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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202632, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155371

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The current Covid-19 pandemic has been the most discussed topic of the year, mostly about protection and ways to avoid dissemination of the virus. In the healthcare system, especially in the operating rooms, the viability of laparoscopic surgery was questioned, mostly because of the transmission through aerosol. This article tries to suggest a way to minimize risks of laparoscopic surgery, during this situation, by using electrostatic filters, a simple, effective and low cost alternative.


RESUMO A atual pandemia do Covid-19 tem sido o assunto mais discutido do ano de 2020, principalmente no que se refere a proteção e as formas de limitar a disseminação do vírus. No cenário hospitalar, mais especificamente no centro cirúrgico, a viabilidade da cirurgia laparoscópica foi questionada, em relação a transmissibilidade do vírus por aerossol. Este artigo sugere uma forma de minimizar os riscos em cirurgias laparoscópicas durante esse cenário, com o uso de filtros eletrostáticos de ventilação mecânica. Uma alternativa simples, eficaz e de baixo custo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumoperitoneum , Carbon Dioxide , Infection Control/methods , Laparoscopy , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pandemics
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179863

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Revisar a literatura científica especializada no que se refere à higienização das mãos (HM) dos acompanhantes de pacientes que recebem algum tipo de serviço de saúde. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa da literatura, realizada através de busca ativa nas bases de dados SciELO, Google Acadêmico e Periódicos CAPES, utilizando os descritores: acompanhantes de pacientes, higiene das mãos, patients escorts e hand hygiene. Resultados: Foi constatado que a literatura se concentra em situações às quais os pacientes pertencem à pediatria, devido à relativa facilidade em encontrar textos que versam quanto à instrução parental acerca da HM. No entanto, houve dificuldades em alcançar resultados que envolvessem pacientes adultos e/ou idosos. Conclusão: É importante realizar mais pesquisas que estudem o hábito da HM por parte dos acompanhantes de pacientes. A escassez de obras relacionadas à temática, mais especificamente no que tange aos acompanhantes de pacientes adultos e/ou idosos, evidencia a omissão de preparo do corpo de profissionais de saúde em atentar-se a tal parte tão crucial para a prevenção das infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde


Objective: Review the specialized scientific literature regarding hand hygiene (HH) of caregivers of patients receiving some type of health service. Methodology: It is a narrative literature review accomplished through active search in databases SciELO, Google Schoolar and Periódicos CAPES, under the descriptors: acompanhantes de pacientes, higiene das mãos, patients escorts and hand hygiene. Results: It was found that the literature focuses on situations in which patients belong to pediatrics, due to the relative ease in finding texts that deal with parental instruction about HH. However, there were difficulties in achieving results involving adult and/or elderly patients. Conclusion: More research is needed to study the habit of HH by caregivers of patients. The scarcity of works related to the theme, specifically with regard to caregivers of adult and/or elderly patients, shows the omission of preparation of the body of health professionals to pay attention to such a crucial part for the prevention of healthcare-related infections


Subject(s)
Humans , Caregivers , Hand Hygiene , Infection Control/methods , Patient Safety
3.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 468-473, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134522

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El 11 de marzo del 2020, la OMS reconoció al COVID-19 como pandemia mundial. El coronavirus (COVID-19) ha desafiado a los sistemas de salud y demanda una rápida reacción de respuesta, ante el aumento de infectados. El ámbito del trabajo odontológico, está sujeto a un riesgo significativo de contaminación cruzada y difusión de esta enfermedad, siendo muy importante las estrictas medidas de protección. El objetivo de esta revisión es informar sobre las medidas que se deben realizar durante los tratamientos dentro del consultorio dental para prevenir la propagación del COVID-19.


ABSTRACT: On March 11, 2020, the WHO recognized COVID-19 as a global pandemic. The coronavirus (COVID-19) has challenged health systems and demands a quick response reaction, due to the increase in infected people. The field of dental work is subject to a significant risk of cross contamination and spread of this disease, with strict protection measures being very important. The aim of this review is to inform about the measures that must be carried out during treatments in the dental office to prevent the spread of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Dental Care , Infection Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Dental Offices/standards
4.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 474-480, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134523

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La nueva enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) es la última patología de preocupación internacional. Originada en Wuhan, China, se extendió rápidamente a nivel mundial, razón por la cual fue declarada una emergencia de salud pública. Sus síntomas principales son fiebre, tos, dolor de garganta, dificultad respiratoria, fatiga, malestar general y la anosmia, que ha sido incorporada recientemente. Sin embargo, también se han descrito múltiples casos asintomáticos que han alarmado a la población general. Esta enfermedad, se caracteriza por su alta tasa de contagio y su mecanismo de propagación es el contacto cercano entre personas y a través de fluidos corporales como la saliva y secreciones de las vías aéreas. El personal de salud es especialmente vulnerable a la infección debido a su gran exposición a las secreciones oronasales de los pacientes, sobre todo, aquellas especialidades médicas y odontológicas cuyo campo de acción se centra en estas áreas, siendo la cirugía oral y maxilofacial una de ellas, teniendo un alto riesgo de transmisión de SARS-CoV-2. Por lo tanto, es fundamental para este personal, seguir protocolos de prevención y control de infecciones, junto con una correcta anamnesis, examen y diagnóstico de los pacientes que permita establecer una priorización en las atenciones quirúrgicas, disminuyendo la propagación del virus. El objetivo de esta revisión es conocer las recomendaciones básicas para la priorización de pacientes y el cuidado en los procedimientos quirúrgicos por parte del equipo de cirugía maxilofacial durante la pandemia por COVID-19.


ABSTRACT: The new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the latest pathology of international concern. Originating in Wuhan, China, it spread rapidly worldwide, which is why it was declared a public health emergency. Its main symptoms are fever, cough, sore throat, shortness of breath, fatigue, general discomfort, and anosmia, which has been recently incorporated. However, multiple asymptomatic cases have also been described that have alarmed the general population. This disease is characterized by its high contagion rate and its propagation mechanism is close contact between people and through bodily fluids such as saliva and airway secretions. Health personnel are especially vulnerable to infection due to their high exposure to patients' oronasal secretions, especially those medical and dental specialties whose field of action focuses on these areas, oral and maxillofacial surgery being one of them, having a high risk of transmission of SARS-CoV-2. Therefore, it is essential for these personnel to follow infection prevention and control protocols, together with a correct anamnesis, examination, and diagnosis of patients, which allows prioritizing surgical care, reducing the spread of the virus. The objective of this review is to know the basic recommendations for patient prioritization and care in surgical procedures by the maxillofacial surgery team during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Surgery, Oral/methods , Infection Control/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Surgery, Oral/classification , Algorithms , Elective Surgical Procedures , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Personal Protective Equipment
5.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 694-700, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134559

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: We present an integrative review of the literature conducted to find and analyse specific measures for disinfection and/or sterilization of intraoral complex instruments, applicable to intraoral scanners. We performed a two-stage search in the PubMed/MEDLINE, SciELO, REDALYCS, and LILACS databases, and the Google Scholar website, which included full articles in Spanish, Portuguese, and English. The strategy associated the terms 'disinfection', 'biosecurity', 'decontamination', and (a) 'intraoral scanners', and (b) other 'semi-critical' intraoral complex instruments, according to the American Dental Association definition (e.g., 'turbine', etc). Strategy (a) produced just one outcome, whereas (b) produced nine articles, which only suggested low-level disinfectants.The lack of empirically based protocols that allow effective microbiological control makes it necessary to create a new categorization for these instruments when trying to comply with American Dental Association recommendations for dental practice.


RESUMEN: Presentamos una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada para encontrar y analizar medidas específicas de desinfección y / o esterilización de instrumentos complejos intraorales, aplicables a los escáneres intraorales. Realizamos una búsqueda en dos etapas en las bases de datos PubMed / MEDLINE, SciELO, REDALYCS y LILACS, y en el sitio web Google Scholar, que incluía artículos completos en español, portugués e inglés. La estrategia asoció los términos 'desinfección', 'bioseguridad', 'descontaminación' y (a) 'escáneres intraorales', y (b) otros instrumentos complejos intraorales 'semicríticos', según la definición de la Asociación Dental Ameri- cana (p. Ej., 'turbina', etc.). La estrategia (a) produjo un solo resultado, mientras que (b) produjo nueve artículos, que solo sugirieron desinfectantes de bajo nivel. La falta de protocolos de base empírica que permitan un control microbiológico efectivo hace necesario crear una nueva categorización para estos instrumentos, cuando se trata de cumplir con las recomendaciones de la Asociación Dental Americana para la práctica dental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sterilization/methods , Dental Impression Technique/instrumentation , Infection Control/methods , Practice Patterns, Dentists'/standards , Societies, Dental , Sterilization/standards , Disinfection/methods , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. , Dental Equipment
6.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 138(6): 505-514, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145128

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Faced with a pandemic, all healthcare actions need to reflect best practices, in order to avoid high transmissibility, complications and even hospitalizations. For hospital environments, the products recommended and authorized by regulatory institutions for environmental cleaning and disinfection need to be highly effective. OBJECTIVE: To identify, systematically evaluate and summarize the best available scientific evidence on environmental cleaning to prevent COVID-19 infection. DESIGN AND SETTING: A systematic review of studies analyzing cleaning products that inactivate coronavirus, conducted within the evidence-based health program of a federal university in São Paulo (SP), Brazil. METHODS: A systematic search of the relevant literature was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and LILACS databases, for articles published up to May 27, 2020, relating to studies evaluating cleaning products that inactivate coronavirus in the environment. RESULTS: Seven studies were selected. These analyzed use of 70% alcohol, detergent, detergent containing iodine, household bleach, sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, chlorine dioxide, glutaraldehyde, ultraviolet irradiation and plasma air purifier. The effectiveness of treating sewage with sodium hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide was also evaluated. CONCLUSION: Disinfection of environments, especially those in ordinary use, such as bathrooms, needs to be done constantly. Viral inactivation was achieved using chlorine-based disinfectants, alcohol, detergents, glutaraldehyde, iodine-containing detergents, hydrogen peroxide compounds and household bleaches. Alcohol showed efficient immediate activity. In sewage, sodium hypochlorite had better action than chlorine dioxide. REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/YC5P4 in the Open Science Framework.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disinfection/methods , Infection Control/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Brazil , Disinfectants
7.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 35(1): 52-57, oct. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366683

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Acute Myocardial Infarction is a medical emergency, being his early and adequate treatment highly effective mainly in relation to reperfusion therapy. Unfortunately, COVID ­ 19 pandemic, has brought changes in its management due to availability of conditioned hemodynamic rooms, infection risk of the professionals, patient conditions and availability of critical unit beds. A review of the topic was made aimed to give a guide for the management of these patients with the available tools. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A review of the topic was made using the Medline/ Pubmed platform, in English and Spanish. Further, published articles in journals as The journal of the American college of cardiology and Circulation were included. CONCLUSIONS: The reperfusion strategies must be used according to the clinical context of the patient. In the acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation, fibrinolytic treatment may be chosen in low risk and without hemodynamic instability. In patients with hemodynamic instability, not eligible for fibrinolytic treatment or in whom this therapy fails, percutaneous angioplasty is indicated considering the protection of personnel. In the case of acute myocardial infarction without ST elevation, the treatment by urgent percutaneous angioplasty is considered in cases of hemodynamic instability or malignant arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Acute Coronary Syndrome/virology , Pandemics , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/epidemiology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Infection Control/methods , Risk Assessment , Acute Coronary Syndrome/therapy , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/complications , ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Contraindications, Drug , Tenecteplase/administration & dosage
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(9): 562-568, Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137873

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present comprehensive review aims to show the full extent of what is known to date and provide a more thorough view on the effects of SARS-CoV2 in pregnancy. Methods Between March 29 and May, 2020, the words COVID-19, SARS-CoV2, COVID- 19 and pregnancy, SARS-CoV2 and pregnancy, and SARS and pregnancy were searched in the PubMed and Google Scholar databases; the guidelines from well-known societies and institutions (Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists [RCOG], American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [ACOG], International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology [ISUOG], Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics [FIGO]) were also included. Conclusion The COVID-19 outbreak resulted in a pandemic with > 3.3 million cases and 230 thousand deaths until May 2nd. It is caused by the SARS-CoV2 virus and may lead to severe pulmonary infection and multi-organ failure. Past experiences show that unique characteristics in pregnancy make pregnant women more susceptible to complications from viral infections. Yet, this has not been reported with this new virus. There are risk factors that seem to increase morbidity in pregnancy, such as obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 35), asthma and cardiovascular disease. Current reports describe an increased rate of pretermbirth and C-section. Vertical transmission


Resumo Objetivo A presente revisão detalhada busca fornecer dados objetivos para avaliar o que se sabe até o momento e possibilitar uma visãomais ampla dos efeitos do SARSCoV2 na gravidez. Métodos Entre 29 demarço e 2 de maio de 2020, foi realizada uma busca nos bancos de dados PubMed e Google Scholar com as palavras COVID-19, SARS-CoV2, COVID-19 e gravidez, SARS-CoV2 e gravidez, e SARS e gravidez. As recomendações dos principais órgãos sobre o tema também foram acessadas. Conclusão O surto de COVID-19 resultou em uma pandemia com> 3.3 milhões de casos e 230 mil mortes até 2 de maio. É uma condição causada pelo vírus SARS-CoV2 e pode levar ao acometimento pulmonar difuso e à falência de múltiplos órgãos. Características únicas da gestante tornam essa população mais propensas a complicações de infecções virais. Até o momento, essa tendência não foi observada para esse novo vírus. Os fatores que parecem estar associados à maior morbidade materno-fetal são obesidade (índice demassa corporal [IMC] > 35), asma e doença cardiovascular. Há descrição de aumento de parto prematuro e parto cesáreo. Não se pode descartar a possibilidade de transmissão vertical da doença, devido a relatos de positividade de reação em cadeia de polimerase (RT-PCR) de swab nasal, RT-PCR de líquido amniótico e imunoglobulina M (IgM) de recém-nascidos. Tratamentos devem ser analisados caso a caso, dada a falta de qualidade de estudos que comprovem a sua eficácia e segurança na gravidez. O corpo clínico deve utilizar equipamentos de proteção individual (EPI) ao manusear pacientes suspeitos ou confirmados e ficar atento aos sinais de descompensação respiratória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Global Health , Risk Factors , Infection Control/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Patient-to-Professional/prevention & control , Perinatal Care/methods , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Premature Birth/epidemiology , Premature Birth/virology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
9.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(6): 349-355, June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137837

ABSTRACT

Abstract The new coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2, SARSCoV- 2) is a virus that causes a potentially serious respiratory disease that has spread in several countries, reaching humans in all age groups, including pregnant women. The purpose of this protocol is to provide technical and scientific support to Brazilian obstetricians regarding childbirth, postpartum and abortion care during the pandemic.


Resumo O novo coronavírus (severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV- 2) é umvírus que causa uma doença respiratória potencialmente grave que se espalhou por vários países, acometendo seres humanos de todas as faixas etárias, incluindo gestantes. O propósito deste protocolo é fornecer apoio técnico e científico aos obstetras brasileiros com relação aos cuidados no parto, pós-parto e aborto durante a pandemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Infection Control/methods , Infection Control/organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Perinatal Care/methods , Disease Transmission, Infectious/prevention & control , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Delivery, Obstetric/methods , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/prevention & control , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Brazil , Comorbidity , Abortion, Legal/methods , Risk Assessment/methods , Betacoronavirus/isolation & purification , COVID-19 Testing , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; (2020: Covid-19 Special): 14-19, mayo 31, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151349

ABSTRACT

Hasta el 27 de marzo del 2020 la Organización Mundial de la Salud ya había publicado 67 informes sobre el estado del coronavirus donde reporta a nivel mundial 509164 casos confirmados, 46484 nuevos casos confirmados, 23335 muertos y 2501 nuevos muertos. El odontólogo juega un papel importante ya que los dispositivos que utiliza en la práctica dental tienen el potencial de generar aerosoles, están constantemente contaminados y si no se lleva a cabo una buena desinfección y esterilización se puede llegar a desarrollar una infección cruzada. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo informar sobre esta nueva enfermedad a la comunidad en general y en especial al profesional que vela por la salud bucal de la población. Ya que el odontólogo debe ser capaz de evaluar los casos sospechosos infectados por el nuevo coronavirus. Al mismo tiempo, se pretende que el odontólogo tome conciencia acerca de esta nueva enfermedad y afiance los conocimientos básicos de bioseguridad, para ponerlo en práctica en la consulta odontológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral , Dental Care , Infection Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/pathology , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
13.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 31(1): 9-20, mayo 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1103076

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 disease has recently spread from its original place in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, to the entire world, and has been declared to be a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. All countries in America, in particular Chile, show an important increase in COVID-19 cases and deaths. The clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are a broad spectrum, from asymptomatic mild disease, to severe respiratory failure, shock, multiorgan dysfunction and death. Thus, high clinical suspicion and appropriate structure risk stratification are needed. Health care teams in endoscopy units, are at an increased risk of infection by COVID-19 from inhalation of droplets, mucosae contact, probably contamination due to contact with stools. Endoscopic aerosolized associated infections have also been reported. Different societies' recommendations, have recently placed digestive endoscopy (especially upper) among the high risk aerosol generating procedures (AGPs). In addition, live virus has been found in patient stools. On top of this, the infected health professionals may transmit the infection to their patients. Health care infection prevention and control (HCIPC), has been shown to be effective in assuring the safety of both health care personnel and patients. This is not limited to the correct use of personal protective equipment (PPE), but is based on a clear, detailed and well communicated HCIPC strategy, risk stratification, use of PPE, and careful interventions in patients with moderate and high risk of COVID-19. A conscientious approach regarding limited resources is important, as the simultaneous outbreak in all countries heavily affects the availability of health supplies. The Chilean Gastroenterology Society (SChGE) and Digestive Endoscopy Association of Chile (ACHED) are joining to provide continued updated guidance in order to assure the highest level of protection against COVID-19, for both patients and health care workers. This guideline will be updated online as needed.


El brote de la enfermedad denominada COVID-19, se ha extendido desde su origen en Wuhan, provincia de Hubei, China, a todo el mundo. La Organización Mundial de la Salud lo declaró pandemia en marzo de 2020. Todos los países de América, en especial Chile, presentan incremento de casos y fallecidos. Las manifestaciones clínicas de COVID-19 van desde una enfermedad leve, hasta insuficiencia respiratoria severa, shock, disfunción orgánica y muerte. Se necesita una alta sospecha clínica y una adecuada estratificación del riesgo. El equipo de salud en las unidades de endoscopia, tiene un mayor riesgo de COVID-19 que otras unidades clínicas y de apoyo diagnóstico, dada la mayor exposición a inhalación de gotas, contacto posible con mucosas y contaminación por contacto con deposiciones. Recomendaciones de diferentes sociedades colocan la endoscopia digestiva (especialmente la esofagogastroscopia o endoscopia digestiva alta, EDA) entre los procedimientos generadores de aerosoles (PGA) de alto riesgo. Además, se han encontrado virus viables en las deposiciones de los pacientes. Potencialmente, los profesionales de la salud infectados podrían contagiar a los pacientes. Se ha demostrado que la prevención y control de infecciones asociadas a la atención de salud (IAAS), son efectivos para garantizar la seguridad tanto del personal de salud, como de los pacientes. Esto no es solamente el correcto uso del equipo de protección personal (EPP), sino que se basa en una clara estrategia de IAAS, bien comunicada, con estratificación de riesgo, uso de EPP e intervenciones correctas en pacientes con riesgo moderado y alto. Es relevante un enfoque sobre los limitados recursos, dado la simultaneidad del brote en todos los países, que afecta la disponibilidad de insumos. La Sociedad Chilena de Gastroenterología (SChGE) y la Asociación Chilena de Endoscopia Digestiva (ACHED) publican esta guía actualizada para apoyar las buenas prácticas contra COVID-19, tanto para pacientes como para el equipo de salud. Esta guía podrá tener actualizaciones según avance la información disponible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Digestive System/standards , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Infection Control/methods , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Hospital Units/standards
14.
Carmolândia; [S.n]; 13 abr. 2020. 25 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-TO | ID: biblio-1128784

ABSTRACT

Orienta na campanha para ações de combate ao Coronavírus (Covid-19) no município de Carmolândia no Tocantins. Promove campanha de prevenção nas escolas e unidades de saúde, por meio de Educação em Saúde à população acerca da forma de prevenção do Covid 19; Confeccionar panfletos e folders com orientação à população sobre o novo corona vírus; Preparar equipe para eventual contaminação no município, por meio de educação permanente em saúde realizada entre coordenação e equipe de saúde municipal.


He guides in the campaign for actions to fight the Coronavirus (Covid-19) in the municipality of Carmolândia in Tocantins. It promotes a prevention campaign in schools and health units, through Health Education to the population about how to prevent Covid 19; Making pamphlets and folders with guidance to the population on the new corona virus; Prepare the team for possible contamination in the municipality, through permanent health education carried out between coordination and the municipal health team.


Orienta en la campaña de acciones para combatir el Coronavirus (Covid-19) en el municipio de Carmolândia en Tocantins. Promueve una campaña de prevención en escuelas y unidades de salud, a través de Educación para la Salud a la población sobre cómo prevenir la Covid 19; Elaboración de folletos y carpetas con orientación a la población sobre el nuevo virus corona; Preparar al equipo ante una posible contaminación en el municipio, a través de la educación permanente en salud realizada entre la coordinación y el equipo de salud municipal.


Il guide dans la campagne d'actions de lutte contre le Coronavirus (Covid-19) dans la commune de Carmolândia à Tocantins. Il promeut une campagne de prévention dans les écoles et les unités de santé, à travers l'éducation sanitaire auprès de la population sur la manière de prévenir Covid 19; Faire des brochures et des dossiers avec des conseils à la population sur le nouveau virus corona; Préparer l'équipe à une éventuelle contamination de la commune, grâce à une éducation sanitaire permanente menée entre la coordination et l'équipe sanitaire municipale.


Subject(s)
Humans , Communicable Disease Control , Infection Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Primary Health Care/organization & administration , Contingency Plans , Epidemiological Monitoring , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution
15.
Palmas; [Secretaria de Estado da Saúde]; 2 abr. 2020. 2 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-TO | ID: biblio-1120804

ABSTRACT

Orienta quanto a higiene das mãos e disponibilização a funcionários e entregadores o acesso fácil a pias providas com água corrente, sabonete líquido, toalhas de papel descartáveis, lixeiras com tampa de acionamento por pedal, além de frascos com álcool gel 70%.


As for hand hygiene and providing employees and delivery personnel with easy access to sinks provided with running water, liquid soap, disposable paper towels, trash cans with a pedal-operated lid, in addition to bottles with 70% alcohol gel.


En cuanto a la higiene de manos y al personal y repartidor de fácil acceso a lavabos provistos de agua corriente, jabón líquido, toallas de papel desechables, basureros con tapa a pedal, además de botellas con gel de alcohol al 70%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Food Hygiene/instrumentation , Control and Sanitary Supervision of Foods and Beverages , Urban Population/classification , Infection Control/methods , Outsourced Services/standards , Health Risk , Product Release , Small Business , e-Commerce , Occupational Groups/classification
16.
Aurora do Tocantins; [S.n]; 18 mar. 2020. 62 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-TO | ID: biblio-1123412

ABSTRACT

Orienta na campanha para ações de combate ao Coronavírus (Covid-19) no município de Aurora no Tocantins. Apresenta quais as definições de casos de infecção humana pelo COVID-19. Orientações de como notificar ao Centro de Informações Estratégicas de Vigilância em Saúde (CIEVS). Quais os períodos de incubação da doença. Fatores sobre a transmissão e tratamento. Investigação epidemiológica. Quais atribuições da Vigilância em Saúde. Orientações para a coleta de amostras no Laboratório Central de Saúde Pública do Tocantins (LACEN-TO) bem como a técnica de coleta de Swabde nasofaringe e orofaringe (swabs combinados), o acondicionamento, transporte e envio das amostras. Traz as recomendações para a coleta de amostras em situação de óbito. Mostra as medidas de prevenção e controle Precauções padrão, as medidas de isolamento. Transporte do paciente. Como se dá a Limpeza e desinfecção de superfícies.


He guides in the campaign for actions to combat the Coronavirus (Covid-19) in the municipality of Aurora in Tocantins. It presents the definitions of cases of human infection by COVID-19. Guidelines on how to notify the Health Surveillance Strategic Information Center (CIEVS). What are the disease incubation periods. Factors about transmission and treatment. Epidemiological investigation. Which attributions of Health Surveillance. Guidelines for the collection of samples at the Central Laboratory of Public Health of Tocantins (LACEN-TO) as well as the technique of collecting Swabde nasopharynx and oropharynx (combined swabs), packaging, transport and sending of samples . It provides recommendations for the collection of samples in situations of death. Shows prevention and control measures Standard precautions, isolation measures. Transporting the patient. How to clean and disinfect surfaces.


Orienta en la campaña de acciones de combate al Coronavirus (Covid-19) en el municipio de Aurora en Tocantins. Presenta las definiciones de casos de infección humana por COVID-19. Directrices sobre cómo notificar al Centro de Información Estratégica de Vigilancia Sanitaria (CIEVS). Cuáles son los períodos de incubación de la enfermedad. Factores de transmisión y tratamiento. Investigación epidemiológica. Qué atribuciones de la Vigilancia Sanitaria. Lineamientos para la recolección de muestras en el Laboratorio Central de Salud Pública de Tocantins (LACEN-TO) así como la técnica de recolección de Swabde nasofaringe y orofaringe (hisopos combinados), el empaque, transporte y envío de las muestras . Proporciona recomendaciones para la recolección de muestras en situaciones de muerte. Muestra medidas de prevención y control Precauciones estándar, medidas de aislamiento. Transporte del paciente. Cómo limpiar y desinfectar superficies.


Il guide dans la campagne d'actions de lutte contre le Coronavirus (Covid-19) dans la commune d'Aurora à Tocantins. Il présente les définitions des cas d'infection humaine par COVID-19. Lignes directrices sur la manière de notifier le Centre d'information stratégique de surveillance sanitaire (CIEVS). Quelles sont les périodes d'incubation de la maladie. Facteurs de transmission et de traitement. Enquête épidémiologique. Quelles attributions de Surveillance de la Santé. Directives pour le prélèvement d'échantillons au Laboratoire Central de Santé Publique de Tocantins (LACEN-TO) ainsi que la technique de prélèvement Swabde rhinopharynx et oropharynx (écouvillons combinés), emballage, transport et envoi des échantillons . Il fournit des recommandations pour le prélèvement d'échantillons en cas de décès. Affiche les mesures de prévention et de contrôle Précautions standard, mesures d'isolement. Transport du patient. Comment nettoyer et désinfecter les surfaces.


Subject(s)
Infection Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Contingency Plans , Patient Isolation/instrumentation , Transportation of Patients/methods , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution
17.
Augustinópolis; [S.n]; 17 mar. 2020. 17 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-TO | ID: biblio-1123411

ABSTRACT

Orienta na campanha para ações de combate ao Coronavírus (Covid-19) no município de Augustinópolis no Tocantins. Busca promover a prevenção e evitar a transmissão de casos de infecção pelo COVID19. Tenta garantir a detecção, notificação, investigação de casos suspeitos de forma oportuna. Organiza o fluxo de ações de prevenção e controle do Coronavirus. Estabelece insumos estratégicos na utilização de casos suspeitos. Traz estratégias para redução da transmissão da doença, por meio do monitoramento e controle dos pacientes já detectados. Intensifica ações de capacitação dos profissionais de saúde da rede municipal. Garante assistência ao paciente, com garantia de acesso e manejo clinico adequado. Monitora e avalia a situação epidemiológica para orientar a tomada de decisão. Define as atividades de educação, mobilização social e comunicação que serão implementadas.


He guides in the campaign for actions to combat the Coronavirus (Covid-19) in the municipality of Augustinópolis in Tocantins. It seeks to promote prevention and avoid the transmission of cases of infection by COVID19. It tries to ensure the detection, notification, investigation of suspected cases in a timely manner. Organizes the flow of Coronavirus prevention and control actions. Establishes strategic inputs in the use of suspected cases. It brings strategies to reduce the transmission of the disease, through the monitoring and control of patients already detected. Intensifies training actions for health professionals in the municipal network. Ensures patient care, with guaranteed access and adequate clinical management. Monitors and evaluates the epidemiological situation to guide decision making. Defines the activities of education, social mobilization and communication that will be implemented.


Orienta en la campaña de acciones de combate al Coronavirus (Covid-19) en el municipio de Augustinópolis en Tocantins. Busca promover la prevención y evitar la transmisión de casos de infección por COVID19. Intenta garantizar la detección, notificación e investigación de casos sospechosos de manera oportuna. Organiza el flujo de acciones de prevención y control del coronavirus. Establece insumos estratégicos en el uso de casos sospechosos. Aporta estrategias para reducir la transmisión de la enfermedad, mediante el seguimiento y control de los pacientes ya detectados. Intensifica las acciones formativas de los profesionales sanitarios de la red municipal. Asegura la atención al paciente, con acceso garantizado y un adecuado manejo clínico. Monitorea y evalúa la situación epidemiológica para orientar la toma de decisiones. Define las actividades de educación, movilización social y comunicación que se implementarán.


Il guide dans la campagne d'actions de lutte contre le Coronavirus (Covid-19) dans la municipalité d'Augustinópolis à Tocantins. Il vise à promouvoir la prévention et à éviter la transmission des cas d'infection par COVID19. Il essaie d'assurer la détection, la notification et l'enquête des cas suspects en temps opportun. Organise le flux des actions de prévention et de contrôle des coronavirus. Établit des apports stratégiques dans l'utilisation des cas suspects. Il apporte des stratégies pour réduire la transmission de la maladie, à travers le suivi et le contrôle des patients déjà détectés. Intensifie les actions de formation des professionnels de santé du réseau municipal. Assure les soins aux patients, avec un accès garanti et une prise en charge clinique adéquate. Surveille et évalue la situation épidémiologique pour guider la prise de décision. Définit les activités d'éducation, de mobilisation sociale et de communication qui seront mises en œuvre.


Subject(s)
Infection Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Contingency Plans , Specimen Handling/instrumentation , Quarantine/standards , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution
18.
Arraias; [S.n]; 17 mar. 2020. 37 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-TO | ID: biblio-1123410

ABSTRACT

Orienta na campanha para ações de combate ao Coronavírus (Covid-19) no município de Arraias no Tocantins.


He guides in the campaign for actions to combat the Coronavirus (Covid-19) in the municipality of Arraias in Tocantins.


Orienta en la campaña de acciones de combate al Coronavirus (Covid-19) en el municipio de Arraias en Tocantins.


Il guide dans la campagne d'actions de lutte contre le Coronavirus (Covid-19) dans la commune d'Arraias à Tocantins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Specimen Handling/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Disease Notification/methods , Contingency Plans , Primary Health Care/organization & administration , Quarantine/standards , Infection Control/methods , Personal Protective Equipment/supply & distribution
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(3): 338-341, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1114903

ABSTRACT

El SARS-CoV-2 es un tipo de coronavirus con un alto grado de contagio entre pacientes y personal de salud, por lo que ha provocado la emergencia sanitaria más grande de los últimos años. El siguiente articulo busca presentar diversas consideraciones para la práctica de la cirugía oral, a fin de disminuir la probabilidad de contagio de SARS-CoV2 en odontólogos. Entre estas destacan, la higiene y lavado de manos tanto de profesionales como de pacientes, medidas de desinfección, bioseguridad y condiciones pre-quirúrgicas, intraoperatorias y postquirúrgicas. Se debe considerar no realizar procedimientos quirúrgicos electivos y en lo posible diferir la atención odontológica en pacientes con padecimientos no urgentes y aquellos con signos y síntomas de COVID-19.


SARS-CoV-2 is a type of coronavirus with a high degree of contagion between patients and health personnel, which is why it has caused the largest health emergency in recent years. The following article seeks to present various recommendations for the practice of oral surgery in order to reduce the probability of contagion of SARSCoV-2 for Dental Surgeons. The most outstanding are hygiene and hand washing for both professionals and patients, disinfection measures, biosecurity and pre-surgical, intraoperative and post-surgical conditions. Consideration should be given not to perform elective surgical procedures and, where possible, defer dental care in patients with non-urgent conditions and those with signs and symptoms of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Surgery, Oral/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pandemics/prevention & control , Disinfection , Hand Disinfection , Infection Control/methods , Perioperative Care , Emergencies , Betacoronavirus
20.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 34: e37259, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1137051

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar a experiência vivenciada por enfermeiros executores da comissão de controle de infecção hospitalar, em um hospital público, no combate ao novo coronavírus. Método: trata-se de um relato de experiência sobre as medidas de prevenção e controle ao novo coronavírus à luz das recomendações da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, realizado no período de março a maio de 2020. Resultados: evidenciam-se mudanças de práticas, normas e rotinas por toda a equipe de saúde que visam a qualidade e segurança da assistência à saúde ao paciente, bem como a proteção aos trabalhadores dos serviços de saúde. Conclusão: o cenário atual exigiu da comissão de controle de infecção hospitalar desenvolver competências e ações para o enfrentamento do novo coronavírus e a implementação de um plano de contingência no ambiente hospitalar. A coparticipação da equipe interdisciplinar foi fundamental para efetivação do novo processo de trabalho frente à pandemia.


Objetivo: relatar la experiencia de las enfermeras ejecutoras del comité de control de infecciones hospitalarias, en un hospital público, en la lucha contra el nuevo coronavirus. Método: Se trata de un relato de la experiencia sobre las medidas de prevención y control del nuevo coronavirus a la luz de las recomendaciones de la Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria, realizado de marzo a mayo de 2020. Resultados: son evidentes los cambios en las prácticas, normas y rutinas en todo el equipo de atención de la salud con miras a la calidad y la seguridad de la atención al paciente, así como la protección de los trabajadores de la salud. Conclusión: el escenario actual ha requerido que el comité de control de infecciones hospitalarias desarrolle competencias y acciones para enfrentar el nuevo coronavirus e implementar un plan de contingencia en el ambiente hospitalario. La coparticipación del equipo interdisciplinario fue fundamental para la puesta en marcha del nuevo proceso de trabajo ante la pandemia.


Objective: to report the experience of the executing nurses of the hospital infection control committee, in a public hospital, in the combat of the new coronavirus. Method: This is an experience report on prevention and control measures against the new coronavirus in light of the recommendations of the National Health Surveillance Agency, carried out from March to May 2020. Results: changes in practices, standards and routines are evident throughout the health care team aimed at the quality and safety of patient care, as well as the protection of health services workers. Conclusion: the current scenario required the hospital infection control committee to develop competencies and actions to confront the new coronavirus and to implement a contingency plan in the hospital environment. The co-participation of the interdisciplinary team was fundamental for the realization of the new work process in face of the pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross Infection , Infection Control/methods , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Patient Safety , Occupational Health Nursing , Occupational Health , Quality Management , Pandemics , Epidemiological Monitoring
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