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Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC5478, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142868


ABSTRACT A 33-year-old male with house dust mite allergic rhinitis and asthma reported an episode of facial and lip angioedema, dyspnea, cough and dysphagia at the age of 25, minutes after eating a mushroom ( Agaricus bisporus ) pizza. He denied any drug intake, hymenoptera stings or other possible triggers, and no identifiable cofactors were present. Since then he avoided all types of mushrooms, however an accidental contact occurred with mushroom sauce that resulted in angioedema of the lip within minutes. The allergy workup included measurements of total IgE and specific IgE to mushroom, and skin prick test to aeroallergens sources, possible food allergen sources and mushroom extract, a prick to prick test with raw and cooked A. bisporus , in addition to a SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting assay. The study revealed a specific IgE to mushroom of 0.76kUA/L positive skin prick test to mushroom extract, and prick to prick test positive to white and brown A. bisporus (raw and cooked). The immunoblotting identified two IgE binding proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa. We report a case of A. bisporus anaphylaxis probably due to primary mushroom sensitization. We detected two IgE-reactive proteins with 10kDa and 27kDa as possible culprit allergens.

RESUMO Paciente do sexo masculino, 33 anos, com asma e rinite alérgica desencadeadas por ácaros, relatou episódio de angioedema facial e labial, dispneia, tosse e disfagia aos 25 anos, minutos após a ingestão de uma pizza de cogumelo ( Agaricus bisporus ). O paciente negou consumo de medicamentos, picadas de himenópteros, ou quaisquer outros possíveis desencadeadores ou cofatores que pudessem estar presentes. Desde então, evita todos os tipos de cogumelos, até a ocorrência de um contato acidental com molho de cogumelo, que resultou em angioedema labial minutos após. O estudo imunoalergológico incluiu doseamento de IgE total e específica para cogumelos, testes cutâneos para aeroalérgenos, possíveis alérgenos alimentares e extrato de cogumelos, teste prick to prick com A. bisporus cru e cozido e teste de SDS-PAGE immunoblotting . O estudo revelou IgE específica para cogumelos de 0,76kUA/L, teste cutâneo positivo para extrato de cogumelos e teste prick to prick positivo para A. bisporus branco e castanho (cru e cozido). O immunoblotting identificou duas proteínas de ligação de IgE, de 10kDa e 27kDa. Relatamos, assim, um caso de anafilaxia por ingestão de A. bisporus , provavelmente explicado por sensibilização primária a cogumelos. Detectamos duas proteínas IgE-reativas de 10kDa e 27kDa como os possíveis alérgenos responsáveis.

Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Cats , Agaricus , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/immunology , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Angioedema/etiology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests , Allergens , Alternaria , Flour , Anaphylaxis/chemically induced
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 549-552, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054854


Abstract Background Nipple eczema is a less common presentation of atopic dermatitis. No studies in the literature have correlated nipple eczema in pregnancy as a manifestation of atopic dermatitis. Objective To evaluate whether nipple eczema presenting in pregnancy is a manifestation of atopic dermatitis. Methods This was a prospective observational study including 100 women who presented with nipple eczema for the first time during pregnancy. The exclusion criteria were any patient with previous history of nipple eczema, those already on oral or topical treatment for atopic dermatitis or nipple eczema, and other disorders mimicking eczema. Patients were divided into two groups ‒ nipple eczema with atopic dermatitis and without atopic dermatitis. Demographic data, clinical features, total leukocyte count, differential leukocyte count, absolute eosinophil counts, and serum IgE levels were compared between the two groups to detect association between nipple eczema in pregnancy and atopic dermatitis. Results Out of 100 patients, 39 were diagnosed with atopic dermatitis, whereas 61 were ruled out to have any features suggestive of atopic dermatitis. There were no statistically significant differences in mean age, mean duration of symptoms, and serum IgE levels. In patients with atopic dermatitis, bilateral symptoms were noted more commonly than in patients without the disease, but this was statistically insignificant. Study limitations Lack of long term follow-up and no large studies in literature to compare results. Conclusion Nipple eczema in pregnancy follows a similar pattern as in other age groups. The clinical profile of patients is similar in cases with and without atopic dermatitis.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Breast Diseases/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Eczema/pathology , Nipples/pathology , Pregnancy Complications/pathology , Breast Diseases/diagnosis , Breast Diseases/blood , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Prospective Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/diagnosis , Dermatitis, Atopic/blood , Eczema/diagnosis , Eczema/blood , India , Leukocyte Count , Neutrophils
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(7): 971-976, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013016


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the relations of T lymphocytes, cytokines, immunoglobulin E, and nitric oxide with otitis media with effusion (OME) in children and their clinical significances. METHODS Fifty children with OME treated in our hospital were enrolled in the study (observation group). Fifty healthy children were selected as control. The percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte and CD4+/CD8+ ratio in peripheral blood, and the levels of cytokine (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, immunoglobulin E (IgE) and nitric oxide (NO) in peripheral blood and middle ear effusion (MEE) in both groups were detected. The correlations of these indexes with OME were analyzed. RESULTS The percentage of peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ levels, CD4+/CD8 ratio, IgE, and NO levels in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.01). In the observation group, the IL-2 and IL-6 levels, and IgE and NO levels in the MEE were significantly higher than those in peripheral blood (P < 0.01). In addition, in the observation group, the MEE IL-2 and IL-6 levels were positively correlated with peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio, respectively r = 0.366, P = 0.009; r = 0.334, P = 0.018. CONCLUSIONS The levels of peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes and MEE IL-2, IL-6, IgE, and NO levels are increased in children with OME. These indexes have provided significant clues for the diagnosis of OME in children.

RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar as relações entre linfócitos T, citocinas, imunoglobulina E e óxido nítrico e a otite média com efusão (OME) em crianças e sua significância clínica. MÉTODOS Cinquenta crianças com OME tratadas em nosso hospital foram incluídas no estudo (grupo de observação). Selecionamos também 50 crianças saudáveis como controle. As porcentagens de linfócitos T CD4 + e CD8 + e a razão CD4+/CD8+ no sangue periférico, além dos níveis das citocinas IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, imunoglobulina E (IgE) e óxido nítrico (NO) no sangue periférico e de efusão no ouvido médio (MEE) de ambos os grupos foram medidos. A correlação desses índices com a OME foi analisada. RESULTADOS A porcentagem dos níveis de CD4+ e CD8 +, da razão CD4+/CD8+, de IgE e NO no sangue periférico do grupo de observação foram significativamente maiores do que no grupo controle (P < 0,01). No grupo de observação, os níveis de IL-2 e IL-6, IgE e NO em MEE foram significativamente maiores do que no sangue periférico (P < 0,01). Além disso, no grupo de observação, foi encontrada uma correlação positiva entre os níveis de IL-2 e IL-6 em MEE e a razão de CD4+/CD8+no sangue periférico, respectivamente, r = 0,366, P = 0,009; r = 0,334, P = 0,018. CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de linfócitos CD4 + e CD8 + no sangue periférico e IL-2, IL-6, IgE e NO em MEE são mais altos em crianças com OME. Esses índices forneceram evidências valiosas para o diagnóstico de OME em crianças.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Otitis Media with Effusion/blood , Immunoglobulin E/blood , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cytokines/blood , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Nitric Oxide/blood , Reference Values , Tympanic Membrane/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Flow Cytometry
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 428-431, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975595


Abstract Introduction Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common allergic diseases that cause a decrease in quality of life. Over the last decades, the increase in the number of cases is supposed to be a result of industrialization and lifestyle changes. Vitamin D, which is a steroid hormone, has a significant immunomodulatory and antioxidant role in the human body. Objective The objective of the present study is to investigate the role of 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels in allergic rhinitis patients and to compare them to the levels found in the healthy population. Methods A total of 256 participants were included in the present study. Allergic rhinitis is diagnosed with the help of the Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines confirmed through skin prick tests. Control subjects were selected among people without allergy history, which was also confirmed through skin prick tests. The levels of 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, immunoglobulin E (IgE), and eosinophil counts were measured in blood samples from both groups. Results The mean value of serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 was 25.5 ± 3.74 in the allergic rhinitis group, and 31.58 ± 3.85 in the control subjects. This difference reveals statistically-decreased levels in the allergic rhinitis group (p< 0.05). The total IgE levels are increased in the allergic rhinitis group (p< 0.05) and negatively correlated with the serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (r = - 0.259, p< 0.05). Conclusion Lower serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 were detected in the allergic rhinitis population. This data is also correlated to the IgE response in the study group. A supplement of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in deficient patients might be helpful to relieve symptoms and signs of allergic rhinitis, but further studies are needed.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cholecalciferol/blood , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Turkey , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 94(3): 279-285, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954621


Abstract Objective To compare serum concentrations of specific IgE and mean papule diameters induced in the immediate skin reactivity test with cow's milk and its fractions with results of the oral challenge test, and to establish cutoff points capable of predicting clinical reactivity to cow's milk in patients treated at a referral service. Methods One hundred and twenty-two children (median of 17 months) with a history of immediate reactions to cow's milk and presence of specific IgE for cow's milk and/or its fractions (positive skin and/or IgE serum tests) were submitted to open oral challenge test with cow's milk. Results The oral challenge test was positive in 59.8% of the children, 49% of whom were males. Serum levels of specific IgE, as well as mean cow's milk papule diameters, were significantly higher in allergic patients (medians: 3.39 kUA/L vs. 1.16 kUA/L, 2.5 mm vs. 0 mm). The optimal cutoff points (Youden's index) of serum IgE specific for cow's milk and its fractions capable of predicting cow's milk reactivity (positive oral challenge test) were: 5.17 kUA/L for cow's milk, 0.95 kUA/L for α-lactalbumin, 0.82 kUA/L for β-lactoglobulin, and 0.72 kUA/L for casein, whereas for papule diameters the cutoff points were 3.5 mm for cow's milk and 6.5 mm, 9.0 mm, and 3.0 mm for the α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin, and casein fractions, respectively. Conclusions The cutoff points capable of predicting clinical reactivity to cow's milk were: 5.17 kUA/L for serum-specific IgE and 3.5 mm for papule diameter measurement, values considered discriminatory for the diagnosis of cow's milk allergy.

Resumo Objetivo Comparar concentrações séricas de IgE específica e diâmetros médios das pápulas induzidas no teste cutâneo de leitura imediata com leite de vaca e suas frações com resultados do teste de provocação oral e estabelecer pontos de corte, capazes de predizer reatividade clínica ao leite de vaca em pacientes atendidos em um serviço de referência. Métodos Cento e vinte e duas crianças (mediana 17 meses), com história de reações imediatas ao leite de vaca e presença de IgE específicas para leite de vaca e/ou frações (testes cutâneos e/ou IgE sérica positivos) foram submetidas ao teste de provocação oral aberto com leite de vaca. Resultados O teste de provocação oral foi positivo em 59,8% das crianças, 49% eram do sexo masculino. Os níveis séricos de IgE específica, assim como os diâmetros médios das pápulas para leite de vaca, foram significantemente maiores nos alérgicos (medianas: 3,39kUA/L vs. 1,16 kUA/L; 2,5 mm vs. 0 mm). Os "pontos de corte ótimos" (Índice de Youden) das IgE séricas específicas para o leite de vaca e suas frações capazes de predizer a reatividade ao leite de vaca (teste de provocação oral positivo) foram: 5,17kUA/L para o leite de vaca, 0,95 kUA/L para α-lactoalbumina, 0,82kUA/L para β-lactoglobulina e 0,72kUA/L para caseína e para os diâmetros de pápulas foram 3,5 mm para leite de vaca e 6,5 mm, 9,0 mm e 3,0 mm para as frações α-lactoalbumina, β-lactoglobulina e caseína, respectivamente. Conclusões Os níveis de corte capazes de predizer reatividade clínica ao leite de vaca foram: 5,17kUA/L para IgE sérica específica e 3,5 mm para a medida do diâmetro da pápula, valores considerados discriminatórios para o diagnóstico da alergia ao leite de vaca.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests/methods , Milk Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Milk Hypersensitivity/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Data Accuracy
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(3): 192-197, jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950009


Antecedentes. Las exacerbaciones de asma continúan siendo una causa de hospitalización en el Servicio de Urgencias. Los desencadenantesson alérgenos e infecciones, principalmente, de tipo viral. El objetivo fue determinar la relación entre los virus detectados durante la exacerbación asmática y los niveles de eosinófilos e inmunoglobulina E (IgE) sérica en pacientes pediátricos. Población y métodos. Estudio transversal analítico. Se incluyeron niños de cinco a quince años atendidos en Urgencias de Pediatría con exacerbación de asma, en el período de marzo de 2013 a febrero de 2016. Se obtuvo ácido ribonucleico viral en el aspirado nasofaríngeo con el kit CLART PneumoVir. Se cuantificaron los eosinófilos en la sangre periférica y los niveles de IgE sérica total. Se consideró eosinofilia un conteo ≥ 0,4 x 103/mm3 e IgE elevada, ≥ 350 UI/L. Se realizó la correlación de Pearson. Se definió significancia con valor de p ≤ 0,05.Resultados. De 211 niños con exacerbación de asma, en el 20%, se aisló un virus. Los virus aislados más frecuentemente fueron el rinovirus, el enterovirus y el virus sincitial respiratorio. Se encontró una correlación entre los niveles de eosinófilos e IgE sérica total en los niños con exacerbación de asma y rinovirus de 0,89, con una p= 0,0001.Conclusiones. Las infecciones por rinovirus, enterovirus y virus sincitial respiratorio son más frecuentes en las exacerbaciones de asma en menores de 15 años. Se observó una correlación entre los niveles de eosinófilos e IgE en presencia de rinovirus.

Background. Asthma exacerbations are still a cause of hospitalization at the Emergency Department. The triggers of asthma exacerbations include allergens and infections ­mostly viral­. The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between viruses detected during an asthma exacerbation and eosinophil and serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels in pediatric patients. Population and methods. Cross-sectional. analytical study. Children aged 5-15 years seen at the Pediatric Emergency Department with an asthma exacerbation in the period between March 2013 and February 2016 were included. Viral ribonucleic acid was extracted from nasopharyngeal aspirates using the CLART Pneumo Vir kit. Eosinophil levels were measured in peripheral blood and total IgE levels, in serum. Eosinophilia was defined as a count ≥ 0.4 x 103/mm3 and high IgE. as a level ≥ 350 IU/L. The Pearson's correlation was carried out. A value of p ≤ 0.05 was considered significant.Results. Out of 211 children with asthma exacerbation, a virus was isolated in 20%. The most commonly isolated viruses were rhinovirus. enterovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus. A correlation of 0.89 was established between eosinophil and total serum IgE levels in children with asthma exacerbation and rhinovirus, with a p value of 0.0001. Conclusions. Rhinovirus, enterovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus were the most common viruses in asthma exacerbations in children younger than 15 years. A correlation was established between eosinophil and IgE levels in the presence of rhinovirus.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/virology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Eosinophils/metabolism , Asthma/physiopathology , Asthma/blood , Rhinovirus/isolation & purification , Cross-Sectional Studies , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human/isolation & purification , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/diagnosis , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/epidemiology , Enterovirus/isolation & purification , Picornaviridae Infections/diagnosis , Picornaviridae Infections/epidemiology , Emergency Service, Hospital , Enterovirus Infections/diagnosis , Enterovirus Infections/epidemiology
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(1): 94-98, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041447


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) downmodulates allergen-specific IgE levels and prevents other atopic responses in experimental models but fails to protect against respiratory allergies. Human responsiveness to BCG is variable and may interfere with protection. METHODS: Multivariate models were evaluated to test the possible effect of responsiveness (assessed by IFN-γ production) to BCG revaccination on the modulation of total and allergen-specific serum IgE levels in healthy volunteers participating in a randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Serum total or Derp-specific IgE levels did not change regardless of the increase in IFN-γ levels. CONCLUSIONS: BCG responsiveness does not affect protection against atopy.

Humans , Male , Female , Immunoglobulin E/blood , BCG Vaccine/immunology , Immunization, Secondary , Interferon-gamma/biosynthesis , Time Factors , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Skin Tests , Down-Regulation , Hypersensitivity
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 80-85, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887135


Abstract: Orofacial granulomatosis is a nonspecific term that contains a wide variety of granulomatous entities, which share a clinical and histopathological presentation. It manifests as persistent or recurrent orofacial swelling, amongst other findings. Idiopathic orofacial granulomatosis, characterized by an absence of systemic granulomatous disease, is a diagnosis of exclusion. The main differential diagnosis is Crohn's disease. Its pathogenesis is unknown, however, it seems to be immune-mediated. Patch-test sensitivity to multiple allergens is well documented. Currently, therapeutic options consider restrictive diets, topical, intralesional, and systemic agents. First-line therapy is currently a matter of debate. We present a review of the value of diet therapy in this syndrome, along with two illustrative cases.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Granulomatosis, Orofacial/diet therapy , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests , Granulomatosis, Orofacial/diagnosis , Granulomatosis, Orofacial/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 34(1): 48-54, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959407


Resumen Las reacciones de hipersensibilidad a corticoides son raras en la población general, se dividen en dos categorías: Inmediatas, típicamente mediadas por Inmunoglobulina E (IgE), donde se incluye la anafilaxia luego de la administración de un fármaco en un corto período. Su prevalencia descrita es de 0,3-0,5%. Otra reacción es la 'no inmediata', que se manifiesta en un tiempo mayor de una hora después de la administración del fármaco. Se revisó la literatura con el objetivo de mejorar y aclarar el tratamiento en pacientes asmáticos que poseen esta condición. Se encontró que las vías posibles para generar estas reacciones son intranasal, aerosol por inhalador, oral y parenteral. Frente a esta condición se requiere una evaluación estrecha y detallada de la historia clínica, síntomas y reacciones secundarias al fármaco sospechoso. Finalmente, al momento de elegir tipo de corticoide a usar es primordial la seguridad del paciente logrando, además, el control de la enfermedad.

Hypersensitivity reactions to corticosteroids are rare in the general population, they fall into two categories: 'immediate', typically mediated by immunoglobulin E (IgE), which includes anaphylaxis after administration of a drug in a short period of time. Its reported prevalence is 0.3-0.5%. Another reaction is 'not immediate', which manifests itself in a time longer than one hour after the administration of the drug. We reviewed the literature with the aim of improving and clarifying the treatment in asthmatic patients with this condition. It was found that the possible routes to generate these reactions are intranasal, aerosol by inhaler, oral and parenteral. Facing this condition requires a close and detailed evaluation of the clinical history, symptoms and side reactions to the suspected drug. Finally, when choosing which corticosteroid to use, the patient's safety is paramount, and control of the disease is also essential.

Humans , Female , Aged , Asthma/physiopathology , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/diagnosis , Anaphylaxis/therapy , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/deficiency , Albuterol/administration & dosage , Anaphylaxis/etiology
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(5): 482-489, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894050


Abstract Objective: To analyze the seasonality of blood parameters related to iron homeostasis, inflammation, and allergy in two riverine populations from the Brazilian Amazon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 120 children and adolescents of school age, living in riverine communities of Porto Velho, Rondonia, Brazil, describing the hematocrit, hemoglobin, ferritin, serum iron, total white blood cell count, lymphocytes, eosinophils, C-reactive protein, and immunoglobulin E levels in the dry and rainy seasons. The chi-squared test and the prevalence ratio were used for the comparison of proportions and mean analysis using paired Student's t-test. Results: Hemoglobin (13.3 g/dL) and hematocrit (40.9%) showed higher average values in the dry season. Anemia prevalence was approximately 4% and 12% in the dry and rainy seasons, respectively. Serum iron was lower in the dry season, with a mean of 68.7 mcg/dL. The prevalence of iron deficiency was 25.8% in the dry season and 9.2% in the rainy season. Serum ferritin did not show abnormal values in both seasons; however, the mean values were higher in the dry season (48.5 ng/mL). The parameters of eosinophils, lymphocytes, global leukocyte count, C-reactive protein and immunoglobulin E showed no seasonal differences. C-reactive protein and immunoglobulin E showed abnormal values in approximately 7% and 60% of the examinations, respectively. Conclusion: Hematological parameters of the red cell series and blood iron homeostasis had seasonal variation, which coincided with the dry season in the region, in which an increase in atmospheric pollutants derived from fires is observed.

Resumo Objetivo: Analisar a sazonalidade climática de parâmetros sanguíneos relacionados à homeostase do ferro, inflamação e alergia em duas populações ribeirinhas da Amazônia brasileira. Método: Fez-se um estudo transversal em 120 crianças e adolescentes em idade escolar, residentes em comunidades ribeirinhas de Porto Velho, Rondônia. Foram analisados hematócrito, hemoglobina, ferritina, ferro sérico, leucometria global, linfócitos, eosinófilos, proteína C-reativa e imunoglobulina E nas estações seca e chuvosa. Usaram-se o teste do qui-quadrado e a razão de prevalência para a comparação das proporções, além do teste t de Student pareado para a análise de médias. Resultados: Hemoglobina (13,3 g/dL) e hematócrito (40,9%) apresentaram maiores valores médios no período de seca. A prevalência de anemia foi de 4% e 12% na seca e na chuva, respectivamente. O ferro sérico foi menor no período de seca com média de 68,7 mcg/dL. A prevalência de deficiência de ferro foi em média 25,8% na seca e 9,2% na chuva. A concentração sérica de ferritina não apresentou valores alterados em ambos os períodos, no entanto os valores médios apresentaram-se mais elevados na seca (48,5 ng/mL). Os parâmetros dos eosinófilos, linfócitos, leucometria global, proteína C-reativa e imunoglobulina E não apresentaram diferenças sazonais. A proteína C-reativa e a imunoglobulina E apresentaram valores alterados em 7% e 60% dos exames feitos, respectivamente. Conclusão: Os parâmetros hematológicos da série vermelha e a homeostasia ferro sanguíneo apresentaram variação sazonal, que coincide com o período de seca na região, no qual se observa aumento dos poluentes atmosféricos derivados das queimadas.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Seasons , Blood Cell Count , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Hemoglobins/analysis , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Ferritins/blood , Hematocrit , Reference Values , Weather , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Iron/blood
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 534-536, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887014


Abstract: We report a 12-year-old girl who presented with recurrent angioedema on the face, trunk, and extremities, and concomitant marked weight gain for 5 years. During the episode, her white blood cell count increased to 47.7×109/L with 89.9% eosinophils, followed by elevated serum level of IL-5, IgE, IgM, and LDH. Histopathology showed perivascular eosinophilic infiltration and diffuse eosinophilic infiltration throughout the dermis. Possible causes of hypereosinophilia and eosinophilic infiltration of vital organs were ruled out. We also tested the FIP1L1/PDGFRa and ETV6/PDGFRb fusion gene to exclude the possibility of myeloid and lymphatic vessel neoplasms. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone and discharged with an oral prednisolone taper, which resulted in complete remission of the edema and normalization of peripheral blood eosinophil count, serum IL-5 level, IgE, IgM, and LDH.

Humans , Female , Child , Eosinophilia/complications , Angioedema/complications , Angioedema/pathology , Recurrence , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Weight Gain , Interleukins/blood , Eosinophilia/pathology
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(7): e6071, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951705


Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an anthropozoonotic disease with worldwide distribution and is caused by the cestode Echinococcus granulosus. Anaphylactic shock induced by CE rupture is a serious complication especially in patients with hydatid infections, as the resulting leakage of fluid contains highly toxic endogenous antigen. We aimed to isolate and identify the antigens of specific IgE and IgG1 (sIgE and sIgG1) in E. granulosus cyst fluid (EgCF). Crude antigen for EgCF was prepared from E. granulosus-infected sheep liver. Antigens were separated and identified by one-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (1D SDS-PAGE), two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE), and immunoblotting. Results of 1D SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting showed that 40.5 kDa protein was the major antigen of sIgE, and 35.5 kDa protein was the major antigen of sIgG1 in EgCF. Results of 2-DE and immunoblotting showed that main antigens of sIgE in EgCF were four proteins with pI values ranging from 6.5 to 9.0 and a molecular weight of 40.5 kDa. Main antigens of sIgG1 in EgCF were five proteins with pI values ranging from 6.5 to 9.0 and a molecular weight of 35.5 kDa. The antigens identified for sIgE and sIgG1 can provide critical insights into cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying anaphylactic shock induced by CE.

Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Echinococcus granulosus/immunology , Echinococcosis/complications , Anaphylaxis/parasitology , Antigens, Helminth/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunoblotting , Case-Control Studies , Echinococcosis/immunology , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Anaphylaxis/immunology , Antigens, Helminth/blood
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 34-36, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887060


Abstract: Bullous pemphigoid is a blistering autoimmune disease characterized by two hemidesmosomal proteins (anti-BP180 and 230). Pemphigus, by contrast, is characterized by two autoantibodies (anti-desmoglein 1 and 3). Coexistence of autoantibodies of bullous pemphigoid and pemphigus in a patient is rare. A 25-year-old male patient was admitted to our hospital, reporting a 3-month history of multiple papules, vesicles, and erosions over an extensive erythema on the entire body. Laboratory tests showed high levels of serum IgE, anti-BP180 antibodies, and anti-desmoglein 1 and 3. Histopathologic and immunopathologic features were characterized by bullous pemphigoid. No improvement was seen with systemic corticosteroid therapy, however, pulse corticosteriod therapy combined with methylprednisolone, immunosuppressants, immunomodulators, and plasmapheresis led to the recovery of his condition with numerous milia.

Humans , Male , Adult , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Pemphigoid, Bullous/immunology , Pemphigoid, Bullous/pathology , Desmogleins/immunology , Keratosis/immunology , Keratosis/pathology , Skin/pathology , Autoantibodies/blood , Autoantigens/blood , Biopsy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Pemphigoid, Bullous/drug therapy , Non-Fibrillar Collagens/blood , Pressure Ulcer/pathology , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Keratosis/drug therapy
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(6): 537-543, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-829491


Summary Objective: To evaluate the wheal diameter in allergy skin-prick tests (SPT) with cow’s milk extract (CM) comparing tolerant and persistent patients. Method: A retrospective cohort study involving database analysis of children with diagnosis of cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) mediated by immunoglobulin E in a specialized outpatient clinic that regularly performed SPT between January 2000 and July 2015. Patients were allocated into two groups: tolerant or persistent. Comparisons were made at diagnosis and over time between tolerant and persistent patients using Fisher’s, Mann-Whitney or Wilcoxon tests and significance level at 5%. Results: After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, the sample includes 44 patients (29 tolerant and 15 who persisted with CMPA). In the tolerant group, the medians of SPT were: 6 mm at diagnosis and 2 mm at the development of tolerance; a significant difference (p<0.0001) was found. In the persistent group, the median SPT at diagnosis was 7 mm, while in the last SPT it was 5 mm, with no statistical difference (p=0.173). The comparison of medians in the last SPT between groups was significant (p=0.001), with a reduction greater than 50% in SPT in the tolerant group. Conclusion: Serial SPTs were useful for diagnosis, and a decrease higher than 50% in diameter can indicate the moment to perform oral food challenge (OFC) tests, helping to detect tolerance in CMPA.

Resumo Objetivo: avaliar o diâmetro da pápula do teste cutâneo alérgico (TCA) com extrato de leite de vaca (LV) comparando pacientes tolerantes e persistentes. Método: estudo de coorte retrospectivo de análise de banco de dados de crianças com diagnóstico de alergia à proteína do leite de vaca (APLV) mediada pela imunoglobulina E, em ambulatório especializado, que realizaram TCA de forma evolutiva, sendo alocados em dois grupos: tolerantes ou persistentes, entre janeiro de 2000 e julho de 2015. As comparações foram realizadas ao diagnóstico e evolutivamente entre tolerantes e persistentes, pelos testes de Fisher, Mann-Whitney ou Wilcoxon, utilizando níveis de significância de 5%. Resultados: aplicando critérios de inclusão e exclusão, a amostra incluiu 44 pacientes (29 tolerantes e 15 que persistiram com APLV). No grupo tolerante, as medianas do TCA foram: ao diagnóstico, de 6 mm, e, no desenvolvimento de tolerância, de 2 mm, com diferença significante (p<0,0001). No grupo persistente, a mediana do TCA ao diagnóstico foi de 7 mm e no momento do último TCA, de 5 mm, sem diferença estatística (p=0,173). A comparação das medianas no último TCA entre os grupos mostrou-se significante (p=0,001), com redução maior de 50% no valor do TCA no grupo tolerante. Conclusão: os TCA seriados foram úteis para o diagnóstico, e a redução maior que 50% em seu diâmetro pode indicar o momento para realização de testes de provocação oral (TPO), auxiliando na detecção de tolerância na APLV.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Skin Tests/methods , Milk Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 34-39, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776418


Abstract BACKGROUND: The role played by vitamin D in atopic dermatitis is controversial and has been the focus of many studies. The ultraviolet index has not been considered in this type of research. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] serum level in atopic dermatitis patients and control group, to investigate the association between atopic dermatitis clinical severity (using the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis index - SCORAD) and 25(OH)D serum levels, and to evaluate the independent predictors, including Ultraviolet index, SCORAD and 25(OH)D. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 atopic dermatitis patients. A control group was matched with a subsample of 54 participants with atopic dermatitis. SCORAD index, laboratory tests, and local Ultraviolet index were assessed. RESULTS: The atopic dermatitis patients had serum 25(OH)D levels and mean UVI significantly higher than the control group. Immunoglobulin E and Ultraviolet index were associated with the SCORAD index. Skin type, age and Ultraviolet index were independent predictors of 25(OH)D. CONCLUSIONS: Although statistically significant, the different levels of 25(OH)D between the paired groups may be attributed to the higher mean Ultraviolet index in atopic dermatitis patients. Since Ultraviolet index is an independent predictor of SCORAD index and of 25(OH)D level, it may work as a confounding factor in studies involving atopic dermatitis and 25(OH)D and must be considered in this kind of research.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Dermatitis, Atopic/blood , Ultraviolet Rays , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/etiology , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Seasons , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sunlight/adverse effects , Time Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D/blood
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 23-26, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776422


Abstract BACKGROUND: Actinic prurigo is an idiopathic photodermatosis, the pathophysiology of which has been hypothesized to involve subtype IV type b (Th2) hypersensitive response, whereby IL4, IL5, and IL13 are secreted and mediate the production of B cells, IgE, and IgG4. OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of serum IgE levels and the clinical severity of injuries. METHODS: This case-control study comprised patients with a clinical and histopathological diagnosis of actinic prurigo, as well as clinically healthy subjects, from whom 3cc of peripheral blood was taken for immunoassay. Cases were classified by lesion severity as mild, moderate, and severe. Descriptive statistics were analyzed, and chi-square test was performed. RESULTS: We included 21 actinic prurigo patients and 21 subjects without disease; 11 patients with actinic prurigo had elevated serum IgE levels, and 10 had low serum levels. Six actinic prurigo (AP) patients with elevated serum levels of IgE had moderate injuries, 4 had severe injuries, and 1 had minor injuries. Eight out of 10 patients with normal IgE levels presented with minor injuries in the clinical evaluation. The 21 controls did not have increased serum IgE levels. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated IgE levels are associated with moderate to severe clinical lesions, suggesting that actinic prurigo entails a type IV subtype b hypersensitivity response in which Th2 cells predominate.

Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Photosensitivity Disorders/blood , Photosensitivity Disorders/physiopathology , Skin Diseases, Genetic/blood , Skin Diseases, Genetic/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Immunoassay , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Photosensitivity Disorders/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Skin Diseases, Genetic/pathology , Thalidomide/therapeutic use
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(1): 30-35, feb. 2016. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838162


Introducción: La alergia al látex se encuentra dentro de las primeras causas de anafilaxia en el quirófano. La prevalencia de esta enfermedad es más elevada en pacientes con mielomenigocele. Existen escasos datos epidemiológicos en pacientes argentinos. Objetivo: Estimar la prevalencia de la sensibilidad y de la alergia al látex en una población de pacientes con mielomeningocele y describir los factores de riesgo asociados. Pacientes y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, observacional. Se analizaron los antecedentes familiares y personales de alergia, el número de procedimientos quirúrgicos, la historia de síntomas ante el contacto con látex o alimentos con reactividad cruzada, el recuento de eosinófilos, la inmunoglobulina E total y la inmunoglobulina E específica mediante pruebas serológicas y cutáneas para el látex, los aeroalérgenos y las frutas con reactividad cruzada. Resultados: Se evaluaron 82 pacientes con diagnóstico de mielomeningocele, 41 del sexo masculino (50%), con edad promedio de 15,3 ± 7,66 años. Del total de los pacientes, 2 no realizaron las pruebas cutáneas y serológicas. De los 80 restantes, 16 (19,51%) presentaban alergia al látex, 46 (57,5%) no eran alérgicos y 18 (22%) fueron sensibles pero no alérgicos. Se observó que haber tenido más de 5 cirugías representaba un factor de riesgo asociado a alergia al látex (p= 0,035). No se encontró una asociación significativa con el resto de las variables evaluadas. Conclusión: El estudio estima que la prevalencia de alergia al látex en esta población de pacientes es de 19,51% y que el factor de riesgo más importante para el desarrollo de esta patología es el antecedente de haber sido sometido a más de 5 intervenciones.

Introduction: Latex allergy is one of the main reasons of anaphylaxis in the operating room. The prevalence of this condition is higher among patients with myelomeningocele. Epidemiological data obtained from Argentine patients is scarce. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of latex sensitivity and latex allergy in a population of patients with myelomeningocele and to describe associated risk factors. Population and Methods: Descriptive, crosssectional, observational study. Family and personal history of allergy, number of surgeries, history of symptoms caused by having been in contact withlatex or cross-reactive foods, eosinophil count, measurement of total immunoglobulin E and specific immunoglobulin E levels by means of skin and serologic testing for latex, aeroallergens and cross-reactive fruit. Results: Eighty-two patients diagnosed with myelomeningocele were assessed: 41 were males and their average age was 15.3 ? 7.66 years old. Out of all patients, two did not complete skin and serologic testing. Among the remaining 80 patients, 16 (19.51%) had latex allergy, 46 (57.5%) were not allergic, and 18 (22%) showed sensitivity but not allergy. Having undergone more than five surgeries was a risk factor associated with latex allergy (p= 0.035). No significant association was observed with the remaining outcome measures. Conclusion: According to this study, the prevalence of latex allergy in this population of patients is 19.51% and the most important risk factor for this condition is a history of having undergone more than five surgeries.

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Meningomyelocele/complications , Latex Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Latex Hypersensitivity/epidemiology , Latex/adverse effects
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69710


Oak and birch trees belong to Fagales order. Specific IgE to pollen allergens of both trees are frequently found in Korea pollinosis patients. Oak trees which comprise 40% of forest area are common in Korea. However, birch trees are sparse. We compared the allergenicity of pollen extracts of white oak, sawtooth and Mongolian oaks which are prevalent species in Korea, with the pollen extract of birch. The cross-reactivity of four pollen extracts was examined with pooled sera of 12 patients by ELISA, immunoblotting and CAP inhibitions. A protein of 17 kDa, putatively homologous to a major birch allergen Bet v 1, displayed strong IgE reactivity from white oak and sawtooth oak pollen extract but not from Mongolian oak pollen. Notably, a 23-kDa protein from sawtooth and white oaks showed strong IgE reactivity and inhibited by Bet v 1. IgE binding to white oak was inhibited a maximum of 94.6% by white oak, 93.4% by sawtooth oak, 83.2% by Mongolian oak, and 68.8% by birch. Furthermore, sawtooth oak, white oak, and Mongolian oak extracts were able to inhibit up to 78.5%, 76.6% and 67.3% of IgE binding to birch extract, while birch extract itself inhibited up to 94.3%. Specific IgE to Bet v 1 was inhibited a maximum of 79.1% by sawtooth oak, 77.4% by white oak, and 72.7% by Mongolian oak, while 81.5% inhibition was shown by birch. Bet v 1 was able to partially inhibit its homologous molecules from sawtooth oak and white oak in immunoblotting. Birch pollen extract was found to be cross-reactive primarily with Bet v 1-homologous allergen from oak pollens in Korea pollinosis patients. Considering the sparseness of birch tree in Korea, oak, especially sawtooth oak may be the main cause of tree pollinosis in Korea, rather than birch.

Adolescent , Adult , Allergens/immunology , Asians , Betula/growth & development , Child , Cross Reactions , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Pollen/immunology , Quercus/growth & development , Republic of Korea
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 399-406, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21016


PURPOSE: Japanese hop (Humulus spp.) and mugwort (Artemisia spp.) are notable causes of autumn pollinosis in East Asia. However, Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts, which are widely used for the diagnosis, have not been standardized. This study was performed to standardize Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Allergen extracts were prepared in a standardized way using locally collected Humulus japonicus and purchased Artemisia vulgaris pollens. The immunoglobulin E (IgE) reactivities of prepared extracts were compared with commercial extracts via IgE immunoblotting and inhibition analyses. Intradermal skin tests were performed to determine the bioequivalent allergy unit (BAU). RESULTS: The IgE reactive components of the extracts via IgE immunoblotting were similar to those of commercial extracts. A 11-kDa allergen showed the strongest IgE reactivity in Japanese hop, as did a 28-kDa allergen in mugwort pollen extracts. Allergenic potencies of the investigatory Japanese hop and mugwort extracts were essentially indistinguishable from the commercial ones. Sums of erythema of 50 mm by the intradermal skin test (SigmaED50) were calculated to be 14.4th and 13.6th three-fold dilutions for Japanese hop and mugwort extracts, respectively. Therefore, the allergenic activity of the prepared extracts was 90827.4 BAU/mg for Japanese hop and 34412 BAU/mg for mugwort. CONCLUSION: We produced Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts using a standardized method. Standardized Japanese hop and mugwort pollen extracts will facilitate the production of improved diagnostic and immunotherapeutic reagents.

Allergens/analysis , Antibody Specificity , Artemisia , Bronchial Hyperreactivity/blood , Cross Reactions , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunoblotting , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Pollen/chemistry , Reference Standards , Republic of Korea , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal