Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.158
Filter
1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 148-153, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influece of early relapse in the era of novel drugs on the prognosis of the patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(NDMM) and risk factors, and to provide the basis for the early identification of the high-risk patients and guiding the treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of the patients with NDMM admitted to our hospital from November 2011 to May 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether the progression free survival(PFS) was more than 12 months, they were divided into early relapse group(≤12 months) and late relapse group(>12 months). The high-risk factors of the patients in two groups were analyzed, including age, anemia, renal insufficiency, hypercalcemia, increasing of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) level, Extramedullary disease (EMD), International Staging System(ISS) stage, Revised International Staging System (R-ISS) stage, cytogenetic abnormalities(CA) detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization(FISH), and treatment efficacy. The meaningful clinical indicators were screened, and multivariate analysis was used to explore the high-risk factors of early relapse.@*RESULTS@#170 patients with NDMM were collected, including 25 cases in early relapse group and 145 cases in late relapse group. The median OS time of the patients in early death group was 20 months, and 140 months in late relapse group by the end of follow-up, there was significant difference in OS of the patients between two groups(P<0.001). Fifteen patients(56.0%)in early relapse group obtained ≥VGPR, and 113(77.9%) patients in late relapse group, the difference was statistically significant(P=0.011). Survival outcomes remained poor among early relapse patients irrespective of depth of response to initial therapy. Multivariate analysis showed that the EMD and high-risk CA predicted early relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of patients with early relapse in NDMM is poor. EMD and high-risk CA is an independent prognostic factor of early relapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Prognosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Risk Factors
2.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 276-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and summarize the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis and prognosis analysis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC).@*METHODS@#The data of thirteen cases of MTSCC were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical and pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical expression were summarized, and fluorescence in situ hybridization was detected.@*RESULTS@#Among the thirteen patients, four were males and nine females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶2.25. The average age was 57.1 years, ranging from 39 to 78 years. The maximum diameter of the tumor was 2-12 cm. All cases had no symptoms, and were accidentally discovered, 3 cases underwent partial renal resection, 10 cases underwent radical renal resection, 9 cases were located in the left kidney, and 4 cases were located in the right kidney. Most of the cases showed the classical morphological changes, with 11 cases of nuclear grading [World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading system] being G2 and 2 cases being G3. There were 6 cases of stage PT1a, 3 cases of PT1b, 2 cases of PT2a, and 1 case of PT2b and 1 case of PT3a. The positive rates of immunohistochemical staining were: vimentin, AE1/AE3, α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (αMACR) and cytokeratin (CK) 8/18, 100% (13/13); CK7, 92.3% (12/13); epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), 92.3% (12/13); CK20, 46.2% (6/13); CD10, 30.8% (4/13); synaptophysin (Syn), 7.7% (1/13); chromogranin A (CgA), CD57, WT1 and Ki-67, 0 (0/13), and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that no trisomy of chromosomes 7 and 17 were observed in any of the cases. The follow-up period was 6 months to 7 years and 6 months, 2 cases died after lung metastasis (one with ISUP/WHO grade G3, one with necrosis), and the remaining 11 cases had no recurrence and metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#MTSCC is a unique type of low-grade malignancy kidney tumor, occurs predominantly in females, widely distributed in age, the current treatment method is surgical resection, and cases with necrosis and high-grade morphology are prone to recurrence and metastasis, although most cases have a good prognosis, but they still need close follow-up after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Prognosis , Necrosis
3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 243-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986845

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#There is an increasing interest in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) low expression breast cancer with the result of novel anti-HER2 antibody-drug conjugates for breast cancer. HER2 low expression breast cancer is expected to become a new type of breast cancer. This study analyzed and compared the clinicopathological features and survival data of breast cancer with HER2 low expression group [immunohistochemistry (IHC) 1+ or IHC 2+, and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) negative] and HER2 zero expression group (IHC 0), in order to explore the difference in clinical biology of HER2 low expression breast cancers.@*METHODS@#Among 1 250 female patients with primary non-metastatic breast cancer admitted to the Breast Disease Center of Peking University First Hospital from January 2014 to December 2017, 969 cases were HER2 negative (IHC 0, 1+, 2+, and FISH was not amplified). The clinicopathologic features and prognosis of the patients with HER2 low expression (IHC 1+ or 2+, and unamplified by FISH) and HER2 zero expression (IHC 0) were analyzed. Disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated, survival rates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier curve, and survival differences were compared by Log-rank test. Cox regression analysis of univariate and multivariate prognostic factors. Bilateral test was used, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#In the 969 patients with HER2 negative breast cancer, 606 had HER2 low expression (62.54%) and 363 had HER2 zero expression (37.46%). Compared with breast cancer with HER2 zero expression, those with HER2 low expression had higher N stage (P=0.001) and TNM stage (P=0.044), the proportion of non-specific histological types was higher (82.7% vs. 79.1%, P=0.009), the histological grade was higher (P=0.048), and the positive rate of hormone receptor was higher (83.2% vs. 75.2%, P=0.003). The percentage of Ki-67 value index >30% was lower (30.4% vs. 36.6%, P=0.044). There was no significant difference in DFS and OS between the two groups (P>0.05). In the 969 cases, 777 were hormone receptor positive and 192 were hormone receptor negative (triple negative cancer). Among the 777 cases with hormone receptor positive, 504 (64.9%) were HER2 low expression, and 273 (35.1%) were HER2 zero expression. Compared with breast cancer with HER2 zero expression group, the HER2 low expression group had a younger age (P=0.016), a higher proportion of premenopausal patients (P=0.029), more lymph node involvement (P=0.002), and a higher total TNM stage (P=0.031), and less frequent histological types of lobular and mucinous carcinoma (3.6% vs. 7.3%, 4.8% vs. 10.6%, P=0.001). There was no difference in DFS and OS between HER2 low expression and zero expression (P>0.05). Among 192 patients with hormone receptor negative, there were 102 cases (53.1%) with HER2 low expression and 90 cases (46.9%) with HER2 zero expression. Compared with the HER2 zero expression groups, HER2 low expression group was older (P=0.001), the proportion of premenopausal patients was low (P=0.029), the histological grade was lower (P < 0.001), the Ki-67 value index was lower (P < 0.001), and androgen receptor positive rate was higher (58.8% vs. 34.4%, P < 0.001). DFS was better than HER2 zero expression group (P=0.038), but there was no difference in OS between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#HER2 low expression breast cancer accounts for about half of all breast cancers, and the incidence is much higher than that of HER2 positive breast cancer. Its clinicopathologic features are heterogeneous, and the status of hormone receptor expression has an impact on the clinical biology of this group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Ki-67 Antigen , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Prognosis , Hormones
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 228-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of using MDM2 amplification probe and DDIT3 dual-color, break-apart rearrangement probe fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique in the diagnosis of liposarcoma.@*METHODS@#In the study, 62 cases of liposarcoma diagnosed in Peking University First Hospital from January 2015 to December 2019 were analysed for clinicopathological information. Of these 62 cases of liposarcoma, all were analysed for MDM2 amplification and 48 cases were analysed for DDIT3 rearrangement using a FISH technique. Our study aimed to evaluate the status of MDM2 and DDIT3 by FISH in liposarcoma and correlate it with diagnosis of different subtypes of liposarcoma. The subtypes of liposarcoma were classified according to the FISH results, combined with the relevant clinicopathological features.@*RESULTS@#The patients aged 31-89 years (mean: 59 years) with a 1.75:1 male to female ratio. Histologically, there were 20 cases of atypical lipomatous tumour/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDLPS), 26 cases of dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS), 13 myxoid liposarcoma (MLPS) and 3 pleomorphic liposarcoma (PLPS). Tumors with DDLPS (23/26) and WDLPS (8/20) were localized retroperitoneally, while both tumours of MLPS and PLPS were localized extra-retroperitoneally, and the difference of sites among the four subtypes of liposarcoma was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Histologically, varied mucoid matrix could be observed in the four subtypes of liposarcoma, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). MDM2 gene amplification was demonstrated in all cases of ALT/WDLPS and DDLPS (100%, 20/20 and 26/26 respectively); DDIT3 gene rearrangement was noted only in MLPS (100%, 13/13); most cases of DDLPS (96.2%, 25/26) and ALT/WDLPS (83.3%, 5/6, 6 cases selected for detection) demonstrated the picture of amplification of the DDIT3 telomeric tag. According to the instructions of DDIT3 break-apart rearrangement probe, the 5' telomere probe and 3' centromere probe spanned but did not cover the DDIT3 gene itself, on the contrary, the 5' telomere probe covered the CDK4 gene, while the DDIT3 and CDK4 gene were located adjacent to each other on chromosome, therefore, when the amplification signal appeared on the telomeric tag of the DDIT3 rearrangement probe, it indeed indicated the CDK4 gene amplification rather than the DDIT3 gene rearrangement. Then the 10 cases with DDIT3 telomeric tag amplification were selected for CDK4 and DDIT3 gene amplification probe FISH tests, and all the cases showed CDK4 gene amplification (100%, 10/10) and two of the 10 cases demonstrated co-amplification of CDK4 and DDIT3 (20%, 2/10); DDIT3 polysomy detected by DDIT3 gene rearrangement probe was found in 1 case of DDLPS and 2 cases of PLPS (66.7%, 2/3) with morphology of high-grade malignant tumour and poor prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that a diagnosis of different subtype liposarcoma could be confirmed based on the application of MDM2 and DDIT3 FISH, combined with clinicopathological findings. It is also noteworthy that atypical signals should be correctly interpreted to guide correct treatment of liposarcomas.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4/metabolism , Liposarcoma/pathology , Lipoma/pathology , Gene Amplification , Transcription Factor CHOP/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 459-463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985891

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical phenotype and genetic characteristics of disorders of sex development (DSD) caused by Y chromosome copy number variant (CNV). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 3 patients diagnosed with DSD caused by Y chromosome CNV admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January, 2018 to September, 2022. Clinical data were collected. Clinical study and genetic test were performed by karyotyping, whole exome sequencing (WES), low coverage whole genome copy number variant sequencing (CNV-seq), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and gonadal biopsy. Results: The 3 children, aged 12, 9, 9 years, the social gender were all female, presented with short stature, gonadal dysplasia and normal female external genital. No other phenotypic abnormality was found except for case 1 with scoliosis. The karyotype of all cases were identified as 46, XY. No pathogenic vraiants were found by WES. CNV-seq determined that case 1 was 47, XYY,+Y(2.12) and case 2 was 46, XY,+Y(1.6). FISH concluded that the long arm of Y chromosome was broken and recombined near Yq11.2, and then produced a pseudodicentric chromosome idic(Y). The karyotype was reinterpreted as mos 47, X, idic(Y)(q11.23)×2(10)/46, X, idic(Y)(q11.23)(50) in case 1. The karyotype was redefined as 45, XO(6)/46, X, idic(Y)(q11.22)(23)/46, X, del(Y)(q11.22)(1) in case 2. 46, XY, -Y(mos) was found by CNV-seq in case 3, and the karyotype of 45, XO/46, XY was speculated. Conclusions: The clinical manifestations of children with DSD caused by Y chromosome CNV are short stature and gonadal dysgenesis. If there is an increase of Y chromosome CNV detected by CNV-seq, FISH is recommended to classify the structural variation of Y chromosome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , DNA Copy Number Variations , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Turner Syndrome
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 592-598, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical, pathological and immunophenotypic features, molecular biology and prognosis of fibrin-associated large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL-FA) in various sites. Methods: Six cases of LBCL-FA diagnosed from April 2016 to November 2021 at the Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China and the First Affiliated Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China were collected. The cases were divided into atrial myxoma and cyst-related groups. Clinical characteristics, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, Epstein Barr virus infection status, B-cell gene rearrangement and fluorescence in situ hybridization of MYC, bcl-2, bcl-6 were summarized. Results: The patients' mean age was 60 years. All of them were male. Three cases occurred in atrial myxoma background, while the others were in cyst-related background, including adrenal gland, abdominal cavity and subdura. All cases showed tumor cells located in pink fibrin clot. However, three cyst-related cases showed the cyst wall with obviously fibrosis and inflammatory cells. All cases tested were non germinal center B cell origin, positive for PD-L1, EBER and EBNA2, and were negative for MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 rearrangements, except one case with MYC, bcl-2 and bcl-6 amplification. All of the 5 cases showed monoclonal rearrangement of the Ig gene using PCR based analysis. The patients had detailed follow-ups of 9-120 months, were treated surgically without radiotherapy or chemotherapy, and had long-term disease-free survivals. Conclusions: LBCL-FA is a group of rare diseases occurring in various sites, with predilection in the context of atrial myxoma and cyst-related lesions. Cyst-related lesions with obvious chronic inflammatory background show more scarcity of lymphoid cells and obvious degeneration, which are easy to be missed or misdiagnosed. LBCL-FA overall has a good prognosis with the potential for cure by surgery alone and postoperative chemotherapy may not be necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Fibrin/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Myxoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 454-459, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985700

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical and molecular genetic characteristics of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. Methods: The clinicopathological data of gastric carcinoma cases with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification diagnosed from January 2011 to September 2020 at the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, China, were collected. The clinicopathological, immunophenotypic and molecular pathological features were analyzed. The relevant literature was reviewed. Results: There were 4 cases of gastric carcinoma with NTRK-rearrangement/amplification. All 4 patients were male, aged 57-67 years (average, 63 years). Tumor sizes ranged from 3.5 to 5.2 cm (average, 4.8 cm). All tumors were in the antrum. All 4 patients underwent radical gastrectomy and were followed up after the surgery. Morphologically, all tumors showed histological features with enteroblastic-differentiated gastric carcinoma. Tumor cells showed predominantly tubular/papillary architecture, with conspicuous vesicular nuclei and pale staining or transparent cytoplasm. Immunohistochemistry showed pan-TRK expression in all cases, with various degrees of positivity in the cytoplasm. All cases were subject to NTRK1/2/3 detection using fluorescence in situ hybridization. There were NTRK translocations in 2 cases and NTRK amplifications in 2 cases. These cases were further verified by RNAseq next generation sequencing which confirmed that NTRK1 gene translocation (TPM3-NTRK1) and NTRK2 gene translocation (NTRK2-SMCHD1) occurred in two cases, respectively. Conclusions: NTRK mutation occurs less frequently in gastric cancer. In this study, the cases mainly occur in the antrum. The morphology has the characteristics of enteroblastic differentiation. The tumors have unique histological, immunophenotypic and molecular characteristics, which require much attention from pathologists to effectively guide clinicians to choose the best treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Receptor, trkA/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Carcinoma , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985681

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes and molecular genetics of fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS). Methods: One hundred and thirty-four cases of FTS or tenosynovial fibroma diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2008 to April 2019 were selected. The clinical and histologic features of these cases were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed on the above cases. Results: There were a total of 134 cases of FTS, including 67 males and 67 females. The patients' median age was 38 years (ranged from 2 to 85 years). The median tumor size was 1.8 cm (ranged from 0.1 to 6.8 cm). The most common site was the upper extremity (76/134, 57%). Follow-up data was available in 28 cases and there was no detectable recurrence. Classic FTS (114 cases) were well-defined and hypocellular. A few spindle-shaped fibroblasts were scattered in the dense collagenous sclerotic stroma. Characteristically elongated slit-like spaces or thin-walled vessels were observed. Most of cellular FTSs (20 cases) were well-defined and the area with increased cellularity of the spindle cells coexisted with classic FTS. There were occasional mitotic figures, but no atypical mitotic figures. Immunohistochemistry was performed in 8 cases of classic FTS and most cases were positive for SMA (5/8). Immunohistochemistry was also performed in 13 cases of cellular FTS and showed 100% positive rate for SMA. FISH was conducted on 20 cases of cellular FTS and 32 cases of classical FTS. USP6 gene rearrangement was found in 11/20 of cellular FTS. Among 12 cases of CFTS with nodular fasciitis (NF)-like morphological feature, 7 cases showed USP6 gene rearrangement. The rearrangement proportion of USP6 gene in cellular FTS without NF-like morphological features was 4/8. By contrast, 3% (1/32) of the classic FTS showed USP6 gene rearrangement. RT-PCR was performed in those cases with detected USP6 gene rearrangement and sufficient tissue samples for RT-PCR. The MYH9-USP6 fusion gene was detected in 1 case (1/8) of the cellular FTSs, while no target fusion partner was detected in the classic FTS. Conclusions: FTS is a relatively rare benign fibroblastic or myofibroblastic tumor. Our study and recent literature find that some of the classic FTS also show USP6 gene rearrangements, suggesting that classical FTS and cellular FTS are likely to be at different stages of the same disease (spectrum). FISH for USP6 gene rearrangement may be used as an important auxiliary diagnostic tool in distinguishing FTS from other tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Gene Rearrangement , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Fibroma/pathology , Fasciitis/genetics , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase , Tendons/pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 35-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970949

ABSTRACT

What are the new contents of the guideline since 2010?A.Patients with primary and non-primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) are included in these guidelines for the diagnosis and management of cholangiocarcinoma.B.Define "related stricture" as any biliary or hepatic duct stricture accompanied by the signs or symptoms of obstructive cholestasis and/or bacterial cholangitis.C.Patients who have had an inconclusive report from MRI and cholangiopancreatography should be reexamined by high-quality MRI/cholangiopancreatography for diagnostic purposes. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography should be avoided for the diagnosis of PSC.D. Patients with PSC and unknown inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) should undergo diagnostic colonoscopic histological sampling, with follow-up examination every five years until IBD is detected.E. PSC patients with IBD should begin colon cancer monitoring at 15 years of age.F. Individual incidence rates should be interpreted with caution when using the new clinical risk tool for PSC for risk stratification.G. All patients with PSC should be considered for clinical trials; however, if ursodeoxycholic acid (13-23 mg/kg/day) is well tolerated and after 12 months of treatment, alkaline phosphatase (γ- Glutamyltransferase in children) and/or symptoms are significantly improved, it can be considered to continue to be used.H. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with cholangiocytology brushing and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis should be performed on all patients suspected of having hilar or distal cholangiocarcinoma.I.Patients with PSC and recurrent cholangitis are now included in the new unified network organ sharing policy for the end-stage liver disease model standard.J. Liver transplantation is recommended after neoadjuvant therapy for patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma with diameter < 3 cm or combined with PSC and no intrahepatic (extrahepatic) metastases.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cholangitis, Sclerosing/diagnosis , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Cholangiocarcinoma/therapy , Liver Diseases/complications , Cholestasis , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology , Bile Duct Neoplasms/therapy
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 368-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic characteristics of idic(X)(p11.22) in Turner syndrome (TS).@*METHODS@#Two fetuses suspected for sex chromosome abnormalities or ultrasound abnormalities were selected from Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital in October 2020 and June 2020, and amniotic fluid samples were collected for G-banded chromosomal karyotyping analysis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The two fetuses were respectively found to have a karyotype of 45,X[47]/46,X,psu idic(X)(p11.2)[53] and 46,X,psu idic(X)(p11.2). CMA found that both had deletions in the Xp22.33p11.22 region and duplications in the p11.22q28 region. FISH showed that the centromeres in both fetuses had located on an isochromosome.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of karyotyping analysis, FISH, and CMA is useful for the delineation of complex structural chromosomal aberrations. High-resolution CMA can accurately identify chromosomal breakpoints, which can provide a clue for elucidating the mechanism of chromosomal breakage and rearrangement.


Subject(s)
Female , Pregnancy , Humans , Turner Syndrome/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Centromere , Prenatal Diagnosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 257-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique for the verification of the clonalities of non-clonal cytogenetic abnormalities (n-CCA) identified by conventional chromosome banding analysis (CBA) in patients with Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).@*METHODS@#Clinical data and results of karyotyping and FISH assays for 91 patients of MDS with n-CCA identified by CBA were retrospectively analyzed. In total 94 non-clonal +8, 5q-, -7/7q- or 20q- were detected by CBA, among which 43 (45.7%) were verified to be clonal abnormalities by FISH.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates for +8, 5q-, -7/7q- and 20q- by FISH were 47.6% (30/63), 25% (2/8), 41.7% (5/12), 40% (2/5) and 66.7% (4/6), respectively, with the positive cells accounting for 4% to 90% of all counted cells, with a median value of 7%. The 91 patients were divided into three groups including ≥ 20, 10 ~< 20 and < 10 based on the numbers of metaphase cells in CBA, and the detection rates by FISH for the three groups were 43.7% (31/71), 33.3% (3/9) and 63.6% (7/11), respectively, which showed no statistically difference (P > 0.05). Continuous CBA and FISH surveys were conducted for 26 patients who received supportive treatment, and the results revealed that 91.7% (11/12) of FISH-verified positive abnormalities had persisted, whereas 92.9% (13/14) of the n-CCA verified as negative by FISH was transient.@*CONCLUSION@#Nearly half of the CBA identified n-CCA have been verified as clonal aberrations by FISH, and the FISH detection rate showed no correlation with the number of metaphase cells. FISH test is strongly recommended for verifying the clonalities of n-CCA detected by CBA, and continuous cytogenetic survey of the patients with MDS is necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a rare case of acute B-lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) with double Philadelphia chromosomes (Ph) and double derivative chromosome 9s [der(9)].@*METHODS@#A patient with double Ph and double der(9) B-ALL who presented at Shanghai Zhaxin Intergrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital in June 2020 was selected as the subject. Bone marrow morphology, flow cytometry, G-banding karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), genetic testing and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were used to analyze bone marrow samples from the patient at various stages.@*RESULTS@#At initial diagnosis, the patient's bone marrow morphology and flow immunotyping have both supported the diagnosis of B-ALL. G-banded karyotyping of the patient indicated double Ph, in addition with hyperdiploid chromosomes involving translocations between chromosomes 9 and 22. BCR-ABL1 fusion gene was positive. Genetic testing at the time of recurrence revealed presence of a heterozyous c.944C>T variant in the kinase region of the ABL1 gene. FISH showed a signal for ABL1-BCR fusion on both chromosome 9s. CMA showed that the mosaicism homozygosity ratio of chromosome 9 was about 40%, and the mosaicism duplication ratio of chromosome 22 was about 43%.@*CONCLUSION@#Since both der(9) homologs were seen in 40% of cells, the possible mechanism for the double der(9) in this patient may be similar to that of double Ph, which might have resulted from non-disjunction during mitosis in the Ph chromosome-positive cell clone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Philadelphia Chromosome , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , China , Chromosome Aberrations , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Translocation, Genetic , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 105-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis, clinical phenotype and pathogenesis for a child with mosaicism ring chromosome 4.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child was collected. Peripheral blood chromosomal karyotype G banding analysis, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were carried out for the child, in addition with a review of the literature.@*RESULTS@#The child was born full-term with low birth weight, facial dysmorphism, patent ductus arteriosus and ventricular septal defect. His karyotype was determined as mos46,XY,r(4)(p16.3q35.2)[259]/45,XY,-4[25]/47,XY,r(4)(p16.3q35.2), +r(4)(p16.3q35.2)[8]/46,XY,der(4)del(4)(p16.3)inv(4)(p16.3q31.1)[6]/46,XY,dic?r(4;4)(p16.3q35.2;p16.3q35.2)[4]/48,XY,r(4)(p16.3q35.2),+r(4)(p16.3q35.2)×2[3]/46,XY,r(4)(p1?q2?)[2]; CMA result was arr[GRCH37]4p16.3(68 345-2 981 614)×1; FISH result was 45,XY,-4[12]/45,XY,-4×2,+mar1.ish r1(4)(WHS-,D4Z1+)[1]/ 46,XY,-4,+mar1.ishr1(4)(WHS-,D4Z1+)[73]/46,XY,-4,+mar2.ishr2(4)(WHS-,D4Z1++)[1]/47,XY,-4,+mar1×2.ishr1(4) (WHS-, D4Z1+)×2[4]/46,XY,del(4)(p16.3).ish del(4)(p16.3)(WHS-,D4Z1+)[9].@*CONCLUSION@#In this case, the ring chromosome 4 as a de novo variant has produced a number of cell lines during embryonic development and given rise to mosaicism. The clinical phenotype of ring chromosome 4 is variable. The instability of the ring chromosome itself, presence of mosaicism, chromosome breakpoint and range of deletion and/or duplication may all affect the ultimate phenotype.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Female , Ring Chromosomes , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Karyotype , Mosaicism
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 101-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with club foot detected upon mid-pregnancy ultrasonography.@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid of the fetus and peripheral blood samples of its parents were collected and subjected to G-banding karyotype analysis and copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq). The result was verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The fetus and its parents all had a normal karyotype. CNV-seq analysis revealed that the fetus has harbored a 23.12 Mb on chromosome 5 and a 21.46 Mb duplication on chromosome 7. FISH assay has verified that its mother has carried a cryptic t(5;7)(p14.3;q33) translocation.@*CONCLUSION@#CNV-seq combined with FISH can effectively detect cryptic chromosome aberrations, and can help to reduce severe birth defects and provide a basis for prenatal genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Cri-du-Chat Syndrome , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , DNA Copy Number Variations , Prenatal Diagnosis , Fetus , Amniotic Fluid , Chromosome Deletion
15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 12-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970869

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the coincidence rate of G-banding karyotype analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for the diagnosis of children with sex chromosome mosaicisms.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was carried out for 157 children with suspected sex chromosome abnormalities who had presented at Shenzhen Children's Hospital from April 2021 to May 2022. Interphase sex chromosome FISH and G-banding karyotyping results were collected. The coincidence rate of the two methods in children with sex chromosome mosaicisms was compared.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates of G-banding karyotype analysis and FISH were 26.1% (41/157) and 22.9% (36/157) , respectively (P > 0.05). The results of G-banding karyotype analysis showed that 141 cases (89.8%) were in the sex chromosome homogeneity group, of which only 5 cases (3.5%) were inconsistent with the results of FISH. There were 16 cases (10.2%) in the sex chromosome mosaicism group, of which 11 cases (68.8%) were inconsistent with the results of FISH. There was a statistical difference between the two groups in the coincidence rate of the results of the two methods (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#No significant difference was found between G-banding karyotype analysis and FISH in the detection rate of chromosome abnormalities. The coincidence rate in the mosaicism group was lower than that in the homogeneity group, and the difference was statistically significant. The two methods should be combined for clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mosaicism , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Retrospective Studies , Karyotyping , Chromosome Aberrations , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotype , Chromosome Banding , Sex Chromosomes
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 19-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970119

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes and molecular genetics of EWSR1-SMAD3 positive fibroblastic tumor (ESFT) with an emphasis on differential diagnosis. Methods: The clinicopathological data, immunohistochemical profiles and molecular profiles of 3 ESFT cases diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from 2018 to 2021were analyzed. The related literature was also reviewed. Results: There were two males and one female. The patients were 24, 12 and 36 years old, respectively. All three tumors occurred in the subcutis of the foot with the disease duration of 6 months to 2 years. The tumors were presented with a slowly growing mass or nodule, accompanied with pain in 1 patient. The tumors ranged in size from 0.1 to 1.6 cm (mean, 1.0 cm). Microscopically, the tumors were located in the subcutaneous tissue with a nodular or plexiform growth pattern. They were composed of cellular fascicles of bland spindle cells with elongated nuclei and fine chromatin. One of the tumors infiltrated into adjacent adipose tissue. There was no nuclear atypia or mitotic activities. All three tumors showed prominent stromal hyalinization with zonal pattern present in one case. Focal punctate calcification was noted in two cases. The immunohistochemical studies showed that tumor cells were diffusely positive for ERG and negative for CD31 and CD34, with Ki-67 index less than 2%. Fluorescence in situ hybridization on the two tested cases identified EWSR1 gene rearrangement. The next generation sequencing analysis demonstrated EWSR1-SMAD3 fusion in all three cases. During the follow up, one patient developed local recurrence 24 months after the surgery. Conclusions: ESFT is a benign fibroblastic neoplasm and has a predilection for the foot, characterized by ERG immunoreactivity and EWSR1-SMAD3 fusion. Local recurrence might occur when incompletely excised. Familiarity with its clinicopathological features is helpful in distinguishing it from other spindle cell neoplasms that tend to occur at acral sites.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , China , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue/pathology , RNA-Binding Protein EWS/genetics , Smad3 Protein/genetics , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/surgery
17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 13-18, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970118

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and cytogenetic features of cryptic COL1A1-PDGFB fusion dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (CC-DFSP). Methods: Three cases of CC-DFSP diagnosed in West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2021 to September 2021 were studied. Immunohistochemistry for CD34 and other markers, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for PDGFB, COL1A1-PDGFB and COL1A1, next-generation sequencing (NGS), reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were performed. Results: There were three cases of CC-DFSP, including two females and one male. The patients were 29, 44 and 32 years old, respectively. The sites were abdominal wall, caruncle and scapula. Microscopically, they were poorly circumscribed. The spindle cells of the tumors infiltrated into the whole dermis or subcutaneous tissues, typically arranging in a storiform pattern. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells exhibited diffuse CD34 expression, but were negative for S-100, SMA, and Myogenin. Loss of H3K27me3 was not observed in the tumor cells. The Ki-67 index was 10%-15%. The 3 cases were all negative for PDGFB rearrangement and COL1A1-PDGFB fusion, whereas showing unbalanced rearrangement for COL1A1. Case 1 showed a COL1A1 (exon 31)-PDGFB (exon 2) fusion using NGS, which was further validated through RT-PCR and Sanger sequencing. All patients underwent extended surgical resection. Except for case 3 with recurrence 2 years after surgical resection, the other 2 cases showed no recurrence or metastasis during the follow-up. Conclusions: FISH has shown its validity for detecting PDGFB rearrangement and COL1A1-PDGFB fusion and widely applied in clinical detection. However, for cases with negative routine FISH screening that were highly suspicious for DFSPs, supplementary NGS or at least COL1A1 break-apart FISH screening could be helpful to identify cryptic COL1A1-PDGFB fusions or other variant fusions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Collagen Type I, alpha 1 Chain , Dermatofibrosarcoma/pathology , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-sis/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 476-482, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, prognostic factors and efficacy of hypomethylating agent (HMA) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 37 newly diagnosed patients with CMML was analyzed retrospectively, and their clinical characteristics and the efficacy of HMA were summarized. Kaplan-Meier and Log-rank test were used for univariate survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The median age at diagnosis was 67 years old. Their common manifestations included fatigue, bleeding, abnormal blood routine and fever. Most patients had splenomegaly. According to FAB classification, there were 6 cases of myelodysplastic CMML and 31 cases of myeloproliferative CMML, while according to WHO classification, 8 patients belonged to CMML-0, 9 patients to CMML-1 and 20 patients to CMML-2. At the time of diagnosis, the median white blood cell count was 32.84×109/L, median hemoglobin (Hb) was 101 g/L, median platelet count was 65×109/L, median absolute monocyte count was 9.53×109//L, median absolute neutrophil count (ANC) was 11.29×109//L and median lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was 374 U/L. Cytogenetic abnormalities were found in 4 cases among the 31 patients who underwent karyotype analysis or fluorescence in situ hybridization detection. There were 12 patients who had analyzable results and gene mutations were identified in 11 cases, including ASXL1, NRAS, TET2, SRSF2 and RUNX1. Among the 6 patients who were treated with HMA and could be evaluated for efficacy, 2 patients achieved complete remission, 1 patient achieved partial remission and 2 patients achieved clinical benefit. Compared with the non-HMA treatment group, overall survival (OS) time was not significantly prolonged in the HMA treatment group. Univariate analysis showed that Hb<100 g/L, ANC≥12×109/L, LDH≥250 U/L and peripheral blood (PB) blasts ≥5% were significantly associated with poor OS, while WHO classification CMML-2, Hb<100 g/L, ANC≥12×109/L, LDH≥250 U/L and PB blasts≥5% were significantly associated with poor leukemia-free survival (LFS) (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that ANC≥12×109/L and PB blasts≥5% were significantly associated with poor OS and LFS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CMML has high heterogeneity in clinical characteristics, genetic changes, prognosis and treatment response. HMA can not significantly improve the survival of CMML patients. ANC≥12×109/L and PB blasts≥5% are independent prognostic factors of OS and LFS in patients with CMML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic/genetics , Retrospective Studies , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Survival Analysis , Prognosis
19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 727-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out optical genome mapping (OGM) for a Chinese pedigree with a rare paracentric reverse insertion of chromosome 17.@*METHODS@#A high-risk pregnant woman identified at the Prenatal Diagnosis Center of Hangzhou Women's Hospital in October 2021 and her family members were selected as the study subjects. Chromosome G banding analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array) and OGM were applied to verify the balanced structural abnormality of chromosome 17 in the pedigree.@*RESULTS@#Chromosomal karyotyping analysis and SNP array assay have identified a duplication of 17q23q25 in the fetus. Karyotyping analysis of the pregnant woman showed that the structure of chromosome 17 was abnormal, whilst SNP array has detected no abnormality. OGM revealed that the woman has carried a paracentric reverse insertion, which was confirmed by FISH. The karyotype of her husband was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The duplication of 17q23q25 in the fetus has derived from a paracentric reverse insertion of chromosome 17 in its mother. OGM has the advantage for delineating balanced chromosome structural abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Humans , Female , Pedigree , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17/genetics , East Asian People , Chromosome Aberrations , Prenatal Diagnosis , Chromosome Mapping , Chromosome Inversion
20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 593-597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out prenatal genetic testing for a fetus with de novo 46,X,der(X)t(X;Y)(q26;q11).@*METHODS@#A pregnant woman who had visited the Birth Health Clinic of Lianyungang Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital on May 22, 2021 was selected as the study subject. Clinical data of the woman was collected. Peripheral blood samples of the woman and her husband and umbilical cord blood of the fetus were collected and subjected to conventional G-banded chromosomal karyotyping analysis. Fetal DNA was also extracted from amniotic fluid sample and subjected to chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA).@*RESULTS@#For the pregnant women, ultrasonography at 25th gestational week had revealed permanent left superior vena cava and mild mitral and tricuspid regurgitation. G-banded karyotyping analysis showed that the pter-q11 segment of the fetal Y chromosome was connected to the Xq26 of the X chromosome, suggesting a Xq-Yq reciprocal translocation. No obvious chromosomal abnormality was found in the pregnant woman and her husband. The CMA results showed that there was approximately 21 Mb loss of heterozygosity at the end of the long arm of the fetal X chromosome [arr [hg19] Xq26.3q28(133912218_154941869)×1], and 42 Mb duplication at the end of the long arm of the Y chromosome [arr [hg19] Yq11.221qter(17405918_59032809)×1]. Combined with the search results of DGV, OMIM, DECIPHER, ClinGen and PubMed databases, and based on the guidelines from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), the deletion of arr[hg19] Xq26.3q28(133912218_154941869)×1 region was rated as pathogenic, and the duplication of arr[hg19] Yq11.221qter(17405918_59032809)×1 region was rated as variant of uncertain significance.@*CONCLUSION@#The Xq-Yq reciprocal translocation probably underlay the ultrasonographic anomalies in this fetus, and may lead to premature ovarian insufficiency and developmental delay after birth. Combined G-banded karyotyping analysis and CMA can determine the type and origin of fetal chromosomal structural abnormalities as well as distinguish balanced and unbalanced translocations, which has important reference value for the ongoing pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pregnancy , Female , Vena Cava, Superior , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Chromosome Aberrations , Karyotyping , Translocation, Genetic , Fetus , Prenatal Diagnosis/methods
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL