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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880622


OBJECTIVES@#Pregnant women in a special physiological period, the body's blood indicators will change to a certain extent. This study aims to explore the changes of serum immunoglobulin levels in healthy pregnant women and establish its reference interval (RI).@*METHODS@#A total of 369 healthy pregnant women, who underwent pregnancy examination in the Department of Obstetrics, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from August 2019 to October 2019, were enrolled for this study. They were divided into an early pregnancy group, a middle pregnancy group, and a late pregnancy group according to the pregnancy period, and 123 healthy non-pregnant women were selected as the controls. The levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin A (IgA) were determined by immune transmission turbidities. The level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) was determined by electrochemiluminescence. The differences in immunoglobulin levels between pregnant women and non-pregnant women and among different gestational periods were analyzed, and the RI of serum immunoglobulin level during pregnancy was established.@*RESULTS@#Compared to the non-pregnant women, the levels of serum IgG, IgM, IgA, and IgE in pregnant women were significantly decreased (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#The levels of immunoglobulin in pregnant women are decreased significantly. The establishment of RIs of IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE in healthy pregnant women could provide scientific basis for clinical decision-making.

Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Reference Values
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880431


In this study, cytometric beads array(CBA) was used to determine the immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials. The bovine-derived acellular dermal matrix was selected as a test sample and implanted into Balb/C mice subcutaneously to 4 weeks according to the high, medium and low dose groups. Four weeks later, IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG3, IgA, and IgM were measured by CBA. The data of the test group and the control group were analyzed statistically. The results showed that compared with the negative control group, there was no significant difference in the IgG3, IgA content in the positive control group, while the IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgM contents were significantly higher than the negative control group; no significant differences were seen in the sample groups. The results show that the method is suitable for analysis of immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials.

Animals , Cattle , Immunity, Humoral , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred CBA
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1073-1076, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1155038


Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was analyzed to obtain information on leakage of acute-phase proteins from the blood into the respiratory lumen and about local synthesis. Ceruloplasmin, transferrin, albumin, α1-antitripsin, immunoglobulin G heavy, immunoglobulin G light, immunoglobulin A, haptoglobin, acidic glycoprotein, and P23 were measured in BALF from 30 horses without inflammatory disease by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). In serum, the same proteins were identified except for α1-antitrypsin. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) can be used for the determination of acute-phase proteins in BALF samples from horses. In healthy horses, the values are very low, but they can be compared with reference values to assist in the diagnosis of animals with respiratory diseases.(AU)

O líquido obtido através da lavagem broncoalveolar (LBA) foi analisado para obter informações sobre as proteínas da fase aguda. Ceruloplasmina, transferrina, albumina, α1-antitripsina, imunoglobulina G pesada, imunoglobulina G leve, imunoglobulina A, haptoglobina, glicoproteína ácida e P23 foram medidas nos LBA de 30 cavalos sem doença inflamatória por eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida com dodecilsulfato de sódio (SDS-PAGE). No soro, as mesmas proteínas foram identificadas, exceto a α1-antitripsina. Em conclusão, este estudo demonstra que a eletroforese em gel de poliacrilamida (SDS-PAGE) pode ser usada para a determinação de proteínas de fase aguda em amostras de LBA em cavalos. Em cavalos saudáveis, os valores são muito baixos, no entanto, podem ser comparados e auxiliar no diagnóstico de animais com doenças respiratórias.(AU)

Animals , Biomarkers/analysis , Acute-Phase Reaction/diagnosis , Bronchoalveolar Lavage/veterinary , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Horses , Ceruloplasmin , Haptoglobins , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Glycoproteins
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(1): 29-38, mar. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130576


La calprotectina fecal se ha afianzado en los últimos años como un marcador útil de las patologías gastrointestinales. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar los niveles de calprotectina fecal (CPF), interleuquina-6 (IL-6) y proteína C reactiva (PCR) en tres grupos de pacientes: con diagnóstico de novo de enfermedad celíaca, con diagnóstico previo y dieta libre de gluten (DLG) y un grupo control. Se colectaron muestras de 79 pacientes entre 18 y 65 años. A todos se les determinó CPF, IL-6 y PCR como marcadores de inflamación y anticuerpos anti-transglutaminasa IgA y anti-gliadinas desaminadas IgA e IgG como marcadores serológicos. Se encontraron valores significativamente incrementados de PCR en el grupo de novo (124,06 μg/g) comparados con el grupo con DLG (23,61 μg/g) y el grupo control (16,91 μg/g) respectivamente. No se encontraron diferencias entre el grupo con DLG y el negativo (control). Idéntico comportamiento se observó para IL-6 con valores en el grupo de novo de 2,39 μg/dL, 1,74 μg/dL en el grupo con DLG y 1,41 μg/dL en el control negativo. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en el análisis de resultados de PCR. Se encontró una excelente sensibilidad (98,0%) y especificidad (96,6%) en la capacidad de la CPF para diferenciar valores de anti-transglutaminasa IgA superiores o inferiores al punto de corte cuando se estimó el índice de Youden. Se podría considerar a la CPF como un posible marcador sensible para indicar inflamación intestinal de manera no invasiva en la enfermedad celíaca.

The determination of fecal calprotectin has been strengthened in recent years as a useful marker of gastrointestinal pathologies. The objective of this study was to determine the levels of fecal calprotectin (FCP), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in three groups of patients: with de novo diagnosis of celiac disease, with previous diagnosis and gluten-free diet (GFD) and a control group. Samples were collected from 79 patients between 18 and 65 years old. In all cases, FCP, IL-6 and RCP were determined as markers of inflammation and anti-transglutaminase IgA and deaminated anti-gliadin IgA and IgG antibodies as serological markers. Significantly more increased FCP values were found in the de novo group (124.06 μg/g) than in the group with DLG (23.61 μg/g) and the control group (16.91 μg/g). No differences were found between the group with GFD and the negative. The same trend was observed for IL-6 with values in the de novo group of 2.39 μg/dL, 1.74 μg/dL in the group with gluten free diet and 1.41 μg/dL in the negative control. No significant differences were found in the analysis of RCP results. Excellent sensitivity (98.0%) and specificity (96.6%) were found in the capability of the FCP to differentiate anti-transglutaminase IgA values higher or lower than the cut-off point when the Youden index was estimated. The FCP could be considered as a possible sensitive marker to indicate intestinal inflammation in a non-invasive manner in celiac disease.

A calprotectina fecal se consolidou nos ultimos anos como um marcador util das patologias gastrointestinais. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar os niveis de calprotectina fecal (CPF), interleucina-6 (IL-6) e proteina C-reativa (PCR) em tres grupos de pacientes; com diagnostico de novo de doenca celiaca, com diagnostico previo e dieta livre de gluten (DLG) e um grupo controle. Foram coletadas amostras de 79 pacientes entre 18 e 65 anos. Em todos os casos CPF, IL-6 e PCR foram determinadas como marcadores de inflamacao e anticorpos anti-transglutaminase IgA e anti-gliadinas desaminadas IgA e IgG como marcadores sorologicos. Valores significantemente mais altos de PCR foram detectados no grupo de novo (124,06 μg/g) comparados com o grupo com DLG (23,61 μg/g) e o grupo controle (16,91 μg/g) respectivamente. Nao foram encontradas diferencas entre o grupo com DLG e o negativo (controle). O mesmo comportamento foi observado para IL-6 com valores no grupo de novo de 2,39 μg/dL, 1,74 μg/dL no grupo com DLG e 1,41 μg/dL no controle negativo. Na analise de resultados da PCR nao foram encontradas diferencas significativas. Foram detectadas uma sensibilidade excelente (98,0%) e especificidade (96,6%) na habilidade da CPF para diferenciar valores de anti-transglutaminase IgA superiores ou inferiores ao ponto de corte quando o indice de Youden foi estimado. Poderia ser considerada a CPF como um possivel marcador sensivel para identificar inflamacao intestinal de forma nao invasiva na doenca celiaca.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pathology , Diet, Gluten-Free , Antibodies , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Celiac Disease , Interleukin-6 , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Diet
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(supl.1): e853, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280391


Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico es el modelo clásico de enfermedad autoinmune. En el desarrollo de la enfermedad intervienen varios tipos de inmunoglobulinas, con predominio de la IgG, IgM e IgA. Objetivo: Describir la utilidad del cociente albúmina/globulina como un indicador de actividad en el lupus eritematoso sistémico. Desarrollo: Se estima que el 50 por ciento de los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico muestran una hipoalbuminemia con una hipergammaglobulinemia. La hipoalbuminemia en mayor medida está relacionada con la presencia de nefritis lúpica. La mitad de los pacientes con nefritis lúpica presentan proteinuria en el orden del síndrome nefrótico. Esta proteinuria iguala o invierte parcialmente el valor del cociente albúmina/globulina. El cociente albúmina/globulina invertido por sí solo es insuficiente para afirmar la presencia de actividad en el lupus eritematoso sistémico. Se deben excluir otras entidades clínicas causantes de hipergammaglobulinemia policlonal. Los criterios de actividad del lupus eritematoso sistémico incrementan la sensibilidad del cociente albúmina/globulina invertido. Conclusiones: La interpretación del cociente albúmina/globulina debe ir aparejada a la estimación de actividad por los criterios clínicos de mayor uso (SLICC, SLEDAI, BILAG). No en todos los pacientes con lupus eritematoso sistémico puede interpretarse como criterio de actividad, por lo que es necesario excluir otras entidades clínicas(AU)

Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus is the model of autoimmune disease. Several types of immunoglobulins are involved in the development of the disease, mainly IgG, IgM and IgA. Objective: To describe the potential use of the albumin/globulin ratio as an indicator of activity in systemic lupus erythematosus. Development: fifty percent of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus exhibit hypoalbuminemia with hypergammaglobulinemia. Hypoalbuminemia is mainly related to the presence of lupus nephritis. The half of patients with lupus nephritis develops proteinuria with values of nephrotic syndrome. The proteinuria equals or partially reverses the albumin/globulin ratio. The inverted albumin/globulin ratio is insufficient to establish the presence of lupus activity. Other clinical entities producing polyclonal hypergammaglobulinaemia should be excluded. The systemic lupus erythematosus activity criteria increase the sensitivity of the inverted albumin/globulin ratio. Conclusions: The interpretation of the albumin/globulin ratio requires the activity estimation by different clinical criteria (SLICC, SLEDAI, BILAG). The inverted albumin/globulin ratio cannot be interpreted as a stand-alone indicator of disease activity in every systemic lupus erythematosus patients(AU)

Humans , Proteinuria , Autoimmune Diseases , Immunoglobulin A/analysis , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Immunoglobulin M/analysis , Hypoalbuminemia , Hypergammaglobulinemia/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Nephrotic Syndrome , Odds Ratio , Albumins/analysis
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828720


OBJECTIVE@#To study the role of follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) in the pathogenesis of childhood Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and the correlation between them.@*METHODS@#A total of 36 children with newly-diagnosed HSP were enrolled. They were divided into two groups: HSP nephritis (HSPN) group with 11 children and non-HSPN group with 25 children according to the presence or absence of HSPN. Another 15 children who underwent physical examination at the outpatient service were enrolled as the healthy control group. Flow cytometry was used to measure the proportion of Tfh cells (CD4CXCR5ICOS) in peripheral blood. ELISA was used to measure the levels of interleukin-21 (IL-21) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in peripheral blood and the serum levels of IgA1 and Gd-IgA1. A Pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation of serum Gd-IgA1 concentration with Tfh cells and related factors expression in the children with HSP.@*RESULTS@#Both the HSPN and non-HSPN groups had significantly higher proportion of Tfh cells and expression levels of IL-21 and IL-6 in peripheral blood than the healthy control group (P<0.05). The HSPN group had significant increases in the above indices compared with the non-HSPN group (P<0.05). Both the HSPN and non-HSPN groups had significantly higher serum levels of IgA1 and Gd-IgA1 than the healthy control group (P<0.05). The HSPN group had significantly higher serum levels of IgA1 and Gd-IgA1 than the non-HSPN group (P<0.05). In the children with HSP, serum Gd-IgA1 level was positively correlated with Tfh cells proportion and IL-21 and IL-6 levels (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Tfh cells and related cytokines and serum Gd-IgA1 are involved in the development of HSP/HSPN. Tfh cells may mediate the increased production of Gd-IgA1.

Child , Galactose , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Receptors, CXCR5 , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785341


PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig production are regulated by the local environment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of long-lived plasma cells (LLPCs) and specific survival niches for LLPCs in human nasal polyps.METHODS: Nasal mucosal samples were cultured with an air-liquid interface system and the Ig levels in culture supernatants were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The characteristics of LLPCs in nasal polyps were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The expression of neurotrophins as well as their receptors was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.RESULTS: The numbers of CD138⁺ total plasma cells and BCL2⁺ plasma cells were increased in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps compared with those in normal tissues. The production of IgG, IgA, and IgE was detected in culture supernatants even after a 32-day culture of nasal polyps. Although the total numbers of plasma cells were decreased in nasal polyps after culture, the numbers of BCL2⁺ plasma cells remained stable. The expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, a high-affinity receptor for NGF, was upregulated in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps. In addition, BCL2⁺ plasma cell numbers were positively correlated with NGF and TrkA mRNA expression in nasal mucosal tissues. Polyp plasma cells had the expression of TrkA.CONCLUSIONS: Human nasal polyps harbor a population of LLPCs and NGF may be involved in their prolonged survival. LLPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for suppressing the local Ig production in nasal polyps.

Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nerve Growth Factor , Nerve Growth Factors , Phosphotransferases , Plasma Cells , Plasma , Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tropomyosin
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881514


@#INTRODUCTION: Linear IgA bullous disease (LABD) is a rare autoimmune blistering disease characterized by subepithelial bullae and linear IgA deposition along the basement membrane zone of the epidermis. Lesions present as pruritic papulovesicles and tense bullae which may coalesce forming annular or polycyclic urticarial plaques with blistering on the edge of the lesions forming the classic “string of pearls” sign. Lesions may affect the face, trunk, and extensor extremities. Incidence rates range from 0.5 to 2.3 cases per million individuals per year. Due to its rare occurrence, there are only a fewdocumented reports on cases of LABD, particularly in the Filipino population. CASE REPORT: A 33 year-old Filipino female consulted because of a 3-week history of severely pruritic vesicles and crusts on the face, trunk, and arms. Patient noted no gastrointestinal symptoms on consultation. Skin punch biopsy revealed subepidermal blisters with collection of neutrophils at the dermal papillae. Direct immunofluorescence showed strong (+2) deposits of linear IgA at the dermo- epidermal junction in perilesional skin thus validating the diagnosis. The patient’s serum was negative for IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase and IgA antiendomysial antibodies. Patient was treated with topical corticosteroids and Dapsone 50 mgs OD with remarkable improvement. CONCLUSION: Linear IgA bullous disease has very few reported cases especially in the Philippine setting. Dapsone is considered the first-line treatment. The disease may persist for a decade or longer, and relapses may occur. Careful history-taking accompanied by the histological, immunofluorescence, and serological findings must be done to ensure proper treatment and good prognosis.

Dermatitis Herpetiformis , Linear IgA Bullous Dermatosis , Immunoglobulin A
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 39(4): 346-350, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056639


Abstract Background Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder; celiac disease is an autoimmune enteropathy that can mimic any functional gastrointestinal disorder. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of celiac disease antibodies (anti Tissue Transglutaminase-tTG) in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Patients and methods This cross sectional study was conducted on 70 patients with irritable bowel syndrome fulfilling Rome III criteria who visited Azadi Teaching Hospital in Duhok city-Iraq. Patients were classified according to irritable bowel syndrome subtypes into: Diarrhoea Predominant (D-IBS), Constipation Predominant (C-IBS) and Mixed (M-IBS). IgA and IgG anti tTG were used to screen patients for celiac disease. Results A total number of 70 patients (44 females and 26 males) were included; their mean age was 33 years (SD ± 7.64). Five patients (7.1%) were found to have positive both IgA and IgG anti tTG. Three of them have had D-IBS and the other two had C-IBS. No one of the M-IBS patients tested positive. Conclusion The prevalence of anti tTG antibodies in irritable bowel syndrome is high. Patients with D-IBS should be screened for celiac disease.

Resumo Introdução A síndrome do intestino irritável (SII) é um distúrbio gastrointestinal comum; a doença celíaca é uma enteropatia autoimune que pode imitar qualquer distúrbio gastrointestinal funcional. O objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência de anticorpos contra a doença celíaca (antitransglutaminase tecidual - tTG) em pacientes com SII. Pacientes e Métodos Este estudo transversal foi conduzido em 70 pacientes com síndrome do intestino irritável que atendiam aos critérios de Roma III e se apresentaram ao Hospital de Ensino Azadi na cidade de Duhok, no Iraque. Os pacientes foram classificados de acordo com os subtipos de síndrome do intestino irritável em: predominantemente diarreia (D-SII), predominantemente constipação (C-SII) e mista (M-SII). IgA e IgG antitTG foram usados para rastrear pacientes com doença celíaca. Resultados Um total de 70 pacientes (44 mulheres e 26 homens) foram incluídos; a idade média foi de 33 anos (DP ± 7,64). Cinco pacientes (7,1%) apresentaram IgA e IgG antitTG positivos. Três deles tinham D-SII e os outros dois tinham C-SII. Nenhum dos pacientes com M-SII apresentou teste positivo. Conclusão A prevalência de anticorpos antitTG na SII é alta. A presença de doença celíaca deve ser avaliada em pacientes com D-SII.

Humans , Male , Female , Celiac Disease , Celiac Disease/immunology , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Antibodies/immunology , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Iraq
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 38(4): e302, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093425


El diagnóstico de la meningoencefalitis por Angiostrongylus cantonensis se establece por la presencia de las larvas del helminto en el líquido cefalorraquídeo, pero esta evidencia es muy difícil de encontrar ya que las larvas son lábiles en este medio y no se hallan con frecuencia. Debido a que en Cuba, la presencia del parásito se remonta a 1981 y este parásito es el único que puede provocar esta enfermedad en el país, se realiza una revisión con el objetivo de revisar la literatura publicada sobre el tema para acopiar toda la evidencia que ayude al diagnóstico auxiliar de meningoencefalitis eosinofílica. Se propone que el estudio de la síntesis intratecal de IgE y C3c, unido al patrón de síntesis local de IgA+IgG principalmente y de IgG1+ IgG2 resultan las más indicadas. Existen otras proteínas que pudieran auxiliar como la síntesis intratecal de C4 y en menor proporción MBL(AU)

Diagnosis of meningoencephalitis due to Angiostrongylus cantonensis is based on the presence of helminth larvae in cerebrospinal fluid, but such evidence is very hard to find, since the larvae are labile in this medium and cannot be spotted easily. Based on the fact that presence of the parasite in Cuba dates back to 1981, and this is the only agent of the disease in the country, a review was conducted with the purpose of going over the published literature about the topic and gather evidence leading to the auxiliary diagnosis of eosinophilic meningoencephalitis. The study of the intrathecal synthesis of IgE and C3c, alongside the local synthesis pattern for IgA+IgG mainly and IgG1+IgG2, are proposed as the most appropriate. Other useful proteins are the intrathecal synthesis of C4 and to a lesser extent MBL(AU)

Immunoglobulin A , Angiostrongylus cantonensis , Meningoencephalitis , Chronology as Topic
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(1): 54-58, abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1007956


La enfermedad celíaca (EC) es una enfermedad autoinmune sistémica desencadenada por el consumo de gluten de la dieta en personas con susceptibilidad genética. Los principales test serológicos utilizados para el diagnóstico y seguimiento de la EC son pruebas basadas en anticuerpos de isotipo inmunoglobulina (Ig) A, siendo la determinación de IgA anti-transglutaminasa tisular (tTG)2 la prueba serológica inicial de elección. La deficiencia selectiva de IgA (DSIgA), es más prevalente en pacientes con EC que en la población general, dificultando el diagnostico serológico de la enfermedad. En el presente estudio observacional descriptivo, se incluyeron 74 pacientes adultos con diagnóstico confirmado de EC y se determinó IgA anti-tTG2 en suero mediante ensayo de ELISA a fin de detectar a aquellos pacientes con niveles indeterminados o negativos, los cuales podrían presentar DSIgA. Se dosó IgA total en el suero de estos pacientes por inmunodifusión radial y el promedio fue de 237,8 ± 100,6 mg/dL. En una paciente del sexo femenino fue detectada IgA total menor a 7 mg/dL, con niveles séricos de IgG e IgM normales, característicos de la DSIgA. Así, la frecuencia calculada de DSIgA fue de 1,35% en la población con EC estudiada. En conclusión, este trabajo es una primera aproximación para describir la frecuencia de DSIgA en pacientes con EC del país y reafirma la importancia de incluir el dosaje de IgA total en el caso de realizar test serológicos de la EC basados en IgA(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Immunoglobulin A/blood , Celiac Disease/blood , IgA Deficiency/blood , Celiac Disease/complications , Celiac Disease/immunology , Cross-Sectional Studies , IgA Deficiency/complications , IgA Deficiency/epidemiology
Rev. patol. trop ; 48(2): 109-120, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025836


Although microscopic alterations have been detected in tongues and salivary glands of chagasic patients and the identification of biomarkers in saliva has proved advantageous, there are no studies evaluating tongue function and total salivary IgA, IgG and IgM levels in chronic chagasic patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate tongue function, salivary flow rate, and total salivary IgA, IgG and IgM levels comparing chronic and non-infected individuals. 37 patients were selected: chronic cardiac chagasic patients (n=6), chronic chagasic patients with the associated form of the disease (cardiopathy and megaesophagus) (n=11), and non-chagasic individuals (n=20). The tongue function underwent a phonoaudiological evaluation. The salivary flow rate was measured by sialometry. The total salivary IgA, IgG and IgM levels were evaluated by sandwich ELISA assay. Chagasic patients with the associated form of the disease presented higher salivary flow rate and lower salivary protein levels. No significant differences were noted in the lingual function or in the total salivary immunoglobulin levels among the groups. Although patients with chagasic megaesophagus presented higher levels of salivary flow and lower salivary protein, the fact that there were no significant differences in lingual function and total salivary immunoglobulin levels among the groups led to the conclusion that chronic chagas disease does not modify the lingual function or the total IgA, IgG and IgM salivary levels. The present study was the first to evaluate the function of the tongue and salivary total immunoglobulin levels in Chagas disease.

Salivary Gland Diseases , Salivary Glands , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Chagas Disease
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(3): 408-412, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1009549


Objective: The present work aimed to correlate the levels of IgA antibodies reactive with Streptococcus mutans antigens in the saliva and/or in the breast milk and the oral health of lactating. Material and Methods: Breast milk and whole saliva samples were collected from 29 lactating. The oral health was verified using Decayed, Missing, Filled (DMF) scores and the volunteers were separated in three groups: 1) low DMF score; 2) high DMF score with active caries and 3) high DMF score without active caries. The IgA antibodies anti-Streptococcus mutans were analyzed in the samples using ELISA technique. Results: The results showed similar levels of IgA antibodies in all groups, both in milk and saliva. No correlation could be confirmed between the levels of IgA in the saliva and in the breast milk with the oral health of lactating studied. Conclusion: The results suggest that, independently of mother's oral health, the newborn receive the same amounts of anti-Streptococcus mutans IgA by breastfeeding. (AU)

Objetivo: O presente trabalho objetivou correlacionar os níveis de anticorpos IgA reativos com antígenos de Streptococcus mutans na saliva e / ou no leite materno com a saúde bucal de mulheres em lactação. Material e Métodos: Amostras de leite materno e saliva total foram coletadas de 29 lactantes. A saúde bucal foi analisada utilizando os índices de CPO e os voluntários foram separados em três grupos: 1) baixo escore de CPO; 2) alto escore de CPO com cárie ativa e 3) alto escore de CPO sem cárie ativa. Os anticorpos IgA anti-Streptococcus mutans foram analisados pela técnica de ELISA. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram níveis semelhantes de anticorpos IgA em todos os grupos, tanto no leite como na saliva. Nenhuma correlação pôde ser confirmada entre os níveis de IgA na saliva e no leite materno com a saúde bucal das mulheres estudadas. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem que, independentemente da saúde bucal da mãe, o recém-nascido recebe as mesmas quantidades de IgA anti-Streptococcus mutans pela amamentação. (AU)

Saliva , Streptococcus mutans , Immunoglobulin A , Milk, Human
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719645


BACKGROUND: Several factors, including clinical manifestations and laboratory data, have been used to evaluate the disease activity of Sjögren's syndrome (SS). We investigated saliva indicators of disease activity in primary SS patients. METHODS: We enrolled 138 Taiwanese patients with primary SS and 100 Taiwanese normal controls. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-17A, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and rheumatoid factor (RF)-IgA levels in saliva samples were measured using ELISA or fluorescent enzyme-linked immunoassay. Serum IgG, IgA, and IgM levels were measured by nephelometry. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was measured with an automatic ESR analyzer. The t-test and Pearson correlation test were used. RESULTS: IL-6 level was higher in primary SS patients than in normal controls (14.23±14.77 vs 9.87±7.32, P=0.012), but there were no significant differences in IL-17A, TNF-α, and RF-IgA levels. In primary SS patients, IL-6 level correlated weakly with ESR and IgG levels (r=0.252, P=0.015, and r=0.248, P=0.017, respectively), and TNF-α level correlated weakly with IgG level (r=0.231, P=0.024). CONCLUSIONS: IL-6 may play a role in SS pathogenesis. Saliva IL-6 might be an indicator of disease activity in primary SS patients.

Blood Sedimentation , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoassay , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Nephelometry and Turbidimetry , Rheumatoid Factor , Saliva , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719417


PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify novel plasma biomarkers for distinguishing nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients from healthy individuals who have positive Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral capsid antigen (VCA-IgA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-four plasma cytokines were analyzed by a Cytokine Array in eight healthy individuals with positive EBV VCA-IgA and eight patients with NPC. Real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunohistochemistry were employed to detect the expression levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and CC chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) in NPC cell lines and tumor tissues. Plasma MIF and CCL3 were measured by ELISA in 138 NPC patients, 127 EBV VCA-IgA negative (VN) and 100 EBV VCA-IgA positive healthy donors (VP). Plasma EBV VCA-IgA was determined by immunoenzymatic techniques. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 174 cytokines varied significantly between the VP and NPC group. Plasma MIF and CCL3 were significantly elevated in NPC patients compared with VN and VP. Combination of MIF and CCL3 could be used for the differential diagnosis of NPC from VN cohort (area under the curve [AUC], 0.913; sensitivity, 90.00%; specificity, 80.30%), and combination of MIF, CCL3, and VCA-IgA could be used for the differential diagnosis of NPC from VP cohort (AUC, 0.920; sensitivity, 90.00%; specificity, 84.00%), from (VN+VP) cohort (AUC, 0.961; sensitivity, 90.00%; specificity, 92.00%). Overexpressions of MIF and CCL3 were observed in NPC plasma, NPC cell lines and NPC tissues. CONCLUSION: Plasma MIF, CCL3, and VCA-IgA combination significantly improves the diagnostic specificity of NPC in high-risk individuals.

Biomarkers , Blotting, Western , Capsid , Cell Line , Chemokine CCL3 , Cohort Studies , Cytokines , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunohistochemistry , Macrophages , Plasma , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tissue Donors
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786124


Anti–glomerular basement membrane (GBM) nephritis is characterized by circulating anti-GBM antibodies and crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) with deposition of IgG along the GBM. In a limited number of cases, glomerular immune complexes have been identified in anti-GBM nephritis. A 38-year-old female presented azotemia, hematuria, and proteinuria without any pulmonary symptoms. A renal biopsy showed crescentic GN with linear IgG deposition along the GBM and mesangial IgA deposition. The patient was diagnosed as concurrent anti-GBM nephritis and IgA nephropathy. Therapies with pulse methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide administration were effective. Concurrent cases of both anti-GBM nephritis and IgA nephropathy are rare among cases of anti-GBM diseases with deposition of immune complexes. This rare case of concurrent anti-GBM nephritis and IgA nephropathy with literature review is noteworthy.

Adult , Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease , Antibodies , Antigen-Antibody Complex , Azotemia , Basement Membrane , Biopsy , Cyclophosphamide , Female , Glomerulonephritis , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Hematuria , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Methylprednisolone , Nephritis , Proteinuria
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765984


PURPOSE: Upper respiratory tract infections are major causes of the common cold throughout the world. Cordyceps militaris (C. militaris) is a well-known functional food for its anti-fatigue and immunomodulating activities. On the other hand, there are no reports on the protective effect against upper respiratory tract infections (URI). This study was a 12 week randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial in healthy volunteers. METHODS: A total of 100 subjects 20 ~ 70 years of age with a history of at least two colds in the year were enrolled in the study. The participants were required to record any adverse events and rate any cold-related incidents in a diary during the investigation period. The efficacy end point was the symptoms and incidence of URI, and changes in cytokines, IgA and natural killer (NK) cell activity. RESULTS: The Cordyceps militaris group over 12 weeks showed no significant impact on the incidence and symptomatology of URI compared to the placebo group. On the other hand, the experimental group showed significantly higher NK cell activity (p = 0.047) and IgA level (p = 0.035) compared to the placebo group. The NK-cell activity and IgA level were increased significantly by Cordyceps militaris over 12 weeks. CONCLUSION: The results suggest the possible beneficial immunomodulating effects, but the protective effects on URI could not be demonstrated under these conditions. Additional research will be needed to determine the efficacy and mechanisms of Cordyceps militaris function.

Adult , Common Cold , Cordyceps , Cytokines , Functional Food , Hand , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Incidence , Killer Cells, Natural , Respiratory Tract Infections
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 647-652, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774775


BACKGROUND@#Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common pathological type of glomerular disease. Kidney biopsy, the gold standard for IgAN diagnosis, has not been routinely applied in hospitals worldwide due to its invasion nature. Thus, we aim to establish a non-invasive diagnostic model and determine markers to evaluate disease severity by analyzing the serological parameters and pathological stages of patients with IgAN.@*METHODS@#A total of 272 biopsy-diagnosed IgAN inpatients and 518 non-IgA nephropathy inpatients from the Department of Nephrology of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital were recruited for this study. Routine blood examination, blood coagulation testing, immunoglobulin-complement testing, and clinical biochemistry testing were conducted and pathological stages were analyzed according to Lee grading system. The serological parameters and pathological stages were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to estimate the diagnostic value of the clinical factors. Logistic regression was used to establish the diagnostic model.@*RESULTS@#There were 15 significantly different serological parameters between the IgAN and non-IgAN groups (all P < 0.05). The ROC analysis was performed to measure the diagnostic value for IgAN of these parameters and the results showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of total protein (TP), total cholesterol (TC), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D2), immunoglobulin A (IgA), and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were more than 0.70. The AUC of the "TC + FIB + D2 + IgA + age" combination was 0.86, with a sensitivity of 85.98% and a specificity of 73.85%. Pathological grades of I, II, III, IV, and V accounted for 2.21%, 17.65%, 62.50%, 11.76%, and 5.88%, respectively, with grade III being the most prevalent. The levels of urea nitrogen (UN) (13.57 ± 5.95 vs. 6.06 ± 3.63, 5.92 ± 2.97, 5.41 ± 1.73, and 8.41 ± 3.72 mmol/L, respectively) and creatinine (Cr) (292.19 ± 162.21 vs. 80.42 ± 24.75, 103.79 ± 72.72, 96.41 ± 33.79, and 163.04 ± 47.51 μmol/L, respectively) were significantly higher in grade V than in the other grades, and the levels of TP (64.45 ± 7.56, 67.16 ± 6.94, 63.22 ± 8.56, and 61.41 ± 10.86 vs. 37.47 ± 5.6 mg/d, respectively), direct bilirubin (DB) (2.34 ± 1.23, 2.58 ± 1.40, 1.91 ± 0.97, and 1.81 ± 1.44 vs. 0.74 ± 0.57 μmol/L, respectively), and IgA (310.35 ± 103.78, 318.48 ± 107.54, 292.58 ± 81.85, and 323.29 ± 181.67 vs. 227.17 ± 68.12 g/L, respectively) were significantly increased in grades II-V compared with grade I (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The established diagnostic model that combined multiple factors (TC, FIB, D2, IgA, and age) might be used for IgAN non-invasive diagnosis. TP, DB, IgA, Cr, and UN have the potential to be used to evaluate IgAN disease severity.

Adult , Biomarkers , Blood , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Cholesterol , Blood , Creatinine , Blood , Female , Fibrinogen , Metabolism , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Blood , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Blood , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , ROC Curve
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774107


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of galactose-deficient IgA1 (Gd-IgA1) in the early diagnosis of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 67 hospitalized children who were definitely diagnosed with HSPN between January and April 2018 and 58 hospitalized children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) were enrolled in the study. Twenty children undergoing routine physical examinations served as controls. The levels of serum and urine Gd-IgA1 were determined using ELISA. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the value of serum Gd-IgA1 and urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio in the diagnosis of HSPN.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum Gd-IgA1 and urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio in children with HSP or HSPN were significantly higher than those in healthy control group (P<0.01), with a significantly greater increase observed in children with HSPN (P<0.01). Serum Gd-IgA1 ≥1 485.57 U/mL and/or urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio ≥105.74 were of favorable value in the diagnosis of HSPN. During the six-month follow-up of the 49 children with HSP, the incidence of HSPN was 47% (23/49), which included a 100% incidence in children with serum Gd-IgA1 ≥1 485.57 U/mL and a 73% incidence in children with urine Gd-IgA1/urine creatinine ratio ≥105.74.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum and urine Gd-IgA1 is of favorable clinical value in the early diagnosis of HSPN.

Child , Early Diagnosis , Galactose , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch