Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 79
Filter
1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 556-565, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982301

ABSTRACT

Postoperative adhesion (PA) is currently one of the most unpleasant complications following surgical procedures. Researchers have developed several new strategies to alleviate the formation of PA to a great extent, but so far, no single measure or treatment can meet the expectations and requirements of clinical patients needing complete PA prevention. Chinese medicine (CM) has been widely used for thousands of years based on its remarkable efficacy and indispensable advantages CM treatments are gradually being accepted by modern medicine. Therefore, this review summarizes the formating process of PA and the efficacy and action mechanism of CM treatments, including their pharmacological effects, therapeutic mechanisms and advantages in PA prevention. We aim to improve the understanding of clinicians and researchers on CM prevention in the development of PA and promote the in-depth development and industrialization process of related drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Industrial Development , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255684, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529232

ABSTRACT

Os estudos sobre as relações mútuas entre as pessoas e o ambiente buscam subsidiar melhorias no contexto urbano a partir de métodos e técnicas pautados na compreensão do uso de espaços públicos e privados. A crescente demanda pela promoção de ambientes amigáveis para idosos e crianças nos cenários urbanos direcionou esta pesquisa e elencou dois componentes: o panorama relativo à população local e o arcabouço teórico da psicologia ambiental. Para tanto, buscou-se identificar as principais atividades realizadas por crianças e idosos em seus respectivos locais de moradia. Foram avaliados os principais usos e atividades desses dois grupos, em duas vizinhanças, diferenciando-os de acordo com suas especificidades em termos de demandas individuais e ambientais. As observações sistemáticas a partir da técnica de mapeamento comportamental centrado no lugar (MCCL) ocorreram na cidade de Brasília, Distrito Federal (DF) e permitiram compreender o processo de apropriação dos espaços na infância e na velhice e suas repercussões em termos da congruência pessoa-ambiente. Cada um destes setores organizados a partir de elementos específicos direciona as ações dos participantes para determinados tipos de comportamentos, observados de maneira a compor um roteiro em que a brincadeira (lazer ativo) surge como central na infância e a caminhada (circulação) como mais potente para a população idosa. Os resultados demonstram que o diálogo entre a psicologia ambiental e a ciência do desenvolvimento humano tem sido bastante profícuo e tem contribuído para a compreensão de aspectos da relação pessoa-ambiente em diferentes momentos do ciclo de vida.(AU)


Studies on the mutual relations between people and the environment seek to support improvements in the urban context from methods and techniques based on understanding the use of public and private spaces. The growing demand for the promotion of friendly urban environments for older people and children guided this research, with two notable components: the panorama related to the local population and the theoretical framework of Environmental Psychology. Therefore, we sought to identify the main activities carried out by children and older people in their respective dwellings. The main uses and activities of these two groups were evaluated in two neighborhoods, differentiating them according to their specificities in terms of individual and environmental demands. Systematic observations using the place-centered behavioral mapping technique took place in the city of Brasília, Federal District, and allowed us to understand the process of appropriation of spaces in childhood and old age and its repercussions in terms of person-environment congruence. Each of these sectors, organized from specific elements, directs the participants' actions towards certain types of behavior, observed in order to compose a script in which playing (active leisure) emerges as central in childhood and walking (circulation) as more potent for the older people. The results demonstrated that the dialogue between environmental psychology and the science of human development has been very fruitful and has contributed to the understanding of aspects of the person-environment relationship at different times in the life cycle.(AU)


Los estudios sobre las relaciones mutuas entre las personas y el medio ambiente buscan aportar mejoras en el contexto urbano mediante métodos y técnicas basados en la comprensión del uso de los espacios públicos y privados. La creciente demanda de la promoción de ambientes amigables para las personas mayores y los niños en entornos urbanos guio esta investigación y enumeró dos componentes: el panorama relacionado con la población local y el marco teórico de la Psicología Ambiental. En este contexto, buscamos identificar las principales actividades que realizan los niños y las personas mayores en sus respectivas viviendas. Se evaluaron los principales usos y actividades de estos dos grupos en dos barrios, diferenciándolos según sus especificidades en cuanto a las demandas individuales y ambientales. Las observaciones sistemáticas utilizando la técnica de mapeo conductual centrado en el lugar (MCCL) ocurrieron en la ciudad de Brasília, Distrito Federal (Brasil) y nos permitieron comprender el proceso de apropiación de espacios en la infancia y la vejez y sus repercusiones en la congruencia persona-ambiente. Cada uno de estos sectores, organizados a partir de elementos específicos, orienta las acciones de los participantes hacia determinados comportamientos, observados para componer un guion en el que el juego (ocio activo) emerge como central en la infancia y el caminar (circulación) como el más potente para las personas mayores. Los resultados demuestran que el diálogo entre la Psicología Ambiental y la ciencia del desarrollo humano ha sido muy fructífero y ha contribuido a la comprensión de aspectos de la relación persona-entorno en diferentes momentos del ciclo de vida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Child , Child Welfare , Urban Area , Conservation of Natural Resources , Ecological Development , Environment , Environmental Psychology , Parks, Recreational , Parking Facilities , Personal Satisfaction , Physiology , Art , Psychology , Quality of Life , Reading , Recreation , Safety , Self Care , Self Concept , Soccer , Social Alienation , Social Behavior , Social Desirability , Social Isolation , Social Sciences , Social Support , Social Welfare , Socialization , Sports , Swimming Pools , Urban Population , Health Policy, Planning and Management , Aged Rights , Brazil , Activities of Daily Living , Exercise , Child Behavior , Child Rearing , Indicators of Quality of Life , Environmental Health , Mental Health , Child Health , Health of the Elderly , Health Fairs , Chronic Disease , Transportation of Patients , Relaxation Therapy , Staff Development , Cities , City Planning , Civil Rights , Environmental Imbalance , Human Ecology , Nature , Life , Universal Access to Health Care Services , Medical Care , Personal Autonomy , Spirituality , Value of Life , Friends , Vulnerable Populations , Education, Continuing , Environment Design , Essential Public Health Functions , Disease Prevention , Industrial Development , Environmental Restoration and Remediation , Family Relations , Resilience, Psychological , Pleasure , Sedentary Behavior , Independent Living , Environmental Policy , Social Participation , Pandemics , Community Integration , Social Skills , Grandparents , Cognitive Aging , Public Service Announcement , Diet, Healthy , Psychosocial Support Systems , Transportation Facilities , Cell Phone Use , Cultural Rights , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Data Analysis , Respect , Digital Inclusion , Right to Health , Empowerment , Functional Status , Freedom of Movement , COVID-19 , Healthy Life Expectancy , Sleep Quality , Intersectional Framework , Citizenship , Geriatrics , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Family Support , Gymnastics , Habits , Handwriting , Health Physics , Health Planning , Health Promotion , Housing , Human Rights , Interpersonal Relations , Loneliness , Longevity , Methods , Motivation , Noise
3.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 28: e51648, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1440784

ABSTRACT

RESUMO. O texto, resultante de estudos teóricos empreendidos à luz da Psicologia Histórico-Cultural entre 2016 e 2020, tem como objetivo recuperar a revolução tecnológica como um recurso para a compreensão da constituição dos sujeitos contemporâneos, partindo da máquina a vapor da Primeira Revolução Industrial, empregada nos meios de produção, até o smartphone, empregado na cotidianidade. O smartphone possui níveis tão altos de compactação, portabilidade e operacionalidade que o tornaram uma das mais avançadas tecnologias da história, revelando o elevado grau de desenvolvimento do psiquismo alcançado pelo gênero humano. Ele, mais do que outras tecnologias digitais de informação e comunicação (TDICs), tem impactado notadamente a constituição dos sujeitos contemporâneos, especialmente suas funções psicológicas cognitivas. Os resultados demonstram que recuperar dialeticamente o percurso histórico das criações tecnológicas é essencial à psicologia, permitindo ampliar o espectro de análise de como os sujeitos se constituem na atualidade. Conclui-se que a revolução microtecnológica deve ser tomada sob um viés crítico e ético, por tudo o que pode impactar nas relações entre os sujeitos e no desenvolvimento dos seus processos psíquicos.


RESUMEN. El texto, resultante de estudios teóricos realizados a la luz de la Psicología Histórico-Cultural entre 2016 y 2020, tiene como objetivo recuperar la revolución tecnológica como un recurso para comprender la constitución de los sujetos contemporáneos, a partir de la máquina de vapor de la Primera Revolución Industrial, empleada en los medios de producción, hasta el smartphone, utilizado en la vida cotidiana. El smartphone tiene niveles tan altos de compacidad, portabilidad y operabilidad que se ha convertido en una de las tecnologías más avanzadas de la historia, revelando el alto grado de desarrollo de la psique alcanzado por la humanidad. Él, más que otras tecnologías digitales de información y comunicación, ha impactado notablemente la constitución de los sujetos contemporáneos, especialmente sus funciones psicológicas cognitivas. Los resultados demuestran que recuperar dialécticamente el camino histórico de las creaciones tecnológicas es esencial para la psicología, lo que permite ampliar el espectro de análisis de cómo se constituyen los sujetos en la actualidad. Concluye que la revolución microtecnológica debe tomarse desde una perspectiva crítica y ética, para todo lo que pueda afectar las relaciones entre los sujetos y el desarrollo de sus procesos psíquicos.


ABSTRACT. The text, resulting from theoretical studies undertaken in the light of Historical-Cultural Psychology between 2016 and 2020, aims to recover the technological revolution as a resource for understanding the constitution of contemporary subjects, starting from the steam engine of the First Industrial Revolution, used in the means of production, even the smartphone, used in everyday life. The smartphone has such high levels of compactness, portability and operability that it has become one of the most advanced technologies in history, revealing the high degree of development of the psyche achieved by mankind. It, more than other digital information and communication technologies, has impacted notably on the constitution of contemporary subjects, especially on their cognitive psychological functions. The results demonstrate that recovering dialectically the historical path of technological creations is essential to Psychology, allowing to expand the spectrum of analysis of how subjects are constituted today. It concludes that the microtechnological revolution must be taken under a critical and ethical bias, due to everything that can impact on the relationships between the subjects and the development of their psychic processes.


Subject(s)
Technology/history , Industrial Development/history , Smartphone/history , Information Dissemination/history , Human Development/physiology
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244670, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448956

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi testar um modelo teórico-explicativo para as representações sociais sobre o cenário sociopolítico brasileiro de 2017, de acordo com as seguintes relações: as representações seriam influenciadas diretamente pela confiança nas instituições, e essa confiança, determinada pelas simpatias ideológicas. Participaram 164 estudantes universitários - cuja idade média era 24 anos - que responderam a escalas intervalares. Realizaram-se modelagens de equações estruturais para testar o modelo teórico proposto. Os resultados indicaram: adequabilidade do modelo; dois grupos de variáveis apresentando relações positivas entre as variáveis do mesmo grupo e negativas na comparação intergrupos. No primeiro grupo constaram as variáveis: ideias-força de esquerda, confiança nos movimentos sociais, avaliação do governo Dilma e avaliação das políticas de esquerda; no segundo: ideias-força de direita, confiança nas instituições de controle, confiança na mídia, avaliação do governo Temer e avaliação das políticas de esquerda. Concluiu-se que a confiança institucional e a simpatia ideológica ancoravam as representações sociais do cenário brasileiro na população universitária estudada.(AU)


The aim of this study was to test an explanatory theoretical model about the social representations about Brazilian social-political scenario in 2017, based on the following relations: representations were directly influenced by the trust in institutions, and this trust, determined by ideological sympathies. A sample of 164 college students - whose average age was 24 years - answered interval scales. We performed structural equation modeling to test the proposed model. The results indicated: the suitability of the model; two groups of variables presenting positive relations in the in-group comparison and negative relations in the comparisons between groups. The first group showed the variables: Leftist ideas-forces, trust in social movements, evaluation of Dilma's administration, and evaluation of Leftist policies; the second: Rightist ideas-forces, trust in control institutions, trust in the media, evaluation of Temer's administration, and evaluation of Leftist policies. In conclusion, the institutional trust and ideological sympathies anchored the social representations of the Brazilian scenery for the studied university population.(AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo probar un modelo teórico explicativo de las representaciones sociales en el escenario sociopolítico brasileño de 2017 según las siguientes relaciones: las representaciones estarían directamente influenciadas por la confianza en las instituciones, y esta confianza, determinada por las simpatías ideológicas. Participaron en este estudio 164 estudiantes universitarios, con edad media de 24 años, quienes respondieron a escalas intervalares. Se llevaron a cabo modelos de ecuaciones estructurales para probar el modelo teórico propuesto. Los resultados indicaron: adecuación del modelo; dos grupos de variables que presentaban relaciones positivas entre las variables del mismo grupo y negativas en la comparación intergrupal. El primer grupo incluía las variables: ideas-fuerza de la izquierda, confianza en los movimientos sociales, evaluación del gobierno de Dilma y evaluación de las políticas de la izquierda; el segundo: ideas-fuerza de la derecha, confianza en las instituciones de control, confianza en los medios de comunicación, evaluación del gobierno Temer y evaluación de las políticas de la izquierda. Se concluyó que la confianza institucional y la simpatía ideológica funcionaron como fundamentos de las representaciones sociales del escenario político brasileño en la población universitaria estudiada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Politics , Students , Universities , Culture , Trust , Ethics, Institutional , Social Representation , Morals , Ownership , Philosophy , Political Systems , Poverty , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Rationalization , Safety , Salaries and Fringe Benefits , Science , Authoritarianism , Social Change , Social Problems , Social Responsibility , Social Sciences , Social Security , Social Values , Socialism , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Technology , Technology, Industry, and Agriculture , Thinking , Unemployment , Women , Behavior , Labor Relations , Black or African American , Brazil , Ill-Housed Persons , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude , Ethnicity , Economic Development , Child Advocacy , Child Welfare , Surveys and Questionnaires , Liability, Legal , Civil Rights , Negotiating , Public Sector , Private Sector , Disabled Persons , Communication , Communism , Privacy , Constitution and Bylaws , Feminism , Guideline Adherence , Modernization of the Public Sector , Crime , Civil Conflicts , Personal Autonomy , Capitalism , Access to Information , State , Legislative , Democracy , Aggression , Human Rights Abuses , French Revolution , Economics , Education , Emotions , Employee Grievances , Employment , Environment , Job Market , Population Studies in Public Health , Sanitary Supervision , Agribusiness , Industrial Development , Diplomacy , Work-Life Balance , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Fascism , Political Activism , Stakeholder Participation , Extremism , Social Oppression , Freedom , Gender-Inclusive Policies , Respect , Leadership and Governance Capacity , Corruption , Solidarity , Outdated Modernization , Social Programs , Indigenous Peoples , Environmentalism , Environmental Justice , Sociodemographic Factors , Social Vulnerability , Citizenship , Socio-Environmental Responsibility , Hierarchy, Social , Human Rights , Individuation , Jurisprudence , Leadership , Lobbying , Mass Behavior , Mass Media , Military Personnel , Occupational Groups
5.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 29(4): 1063-1084, oct,-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421584

ABSTRACT

Resumo Na primeira metade do século XX, a Região Carbonífera Catarinense passou por um intenso processo de industrialização que impactou diretamente as diferentes formas de vida. Como resultado da exploração do carvão mineral, a região enfrentou uma série de problemas sanitários que dificultavam o próprio processo de acumulação do capital. Diante da incapacidade de o poder público atender às demandas sanitárias, o empresariado local estabeleceu parcerias com congregações religiosas femininas para prestar serviços assistenciais em suas vilas operárias. Como resultado dessa relação, as Pequenas Irmãs da Divina Providência produziram um álbum/relatório, composto por textos, desenhos e fotografias que retratam suas atividades assistenciais, entre 1955 e 1957, em uma das vilas da região.


Abstract During the first half of the twentieth century, the coal-producing region of Santa Catarina state underwent intense industrialization that directly impacted various ways of life; various health problems emerged in the region as a result of coal mining and impeded economic progress. As the government was unable to meet health demands, local businesses established partnerships with female religious orders that provided assistance services in the villages where workers lived. As part of such a partnership, the Pequenas Irmãs da Divina Providência created an album of texts, drawings, and photographs as a report describing their activities from 1955 to 1957 in one such village in the region.


Subject(s)
Coal , Natural Resources Exploitation , Delivery of Health Care , Industrial Development , Health Services Needs and Demand , Brazil , History, 20th Century
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2008-2014, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928139

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine dispensing granules, the result of the efforts to transform Chinese medicinal decoction pieces in China, features portability and ease of storage. Thus, it is destined to be an indispensible dosage form in the modernization drive of Chinese medicine. The Announcement on Ending the Pilot Project of Chinese Medicine Dispensing Granules was released in February 2021 and relevant regulations went into force in November 2021, which marks the a new journey for the development of Chinese medicine dispensing granules and the beginning of the "post-pilot era". However, it faces the challenges in quality and standard. This study reviewed the history of Chinese medicine dispensing granules, analyzed the technical progress, market, and main problems in development, and proposed suggestions and prospects for its development in the "post-pilot era", which is expected to serve as a reference for its industry development and rational use.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Industrial Development , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pilot Projects
7.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 39: 1-23, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387852

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este este trabajo fue hacer una revisión documental sobre el despoblamiento rural para ubicar sus principales antecedentes, corrientes y visiones de estudio en Latinoamérica y otros espacios geográficos, con énfasis en Chile para exponer la forma en que la relación entre extractivismo y despoblamiento rural ha sido tratada con la intención de contrastar los resultados con los insumos teóricos de la ecología política latinoamericana y de plantear un análisis integral de este fenómeno. Los resultados muestran que en Chile los factores que han impulsado históricamente el despoblamiento de zonas rurales fueron la dictadura militar, los planes de ordenamiento territorial, industrialización y urbanización, la transformación de la estructura agraria, el cambio climático y el extractivismo. Se constató que los estudios sobre este último factor han omitido la forma en que se produce el despoblamiento, en general en contextos de estructuras de poder desigual y de tensiones territoriales entre distintos modelos de desarrollo y de formas de habitar el espacio. Se propone el campo de la ecología política latinoamericana para abordar los procesos de despoblamiento rural vinculados al extractivismo, cuyos insumos teóricos pueden contribuir a la comprensión más amplia del problema y a la construcción de respuestas con y desde los propios territorios.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é realizar uma revisão documental sobre o despovoamento rural para localizar os principais antecedentes, correntes e visões de estudo na América Latina e outros espaços geográficos. A ênfase foi colocada no Chile para expor a forma como tem sido tratada a relação entre extrativismo e despovoamento rural, com a intenção de contrastar os resultados com os aportes teóricos da ecologia política latino-americana e propor uma análise abrangente desse fenômeno. Os resultados mostram que no Chile os fatores que historicamente impulsionam o despovoamento das áreas rurais têm sido a ditadura militar, os planos de ordenamento territorial, a industrialização e a urbanização, a transformação da estrutura agrária, as mudanças climáticas e o extrativismo. Constatou-se que os estudos sobre este último fator têm omitido a forma como ocorre o despovoamento, regularmente em contextos de estruturas de poder desiguais e tensões territoriais entre diferentes modelos de desenvolvimento e formas de habitar o espaço. O campo da ecologia política latino-americana se propõe a abordar os processos de despovoamento rural vinculados ao extrativismo, cujos aportes teóricos podem contribuir para uma compreensão mais ampla do problema e a construção de respostas com e a partir dos próprios territórios.


Abstract The goal was to conduct a documentary review on rural depopulation in order to identify the main antecedents, trends and visions in studies in Latin America and other geographical spaces. Emphasis was placed on Chile to expose the way in which the relationship between extractivism and rural depopulation has been treated, with the intention of contrasting the results with the theoretical inputs of Latin American political ecology and proposing a comprehensive analysis of this phenomenon. Results show that, in Chile, factors historically driving the depopulation of rural areas include the military dictatorship, the territorial ordering plans, industrialization and urbanization, the transformation of the agrarian structure, climate change and extractivism. It was found that studies on this last factor have omitted the way in which depopulation occurs, regularly in contexts of unequal power structures and territorial tensions between different development models and ways of inhabiting space. The field of Latin American political ecology is proposed in order to address the processes of rural depopulation linked to extractivism, since its theoretical inputs can contribute to a broader understanding of the problem and to the construction of responses with and from the territories themselves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chile , Population Concentration , Urbanization , Climate Change , Rural Areas , Extraction and Processing Industry , Industrial Development , Latin America
8.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371997

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho tem como objetivo discutir as peculiaridades do processo de organização do Bangu Athletic Club e o seu progressivo e dependente relacionamento com a Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil, entre os anos de 1904 a 1929. Quanto ao recorte temporal (1904-1929), levamos em conta as transformações ocorridas em Bangu ao longo desse período, em 1904 a fundação do Bangu Athletic Club, e em 1929 a fábrica passou por um retalhamento de suas terras, em que, consequentemente, emergiu o bairro Bangu, agora sem ligação direta com a fábrica. Como fontes, foram utilizados revistas e jornais consultados na Hemeroteca Digital da Biblioteca Nacional, além de pedidos de licenciamento e estatutos (AU)


This paper aims to discuss the peculiarities about the organi-zation process of Bangu Athletic Club and its progressive and dependent relationship with Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil, between the years 1904 to 1929. Regarding the time frame (1904-1929 ), we take into account the transformations that took place in Bangu throughout that , in 1904, the foundation of the Bangu Athletic club, and 1929, the year in which the factory underwent a shredding of its lands, in which consequently the Bangu neighborhood, now emerged, without direct connection with the factory. As sources were used magazines and news-papers consulted in the Digital Library of the National Library, licensing requests and statutes (AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo discutir las peculiaridades del proceso de organización del Bangu Athletic Club y su relación pro-gresiva y dependiente con la Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil, entre los años 1904 a 1929. En cuanto al marco temporal (1904-1929 ), tenemos en cuenta las transformaciones que se produjeron en Bangu durante ese período, en 1904, fundación del club Bangu Athletic, y 1929, año en el que la fábrica sufrió un desmembramiento de sus tierras, en el que surgió como consecuencia el barrio de Bangu, ahora sin conexión directa con la fábrica. Como fuentes se utilizaron revistas y periódicos consultados en la Biblioteca Digital de la Biblioteca Nacional, solicitudes de licencias y estatutos (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer , Industrial Development , Industry , Sports , Residence Characteristics , Libraries
9.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 204-218, 20210000. fig, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359441

ABSTRACT

Los biorreactores de sistemas de un solo uso (SUSs), también conocidos como biorreactores desechables, se han convertido en una parte integral de las instalaciones biotecnológicas de fabricación para bioproductos con un mercado potencial que espera una tasa de crecimiento de casi el 15,5% durante el período pronosticado: 2018 a 2023. Los biorreactores SUSs son más seguros, simples y flexibles al compararlos con sus contrapartes, biorreactores de acero inoxidable, por lo que su uso se está incrementando en la industria biofarmacéutica principalmente en la planificación de vías rápidas de proyectos complejos, incluidos los relacionados con la pandemia de SARS-CoV-2. Así, el uso de SUS se ha convertido en una alternativa eficaz para la producción rápida de candidatos a vacunas. Pero algunas desventajas técnicas y operativas aún obstaculizan su uso en todo el mundo. Esta revisión brinda una visión racional del uso, los tipos, los parámetros operativos y las nuevas aplicaciones de los biorreactores SUSs en la industria biofarmacéutica. Asimismo, también se discuten los parámetros apropiados y las limitaciones de este equipo, enfocándose en su uso para la producción de vacunas contra COVID-19


Single-Use-Systems (SUSs) Bioreactors, also known as disposable bioreactors, have become an integral part of biotechnology manufacturing facilities for bioproducts with a potential market expecting a growth rate of nearly 15.5% over the forecast period: 2018 to 2023. SUSs bioreactors are comparatively safe, simple, and flexible than their stainless-steel bioreactors counterparts thus, their usage is being augmented in the biopharmaceutical industry mainly in planning fast tracks of complex projects, including those related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Thus, the use of SUSs has become an effective alternative for the rapid production of vaccine candidates. However, some technical and operational disadvantages still hamper their worldwide use. This review gives a rational insight into SUSs bioreactors use, types, operational parameters and new applications in the biopharmaceutical industry. Likewise, the appropriate parameters and limitations of this equipment, focusing on its use for vaccine production against COVID-19 are also discussed


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopharmaceutics , Biotechnology , Bioreactors , Industrial Development , Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities , COVID-19 Vaccines/supply & distribution
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 991-1003, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878609

ABSTRACT

Since microdroplets are able to be generated rapidly in large amount and each droplet can be well controlled as an independent micro-cultivator, droplet microfluidic technology can be potentially used in the culture of microorganisms, and provide the microbial culture with high throughput manner. But its application mostly stays in the laboratory-level building and using for scientific research, and the wide use of droplet microfluidics in microbial technology has been limited by the key problems that the operation for microdroplets needs high technical requirements with wide affecting factors and the difficulties in integration of automatic microdroplet instrumentation. In this study, by realizing and integrating the complicated operations of droplet generation, cultivation, detection, splitting, fusion and sorting, we design a miniaturized, fully automated and high-throughput microbial microdroplet culture system (MMC). The MMC can be widely used in microbial growth curve test, laboratory adaptive evolution, single factor and multi-level analysis of microbial culture, metabolite detection and so on, and provide a powerful instrument platform for customized microbial evolution and screening aiming at efficient strain engineering.


Subject(s)
Industrial Development , Microfluidics
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(5): 457-461, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134411

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background An approach to technology development and the current medical practice. Objective To consider the many stages of medical-applied technological developments and its main consequences related to the current medical practice and speculate on future developments. Methods Assessment of historical publications and individual and metanalysis of comparative evaluation of old versus new techniques. Results Documentation of progressive improvement in diagnostic skill and therapeutics toward less invasive procedures along the last decades, since the introduction of the scientific medicine. Conclusion Progress has been unequivocally documented albeit an effort to maintain time-proven established previous technique is advised, especially in favor of stimulating a personal patient-physician relationship. (International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physician-Patient Relations , Biomedical Technology/trends , Medical Care/trends , Biomedical Technology/history , Medical Care/methods , Industrial Development
14.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(3): 741-761, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134073

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo faz análise histórica da emergência da leishmaniose tegumentar americana como objeto do conhecimento e desafio médico-sanitário no Amazonas desde a década de 1970. Fornece visão geral dessa época, as medidas sanitárias e os estudos científicos realizados no contexto de implantação dos principais projetos de desenvolvimento regionais executados em nome da política de integração nacional do governo federal. Utiliza como metodologia a análise documental de leis, produção científica, relatórios de pesquisa, boletins epidemiológicos e jornais. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que a doença surgiu no Amazonas associando o grande problema de saúde com mudanças político-econômicas e alterações socioambientais.


Abstract The history of the emergence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Brazilian state of Amazonas since the 1970s is analyzed as an object of knowledge and a medical and public health challenge. An overview of the period is provided, including the public health measures and scientific studies undertaken in the context of the execution of large-scale regional developments pursued in the name of national integration by the federal government. The methodology uses documental analysis of laws, the scientific literature, research reports, epidemiological bulletins, and newspapers. The results show that American cutaneous leishmaniasis emerged as a major health problem in Amazonas in close association with the political, economic, and socioenvironmental changes seen in the period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Public Health/history , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/history , Conservation of Natural Resources , Leishmania/isolation & purification , Psychodidae/parasitology , Urbanization/history , Leishmania braziliensis/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Insect Control/history , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/transmission , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/epidemiology , Leishmania guyanensis/isolation & purification , Industrial Development/history , Insect Vectors
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2708-2713, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828027

ABSTRACT

Appropriate producing areas can guarantee the quality of Tibetan medicine, but research on the suitable ecological factors and suitable producing areas of Tibetan medicinal plants is scarce. This paper used the Geographic Information System for Global Medicinal Plants(GMPGIS) to analyze the ecological suitability of Tibetan medicinal plants nationwide. For the first time, the range of ecological factors and main soil types of Tibetan medicinal plants were extracted, such as the average annual temperature-19.4-24.2 ℃, annual average precipitation 17-4 088 mm, annual average sunshine 124.2-171.6 W·m~(-2). The main soil types were black calcareous soil, thin layer soil, chestnut soil and so on. Based on 337 sampling points, the largest ecological similarity area of Tibetan medicine across the country was obtained through ecological similarity analysis. In addition to Tibet and Qinghai provinces and Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures in Sichuan, Gansu, and Yunnan provinces, Jiuquan city and Linxia county in Gansu province, Panzhihua and Ya'an in Sichuan province, and Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi provinces also had larger suitable cultivation areas. In addition, by analyzing the current situation of Tibetan medicine industry, the research pointed out that there were some problems such as unreasonable development and utilization of resources, lack of standards and norms, weak basic research and imperfect industrial system, and made corresponding countermeasures for sustainable development of resources, formulation of standards and specifications, promotion of medicine through science and technology, expansion of domestic and foreign markets, etc. This study provided the basis for guiding the rational layout of production bases, introduction and breeding of plant Tibetan medicine nationwide, laying the foundation for the scientific and standardized production of high-quality Tibetan medicine, clarifying the development direction of Tibetan medicine industry, and providing ideas for the development strategy of Tibetan medicine and other national medicine industry.


Subject(s)
China , Industrial Development , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Soil , Tibet
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1996-2001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827989

ABSTRACT

The cluster brand is the embodiment of the core competitiveness of an industry. Developing and cultivating cluster brand of ecological agriculture of Dao-di herbs not only helps to optimize the value chain of the Chinese medicinal materials(CMMs) industry cluster, realize the value-added of the CMMs industry cluster, but also enhance the visibility and influence of the industrial cluster, enhance the core competitiveness of the industrial cluster. This has important practical significance for promoting the "orderly" "safe" and "effective" development of the Dao-di herbs. Based on the industry development status of CMMs, this article introduces several concepts related to cluster brands and their relationships, and focuses on the cultivation models and strategies of cluster brand in the CMMs industry. Based on the current status of the development of the CMMs industry, this article introduces several concepts related to cluster brands and their interrelationships. It discusses the cultivation models and strategies of cluster brands in the CMMs industry, industry associations, Chinese medicine companies and individual growers as the support, insists on the ecological cultivation of authentic medicinal materials and the cultivation of cluster brands. Finally, it points out the direction for the high-quality development of the ecological agriculture of CMMs.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Industrial Development , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
18.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 39: e185833, jan.-mar.2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1098512

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar, por meio de revisão integrativa de artigos empíricos, a produção científica relacionando a Psicologia Ambiental (variáveis de comportamento/cognição) e sustentabilidade, considerando diferentes recursos. Para efeitos deste estudo, foram analisados os artigos que abordam um recurso único. A busca foi realizada nos periódicos Environment and Behavior, Journal of Environmental Psychology e Psyecology, reconhecidos pela relevância internacional em produção científica no campo da Psicologia Ambiental. Foram selecionados 24 artigos, publicados entre os anos de 2012 e 2016, a partir dos critérios de inclusão pré-estabelecidos. Os anos com maior número de publicação foram 2014 (n = 8) e 2015 (n = 8). A maioria dos artigos se refere a estudos realizados na Europa, apenas um trata de pesquisa no Brasil. Os recursos abordados nos estudos abrangeram transporte, produtos, água, energia elétrica, sacola plástica e pastagem natural. Os resultados revisados demonstram que há uma diversidade de conceitos na mediação entre comportamentos/cognições e diferentes recursos, indicando a relevância destas abordagens para a promoção de sustentabilidade. Sugere-se caminhos para pesquisa e intervenção nas relações sustentáveis entre pessoas e recursos disponíveis em seus meios.(AU)


The objective of this study was to examine, through an integrative review of empirical articles, the scientific production on the relation between Environmental Psychology (behavior/cognition variables) and sustainability considering different resources. For that purpose, this analysis considered articles approaching a unique resource. Search was conducted in three journals with international relevance in the scientific production of Environmental Psychology: Environment and Behavior, Journal of Environmental Psychology and Psyecology. Following pre-established inclusion criteria, results included 24 articles published from 2012 and 2016. Years with higher number of publications were 2014 (n = 8) and 2015 (n = 8). The articles found refer mostly to studies conducted in Europe; only one article is a research from Brazil. Resources included transportation, products, water, energy, plastic bag, and natural grassland. Results indicate that there is a diversity of concepts mediating behaviors/cognitions and different resources, which reveals the relevance of these approaches to the promotion of sustainability. Research and intervention paths are suggested to sustainable relations between people and resources available in their surroundings.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue examinar, por medio de una revisión integradora de artículos empíricos, la producción científica que relaciona la Psicología Ambiental (variables de comportamiento/cognición) y la sostenibilidad, considerando diferentes recursos. Para los propósitos de este estudio, se analizaron artículos que abordan un solo recurso. La búsqueda fue realizada en los periódicos Environment and Behavior, Journal of Environmental Psychology y Psyecology, reconocidos por la relevancia internacional en producción científica en el campo de la Psicología Ambiental. Se seleccionaron 24 artículos, publicados entre los años 2012 y 2016, basados en criterios de inclusión preestablecidos. Los años con el mayor número de publicaciones fueron 2014 (n = 8) y 2015 (n = 8). La mayoría de los artículos se refiere a estudios realizados en Europa, sólo uno trata de investigación en Brasil. Los recursos abordados en los estudios incluyeron transporte, productos, agua, energía eléctrica, bolsas de plástico y pastoreo natural. Los resultados revisados demuestran que hay una diversidad de conceptos en la mediación entre comportamientos/cogniciones y diferentes recursos, indicando la relevancia de estos enfoques para la promoción de la sostenibilidad. Se sugieren caminos para la investigación e intervención en las relaciones sostenibles entre personas y recursos disponibles en sus medios.(AU)


Subject(s)
Natural Resources , Environment , Scientific and Technical Activities , Environmental Psychology , Sustainable Development , Periodicals as Topic , Plastics , Poverty , Psychology , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Atmosphere , Science , Social Change , Social Conditions , Social Responsibility , Social Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Solar Energy , Automobiles , Time , Transportation , Water Movements , Water Pollution , Population Characteristics , Drinking Water , Climate Change , Biological Products , Books , Water , Economic Development , Off-Road Motor Vehicles , Composting , Pasture , Rural Areas , Forests , Sanitation , Environmental Health , Corrected and Republished Article , Journal Article , Cognition , Greenhouse Effect , Ecosystem , Commerce , Environmental Management , Green Belt , Environmental Health Education , Endangered Species , Urban Area , Fauna , Flora , Conservation of Natural Resources , Nature , Life , Academic Dissertation , Costs and Cost Analysis , Specialty Uses of Chemicals , Self Efficacy , Culture , Psychosocial Impact , Capitalism , Public Power , Marketing , Biodiversity , Agriculture , Drinking , Ecology , Electricity , Energy-Generating Resources , Environment and Public Health , Environmental Pollution , Population Studies in Public Health , Products Distribution , Products Commerce , Biosphere , Sustainable Development Indicators , Filling Station , Industrial Development , Land Conservation , Energy Consumption , Wind Energy , Ecological and Environmental Phenomena , Green Chemistry Technology , Global Warming , Fertilizers , Environmental Policy , Recycling , Food, Organic , Social Networking , Social Norms , Social Capital , Health Governance , Food Supply , Healthy Lifestyle , Psychosocial Support Systems , Work-Life Balance , Conservation of Water Resources , Sustainable Growth , Gini Coefficient , Sea Level Rise , Food Supply , Environmentalism , Environmental Justice , Access to Healthy Foods , Home Environment , Housing Quality , Sustainable Food System , Treatment Effect Heterogeneity , Group Processes , Health Promotion , Income , Models, Theoretical , Morale
19.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 39: e187957, jan.-mar.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1098510

ABSTRACT

Penso a relação entre diferentes psicologias sociais e as cidades. Para tanto, caracterizo tais psicologias como manifestantes que foram às ruas em 2013 nas chamadas "jornadas de junho". Faço, a partir desse experimento ficcional, uma reflexão acerca do compromisso ético e dos desafios práticos e epistêmicos que as psicologias sociais enfrentam em diferentes campos empíricos, tais como: a luta por direitos humanos; as políticas públicas; a prática científica e acadêmica; e os movimentos sociais. Neste processo, destaca-se a cidade em sua radical heterogênese como potência de desacomodação das formações estereotipadas que assombram as práticas e as pesquisas em Psicologia Social. Por fim, este texto relaciona estas reflexões com a temática do Encontro Regional Sul da ABRAPSO de 2014, em Londrina, que foi "O clamor das ruas", problematizando a dialética rua x interioridade que é constituinte da subjetividade contemporânea, com vistas à problematização de uma dimensão comum que tem na cidade seu modo de expressão por excelência.(AU)


I think on the relation between different social psychologies and the cities. In order to do that, I figure those social psychologies as demonstrators who took the streets in the so -called June Journeys in 2013. From this fictional experiment I make a reflection about the ethical engagement and the practical and epistemic challenges faced by social psychologies in different empirical fields: human rights struggle; public policies; scientific and academy practices; and social movements. By doing so, the city in its radical hetero engenderment is highlighted as a potential inconvenience to the stereotyped formations that haunts Social Psychology in praxis and research. By the end, this text relates those reflections with the theme from de Regional South Encounter of ABRAPSO in 2014, at Londrina, "The claim from the streets", questioning the dialectics street x interior which is constitutive of the contemporary subjectivity, in order to analyse a common dimension which has in the city its expression par excellence.(AU)


Pienso acerca de la relación de las distintas psicologías sociales y las ciudades. En este objetivo caracterizo estas distintas psicologías sociales como manifestantes que salieron a las calles en las llamadas "días de junio" en 2013. Pienso en la relación entre diferentes psicologías sociales y ciudades. Con este fin, caracterizo tales psicologías como manifestantes que salieron a las calles en 2013 en los llamados "viajes de junio". A partir de este experimento ficticio, reflexiono sobre el compromiso ético y los desafíos prácticos y epistémicos que enfrentan las psicologías sociales en diferentes campos empíricos, tales como: la lucha por los derechos humanos; políticas públicas; práctica científica y académica; y movimientos sociales. En este proceso, la ciudad se destaca en su heterogénesis radical como un poder desencadenante de formaciones estereotipadas que persiguen las prácticas e investigaciones de la Psicología Social. Finalmente, este texto relaciona estas reflexiones con el tema de la Reunión Regional del Sur ABRAPSO 2014 en Londrina, que fue "El clamor de las calles", problematizando la dialéctica calle x interioridad que es un componente de la subjetividad contemporánea, con miras a problematizar una dimensión común que tiene en la ciudad su modo de expresión por excelencia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychology, Social , Cities , Politics , Poverty , Prejudice , Prisons , Psychology , Public Policy , Quality of Life , Rationalization , Safety , Science , Social Adjustment , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Control, Formal , Social Environment , Social Isolation , Social Justice , Social Perception , Social Planning , Social Sciences , Social Security , Social Support , Social Values , Social Welfare , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stereotyping , Unemployment , Urbanization , Violence , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Urban Sanitation , Unified Health System , Brazil , Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Power, Psychological , Adaptation, Psychological , Accidents, Traffic , Family , Economic Development , Poverty Areas , Construction Industry , Urban Cleaning , Rural Areas , Environmental Health , Hygiene , Mental Health , Vital Statistics , Liability, Legal , Population Forecast , Population Density , City Planning , Civil Rights , Communication , Roman World , Colonialism , Urban Area , Congresses as Topic , Community Participation , Nature , Life , Confined Spaces , Demographic Indicators , Healthy City , Creativity , Crime , Communitarian Organization , Disaster Vulnerability , Culture , Surveillance in Disasters , Capitalism , Health Law , State , Federalism , Public Power , Decision Making , Economics , Education , Emigration and Immigration , Emotions , Environment , Projects , Infrastructure , Workforce , Age and Sex Distribution , Job Market , Population Studies in Public Health , Ethics , Professional Training , Equity , Sustainable Development Indicators , Industrial Development , Land Management and Planning , Environmental Policy , Social Participation , Homophobia , Social Discrimination , Human Migration , Protective Factors , Xenophobia , Social Norms , Sociological Factors , Emotional Adjustment , Work-Life Balance , Mentoring , Survivorship , Political Activism , Academic Failure , Cultural Rights , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Social Oppression , Freedom , Corruption , Citizen Science , Social Cognition , Food Supply , Transit-Oriented Development , Home Environment , Neighborhood Characteristics , Social Cohesion , Citizenship , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Government , Group Processes , Health Services Accessibility , Housing , Human Rights , Individuality , Industry , Jurisprudence , Life Change Events , Middle East , Military Science , Morals , Movement
20.
Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; : 5-11, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764380

ABSTRACT

Enteral nutrition (EN) formulas are foods that are used to improve the nutritional status of patients and these foods' safety and quality must be ensured. Therefore, EN formulas in other countries are managed differently from that of general foods. We investigated the direction of development of the relevant laws regulations and guidelines pertaining to EN formulas and we compared these laws regulations and guidelines from different countries, including Korea. The United States and Europe manage EN formulas as foods, but they are managed differently compared to general foods because of separate laws or programs pertaining to EN foods. In addition, the use of the formulas does not necessarily require a prescription, but when used by prescription, then medical insurance covers them. In Japan, there are two types of EN formulas, food and drug, and there are differences for their management and insurance coverage. In the case of Korea, EN formulas are classified as food and drug, and different management and insurance are applied in each case, which inhibits their systematic management and industrial development. Integration of a management system and establishment of a legal foundation is necessary for the systematic management and development of EN formula in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteral Nutrition , Europe , Industrial Development , Insurance , Insurance Coverage , Japan , Jurisprudence , Korea , Nutritional Status , Prescriptions , Social Control, Formal , United States
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL