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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013245

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between congenital hypothyroidism (CH) and the adverse outcomes during hospitalization in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI). Methods: This prospective, multicenter observational cohort study was conducted based on the data from the Sino-northern Neonatal Network (SNN). Data of 5 818 VLBWI with birth weight <1 500 g and gestational age between 24-<37 weeks that were admitted to the 37 neonatal intensive care units from January 1st, 2019 to December 31st, 2022 were collected and analyzed. Thyroid function was first screened at 7 to 10 days after birth, followed by weekly tests within the first 4 weeks, and retested at 36 weeks of corrected gestational age or before discharge. The VLBWI were assigned to the CH group or non-CH group. Chi-square test, Fisher exact probability method, Wilcoxon rank sum test, univariate and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the relationship between CH and poor prognosis during hospitalization in VLBWI. Results: A total of 5 818 eligible VLBWI were enrolled, with 2 982 (51.3%) males and the gestational age of 30 (29, 31) weeks. The incidence of CH was 5.5% (319 VLBWI). Among the CH group, only 121 VLBWI (37.9%) were diagnosed at the first screening. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that CH was associated with increased incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) (OR=1.31(1.04-1.64), P<0.05) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) of stage Ⅲ and above (OR=1.74(1.11-2.75), P<0.05). However, multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed no significant correlation between CH and EUGR, moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, grade Ⅲ to Ⅳ intraventricular hemorrhage, neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in stage Ⅱ or above, and ROP in stage Ⅲ or above (OR=1.04 (0.81-1.33), 0.79 (0.54-1.15), 1.15 (0.58-2.26), 1.43 (0.81-2.53), 1.12 (0.70-1.80), all P>0.05). Conclusion: There is no significant correlation between CH and in-hospital adverse outcomes, possibly due to timely diagnosis and active replacement therapy.


Subject(s)
Infant , Male , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Female , Prospective Studies , Congenital Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Hospitals
2.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 22-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013244

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the current status and trends in the outcomes and care practices of extremely preterm infants at 22-25 weeks' gestation age from the Chinese Neonatal Network (CHNN) from 2019 to 2021. Methods: This cross-sectional study used data from the CHNN cohort of very preterm infants. All 963 extremely preterm infants with gestational age between 22-25 weeks who were admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICU) of the CHNN from 2019 to 2021 were included. Infants admitted after 24 hours of life or transferred to non-CHNN hospitals were excluded. Perinatal care practices, survival rates, incidences of major morbidities, and NICU treatments were described according to different gestational age groups and admission years. Comparison among gestational age groups was conducted using χ2 and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Trends by year were evaluated by Cochran-Armitage and Jonckheere-Terpstra tests for trend. Results: Of the 963 extremely preterm infants enrolled, 588 extremely preterm infants (61.1%) were male. The gestational age was 25.0 (24.4, 25.6) weeks, with 29 extremely preterm infants (3.0%), 88 extremely preterm infants (9.1%), 264 extremely preterm infants (27.4%), and 582 extremely preterm infants (60.4%) at 22, 23, 24, and 25 weeks of gestation age, respectively. The birth weight was 770 (680, 840) g. From 2019 to 2021, the number of extremely preterm infants increased each year (285, 312, and 366 extremely preterm infants, respectively). Antenatal steroids and magnesium sulfate were administered to 67.7% (615/908) and 51.1% (453/886) mothers of extremely preterm infants. In the delivery room, 20.8% (200/963) and 69.5% (669/963) extremely preterm infants received noninvasive positive end-expiratory pressure support and endotracheal intubation. Delayed cord clamping and cord milking were performed in 19.0% (149/784) and 30.4% (241/794) extremely preterm infants. From 2019 to 2021, there were significant increases in the usage of antenatal steroids, antenatal magnesium sulfate, and delivery room noninvasive positive-end expiratory pressure support (all P<0.05). Overall, 349 extremely preterm infants (36.2%) did not receive complete care, 392 extremely preterm infants (40.7%) received complete care and survived to discharge, and 222 extremely preterm infants (23.1%) received complete care but died in hospital. The survival rates for extremely preterm infants at 22, 23, 24 and 25 weeks of gestation age were 10.3% (3/29), 23.9% (21/88), 33.0% (87/264) and 48.3% (281/582), respectively. From 2019 to 2021, there were no statistically significant trends in complete care, survival, and mortality rates (all P>0.05). Only 11.5% (45/392) extremely preterm infants survived without major morbidities. Moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (67.3% (264/392)) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (61.5% (241/392)) were the most common morbidities among survivors. The incidences of severe intraventricular hemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and sepsis were 15.3% (60/392), 5.9% (23/392) and 19.1% (75/392), respectively. Overall, 83.7% (328/392) survivors received invasive ventilation during hospitalization, with a duration of 22 (10, 42) days. The hospital stay for survivors was 97 (86, 116) days. Conclusions: With the increasing number of extremely preterm infants at 22-25 weeks' gestation admitted to CHNN NICU, the survival rate remained low, especially the rate of survival without major morbidities. Further quality improvement initiatives are needed to facilitate the implementation of evidence-based care practices.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Extremely Premature , Gestational Age , Magnesium Sulfate/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Infant, Premature, Diseases/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Steroids , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , China/epidemiology
3.
Philippine Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 165-177, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998026

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to determine the maternal clinical factors associated with neonatal respiratory morbidity and other adverse neonatal outcomes in meconium-stained labor among term parturients.@*Methodology@#A retrospective cohort study was done on admitted obstetric patients with term gestation and had meconium-stained labor. Maternal clinical factors such as age, parity, gestational age, manner of delivery, duration of labor, presence of term prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM), character of meconium-stained liquor (MSL), and presence of comorbidities were identified and analyzed to determine their association with neonatal respiratory morbidity and other adverse neonatal outcomes. @*Results@#In this study, there were 986 cases identified to have meconium-stained labor, and 168 developed neonatal respiratory morbidity. As to primary outcome, maternal clinical factors, such as age >35 years, multiparity, age of gestation >41 weeks, prolonged labor, presence of PROM, significant MSL upon admission, presence of change from nonsignificant to significant MSL, presence of intrauterine growth restriction, and hypertension, were all shown to be statistically significant. @*Conclusion@#The presence of maternal clinical factors in meconium-stained labor was observed to be a risk factor in developing neonatal respiratory morbidity and other adverse neonatal outcomes. Hence, identification of maternal risk factors and early detection of meconium-stained amniotic fluid are vital in administering timely intervention to labor and delivery to reduce neonatal complications.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 767-773, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982025

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), with the main manifestations of bloody stool, abdominal distension, and vomiting, is one of the leading causes of death in neonates, and early identification and diagnosis are crucial for the prognosis of NEC. The emergence and development of machine learning has provided the potential for early, rapid, and accurate identification of this disease. This article summarizes the algorithms of machine learning recently used in NEC, analyzes the high-risk predictive factors revealed by these algorithms, evaluates the ability and characteristics of machine learning in the etiology, definition, and diagnosis of NEC, and discusses the challenges and prospects for the future application of machine learning in NEC.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/therapy , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Prognosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Machine Learning
5.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 229-237, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971065

ABSTRACT

Neonates born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) may develop complications including meconium aspiration syndrome, persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn and death. The approach to the resuscitation of these neonates has significantly evolved for the past few decades. Initially, under direct visualization technique, neonates with MSAF were commonly suctioned below the vocal cords soon after delivery. Since 2015, Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP®) of the American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended against "routine" endotracheal suctioning of non-vigorous neonates with MSAF but favored immediate resuscitation with positive pressure ventilation via face-mask bagging. However, the China neonatal resuscitation 2021 guidelines continue to recommend routine endotracheal suctioning of non-vigorous neonates born with MSAF at birth. This review article discusses the differences and the rationales in the approach in the resuscitation of neonates with MSAF between Chinese and American NRP® guidelines over the past 60 years.


Subject(s)
Female , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Child , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome/therapy , Meconium , Resuscitation , Amniotic Fluid , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , China
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 147-152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for early-onset necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants with very/extremely low birth weight (VLBW/ELBW).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 194 VLBW/ELBW preterm infants with NEC who were admitted to Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to December 2021. These infants were divided into early-onset group (onset in the first two weeks of life; n=62) and late-onset group (onset two weeks after birth; n=132) based on their onset time. The two groups were compared in terms of perinatal conditions, clinical characteristics, laboratory examination results, and clinical outcomes. Sixty-two non-NEC infants with similar gestational age and birth weight who were hospitalized at the same period as these NEC preterm infants were selected as the control group. The risk factors for the development of early-onset NEC were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the late-onset group, the early-onset group had significantly higher proportions of infants with 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, stage III NEC, surgical intervention, grade ≥3 intraventricular hemorrhage, apnea, and fever or hypothermia (P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that feeding intolerance, blood culture-positive early-onset sepsis, severe anemia, and hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus were independent risk factors for the development of early-onset NEC in VLBW/ELBW preterm infants (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#VLBW/ELBW preterm infants with early-onset NEC have more severe conditions compared with those with late-onset NEC. Neonates with feeding intolerance, blood culture-positive early-onset sepsis, severe anemia, or hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus have a higher risk of early-onset NEC.


Subject(s)
Child , Infant , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Infant, Premature , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 855-863, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of gut microbiota on hematopoiesis in a neonatal rat model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).@*METHODS@#Neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group and a model group (NEC group), with 6 rats in each group. Formula milk combined with hypoxia and cold stimulation was used to establish a neonatal rat model of NEC. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of intestinal tissue and hematopoiesis-related organs. Routine blood tests were conducted for each group. Immunohistochemistry was used to observe the changes in specific cells in hematopoiesis-related organs. Flow cytometry was used to measure the changes in specific cells in bone marrow. 16S rDNA sequencing was used to observe the composition and abundance of gut microbiota.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the NEC group had intestinal congestion and necrosis, damage, atrophy, and shedding of intestinal villi, and a significant increase in NEC histological score. Compared with the control group, the NEC group had significantly lower numbers of peripheral blood leukocytes and lymphocytes (P<0.05), nucleated cells in the spleen, thymus, and bone marrow, and small cell aggregates with basophilic nuclei in the liver (P<0.05). The NEC group had significant reductions in CD71+ erythroid progenitor cells in the liver, CD45+ lymphocytes in the spleen and bone marrow, CD3+ T lymphocytes in thymus, and the proportion of CD45+CD3-CD43+SSChi neutrophils in bone marrow (P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the composition of gut microbiota between the NEC and control groups, and the NEC group had a significant reduction in the abundance of Ligilactobacillus and a significant increase in the abundance of Escherichia-Shigella (P<0.05), which replaced Ligilactobacillus and became the dominant flora.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Multi-lineage hematopoietic disorder may be observed in a neonatal rat model of NEC, which may be associated with gut microbiota dysbiosis and abnormal multiplication of the pathogenic bacteria Escherichia-Shigella.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/etiology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Animals, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases
8.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255195, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529228

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de covid-19 provocou intensas mudanças no contexto do cuidado neonatal, exigindo dos profissionais de saúde a reformulação de práticas e o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias para a manutenção da atenção integral e humanizada ao recém-nascido. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a atuação da Psicologia nas Unidades Neonatais de um hospital público de Fortaleza (CE), Brasil, durante o período de distanciamento físico da pandemia de covid-19. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, que ocorreu no período de março a agosto de 2020. No contexto pandêmico, o serviço de Psicologia desenvolveu novas condutas assistenciais para atender às demandas emergentes do momento, como: atendimento remoto; registro e envio on-line de imagens do recém-nascido a seus familiares; visitas virtuais; e reprodução de mensagens de áudio da família para o neonato. Apesar dos desafios encontrados, as ações contribuíram para a manutenção do cuidado centrado no recém-nascido e sua família, o que demonstra a potencialidade do fazer psicológico.(AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic brought intense changes to neonatal care and required health professionals to reformulate practices and develop new strategies to ensure comprehensive and humanized care for newborn. This study aims to report the experience of the Psychology Service in the Neonatal Units of a public hospital in Fortaleza, in the state of Ceará, Brazil, during the social distancing period of the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive experience report study was conducted from March to August 2020. During the pandemic, the Psychology Service developed new care practices to meet the emerging demands of that moment, such as remote care, recordings and online submission of newborns' pictures and video images for their family, virtual tours, and reproduction of family audio messages for the newborns. Despite the challenges, the actions contributed to the maintenance of a care that is centered on the newborns and their families, which shows the potential of psychological practices.(AU)


La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha traído cambios intensos en el contexto de la atención neonatal, que requieren de los profesionales de la salud una reformulación de sus prácticas y el desarrollo de nuevas estrategias para asegurar una atención integral y humanizada al recién nacido. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar la experiencia del Servicio de Psicología en las Unidades Neonatales de un hospital público de Fortaleza, en Ceará, Brasil, durante el periodo de distanciamiento físico en la pandemia de la COVID-19. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, un reporte de experiencia, que se llevó a cabo de marzo a agosto de 2020. En el contexto pandémico, el servicio de Psicología desarrolló nuevas conductas asistenciales para atender a las demandas emergentes del momento, tales como: atención remota; grabación y envío em línea de imágenes del recién nacido; visitas virtuales; y reproducción de mensajes de audio de la familia para el recién nacido. A pesar de los desafíos encontrados, las acciones contribuyeron al mantenimiento de la atención centrada en el recién nacido y su familia, lo que demuestra el potencial de la práctica psicológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Psychology , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Neonatology , Anxiety , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Apgar Score , Patient Care Team , Patient Discharge , Pediatrics , Perinatology , Phototherapy , Prenatal Care , Quality of Health Care , Respiration, Artificial , Skilled Nursing Facilities , Survival , Congenital Abnormalities , Unconscious, Psychology , Visitors to Patients , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Health Care Levels , Brazil , Breast Feeding , Case Reports , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Cardiotocography , Health Behavior , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child Development , Child Health Services , Infant Mortality , Maternal Mortality , Cross Infection , Risk , Probability , Vital Statistics , Health Status Indicators , Life Expectancy , Women's Health , Neonatal Screening , Nursing , Enteral Nutrition , Long-Term Care , Parenteral Nutrition , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pliability , Comprehensive Health Care , Low Cost Technology , Pregnancy Rate , Life , Creativity , Critical Care , Affect , Crying , Humanizing Delivery , Uncertainty , Pregnant Women , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Information Technology , Child Nutrition , Perinatal Mortality , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Feeding Methods , Fetal Monitoring , Patient Handoff , Microbiota , Integrality in Health , Ambulatory Care , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Maternal Health , Neonatal Sepsis , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Psychosocial Support Systems , Survivorship , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Family Support , Gynecology , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hypothermia , Immune System , Incubators , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Love , Maternal Behavior , Maternal Welfare , Medicine , Methods , Nervous System Diseases , Object Attachment , Obstetrics
9.
In. Serra Sansone, María del Pilar; Vitureira Liard, Gerardo José; Pereda Domínguez, Jimena; Medina Romero, Gonzalo Alexander; Rodríguez Rey, Marianela Ivonne; Blanc Reynoso, Agustina; Santos, Karina de los; Morán, Rosario; Sotelo, Débora; Barreiro, Carolina. Diabetes y embarazo. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2023. p.191-205.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1419154
10.
In. Serra Sansone, María del Pilar; Vitureira Liard, Gerardo José; Pereda Domínguez, Jimena; Medina Romero, Gonzalo Alexander; Rodríguez Rey, Marianela Ivonne; Blanc Reynoso, Agustina; Santos, Karina de los; Morán, Rosario; Sotelo, Débora; Barreiro, Carolina. Diabetes y embarazo. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2023. p.227-232.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1419159
11.
In. Serra Sansone, María del Pilar; Vitureira Liard, Gerardo José; Pereda Domínguez, Jimena; Medina Romero, Gonzalo Alexander; Rodríguez Rey, Marianela Ivonne; Blanc Reynoso, Agustina; Santos, Karina de los; Morán, Rosario; Sotelo, Débora; Barreiro, Carolina. Diabetes y embarazo. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2023. p.257-272.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1419165
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431754

ABSTRACT

Los riesgos teratogénicos ocasionados por la exposición intrauterina a fármacos antiepilépticos (FAE) son conocidos, por lo que su prescripción se mantiene bajo estricto control. Describir los efectos adversos fetales de la exposición a FAE durante la gestación, reportados en la literatura durante el período 2016-2022. Revisión sistematizada de estudios que reportaron los efectos adversos fetales inducidos por la exposición a FAE en mujeres embarazadas en tratamiento por diagnósticos neurológicos, principalmente de epilepsia. La búsqueda se realizó en PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, SCOPUS, Biblioteca Virtual en Salud, Lilacs y SciELO. Se identificaron 37 artículos distribuidos en 13 países de Asia, Europa, América del Norte y Oceanía. Se observaron resultados perinatales adversos, tanto físicos como cognitivos, en la mayoría de los estudios. Los fármacos identificados como los más utilizados en los últimos años fueron valproato, topiramato, carbamazepina, lamotrigina y levetiracetam. Los FAE tienen potencial teratogénico en distintos grados de riesgo, provocando anomalías congénitas o efectos adversos en múltiples sistemas del cuerpo humano, siendo los sistemas nervioso, circulatorio y osteomuscular los más afectados.


The teratogenic risks caused by intrauterine exposure to antiepileptic drugs (AED) are known, so their prescription is kept under strict control. To describe the fetal adverse effects AED exposure during gestation, reported in the literature during the period 2016-2022. Systematized review of studies that reported fetal adverse effects induced for the exposure to AED in pregnant women in treatment for neurological diagnoses, mainly epilepsy. The search was carried out in PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, SCOPUS, Virtual Health Library, Lilacs and SciELO. 37 articles distributed in thirteen countries in Asia, Europe, North America and Oceania were identified. Adverse perinatal outcomes, both physical and cognitive, were observed in most studies. The most common drugs identified were valproate, topiramate, carbamazepine, lamotrigine and levetiracetam. AED have teratogenic potential in different degrees of risk, causing congenital anomalies or adverse effects in multiple systems of the human body, being the nervous, circulatory and musculoskeletal systems the most affected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/chemically induced , Epilepsy/chemically induced , Fetal Diseases/chemically induced , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects , Teratogens , Abnormalities, Drug-Induced , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases
13.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(292): 8688-8699, set. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1399520

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o que tem sido escrito cientificamente sobre a adequação da assistência da enfermeira no centro cirúrgico no cenário da pandemia por Covid-19. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura. Como critérios de inclusão, elegeu-se: artigos completos disponíveis em português e inglês, publicados a partir de 2020, ano que deu início a pandemia até janeiro de 2022. Para organização e análise dos dados, recorreu-se ao Método de Análise de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foram selecionados 8 artigos. Como categorias de análise, emergiram os seguintes temas: o estabelecimento de protocolos operacionais específicos para a realização de cirurgias durante a pandemia da Covid-19 e a necessidade de readequação dos profissionais de saúde e a importância da enfermeira neste contexto. Conclusão: A enfermeira teve papel fundamental em todo o processo de estruturação e direcionamento do cuidado ao paciente, destacando seu potencial como protagonista no processo de cuidar em saúde. (AU)


Objective: to describe what has been scientifically written about the adequacy of nurse assistance in the surgical center in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review. As inclusion criteria, the following were chosen: full articles available in Portuguese and English, published from 2020, the year the pandemic started until January 2022. For data organization and analysis, the Content Analysis Method was used . Results: Eight articles were selected. As categories of analysis, the following themes emerged: the establishment of specific operational protocols for performing surgeries during the Covid-19 pandemic and the need to readjust health professionals and the importance of the nurse in this context. Considerations: The nurse played a fundamental role in the entire process of structuring and directing patient care, highlighting her potential as a protagonist in the health care process.(AU)


Objetivo: describir lo que científicamente se ha escrito sobre la adecuación de los cuidados de enfermería en el centro quirúrgico en el contexto de la pandemia de la Covid-19. Método: Esta es una revisión integradora de la literatura. Como criterios de inclusión, se eligieron: artículos completos disponibles en portugués e inglés, publicados a partir de 2020, año de inicio de la pandemia, hasta enero de 2022. Para la organización y análisis de los datos, se utilizó el Método de Análisis de Contenido. Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho artículos. Como categorías de análisis, surgieron los siguientes temas: el establecimiento de protocolos operativos específicos para la realización de cirugías durante la pandemia de Covid-19 y la necesidad de readecuación de los profesionales de la salud y la importancia del enfermero en este contexto. Conclusión: La enfermera jugó un papel fundamental en todo el proceso de estructuración y dirección del cuidado del paciente, destacando su potencial como protagonista en el proceso de atención a la salud.(AU)


Subject(s)
Skin , Infant, Premature , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Nursing Care
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e179-e182, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378575

ABSTRACT

La taquicardia supraventricular (TSV) es la principal taquiarritmia en el recién nacido (RN) que requiere una resolución urgente. Por su parte, la enterocolitis necrosante (ECN) es la emergencia gastrointestinal más común que afecta principalmente a RN prematuros. Aunque estas se reconocen como patologías distintas, la bibliografía sugiere que los episodios de TSV pueden predisponer a los pacientes a la ECN a través de alteraciones en el flujo sanguíneo mesentérico y una disminución de la perfusión tisular. Se presenta aquí el caso clínico de un neonato prematuro que desarrolló un cuadro de ECN luego de un evento aislado de TSV con bajo gasto cardíaco


Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the main tachyarrhythmia in the newborn (NB) that requires urgent resolution. Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common gastrointestinal emergency that mainly affects premature infants. Although these conditions are recognized as distinct pathologies, literature reports suggest that episodes of SVT may predispose patients to NEC secondary to disturbances in mesenteric blood flow and a decrease in tissue perfusion. We present here the clinical case of a premature neonate who developed NEC after an isolated SVT event with low cardiac output


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant, Newborn , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/diagnosis , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/etiology , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/complications , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature, Diseases/diagnosis , Infant, Premature, Diseases/etiology , Fetal Diseases
15.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): 232-239, Agosto 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1371519

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La hipoglucemia neonatal es una complicación de la diabetes mellitus gestacional Son pocos los estudios que avalan la pesquisa sistemática en este grupo poblacional durante las primeras horas de vida. Objetivos. Evaluar la asociación entre tratamiento materno recibido (dieta versus insulina) y el desarrollo de hipoglucemia, e identificar los factores de riesgo asociados. Población y métodos. Estudio observacional, analítico y retrospectivo realizado en en las sedes de Buenos AIres y San Justo de un hospital general de tercer nivel entre el 1 de enero de 2017 y el 31 de diciembre de 2018. Se estimó la incidencia de hipoglucemia (≤47 mg/dl) en recién nacidos según el manejo de la diabetes materna y se realizó un análisis multivariable para evaluar factores asociados. Resultados. Se incluyeron 195 pacientes. No se encontró diferencia estadística en la incidencia de hipoglucemia según el tratamiento materno recibido (45,3 % versus 39,7 %; p = 0,45) ni se identificaron factores de riesgo asociados. Modificando el valor de corte a ≤40 mg/dl, tampoco se encontraron diferencias en la incidencia (23,4 % versus 19 %, p = 0,48); no obstante, los pacientes hipoglucémicos presentaron un hematocrito significativamente mayor y una menor prevalencia de lactancia exclusiva al egreso. El análisis multivariable mostró una asociación independiente entre alto peso al nacer con hipoglucemia que requiere corrección. Conclusiones. La incidencia de hipoglucemia neonatal en la población estudiada no presentó diferencia según el tratamiento materno recibido. El estudio realizado fundamenta el control de la glucemia en estos niños en la práctica diaria.


Introduction. Neonatal hypoglycemia is a complication of gestational diabetes mellitus. Few studies have been conducted to support a systematic screening in the first hours of life of this population group. Objectives. To assess the association between the treatment administered to the mother (diet vs. insulin) and the development of hypoglycemia, and to identify associated risk factors. Population and methods. Observational, analytical, and retrospective study carried out at the Buenos Aires and San Justo maternal centers of a general, tertiary care hospital between 01-01-2017 and 12-31-2018. The incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia (≤ 47 mg/dL) based on the management of maternal diabetes was estimated and a multivariate analysis was done to assess related factors. Results. A total of 195 patients were included. No statistical difference was found in the incidence of hypoglycemia based on the treatment administered to the mother (45.3% vs. 39.7%; p = 0.45) and no associated risk factors were identified. Once the cutoff point was changed to ≤ 40 mg/dL, no differences were found in the incidence either (23.4% versus 19%, p = 0.48); however, patients with hypoglycemia had a significantly higher hematocrit level and a lower prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding upon discharge. Multivariate analysis showed an independent association between a high birth weight and hypoglycemia, requiring correction. Conclusions. The incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia in the studied population did not vary based on the treatment received by the mother. This study supports the control of glycemia in these infants in daily practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Fetal Diseases , Hypoglycemia/etiology , Hypoglycemia/epidemiology , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/etiology , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Mothers
16.
Buenos Aires; GCBA. Gerencia Operativa de Epidemiología; 8 jul. 2022. f:12 l:19 p. tab, graf.(Boletín Epidemiológico Semanal: Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 7, 307).
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1391790

ABSTRACT

La hepatitis B es una infección vírica que afecta al hígado, puede dar lugar tanto a un cuadro agudo como a una enfermedad crónica, y se transmite por la vía sexual, vertical y parenteral. En este informe, se describe la situación mundial y nacional de esta patología, y su transmisión vertical, así como la caracterización de niños expuestos al virus durante el embarazo, nacidos en el Hospital Materno Infantil Ramón Sardá entre 2018 y 2021.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis B/transmission , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/epidemiology
19.
Mali Médical ; 28(3): 58-62, 30/09/2022. Tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397769

ABSTRACT

Introduction : L'infection néonatale bactérienne précoce (INBP) est une préoccupation majeure en néonatologie. Au Mali, aucune étude n'avait abordé cet aspect d'où l'initiation du présent travail afin d'étudier le profil épidémio-clinique, biologique et bactériologique de l'INBP. Matériel et méthodes :Il s'est agi d'une étude longitudinale descriptive qui s'est déroulée du 27 juin au 03 septembre 2016 ayant concerné les nouveau-nés d'âge ≤ à 72 heures hospitalisés pour INBP confirmée à l'hémoculture dans le service de néonatologie du département de pédiatrie du Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire (CHU) Gabriel Touré de Bamako. Les paramètres étudiés étaient les caractéristiques sociodémographiques et obstétricales des mères, les caractéristiques cliniques, biologiques et bactériologiques des nouveau-nés infectés précocement. Résultats : Sur les 324 hémocultures réalisées, 52 étaient positives soit une fréquence d'INBP de 11,04 %. Le sex-ratio était de 1,3 avec 73,1% de petit poids de naissance. A l'admission, 90,4 % des nouveau-nés avait moins de 24 H de vie et 86, 5%étaient des naissances hors du CHU Gabriel Touré. Les principaux signes cliniques étaient l'hyperthermie ou l'hypothermie et la détresse respiratoire. Les principales bactéries isolées à l'hémoculture étaient Staphylococcus aureus (55,8%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (13,5 %) et Escherichia coli (07,7 %). La sensibilité à la biantibiothérapie de première intention (ceftriaxone + gentamicine)était faible (63,6%) et celle de l'amikacine était meilleure (100 %). La moitié des nouveau-nés infectés précocement est décédée et 19,2% d'exéat sans accord médical a été enregistrée. Conclusion: L'infection néonatale bactérienne précoce est une cause majeure de morbi-mortalité néonatale. Dans notre contexte, l'amikacine pourrait être une meilleure alternative thérapeutique


Introduction: Early neonatal bacterial infection (ENBI) is a major concern in neonatology. In Mali, no study had addressed this aspect, hence the initiation of this work to study the epidemiological-clinical, biological and bacteriological profile of ENBI. Materials and methods: This were a descriptive longitudinal study that took place from june 27 to september 3, 2016 involving newborns aged ≤ 72 hours hospitalized for ENBI confirmed by blood culture in the neonatology service of the pediatrics department of the Center Hospitalier et Universitaire (CHU) Gabriel Toure in Bamako. The parameters studied were the socio-demographic and obstetrical characteristics of the mothers, the clinical, biological and bacteriological characteristics of newborns infected early. Results: Of the 324 blood cultures performed, 52 were positive, i.e. an ENBI frequency of 11.04%. The sex ratio was 1.3 with 73.1% low birth weight. On admission, 90.4% of newborns had less than 24 hours of life and 86.5% were births outside the CHU Gabriel Toure. The main clinical signs were hyperthermia or hypothermia and respiratory distress. The main bacteria isolated in blood culture were Staphylococcus aureus (55.8%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (13.5%) and Escherichia coli (07.7%). Sensitivity to first-line biantibiotic therapy (ceftriaxone + gentamicin) was low (63.6%) and that of amikacin was better (100%). Half of the newborns infected early died and 19.2% of exeat without medical agreement was recorded. Conclusion: Early neonatal bacterial infection is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In our context, amikacin could be a better therapeutic alternative


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , Hyperthermia , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infections , Staphylococcus
20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 73-78, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928658

ABSTRACT

To compare different illness severity scores in predicting mortality risk of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI). From January 1st, 2019 to January 1st, 2020, all ELBWI admitted in the Children's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care Hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University were included in the study. ELBWI with admission age ≥1 h, gestational age ≥37 weeks and incomplete data required for scoring were excluded. The clinical data were collected, neonatal critical illness score (NCIS), score for neonatal acute physiology version Ⅱ (SNAP-Ⅱ), simplified version of the score for neonatal acute physiology perinatal extension (SNAPPE-Ⅱ), clinical risk index for babies (CRIB) and CRIB-Ⅱ were calculated. The scores of the fatal group and the survival group were compared, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of the above illness severity scores for the mortality risk of ELBWI. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between illness scores and birth weight, illness scores and gestational age. A total of 192 ELBWI were finally included, of whom 114 cases survived (survival group) and 78 cases died (fatal group). There were significant differences in birth weight, gestational age and Apgar scores between fatal group and survival group (all <0.01). There were significant differences in NCIS, SNAP-Ⅱ, SNAPPE-Ⅱ, CRIB and CRIB-Ⅱ between fatal group and survival group (all <0.01). The CRIB had a relatively higher predictive value for the mortality risk. Its area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.787, the sensitivity was 0.678, the specificity was 0.804, and the Youden index was 0.482. The scores of NCIS, SNAP-Ⅱ, SNAPPE-Ⅱ, CRIB and CRIB-Ⅱ were significantly correlated with birth weight and gestational age (all <0.05). The correlation coefficients of CRIB-Ⅱ and CRIB with birth weight and gestational age were relatively large, and the correlations coefficients of NCIS with birth weight and gestational age were the smallest (0.191 and 0.244, respectively). Among these five illness severity scores, CRIB has better predictive value for the mortality risk in ELBWI. NCIS, which is widely used in China, has relatively lower sensitivity and specificity, and needs to be further revised.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn, Diseases/mortality , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Assessment/methods , Severity of Illness Index
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