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1.
Rev. baiana saúde pública ; 45(Supl. Especial 2): 48-57, 2021/12/28.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352325

ABSTRACT

A rabdomiólise como complicação da dengue é subnotificada e pouco descrita na literatura. O presente caso traz um alerta para recordar tal possibilidade, principalmente devido à alta incidência da dengue no Brasil e da importância do manejo inicial, que pode evitar um desfecho desfavorável. Este relato trata de um paciente de 54 anos que iniciou com quadro agudo de fraqueza, com dor intensa em membros inferiores, dor abdominal, náuseas, vômitos e anúria. Foi observada evidente disfunção renal aguda em urgência dialítica com acidose metabólica grave, além de hiperuricemia, hiponatremia, hipocalcemia e hipercalemia, com valores de creatinofosfoquinase (CPK) de 125.010 e de mioglobina, 318,28. O paciente necessitou de três sessões de hemodiálise e recebeu alta com recuperação da função renal. O resultado da sorologia IgM para dengue foi positivo após um mês e dez dias da admissão hospitalar.


Reports on rhabdomyolysis as a complication of dengue are scarce in the literature. This study warns about such a possibility, especially considering the high incidence of dengue in Brazil and the importance of early management to avoid an unfavorable outcome for the patient. The case consists of a 54-year-old patient admitted to the hospital with complains of acute weakness, severe lower limb pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and anuria. Clinical evaluation indicated acute renal dysfunction in dialysis emergency with severe metabolic acidosis, as well as hyperuricemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia, and hyperkalemia, with creatine phosphokinase (CPK) values equal to 125.010 and myoglobin to 318.28. The patient was discharged with recovery of renal function after three hemodialysis sessions. Serology results were positive for dengue IgM one month and ten days after hospital admission.


La rabdomiólisis como complicación del dengue está poco implementada en la literatura y poco reportada, y este caso trae una advertencia para recordar esta posibilidad, principalmente por la alta incidencia del dengue en el país en el que vivimos y la importancia del manejo inicial, evitando un desfavorable resultado para el paciente. Se trata de un paciente de 54 años que inicia debilidad aguda, dolor severo en miembros inferiores, dolor abdominal, náuseas, vómitos y anuria. Se evidenció disfunción renal aguda en urgencia de diálisis con acidosis metabólica severa, además de hiperuricemia, hiponatremia, hipocalcemia e hiperpotasemia, con valores de creatinfosfoquinasa (CPK)de 125.010 y mioglobina de 318,28. El paciente requirió tres sesiones de hemodiálisis y fue dado de alta con recuperación de la función renal. El resultado de la serología IgM para el dengue fue positivoun mes y diez días después del ingreso hospitalario.


Subject(s)
Rhabdomyolysis , Immunoglobulin M , Recovery of Function , Dengue , Dialysis
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e335-e339, agosto 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281757

ABSTRACT

La nefropatía por inmunoglobulina M (NIgM) es una glomerulopatía idiopática caracterizada por depósitos mesangiales globales y difusos de IgM. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de las características clínicas e histopatológicas de los pacientes con NIgM atendidos en nuestro servicio. De 241 biopsias renales, 21 correspondieron a NIgM (8,7 %). Se incluyeron 18 pacientes (14 de sexo femenino, mediana de edad: 3,08 años). Se excluyó a 1 paciente por enfermedad sistémica asociada y a 2 por seguimiento menor a 1 año. Catorce pacientes se manifestaron con síndrome nefrótico (SN) y 4 con proteinuria aislada o asociada a hematuria. En la microscopia óptica, 13 presentaron hiperplasia mesangial, y 5 esclerosis focal y segmentaria. De los pacientes con SN, 7 fueron corticorresistentes, 4 corticodependientes y 3 presentaban recaídas frecuentes. Todos los pacientes con SN y 1 con proteinuria-hematuria recibieron inmunosupresores; los 18 pacientes recibieron, además, antiproteinúricos. Luego de 5,2 años (2-17,5) de seguimiento, 6 pacientes evolucionaron a enfermedad renal crónica


Immunoglobulin M nephropathy (IgMN) is an idiopathic glomerulopathy characterized by diffuse global mesangial deposits of IgM. We retrospectively studied the clinical and histopathological characteristics of the patients with IgMN seen in our service. Of 241 renal biopsies, 21 corresponded to IgMN (8.7 %). One patient was excluded due to associated systemic disease and 2 due to follow-up less than 1 year, 18 were included (14 girls, median age 3.08 years). Fourteen manifested with nephrotic syndrome (NS) and the remaining with proteinuria (isolated or associated with hematuria). On light microscopy, 13 had hyperplasia with mesangial expansion and 5 had focal and segmental sclerosis. Of the patients with NS, 7 were steroid-resistant, 4 steroid-dependent, and 3 frequent relapsers. All patients with NS and 1 with proteinuria-hematuria received immunosuppressants; the 18 patients also received antiproteinuric drugs. After 5.2 years (2-17.5) of follow-up, 6 patients developed chronic kidney disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Immunoglobulin M , Nephrotic Syndrome/pathology , Nephrotic Syndrome/therapy , Kidney Diseases , Nephrotic Syndrome/diagnosis
3.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(2): 138-142, 20210630. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348698

ABSTRACT

A pandemia da COVID-19 tem tido um impacto devastador em todo o mundo e levou ao rápido desenvolvimento de testes diagnósticos. Diferentes tecnologias vêm sendo utilizadas para a detecção de imunoglobulinas frente à infecção por SARS-CoV-2. Ensaios imunoenzimáticos (ELISA), quimioluminescentes e imunocromatográficos estão disponíveis e, no geral, apresentam poder diagnóstico limitado, principalmente para a detecção de IgA. A citometria de fluxo tem surgido como alternativa para o desenvolvimento de métodos sensíveis e específicos para a COVID-19 aplicados para diagnóstico, triagem e estratificação da doença. A citometria de fluxo é uma tecnologia óptica baseada em laser que detecta características físico-químicas de células ou partículas em um fluido heterogêneo. O artigo explora a citometria de fluxo para o diagnóstico da COVID-19 em duas estratégias para a detecção de anticorpos no soro ou plasma, uma utilizando antígenos virais expressos na superfície de células de mamíferos e outra com estes elementos imobilizados em microesferas (beads). A possibilidade de detecção rápida de múltiplos anticorpos simultaneamente, com pequeno volume de amostra e elevada sensibilidade e especificidade, torna a citometria de fluxo uma metodologia promissora para o laboratório clínico, como ferramenta de referência para auxiliar na contenção do processo pandêmico da COVID-19 e futuros eventos similares.


The COVID-19 pandemic has had a devastating impact around the world and has led to the rapid development of diagnostic tests. Different technologies have been used to detect immunoglobulins produced against SARS-CoV-2 infection. Immunoenzymatic (ELISA), chemiluminescent and immunochromatographic assays are available and, in general, they have limited diagnostic accuracy, especially for the detection of IgA. Flow cytometry has emerged as an alternative for the development of sensitive and specific methods for COVID-19 applied for diagnosis, screening and stratification of the disease. Flow cytometry is a laser-based optical technology that detects physicochemical characteristics of cells or particles in a heterogeneous fluid. The article explores flow cytometry for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in two strategies for detecting antibodies in serum or plasma, the first one using viral antigens expressed on the surface of mammalian cells and the other one with these elements immobilized on microspheres (beads). The possibility of rapid detection of multiple antibodies simultaneously, with a small sample volume and high sensitivity and specificity, makes flow cytometry a promising methodology for the clinical laboratory, as a reference tool to help stop the COVID-19 pandemic process and similar future events.


Subject(s)
Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Flow Cytometry , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
4.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(2): 155-162, 20210630. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349033

ABSTRACT

A rápida caracterização do genoma do Coronavírus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) mobilizou a produção em larga escala de métodos diagnósticos. Agências reguladoras aprovaram condicionalmente o uso emergencial de vários deles. Na emergência de saúde, inúmeros exames foram utilizados sem o devido conhecimento da qualidade. O objetivo desta revisão narrativa foi destacar a acurácia diagnóstica dos métodos sorológicos de diagnóstico da COVID-19 em termos de sensibilidade e especificidade clínicas. A sensibilidade diagnóstica variou até 50% entre estudos, enquanto a especificidade apresentou menor variação; no entanto, uma mesma marca chegou a apresentar variação de 32%. Considerando-se o critério de especificidade >95% definido pelo FDA, apenas uma marca de ensaio para detecção de IgG e outra para IgM atingiram a meta. Para a detecção de IgA e de IgA+IgM, as únicas marcas apresentadas não atingiram a meta. Entre as cinco marcas para detecção de IgM+IgG, apenas uma não atingiu a especificidade clínica. Para Ig total, as duas marcas apresentaram especificidade aceitável. Considerando-se o critério de sensibilidade clínica >90%, apenas 6 dos 25 estudos com diferentes marcas de ensaios para detecção de IgG apresentam o desempenho especificado; destas, nenhuma é brasileira. Nenhuma das marcas de ensaios para detecção de IgM e IgM+IgG apresentaram o desempenho especificado. A única marca apresentada para detecção de IgA+IgM atingiu a meta especificada pelo FDA. Os ensaios imunocromatográficos apresentaram menor sensibilidade. Os resultados demonstraram o pobre valor diagnóstico dos imunoensaios, mas com potencial para estudos soroepidemiológicos. Mais estudos de validação analítica e acurácia diagnóstica de ensaios são essenciais, principalmente dos reagentes nacionais.


The rapid characterization of the coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) genome has mobilized the large-scale production of diagnostic methods. Regulatory agencies have conditionally approved the emergency use of several of them. In the health emergency, numerous tests were used without proper knowledge of quality. The aim of this narrative review was to highlight the diagnostic accuracy of serological methods for the diagnosis of COVID-19 in terms of clinical sensitivity and specificity. The diagnostic sensitivity varied up to 50% between studies, while the specificity showed less variation, however, the same brand even showed a variation of 32%. Considering the >95% specificity criteria defined by the FDA, only one test brand for detection of IgG and one for IgM reached the goal. For the detection of IgA and IgA+IgM, the only brands presented did not reach the goal. Among the 5 marks for detecting IgM+IgG, only one did not reach clinical specificity. For total Ig, both brands had acceptable specificity. Considering the criterion of clinical sensitivity >90%, only 6 of the 25 studies with different brands of assays for detection of IgG present the specified performance, none of which are Brazilian. None of the brands of assays for detecting IgM and IgM+IgG showed the specified performance. The only brand presented for detection of IgA+IgM reached the target specified by the FDA. Immunochromatographic assays showed lower sensitivity. The results demonstrated the poor diagnostic value of immunoassays, but with potential for seroepidemiological studies. More studies on analytical validation and diagnostic accuracy of assays are essential, especially for national reagents.


Subject(s)
Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Serologic Tests , Data Accuracy , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/diagnosis
5.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 29(105): 17-26, 2021 mar. fig, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1349031

ABSTRACT

Con el propósito de ampliar el conocimiento epidemiológico sobre la circulación del SARS-CoV-2 en la ciudad de Ushuaia durante el brote ocurrido de marzo a mayo de 2020, nos planteamos realizar un estudio observacional, de corte transversal, de mayo a julio, buscando la respuesta serológica al contacto con el virus en trabajadores esenciales municipales. N=1305. Los datos fueron ingresados a una plataforma con ingreso restringido, para luego cruzar las variables obtenidas en formato Excel. La mayoría de las personas estudiadas fueron de género masculino, con una media de edad de 38,5 años. El 20% de las personas con IgG+ tuvieron nexo epidemiológico. La prevalencia fue del 2,75%. Quienes presentaron IgM+ fueron descartados por otro método, considerándose falsos positivos. La idea y realización en forma precoz del estudio fue útil para evaluar la diseminación viral asintomática en el personal municipal afectado a tareas esenciales y tomar decisiones en las primeras etapas de la pandemia. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en los grupos más expuestos. Se observaron casos de transmisión asintomática intrafamiliar. Estas pruebas serológicas no tienen fines diagnósticos ni confieren un pasaporte inmunitario. Pudimos establecer la confiabilidad de la técnica utilizada, fundamentalmente en relación a la IgG. El método se optimizó. Consideramos que las políticas públicas basadas en evidencias científicas permiten tomar mejores decisiones en beneficio de la comunidad. Creemos que el presente estudio aporta al estado de comprensión en la materia. Cada reporte puede ser de utilidad para el conocimiento de la diseminación viral


With the purpose of expanding epidemiological knowledge about the circulation of SARS-CoV-2 in the city of Ushuaia during the outbreak that occurred from March to May of this current, we plan to carry out an observational, cross-sectional study from May to July, seeking the serological response to contact with the virus in essential municipal workers. N = 1316. The data were entered into a platform with restricted entry, to later cross the variables obtained in Excel format. Most of the people studied were male, with a mean age of 38 years. 20% of the people with IgG + had an epidemiological link. The prevalence was 2.88%. Those who presented IgM+ were discarded by another method, being considered false positives. The early idea and implementation of the study was useful to evaluate asymptomatic viral shedding in municipal personnel affected by essential tasks and to make decisions in the early stages of the pandemic. No significant differences were found in the most exposed groups. Cases of asymptomatic interfamily transmission were observed. These serological tests do not have diagnostic purposes nor do they confer an immune passport. We were able to establish the reliability of the technique used, mainly in relation to IgG. The method was optimized. We believe that public policies based on scientific evidence allow us to make better decisions for the benefit of the community. We believe that the present study contributes to the state of understanding in the matter. Each report can be useful for understanding viral shedding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Personnel , Virus Shedding/immunology , Municipal Management , COVID-19 Serological Testing , COVID-19/epidemiology
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Pregnant women in a special physiological period, the body's blood indicators will change to a certain extent. This study aims to explore the changes of serum immunoglobulin levels in healthy pregnant women and establish its reference interval (RI).@*METHODS@#A total of 369 healthy pregnant women, who underwent pregnancy examination in the Department of Obstetrics, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from August 2019 to October 2019, were enrolled for this study. They were divided into an early pregnancy group, a middle pregnancy group, and a late pregnancy group according to the pregnancy period, and 123 healthy non-pregnant women were selected as the controls. The levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin A (IgA) were determined by immune transmission turbidities. The level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) was determined by electrochemiluminescence. The differences in immunoglobulin levels between pregnant women and non-pregnant women and among different gestational periods were analyzed, and the RI of serum immunoglobulin level during pregnancy was established.@*RESULTS@#Compared to the non-pregnant women, the levels of serum IgG, IgM, IgA, and IgE in pregnant women were significantly decreased (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#The levels of immunoglobulin in pregnant women are decreased significantly. The establishment of RIs of IgG, IgM, IgA and IgE in healthy pregnant women could provide scientific basis for clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Reference Values
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880431

ABSTRACT

In this study, cytometric beads array(CBA) was used to determine the immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials. The bovine-derived acellular dermal matrix was selected as a test sample and implanted into Balb/C mice subcutaneously to 4 weeks according to the high, medium and low dose groups. Four weeks later, IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, IgG3, IgA, and IgM were measured by CBA. The data of the test group and the control group were analyzed statistically. The results showed that compared with the negative control group, there was no significant difference in the IgG3, IgA content in the positive control group, while the IgG1, IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgM contents were significantly higher than the negative control group; no significant differences were seen in the sample groups. The results show that the method is suitable for analysis of immunoglobulin content in humoral immunity evaluation of biomedical materials.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Immunity, Humoral , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred CBA
9.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(4): e1283, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289419

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a rare disorder characterized by hemolysis mediated by autoantibodies directed against red blood cells. The demonstration of antibody specificity is a very difficult procedure since autoantibodies in general are nonspecific of antigens and react with all erythrocytes analyzed. Occasionally, specificity is observed against the Rh system antigens. Objective: To determinate the specificity of erythrocytes autoantibodies in DAT positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia by MAIEA technique. Methods: The specificity and isotype of erythrocyte autoantibodies were determined in the eluate of 109 blood samples from patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, by means of the MAIEA technique and the use of monoclonal antibodies that recognized 11 blood group systems and the protein CD47. Results: In 100 percent of cases autoantibodies against Rh system antigens were detected; in 24 cases we detected autoantibodies of IgA and IgM isotypes that recognized different antigens that were recognized by IgG isotype autoantibodies. For idiopathic and secondary warm autoimmune hemolytic anemias, predominance was observed against three or more specificities. IgG was detected in 99.09 percent of the eluates, IgA in 35.77 percent and IgM in 16.51 percent. The high degree of hemolysis was related to the presence of several isotype autoantibodies against four or more blood group specificities. Conclusions: The MAIEA technique is a sensitive method that can be used to determine the specificities and isotypes of autoantibodies in patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia.


Introducción: La anemia hemolítica autoinmune es un trastorno poco común, caracterizado por hemólisis mediada por autoanticuerpos dirigidos contra los glóbulos rojos. La demostración de la especificidad de los anticuerpos es un procedimiento muy difícil, ya que los autoanticuerpos en general no son específicos de los antígenos y reaccionan con todos los eritrocitos analizados. Ocasionalmente, se observa especificidad contra los antígenos del sistema Rh. Objetivo: Determinar la especificidad de los autoanticuerpos eritrocitarios en pacientes con anemias hemolíticas autoinmunes PAD positivas con el empleo de la técnica MAIEA Métodos: Se determinó la especificidad e isotipo de los autoanticuerpos eritrocitarios en el eluido de 109 muestras de sangre de pacientes con anemia hemolítica autoinmune caliente, mediante la técnica de MAIEA y el uso de anticuerpos monoclonales que reconocieron 11 sistemas de grupos sanguíneos y la proteína CD47. Resultados: En el ciento por ciento de los casos se detectaron autoanticuerpos contra los antígenos del sistema Rh. En 24 casos se descubrió autoanticuerpos de isotipos IgA e IgM que reconocieron diferentes antígenos que fueron a su vez reconocidos por autoanticuerpos de isotipo IgG. Se observó para las anemias hemolíticas autoinmunes calientes idiopáticas y secundarias; predominio frente a tres o más especificidades. Se detectó IgG en el 99,09 por ciento de los eluidos, IgA en 35,77 por ciento e IgM en 16,51 por ciento. El alto grado de hemólisis se relacionó con la presencia de varios isotipos de autoanticuerpos contra cuatro o más especificidades de grupos sanguíneos. Conclusiones: La técnica MAIEA es un método sensible que puede usarse para determinar las especificidades e isotipos de autoanticuerpos en pacientes con anemia hemolítica autoinmune caliente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Group Antigens , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Sensitivity and Specificity , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity
10.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 285-292, set. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130603

ABSTRACT

Los posibles efectos adversos que se producen en transfusiones incompatibles ABO son un riesgo latente en el uso de concentrados de plaquetas grupo O, por lo que la titulación de hemolisinas anti-A/B constituye una de las estrategias para su prevención. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B en donantes de sangre. Se trató de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y aleatorio simple con un tamaño muestral de 308 muestras. Se aplicó la metodología en tubo, gel salino y anti-inmunoglobulina IgG y, mediante soluciones seriadas, se evidenció el título. Adicionalmente, se realizó una encuesta sobre los posibles factores de riesgo para el aumento de estos títulos. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva mediante el uso del software informático SPSS versión 22.0 y la relación entre variables independientes a través del análisis estadístico de Chi-cuadrado y, para establecer la concordancia de las lecturas visuales de las tarjetas de gel, se aplicó el índice kappa. Se determinó la existencia de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos superiores a 1/64. Existió una relación estadísticamente significativa entre embarazos y títulos de IgG anti-A/B >1/128 y el aumento de hemolisinas de isotipo IgM y la ingesta de probióticos. Los resultados demostraron la necesidad de implementar la titulación de hemolisinas previo a la transfusión de concentrados plaquetarios no isogrupo, por lo que se recomienda una investigación de riesgo-beneficio y el seguimiento de pacientes con transfusiones de concentrados plaquetarios incompatibles ABO.


The possible adverse effects that occur in incompatible ABO transfusions are a latent risk in the use of group O platelet concentrates, so the titration of anti-A/B hemolysins is one of the strategies for its prevention. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of hemolysins titers IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotypes in blood donours. It was a simple randomized descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 308 samples. The methodology was applied in tube, saline gel and anti-IgG anti-immunoglobulin and by means of serial solutions the title was verified. Additionally, a survey was conducted on the possible risk factors for the increase in securities. Descriptive statistics were used through the application of the SPSS version 22.0 software and the relationship between independent variables through the Chi-square statistical analysis and the kappa index was applied to match the visual readings of the gel cards. The existence of IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotype hemolysins of titers greater than 1/64 was determined. There was a statistically significant relationship between pregnancies and anti-A/B IgG titres>1/128; and the increase in IgM isotype hemolysins and probiotic intake. The results demonstrate the need to implement hemolysin titration prior to transfusion of non-isogroup platelet concentrates, so a risk-benefit investigation and follow-up of patients with transfusions of ABO incompatible platelet concentrates is recommended.


Os possíveis efeitos adversos que ocorrem em transfusões incompatíveis ABO são um risco latente no uso de concentrados de plaquetas do grupo O, portanto a titulação de hemolisinas anti-A/B é uma das estratégias para sua prevenção. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B em doadores de sangue. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal aleatório simples, com tamanho de amostra de 308 amostras. A metodologia foi aplicada em tubo, gel salino e anti-imunoglobulina IgG e utilizando soluções em série, o título foi verificado. Além disso, foi realizada uma pesquisa sobre os possíveis fatores de risco para o aumento destes títulos. A estatística descritiva foi utilizada através da aplicação do software informático SPSS versão 22.0 e a relação entre variáveis independentes por meio da análise estatística do qui-quadrado e, para estabelecer a concordância com as leituras visuais dos cartões de gel, o índice kappa foi aplicado. Foi determinada a existência de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos maiores que 1/64. Existiu uma relação estatisticamente significante entre gestações e títulos de IgG anti-A/B>1/128; e o aumento de hemolisinas do isotipo IgM e a ingestão de probióticos. Os resultados demonstram a necessidade de implementar a titulação da hemolisina antes da transfusão de concentrados de plaquetas não isogrupo, por isso, recomenda-se uma investigação de risco-benefício e acompanhamento de pacientes com transfusões de concentrados de plaquetas incompatíveis com ABO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Platelets , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/blood , Software , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Risk Factors , Probiotics , Hemolysin Proteins , Volunteers , Blood , Blood Donors , Risk , Statistical Analysis , Morbidity , Titrimetry , Aftercare , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Disease Prevention
11.
Caracas; Observatorio Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación; ago. 2020. 53-56 p. ilus.(Observador del Conocimiento. Revista Especializada en Gestión Social del Conocimiento, 5, 2).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1118410

ABSTRACT

El uso de Plasma de Convaleciente de COVID-19 (PC-CoV19) como coadyuvante en el tratamiento de pacientes, tendría impacto socioeconómico importante al disminuir el periodo de estancia hospitalaria y letalidad por la enfermedad. La determinación de anticuerpos en plasma de potenciales donantes es criterio fundamental para su selección. Existe dificultad para disponer de pruebas serológicas certificadas que cuantifiquen anticuerpos específicos contra SARS-CoV-2. Las Pruebas de Diagnóstico Rápido (PDR) se convierten en herramienta útil y al alcance para la selección de pacientes recuperados, potenciales donantes de PC-CoV19. Este estudio evaluó el porcentaje de positividad de diferentes PDR en veintidós (22) muestras de pacientes con COVID-19 confirmada por RT-PCR. Las muestras se analizaron siguiendo el procedimiento descrito por cada fabricante. Se analizó el comportamiento de las PDR en pacientes sintomáticos y asintomáticos en diferentes momentos de la enfermedad. El porcentaje de positividad fue de 100% con dos de las tres pruebas utilizadas, una de las cuales discrimina IgM de IgG. Se concluye que la presencia de IgG se registra a partir de los 15 días del inicio de los síntomas y se mantiene presente a los 59 días de evolución en los pacientes sintomáticos, y que pacientes asintomáticos podrían ser considerados candidatos a donantes de PC-CoV19 pues se evidenció seroconversión para IgG. El porcentaje de positividad a IgG podría disminuir en los pacientes recuperados. Se sugiere que pacientes sintomáticos con criterio de alta médica sean considerados candidatos donantes en momento posterior a 28 días de la fecha de inicio de los síntomas. Se recomienda utilizar PDR que discriminen IgM de IgG como herramienta para la selección de donantes de PC-CoV19(AU)


The use of COVID-19 Convales-cent Plasma (PC-CoV19) as an ad-juvant for the treatment of patients, would have a significant socioeconomic impact by reducing the leng-th of hospital stay and lethality due to the disease. The determination of antibodies in plasma from potential donors is a fundamental criterion for their selection. There is dificulty in obtaining certified serological tests that quantify specific antibodies against SARS-CoV-2. Rapid Diagnostic Tests (PDR) become a useful and accessible tool in the selection of recovered patients, potential PC-CoV19 donors. This study evaluated the positivity rate of different PDRs in twenty two (22) samples from patients with COVID-19 confirmed by RT-PCR. The samples were analyzed following the procedure described by each manufacturer. The performance of PDRs was analyzed in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients at different times of the disease. The positivity rate was 100% with two of the three tests used, one of which discriminates IgM from IgG. It is concluded that the presence of IgG is recorded 15 days after the onset of symptoms and remains present at day 59 of evolution in symptomatic patients, and that asymptomatic patients could be considered candidates for PC-CoV19 donors since IgG se-reconversion was evident. The positivity rate to IgG could decrease in the recovered patients. It is suggested that symptomatic patients with medical discharge criteria be considered donor candidates after 28 days from the date of onset of symptoms. It is recommended to use PDRs that discriminate IgM from IgG as a tool for the selection of PC-CoV19 donors


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasma , Tissue Donors , Immunoglobulin G/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulin M , Serologic Tests , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Tests, Routine
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(6): 789-793, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136275

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine the rates of IgG and IgM antibodies against cytomegalovirus, rubella, and Toxoplasma gondii (all of which may cause congenital infections) in women of childbearing age who were admitted to Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Training and Research Hospital. METHODS Between January 2015 and December 2017, Toxoplasma gondii, rubella, and cytomegalovirus IgM and IgG antibody levels were studied using the ELISA method (Architect i2000SR, Abbott, Germany) in patients aged 15 to 45 who attended the obstetrics and gynecology outpatient clinics. Toxoplasma gondii and cytomegalovirus IgG avidity levels were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS A total of 13.470 tests were conducted in the laboratory. Seropositivity percentages of IgM antibodies were found to be 1.3%, 0.5%, and 1.6% for Toxoplasma (n = 3607), rubella (n = 3931), and cytomegalovirus (n = 3795), respectively. The seropositivity percentages of IgG antibodies were 22%, 94.2%, and 98.2% for Toxoplasma (n = 702), rubella (n = 693), and cytomegalovirus (n = 679), respectively. Primary infection (acute, recently acquired) was found in 7 (35%) patients with low Toxoplasma IgG avidity. One (3%) patient with low cytomegalovirus IgG avidity had a primary infection. CONCLUSION Toxoplasma gondii seronegativity was found to be high in the region. Therefore, screening women of childbearing age may be important for the prevention of congenital infections caused by Toxoplasma gondii.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as taxas de anticorpos IgG e IgM contra citomegalovírus, rubéola e Toxoplasma gondii (todos os quais podem causar infecções congênitas) em mulheres em idade fértil que foram admitidas no Hospital de Pesquisa e Treinamento da Universidade Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal. MÉTODOS Entre janeiro de 2015 e dezembro de 2017, os níveis de anticorpos IgG e IgM para Toxoplasma gondii, rubéola e citomegalovírus foram estudados usando o método Elisa (Architect i2000SR, Abbott, Alemanha) em pacientes de 15 a 45 anos que compareceram a ambulatórios de obstetrícia e ginecologia. Os níveis de avidez de IgG para Toxoplasma gondii e citomegalovírus foram analisados retrospectivamente. RESULTADOS Um total de 13.470 testes foram realizados em laboratório. As porcentagens de soropositividade dos anticorpos IgM foram de 1,3%, 0,5% e 1,6% para Toxoplasma (n=3.607), rubéola (n=3.931) e citomegalovírus (n=3.795), respectivamente. As porcentagens de soropositividade dos anticorpos IgG foram 22%, 94,2% e 98,2% para Toxoplasma (n=702), rubéola (n=693) e citomegalovírus (n=679), respectivamente. Infecção primária (aguda, adquirida recentemente) foi encontrada em sete (35%) pacientes com baixa avidez para Toxoplasma IgG. Um (3%) paciente com baixa avidez para citomegalovírus IgG teve uma infecção primária. CONCLUSÃO A soronegatividade do Toxoplasma gondii foi alta na região. Portanto, testar mulheres em idade fértil pode ser importante para a prevenção de infecções congênitas causadas pelo Toxoplasma gondii.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Rubella/blood , Toxoplasmosis/blood , Cytomegalovirus Infections/blood , Toxoplasma , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Retrospective Studies , Cytomegalovirus , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(2): e1344, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139050

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad producida por el nuevo coronavirus constituye un reto para los sistemas de salud. En estos tiempos de pandemia disponer de pruebas que ayuden a un diagnóstico temprano e incluso a detectar pacientes asintomáticos es una de las claves para disminuir los contagios y evitar la propagación. Objetivo: Revisar los aspectos más importantes en el diagnóstico del nuevo coronavirus. Desarrollo: La detección de ARN de SARS-CoV2 en muestras respiratorias, es la técnica de referencia y de elección para el diagnóstico microbiológico de COVID-19. Tomando la muestra de la parte posterior de la faringe y de las fosas nasales puede detectarse la presencia del virus. La detección de antígenos es un tipo de prueba de diagnóstico rápido la cual detecta la presencia de proteínas virales (antígenos) expresadas por el virus de la COVID-19. La detección de los anticuerpos generados en el organismo huésped infectado es una de las técnicas más utilizadas a nivel mundial en grandes poblaciones, incluso como pesquizaje, aunque su interpretación puede requerir intervención de médicos especializados. También está basada en la detección de anticuerpos del tipo IgM e IgG y algunas presentan la detección de anticuerpos IgA. Conclusiones: La interpretación de las pruebas serológicas debe realizarse con cautela, teniendo en cuenta sus limitaciones, y evaluarlas acorde a la situación clínica del paciente y de los resultados de la prueba de referencia(AU)


Introduction: The disease caused by the new coronavirus constitutes a challenge for health systems. In these times of pandemic, having tests that help early diagnosis and even detect asymptomatic patients is one of the keys to reducing infections and preventing the spread. Objective: To review the most important aspects in the diagnosis of the new coronavirus. Findings: Detection of SARS-CoV2 RNA in respiratory samples is the reference and technique of choice for the microbiological diagnosis of COVID-19. By taking samples from the back of the pharynx and the nostrils, the presence of the virus can be detected. Antigen detection is a type of rapid diagnostic test which detects the presence of viral proteins (antigens) expressed by COVID-19 virus. Detection of the antibodies generated in the infected host organism is one of the most widely used techniques worldwide in large populations, even as screening, although its interpretation may require the intervention of specialists. It is also based on the detection of IgM and IgG type antibodies and some have the detection of IgA antibodies. Conclusions: The interpretation of serological tests should be done with caution, taking into account the limitations, and assessing them according to the patient's clinical situation and the results of the reference test(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , RNA/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/microbiology , Early Diagnosis , Immunoglobulin M/analysis , Serologic Tests/methods
15.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 1-6, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089330

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Febrile illnesses in developing countries are often misdiagnosed as malaria or typhoid fever. Although arboviral infections have similar clinical symptoms, they are usually not screened because of limited resources and the fact that there are several viruses in this group. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has been isolated in parts of Nigeria, but there is no documented evidence of the infection in Kogi State. This study determined seroprevalence of active and past CHIKV infection among febrile patients who tested negative for malaria and typhoid fever. Sera from 243 febrile patients were screened for CHIKV IgG and IgM using an immunochromatographic test kit. Clinical and socio-demographic variables were collected using a structured questionnaire. Recent CHIKV infection was observed in 5.8% of the study participants while 25.1% had IgG antibodies demonstrating previous infection. Significant associations were observed between seropositivity and age of participants (p < 0.001), sex (p = 0.044), marital status (p = 0.002), and occupation (p < 0.001). Clinical symptoms such as fever, joint pain, and headache were significantly associated with seropositivity. This study identified recent CHIKV infection in Anyigba. Therefore, there is need for routine screening of febrile patients and molecular characterization to determine the nature of circulating strains.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Chikungunya Fever/epidemiology , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Immunoassay , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Chikungunya virus/immunology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Fever/epidemiology , Chikungunya Fever/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Nigeria/epidemiology
16.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 85-88, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089325

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The antigenic potential of seven immunogenic peptides of the dengue virus was evaluated in the sera of patients with dengue confirmed by IgM/IgG serology. Antibodies IgM and IgG against dengue virus peptides were analyzed by ELISA in 31 dengue sero-positive and 20 sero-negative patients. The P5 peptide showed significant IgG immunoreactivity mostly in the sera of patients with dengue without warning signs in comparison with patients with dengue with warning signs, correlating with mild disease. This finding suggests that the low antibody response against P5 epitope could be a risk factor for higher susceptibility to dengue virus infection with warning signs, and that P5 could be a potential antigen for vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Peptides/immunology , Viral Envelope Proteins/immunology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Dengue Vaccines , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Epitopes/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/prevention & control , Antibody Formation , Antigens, Viral/immunology
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2410-2414, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak occurred during the flu season around the world. This study aimed to analyze the impact of influenza A virus (IAV) exposure on COVID-19.@*METHODS@#Seventy COVID-19 patients admitted to the hospital during January and February 2020 in Wuhan, China were included in this retrospective study. Serum tests including respiratory pathogen immunoglobulin M (IgM) and inflammation biomarkers were performed upon admission. Patients were divided into common, severe, and critical types according to disease severity. Symptoms, inflammation indices, disease severity, and fatality rate were compared between anti-IAV IgM-positive and anti-IAV IgM-negative groups. The effects of the empirical use of oseltamivir were also analyzed in both groups. For comparison between groups, t tests and the Mann-Whitney U test were used according to data distribution. The Chi-squared test was used to compare disease severity and fatality between groups.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-two (45.71%) of the 70 patients had positive anti-IAV IgM. Compared with the IAV-negative group, the positive group showed significantly higher proportions of female patients (59.38% vs. 34.21%, χ = 4.43, P = 0.035) and patients with fatigue (59.38% vs. 34.21%, χ = 4.43, P = 0.035). The levels of soluble interleukin 2 receptor (median 791.00 vs. 1075.50 IU/mL, Z = -2.70, P = 0.007) and tumor necrosis factor α (median 10.75 vs. 11.50 pg/mL, Z = -2.18, P = 0.029) were significantly lower in the IAV-positive group. Furthermore, this group tended to have a higher proportion of critical patients (31.25% vs. 15.79%, P = 0.066) and a higher fatality rate (21.88% vs. 7.89%, P = 0.169). Notably, in the IAV-positive group, patients who received oseltamivir had a significantly lower fatality rate (0 vs. 36.84%, P = 0.025) compared with those not receiving oseltamivir.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The study suggests that during the flu season, close attention should be paid to the probability of IAV exposure in COVID-19 patients. Prospective studies with larger sample sizes are needed to clarify whether IAV increases the fatality rate of COVID-19 and to elucidate any benefits of empirical usage of oseltamivir.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Influenza A virus/immunology , Influenza, Human/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Severity of Illness Index
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20200692, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143866

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 56-year-old male with human immunodeficiency virus required hospitalization due to the onset of both dyspnea and asthenia. A computed tomography of the chest exam showed the radiological pattern of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 pulmonary involvement. Based on immunochromatographic analysis, the patient evolved as a reagent for immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies. The individual developed complete hemiparesis with a predominance in the right arm and conduction aphasia. T1-weighted magnetic resonance sequence of the brain showed an area of hypointensity with a high intrinsic cortical signal and hyperintensity in the T2-sequence. A Doppler velocimetric examination showed total/critical sub occlusion, suggesting an ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , HIV Infections/complications , Brain Ischemia/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Coinfection/virology , Betacoronavirus , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Viral
19.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200225, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135239

ABSTRACT

In the near future, the overlap of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and dengue epidemics is a concrete threat in tropical regions. Co-epidemics of COVID-19 and dengue could be an overwhelming challenge for health systems in low- and middle-income countries. In this work, we investigated potential serological cross-reactions between COVID-19 and dengue patients. Among 32 COVID-19 positive sera, no positive Dengue virus (DENV) IgG/IgM results were observed. On the other hand, one false-positive result was observed among 44 DENV-positive sera tested for COVID-19 antibodies with each of the two rapid tests used. Further data on accuracy of COVID-19 diagnostic test are urgently warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Cross Reactions , Dengue/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Immunoglobulin M/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Dengue Virus/immunology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus/immunology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762455

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anti-carbohydrate antibody responses, including those of anti-blood group ABO antibodies, are yet to be thoroughly studied in humans. Because anti-ABO antibody-mediated rejection is a key hurdle in ABO-incompatible transplantation, it is important to understand the cellular mechanism of anti-ABO responses. We aimed to identify the main human B cell subsets that produce anti-ABO antibodies by analyzing the correlation between B cell subsets and anti-ABO antibody titers. METHODS: Blood group A-binding B cells were analyzed in peritoneal fluid and peripheral blood samples from 43 patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis and 18 healthy volunteers with blood group B or O. The correlation between each blood group A-specific B cell subset and anti-A antibody titer was then analyzed using Pearson's correlation analysis. RESULTS: Blood group A-binding B cells were enriched in CD27⁺CD43⁺CD1c− B1, CD5⁺ B1, CD11b⁺ B1, and CD27⁺CD43⁺CD1c+ marginal zone-B1 cells in peripheral blood. Blood group A-specific B1 cells (P=0.029 and R=0.356 for IgM; P=0.049 and R=0.325 for IgG) and marginal zone-B1 cells (P=0.011 and R=0.410 for IgM) were positively correlated with anti-A antibody titer. Further analysis of peritoneal B cells confirmed B1 cell enrichment in the peritoneal cavity but showed no difference in blood group A-specific B1 cell enrichment between the peritoneal cavity and peripheral blood. CONCLUSIONS: Human B1 cells are the key blood group A-specific B cells that have a moderate correlation with anti-A antibody titer and therefore constitute a potential therapeutic target for successful ABO-incompatible transplantation.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Antibody Formation , Ascitic Fluid , B-Lymphocyte Subsets , B-Lymphocytes , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Peritoneal Cavity , Peritoneal Dialysis
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