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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e246116, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249222

ABSTRACT

Abstract The main objective of the current study was to assess the impact of the water taken from the 'Tunisian Refining Industries Company' on meiobenthic nematodes, before and after a series of treatments in decantation basins followed by its discharge in Bizerte bay, Tunisia. The comparison of environmental parameters of the two types of water was clearly indicative of an improvement in the quality of treated waters after a significant reduction in their loads in hydrocarbons. Overall, the water retained a good quality after being treated by 'Tunisian Refining Industries Company' before discharge in the sea. At the end of the experiment, differential responses were observed according to the richness of sediment in organic matter and hydrocarbons. Thus, it was apparent that the nematode assemblage exposed to the treated waters was closer to controls and associated to higher values of abundance, than that under untreated ones. It was also assumed that the species Microlaimus honestus De Man, 1922, Paramonohystera proteus Wieser, 1956 and Cyartonema germanicum Juario, 1972 are sensitive bioindicators of bad environmental statues and of hydrocarbon presence in the environment. On the other hand, Metoncholaimus pristiurus (Zur Strassen, 1894) Filipjev, 1918 would rather be classified as a positive bioindicative species of this type of pollutants.


Resumo O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o impacto da água retirada da "Tunisian Refining Industries Company" sobre os nematoides meiobentônicos, antes e depois de uma série de tratamentos em bacias de decantação seguidos de seu descarte na baía de Bizerte, Tunísia. A comparação dos parâmetros ambientais dos dois tipos de água foi claramente indicativa de uma melhoria na qualidade das águas tratadas após uma redução significativa das suas cargas em hidrocarbonetos. No geral, a água reteve uma boa qualidade após ser tratada pela "Tunisian Refining Industries Company" antes da descarga no mar. Ao final do experimento, foram observadas respostas diferenciais de acordo com a riqueza de sedimentos em matéria orgânica e hidrocarbonetos. Assim, ficou claro que a assembleia de nematoides exposta às águas tratadas estava mais próxima dos controles e associada a maiores valores de abundância do que nas não tratadas. Também foi assumido que as espécies Microlaimus honestus De Man, 1922, Paramonohystera proteus Wieser, 1956 e Cyartonema germanicum Juario, 1972 são bioindicadores sensíveis de más estátuas ambientais e da presença de hidrocarbonetos no meio ambiente. Por outro lado, Metoncholaimus pristiurus (Zur Strassen, 1894) Filipjev, 1918 preferiria ser classificado como uma espécie bioindicativa positiva deste tipo de poluentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis , Nematoda , Sewage , Tunisia , Environmental Monitoring , Geologic Sediments , Industry
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 28-39, May. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343460

ABSTRACT

Science has greatly contributed to the advancement of technology and to the innovation of production processes and their applications. Cleaning products have become indispensable in today's world, as personal and environmental hygiene is important to all societies worldwide. Such products are used in the home, in most work environments and in the industrial sectors. Most of the detergents on the market are synthesised from petrochemical products. However, the interest in reducing the use of products harmful to human health and the environment has led to the search for detergents formulated with natural, biodegradable surfactant components of biological (plant or microbiological) origin or chemically synthesised from natural raw materials usually referred to as green surfactants. This review addresses the different types, properties, and uses of surfactants, with a focus on green surfactants, and describes the current scenario as well as the projections for the future market economy related to the production of the different types of green surfactants marketed in the world.


Subject(s)
Surface-Active Agents , Industry , Biological Products , Detergents
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(5): 1613-1624, maio 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249494

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esta pesquisa busca analisar o conhecimento dos moradores sobre o território, Complexo Industrial e Portuário do Pecém (CIPP), qualidade de vida das comunidades que vivem no entorno dos empreendimentos, além da prevalência de hipertensão e excesso de peso. Trata-se de um inquérito epidemiológico, de base domiciliar, envolvendo quatro áreas da Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) do Município de São Gonçalo do Amarante e uma de Caucaia, Ceará, Brasil. O estudo foi realizado entre 10/2017 e 03/2018, em que foram realizadas aferições antropométricas e pressão arterial e coletados dados sociodemográficos e o conhecimento sobre comunidade, CIPP e qualidade de vida. Dos 503 adultos entrevistados, 69,8% eram do sexo feminino e a média de idade foi 44 anos. Parada foi a área que relatou o maior percentual de problemas relacionados às partículas aéreas (51,1%), pior conceito em relação ao CIPP (40,1% ruim), maior percentual de piora da qualidade de vida (29,1%) e maior desejo de mudar (31,5%). Pecém apresentou maior percentual de problemas na comunidade relacionados à violência, consumo de drogas ilícitas e prostituição. Conclui-se que se apresenta indícios de impacto na saúde e qualidade de vida das populações locais sem maiores benefícios diretos no trabalho/renda.


Abstract This research aimed to analyze the dwellers' knowledge of the territories, Pecém Port and Industrial Compound (CIPP), the quality of life of the communities living in the vicinity of the enterprises, and the prevalence of hypertension and overweight. This is a home-based, epidemiological survey of four areas of the Family Health Strategy (ESF) in São Gonçalo do Amarante and one area of the ESF in Caucaia, Ceará, Brazil. The study was carried out between 10/2017 and 03/2018. Anthropometric and blood pressure measurements were performed, and sociodemographic data and knowledge about community, the CIPP, and quality of life were collected. A total of 69.8% of the 503 adults interviewed were female, and the mean age was 44 years. Parada was the area reporting the highest percentage of problems related to air particles (51.1%), the worst concept regarding the CIPP (40.1% bad), the highest percentage of worse quality of life (29, 1%), and greater desire to move to another place (31.5%). Pecém had the highest percentage of community problems related to violence, consumption of illicit drugs, and prostitution. We concluded that there are signs of impact on local populations' health and quality of life without more significant direct work/income benefits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Income , Brazil/epidemiology , Hypertension/epidemiology , Industry
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e219501, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340421

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente estudo propôs analisar, sob a perspectiva feminista de pesquisa e da psicologia social do trabalho, os sentidos do trabalho e de gênero que emergiram das narrativas de adoecimento de trabalhadoras da indústria do vestuário de Criciúma, Santa Catarina. Trata-se de uma pesquisa do tipo empírica - com a realização de entrevistas -, de caráter exploratório e qualitativa, que parte da perspectiva do construcionismo social e da análise narrativa. Os sujeitos da pesquisa foram quatro trabalhadoras da indústria do vestuário. Evidenciou-se que o trabalho se apresenta como via de socialização e subjetivação de trabalhadoras, bem como de adoecimento, seja nos meios fabril, doméstico ou de cuidado. Com base na perspectiva de gênero, postula-se que a divisão sexual do trabalho ainda é um entrave à equidade nos contextos laborais, mediante uma atualização do caráter exploratório das atividades realizadas por mulheres, sobretudo pela invisibilidade, no âmbito reprodutivo, e pela precarização do trabalho produtivo.(AU)


Abstract Based on a feminist perspective and on the social psychology of work, this study aimed to analyze the meanings of work and gender arising from illness narratives of female workers of the garment industry of Criciúma, Santa Catarina. This exploratory empirical research was conducted from the social constructionism perspective, with qualitative data collected by means of interviews conducted with four garment workers. The results indicate that the work in the garment industry comprises a means of socialization and subjectivation of workers, besides triggering illness in the relation between factory, domestic, and care work. From a gender perspective, the sexual division of labor remains as an obstacle to reaching equity in the labor context before the constant maintenance of the exploratory nature of activities performed by women, the invisibility in the reproductive scope, and the precarization of productive work.(AU)


Resumen El presente estudio propuso analizar, desde la perspectiva feminista de investigación y de la psicología social del trabajo, los sentidos del trabajo y de género que emergieron en los relatos de enfermedad de las trabajadoras de la industria indumentaria de Criciúma, Santa Catarina (Brasil). Esta es una investigación empírica - con la realización de entrevistas -, de carácter exploratorio y cualitativo, que parte de la perspectiva del construccionismo social y del análisis narrativo. Los sujetos de la investigación fueron cuatro trabajadoras de este ramo. Se evidenció que el trabajo es una vía de socialización y subjetivación de las trabajadoras, así como de enfermedad, producida entre la fábrica, el hogar y el trabajo de cuidado. Con base en la perspectiva de género, se postula que la división sexual del trabajo sigue siendo un obstáculo a la equidad de género en los contextos laborales, bajo una actualización del carácter exploratorio de las actividades realizadas por mujeres, especialmente por la invisibilidad, en el ámbito reproductivo, y la precarización del trabajo productivo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Psychology, Social , Women , Women, Working , Disease , Industry , Clothing , Narration , Empirical Research , Research Subjects , Empathy , Employment , Equity , Gender Equity , Occupational Groups
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922188

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To combat coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many countries have used contact tracing apps, including Japan's voluntary-use contact-confirming application (COCOA). The current study aimed to identify industry and workplace characteristics associated with the downloading of this COVID-19 contact tracing app.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional study of full-time workers used an online survey. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations of industry and workplace characteristics with contact tracing app use.@*RESULTS@#Of the 27,036 participants, 25.1% had downloaded the COCOA. Workers in the public service (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-1.45) and information technology (aOR = 1.38, 95% CI 1.20-1.58) industries were more likely to use the app than were those in the manufacturing industry. In contrast, app usage was less common among workers in the retail and wholesale (aOR = 0.87, 95% CI 0.76-0.99) and food/beverage (aOR = 0.81, 95% CI 0.70-0.94) industries, but further adjustment for company size attenuated these associations. Workers at larger companies were more likely to use the app. Compared with permanent employees, the odds of using the app were higher for managers and civil servants but lower for those who were self-employed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Downloading of COCOA among Japanese workers was insufficient; thus, the mitigating effect of COCOA on the COVID-19 pandemic is considered to be limited. One possible reason for the under-implementation of the contact tracing app in the retail and wholesale and food/beverage industries is small company size, as suggested by the fully adjusted model results. An awareness campaign should be conducted to promote the widespread use of the contact tracing app in these industries.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/prevention & control , Contact Tracing/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Industry/classification , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Mobile Applications/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Smartphone , Workplace/statistics & numerical data
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922081

ABSTRACT

By analyzing and comparing the IVD product classification supervision system in the EU's new IVDR, old IVDD and related guidance documents, concepts of related regulatory reforms were analyzed and explored, to provide references for industrial personnel to understand and master the new EU IVD classification system, and for China's ongoing classification management reform.


Subject(s)
European Union , Industry , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922065

ABSTRACT

This study summarizes the status of domestic industries of medical devices for assisted reproductive technology, product category, the status of product classification management, the status of technical review, the progress of quality evaluation technology, and the progress of standardization. The domestic industry of medical devices for assisted reproductive technology in my country has begun to take shape, and a solid foundation has been laid for standardization and supervision technology. These will become an important driving force and guarantee for the subsequent development of medical devices for assisted reproductive technology. Under the guidance of the new development concept and the trend of accelerating the construction of the main body of the domestic cycle, my country's independent and controllable assisted reproductive medical device industry is gaining momentum.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Industry , Reference Standards , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Technology
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3383-3396, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921434

ABSTRACT

Accurately understanding the features and connotations of complex engineering problems is an important prerequisite for setting graduation requirements, constructing curriculum and designing teaching contents. By discussing the characteristics of complex engineering problems in the biological industry, this paper explored the demands for undergraduates in Yangtze river delta region, summarized the typical jobs and their requirements, and expounded the connotation of complex engineering problems contained in various typical tasks. On this basis, a gradual curriculum system was constructed, which included multiple stages of conceiving, formation and application, to cultivate the ability to solve complex engineering problems in the major of bioengineering. The curriculum coordinated the implementation of deep integration of industry and education, research feed back course construction, course team and advanced courses building up, professional associations covered all crews and students, supporting the ability training of solving complex engineering problems.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Curriculum , Engineering , Humans , Industry , Problem Solving
9.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06806, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1351278

ABSTRACT

Over the last decade, Brazil registered a 10.56% increase in the number of poultry slaughtered in establishments registered under the "Serviço de Inspeção Federal" (SIF - Federal Inspection Service), as a result of technological advances in management, health and genetics applied to national aviculture. At slaughter, during post-mortem inspection, carcasses can be totally or partially condemned for various reasons, including ascitic syndrome. This syndrome has economic implications for the industry, in addition to being a problem for the health and welfare of poultry. The objective of this work was to evaluate the historical series (2010-2019) of partial and total condemnations of poultry carcasses due to ascitic syndrome in slaughterhouses registered under the SIF and located in the main poultry-producing states. Through official data, the condemnation occurrence index (COI) and the adjusted seasonal index (ASI) were calculated. The condemnation rate was 1,140 carcasses condemned, totally or partially, for ascitic syndrome for every 1,000,000 poultry slaughtered. The smallest and largest COIs were found in São Paulo (February 2010) and in Goiás (January 2017), respectively. The occurrence of condemnations for this syndrome was cyclical throughout the historical series, showing peaks of condemnation in all years evaluated, with the highest ASIs in July, August and September, and with rates varying between 1.24 and 1.54 in these months. Considering the period of pre-slaughter housing, the highest ASIs coincide with the coldest period of the year (May to August) for all analyzed states. The results show that ascitic syndrome is a growing problem in Brazil, with greater occurrence during the coldest months of the year, having a negative impact on animal health and the profitability of producers and industries in the poultry production chain.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a série histórica (2010-2019) de condenações parciais e totais de carcaças de aves por síndrome ascítica em abatedouros registrados no SIF localizados nos principais estados produtores de carne de frango. Através de dados oficiais, foram calculados o índice de ocorrência de condenações (IOC) e o índice de sazonalidade ajustado (ISA). A taxa de condenação foi de 1.140 carcaças condenadas total ou parcialmente por síndrome ascítica a cada 1.000.000 de aves abatidas. O menor e maior IOCs foram encontrados em São Paulo (fevereiro/2010) e em Goiás (janeiro/2017), respectivamente. A ocorrência de condenações por esta síndrome teve comportamento cíclico ao longo da série histórica, apresentando picos de condenação em todos os anos avaliados, sendo os maiores ISAs encontrados nos meses de julho, agosto e setembro, com índices variando entre 1,24 e 1,54 nestes meses. Considerando o período de alojamento pré-abate, os maiores valores de ISAs coincidiram com o período mais frio do ano (Maio a Agosto) para todos os estados analisados. Os resultados mostram que síndrome ascítica é um problema crescente no Brasil, com maior ocorrência durante os meses frios do ano, impactando negativamente a saúde dos animais e a lucratividade dos produtores e indústrias da cadeia produtiva de frango de corte.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascites/diagnosis , Birds , Time Series Studies , Abattoirs , Industry
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1477-1493, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878650

ABSTRACT

Since its establishment 30 years ago, the discipline of metabolic engineering has developed rapidly based on its deep integration with molecular biology, systems biology and synthetic biology successively, which has greatly contributed to advancing and upgrading biotechnology industry. This review firstly analyzes the current status of academic research and China's competence in the area of metabolic engineering according to the data of papers published in SCI-indexed journals in the past 30 years. Subsequently, the article summarizes the development of systems biology methods and enabling technologies of synthetic biology and their applications in metabolic engineering in the past 10 years. Finally, the major challenges and future perspectives for the development of metabolic engineering are briefly discussed.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Industry , Metabolic Engineering , Synthetic Biology , Systems Biology
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 801-805, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878596

ABSTRACT

Industrial microorganisms and their products are widely used in various fields such as industry, agriculture, and medicine, which play a pivotal role in economy. Efficient industrial strains are the key to improve production efficiency, and advanced fermentation technology as well as instrument platform is also important to develop microbial metabolic potential. In recent years, rapid development has been achieved in research of industrial microorganisms. Artificial intelligence, efficient genome-editing and synthetic biology technologies have been increasingly applied, and related industrial applications are being accomplished. In order to promote utilization of industrial microorganisms in biological manufacturing, we organized this special issue on innovation and breakthrough of industrial microorganisms. Progress including microbial strain diversity and metabolism, strain development technology, fermentation process optimization and scale-up, high-throughput droplet culture system, and applications of industrial microorganisms is summarized in this special issue, and prospects on future studies are proposed.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Industry , Metabolic Engineering , Synthetic Biology
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 689-695, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878594

ABSTRACT

Fermentation engineering is an industrial process that uses the transformation of microorganisms or other cells to produce a specific product in a specific bioreactor. Fermentation engineering has developed from an ancient food fermentation relying solely on experience accumulation to an important production mode of food, agriculture, medicine, chemical industry and other means of production and life. It has become a key technology to support the sustainable development of human beings, and is inseparable from the continuous progress of interdisciplinary technology. The interdisciplinary integration and the continuous upward movement of China's global industrial chain will inevitably put forward higher requirements for the cultivation of fermentation engineering composite talents in the new situation. In order to constantly improve the interdisciplinary fermentation engineering compound talent training system, in recent years, the research lab has been refining and improving the concept of talent training, and actively deepening the reform of talent training system. Systematic research and practice have been carried out around the aspects of training program, enrollment system, teacher background, subject setting, scientific research practice, evaluation system, etc., which has promoted the technological progress of fermentation engineering and related supporting industries, and contributed an important force to the transformation of China from a big fermentation country to a powerful fermentation country.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Fermentation , Humans , Industry
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 384-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878569

ABSTRACT

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are polymers obtained by esterification of hydroxy fatty acid monomers. Due to similar mechanical characteristics of traditional petroleum-based plastics, 100% biodegradability and biocompatibility, PHAs are considered to be one of the most potential green materials. However, the application and promotion of PHAs as a green and environmentally friendly material are difficult because of the high production costs. This article focuses on the current methods to reduce production cost of PHAs effectively, such as cell morphology regulation, metabolic pathway construction, economic carbon source utilization and open fermentation technology development. Despite most research results are still limited in laboratory, the research methods and directions provide theoretical guidance for the industrial production of economic PHAs.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Industry , Petroleum , Plastics , Polyhydroxyalkanoates
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880473

ABSTRACT

This article expounds relevant policies of domestic medical device "MAH Policy" in recent years. When facing new development opportunities at this time of policy innovation, "Speed Dial Management" model summarized through the practice of "MAH Policy", together with the core elements of "three parties, three regulations and three flows" extracted from it, form a standardized, implementable and reproducible management mechanism. The experience has strong reference significance for the promotion and implementation of "MAH Policy" among medical device industry.


Subject(s)
Health Policy , Industry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880452

ABSTRACT

The registration system of medical device Master Files is established to solve the problem that the outsourcing suppliers are not willing to cooperate with the device applicants in the process of providing medical device application documents. After a brief introduction of Master Files systems established by foreign regulatory agencies, this article focuses on the research of establishing a medical device Master Files registration system in China. The results show that the establishment of Chinese Master Files registration system can both improve the standardization and convenience of outsourcing activities of medical devices, and satisfy the needs of the development of medical device industry and regulatory system. At the same time, the probability of additional risk caused by the implementation of the system is low. Therefore, it is expected that the benefits of the system to promote public health outweigh the potential risks, which demonstrates that establishment of the system has important application values.


Subject(s)
China , Industry , Reference Standards
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880429

ABSTRACT

Summarize the quality status and variety quality change characteristics of the sampling products through the Summary and analysis, according to the results of the national medical device supervision and inspection in 2019. Put forward suggestions on the development of the medical device industry and supervisory measures. Thereby, further improve the level of the medical device and ensure the safety use of medical device.


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies , Industry , Reference Standards
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 263-268, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138037

ABSTRACT

Abstract Platelet-rich plasma is derived from centrifuging whole blood. There is increasing interest in the sports medicine and athlete community about providing endogenous growth factors directly to the injury site, using autologous blood products such as platelet-rich plasma. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association between research financing, conflict of interests, level of evidence and author affiliation with the interpretation of results in articles published on platelet-rich plasma therapy in musculoskeletal ailments. A review of the current literature was performed. The outcome was classified as favorable or unfavorable. The declaration of conflict of interests and the type of funding was extracted from each article. The financing was classified as industry-sponsored; not industry-sponsored; or unidentifiable. The level of evidence was categorized from I to IV. Higher positive outcomes were observed in 134 studies with industry sponsorship compared with not industry-sponsored studies (odds ratio [OR]: 0.26; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.08-0.85; p < 0.05). Compared with level of evidence I, levels II and IV increase the probability of positive outcomes by 12.42 times (p < 0.01) and 10.97 times (p < 0.01) respectively. Proportionally, industry-sponsored studies are more likely to present positive results, as well as articles with a lower quality of evidence.


Resumo O plasma rico em plaquetas é derivado da centrifugação do sangue total. Há um interesse crescente, na medicina esportiva e na comunidade atlética, no fornecimento de fatores de crescimento endógeno diretamente ao sítio da lesão, usando componentes sanguíneos autólogos, como o plasma rico em plaquetas. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a associação entre financiamento de pesquisa, conflito de interesses, nível de evidência e afiliação dos autores com a interpretação dos resultados em publicações sobre terapia com plasma rico em plaquetas nas doenças osteomusculares. Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura atual. O desfecho foi classificado como favorável ou desfavorável. A declaração de conflito de interesses e o tipo de financiamento foram extraídos de cada artigo. O financiamento foi qualificado em patrocínio industrial; não patrocinado pela indústria; ou não identificável. O nível de evidência foi categorizado de I a IV. Foram obtidos os resultados positivos mais altos com 134 estudos financiados pelo setor industrial, em comparação com estudos não financiados pela indústria (razão de probabilidades [RP]: 0,26; intervalo de confiança de 95% [95%IC]: 0,08-0,85; p < 0,05). Em comparação com o nível de evidência I, os níveis II e IV aumentam a probabilidade de resultado positivo em 12,42 vezes (p < 0,01) e 10,97 vezes (p < 0,01), respectivamente. Demonstrou-se que, proporcionalmente, estudos patrocinados pela indústria têm maior probabilidade de apresentar resultados positivos, bem como artigos com menor qualidade de evidência.


Subject(s)
Plasma , Sports Medicine , Blood Platelets , Capital Financing , Conflict of Interest , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Ethics , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Industry
18.
Brasília; IPEA; 20200500. 12 p. ilus.(Nota Técnica / IPEA. Diset, 62).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1102231

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desta nota técnica é realizar uma descrição analítica da intensidade tecnológica e de inovação dos segmentos industriais do chamado complexo industrial da saúde, à luz dos dados da Pintec e em comparação com alguns países selecionados. Vale advertir que as informações captadas na pesquisa não permitem responder a perguntas específicas sobre determinados produtos, como algum tipo de medicamento, algum tipo de insumo hospitalar ou algum tipo de equipamento médico. O que os dados sobre os quais nos debruçamos permitem é analisar a evolução e o nível do esforço inovador e tecnológico do complexo industrial da saúde brasileiro.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus , Biomedical Technology , Creativity , Pandemics , Industry
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(1): e20180385, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056622

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of smoking, as well as its association with sociodemographic factors, alcohol consumption, and stress levels, among industrial workers in Brazil. Methods: This was a nationwide survey, conducted in 24 capitals in Brazil through the application of a pre-tested questionnaire. The response to the question "What is your smoking status?" was the outcome variable. To determine the associations, we performed Poisson regression analyses in which the inputs were blocks of variables: block 1 (age and marital status); block 2 (level of education and gross family income); block 3 (geographic region); and block 4 (alcohol consumption and stress level). All analyses were stratified by gender. Results: The sample consisted of 47,328 workers ≥ 18 years of age, of whom 14,577 (30.8%) were women. The prevalence of smoking was 13.0% (15.2% in men and 7.9% in women). Advancing age, alcohol consumption, and a high stress level were positively associated with smoking. A lower risk of smoking was associated with being married, having a higher level of education, and living in the northeastern region of the country (versus the southern region). Conclusions: The prevalence of smoking was greater in men than in women. Alcohol consumption and high stress levels appear to promote smoking.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de tabagismo e sua associação com fatores sociodemográficos, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e nível de estresse em trabalhadores industriários no Brasil. Métodos: Inquérito nacional realizado em 24 capitais brasileiras através da aplicação de um questionário previamente testado. A variável de desfecho foi obtida através da pergunta: "Com relação ao fumo, qual a sua situação?". Para determinar as associações, foram realizadas análises de regressão de Poisson com entrada de variáveis em blocos: nível 1 (idade e estado civil); nível 2 (escolaridade e renda familiar bruta); nível 3 (região geográfica) e nível 4 (consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e nível de estresse). Todas as análises foram estratificadas por sexo. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 47.328 trabalhadores com 18 anos ou mais de idade, sendo 14.577 mulheres (30,8%). A prevalência de tabagismo foi de 13,0% (15,2% em homens e 7,9% em mulheres). Aumento da faixa etária, consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e nível de estresse elevado associaram-se positivamente ao tabagismo. Estar casado, ter maior nível de escolaridade e residir na região nordeste do país (quando comparada com a região sul) estiveram associados com menores probabilidades de tabagismo. Conclusões: A prevalência de tabagismo variou entre os sexos, sendo maior entre os homens. O consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e o nível de estresse elevado favoreceram o uso do tabaco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Smoking/epidemiology , Industry/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Occupational Health/statistics & numerical data , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
20.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34(supl.2): e077, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132735

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present manuscript discussed some relevant aspects related to private sponsored clinical trials in dentistry. For decades, the academy has been the major responsible for research in Brazil. Distant from the trade sector, academic research has not always provided clear benefits to society. A key aspect of making benefits clearer is the process of scientific knowledge transference to decision-makers, which is, in fact, the ground of evidence-based dentistry. Although private sponsoring of clinical research seems to be part of the research progress of the business rates, investment in Brazil is lower than those observed in other countries. It is particularly important to understand that instead of creating its own rules, dentistry imported the high-quality standards originally designed for pharmaceutical studies. Therefore, it is critical to understand the original rules and how dental items are classified by regulatory agencies. In fact, knowledge about international and local regulation is a basic assumption in industry-sponsored research. Despite globalization, the identification of industry-sponsored studies through open access databases is still very hard and time-demanding. A common concern when conducting industry-sponsored trials is study biases. Fortunately, many relevant organizations, academic and industry groups, have been working seriously against that. Finally, for less experienced researchers, many aspects related to industry-sponsored studies - such as confidentiality, authorship, budget - are deeply discussed until a final version of the trial agreement can be written and signed, protecting all sides. In short, the scenario should be improved, but it already represents a nice opportunity for dental research.


Subject(s)
Clinical Trials as Topic , Brazil , Industry
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