Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 38
Filter
1.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(3): e2119389, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1286216

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The current study investigated the correlation between pulpal sensitivity to the electric pulp tester (EPT) and external apical root resorption (EARR) in four types of maxillary anterior teeth of fixed orthodontic treatment patients. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 232 anterior teeth of 58 patients (mean age 18.96 ± 6.13 years) treated with fixed orthodontic treatment were examined. The EPT readings were recorded at twelve time points immediately before archwire insertion. Root resorption of four maxillary incisors were measured by means of parallel periapical radiographs at three time intervals (six months interval from the start) through design-to-purpose software to optimize data collection. A multiple linear regression model and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to assess the association of EPT values and observed EARR (p< 0.05). Results: The highest level of EPT measurement was recorded at initial visit, and then there was a decreasing trend in EPT level during treatment for the next six and twelve months. There was another increasing trend after six months till the finishing time of the treatment. There was a significant correlation between changes in root length and time of recording the root length (p< 0.001). There was significant positive correlation between changes in EPT level and amount of observed root resorption (p< 0.001). Conclusion: The relative decrease in electric pulp test level could be a diagnostic sign of root resorption during orthodontic treatment. Further studies with longer follow up are needed to confirm the current results.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo investigou a correlação entre a sensibilidade pulpar ao teste pulpar elétrico (TPE) e a reabsorção radicular apical externa (RRAE) nos quatro dentes anteriores superiores de pacientes em tratamento ortodôntico com aparelho fixo. Métodos: Nesse estudo de coorte prospectivo, foram avaliados 232 dentes anteriores de 58 pacientes (idade média 18,96 ± 6,13 anos) tratados com aparelho ortodôntico fixo. As leituras do TPE foram registradas em doze tempos de avaliação, imediatamente antes da inserção dos arcos. As reabsorções radiculares dos quatro incisivos superiores foram aferidas por meio da média das radiografias periapicais, em três intervalos de tempo (em intervalos de seis meses desde o início) por um software desenvolvido para essa finalidade, com o intuito de otimizar a coleta de dados. Para aferir a associação entre os valores de TPE e as RRAE observadas (p< 0,05), foram utilizados o modelo de regressão linear múltiplo e o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson. Resultados: O nível mais alto das medidas do TPE foi registrado na primeira visita e, daí em diante, houve uma tendência de diminuição no nível do TPE durante o tratamento, nos seis a doze meses seguintes. Houve, também, outra tendência de aumento após os seis meses até o término do tratamento, além de uma correlação significativa entre as mudanças no comprimento radicular e o tempo de registro do comprimento radicular (p< 0,001), bem como uma correlação positiva significativa entre as mudanças no nível do TPE e a quantidade de reabsorção radicular observada (p< 0,001). Conclusão: Uma diminuição relativa no nível de sensibilidade ao teste pulpar elétrico pode ser um sinal diagnóstico de reabsorção radicular durante o tratamento ortodôntico. Estudos futuros com acompanhamentos mais longos são necessários para confirmar os presentes resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Root Resorption/etiology , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
2.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e21bbo1, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154064

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Orthodontic treatment in patients with traumatized teeth is a condition that needs good planning in order to achieve satisfactory results. Objective: To discuss approaches to orthodontic treatment of malocclusions associated with trauma followed by avulsion of anterior teeth, reimplanted after a short period of time. Case report: The treatment started with the distalization of upper posterior teeth, with the aid of mini-implants and sliding jigs, followed by the inclusion of anterior teeth in the arch, followed by intrusion of these teeth. Results: With the treatment, improved mobility of the anterior teeth was achieved, with better insertion into bone tissue. The most important factor for satisfactory treatment and a good prognosis for avulsion is the time the tooth remains outside the socket. Orthodontic treatment in patients with traumatized teeth is not contraindicated; however, clinical and radiographic aspects must be considered. Conclusion: Among the feasible orthodontic treatment options, the conservative approach can be a very favorable treatment alternative.


RESUMO Introdução: O tratamento ortodôntico em pacientes com dentes traumatizados é uma condição que necessita de um bom planejamento, a fim de se conseguir resultados satisfatórios. Objetivo: Discutir as abordagens de tratamento ortodôntico de más oclusões associadas ao trauma seguido de avulsão de dentes anteriores, reimplantados após curto espaço de tempo. Relato do Caso: O tratamento realizado iniciou-se com a distalização dos dentes posteriores superiores, com auxílio de mini-implantes e sliding jigs, seguida da inclusão dos dentes anteriores na arcada e intrusão desses dentes. Resultados: Com a realização do tratamento, conseguiu-se melhoria na mobilidade dos dentes anteriores, com inserção mais favorável no tecido ósseo. O fator mais importante para o tratamento satisfatório e um bom prognóstico da avulsão é o tempo em que o dente permanece fora do alvéolo. O tratamento ortodôntico em pacientes com dentes traumatizados não é contraindicado; porém, aspectos clínicos e radiográficos devem ser considerados. Conclusão: Entre as opções de tratamento ortodôntico factíveis, a abordagem conservadora pode ser uma opção de tratamento bastante favorável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Tooth Avulsion , Conservative Treatment , Malocclusion , Tooth Avulsion/complications , Tooth Avulsion/therapy , Tooth Avulsion/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Movement Techniques , Follow-Up Studies , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
3.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(1): e211928, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the influence of black space between the maxillary central incisors on the aesthetic visual perception of the face, via eye-tracking and visual analogue scale (VAS). Methods: Black space between the central incisors was created, for both sexes, as follows: control, 1-mm black space, 2-mm black space and 3-mm black space. Ninety raters participated in this study, divided into three groups: 30 laypeople, 30 nonorthodontists, and 30 orthodontists. After the visual calibration of each observer, eight photographs were presented in the Ogama® software concomitant with the use of the hardware The Eye Tribe®. Ogama generated information depending on the eye-tracking of each rater, regarding the time until the first fixation, time of fixation, heatmap, scanpath, and total time of fixation, to evaluate the areas deemed to be of interest according to the raters. Later on, the VAS was used, where each rater evaluated the images in an album on a scale of zero to 10 points. Results: The eyes and mouth were the areas more often noticed by the raters according to the heatmaps, while no significant difference was observed in time until the first fixation between the three groups of raters (p> 0.05). However, regarding the time of fixation on the mouth, a significant difference was observed (p< 0.05) when comparing the three groups. Conclusion: Black space has a negative effect on the aesthetic perception of the face. The amount of attention on the mouth is correspondent to the size of the black space.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a percepção visual e estética do espaço negro entre os incisivos centrais superiores, via rastreamento do olhar e escala visual analógica (EVA). Métodos: Manipulou-se o espaço negro entre os incisivos centrais superiores, para ambos os sexos, da seguinte forma: imagem controle, espaço negro de 1 mm, espaço negro de 2 mm e espaço negro de 3 mm. Participaram desse estudo noventa avaliadores, divididos em três grupos: 30 leigos, 30 cirurgiões-dentistas e 30 ortodontistas. Após a calibração visual de cada observador, foram projetadas oito fotografias no software OGAMA® em conjunto com o hardware The Eye Tribe®. O OGAMA gerou informações do rastreamento do olhar de cada avaliador com relação ao tempo até a primeira fixação, mapa de calor, trajetória do olhar e tempo total de fixação para avaliar as áreas consideradas de interesse, de acordo com os avaliadores. Posteriormente, utilizou-se a EVA para avaliar as imagens a partir de um álbum, em uma escala de 0 a 10 pontos. Resultados: Os olhos e a boca foram as áreas com maior fixação pelos avaliadores, de acordo com os mapas de calor. Os resultados estatísticos não apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os três grupos de avaliadores (p> 0,05), quanto ao tempo até a primeira fixação. Porém, em relação ao tempo de fixação na boca, observou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa (p< 0,05) na comparação dos três grupos. Conclusão: O espaço negro apresentou um efeito negativo na percepção estética da face. O aumento de fixação na boca correspondeu ao aumento do tamanho do espaço negro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , African Americans , Esthetics, Dental , Eye-Tracking Technology , Incisor , Smiling , Visual Analog Scale , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(6): 69-78, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Tooth agenesis is often associated with other tooth anomalies, such as microdontia, delayed eruption and ectopic eruption. Moreover, they may be found all in the same individual, as certain genetic mutations may have a variable phenotypic expression. Treatment of cases of hypodontia of anterior teeth should not involve only opening or closing space for prosthetic rehabilitation. Individuals with hypodontia of permanent maxillary lateral incisors may have teeth with a mesiodistal width smaller than that of patients with a normal dentition, and which may need reshaping to achieve an esthetic and functional occlusion. Objective: This clinical case report discusses the association of hypodontia of permanent maxillary lateral incisors with other tooth anomalies and their treatment alternatives.


RESUMO Introdução: As agenesias dentárias são frequentemente associadas a outras anomalias dentárias, tais como microdontia, atraso na erupção e ectopismo. Além disso, podem vir todas juntas em um mesmo indivíduo, pois certas mutações genéticas podem se expressar fenotipicamente de diferentes formas. A abordagem terapêutica nos casos de hipodontia de dentes anteriores não deve se pautar somente entre fechar ou abrir espaço para substituição protética. Portadores de hipodontia de incisivos laterais superiores permanentes podem apresentar os outros dentes com largura mesiodistal menor que os de pacientes com dentição normal, e podem necessitar de reanatomizações para que se obtenha uma oclusão dentária estética e funcional. Objetivo: Dessa forma, o objetivo do presente artigo é relatar um caso clínico e discutir a associação da hipodontia de incisivos laterais superiores permanentes com outras anomalias dentárias, e suas alternativas de tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Abnormalities , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic , Anodontia , Esthetics, Dental , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Anodontia/complications , Anodontia/therapy , Anodontia/diagnostic imaging
5.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(6): 49-58, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154049

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a relatively rare type of ERR (External Root Resorption), in which a localized resorption begins in the cervical area of the tooth, below the epithelial junction and above the ridge crest. Objective: Describe the clinical case of an 11-year-old boy with no dental trauma history, presenting moderate crowding and ectopic eruption of the maxillary right central incisor. He had been undergoing orthodontic treatment elsewhere, and his family was dissatisfied with the results. Description: A new treatment was indicated, which included rapid maxillary expansion followed by extraction of four premolars. During routine panoramic evaluation, a radiolucid image was detected and a periapical radiograph was requested. At this point, an ICR of the maxillary right central incisor was found. The treatment was cautiously finalized and despite the use of light forces, central incisor was severally compromised by ICR and was therefore extracted. Conclusion: This clinical example discusses the importance of routine radiographs for the early diagnoses of ICR.


RESUMO Introdução: A reabsorção cervical invasiva (RCI) é um tipo relativamente raro de reabsorção radicular externa (RRE), no qual uma reabsorção localizada começa na região cervical do dente, abaixo da junção epitelial e acima da crista marginal. Objetivo: Descrever o caso clínico de um menino com 11 anos de idade, sem histórico de trauma dentário, apresentando apinhamento moderado e erupção ectópica do incisivo central superior. Ele realizava tratamento ortodôntico em outro local, mas sua família estava insatisfeita com os resultados. Descrição: Foi iniciado um novo tratamento, que incluiu a expansão rápida da maxila, seguida pela extração de quatro pré-molares. Durante a avaliação de rotina da radiografia panorâmica, uma imagem radiolúcida foi detectada, e uma radiografia periapical da região foi solicitada, sendo encontrada uma RCI no incisivo central superior direito. O tratamento foi finalizado com cautela e, apesar do uso de forças leves, o incisivo central estava seriamente comprometido pela RCI e, portanto, precisou ser extraído. Conclusão: Esse exemplo clínico discute a importância das radiografias de rotina para o diagnóstico precoce da RCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Root Resorption , Incisor , Root Resorption/etiology , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid , Cuspid , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1386-1391, oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134453

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The incisors are a key factor in dental occlusion and dentofacial aesthetics; therefore, the sagittal position and inclination of the incisors is a key parameter in diagnosis and orthodontic treatment planning. In some cases, the orthodontist will use more than one cephalometric analysis, and thus different results can be obtained. The aim of this study was to establish the diagnostic agreement among the different cephalometric measurements used to determine the anteroposterior position and the inclination of the incisors. Lateral cephalometric radiograms of patients between 18 and 59 years old were measured (n=260). Digital cephalometric measurements were made with Dolphin Imaging software, by a single calibrated operator. Here, a specific cephalometric analysis was designed in the software analysis editor. The results for each variable and each measurement were registered and compared. Fleiss's Kappa statistical tests, Cohen's Kappa, and Kendall's coefficient were used to determine the strength of agreement using the Minitab software. The results showed diagnostic strength agreement between slight and moderate among measurements of the same variable. This indicates that same diagnosis might not be obtained when using different approaches to measure the anteroposterior position and inclination of the incisors. It was concluded that there is a difference in the diagnosis between one measurement and another because the results showed slight or moderate strength of agreement. However, in some cases, better agreement was found when the measurements were compared as a function of the diagnostic response.


RESUMEN: Los incisivos son un factor clave en la oclusión dental y la estética dentofacial; por lo tanto, la posición sagital y la inclinación de los incisivos es un parámetro clave en el diagnóstico y la planificación del tratamiento de ortodoncia. En algunos casos, el ortodoncista utilizará más de un análisis cefalométrico y, por lo tanto, se pueden obtener resultados diferentes. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer el acuerdo de diagnóstico entre las diferentes mediciones cefalométricas utilizadas para determinar la posición anteroposterior y la inclinación de los incisivos. Se midieron radiografías cefalométricas laterales de pacientes entre 18 y 59 años (n = 260). Las mediciones cefalométricas digitales se realizaron con el software Dolphin Imaging, por un solo operador calibrado. Aquí, se diseñó un análisis cefalométrico específico en el editor de análisis de software. Los resultados para cada variable y cada medición se registraron y compararon. Las pruebas estadísticas Kappa de Fleiss, Kappa de Cohen y el coeficiente de Kendall se usaron para determinar la fuerza del acuerdo utilizando el software Minitab. Los resultados mostraron un acuerdo de fuerza diagnóstica entre leve y moderado entre las mediciones de la misma variable. Esto indica que no se puede obtener el mismo diagnóstico cuando se utilizan diferentes enfoques para medir la posición anteroposterior y la inclinación de los incisivos. Se concluyó que existe una diferencia en el diagnóstico entre una medición y otra porque los resultados mostraron una fuerza de acuerdo leve o moderada. Sin embargo, en algunos casos, se encontró un mejor acuerdo cuando se compararon las mediciones en función de la respuesta de diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Cephalometry/methods , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Orthodontics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Diagnosis , Esthetics , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
7.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 23e1-23e7, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133677

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed to compare the root length of maxillary and mandibular incisors between individuals with open bite versus matched individuals with adequate overbite. Methods: This comparative, matched and retrospective study included 48 cone beam computed tomographies (CBCTs) obtained at a university radiological center. Scans belonged to 24 individuals with open bite (overbite ≤ 0 mm) and 24 individuals with adequate overbite (controls). Both groups were matched by age, sex, malocclusion classification and skeletal characteristics (ANB and FMA angles). Root length of each maxillary and mandibular incisor was measured in millimeters (mm) in a sagittal section from a perpendicular line to the enamel cement junction until the root apex (384 length measurements were made). The means of root length in both groups were compared using t-tests. In addition, correlations between variables were evaluated with the Pearson correlation coefficient (α = 0.05). Results: In both groups, the root length of the upper central incisors was approximately 12 mm and the root length of the maxillary lateral incisors was approximately 13 mm (p˃ 0.05). Likewise, the root length of lower central incisors in both groups measured approximately 12 mm (p˃ 0.05). However, the mandibular lateral incisor roots of open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients (approximately 1 mm, p= 0.012 right side, p= 0.001 left side). Conclusions: Root length of maxillary incisors and central mandibular incisor is similar in individuals with or without open bite, but the mandibular lateral incisor roots in open bite patients were significantly longer than in the normal overbite patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar o comprimento radicular de incisivos superiores e inferiores em indivíduos com mordida aberta versus indivíduos com sobremordida normal. Método: Esse estudo comparativo e retrospectivo incluiu 48 tomografias computadorizadas de feixe cônico (TCFC) obtidas em um centro radiológico universitário. As tomografias foram realizadas em 24 indivíduos com mordida aberta (sobremordida ≤ 0 mm) e 24 indivíduos com sobremordida normal (controle). Ambos os grupos foram compatibilizados de acordo com a idade, sexo, má oclusão e padrão esquelético (ângulos ANB e FMA). O comprimento radicular de todos os incisivos superiores e inferiores foi medido em milímetros (mm) em um corte sagital, de uma linha perpendicular à junção cemento-esmalte até o ápice radicular (384 medidas de comprimento foram realizadas). A média de comprimento radicular em ambos os grupos foi comparada utilizando-se o teste t. Adicionalmente, correlações entre as variáveis foram avaliadas usando o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson (α = 0,05). Resultados: Em ambos os grupos, o comprimento radicular dos incisivos centrais superiores foi de, aproximadamente, 12 mm, e o comprimento radicular dos incisivos laterais superiores foi de, aproximadamente, 13 mm (p˃ 0,05). Da mesma forma, o comprimento radicular dos incisivos centrais inferiores, em ambos os grupos, obteve a medida de aproximadamente 12 mm (p>0,05). No entanto, o comprimento radicular dos incisivos laterais inferiores em indivíduos com mordida aberta foi significativamente maior em comparação aos pacientes com sobremordida normal (aproximadamente 1 mm, p=0,012 do lado direito, p=0,001 do lado esquerdo). Conclusões: O comprimento radicular de incisivos superiores e incisivos centrais inferiores foi similar em indivíduos com ou sem mordida aberta, mas o comprimento radicular de incisivos laterais inferiores em indivíduos com mordida aberta foi significativamente maior em comparação a pacientes com sobremordida normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Open Bite/diagnostic imaging , Spiral Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Cephalometry , Retrospective Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the root length of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth between open bite patients and normal overbite patients via cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) as well as the root length of anterior teeth in different degree of open bite patients, and to analyze the correlation between the degree of open bite and root length.@*METHODS@#A total of 106 untreated patients were enrolled retrospectively (53 anterior open bite patients and 53 normal overbite patients).Three-dimensional position of the CBCT image for the patient's teeth was performed using Dolphin software. The median sagittal plane of the tooth was used as the measurement plane, and the line connecting the apical point and the midpoint between the labial and lingual cementoenamel junctions was defined as the root length. Independent @*RESULTS@#Significant differences were found in the root length of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth between the open bite group and the normal overbite group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The root length of maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth in the open bite patients is shorter than that in the normal overbite patients, and the severer the degree of open bite, the shorter the root length of the mandibular central incisor tends to be. There is a certain relationship between maxillary anterior teeth and the root length of anterior teeth.


Subject(s)
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Open Bite/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
9.
Ortodoncia ; 82(164-165): 10-14, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1024520

ABSTRACT

La ubicación en la arcada de un incisivo superior ectópico y con diagnóstico de dilaceración, sin duda, es un gran desafío. Ya sea por su alto compromiso estético, así como también, por las maniobras biomecánicas a aplicar. La alteración de forma y ubicación ectópica del incisivo central superior, puede estar dada por un desarrollo anormal de dicha pieza sin causa aparente en el mayor porcentaje de los casos; aunque por causas obstructivas, como la presencia de diferentes patologías: quistes, odontomas, dientes supernumerarios; así como también, en un porcentaje menor, por traumatismos en los dientes temporarios


Subject(s)
Child , Tooth Eruption, Ectopic , Tooth, Impacted , Incisor/pathology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class II , Maxilla
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180722, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012521

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Age estimation is one of the most important factors in forensic medicine. Measuring secondary dentin deposition using cone-beam computed tomography images is an easy and noninvasive method. The aim of this study was to evaluate cone-beam computed tomography images as a reliable method to estimate chronological age by pulp/teeth ratio in anterior teeth in Iranian population. Methodology A total of 649 CBCT images from 377 Iranian patients aged between 20 and 69 years were evaluated. Pulp/teeth ratio (PTR) in maxillary and mandibular canine and central incisor teeth was measured in the axial and sagittal sections using OnDemand 3D Dental software. The Pearson correlation coefficient was determined to evaluate the correlation between the variables. Linear regression analysis, as well as age estimation formula, was used for each tooth separately. Results The regression analyses indicated that maxillary central incisors were more reliable for age estimation (R2=0.586 and standard error of estimate=7.045) compared with the other anterior teeth studied. Maxillary canine teeth had the lowest predictive power (R2=0.392 and standard error of estimate=8.387). Also, comparison of the axial and sagittal sections showed that the axial sections had a higher predictive power. (R2=0.48 for axial plans and R2=0.328 for sagittal plans) Conclusion The use of cone-beam computed tomography in age estimation by pulp/teeth ratio of anterior teeth is useful and a reliable method for age estimation in Iranian population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Young Adult , Tooth/anatomy & histology , Tooth/diagnostic imaging , Age Determination by Teeth/methods , Dental Pulp/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Organ Size , Reference Values , Linear Models , Sex Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(6): 562-568, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974193

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the Herbst appliance on the proclination and protrusion of the lower incisors, and to verify if the device causes alveolar bone loss in the anterior region of the mandible. This is a retrospective study. The sample consisted of 35 individuals. The treatment group consisted of 22 individuals (8 girls and 14 boys; initial mean age of 8.2 years) who used the Cantilever Herbst appliance for a period of 12 months. The control group consisted of 13 individuals (3 girls and 10 boys; initial mean age of 8.9 years) who received no treatment and were followed up for a period of approximately 18 months. Cone-beam computed tomography scans were performed at the beginning and at the end of the observational period. The medullary bone thickness (MT), buccal cortical bone thickness (BCT), lingual cortical bone thickness (LCT), and lower incisors proclination and protrusion were evaluated. Data were submitted to statistical analysis (ANCOVA and Student's t-test) with a significance level of 5%. There was no significant difference in MT, BCT, LCT and incisor proclination between groups. Incisor proclination increased in the treated group with no statistical significance. The treatment group showed a significant increase in the protrusion of the incisors (p = 0.02). The Herbst appliance promoted a small proclination and protrusion of the lower incisors, without relevant clinical implications. The Herbst appliance did not cause bone loss in the anterior region of the mandible during Class II treatment.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os efeitos do aparelho de Herbst na proclinação e protrusão dos incisivos inferiores, bem como verificar se o aparelho causa perda óssea alveolar na região anterior da mandíbula. Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo. Foi utilizada uma amostra de 35 indivíduos. O grupo tratado foi formado por 22 indivíduos (8 meninas e 14 meninos; idade média inicial de 8,2 anos) que utilizaram o aparelho de Herbst com Cantilever por um período de 12 meses. O grupo controle foi composto por 13 indivíduos (3 meninas e 10 meninos; idade média inicial de 8,9 anos) que não receberam tratamento e foram acompanhados por um período de aproximadamente 18 meses. Exames de tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico foram realizados no início e no final do período observacional. Foram avaliadas a espessura óssea medular (EM), espessura óssea cortical vestibular (ECV), espessura óssea cortical lingual (ECL), proclinação e protrusão dos incisivos inferiores. Os dados foram submetidos a análise estatística (ANCOVA e teste t de Student) com nível de significância de 5%. Não houve alteração estatisticamente significativa na EM, ECV, ECL e proclinação dos incisivos entre os grupos. Houve um aumento na proclinação dos incisivos no grupo tratado, sem significância estatística. O grupo tratado apresentou aumento significativo na protrusão dos incisivos (p=0,02). O aparelho de Herbst promoveu uma pequena proclinação e protrusão dos incisivos inferiores, sem implicações clínicas relevantes. O aparelho de Herbst não causou perda óssea na região anterior da mandíbula durante o tratamento da Classe II.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Orthodontic Appliances, Functional , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mandible/diagnostic imaging
13.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(6): 41.e1-41.e12, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975030

ABSTRACT

Abstract Case report: young adult woman with esthetic complaints regarding her smile and frontal teeth aspect. At first glance, the problem seemed to be only the shape of the lateral upper incisors and a small diastema between the central incisors. The diagnosis shared between the orthodontist and the prosthetist led us to consider some other important aspects, such as the deep bite, the teeth inclination and the lips support. All these findings led us to consider that the right way to improve the esthetics of the patient's smile was to plan an orthodontic treatment. This would serve not only for the distribution of the spaces, but mostly it would improve all other problems, before the restoration of the upper lateral teeth with two ceramic veneers. Results: the treatment plan achieved the right distribution of spaces for upper lateral incisors, significant correction of the incisors inclination with important reduction of overbite and better lip support, upper laterals restorations with ceramic feldspathic veneers, obtaining a good integration with natural teeth satisfying patient complaint. Conclusion: in cases which involve interdisciplinary approach, the fundamental step comes from the beginning, when only an initial diagnosis shared among the team of specialists can define the patient problems from different points of view. In this way, we can better understand the competency fields and plan the right treatment and time sequence.


Resumo Relato de caso: paciente adulta jovem, sexo feminino, buscou tratamento devido à queixa com a estética do sorriso e o aspecto dos dentes anteriores. À primeira vista, o problema parecia ser apenas o formato dos incisivos laterais superiores e um pequeno diastema entre os incisivos centrais. O diagnóstico conjunto do ortodontista e do protesista fez com que considerássemos outros aspectos importantes, tais como mordida profunda, inclinação dentária e suporte labial. A partir de todas essas constatações, consideramos que a maneira mais adequada de melhorar a estética do sorriso seria planejar o tratamento ortodôntico. Assim, o tratamento serviria não apenas para melhor distribuição dos espaços, mas também melhoraria todos os outros problemas antes da restauração dos dentes laterais superiores ser realizada com duas facetas de cerâmica. Resultados: o tratamento planejado levou à correta distribuição dos espaços nos incisivos laterais superiores, com correção significativa da inclinação dos incisivos, importante redução da sobremordida e um melhor suporte labial, com restauração dos laterais superiores usando facetas de cerâmica feldspática, obtendo-se uma integração ideal com os dentes naturais, resolvendo as reclamações da paciente. Conclusão: em casos envolvendo abordagem multidisciplinar, as etapas iniciais são fundamentais, e apenas um diagnóstico inicial discutido entre a equipe de especialistas pode determinar os problemas do paciente sob diferentes perspectivas. Dessa forma, podemos compreender melhor os campos de competência e planejar a sequência e o tempo de tratamento mais adequados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Patient Care Planning , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Diastema/therapy , Esthetics, Dental , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Smiling , Tooth Bleaching , Radiography, Panoramic , Ceramics , Cephalometry , Follow-Up Studies , Patient Satisfaction , Models, Dental , Dental Veneers , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Lip , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(6): 772-780, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974375

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Intraoral devices have increasingly assumed a key role in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, but there are limitations to their indication and side effects that result from their continuous use, as well as the use of the continuous positive airway pressure device. Objectives: To evaluate the changes in dental positioning caused by the continuous use of mandibular advancement devices. Methods: A prospective longitudinal study with a sample of 15 patients, with evaluation of complete documentation after a mean time of 6.47 months, assessed changes in dental positioning due to the use of the Twin Block oral device for the treatment of patients with apnea. The following variables were evaluated: overjet, overbite, upper and lower intermolar distances, upper and lower intercanine distances, Little's irregularity index and the incisor mandibular plane angle. An intraclass correlation test was performed and a correlation index > 0.08 was accepted. After verifying the normal sample distribution (Shapiro-Wilks), a parametric test was used (t test), with a significance level set at 5%. Results: There was a decrease in the values of overjet, overbite and Little's irregularity index, whereas there was an increase in the lower intercanine distance and IMPA values. All these variables are influenced, at different levels, by the forward inclination of the lower incisors, an action that can be expected due to the force applied by the device on the dentition. The other variables did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusion: After a mean time of 6.47 months of use of the mandibular advancement device, there were statistically significant changes in the dental positioning, but they were not clinically relevant. However, it is relevant that this device is commonly in use over long periods of time, making the monitoring of these patients of the utmost importance for the duration of their therapy.


Resumo: Introdução: Os aparelhos intraorais têm assumido cada vez mais um papel importante no tratamento da síndrome da apneia obstrutiva do sono, mas existem limitações a sua indicação e efeitos colaterais com o seu uso contínuo, assim como com o uso do aparelho de pressão aérea positiva contínua. Objetivos: Avaliar as alterações no posicionamento dentário produzido pelo uso contínuo do aparelho de projeção mandibular. Método: Através de estudo longitudinal prospectivo com amostra de 15 pacientes, com avaliação de documentações completas após um tempo médio de 6,47 meses do uso do aparelho oral de Twin Block para tratamento de pacientes com apneia, foram avaliadas as alterações do posicionamento dos dentes decorrentes do seu uso. As seguintes variáveis foram avaliadas: overjet, overbite, distâncias intermolares superior e inferior, distâncias intercaninos superior e inferior, índice de irregularidade de Little e ângulo do plano incisivo mandibular. Foi feito teste de correlação intraclasse e foram aceitos índices de correlação acima de 0,08. Após atestada a distribuição normal da amostra (Shapiro-Wilks), foi usado um teste paramétrico (teste t), com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Houve diminuição nos valores de overjet, overbite e irregularidade de Little e aumento nos valores da distância intercanino inferior e do ângulo do plano incisivo mandibular. Todas essas variáveis sofrem influência, com diferentes expressividades, da inclinação para frente dos incisivos inferiores, uma ação que pode ser esperada devido à força aplicada pelo aparelho sobre a dentição. As demais variáveis não demostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas. Conclusão: Houve mudanças estatisticamente significativas no posicionamento dos dentes, porém clinicamente sem relevância, com um tempo médio de uso de 6,47 meses do aparelho de avanço mandibular. Contudo, deve-se considerar que o uso dessa aparelhagem é comum durante longos períodos, fazendo com que seja de suma importância o acompanhamento desses pacientes a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mandibular Advancement/instrumentation , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure/adverse effects , Time Factors , Tooth Movement Techniques , Cephalometry , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Mandibular Advancement/standards , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/therapy , Open Bite/etiology , Dental Arch/diagnostic imaging , Overbite/etiology , Incisor/diagnostic imaging
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(3): 239-244, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951551

ABSTRACT

Abstract Most failures in endodontic treatment of mandibular incisors are due to the presence of a missed canal specifically the lingual. This investigation aimed to examine the root morphology and number of canals in mandibular incisors using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Two hundred and seven patients were assessed in terms of their mandibular central and lateral incisors of CBCT. The inclusion criteria were absence of root resorption, coronal restoration or root filling and clarity and optimal resolution of images. According to the Vertucci's classification, number of roots and canals and type of canal were evaluated by two oral and maxillofacial radiologists. In order to data analysis SPSS version 16 and descriptive statistics were implemented. All mandibular incisors had one root. Most central (84.5%) and lateral (78.2%) incisors had a single canal (p= 0.065). The majority of central (54.5%) and lateral (56.5%) incisors were Vertucci's type I (p= 0.102). Prevalence of one canal in males: central (84.8%), lateral (77.9%) and in females: central (84.2%), lateral (78.5%) (p= 0.518). Prevalence of Vertucci's type I in males: central (52.3%), lateral (45.3%) and in females: central (56.1%), lateral (64.4%) (p=0.188). The prevalence of two canals was 15.5% (central) and 21.8% (lateral) in mandibular incisors. The Vertucci's type I was the most typical kinds of mandibular incisors. Considering the limitations of periapical radiography in determining canal morphology, CBCT can be helpful in case of any concern regarding root canal morphology.


Resumo A maioria das falhas no tratamento endodôntico dos incisivos mandibulares é devida à presença de um canal perdido, especificamente do lingual. Esta investigação teve como objetivo analisar a morfologia radicular e o número de canais nos incisivos inferiores utilizando a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Duzentos e sete pacientes foram avaliados em termos de seus incisivos centrais e laterais mandibulares de TCFC. Os critérios de inclusão foram ausência de reabsorção radicular, restauração coronária ou preenchimento radicular e clareza e resolução ótima das imagens. De acordo com a classificação de Vertucci, o número de raízes e canais e o tipo de canal foram avaliados por dois radiologistas orais e maxilo-faciais. Para análise dos dados, o SPSS versão 16 e análise estatística descritiva foram implementados. Todos os incisivos inferiores tinham uma raiz. A maioria dos incisivos centrais (84,5%) e laterais (78,2%) apresentava um único canal (valor de P: 0,065). A maioria dos incisivos centrais (54,5%) e laterais (56,5%) eram do tipo I de Vertucci (valor de P: 0,102). Prevalência de um canal no sexo masculino: central (84,8%), lateral (77,9%) e no feminino: central (84,2%), lateral (78,5%) (valor de P: 0,518). Prevalência de Vertucci tipo I em homens: central (52,3%), lateral (45,3%) e feminina: central (56,1%), lateral (64,4%) (valor de P: 0,188). A prevalência de dois canais foi de 15,5% (central) e 21,8% (lateral) nos incisivos inferiores. O tipo I de Vertucci era dos tipos mais comuns de incisivos inferiores. Considerando as limitações da radiografia periapical na determinação da morfologia do canal, a TCFC pode ser útil em caso de qualquer preocupação com relação à morfologia do canal radicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Case-Control Studies , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Incisor/anatomy & histology , Mandible/anatomy & histology
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(3): 94-97, mar. 28, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120592

ABSTRACT

Objective: to determine the prevalence of hypercementosis in a Saudi Arabian population. material and methods: a total of 642 CBCT scans from patients comprising 4471 teeth were incorporated in the study sample. all teeth were analyzed for the presence of hypercementosis in sagittal, axial and coronal plains by two qualified and experienced observers. the characteristics of the involved tooth in terms of gender, jaw and location were recorded from the CBCT scans. the obtained data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 21.0. the reliability of measurements was evaluated by kappa statistics. results: out of total 642 subjects hypercementosis was observed in 31 patients (4.82 percent) and 43 teeth (0.96 percent). Eight (2.68 percent) maxillary 1st molars, 6 (1.88 percent) mandibular 1st molars, 5 (1.46 percent) maxillary second molars, 7 (1.95 percent) mandibular 2nd molars, 9 (4.76 percent) maxillary 3rd molars and 8 (3.58 percent) mandibular 3rd molars were observed to have hypercementosis. among males, 4.76 percent were affected with hypercementosis as compared to 4.86 percent of females (p=0.97). likewise, no significant difference in the occurrence of hypercementosis was observed between maxillary and mandibular arches or between sides (p>0.05). conclusion: the prevalence of hypercementosis in a Saudi population was found to be 4.82 percent with respect to patients and 0.96 percent with respect to teeth. No significant propensity for gender, jaw and arch side was noted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypercementosis/epidemiology , Hypercementosis/diagnostic imaging , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar/diagnostic imaging
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(1): 130-134, feb. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887444

ABSTRACT

El síndrome del incisivo central único de la línea media del maxilar es un trastorno raro que implica anomalías de la línea media, como holoprosencefalia, anomalías de las fosas nasales, fisura palatina, labio leporino, hipotelorismo, microcefalia y panhipopituitarismo. La estenosis congénita del orificio nasal anterior es una causa mortal de dificultad respiratoria neonatal debido al estrechamiento del orificio nasal anterior, y podría confundirse con la atresia de coanas. En este informe, presentamos el caso de un recién nacido con síndrome del incisivo central único de la línea media del maxilar acompañado de otras anomalías, tales como holoprosencefalia, estenosis del orificio nasal anterior, microcefalia y panhipopituitarismo. El cariotipado mostró una deleción heterocigota en el gen SIX3 en la región 2p21, que produjo una forma más grave de holoprosencefalia.


Solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome is a rare disorder involving midline abnormalities such as holoprosencephaly, nasal cavity anomalies, cleft palate-lip, hypotelorism, microcephaly, and panhypopituitarism. Congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is a lethal cause of neonatal respiratory distress due to narrowing of the pyriform aperture anteriorly and it can be confused with choanal atresia. In this report, we present a newborn infant with solitary median maxillary central incisor syndrome accompanied by other abnormalities including holoprosencephaly, nasal pyriform aperture stenosis, microcephaly and panhypopituitarism. Chromosomal analysis showed heterozygous SIX3 gene deletion at 2p21 region resulting in a more severe form of holoprosencephaly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Nasal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Holoprosencephaly/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/abnormalities , Anodontia/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Bone/abnormalities , Syndrome , Abnormalities, Multiple , Infant, Premature , Constriction, Pathologic/congenital , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Bone/diagnostic imaging
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170125, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893686

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study analyzed the maintenance of lateral incisors in the dental rehabilitation of individuals with cleft lip and palate. Material and Methods The study was conducted on a tertiary craniofacial center and comprised retrospective analysis of panoramic and periapical radiographs of Caucasoid individuals with non-syndromic complete unilateral cleft lip and palate, analyzing all radiographs available on the records of each individual, from the first to the last up to 12 years of age. Overall, 2,826 records were reviewed to achieve a sample of 1,000 individuals. Among these, 487 individuals presented the permanent lateral incisors on both cleft and non-cleft sides, which were included in this study. Results The results were evaluated in percentages and by descriptive statistics. The association between maintenance of the lateral incisor and timing of alveolar bone graft were analyzed by the t test. Among the 487 individuals, 265 had not completed treatment, 62 presented insufficient information, and 44 concluded the treatment elsewhere. Among the remaining 116 individuals, the lateral incisor was extracted from 88 (75.86%) of them on the cleft side (CS) and from 23 (19.83%) people on the non-cleft side (NCS). The age at accomplishment of alveolar bone graft was significantly associated with maintenance of the lateral incisor on the cleft side (p<0.01). Most extractions were indicated because of the inadequate positioning on the CS and for midline correction on the NCS. Rehabilitation was primarily completed by orthodontic movement (53 individuals on the CS and 13 individuals on the NCS). Conclusion In conclusion, the lateral incisor on the cleft side was not maintained in most individuals. Positive relationship was observed between extraction of the lateral incisor and age at accomplishment of the alveolar bone graft, suggesting the need to anticipate the initial radiographic evaluation to enhance its maintenance and reduce the procedures required for rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Cleft Lip/rehabilitation , Cleft Palate/rehabilitation , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Time Factors , Tooth Extraction/methods , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Radiography, Panoramic , Retrospective Studies , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Lip/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Palate/surgery , Cleft Palate/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Maxilla
19.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(4): 171-176, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973116

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir el tratamiento endodóntico integral de un incisivo central superior con una anomalía inusual de talón cuspídeo y su posterior rehabilitación. Caso clínico: se presenta un incisivo central superior con talón cuspídeo, fracturado por un odontólogo en un intento de extracción, al ser confundido con un diente supernumerario en la cara palatina, con sintomatología dolorosa. Al análisis con cone beam, se observan dos conductos radiculares, uno de ellos perteneciente a la cúspide anómala y con tejido necrótico en su interior y la pulpa del conducto principal inflamada. Se realiza tratamiento endodóntico con sistema WaveOne Gold de cada conducto radicular y obturación con técnica híbrida. Posteriormente, se hacen los desgastes selectivos de acuerdo a la oclusión del paciente y la reconstrucción con resinas, con inicio de terapia ortodóntica, para su rehabilitación. Conclusiones: en un tratamiento endodóntico, siempre deben considerarse las diversas anomalías anatómicas de los dientes.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Tooth Abnormalities/classification , Tooth Abnormalities/therapy , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Incisor/abnormalities , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Orthodontics, Corrective , Patient Care Planning
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(6): 74-85, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891113

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This case report describes the treatment of a severe anterior and lateral open bite combined with multiple congenitally missing teeth. A 10-year-old girl presented with an open gonial angle, absence of lip sealing, and soft tissue pogonion retrusion. She had an open bite of 8.5 mm, agenesis of the upper right and left lateral incisors and the upper left first premolar, and transverse maxillary deficiency. Nonsurgical treatment was planned aiming at controlling the vertical pattern, establishing the correct overbite, and closing the spaces on the upper arch, to provide satisfactory occlusion and facial and dental esthetics.


RESUMO O presente caso clínico descreve o tratamento de uma mordida aberta anterior e lateral associada à ausência congênita de dentes permanentes. Paciente com 10 anos de idade, apresentava ângulo goníaco aberto, ausência de selamento labial passivo e retrusão do pogônio mole. Além disso, foi diagnosticada uma mordida aberta de 8,5 mm, agenesia de incisivos laterais superiores direito e esquerdo e de primeiro pré-molar superior esquerdo, além de deficiência transversa da maxila. O planejamento do caso envolveu um tratamento não cirúrgico, com controle vertical do crescimento, obtenção de correta sobremordida e fechamento dos espaços superiores. O caso foi finalizado com uma boa intercuspidação, contemplando a estética facial e dentária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Open Bite/complications , Open Bite/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/complications , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Anodontia/complications , Anodontia/therapy , Orthodontic Appliances , Time Factors , Vertical Dimension , Bicuspid/abnormalities , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Open Bite/diagnostic imaging , Models, Dental , Esthetics, Dental , Facial Asymmetry/etiology , Facial Asymmetry/therapy , Facial Asymmetry/diagnostic imaging , Incisor/abnormalities , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/abnormalities , Anodontia/diagnostic imaging
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL