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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(2): 495-507, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1248938

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different temperatures on incubation variables, performance, and morphometry of the duodenal mucosa of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) submitted to chronic heat stress after hatching. We distributed 540 eggs in three incubators with a temperature of 37.8°C and 60% of humidity. From the 6th day of incubation until hatching, the temperatures were adjusted to (37.8°C, 38.5°C and 39.5°C). After hatching, quails were evaluated for the quality score, weighed, and distributed in a completely randomized design with three incubation temperatures (37.8, 38.5, and 39.5°C) and two ambient temperatures (stress and thermoneutral). At 10, 20, 30, and 40 days they were weighed to determine the live weight (g) and weight gain(g). To collect the duodenum and determine morphometric parameters, we euthanized four quails of each treatment. The data were analyzed, and the differences between the means determined by the Tukey test at 5%. The incubation temperature of 39.5°C provided lower hatching rate and the live weight at birth; however, from the 10th day of age, increased live weight, weight gain, and positively influenced the morphological parameters of the duodenal mucosa in situations of chronic stress.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de diferentes temperaturas de incubação sobre as variáveis de incubação, desempenho e morfometria da mucosa duodenal de codornas japonesas (Coturnix coturnix japonica) submetidas ao estresse térmico crônico por calor após eclosão. Foram distribuídos 540 ovos em três incubadoras, com temperatura de 37,8°C e umidade 60%. A partir do sexto dia de incubação até a eclosão, as temperaturas foram ajustadas para 37,8°C, 38,5°C e 39,5°C. Após a eclosão, as codornas foram avaliadas quanto ao escore de qualidade, pesadas e distribuídas em um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com três temperaturas de incubação (37,8ºC, 38,5ºC e 39,5°C) e duas temperaturas ambientes (estresse e termoneutro). Aos 10, 20, 30 e 40 dias, foram pesadas para determinar o peso vivo (g) e o ganho de peso(g). Quatro codornas de cada tratamento foram eutanasiadas para coleta do duodeno, para determinar os parâmetros morfométricos. Os dados foram analisados e as diferenças entre as médias foram determinadas pelo teste de Tukey a 5%. A temperatura de incubação de 39,5°C proporcionou menor taxa de eclosão e menor peso vivo ao nascer, entretanto, a partir do 10° dia de idade, essa temperatura aumentou o peso vivo, o ganho de peso e influenciou positivamente os parâmetros morfológicos da mucosa duodenal em situações de estresse crônico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Weight Gain , Heat-Shock Response/physiology , Coturnix/anatomy & histology , Duodenum/anatomy & histology , Duodenum/physiology , Incubators/veterinary
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(3): e246-e251, jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1116913

ABSTRACT

Los neonatos pretérminos nacen con inmadurez en los órganos, lo que lleva al compromiso del sistema inmunológico. Los campos electromagnéticos afectan la producción de melatonina a niveles bajos de exposición. Estos niños necesitan equipamiento médico las 24 horas del día para su recuperación, por lo que están expuestos a los campos magnéticos durante todo el tiempo que se encuentren en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. El objetivo fue medir los niveles de campo magnético que se generan alrededor de cada una de las incubadoras utilizando un gaussímetro y comparar los resultados con las recomendaciones de la Comisión Internacional para la Protección contra las Radiaciones No Ionizantes de 2010 y la norma de la International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) IEC 60601-1-2:2004. En 11 neonatos internados, los valores de radiación se encontraban dentro de los recomendados, pero existía interferencia electromagnética por problemas de disposición de los equipos en el área.


Preterm infants are born with immature organs, thus affecting the immune system. Electromagnetic fields influence melatonin production with low exposure levels. These infants require medical equipment 24/7 to recover, so they are constantly exposed to magnetic fields during their stay in the Intensive Care Unit. Our objective was to measure magnetic field levels generated around each incubator using a gauss meter and compare our results to the 2010 recommendations by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection and the IEC 60601-1-2:2004 standard by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Among 11 hospitalized newborn infants, radiation was found within the recommended limits, but there was electromagnetic interference resulting from medical equipment layout problems in the unit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Magnetic Fields/adverse effects , Infant, Premature , Equipment and Supplies , Water Level Measurement/analysis , Incubators , Intensive Care Units , Maximum Allowable Concentration , Melatonin
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 505-516, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128387

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da manipulação da temperatura de incubação sobre a resposta imune de codornas desafiadas termicamente após eclosão. Para isso, foram utilizados 540 ovos, distribuídos em três incubadoras, com temperatura de 37,8°C e umidade de 60%. A partir do sexto dia de incubação até a eclosão, as temperaturas foram ajustadas em 37,8°C (padrão), 38,5°C (intermediária) e 39,5°C (alta). Após a eclosão as codornas foram pesadas e distribuídas, em delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com três temperaturas de incubação (37,8, 38,5 e 39,5°C) e duas temperaturas de ambiente (estresse e termoneutro). Aos 10, 20, 30 e 40 dias, quatro codornas por tratamento foram eutanasiadas para coleta da bolsa cloacal, do fígado e do coração, para se determinar o peso absoluto (g), o peso relativo (%) e a área dos folículos bursais. Sangue foi coletado para realização do hemograma, do leucograma e da bioquímica sérica. Os dados foram analisados e as diferenças entre as médias foram determinadas pelo teste de Tukey a 5%. O estresse térmico por calor, a partir dos 20 dias, promove redução no peso absoluto do fígado, do coração, da bolsa cloacal e na área dos folículos bursais, além de heterofilia, linfopenia e aumento da relação heterófilo/linfócito. Em conclusão, o estresse térmico por calor após 10 dias de idade pode causar imunossupressão.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of manipulation of the incubation temperature on the immune response of quails challenged thermally after hatching. For this, 540 eggs were distributed in three incubators, with temperature of 37.8°C and 60% humidity. From the 6th day of incubation to hatching the temperatures were adjusted to 37.8°C (standard), 38.5°C (intermediate) and 39.5°C (high). After hatching the quails were weighed and distributed in a completely randomized design with three incubation temperatures (37.8, 38.5 and 39.5°C) and two ambient temperatures (stress and thermoneutral). At 10, 20, 30 and 40 days four quail per treatment were euthanized to collect the cloacal burse, liver and heart to determine the absolute weight (g), relative weight (%) and area of the bursal follicles. Blood was sampled for determination of hemogram, leukogram and serum biochemistry. The data were analyzed and the differences between the means were determined by the Tukey test at 5%. Heat stress from 20 days onwards promotes a reduction in the absolute weight of the liver, heart, cloacal sac and in the area of the follicles. In addition, there was heterofilia, lymphopenia and increased heterophile/lymphocyte ratio. In conclusion, heat stress after 10 days of age can cause immunosuppression.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cloaca/physiology , Heat Stress Disorders/veterinary , Coturnix/physiology , Hot Temperature , Immune Tolerance , Incubators , Leukocyte Count/veterinary
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine methods of dental caries prevention by investigating the use of compounds of Diospyros kaki (D. kaki) peel, Momordica charantia (M. charantia), and Canavalia gladiata (C. gladiata) extracts to limit the cariogenic traits of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), such as their ability to proliferate and adhere to the tooth surface. METHODS: Broth microdilution and the agar spreading assay were used to determine the antimicrobial effect and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of S. mutans extracts. In order to identify the adhesive ability of S. mutans at varying concentrations, culture plates were first stained with 1 ml of 0.01% crystal violet for 15 minutes at room temperature, and then eluted with 1 ml of EtOH:Acetone (8:2) solution for 15 minutes in a 37℃ incubator. Eluted solutions were then evaluated by use of a spectrophotometer at 575 nm. RESULTS: Experiments were conducted in order to investigate the effectiveness of D. kaki peel, M. charantia, and C. gladiata extracts on limiting the proliferation of S. mutans. The MIC was measured as an indication of whether the antibacterial activity of D. kaki peel, M. charantia, and C. gladiata extracts had a significant bacteriostatic effect on S. mutans. M. charantia extract was effective for growth inhibition on S. mutans at a minimum concentration of 0.25%. From the adhesion ability assay, M. charantia extract had an anti-adhesive effect. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that M. charantia extract demonstrates antibacterial activity and has an anti-adhesive effect on S. mutans. Due to these properties, M. charantia extract may be used to prevent dental caries.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Agar , Canavalia , Dental Caries , Diospyros , Gentian Violet , Incubators , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Momordica charantia , Momordica , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus , Thiram , Tooth
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the push-out bond strength of a novel calcium silicate-based root repair material-BIOfactor MTA to root canal dentin in comparison with white MTA-Angelus (Angelus) and Biodentine (Septodont). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The coronal parts of 12 central incisors were removed and the roots were embedded in acrylic resin blocks. Midroot dentin of each sample was horizontally sectioned into 1.1 mm slices and 3 slices were obtained from each root. Three canal-like standardized holes having 1 mm in diameter were created parallel to the root canal on each dentin slice with a diamond bur. The holes were filled with MTA-Angelus, Biodentine, or BIOfactor MTA. Wet gauze was placed over the specimens and samples were stored in an incubator at 37°C for 7 days to allow complete setting. Then samples were subjected to the push-out test method using a universal test machine with the loading speed of 1 mm/min. Data was statistically analyzed using Friedman test and post hoc Wilcoxon signed rank test with Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: There were no significant differences among the push-out bond strength values of MTA-Angelus, Biodentine, and BIOfactor MTA (p > 0.017). Most of the specimens exhibited cohesive failure in all groups, with the highest rate found in Biodentine group. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of this study, MTA-Angelus, Biodentine, and BIOfactor MTA showed similar resistances to the push-out testing.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Dental Instruments , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , In Vitro Techniques , Incisor , Incubators , Methods , Miners , Pemetrexed
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effects of different oxygen conditions (20% [high O₂], 5% [low O₂] and 5% decreased to 2% [dynamic O₂]) on mouse pre- and peri-implantation development using a novel double-channel gas supply (DCGS) incubator (CNC Biotech Inc.) to alter the oxygen concentration during in vitro culture.METHODS: The high-O₂ and low-O₂ groups were cultured from the one-cell to the blastocyst stage under 20% and 5% oxygen concentrations, respectively. In the dynamic-O₂ group, mouse embryos were cultured from the one-cell to the morula stage under 5% O₂ for 3 days, followed by culture under 2% O₂ to the blastocyst stage. To evaluate peri-implantation development, the blastocysts from the three groups were individually transferred to a fibronectin-coated dish and cultured to the outgrowth stage in droplets.RESULTS: The blastocyst formation rate was significantly higher in the low-O₂ and dynamic-O₂ groups than in the high-O₂ group. The total cell number was significantly higher in the dynamic-O₂ group than in the low-O₂ and high-O₂ groups. Additionally, the apoptotic index was significantly lower in the low-O₂ and dynamic-O₂ groups than in the high-O₂ group. The trophoblast outgrowth rate and spread area were significantly higher in the low-O₂ and dynamic-O₂ groups than in the high-O₂ group.CONCLUSION: Our results showed that a dynamic oxygen concentration (decreasing from 5% to 2%) had beneficial effects on mouse pre- and peri-implantation development. Optimized, dynamic changing of oxygen concentrations using the novel DCGS incubator could improve the developmental competence of in vitro cultured embryos in a human in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer program.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blastocyst , Cell Count , Embryo Transfer , Embryonic Structures , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Incubators , Mental Competency , Mice , Morula , Oxygen , Trophoblasts
8.
Comun. ciênc. saúde ; 29(supl. 1): 70-74, ago. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-972689

ABSTRACT

As unidades neonatais ao redor do mundo vêm buscando medidas para redução do impacto do afastamento materno, afim de garantir um melhor vinculo mãe e bebê e tentando garantir um melhor desenvolvimento motor, afetivo e cognitivo. Este relato de experiência busca descrever o uso de pequenos polvos de crochê dentro da incubadora, afim de garantir a estabilidade clínica e conforto para o recém-nascido e a construção de toda uma rede de apoio de voluntariado que garante a manutenção do projeto na unidades de neonatologia do Distrito Federal.


Neonatal units around the world have been seeking measures to reduce the impact of maternal remoteness in order to ensure a better bond between mother and baby and to ensure better motor, affective and cognitive development. This experience report seeks to describe the use of small crochet powders within the incubator in order to guarantee clinical stability and comfort for the newborn and the construction of an entire volunteer support network that guarantees the maintenance of the project in the units of neonatology of the Federal District.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Nurseries, Hospital , Incubators , Volunteers , Love , Patient Comfort , Kangaroo-Mother Care Method
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716407

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of the thickness and shade of 3 types of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 specimens of 2 shades (A1 and A3) and 2 thicknesses (1 and 2 mm) were fabricated using VITA Mark II (VM; VITA Zahnfabrik), IPS e.max CAD (IE; IvoclarVivadent), and VITA Suprinity (VS; VITA Zahnfabrik) (n = 10 per subgroup). The amount of light transmission through the ceramic specimens was measured by a radiometer (Optilux, Kerr). Light-cured resin cement samples (Choice 2, Bisco) were fabricated in a Teflon mold and activated through the various ceramics with different shades and thicknesses using an LED unit (Bluephase, IvoclarVivadent). In the control group, the resin cement sample was directly light-cured without any ceramic. Vickers microhardness indentations were made on the resin surfaces (KoopaPazhoohesh) after 24 hours of dark storage in a 37°C incubator. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance followed by the Tukey post hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Ceramic thickness and shade had significant effects on light transmission and the microhardness of all specimens (p < 0.05). The mean values of light transmittance and microhardness of the resin cement in the VM group were significantly higher than those observed in the IE and VS groups. The lowest microhardness was observed in the VS group, due to the lowest level of light transmission (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Greater thickness and darker shades of the 3 types of CAD/CAM ceramics significantly decreased the microhardness of the underlying resin cement.


Subject(s)
Ceramics , Curing Lights, Dental , Fungi , Hardness , In Vitro Techniques , Incubators , Polytetrafluoroethylene , Resin Cements
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716172

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the chemical properties of some commercially available mouthwashes and to ascertain whether the mouthwashes accelerated mineral loss in dental enamel. Five commercially available mouthwashes were selected from the three largest malls in Korea: Perio Total 7 Aqua Cool Mint Strong FreshTM (PS; LG Household & Health Care Ltd.), Garglin OriginalTM (Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.), Garglin ZeroTM (Dong-A Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.), Listerine Naturals CitrusTM (LC; IDS Manufacturing Ltd.), and Listerine Cool MintTM (LM; IDS Manufacturing Ltd.). The composition, pH, and titratable acidity of the mouthwashes were investigated. Six bovine teeth specimens were prepared for each mouthwash group. Each of the six specimens was individually immersed in 30 ml aliquots of mouthwash for 1 minute, 30 minutes, 90 minutes, and 120 minutes, and the samples were placed in a 36.5℃ stirred incubator. The degree of mineral loss (ΔF) of the tooth surface area exposed to mouthwash, compared with normal teeth, was analyzed by quantitative light-induced fluorescence-digital. The difference in ΔF among mouthwash groups was examined by the Kruskal-Wallis H test (α=0.05). The contents of mouthwashes differed between Listerine and other products, and the pH ranged from 4.09 to 6.75. The titratable acidity of PS was the lowest at 0.63 ml and highest at 9.25 ml for LM. Minor mineral loss was observed when dental specimens were immersed in the Listerine products (LC and LM) for more than 90 minutes, but the degree of mineral loss for Listerine products was not statistically significantly different from that for groups without mineral loss. In conclusion, all five commercially available mouthwashes showed no harmful effects on tooth enamel.


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care , Dental Enamel , Dental Hygienists , Family Characteristics , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Incubators , Korea , Mentha , Miners , Mouthwashes , Tooth
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689816

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to design the testing system of multiple parameters of the incubators, and to make their quality control plans. Also it is required to establish a model of data collection and processing based on MCU, and to program the host computer software in order to analyze data. The result shows that the testing system is accurate and stable; also it is convenient to collect the data. This testing system is a good complement of the quality control of incubators. It has a high practical value in improving medical safety and reducing the occurrence of adverse events.


Subject(s)
Incubators , Incubators, Infant , Reference Standards , Infant, Premature , Quality Control , Software
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1635-1644, nov.-dez. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-911088

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se comparar a digestibilidade in vitro da matéria seca (DIVMS) e da fibra em detergente neutro (DIVFDN) de forragens e concentrados obtidos por intermédio das incubadoras DaisyII e TE-150, combinadas com filter bags tipo F57 (Ankon®) ou tecido não-tecido (TNT, 100g/m²), em relação aos valores obtidos utilizando-se o método de Tilley e Terry (1963). Foram utilizadas 25 amostras de alimentos concentrados e 25 de forragens. Não houve diferenças entre filter bags (P>0,39) para a DIVMS de forragens. Maiores valores de DIVMS (P<0,01) foram verificados para a incubadora TE-150 em relação à DaisyII. As estimativas de DIVMS obtidas com incubadoras e filter bags foram superiores (P<0,01) àquelas obtidas com o método Tilley e Terry (1963). Observaram-se maiores valores de DIVFDN de forragens (P<0,01) com filter bags F57 em relação ao TNT e com a incubadora TE-150 em relação à DaisyII. Todos os valores de DIVFDN obtidos com incubadoras e filter bags foram superiores (P<0,01) aos obtidos com o método Tilley e Terry (1963). Todos os métodos apresentaram-se positiva e fortemente correlacionados (P<0,01), tanto para DIVMS como para DIVFDN. As repetibilidades e variâncias entre amostras para DIVMS e DIVFDN foram similares entre os métodos. Portanto, conclui-se que, em se tratando de avaliações comparativas entre alimentos, todos os métodos avaliados possuem capacidade similar de discriminação.(AU)


The objective was to compare in vitro digestibility of dry matter (IVDMD) and neutral detergent fiber (IVNDFD) of forages and concentrates obtained using the incubators DaisyII and TE-150, and filter bags F57 (Ankon®) or non-woven textile (NWT - 100g/m²) in comparison with the values obtained using the Tilley and Terry (1963) method. Twenty-five samples of concentrates and 25 samples of forages were used. There were no differences between filter bags (P>0.39) for IVDMD of forages. Higher IVDMD (P<0.01) were observed for TE-150 compared to DaisyII. Estimates of IVDMD obtained with incubators and filter bags were higher (P<0.01) than those obtained with the Tilley and Terry (1963) method. Higher IVNDFD (P<0.01) were obtained with filter bags F57 regarding to NWT and TE-150 when compared to DaisyII. All values of the IVNDFD obtained with incubators and filter bags were higher (P<0.01) than those obtained with the Tilley and Terry (1963) method. Both IVDMD and IVNDFD variables were greater using TE-150 incubator than using DaisyII (P<0.04). Estimates obtained using NWT filter bags were higher (P<0.01) than F57 filter bags. All methods were positively and strongly correlated (P<0.01) to each other for IVDMD and IVNDFD. The repeatability and variances among samples for IVDMD and IVNDFD were similar among methods. In conclusion, all methods were similarly able to discriminate samples.(AU)


Subject(s)
Filters , Incubators/statistics & numerical data , Reproducibility of Results , Rumen
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-54729

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to determine the effects of biophoton treatment during in vitro maturation (IVM) and/or in vitro culture (IVC) on oocyte maturation and embryonic development in pigs. An apparatus capable of generating homogeneous biophoton energy emissions was placed in an incubator. Initially, immature pig oocytes were matured in the biophoton-equipped incubator in medium 199 supplemented with cysteine, epidermal growth factor, insulin, and gonadotrophic hormones for 22 h, after which they were matured in hormone-free medium for an additional 22 hr. Next, IVM oocytes were induced for parthenogenesis (PA) or provided as cytoplasts for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Treatment of oocytes with biophoton energy during IVM did not improve cumulus cell expansion, nuclear maturation, intraoocyte glutathione content, or mitochondrial distribution of oocytes. However, biophoton-treated oocytes showed higher (p < 0.05) blastocyst formation after PA than that in untreated oocytes (50.7% vs. 42.7%). In an additional experiment, SCNT embryos produced from biophoton-treated oocytes showed a greater (p < 0.05) number of cells in blastocysts (52.6 vs. 43.9) than that in untreated oocytes. Taken together, our results demonstrate that biophoton treatment during IVM improves developmental competence of PA- and SCNT-derived embryos.


Subject(s)
Blastocyst , Cumulus Cells , Cysteine , Embryonic Development , Embryonic Structures , Epidermal Growth Factor , Female , Glutathione , Gonadotrophs , In Vitro Techniques , Incubators , Insulin , Mental Competency , Oocytes , Parthenogenesis , Pregnancy , Swine
14.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 15(1): 19-26, 07/06/2016.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1120078

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a efetividade do uso de um tecido flanelado sobre a cúpula das incubadoras na diminuição do nível de pressão sonora (NPS)decorrente da presença do pulso oxímetro e da bomba de infusão em funcionamento e seus alarmes soando. Estudo quase-experimental em que foram mensurados os níveis de pressão sonora de 20 incubadoras, divididas em três grupos conforme a marca, modelo, tempo de uso,com os equipamentos em funcionamento e como soar dos alarmes sobre suas cúpulas, com e sem tecido flanelado. Ao soar o alarme do pulso oxímetro, somente no grupo 1 houve redução significativa dos níveis com o uso do tecido. O uso do tecido aumentou significativamente os níveis produzidos pelo funcionamento da bomba de infusão nos grupos 1 e 3. Ao soar do alarme da bomba de infusão,houve redução significativa deníveis com o uso do tecido nos grupos 2 e 3. Conclui-se que o uso do tecido flanelado, embora tenha reduzido os níveis em algumas situações, não atingiu níveis sonoros seguros e não deve ser utilizado como estratégia de redução de ruído e os equipamentos não devem permanecer sobre a cúpula.


o assess the effectiveness of incubator covers (flannel) in decreasing sound pressure levels (SPL)coming from operating pulse oximeters and infusion pumps with alarms ringing. This quasi-experimental study measured SPL of 20 incubators divided into three groups according to brand, model, and age while they were functioning and had alarms ringing on the tops of the domes, with and without a cover. Only group 1 presented a significant decrease in noise levels when the alarm of the pulse oximeter went off while using a cover. The cover significantly increased noise produced by a working infusion pump in the groups 1 and 3. Noise levels significantly decreased with the use of a cover in the groups 2 and 3 when the alarm of the infusion pump went off. The conclusion is that no safe levels were achieved, despite decreased noise levels observed in some situations. Thus, incubator covers should not be used as a strategy to decrease noise and equipment should not be placed on domes.


Se tuvo por objetivo evaluarla efectividad del uso de un tejido afranelado sobre la cúpula de las incubadoras para disminuir el nivel de presión sonora (SPL) proveniente de la presencia del oxímetro de pulso y del funcionamiento de la bomba de infusión y de sus alarmas sonando. Se trata de estudio casi experimental en que fueron medidos los niveles de presión sonora de 20 incubadoras, divididas en tres grupos de acuerdo con: marca; modelo; tiempo de uso; equipamientos funcionando y con las alarmas sonando sobre sus cúpulas; y, con y sin el tejido afranelado. Al sonar la alarma del oxímetro de pulso, solamente en el grupo 1 hubo reducción significativa de los niveles con el uso del tejido afranelado. El uso de ese tejido aumentó significativamente los niveles producidos por el funcionamiento de la bomba de infusión en los grupos 1 y 3.Al sonar la alarma de la bomba de infusión, hubo reducción significativa de los niveles con el uso del tejido en los grupos 2 e 3. Se concluye que el uso del tejido afranelado, a pesar de que hubiese reducido los niveles de ruido en algunas situaciones, no alcanzó niveles sonoros seguros y no debe ser utilizado como estrategia para reducir el ruido, y los equipamientos no deben permanecer sobre la cúpula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Noise Monitoring , Incubators , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Oximetry/instrumentation , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child Health Services , Alarm , Noise Meters , Neonatology
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147860

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The appropriate procedures and equipment for the pretransfusion test are fundamental to a safe blood transfusion. The present study aimed to assess the current status of procedures and equipment for pretransfusion tests at small- and medium-sized medical institutions, as well as to use this basic raw data to better manage blood transfusions at these institutions. METHODS: Offline and online questionnaire surveys were performed at institutions that used between 24 and 1,000 units of blood products in 2014. A total of 338 institutions participated, and the survey results were subsequently analyzed. RESULTS: Among 307 institutions where on-site ABO blood typing was performed, 15.0%, 2.1%, and 43.5% did not conduct ABO serum typing, RhD typing, and irregular antibody screening tests, respectively, and 12.8% only conducted the saline phase for crossmatching. Moreover, among 338 institutions, only 66.7% of blood banks had centrifuges, 84.5% had 37℃ incubators, 41.1% had slide view boxes; in addition, 66.1% and 18.6% had refrigerators and deep freezers, respectively, for blood storage. CONCLUSION: Certain small- and medium-sized institutions did not have the essential equipment required to operate as blood banks. Moreover, they also needed to improve their testing procedures. To address these issues, the initiation of systematic training programs and the employment of institutional strategies are necessary to enhance testing procedures and equipment, respectively.


Subject(s)
Blood Banks , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Blood Transfusion , Education , Employment , Incubators , Korea , Mass Screening
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the neuroprotective effects of betaxolol (betaxolol hydrochloride) under hypoxic conditions using retinal ganglion cells (RGC-5) and determine whether heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression exerts cytoprotective effects. METHODS: In this study, cultured RGC-5 cells were incubated with different concentrations of betaxolol hydrochloride (0.1 microM, 1 microM or 5 microM) and with 10 microM zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP), in a hypoxia incubator (1% O2, 5% CO2, 94% N2) for 48 hours and the cell viability of each group was determined. Additionally, cell viability was measured after RGC-5 cells were incubated with 5 microM of brinzolamide (Azopt(R)), brimonidine tartrate (Alphagan(R)) or travoprost (Travatan(R)). RGC-5 cells were divided into three groups and incubated under three different conditions, normoxia group (20% O2, 5% CO2), hypoxia group (1% O2, 5% CO2) and the group with 5 microM of Betoptic S(R) treated under hypoxic conditions (hypoxia, Betoptic S(R)). After incubation for 4, 8, 12 and 24 hours, HO-1 expression was analyzed using Western blotting. RESULTS: Cell viability significantly increased in RGC-5 cells treated with Betoptic S(R) compared with other antiglaucoma agents. Increased levels of HO-1 expression indicate its relevance in cell viability. Furthermore, increased RGC-5 cell viability by Betoptic S(R) was significantly reduced in the HO-1 inhibitor ZnPP-treated group. CONCLUSIONS: We reaffirmed the known cytoprotective effects of Betoptic S(R) and the results suggests that HO-1 expression exerts cytoprotective effects against hypoxia.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia , Betaxolol , Blotting, Western , Cell Survival , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Heme , Incubators , Neuroprotective Agents , Retinal Ganglion Cells , Zinc , Brimonidine Tartrate , Travoprost
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645496

ABSTRACT

In this study, the surface treatment of a self-cured temporary crown was polished using a denture bur, silicone bur, or pumice. The color stability of the temporary crown resin specimen was evaluated by immersing it in coffee, and cola, wine, beer, red pepper paste, or soybean paste. Two-hundred eighty-five identical resin specimens with six types of staining solution and three types of surface treatment were placed in a shaking incubator at 37℃. The degree of discoloration was observed using a time-lapse recording of days 1, 5, and 7. L*, a*, and b* were measured using a spectrophotometer, which shows the quantitative value of discoloration, and statistically processed after calculating ΔE*. The results show that as time passed, all the specimens showed a color change (p<0.001). The amount of color change was the greatest in in crowns with denture bur polishing on the day 1, 5, and 7. As the precipitation time increased, the ΔE* value was also increased. Of the specimens immersed on day 1, the greatest color change in crowns polished with denture bur was observed in those immersed in red pepper paste, while the smallest color change was observed in those immersed in cola. On days 5 and 7, the greatest color change in crowns polished with denture bur was observed in those immersed in red wine. Crowns polished with silicone bur and immersed in soybean paste exhibited the smallest color change. Based on the results, compared to pumice polishing, silicone bur polishing results in better color stability, saves time and money, and is recommended for patients with temporary crowns.


Subject(s)
Beer , Capsicum , Coffee , Cola , Crowns , Dentures , Humans , Incubators , Silicon , Silicones , Soybeans , Wine
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17700

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury remains a common cause of chronic handicapping conditions of cerebral palsy, mental retardation, learning disability, and epilepsy. HI brain injury induces cell death via either necrosis or apoptosis. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a member of the neurotrophin family. It plays key roles in survival, differentiation, and maintenance of neurons. This study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of BDNF via the mechanisms of anti-apoptosis in HI brain injury by using cortical astrocyte and neuronal cell culture. METHODS: Cortical astrocytes culture of 1-day-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat pups and embryonic cortical neuronal cell culture of SD rats at 14-day gestation were done. The Normoxia group was prepared in 5% CO2 incubators and the Hypoxia group and Hypoxia+BDNF group (after treatment with BDNF for 24 hours) were placed in 1% O2 incubators (94% N2, 5% CO2) for 6 or 18 hours. The expression of Bcl-2 and Bax were assessed by real-time PCR and western blot. The caspase-3 activation was evaluated by caspase activity assay kit. RESULTS: In astrocyte and neuronal cell, the expressions of Bcl-2 in the hypoxia groups were reduced compared to the normoxia groups, whereas, those in the Hypoxia+BDNF groups were increased compared to the hypoxia groups. However, the expressions of Bax and caspase-3 and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were revealed reversely. In astrocyte, Hypoxia group for 6 hours was not significantly altered in Bcl-2, Bax expressions. CONCLUSION: BDNF neuroprotective effects on HI brain injury in neonatal rats may occur via anti-apoptotic mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypoxia , Apoptosis , Astrocytes , Blotting, Western , Brain Injuries , Brain , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Caspase 3 , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Death , Cerebral Palsy , Epilepsy , Humans , Incubators , Intellectual Disability , Learning Disabilities , Necrosis , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 67(3): 882-890, May-Jun/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-753907

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da umidade relativa do ar nas incubadoras (URI) e da idade da matriz leve sobre a eclodibilidade, qualidade dos pintos recém-eclodidos e o desempenho da progênie. Foram incubados 10.840 ovos, sendo os tratamentos definidos pela idade das matrizes Lohmann LSL(r) (26, 41 e 56 semanas) e pelos níveis de URI (48, 56 e 64%). Após a incubação, 1.620 pintos fêmeas foram alojados em galpão experimental convencional, de acordo com os tratamentos, até as 12 semanas de idade. Para a avaliação de eclodibilidade sobre ovos férteis e fêmeas refugos, o delineamento experimental foi em blocos ao acaso no arranjo em parcelas subdivididas. A parcela foi a URI (três níveis) e a subparcela foi a idade da matriz (três idades). Os blocos foram constituídos pelos andares dos carrinhos de incubação, em que cada andar continha uma repetição de cada idade da matriz. Os nove tratamentos foram constituídos por 14 repetições cada. As repetições foram bandejas de incubação, constituindo 1.204 ovos por tratamento. Para a avaliação do desempenho das frangas, o delineamento experimental foi inteiramente ao acaso, constituído por um esquema fatorial 3x3 (três níveis de URI e três idades), com seis repetições de 30 aves em cada tratamento. A eclodibilidade sobre ovos férteis foi maior (P<0,05) com a utilização de 56% de umidade relativa do ar durante a incubação, independentemente da idade da matriz; e ovos de matrizes mais velhas (56 semanas) apresentaram eclodibilidade menor (P<0,05), independentemente do nível de umidade relativa do ar no interior das incubadoras. Não foram constatados efeitos da idade da matriz e URI sobre o percentual de pintos refugos. A URI ou a idade da matriz leve não afetam o desempenho da progênie.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of relative humidity in incubators (RHI) and breeder hen age on hatchability, hatchling quality and performance of progeny. 10,840 eggs were incubated, and the treatments were defined by the Lohmann LSL(r) breeder age (26, 41 and 56 weeks) and the levels of RHI (48, 56 and 64%). After incubation, 1,620 female chicks were raised in a conventional experimental shed, according to the treatments, until 12 weeks of age. To assess the hatchability of fertile eggs and unviable female chicks, the experimental design was randomized blocks in split plots design. The plot factor was the RHI and the subplot was the age of the breeder hens. The blocks were made by the floors of the incubation carriages, where each floor contained a repetition of each breeder age. The nine treatments consisted of 14 repetitions each. The repetitions were trays of incubation, with 1,204 eggs per treatment. To evaluate the performance of the progeny, the experimental design was completely randomized, consisting of a 3x3 factorial scheme with six replicates of 30 birds in each treatment. Hatchability of fertile eggs was higher (P<0.05) with the use of 56% relative humidity during incubation, regardless of breeder age, and the eggs from the oldest breeder hens (56 weeks) had lower hatchability (P<0.05), regardless of the level of relative humidity inside the incubator. No effects of breeder age and RHI on the percentage of unviable chicks were observed. The RHI or the age of the breeder hen does not affect the performance of progeny.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chickens/growth & development , Humidity/prevention & control , Incubators/veterinary
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41730

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Candida albicans can cause mucosal disease in many vulnerable patients. Also they are associated with denture-related stomatitis. Electrolyzed water is generated by electric current passed via water using various metal electrodes and has antimicrobial activity. The aim of this study was to investigate antifungal activity of electrolyzed water on C. albicans biofilm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: C. albicans was cultured by sabouraud dextrose broth and F-12 nutrient medium in aerobic and 5% CO2 condition to form blastoconidia (yeast) and hyphae type, respectively. For formation of C. albicans biofilm, C. albicans was cultivated on rough surface 6-well plate by using F-12 nutrient medium in CO2 incubator for 48 hr. After electrolyzing tap water using various metal electrodes, the blastoconidia and hyphal type of C. albicans were treated with electrolyzed water. C. albicans formed blastoconidia and hyphae type when they were cultured by sabouraud dextrose broth and F-12 nutrient medium, respectively. RESULTS: The electrolyzed water using palladium electrode (EWP) exhibited antifungal effect on blastoconidia of C. albicans. Also, the EWP significantly has antifungal activity against C. albicans biofilm and hyphae. In the electrolyzed water using various metal electrodes, only the EWP have antifungal activity. CONCLUSION: The EWP may use a gargle solution and a soaking solution for prevention of oral candidiasis and denture-related stomatitis due to antifungal activity. (


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Candida albicans , Candida , Candidiasis, Oral , Electrodes , Glucose , Humans , Hydrogen , Hyphae , Incubators , Palladium , Stomatitis , Water
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