresentou níveis baixos de IgG e IgA e níveis elevados de IgM e neutropenia persistente. Diante disso, foi realizado teste genético que confirmou diagnóstico de síndrome de hiper-IgM ligada ao X. Os erros inatos da imunidade podem se manifestar com doenças do trato gastrointestinal, de forma relativamente frequente, devendo entrar como diagnóstico diferencial de diarreia crônica. Inclusa nesse grupo de doenças, as síndromes de hiper-IgM constituem um grupo heterogêneo de doenças, possuindo em comum níveis significativamente baixos ou ausentes de IgG e IgA e níveis normais ou elevados de IgM, o que predispõe a infecções e febre recorrente; além de outras alterações laboratoriais, como neutropenia, que pode estar associada a úlceras no trato gastrointestinal e proctite, simulando apresentação clínica de doença inflamatória intestinal. Para o paciente relatado, foi iniciada terapia com imunoglobulinas de forma periódica, além de antibioticoprofilaxia para infecções, evoluindo com resposta clínica satisfatória. O artigo possui objetivo principal de alertar para o diagnóstico diferencial de erros inatos da imunidade diante do quadro apresentado, visando o diagnóstico precoce e a instituição da terapia adequada.


We report the case of a male patient, who started with ulcers in the gastrointestinal tract, associated with recurrent fever and diarrhea with mucus and blood at 10 months of life, initially suspected of inflammatory bowel disease, however, he did not improve the condition with immunosuppressive therapy, being investigated for inborn error of immunity. In laboratory tests, he had low levels of IgG and IgA and high levels of IgM and persistent neutropenia. Therefore, a genetic test was performed and confirmed the diagnosis of X-linked hyper IgM syndrome. Inborn errors of immunity can manifest relatively frequently with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and should be included as a differential diagnosis of chronic diarrhea. Included in this group of diseases, hyper-IgM syndromes constitute a heterogeneous group of diseases, having in common significantly low or absent levels of IgG and IgA and normal or high levels of IgM, which predispose to infections and recurrent fever; in addition to other laboratory alterations, such as neutropenia, which may be associated with ulcers in the gastrointestinal tract and proctitis, simulating the clinical presentation of inflammatory bowel disease. For the reported patient, therapy with immunoglobulins was started periodically, in addition to antibiotic prophylaxis for infections, evolving with a satisfactory clinical response. The main objective of the article is to alert to the differential diagnosis of inborn errors of immunity in view of the presented condition, aiming at early diagnosis and the institution of adequate therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Immunoglobulin M , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyper-IgM Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Type 1 , Relapsing Fever , Ulcer , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunosuppression Therapy , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Early Diagnosis , Dihydrotachysterol , Infections
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1047-1057, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345276

ABSTRACT

Colostrum is the main source of immunoglobulins (Ig) for neonate piglets and plays a crucial role within the health and growth of the piglet. Currently in pig farming, there are still no widespread practical methods for measuring the Ig concentration in colostrum at herd level. We evaluated sows' colostrum IgG concentration using an optical and a digital Brix refractometer and their performance was correlated to an IgG ELISA test, and flow cytometry. Colostrum concentrations of IgG and IgA averaged 74.05 ± 21.37mg/mL and 20.2 ± 5.32mg/mL respectively. The mean value of the Brix percentages for optical refractometer was 26.32%, and for digital was 28.32%. The Brix refractometer measurements of colostrum samples presented high correlation for IgG content analyzed by ELISA (Optical = 0.74, Digital = 0.87; P <0.001). Considering the immunophenotyping, the values for IgG and IgA lymphoblasts indicated a highly significant relationship to ELISA (IgG=0.77, IgA=0.84; P<0.001). The Brix refractometer can be considered a useful tool to be included in a colostrum monitoring program to improve potentially neonatal health. In addition, we demonstrated that flow cytometry can be an important tool to analyze and characterize the immunological potential of sow colostrum.(AU)


O colostro é a principal fonte de imunoglobulinas (Ig) para leitões recém-nascidos e desempenha um papel crucial na saúde e no crescimento dos leitões. Atualmente, na suinocultura, ainda não existem métodos amplamente utilizados na prática de produção para medir a concentração de imunoglobulinas no colostro suíno. Avaliou-se a concentração de IgG no colostro de porcas usando refratômetros Brix óptico e digital, e o desempenho foi comparado com ELISA e citometria de fluxo. As concentrações de IgG e IgA no colostro foram 74,05 ± 21,37mg/mL e 20,2 ± 5,32mg/mL, respectivamente. A percentagem de Brix média das amostras de colostro para o refratômetro óptico foi 26,32%, e para o digital foi 28,32%. As medições dos refratômetros de Brix apresentaram elevada correlação com a concentrações de IgG medidas por ELISA (óptico=0,74, digital=0,87; P<0,001). Considerando a imunofenotipagem, os valores dos linfoblastos IgG e IgA apresentaram alta correlação com o ELISA (IgG=0,77, IgA=0,84; P<0,001). O refratômetro Brix pode ser considerado uma ferramenta útil para ser incluída em um programa de monitoramento de colostro para melhorar a saúde neonatal. Além disso, foi demonstrado que a citometria de fluxo pode ser uma ferramenta importante para analisar e caracterizar o potencial imunológico do colostro de porcas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Immunoglobulin G , Colostrum , Sus scrofa/immunology , Immunoglobulin A , Flow Cytometry/veterinary
10.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e222, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289363

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El linfedema es una enfermedad crónica con un impacto negativo sobre la salud de las personas que lo padecen. Este se considera un problema de salud subestimado y subregistrado, por lo que requiere de mayores esfuerzos investigativos y sanitarios. Objetivo: Identificar las características de algunos parámetros de la inmunidad humoral y celular en pacientes con linfedema del municipio El Cerro. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en 48 pacientes residentes en el municipio Cerro, atendidos en consulta externa del Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular en el período 2011-2015. El grupo se dividió en 24 pacientes con linfedema y 24 sin la enfermedad. A todos se les cuantificaron las concentraciones de las inmunoglobulinas (A, G y M) y de la proteína C reactiva. También se les hizo la prueba de hipersensibilidad retardada. Se utilizó chi cuadrado no paramétrico para asociar el estado inmunológico con la presencia de linfedema, la etiología y los estadios de este. Se trabajó con una confiabilidad del 95 por ciento (p < 0,05). Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo femenino (58,3 por ciento) y los de 60 años y más (29,2 por ciento). Hubo mayor frecuencia de linfangitis recurrentes (70,8 por ciento), con predominio del linfedema secundario en estadio IIb (45,8 por ciento); de afectación del miembro inferior derecho (45,8 por ciento), con una diferencia significativa de las inmunoglobulinas (IgA e IgG); y de frecuencia de pacientes anérgicos (91,7 por ciento), con proteína C reactiva positiva (45,8 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los pacientes con linfedema tienen afectados su sistema inmune, con mayor frecuencia de anérgicos, diminución de las inmunoglobulinas IgA e IgG, y positividad de proteína C reactiva(AU)


Introduction: Lymphedema is a chronic disease with a negative impact on the health of patients with lymphedema. It is considered an underestimated and sub-recorded health problem, which requires greater research and health efforts. Objective: Identify the characteristics of some parameters of humoral and cellular immunity in patients with lymphedema from Cerro municipality. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in 48 patients living in Cerro municipality, who were attended in the external consultation of the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery in the period 2011-2015. The group was divided into 24 patients with lymphedema and 24 patients without the disease. The concentrations of immunoglobulins (A, G and M) and C-reactive protein were quantified in all of them. The test of delayed hypersensitivity was also perfomed. Non-parametric chi-square was used to associate immune state with the presence of lymphedema, etiology and lymphedema stages. Reliability was of 95 percent (p<0.05). Results: Female patients predominated (58.3 percent) and those of 60 years and older (29.2 percent). There was a higher frequency of recurrent lymphangitis (70.8 percent), predominantly stage II b secondary lymphedema (45.8 percent); lower right limb involvement (45.8 percent), with a significant difference of immunoglobulins (IgA and IgG); and frequency of anergic patients (91.7 percent), with positive C-reactive protein (45.8 percent). Conclusions: Patients with lymphedema have their immune system affected, more frequently the anergic ones, a decrease of IgA and IgG immunoglobulins, and positivity of C-reactive protein(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Immunoglobulin A/adverse effects , Hypersensitivity, Delayed , Immune System , Lymphedema/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
11.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(2): 138-142, 20210630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348698

ABSTRACT

A pandemia da COVID-19 tem tido um impacto devastador em todo o mundo e levou ao rápido desenvolvimento de testes diagnósticos. Diferentes tecnologias vêm sendo utilizadas para a detecção de imunoglobulinas frente à infecção por SARS-CoV-2. Ensaios imunoenzimáticos (ELISA), quimioluminescentes e imunocromatográficos estão disponíveis e, no geral, apresentam poder diagnóstico limitado, principalmente para a detecção de IgA. A citometria de fluxo tem surgido como alternativa para o desenvolvimento de métodos sensíveis e específicos para a COVID-19 aplicados para diagnóstico, triagem e estratificação da doença. A citometria de fluxo é uma tecnologia óptica baseada em laser que detecta características físico-químicas de células ou partículas em um fluido heterogêneo. O artigo explora a citometria de fluxo para o diagnóstico da COVID-19 em duas estratégias para a detecção de anticorpos no soro ou plasma, uma utilizando antígenos virais expressos na superfície de células de mamíferos e outra com estes elementos imobilizados em microesferas (beads). A possibilidade de detecção rápida de múltiplos anticorpos simultaneamente, com pequeno volume de amostra e elevada sensibilidade e especificidade, torna a citometria de fluxo uma metodologia promissora para o laboratório clínico, como ferramenta de referência para auxiliar na contenção do processo pandêmico da COVID-19 e futuros eventos similares.


The COVID-19 pandemic has had a devastating impact around the world and has led to the rapid development of diagnostic tests. Different technologies have been used to detect immunoglobulins produced against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Immunoenzymatic (ELISA), chemiluminescent and immunochromatographic assays are available and, in general, they have limited diagnostic accuracy, especially for the detection of IgA. Flow cytometry has emerged as an alternative for the development of sensitive and specific methods for COVID-19 applied for diagnosis, screening and stratification of the disease. Flow cytometry is a laser-based optical technology that detects physicochemical characteristics of cells or particles in a heterogeneous fluid. The article explores flow cytometry for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in two strategies for detecting antibodies in serum or plasma, the first one using viral antigens expressed on the surface of mammalian cells and the other one with these elements immobilized on microspheres (beads). The possibility of rapid detection of multiple antibodies simultaneously, with a small sample volume and high sensitivity and specificity, makes flow cytometry a promising methodology for the clinical laboratory, as a reference tool to help stop the COVID-19 pandemic process and similar future events.


Subject(s)
Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Flow Cytometry , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 53-59, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Pregnant women in a special physiological period, the body's blood indicators will change to a certain extent. This study aims to explore the changes of serum immunoglobulin levels in healthy pregnant women and establish its reference interval (RI).@*METHODS@#A total of 369 healthy pregnant women, who underwent pregnancy examination in the Department of Obstetrics, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from August 2019 to October 2019, were enrolled for this study. They were divided into an early pregnancy group, a middle pregnancy group, and a late pregnancy group according to the pregnancy period, and 123 healthy non-pregnant women were selected as the controls. The levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin A (IgA) were determined by immune transmission turbidities. The level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) was determined by electrochemiluminescence. The differences in immunoglobulin levels between pregnant women and non-pregnant women and among different gestational periods were analyzed, and the RI of serum immunoglobulin level during pregnancy was established.@*RESULTS@#Compared to the non-pregnant women, the levels of serum IgG, IgM, IgA, and IgE in pregnant women were significantly decreased (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#The levels of immunoglobulin in pregnant women are decreased significantly. The establishment of RIs of IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE in healthy pregnant women could provide scientific basis for clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Pregnant Women , Reference Values
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 96-99, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880431

ABSTRACT

In this study, cytometric beads array(CBA) was used to determine the immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials. The bovine-derived acellular dermal matrix was selected as a test sample and implanted into Balb/C mice subcutaneously to 4 weeks according to the high, medium and low dose groups. Four weeks later, IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG3, IgA, and IgM were measured by CBA. The data of the test group and the control group were analyzed statistically. The results showed that compared with the negative control group, there was no significant difference in the IgG3, IgA content in the positive control group, while the IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgM contents were significantly higher than the negative control group; no significant differences were seen in the sample groups. The results show that the method is suitable for analysis of immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Mice , Immunity, Humoral , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred CBA
14.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1): 82-92, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, DIGIUSAC, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1352960

ABSTRACT

Se determinó la respuesta inmunológica a proteínas recombinantes de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes dis-pépticos (adultos y niños), pacientes con cáncer gástrico y sus familiares asintomáticos adultos viviendo con ellos. Se utilizó la prueba recomLine® Helicobacter IgG e IgA, y con base en el reconocimiento de los factores de virulencia VacA y CagA se determinó si la cepa de H. pylori era de tipo I o II. El análisis de los datos fue descriptivo y analítico y se estimaron los intervalos de confianza de 95%, con un nivel de error de 0.05 y Odds ratio. El 58.7% (121/206) de los pacientes presentó la bacteria en tinción histológica de biopsia, positividad que disminuyó con la edad y daño histológico. La frecuencia de la respuesta a los anticuerpos IgG fue mayor que IgA, en ambos casos ésta fue menor en los niños. Las proteínas del H. pylori más reconocidas tanto por IgA como IgG fueron VacA y CagA, y la respuesta a las otras proteínas investigadas fue mayor al aumentar el daño histológi-co. La cepa tipo I fue la que predominó en la población en estudio con 66% (136/206). Se deben continuar con los estudios de prevalencia de la cepa tipo I del H. pylori y del reconocimiento de sus antígenos en la población guatemalteca a fin de determinar su utilidad en el diagnóstico y pronóstico de la infección.


The immune response to recombinant Helicobacter pylori proteins was determined in dyspeptic patients (adults and children), patients with gastric cancer and their asymptomatic adults' relatives living with them. The recomLine® Helicobacter IgG and IgA test was used and based on the recognition of the virulence factors VacA and CagA, it was determined whether the H. pylori strain was type I or II. The data analysis was descriptive and analytic, and 95% confidence intervals were estimated, with an error level of 0.05, and Odds ratio. The patients that presented the bacterium in histological biopsy were 58.7% (121/206), positivity that decreased with age and histological damage. The frecuency of response to IgG antibodies was higher than IgA, in both cases it was lower in children. VacA and CagA were the H. pylori proteins most recognized by both IgA and IgG and it was observed that the number of recognized proteins was greater with increasing histological damage. The type I strain was the one that predominated in the study population 66% (136/206). Prevalence studies of the type I strain of H. pylori ant the recognition of its antigens in the Guatemalan population should continue in order to determine its usefulness in the diagnosis and prognosis of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Helicobacter pylori/immunology , Dyspepsia/immunology , Stomach Neoplasms/microbiology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Recombinant Proteins/analysis , Recombinant Proteins/immunology , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Helicobacter pylori/isolation & purification , Helicobacter pylori/pathogenicity , Dyspepsia/microbiology , Dyspepsia/pathology , Guatemala
15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1349-1353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921058

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of acupoint thread-embedding combined with fluticasone propionate aerosol for chronic persistent bronchial asthma of lung-spleen @*METHODS@#A total of 120 children with chronic persistent bronchial asthma were randomly divided into an observation group (60 cases, 9 cases dropped off) and a control group (60 cases, 7 cases dropped off). The control group was treated with fluticasone propionate aerosol (125 μg per inhalation), twice a day; based on the control group treatment, the observation group was treated with acupoint thread-embedding at Dingchuan (EX-B 1), Feishu (BL 13), Zusanli (ST 36) and Danzhong (CV 17), once half a month. Both groups were treated for 3 months. The pulmonary function, serum IgA, IgE levels and TCM symptom score were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the large airway function (peak expiratory flow [PEF], forced expiratory volume at the first second [FEV1]) and small airway function (maximal expiratory flow at 25% of the forced capacity [MEF25%], maximal expiratory flow at 50% of the forced capacity [MEF50%], maximal expiratory flow at 75% of the forced capacity [MEF75%] and midexpiratory flow 25%-75% [MEF25%-75%]) were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint thread-embedding combined with fluticasone propionate aerosol could improve the pulmonary function, TCM symptoms and serum IgA and IgE levels in children with chronic persistent bronchial asthma of lung-spleen


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Asthma/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Lung
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1073-1076, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1155038

ABSTRACT

Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was analyzed to obtain information on leakage of acute-phase proteins from the blood into the respiratory lumen and about local synthesis. Ceruloplasmin, transferrin, albumin, α1-antitripsin, immunoglobulin G heavy, immunoglobulin G light, immunoglobulin A, haptoglobin, acidic glycoprotein, and P23 were measured in BALF from 30 horses without inflammatory disease by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). In serum, the same proteins were identified except for α1-antitrypsin. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) can be used for the determination of acute-phase proteins in BALF samples from horses. In healthy horses, the values are very low, but they can be compared with reference values to assist in the diagnosis of animals with respiratory diseases.(AU)


O líquido obtido através da lavagem broncoalveolar (LBA) foi analisado para obter informações sobre as proteínas da fase aguda. Ceruloplasmina, transferrina, albumina, α1-antitripsina, imunoglobulina G pesada, imunoglobulina G leve, imunoglobulina A, haptoglobina, glicoproteína ácida e P23 foram medidas nos LBA de 30 cavalos sem doença inflamatória por eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida com dodecilsulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE). No soro, as mesmas proteínas foram identificadas, exceto a α1-antitripsina. Em conclusão, este estudo demonstra que a eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida (SDS-PAGE) pode ser usada para a determinação de proteínas de fase aguda em amostras de LBA em cavalos. Em cavalos saudáveis, os valores são muito baixos, no entanto, podem ser comparados e auxiliar no diagnóstico de animais com doenças respiratórias.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers/analysis , Acute-Phase Reaction/diagnosis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage/veterinary , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Horses , Ceruloplasmin , Haptoglobins , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Glycoproteins
17.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 4(3): 354-359, jul.set.2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1382010

ABSTRACT

Mutações no gene STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) têm sido identificadas como responsáveis pela maioria dos casos sindrômicos da candidíase mucocutânea crônica com herança autossômica dominante (AD). Nesse artigo, descrevemos uma menina de 7 anos que apresentou candidíase da mucosa oral e unhas, além de infecção disseminada da pele e couro cabeludo por Microspora gipseum. Recentemente, a paciente foi diagnosticada e tratada de meningite por Cryptococcus neoformans. Na família não existem outros casos de candidíase. A avaliação imunológica incluiu a detecção de subpopulações de linfócitos (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20 e células NK), assim como a dosagem de IgG, IgA, IgM e IgE, subclasses de IgG e autoanticorpos. Excluindo-se discreta diminuição de CD3, CD4, CD8, NK e leve aumento de IgG1, os demais exames estiveram dentro da normalidade. O sequenciamento do exoma detectou uma rara mutação em heterozigose no exon 14 do domínio de ligação do DNA (DNA-binding domain) do gene STAT1, ocasionando um provável ganho de função (GOF) responsável pela doença (Gly384Asp). Essa variação foi também identificada pelo sequenciamento de Sanger, não estando reportada nos bancos de dados públicos e apresentando elevado potencial de dano (índice CADD=32). Será interessante contarmos com informações clínicas e estudos com outros pacientes para conhecermos mais essa mutação patológica. Além da apresentação do caso, discutiremos as formas de tratamento existentes.


STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1) gene mutations have been identified as responsible for most syndromic cases of chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis with autosomal dominant (AD) inheritance. In this article, we described a 7-year-old girl who presented with candidiasis of the oral mucosa and nails, as well as disseminated infection of the skin and scalp caused by Microsporum gypseum. Recently, the patient was diagnosed and treated for Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis. There are no other cases of candidiasis in the family. The immunological evaluation consisted of detection of subpopulations of lymphocytes (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, and NK cells), as well as measurement of IgG, IgA, IgM, and IgE, IgG subclasses, and autoantibodies. Excluding a slight decrease in CD3, CD4, CD8, NK and a minimal increase in IgG1, the others were within normal limits. Exome sequencing detected a rare heterozygous variation in exon 14 of the DNA-binding domain of the STAT1 gene, causing a probable gain of function (GOF) responsible for the disease (Gly384Asp). This variation was also identified by Sanger sequencing, but it was not reported in public databases and had a high potential for damage (Combined Annotation-Dependent Depletion [CADD] score = 32). Having clinical information and conducting studies of other patients will be helpful to learn more about this pathological mutation. In addition to the presentation of the case, we will discuss the existing forms of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous , Cryptococcus neoformans , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Patients , Autoantibodies , Therapeutics , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Lymphocytes , CD4 Antigens , Exons , CD8 Antigens , Exome , Meningitis , Microsporum
18.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(1): 29-38, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130576

ABSTRACT

La calprotectina fecal se ha afianzado en los últimos años como un marcador útil de las patologías gastrointestinales. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los niveles de calprotectina fecal (CPF), interleuquina-6 (IL-6) y proteína C reactiva (PCR) en tres grupos de pacientes: con diagnóstico de novo de enfermedad celíaca, con diagnóstico previo y dieta libre de gluten (DLG) y un grupo control. Se colectaron muestras de 79 pacientes entre 18 y 65 años. A todos se les determinó CPF, IL-6 y PCR como marcadores de inflamación y anticuerpos anti-transglutaminasa IgA y anti-gliadinas desaminadas IgA e IgG como marcadores serológicos. Se encontraron valores significativamente incrementados de PCR en el grupo de novo (124,06 μg/g) comparados con el grupo con DLG (23,61 μg/g) y el grupo control (16,91 μg/g) respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias entre el grupo con DLG y el negativo (control). Idéntico comportamiento se observó para IL-6 con valores en el grupo de novo de 2,39 μg/dL, 1,74 μg/dL en el grupo con DLG y 1,41 μg/dL en el control negativo. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en el análisis de resultados de PCR. Se encontró una excelente sensibilidad (98,0%) y especificidad (96,6%) en la capacidad de la CPF para diferenciar valores de anti-transglutaminasa IgA superiores o inferiores al punto de corte cuando se estimó el índice de Youden. Se podría considerar a la CPF como un posible marcador sensible para indicar inflamación intestinal de manera no invasiva en la enfermedad celíaca.


The determination of fecal calprotectin has been strengthened in recent years as a useful marker of gastrointestinal pathologies. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of fecal calprotectin (FCP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in three groups of patients: with de novo diagnosis of celiac disease, with previous diagnosis and gluten-free diet (GFD) and a control group. Samples were collected from 79 patients between 18 and 65 years old. In all cases, FCP, IL-6 and RCP were determined as markers of inflammation and anti-transglutaminase IgA and deaminated anti-gliadin IgA and IgG antibodies as serological markers. Significantly more increased FCP values were found in the de novo group (124.06 μg/g) than in the group with DLG (23.61 μg/g) and the control group (16.91 μg/g). No differences were found between the group with GFD and the negative. The same trend was observed for IL-6 with values in the de novo group of 2.39 μg/dL, 1.74 μg/dL in the group with gluten free diet and 1.41 μg/dL in the negative control. No significant differences were found in the analysis of RCP results. Excellent sensitivity (98.0%) and specificity (96.6%) were found in the capability of the FCP to differentiate anti-transglutaminase IgA values higher or lower than the cut-off point when the Youden index was estimated. The FCP could be considered as a possible sensitive marker to indicate intestinal inflammation in a non-invasive manner in celiac disease.


A calprotectina fecal se consolidou nos ultimos anos como um marcador util das patologias gastrointestinais. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os niveis de calprotectina fecal (CPF), interleucina-6 (IL-6) e proteina C-reativa (PCR) em tres grupos de pacientes; com diagnostico de novo de doenca celiaca, com diagnostico previo e dieta livre de gluten (DLG) e um grupo controle. Foram coletadas amostras de 79 pacientes entre 18 e 65 anos. Em todos os casos CPF, IL-6 e PCR foram determinadas como marcadores de inflamacao e anticorpos anti-transglutaminase IgA e anti-gliadinas desaminadas IgA e IgG como marcadores sorologicos. Valores significantemente mais altos de PCR foram detectados no grupo de novo (124,06 μg/g) comparados com o grupo com DLG (23,61 μg/g) e o grupo controle (16,91 μg/g) respectivamente. Nao foram encontradas diferencas entre o grupo com DLG e o negativo (controle). O mesmo comportamento foi observado para IL-6 com valores no grupo de novo de 2,39 μg/dL, 1,74 μg/dL no grupo com DLG e 1,41 μg/dL no controle negativo. Na analise de resultados da PCR nao foram encontradas diferencas significativas. Foram detectadas uma sensibilidade excelente (98,0%) e especificidade (96,6%) na habilidade da CPF para diferenciar valores de anti-transglutaminase IgA superiores ou inferiores ao ponto de corte quando o indice de Youden foi estimado. Poderia ser considerada a CPF como um possivel marcador sensivel para identificar inflamacao intestinal de forma nao invasiva na doenca celiaca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pathology , Diet, Gluten-Free , Antibodies , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Celiac Disease , Interleukin-6 , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Diet
19.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 274-291, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig production are regulated by the local environment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of long-lived plasma cells (LLPCs) and specific survival niches for LLPCs in human nasal polyps.METHODS: Nasal mucosal samples were cultured with an air-liquid interface system and the Ig levels in culture supernatants were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The characteristics of LLPCs in nasal polyps were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The expression of neurotrophins as well as their receptors was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.RESULTS: The numbers of CD138⁺ total plasma cells and BCL2⁺ plasma cells were increased in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps compared with those in normal tissues. The production of IgG, IgA, and IgE was detected in culture supernatants even after a 32-day culture of nasal polyps. Although the total numbers of plasma cells were decreased in nasal polyps after culture, the numbers of BCL2⁺ plasma cells remained stable. The expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, a high-affinity receptor for NGF, was upregulated in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps. In addition, BCL2⁺ plasma cell numbers were positively correlated with NGF and TrkA mRNA expression in nasal mucosal tissues. Polyp plasma cells had the expression of TrkA.CONCLUSIONS: Human nasal polyps harbor a population of LLPCs and NGF may be involved in their prolonged survival. LLPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for suppressing the local Ig production in nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nerve Growth Factor , Nerve Growth Factors , Phosphotransferases , Plasma Cells , Plasma , Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tropomyosin
20.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 100-103, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881514

ABSTRACT

@#INTRODUCTION: Linear IgA bullous disease (LABD) is a rare autoimmune blistering disease characterized by subepithelial bullae and linear IgA deposition along the basement membrane zone of the epidermis. Lesions present as pruritic papulovesicles and tense bullae which may coalesce forming annular or polycyclic urticarial plaques with blistering on the edge of the lesions forming the classic “string of pearls” sign. Lesions may affect the face, trunk, and extensor extremities. Incidence rates range from 0.5 to 2.3 cases per million individuals per year. Due to its rare occurrence, there are only a fewdocumented reports on cases of LABD, particularly in the Filipino population. CASE REPORT: A 33 year-old Filipino female consulted because of a 3-week history of severely pruritic vesicles and crusts on the face, trunk, and arms. Patient noted no gastrointestinal symptoms on consultation. Skin punch biopsy revealed subepidermal blisters with collection of neutrophils at the dermal papillae. Direct immunofluorescence showed strong (+2) deposits of linear IgA at the dermo- epidermal junction in perilesional skin thus validating the diagnosis. The patient’s serum was negative for IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase and IgA antiendomysial antibodies. Patient was treated with topical corticosteroids and Dapsone 50 mgs OD with remarkable improvement. CONCLUSION: Linear IgA bullous disease has very few reported cases especially in the Philippine setting. Dapsone is considered the first-line treatment. The disease may persist for a decade or longer, and relapses may occur. Careful history-taking accompanied by the histological, immunofluorescence, and serological findings must be done to ensure proper treatment and good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Dermatitis Herpetiformis , Linear IgA Bullous Dermatosis , Immunoglobulin A
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