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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928139

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine dispensing granules, the result of the efforts to transform Chinese medicinal decoction pieces in China, features portability and ease of storage. Thus, it is destined to be an indispensible dosage form in the modernization drive of Chinese medicine. The Announcement on Ending the Pilot Project of Chinese Medicine Dispensing Granules was released in February 2021 and relevant regulations went into force in November 2021, which marks the a new journey for the development of Chinese medicine dispensing granules and the beginning of the "post-pilot era". However, it faces the challenges in quality and standard. This study reviewed the history of Chinese medicine dispensing granules, analyzed the technical progress, market, and main problems in development, and proposed suggestions and prospects for its development in the "post-pilot era", which is expected to serve as a reference for its industry development and rational use.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Industrial Development , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pilot Projects
2.
Rev. bras. estud. popul ; 39: 1-23, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387852

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este este trabajo fue hacer una revisión documental sobre el despoblamiento rural para ubicar sus principales antecedentes, corrientes y visiones de estudio en Latinoamérica y otros espacios geográficos, con énfasis en Chile para exponer la forma en que la relación entre extractivismo y despoblamiento rural ha sido tratada con la intención de contrastar los resultados con los insumos teóricos de la ecología política latinoamericana y de plantear un análisis integral de este fenómeno. Los resultados muestran que en Chile los factores que han impulsado históricamente el despoblamiento de zonas rurales fueron la dictadura militar, los planes de ordenamiento territorial, industrialización y urbanización, la transformación de la estructura agraria, el cambio climático y el extractivismo. Se constató que los estudios sobre este último factor han omitido la forma en que se produce el despoblamiento, en general en contextos de estructuras de poder desigual y de tensiones territoriales entre distintos modelos de desarrollo y de formas de habitar el espacio. Se propone el campo de la ecología política latinoamericana para abordar los procesos de despoblamiento rural vinculados al extractivismo, cuyos insumos teóricos pueden contribuir a la comprensión más amplia del problema y a la construcción de respuestas con y desde los propios territorios.


Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é realizar uma revisão documental sobre o despovoamento rural para localizar os principais antecedentes, correntes e visões de estudo na América Latina e outros espaços geográficos. A ênfase foi colocada no Chile para expor a forma como tem sido tratada a relação entre extrativismo e despovoamento rural, com a intenção de contrastar os resultados com os aportes teóricos da ecologia política latino-americana e propor uma análise abrangente desse fenômeno. Os resultados mostram que no Chile os fatores que historicamente impulsionam o despovoamento das áreas rurais têm sido a ditadura militar, os planos de ordenamento territorial, a industrialização e a urbanização, a transformação da estrutura agrária, as mudanças climáticas e o extrativismo. Constatou-se que os estudos sobre este último fator têm omitido a forma como ocorre o despovoamento, regularmente em contextos de estruturas de poder desiguais e tensões territoriais entre diferentes modelos de desenvolvimento e formas de habitar o espaço. O campo da ecologia política latino-americana se propõe a abordar os processos de despovoamento rural vinculados ao extrativismo, cujos aportes teóricos podem contribuir para uma compreensão mais ampla do problema e a construção de respostas com e a partir dos próprios territórios.


Abstract The goal was to conduct a documentary review on rural depopulation in order to identify the main antecedents, trends and visions in studies in Latin America and other geographical spaces. Emphasis was placed on Chile to expose the way in which the relationship between extractivism and rural depopulation has been treated, with the intention of contrasting the results with the theoretical inputs of Latin American political ecology and proposing a comprehensive analysis of this phenomenon. Results show that, in Chile, factors historically driving the depopulation of rural areas include the military dictatorship, the territorial ordering plans, industrialization and urbanization, the transformation of the agrarian structure, climate change and extractivism. It was found that studies on this last factor have omitted the way in which depopulation occurs, regularly in contexts of unequal power structures and territorial tensions between different development models and ways of inhabiting space. The field of Latin American political ecology is proposed in order to address the processes of rural depopulation linked to extractivism, since its theoretical inputs can contribute to a broader understanding of the problem and to the construction of responses with and from the territories themselves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chile , Population Concentration , Urbanization , Climate Change , Rural Areas , Extraction and Processing Industry , Industrial Development , Latin America
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371997

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho tem como objetivo discutir as peculiaridades do processo de organização do Bangu Athletic Club e o seu progressivo e dependente relacionamento com a Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil, entre os anos de 1904 a 1929. Quanto ao recorte temporal (1904-1929), levamos em conta as transformações ocorridas em Bangu ao longo desse período, em 1904 a fundação do Bangu Athletic Club, e em 1929 a fábrica passou por um retalhamento de suas terras, em que, consequentemente, emergiu o bairro Bangu, agora sem ligação direta com a fábrica. Como fontes, foram utilizados revistas e jornais consultados na Hemeroteca Digital da Biblioteca Nacional, além de pedidos de licenciamento e estatutos (AU)


This paper aims to discuss the peculiarities about the organi-zation process of Bangu Athletic Club and its progressive and dependent relationship with Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil, between the years 1904 to 1929. Regarding the time frame (1904-1929 ), we take into account the transformations that took place in Bangu throughout that , in 1904, the foundation of the Bangu Athletic club, and 1929, the year in which the factory underwent a shredding of its lands, in which consequently the Bangu neighborhood, now emerged, without direct connection with the factory. As sources were used magazines and news-papers consulted in the Digital Library of the National Library, licensing requests and statutes (AU)


Este artículo tiene como objetivo discutir las peculiaridades del proceso de organización del Bangu Athletic Club y su relación pro-gresiva y dependiente con la Companhia Progresso Industrial do Brasil, entre los años 1904 a 1929. En cuanto al marco temporal (1904-1929 ), tenemos en cuenta las transformaciones que se produjeron en Bangu durante ese período, en 1904, fundación del club Bangu Athletic, y 1929, año en el que la fábrica sufrió un desmembramiento de sus tierras, en el que surgió como consecuencia el barrio de Bangu, ahora sin conexión directa con la fábrica. Como fuentes se utilizaron revistas y periódicos consultados en la Biblioteca Digital de la Biblioteca Nacional, solicitudes de licencias y estatutos (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer , Industrial Development , Industry , Sports , Residence Characteristics , Libraries
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 204-218, 20210000. fig, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359441

ABSTRACT

Los biorreactores de sistemas de un solo uso (SUSs), también conocidos como biorreactores desechables, se han convertido en una parte integral de las instalaciones biotecnológicas de fabricación para bioproductos con un mercado potencial que espera una tasa de crecimiento de casi el 15,5% durante el período pronosticado: 2018 a 2023. Los biorreactores SUSs son más seguros, simples y flexibles al compararlos con sus contrapartes, biorreactores de acero inoxidable, por lo que su uso se está incrementando en la industria biofarmacéutica principalmente en la planificación de vías rápidas de proyectos complejos, incluidos los relacionados con la pandemia de SARS-CoV-2. Así, el uso de SUS se ha convertido en una alternativa eficaz para la producción rápida de candidatos a vacunas. Pero algunas desventajas técnicas y operativas aún obstaculizan su uso en todo el mundo. Esta revisión brinda una visión racional del uso, los tipos, los parámetros operativos y las nuevas aplicaciones de los biorreactores SUSs en la industria biofarmacéutica. Asimismo, también se discuten los parámetros apropiados y las limitaciones de este equipo, enfocándose en su uso para la producción de vacunas contra COVID-19


Single-Use-Systems (SUSs) Bioreactors, also known as disposable bioreactors, have become an integral part of biotechnology manufacturing facilities for bioproducts with a potential market expecting a growth rate of nearly 15.5% over the forecast period: 2018 to 2023. SUSs bioreactors are comparatively safe, simple, and flexible than their stainless-steel bioreactors counterparts thus, their usage is being augmented in the biopharmaceutical industry mainly in planning fast tracks of complex projects, including those related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Thus, the use of SUSs has become an effective alternative for the rapid production of vaccine candidates. However, some technical and operational disadvantages still hamper their worldwide use. This review gives a rational insight into SUSs bioreactors use, types, operational parameters and new applications in the biopharmaceutical industry. Likewise, the appropriate parameters and limitations of this equipment, focusing on its use for vaccine production against COVID-19 are also discussed


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopharmaceutics , Biotechnology , Bioreactors , Industrial Development , Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities , COVID-19 Vaccines/supply & distribution
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 991-1003, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878609

ABSTRACT

Since microdroplets are able to be generated rapidly in large amount and each droplet can be well controlled as an independent micro-cultivator, droplet microfluidic technology can be potentially used in the culture of microorganisms, and provide the microbial culture with high throughput manner. But its application mostly stays in the laboratory-level building and using for scientific research, and the wide use of droplet microfluidics in microbial technology has been limited by the key problems that the operation for microdroplets needs high technical requirements with wide affecting factors and the difficulties in integration of automatic microdroplet instrumentation. In this study, by realizing and integrating the complicated operations of droplet generation, cultivation, detection, splitting, fusion and sorting, we design a miniaturized, fully automated and high-throughput microbial microdroplet culture system (MMC). The MMC can be widely used in microbial growth curve test, laboratory adaptive evolution, single factor and multi-level analysis of microbial culture, metabolite detection and so on, and provide a powerful instrument platform for customized microbial evolution and screening aiming at efficient strain engineering.


Subject(s)
Industrial Development , Microfluidics
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(5): 457-461, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134411

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background An approach to technology development and the current medical practice. Objective To consider the many stages of medical-applied technological developments and its main consequences related to the current medical practice and speculate on future developments. Methods Assessment of historical publications and individual and metanalysis of comparative evaluation of old versus new techniques. Results Documentation of progressive improvement in diagnostic skill and therapeutics toward less invasive procedures along the last decades, since the introduction of the scientific medicine. Conclusion Progress has been unequivocally documented albeit an effort to maintain time-proven established previous technique is advised, especially in favor of stimulating a personal patient-physician relationship. (International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physician-Patient Relations , Biomedical Technology/trends , Medical Care/trends , Biomedical Technology/history , Medical Care/methods , Industrial Development
9.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(3): 741-761, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134073

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo faz análise histórica da emergência da leishmaniose tegumentar americana como objeto do conhecimento e desafio médico-sanitário no Amazonas desde a década de 1970. Fornece visão geral dessa época, as medidas sanitárias e os estudos científicos realizados no contexto de implantação dos principais projetos de desenvolvimento regionais executados em nome da política de integração nacional do governo federal. Utiliza como metodologia a análise documental de leis, produção científica, relatórios de pesquisa, boletins epidemiológicos e jornais. Os resultados da pesquisa mostram que a doença surgiu no Amazonas associando o grande problema de saúde com mudanças político-econômicas e alterações socioambientais.


Abstract The history of the emergence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Brazilian state of Amazonas since the 1970s is analyzed as an object of knowledge and a medical and public health challenge. An overview of the period is provided, including the public health measures and scientific studies undertaken in the context of the execution of large-scale regional developments pursued in the name of national integration by the federal government. The methodology uses documental analysis of laws, the scientific literature, research reports, epidemiological bulletins, and newspapers. The results show that American cutaneous leishmaniasis emerged as a major health problem in Amazonas in close association with the political, economic, and socioenvironmental changes seen in the period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Public Health/history , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/history , Conservation of Natural Resources , Leishmania/isolation & purification , Psychodidae/parasitology , Urbanization/history , Leishmania braziliensis/isolation & purification , Brazil/epidemiology , Insect Control/history , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/transmission , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/epidemiology , Leishmania guyanensis/isolation & purification , Industrial Development/history , Insect Vectors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828027

ABSTRACT

Appropriate producing areas can guarantee the quality of Tibetan medicine, but research on the suitable ecological factors and suitable producing areas of Tibetan medicinal plants is scarce. This paper used the Geographic Information System for Global Medicinal Plants(GMPGIS) to analyze the ecological suitability of Tibetan medicinal plants nationwide. For the first time, the range of ecological factors and main soil types of Tibetan medicinal plants were extracted, such as the average annual temperature-19.4-24.2 ℃, annual average precipitation 17-4 088 mm, annual average sunshine 124.2-171.6 W·m~(-2). The main soil types were black calcareous soil, thin layer soil, chestnut soil and so on. Based on 337 sampling points, the largest ecological similarity area of Tibetan medicine across the country was obtained through ecological similarity analysis. In addition to Tibet and Qinghai provinces and Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures in Sichuan, Gansu, and Yunnan provinces, Jiuquan city and Linxia county in Gansu province, Panzhihua and Ya'an in Sichuan province, and Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi provinces also had larger suitable cultivation areas. In addition, by analyzing the current situation of Tibetan medicine industry, the research pointed out that there were some problems such as unreasonable development and utilization of resources, lack of standards and norms, weak basic research and imperfect industrial system, and made corresponding countermeasures for sustainable development of resources, formulation of standards and specifications, promotion of medicine through science and technology, expansion of domestic and foreign markets, etc. This study provided the basis for guiding the rational layout of production bases, introduction and breeding of plant Tibetan medicine nationwide, laying the foundation for the scientific and standardized production of high-quality Tibetan medicine, clarifying the development direction of Tibetan medicine industry, and providing ideas for the development strategy of Tibetan medicine and other national medicine industry.


Subject(s)
China , Industrial Development , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Soil , Tibet
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827989

ABSTRACT

The cluster brand is the embodiment of the core competitiveness of an industry. Developing and cultivating cluster brand of ecological agriculture of Dao-di herbs not only helps to optimize the value chain of the Chinese medicinal materials(CMMs) industry cluster, realize the value-added of the CMMs industry cluster, but also enhance the visibility and influence of the industrial cluster, enhance the core competitiveness of the industrial cluster. This has important practical significance for promoting the "orderly" "safe" and "effective" development of the Dao-di herbs. Based on the industry development status of CMMs, this article introduces several concepts related to cluster brands and their relationships, and focuses on the cultivation models and strategies of cluster brand in the CMMs industry. Based on the current status of the development of the CMMs industry, this article introduces several concepts related to cluster brands and their interrelationships. It discusses the cultivation models and strategies of cluster brands in the CMMs industry, industry associations, Chinese medicine companies and individual growers as the support, insists on the ecological cultivation of authentic medicinal materials and the cultivation of cluster brands. Finally, it points out the direction for the high-quality development of the ecological agriculture of CMMs.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Industrial Development , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764380

ABSTRACT

Enteral nutrition (EN) formulas are foods that are used to improve the nutritional status of patients and these foods' safety and quality must be ensured. Therefore, EN formulas in other countries are managed differently from that of general foods. We investigated the direction of development of the relevant laws regulations and guidelines pertaining to EN formulas and we compared these laws regulations and guidelines from different countries, including Korea. The United States and Europe manage EN formulas as foods, but they are managed differently compared to general foods because of separate laws or programs pertaining to EN foods. In addition, the use of the formulas does not necessarily require a prescription, but when used by prescription, then medical insurance covers them. In Japan, there are two types of EN formulas, food and drug, and there are differences for their management and insurance coverage. In the case of Korea, EN formulas are classified as food and drug, and different management and insurance are applied in each case, which inhibits their systematic management and industrial development. Integration of a management system and establishment of a legal foundation is necessary for the systematic management and development of EN formula in Korea.


Subject(s)
Enteral Nutrition , Europe , Humans , Industrial Development , Insurance , Insurance Coverage , Japan , Jurisprudence , Korea , Nutritional Status , Prescriptions , Social Control, Formal , United States
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786105

ABSTRACT

Robotic surgery is considered as one of the advanced treatment modality of minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer. Robotic rectal surgery has been performed for three decades and its application is gradually expanding along with technology development. It has several technical advantages which include magnified three-dimensional vision, better ergonomics, multiple articulated robotic instruments, and the opportunity to perform remote surgery. The technical benefits of robotic system can help to manipulate more meticulously during technical challenging procedures including total mesorectal excision in narrow pelvis, lateral pelvic node dissection, and intersphincteric resection. It is also reported that robotic rectal surgery have been shown more favorable postoperative functional outcomes. Despite its technical benefits, a majority of studies have been reported that there is rarely clinical or oncologic superiority of robotic surgery for rectal cancer compared to conventional laparoscopic surgery. In addition, robotic rectal surgery showed significantly higher costs than the standard method. Hence, the cost-effectiveness of robotic rectal surgery is still questionable. In order for robotic rectal surgery to further develop in the field of minimally invasive surgery, there should be an obvious cost-effective advantages over laparoscopic surgery, and it is crucial that large-scale prospective randomized trials are required. Positive competition of industries in correlation with technological development may gradually reduce the price of the robotic system, and it will be helpful to increase the cost-effectiveness of robotic rectal surgery.


Subject(s)
Cost-Benefit Analysis , Ergonomics , Industrial Development , Laparoscopy , Methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pelvis , Prospective Studies , Rectal Neoplasms , Robotic Surgical Procedures
16.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 137 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049817

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho busca explorar o atual cenário da pesquisa brasileira em Ambiente e Sociedade, particularmente no que concerne uma compreensão abrangente dos agravos à saúde. Parte-se de uma perspectiva que compreende os aspectos sociais e ambientais como intrínsecos das condições de saúde. São discutidos aspectos epistemológicos relacionados as pesquisas do campo da Sociologia, com viés ambiental e de saúde pública, considerando contextos empíricos de cidades industriais, neste caso a cidade de Volta Redonda marcada pela presença da Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional. Para tanto, apresenta-se um conjunto de materiais descritivos quanto as produções acadêmicas no campo Ambiente e Sociedade e de bases de dados da área de saúde. As produções acadêmicas selecionadas foram obtidas a partir de levantamentos realizados utilizando os trabalhos apresentados aos Encontros Nacionais da Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ambiente e Sociedade, entre 2002 e 2015; e textos publicados na revista Ambiente e Sociedade, de 1999 a 2018. As bases de dados selecionadas, segundo critério de representatividade de casos desfecho ­ óbitos ­ relacionados a agravos do sistema respiratório e disponibilidade de dados sobre presença de material particulado na atmosfera, foram o Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade e o Observatório Nacional de Clima e Saúde. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Air Pollution , Industrial Development , Health Information Systems , Lung Neoplasms
17.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 16(spe): 4-7, dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-959705

ABSTRACT

La ergonomía como disciplina científica, que también despliega acciones aplicadas y prácticas, produjo desde mediados del siglo xix y ahora en el siglo xxi conocimientos relativos al hombre en situación de trabajo, los cuales se han ido diversificando a medida que el cambio tecnológico ha transformado la forma de trabajar de los individuos y de las sociedades. En respuesta a estas modificaciones, los métodos han cambiado pasando de la observación de experto asistida por lista de chequeo, muy popular en el siglo XX, ha métodos y herramientas centrados en la comprensión del rol de la cognición en los nuevos escenarios del trabajo. A la par se han introducido cambios significativos en la organización del trabajo, en los modos y modelos de contratación y en la distribución de las formas de producir que cada sociedad ha venido ajustando según sus evoluciones demográficas, técnicas y científicas. El envejecimiento de la población y los fenómenos de vida laboral ampliada y en continua transmutación plantean múltiples preguntas, no solo acerca de la naturaleza del trabajo en el futuro cercano, sino sobre las competencias que se requerirán y la desaparición inmediata de múltiples trabajos, gracias a la irrupción de la inteligencia artificial, de los procesos autónomos de aprendizaje y de la robotización, que alcanza tanto a países desarrollados como a aquellos que se encuentran en proceso de industrialización.


Ergonomics as a scientific discipline, which also deploys applied and practical actions, has since the mid-nineteenth century and now in the twenty-first century produced knowledge concerning man in a work situation, which has diversified as technological change has transformed the way individuals and societies work. In response to these changes, methods have shifted from checklist-assisted expert observation, popular in the 20th century, to methods and tools focused on understanding the role of cognition in new work scenarios. At the same time, significant changes have been introduced in the organization of work, in the modes and models of hiring and in the distribution of the forms of production that each society has been adjusting according to its demographic, technical and scientific evolutions. The aging of the population and the phenomena of an extended working life in continuous transmutation raise many questions, not only about the nature of work in the near future, but also about the skills that will be required and the immediate disappearance of many jobs, thanks to the irruption of artificial intelligence, autonomous learning processes and robotization, which affects both developed countries and those in the process of industrialization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ergonomics , Work , Technology Transfer , Industrial Development
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740225

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Information technology involves a risk of privacy violation in providing easy access to confidential information,such as personal information and medical information through the Internet. In this study, we investigated medical information security to gain a better understanding of trends in research related to medical information security. METHODS: We researched papers published on ‘의료정보’ and ‘medical information’ in various Korean journals during a 10-year period from 2005 to 2015. We also analyzed these journal papers for each fiscal year; these papers were categorized into the areas of literature research and empirical research, and were further subdivided according to themes and subjects. RESULTS: It was confirmed that 48 papers were submitted to 35 academic journals. There were 33 (68.8%) literature review articles, and analysis of secondary data was not carried out at all. In terms of empirical research, 8 (16.7%) surveys and 7 (14.6%) program developments were studied. As a result of analyzing these papers according to the research theme by research method, 17 (35.4%) papers on laws, systems, and policies were the most numerous. It was found that among the literature research papers on medical personnel were the most common, and among the empirical research papers, research on experts in information protection and medical personnel were the most common. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that further research should be done in terms of social perception, human resource development, and technology development to improve risk management in medical information systems.


Subject(s)
Computer Security , Electronic Health Records , Empirical Research , Hospital Information Systems , Humans , Industrial Development , Information Systems , Internet , Jurisprudence , Korea , Medical Informatics , Methods , Privacy , Risk Management , Social Perception
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze research and development projects in mental health services in Korea, using priority evaluation of mental health promotion policies to determine direction of the service. METHODS: An online survey was conducted that targeted experts in the mental health service regarding promotion of mental health in Korea in 2016. The survey was based on 32 policy projects that resulted from 12 strategies according to 4 policy objectives. RESULTS: Analysis of 32 mental health projects were assessed regarding the possibility of technology development success, magnitude of the ripple effect, and necessity of a national response. It was observed that 3 policy projects relevant to suicide, had a high relative priority. This was followed by policies for improvement of health insurance and the medical benefit cost system, and policies for reinforcement of crisis psychological support such as those for disaster victims. CONCLUSION: The prioritization of mental health services should place an emphasis on promotion of a healthy mental lifestyle, rehabilitation support for patients with serious mental illness, and reinforcement of social safety networks for suicide prevention.


Subject(s)
Disaster Victims , Health Promotion , Humans , Industrial Development , Insurance, Health , Korea , Life Style , Mental Health Services , Mental Health , Rehabilitation , Social Change , Suicide
20.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 46(4): 237-242, oct.-dic. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-960144

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Due to the high rates of suicide reported among many ethnic minorities, a systematic review is presented on suicide in indigenous populations of Latin America. Methods: Systematic review in PubMed, Scopus, PsycNET, SciELO and Scholar Google. Results: From an initial total of 1862 articles, 41were included for data extraction. They include 21 from Brazil, 13 from Colombia, 2 from Chile, 1 from Peru, and 4 articles grouped from different countries. Suicide is a public health issue in many communities. Lifestyle changes, industrialisation, environmental degradation, and alcohol have led the indigenous population experiencing what has been described as "cultural death."


Resumen Objetivo: Se han reportado altas tasas de suicidio en algunas minorías étnicas, entre ellas comunidades indígenas en Latinoamérica. Este fenómeno se considera un problema de salud pública. Realizamos una revisión sistemática para describirlo. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos de PubMed, Scopus, PscycNET, SciELO y Google Scholar. Resultados: Se encontró un total inicial de 1.862 referencias; de estos artículos, se incluyeron 41 para extracción de datos según los criterios de inclusión, de los que 21 hacen referencia a Brasil,13 a Colombia, 2 a Chile,1a Perú y 4 artículos a diferentes países agrupados. Las comunidades indígenas están pasando por un fenómeno de «muerte cultural¼ en el que los cambios en las culturas, los estilos de vida, la industrialización, la invasión del medio ambiente y el consumo de alcohol se convierten en desencadenantes del suicidio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Suicide , Indigenous Peoples , Mental Health , Population Groups , Industrial Development , Latin America , Life Style , Minority Groups
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