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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(2): 107-112, maio-ago. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1372953

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar uma revisão atualizada sobre o papel dos polimorfismos genéticos na etiologia da endometriose. Trata-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica feita no PubMed utilizando os descritores "polymorphism and endometriosis". Foram identificados 36 artigos e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão foram selecionados 17 artigos para a amostra final. Os principais resultados foram: 1) cerca de 60% dos artigos foram publicados em 2019; 2) em 35,3% dos estudos o número de casos e controles investigados foi menor que 100; 3) a maioria dos trabalhos investigou de um a dois polimorfismos por gene; 4) a produção científica sobre endometriose é maior em países orientais; 5) houve heterogeneidade quanto aos periódicos onde os trabalhos foram publicados; 6) as principais técnicas para detecção de polimorfismos foi a PCR-RFLP e o PCR em tempo real, com frequências semelhantes. Em suma, os polimorfismos genéticos podem estar implicados na etiologia da endometriose.


The aim of this study is to present an updated review on the role of genetic polymorphisms in the etiology of endometriosis. This is a literature review made on PubMed using the descriptors "polymorphism and endometriosis". A total 36 articles were identified and, after applying the inclusion criteria, 17 articles were selected for the final sample. The main results were: 1) approximately 60% of the articles were published in 2019; 2) 35.3% of the studies investigated less than 100 cases and controls; 3) most studies investigated one to two polymorphisms per gene; 4) scientific production on endometriosis is higher in Eastern countries; 5) heterogeneity was observed regarding the journals where works were published; 6) the main techniques for detecting polymorphisms were PCR-RFLP and real-time PCR, with similar frequencies. In summary, it can be concluded that genetic polymorphisms may be implicated in the etiology of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Infertility, Female/diagnosis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927350

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of conventional ovulation induction protocol and acupuncture combined with conventional ovulation induction protocol on pregnancy outcomes of frozen embryo transfer (FET) in patients with anovulatory infertility.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with anovulatory infertility were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each group. In the control group, conventional ovulation induction protocol was applied to prepare endometrium. On the basis of the control group, acupuncture was started on the 2nd day of menstrual cycle in the observation group,Baihui (GV 20), Mingmen (GV 4), Geshu (BL 17), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. were selected, once every other day, until 1 day before transplantation. The clinical pregnancy rate, embryo implantation rate, endometrial morphology on HCG trigger day, ovulation rate and cycle cancellation rate were compared in the two groups. The endometrial thickness before treatment and on HCG trigger day, TCM symptom score before and after treatment were observed in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the observation group, the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate were higher than the control group (P<0.05), endometrial thickness and endometrial morphology on HCG trigger day were superior to the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TCM symptom score in the observation group was decreased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and the variation was greater than the control group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of the conventional ovulation induction protocol, acupuncture could enhance the embryo implantation rate and clinical pregnancy rate of FET, improve the endometrial receptivity of patients with anovulatory infertility.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Embryo Transfer , Female , Humans , Infertility, Female/therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Rate
3.
Afr. j. reprod. health ; 26(6): 1-16, 2022. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1382379

ABSTRACT

Research around the world has indicated that the demand for egg donation has grown considerably among young females. This study qualitatively examines the knowledge, experiences, and motivations of young egg donors at a Nigerian health facility. Indepth interviews were conducted in Igbo and English with consenting thirty-one egg donors attending a fertility clinic in Anambra State, south-eastern Nigeria. Data were collected and analysed to generate themes with the aid of NVivo 10 software. Three themes were identified from the participants' motivations and include (a) monetary (93.6%), (b) altruistic (3.2%), and (c) both monetary and altruistic reasons (3.2%). Findings highlighted that the differences were based on a variety of reasons in Nigeria. All the participants were literate and single, and the majority received payment. The majority (77.4%) of those who received payment mentioned that the payment was not worth the donation program. The participants preferred to be anonymous because they had not discussed their donation with their family members, and the non-acceptance of egg donation program by the Nigerian society. Given that the market for egg donation has become a common method of infertility management in Nigeria, our findings have important implications for practices, policy actions, and future research. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[6]:64-79).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Zygote , Young Adult , Demography , Infertility, Female , Motivation
4.
Rev. abordagem gestál. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 279-290, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340873

ABSTRACT

A infertilidade repercute como uma problemática em diferentes âmbitos. No tocante à esfera do casal, trata-se de uma situação que pode afetar ambos os cônjuges e opera na satisfação conjugal. Portanto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi conhecer de que modo a conjugalidade é afetada pela infertilidade feminina a partir da produção científica nacional e internacional. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura científica indexada nas bases/bibliotecas PUBMED, PsycINFO e LILACS entre 2008 e 2018, nos idiomas português, espanhol e inglês, que recuperou 34 publicações, as quais foram submetidas à análise crítica. Trata-se de uma produção predominantemente internacional, de abordagem quantitativa. A pergunta norteadora que conduziu a presente revisão foi respondida, de modo que se constatou que a infertilidade transforma a relação conjugal, na maioria das vezes negativamente, o que não tem influência direta do fator feminino enquanto causa. Em contrapartida, a busca por tratamento se mostra como um aspecto de coesão entre o casal, que se fortalece ao buscar um objetivo comum. Por isto, faz-se necessário o desenvolvimento de ações que almejem a melhoria na qualidade de vida conjugal e sexual dos casais que estão passando pelo diagnóstico e tratamento para infertilidade.


Infertility has repercussions as a problem in different areas. Regarding the sphere of the couple, this is a situation that can affect both spouses and operates in marital satisfaction. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to know how the conjugality is affected by the female infertility from the national and international scientific production. It is an integrative review of the scientific literature indexed in the databases/libraries PUBMED, PsycINFO and LILACS published between 2008 and 2018, in the Portuguese, Spanish and English languages, which recovered 34 publications, which were submitted to critical analysis. It is a predominantly international production, with a quantitative approach. The guiding question that led to the present revision was answered, so that it was found that infertility transforms the conjugal relationship, most often negatively, which has no direct influence of the female factor as cause. In contrast, the search for treatment is shown as an aspect of cohesion between the couple, which strengthens itself in pursuit of a common goal. Therefore, it is necessary to develop actions that aim at improving the marital and sexual quality of life of couples who are undergoing diagnosis and treatment for infertility.


La infertilidad repercute como una problemática en diferentes ámbitos. En cuanto a la esfera de la pareja, se trata de una situación que puede afectar a ambos cónyuges y opera en la satisfacción conyugal. Por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue conocer de qué modo la conyugalidad es afectada por la infertilidad femenina a partir de la producción científica nacional e internacional. Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura científica indexada en PubMed, PsycINFO y LILACS entre 2008 y 2018, en portugués, español e Inglés, que se recuperó 34 publicaciones, que se sometieron a un análisis crítico. Se trata de una producción predominantemente internacional, de abordaje cuantitativo. La pregunta orientadora que condujo la presente revisión fue respondida, de modo que se constató que la infertilidad transforma la relación conyugal, en la mayoría de las veces negativamente, lo que no tiene influencia directa del factor femenino en cuanto causa. En contrapartida, la búsqueda por tratamiento se muestra como un aspecto de cohesión entre la pareja, que se fortalece al buscar un objetivo común. Por eso, se hace necesario el desarrollo de acciones que anhelan la mejora en la calidad de vida conyugal y sexual de las parejas que están pasando por el diagnóstico y tratamiento para la infertilidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Marriage , Spouses , Infertility, Female/psychology
5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 826-833, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357077

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The psychosocial burden of infertility among couples can be one of the most important reasons for women's emotional disturbance. The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of counseling on different emotional aspects of infertile women. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was performed on 60 couples with primary infertility who were referred for treatment for the first time and did not receive psychiatric or psychological treatment. Samples were allocated to an intervention group (30 couples) and a control group (30 couples) by simple randomization. The intervention group received infertility counseling for 6 45-minute sessions twice a week, and the control group received routine care. The Screening on Distress in Fertility Treatment (SCREENIVF) questionnaire was completed before and after the intervention. Samples were collected from November to December 2016 for 3 months. For the data analysis, we used the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, United States) software, version 19.0, and the paired t-test, the independent t-test, the Mann-Whitney test, the Wilcoxon test, and the Chi-squared test. Results The mean age of the participants was 33.39±5.67 years. All studied couples had primary infertility and no children. The mean duration of the couples' infertilitywas 3 years. There was a significant difference regarding depression (1.55±1.92; p<0.0001), social support (15.73±3.41; p<0.0001), and cognitions regarding domains of fertility problems (26.48±3.05; p=0.001) between the 2 groups after the intervention, but there was no significant difference regarding anxiety (25.03±3.09; p=0.35). Conclusion The findings showed that infertility counseling did not affect the total score of infertile women' emotional status, but improved the domains of it except, anxiety.


Resumo Objetivo A carga psicossocial da infertilidade entre casais pode ser uma das razões mais importantes para os distúrbios emocionais emmulheres. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar o efeito do aconselhamento em diferentes aspectos emocionais de mulheres inférteis. Métodos Este ensaio clínico randomizado foi realizado com 60 casais com infertilidade primária indicados para tratamento pela primeira vez mas que não receberam tratamento psiquiátrico ou psicológico. As amostras foram alocadas em um grupo de intervenção (30 casais) e um grupo de controle (30 casais) por randomização simples. O grupo de intervenção recebeu aconselhamento sobre infertilidade por 6 sessões de 45 minutos 2 vezes por semana e o grupo controle recebeu cuidados de rotina. O questionário de Triagem por Aflição no Tratamento da Infertilidade (Screening on Distress in Fertility Treatment SCREENIVF em inglês) foi preenchido antes e após a intervenção. As amostras foramcoletadas de novembro a dezembro de 2016 durante 3 meses. Para a análise dos dados usamos o programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows IBMCorp. Armonk NY Estados Unidos) versão 19.0 e os testes-t pareado e independente e os testes de Mann-Whitney de Wilcoxon e do qui quadrado. Resultados A média de idade dos participantes foi de 33 39 ± 5 67 anos. Todos os casais estudados tinham infertilidade primária e não tinham filhos. A duraçãomédia da infertilidade dos casais era de 3 anos. Houve diferença significativa quanto à depressão (1 55±1 92; p<0 0001) ao apoio social (15 73±3 41; p <0 0001) e às cognições em relação aos campos dos problemas de fertilidade (26 48±3 05; p=0 001) entre dois grupos após a intervenção mas não houve diferença significativa com relação à ansiedade (25 03±3 09; p=0 35). Conclusão Os achados mostraram que o aconselhamento sobre infertilidade não afetou a pontuação total do estado emocional de mulheres inférteis mas melhorou seus campos exceto a ansiedade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Infertility, Female/therapy , Anxiety , Counseling , Affective Symptoms , Emotions
6.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 834-839, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357075

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective It has been suggested that excess body weight could represent a risk factor for infertility outcomes. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of overweight and anovulation among infertile women with regular menstrual cycles. Methods We conducted a retrospective case-control study with consistently anovulatory patients undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. The patients were stratified into normal weight (body mass index [BMI]: 18.5-24.9kg/m2) and overweight (BMI: 25.0- 29.9kg/m2).Those with polycystic ovary syndrome or obesity were excluded. The groups were matched for age, duration of infertility, prolactin, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), thydroid stimulating hormone (TSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol levels. Results Overweight was significantly associated with anovulation, when using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for anovulation: progesterone levels>5.65 ng/ml and ultrasonography evidence of follicle collapse (odds ratio [OR]: 2.69; 95% confidence interval [CI95%]: 1.04-6.98). Conclusion Body mass index above the normal range jeopardizes ovulation among non-obese infertile women with regular menstrual cycles.


Resumo Objetivo O excesso de peso corporal tem sido associado como fator de risco para infertilidade. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a associação de sobrepeso e anovulação entre mulheres inférteis com ciclos menstruais regulares. Métodos Realizamos um estudo retrospectivo de caso-controle com mulheres com anovulação consistente em tratamento por reprodução assistida. As pacientes foram estratificadas entre aquelas com peso normal (índice de massa corporal [IMC]: 18,5- 24,9 Kg/m2) e as com sobrepeso (IMC: 25,0-29,9 Kg/m2). As pacientes com síndrome do ovário policístico ou obesidade foram excluídas. Os grupos foram pareados por idade, duração da infertilidade, níveis de prolactina, hormônio folículo-estimulante (FSH), hormônio tiroestimulante (TSH), hormônio luteinizante (LH) e estradiol. Resultados O excesso de peso associou-se significativamente à anovulaçãoquando usados os critérios de anovulação da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS): níveis de progesterona>5,65 ng/ml e evidência ultrassonográfica de colapso folicular (razão de chances [RC]: 2,69; IC95%: 1,04-6,98). Conclusão O IMC acima da faixa normal compromete a ovulação em mulheres inférteis não obesas com ciclos menstruais regulares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Infertility, Female/complications , Anovulation/complications , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Overweight/complications , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Menstrual Cycle
9.
Femina ; 49(10): 636-640, 20211031.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358198

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Abordar atualizações referentes à terapia medicamentosa para indução da ovulação nas mulheres diagnosticadas com síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP). Métodos: Revisão de literatura por meio de levantamento bibliográfico do período de 1975 a 2021, nas bases eletrônicas PubMed, SciELO e MedLine, complementado pela Diretriz Internacional Baseada em Evidências para a Avaliação e Manejo da SOP de 2018 e pelo manual da Febrasgo para SOP. Sete descritores que atendessem à finalidade da pesquisa foram utilizados. Resultados: A literatura aponta atualmente algumas drogas como opção na terapêutica para a indução de ovulação, como metformina, letrozol e citrato de clomifeno, evidenciando que o uso de letrozol isolado e em associação com a metformina apresentaram melhores taxas de ovulação, 71,5% e 75,4%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O uso do letrozol isolado ou combinado com a metformina apresentou os melhores resultados nas taxas de gravidez e ovulação, todavia o tratamento para indução ovulatória deve ser individualizado.(AU)


Objective: To address updates of medicinal therapy for ovulation induction in women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods: Reviewing Literature through a bibliographic survey from 1975 to 2021, on the electronic databases PubMed, SciELO and MedLine, complemented by the International Evidence-Based Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of PCOS 2018 and the Febrasgo guide for PCOS. Seven descriptors that matched to the purpose of the research were applied. Results: Some drugs are currently indicated in the literature as an option for ovulation induction therapy, such as: metformin, letrozole and clomiphene citrate, showing that the use of letrozole alone and in association with metformin had better ovulation rates, 71.5% and 75.4%, respectively. Conclusion: The use of letrozole alone or combined with metformin showed the best results in pregnancy and ovulation rates, however, treatment for ovulatory induction must be individualized.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovulation Induction/methods , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/drug therapy , Infertility, Female/drug therapy , Databases, Bibliographic , Clomiphene/therapeutic use , Letrozole/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 457-466, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341145

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Abnormalities in the eutopic endometrium of women with endometriosis may be related to disease-associated infertility. Although previous RNA-sequencing analysis did not show differential expression in endometrial transcripts of endometriosis patients, other molecular alterations could impact protein synthesis and endometrial receptivity. Our aim was to screen for functional mutations in the transcripts of eutopic endometria of infertile women with endometriosis and controls during the implantation window. Methods Data from RNA-Sequencing of endometrial biopsies collected during the implantation window from 17 patients (6 infertile women with endometriosis, 6 infertile controls, 5 fertile controls) were analyzed for variant discovery and identification of functional mutations. A targeted study of the alterations found was performed to understand the data into disease's context. Results None of the variants identified was common to other samples within the same group, and no mutation was repeated among patients with endometriosis, infertile and fertile controls. In the endometriosis group, nine predicted deleterious mutations were identified, but only one was previously associated to a clinical condition with no endometrial impact. When crossing the mutated genes with the descriptors endometriosis and/or endometrium, the gene CMKLR1 was associated either with inflammatory response in endometriosis or with endometrial processes for pregnancy establishment. Conclusion Despite no pattern of mutation having been found, we ponder the small sample size and the analysis on RNA-sequencing data. Considering the purpose of the study of screening and the importance of the CMKLR1 gene on endometrial


Resumo Objetivo Anormalidades no endométrio eutópico de mulheres com endometriose podem estar relacionadas à infertilidade associada à doença. Embora a análise prévia de sequenciamento de RNA não tenha evidenciado expressão diferencial em transcritos endometriais de pacientes com endometriose, outras alterações moleculares poderiam afetar a síntese de proteínas e a receptividade endometrial. Nosso objetivo foi rastrear mutações funcionais em transcritos de endométrios eutópicos de mulheres inférteis com endometriose e de controles durante a janela de implantação. Métodos Os dados do sequenciamento de RNA de biópsias endometriais coletados durante a janela de implantação de 17 pacientes (6 mulheres inférteis com endometriose, 6 controles inférteis, 5 controles férteis) foram analisados para a descoberta de variantes e a identificação de mutações funcionais. Um estudo direcionado das alterações encontradas foi realizado para compreender os dados no contexto da doença. Resultados Nenhuma das variantes identificadas foi comuma outras amostras dentro do mesmo grupo, assim como nenhuma mutação se repetiu entre pacientes com endometriose, controles inférteis e férteis. No grupo de endometriose, foram identificadas nove mutações deletérias preditas, mas apenas uma foi previamente associada a uma condição clínica sem impacto endometrial. Ao cruzar os genes mutados com os descritores endometriose e/ou endométrio, o gene CMKLR1 foi associado a resposta inflamatória na endometriose e a processos endometriais para estabelecimento da gravidez. Conclusão Apesar de nenhum padrão de mutação ter sido encontrado, ponderamos o pequeno tamanho da amostra e a análise dos dados de sequenciamento de RNA. Considerando o objetivo do estudo de triagem e a importância do gene CMKLR1 na modulação endometrial, este poderia ser um gene candidato para estudos adicionais que avaliem mutações no endométrio eutópico de pacientes com endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Embryo Implantation , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Endometriosis/complications , Endometriosis/genetics , Endometrium/metabolism , Infertility, Female/etiology , Mutation , Computer Simulation , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Receptors, Chemokine/genetics , Infertility, Female/metabolism
11.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 304-310, Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280037

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hydrosalpinx is a disease characterized by the obstruction of the salpinx, with progressive accumulation in the shape of a fluid-filled sac at the distal part of the tuba uterina, and closed to the ovary. Women with hydrosalpinges have lower implantation and pregnancy rates due to a combination of mechanical and chemical factors thought to disrupt the endometrial environment. Evidence suggests that the presence of hydrosalpinx reduces the rate of pregnancy with assisted reproductive technology. The main aim of the present is review to make an overview of the possible effects of hydrosalpinx on in vitro fertilization (IVF).We conducted a literature search on the PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Google Scholar data bases regarding hydrosalpinx and IVF outcomes. Hydrosalpinx probably has a direct toxic effect on sperm motility and on the embryos. In addition, the increasing liquid inside the salpinges could alter the mechanisms of endometrial receptivity. The window of endometrial receptivity is essential in the implantation of blastocysts, and it triggers multiple reactions arising from the endometrium as well as the blastocysts. Hydrosalpinx could influence the expression of homeobox A10 (HOXA10) gene, which plays an essential role in directing embryonic development and implantation. Salpingectomy restores the endometrial expression of HOXA10; therefore, it may be one mechanism by which tubal


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Embryo Implantation , Fertilization in Vitro , Treatment Failure , Fallopian Tube Diseases/complications , Salpingectomy , Infertility, Female/therapy , Blastocyst/physiology , Gene Expression , Endometrium/physiopathology , Fallopian Tube Diseases/surgery , Fallopian Tube Diseases/physiopathology , Homeobox A10 Proteins/genetics , Infertility, Female/etiology
12.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(3): 216-219, Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the seroprevalence of positive markers for syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) I and II, human T cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV) I and II, and hepatitis B and C among women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis among patients who underwent IVF, between January 2013 and February 2016, and who had complete screening records. Results We analyzed 1,008 patients who underwent IVF, amounting to 2,445 cycles. Two patients (0.2%) tested positive for HIV I and II and none for HTLV I and II. Three patients (0.3%) had positive screening for syphilis, and two (0.2%) had positive hepatitis C antibody test (anti-HCV). A positive hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HbsAg) test was observed in 4 patients (0.4%), while 47 (4.7%) patients were positive for IgG antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HbC IgG), and only 1 (0.1%) was positive for IgM antibody to hepatitis B core antigen (anti-HbC IgM). The anti-HbS test was negative in 659 patients (65.3%). Only 34.7% of the patients had immunity against the Hepatitis B virus. Patients with an anti-HbS negative result were older than those with a hepatitis B test (anti-HbS) positive result (36.3 versus 34.9; p<0.001). Conclusion The present study showed lower infection rates than the Brazilian ones for the diseases studied in patients undergoing IVF. Only a few patients were immunized against hepatitis B.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a soroprevalência de marcadores positivos para sífilis, vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV) I e II, vírus linfotrópicos de células T humanas (HTLV) I e II e hepatite B e C em mulheres submetidas a fertilização in vitro (FIV). Métodos Realizamos uma análise retrospectiva entre as pacientes submetidas a FIV, entre janeiro de 2013 e fevereiro de 2016, e que possuíam prontuários completos. Resultados Foram analisadas 1.008 pacientes submetidas a FIV, totalizando 2,445 ciclos. Duas pacientes (0,2%) apresentaram resultado positivo para HIV I e II, e nenhuma para HTLV I e II. Três pacientes (0,3%) apresentaram triagem positiva para sífilis, e duas (0,2%) apresentaram teste de pesquisa de anticorpos anti-HCV (anti-HCV) positivo. Um teste de antígeno de superfície do vírus da hepatite B (HbsAg) positivo foi observado em 4 pacientes (0,4%), enquanto 47 (4,7%) pacientes foram positivas para anticorpos IgG contra o antígeno de superfície da hepatite B (IgG anti-HbC), e apenas 1 (0,1%) foi positiva para anticorpos IgM contra o antígeno central da hepatite B (IgM anti-HbC). O teste de anticorpos contra hepatite B (anti-HbS) foi negativo em 659 pacientes (65,3%). Apenas 34,7% das pacientes tinham imunidade contra o vírus da hepatite B. Pacientes comresultado negativo anti-HbS erammais velhas do que aquelas com resultado positivo anti-HbS (36,3 versus 34,9; p<0,001). Conclusão Este estudo mostrou taxas de infecção inferiores às taxas brasileiras para as doenças estudadas em pacientes submetidas à FIV. Apenas alguns pacientes foram imunizados contra a hepatite B.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Fertilization in Vitro , Blood-Borne Infections/epidemiology , Infertility, Female , Brazil/epidemiology , Syphilis/blood , Syphilis/epidemiology , HIV Infections , HIV Infections/blood , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hepatitis C/blood , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Blood-Borne Infections/blood , Hepatitis B/blood , Hepatitis B/epidemiology
14.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 25(1): 113-120, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287186

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentaron dos pacientes a las cuales se les realizó una miomectomía en los meses de enero y marzo de 2017, en la localidad de Luanda, Angola. Ambas fueron atendidas en la consulta de Ginecología por: aumento de volumen del abdomen, sangramiento genital durante la menstruación y fuera de ella, síntomas compresivos caracterizados por urgencia miccional y estreñimiento, además de infertilidad. Se les realizaron: exámenes de laboratorio, ultrasonido ginecológico y renal, así como histerosalpingografía. Después del análisis de estos exámenes se les diagnosticó una miomatosis uterina múltiple; fueron remitidas al salón de operaciones con previo consentimiento informado y se les practicó una miomectomía múltiple sin complicaciones transoperatorias. Se conservó el útero en ambas pacientes, las cuales tuvieron una recuperación postoperatoria satisfactoria. Una de estas pacientes logró un embarazo cinco meses después de la cirugía.


ABSTRACT We present two patients who had a myomectomy in January and March 2017, in Luanda, Angola. Both were treated in the Gynecology consultation due to increased abdominal volume, genital bleeding during and between periods, compressive symptoms characterized by urinary urgency, constipation and infertility. Laboratory tests, gynecological and renal ultrasound, as well as hysterosalpingography were performed. After the analysis of these tests, they were diagnosed with multiple uterine myomas, referred to the operating room with prior informed consent and underwent a multiple myomectomy without transoperative complications. The uterus was preserved in both patients, who had a satisfactory postoperative recovery. One of these patients got pregnant five months after surgery.


Subject(s)
Uterine Myomectomy , Infertility , Infertility, Female , Leiomyoma , Myoma
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 119-125, Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156088

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate whether follicular fluid (FF) from infertile women with mild endometriosis (ME) alters in vitro bovine embryo development, and whether the antioxidants N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) and/or L-carnitine (LC) could prevent such damages. Methods Follicular fluid was obtained from infertile women (11 with ME and 11 control). Bovine oocytes were matured in vitro divided in: No-FF, with 1% of FF from control women (CFF) or ME women (MEFF); with 1.5mM NAC (CFF + NAC, MEFF + NAC), with 0.6mg/mL LC (CFF + LC, MEFF + LC), or both antioxidants (CFF + NAC + LC, MEFF + NAC + LC). After in vitro fertilization, in vitro embryo culture was performed for 9 days. Results A total of 883 presumptive zygotes were cultured in vitro. No differences were observed in cleavage rate (p = 0.5376) and blastocyst formation rate (p = 0.4249). However, the MEFF group (12.5%) had lower hatching rate than the No-FF (42.1%, p = 0.029) and CFF (42.9%, p = 0.036) groups. Addition of antioxidants in the group with CFF did not alter hatching rate (p ≥ 0.56), and in groups with MEFF, just NAC increased the hatching rate [(MEFF: 12.5% versus MEFF + NAC: 44.4% (p = 0.02); vs MEFF + LC: 18.8% (p = 0.79); versus MEFF + NAC + LC: 30.8% (p = 0.22)]. Conclusion Therefore, FF from infertile women with ME added to medium of in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes impairs hatching rate, and NAC prevented these damages, suggesting involvement of oxidative stress in worst of oocyte and embryo quality of women with ME.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar se o fluido folicular (FF) de mulheres inférteis com endometriose leve (ME, na sigla eminglês) altera o desenvolvimento in vitro de embriões bovinos, e se os antioxidantes N-acetil-cisteína (NAC) e/ou L-carnitina (LC) poderiam prevenir possíveis danos. Métodos O FF foi obtido de mulheres inférteis (11 com ME e 11 controles). Oócitos bovinos foram maturados in vitro divididos em: sem FF (No-FF), com 1% de FF de mulheres controle (CFF) ou mulheres comME (MEFF); com 1,5mMde NAC (CFF + NAC, MEFF + NAC), com 0,6mg/mL de LC (CFF + LC, MEFF + LC), ou ambos antioxidantes (CFF + NAC + LC, MEFF + NAC + LC). Depois da fertilização in vitro, o cultivo in vitro de embriões foi realizado por 9 dias. Resultados Um total de 883 zigotos presumidos foram cultivados in vitro. Nenhuma diferença foi observada na taxa de clivagem (p = 0,5376) e na taxa de formação de blastocistos (p = 0,4249). Entretanto, o grupo MEFF (12.5%) teve menor taxa de eclosão de blastocistos do que os grupos No-FF (42,1%, p = 0,029) e CFF (42,9%, p = 0,036). Adição de antioxidantes no grupo comCFF não alterou a taxa de eclosão (p ≥ 0.56), e nos grupos com MEFF, somente a NAC aumentou a taxa de eclosão [(MEFF: 12.5% versus MEFF + NAC: 44.4% (p = 0.02); versus MEFF + LC: 18.8% (p = 0.79); versus MEFF + NAC + LC: 30.8% (p = 0.22)]. Conclusão Portanto, o FF de mulheres inférteis com ME adicionado ao meio de maturação in vitro de oócitos bovinos prejudica a taxa de closão embrionária, e a NAC preveniu esses danos, sugerindo o envolvimento do estresse oxidativo na piora da qualidade oocitária e embrionária de mulheres com ME.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Endometriosis , Infertility, Female , Oocytes , Follicular Fluid/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Disease Models, Animal
16.
Femina ; 49(2): 109-114, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224067

ABSTRACT

A endometrite crônica (EC) é uma doença que, apesar de ainda pouco investigada, tem sido associada a resultados reprodutivos desfavoráveis. Estudos têm mostrado que a EC pode prejudicar a receptividade endometrial, levando a falhas de implantação e perdas gestacionais recorrentes. Os métodos padronizados para diagnóstico incluem histeroscopia, histologia para pesquisa de plasmócitos e cultura endometrial para identificação de agentes bacterianos. O tratamento com antibióticos para EC parece melhorar as taxas de gestação e nascidos vivos em pacientes com falhas de implantação e perdas gestacionais recorrentes sem causa conhecida. Esta publicação tem por objetivo fazer uma revisão da etiologia, fisiopatologia, diagnóstico e tratamento da EC, seu impacto no microambiente endometrial e sua associação com infertilidade. Esta revisão narrativa da literatura atualizada sintetiza os achados encontrados em bases de dados computadorizadas.(AU)


Chronic endometritis (CE) is a poorly investigated disease, which has been related to adverse reproductive outcomes. Published studies have shown that CE can impair endometrial receptivity, which is associated with implantation failure and recurrent pregnancy loss. The standard tools for diagnosis include hysteroscopy, histology to identification of plasma cells and endometrial culture for identification of bacterial pathogens. Effective antibiotic treatment for CE seems to improve the pregnancy and live birth rates in patients with implantation failure and unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss. This paper intends to provide an overview of etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of CE, its impact on endometrial microenvironment and its association with infertility. This narrative review of the current literature synthesizes the findings retrieved from searches in computerized databases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometritis/diagnosis , Endometritis/etiology , Endometritis/physiopathology , Endometritis/drug therapy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Hysteroscopy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Infertility, Female/complications , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(1): 28-34, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156078

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine embryo quality (mean graduated embryo score [GES]) in infertile patients with endometriosis undergoing in vitro fertilization with embryo transfer (IVF-ET) compared with infertile patients without endometriosis. Methods A case-control study was performed comparing 706 embryos (162 patients) divided into 2 groups: 472 embryos derived from patients without endometriosis (n= 109, infertile patients with tubal infertility) and 234 embryos from patients in the study group (n= 53, infertile patients with peritoneal endometriosis). All patients were subjected to IVF using an oestradiol-antagonist-recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) protocol for ovarian stimulation. Themean GESwas performed to evaluate all embryos at 3 points in time: 16 to 18 hours, 25 to 27 hours, and 64 to 67 hours. Embryo evaluation was performed according to the following parameters: fragmentation, nucleolar alignment, polar body apposition, blastomere number/morphology, and symmetry. The primary outcomemeasure was the mean GES score.We also compared fertilization, implantation, and pregnancy rates. Results Although the number of embryos transferred was greater in patients with endometriosis than in the control group (2.38 ± 0.66 versus 2.15 ± 0.54; p= 0.001), the meanGESwas similar inbothgroups (71 ± 19.8 versus 71.9 ± 23.5; p= 0.881). Likewise, the fertilization ratewas similar in all groups, being 61% in patients with endometriosis and 59% in the control group (p= 0.511). No significant differences were observed in the implantation (21% versus 22%; [p= 0.989]) and pregnancy rates (26.4% versus 28.4%; p= 0.989). Conclusion Embryo quality measured by the mean GES was not influenced by peritoneal endometriosis. Likewise, the evaluated reproductive outcomes were similar between infertile patients with and without endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a qualidade do embrião (média de escore embrionário graduado [EEG]) em pacientes inférteis com endometriose submetidas à fertilização in vitro com transferência de embrião (FIV-TE) em comparação com pacientes inférteis sem endometriose. Métodos Realizamos um estudo de caso-controle comparando 706 embriões (162 pacientes) divididos em dois grupos: 472 embriões derivados de pacientes sem endometriose (n = 109, pacientes inférteis com infertilidade tubária) e 234 embriões de pacientes do grupo de estudo (n= 53, inférteis pacientes com endometriose peritoneal). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à fertilização in vitro usando um protocolo follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) recombinante de estradiol-antagonista para estimulação ovariana. A média do EEGfoi realizada para avaliar todos osembriõesemtrêsmomentos: de 16 a 18 horas, 25 a 27 horas e 64 a 67 horas.A avaliaçãoembrionária foi realizada de acordo comos seguintes parâmetros: fragmentação, alinhamento nucleolar, aposição do corpo polar, número de blastômeros/morfologia e simetria. A medida de desfecho primário foi o escore médios embrionário (EEG). Também avaliamos como desfechos secundários as taxas de fertilização, implantação e gravidez. Resultados Embora o número de embriões transferidos tenha sido maior em pacientes com endometriose do que no grupo controle (2,38 ± 0,66 versus 2,15 ± 0,54; p = 0,001), o EEGmédio foi semelhante nos dois grupos (71 ± 19,8 versus 71,9 ± 23,5; p = 0,881). Da mesma forma, a taxa de fertilização foi semelhante em todos os grupos, sendo 61% nos pacientes com endometriose e 59% no grupo controle (p = 0,511). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nas taxas de implantação (21% versus 22%; [p = 0,989]) e nas taxas de gravidez (26,4% versus 28,4%; p = 0,989). Conclusão A qualidade embrionária medida pelo EEGmédio não foi influenciada pela endometriose peritoneal. Da mesma forma, os resultados reprodutivos avaliados foram semelhantes entre pacientes inférteis com e sem endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Embryo, Mammalian , Embryo Transfer , Endometriosis , Infertility, Female , Ovulation Induction , Pregnancy Outcome , Fertilization in Vitro , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887934

ABSTRACT

To study the clinical efficacy and safety of Bushen Huoxue Culuan Formula in treating infertility caused by diminished ovarian reserve(DOR) with kidney deficiency and blood stasis. A total of 100 DOR patients treated at Xiyuan Hospital, Acupuncture Hospital and Clinic of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from 2017 to 2020 in line with the inclusion criteria were selected and randomly divided into experimental group and control group at the ratio of 1∶1. The experimental group was treated with Bushen Huoxue Culuan Formular, while the control group was treated with Climen and Clomiphene for 3 menstrual cycles. The ovulation rate, pregnancy rate, pregnancy success rate, serum hormone levels, and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) symptom scores were observed in the 2 groups. The total effective rate was 92.00% in the experimental group and 72.00% in the control group, with a statistical difference between the two groups(P<0.01); the experimental group was superior to the control group in reducing FSH level, increasing AMH level, improving TCM symptoms, increasing pregnancy rate and pregnancy success rate, with a significant difference(P<0.05). There was no abnormal safety indicator and adverse reaction. Bushen Huoxue Culuan Formular is effective in treating infertility caused by DOR due to kidney deficiency and blood stasis, with a safety and reliability.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Infertility, Female/drug therapy , Kidney , Ovarian Reserve , Pregnancy , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887933

ABSTRACT

Pelvic inflammatory disease(PID) has become one of the leading causes of female infertility, with an increasing incidence in recent years. Modern medicine believes that risk factors of PID will affect the formation of eggs and embryo implantation, especially on the encounter of gametes, fertilization, and transport of fertilized eggs to the uterine cavity. Therapies for infertility due to PID include medication, sonographic hydrotubation, surgery, and assisted reproductive technology. Professor Ma Kun believes that the disease is located in the uterus with appendages with the main pathogenesis of kidney deficiency and blood stasis. Blood stasis is the pathological basis, and kidney deficiency is the fundamental pathogenesis, which exhibits deficiency-excess in complexity. Kidney deficiency will cause blood stasis over time, while blood stasis will aggravate kidney deficiency in turn, making PID-induced infertility refractory. In clinical practice, basic therapies follow the principles of kidney-tonifying and blood-activating, removing blood stasis, dredging collaterals, and coordinating thoroughfare and conception vessels. The oral administration of Chinese medicine combined with enema, external application, and external washing displays better efficacy in improving the pelvic microenvironment and increasing the pregnancy rate and pregnancy success rate in the treatment of PID-induced infertility.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infertility, Female/etiology , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease/drug therapy , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887932

ABSTRACT

In the context of the new era, paying attention to maternal and child health and advocating prenatal and postnatal care can effectively improve the quality of the birth population. Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history of prenatal and postnatal healthcare with rich content, which is the theoretical basis of modern related services. With the social development and the improvement of people's awareness of prenatal and postnatal healthcare, people have gradually shifted the focus of prenatal and postnatal healthcare to the peri-pregnancy stage at present, namely that couples of childbearing age are guided to prepare for pregnancy under the premise of solving their basic diseases. Infertility is a common and refractory disease for women of childbearing age. Ovulation disorder is one of its common pathological mechanisms. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that kidney deficiency is the main cause and pa-thogenesis of anovulation infertility and blood stasis is an important factor throughout the disease course. In clinical practice, therapies for invigorating kidney and activating blood are safe and reliable to treat anovulatory infertility mainly by adjusting the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis, improving ovarian function, uterine environment and gamete quality and increasing endometrial volume. Under the guidance of the thought of prenatal and postnatal healthcare, the authors tried to explore the effect of therapies for kidney-tonifying and blood-activating in the treatment of anovulatory infertility in eugenics, with the purpose of providing ideas and basis for subsequent relevant clinical studies and contributing to prenatal and postnatal healthcare services.


Subject(s)
Anovulation , Child , Eugenics , Female , Humans , Infertility, Female/drug therapy , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Ovulation , Pregnancy
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