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Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(3): 182-190, sept. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1222966


Este trabajo se fundamenta en la evaluación de la actividad antiinflamatoria de extractos de sofrito de tomate, así como de compuestos estándares de la dieta mediterránea, usando un modelo experimental optimizado basado en larvas de pez cebra. La migración de neutrófilos en larvas de pez cebra de 96 horas post fertilización se indujo mediante una lesión y se potenció añadiéndole lipopolisacárido, dicha migración se visualizó y cuantificó mediante análisis de imagen. El efecto antiinflamatorio del extracto de tomate y de los compuestos utilizados fue correlacionado porcentualmente por la disminución de la migración de los neutrófilos. Los resultados muestran que el extracto de tomate presentó una reducción en la migración de neutrófilos de 40 % respecto al grupo control. Por otra parte, el ácido clorogénico y la cianidina presentes en el sofrito de tomate utilizados como estándares presentaron una disminución de la migración de neutrófilos de un 66,7 % y 62,5 % respectivamente. Estos porcentajes son comparables a los resultados observados en ensayos con drogas antiinflamatorias como la indometacina y piroxicam. Los resultados muestran que el extracto de sofrito de tomate presenta posible actividad antinflamatoria demostrada por la reducción de la migración de neutrófilos, además el modelo se mostró sensible y válido para ser aplicado en matrices alimentarias complejas(AU)

The main of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of tomato sofrito extracts, as well as standard compounds present in the Mediterranean diet, using an optimized experimental model based on zebrafish larvae. Neutrophil migration in zebrafish larvae 96 hours post fertilization was induced by a cut in the caudal fin and enhanced by adding lipopolysaccharide and was visualized and quantified by image analysis. The anti-inflammatory effect of tomato extract and the compounds used was correlated by the percentage decrease in the migration of neutrophils. The results showed that, tomato extract showed a reduction in neutrophil migration of 40% compared to the control group. Moreover, chlorogenic acid and cyanidin present in tomato sofrito sauce showed a decrease in neutrophil migration of 66.7% and 62.5% respectively. These percentages are comparable to the results observed in trials with anti-inflammatory drugs such as indomethacin and piroxicam. The results show that tomato sofrito extract has possible anti-inflammatory activity demonstrated by the reduction of neutrophil migration, furthermore the model was sensitive and valid to be applied in complex food matrices(AU)

Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Lycopersicon esculentum , Diet, Mediterranean , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Neutrophils , Zebrafish , Carotenoids , Piroxicam , Indomethacin
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 34-38, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102292


Las mujeres han sido tratadas por décadas con testosterona intentando aliviar una gran variedad de síntomas con riesgos y beneficios inciertos. En la mayoría de los países, la testosterona se prescribe "off-label", de modo que las mujeres están utilizando compuestos y dosis ideadas para tratamientos en hombres. En este sentido, varias sociedades médicas de distintos continentes adoptaron recientemente por consenso una toma de posición sobre los beneficios y potenciales riesgos de la terapia con testosterona en la mujer, explorar las áreas de incertidumbre e identificar prácticas de prescripción con potencial de causar daño. Las recomendaciones con respecto a los beneficios y riesgos de la terapia con testosterona se basan en los resultados de ensayos clínicos controlados con placebo de al menos 12 semanas de duración. A continuación se comentan las recomendaciones. (AU)

There are currently no clear established indications for testosterone replacement therapy for women. Nonetheless, clinicians have been treating women with testosterone to alleviate a variety of symptoms for decades with uncertainty regarding its benefits and risks. In most countries, testosterone therapy is prescribed off-label, which means that women are using testosterone formulations or compounds approved for men with a modified dose for women. Due to these issues, there was a need for a global Consensus Position Statement on testosterone therapy for women based on the available evidence from placebo randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This Position Statement was developed to inform health care professionals about the benefits and potential risks of testosterone therapy intended for women. The aim of the Consensus was to provide clear guidance as to which women might benefit from testosterone therapy; to identify symptoms, signs, and certain conditions for which the evidence does not support the prescription of testosterone; to explore areas of uncertainty, and to identify any prescribing practices that have the potential to cause harm. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Testosterone/therapeutic use , Postmenopause/drug effects , Appetite Depressants/adverse effects , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Placebos/administration & dosage , Psychotropic Drugs/adverse effects , Tamoxifen/adverse effects , Testosterone/administration & dosage , Testosterone/analysis , Testosterone/adverse effects , Testosterone/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Agents/adverse effects , Indomethacin/adverse effects , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/adverse effects , Postmenopause/physiology , Controlled Clinical Trials as Topic , Cholinergic Antagonists/adverse effects , Contraceptives, Oral/adverse effects , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/etiology , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/therapy , Danazol/adverse effects , Consensus , Aromatase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Off-Label Use , Factor Xa Inhibitors/adverse effects , Amphetamines/adverse effects , Histamine Antagonists/adverse effects , Androgen Antagonists/adverse effects , Androgens/physiology , Ketoconazole/adverse effects , Narcotics/adverse effects
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9255, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098115


The neurochemical mechanisms underlying neuropathic pain (NP) are related to peripheral and central sensitization caused by the release of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral damaged tissue and ectopic discharges from the injured nerve, leading to a hyperexcitable state of spinal dorsal horn neurons. The aim of this work was to clarify the role played by cyclooxygenase (COX) in the lesioned peripheral nerve in the development and maintenance of NP by evaluating at which moment the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin, a non-selective COX inhibitor, attenuated mechanical allodynia after placing one loose ligature around the nervus ischiadicus, an adaptation of Bennett and Xie's model in rodents. NP was induced in male Wistar rats by subjecting them to chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the nervus ischiadicus, placing one loose ligature around the peripheral nerve, and a sham surgery (without CCI) was used as control. Indomethacin (2 mg/kg) or vehicle was intraperitoneally and acutely administered in each group of rats and at different time windows (1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days) after the CCI or sham surgical procedures, followed by von Frey's test for 30 min. The data showed that indomethacin decreased the mechanical allodynia threshold of rats on the first, second, and fourth days after CCI (P<0.05). These findings suggested that inflammatory mechanisms are involved in the induction of NP and that COX-1 and COX-2 are involved in the induction but not in the maintenance of NP.

Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/injuries , Pain Measurement , Indomethacin/administration & dosage , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Rats, Wistar , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Pain Threshold , Constriction , Disease Models, Animal , Neuralgia/etiology
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190311, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132265


Abstract Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are among the aggressive factors causing gastric ulcer. They cause oxidative damage in the gastric tissue and lead to intracellular calcium deposition. Lercanidipine is a calcium channel blocker derived from the third generation dihydropyridine. The aim of this study is to analyse the effect of lercanidipine on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcers. A total of 24 albino Wistar male rats were divided into four groups; those who received indomethacin 25 mg/kg (IND), 5 mg mg/kg lercanidipine +25 mg/kg indomethacin (LC-5), 10 mg/kg lercanidipine+25mg/kg indomethacin (LC-10) and healthy rats who received 0.5 mL distilled water. Six hours after the application of indomethacin, the animals were sacrificed by high dose thiopental sodium. The stomachs of the animals were excised to perform a macroscopic analysis and the ulcerous region was measured on millimeter paper. All the stomachs were subjected to a biochemical analysis. Macroscopic analysis revealed hyperaemia on the gastric surface of the indomethacin group. Ulcerous tissues formed by oval, circular or irregular mucosal defects in varying diameters and depths were observed on the whole surface of the stomach. Hyperaemia was lower and ulcerous region was smaller in groups LC-5 and LC-10 compared to IND group. Malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase levels were significantly lower and total glutathione and cyclooxygenase-1 activity were higher in groups LC-5 and LC-10. Lercanidipine did not change the cyclooxygenase-2 activity. Lercanidipine in doses 10 mg/kg is more effective compared to 5 mg/kg. Lercanidipinine can be useful in the treatment of NSAID-induced gastric damage.

Animals , Male , Rats , Stomach Ulcer/prevention & control , Dihydropyridines/therapeutic use , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Stomach Ulcer/chemically induced , Indomethacin , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775994


Acute pancreatitis(AP)is an inflammatory condition of the pancreas following the activationt of pancreatic enzymes induced by a variety of factors,with or without other organ dysfunction.The production and release of inflammatory factors is generally considered as a key link during pathogenesis.Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAIDs)are the most commonly applied agents for inflammatory diseases.Many studies have proved that indomethacin can reduce the risk of pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography;however,few high-quality evidences have demonstrated the roles of NSAIDs in treating,rather than preventing AP.Most animal experiments have shown that NSAIDs can protect organs,although the currently available findings remained inconsistent.Randomized controlled trials with large sample sizes are warranted to elucidate the roles of NSAIDs in treating AP.

Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Therapeutic Uses , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Humans , Indomethacin , Therapeutic Uses , Pancreatitis , Drug Therapy
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 160-167, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761702


BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex mechanism which involves different systems, including the opioidergic and GABAergic systems. Due to the side effects of chemical analgesic agents, attention toward natural agents have been increased. Artemisinin is an herbal compound with widespread modern and traditional therapeutic indications, which its interaction with the GABAergic system and antinoniceptive effects on neuropathic pain have shown. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the antinociceptive effects of artemisinin during inflammatory pain and interaction with the GABAergic and opioidergic systems by using a writhing response test. METHODS: On the whole, 198 adult male albino mice were used in 4 experiments, including 9 groups (n = 6) each with three replicates, by intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of artemisinin (2.5, 5, and 10 mg/kg), naloxone (2 mg/kg), bicuculline (2 mg/kg), saclofen (2 mg/kg), indomethacin (5 mg/kg), and ethanol (10 mL/kg). Writhing test responses were induced by i.p. injection of 10 mL/kg of 0.6% acetic acid, and the percentage of writhing inhibition was recorded. RESULTS: Results showed significant dose dependent anti-nociceptive effects from artemisinin which, at a 10 mg/kg dose, was statistically similar to indomethacin. Neither saclofen nor naloxone had antinociceptive effects and did not antagonize antinociceptive effects of artemisinin, whereas bicuculline significantly inhibited the antinocicptive effect of artemisinin. CONCLUSIONS: It seems that antinocicptive effects of artemisinin are mediated by GABAA receptors.

Acetic Acid , Adult , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Animals , Bicuculline , Ethanol , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Humans , Indomethacin , Inflammation , Male , Mice , Naloxone , Neuralgia , Receptors, GABA
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761306


Calcium hydroxide (CH) is the gold-standard intracanal dressing for teeth subjected to traumatic avulsion. A common complication after the replantation of avulsed teeth is root resorption (RR). The current review was conducted to compare the effect of CH with that of other intracanal medications and filling materials on inflammatory RR and replacement RR (ankylosis) in replanted teeth. The PubMed and Scopus databases were searched through June 2018 using specific keywords related to the title of the present article. The materials that were compared to CH were in 2 categories: 1) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and endodontic sealers as permanent filling materials for single-visit treatment, and 2) Ledermix, bisphosphonates, acetazolamide, indomethacin, gallium nitrate, and enamel matrix-derived protein (Emdogain) as intracanal medicaments for multiple-visit management of avulsed teeth prior to the final obturation. MTA can be used as a single-visit root filling material; however, there are limited data on its efficacy due to a lack of clinical trials. Ledermix and acetazolamide were comparable to CH in reducing RR. Emdogain seems to be an interesting material, but the data supporting its use as an intracanal medication remain very limited. The conclusions drawn in this study were limited by the insufficiency of clinical trials.

Acetazolamide , Ankylosis , Bandages , Calcium Hydroxide , Calcium , Dental Enamel , Diphosphonates , Gallium , Indomethacin , Miners , Pemetrexed , Replantation , Root Resorption , Tooth Ankylosis , Tooth Avulsion , Tooth Replantation , Tooth
Neonatal Medicine ; : 147-154, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760587


PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and radiologic findings suggestive of spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP) in extremely-low-birth-weight infants (ELBWIs) with persistent gasless abdomen, and to investigate the usefulness of abdominal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of SIP. METHODS: In total, 22 infants with birth weights less than 1,000 g who showed persistent gasless abdomen on simple abdominal radiography were included. Perinatal, neonatal, and perioperative clinical findings were retrospectively reviewed, and the risk factors for intestinal perforation were evaluated. Abdominal sonographic findings suggestive of intestinal perforation were also identified, and postoperative short-term outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: In total, eight of the 22 infants (36.4%) with gasless abdomen had SIP. The number of infants with patent ductus arteriosus who were treated with intravenous ibuprofen or indomethacin was significantly higher in the SIP group than in the non-SIP group (P<0.05). Greenish or red gastric residue, abdominal distension, or decreased bowel sound were more frequent in infants with SIP (P<0.05), in addition to gray or bluish discoloration of abdomen, suggestive of meconium peritonitis (P<0.05). Pneumoperitoneum on simple abdominal radiography was found in only one of the eight infants (12.5%) with SIP. Intramural echogenicity and echogenic extramural material on abdominal ultrasonography were exclusively observed in infants with SIP. Four infants (50%) with SIP died after surgical intervention. CONCLUSION: Intestinal perforation may occur in ELBWIs with gasless abdomen. As intramural echogenicity and extraluminal echogenic materials on abdominal ultrasonography are indicative of SIP, this technique could be useful for diagnosing SIP.

Abdomen , Birth Weight , Diagnosis , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Humans , Ibuprofen , Indomethacin , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Intestinal Perforation , Meconium , Peritonitis , Pneumoperitoneum , Radiography, Abdominal , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773089


The aim of this paper was to observe the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of Chaenomeles speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer in rats, and explore its possible mechanism. Rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, omeprazole monotherapy(3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa monotherapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)) group, total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy(100 mg·kg~(-1)+3.6 mg·kg~(-1)) group. Except for the normal group, the other groups were given indomethacin(20 mg·kg~(-1)) by oral once a day for 7 consecutive days. Then the treated groups were given corresponding drugs by gavage, once a day for 14 consecutive days. The next day after the last administration, half of the rats in each group were measured the gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric juice volume and serum TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10. After the remaining rats in each group were underwent pyloric ligation 4 hours after the last administration, the gastric endocrine volume, pH value and total acidity of gastric secretion were measured, then histological analysis was performed, MPO activity, cAMP content and histomorphological analysis were conducted. Real-time PCR was applied to detect the mRNA expressions of gastric tissue TNF-α,IL-1β, IL-6, IL-4, IL-10, VEGFA, A_(2A)R; the protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue were detected by Western blot. The results indicated that total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole combination therapy might significantly increase gastric mucosal blood flow, gastric mucus volume, reduce gastric endocrine volume, secretion acidity and mucosal damage, decrease the levels of TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6, increase the levels of IL-4 and IL-10 in blood and gastric tissue, inhibit the activity of MPO, increase the content of cAMP in gastric tissue, up-regulate the mRNA expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R and protein expressions of VEGFA, A_(2A)R, PKA, p-PKA, CREB, p-CREB, EGF, EGFR, p-EGFR, MUC6, TFF2 in gastric tissue, elevate p-PKA/PKA, p-CREB/CREB and p-EFGR/EFGR. Moreover, the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole was more obvious than those of two monotherapies. These aforementioned findings suggested that the combination therapy with total triterpenoids of C. speciosa and omeprazole on indomethacin-induced gastric ulcer have significant therapeutic effect on indomethacin induced gastric ulcer in rats, its mechanism might be related to regulating A_(2A)R/AKT/CREB, A_(2A)R/VEGFA, EGF/EGFR and MUC6/TFF2 signaling pathways, inhibiting pro-inflammatory factors, increasing gastric mucosal blood flow, up-regulating mucosal cell proliferation factors and promoting mucosal protective factors.

Animals , Cytokines , Gastric Mucosa , Indomethacin , Omeprazole , Pharmacology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rosaceae , Chemistry , Stomach Ulcer , Drug Therapy , Triterpenes , Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180641, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012519


Abstract Objectives: Infection, inflammation and bone resorption are closely related events in apical periodontitis development. Therefore, we sought to investigate the role of cyclooxygenase (COX) in osteoclastogenesis and bone metabolism signaling in periapical bone tissue after bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) inoculation into root canals. Methodology: Seventy two C57BL/6 mice had the root canals of the first molars inoculated with a solution containing LPS from E. coli (1.0 mg/mL) and received selective (celecoxib) or non-selective (indomethacin) COX-2 inhibitor. After 7, 14, 21 and 28 days the animals were euthanized and the tissues removed for total RNA extraction. Evaluation of gene expression was performed by qRT-PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by post-tests (α=0.05). Results: LPS induced expression of mRNA for COX-2 (Ptgs2) and PGE2 receptors (Ptger1, Ptger3 and Ptger4), indicating that cyclooxygenase is involved in periapical response to LPS. A signaling that favours bone resorption was observed because Tnfsf11 (RANKL), Vegfa, Ctsk, Mmp9, Cd36, Icam, Vcam1, Nfkb1 and Sox9 were upregulated in response to LPS. Indomethacin and celecoxib differentially modulated expression of osteoclastogenic and other bone metabolism genes: celecoxib downregulated Igf1r, Ctsk, Mmp9, Cd36, Icam1, Nfkb1, Smad3, Sox9, Csf3, Vcam1 and Itga3 whereas indomethacin inhibited Tgfbr1, Igf1r, Ctsk, Mmp9, Sox9, Cd36 and Icam1. Conclusions: We demonstrated that gene expression for COX-2 and PGE2 receptors was upregulated after LPS inoculation into the root canals. Additionally, early administration of indomethacin and celecoxib (NSAIDs) inhibited osteoclastogenic signaling. The relevance of the cyclooxygenase pathway in apical periodontitis was shown by a wide modulation in the expression of genes involved in both bone catabolism and anabolism.

Animals , Male , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Tissue/drug effects , Periapical Tissue/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/physiology , Dental Pulp Cavity/metabolism , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Time Factors , Bone Resorption/metabolism , Gene Expression , Up-Regulation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Indomethacin/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides/analysis , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/analysis , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/drug effects , Receptors, Prostaglandin E/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/analysis , Celecoxib/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 69(4): 270-302, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985512


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of atosiban in pregnant women with risk of preterm delivery as compared to nifedipine, indomethacin, terbutaline, fenoterol and placebo. Materials and methods: A systematic literature review was carried out in eight electronic databases, including Medline, Central, and Embase, using free and standardized search terms. Outcomes assessment included time delay until delivery, neonatal mortality, ratio of adverse maternal events, and ratio of neonatal complications. The quality of the evidence was evaluated per study and for the body of evidence and, whenever feasible, the information was synthesized into a meta-analysis. Alternatively, a narrative summary was presented. Results: Eleven studies were included. Atosiban did not show any statistically significant differences in terms of delaying delivery versus other uterine contraction inhibitors. The neonatal mortality was lower compared to indomethacin (RR = 0.21; 95% CI: 0.05 to 0.92), and the percentage of total maternal adverse events was lower compared to fenoterol (RR = 0.16; 95% CI: 0.08 to 0.31), nifedipine (RR = 0.48; 95% CI: 0.3 to 0.78), and terbutaline (RR = 0.44; 95% CI: 0.28 to 0.71). Conclusions: Atosiban has similar efficacy for delivery delay in patients with risk of preterm delivery as compared to other agents (moderate certainty), showing some advantages regarding neonatal mortality (low certainty) versus indomethacin, and compared to fenoterol, nifedipine and terbutaline in terms of maternal adverse events (moderate certainty).

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de atosiban en gestantes con amenaza de parto pretérmino comparado con nifedipino, indometacina, terbutalina, fenoterol y placebo. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura en ocho bases de datos electrónicas (Medline, Central, Embase, entre otras), mediante términos de búsqueda libres y estandarizados. Los desenlaces evaluados incluyeron tiempo de retardo del parto, mortalidad neonatal, proporción de eventos adversos maternos y proporción de complicaciones neonatales. Se evaluó la calidad de la evidencia por estudio y para el cuerpo de evidencia, y se sintetizó la información mediante metaanálisis, cuando fue posible; de lo contrario, se resumió de forma narrativa. Resultados: se incluyeron once estudios. Atosiban no mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas en retardo del parto contra otros uteroinhibidores. Mostró menor mortalidad neonatal que la indometacina (RR = 0,21; IC 95 %: 0,05 a 0,92), y menor proporción de eventos adversos maternos totales que el fenoterol (RR = 0,16; IC 95 %: 0,08 a 0,31), el nifedipino (RR = 0,48; IC 95 %: 0,3 a 0,78) y la terbutalina (RR = 0,44; IC 95 %: 0,28 a 0,71). Conclusiones: atosiban tiene una eficacia similar para retardar el parto ante la amenaza de un parto pretérmino con otros comparadores (certeza moderada), con ventajas frente a indometacina en mortalidad neonatal (certeza baja) y frente a fenoterol, nifedipino y terbutalina en eventos adversos maternos (certeza moderada).

Humans , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Placebos , Terbutaline , Nifedipine , Indomethacin , Meta-Analysis , Fenoterol
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 609-618, July 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949367


Abstract Purpose: To investigate the gastroprotective effect of methanol extract of E. spectabilis and its major component isoorientin. Methods: Effects of isoorientin and methanol extract of E. spectabilis were investigated in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model on rats. Famotidine was used as the standard antiulcer drug. Numerical density of ulcer areas and oxidative status were determined on stomach tissues of rats. Results: All doses of isoorientin and methanol extract decreased MDA level and increased SOD activity and GSH levels in the stomach tissue of rats. When numerical density of ulcer areas were analized, the 500 mg/kg dose of methanol extract (84%) exhibited a similar effect to 20 mg/kg dose of standart drug famotidine (87%). Conclusions: The gastroprotective effects of E. spectabilis and its major constituent isoorientin in rats for the first time. Detailed analyses suggested that potential antioxidant activity of both plant extract and isoorientin mediates the gastroprotective effect.

Animals , Male , Stomach Ulcer/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Luteolin/pharmacology , Methanol/pharmacology , Xanthorrhoeaceae/chemistry , Anti-Ulcer Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Severity of Illness Index , Indomethacin , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glutathione/analysis , Glutathione/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/analysis
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(2): 138-141, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950505


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Extracts obtained from plants and fruits provide a relatively safe and practical alternative for the conventional medicine of gastrointestinal diseases. The specie Eugenia mattosii, popularly known in Brazil as "cerejinha", belongs to Myrtaceae family. Species of this family present pharmacological properties, and can be used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the phytochemical profile and evaluate the gastroprotective activity of Eugenia mattosii fruits. METHODS: Phytochemical analysis was carried out by thin layer chromatography and gastroprotective assays were performed using two experimental models: acute ulcer model induced by ethanol/HCl and acute ulcer model induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (indomethacin). Total lesion area (mm2) and relative lesion area (%) were determined. RESULTS: The results of the phytochemical analysis indicated that the bark and pulp and seeds of E. mattosii present phenolic compounds, terpenes and/or steroids. In gastric ulcer model induced by ethanol was evidenced significant reduction of damaged areas for doses of 50 and 250 mg/ kg of seeds methanol extract, while in the indomethacin-induced ulcer model, all parts of the fruit presented defense capability of the gastric mucosa by reducing lesions at doses of 50, 125 and 250 mg/kg. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that the specie E. mattosii has bioactive compounds that provide gastroprotective activity, presenting possible therapeutic potential.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: Extratos obtidos de plantas e frutos fornecem uma alternativa relativamente segura e prática para os remédios convencionais de doenças gastrointestinais. A espécie Eugenia mattosii, popularmente conhecida no Brasil como "cerejinha", pertence à família Myrtaceae. Espécies desta família apresentam propriedades farmacológicas e podem ser utilizadas no tratamento de distúrbios gastrointestinais. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar o perfil fitoquímico e avaliar a atividade gastroprotetora dos frutos de Eugenia mattosii. MÉTODOS: A análise fitoquímica foi realizada por cromatografia em camada delgada e dois modelos experimentais foram utilizados para avaliação da atividade gastroprotetora em camundongos: modelo de úlcera gástrica induzida por anti-inflamatório não-esteroidal (indometacina) e modelo de úlcera gástrica induzida por etanol/HCl. RESULTADOS: Os resultados da análise fitoquímica indicaram que a casca e polpa e as sementes de E. mattosii apresentam compostos fenólicos, terpenos e/ou esteroides. No modelo de úlcera gástrica induzido pelo etanol, foi evidenciada redução significativa de áreas danificadas para doses de 50 e 250 mg/kg do extrato das sementes, enquanto no modelo de úlcera induzida por indometacina, todas as partes do fruto apresentaram capacidade de defesa da mucosa gástrica ao reduzir as lesões nas doses de 50, 125 e 250 mg/kg. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstram que a espécie E. mattosii possui compostos bioativos com atividade gastroprotetora, apresentando possível potencial terapêutico.

Animals , Female , Mice , Stomach Ulcer/prevention & control , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Eugenia/chemistry , Fruit/chemistry , Gastric Mucosa/drug effects , Anti-Ulcer Agents/pharmacology , Seeds/chemistry , Stomach Ulcer/chemically induced , Brazil , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Indomethacin , Disease Models, Animal , Ethanol , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Phytotherapy , Anti-Ulcer Agents/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/analysis , Antioxidants/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687928


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate whether the methanol extract of Berberis amurensis Rupr. (BAR) augments penile erection using in vitro and in vivo experiments.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The ex vivo study used corpus cavernosum strips prepared from adult male New Zealand White rabbits. In in vivo studies for intracavernous pressure (ICP), blood pressure, mean arterial pressure (MAP), and increase of peak ICP were continuously monitored during electrical stimulation of Sprague-Dawley rats.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Preconstricted with phenylephrine (PE) in isolated endotheliumintact rabbit corus cavernosum, BAR relaxed penile smooth muscle in a dose-dependent manner, which was inhibited by pretreatment with NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, and H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazole-[4,3-α]-quinoxalin-1-one, a soluble guanylyl cclase inhibitor. BAR significantly relaxed penile smooth muscles dose-dependently in ex vivo, and this was inhibited by pretreatment with L-NAME H-[1,2,4]-oxadiazole-[4,3-α]-quinoxalin-1-one. BAR-induced relaxation was significantly attenuated by pretreatment with tetraethylammonium (TEA, P<0.01), a nonselective K channel blocker, 4-aminopyridine (4-AP, P<0.01), a voltage-dependent K channel blocker, and charybdotoxin (P<0.01), a large and intermediate conductance Ca sensitive-K channel blocker, respectively. BAR induced an increase in peak ICP, ICP/MAP ratio and area under the curve dose dependently.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BAR augments penile erection via the nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate system and Ca sensitive-K (BK and IK) channels in the corpus cavernosum.</p>

Animals , Area Under Curve , Berberis , Chemistry , Blood Pressure , Cyclic GMP , Metabolism , Epoprostenol , Pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques , Indomethacin , Pharmacology , Male , Models, Biological , Muscle Relaxation , Muscle, Smooth , Physiology , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Pharmacology , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Penile Erection , Phenylephrine , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Potassium Channel Blockers , Pharmacology , Potassium Channels , Metabolism , Pressure , Rabbits
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718208


Clozapine may be associated with cardiovascular adverse effects including QTc prolongation and, more rarely, with myocarditis and pericarditis. Although rare, these latter cardiovascular adverse effects may be life-threatening and must be immediately recognized and treated. Several cases of clozapine related-pericarditis have been described and often it has a subtle and insidious onset with symptoms that may be often misdiagnosed with psychiatric manifestations (e.g. anxiety, panic or somatization) leading to a delayed correct diagnosis with potential fatal consequences. In the present report we describe the case of a 27-year-old girl with schizoaffective disorder taking long acting aripiprazole and valproate who developed a sudden onset clozapine-related pericarditis during titration phase that resolved with immediate clozapine discontinuation and indomethacin administration. We underline the importance of an early diagnosis of clozapine-related pericarditis and the need to have monitoring protocols to prevent this potentially fatal adverse effect especially when polypharmacy is administered to patients taking clozapine.

Adult , Anxiety , Aripiprazole , Clozapine , Diagnosis , Drug Monitoring , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Indomethacin , Myocarditis , Panic , Pericarditis , Polypharmacy , Psychotic Disorders , Valproic Acid
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766644


Hemicrania continua (HC) is an indomethacin-responsive primary headache. Owing to continuous unilateral headache and clinical rarity, a great attention should be paid during the diagnosis of HC to exclude secondary causes of headache. Various pathologies have been described for HC-like headache. We describe a 64-year old man with invasive sphenoid sinus aspergillosis who presented continuous unilateral headache, trigeminal autonomic symptoms and response to oral indomethacin 225 mg/day. He was treated with intranasal ethmoidectomy and antifungal agent, and his headache has greatly improved.

Aspergillosis , Diagnosis , Headache , Indomethacin , Pathology , Sphenoid Sinus , Trigeminal Autonomic Cephalalgias
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e008, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889493


Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the in situ degree of conversion, contact angle, and immediate and long-term bond strengths of a commercial primer and an experimental adhesive containing indomethacin- and triclosan-loaded nanocapsules (NCs). The indomethacin- and triclosan-loaded NCs, which promote anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects through controlled release, were incorporated into the primer at a concentration of 2% and in the adhesive at concentrations of 1, 2, 5, and 10%. The in situ degree of conversion (DC, n=3) was evaluated by micro-Raman spectroscopy. The contact angle of the primer and adhesive on the dentin surface (n = 3) was determined by an optical tensiometer. For the microtensile bond strength µTBS test (12 teeth per group), stick-shaped specimens were tested under tensile stress immediately after preparation and after storage in water for 1 year. The data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA, three-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests with α=0.05. The use of the NC-loaded adhesive resulted in a higher in situ degree of conversion. The DC values varied from 75.07 ± 8.83% to 96.18 ± 0.87%. The use of NCs in only the adhesive up to a concentration of 5% had no influence on the bond strength. The contact angle of the primer remained the same with and without NCs. The use of both the primer and adhesive with NCs (for all concentrations) resulted in a higher contact angle of the adhesive. The longitudinal μTBS was inversely proportional to the concentration of NCs in the adhesive system, exhibiting decreasing values for the groups with primer containing NCs and adhesives with increasing concentrations of NCs. Adhesives containing up to 5% of nanocapsules and primer with no NCs maintained the in situ degree of conversion, contact angle, and immediate and long-term bond strengths. Therefore, the NC-loaded adhesive can be an alternative method for combining the bond performance and therapeutic effects. The use of an adhesive with up to 5% nanocapsules containing indomethacin and triclosan and a primer with no nanocapsules maintained the long-term bond performance.

Animals , Cattle , Dental Bonding/methods , Indomethacin/chemistry , Nanocapsules/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Triclosan/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration Failure , Dentin/drug effects , Materials Testing , Phase Transition/drug effects , Polymerization/drug effects , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Surface Properties/drug effects , Tensile Strength , Time Factors
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 82(4): 299-305, dic. 2017. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-896272


Se presentan dos casos clínicos y la revisión de la literatura actual sobre luxación convergente de codo. En el primer caso, se muestra cómo un retraso en el diagnóstico conducirá a una reducción abierta y fijación con agujas de Kirschner, mientras que un diagnóstico temprano permite la reducción cerrada y el tratamiento conservador como se describe en el segundo caso. La clave de diagnóstico para la luxación convergente de codo radica en la correcta interpretación de las radiografías y el bloque de prono-supinación en el examen físico. Se recomienda el uso de indometacina para evitar calcificaciones heterotópicas. El resultado final es mejor cuando el diagnóstico es precoz, independientemente del método de reducción. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

We describe two clinical cases and review the available literature on convergent elbow dislocation. Our first case shows how a delay in the diagnosis will lead to an open reduction and internal fixation with K-wires. On the other hand, an early diagnosis prompts a closed reduction without fixation as it is described in the second case. The diagnostic key for the convergent dislocation of the elbow lies in the correct interpretation of radiographs and the prono-supination block on physical examination. The use of indomethacin is recommended to avoid heterotopic calcifications. The final outcome is better when an early diagnosis is achieved regardless of the reduction method. Level of Evidence: IV

Child , Indomethacin/therapeutic use , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Joint Dislocations/diagnosis , Joint Dislocations/therapy , Elbow Joint/injuries
Braz. j. biol ; 77(4): 781-786, Nov. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888808


Abstract Previous studies performed in marine fish (I. conceptionis and G. laevifrons) showed that indomethacin blocked arterial contraction mediated by acetylcholine (ACh). The objective of this study was to determine if contraction induced by acetylcholine is mediated by the cyclooxygenase pathway in several arterial vessels in the Chilean frog Calyptocephalella gayi. Arteries from the pulmonary (PA), dorsal (DA), mesenteric (MA) and iliac (IA) regions were dissected from 6 adult specimens, and isometric tension studies were done using dose response curves (DRC) for ACh (10-13 to 10-3 M) in presence of a muscarinic antagonist (Atropine 10-5 M) and an unspecific inhibitor of cyclooxygenases (Indomethacin, 10-5M). All the studied arteries exhibited vasoconstriction mediated by ACh. This vasoconstriction was abolished in the presence of atropine in DA, MA and IA and attenuated in PA. Indomethacin abolished the vasoconstriction in MA and attenuated the response in PA, DA and IA. Similar to marine fish, C. gayi have an ACh-mediated vasoconstrictor pattern regulated by muscarinic receptors that activate a cyclooxygenase contraction pathway. These results suggest that the maintenance in vasoconstrictor mechanisms mediated by ACh→COX →vasoconstriction is conserved from fish to frogs.

Resumo Estudos feitos em peixes marinhos (I. conceptionis e G. laevifrons) têm demostrado que a indometacina bloqueia a contração arterial mediada por acetilcolina (ACh). O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da via da ciclooxigenase na contração induzida por ACh em vasos arteriais da rã chilena Calyptocephalella gayi. Foram dissecadas regiões das artérias pulmonares (PA), dorsal (DA), mesentérica (MA) e ilíaca (IA) de seis espécimes adultos e realizados estudos de tensão isométrica utilizando curvas dose-resposta (CDR) de ACh (10-13 a 10-3 M) na presença de um antagonista muscarínico (atropina, 10-5 M) e um inibidor das ciclooxigenases (indometacina, 10-5 M). Todas as artérias evidenciaram uma resposta vasoconstritora mediada por ACh. Esta resposta vasoconstrictora foi suprimida na presença de atropina nas artérias DA, MA, IA e atenuada na PA. A indometacina suprimiu a vasoconstrição na artéria MA e atenuou a resposta nas artérias PA, DA e IA. Tal como os peixes marinhos, a C. gayi tem um padrão de vasoconstrição mediado por Ach que é regulado pelos receptores muscarínicos e pela ciclooxigenase. Estes resultados sugerem a conservação dos mecanismos vasoconstrictores mediados por ACh→COX em peixes e rãs.

Animals , Anura/physiology , Atropine/pharmacology , Vasoconstriction/drug effects , Indomethacin/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Muscarinic Antagonists/pharmacology , Arteries/drug effects , Acetylcholine/pharmacology , Chile , Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases/metabolism