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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248722

ABSTRACT

La mitad de los pacientes con cáncer de origen colorrectal desarrollan metástasis hepáticas durante el curso de su enfermedad y de esas el 80% son irresecables. La resecabilidad se define no por la extensión de la hepatectomía, sino por la función del hígado remanente, por lo que para pacientes con ciertos factores favorables se pueden realizar técnicas de remodelación hepática para aumentar el volumen del hígado remanente para que este sea suficiente. La hepatectomía en dos tiempos se basa en procedimientos secuenciales que buscan tratar metástasis hepáticas colorrectales consideradas inicialmente irresecables, logrando la resección completa de las mismas dejando un remanente hepático funcionante suficiente, lo cual no sería posible en un solo acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso clínico de un paciente portador de metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas de origen colorrectal irresecables, que luego de una quimioterapia de conversión, con el fin de aumentar el futuro remanente hepático y evitar falla hepática postoperatoria y realizar una resección oncológica, fue sometido a una hepatectomía en dos tiempos, técnica utilizada con baja frecuencia en nuestro medio, destacando una evolución favorable, con marcadores tumorales en valores normales y sin evidencia imagenológica de recaída local ni sistémica.


Half of colorectal cancer patients develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, 80% of which are unresectable. Resectability is defined not by the extent of the hepatectomy, but by the function of the liver remnant. Therefore, for patients with certain factors, liver remodeling techniques can be performed to increase volume of the remaining liver so that it is sufficient. Two-stage hepatectomy is performed on colorectal liver metastases which are initially considered unresectable in one stage resection procedures, in which sequential procedures are performed in order to achieve complete resection and preserve a sufficient functioning liver remnant. The objective of this paper is to present the case of a patient with unresectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases, in which after conversion chemotherapy, in order to increase the future liver remnant, avoid postoperative liver failure and perform an oncological resection underwent a two-stage hepatectomy, a technique used with low frequency in our setting, highlighting a favorable evolution, with tumor markers in normal values and without imaging evidence of local or systemic relapse.


Metade dos pacientes com câncer colorretal desenvolve metástases hepáticas durante o curso da doença e, desses, 80% são irressecáveis. A ressecabilidade é definida não pela extensão da hepatectomia, mas pela função do fígado remanescente; portanto, para pacientes com certos fatores favoráveis, técnicas de remodelação hepática podem ser realizadas para aumentar o volume do fígado remanescente de forma que seja suficiente. A hepatectomia em dois estágios é baseada em procedimentos sequenciais que buscam tratar metástases hepáticas colorretais inicialmente consideradas irressecáveis, obtendo ressecção completa, deixando um remanescente hepático funcional suficiente, o que não seria possível em um único ato cirúrgico. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com metástases hepáticas sincrônicas irressecáveis ​​de origem colorretal, que após quimioterapia de conversão, com o objetivo de aumentar o futuro remanescente hepático e evitar insuficiência hepática pós-operatória e realizar uma ressecção oncológica, foi submetido a dois Hepatectomia em estágio, técnica utilizada com baixa frequência em nosso meio, evidenciando evolução favorável, com marcadores tumorais em valores normais e sem evidências de imagem de recidiva local ou sistêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Induction Chemotherapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1710-1713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of posaconazole in the primary prevention of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in the induction therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to November 2020, 144 pediatric patients with ALL treated in Department of Pediatrics, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University were selected, 88 cases received fluconazole as IFD prophylaxis (fluconazole prophylaxis group), 56 cases received posaconazole as IFD prophylaxis (posaconazole prophylaxis group). The incidence of IFD and treatment-related adverse reactions between the two groups were compared, and the safety of posaconazole was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of IFD in the fluconazole prophylaxis group was 20.4% (18/88), and in the posaconazole prophylaxis group was 7.1% (4/56). The incidence of IFD between the two groups was statistically significant different(P=0.030). There was no serious adverse reactions in the two groups. The incidence of mild adverse reactions in the posaconazole prophylaxis group (23.2%) was lower than that in the fluconazole prophylaxis group(39.8%), and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.039). There were 12 cases died in the fluconazole prophylaxis group and 4 in the posaconazole prophylaxis group, while no significant difference in the overall survival rate between the two groups (P=0.281).@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of posaconazole in the primary prophylaxis of IFD is better and incidence of adverse reactions is lower than fluconazole. Posaconazole can be tolerated, and expected to become the first-line primary prophylaxis drug for IFD during the induction remission therapy of childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Child , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Mycoses/drug therapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Primary Prevention , Triazoles
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1417-1423, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922274

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between effect of induction chemotherapy and prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 146 adult AML patients treated in Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng University from March 2015 to March 2018 were enrolled and retrospectively analyzed. Day 14 bone marrow biopsy (D14BM) cellularity and blast proportion, daily peripheral blood blast (PBB) clearance rate, time to PBB clearance and etc. were primarily observed after induction chemotherapy. All the patients were divided into Non-relapse survival group, Relapse survival group, Non-relapse death group and Relapse death group according to survival and recurrence situation during 2-year follow-up. The survival of the patients was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. Univariate analysis of prognostic factors were performed by ordinal Logistic regression, and ROC curve was used to assess the prediction efficiency of those factors for the 2-year overall survival (OS) and relapse of the patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 138 patients were included since 8 cases failed to be assessed clinically. Their 2-year OS rate was 65.94%. Age of the patients in Non-relapse survival group was lower than that in Relapse death group. The D14BM cellularities in Non-relapse survival group and Relapse survival group were lower than those in Relapse death group (P10%, while it was higher in patients with daily PBB clearance rate >20% than those with clearance rate≤20% (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bone marrow biopsy results and PBB clearance rate are related to prognosis in AML patients, which can offer certain predictive value in assessing 2-year OS of patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child, Preschool , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1080-1084, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) combined with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 13 AML combined with PNH patients treated in our hospital from January 2017 to May 2019 were collected and retrospective analyzed. The complete remission(CR) rate for induction chemotherapy was analyzed. The level of PNH@*RESULTS@#Among the 13 patients, 11 (84.6%) cases were CR after first induction chemotherapy. The median overall survival(OS) time was 17 months(0-30 months), the median progression-free survival(PFS) time was 16 months(2-26 months). There were no significant difference in the number of PNH@*CONCLUSION@#The patients of AML combined with PNH have higher CR rate after the first induction chemotherapy. The level of WBC and LDH at first diagnosed are the factors that affecting the OS of the patients. The OS of patients with WBC lower than 10×10


Subject(s)
Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1071-1079, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888520

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different doses of daunorubicin combined with a standard dose of cytarabine as induction chemotherapy in newly diagnosed primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data and outcome were retrospectively analyzed in 86 newly diagnosed primary AML patients who were under 65 years old and treated with daunorubicin combined with cytarabine (DA regimen) at West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to June 2019. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the dose of daunorubicin they received, 35 cases in the escalated-dose group [75 mg/(m@*RESULTS@#Median follow-up time of all the patients was 15 months. The CR rate and MRD@*CONCLUSION@#The escalated dose of daunorubicin can induce higher complete remission rate, deeper remission and longer duration of remission without increasing adverse events in newly diagnosed primary AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Daunorubicin , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1011-1018, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To the clinical characteristics and prognostic value of the patients with complete deletion of TET_JBP domain (ΔJBP) in TET2 acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Next Generation Sequencing technology was used to determine the mutations of 34 AML-related genes (including TET2 gene). The I-TASSER tool was used to predict the tertiary structure of the full-length TET2 protein and TET_JBP structure deletion.@*RESULTS@#Among 38 AML patients with TET2 mutations, 22(57.9%) showed truncation mutations, of which 16 (72.7%) produced TET2ΔJBP truncation mutants. Protein structure prediction showed that the deletion of TET_JBP domain lead to the significant changes of tertiary structure in TET2 protein. Compared with the patients in non-ΔJBP group, the age of patients in ΔJBP group were older (63 vs 54 years old, P=0.047), and the occurrence rate of CEBPA double mutation (CEBPA@*CONCLUSION@#AML patients with TET2ΔJBP truncation mutant shows lower CR rate, shorter EFS and OS after induction chemotherapy, which may be related to the poor prognosis, and co-mutation with CEBPA


Subject(s)
DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Remission Induction
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of CD44@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detected the proportion of CD44@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD44@*CONCLUSION@#HCD44


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Hyaluronan Receptors , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Spleen
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analysis the relationship between different BMI (body mass index) and the clinical characteristics, laboratory examination indexes of newly diagnosed adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), so as to investigate the effects of BMI to the efficacy of first induction chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients treated in the First Hospital of Lanzhou University from August 2015 to August 2019 were retrospective analyzed. According to the guidelines for prevention and control of overweight and obesity in Chinese adults, the BMI (kg/m@*RESULTS@#Among the 145 newly diagnosed adult AML patients, there were 71 males and 74 females. The median age was 50 years old(range 18 to 82 years old). There were 21 patients in underweight group (14.5%), 79 patients in normal weight group (54.5%), and 45 patients in overweight and obese group (31.0%). The patients with higher BMI level showed the older in age(P=0.018). There were significant differences in sex between the patients in each group(P=0.035). In overweight and obese patients, the number of male was significantly higher than female. There were no statistical differences in AML classification, comorbidities(Diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease), hospital days, whether secondary AML and FLT3 gene mutation among the patients in different BMI groups. There were significant differences in TG of the patients in the different groups, the overweight and obese patients were higher (P=0.007). There were no significant differences in WBC and Hb counts, ALB, TC, HDL, LDL, or LDH between the patients in each BMI group at newly diagnosed. The complete remission rate of the patients in the low body mass group or overweight and obese group were lower than that in the normal body weight group (P=0.035). The rate of documented infection during the first induction chemotherapy were significantly higher for the patients in low body mass group than those in normal weight group or overweight and obese group (P=0.038). There was no statistical difference in chemotherapy regimens, the number of chemotherapy until CR, febrile neutropenia, bleeding, and the time of neutropenia, liver and kidney toxicity among each BMI group. Multivariate analysis showed that overweight and obese (P=0.012) , FLT3 mutation (P=0.015) were the risk factors affecting the CR rate of the patients. And the patients with secondary AML, high-risk type, and newly diagnosed WBC ≥50×10@*CONCLUSION@#In newly diagnosed adult patients with AML, low body mass, overweight and obesity, and FLT3 mutations were the factors reducing the early efficacy of AML patients. There were more adverse reactions induced by chemotherapy in the low body mass group. Therefore, inappropriate BMI level can be a risk factor for assessing the prognosis of adults with newly diagnosed AML.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Body Mass Index , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the impact of induction treatment response on the prognosis of pediatric core binding factor-acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML).@*METHODS@#The result of induce reaction and survival data of 157 pediatric CBF-AML patients in our hospital from September 2008 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The survival rate of the patients with different degrees of morphological remission after induction chemotherapy was comparative analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 157 children with CBF-AML, 113 (72.4%) patients achieved morphologic leukemia-free state (MLFS) after the first course of induction chemotherapy, 153 (98.1%) patients achieved MLFS after the second course of induction chemotherapy. The 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate and 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of patients with non-remission (NR) status after the first course of induction of chemotherapy was significantly lower than the patients achieved MLFS and the patients achieved partial remission (PR). The 5-year EFS rate and 5-year OS rate of the patients with PR status after the second course of induction chemotherapy were lower than the patients achieved MLFS, but the difference was not statistically significant. Multivariable analyze showed that NR after the first course of induction chemotherapy and myeloid sarcoma were the independent risk factors affecting EFS of the patients. There were six patients with NR status after the first course of induction chemotherapy, in which all of them harbored t(8;21), three of them with sex chromosome deletion, two of them with myeloid sarcoma.@*CONCLUSION@#NR status after the first course of induction chemotherapy was the independent risk factor affecting EFS and OS of CBF-AML patients, it can be taken as an indicator for higher risk stratification. PR status after the first course of induction chemotherapy may not be used as a diagnostic criterion for primary drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Child , Core Binding Factors , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1251-1255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of influence of combination with 1q21 amplification or-no in patients with newly diagnosed MM on the clinical effecacy of bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy and long-term prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#148 patients with newly diagnosed MM treated from January 2010 to May 2018 were selected and divided into 2 groups: group A (70 patients) without 1q21 amplification and group B (78 patients) with 1q21 amplification; and the survival benefit and influence on clinical efficacy of bortezomib were compared between 2 groups, and the factors influencing clinical prognosis in the patients with newly diagnosed MM were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median PFS and OS of patients in B group were significantly shorter than those in group A (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the median OS and PFS between patients with 1q21 amplification copies number =3 and >3 (P>0.05). Multivariate Cox model analysis indicated that the adverse factors for OS were ISS staging, Hb levels, β2 microglobulin levels and 1q21 amplification respectively, and the adverse factors for PFS were Hb levels and 1q21 amplification respectively in patients with newly diagnosed MM (P<0.05). The very good partial remission rate of newly diagnosed MM patients with 1q21 amplification and bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy were significantly higher than that in the patients without bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy (P<0.05). The median PFS time of newly diagnosed MM patients with 1q21 amplification and auto-HSCT after bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy was significantly longer than that of patients without auto-HSCT (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#1q21 amplification should be the independent risk factor for poor prognosis of patients with newly treated MM. The application of bortezomib-containing induction chemotherapy in patients with 1q21 amplification can efficiently improve the remission rate, while auto-HSCT consolidation therapy may prolong patients' PFS.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763127

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the feasibility of contouring target volume according to residual tumor and decreasing the dose to the tumor regression field after induction chemotherapy (IC) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2009 to August 2013, patients with stage III–IVB NPC were treated with IC and concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Gross tumor volume of nasopharynx (GTVnx)–residual and gross tumor volume of cervical lymph node (GTVnd)–residual were contoured according to post-IC residual primary tumor and any N+ disease, respectively. The tumor regression field was included in CTVnx1/CTVnd1 and prescribed a dose of 60 Gy. Outcomes and toxicities of all patients were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 57 patients were enrolled. At a median follow-up of 68 months, three cases displayed locoregional recurrence and one case showed both distant metastasis and locoregional recurrence. All locoregional recurrences were in the GTVnx-residual/GTVnd-residual and in-field. The 5-year overall, locoregional relapse-free, distant metastasis-free, and progression-free survival rates were 82.2%, 87.7%, 85.8% and 80.3%, respectively. CONCLUSION: After IC, contouring of GTVnx-residual/GTVnd-residual as residual tumor volume and distribution 60 Gy ofradiation dose to the tumorregression field may be feasible and need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Lymph Nodes , Nasopharynx , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm, Residual , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Recurrence , Tumor Burden
12.
Blood Research ; : 189-197, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The role of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) compared with consolidation chemotherapy alone in intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with wild-type nucleophosmin/negative or a low level of Fms related tyrosine kinase 3 internal tandem duplication (NPM1(wt)/FLT3-ITD(neg/low)) has not yet been elucidated. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively investigated 88 patients newly diagnosed with AML who received intensive induction chemotherapy at Kyungpook National University Hospital from March 2015 to July 2017. The selection criteria included the presence of results on genetic abnormalities including NPM1 and FLT3-ITD. RESULTS: According to the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) risk classification, 25 patients (28%) were categorized as favorable, 44 (50%) as intermediate, and 19 (22%) as adverse risk. Among the intermediate-risk patients, 40 were identified as NPM1 wt/FLT3-ITDneg/low. Among the patients with NPM1(wt)/FLT3-ITD(neg/low), complete remission (CR) was achieved in 26 patients out of 40 (65%). One-year overall survival (OS) rate was 100% in the favorable-risk group and 87.9% in the NPM1(wt)/FLT3-ITD(neg/low) group (P=0.233). Among the intermediate-risk NPM1(wt)/FLT3-ITD(neg/low) patients, there was no survival benefit with allo-HCT (N=19) compared to consolidation chemotherapy (N=21; P=0.372). In the multivariate analysis, the ELN risk group [hazard ratio (HR), 6.36; P=0.019] and the achievement of CR (HR, 2.95; P=0.017) were both identified as factors affecting OS of patients with newly diagnosed AML. CONCLUSION: Among the AML patients, intermediate-risk NPM1(wt)/FLT3-ITD(neg/low) patients and favorable-risk patients showed similar OS rates. Our results suggested that allo-HCT might have limited clinical benefit for the intermediate-risk NPM1(wt)/FLT3-ITD(neg/low) patients. Well controlled studies are needed to confirm the current results.


Subject(s)
Cell Transplantation , Classification , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Multivariate Analysis , Patient Selection , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Retrospective Studies , Transplants
13.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 242-248, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762332

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Currently, neoadjuvant chemoradiation (CRT) followed by total mesorectal resection is considered the standard of care for treating locally advanced rectal cancer. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and feasibility of adding induction chemotherapy to neoadjuvant CRT in locally advanced rectal cancer. METHODS: This phase-II clinical trial included 54 patients with newly diagnosed, locally advanced (clinical T3–4 and/or N1–2, M0) rectal cancer. All patients were treated with 3 cycles of preoperative chemotherapy using the XELOX (capecitabine + oxaliplatin) regimen before and after a concurrent standard long course of CRT (45–50.4 Gy) followed by standard radical surgery. Pathologic complete response (PCR) rate and toxicity were the primary and secondary end-points, respectively. RESULTS: The study participants included 37 males and 17 females, with a median age of 59 years (range, 20–80 years). Twenty-nine patients (54%) had clinical stage-II disease, and 25 patients (46%) had clinical stage-III disease. Larger tumor size (P = 0.006) and distal rectal location (P = 0.009) showed lower PCR compared to smaller tumor size and upper rectal location. Pathologic examinations showed significant tumor regression (6.1 ± 2.7 cm vs. 1.9 ± 1.8 cm, P < 0.001) with 10 PCRs (18.5%) compared to before the intervention. The surgical margin was free of cancer in 52 patients (96.3%). Treatment-related toxicities were easily tolerated, and all patients completed their planned treatment without interruption. Grade III and IV toxicities were infrequent. CONCLUSION: The addition of induction chemotherapy to neoadjuvant CRT is an effective and well-tolerated treatment approach in patients with rectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Male , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rectal Neoplasms , Standard of Care
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762303

ABSTRACT

Standard use of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, total mesorectal excision, and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer has tremendously improved oncologic outcomes over the past several decades. However, these improvements come with costs of significant morbidity and poor quality of life. Along with developments in imaging techniques, clinical experience and evidence have identified a certain subgroup of patients that have exceptionally good clinical outcomes while preserving quality of life. Driven by patient demand and interest in preserving quality of life, numerous organ preservation treatment strategies for managing rectal cancer are rapidly evolving. Herein, the flow of research in organ preservation strategies and counter arguments are discussed.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Organ Preservation , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms
15.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 176-184, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761012

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is unclear whether adding concurrent chemotherapy (CT) to definitive radiotherapy (RT) following induction CT is a tolerable and cost effective treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients aged 70 years or older with comorbidities. This study evaluated the actual clinical outcomes between concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and RT alone following induction CT or not in patients (≥70 years) in a single institution’s clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 82 patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC between 2004 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Their treatment tolerance and clinical outcomes such as overall survival (OS), locoregional recurrence (LRR), treatment toxicities and distant metastasis (DM) were evaluated. Early mortality rates were also evaluated as 4-month mortality after RT. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients received CCRT and 28 patients received RT alone. Induction CT before RT was performed for 68.5% and 50.0% in CCRT and RT alone groups. Treatment tolerance was significantly worse in CCRT (p = 0.046). The median survival was 21.1 and 18.1 months for CCRT and RT alone, which was not statistically significant. LRR and DM were also not different. Most early deaths after CCRT were attributed to non-cancer-related mortality. Acute esophagitis of grade ≥2 occurred more following CCRT (p = 0.017). In multivariate analysis, a Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) of ≥5 and a weight loss of ≥5% after RT were associated with poor OS. The factors adversely affecting 4-month survival were a CCI of ≥5 and CCRT. CONCLUSION: There were no significant differences in OS, LRR, and DM between CCRT and RT alone treatment in elderly patients. However, there was a poorer tolerance and higher incidence of acute esophagitis in the CCRT group. Specifically, when the patients had a CCI of ≥5, RT alone seems to be reasonable with a low probability of early death.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Chemoradiotherapy , Comorbidity , Drug Therapy , Esophagitis , Humans , Incidence , Induction Chemotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Weight Loss
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761005

ABSTRACT

Concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) has played the most important and central role in the definitive therapy for the patients with locoregionally advanced stage nasopharynx cancer. The addition of induction chemotherapy (IC) or adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) to CCRT have been widely accepted with the rationale of improving distant control in the clinical practices. This review article investigated the role of IC and AC based on 11 recent meta-analysis publications, and found that the clinical benefits obtained by the additional IC or AC to CCRT, at the cost of the increased risks of more frequent and more severe side effects, seemed not big enough. More intervention is not always better, however, less seems frequently good enough. The author would speculate that ‘less is more’ and would advocate CCRT alone as the current standard.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1754-1760, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781401

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical biological characteristics of children with Ph ALL and the factors that affecting its prognostic.@*METHODS@#34 children with Ph ALL were selected retrospectively in the period from January 2006 to December 2017; the clinical biological characteristics, clinical efficacy for short-term and survival time for long-term were recorded and the related factors that affecting the clinical efficacy for short-term and survival time for long-term were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The median overall survival time was 16.5 months and the cumulative OS rates for 2 years and 5 years with followed-up were separately (61.57±7.09)%, (50.75±8.22)%. The median progression-free survival time was 13.5 months and the cumulative progression-free survival rates for 2 years and 5 years with followed-up were separately (54.49±6.77)%, (48.77±7.42)%. The early treatment response of patients with myeloid antigen expression were significantly lower than the patients without myeloid antigen expression (P<0.05). The CR rate in one treatment course of patients with good response for early treatment response group were significantly higher than the patients with poor response for early treatment response (P<0.05). The CR rate in one treatment course of the patients with TKI addition in induction therapy period group were significantly higher than the patients with chemotherapy used alone(P<0.05). The OS rate and PFS rate of patients in chemotherapy + TKI + allo-HSCT and chemotherapy + TKI group were significantly higher than the patients with chemotherapy used alone group(P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the factors affecting OS rate of children with Ph ALL for 2 years with followed-up included baseline WBC count level, LDH level, distances between lower hepatic margin and costal margin, distances between lower splenic margin and costal margin, combined myeloid antigen (+), early treatment response, FCM-MRD status after one treatment course, BCR-ABL status after one treatment course and TKI application (P<0.05) and the factors that the affecting PFS rate of children with Ph ALL for 2 years with followed-up included LDH level, distances between lower hepatic margin and costal margin, distances between lower splenic margin and costal margin, combined myeloid antigen (+), early treatment response, FCM-MRD status after one treatment course, BCR-ABL status after one treatment course and TKI application (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the distances between lower splenic margin and costal margin 3 cm were independent risk factors on OS rate and PFS rate of children with Ph ALL (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Children with Ph ALL possess unique clinical and biological features. The prognosis of patients with chemotherapy used alone is more poor, and the combination of chemotherapy and TKI can effectively increase the survival benefit; patients with Ph ALL combined with myeloid antigen (+) shows a poor early treatment response. while the distances between lower splenic margin and costal margin 3 cm are independent risk factors on clinical prognosis of children with Ph (+) ALL.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771898

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the prognostic factors of elderly AML patients, as well as the application and prognostic value of comprehensive geriatric assessment(CGA) in elderly AML patients in China, so as to determine a suitable comprehensive assessment method that can predict survival and guide treatment of patients in Chinese people.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of 84 AML patients aged over 60 years old, and diagnosed in our department from October 2007 to December 2017, and the clinical, pathological and comprehensive evaluation of related prognostic factors was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of all patients was 70 (60-91) years old, ratio of male to female was 1.9∶1 (55∶29) , the median OS time was 9 (1-125) months, 1 year OS rate was 35.3%, and 5 year OS rate was 12.6%. The age grouping, remission of induction chemotherapy, whether refractory/relapse, WBC count grouping at initial diagnosis, levels of lactate dehydrogenase and creatinine were risk factors for OS. Remission of induction chemotherapy, whether refractory/relapse, WBC count grouping and co-infections at initial diagnosis, levels of lactate dehydrogenase, and ECOG score were the risk factors for DFS. In the assessment of comorbidities, the two score classifications of charlson comorbidity index(CCI) were the risk factor of OS, however,whose effects for DFS were not statistically different. The effects of 3 score classifications of hemaotopoietic cell transplantation comorbidity index (HCT-CI), 4 score classifications of comulative illness kating scale for geriatrics (CIRS-G) and 3 score classifications of CIRS-G on OS and DFS were not statistically different. The impact of the ACA index on OS and DFS was statistically significant in elderly patients. All indexes related with patients self factors and disease-related factors were no independent prognostic factors for OS and DFS, so the judgment of prognosis needs to be comprehensively evaluated.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis and treatment selection of elderly AML patients should be combined with traditional clinical and pathological prognostic factors as well as comprehensive assessment of the elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Female , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
19.
São Paulo; s.n; 2019. 34 p. ilus, tab, quadros.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1007846

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A avaliação da resposta à quimioterapia de indução (QI) com regimes triplos, incluindo taxane, cisplatina e 5 fluorouracil (TPF) em carcinoma de células escamosas de cabeça e pescoço localmente avançado (CECCPLA) é geralmente realizada após 2 ciclos de quimioterapia usando critérios morfológicos. Preocupações em relação ao perfil de toxicidade do TPF sugerem um benefício potencial de uma abordagem de avaliação de resposta precoce. Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a utilidade de se avaliar precocemente a resposta tumoral por método funcional e morfológico com uso do PET-SCAN em pacientes portadores de CECCPLA tratados com QI seguido de radioteapia após o primeiro ciclo de QI. Métodos: Pacientes com CECCPLA que se submeteram ao QI com TPF foram avaliados prospectivamente. Os procedimentos de estadiamento incluíram imagem locorregional e de tórax, exame endoscópico e PET-SCAN. Pacientes foram avaliados para resposta tumoral após o segundo ciclo da QI e ao término do tratamento, conforme conduta estabelecida para a prática clínica. No dia 14 do primeiro ciclo, um segundo PET- SCAN foi realizado e os médicos e pacientes foram cegados para os seus resultados. Todos os pacientes assinaram consentimento para participação do estudo. Resultados: Entre fevereiro de 2010 e julho de 2013, 49 pacientes portadores de CECCPLA estádio III / IVA-B CECCPLA foram recrutados. Após um seguimento mediano de 44,3 meses, pacientes cujos achados de PET-SCAN não registraram aumento no Stardard Uptake Value (SUV) máximo dos linfonodos regionais apresentaram melhor sobrevida livre de recidiva (HR = 0,18; IC95% 0,056-0,585; p = 0,004) e sobrevida global (HR = 0,14, IC 95% 0,040-0,498; p = 0,002) e foram considerados respondedores. Neste subgrupo, os pacientes que atingiram pelo menos 45% de redução no SUV máximo do tumor primário apresentaram melhor sobrevida livre de progressão tumoral (HR = 0,23, IC 95% 0,062-0,854; p = 0,028) e sobrevida global (HR = 0,11, IC 95% 0,013 -0,96; p = 0,046). Conclusão: Estes resultados sugerem um potencial papel da avaliação da resposta tumoral precoce com PET-SCAN em pacientes com CECCPLA submetidos a QI. Aumento no SUV máximo do linfonodo regional e diminuição insuficiente na captação do tumor primário predizem pior evolução clínica (AU)


Introduction: Evaluation of induction chemotherapy (IC) response with triplet taxane, cisplatin and 5 fluorouracil containing regimen (TPF) in locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LASCCHN) is usually performed after 2 cycles of chemotherapy using morphological criteria. Concerns regarding the TPF toxicity profile suggest a potential benefit of an early tumor response assessment approach. Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of early evaluation of tumor response by functional and morphological method using PET-SCAN patients with LASCCHN treated with IC followed by radiotherapy after the first IC cycle. Methods: Patients with LASCCHN who underwent IC with TPF were prospectively evaluated. Staging procedures included standard primary neck tumor and chest imaging, endoscopic examination and PET-SCAN. Patients were evaluated for tumor response after the second cycle of IC and at the end of treatment, according to established practice guidelines. On day 14 of the first cycle, a second PET-SCAN was performed and physicians and patients were blinded to their exam findings. Results: Between February 2010 and July 2013, 49 patients staged AJCC III / IVA-B LASCCHN were recruited. After a median follow-up of 44.3 months, patients with no increase in the regional maximum lymph node SUV had better relapse-free survival (HR = 0.18, 95% CI 0.056-0.585, p = 0.004) and overall survival (HR = 0.14, 95% CI 0.040-0.498, p = 0.002) and were considered responders. Among cases considered responders, patients who achieved at least 45% reduction of SUV in the primary tumor presented improvement in progression-free (HR = 0.23, 95% CI 0.062-0.854, p = 0.028) and overall survival (HR = 0.11, 95% CI 0.013 -0.96, p = 0.046). All patients provided informed consent for study participation. Conclusion: These results suggest an important role of the evaluation of the early response with PET-SCAN in patients with LASCCHN undergoing IC. Increase in the regional SUV maximum and insufficient decrease in primary tumor uptake predict worse clinical outcome (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Papillomaviridae , Radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Induction Chemotherapy , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Head and Neck Neoplasms
20.
São Paulo; s.n; 2019. 127 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1008034

ABSTRACT

A resistência a quimioterapia é um dos principais fatores para falhas no tratamento dos pacientes com carcinoma epidermóide de orofaringe (CCEO). O regime mais frequentemente utilizado nestes casos é a quimioterapia de indução (IC) com taxano, platina e 5-fluorouracil. Apesar da maioria dos pacientes responderem satisfatoriamente ao tratamento, uma parcela deles apresenta resposta insatisfatória podendo ocorrer progressão tumoral. Outro fator crítico é a alta taxa de toxicidade, especialmente no grupo de pacientes que não se beneficia do tratamento. Até o momento, não há marcadores moleculares capazes de auxiliar na predição da resposta e evolução da doença disponíveis na prática clínica desses tumores. Este estudo teve como objetivo desenvolver um painel de marcadores para predizer a resposta da quimioterapia de indução. Para isso, investigamos o perfil de expressão gênica (22 CCEO) e proteica (20 CCEO) e comparamos os grupos de acordo com a resposta a IC (resposta satisfatória, RS vs insatisfatória, RI). A análise de transcritos revelou 200 genes diferencialmente expressos entre os grupos, sendo 87 com expressão diminuída e 113 com aumento de expressão nos pacientes não respondedores em relação aos respondedores. A partir desses genes desenvolvemos um modelo de predição com cinco marcadores (GPSM2, CPNE2, FOXRED2, BCHE e KLKB1), o qual foi capaz de classificar 100% dos pacientes de acordo com a resposta a IC. Esse algoritimo foi aplicado aos dados de expressão do TCGA e apresentou bom desempenho como marcador de prognóstico independente do tratamento. Os genes com aumento de expressão foram utilizados para identificar proteínas potencialmente secretadas possíveis de serem utilizadas como marcadores detectáveis em biópsia líquida. Esta análise resultou em quatro potenciais marcadores secretados em RI (CR1, KLKB1, FBLN1 e MOB1A) e cinco em RS (PCSK5, RET, PRPH2, CST6 e BCHE). A análise proteômica por espectrometria de massas revelou 183 proteínas diferencialmente expressas entre os grupos, sendo 127 com expressão diminuída e 56 com expressão aumentada nos pacientes RI em relação ao grupo RS. A partir dessas proteínas, desenvolvemos um classificador de predição de IC com quatro marcadores (CDKN2A, HNRNPA0, MYO1B e TXNL1), os quais foram capazes de classificar corretamente todas as amostras de acordo com a resposta ao tratamento. As proteínas com aumento de expressão nos tumores foram investigadas quanto ao potencial de serem secretadas, sendo possível identificar oito potenciais marcadores secretados em RI e 19 em RS. A análise integrada dos transcritos e proteínas diferencialmente expressas revelou apenas uma molécula em comum, o MOB1A. Uma análise in silico das vias biológicas associadas às moléculas entre os grupos em ambas as análises moleculares revelou diversas vias de regulação comuns entre os grupos de proteínas e transcritos. As principais vias canônicas alteradas estão associadas a regulação do ciclo celular, incluindo ciclo celular, transição G1/S e fase S. Este estudo revelou diversos marcadores com potencial para ser aplicado na prática clinica, auxiliando na tomada de decisões terapêuticas de forma mais personalizada. Esses achados embora promissores necessitem ser validados em uma coorte maior de pacientes (AU)


Resistance to chemotherapy is one of the main causes for treatment failure in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The induction to chemotherapy treatment with taxane, platinum and 5-fluoracil has been widely used. Although most patients shows good response to treatment (RS), a set of cases present unsatisfactory response (RI) and tumor progression may occur. An additional critical issue is the high toxicity rate, especially for patients who will not benefit from the treatment. To date, there are no molecular markers available in the clinical practice capable to predict response and disease progress. This study aimed to develop a panel of markers capable of predicting induction to chemotherapy response. We investigated gene and protein expression profile of 22 and 20 OSCC, respectively, and compared the groups according to the response to IC (satisfactory response vs. unsatisfactory response). Gene expression data analysis from a previous study of our group, revealed 200 differentially expressed genes, 87 downregulated and 113 genes with overexpression in nonresponders compared to responders cases. Using these genes, we developed a prediction model with five markers (GPSM2, CPNE2, FOXRED2, BCHE and KLKB1) able to classify 100% of the patients according to the response to IC. This algorithm was applied to the TCGA expression data and presented good performance as a prognostic marker independent of the treatment. Overexpressed genes were used to identify potentially secreted proteins with potential to be used as detectable markers in liquid biopsy. This analysis revealed four potencial markers in RI (CR1, KLKB1, FBLN1 and MOB1A) and five in RS (PCSK5, RET, PRPH2, CST6 and BCHE). Proteomic analysis using mass spectrometry revealed 183 differentially expressed proteins between the groups, 127 downexpressed and 56 overexpressed in RI patients compared to RS group. Using these proteins, we developed a prediction algorithm using four biomarkers (CDKN2A, HNRNPA0, MYO1B and TXNL1) able to correctly classify all tumors according to the response to treatment. Overexpressed proteins with potential to be secreted were investigated revealing eight potential markers secreted in IR and 19 in RS. The integrative analysis of differentially expressed transcripts and proteins revealed one molecule in common, MOB1A. In silico pathway analysis resulted in common biological pathways in both group of cases. The major altered canonical pathways are associated with cell cycle regulation, being Cell cycle, G1 / S Transition and S Phase. Our study revealed several candidate markers with potential to be applied in the clinical practice, assisting in therapeutic decisions. Although promisor, these findings need to be validated in a larger cohort of patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms , Biomarkers, Tumor , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Induction Chemotherapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms
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