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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253158

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Breast Feeding , Indians, South American , Oral Health , Dental Caries
2.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(3): 875-878, jul.-set. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339975

ABSTRACT

Resumo A partir de contribuições teóricas do campo da história das ciências, o presente texto debate aspectos das etapas das pandemias entendidas como fenômeno social e como tem ocorrido o processo de interiorização da covid-19 na Amazônia. A chegada da doença aos vastos territórios da floresta tem deixado mais evidente o processo de acesso diferenciado à saúde pública, com concentração de serviços e profissionais nas maiores cidades da região Norte. O crescimento dos índices do coronavírus na floresta evidencia, portanto, as desigualdades sociais históricas da região e os problemas no acesso à cidadania na sociedade brasileira.


Abstract This text uses theoretical contributions from the history of science to discuss aspects of the stages of pandemics understood as social phenomena and how covid-19 moved into the interior of the Amazon region. The arrival of this disease in the vast forest territory made differentiated access to public health more evident, with services and professionals concentrated in the larger cities in the north of Brazil. The rise in coronavirus rates within the forest consequently highlights the history of social inequalities in the region and problems accessing citizenship in Brazilian society.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Forests , Pandemics/history , Pandemics/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Services Accessibility , Poverty , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Indians, South American , Public Health/history , Cities , Influenza, Human/etiology , Influenza, Human/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission
3.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(3): 869-874, jul.-set. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339968

ABSTRACT

Resumen Este artículo describe el inicio de las preocupaciones sanitarias vinculadas a las epidemias ocurridas durante el siglo XX en La Pampa, provincia argentina. Las epidemias, como las de la viruela, fueron un estímulo para estas políticas que frecuentemente tuvieron origen en Buenos Aires, la capital del país. El contagio de muchas epidemias dependía de carencias de infraestructura: agua, desagüe y desecho adecuado de basuras, de la ausencia de un número suficiente de trabajadores de salud, de la presencia de vectores transmisores de enfermedades como los mosquitos y, en última instancia, de la pobreza. La experiencia histórica descrita en este texto resalta la importancia de analizar el impacto del SARS-CoV-2 más allá de las grandes ciudades.


Abstract This article describes the emergence of health concerns relating to the epidemics that occurred during the twentieth century in La Pampa, a province in Argentina. Epidemics such as smallpox drove such policies, which frequently originated in Buenos Aires, the country's capital. The spread of many epidemics was due to shortages: water, sewage and adequate refuse disposal, an insufficient number of health care workers, the presence of disease transmission vectors such as mosquitos, and, ultimately, poverty. The historical experience described in this text highlights the importance of analyzing the impact of SARS-CoV-2 beyond the big cities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child , History, 20th Century , Smallpox/history , Epidemics/history , COVID-19/history , Argentina/epidemiology , Poverty/history , Sewage , Water Supply/history , Smallpox/prevention & control , Smallpox/epidemiology , Indians, South American/history , Indians, South American/statistics & numerical data , Refuse Disposal/history , Vaccination/history , Vaccination/legislation & jurisprudence , Cities/history , Cities/epidemiology , Health Personnel/history , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Disease Eradication/history , Disease Eradication/organization & administration , COVID-19/epidemiology , Health Policy/history , Health Policy/legislation & jurisprudence , Insect Vectors , Military Personnel/history
4.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 45: e20, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252017

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective. Construct and evaluate the care cascade for pulmonary tuberculosis in the indigenous population of the department of Cauca (Colombia) and identify existing gaps. Methods. Mixed-methods sequential explanatory design. In the first phase, the pulmonary tuberculosis care cascade for the indigenous population of Cauca was evaluated. Data were obtained from secondary sources and all cases diagnosed from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017 were included. In the second phase, semi-structured interviews were done with nine program coordinators and 11 nursing auxiliaries to explain identified gaps. Absolute and percentage values were estimated for each of the steps and gaps in the care cascade. Quantitative and qualitative results were triangulated. Results. In 2016 and 2017, an estimated 202 patients with respiratory symptoms were expected to be positive and 106 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were reported among the indigenous population of the department of Cauca. A gap of 47.5% was found for diagnosis, since only 52.5% of subjects were diagnosed in health services. This gap was explained by poor quality of samples and flawed smear techniques; flaws in correct identification of patients with respiratory symptoms; limited access to diagnostic methods, such as culture and molecular tests; and limited training and high turnover of personnel in health service provider institutions. Conclusions. The tuberculosis control program should focus actions on bridging the gap in case detection in the indigenous population.


RESUMEN Objetivo. Construir y evaluar la cascada de atención de la tuberculosis pulmonar en la población indígena del departamento del Cauca (Colombia) e identificar las brechas existentes. Métodos. Metodología mixta con diseño secuencial explicativo. En la primera fase se evaluó la cascada de atención de la tuberculosis pulmonar para la población indígena del Cauca. Se obtuvieron datos de fuentes secundarias y se incluyeron todos los casos diagnosticados entre el 1 de enero del 2016 y el 31 de diciembre de 2017. En la segunda fase, se aplicaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a nueve coordinadores de programa y 11 auxiliares de enfermería para explicar las brechas identificadas. Se estimaron los valores absolutos y porcentuales en cada uno de los pasos y las brechas de la cascada de atención. Se triangularon los resultados cuantitativos y cualitativos. Resultados. Durante 2016 y 2017 se estimaron 202 sintomáticos respiratorios esperados positivos y se notificaron 106 casos de tuberculosis pulmonar en la población indígena del departamento del Cauca. Se encontró una brecha de 47,5% para el diagnóstico, ya que solo 52,5% de los sujetos recibieron el diagnóstico en los servicios de salud. Las explicaciones a esta brecha fueron la mala calidad de muestras y fallas en la técnica del extendido, fallas en la correcta identificación del sintomático respiratorio, acceso limitado a métodos diagnósticos como cultivo y pruebas moleculares, así como capacitación escasa y rotación alta de personal al interior de las instituciones prestadoras de servicios de salud. Conclusiones. Las acciones del programa de control de tuberculosis deben enfocarse en reducir la brecha de detección de casos en la población indígena.


RESUMO Objetivo. Elaborar e avaliar a cascata de atenção da tuberculose pulmonar na população indígena do Departamento de Cauca (Colômbia) e identificar as lacunas existentes. Métodos. Metodologia mista com desenho sequencial explicativo. Na primeira fase, avaliamos a cascata de atenção da tuberculose pulmonar para a população indígena de Cauca. Os dados foram obtidos de fontes secundárias, incluindo todos os casos diagnosticados entre 1 de janeiro de 2016 e 31 de dezembro de 2017. Na segunda fase, realizamos entrevistas semiestruturadas com nove coordenadores do programa e 11 auxiliares de enfermagem para explicar as lacunas identificadas. Estimamos os valores absolutos e percentuais em cada uma das etapas e as lacunas na cascata de atenção. Os resultados quantitativos e qualitativos foram triangulados. Resultados. Nos anos de 2016 e 2017, foi estimada a ocorrência de 202 casos com sintomas respiratórios com diagnóstico esperado positivo; no entanto, os serviços de saúde só diagnosticaram e notificaram 106 casos de tuberculose pulmonar na população indígena do Departamento de Cauca. Portanto, identificamos uma lacuna diagnóstica de 47,5%, já que apenas 52,5% dos casos receberam um diagnóstico nos serviços de saúde. As explicações para esta lacuna foram a má qualidade das amostras e falhas na técnica de esfregaço, falhas na identificação correta dos sintomas respiratórios, acesso limitado aos métodos de diagnóstico, tais como cultura e testes moleculares, bem como capacitação deficiente e alta rotatividade de pessoal nas instituições de saúde. Conclusões. As ações do programa de controle da tuberculose devem se concentrar em reduzir a lacuna na detecção de casos na população indígena.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/prevention & control , Operations Research , Indians, South American , Colombia , Indigenous Peoples
5.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283954

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STI) among indigenous communities is an appalling issue related to Brazilian public health, as there is an increasing underreporting and neglect related to the study and care of these people. Objective: To determine the prevalence of STI in the indigenous population of the Alto Rio Solimões. Methods: STI diagnostic records from the database of the Indigenous Health Care Information System - SIASI, of the indigenous communities of the Alto Rio Solimões, belonging to the Nova Itália base, in Amazonas, were evaluated during the period from January 2010 to August 2020. Sociodemographic data were also evaluated to determine the profile of the diagnosed indigenous population and the geographical and temporal distribution of cases. Results: The overall prevalence rate of STIs was 3.91% (113 notifications of STI in the population of 2890 indigenous people). The largest number of diagnosed cases was in Nova Itália (60.17%). The ethnic group with the highest number of cases was Tikuna (92.03%). Among the STI studied, gonorrhea / chlamydia had the highest prevalence (68.14%), followed by Hepatitis B (13.27%) and Syphilis (10.61%). Most cases were found among women (71.7%), aged 30­34 years. Conclusion: A higher prevalence of STIs was observed in indigenous women, mainly from the Nova Itália town and the Tikuna ethnic group.


Introdução: A prevalência das infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST) entre comunidades indígenas é um tema consternador relacionado à saúde pública brasileira, pois há crescente subnotificação e negligência relacionada ao estudo e ao cuidado desses povos. Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de IST na população indígena do Alto Rio Solimões. Métodos: Foram avaliados os registros diagnósticos de IST da base de dados do Sistema de Informação da Atenção à Saúde Indígena (SIASI), das comunidades indígenas do Alto Rio Solimões, pertencentes ao polo-base de Nova Itália, no Amazonas, durante o período de janeiro de 2010 a agosto de 2020. Também foram avaliados dados sociodemográficos para determinação do perfil da população indígena diagnosticada e a distribuição geográfica e temporal dos casos. Resultados: A taxa de prevalência geral de IST foi de 3,91% (113 notificações de IST na população de 2.890 indígenas). O maior número de casos diagnosticados foi em Nova Itália (60,17%). A etnia com maiores números de casos foi a Tikuna (92,03%). Entre as IST estudadas, gonorreia/clamídia tiveram a maior prevalência (68,14%), seguidas por hepatite B (13,27%) e sífilis (10,61%). A maioria dos casos ocorreu entre mulheres (71,7%) e na faixa de 30­34 anos. Conclusão: Observou-se maior prevalência de IST em mulheres indígenas, principalmente do município de Nova Itália e da etnia Tikuna


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Health of Indigenous Peoples , Brazil/epidemiology , Indians, South American , Prevalence , Health Information Systems
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e221362, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340428

ABSTRACT

Resumo Apesar do incremento de estudos e discussões sobre os povos indígenas no Brasil, a relação da Psicologia, enquanto ciência e profissão, com a temática ainda é pouco abordada nos cursos de graduação e pós-graduação e nas produções acadêmicas. Com o propósito de realizar um balanço sobre a aproximação da produção do conhecimento em Psicologia com a temática indígena, este ensaio buscará apresentar as principais categorias teóricas e analíticas que possam contribuir com o diálogo entre esses dois campos. O método tomou como base a revisão integrativa, em que primeiramente destacamos as principais contribuições teóricas e analíticas acerca da produção acadêmica brasileira sobre os povos indígenas para, em seguida, situarmos a produção científica da Psicologia sobre o tema no Brasil. Ao final, sinalizamos para a importância de se construir um recorte crítico capaz de fortalecer a Psicologia nos estudos sobre os povos indígenas. Também destacamos os estudos pós-coloniais e decoloniais críticos ao eurocentrismo enquanto organizador e regulador da visão de mundo, da história e da concepção de ser humano.(AU)


Abstract Despite the increase in studies and discussions about indigenous peoples in Brazil, the relationship between psychology, as a science and profession, and the subject is still little addressed in undergraduate/postgraduate courses and academic productions. Aiming to assess the approximation of the production of knowledge in Psychology with the indigenous theme, this essay will present the main theoretical and analytical categories that can contribute to the dialogue between these two fields. To this end, this study comprises an integrative review that both highlights the main theoretical and analytical contributions of the Brazilian literature on indigenous peoples and situates the Brazilian scientific production in Psychology on the theme. This research signals the importance of building a critical cutout capable of strengthening Psychology in studies addressing indigenous peoples, stressing post-colonial and decolonial studies criticizing the role of Eurocentrism as an organizer and regulator of worldview, history, and the conception of the human being.(AU)


Resumen A pesar del aumento de los estudios y debates sobre los pueblos indígenas en Brasil, la relación entre la psicología, como ciencia y profesión, y el tema sigue siendo poco abordado en los cursos de grado y posgrado y en las producciones académicas. Con el propósito de hacer un balance sobre la aproximación de la producción de conocimiento en Psicología con el tema indígena, este ensayo se propone presentar las principales categorías teóricas y analíticas que pueden contribuir al diálogo entre estos dos campos. El método se basó en una revisión integradora en la que, en primer lugar, destacamos las principales contribuciones teóricas y analíticas acerca de la producción académica brasileña sobre los pueblos indígenas y, a continuación, situamos la producción científica de la Psicología en Brasil sobre el tema. Al final, señalamos la importancia de construir un recorte crítico capaz de fortalecer la psicología en los estudios sobre los pueblos indígenas. En esta ocasión, destacamos los estudios críticos postcoloniales y decoloniales del eurocentrismo mientras organizador y regulador de la visión del mundo, la historia y la concepción del ser humano.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychology , Research , Colonialism , Indigenous Peoples , History , Ethnic Groups , Indians, South American , Knowledge
7.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(12): e00062920, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355954

ABSTRACT

A distribuição da epidemia de aids no Brasil está associada a uma ampla gama de fatores que definem maior ou menor vulnerabilidade de grupos populacionais. O estudo teve como objetivo analisar as características clínicas e laboratoriais dos casos de infecção pelo HIV/aids em indivíduos com 13 anos de idade ou mais, e sua evolução para o óbito na população indígena assistida pelo Distrito Sanitário Especial Indígena de Mato Grosso do Sul. Realizou-se um estudo descritivo e retrospectivo sobre a condição clínica e evolução da doença entre 2001 e 2014, a partir de três bases de dados secundários. Foram avaliados o tempo de evolução para a aids, o tempo de evolução ao óbito, a carga viral, a contagem de linfócitos T-CD4+ e o tempo de sobrevida. Foram identificados 103 casos de infecção pelo HIV, dos quais 48,5% evoluíram para aids, sendo 60% em menos de um ano desde o diagnóstico. Foram registrados 40 óbitos, sendo 77,5% em decorrência da infecção pelo HIV. Desses que morreram, apenas 30% tiveram sobrevida maior do que um ano. Este estudo sugere que o diagnóstico da infecção pelo HIV se deu nas fases avançadas da doença, revelando-se tardio e apontando uma cobertura diagnóstica deficiente. A rápida evolução ao óbito e curto período de sobrevida também podem indicar fragilidade no acesso aos serviços de saúde de referência, assim como desarticulação e pactuações insuficientes entre Distrito, municípios e estado.


Distribution of the AIDS epidemic in Brazil is associated with a wide range of factors that determine different population groups' greater or lesser vulnerability. The study's objective was to analyze clinical and laboratory characteristics of HIV/AIDS in individuals 13 years or older and the evolution to death in the indigenous population assisted by the Special Indigenous Health District of the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. A descriptive and retrospective study was performed on the clinical conditions and evolution of the disease from 2001 to 2014, based on three secondary databases. The study assessed time in progression to AIDS, time in progression to death, viral load, CD4+ T-lymphocyte count, and survival time. A total of 103 cases of HIV infection were identified, of which 48.5% progressed to AIDS, 60% in less than a year since diagnosis. Forty deaths were recorded, 77.5% of which due to HIV infection. Of those who died, only 30% had survived for more than a year. The study suggests that diagnosis of HIV infection occurred in advanced stages of the disease (i.e., late), and points to deficient diagnostic coverage. Rapid progression to death and short survival time are indicative of insufficient access to specialized health services, as well as disconnection and deficient collaboration between the Indigenous Health District, municipalities, and the state.


La distribución de la epidemia de sida en Brasil está asociada a una amplia gama de factores que definen mayor o menor vulnerabilidad de grupos poblacionales. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar las características clínicas y de laboratorio de los casos de infección por el VIH/sida en individuos con 13 años de edad o más, y su evolución hacia el óbito en la población indígena, asistida por el Distrito Sanitario Especial Indígena de Mato Grosso do Sul. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo sobre la condición clínica y la evolución de la enfermedad entre 2001 y 2014, a partir de tres bases de datos secundarios. Se evaluó el tiempo de evolución para el sida, el tiempo de evolución para el óbito, la carga viral, el cálculo de linfocitos T-CD4+ y el tiempo de supervivencia. Se identificaron 103 casos de infección por VIH, de los cuales un 48,5% evolucionaron hacia sida, siendo 60% en menos de un año desde el diagnóstico. Se registraron 40 óbitos, siendo un 77,5% derivados de la infección por VIH. De esos que murieron, solamente un 30% tuvieron una supervivencia mayor que un año. Este estudio sugiere que el diagnóstico de la infección por VIH se produjo en fases avanzadas de la enfermedad, revelándose tardío y apuntando una cobertura diagnóstica deficiente. La rápida evolución al óbito y corto período de supervivencia, también pueden indicar fragilidad en el acceso a los servicios de salud de referencia, así como la descoordinación y acuerdos insuficientes entre distrito, municipios y estado.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Indigenous Peoples , Brazil/epidemiology , Indians, South American , Retrospective Studies
8.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(4): 1055-1075, Oct.-Dec. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142991

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo analisa as narrativas de viagem ao interior de Mato Grosso e Goiás publicadas em 1935 e 1936 pelo explorador paulista Hermano Ribeiro da Silva, que obtiveram considerável sucesso editorial e impacto no meio letrado brasileiro. Concentramo-nos em suas ideias sobre a relação entre o ambiente do Brasil Central e o homem sertanejo, sobre as potencialidades de exploração econômica da região e sobre o papel do Estado na condução de iniciativas capazes de promover sua incorporação efetiva à nacionalidade. Buscamos também compreender a fundamentação de seu discurso em conceitos e esquemas científicos genéricos dotados de poder retórico e argumentativo.


Abstract The article analyzes the travel narratives to the hinterlands of the states of Mato Grosso and Goiás published in 1935 and 1936 by the São Paulo-based explorer Hermano Ribeiro da Silva, which proved a great publishing success and had a considerable impact on lettered society in Brazil. The analysis focuses on his ideas about the relationship between the environment in Central Brazil and the man who inhabited it, the potential economic exploitation of the region, and the role of the State in orchestrating initiatives capable of promoting its effective incorporation into the nationhood. It also seeks to understand how he grounded his discourse on generic scientific concepts and schemas endowed with rhetorical and argumentative power.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , Travel/history , Indians, South American/history , Environment , Portugal/ethnology , Selection, Genetic , Brazil , Ecosystem , Colonialism/history , Federal Government/history , European Continental Ancestry Group/history , Famous Persons , Indigenous Peoples/history , Acclimatization
9.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(4): 296-303, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, HANSEN, HANSENIASE, SESSP-ILSLPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-ILSLACERVO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1132457

ABSTRACT

The frequencies of the Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles in the Puyanawa indigenous reserve population and their association with the NDO-LID and ELISA PGL-1 rapid serological test was assessed. This was a cross-sectional study with an epidemiological clinical design conducted in two indigenous communities in the state of Acre, Brazil. Blood was collected in a tube with EDTA to identify HLA alleles and perform serological tests. DNA was obtained using the salting out procedure. The LabType™ technique (One-Lambda-USA) was used for HLA class I (loci A*, B* and C*) and II (loci DRB1*, DQA1* and DQB1*) typing. Allele frequency was obtained by direct count, and the chi-square test was used to assess the association with the NDO-LID and PGL-1 tests. The most frequent alleles in the two communities were: HLA-A*02:01, HLA-B*40:02, HLA-DRB1*16:02, HLA-DQA1*05:05 and HLA-DQB1*03:01. The allele HLA-C*04:01 was the most common in the Barão community, and the allele HLA-C*07:01 in Ipiranga. Among individuals who presented seropositivity to the NDO-LID test, the association with alleles HLA-A*02 (43.18% vs 24.8%, p = 0.03, OR = 2.35) and HLA-B*53 (6.83% vs 0.0%, p = 0.03, OR = 8.95) was observed in the Barão community. HLA-B*15 was associated with non-seroconversion to the NDO-LID test in Ipiranga. In both communities, HLA-B*40 and HLA-C*03 were associated with positive serological response to ELISA PGL-1. The HLA class I and II alleles most frequently found in this study have already been described among Terena indigenous groups, and HLA class I contributes to seroconversion to NDO-LID and PGL-1 tests in inhabitants of the Barão and Ipiranga communities(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Alleles , Health of Indigenous Peoples , HLA-DRB1 Chains , Gene Frequency , Leprosy/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Serologic Tests , Indians, South American , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 191-197, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090674

ABSTRACT

Describe the prevalence of malocclusions, dental caries and the need for orthodontic treatment according to the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) among Aymara schoolchildren, Indian group has lived in the highlands of the Andes Mountains. 76 Aymara schoolchildren between 5 and 15 years old in Colchane, Chile, where a cross-sectional study was conducted. DMFT/dmft index, Dental component (DHC) of IOTN and demographics were determined. Frequencies and mean (SD) were calculated. Bivariate analyses were conducted using Fisher's exact to test the association between sex and stage of dentition (p<0.05). Stata version 14 was used for all analyses. Among the 76 participants, 47.4 % (N=36) were male. Participants were on average 9.96 years old (SD=2.5). Over half presented dental caries (61.8 %, n=47) and 36.8 % (N=28) had missing teeth due to caries. The DMFT index was 2.1 (SD=1.9). The most frequent biotype was brachyfacial 88.2 % (N=67). Malocclusion was observed in 81.6 % (N=62) of participants. Class I, was the most frequent (67 %, N=51) malocclusion in the different stages of dentition. The most prevalent treatment need was grade 4 and 5 "need treatment" of the IOTN, observed in 71 % (N=54) of the sample with significant differences according to the stage of dentition (p<0.05). In this study, a high prevalence of malocclusion and a high percentage of dental caries was observed in Aymara children.


Describir la prevalencia de maloclusiones, caries dental y la necesidad de tratamiento de ortodoncia según el Índice de Necesidad de Tratamiento de Ortodoncia (IOTN), en escolares Aymaras, grupo indígena que vive en el altiplano de la Cordillera de los Andes. Estudio transversal de 76 escolares Aymaras de 5 a 15 años de Colchane, Chile. Se determinó el índice COPD/ceod, el componente dental (DHC) del IOTN y la demografía. Se calcularon las frecuencias y la media (DE). Se realizaron análisis bivariados utilizando el exacto de Fisher para probar la asociación entre el sexo y la etapa de la dentición (p<0,05). Se utilizó la versión 14 de Stata para todos los análisis. Entre los 76 participantes, 47,4 % (N = 36) eran hombres. Los participantes tenían un promedio de 9,96 años (DE = 2,5). Más de la mitad presentó caries dental (61,8 %, n = 47) y 36,8 % (N = 28) tenían dientes perdidos por caries. El índice DMFT fue 2,1 (DE = 1,9). El biotipo más frecuente fue el braquifacial 88,2 % (N = 67). Se observó maloclusión en el 81,6 % (N = 62) de los participantes. La Clase I fue la maloclusión más frecuente (67 %, N = 51) en las diferentes etapas de la dentición. La necesidad de tratamiento más prevalente fue la definida con los grados 4 y 5 de "necesidad de tratamiento" del IOTN, observada en el 71 % (N = 54) de la muestra con diferencias significativas según la etapa de la dentición (p <0,05). En este estudio, se observó una alta prevalencia de maloclusión y un alto porcentaje de caries dental en niños aymaras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Indians, South American , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Malocclusion/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , DMF Index , Oral Health , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need
11.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 205-212, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090676

ABSTRACT

Mapudungun is a language used by Mapuche people in some regions of Chile and Argentina. The aim of this study was to describe the vowel phonemes with regard to the articulatory parameters (position of the tongue with respect to the palate and jaw opening) and acoustic parameters (f0, F1, F2 and F3) in Mapudungun speakers in the Region of La Araucanía. The vocalic phonemes of Mapudungun are six, where the first five are similar to those used in Spanish (/a e i o u/), to which is added a sixth vowel (/ɨ/) with its vocalic allophones (/ɨ/) and [Ә]. Three Mapudungun speakers were evaluated. The tongue movements were collected by Electromagnetic Articulography 3D and the data were processed with MATLAB and PRAAT software. It was possible to describe the trajectory of each third of the tongue during the production of the vowels. It was observed that the sixth vowel /Ә/ had minimal jaw opening during its pronunciation. In addition, the characteristic of /Ә/ as an unrounded mid-central vowel was corroborated. In this study, the tongue of mapudungun speakers was in a more posterior position than the found in other studies.


El Mapudungun es un lenguaje utilizado por los mapuches en algunas regiones de Chile y Argentina. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los fonemas vocálicos respecto a los parámetros articulatorios (posición de la lengua respecto al paladar y apertura mandibular) y los parámetros acústicos (f0, F1, F2 y F3) en hablantes de Mapudungun en la Región de La Araucanía, los fonemas vocálicos de Mapudungun son seis, donde los primeros cinco son similares a los utilizados en español (/a e i o u /), a los que se agrega una sexta vocal (/ɨ/) con sus alófonos vocálicos [ɨ] y [Ә]. Se evaluaron tres hablantes de Mapudungun. Los movimientos de la lengua fueron registrados por Articulografía Electromagnética 3D y los datos fueron procesados con el software MATLAB y PRAAT. Fue posible describir la trayectoria de cada tercio de la lengua durante la producción de las vocales. Se observó que la sexta vocal /Ә/ tenía una apertura mínima de la mandíbula durante su pronunciación. Además, se corroboró la característica de /Ә/ como vocal central media no redondeada. En este estudio, la lengua de los hablantes de mapudungun estaba en una posición más posterior que la encontrada en otros estudios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Speech Production Measurement/instrumentation , Tongue/physiology , Phonetics , Indians, South American , Jaw/physiology , Speech Acoustics , Pilot Projects , Electromagnetic Phenomena
12.
Acta bioeth ; 26(1): 51-60, mayo 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114598

ABSTRACT

Este trabajo analiza la forma en que el derecho y la Constitución del 80 tratan a la naturaleza. Esta visión se contrapone con los enfoques de las filosofías de los pueblos indígenas andinos y mapuche, las cuales apuntan a la interrelación, interdependencia y reciprocidad en las relaciones entre sociedad y naturaleza. A partir de los problemas ambientales que la ciencia ha sistematizado y que afectan al mundo y al país, este trabajo elabora propuestas para una nueva configuración de lo ambiental y la naturaleza en la Constitución.


This paper assesses how the law and the 1980 Constitution deal with nature. This view contrasts with the perspective of the philosophies of the indigenous Andean and Mapuche peoples which consider the interrelation, interdependence and reciprocity in the relationships between society and nature. From the standpoint of the environmental problems that science has systematized and that affect the world and the country, this paper puts forward proposals for a new configuration for issues concerning the environment and nature in the Constitution.


Este trabalho analisa a forma como o Direito e a Constituição dos anos 80 tratam a natureza. Esta visão se contrapõe com o enfoque das filosofías dos povos indígenas andinos e mapuche, as quais apontam para a interrelação, interdependencia e reciprocidade nas relações entre sociedade e a natureza. A partir dos problemas ambientais que a ciencia sistematizou e que afetam o mundo e o país, este trabalho elabora propostas para uma nova configuração do ambiental e da natureza na Constituição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Indians, South American , Constitution and Bylaws , Indigenous Peoples , Human Rights , Chile , Nature , Interrelation , Environmental Change , Indigenous Culture , Worldview
13.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 19(2): 207-220, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104204

ABSTRACT

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo confirmar la evidencia científica existente de las propiedades terapéuticas de plantas chilenas que son utilizadas como medicamento por Machis de las regiones de La Araucanía y Los Ríos. El estudio se realizó en dos períodos en cuatro comunidades mapuches de esas regiones, entre Julio 2015 a marzo 2016 y segunda etapa entre agosto a diciembre 2017. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas con las Machis, donde las informaciones entregadas sobre las aplicaciones medicinales fueron consensuadas entre los participantes. Las plantas identificadas fueron comparadas en sus propiedades con la evidencia experimental conocida, verificando científicamente las propiedades indicadas. Los resultados ofrecen un criterio adicional para la selección y uso de plantas en dolencias existentes en la población chilena. Los resultados de este estudio corroboran para algunas especies de plantas utilizadas, sus propiedades medicinales declaradas en enfermedades oncológicas. Dichos efectos exigen un estudio clínico necesario para su uso terapéutico.


The objective of this study was to confirm the existing scientific evidence of the therapeutical properties of Chilean plants to be used as medicine by Machis of the Araucanía and Los Ríos Chilean regions. The study was performed in two periods at four mapuche communities of these regions, between July 2015 to March 2016 and the second stage from August to December 2017. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the Machis, where the information delivered on the medicinal applications it was agreed among all participants. The identified plants were compared in their properties with the experimental evidence reported, verifying the indicated properties. The results offer an additional criteria for selecting plants to be used in the corresponding diseases of Chilean population. The results of this study support for some species of plants used their medicinal properties on oncological diseases. These facts require the necessary clinical support in order to prove as therapeutic treatment.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Indians, South American , Culture , Chile
14.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(1): 199-218, jan.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090488

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este trabalho analisou um artefato (um livro de saúde) concebido pelo povo maxakali, denominado Hitupmã'ax: curar (2008). Tangenciado o projeto de produção do livro, o objetivo foi entender o processo de negociação da saúde pública no Brasil, dentro de uma perspectiva histórica e intercultural das epistemologias não ocidentais. Constatamos que a construção da obra maxakali representa um esforço para diminuir a distância da percepção e dos cuidados de saúde entre indígenas e não indígenas, e por essa via demonstramos a importância desse projeto intercultural para a efetivação de políticas públicas voltadas para o público indígena em geral e, especificamenete, para a promoção da história, dos saberes e da cultura maxakali.


Abstract This study analyzed an artifact (a book on health) conceived by the Maxakali people, called Hitupmã'ax: curar (2008). Parallel to the project for the production of this book, the aim was to understand the negotiation of public health in Brazil from a historical and intercultural perspective of non-Western epistemologies. It was found that the construction of the Maxakali work represented an effort to bridge the gap in the perception of health and health care between indigenous and non-indigenous people. This was then used to demonstrate the importance of this intercultural project for the shaping of public policies for indigenous people in general and particularly for the promotion of the history, knowledge, and culture of the Maxakali people.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , Books/history , Indians, South American/history , Delivery of Health Care/history , Medicine, Traditional/history , Brazil , Indians, South American/legislation & jurisprudence , Delivery of Health Care/ethnology , Delivery of Health Care/organization & administration , Acculturation/history , Language/history
15.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(1): 27-33, feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092784

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El lenguaje es una de las tareas cognitivas más relevantes en el desarrollo infantil cuya adquisición está mediada, entre otros, por factores étnicos y culturales. Objetivo: Caracterizar las prácticas y creencias sobre la enseñanza y estrategias de estimulación del lenguaje de niños/as Mapuche rurales de 0 a 4 años desde una perspectiva intracultural. Sujetos y Método: Estudio cualitativo basado en Teoría Fundamentada que produce una comprensión del problema a partir de las percepciones de los suje tos de investigación. Se utilizaron técnicas etnográficas como observación y notas de campo además de 20 entrevistas en profundidad y 4 grupos focales con cuidadores (madres, padres, abuelos/as), educadores interculturales, asesores culturales y agentes ancestrales de la cultura (longko y machi). Participaron 41 personas Mapuche de los territorios rurales de Ercilla, Curarrehue, Puerto Saave dra, Cholchol y Boroa de la región de La Araucanía/Chile. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 4 dimensiones que caracterizaban las prácticas y creencias en torno a la adquisición y uso del lenguaje en niños/as Mapuche: a) los/as niños/as y el aprendizaje de la lengua representan la mantención de la identidad Mapuche; b) el habla es un proceso concreto y pragmático; c) existen técnicas tradicionales para estimulación del habla, y d) existen dificultades y facilidades para el desarrollo de la lengua indígena en los niños/as pequeños. Conclusiones: La mantención y recuperación de la lengua indígena es un proceso de reforzamiento de la identidad cultural para el pueblo Mapuche, que no ha sido valorado como un patrimonio cultural en la sociedad nacional.


Abstract: Introduction: Language is one of the most relevant cognitive tasks in child development and its acquisition is me diated, among others, by ethnic and cultural factors. Objective: To characterize the practices and be liefs about language teaching and stimulation strategies of rural Mapuche Children aged between 0 to 4 years from an intracultural perspective. Subjects and Method: Qualitative study based on Groun ded Theory, which generates an understanding of the study issue from the perceptions of the research subjects. Ethnographic techniques such as observation and field notes were used, and 20 in-depth in terviews and four focus groups were conducted with caregivers (mothers, fathers, and grandparents), intercultural teachers and people with cultural roles (longkos, machis, and intercultural facilitators). 41 Mapuche people from the Ercilla, Curarrehue, Puerto Saavedra, Cholchol and Boroa territories of the Araucanía region, Chile participated. Results: Four dimensions were obtained that characte rized the practices and beliefs regarding the acquisition and use of language in Mapuche children: a) Mapuche culture transcends through children and language, b) speech is a concrete and pragmatic process, c) there are traditional techniques for speech stimulation, and d) there are difficulties and easiness for the development of the indigenous language in young children. Conclusions: The preser vation and recovery of the indigenous language is a process of reinforcing the cultural identity for the Mapuche people, which has not been valued as a cultural heritage in the national society.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Rural Population , Teaching/psychology , Indians, South American/psychology , Child Rearing/ethnology , Cultural Characteristics , Language Development , Interviews as Topic , Focus Groups , Qualitative Research , Grounded Theory , Anthropology, Cultural
16.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(1): 89-96, feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092748

ABSTRACT

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo asociar actitudes y prácticas de alimentación infantil de cuidadores con el estado nutricional de niños de origen mapuche y no mapuche. Participaron 200 escolares de primero a cuarto básico y sus cuidadores. Se realizó medición de peso y talla en los niños, y cuidadores respondieron el Child Feeding Questionnaire y un instrumento de caracterización sociodemográfica. Los resultados indicaron presencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en 56% del total de niños evaluados, cifra superior al promedio nacional, con un porcentaje significativamente superior (p≤0.001) en el grupo de origen mapuche (71,9%). Las asociaciones más fuertes del puntaje z de IMC del niño se encontraron con peso percibido d (r= 0,56, p= <0,001) y preocupación por el peso (r= 0,34, p= <0,001). Lo mismo ocurrió al segmentar la muestra por etnia. La única actitud que demostró diferencias entre grupos fue la responsabilidad percibida (p=0,018), resultando inferior en el grupo mapuche. No obstante, las diferencias según etnia, ésta no resultó predictora del estado nutricional del niño, pero sí el peso percibido (β= 3,778, p< 0,001) y la preocupación por el peso (β= 0,944, p= 0,018). Lo anterior refuerza el rol de actitudes y prácticas de padres y cuidadores en el estado nutricional del niño con independencia de los factores culturales implicados.


This study aims to associate child feeding attitudes and practices of caregivers with the nutritional status of Mapuche and non-Mapuche children. Two hundred schoolchildren from first to fourth grade and their caregivers participated. Measurement of weight and height was performed in children; caregivers completed the Child Feeding Questionnaire and a sociodemographic characterization instrument. Fifty six percent of the children assessed were overweight or obese, with a significantly higher percentage (p≤0,001) in the Mapuche group (71.9%). Child's BMI z-score was strongly related with perceived weight (r= 0,56 p= <0.001) and weight concern (r= 0,34, p= <0,001). The same results were found when segmenting the sample by ethnicity. The only attitude that showed differences between groups was perceived responsibility (p= 0,018), being lower in the Mapuche group. Despite the differences according to ethnicity, this variable was not predictive of the nutritional status of the child, unlike perceived weight (β= 3,778, p<0,001) and weight concern (β= 0,944, p= 0,018). These findings reinforce the role of attitudes and practices of parents and caregivers in the nutritional status of the child, regardless of the cultural factors involved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Indians, South American , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Caregivers/psychology , Child Nutrition , Feeding Behavior , Body Mass Index , Linear Models , Chile , Nutritional Status , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cultural Factors , Pediatric Obesity/prevention & control
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(1): 47-56, jan. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055782

ABSTRACT

Resumo A formação do enfermeiro no Brasil, ainda se apresenta como um desafio para as universidades, face as diversidades étnicas e as particularidades regionais existentes. Assim, o objetivo do estudo foi identificar os desafios no processo de formação de enfermeiros indígenas em Mato Grosso, Brasil. Trata-se de estudo exploratório e qualitativo, junto a 11 enfermeiros indígenas. A análise dos dados, baseou-se na interculturalidade de Paulo Freire. Verificou-se que todos participantes, buscam a integração dos saberes tradicionais indígenas com os conhecimentos técnico científicos, durante suas práticas, o que facilita a interação satisfatória com a comunidade. Durante a graduação de Enfermagem tiveram pouco ou nenhum contato com conteúdos relacionados à saúde indígena e ao término da formação vislumbravam despreparo para atender as variadas demandas em saúde. Historicamente, apresentam-se subalternizados em relação aos não indígenas, o que reflete em desvantagens no processo de ensino-aprendizagem, tanto relacionados aos aspectos técnicos/tecnológicos como sociais.


Abstract The training of nurses in Brazil remain a challenge for the university, given the existing ethnic diversity and regional particularities. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify the challenges in the training process of indigenous nurses in Mato Grosso, Brazil. It is an exploratory and qualitative study, carried out with 11 indigenous nurses. Data analysis was based on Paulo Freire's interculturality. It was verified that both participants sought the integration of indigenous traditional knowledge with scientific technical knowledge during their practices, which facilitates a satisfactory interaction with the community. During nursing undergraduate school, they had little or no contact with contents related to indigenous health and at the end of the training they observed they were not prepared to meet the diverse health demands. Historically, they are subordinated in relation to non-indigenous people, which manifests as disadvantages in the teaching-learning process, related to technical / technological as well as social aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Indians, South American/education , Education, Nursing/organization & administration , Brazil , Middle Aged
18.
Saúde Soc ; 29(3): e200348, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145106

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar e discutir a vulnerabilidade de povos indígenas em isolamento voluntário a epidemias decorrentes do contato com representantes de nossa sociedade e apontar os desafios para a assistência à saúde nas situações de contato iminente. A partir da experiência dos autores na atenção à saúde de comunidades indígenas isoladas e de contato recente e de informações existentes na literatura indigenista, são apresentados exemplos da alta mortalidade que incidiu sobre alguns povos indígenas em períodos posteriores à quebra de seu estado de isolamento. O artigo atualiza as informações existentes sobre povos indígenas isolados no Brasil, discute a política indigenista e as ameaças a que estão submetidos esses povos pelo avanço da invasão ilegal de seus territórios e alerta para a possibilidade de novos contatos entre esses grupos e a sociedade circundante no contexto atual de ataque aos direitos indígenas agravados pela epidemia de covid-19. Contextualizam-se a suscetibilidade dos povos indígenas isolados, a necessidade de preparação para futuras situações de contato e medidas para evitar o contágio quando ocorrer a quebra do estado de isolamento desses povos.


Abstract The purpose of this article is to present and discuss the vulnerability of indigenous people in voluntary isolation due to epidemics resulting from contact with representatives of our society and to point out the challenges for health care in situations of imminent contact. Based on the authors' experience in the health care of isolated and recently contacted indigenous communities and on information in the indigenous literature, examples of the high mortality that affected some indigenous peoples in periods after break of their isolation state are presented. The article updates the existing information on isolated indigenous peoples in Brazil, discusses the indigenous policy formulated for them, the threats to which they are subjected by the advance of the illegal invasion of their territories and alerts to the possibility of new contacts of these groups and the surrounding society, in current context of attack on indigenous rights aggravated by the COVID-19 pandemic. It contextualizes the susceptibility of isolated indigenous peoples, the need to be ready for future situations of contact and measures to avoid contagion when the isolation of these peoples is interrupted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Isolation , Public Policy , Indians, South American , Coronavirus Infections , Vulnerable Populations , Health of Indigenous Peoples
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 417-423, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114916

ABSTRACT

El Rendimiento Académico es un concepto multifactorial en el que inciden aspectos internos, como las características propias del estudiante, y externos como el tipo de diseño curricular de cada institución. El propósito de este trabajo fue mejorar la disposición de recursos de apoyo educativo en estudiantes en riesgo de reprobación, con el objeto de elevar la calidad de la formación profesional de los odontólogos de la Universidad de La Frontera, identificando aquellos factores del Perfil de Ingreso que influyen en el Rendimiento Académico durante los primeros tres años de la carrera. Estudio cuantitativo observacional analítico con diseño de Cohorte Retrospectiva, la población fueron 222 estudiantes de odontología de las cohortes 2014, 2015 y 2016. Las variables estudiadas fueron promedio de PSU, promedio NEM, promedio Ranking, género, ascendencia mapuche, región de procedencia, establecimiento de procedencia (según tipo de establecimiento y régimen educativo) y quintil de ingreso. Se obtuvo que el promedio PSU solo influye en el primer semestre de la carrera (p=0,000); el promedio NEM presentó una correlación positiva en el quinto (p=0,002) y sexto semestre (p=0,048); el promedio Ranking mostró una correlación positiva en el quinto semestre (p=0,005); las diferencias por género fueron estadísticamente significativas del tercer semestre al sexto (p=0,012; p=0,041; p=0,000; p=0,006 respectivamente); según tipo de establecimiento las diferencias son estadísticamente significativas en los dos primeros semestres (p=0,009; p=0,020) y en el cuarto (p=0,038) y quinto semestre (p=0,011); existe diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los establecimientos Particulares Subvencionado y los Municipales en el Área de Ciencias Básicas (p=0,010); la región de procedencia, el quintil de ingreso y la ascendencia mapuche no tiene incidencia en el RA. Valor de p < 0,05 umbral para la significancia estadística.


Academic Performance is a multifactorial concept in which internal factors, such as the student's personal characteristics, and external elements, such as the curricular design of each educational institution, come into play. The purpose of this essay was to improve the resources of educational support for students at risk of failure, in order to strengthen the quality of the professional training of dentists at Universidad de la Frontera, identifying key factors in Applicant's Profiles that affect Academic Performance during the first three years of studies. Analytic quantitative observational study with Retrospective Cohort design, the population consisted of 222 Dentistry students of 2014, 2015, and 2016 cohorts. The analyzed variables were the scholastic aptitude test (PSU) average, NEM average, class ranking average, sex, Mapuche ethnicity, region of provenance, establishment of origin (according to type of establishment and educational regime) and income quintile. Results showed that PSU scores only affect the first semester of studies (p=0,000); NEM score presented a positive correlation in the fifth (p=0,002) and sixth semester (p=0,048); class ranking showed a positive correlation in fifth semester (p=0,005); sex differences were statistically significant from the third until the sixth semester (p=0,012; p=0,041; p=0,000; p=0,006 respectively); differences in the type of establishments are statistically significant in the first two semesters (p=0,009; p=0,020) and in the fourth (p=0,038) and fifth semesters (p=0,011); there exists statistically significant differences between Private Subsidized schools, and municipal schools in the area of Basic Sciences (p=0,010); the region of provenance, the income quintile and Mapuche ethnicity do not impact the RA. A p < 0,05 threshold for statistical significance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental/psychology , Education, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Academic Performance/statistics & numerical data , Aptitude Tests , Schools, Dental , Indians, South American , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Curriculum , Income
20.
Recife; Fiocruz-PE; 2020. 350 p. il.
Monography in Portuguese | MTYCI, LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1102323

ABSTRACT

Pohã Ñana: Fortalecimento, território e memória Guarani e Kaiowá é resultado de um amplo processo de diálogo entre o grupo de pesquisa Ambiente, Diversidade e Saúde da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz) e o povo Guarani e Kaiowá das aldeias Guapo'y (Amambai), Jaguapiré, Guasuty, Kurusu Amba, Tapyi Kora (Limão Verde) e Takuapery, localizadas na região conhecida como cone Sul, no estado de Mato Grosso do Sul (Mapa). Este livro foi elaborado como produto da pesquisa "Práticas tradicionais de cura e plantas medicinais mais prevalentes entre os indígenas da etnia Guarani e Kaiowá, na região Centro-Oeste" e teve como objetivo identificar e descrever as práticas tradicionais de cura e as plantas medicinais mais prevalentes entre os Guarani e Kaiowá. Com isso, nossa intenção é proporcionar aos leitores uma aproximação do conhecimento tradicional Guarani e Kaiowá, a partir dos relatos de experiências ancestrais de ñanderu e ñandesy com o uso de plantas medicinais. Ademais, pretendemos compartilhar com os leitores os aprendizados construídos de modo dialógico com os jovens das aldeias, que se tornaram posteriormente pesquisadores/colaboradores em nosso grupo de pesquisa.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Indians, South American , Phytotherapy , Brazil , Indigenous Peoples , Medicine, Traditional
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